Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 14, 1861, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated August 14, 1861 Page 2
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2 ARRIVAL OF THE CHAMPION FROM ASPIPTWALL. NEARLY A MILLION IN SPECIE. liitercstiiigr from the Pacific 8 quail roil. DEFEAT OF HOSQOEHi COBFffiMED. Union Troops Concentrating at San Francisco, &c., See., Ac. The steamship Champion, Captain Seabury, from Aaplnwall on the 4th iuat., bringing mails and passongors from 3au Francisco July 21, arrived at this port yosterday. The following is tho specie list:? ROM RAM NUNCISCO. H. Strauts $8,600 K. Morrison 4 Co.. $7,000 Am. Ex. Bank 100,000 J. F. Coghill 2,000 Wells, Fargo 4 Co.. 180,000 Jonninge&Browster 10,000 Jar. Leo St Co 1,900 Eugene Kelly 140,000 Harbec.lt & Oo 3,450 W. Holler 4 Co.... 8,000 Ballin 4 Sander.... 17,000 W.T. Celoman 4 Co. 43,460 Order 22,620 J. Strauss Bros.... 26,000 H. Cohen 4 Oo 21,000 Haddon 4 Williams 4,200 NaylorkOo 8,081 K. Meadow 9.800 Metropolitan Bank.. 76,843 James HunBerACo. 0,000 Kirby, Byrne & Co. 9,000 J. Heller 4 Bros... 7,400 W. Seligtuaun 4Co. 32,000 C.C.Baker 6,888 F.Baker 20.000 Baker 4 Morrill.... 3,000 George Tattle 0,000 Houston iHastings 13,000 M. E. Haw ley 4,000 J. B. Newton 4 Co. 23,483 Z. ttwitetn 4 Bro... 16,000 R. Patrick 43,000 Noustadler Bro 12,500 Scholl Bro 16,400 A S Ko.scuhuumA.Co 17,500 J. U. Parker 4 Son. 6,000 P. Nay lor 0,000 Total $941,081 FROM aSPINWALt. Handy 4Everett $1,000 W H. Davis 4 Co.... $637 B. Howard 4 Suns 700 S, N. Henriques 449 Urdor 700 ?? Totul $3,437 ?? H WAR NEW! FROM THE PACIFIC. Troops Concentrated near San Francisco, Ac., Ae. OCR SAN FRANCISCO CORRESPONDENCE. San Ffuaoaco, July 20,1861. A |/>7a'#.?Mi 1/ohavm.m/i ?? 0.1M IVnor.ce/i A PammMt. j/" Cavalry?Regular Troopt in and Around San Francitco?The McMahun Ouardi?Remarkt of General Sumner?Naval Ntwt?Sexture of Vvamondt?The Lime . roint Tract of Land, dec., <4r. The military fever is again rife among our citizensFecretary Cameron's refusal to aocopt the regiment organized hero threw a damper on it; but now our embryo soldiers confidently expect to be called upon to Oil up the quota of 200,000 additional men required by the Prestdent. Accordingly, the drilling Bu?i>cnded seme time since has been resumed, and the streets, as buforo, are alive with bodies of trained men. A meeting takes place this ovoniug to inaugurate the first steps towards the formation af a cavalry regimeut, "60 strong, to be ready in the event of being required for service. California produces sotno of the host horsemen ln_tho world, and is, above all places, most suitable to raise amounted corps. '1 here is some speculation as to the reported expedition from hero to Texas, and as secession has no foothold on this coast, it is but fair to gtvo those anxious an opportunity of showing their devotion to the country. Tborc Is littlo else thought of at prosont besides the progress of the war, and it must bo said that many incline to the opinion thai some sort of compromise would he a happy event, if it could be brought about without loosening the dignity of the government. The rumors on this topic that roach ug from the Kast are received by a great number with pleasure. ARMY INTCLMOIHCI. 1 learn on good authority that sevoral officers of tho army, now serving in California, and who wcro recently promoted in consequence of the augmentation of the military establishment of the country, will decline. The reason for this action on their part is elated to be, in effect, that there is no guarauteo of tho permanency of the new regiments, and that in giving up their present positions they would run tho rtslc of being thrown out of service whuu the war Is over. 1 learn further, that General Sumner is not at all pleased with the reluctance inamfcslod, and that lie will satisfy the protectants that their grounds of objection are not [well taken. Having done so, the backward officers, it is fair to presume, will either havo to retire from the army or euter upon tho active duties of the campaign. Of course It is understood thut promotion requires immediate departure for the Eastern States. We have now a largo body of regular troops concentrated in and about the harbor of San Fronciaco. They arc stationed as follows:? At tho Presidio there are stationed Company C, Third artillery (Ord's battery), in splendid condition, six guns and seventy horses; Companies A, C, P, F, G, H and K, Fourth infantry, and Company E, Niulh iufantry. Commanding oflicor, Major TV. S. Ketchum, United Stabs Fourth iufantry. At Fort Point (ontranco to the harbor)?Companies A and B, Third artillery. Commanding officer, Lircvet Major Austin. Alcatraz Island (opposite tho city)?Companies G, H, * and another, Third artillery. Commanding officer, Cajit. Burton. fienicia Barracks And Arsenal?Companies E and K, Sixth infantry; I, Third artillery, and one oompauy of ordnance. Commanding officer, Col. W. Seawoll. Camp Fitzgerald (Los Angoiee)?Companies B and K' Fir-,1 dragoons, and Companies I and K, Sixth iDfantry Commanding (Jlllcer, ltrevot Major Carlton. San Diego?Company I, Fourth Infautry, Brevet Major flaller. Fort Bragg?Company D, Sixth infantry, I.ioutonant O. H. Moore. fori Una ton?Company B, Fourth infautry, Capt. Underwood. Fort Humboldt?Company B. Sixth infantry, Captain Lovell. Fort Yuma (on the Colorado)?Company C, Sixth infantry, and Company E, Fourth infantry. Commanding umcor, i.ieui. on. gco. andrew*. Kurt GhurchiU (Nevada Territory)?Headquarters First dragoons, with < nipaiiy A of sainu regiment: Uomimiii.-s A t; aud H, Sixth infantry. Commanding officer, Lieut. Co'.. 0. A. ll. liiaLo, First dragoons. The follow lug account la given of Fort Crook, which is in tho northern part of tho i-tato;?This fort, now under command of Lioutuuiinl Kellogg, is garrisoned by sixty dragoi.ua?Lieutenant Kellncr, Quartermaster, ntid Dr. Vooluiu, Snrgoon. Soon arter Captain Adams sent inTiU resignuM-nn and left Uio fort, the Stars and .Stripes were run up and a salute of thirty four guns tired. There is not a secessionist now ut the fort?ovory man is tlgbling strong for tho Union. fjoiitcoaut Foilncr enlisted in the army oui\ (lvo years ago, and through merit I ins boon jiromotod'to tliouUice of Lieutenant, ami is now Quarterns lor. The troops arc distributed according to tho order ot ilenoral Sumner, issued sum after his arrival. The largo gar neons at Los Angeles and Furl Churchill are for the purpose of suppressing nny tendency to incite oppus.tiun to tho government, lu tho two pia. es named miiiii fovr sympathizers with secession arc to be found who lalsly made exhibitions of rebellious Hugs. As a innttor of precaution a sullicicnt forco is in each place to nrresland punish in the event of these acts being repeated. In this c.ty and clogo to It arc on-thousand rogulais, which, it is no flaltery to say, cannot be excelled as brave a:, l disciplined truojm. They are coin tautly drilled, and ne. rly every we< W the heavy guns at tho forts are used In tar* et practice by the soldiers. Their tiring is described as vory accurate. cikxkhal smjtxa akti Tint n'tunon otMRiv Tlie McMuhon Grenadier Guard (an Irish company) had an election for Captain on the evening of the 18th, when Charles B. Grant, First Lieutenant, was