Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 12, 1861, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated August 12, 1861 Page 2
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2 MEWS FROM FORTRESS MONROE. OUR FOHTRESS MONROE CORRESPONDENCE. Foktkibu Uohhoe, August 8,1801. Arrival qf a Deterler from the ReMt?He Brxngt Startling Intilliirnrr?a.-ii'-ral Nagriule.r, with Seven Thousand Retxls and Eight 1 'iecet of .4 itillrry, near Fortress Mm roe? lin n Lhst'fns?Burning of Hampton fry Ike Rebel*?Brand Cmfta ra/um and Total ftttlructiim of Ike Village? Thr Old Churckr?Expected Attack on A'ewport .Vetot? Arrival of a Flog of Truce, tic., ttc. Thi> c:i!m that lias been oxp^ri 'iicoJ in this dopurtmcnt >" *' ??.>!< ?>..? r.?ii i in* ? ifiniiMMt which star tleil us by ttsupprouch, unii which lms given risu to forebodings as t? its future result*. Thequiet was tlrst broken by the appearance of a deserter from tho Sixth Georgia regiment, by the natnoof Mahew, a resident of Baugor, Maine, who hait been impressed iuto the rebel orvicc iu Georgia, and who escaped Us hated bonds yestorday aftoruoou, while on its advance towards this post. Leaving his regiment this side of llig Itothel, he made hi* way to Ilainptou cie k, warn it, and presented himself to our outor pickets, told his story, and by them was brought to General Butler, e gave the startling information that General Magruder, with a force of 7,000 men, including 250 cavalry and a battery of eight pieces,among which were two or throe rifled guns of large calibre, had left York town on Friday last, and, by short marches and frequent halls, had advanced aa far as Newmarket Bridge,about four miles trorn Hampton. The main body of the force ivas still unearned in a swamp this side of Big Bethel, while a force consisting of 2.&00 men, with tho cavalry and some artillery, were at Newmarket. The design of the movement, ho aaid, wiis to make a feint on Newport News, and, drawing us out, by a tl.uik movement get into the fort if possible, but at any rate tocutoft'the troops at Camp Hamilton. Or, perhaps, the plan was to make an at tack on Newport News, and take it if possible. Of course this Intelligence made it necessary for ns to boon our guard, and tho camps wo.e quickly tiotitled. Scouts were sent out,but no Information confirmatory of the report had been received until nearly midnight, when tho eneiuy suddenly came into tho village of Hamilton, with a force *0118181 ing of three companies of cavalry and two of infantry, and alter giving bat tlftecn minutes notice to the few remaining families iu that devoted village, set Ore to it iu several places. aud in a short time tho place was in Humus. A portion of the infautry came , down to the bridge, which had been for a short space torn UP, and opoucd tire ou the advanced picket | i mat ouu ui ido oriugo, as won as me maiu picket, who were stationed near tho redoubt at our end. A hasty barricade of barrels, tilled with , and, faced with planks, which had beeu torn fri.ra the bridge, served an a protection from the enemy's bullets, which flow hi^h, bul in several instances low enough , to pierco tho planks and bar-els. Th. handful of men who defendod that end of the briige returned the tire with rapidity aud coolness, aim after a fuailude of flfteeu minutes the enemy retired, losing, as wc have since learned. three or four killed and several wounded. Me in while tho lire, which bal tin t burst Irom thr.-e or four bousos. had spread ami wrapped <,tho.'s in its dcs'rictive folds. From house to house it went until at ah nt two o'olock the whole village, from oud to end, save perhaps a half dozen dwellings which were sjiarcd, was in one , grand mass of llauiei. The scene at this tiuie was most magnificent and most imprepslveljr grand. Four or flvo , hundred dwellings, chtirohss, stores, warehouses and public buildings Were in BattM at once, lighting up the beavons for miles around with its lurid glare. j The enemy bad retired, and on our side of the creek a number of spectators, including negroes, who bitterly cried over the loss ol their all. stood and watched the (favouring element, ns it quickly wiped from the face of the earth tho once beautiful anil flourishing village. < The work was complete at ten o'clock In the miming, and hut flve or six dwellings stood where hundreds could bave been counted ten hours before. The torch was ap- , plied by late residents of the village, who ore now with Hagruder. We are not to blame for this act of vuudal- ] ism. -> The enemy threaten to again come to-night and com- i plete their labors, but it is doutnfHl whether they will again veuturc into town. . The object the rebel" undoubtedly had in thus destroying tho village was to prevent our occupation of it next winter as winter quarters for our troops. In a military point, they did perfectly right, aud probably saved us tho trouble of destroying it ourselves. I most regret the destruction of that ancient church, the oldest in America, which lent a charm of antiquity to the place. it Tin imil inn uu<-ii wuieu lu liinim] 8(1 miUl.V ITOOpB Ilir the other points, the village woula bare still been held and preserved. But it is too late to say wliut miglit bave beeu done. We expect tbat Newport Now 8 will bo via I tod by Ma (ruder to-night, and an attempt be made to wipe out "Oneral Phe-lps and his bruve cuuiUHflfl, but we do not fear the result. A dug of truco has Just come down from Norfolk, with evoral gentlemen and a ludv, the latter nitleve or General Scott, who go North to night. The weather Is inteusely lwt. The health oT the troops very good. Foantrv Mnvitoa, Va., August 0, lSfll. The Expected AUack on Nexyport Afoot?Movements of Gen. Mdffmder?Pnjxirationt for an AUack on the Union Force*?General i'helps Feels Satisfied of hit Safely? The Second yew York Volunteers?Movement! if United States Steamert, rfc. The attack which we expected the rebels, under Gen* Magruder, to make upon Newport News laat night did not come off, although wo had mndo every preparation to give bim the warmest of roceptions. He did not march his force back to Yorktown ugain' but remained in his old position, near Dig Bethel, and this side of New Market bridgeYet wo are far from thinking that he4ias given up the idea of taking by assault our intrenched camp on tho banks of the James river. He in not likoly to go back, resting his claims for credit upon the burning of a deserted village; but he will attempt something that will gain him the applause of tho whole South, if it succeeds. Wo alt believe that his eye is upon Newport News, nnd that ho will attempt to carry our works there before the week is out. Ho hun postponed for a short period only the time of carrying out bis designs, but he is for from relinquishing them. From scouts which hare corno in to-day I learned at Newport News that the enemy were Tour thousand strong within less than four miles of our rtdouht. They had some cannon with tbem of the beavloet calibre. They are slowly creeping towards us there, and mar venturo an attack, but not with that force. Captain White" of the Tenth regiment, who went out night beforo lain and returned last night, gained much valuable information Of them. They wero reinforced yesterday by three mousana men, swelling their total foreo to about t?n thousand. With ibis forco they may feel ai>)o to take ns, or "gobble ub up," as the soldiers say, all around.' itoe frlgato Savannah went up last night, and anchored pff the camp, to as to sweop all the approaches on our left " flank by grape, canister and sholl. The gunboat Daylight, is also stationed there. These can render efficient aid in caso of an attack. Additional pieces of artillery, under command of Lieutenant Book, of the First Artillery, bare also goes up; and, In oate of necessity, one thousand MMors and marines from the squadron here, with a dozen field f>iocos, conld be sent up in two bourt. I fancy the |>lace will bo held. General Phelps feels no alarm about the safety of the place at all, and lTbe cannot judge of its Strength no one can. I vlsltod Colonel Oarr's (New York Second regiment) camp, and was greatly pleased at its appcarance. It is laid Out according to the army regulations, and by the ability and taste of thscommanding officers it has been handsomely gradod, ditched and beautified. It is now, as Dr. Cuyler, the medical director of tho department, correctly reports, the most clcanly and neat of any camp in the department. The other regiments might with propriety take it as a model camp. Governor Morgan has made quite a number of promotions in the regiment, and filled many vacancies. Ameng them I notice Opt. W. A. Oimttead, promoted