Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 9, 1861, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated August 9, 1861 Page 4
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4, NEW YORK HERALD. JAMES GORDON BKIfNW^T, i<12 TOK AND PROPRIETOR. OFFICE N. W. C01CNKU OK FULTON ANI> NASSAU STfl. TttRMS ea?h in <ulranee. Mttney unit hy mail Iriff he at the WaAof the ?etuier, Aone btit liaiJc 1/ilU current in New York taken. 77/ ft DA 1L Y HE HA />/), tino ceritt iter r&tty, $7 f*r annum. Til ft WEEK L Y IIKHA11), eve/ y Saturday, at fix e?U* 7>er 1 or pry annum; the European A'.I it ion wry ifeilnrmidy, *t *ijr r#nf* per copy, $4 i?r annum to any }ntrt of (treat ft/ itain, err $tj 1* <f> iti.u jmrI of the Continent, litith It. inrlutl* jtotta//f, (' * Cal\ftrrnin Edition tnt the 1st. ll'A ??./ SM of wrh month, at nix eeia*. per roiiu, or $2 75 per annum. rut: FAMILY HE HALO, on WetlnniUiy, ?< cent* per ?rj>.V, ?r ?'2 iwr outturn. .. ... VOtVXTAnr COKRKSPONDEM A, '? porfi?n< mm, fotifitetl ftotn tint/ tftutrtrr of the tcnrtit; if ion*/, trill he Ubrrtdlv pilot for. UtT "v" flM* I OS COKSKSCONIII NTS ARK J'AKTU CI.AIU.Y RfcWUKSTKD TO SKAI. A 1.1. Ufc'ITtUS ANU 1'At'KAi)?f 8K.NT I S. NO NOTICE tnken of unonymoua corren]ionlfnct. HV tlo not return rejei f'.t min/Huuleof ion* A h VKR TISK VI'A'TS rewired merit tiny; ndrrHirnnentu innrrte t in iht U'uKl.r Mkualu, Kjwii.y, and in the (Ui/'DfUtn .in.' / ' i" />'< ih.< I it i< hi n, JOll PUINTIA a wrutrtt tcilh, rheujmrm anil <itrpat A. Volume XXVI No. 410 AMUSEMENTS THIH EVENING. WINTEU OAKDEN, Buiartwny.?O'Klanniuan AND tan Faiium?Lkuon run Husbands LAVRA KEKNE'S THEATRE. No. 624 Bni?dway8*VIUf hlSTKIW. I NEW BOWERY TUEATRE. Bowerv.-Nicn or tuk Woodii?Motiikii Uoojk?i.ov* is Vovu Coknkhs. UARNVM'S AMERICAN Ml'SECM. Brna<!?iiy.-P?y mill Br?iuu??Vaimt IIkaHT Nkvkr Wok Kaik Lad*? MaBIS? liKAUS, H*a LlUit Attn OTJIKH OURIOSlTIlfl. ' BUT ANTS' MINSTRELS, MwbanliV Hull, 4*2 Broud- . J wav?triiioriAM Sono*. Dakciui. Ac.?Hital Dareiks. MELODEON OOKCKRT HALL, No. 530 Broadway.? Somim, Uxncita, Uuhi.kiwuic*. Ao. OAXTKRR! KV MUSIl! HALL, 5K5 Broadway.?Sonus, l>AKCn, llOHI.kSuC'??, tv. OAIET1HS CONCERT ROOM, 610 Broadwav.-DRAWiso Room E3Tiun.iiJ.**Ms Haulm*. 1'antomimkh, Fauces, Ac. AMERICAN MUSIC HALL, 414 Broadway.? Songs, Ballets, PAjrroamEs, Ac.?(. kclk Jkit. ORYBTAL VAI.ACE CONCERT IfAIX. No. 4i Bowery.? Boki.ksqL'kh, Sonus. Dances, Pantomimes?Hi.ack Blonder* New York, Friday, August 0, 1S01. OUR WAR MAPS. Wo have issued another edition of the nu merous maps, plans and diagrams of the operations of the Union and rebel troops in Virginia, Missouri, Illinois, Florida, and on the Mississippi and Missouri rivers, and it is now ready for delivery. Agents desiring copies are requested to send in their orders immediately. Single copies six cents. Wholesale price the same as for the Wekki.y Herald. THE SITUATION. We liavc further details to-day of the losses in killed, wounded and missing at the battle of Bull 1 run. furnished by the official reports of the com- ' manders of divisions and brigades. We give the 1 statement in full in another column. Tho aggro- ( ?ate purports to be as follows:? i KilUd. 1 Officers iy , Men 462 Total killed 4H1 Wourulr't. i Officers . 64 Men 947 ToUl wounded 1,011 Mutiny. Officers 40 i Men 1,178 Tot*l mltelog 1,216 Grand total 2,708 J The loss of artillery amounts to seventeen rifled < cannon and eight small bore gun*. In nnununition . the loss amounted to 150 boxes of small arm cartridges aud eighty-seven boxes of rilled cannon cartridges. Thirty boxes of old fire arms, thirteen wagons of provisions, 2,.'>00 muskets and 8,000 knapsacks and blankets were also lost in the retreat and during the battle. The rebels arc reported to have gathered in strength at Fairfax, and to he throwing up fortitioations all along the lines of road in that vicinity. The regiments in General McClellan's command ; arc being rapidly formed into brigades, and the [ greatest activity prevails throughout all the camps j ^ on the Potomac. j j We give to-day additional particulars of the l attack and victory of the Union troops under Go- j neral Lyon, at Dug Spring, Missouri, on Friday j last. Tho gallant charge made by the Union j 1 cavalry, it appears, was a sudden and spontaneous , i ] j affair, undertaken by the lieutenant commanding ( ; upon seeing a large body of rebel infantry advanc- ! | ing along the road after the troops had en- ; j campod for the night at Dug Spring. On the following morning (Jcneral Lyon's force advanced cautiously towards Curran, where the rebels were t posted to the number of three thousand. A brisk i fire from Captain Dubois' battery dispersed them, < and they retreated hastily. General Lyon encamped 1 at (,'urran that night, but fearing a flank movement 1 of the rebel cavalry, he fell back npou Springfield | on Sunday morning. 1 Another skirmish took place at the town of 1 Athena, in the northwestern part of Missouri on Monday morning lust, where a large amount of arms and ammunition belonging to the United Statos was stored. The rebels, over a thou- 1 ?and stroug, commanded by Martin Green, brother of ex-Senator Green, of Missouri, made an attack on the place. The United States | volunteers, commanded by Captain Moore, and numbering about 350, resisted the attack for an ' hour, when the rebels retreated. Being reinforced | J * by 150 men from Ontralia, Iowa, on the oppo- I j site side of the river, Captain Moore followed j up the rebels for a mile and a half, killing ami 1 taking prisoners nineteen men and thirty-one ' Lowes. The Union troops have since been kirgely Tcinforeed. and will probably follow up the pur- ; unit to the bitter end. ' ( Brigadier General Boseneranz has despatched to ' 1 | the Post Office Department the following from ' Clarksburg, Va., dated August 7:?The rebels have | been expelled from Kauawlm. Can the mail ser- 1 1 vice be resumed there? The Department informed j him that the immediate resumption of the mail j service was authorized whenever it was sat?