Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 13, 1861, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated August 13, 1861 Page 4
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4 NEW YORK HERAL1 JAMES GORDON BENNETT EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR. OFPICR N. W. CORNER OF FCLTON AND NASSAU ff TERMS raeh <9 utlranr*. Money tent by mail trill beat rink of the lender. Heme but Hulk hiUn current in Sew Y laken. THE DAILY HKRAI.D. two renteper nnty, %1 per annwt THE WEEKLY HERALD, every S/itur.Liy. at eixrente copy, 01 per annum; thr Etirupettn Ktition every n'eitneul tit tlx rem ,per ropy; $4 per annum to any part of Great Hritt or ?f? 12 to any part of vie. Continent, leith to inrlatie tutelage; Oi/i/ornia Petition on the let, lltk ami Hit of each month, at rente per ropy, or $2 78 per annum. VOL UlfTAR Y CORRESPONDENCE, containing import netre, mtlicittil from any quarter of the tettrbl; if ueat u:\l liberally pint for. JST>Oi;e FokkiiJn Oouamfondk.n'ts 1 Particularly RiduaStid to Kkal all Letters AMD Pa AORH SUNT vn. Volume XXVI No.it amusements this evening. WINTER GARDEN, Broadway.?Irish IIm?ar?1 Cmxroua Annul NEW BOWERY THEATRE. Bowery.?OnAUiorra T ri.k?The Maio or Munatmh?Knights or ma Gou CmOUL BARNUM'S AMERICAN MUSEUM, Broadway.-] and Evcnina?A 1Iahi> hTBCOflLt?Two Bumahus?Bii Ska Lion and Otukk CuHioamas. BRYANTS' MINSTRELS. M.-ebanlc*' Hall, 472 Bra way.?Ethiopian Sonus, Ua.ncks. Ac.?Rival Dahkucs. MELODEON CONCERT HALL, No. 5? Broadway Bonus. dakcjt?, bcaluulu. ac. CANTERBURY MUSIC HALL, 585 Broaflway.-Sos dakcks, UUKi.asgUNN, ac. GAIETIES CONCERT ROOM, ?I? Broiulway.?Drawi Room Entaktaimuuits Bali.kis. I'antomimka, Fahcks, i AMERICAN MUPIC HAIL. 444 Broadway.?Soxos, B. r.rrs. Panto mi nrs, Ac.?U.nclm Jarr. New York, Tariday, Anguit 13, 1861, OUR WAR MAPS. Wo have issued another edition of the i mcrous maps, pl&Ds and diagram of the 0] rations of the Union and rebel troops la V gbia, Missouri, Illinois, Florida, and on the Miaa aippi and Missouri rivers, and it is oow ready 1 delivery. Agents desiring copies are requested send in their orders immediately. Single copi six cents. Wholesale price the same as fort Weekly Herald. i THE SITUATION. A very important arrest, oa? fharge of tfeaa< was made by the Provost u*^al is Washinpt yesterday, the prisouer being our l&te Minister the?ourt of France, Charles J. Faulkner, of V giuia. It is alleged that the principal charg against him are based on acts committed in Par in pure aiming arms for tlie rebel States wh representing the United States govei mcnt, and endeavoring to procure t recognition of the rebel confederacy 1 the government of France. Mr. Faulkner w convoyed to jail by order of the Secretary of Wa and wus forbidden to hold correspondence wi any one. A formal examination into his case w take place immediately. He declares that he not cognisant of having done anything to warn his arrest. The appropriations made by the late cxtraor nary session of Congress for the support of t war, were as follows:? For the Army $196,036,3 For the Navy 63,3*4,2 Contingent for the War Department... 255,4 Total * $259,675,9 The appropriation for civil purposes is $535,4( Tho New York Fire Zouaves broke camp Alexandria yesterday afternoon, and left for t! city, where they will be disbanded, with a view, is said, to reorganize the regiment. The location of the two notorious privatei tsumter ana Jeff. Davis has been ascertained fri the statement of Captain James Peterson, of 1 brig Kodiah, which arrived at this port jesteri from Montevideo, via St. Thomas, in ten days, w reports that reliable information was received St. Thomas that the privateer Jeff. Davis was at! Johns, Porto Rico, and the privateer steamer Su ter was at Curacoa?destination unknown. The reconnoisance by balloon, undertaken La Mountain, at Fortress Monroe, is proving a si cess. Fie made two ascensions on Saturday, to altitude of throe thousand feet, and found an t campment of the rebels located about three mil beyond Newmarket Bridge, but could discover i traces of them in the vicinity of Hampton, whi< they recently burned down. A large force of rebel however, wcro concentrated to the east of the Jam river, eight miles above Newport News. The are about a thousand men at Sewall'a Poir and from La Mountain's observations in that dire itan V? n in /vf A uv .? vn vpiuiuu -urn me iw? puns mounti there, and commanding Old Point, are only larj field pieces. There appears to be very little doubt now tb the government has ordered Major General Wo to proceed to Fortress Monroe and superse General Butler in command of that post. ? A portion Of general Banks' column, under coi eland of Captain Kennedy, of the Nineteenth Nt York Volunteers, with a hundred of his men, h; a brush with a party of rebel cavalry of about t same number, at Lovettaville, Loudon count Va.,on Thursday J-at, and drove them from tl town, killing a lieutenant and wounding five rue The Union troops entered the town, after a forc< march of seven miles through a rocky pasa, ai aharged the cavalry, who were taken by surpris and tied. The government has sent orders to Cineinna directing that Lieutenant Colonel Tyler, of tl rebel army, who was arrested in that city a ft days since, shall be sent to New York for deteuti at Fort Lafayette, which appears to have been i Iccted as the abiding place of captnred rebels. The populft sentiment against secession making itself manifest in a very forcible fashi in the Eastern States. A few days ago the off of the Democratic Standard, of Coucoi New Hampshire, was completely destroy and its publishers very roughly handled by an t cited multitude, instigated by some soldiers w took offence at the manner in which that jouri >o!;e of the Northern troops, and of the nat;i Wise. To-day we have information that the oft it another paper, in Bangor. Maine, infected w secession tendencies?