chosen to (til tiie positiou. After the business of the meeting tho party adjourned to the Tehama House, where th y Sat down to enjoy themselves. Many toasts wore given and drank. When tho "Union" w as projmsed a regular "Faugh a llallagh" yell gre? lc d it. Just ut this moment General Sumner, United States Army, command lug the l'acillo division, on his way to his nparlm.nis in the house, suddenly found himself in the presence of "the Jlcilahous, and was ut once received with three mure rousers. His health was promised, which he acknow- | lodged in a few remurks, touching upon the chief points of the present national crisis, for tho result of which he felt no apprehension, lie knew tti.it the federul government wa. strong in the hearts of tie' p-op;e, from whom it proceeded, and upon whom it relied for its power ami support. The present struggle, tic said, was not one so much for ourselves as for our posterity. A great trust was reposed in us, aud as trustees we had no power to alienate. It was the duty of sU citizens to tie conservative at tliia present time, aud to declare their willingness to support their country in this trying ordeal Hy our aciiiig nobly and fearlessly in this crisis future generations would associate our humble ham s with those great ones of the men of 1770; theirs as the creators, ours as tbo preservers of their liberties. Neutrality at such a time Is not excusable, Qt,i ia. rl comm. t"n liitlur was a legal motto, and not to be forgottenOur citizens of foreign birth were equally interested with those natives "to tho manor born" in maintaining the Union in its integrity;and, indeed, iu his opinion, none were more capable of Judging of the mild and beneficent form of our government tliau our citizen* of foreign birth, who had seen and felt tho workings of yUiyr forms.' Ho was delighted to see tliem" Urns" stau.ir.^ by the 'Siari pud Stripe*'; o[ our cormjion country, t 'U irl? ?""H' baniX Could that glorious ensign ?f . were now maiiiiaimui' lliLir old rnarti* tam*. Xh? old Celtic blood wa? r >uae4, Md it r^tjld mike iu mark now tut it had alwav? dOitf on the srreatest battle llelrla. He agreed with "the M'.Mkl*>b* aud all oU)er GalUi, and that it ill tx-oomu* a mart jiO fvfuvL Lin old tuollivrlittdi aatl we all know Low deaf i NBi that land?that dear old Ireland?la to eaoh and all her In sona. It waa not domanded of a man to forget hla mother fi In his love for hla wife. The two feellnga never clash; 01 nor could an Iriahman'a love for hla adopted country ever ai ho woakened by the moat Intenae devotion to hia own at dear land. The General concluded amidst an oulbaral of w applause, under cover of whioh ho managed to retreat. Pi Thoncamo more aonga,"The Star Spangled Banner," fu "The Groen above the Bed," "The Harp that once through of Tara'e Halla," &c. w The night wound up with the toast "McMahon, Duke oj d< Magenta, a true aoldter." With three rattling cbeera and fr a tiger the boya separated for the morning. It aval. Ktwa. tv The General Sumner?armed steamer?la now lying In w the harbor, and is commanded by Captain W. C. l'eaae, of pi the revenue service. She has been presented to the In government for four mouths by one of our merchants, y< and Is in every respect an effective craft. She is ready tr for service at any moment. The General Sumner carriea lai six guns and turn a crew of seventy men. of Tbo revenue cutters Marcy and lane are In our waters co Tho former has just boon fully equipped; the latter la at tb the Maro Island Navy Yard undergoing repairs. ae Tho armod steamer Massachusetts, by Order of General Suniuer, Is stationed at San Juan Island (disputed torri- de tory), subject to the direction of Giptain Pickett, who is In command of the United States garrison at tliut place. go Captain Gardner, United States Navy, commandant at fci tho Muro Island Navy Yard, has hiul his name frequently In; brought before the public during tbo past few weeks. ca His son, while travelling in a stage, gave expression to tb secession views, and even went so fur, it is said, as to ha Insult ludy luisscugers because tlioy dilfered with him. ra A connection was considered to exist between the opin- a!< innc i.r o.iln.r iin.l con and ii d. nianil wua made for infer- ns matioD on tlio subject. Captain llarduor was certified for ca by a number of well known Union men. go the matter be dropped. do Tlie French brig of-war Ruillcur went to sea on the 18th m insl., after a visit to this harbor of uenrly a month, co Sim proceeds to Tahiti. Another 1 tench vessel, a frigate, ac ia expected to arrive at any moment. It is the opinion of of well informed persons that wo aro to be visited by a ra small Fuglish squadron in a few weeks. ui SKIZl'KK (IV IMAMONDH? A SI.ICIIT MLSTAKK. SO By the last steamer from Panama a man named Sollo do came |iasseugur. He bad with hnn a large quantity of wi diamonds, &c., which were seized us contraband by the Ni Custom House officers; after investigation, it was found tri that a mistake was made. A city paper says?Hie party th against whom this groundless charge was made is Mr se Loopold Seilo, lately in business In Now York city, and co agent for the bouse of B. Faliek, No. 11 rue Lafitto, Paris. m< When the seizure was mado, Mr. 8. stated that the dia- th bionds wore not subject to duty, but his statement was be not credited. Mr. Collector Rankin, however, made a hn rigid examination of Mr. Sotlo's papers and wilnossos, and ch caused the goods seized to be reluruod, at the th same time taking the precaution to recoive ap from Mr. Seilo a written disclaimer of liia fo iDtention t? hold tho government for damages in conse- mB queiice of the faux pas committed. Tho seizure was wholly illegal and unauthorized, and tho person or |?rsons connected therewith showed great ignorance of their duties. So positive were tboy that a good haul had been made, that on Monday last a "groat spread" was set out. jgt Misrepresentation, also, is to bo laid at their door,for they magnified the small value of tho seizure?about (1,000 m all?to (10,103. Mr. Stole states that Mr. Rankin behaved very gentlemanly to him, which no doubt he did. and charges all the troubles which beset him to pri vato malice. Mr. S. is unmarried, so the statements matte by the Custom House officials in reference to the wifo, who was said to havo made a successful landing with a petticoat "all over" diamond pins, was wholly imaginary. The French morchonta of this city complain that tho new officers in the Appraiser's Department retain an unnecessary amount of goods from tho packages that go to tli tho Custom House. In somo Instances they havo shown that one-tonth of the amount of goods has boon extracted and kept by subordinates. The Collector promises to so check tire abuse. of tim una roiCT tract. a. It will bo remembered that about threo years slnco Congress passed an act authorizing tho purchase of a tract of land near the entrance to tho lrurbor of San Frauclsco 28 for the erection of a fort, and appropriated $200,000 for je| the purpose. The late Senator Brodorick was mainly in strumental in defeating the purchase, as the property is, ul in fact, not worth anything like the sum then proposed to rp; ho paid for It. Ho declared that its value was not beyond c0 $5,000. The Unitod States government is most