to the Lieutenant Colonelcy, in place of Lieutenant Colonel Kenyon?an excellent appointment; Capt. Geo. H. Otis, as Major, in place of Ua^or Blow, resigned; Lieut. T. C. Haddock, as Captain In Company B, In place of Captain 0 Implead, promoted; Oco. V. Boutellc, Captaia, in plaoo of Captain J. W. Armitage, resigned, Company A. I will end a full list at an early day. The sloop-of war Dale sails tomorrow for a cruise south , me muuo leaves in a uay or two. REBEL NEWS FROM YORKTOWN, VIRGINIA. JjBTTEB FROM A NORTHERN MAN IN TDK REBEL ARMY. [From the Providence Journal, August 10.] Oar readers may remember that a few weeks ago we published a letter from a rebel soldier in the camp at rensaoola. He has since been ordered to Virginia, and m* now publish a pertlon or n private lettor written by fclm at York town, and containing many interesting statements respecting the life of a "Confederate soldier.'' Tho writer is a Northern man by birth:? Yorktowm, Va., July 16,1801. Ism now s soldier indeed, having been in service over three months, and in one light since I have been here, fit was only a skirmish we had with the enemy, Just ten flays ago. There were 140 on our side and about flftr of the enemy, with 300 more not far behind them. It happened within three or fbur miles of Newport News, where they have a large force stationed. There wero six killed on their sido and two on ours. It did not last but ? very short time, w they flrod their muskets and run, while wo stood still. We were within seven miles of our reserve forces, and had the enemy known our umct numl>er they could have cut us off before wo could have recreated. Had ibny done so there would have b?efl 4 hM<i tight. Do not think I take pleasure in thjf war from tho way I write. I am fighting for the 86utnorn confederacy beOtuse I tliink it la right, and because I'oxpect it to bo my future homo. I hopo and pray tho war may soon end, OJ we may have peace bctwuen the two countries, as I had much rathor bo in Ww Orleans fighting my books In ij# office than horo ui Virginia, fighting men from tny owd native place., I wrote you from odr enmp near Fort Pickens somo time M May. We left tboro about the 1st of Juno for Richmond. where we wore camped about two week? TUcre Are .about 15,000 troops livro. 3,000 of wki<;U arc from Louliiui. The plaro is well fortified, and It would requtro at lout 36,000 moil to drive ut- out nnd take i*ms -s sion. We won- all In hopes that Lincoln'* message would call for peace;but instead of peace lio calls for 400,000 nieu and $400,000,000 to carry on the war. I hope lie will hnvo a good time gottiug both ineu aud money. I was wishing Tor jieace rather than war, that I mightreturn to New Orleans by tho 1st of September: but there inn prospect of our being here all winter, except thore should be lighting near New Orleans, In which ca?o I think tlioy will send our battalion home, and perhaps tho other Lmii.iiuua troops also. I am In the ludepondeiit Louisiana liuttaliou of Volunteers, composed of Ave companies, about Qve hundred and eighty men in all. Probably you would like to know how we live. About tho same as soldiers generally do. We hare tents, and live ineu in each tent. The bottoms of the touts are floored, slid wo have au oilcloth and blanket each, and use our knapsacks for pillows. They givo ub to oat |mrk ami bacon, rico, (lour, corn meal, beans,and fresh meat occasionally. If wo want auytliiug extra we have to buy It oursolves. We live tolerably well. This is a hard very well. Wc bavu to do our own cooking; that is not hard work among five. Wo divide the work, and oach ono docs his share. Home of us now have negro cooks. Wliilo in ltichuioud tea of us (two tents) clubbed together und hired a "nigger"' (man) to oook for us at (3 a work. He came to Yorkhmu, aud will stay with us while we are in the Stato of Virginia. I am at the head of the meHs, nud they pay me two or three dollars oaeli, ami I buy whatever I can get about here, aud thiuk Is uccessury for us, such as chickens, oggs, butter, potatoes, Ac. The government furnish. a us with coffee aud sugar, so wc livo very well for soldiers. It costs us about $3 cach a mouth, besides tho food we get from our government, which would be enough to livo on, but the most of us from Loutslania, in fact 1 might say ever) ono of us, have boon useu to good living at homo, and will have it uero If iiossiblo. We get Ash and clams; tho latter we get out of the river by diving for them In water up to our chins. Wo have had clam Roup for dinner three days in succession. To day we had sausages, boiled onions, boiled rice, salt pork, bread and butter. For brcakl'asi sometimes we have batter cakes and molasses, made with meal and flour. We iiavo a long table behind our tent, and an arbor built over it to keep the sun iff. We made it ourselves, and it looks very nicely, I ;un liero now writing at our table, which is made of two wide hoards nailed together,and then set ou posts put lu the {round and the top nailed down. PROMOTIONS AND APP0INTMENT8 IN THE NEW YORK REU1MENTS. (Jl.NKKAL OHDKRH?NO. 82. OSMRII. HXitlHIUAKTKKS, STATU OK N*W YORK, > Aw'tGey.'s urnn,, Aug. 10,18tll. J The following promotions aud appointments have boon made by tho Governor in tho New York Stale Volunteer regiments, organized pursuant to "An uct to authorize the embodying and equipment of a volunteer tuilitia, and to provide for the public defonco:"? nam rcwmknt. Captain J. Frederick Plerson, to be Major, July 1981, vice James M. Turner, resigned. SKOotm uBomiTr. Captain William A. Olmstead, to bo Lieutenant Colonel. July 27,18&l, vioe R. Wolls Konyon, resigned. ('atii.ititi (.('nriro IV. Ot ifi in l?n Miiinr Jnlv 97 tA?U trlnA Richard P. Bloss. resigned. I.i utenaut T. Clement Haddock, to bo Captain, July 27, 1801, vice Oimstcud,promoted. Sergeant Major I.e (irutid Benedict, to bo Lieutenant, July 27,1861, vice Calvin W. Mnk, rrsigued. Joseph J. Hagon, to be Ensign, June 20, vice Leo Cliurchill-reslgned. George V. Boutelle, to bo Captain, August 1,1301, vico Tolln W. Armitage. resigned. Eiiward Merrill, to bo Ensign, July 18, 1801, vico George i K. Hitchcock,resigned. rOITRTII RKIIXTNT. Ensign Loonard F.Hepburn, to bo Lioutenant, July 0, [861, vice William S. Moult on. resigned. Sergeant John How land I'ell, to be Ensign, July 6,1801, j rice Hepburn, promoted. nrru uimimkxt. Charles F. Pavies, to be Ensign, July 5, 1301, vice J liarles H. Seaman, resigned. SBV1XTH RKUIKE.NT. Lieutenant William Deeta, to be Captain. July 6,1861. rice Jacob Schoenleber, resigned. Lieutenant f.iislav A. Braimen, to bo Captain, July ti, .861, Lewi* Hochheim, deceased. Ensign Julius DeRusche, to bo Lieutouant, July 0, i801, rice Poets, promoted. Ensign Charles Hotister, to be Lieutenant, July 0,1601, rice Branson,, promoted. Ensign Frederick Thibaut. to be Lieutenant, July XI, 1801. vlceThcodoroSchnodle, rosigned. Chariot,E. Faber PoFour, to be Ensign, July 11, 1861, Vice Thibaut, promoted. Masamilian Bochtur, to bo Ensign, July 6,1SC1, vice PeBoscho, promoted. B. F. Yelverton, to be Ensign, July 0, 1801, vies HeuBttr, promoted. William Behront, to bo Ensign, July 0,1801, vice Hugo Rotbo. resigned. rn.vrn REumcrr. Ensign Obns. W. Pre.-ott, to be Captain, Juno 13,1801, vice Harry Wright, resigned. William 8. Andrews, to lio Ensign, June 22,1801, vice Thomson 1*. McElrath, resigned. KIKVEVTll RBUIMKMT. ijieutenant Colonel Noah L. Farnham, to be Oolonel, June 4, 1801, vice Kllr-. worth. dMraard, Major John A. Cregier, to bo Lioutenant Colonel, June 15.1801, vice Karnliaiu, promoted. Charles MeK. Looser, to be Major, Juno 15, 1801, vice Creiger, promoted. El ward Beruhard. to be Lieutenant, Juno 4,1861, vico William H. Bevere, Jr., resigned. Units Fttzgorald, to be Lieutenant, June 2, 1861, vie* E. M. Coutes, resigned. Andrew Underbill, to bo Lieutenant, June 22,1801, vice ITrr?i?L' P YaIm rnaicmn.l Joseph K. McFarland, to bo Lieutenant, Junel, 1861, vice C. A. Bell, resigned. TWXLTH R*r,imCfT. Robert M. Ricliarilson, to bo Lieutenant Colonel, Juno 19,1861, vice Jame* L. (Jrahnm, resigned. Ttt kM'IIKTM RKOIMENT. Adolph Becker,to be Captain, July 0, 1861, vice William Schoen, resigned. Ensign Charles Couturier, to be lieutenant, July 17, 1861, vice William Knecht, resigned. Ensign George Koenig,tobu Lieutenant, July 21* 1861, vice Philip Druckert, rejygned. George Minch, to be Ensign, July 17,1861, vice Couturier, promoted. Clmrlos Lorch, to bo Ensign, July 21,1861, vlco Koenig, promoted. THlRTT TmRD RKGIMEXT. Lieutenant CheBter H. Cole, to be Captain, July 29, 1861, vice John F. Alkina, re.signed. Robert H. Brett, to bo Lieutenaut, July 29, 1861, vice Colo, promoted. Lucius C. Mix to