*, and 1 where it could be intrusted to proper hands. With regard to the complaints of foreign Con- , aula to their Ministers at Washington, that the blockade is totally inefficient, we fear it must bo conceded that there is too much truth in them. In proof of this we need but call the attention of our readers to our naval correspondence under the head of "The Jllockade," which we publish to-day. One fact disclosed in that correspondence is, that a rendezvous for privateers has been established at Newborn, J?. C., and that those privateers, grown insolent : liv the ^npunity with which they carry on their ji.ia.jouj^rautices, disregard the blockadc. An- 1 V other evidence of tho inefficiency of the hlooVade, and of the laxity of the navel commanders entrusted with that duty, will also be found by an account?in the correspondence referred to?of tin interview between the captain of the British gunboat Itacer and Captain Mercer, of the United States steamer Wabash, olTCharleaton harbor. The Wabash at the time was the only blockading vessel off that port, and, strange to sny, the day after that interview between the British and American captains, the latter, Captain Mercer, of the Wabash, left his station and remained absent from it for fifty hours, during all which time tho const and harbor were clear to privateers, and to all who desired to take advantage of the chance thus presented. Whether the act of Captaiu Mercer was in accordance with any understanding come to between himself and the captain of the ltacer, or in the proper exercise of his duties, the blockade was for fifty hours abandoned, and this fact must have been known to the foreign ConsulB ut Charleston, and wo therefore cannot wonder at their complaints. Captain Mercor may be able to give a satisfactory solution of his conduct after that interview, and ho doubt will do so at the earliost opportunity. -- ?> THE NKWH. The New York Democratic State Ccntiui Committee met at Albany yesterday. There was a large attendance of prominent democrats from all parts uf the State present, giving the meeting a lively appearand. A sub-committee of the Republican State Committee was also in session. The latter communicated to the Democratic Committee the utter of the republicans for the two party conventions to unite upon a ticket for State officers 011 a Union platform: but the democrats declined the proposition. The republicans thereupon issued a i-nll for an election of delegates in the usual form, to meet in convention at Syracuse, on the 11th of September next, to nominate candidates for State ifTieers. The Democratic Nominating Convention ivill meet at Syracuse on the 4th of September. A few days ago the Rochester Union published 1 letter from a brother of Mr. Joseph W. Reilly, of that city, who is in the Second regiment Kentucky Volunteers, fighting for the Union in the Kanawha valley, at the same time stating that he hail mother brother, John B., in the rebel army. In ts issue of August 8, the same paper publishes a etter from the rebel brother, dated at the camp >f the Continentals, Pensacola, July 30, in which ic j;ivs tliut his inclinations urired him to loin the ebel ranks, and that nothing pains him more than .he knowledge that he has a brother on the other tide, in the Onion army, and whom he fears was n the engagement at Manassas. An extract of a letter from Mound City, published in the Leavenworth (Kansas) Conservative, inya that John Ross, Chief of the Cherokee nation, s reported killed. P.eriah Magoffln, Governor of Kentucky, has issu d a proclamation, commanding all persons having irms belonging to the Htate that have boon unawfully seized, to immediately deliver them up, that they may be returned to the State Arsenal, at Frankfort. David R. Atchison, formerly United States Senator from Missouri, and subsequently the great border ruffian leader in Kansas, lias been on a visit to Jeff. Davis in Richmond, and when last heurd of was in Memphis, sticking to the petticoats of ex-Governor Jackson. The rebel account of the buttle at'Dug Springs, Missouri, as it was sent to St. Joseph, is in efl' ct Ihut Ben. McCullouh had advanced upon General Lyon, opened a breach in his breastworks with his latteries, through which the Arkansas troops sprang like tigers and slaughtered the Union lorces. One thousand six hundred ol Lyon's command were killed and wounded, atid Lyon liiiuself retreated towards Holla. A State Convention is callcd to meet at St. 1'anl, Minnesota, on the 5th of September. The call ignores all party lines, and looks only to the integrity of the Union. Poisoned bullets were used by the rebels at the battle of llich Mountain. A chemical analysis has disclosed the fact that the bullets were covered with a poisonous paste. A regiment of Zouaves is forming in Tennessee to be uniformed in the regular Zouuvo costume <r the French, and to be armed with rifles and sabi fcyoncta. Colonel J. <!. Anglade, who wan f several years connected with that service in K ope, is to commend them. The following is the Southern estimate of < tin ion forces:? in Kust."rn Virginia 100 n Missouri 106 U'Viirn At n Maryland 7f n Washington ji , a Western VirKinin 7! ; >i Kurt Monroe a n Kort I'irkctui 1 o u K?rt McHenry 1 () n Meriuu service 5 0 Total ft! ^ The steamship Great Eastern sailed from Q> ?> it four o'clock on the morning ofTuesday, tb e 11st. We give in another column a list of ;abin passengers. Tlierc were in addition V2 he steerage. The names of many Amcrlci ,ns year in the list. In the (Jencral Sessions yesterday Char i(,s )orne? a boy who served a term in the 1 on. iary?pleaded guilty to an indictment c dm with stealing $219 in bank bills from [j(1 Dyer on the 27th of July. He was set , tl) it a to nriimn for tun T\,..a W v? - j ?