/the Bangor Democrat v > ? ? cleaned out yesterday, and all its contents bun i.i the street by the infuriated populace, 1 ditor, however, made good his escape. ry the Nova Scotiau, at Father Point, we hi iews from Europe to the 2d of August. Its Ann can features are important. The Paris corresp dent r.f the London post ?the government orgm . Met ts that the cabinets of England and Frai had become couvinced that a serious conflict wo ??tc ;)t*.,e in America, and that, consequent s \ they had entered into an active correspondence ei relative to the arrangement of a united plan of t action, both by sea and land, towards this country. ^ The writer adds that there was no donbt but a per- j, rfli feot understanding would be arrived at between ti< tin tlie two P?wer8- The London Timqs and London Ir "? * Herald, in their money articles, are adverse to the >-r idea of England negotiating an American toan. of Ejj, ? , ba THE NKWH. nx The Nova Scotian, from Liverpool on the 1st ^ and Londonderry on the 2d inst., passed Father P'< las Point yesterdoy afternoon, on her voyage to 'J1 Quebec. Her news from Europe Ib five days later 'r = than that received by the Europa. '43 Consols closed in London on the 2d of August at. ^ =5 90 a 90% for money. Cotton was firm, but un- W(j changed in price in Liverpool, with sales of sixty. nine thousand bales for tho week. Breadstuffs T' ?? ....... . . ? - .. : ] were quiet auu Bteauy, in iace 01 most encouraging ^ harvest weather all over England. B*N The American horse Starke won the Goodwood cnp, and the other American racers had turf triE?li[ umphs also. The steamship Arago was off Hurst w' Castle on the Id inst. The Arago left New York to ad. on the 30th of July, and if she took on board her ex latest despatches, as intended* at St. JohnB, wi N. F., she has annonnced the news of the bat- cj(. tie of Ball ran to the people of Earope. m, as Lord Elgin had he.ea appointed Governor Gene- |>u ral of India, relieving Lord Canning. The Duke xa of Buckingham is dead. It was thought that the w1 kc" Kinga of Sweden and Prussia would soon visit il. FraiHM. A sotntlon of the Italian question was ex regarded as Just at hand?the difficulty to be th ended by the Fronch army marching from Rome re _ and the troops of the King of Italy entering the tlu the city. Napoleon, it is said, consents, in conse- hi.' qnence of his conviction that the Papal govern- m, 1U ment furnished thousands of stands of arms to the va je- Neapolitan reactionaries. ... . jr. From the Sandwich IsL ads wc have advices to a ia- ^ of Jane. Lady Franklin, having been en- 11 tr-lnfofcp*-* bttn<luet B'ven in her lionor by the ttr' or mVfleMPnpl General, left the island for San *0 Francisco, where she had arrived, on her way to es England. There were only seventy-four whalers Ct lje cruising in the North Pacific Hub season. Mr. T. so J. Dryer, the new United States Commissioner, had t0 been introduced to the King by Mr. Borden, his c), predecessor in office. )n The case of the Baltimore Police CommiB- V?) sioners, imprisoned at Fort Lafayette, was on again brought before Judge Garrison, at the r<l to County Court, Brooklyn, yesterday, when ir- the prisonous were not produced, United ^ ,es States Distict Attorney Smith, on behalf of Sh Colonel Burke, under direction of General Scott, eij w' refusing to alter the return to the writ of habeas thi 1? corpus. In the course of the argument the I)is- j)u n- trict Attorney severely handled the sympathizers wj^ he with the traitors, expressiug a wish that, among ( ^ others, Senator Breckinridge might be arrested, ^ and intimated that the government would protect aB itself by similar arrests if necessary. Judge Gar- no r, rison granted an attachment and a precept diroct- 081 tu >ng Colonel Burke to produce the prisoners in ^ .jjl Court. Wt An informal meeting of the Chamber of Com- go 19 merce was held yesterday afternoon, at which hai Hon. Mr. Chase, Secretary of the Treasury, and f0I Hon. Mr. Smith, Assistant Secretary of the Inte- ra| jj. rior, were present and made brief addresses. Nothing of importance transpired. A report of ^ the proceedings and remarks will be found in another column. re' OS Prince Napoleon will dine with his Honor, the w't Mayor, to-morrow. On Thursday he will attend ' 11 &n entertainment to be given by the Union Club gr< 00 of tliis city, and on Friday he will take a trip up the X) lue uuuaou Kiver. mo t All account* from Missouri agree in the supposi- cri tion that a batttle will soon be fought, if it luis not l"8 already taken place, at Springtteld, between the gUi i it Union forces, under General Lyon, and the rebels -j who are following Ben McCulloch. The latter are ,_B represented as being twenty thousand strong, and c< wure approaching Springfield by four different Cl 1,111 roads. General Lyon, it is supposed, has nearly ',a the six thousand troops, with'two thousand at Holla mi lay with which he could be reinforced. He had no in- sn ]J() tronchmeuts, hut relying on his tine artillery and thi splendid cavalry, he was certain of being able to ne maintain his position against the half-starved and to poorly equipped rebel army that was marching up- na hi- on him. ^ E. S. Goodrich, chairmai. Colonel Robinson and l,v i W- W. I'helps, being a majority of the State Demo- _ rratic Central Committee of Winuesota,have resign- 1111 ed. giving as their reasons that there can be no issue a" between the democratic and republican parties in hw ui- the coming election, except upon the question of esi the war, and on that they arc with the admiuistra ijo tion- * fau The twelve twelve pounder brass cannon an id to ' have been spiked at Fort Kearney by Lieutenant Is. Colonel C. II. Tyler, who is now a prisoner in Newen port Barracks, have been redrilled and taken to re Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, in good order. 