be Ensign, July 29,1861, vicc Andrew J. Schott, resigned. THIRTT-FIWH RBGIMKVT. Major Newton B. Lord, to be Colonel, vlco Wm. C. Browne, resigned. George Merrill, to be Lioutenant, July 19,1861, vice Edwin Bingham, resigned. TUIHTY-SRVKNTTl MGIM1MT. John F. MoConnin, to be Lieutenant, July 9, 1881, vicc M. F. lUcWott, resigned. James G. White, to bo Lieutenant, July 9, 1861, vice S. A. McCarty,resignod. Wm. l>e Lacy, to b? Lieutenant, July 8, 1861, vico David Kerr, resigned. George W. Clark, to bo Ensign, July 11, 1861, vice Charles G. Vosburgh, resigned. James R. O'Hoi rue, to bo Ensign, July 9,1861, vice J. V. Willltt, resignod. By order of the Commander in-Chief, DUNCAN CAMPBELL Assistant Adjutant General. OT^WKHAI. rVTT'9 MIF.TTARV TlRfJTTT.ATTnVa TV ~ BALTIMORE. [From tho Baltimore American, August 2.] For somo tlmo pust the regulations ordered by General Banks (then in command of this district) concerning tho regiments in and Around tho city have been almost entirely disregarded, and particularly in regard to' their having the freedom of tho city, and the carrying of arms whllo therein. Certainly tho man were scarcely to bo blamod in this matter, when tlmr superior officer* art them such a bad oxamplo in disregarding the published orders. The evils complained of provalled to such an extent that many ladies were really afraid of venturing far from home. Large numbers of Intoxicated soldiers were allowed by the police to roain through lite streets, and the result of such conduct was atteetod on Wednesday evening, when one was severely stabbedand tho other so seriously Injured that his life is despaired of. This 'state having been matVo known through the press to General Dlx, he has promptly determined fo enforce General Banks' regulations, with an added Improvement to th<-m of bis own dictation; and it is highly gratifying t? state that his orders have been published to the several regiments now quartered hero, and they will be enforced. In no instance will more than threo soldiers of eacbeompany bo allowed to leave their respective camps, and these must be provided with written passes from tho commanding officer of each regiment; nor will any commiijsionod officer be alloyed to leave without such a passport. Further, It is made the duty of tho military police of the city to require any soldier (in case he deems it necessary) to produco bis colonel's certificate. These now regulations went Into effect yesterday, and they had the most salutary effect, as but few of thio men couin uesoen upon in? street, ana nono or those, as faus ould l>e loarned, wore Intoxicated. Yesterday morntTg two of thn regiments had out scouting partk-s, who went through tho city armed, for the purpose of arresting all Btr^Kgl'T" who had not como into camp on tho previous night. They succeeded In taking into the camps a large number, and many of those were at once placed In tho guard house, ir Major General Dlx will maintain the regulations he will receive the thanks of great numtfters of o? citizens. COL. MONTGOMERY. Ibis " notorious abolitionist" arrived at Leavenworth on Ute 1st of August. The following letter written by him we copy from tho Boston .A/umai:? MorsD Crrr, Joly 15,1881. 1 am getting along finely in the work of organising a regiment. I think 1 will bo ready to take the field In Ore or els days. I don't remember what I wrote you last. Our trfp Into Missouri, which I think I mentioned, turned out better than I dared to hope. It has constantly happened to us that our disappointments have been better than accesses, and our blunders have been enr best moves. We have been constantly reminded that the Almighty rules in the affairs of men; that Iln directs aliko the battle and tho storm. We have been isto Missouri since 1 wrote you. Wfc ottered t?o fucmv h?t?; ?his fortifled camp, but bo 9YPCU?'.e<l and wo" burned his *r. ' ' JAMffl MONTGOMERY, p. w?we have had some skirmishes with the enemy on tho border, in which several of them havo been killed. ONE OF GENERAL SCOTT'S COURIERS MISSING. [From tlio Baltimore Exchange.] On the morning of the late baitlo a special courier wa? sent by General t?cott to General McDowell, with military maps, plan.*, Sc., fcc., in regard to the coming contest. The courier did not roach General McDowell, and the supposition is that be wu oitUcr kiiio^ <j{ over to tb? enemy. NEW FORK HERALD, M( NEWS FROM REBEL STATES. OUR LOUISVILLE COBIUSSI'ONDENCE. I.OUINVHXR, August 3,1M1. Large Nuuth-ri of HeM Trnnja Ckmrentrativg in Virginia? Activity 0/the Rebels at New Matlrid, Atiaimri?llmu the Rebel! Talk About the Bull Run lia'tle?The Election in Tmnesvc?The Great Cotton Simulation. ARMY MOVKUKNT8 IN TIIE 80UTII. I am disposed to beliove the government unaware of the extensive movements of troops into Virginia and Missouri by tho Confederate authorities, or else there would be apparent more strenuous and uotive movements to oounteract them. They go unheralded and unseen, but yet by tliousands thoy are being poured into Virginia from Georgia, Alabama and Mississippi, and numbers groater than the Union soouts proclalmod are assembling at Now Madrid. A friend from Tennessee?a Union man?who lu their midst defies the minions of secession, has been for a fortnight i>a*t stationed ni rhfttiamuurfl iim inm.. 'ion of quito a number of Alabama, Georgia and Tonnessoe railroads. Ha sayg that day aud night tralnB havuboon arriving there?traius 01 Imjx, hog and passenger cars?filled to almost Insupportable fulness with rebel soldiers. Indiscriminately armed and uniformed, yot soldiers with strength and a disposition to light. The transit commenced immediately after the news of the first tight at Hull run, ou the 18th of July, and continued for a week or more. My informant thinks it not at all im probable tb.u sixty thousand men havo been throwu into Virginia in the fortnight named. Their immediate destination they dlil not know but thought It was for the western part of the State. A rocont number of the Richmond Detpaich says that reinforcements will be seut to Governor Wise at Gauloy bridge without del ly. Ton thousand of these men went from the viciulty Immediately north of Nashville, Tennessee, and the Louisvillo and Nashville Kailroad trains wore entirely occupied In this business, thus de. ranging for a while the travel ou th it rood. The truth is that Davis lias placed In Virginia ail the available force ho could raise, know u*; that to hold Virginia is to gain tho battle. Tin- government ought to awake to tho reality of this. It has not ! -is than tw 1 hundred and fifty thousand fighting monto whip iu that State, aul those, too, almost consolidated in a single army. Of t'ie transition of troops to N'ew Madrid, Md., my in formaut knows less, but has heard that it is very ovton. slve. The roads runuing north from M -mphis have been seized for military purposes, while the bouts at Lor wharf havo beon continually occupied iu ?rans[H>rtiug men from Randolph to Mew Madrid. The number is not less than ^tatcd by the Union scouts, and my informant thinks much greator. The train* euterin; Nashville ?were also detained aud detailed for the purpose of carrying troops to the Mississippi river and thence to New Madrid. The rebels are confident of success at Bird's Point, and arc already talking of the invasion of Illinois. I am very ! much afraid that the government Is disposed to drowsiness. now TI1KY TALE AT XA3UUM.R OF Till BCLL RUN flATTLF The people at Nashville, uot catching the cue of the TV*via nrimrit >1 llinhmunrl r,..l 1..I1...I In ik. ? .1 peak tho wrong speoch at tlie mat aprupmt moment. Froui tho tlrst the Richmond papers have been cutting I down tho force engaged oa the rebel siilo, while, to make a Charles iAmb balnucc (Lamb made up for late arrivals at his offlco by o.irly departures), they add daily to the fore? of the Union army, until they make it apparent that the latter outnumbered them Ove to on". There in no doubt in my Informant's miud. after hearing and reading tho robel account*, that the high figure* named by our papers as being engaged on the rebol hide arc undoubtedly correct. They laughingly admit in Xashviiio that the UuiouiatM were actually whipping them with inferior numbers, mid only tho arrival of reinforcements turned the scale of battle in tnoir favor. I tin e seen a letter from a soldier at Manatuas to his wife in this city, in which be Rays that he went over the Held immediately after tfie battle, an<l saw howlrtls of slain, "but tho most of them?at least three lu one"?he says, "wore our own soldiers. Our gunners," he adds, "were slain by shells at their guns. and they lay about thsm literally in piles." TIIK TIVNKsm (imKKNATOKIAI. WJUTION. An election for Governor wad hold in Tennessee yesterday, butl have no news of so late a date. By a movement of the Harris party thu voto of East Tennessee will probably not be cast, as was at tlrst thought probable,for William H. Polk. The flirris party made it obligatory on each voter to take at the polls, beiore cast-In* his vote, an oath of allegiance to the Southern confederacy. The Polk party then attempted to get up a ooiintoraeuag scheme with considerable eva ion in it; but tho Kast Twnuesseans, I imagine, will not avail themselves of this. The evasion la revealed in tho Nashville Ttannrr of tho morning of tho elect inn. Tho flrtnnrr says, speaking of the taking of the oath. The effect of this proposition? we say nothing of the intention?will be to drive from the polls all timid men who do not choose to be submitl?.l lA .n f..r I.II... ..... .... ..? will bo thus mtimi'lat.'il. It has been charged Hint Col. l'olk Is iv Union candidate. This charge implicates his supporters in Unionism. Lot tho Polk voters, then, disprove tlio charge by boldly and cheerfully submitting to this unlawful proceeding. l,ot them take theoalh, and demand that it be lie made as strong as the language can make It. Though Tennessee is not a mumber of the permanent government, and will not bo until the polls aro cloned, yet her citizens can take the oath of allegiance with perfect safety. They will thus put to the blush. If they can blush, tlioso iiartisnns of Ilarris who are striving to mako support of him and his parachutes a test of men's honesty, sincerity and patriotism. It is needless to say that no man who will vote for Ilarris and tae ticket will be required to swear. TUB (IRKAT COTTON PPSCTLATtOW. When the sales of the growing cotton crop are reported lam inclined to think that it will stand:?Sales of the year, 4,000,000 bales, of which speculators?took?all. The exporters are going to have no chance whatever, while of the manufacturers there are unne. The government jobbers havo made another movement and induced the insurance agents to decline taking risks on Cotton in transit to sea|>orts. The Board of Underwriters, following in the wake of the cotton facers of New Orleans, have passed a resolution of more than usual interest to steamboats. It reads as follows Resolved, Thnt no river insurance on cotton bound to this port, nor tire insurance on cotton in the city of New Orleans, bo taken until the blockade of the port is raised and its free navlgnticn resumed. Cotton on plantations may be insured against flro to the extent of throo-fourths of its value, provided it is stored in lots of not exceeding ono hundred and fifty bales, and the lots at least three hundred foet apart. But the original speculators are getting tight up. Sales cannot be forced, and they want money. Therefore they attempt to induce capitalists to buy their borrowed cot ton in lt? unpicked ami unexportable condition. The Richmond Enquirtr has a sample of the peculiar lo^lc which the government puts forth a# an inducement to capitalists to como forward and buy the article. Of course it commonces with a commendatory paragraph for their past liberality, and ooaxing ditto to contiuuo the same favors. The Enquirer says:? "The plan already begun with so much success, evinces the purpose of the people to sustain the government to the uttermost. Yet the plan is not freo from objection, aud will not furnish sufficient money or urodlt. Tho most obvious objections anno from the nature of thp subscriptions. The planter subscribes the proceeds 01 a part of his crop, and tfinda himself that such part Shall bo sold by a fixed time. Now, if sales are forced In consoquence or those contracts of subscriptions, the result must bo tho same ?e if forced to pay direct taxes. If a considerable part of ibe cotton crop were subscribed in this way, the speculators seeing when large sales were to be made, would holdback until the flsed periods, and the supply far exceeding tho demand, would purchase at prices almost nominal The government would have no control of the cotton, and the planters who had subscribed the proceeds of a twrtion of their crops would have no submit to the saorlflco or violate their understanding with the government. The amount to bo received by Iho government would be uncertain?iadeflniUv, no certain calculations count be made. ajieciifctors would be benefitted, tho object of the government not accomplished, and the planters, if they kept their contracts, sufltor loss. Those who bought cot ton atxl tobacco during the last war with Great Britain, mid,' at tba end of it, for throe or fonr times the cost." A writer from Richmond say*:?A good deal of diversity of opinion, and somo dissatisfaction, are beginning to b? mauifestedhore in reference to Mr. Memminger's project electing a loan through subscription* guaranteed by pledges of cotton and other products. It ts the opinion of many that the scheme will prove a failure, or only a partial success, for want of directness and simplicity, Numbers of planters, they say, would willingly givo directly to government two-thirds or thraofourths of their crops, and take bonds at once therefor at minimum valuation, who will bs reluctant to mwait the slow and uncertain process of converting the cotton into cash proossda. The bonds- would serve them In place of money, and the government, controlling two-tnirds of th? cotton crop of the country, would have In Its hands a vast resource to command capital either at homo or abroad. Nor should the diplomatic effect of this relation ofnovornraont to the ootton interest of Europe bo ovorrookod. Should the North, in order to avoid a collisiou with England , offer to admit English ships through ttoe blockade, for tho purpose of supplying the English manulMtortea with cotton, or even propose at the same tfnvo to admit English merchandize, not contraband, to Southern porta, on condition of a navigation tai equivafent to the present Northern tariff, our government could easily wield the cotton In its hands so as to defeat that insidious game. Thus H is argued; and I am sure that these views, hastily and imperfectly sketched, will'find expression iu the confederate Congress which is to meet the present month in Richmond, when, It is possible, Mr. Ubmmioger's plan may be materially modlQed. Locanuj, Kj.t August 8,1861Zfunufrm Ditlanl Countut in Kentucky Favorable for the Cnioti?Tht Armed Union Men (n the Stale?Recruiting for the Rebel Army?Frightful Condition of Affaire in Richmond?The Financial Trouble! of the South? Iht Rebeli Intend to Propcn an Armiilici tvith a View to Re. comtruction, <fc. The return! of the late election from the distant counties continue favorable for the Union. Tho aggregate vote will not prove as large as at the Border State Convention election, and the aggregate majority of the Union party I will fall short of its 104,000, but will roach, It Is thought, Cull/ 75,090. la couutici heard from iUq Uuwa vote hag >NDAY, AUGUST 12, 1861. Cullon ofToiiHidorably, wlnln the disunion had gained QO it thuiK l( ni'iH'urif that the w.'akkne?J Unionists dl<l uot ' vote. It *M at one time feared that the federal taxquos , tion, which the disunion or gum strenuously endeavored to ninko an effective missile in the contest, woul'l injure J the I'ntou vote, but it la thought it did not do much dam' t age. In many counties the Southern rights tickets had a ' no federal tax" nt their beads in glaring capitals. The ' candid ties used the tax question in every possible nianuer. ( earnestly aul strongly, but could not succeed In moulding r ... ^.... _ . . . .. . . .. ... / u inio an euecuve nomusneii lor me decimation ui me Unioii ranks. The despatch from the Hkiui.i> received hero, and prlntod yesterday, lo regard to Kentucky's 10,000 organized Union m'-n, lias considerably oxclted the r^tielf. Tho Democrat (Union) of this morning does not deny Its truth, but disavows any knowledge of tho facts utated. The Journal, in its silence, Is puzzling. Tho Courier endorses the Hkrald's news, and I have no doubt will corroborate my statement of date August e, in regard to tho raising of a provisional army for Kentucky. The Courier has positive confirms