- .ty.urt charged with passing a *10 cotintorfe j,j] tin- IJnnk of Ootnmeife, Mass., pleaded forgery in the fourth degree, and was > cnt penitentiary for two yea;-*. The Board of Excfcc is continuing |(s cn igain?-t unlicensed lirjnor dealer.*. yCht., Peter Hofl'man. of avenue A, near Ele veI1th s [ohn Cunningham, of 141 East Tv clfth c 'atrifk Fennellv, of 4tf Mndisoa at re,,t; Mi (ovine, of '213 East Twelfth street; Char Us >1 111 East Ninth street, and Cha ?|o? l-'un 74 East Eleventh street, Wcf arr ented urn irisoned for selling liquor without license, he last session of the Board suvetit y-eight pe inve allied for license. The Boa: j will hoi >no more aewion this year. The weekly statement of th( jttmissioni ?ublie Chwities and Correction ? ;l0ws that i rsons have been admitted int'i j|ic jnstiti luring the last week, and-thc^r' lolenumb Dinining there on the 3d instartt ,vas 8,341, in increase of !>l on the preceflbii , week. Tho cotum market wa* a *ha<!c tirrr il>r yMtcrda; JliDg M|>lan<Ss having boon sold n'J 1 17'.i total trunaartiena amounted to i',3C w bales. Th Lrutlo also improv-d, ^ulis having ()00? miult-o 19,000 bbte. ?t an advance uf 6c. "/j,,, denial iji for wheat, which was lc. a 2o higher, ami f it vory full ?K?r. s. Thu gates of K t0 reach* <u i.u- a v. inquiry Mval Hl01 icilve; spirits turpcntlno ?? 4oc i(Jcdly (loarcr. ivn?* moro animation in teas and <usar?. uAKi wore moderate, as ftlao of wh|?) _ . .ey. rrovmioo! hroiglits wero uiorc active. J Tu Bmu? kou Uo. an^d Leatheh rebel forces under Ben Mc Culloch aP0 e; mg their strength, without fte ,,Wl of a of succeeding in their efli ^ f or m) olh po*e than to get potior fl of ,b(> Mkwi mines. The feouth aw?, wU dofltitato and leather. Genc-al Lj <)n ha8 rondere possible to obtain the fi? mer and tb(,V) supply of the latter whi ,fa th can g) anywhere. f > ? T NEW TORE HERALD, FI Omwral HeDowtU'i Report on the Battle mt Ball Hh. The anxioutly looked for report of General McDowell, which we laid before our readers yesterday, has elicited a very general feeling <>f satisfaction. It is u simple, soldier like statement, and clears up many points which had been placed in doubt by the conflicting testimony of newspaper correspondents and otli<*r spectators of the late battle. We were the first to publish this important document, having it in advance of all other journals, both of the city and country. In the same manner we anticipated our contemporaries in the publication of the | new army appointments, and, indeed, of ull the other official papers relating to the war since its outbreak. The Heuald is the only journal in a position to accomplish such feat* of enterprise. Its enormous circulation and largo business patronage place resources at its command which enable it to make unrestricted use of the telegraph?its expenses under this head alone amounting frequently to over a thousand dollars a week. The report of General McDowell explains, if not the causes of the failure of the movement placed under his direction, at all events the disastrous rout in which jt resulted. The time uritrinally fixed upon with General Scott for the advance upon Manassas was the 8th of July; but owing to the want of means of transportation many of the regiments did not cross over until eight or nine days after tiie time agreed upon, and some of them went forward into action without General McDowell even seeing them, or without their ever having been together before in a brigade. The wagons for ammunition and subsistence, and the horses for the trains and artillery, did not all arrive for more than a week after the time appointed to move. When he did set out on the Kith. General McDowell says he was still deficient in wagons, but under the pressure put upon him he went forward, trusting to their being procured in time to follow him; and even then, owing to the h? irried manner in which the trains were got t ogether, as well as to the inexperience of the i eamsters and horses, all new to the service, ao other day's delay took place, rendering it nw essary to make on Sunday the attack that sb ould have been made on Saturday. The time thus lost of course told as advantageously for tfc e enemy as it did injuriously for our troops. ' Having information of the advance as early as tl l0 17th, the rebels had from that date until ' the '21st to complete their preparations. These fa/ >ts prove two things, Th>?That our army was* not in a proper condition to move at all; and th at, with its rear in this state of disorganization ' and confusion, the slightest check was certa .n to lead to a disastrous rout. Gen. McDow jI i goems to have been impressed with I nHi.mcitlrn wait litft him mio ma? irilUIJ, Uilb nw uiwiuMMrv ? He had positive instruction* to move forward, and he know that tho longer he delayed the wor><o ? us position would become. The largest and bf ?t disciplined jmrt of his force was composed 0f the three months volunteers, whose time1 vvas on the point of expiring, and their dispf gition was manifested by the conduct ol tho Fourth Pennsylvania Volunteers and tin vob mteer artillery of the Eighth New Yorl ml/' . tia, who insisted on their discharge on tin w ry eve of the battle, and actually quitted tlx A' Id to the music of the enemy's cannon. This n ecessity of advancing at all risks is indirectly c orroboruted in bis receut speech at Newpor ' jy Colonel Hurnside, himself strongly oppose* to the movement. It was a terrible dilcmm for a commander to be placed in. an shows how grievous an error was con mitted by the government when it accepted th three months volunteers. Unfortunately it ha not even then acquired the conviction that th South wrs in earnest, and treated the danger t if it hud only temporarily to be provide ngainFt. r One fact is, however, established by this r I . e port, and that is almost sufficient to coinpensa >r for the