811 Whiskey is no longer considered contraband. UP ''' Five thousand barrels have been permitted to leave liv <- Cincinnati for the Sooth, with au order from the (iv ;d Collector to pass the commodity into the lines of Ch ,t, the seceshcrs. no Three of the new government gunboats left New ju, Albany, Ind., on the 8th inat. fdr Cairo. They had n() al on board sixteen guns, ten of which were thirtyol two pounders and six sixty-four pounders. ''1 We have been able to make a number of addi- '0< tions to our list of secession journals printed in the North, and :vs it now stands it presents quite a for- 1?' Dl" midable appearance. These papers have various re< w 'nodes, covert and open, of rendering aid and com- oil ad fort to the enemy, among which may be noticed an attacks on all the movements of the governmont, reiterated assertions that the adminis(ration has shattered the constitution and broken he all the laws relating to personal rights and liber. ^ n. ties, an incessant cry for peace and a continued 1 Elj howling over what many of them term "an infa- c0 mous war." One of them, having become bold Wl and reckless, overstepped the bounds which cau- th: c< tion has marked out for the others, and was met ru by an indignant people, who entirely destroyed ou iti the whole concern, and forced the publishers to uf -eek a?fety in the county prison. We refer to the wj " 'Dice of the Democratic Standard, of Concord, . w N. H., which was demolished by a mob on the on -tii inst. We are no apologists for such remedies se- for evils of this kind, and sincerely hope we shall P not again be called upon to chronicle a similar 111 act. If lot alone, the most of those journals will soon feel the necessity of changing their course, wl and eventually they will be found in the ranks of ice the Union forces. The following is the list:? cr -J NORTHERS SECESSION PAPERS. m; Argus. Albsny Farmer, Bridgeport, Cow. ed Advertiser, bnckport.N Y. Gawtte, Malono.N. Y. gr Argus, Portland. Me Guwtto, Muinlleld, N. J. ix- American,Trenton, N. J. Herald, Dubuque, Iowa. , Bugle, Council Bluflk Herald, Newton, N. J. <le Bullet in, Atchison, Kansas. Iowa State Journal. . .,..1 Budget,Troy, N. Y. Juarnal ol Commurce, N. Y. to Crisis, Columbus, Ohio. Journal, Newark. &< dul Iiemocrat, Hunterdon, N. J. Journal, Warren, N. J. !>?mocrat, Galion, Ohio. News, New York in lie Democrat, Bangor, Me. Patriot, Concord, N. H ()t Ilemocral, Niagara, N. Y. Register, Patcrsnn, N. J. ttn ivmncrat,Schenectady ,N*.Y. Register, New Haven. wl Democrat, Wayne CO., I*a. Sentinel, Indianapolis, Ind. Fxamlncr, Washington, Pa. Stale, Winona, Miun. !-a le,i km pi re, Itayton, Ohio. See Bote (Gor.). Wiiwaiikoc. TJ i-'nquirer,Cincinnati. Standard. Concord, N. H Phi Freeman's Journal, N.York. Times, Hartford. pr According to the City Inspector's report there at were 098 deaths in the city during the past week ? en lu an increase of 113 o? compared with the mortality (j,, E1'" of the week previons, and 44 more than occurred on- during the corresponding week last year. There1 capitulation tal'le gives 4 deaths of alcoholism, 1 of disease of the bones, joints, Ac.; 129 of the brain 11' and nerves, 10 of the generative organs, 1'- of the ca heart and blood vessels, 102 of the lungs, throat, 'n ily, Ac.; C of Old age, 43 of diseases of the skin and w E~W YORK HERALD, TU] "uptlve fevers, 6 premature births, 310 of diseases ' 'the stomach, bowels and other digestive organs; I of uncertain seat and goneral fevers, 35 of vio? nee, Ac.; 6 of diseases of the urinary organs, and unknown. The recapitulation table gives 511 uares of the United Htates, 9 of England, I'll of eland, 31 of Germany, 4 of Scotland, and the ilance of various foreign countries. The cotton market was very firm yesterday, on a basis lHc. for middling upland, with sales of 2,800 a3,i>00 lea. Flour was in fuir demand, but was scarce, and 5c. LOO, higher. There was very little wheat offered, and S sales wore moderate at rising prices. Curn was not nty, and sound lots >vero a shade dearer. Sugars were less demand, but wereBold Stiffly. Coffee was quiet, ovislous wore less sought after, and pork declined to 5 I'dX a$15 37for mess, and $10 26 for prime, with os of 800 bbls. at these quotations. Shlpmonts of iduce for Europe wore limited, and rates on freight he Government Loan In Wall Slrn tIgnorance of Congress?Prospect* of m Panic. Secretary Chase has been spending several ys in our city, endeavoring to negotiate a loan ith the moneyed men in Wall street, but owing the strict features of the law passed at the tra session of Congress he has thus far met th little or no encouragement. The law nnr which this loan is asked prevents the leuat jdification in terms on the part of Mr. Chase! it, on the other hand, the Wall street financiers 11 have to take it at the terms fixed by the vernment, or not at all. Such is the ignorance hibited by Congress on this question of a loan at a refusal on the part of the moneyed inte3t to acquiesce in their terms is likely to proice one of the greatest panics