Hon of the Huuufa despatch. It copies it, and says that, iu c ontinuation of the IIkkai d m statement, it (tho Courier) learns that 260 cavalry from Cury county passed through Dant llle, Ky., a day or two ago en route for tho Union camp at Hooking' Crow Roads, in Garrard county, whore soldiers have been drilling for two weeks or more. "Tlieso men," tho Courier says. in its own elogant style, "are enlisted for tbe purpose of attacking the Tennesseeaim at Cumberland (jap, it having been industriously and * falsely circulated by wlckod and designing men that tho g soldiers of our later State were encamped on the soil of ? Kentucky." And again, in further continual ion, the Courier adds that it ha*seen a handbill calling for a meeting in Dauvllle, Boyle county, on Monday, "to enlist men for the war iu y Capt. Harlan'j cuinpany." They also are to rendezvous at Hoskins' Cross Koads, Garrard county. And further, a h ludbill, seut its from Winchester announces that the ' H"!!!;1 Guards" of that city '-will turn out on Friday, August 9. to receive the volunteer" front Estill county." These nien are "nlisted for the sairie aervice is tli" others referred to, and they are all arnioil by the federal government. Tlh' Courier and it-party are anxious for an exouse to invito a rebel army iuto Kentucky. Its party lead ers have been holding correspmi leuee and counsel with o the rebel authorities of Tennudsef, and there is no doubt y that they would most gladly have an army sent iuto Ken- r iui'kv. 11 mtgm as won Know now, tor once ami an time, tl tint the Kum Tennesson! ih aru to have arms aud Ken H tuclclutu are to be their c<>n\ ov. While objecting to nillitiirv movements in this State, the Courier publisher the i'ollowli>g military notice to K iitnckiatig. and recommends young men to enlist8 M1MTAKY NOTUKTO KftNTtHKUNA Nanhvili.*, Toon., August 6.1861. The Southern confederacy Ims conseutod to accept a rei;iment or more moil on the follow lug conditions, viz:? 1mi! twelvemonths service?for service nearest to their y home-?with their own organization uj to Held itad mtb- n ulteru olllcers, aud in the ubsonco of arms whoiewlth to It supply them, to admit them with their owu shot guns or tl rltloH; these to be paid for upon a fair valuation by a go a verument agent, so soon as said troops nrc mustered into d sorviciv Those desiring to avail Urin^lves of this la- > vorablc iavltution can iearn further particulars by send- r, ing an agent to Hampton's station, on the M. C. aud L. t R. R., Tenu??809, three milea below the State line, who ? may call on Geo. W Hampton, K-mj. North m Kentuck inns yrfftrred. li re duplicates of the original an- fl thorlty will be furnished captain* who have or tnay a wish to raise companies. n The italicised phrase has a significance of great import t: and highly complimentary to Southern Kenturklans, auit r Is but a corrolwratlon of a statement I havo previously*! made, that the most rubid, ultra anil uncondltioual Union fi men in the country are those Kontuckiaus living on tho <i borders of tho State of Tennessee. o Janv ? Ilewett, Esq., of the Arm of Ilowett, Norton k b Co., of Liverpool, Now York and New Orl eans, has lat ly s arrived here from Richmond, and is authority for the fol- ! (owing gtrange statement,now rumored oxteuslvely about this city;? I bince the battle Of Manassas the utmost do- S moralization anl disorganization anion;; tlio ar- c my aud financial distress among the people go- t ne'rally havo existed. The city was tilled with men t aud women from the more distant States, hunting infor- u mat ion of relatives?information which, o>j ing to the se- b crecy maintained by the govcrniuont, they could t not ' obtain. No report of the killed and wounded bad t been made up, nor was it likely that any ever wnitlit h.? Tlift (rr<>atf*at r1istr#v;s nrAv:tilt><l ntitl rnm. 1 plaints wore loud, deep ami earnest. Soldiers were do- d mandlng their release and their i<uy. refusing to light 1, mid expressing their determination to return i home. There was no money lu the city except curront a notes of tiic State banks, coin, especially British, being a C particularly scarce article. To tliesamurinunngH of the a mob of Richmond city there were added other murmurs, c not so loud nor so Insolent, but murmurs distinctly utter- ji ed and distinctly heard, that were coming up from every t partner the confederacy, complaining of the existing t state ofnlfnirs. These complaints and the financial tiou- h bles of the government were having their oDect; and a learning of a scheme It ba.l oa ban J, Mr. Hcwett tele I 1 graphed to Richard Atkinson, of this city, his agent, to write by the Orst steamer to the house in a Liverpool to' sell all the cotton on haud at existing i rates as s>on as possible. Mr. Hcwett has since reach- t cd this city, and his agont ha.-i.been hurriedly despatched I to Now York. The plan of the Confederate government., c which h id had such an affect on Mr. Hewctt, was that or reconstruction. A proposition is to be made In a few C days to the United States government for an armistice i for sixty days, during which time it la proposed to hold l a convention at l-ouisville, Kv., for the purpose ot rccon 1 structlng the Union. t I do not make this up from reports flying about the city. Mr. Hewett IB the head of the New Orleans i house?a most uncompromising disunlouist, but s shrewd and succcssful business man. f The gunboats A. O. Tyler, Conestogaand Lexington left New Albany for Cairo yesterday morning, fully manned I and equipped. The three boats have on board sixteen i guns, ten of which are thirty-two pounders. The boats S will run only during the day, and it will bo towards the j latter part of the week before they reach their destl- 1 nation. TTIE REBEL CONGRESS. BE80MTI0NS KBOAltDINO COTTON AM) TOBACCO CROPS. Richmond, July 23,1801. UKBEI. NF.Wd FROM KICHMOND. [From the Memphis Argus, July 31.] Richmond, Ya.. July 28,1861. The appointment of Ron. R. M. T. Hunter as Secretary of State, vice Hon. R.Toombs, no-.v Brigadier General In tiio Oonroderat army, while it acknowledges on tho part of our government the noblo positiou of Virginia in the Southern Confederacy, gives to the public service one of tho ablest and mosY experienced statesmen of whom either the old or the new government can boast. A feeling of morbid sympathy has begun to spring up in liort* in nf flu* c.iit-thront Mrntin-lri?!a who were captured .'it Manassas. Ely, tho abolition mom- < l)or of New York, who was cupturcd aiul brought to Rich- e moud, has already several sympathizing friends, who think and try to make others think, that he wr>nt over to Manassas Ju'st to see the battle, without intending to tako any part therein. They do not know ?>f wltum or what they arc talking. This Kly is the n.osl contemptible abolition, small politician in Congress. During the recess of Congress a military committee wus left in Worthing ton to advise with and counsel General Scott In every movement ho might undertake until the opening of the extra session. Ho helped, as a member of this committer, to nutture tho plans of attack on Manassas, and, in his official capacity, he accompanied tho army to see?perhaps to aid iu directing?their execution. I have learned frtm sources to be reliod upon that General Beauregard is advancing one or two regiments daily iu tho direction of Alexandria. He has already occupied Fairfax Court House, Fairfax station, and several positions still noaror to Alexandria. When his positions aro all taken ho will then advance with bis whole army, retako Alexandria, and uniting into a column which may come around from Lcesbtirg, upon tho loft of tho Arlington embankments, his march upon Washington will not be long delayed bv the four regiments occupying Arlington Heights. Should a great battlo take plac?, it will be between Alexandria and Washington, for which event President Davis will bo telegraphed in time to be on the ground. Among tho prisoners brought from Manadsas is Arnold Harris, of Teuuessec. This surprises roe, as T recognized Harris In Washington as one of our strongest Southern friends. He was deputod by Cameron, Secretary of War. to ao over to Manassas and try to recover the dead body of nit (Chmeron's) brother, who was killed at the head uf i the Seventy-nintn New York regiment. It is said be i came iu disguise, and was caught sneaking round the battle Held which ted to the supposition that lie was a spy. There is doubUeaa a mistake in this. Harris may ' hare changed since I left Washington, but I strongly doubt it. At all events, ho is not the stuff that spies are made oft A REBEL VIEW OF NORFOLK AND THE NAVY YARD. The correspondent of the Charleston Courier gives the following Interesting account of the defences of Norfolk:? The able fcDeral who commands tfae Confederate forces hu placed Norfolk and tho Navy Yard in a thorough state of defence. The approaches to the city by the Hizabeth river are guarded by numerous heavy batteries. Craney kland, at the mouth of tho harbor, bristles with cannon. The Dying Hessians left behind thecn at the Navy Yard tho most extensive coDcction of heavy ordnance in