errors and losses that it records. Tl a- result of previous conflicts on a smaller sea had led to the assumption?by some deemed boastful one?that in the open field, and wi ..nuihiiii/ likt> nn eaualitv of advantages, tl orto " ~ (kx) Northern troops would always lie certain J' victory. The description of the conduct of 01 .000 men, given by General McDowoll, proves i m,o oontestably their superior bravery and pro we; Jjjjjj Such troops only require energetic and skill ,(.i;o leaders to be invincible in everything they i mm l'"c The advanced age and infirmities of Genei 6th Scott may be said to be in a measure i -:w sponsible for this reverse at Bull ri lit hU hoUfi^ he would not have allow i ' jnself to lmve been dragooned or persuad (). ! into a military measure that his judgment t iti i - "ppiwed of. The reconstruction of the an icing will, how. ver, avert any further misfortui man from, such weakness. A larger discretion the now reposed in the officers who are placed raid, the head of our troops in the field. With Ge 1 on ral McClellan in command of the Eastern J !-v part meat, General Fremont in command of 1 ,l1" Western, and the veteran Commander-in-L'hie . council, there is not. much chance of furt itsauc , tailures. Ft) us reorganized, we may look one of the most brilliant campaigns on the j. trtct; ?f olir army that the annals of warfare rec< ch:iel result, under Providence, will be the Fox, establishment,, by the first of May next, of o), of glorious Union in all its former integrity 'ini* strength. p-ton* Wjnt 1'oint Ofkickrs.?We learn that tl ,d but jH scarcely a single officer at the Military 1 demy at West Point who has not expressed rs wish to be employed in active service du 2 lin . . ntions war w^ich is in progress. Their appl pr re. tlons have been, however, either refused bv'iufc neglected. Why are they not relieved, efficient, gallant officers like .Sibley Waite y. mid- others, who wore compelled to give their ' The role in Texas not to serve against the i v "<>,ir States, stationed at the Point in their pli r about ...... ... . ' Dd was why is the recruiting service at Del or ivirn Buffalo. Cleveland, Cincinnati and elsewl sd 1,800 confided U) expenencuu iuiihhi; uivh, < wns tyros from the Academy would perform Tl"'n' duty quito aa well? <if rfco s quiet Employment For Ai.l.?It is said then thirty thousand persons out of employine .?The the city of New York alone. This need nc ihaust- There are .>00,000 men wanted for the war chance $500,000,000 voted for their support. Thei er pur- salary of thirteen dollars per month and ra iri lead so that there is no necessity for any one of lead idle. Besides, measures are being taken t< d it im- vide for the families of the New York "V 3 is no teers. Hence there is ample employine ft from all the idle, and every one of them lis chance of bocombg a Napoleon. UDAT, AUGUST 9, 1861. o?. _ J! fftwhority or nra Routhkkn Officers ovkr i tbi Nortjikun.?It is impossible to road the i .Southern accounts in detail of the battle at Bull t run, which we published yesterday, and com" < pare them with tho accounts given by onr own officers and men, as well as of those civilians i who witnessed the fight, without coming to the < conclusion that the Southern army hud greatly 1 the advantage in officers over the Northern < army. They fought with a bravery which casts i the conduct of the Union officers into the 1 shade, and that self-sacriticing heroism told on the fortunes of the day. The men advanced to ( ' ?. I. u?./\ l\.\l J H+o "? 4 n . >ui fl/inu TO'Vl ila IUV Ciiuigtt VI linu 1IUJIUI lain pvniuunn nuuv | thcv were decimated, because they were ani- ] matvd and fired by the example of their leadersIt is impossible otherwise to account for their ( threat loss iu men uu<l officers, far exceeding, ( according to our accounts, the loss in the Union army. The number of our officora of high rank killed and wounded bears no proportion to those killed and wounded in leading the enemy. The rebelsjost at least in killed, Wo generals, one brigadier general, six colonels, one lieutonant colonel; in wounded, one brigadier general, six colonels and three majors?twenty field officers in all. The loss in company officers, though

great, was not, perhaps, in equal proportion. The Southern field officers fell in leading their troops to the charge, and their example inspired their men with groat ardor, even when they were inclined to give way. We read that Beauregard and Johnston themselves were in the thick of the fight at the decisive moment, Beauregard having his horse shot under him; and throughout the dnjM,hese generals exposed themselves continually to death by galloping i along the front of their lines to observe the developement of the battle. Where were our field officers during this period ? We are almost ashamed to tell. We know there are gallant exceptions?such as Sprague, of Rhode Island; but it must be confessed that our Held officers, on the whole, refleeted but little credit upon the army or upon the loyal States, and the chief part of the fighting was done by brave privates and company officers on their own hook. Our superiority was in the men. The Southern su-A-uj in Hi a i,ttin>rs. The reason is ob |.v.>v..v vioiin; the officers in the federal tinny have been selected from purely political or personal considerations, and without any regard to the professional qualifications necessary for such an important trust; whereas in the Southern % M i ^ * jy my the field officers have been chosen chiefly for their couragu. skill and scientific attainments. Hence the difference. Commlateux. Revolution in tiik TTnitki) States.?In the midst of the ruins of an immense commerce that has grown up and prospered in the United States for the last twenty years, not: withstanding the temporary revulsions produced i by overtrading?a commerce founded on peace and the integrity of the Union?another kind of commerce now takes its place in the loyal States. It is a commerce founded on war, and it is destined to work a revolution in the bu.sif ness operations of the North. As in our war with England in 1812-15, many branches of ' ' trade sprang up, and as in the war of Great I Britain with the elder Napoleon, numerous branches of English manufactures were stimu! lated into uncommon activity, so will it be now ! in the Northern States of the American repub 4 lie. The ordinary channels of trade are eithei ' completely closed or partially obstructed: bul 11 ; a new business is springing up. There an '' i $.")