known in the dory of this or any other country, and render my of the securities caretjilly stowed away inults worthless trash, . us for a moment I j mce at the provisions of the law and view the ancjal precipice upon the brink of which wo s now tottering. Among the bills passed at the extra session Congress was one authorizing Secretary lase to borrow $250,000,000, either by issuing | vtru pur veui uimus, wuiga uu is ouitguu sell at par, or, (foiling to find pura-sers at par, another provision of the law vos him the powor to issue Treasury notes of rious denominations, drawing interest at the to of seven and three-tenths per cent. These is also restricted to selling at par. Now tho all street financiers being able to obtain United rtes slxos, already in the market, at eightyflit cents 011 the dollar, refuse to take either 3 new issue of bonds or Treasury notes for r unless they are made to draw eight percent) uch they consider the present market rate uivalent .to. At this point we find the Secrecy of .the Treasury at a standstill. He can more fix tho rate of interest at eight per at than he can sell the bonds or notes for less in par. He is unable to compromise with ill street upon either terms, but, with tho vornment calling for money , remains with his nds tied. His estimates aro for $120,000,000 the next four months' operation, or at the le of $1,000,000 per day. The bankers refuse furnish that amount at liis terms?the only rins on which Congress has permitted him to seive it?and he cannot abate one iota if he mid. What, then, is to be the result? The ignorance of the politicians in Con3?s in regard to the financial affairs tir > country has thus placed the grycernmt, as a borrower, in an exceedingly tical position. They have arranged tfc<S prolions of the loan that thoy a'jkod for on ch terms that the leading financiers of the lion will not touch it, and th* very means newsary to prosecute the war/fire thus apparently it off and the government crippled. Congress a adjourned, and cutmot be convened to tot the emergency tmd change the terms to it Wall street iu time for the requirements of 8 government., hwing to the length of time coesary for tine proclamation of the President be issued under the constitution. Fortu- , tely there is one other alternative left for ( cretary Chase; hut the resort to that opens e monster Financial precipice, and precipitates to it all the banking Institutions of the na- , in, the greatest as well as the least, with a ( eeping and universal crash: not one can cape. - 1 There are at the present time upwards of two ( ndred and fifty millions on deposit in the ( rings batiks of the Northern States, to say | thing ol' the amounts on deposit in s ler banks by email depositors. Those , ms are the savings of the industrial classes, , on which the savings banks are paying from ] e to six per cent interest?a majority only ] e per cent. We understand that, since Mr. iase finds the financiers of Wall street will t respond under the terms upon which the ui is offered, he proposes to issue the Treasury tes la denominations that will answer the rpose, and proclaim a popular or people's ui on Napoleon's plan. There is no question t that in this way the loan will be rapidly ren up, at least fast enough to meet all the juirements of the government. He will thus er to the industrial portion ol' our citizens opportunity for increased interest and bet" r security than in the banks. In the place of e per cent in institutions based ou public nfidence, they will receive seven and threcnths per cent. tor two and three-tenths per nt inoroase, and the very best security in the jrld. The moment that a loan is offered on t nt, or Napoleon 3 plan, there will be a ah upon the banks without parallel in r history. The superior inducement increased interest and better security 11 cause those who have laid their money in the savings banks?the small depo" ors, and those whose funds are lying unemoyed in the other banks?to immediately call their money and invest In the Treasury notes, d receive the benefit of the increased interest, rich to them will be no small item. This at once opens the doors for a sweeping isis amongst the banks, which, of itself, will ike the rush for the Treasury notes all the eater, as the only safe security. Depositors ill be found demanding of the banks the sums le them; the banks, in turn, will be compelled throw their mortgages on real estate, bonds, on the market to meet these demands, thus creasing the excitement and hurrying each her in confusion over the financial precipice ith greater consternation than that, which chacterized the army in its l'right at Bull run. 111s has the action of Congress, in refusing to limit the bonds or Treasury notes to be sold less than par, brought us to the verge of an urinous financial panic. Should Wall street cide to take the loan at the terms fixed by ingress, the storm may be averted ; if, Lower, they persist in their present decision, the tpular loan will be resorted to, and nothing m prevent their bnnking institutions from beg drawn into the maelstrom whose gurgling 1 .iters already await there. I BSDAY, AUGUST 13, 186 The Slavery Vacation and the Rebel Hon?Important Letter of the Secretary of War. We published yesterday an important lette from Mr. Cameron, Secretary of War, in repl; bo a communication of General Butler, wtiicl A'ill be found in ou> columns to-day. In consequence of the evacuation of Hamp