America. Much of it baa Ifoeii used Jn fart By rag the river. Two regiments are stationed in the Immediate vicinity of Sowall's Point. The rear of the cKy is surrounded by an admirably constructed intrenched camp. Tn case the enemy should land at.kynhaveu bay, or at the inlet on tho Atlantic shore, he will be ohliged to traverse a country cut up by innumerable small crocks, ditches and swamps, under cover of whloh our riflemen can play terriblo havoc among his ranks. It will be useless for him to attempt to advance without field artillery, and the felling cf lofty trees across the roads will retard bis progress so much that oro he could reaeh the Intrenched camp he would stand a fair chance of decimation from our infantry. Batteries aro also wected around the Navy Yard, and enough of our brave troops are stationed there to protcct it successfully ^gainst a hundred thousand of (h? MtatkuRs. There is tho utmoat confidence placed in the commanding officer, Brigudior General Huger. nis acknowledged position in tho old United States Army, as the best officer of ordnanee in that service, is sufficient to warrant this confidenoe. I And that the General in exceedingly popular with the soldiers and oitinens. His warm aud genial manuer never fails to captivato those who come into bis presence. I had an idea that his long connection with tho regular service had produced that hauteur and brusquoneas so common among men of military education; but tho contrary is the fact. No one could be more frank and unbending towards tho officers and'privatns under his command, and uo one more courteous towards civilians. Tho General's headquarter are at the Custom House, where he is as3i*t?j l>y Owl, 8.8- Afiietsou, c. s. A , his son, Col. Ben. ?min Huger, Jr , and otl??r mofubera of hit staff ITe ins taken a private house ni the cltv, with hi*family, vbloh certainly looks an tr be (loon Dot mean in loavo tho >Uco at tlio monnocs or attacks of the biiurhaKtic Uutler. A hurried call at tho Navy Varil developed a great ileal if interest to the visiter. The splendid works at this dace are but slightly injured. The barracks near tho enraace, it in true, now exhibit only the blacken* ! walls ind chimneys. Two of the dry dock sheds aro level with bo surface, and the groiiuds are ill sumo places strewed vith the fragments of attempted destructions. Nothing omaiiis of tho huge ship of lho-liae I'enusylvaula but thu lharred hull. It was burned to the water's edge. Tho iermantowu lies at one of the wharves; the spars and ikkidk wore burned oiT, but tho hull in good. At another riiarf is the Plymouth. ui">u which the w.e k is rapidly ;o|Dg forward; the masts are in and the ringing Is being e|Mtirod. Slio was tho least injured of any of the vessels, n the magoitlceiit Baldwin Dry Dock, which the vandals .ttompted to destroy with twunly kegs of |iowor, osts the hull of the forty gun st'-uiu fi ;ate Merimac. Tho deck, with the except.u of the rod inoko stack, was swept clean by the tiro. The mil being of iron Is not materially injure.I, and all tic) nachmory, which was below tho deck, needs but little opuiring. Tbo Merrimac could bo put la lighting trim D less thaD six liionths. At present there is apparent!) 10 work beim; dene on her. With the oxe. pti-m of the wo old bulks of the Delaware and Columbus, and that of ho StatO Ship, tho remains of none of the other vxseK at he Navy Yard when the vandals b 'gun the work ol deva* at ion, are now visible abovo water. Commodone French Forrest is in tho command of tho favy Yard. Work is going on iu the machine shops. 1 rns gratified to observo the northern wall of the yard ined with several hundred pieces of heavy ordnance. lu ddition to these, tho Navy Yard has contributed its rich reaaurea to all parts of tno States and confederacy It ,-us only a few day s ago that Heauregard not a number flougpiecea from tl?i*? locality. atil I have met hero a iiik iiiii. uwiii r^wi " u*""' .*?!? ? wiin n i.ii< Ofi' ui f the States rights men with tliu same object iu view. DEFENCES OF PORTSMOUTH. A Portsmouth correspondent of the Richmond Enjuirert rriting o? the SiOth, says:? Our military are now divided into three divisions, lio tlrst under Brigadier General Whither*, of Alexandria; ho second under charge of Colonel Olanchard, of l?uialna. and the third under Brigadier General I'emberton, ito of the United Staios Army?.ill subject to Brigadier len'Tiii Benjamin Huger. Tile rocent developomont of ho plans of Butler and Striiwham. with respect to an ttack here, eivates no four of tiio ro.-ult; hut the d'etre hat tho N ivy iMspartineut should place a larger force to rork 011 tho Morrimmc i:; general. Th" opinion i-* exreused that In three weeks, with the requisite number f workmen, she am be made ready, and in a style that rill bo proof against both fIioII and shot. If from no other oason, the sad havoc such a battery could nukii anreig tie Lincoln surfboats. if brought into requisition. would oom to advise Uer completion at the earliest moment. REBEL EXPEDITION UP THE MISSISSIPPI. IX ST?AMBOAT3 FULL OK REDKI. TROOPS Dfal'AltT KltOM KANDOLl'H, TKNNKS8EE. [Editorial Correspondence Memphis Avalanche.] Randolph, July 27,1861. Amid much bustle and confusion I endeavor to write on a few lints. A day of more general sorrow was cVor witnessed in Mi-mpliis than thu* of Friday. The vee was thronged wftli the mothers, wives and sisters. ti? fathers, brothers and sons of our bravo volunteers, nil the parting?it may bo fowver?was in tbe greatest epniu. Tii" Memphis Independent Dragoon-, Capt. IcPonald, were upon our boat. anil th.- men. so gay and pirited in the city. wore faces of melancholy throughout ho trip, nor have they yet eutirelj recovered their ranted lightbeartednoss." Many citizen? of Memphis, who had friends among tho eet, accompanied tho expedition this far. Among these re ox-Mayor Baugh, Tax Collector John Ncwsome, Alderlau liraut, and many others. Mr. F. M. Copland at aeh"d himself to the Independent Dragoons, and was cady to march at two hours' notice, It is cvidont that there is an important movement on oot. General Pillow and stall' are along. Colonel Mclowan, it is rumored .will commaud a brigade, lie is an Id United states soldier, a native Tunuess^oan. and proiably saeriflced as much as any man in tho Confederate ervice in resigning his position. The utmost conlidenco i placed in his abilities. Our ili-et consists of the John Simons, Captain J. Fraulc lioiaa, Squire Hell, First Lieutenant, and D. C. Cli.impUu, k>cond Lieutenant?the old Memphis favorite?boat and rew; the AlonzoChild, Captain IK'Haven:Clerk MoBrido; heW. M. Morrison. Captain Smith; New Falls City, Capain<). H. Greenlaw; the E. Howard, whoso captaiu 1 do lot know: and tie' Grampus, Captuiu Marsh Miller. I lave just ascertained that the Grampus will lead tho w ay, he Alonzo Child will follow, then will come the Simonds, ho Falls iSty, Howard, &c. It is understood that several regiments will join us from Jnlon City, at some convenient point above. From Ranlolph. the Tennessee Mounted Rifles. Captain White; the ilemphis Light Dragoons, Captain Logwood; and Cuptain lay wood's Cavalry company, besides the Independents, ,re already embarked, and are "on their way to glory." Inptain Logwood's coni|>any, as every one knows, is one f tbe most efficient over organized, as aro the other avalry companies, but I cannot refrain from remarking rticularly the Independents; they arc composed of genInmen who have left their homes and business to light lie battles of their country at thoir own expense. Their orsos.arms, uniforms, kc . belong to them, and they re probably the best equipped company in the service, if except the Adams troop. Colonel Hies ton Smith's and Colonel J. V. Wright's reimonts leave here with us. The bo\ s are remarkably lealthv, and ifro as auxious to seo the "enemy as they are heir wives and sweethearts. If they don't take Bird's 'oint or Cairo it will be because they are not aflorded an ipportunity. 