()(),000,000 to be expended, und 500,000 met j to be employed in the war. Their outfit, ant 0 j all that in necessary for the operations of th< ' j army and navy, will give a tremendoui ie ' impetus to those branches of trade whicl 13 ' are directly or indirectly connected wit] j the war. There will be an expenditure c <it least a million a day?far exceeding th e- , whole Southern trade lost for the present. Wh:i to a va>t circulation of money will thus be create' in the community! The whole currency of th le j country, amounting to $150,000,000, will b a I superseded by the Treasury notes of thegoven th ; ment. with the exception of some little cornei Se | of no account. The #50,000,000 of specie o of hand in New York and in Boston will be on] ur turd to j.ay the balances between tliis countr n- and Europe, litit these balances will be vei ?mall.for the Morrill (humoral) tariff will nearl ul prevent all imports, and we will have to mam it- factum for ourselves. Thus most of the go1 will be retained in the country, and emplo al ment will abound. Trade and commerce wi :<!- be revived in October and November next, ar in. will increase throughout the winter. Clotl ed iron, manufactures of wood, and everytliii led needed for an army and navy, will be in urge lis- demand. A revival of trade, arising from t in v new circumstancetfftid necessities of the couutt !i<>* I will bring a happy (Change over the preso is desolation, and thousands will have reason , at rejoice. Of course the enormous expense ue- feeding aud equipping an army and navy of su Do- v 'si proportions w ill fall upon posterity, a the we will only have to pay the interest of t f la debt, while we will reap the full benefits of I hor investment.. Thus a new commercial revoluti for will take place in the Northern States, and tlu mrt v, 'io have foresight will make immense fortun ?wliiln fjiiiilovuient will be jciv? u to numb ro- who are now idle and destitute. and all tin our things will work lor the restoration of the t*n and and the ultimate happiness and prosperity the American people. ,ere Appointment of Akmy Oi-rirerv.?The c< yca_ mand of the federal forces in the East and \V tj,e has been well bestowed. Under Genet ring McClellan and Fremont, our troops will ma Ilea- forward to assured vh-tory, provided these I I or lt aders Bre left perfectly untrammelled i an(j free, in the selection of their subordina an,j The catastrophe at Bull run was a warr p,j, which never must be forgotten, and all atten <?bel ?r politicians to force their favorites upon ices? President ought to be peremptorily rebul trojt The idea of civilians making out lists of na h<;r<. , &ud handing them for Mr. Lincoln to chi ,vhen 'rora< so absurd and mischievous in its this dency that the reasonable mind shrinks fro at once. Tb? government of the Confede States baj?, in tnis rcspeui, ?rt uu riamyn e are wisdom and sagacity which is deserving nt in emulation. Jefferson Davis, scheming d< ?t be. gogue though he is, has, nevertheless, pr< , and that he is also a military man and a states re Is a bi the manner in which he has selected bis ,tions, core. For years, he continued to manipulate being army material to be found rn the South, un o pro- was ready at his hand when the war broke roltm" Such raw stuff as Governor Wise he send, nt for 'nto the mountains, to got lost, tight, 01 is the away as may suit hw fancy best. He belonj fact, to Ho running brigade, aod should lOciated with General Jefferson Brick, whoso inparalleled fleetness in escaping from Solferiuo uid Bull run, hare raised him to such a pinna" ,, de of tame a# a military genius. 11 The acting portion of the Confederate umiy P 8 commanded, mainly by experienced army ' jffloers, and so it should be in the North. It is f, he duty of President Lincoln to turn his back ' ipon those who counsel him to neglect tried u nerit for the sake of subserving some miserable, local party interest. t Chekvek'h Meeting in London.?We perceive that a rampant abolition meeting has been held in London, at which Lords Shaftes- { bury and Kinniard presided, and which was ostensibly called for the purpose of hearing the ( opinion of Mr. (.'hoover, of New York, on the 1 subject of the present crisis in America. From t the character of the speeches made on this oc- 1 oasion it is evident that the noble lords alluded to think themselves the direct representatives of the Almighty on earth and the ministers of His vengeance to all nations. As for Cheever) i we know what he is. Whether in the Church 1 of the ruritians, in Union square, creating quar- 1 rels and dissensions among the old Women there, or preaching his absurd but favorite theories on the other side of the Atlantic, he is equally, in his own estimation, the Apostle of the Lord, and as entirely deluded as thoroughly prejudiced about what ho undertakes to discuss. it is, as was to be expected, perfectly obvious, from the language used at this meeting' that none of the speakers were in the least acquainted with the real causes and objects of this wtir, or else, indeed, that they wilfully distorted the facts as much as possible. These sanctimonious gentlemen require to be told that the present struggle, although in part attributable to the existence of slavery, is for the maintenance of the in'" ityoF the Union, ami not at all for the abo'ition o. slave labor. ?