;on by the federal troops, which was reuderei lecessary by the withdrawal of several reg] nents from Fortress Monroe for the purpose o einforcing the army at Washington, nine hue Ired negroes of the village fled across the creel u the fortress, three hundred of them beini ihle-bodied men, whom General Butler fount jf the greatest service in making intrench nents and saving our troops from the heat o he sun. The General desires to know what i ,o be done with them?whether they are pro Dorty, and what has been the effect of the rebel ion and a state of war upon their politica it at us. General Butler has no doubt that able jouieu negroes, ui to wont in toe trencues, an contraband of war, as being liable to be usei n aid of rebellion. But in the cane of the sick iie old, the women and the children, the que.? :ion assumes a different shape. The Secretary of War replies in the states uanlilce letter which we published yesterdaj He is silent about the children and women, bu wo presume they are included in the genera scope of his answer, and that in the balaneuv )f the account for services received on the on land, and for the maintenance of the wome ind children on the other, the goverr nent will deduct the cost for the latte prom what it may owe for the forrnei General Cameron says it is the desire of th 'resident "that all existing rights in all the State ibould be fully respected and maintained,'7 am hat "the war now prosecuted on the part of th Vderal government is a war for the Union, fo he preservation of all constitutional rights c states and the citizens of the States in th Union." But Secretary Cameron draws a dii inction between the rights of loyal and disloyu utizens. lie says, in a State in which militar iperations are conducted the rights of all ulik nust be subordinate to the military exigencit created by the insurrection; but that while, i pursuance of the act of Congress passed in tli late session, slaves or persons held to service. in )is\wtilitir tn tVw* TTnitml Swtnti?4 ul);i ? *" v *" " bo discharged from service, and Ihcir ownei forfeit their right to their labor, on the otht band lojji masters do not forfeit their fugith daves, though, on account of the difficult arising from the absence of the federal cour ind the serious objection against substitute military for judicial tribunals, to say nothing < the inconvenience, if not the impossibility,; many caseB, of making a satisfactory inquli about the loyalty or disloyalty of the owne luring the war, their substantial rights are be protected by receiving fcuch fugitives into tl service of the^y^ited^ States, as woU as fugitiv Mm disloyal masitjrj, 5nd employing thorn ; circumstances may require, keeping a regist of the tiacifc and description of the fugitive and jf the name and the character, as loy disloyal, of the master, as far as cj bo learned, in order that when pen< returns Congress may award just compei nation to the loyal masters ut the haii time that it provides permanently for all tl slaves received into the service of the Unio In the war of the Revolution the slaves of tl disloyal tone* were forfeited; and in the war 1812-15 General Jackson pressed slaves inl the service of the government to dig trench and perforin other labor, and when peace w restored they were manumitted, their loy owner- being fully compensated for thoir valu These arc precedents for the war now exislin Rut on no account shall the troops interfei with the negroes of peaceful citizens in a houi or field, nor in any way encourage them to lea\ the lawful service of their masters, nor prove] the voluntary return of any fugitives to the se vice from which they may have escaped. Th is a careful, a wise and a discriminating decisioi which will give general satisfaction throughoi the country. Ever since the inauguration of Mr. Lincol there has been a fierce struggle in the republ :an party for the control of the war and the d< termination of its character. The organs an ending politicians of the radical wing have ii listed that its true object is and must be cnui .ipatiou? a servile insurrection and the e.xtei ruination of the white race after (lie plan of S Domingo. These men, represented by Wendel Phillips. Garrison. Greeley, and others of th larue type, care not for the Union, and woul lacrifice it to-morrow for abolition. If the :aimot achieve negro emancipation, the fanatic nrould prefer eternal separation. They are di mionists just as much as the South ?rn secessionists. It was they who crie< 'On to Richmoud;" and if their counselire ever permitted to prevail in the future, the ve may bid a final farewell to the Union, i yas the moral poison which they sowed broad :ast over the land that so injuriously affecte Mir troops at Bull run. Consisting for the mot jart of democrats, the army had no other objec n embarking ki the war than to save the Unio md the national capital. But when they began t luspect, from the language used by the leadin ournals of the republican party and by th nost prominent meiubors of Congress, that th nilita'ry were to be used for the purpose o iverthrowing the institution which is the basi >f Southern civilization, they became deuic alizcd and lost all heart for the war. Hot therwise can we account for the defection of vhole regiment the day before the battle, an if the retirincr of tin imnortunl hiiltArv inat n lie first puns of the enemy were bounding in th 'ars of those who manned it? Under these circumstances the effect of Mi Cameron's letter will be most salutary. II jroclaims that it is a war for tie coustitutio ind the Union. The Unionists of the .South wil ie cheered and encouraged, as well as tft tru Jnionists of the North, among whom the groul ?t dissdBhfaction had begun to prevail, and th ftbid