1 h ive been furnished a horse through the kindness of Japtain Charles May, one of iho lieutenants of the Itidomudcuts, and If I ain't in tbo "advance guard" it will bo lerauso tlie charger wants to "advaucebackwards." Tbo ((dependents will bo "put through," on account of thoir erm of service. Colonel Walker's is the only regiment left here. Tho nen are sorely disappointed at not being pormittod to ihare tbo expedition. They exi>ect to be relieved in a ew days, a? I am informed, and will follow us. Our friend J. G. Barbour, tho Orderly Sergeant of the nrtepcudnuts, is the lifeof tho company. Always au fait n the courtesies of life, he now surpasses himself. Chris. Iteinkuhl is self-constituted Quartermaster of tlie comlany, and haviug taken lessons from Baiubaut & Co., ho s unexcelled. The bell for our departure lias rung and I must quit. [,ook out for stirring news shortly, and believe in tho ndomitablc bravery of our boys. ARMS FOR GEORGIA?PROCLAMATION BY THE GOVERNOR. All the arms which wero in the Augusta Arsenal at the late of the ordinance for its transfer to the government If the Confederate States, having l>oeu turned over to the Secretary of War, and ordered by him out of tho State to arm troops mostly from other States upon tho bordor >f the confederacy, and all the arms taken from said Ari"iial by me prior to said transfer, having been placed In he hands Oi troops from this State now Ihsorvice; and >vcr seventoen thousand troop?, including three new reginents now under orders?for whom full supplies are being tctlvely prepared?having bsen fully armed, accoutred and iquipped by the State, including full supplies of tents,knaptacks, haversacks, blankets,cartridge boxes, cap pouches, :amp kettles, canteens, Ax., at a cost of nearly $300,000, in xpiipments and accoutrements, over and above the cost of hn crunR and the evnense of f.cdinir mid rendezvouses wcnty regiments; and probably over live thousand independent or Confederate troops Laving gone from Georgia to the ileid, some of whom have taken with them the State's arms, of which I have no account, it becomes my !uty to announce to the public of this State, that so soon i the now regiments, above mentioned, and two or three athor regiments?for which, it is hoped, n sufficient quantity of scattered arms may bo gathered up and put in ardor?are supplied, the pubiic ai ms at my disposal will have been entirely exhausted. From the best data at my command, I conclude that there are at least 40,000 good country rifles and 25,00(1 jtxkI double barrelled shot guns in the hands of our people. I hope, in a short time, to be able to aunouuee that tmple preparation has been made to alter the country rifle into a good military weapon, by changing tho bore to a uniform size, and preparing the gun to carry the Hinio bail, thereby giving it aslong range as the Harper's Kerry rifle. SOUTHERN ORTHOGRAPHY. (Fror* tho Albany Express.] A brother-in-law of John S. Robbing, a member of tfcr rwonty-flfth rogimenL accompanied tho Grand Army tc Fairfax and ContrcviUc. Bulweon these two points vnrj many articles were found which the rebels had dropocd ir thrown away hi their hasty retreat. Among other thing* found by Mr. R.'s relative was a package of let tors, written to a South Carolinian in Beaurogard's army two of which wo publish herewith, verbatim et lileinlitn is specimens of Soulier* literature and chivalry:? LDS Butler POMay th 1201 Dear Brother I neat M y sen to wngnt you a h>w iinei IV) l!et you kuow That 1 Am well At tbta Tim hoping Tlios? fow Linen will llnd you lugoy tho R'lim I waunt you 1> Ttak old Unkorn's Rtxl Cap OITanc Crinn It Back hoar T< mo For a hog Musi* i waunt yon Soot him wright Plurr Ttaw the h?rd with ?musket Bawl I would I would liki To have Peas of his Hart To Bum and Scott to Toto Piih Knotts To Hum ho I wannt you To Bond mo his Dig to Nai for a shovel Plow Craw 1 up Tlio hiil and IViwn The Hoi low if you will Kill old Liokhorn I will give you a Dollai I God. I waunt To Be Thcair to Cetch old Linkhoro Buy Tin head and drn? his hart out over Back Bone wright sow youirs until Death Kichmou Hilton To W W 9a. Lancaster PiBirnr 8 C Dear Brother and Law I Take The Pleasure To wrigt yci a few Linos to Inform yon t bat I am well at This Time hop ing these few linos will And yon the saira I waunt you Ti Kill Old Linkhorn Dcd as hell Two Times Then 1 willGumi over The moon Twist Then the old woman will Tfcrn i summer set over The fodder stack Then Dad will Gum] Gim Crow So I will Come to A Close Remaining yours Wright Soon Brother as you Caa 0 T Hilton To W W MahaBTey The New Comet In the Southern Hemic phere. Mr. Bond, Director of the Harvard Observatory, writes It will be rccollocted that within a Tew days subsequen to tho unexpected apparition of the great comet ef July astronomers professed to have explained the mystery c its sudden advont by the peculiar position of its orbil Their statements were accompanied by a distinct prodk tion that we should soon have accounts of its having bee scon in the Southern skies several weeks before it becam visible to us. A letter reoehred here from Dr. Moesti Director of tho National Observatory at Santiago, ClUV communicates observations upon "a brilliant comet whic made its appearance since the beginning of this month. Tho letter is dated June 17. Comparing tho positions wit an epbemeris of tho lato oomot, they are found to bo sul stantially identical, the predicted place from June 12 di fering by loss than half a degree from the .true; tho m tion also corresponds both in dtrectiun and amount, i that no doubt can be entertained of the identity ol ti two. The comet was therefore seen as a brilliant olijc in the Southern hemisphere at least three weeks before made its appearance in our Northern latitudes^, \n porfc , aswrtoaw with astronomical j>rad:ctwu. 0.1'. B. * w1 INCIDENTS OF THE WAR. DKATU OF A BltAVH HOI,PIER. A yoiin? min, seventeen year* old, was n mamfeer if the Second Ohio regiment, loft a< n guard to Hi (> isjutal* One oi the enemy '* cavalry dashed upon hitu uu 1 ui aui ud hl:u to surrender; the brave youth with lived bsyoaetr steady nerve, and coo* !v mmr, replied, "T nev-r b'ti-mi-' tier!" His lather, who had Mil the day bfi-ti arduously engaged iu aaaintiiig and taking care ot (ho wounded, bringiug ihci.i off from tli? 0 ! I^.nid that too at the imminent peril of his own life wa' In thr- hospital tent sn.| hoard the order to his son. nnd * iw others >f the enuiy'n cavalry Dear by, and riuhed out, aud speaking iu a lourf tone, "Charley, surrender, for Cod'a sake.or you are loot." XTharley turned to his f.ithi'F, and wi'h all the lion in hta countenance, replied, oFatli'-r, ! will avvr stirreniet'to a rebel." In a moment a ball pierced hi* spine, but he im mediately discharged hi.- in ..-!?< ! at Ihe rebel h"s- man, and laid him low in dealt>, and tli 'ii fel! Iiim-el!'. The rebels then uudertoolc to dr;>g him off, hut his. fat Iter rushed In and released him. He die I the following morn in}?TIIE MAKCII TO WKSTON?TI1K ENDL'll.VNCE Of i KDKRAL 901.DISKS. [From the Cloveland l'laindoaler.1 It was thought no possible feat of physical ouduraoo* could eiptal that "night march to l'hilippi." We still thiuk it unsurpassed. Colonel Tyler th.nk.- - what una has done, mau can do." lie adds tlve mill to the inarch, but has no rain. When it was found tlint thero was $;}0,000 in gold iu Weston, likely to bo taken by Wiao, (ienural McClellan started for Clarksburg, twenty miles from Wee ton, to send Co'onei Tyler and his regiment to , get the 111 >ney. T\ ler never sleeps, and seems lull of Uio idea that his offlc j is to bj no binocuie. II- anticipated the order, and parading his tnon on a land n ar tlia depot .it which McClellan was U> arrive, aud told them to keep an eye on him when he arrived, nnd if tlv w<>rd from McCleiUn was march, ha would wave hi- handkerchief. and they could show Clarksburg then hee!g. T'ao train arrived, aud M'CtdHaa rushed up to Tyler as he sat on his horse, and asked, "Colour! Tyler, h >w soon can yon march for Westonf* ' I'll show you how so.>u. if you will look yonder," aad waving lit* handtcercbicf, the whole regiment slruok a double q tick nnd disappeared like th.1 hosts of Roderick Dhu. Major Casement slat ted with two horses, but in few hours w us tugging aw ?y on foot, both his horsoi loaded with soldiers whose physical strength had given out, and wheu they entered Weston, both "Jack" aud hia horses were loaded with musk-ts, so us to favor pior exhausted soldiers. We are ready to go ?ur pile ou the gallant Seveuth regiment. 1IIS UICl.K SAVF.8 HIM. Wvlie P. Mangum, Jr., had liis life saved as follows:? Thin young man was attached to one of tho regiments,a?4 owes the preservation of his life to a oopy of th<< HM>la presented him by bis sister. He had the good b<> >k iu hia let'l coat pocket It was struck by a ball near tho edgy, I?'ll HI'- IMJMIV lUl- UIM-l UlfU Ui lUC u'-iuui, tuiii It glanced oil". inflicting a severe but not dangerous tteeh wound. The bonk was saturated with blood, but the advice written on l ho fly leaf by the sister who gavo it ma perfectly legible. It reail tiiu.