- i - _?v. .... '1714' rue I IS Mill, #ir uugu uic rtuuubivu tuu Shaftesbury, Kinnurd a ia Gheever?in ivy think themselves pre-ordained to curry into execution the most terrible decree# of the Almighty,, they arc only six steps from a lunatic asylum, ami it looks well for the wisdom of the age that there arc people that laugh at them even in England. Ixtiuoiks op Politicians.?The ridiculous party fogies, who imagine that all that has been must continue to be, who have recently assembled at Albany, have waded quite beyond their depth. They have not the least perception of their own true position. Their preparations for nominations are simply absurd, and the attempt of the Republican State Committee to dictate a policy, respecting his Cabinet or anything-else, to the President of the United States, shows that its members are alive to neither " '? ? tt... I decency, nor riuk leacmng* 01 ncuw. auv j two fogy factions are believed by the people to t be responsible for all of the evils of the crisis J which is upon us. and, a few days before the next election, there will be a popular uprising which will sweep them away forever. They and their nominations will be overwhelmed by just such another movement as was witnessed subse1 quontly to the bombardment of Fort Sumter, i iivents that may happen up to within a week of the election will decide iU issue, but nothing that the hack politicians ean cut and dry now. The Inefficiency ok thk Blockade.?We have frequently impressed upon the government the necessity for maintaining an efficient blockade of the Southern ports, and several times have had occasion to point out instances _ of its inefficiency. We aro now told that the English and French Ministers are constantly in receipt of intelligence from their agents at sevej ral of the blockaded ports to the effect that j ships of various sizes and nationalities are known to pass in and out of the same without I any apparent interruption, and therefore it if ' asserted that the blockade is incomplete. Offi j, ' cers returned from the blockading squadror have freely remarked that numerous vesseli ^ 1 from foreign ports had escaped the vigilance o ' our fleet Hiid run the blockade. We need hardli say that nothing would bo more likely to affon cause for a rupture between this country an* either Kngland or France than an ineffectiv 1 blockade, and that the sooner the Navy Dc s partment actually does what R professes to dc " especially in this particular, the better. y Financial Rbvolt is New Orleans.?Th y banks of Louisiana have declined participate |y in the Confederate Bank Convention to aid th u- rebel government. The banks of New Orleui Id possess nearly all the specie in the South, an v- they have no notion of giving it away withoi ]| : a tangible quid pro quo, and this they canm id obta in from Jeff. Davis and his associates. The is, are looking out for the speedy emancipation i ly; the Union element in their midst, by the feder tit J armies, and, until that happy time comes, tht he ' will hold on to their niouey. So nothing is r I , in (Wnnk nF <-oin. but for the Ric v. ? , nt mond government to flood the South with irr to dceuiable, worthless Treasury notes, uud to bi of up witli them the rice, cotton, sugar and tobac eh which planters caunot send abroad. But tl nd will avail but little; for the coast id so blot he ndud. that Davis & Co. will be unable to sei he any Southern produce out of the country, ai ,on it must remain in stove until it in confiscated l ise the loyal soldiers who are engaged in the wo es. of suppressing rebellion. L'18 Ben Wood ox Tickuxo.?Ben Wood's .Ye ;'w> says that we tiokle the ear of President Linco ",n If the lion. Ben and his ninety-nine editors doi ()1 take care somebody will tickle their necks sot Send us one chance in the next lottery. Aptvjx >m- why ^on ^ 3et(. Davis replenish his exeheqn 08t by a grand lottery, Ben to be the manager? ills I*er*oiiul Infplllgriifr, . Mr. Usboa, Minister from Hrnnil in the l'nited Stat r('n and Dr. Gulodtiria, of Cubu, are stopping at the New V( two Hotel. uml Chevalier Hn!'man. Minister from Austria to l'nited States, E. B. Abbott ar.d Utnily, aadJ.H. C tes. 11 ingham, of Now,York; J. G. Kctcfbnl and A. P. Franc . t of ilavana. are stopping at tbc Clarendon Hotel. ' ^ Hon. Frank P. r.lalr, Jr..of Missouri; Hon. W. A Ri tpls artlson.of Illinois; Capt. Marshall, Lieutenant Kltzlin the Liimtanant Wright aud l.tcutciiuni W. M. Wilson, of 1'uited Stales Army, and Col. C. K. Gray, of Chicago, ted. stopping at the Metropolitan Hotel. linn. J. R. Chandler, of Philadelphia; Senator Antlw of Rhode lklanrt; Lieutenant Cook, of the United Sta JOse Array; H. W. Rogers, of Enttalo; J. M. Randell. of Louis; W. Mason, of Taunton: 1*. Ruwson, of Ohio; ten- Dunham, of Hartford, and ('. S. Risseli and wife, of Pji :f burg, aro stopping at the St. Nicholas Hotel. <ieo. Undorwood and G. 1'. Davis, of Vermont; Hon rate H. Cragin. of New Hampshire; Rev. C. Johnson and w . J. Van Hagan and G.A.Wells, of Troy; H.J. Wells. ' Ot Albany; ('lurles Wannotnacher, of Philadelphia; pi T nf Clagher, i>f Ctica; ex (Joveriior Thorp and wife, of C ' neeticul;0. N. Cheptn, of Albany; Hon. D. C. Littlojo ?ma- of Oswogo; Hon. tS. P. Fessendon, of Maine; Hon. Jai i W. Grimes, of Iowa, and Hon. Justin S. Morrill, of T mont, are stopping at the A*tor House. ?tn?n *, I'i.inunnv'fi Amorimn man AmrnrAur n^i?