abolitionists will be checked and rebukec ind wc hope the dead enthusiasm for the wa vill be quickened into life, and all will yet b veil. General Cameron, who was originally leraocrat himself, ought to infuse as much a joasible of the democratic element into the wai [t is the fighting element of the country. W lo not mean the politicians of the d"mocracj but its soldiers. It is to these we must chietl look for success, and not to the fanatical hord if abolitionists who hound others "On to Ricl mond," while they consult their own safety b laying at home. The best thing the goven ment can do is to cut completely loose froi them. They are a violent, insolent minorit; who presume to dictate to the majority and ii sist upon the war being carried on for the prop; palion of their peculiar ideas. Nothing is moi 1. ?:1 : " mm y 1 " - certain than that it would fail if conducted re f upon their fanatical principles. But Mr. Came- w r ron has just given them the coup d? 'jract, and pi there is now every reason to hope for success' to J' and, what is more, the right to deserve it. th in The Next State Elections?Movements of a, i- the Old Factions.?The old jobbers of the fac- f0 i tions that, in past years, have held political nt i- sway in the State of New York, are busily en- y, f gaged in preparing the way for conventions to i- nominate officers at the coming fall election, as k though the people had no voice in the matter Ci ? whatever. Programmes are being manufactured ia 1 out of the rotten timber of obsolete platforms, t0 i" and slates are made up as glibly, as though the ai f masses of the community either had no interest d< s at stake, or would endorse any and everything di - that the fogies of democracy and republicanism et - might see lit to suggest. The preposterous in- m 1 solence and ignorance of these proceedings will te be demonstrated in due time. A new element ni e has appeared, within a short period, in the n, 1 midst of our municipal and rural populations, e( which will change the entire aspect of local di i- politics, and is already eff^kte a mighty revo- g< lution which will disappointfSfetpectations of vi i- the corrupt leaders of by-gon<P0^les. Of the tt ' fifty thousand men sent by the State of New a] t York to fight the battles of their country against tt d rebellion, four-fifths have returned, fully pre- w g pared to take an active part in the remodiflcae tion of parties. They thoroughly understand lt] n the exigencies of the nation and ure resolved to ? l- introduce a reform. r Two-thirds of the gallant men whom patriotic r. enthusiasm induced to leave their homes, in M e April last, were democrats. The remainder ?! 8 were perhaps republicans; but all of those who j' d have come back are' unanimous in attributing e the evils that have befallen the country, down n r to the calamity that belel our array at Munassus. f to the misconduct and corrupt jobbery of re- K e publican leaders. They have seen in Washt ington and Virginia such peculation and cheat- u d ing. as has no parallel in the history of the t y United States. Their own blood and lives have f( e been speculated and traded upon with the most s cold-blooded ruthlessness. They have fought v n and suffered to become the pastime of venal 1 ie officials, equally inefficient aud profligate. On 1 if the other hand, the disbanded regiments among | II us have been able to see no greater amount of " rs purity among democratic politicians than n r they have found among republicans. The beads ^ 'e of the two factions have, in many instances, no- " y toriously combined together, for the purpose of 0 defrauding the public, and none of them are to ' ig be trusted. Th?y must all b'e overthrown, and c of their machinations be rendered, for the future, * t in abortive; and, leavened as the people are witU T the enlightened, indignant patriotism that is to ' i"3 be found distributed through each county and 11 township, there. Is little douUt that it will oc tie done at the coming election. 08 Forty thousand patriots, as zealous in com- 1 . % 531-7- ? JL f*- 1 as bating corruption at home as they have-been or in fighting with treason on the banks of the P0- ' 8' toniac, and with a perception of the injury done 1 al to the nation by corrupt cliques, rvjiich is inten- ' ui silled by the remembrance of unnecessaiy per- 1 "e sonal suffering, are an abundantly sutlicient ' tt* force to complete the repugnance and disgust j ie witli which the wirepullers of democracy and ' 10 republicanism are contemplated by the people- 1 n- Uel'ore the middle of October, the tocsin will be ' ie efficaciously sounded, and such a tremendous ?i uprising may be expected as has not been wit, nessod in the State of New York, within the meM mory of the present generation. h A PlJW fob tue Sovth.?In his recent speech e, at the opening of the Rhode Island Legislature ~ Governor Sprague speaks in the following expe travagant terms of the organization of the rebel ,e army:?"We were under the impression that ,e they were lacking in all the resources which go r tn vn'mp ftntl mA?nt\in xvlir?r?