anxious to obtain tho tract for tho purptme of defence, and in furtherance of its views our Legislature passed an act empowering its agents to procoed and have it condemned. p A good deal of litigation has grown out of the matter, which was finally settled by our Supremo Court in favor 13 ol tho government. Recently tho matter was tried boforo . or a jury, who assessed the value at $126,000, wlilch is con- H Hldorcd ainoHl extravagant valuation. The land is burren hi and of scarcely of any use whatever, except for mililary oil occufiation. Tho owners, howovor, intend t" apimal. What is thought of the matter may bo learned from the Pt following parapraph:? nt Messrs. Lewis, Matthewson,Itoikorstaff, Millor and Capt. lit McPhnrson, U. S. A., concurred in estimating the value of re the 1,000 acres as being under $40,000; whllo Messrs. w Tescbmacher (Mayor of SanFrancisco), Sintou (real estate t.t autlouoer), Vassault, Gibb and l eek estimated it as being le worth from $150,000 to $300,000. Mr. Siutou said, "in w my judgment the water is elegant ftotn one end to thu other; I moan the depth throughout thu frontage, &c;" ho lb does not tell of tho beauty of tho land, its splendid per- Fl peudicular cliffs of rock,from 100 to 200 foot high, thnt tf extend along tho line of tho shoro nearly tho whole dis- si tanee; he does uot tell of the ship that broke up against n< those romauilc rocks a few years since, it boing trn- sc IMisslblo to rescue bor from the heavy swells that at come through the Golden Gate and wash tho m bat-o of these oliffit with a strength that bids defiance ct to the power of man. Mr. Gibb valued it as worth $40,000 to $50,000 for agricultural purposes, but thought Oi it worth an additional $200,000 " for commercial pur- Hi poses"?a fine place for docks, wharves and warehouses, ct truly. San Francisco might grow until its population M was counted by millions, aud I.imo Point, unless used by ci orivernment would strut, 1. us now a hlnalr. wove tioiLtcn h: rock, unappropriated except for pasturing goats ami in cattle. 11 The track cons',sts of 1,889 acres. From tho evidence of William J. Lewis, a surveyor nnd civil otiginoer, wo tl learu that the tract wits selected by tho United Stutes go- n vsromwit,under the direction of (.'apt. (iilnior. lu Horse- a sht>e Covo there aro about forty acres of line arable land, C tho sides of the hills afford good grazing, about one-third r of tho whole tract is capable of cultivation and the other ti two-thirds aro lit for grazing. There is no timber. Mr. I Lewis values the land rapaldo of cultivation at $20 pur v acre, ami the balance at $8. r PROGRESS OF THE PACIFIC TELEGRAPH. ? [From tho Alta California, July 20.] t. On Wednesday last the Btato Telegraph Company des- li patched ono of their best operators, Mr. John Yoiitz, to t tho end of tho telegraph lino now building east towards d Suit Like, to receive and transmit tile poay news from the outer station. Tho company have now some flfty rniltw c of the lino constructed east of Fort Churchill, and have a nearly flfty wagons engaged in transporting poles and n wire out, to and beyond tho outer station, which enables C llicm to push tho work forward with groat rapidity. 1 Every week, from this time, will extend the wire and v shorten tho time of tho pony. At tho samo moment , Mr. F James Street, tho agent of the company at Salt lake, is c< pushing forward this way, having some two hundred and b til ty miles of poles contracted for and which nro now ho- y iug cut and hauled westward from Salt Lako. The wire and insulators for that end of tho lino wore purchased in it tho Last, and aro on tho way out to Salt I-ako, so as to bo T in readmess when tho poles aro set up, (o put tho lino in working ordor. A In a few days messages can be sent to overtake tho si i pony two days after it lias left Sail Frnucisco, or re- t< ceived here two days lief ore the arrival of the pony U ra town. Each month a day more will be gained, and if ( no accident happens to tho teams employed in tho work, a [ tho first snow will not fall in tho valleys before tho western half of the overland lino from Sun Francisco to Bait I Lake will be in working order. C I On tho other sido tho Eastern company aro pushing . westward, and by tho 1st of Aogust tho wire will.be up | to Julesburg, which is two hnndred miles wear of Eort Kearny, thus shortening the pony time ouu day more on thai end. They have also a largo number of men and h teams engaged In hauling out |s>lSi and wire, and aro put- n tingrurtii their best efforts to complete their halfas quickly . as tho western half. A work of this magnitude invulves great iwpeuse, together with a more than ordinary c amount of lalair and rb-k; for, should Indians drlvo off the stock while out on the mid plains, almost irreparable delay would onsoo. Kvory precaution and onro is taken to guard against ace's lent of any kind.aud should no unfore- a seen misfortune arise, tho work will he carried out as above v UW'I. We should have mentioned that the operator . travels with the workmen engaged cast of Fort Churchill, ami aa fust aa the line la put up lie sets hut luatruuieui 11 at the cnil, and communicates with the chief office in San a Francisco, so that almost every day he is flintier off and . shortening the tune of tho puny. Ho will reach the end I of the wire In tithe to telegraph the news or the pony J due on Tuesday next. t 1 THE STARS AND STRIPES ON TIIE MO UN- [ TAIN TOPS. j On Tuesday of this work, save the AUa Califhrpia of J, 1 July 20, Messrs. I'eck, Fowler, Itvey and other citizens Of i the upper part of Napa Valley, raised a stuff and Amort- ; ohu Dug on the summit of Mount SU Helena, at the head ,, of tiiv valley. Stvsral MM were pwint, having 3 climbed to the highest peak of this grand old sentinel, which is nearly 4,000 feet above the level of the sea, to f lend their pri som e to the patriotic act of decoratilig the f lofty summit w Ith the national emblem. , Reception of Hon. A. II. Dickinson* t'nlted , States Minister to Nicaragua. Hon. A. B. Dickinson, L'nited Stabs Minister to Nicara 1 gua, was olllciaUy received hy President Martinez, n( { Managua, tho capital of the republio, on the 11th of ,'ast t month. On presenting bia credentials, Mr. Dickinson ad- J1 dr'-fsed President Martinez as follows;? Mr. Pk*-ih*xt?In presenting myself berore your Fjt o ccilency as the Minister Resident ol' the Unite.! States of a America, 1 am happy in being able to assure you of the v sincere friendship and cordial good wishes of my govern- o: m<-ut. R ing sister republics, on tho same continent, with e? interests and (a-riLs in common, and both looking forward to the same high destiny among the nations of the earth, A it is unquestionably tlie interest, as I know It to be the st strong desire, of the government of Wte United States to oi cultivate the friendliest social and commercial relations cl with the government of Nicaragua. As governments can- ni i not fctand slid, but mu. t inevitably advance or recede. h, i and as ropnblieanism Is compelled to niaintain a constant b | warfare against ignorance, despotism and tyranny, ills U; I evident that we have the same ootnmon interest in dis- r> 1 seininaUng and advancing the enlightened principles of 1 republican ism unMl they shall bo established