-t:?To my brotbor. Ilo wilt read a portion of this blessed Word every Jay, and remember h;j sister." A N.VRKOW E3CAPK. One soldier had a very narrow escape from death at lb* lost tight. He was atnick in the bark of the neck by* bullet wbich came out at hU mouth, breaking throe front teeth. THF MA US IIA 1.1, HOl'8E. Of all other building* iu Alexandria, the Marshal! IToum is tho tlrst object <il attractive curiosity for tho str.uiger. This house is on the corner of King street and Pitt street? on tho left as you proceed up the wharf. The entrance M from King street. Before you leave the steamer as she approaches th wharf you can g." the Union flag flying from the stallWhich had the rebel flag fly tug when Oat. Ellsworth pulled it down. The house is now fllled with soldiers, and proceeding up the stairway several flighta, you at leugth come to the place where Ellaworth and Jackson met their tragical death*. The whole of the 'Bteps on which the Colonel stood are taken away: so Is the floor on which befell?the beams are tliere and the lathing beneath them, anil that is all, In 0110 corner of the ceiling above the stairway is the bullet lio'.e where the ball struck who JacksonV gun was knocked up by Brownall, and the doorway and bedroom where he tired the fatal shot is a Is? pointed out. Every visiter chips otf S'>mo rolic from the door rasing, window blind-*, tho steps down which Jackson fell, ami sometimes by dilllciilt climbing (the stairs being gene) a piece of the flag staff. One such relic the writer secured. The house looks desolate, all tho upper rooms are comprneiy guueu. rui? soiuieis io.uu uvorywhere in and about it at w'.ll. It wears the appalling semblance of blood shedding. Tho Fire Zouaves, It is said, will hardly paSi it by If avoidable. MINNKSOTA BRAVERY. All spoak of the great bravery of '.he First Minnesota regiment at Hull run:? 15. F. Staples, being out off, mistook th* Mississippi Rifles for a Vermont regiment, ran toward thorn, and they look him prisoner. Home wautod to bayonot him an the Kjiot, others to shoot him. but many said'ho was too brave a fellow lo be despatched so, aDd the majority prevailed. Juht then a Michigan regiment charged them. and they broke and fled like sheep to their batteries, ana thoir prisoner stood still, and getting a gun Qrcd after thorn, and then joined aguin the loyal troops. This regiment in turn thought thev had a rebel, and took him prisoner and brought him in. When Lieuienimt Welch fell ho was standing within twenty feet of the enemy, and shouted: Help im-ttodl I will never run; I will die here;'' and he was shot and ' trampled down. The position was afterwards retaken. A PLUCKY GIRL. [From the Janesville Gazette.1 When news of the barbarities porpetratcd upoiflMr woumted men at Dull run was recetrod at Janosvllla, a girl ot service iu the family of one of their citizens, and who had never manifested any particular interest In tha war now waging, emphatically declared, "It is timo for women to go now; I can fln.l in this city a company of women who can whip any such kind of men.1' WJtEKE THK BAM. ENTERED. An unlucky private !;i one of the New York regimen ta was wounded iu this tight, and hia father arrived at the hospital just as the surgeon was removing the ball from the bark of his shoulder. The boy lay with his faoo downward on tho ]>ullet. "Ah, my poor son," said the lather. mournfully, "I'm very sorry for you. But it's a bad place to be hit in?thus in the back!" The sufferer turned over, bared his breast, and pointing to the opeuing a bora the arm pit, cxclaimod, "Father, here's whoie the ball went in!-' A PAINFUL SCENE. [From tho New Haven Journal. While at a halt it was my lot to witness a vory painful scone. I captured a prisoner (a German) belonging ta tli.', KigRtti Soutli cni'oiiiia regiment, aim iuok mm u Majer Colburn for instructions ns how to dispose of him. The prisoner requested ono privilege as bin last, which the Major very humanely granted. He said his brother lay a short distanco off, tu a dying condition, and ha | wished to gee bim. I bado him lead the way, and IMt lowed. He too'.c me to an old log hut but a few rods from where our regiment was halted. On the north side, U> the shndo, we found the wounded man. The prisoner spoke to him?lie opened his eyes?the film of death haj already overspread them, and tbo tide of life was tasif ebbing. Ho wuf covered with bio.*), and the swarms ot flics and mosquitoes, which were fattening upon his life's blood, indicated that he had lain there for some time. They clasped hands together, muttered a few words in the German language, supplicated the Throne of Grace for their families at home, kissed, and bade each othor a final adieu, the prisoner remarking, as I took him by the arm to load him away?for the column was moving?"brother, you aro dying, and lam a prisoner." The man was shot , with a musket ball, in the back, just over the hip, from Which fact I inferred that ho was on the rotreal wtoen the 4?ad!y bait overtook bim. A IIKttO'S LAST THOUGHTS. Ono of tho Zouaves was struck by a cannon shoL which , toro through his thigh close to his body, nearly severing [ the limb from the truuk. As he fell he drew his photograph from his breast, and said to his nearest comrade, ' Take this to my wife. Tell her I died like a soldier, i faithful to my country's canao and the good old flag. Good bycl" and ho died wliero he fell. "LET US DIE FRIENDS.'' A rebol?ono of the Georgia regiment?!ay with a feari ful shot wound in his side, which toro out several of his i ribs. The lifo blood of the poor fellow was fast oozing oat, i when one of our troops dubbed forward from out of tba melee and fell sharply wounded close him. TIm Georgian recognized his uuiform, though he was fatally hurt, and feebly held out his hand. "Wecame Into thia battle,''ho said, "enemies. Let us die frieuds. l'ara, well." lie spoke no more, but his companion In disaster ) took the extended hand, and escaped to relate this touch log fact. 1 MATH OP A FILIBUSTER. A letter received todny from a relative of General R. C. Wheat, residing in Washington, statos that General Wheat, who was reported as mortally wounded at ttM , battle of Bull run, has since died of his "injuries. General Wheat was born in Wheoling, Virginia, studied law In Memphis. Tennessee, and joined a company from i I tho latter State which went through tho campaign IB ) Mexico under General Scott. Ho wu* promoted to a cap? talncy, and acquitted himself with crcdit. H<! afterwards > Joined the Walker expedition to Nicaragua, la which In i hHd the rank of Colonel; was wounded and gent horn*. ) After his recovery he endeavored to Join the expedlUo* ) under Lopez, which failed bo disastrously. He was after* 1 wards admitted to tho bar in New Orleans, aad practise successfully. r Subsequently he removed to New York, where ho w% known in connection with a breech loading cannon, whlolk 3 he failed to introduce. Ho was among those who 'Oiafti toered to assist flaribal li in the Italian campaign, but hlk services wero not accepted. He remained in the eMf until last spring, when he went to New Orleans. Rocem> 1 ly ho commanded the I/iui.-dana battalioo, which was ?b gaged in the battle of Bull run, where he tot hlr, life. Bk j had a general's commission (not a major's, as has bey l? reported), and had a brother In command aa capMh t under him. He was thirty-five years of age. 9 "LAY CL06K OLD BOY." One of our riQeincn had his piece carried away hf ball, which struck It out of his hands Just as his company was in tho act of advancing to storm one of the smallv rebel batteries. Unarmed, ho sprang forward and threw . himself down on his face, under the enemy's guns. A Zouave lay thoro, wounded and bleeding, out of tho way . of the murderous Ore. "Lay close?lay close, dd boy j said tho latter te tho new comer. The boyd'll take ih* oks furnace 'n a minnlt. and then we'll git up ao' give lb* ,f rebels fits a^'ln." Throe minute# afterwards the battery was carried, and the two soldiers were in tbft thickest the fight again. ? A HUMANS nORSEJUN. 0 An artillery man lay on th?- ground, nearly oxha >**?% t from loss or blood, and too weak to got out of the way W 1 the tramping troops and horses that flitted about him. A li mounted horseman came toward him, when he ra sed ?M? ? bleeding stumps of both his arms, and cried out "4*1 h tread ou mo, Captain!?see! both bands are gone." Tl* j. trooper leaped over him, a shell broko noar by, an-l f. crashing fragments put the suflorer quickly out of misery. so A PROMISING SGLDIER. bo In the progress of the little of Bull run a yn .thfut ct Orderly rode up to Ool. Math6H<Ti to inform Wm that tfc* it Black Horse Cavalry, sheltered from his observation by a ct piece of woods, were coming up on the right, and said I ho would Uke a cut vrillt 14s rtg'tacut across the Qe'.4a

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