>Aa in ulmn^t r. every particular, we have found them superior to 13 ourselves: we have found not only the physique t n of their men equal to ours, but their clothing, f their arm--, their subsistence and their means of f transportation?everything that goes to make n up military efficiency?superior to ours/' t i- Governor Sprague is a large Ilhode Island j. 0- manufacturer, and accompanied the troops from g d that State to Virginia in the capacity of a Gener ral of volunteers. From the language quoted r 1- above it is evident that he went to the war g r- either ignorant or forgetful of the fact that for ^ t, years past, while he and others like him were ^ 11 peacefully pursuing their avocations at the e North, the people of the seceded States had been d preparing for the present struggle. Did he ex- T y pect that in staking everything on the result o s of the first great battle they would be ri i- found unprepared, or in a worse state of organi- I: i- zation than our own troops? It was. on the v i contrary, notorious to every one but the govern, t! i mcnt and Mr. Sprague himself that, since the tl n removal of the Confederate government to Rich- tl ;t mond. all their resources, in men. money and o arms, were expended in rendering their position tl d at Manassas impregnable. The condition of it things disclosed by the unfortunate affair at ;t Bull run, therefore, surprised no one but those n who had been urging on a premature advanceo It was attempted with inferior numbers, with- if g out adequate preparation and against the better * ' e judgment of General Scott. Any comparison t- instituted under such circumstances, with a view f to draw general deductions therefrom, is ^ R simply foolish. ?- Iu regard to the equality of physique said to v have been displayed by the rebels, at this or a any other engagement since the commencement is d of the war, we should like to see the proof of it- j,s Every tune they have ventured from behind e ' their intrcnchnients. and have met our troops in u, the open field, they have been thoroughly *' " whipped. It could not fail to be otherwise, u e Although of the same race, the difference of cli 11 tnato and the constant habit of labor must M -I always give our Northern troops the advantage e iu a hand to hand encounter with those of the Y South. Governor Sprague is more than a gene. 0 rous foe. lie unnecessarily disparages his own * I, side to give endue credit to the euemy. K r ' h( n 0 The Cabinet and rrs Position.?a great deal ? a of undeveloped ferment, and pent up discontent, s is perceptible throughout the North, with rer" spect to the Cabinet. Men talk and whisper to? gethcr?especially in the ranks of the republi- b r< ciui party?as thougli the salvation of the conn- ^ y try wore dependent upon some spin-dy change $| e of the advisers of the President. The grossest ^ charges arc circulated against individuals, and n y every effort is made to obtain for them ere- jj' deuce. These commenced, some time before the l' D battle of Bull run, in the columns of such daft cob in journals as the Tribune and Ytwra, and i> were re-echoed by other republican newspapers j l" of the loyal States. Of late those two organs of ? '? discontent have been silent on the subject, for l * * asons that will probably booh transpire? bother connected with contracts, jobs, or omises of patronage we are as yet unable pronounce with entire accuracy?but e ideas and notions which they have so dustriously disseminated, still prevail, and e acquiring a constantly increasing latent rce. They must certainly break forth iu some sw spot before very long, if the members of e administration do not prepare to avert the orm. We have no objection ourselves to any of tho ibinet of President Lincoln. They are all? dies and gentleman alike?acceptable enough 1 us; but the virulent tigades of Massif Greeley >d Jefferson Brick have done their work, and ?ep dissatisfaction prevails which it will be fficult to allay. It can only be done by an irnest endeavor on the part of each individual ember, to do his duty, singly and disinreatedly, in getting rid of those army and ivy worms that have created such terrible ivages. Popular applause will reward every fective exertion that may be made in this irection, and it in the only way in which a sneral uprising of the people against the ad* isers of the President can be prevented. 1* io Cabinet will put its foot upon the necks ot [1 jobbers; if it will root out the corruption . tat so largely prevails; if it will carry on the ar with skill, diligence and economy, it may nigh to scorn tbo.^ad feeling which Greeley id Brick have etHafled, tftfd be sure of the aprobation of good men throughout the nation. The Military Enthusi asm Dead?A Governent Organ Acknowledging the Corn.?An rgan of the administration, in this city, of small irculution and large patronage, makes the fol>wing announcement:? Recruiting for the army here is dead?virtually ile.nl. Itore is a rendezvous 111 Cedar street, one In Cliu'.liau) ireet, and one in Hudson street?all for the ol-l army? fid those added but fifteen men to the service last week, very recruit brings the man who enlists him tw o dollars nd house rent and the support and pay of recruiting pur os go to make the newly obtained soldier doubly doai ) the government. Each rendezvous costs at least fi:oc month, and, of course three rendezvous cost $000. his makes each iuUividinfl cost over lli'tocn dollars ho>re ho eats his first government moal. Now, what is the cause of this in a city in rhicb, three or four months ago, the tlame of miliary enthusiasm burned so fiercely t It is owing o two causes. The first is the treatment of the roops. They have been cheated in their clothng, in their food, In their arms, in their equipdents, in their officers and in their generals. Tie lobby jobbers have tiecome patriot jobbers, ,nd all the committees and commissions, State ;nd federal, appear to have combined to rob he soldier. One of these committees, in its ofilial report, admits the plunder, and the Unie.a >efonce Committee of this city has never dared o publish the accounts. This