on a per ma- P j nent basis on tlie entire continent. This cannot be done , by a Single republic, but must b - accompliMhed by the friendly cvopcriuion of separate and independent powers. It is b 4ieved that a more fiee and friendly Intcrrourso f bAiwccn to- i*" rcMibllcs than ijaa lnthurto existed will , materially advilLio theTidereslS and promote tie- happi- to n?? and prosperity of both. Wluls iw'ahlishmont of m oMnuwii**1 i aiaUtUKi on a pioper b*? * itl il^ riv-h I ? proiliifkioaa oi your siai tu our markets, ami gr-ntlv I *' benefit our people, it is obvious that it will prove j hi equally jirofiutPlu lo the people if Nicaragua, hy I ar r.umulatiug their Industry, iucrcn.sjng their wealth, | H ' and Hhariog with os in it mutual exchange of 1 iv I ptgducU tejually beuotl.uti to both vounliiea tfv \ fu V YORK HERALD, WEDf tercourse with your Excollency's goveruniuut shall be rank, open and unroaerved. Whatever may be proponed ' desired, shall be briefly and plainly stated, without >y concealment or circumlocution?believing that 1 ralgbtforward honesty Is the beat policy with oat ions, as Ith Individuals. While on my way to your capital, Mr. "estdent, I have been repealodly struck with the wonder I beauty or your country, and the inexhaustible wealth 1 its soil; and I could not fall to be deeply improssed Ith the numberless blessings which a bountiful I'rovlluce has showered upon your people Far removed on the com blasts of the North?your landscape smiling irougb perpetual dews and sunshine?a golden link bereen two oceans, which reach along ycur eastern and eatern aborea with beseeching bands, begging the rich oducts of your prohflc toll for other climes?commandg at once from your central position and holding within iur very grasp the two great highways of travel and of ade which almost strike bands togelbor across your nd?I feel Impressed with the conviction that the people this country have a noble destiny to fulfil, wblcb thoy uld not resist tf they would?thst the burled wealth or is virgin soil s destined eventually to float upon every a, and enter every harbor of the globe. sl On the conclusion of Mr Dickinson's address, the Pretd- C1 ni spoke as follows lu reply ? . Mr Minibtiii?There Is no doubt of the friendship and odwlll, which ihe government of the United Slates pro- ci iscs for that of Nicaragua, but It is pleasing and gratify- H 11<> ii ar you eec.are ana connrra sucn setuimcnis i u assure you that Ihe feeling of friendship on the part of is govormnont is no less sincere than th.it which you gi vo expressed The strongest tl< a exist botweeu N.ca bi gua and the United States; their Identity of government ate Is sufficient to Induce both countries to recognise K ch other hs brothers, and unlto in proclaiming n pibll- c< n principles, for which, though our voice has hitherto IU en but weak, It Is still olcvaled Nicaragua has always ,c sired to bind more closely the tlesof friendship and coinerce, ns she has rocently manifested by negotiating a ntract with a North American Compauy for a trauslt rossher territory, and also by rocently forming a treaty . friendship and commerce, which Is non pending its tltlcation by the Senato of the United Stales. It alfords si u much pleasure to learn that my country has produced tl favorable nn impression on you; and In this manner I sire that nil honoralilo and industrious foreigners who ish to establish themselves among us may admire. 01 carsgua, sir, does not couceal her riches. Ou the con t| uy, si..- invites and encourages Immigration, and from e lime she proclaimed tier in<le|>endence until the pre- * nt, her ports have been open to commerce, while she b ucodes her citizenship with as much liberality as the p est liberal nations of the earth. I accept and SStSMI in . e highest degree your assurances that our relations shall i conducted frankly, and thare is no doubt that we shall fl ppily tsrmlnate all the negotiations committed to your arge' with equal frankness. I thank ths President of e United states that he has sent us a Minister who disproves the tricks and plays of diplomacy, but proposes p r his guido honor and frankness in the adjustment of ail Kl airs with which he Is Intrusted. ?? ? Oar Panama Correspondence. Panama, August S, 1W1. ntptera's Defeat Confirmed,?Return Home of the Late awl Arrival Out of the New Minister to Ecuador?Accident1 to the United Slates Frigate Saranac?Stnhmg nf a New ' Oranadum War Vessel?Arrival of Panama of the United '' State* Frigate Lancaster?Administering the Oath of A He ( giancr?A Seaman, from the State of Maine, Rfusee the 1 Oath?The Southern (fficert on Board Remain Faithful? n Invalided Officer??War VtueU in Port, cfc. 1 There is no farther news to roport from the interior of * e Gratiadian confederation. The English steamer Con- 8 ay, duo at Aspinwall tomorrow, it is thought, will bring ? me dctinito intelligence from Bogata decisive or tlio fate 1 the revolution in that oountry. The English steamer 3 ine, from Guayaquil and Yumaco, with dates from tho r i iner place to the 24th ult., and from tho latter to tho 1 th, which arrived hore on the 1st Inst., reports that a ' iter had been received at Guayaquil from a guutlommi ' Quito of the highest respectability, stating that Mae v icra had roost certainly been defeated near Bogata, thus 1 nflrming tho news of tho PlanUgenet, forwarded to the 1 (kald per last steamer. 1 Among the passengers per Anno was the Hon. Charles 11 Buckalew, late United States minister to Ecuador, who u accompanied by his wife and daughter. Mr. Buckalew 0 id family proceed to New York in tho Champion. v on. F. tlaussarek, the new minister to that republic,? >i ad arrived at Quito and entered upon the duties of his t Uce. During the prevalence of a heavy swell in the bay of v utama, on the 251 h ult., the United States s termer Sara d ic struck a rock, causing a bad loak, which will oblige s ir oithcr to bo beached hero or sent to Sou Francisco for pairs. She was drawing at the time seventeen feet, and v as anchored in twenty foot water. Tho Granadiuu war t ilrHiuer Salamander capsized and sunk during the prcvu- a uce of the same swell, and now lies in tho harbor a total rock. v Tiie United States steam frigate Lancaster, bearing tho ig of the commander-in-chief of the i'acttlc squadron, lag Ollicor J. B. Montgomery, arrived at this port on in 29th ult., forty-two days from Honolulu, lucluding c z days detention at Acapuico. Tliero is no change to >to In tho disposition of tho various ships of the |, luadron from that forwarded to the Hskaiu> per last earner, oxeept that the accident to the Saranae will ako it necessary to send some othor vessel to tho south ii past, where she had been ordered. ? Tho day after the arrival of the Lancaster tho Flag lltcor administorod the oath of allegiance to tho United 1 latcs to tho oUicers and crow, all of whom, with the ex- c pplion of an ordinal y seiunan uaraod tlliadiah lleath, of j aiue, took the oath most cheerfully. The balance of the . row wore so inconsod at Heath's refusal that they would ave thrown him overboard bud the ufllcer of tho deck nt intorfcrod to prevent personal violence being tnictcd upon him. . Flag officer Montgomory first took tho oath himsolf, in no presence of all the officers and tneu, and then adnn istered It to