>vr?u k?uuu B, General A(p>ticy. 10 Strand, London, iV>r tho week cm 0<"" July an, IWil.?D. M. Kiirmim, R. Roberts, W. (J. CUui B tho r ivyon.a. Hoydocker, J. Henderson, K. Warden,? . York; K. Kragg, Ik*ten, D. Hislie, Norfolk, Virginia; J til it Knot*, Bnflhlo. New York. ,mt The Flartfnrd papers exi*sc a swindler in military tmne.who represents himsolf to bo tho son ol' Co! 9 out Dtmmlck, I'nlted States Army, and a gradnatc of \ Point last June. 11a also humbugged tb Tontine folk P run this city He is a trim looking fellow, and wear* an yg jn dre-y? uniform of a first lieutenant?a rank whicf s ' conM not hare *c<furo<i If lie catered tk? tuny fi otu \ i 01* PolU thli euauaor. City Intelligence. unw movjsmiwf or thh uhhman ?oci*uina. The miachievoua agitation net on foot rewutiy by ? urty of German socialists In this city to force govornli'tit to give us.-o.itaiit'f to the laboring classes out of ouitoymeut, is .said to have lulteu root m every ward m tha Itv, clubs having been organized and a regular proramme of operations agreed upon. The Central Comlitlce of twelve have Issued a cunning and \vick"d prolaniatiou, with a view to stir uj? the evil passions of tho sasses. and the following call for a imblio tmeting toligbi bai> boen issued:? (fRKAT MASS MKXHXO i all workmgmen, without distinction, without regard o business, to deliberate and decide In what manner and ly what means our condition may be bettered. laborers?The object is to begin u contest, tosecur? Jul recognise the following principle:? That the community, a* a family, is to be held respoi'.side for the welfare ol each of its members by tin- guaraii eeof employment. Come all. So difference what political parties you may lave heretofore adhered to. I'nite on the b isis of socialistic principles to obtain employment for the broall.wa luem ployed. The meeting will take plnuo on Friday evening, August ?, at half past soven o'clock, in the M 'tropolitaa Rooms, Ifid'aud 160 Hester xtreet Iu tho name of the Commtttfif1. ? ? CARL MICHEL, President. H. W. Mkmsinu, Secretary. visit to ihk i'll bug institutions hv A ('OVKCILUAKK CoM*mKK.?A committee of the Board of Councilman, consistlug of Messrs. Barney, Piuckney, Cleveland, Trotter, Keech, Dttiwell nud Long, male an official visit to tlio Public Institutions on Blaekwoll's and Randall's Islands, on Wednesday last, at tho invitation of the commissioners having charge of tho public charities. The iuspoctbm proved highly satisfactory on both sides. Coroners' Inqnests. Killkd ht an Ovkhuobk or Rim?An inquest was held yesterday at Bellevue Hospital upon the body or a child about three years old, named Mary C. Homer, who died from the effects of an overdose of rum, administered by I its grandmother, Anno Mcllermott. The ovldrnoeelicited went to show that the grandmother was in the habit of quioting the infant with draughts of rum, and that on Tuesday site administered at least a leacip full of the po'.son, which threw the decease i into a deep slumber from which it never awoke. The |kmi mort m examination of the body showed that death was caused by alcoholic poison, and the Jury rendered a verdict to that effect. Coroner Uamblu committed th > unnatural grandmother to await the action of tiie tiraud Jury. Tiie mother of the deceased child is out of town, and probably knows nothing yet in relation to the shocking affair that has transpired during her absence. Tiik Wssr Stkkst Hoiucu>i Cass.?Tbe Inquest iu tlM case of William Leo.a private in the First regiment Scott Life Uuard, who was shot by Albert Uhl, a barkeeper in the drinking saloon corner of West and Morris streets, on Monday morning, was held ou Tuesday at the New York Hospital, by Coroner .lackmaii. Michael Valiony, a seaman attached to tho United States steamer Harriet Lane, demised us follows:?I was in c >rapany with deceased ou Monday morning; in company with a number of friends we went into the saloon corner of Wi st and Morris streets to take a drink; after wo had drank there was some talk between the barkeeper and me about paying for the liquor; I told him 1 had uo money, I but would call up in tho evening uud settle for it; ha said, "That be dsmued, you can't burn tns out of it;" 1 then started to leave, and had got about three or four feet from the bur, whi n the prisoner hit me on tho head with a club; I came near falling; as soouns 1 recover (Ml, 1 UiriK'fl upon vuo prwuuur, vm w<u unu [WD uj a friend or mini* named Kelly; deceased then walked up to Urn bar aud said to the prisoner, ' What tho hull did you hit that man fort'' and taking up a pitcher as If to throw It; thereupon tho prisoner instantly dr"w a revolver and shot deceased; the latter fell to the tloor and was removed to the hospital; none of the rest of the party wr -re threatening tho prisoner at the time of the shooting; 1 never had any disturbance at the place before; I don't know whether tha prisoner knew me or not. William Kelly corroborated tho testimony of the previous witness. l*olicemau I>aviu tea titled to arresting the prisoner, and Ilr Hull was examined as to the causo of death. The case was given to the jury, who, after duo deliberation, rendered a verdict of "death by a pistol shot wound inflicted by the prisoner. Albort Uhl." The prisoner admitted the shooting, but says it was done in selfdefence. Coroner Jack man committed him to tho Tombs to await the action of the <>rand Jury. Suicide iiy Suoormo.?About seven o'clock on Tuesday morning, as policeman Hay, of tho Tweuty-eighth pro. cinct, was patrolling his beat at tho foot of Clarlcson street, ho discovered the body of an unknown man lyiug on tho pier. Deceased, who was bleeding freely from a wound in tho head, had a single barrelled pistol grasped in bis right hand, and had evidently just committed suicide. Upon examination it xvtui found that the unfortunate man had placed the muzzle of the weapon in his mouth, and discharged the coutcQts into his brain. The ball came out at the back part of the head, carrying away a portion of tho skull and brfein. Deceased wits a dark complex ioned man, probably a Spaniard, and was about thirty years of age. Ho was dressed in light summer clothing, and wore a new silk hat which had been purchased at No. 3J7 Broadway. Coroner Jackman held an inqiuMt u[>on tho body, but no clue could