ill treatment of hi troops, together with the fanaticism which tttempted to pervert the objects q? the war into me of abolition, has resulted in the disaster of lull nut. The troops, once so enthusiastic, have ttturned dejected and dispirited, and they go tbout the city exposing their sufferings, ittd tbfi Sohsequonfic is, h& feeru;t8 Cft? )0 obtained. The journals at the North lave been in the habit of describing the southern troops as half starved, half naked and >adly armed. But those w ho fought them at Hull run now tell a very different story. What, s the testimony of Governor Sprague, who lore the brunt of the battle ? In his address to he Rhode Island Legislature, published to Sunday's Hekai.o, he says:? The war will of necessity be a long one. We have been n error as to the strength of the eu my and its to the ""R ? '* v. 11 i, n llil IIIIITl [ItllSUWl ItJ he South tending towards this point; whilo wo hav* ?eon occupied ill our busings they have been creating evolution. Wo were undor tho impression that they iere locking m all the resources which go to raise and milutaiu armies. Whereas, in almost every particular ro have found thorn superior to ourselves; we bayc bund not onlv the physique of their men equal to ourf tut their clothing, their arms, their subsistence and their neaus of transportation?everything that g'ies to make ip military efficiency?superior to ours. Now. when it is considered that the Confede* ate government is without money or credit, ind that the United States government has both vithout limit, what can be more shameful than he fact that the clothing of the Southern troops, heir arms, their subsistence and their means ot ransportation?every thing that goes to make ip military eflkiency?sui>erior to ours? Ii his game is played much longer it will soon >e played out, and we might as well at once top the war and acknowledge the independence if the Southern Confederacy. There is a heavy responsibility incurred; and unless there is a peody and a sweeping reform, men in high daces will yet have to answer to an indignant eople for the wreck of the republic. A Fbksh Accession to toe Union Ranks.? f 'lie offer made by Garibaldi to our government f his services has been accepted, and he is to seeive the rank of Major General in our army lis name and presence will be of immense alue to the Union cause.. TKey will prove to le English and French governments that it has sympathies of the friends of human freedom iroughout the world, and that any interference n their part in favor of the South will expose tern to a severe re tribution at their hands. Large Fire at Versailles, N. Y. rgRRVSVURO, N. Y., August 12,1S61. The Cascade Millw. together with a large amount of ruin. owned by J. N. ttreene. at Versailles, N. Y., was to mij it- ant va \jy uicuu lumguoj im.: wiui iu?k is 13,001). Insured on the mill, maehinory and stock in le Aitna, Mnrth American, liartftird and Charter Oak jmpanies. $9,000. Completion of a Telegraph Line. Chicago, August 12, 1801. 'l'he Iowa and Montrose Telegraph Om)>any'3 llnea, con'cting Keokuk, Montrose and Fort Wades, in Inwa.rti ct with Chicago aud the East, was completed to day. 0 Markets. rnii.adkli'nia stock board. l'aiiADKl.VHU, August 12,1861. Slocks dull, ronnsylranta 5'8, 7T?f; Ilea Sing Railroad, l.'i; Morris Canal, 3S>,; l.?ng Island itailrua 1, 9>?; i'enn ivuuia Railroad, So Exchange on New York, cue-tenth Hcount. Albany, August 12, 1861. Flour dull. Wheat , sales in car lots, at ?1 13 for old and iw red Slate. $1 15 for new t"d State and Kentucky ; I 28 for white Michigan, and ft 33 a SI 36 for white ( mucky. Com in moderate demand: .-ales 12,800 bushels 'esfern mixed at 42}?c., and 49c. lor round yellow, liiskev. sales 145 bids, at 16>?c. a 17c. Received bjr (ntral Railroad, from New York?147 bbls. high wines, I hales wool, 1,359 bbls. flour, 176 hhdp. tobacco. For oston and East?57 hhds. hams, 25 bbls. high wines, 500 bbls. floor, 514 bales wool. Shipped by tows to Now ork, August 16?6,000 bushels corn, 9.000"do. oats. BfFTAt.o, August 12,1861. Flour stoady. Wheat firm; sales 86,000 bushels Northestern club at 90c.. 10,000 bushols Milwaukeeclub, 91c.; 400 bushels White Michigan. $1 10; 6.000 bushels Wluto mtueky, $1 12 a$1 15. Corn?Holders asking 35c., and V.Uers firm; no sales. Oats stoady and in good demand: lies 30.000 bushels at 25c. Canal freights steady?Uc. oa irnand 12c. on whoat to New York. Lake imports? ,000 bbls. flour, 60 000 bushels wheat, 60.000 bushel? irn and 10,000 bushels oafs. Caual exports?200 tihls. >ur, 87.000 bushels wheat, 101,000 bushels corn aud r.ooo busheis oats. Btwalo, August 12,1361. Flour steady and in moderato rtemaud. Wheat linn, at transactions restricted, by a violent rain storm: sales ,000 bushels Northwestern club at 90c.; 10,000 bushels llwaukec etub at 91< . 6,000 bushels white Miohignn at 115,6,000 bushels white Kentucky at $1 12 a $1 15. Cora rm sales 13,000 bushels at 34c. 6,000 bushels at 35c. 'biskey nominal at 15 cjc. Canal freights steady. I-ak? nports??X> bbls. flour, 60,000 bushels wheat, 72,000 ushels corn. 36,000 bushels oats. Oinal exports?1,500 Ids. flour, 55,000 bushels wheat, 95,000 bushels corn, 1,000 bushels oats. Oswaoo, August 13,1961. Flour unchanged. Wheat in Tair demand: sales 3.00? ushels No. 1 Chicago spring at 87c.; 14,000 bushels do t 37c., afloat, and 2,600 bushols ollwinto- rod Wester 1 08 lake imports: 20J bbls. flour, 9.800 bushel! di '?t,92,200bushelscrn;canal exports, 1,167 Mils, flour, ,ooo'lusiwla wheat, 52,200 bushsis coru, 1,000 busLmla ye

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