each officer in turn, accontiug to rank, ami fterwards to the crow. Tan of the officers, including tho < iptain, First anil Third Lieutenants and Captain of Mainos, arc from the South, all of whom are as devotodlv at- 1 ached to tho Union as any of thoir brother officers from 1 ho North. This is certainly highly commendable, In j lew of (he fact that so many officers from tho South havo esigni'd sinco our national troubles commenced. I am ' ersonally cognizant of tho fact that the strongest taflu- 1 ucus have been used to induce somo of the officers at- < uched to tho Lauciister to resign by their friends at ome, but, be it said to thoir honor, that their devotion a tho tlag of the Union is paramount to all other const,e rat Ions. < Lieutenant* Meade and VanCandt,of tho Cyane, in , onsequeuco of severe indisposition. havo beon condemned , nil sent homo, burgeon Hord and I.ieut, Kitzhugh, lately < .ILirhnil to thn TjinraKtur hftvu f r.inafi?r> oil t,\ t.hn 1 'yane, wd Surgeon Italian ban been transferred from tho i utter vessel to the Saranac. The British steam sloop-of- . rar Tartar, from Vancouver's Island, touching iu at Sun | 'rancisco, urrlved at this port on the 20th ult. She Is | ommandod hy ('apt. Ihinlop, who conveyed a lot of filiusters from tho Mosquito coast to New Orleans u few , ears since. ! Veneris of war In ]>ort:?United States flag ship liincas- , ?r, United Stales steamer Saionoc, British steamers | ermaganl and I'ortor. I There have been no arrivals at this port from Central , nierica or the South I'acitic since the sailing of the lust learner for New York, consequently fhoro Is no news ( > report from cither of those quarters. The steamer > uatemsla, from the former, is due hero to-morrow tth), and tho British steamor, from the latter, ou tho ixUl. ^ Newspaper Items from tho Isthmus. iBI.HiJtTIONS OF TUK UNITED STATES TOWARDSTHS ISTHMUS?NAVAU MOVEMENTS?NAVMAVION OF TUB H1VKR AMAZON?EARTDQUAKE AT PANAMA, ETC. The Panama Star and Herald of August .1 has come to and, but tho news Is of less importance than usual. The t ittab ship Morsey arrived at Aspinwull on the 1st inst., ringing one hundred supernumerary scatneu for the PaIflr squadron. All well on board. Tho sannvpttpt r loams that at an interview lictwccn Ir. SWreiary toward and Mr. I'ombo. Charge d'Affltlres f tho tlranadian Cunfoderution, the forrnur ai knowedged tho obligation of the United States, under tho exding treaty, to protect the neutrality of the Isthmus and asurc the safety of transit against Invasion: also that itseta"'if war would he kept at both [oris for that pnri>ose. 'his news gave much satisfaction. The United Status flagship Lancaster, Commander Montiotuevy, arrived at Panama on the 29th ult , after an ab" once ol'fifteen weeks, during which time Mio sailed (lf. een thousand miles, having visited the Nandwich and rfarqtiCadfl lslar.tis and the Mexican coast, Ofilcora and row all wcljL Sho was expected to remain in port sonvo line, relieving the Naranar, ord'rod lo San Kraucisci>. luring her stay at Honolulu she w.is visited by the King aid Queeu aud tbtnr suites, by invitation froiU 1 lag Officer if'?n!g"mory. Tho Peruvian government had commuucod operations or opening the navigation of the Amazon by sending a mromission to Great Britain, consisting of eleven prions. These men are to superintend the building of veaek for the expedition. Poru hue also ordered an iron dated vessel for her navy. On the 2d instant tho United States frigate Saranac was aken to Taboga to ascertain tho damage caused l?g tor [rounding in the late swell. She will ultimately proooed o San Francisco. The Wyoming has also been oidored to 1 tiat port. The St. Marts has been ordered to the ooaul 1 <" Mexico to relieve the t'yaue, whoso oommwder has eft for tho United i^tatcs. Kariy on tho morning of tho 1st instant a smart shock f an earthquake was felt at I'annma. It w is attended with loud, rumbling noise, similar to that produced by a Itea ily laden wagon passing over paving stones. No ill rr.fts have been experienced. This was tho second arUiqunke CTjierienccd in Panama within ationt a month. A letter from Callao reports tho arrest of three or four merlcan contractors, 011 a charge of being engage^ tn isling counterfeit I"ernvinn money. They had not been tainined, nor would tliey be for some time, and tlie large may have no foundation in fact. The names of the len are not stated. The election for Vice 1 "resident had sgun. Gonerai Juan Autonin I'erez and Geucral Kamon opezCavallo were the candidates. Tho first named was to government candidate and the other the |>copio%. A ot wus expected: E.VTII OF LIEUTENANT MATTOCKS, OF THE SEVENTEENTH NEW YORK VOLUNTEERS, Iu our obituary column Is announced the death of I.leunaut Wra. Mattocks, at Georgetown,ou the 31st ult.,of nrbus bright^ jr ef ths kidney*. iho deceased u l/wxTlcuaLt of Company F, Seventeenth Now York sonteers.Colooet tansing, now quartered at Fort Kllsworth, id served for two ymrs as a private in the Florida war. is aga was forty-two years, and he leave# a widow and ?n children. Tho romains have been dtaluWrred and t warded to .-ntig Sing, la this dtate, JTSSDAY, AUGUST 14, 186 THE SOUTHERN REBELLION. "ha Abolition Papers the Great Sources of MlKhltUUow the Georgians ere re Seduced Into Secession?Tooiubs Bnglneers the Hovement?The Heresy of State being Superior to National Alleglance?How the Constitution of Georgia eras Changed to Keep Down the Poor Whites"?Shocking Cruelty to

a Northern Woman?Apprehensions of Servile War?Crimination and Recrimination?Depreciation la Value of Slaves. Ate., Ate., Ac. ro rat icitob or tub herald. It in just one week since 1 left tbo outskirts of sccesondora, end everywhere, At hotel, restaurant, railway ir, social circle, alt through lUo North, the myriad talk' ig tongues tod countless thinking brains of our Nortbrn hives are eternally discussing the same subjects? rhat does the South want? and what should tho North do? From tbo very day that Toombs, of (Jeorgia, toleraphod from Washington to Milledgvrlle thut "the South ad no hopo of juatlco from tho North," it has been tho x>d fortuno of tho writer to discuss bl-weekly with a Herio of known rebels, despatches from headquarter# i to the objocts in view and tho means to be employed >"Qro the Southern hoart." SOl'TH CAROLINA A UVUNISO PiAUHS SPOT. Tlmt heart has bocn act ou tiro, and If It follows natural iws, like unto all things else combustible, It will be connnod in tho iioUtico-chcmlcal proooes. With the cxcepon of South Carolina, which has over boon a festering hior of uriBtocracv?a ruuuiug goro, with florid regal irclet, on the giaut body of the grout Western ropublic? ie masses m the Southern States, ou the llrst day of this ear, were as true to tbo Union as the chaste young ride, with the hymeneal blushes enlivening tho pallor of or virgin cheek, to the loving Romeo upon whose arm ao leaves the impression of hor woight with such con' uiug unecuoii. MISOII1W WBOl'QITT BY AnoiJTION PAI IKB. | There has existed Always in the Southern States au ultra i arty which hus advocated, blindly and uureusoningly, a aparato nationality for those States. Until the election j r Abraham Lincoln assumed a fortn of probability, bat party wus powerless. By the aid of extracts 1 rom Northern papers of tho