bo obtained to the name or residence oi' deceased. Subsequently,however,Capt. Dickson, of the Twenty-eighth precinct, found out that deceased boarded at 27 Kast Houston street,and that his name was Francisco ltndio. Among the effects of the deceased were j discovered some pufiory which showed he formerly held a commission as captain In the Spanish army at Cuba. 1 No reason for the rash act could be ascribed by the friends, but it is suppled that pecuniary embarrassment may have hail something to do with it. Hkcovkbv or tub Bodikh or Dkuw.vcd Soldiers.?Tho ' bodioB of the two soldiers of tho First New Hampshire > regiment, who were drowned at the foot of Laight street, I on Sunday evening, were recovered on Tuesday. Coroner Jackman held an inquest in each case, and ordered the bodies to be sunt to the deadhuuse, at Beileruo Hospital, I for tlia purpose of identification. Siarbiiwi Aftray w ths First Ward.?Two laborers, named Anthony Moran and Philip Ahoarn, became engaged in a fight near tho corner of Cedar and Greenwich f streets on Monday night, when the former, being highly i enraged, picked up a butchers'knife and stubbed his adversary several times in the breast and back. Policeman I Rose took the assailant Into custody, and caused the removal of the wounded man to the New York Hospital. Tuesday the prisoner was brought before Justice Kelly, - at the Tombs, and committed to await the result of the wounded man's injuries. Ahoarn is said to bo in a criti' cal condition. Dots Drowsed.?Joseph Topping, aged thirteen, and Wade Dickinson, aged ten years, were both drowned ill e Cormin's pond, Middle Island. L. I., on Sunday last, by rr the capsizing of their boat. There was a third party with them, but he swam safely to the shore. Their bodies 10 have been recovered, and were interred on Tuesday. 18 As U.nknowk Mas Focxd Drowseo.?The body of an j unknown rnau, in a perfectly naked condition, was found , floating in the North river, near pier No. 1 on II Tuesday, and made fast to a vessel. Coroner Gamble held 3t an inquest on the remains, and ordered them to bo sent to the deadhous". The corpse was so decomposed and 'y swollen that it will be very difficult for the friends to qC identify it. nl Police Intelligence. y nurglakiss and Arrests?John Anderson, a desporsto looking negro, was taken into custody by policeman Conj way. of the Fifteenth precinct police, on Wednesday night, on charge of breaking into tho dwelling house of James Lorimer Graham, in Waverlcy place, with intent to iy steal live hundred dollars' worth of silver plate. The prisoner, it appears, was detected in the act of breaking open I'O the basement door by the laundress, and the alarm being lis given he was promptly arrested. On theground, near tho spot where Anderson was arrested, whs found a pieco k- of candle and some burglar tools. Justice Qiaolcenbusb , committed the prisoner tor trial in default of bail. 11,1 Michael Kane was brought before Justice Steers on nd charge of burglariously entering the premises of John MoColgan, No. Seventh street, and stealing therefrom ?y two daguerreotype cases valued at $2. Committed for examination in default of bail. Au.kcbd Kmrezzi.ement bt a Bookkeeper.?Edward Far. nam. a bookkeeper, late in the employment of Messrs. ics Tilivon & Mead, 243 Pearl street, was brought before Jusjn lice Osborn yesterday en chnrgn of embezzling about f'.'.OOO front l\is employers. The magistrate, after readn'l ing the affidavit of Mr. Hliven, decided to hold the accused to hail iu the sum of $1,000 to answer. Farnatn, who is a resident of Brooklyn, denies the charge preferred against hint, and feels contident of being able to prove his innocence. n?r Brooklyn City News, Isqtssr oi* tiik Boot ok Pomcexax Martin.?Yesterday afternoon Coroner Horton held an inqnost on the body of oillccr Pavid Martin, who was killed on Tuesday morning by a burglar named Henry Curtis, while in execution of his duty. The principal facts liave been already disclosed, ' and uothlug new of a material character was elicited in J*"' the cvidMicu. Curtis, who was present, was t'ully iden> tifled. and the Jury returned a verdict that the d'oentftxl met his death at the hand of tbe accused, who wans fully en- committed to awatt the action of tlie Grand Jury, eh, Jersey City Mews. Probable Mieokr?<)n Tuesday night a serious sffray ny, occurred at the toll gate, on the Hackensack tumpika 'V'l* road. Knglish Neighborhood, resulting in tho death of a \ man named Carr, keeper of tho toll gate. It is alleged Its- that a man named Wm Taylor, drove up to the toll gain and refused to pav his toll, when a dispute arose between A. him and Corr, and finally resulted in Taylor drawing a ife. carving knife and stabbing Carr through the ltiugs. eaus of lug almost insUnt death. The accused then tied, and as ter yet hus managed to elude the pursuit of the authoriti. a. - w,a nn<l ?&a Carr was rcmoveu ,? ?_ 1m, liurioJ. lie loaves a wil'o and three children. Krkk Pasw roa SotDjK.'B.?Th? Xew Jersey RaUrowl Company complain greatly of tho trouble they aro connn<l ttuiially put to by the soldiers vrho travel to and from rcS? Washington being furnished with no pas.=w. They get lew' Into the car* and expect that the comiKiny is compelled I.E. to carry them Tree over I no road, pass or no pass; and when remonstrated with they refuse to even obey tha cos- slu<htfl?<t re<iiiMt made by the offloi rsuf the onmi'.iiiy. onei The other day ovr forty, u is said, got Into one of th ? Pen ear? and refused to get out when told they could not :s in travel over the r >ad without .1 (wiss. and when ordured ud out of tho car drew their pistols and swore they would 1 he shoot lUe first man that attempted t<> put them out. Veil Efficient police wore yesterday placed at Iho depol, and no aoldiet can u.ov pws ui vriUwul pro.lutt&fi hu uckot.

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