Tribune Rtamp, paraded , rom.neatly in every country sheet throughout ] the iugth and breadth of the out I re South, the advocutus of Istinion asked, and acked boldly, Cum you call such coplo brethren? * Hore is the Tribune; horc Is tlie New rork Earning J'ost, a democratic paper too?wliat sympaby cau you have In common with such a pooplu?" Union sen answered : " This Is a country of froo speech, and he dictum of tho Tribune is uot identical with legislation t Washington." But the living, biting, gulling taunts of uch sheets produced an effect |>orliaps unintended. The louthoru lad of sixteen colored to bis ears as he listened o the tirades of the Northern abolition press upon an intllutlon which, from liis infancy, ho had boen trained to egard in conformity with the dispensation of Providence* .'Here was, in this venom displayed by the republican iress, an unfailing store of polsou to tho thoughtless and Hisslonate; yot, witli that lever aiono, the Union sentiment vas too strong to bo even shaken. Had the eighty or nore men who wero sent to protect a few hundred old nuskots in the arsoual at Augusta, boon put to garrison ort Pulaski at the mouth of tho Savannah, Ooorgia would lovor havo secedod from the Union. Often, before and .fter the removal of Anderson to Sumter, have 1 hoard seme f the wealthiest slave owners of middle Georgia and else* rhore exclaim:?"Would to Clod wo had u Jackson at Wash ugton I" "Oh I for an hour of Wallace wight, or well rained Bruco to lead tho fight." But such wishes were ain; the thon United Statos government hold out to the wring spirits of secession the tempting bait of Southern trongholds exposed to tho grasp of vaulting ambition irithost tho risk of u single blow. With Georgia on tor ho Southern Confederacy wo would have to contend w ith . body without a hoart. Had Georgia stnyod in tho Union, could Alabama and Mississippi havo secedod! Tin raoFLS or ueokuia did not mra. Arc tho citizens of Now York apprised that the people >f Georgia never did voto themselves out of tho Union? make tbn assertion deliberately and with a fell know Bilge of that noble |ieoj)le, that the powers that bo in he South dare not euhmit to a popular vote of tho musses a Georgia the question of Union or disunion?the North >t tho same time guarantoeing thorn that their cinsliluional righta were sacred as heretofore, auil full freedom if spooch assured at caeh tree stump In the State?and rot there are few men in that Stale who can now uttor a Jnion sentiment. How then did accession obtain tho asceml&ncy? 1 Political engineering and disappointed ambition effected ho revolution. WASHINOTOIf AND SLAVERY. No expression Is more common in the South than this? That tlorgo Washington and tho founders of osr government never appreciated the slavery institution in its true light." I have listened to tho silvery tones of Alexander II. Stopheus, as ho discussed the physiological and provilontial status of tho negro, and stated that the " Father of his Country" was too tender-footed to use the word 'Blave," and habitually employed tho term "servant." THI OOVER.VMC.VT CO.VTROrj.RD BV Til* SOlTnt. Should Henry Clay live to-day, many, perhaps the majority of the South, would bo eager to hang him as an rbolltionlst. When Senator Hammond, of South Carolina, stood upon tho balcony of his hotel at. Charleston anil addressed tho frantic multitude around liini, ne look from his pocket a uutuber.of tho Tribune and read a slvrt extract, iu which tho editor assorted the weakness of the South, and thou tho speaker naively roplied, "Do not the fools yet know that we havo always had the control of Ibis government?" ' Tho control of this government!" This, this was tho r.up tie sote.il which heated and stupefied tho brains of Southern politicians. Tho last census diminished the representation of tho South iu Washington, and the late election was a proof that Jeff. Davis and Cobb, and Toombs and Stephens had but slim jhunces of the White House. And why should tho South lose influence in the federal oongresg? Does not every Slavo owned in the South equal Solomon in uli his glory? What country over grow so wealthy as tho South in the short period of six or eight years? Has not every man his carriage, and has not cotton grown In valuo from six to thirteen cents, and is not tho slave he purchased for flvs hundred dollars, iu I860, worth $ I,ilOO or $15,000 now? Why should a people growing thus wealthy submit to a loss of influence m govern incut, especially when the gain goes to sireugtheu their enemies? * . HOW TOOMBS NXII.VECRED THE FSCXCTOH 1MVEME.ST. Upon grounds like thcso a Toombs anil a Cobb, each with a naif million invested in slaves, could appeal with ciffoct to the hot headed ami promt collection of young planters which constituted the Legislature at MilloilgeviUe. " Why not," exclaimed Toombs, " usurp a |>owor (not delegated) and pass the ordinance of secession at once; if you do not hand mo thu sword, by (j?d I'll take it myself Why not pass it?" The mcmlx'rs know, and IVombs knew, that tho Union sentiment was so strong tliat they would gel torn to plecoa had thoy don# so. Hut they could safely do ono thing. Thoy could call a Couvention, and they could pass a law whereby ten wealthy plauters In the middle and tiouthorn counties of the State would havo as much tnllucuco as three thousand in tho more populous counties, where few slaves wore owned. And this they did, nud by tho aid of lying telegraphic despatches circulated all through Georgia on theevoof tho election, announcing that Anderson ejus about to tiro p<in Charleston and its women and children, (hey sue. needed iu obtniuuig nearly half of the memhnrs electetl to the Convention. In the county where tho wricv resi led the rebel txuulidalo received but ICO out of 1,300 votes. now tr flrmpmsn. Rot the Union men elected wore slaveowner*, and when thee we^to i^Mlcd^evdlo thev voted for wcessiuu, lh<! after tle ^ returneTthey'tn'fVirmeJ (Mr constttneuta why they did so. Seoession, tho leaders toid thom, was only rewinstrection of the government. Thd word slave was to bo inverted in tho constitution, and the new compact must proclaim to the world the physiological doctrine that God made the nigger Pi bo a slave. MOV EI. MEAVIVil OS HUCOHSIRlTnOX. It must have Itecn this assurance tiiat induced Linton Stephens, the brother of Aleck (and I have heard him tays so), to attach his signature to the ordinance of secession, having previously declared that till his arm rot KM rrnm tne snounter no would not append h*< nnmo to my audi manifesto. It was in conformity with this prourummo, too, that Aleck himself accepted the Vice Presidency of Uio Southern confoloracy. Was ho not a known Union man, atvl was not his acceptance of such in office a tender of gience ami reconstruction to the 1 North? Did he not state from a thousand Stamp! that lio "never retracted an opinion?never rode behind anybody?" Why did this statesman, who was known to he ts nmhitioug in mind as he was ilwartlsh in person, fal- 1 jify Ins cherished maxims? He was to be Hie |>eaco maker?the point at which extremes must meet. Such a Mission, IT crowned with success, could not fail to make | liim the foremost horseman on tlie race for the White i House?the future President, whom generations unborn i would hud and worship as the second Washington. sr.ir* atxsoia.itc* eaa i mount in rtiK south. Despite the maxims of Clay and other Southern patriots, 1 til through tltc South State allegiance is looked upon as primary, national as secondary; ami the nrdiuance of so;?**ion onoo passed, State pride drove Into the rebel 1 auks thousands who wore the warmest advocates for tbe Jnion. Such men are at present more ultra Soutliern han the original worshipiiers of a distinct nationality. It was liken rending of the hosrt.or the death of a lrst born, to break the bond with Hie North, which was semetiled with the blood of ttioif forefathers, and they inw will exact of the gccocslon leaders that they must -eallau all the, profits which the latter pointed out as the eward of h'aepvste nationality. Sotiu sr'as secession in (lenrgi*?inch It was In nil iouthVa Slates, South Caroilan excepted. 1' Ex uno th*>? f rmpfi." S ?1 thi eropi.s or oboroia xnsnmo. So morliOed have. l^0 people of Georgia felt it ttlft iq- | L Ion of the delegate* to the Secession Convention, that I ten lavo a thousand timet beard thu remark, " I will never fevi rote for any one again until ho makes oath whatoourse lui| te will purauu if elected, no that he may bo arraigned for wit lerjury if he violates hie pledges." Hence it is that, dee- wa tile ail the efforts of the press to arouse the people to at- Bet end an election recently held there, to veto upon the ra. on ideation or rejection of the new State Constitution manu. cot actured bv the secession Convention, only a filth of the con rote re of that Stato appeared at the poMa. A large appro- Mo jatory vole would he flattering to the coulrivere of dii- 1 inion. in I Wlan tho masses in Ceorgia come In examine the n|,i diange made in their Constitution,the devil will bo to pay tht loiuewliere. At prcsont, to And fault with any of the nit loitigs of that Convention would be considered treason to 1 ,he South. th< ARISTOCRATIC CHAMOR 0? ' OMSTmniOW. Set It may be interesting to the readers of the Hsbkld to en earn thai by the old State constitution of Georgia each wt :uunty was allowed one Senator. This gave to the mid- wt 1le and southern counties of the State, oontaitning a few pri wealthy planters, and settled almost entirely by slaves, ou is much Influence as the thickly settled nonslavo-owning en iouuiioa. Tho now constitution, while diminishing the mi whole numher of Senators, givos to evory threo southern tbi ;ounlies,with a hundred sutvo owning voters,one Senator, poi while threo counties in tho north of tho State, with six or Jlght thousand voters, havo but onu Senator also. Tho rel pretext assiguod is to conform to tlio constitution of the j?? United States, by which tho lower house roproeents popu- ?hi dtion, the upper territory. The real cause is that tho 111 argo slavo owners feel that they have no fellowship with *?' :he poor white man, and tfs unrated from the North, the * lay is not far distant when tho poor white of the South will be reduced to tho quondam condition of the serfb of Kr Ituiuia. 111 OROBI.TT TO A XORTURRN WOMAN. Much is paid in the Northern press of the javage cruelty ??! h the South to Nurth'-rn born residents of both scire. I'lio writer, after patming scsthlcss through the hands of in vigilance committers, has loarned at the hotel at which cr to hud to stop, ut Jeitursonville, Indiana, for a few hours, br dial a Northern woman with llttlo children, who was following her banished husband, had stopped there a fow z?' lays hutore with a ooat of tar and foathors on one half th' :ier head, contrasting hideously with the beautiful natural to "ck-s ol the oilmr half The recital thrilled every fibre in a*11 iny heart, and I longed to cut piecemeal the perpetrators he >f this demon outrage upou unprotected womanhood. I tin had a wifo and four little children, who may have to suifor *t< timilar indtgnitioe, and I vowed in my soul that if It un happened to my wife 1 would walk, II" needs bo, the thou- Pr sand inline that separated myself and little family, that I ag may lake a bloody and terrible revenge. StiU,Isympa- he ihizo with such a people. They arc now mad. They feel tnd know that they are standing upon a vast magazine, hu ?nd that the application of the match would not only wi rloctroy a fortune acquired by industry, but expose ovory wi white woman in the doutb, married and single, and every much loved child, to a treatment and a death more hor- ar rlb'o than any ever thought of by Sepoy brutality. so There is not a negro in the South who is not on the qui on vuie for the result of the present contest. That people In liavu no mails or telegraph, but should a slave tnsurreolion occur in Virginia to morrow it would be known in P? louisiaua by the slaves there on Thursday next. an HUMtf OP 8I.AVK INSURRECTION. 48 From plantation to plantation the news picked up whilo cli waiting upon the whites at table, travels with lightning r0 rapidity. Despite of patrols and dogs those, who travel "I1 after ten o'dodk at night?the hour ut which the planter is commonly at rest?negro pedestrians are to be com- 'n mnnly mot with all through tho South. There to little ap- M prehension felt that the negroes will organise an lnsurrec- ro ti.in. hut there is a wide spread terror that in theoveut Al of Huy disaster to the Southern army Hurt the slaves who v? witmss It will loso all self control, sot lire to tho houses 88 ari'i massacre the women ana children; that tun coutaglon will spread rapidly through all tho s-.ave states, reader- ,'1 ing tlte whole one scene of desolation and ruin. BITTKKNE8H OF KKKLINO A'J A INST NEW YORK. Previous to tho bombardment ol' Sumter the hope of Hr wresting the reins of government from the bands of the "J? republicans was almost universal. Washington was to bo ? taken by a r?up de main, arid, tvilh the aid of tho bard ' Nortborn democracy, the constitution was to be re- *y modelled. That event and the immense Union mooting bold in New York chattered ail such hopes to atoms. Then did the South become frantic, and since then they '!u have nevor ceased to curse an l villify every man, woman, child and tlimg that 1ms ever lived there. The city of Ul New York, say they, Is more abolition than the Western rnsorve of Ohio; and it has ever been so, but self intorost and the Southern trade lmd made its citizens hypocrites. Is it wonderful, that with life, property, all at stake, they should goad themselves into freuzyr Now Ooniinencod ar tho universal ha uling or mottoes in all tho country press? ',r "Those who dally aro dastards, and those who doubt are wi damned." 1 hoy must send all their men and arms to 'J" Virginia, and one. ill disposed white at homo could by tampering with the negroes, sot tho entire couDtry in I"? Hamea. <m SOI'TintRN KSTIMArR OV NuRTHKKN VALOR. ca They have arrayed against them a united North, and at l'' homo they are standing ui?ou a volcano, can they feel otherwise than terror-driven tntofuryV N'impnrte, shout b" the military loaders, tho "chivalrous South can rout the 01i Northern millions. Tlioy were cowards in Mexico (so "f Suid Joff. Davis); they are cowards now We will take UI Washington ami burn it to the ground; if wo retained w pofsession of it, there would be a lasting bone of eontcn- ar lion. When we Koist our circle of stars from Indopendeuco Hall, in Philadelphia, or the Ody Hall, in Now York, tho Yankees, llko whipped curs, u ill be too willing l>" to acknowledged our separate independence." Such a th speculation a Northern man would rogard as the visionary so dream of a maniac: but let cue assure Lho reader that it Mi is the programmo laid down by uearly all Southern rebels. gr vain 81'kcl'lation*. til But If this should prove Impracticable, they regard it bi as certain that England, from Interested motives, must advocate the cause of the couth. They know nut or care not to think that the groat mass of poo'plo in England de- th test tho institution of slavery with a national hate. Fl- B nally, should all these hopes fail,all YanIteortum worships of gold?money is tlio Moloch of the Now England Suites? Id and, say tliey, when New York and Now England feel the gi pocket touched, Lhoy will whine and beg for peace. at a delusion DisrsnxRi). fr Tho affair at Bull rim has cured the South of one treat th delusion; they have learned there that Northern men can pull a trigger and push a pike with m steady norvea and 1 stout unarm as ever did Sonthui U'-rs, and In no future hi conflict with Northern truojis will they advance with the pi same confidence as then. T1 motors most-Errs or ooKraoMB. of Were the North to-morrow to tooder to tho South am- te pi.) guarantees of all constitutional rights. It is moro than rc probable tbat tlio leudurs would gladly accept, but the ,a slavuholdlug masses of the South would tear them to ai pioces did they yet talk of compromise. To array tho lit South against the Union, thouanuus had to sacrifice at- cr tachmeuls strong as love for a first born, and they will pr now exact a rigid account of their leaders; they must con- i* duct them to that vaunted Utopia of Independence. Kro tho South will be w illing to compromise, or tho Noi th with honor can propose an adjustment, tho former must bo made to fool that the latter has enough of power and Re patriotism to maintain tho integrity of the nation Then, with tho Bword in ono baud and tho olivo in the ce other, before the South is humiliated, the {J North can display her justice and maguuuimily. tr muttlai, iu.-fkki.ino noktb and south. x( Tliero are some in the North wlio desire tho annihilation ih of tho South, not reflecting, in the blindness of passion, r,> that the Mow, though indirectly, would fall with fatal jD oifect u]?m themselves. There is another class wlio read te with ill disguised pleasure all the details of Northern ln reverses. It may not bo amiss to assure all such that cf their unnatural zeal for tho South is thorn regarded witli co h-Hitfolt contempt. Ueitig in tho weekly receiptor a w uowspaiKT. published in New York, while a resident of m Jhxio laud JI took occasion, a few days since, to call into f0 Uie office to request that tlio address migl I h i changed. rc What was my surprise, wliilo conversing with ono of tho fu employees, to hear him express the wish-'that in every conflict which may occur the South should thrash tho in North?'' I was uover more sensible of the great blessing re of a froo government, which guaranteed freedom of j<i speoch, and could not help remarking that wore he a resi- r| dent of his much cherished South, aud express tvu oppa. tr site wish, that the tenure of his life would be short in- p, deed. to DErRKClATTON OF SLAVS 1-FOrKRTV. (1 The South has 2??t oven already oue half her wealth. w Over two-thirds of the taxable property of the South con- ft sists of slflvc9. They have depreciated in value at least fifty per cent. There arc few Silos, for the simple reason i0 that only those compelled by personal necessity will Ml. n, The law litis suspended all legnl action for the recovery of (.p dobt. Still a few sales which took place at Savannah in- n, dlcaW the dlustrous edicts of the rebellion ti|)on Uia very sn species of projxirty whose value it meant to enhance. re Young men were sold at $doo to $860. who one year ago <u could bu sold at from $1,dot) to $.2,101). ty MILITARY RESOURCES OP THE NATION. f" THE LMOH OF LA VENDEE?SCARCITY OF ARMS AMONG TIIE KEBEt-S?SYMPATHY OF THK SLAVFS WITH THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT?REIGN OF TER. KOR IN THK ROl'TH?-HATRED OF THK REBELS TO THK f GOVERNMENT, ETC., ETC. TO THE EIBTOR OF TtlE HERALD. It is much to be regretted that any portion of the peoplo in tho loyal States should bo cow talking of treating 111 with tho rebelB and acknowledging their independence. If the United States is ever driven to so humiliating a gi course, tho supremacy of this continent passes forever ,r into the hands of the Southern slavoooracy. ^ Why these timid apprehensions of our inability to bi crush out this monster rebellion? Is not the control of st the North American continent and the ascendency of our js free government a rich reward for all tho blood and trea- w sure that will be oxponded in tho contest? * Twenty millions of American freemen may bid defiance ^ to a world in arms. Wecauarmattd equip, If need be in two millions of men as easily as our enemies a fifth of K tt that number; and while the confederate navy is composed tl, f a few pirate brigs and steamers, we have, with our Ti present roepectable naval strength, mechanics and timber " andiron enough to cover, in less than two years, the ^ ocean with our vessels of war. of Tho rebel armies of Brittany and La Vendoe were more 1,1 ormldablo in tho days of tho French revolution than are [lie Southern rebels to-day, and yet fifteen millions of if anscent freemen not only beat down the vast armies o it the traitors, but routod, in addition, the countless legionf of confederated Kuropc. > With a strict blockade ^ the whole of the seceded StaJttuv c cannot arm and oqulp fiRy thousand additional men. ' tho personal knowledge of the writer, company after Sty, m ' (.any recently organized tn the South have apgAfe^, ^ I vain to tho authorities for aims. Hopes, howeys*- were i held out that, In the event of some vessel* #'wUlc^ ^ ailed Rom Europo escaping the btecka*" ^ #rnu. could , then bo furnished tho new levies. Inm janUme vhey t werq-hdvised to come on with ih;ie sBolgun9. little truthful Ineldejk, n(.TOrTe(( rec-titly in a large slaveholding eo'jbty nwr paAiisfy the reader Hint, j , the Southern r,v<e((tr,?ut Is undermined and ready j to Jtiilodoe tit manner which causes anxious I I I ror to thousand! In the Booth, and at wfaieh r in the North would axult. I was traval{ alter midnight through a section studded h l/irge plantations, and was astonished at the unusual Icerulneas and nets; hilarity of the negroes at every ilemout which I passed; t learned next morning that the day previous the nowa arrived that a company,, upoaed chiefly of the sons of wealthy planters in the inty, had bean cut to pieces at the battle of Rich lUDtiin. "here la a wide spread apprehension in the South that the event of any great disaster to the rebel army, the (roes who witness it will lose all self control, set fire to i houses, and that the contagion will spread Ilka lightig through the eutlre South. Some in the North aro astonished, a few appalled, at s euddeoces and magnitude which have marked the asnblage of the armed rebels. This It Is which bsa strlckterror lulo tho craven end paallanlmous In our mldat, to with hands in pocket cry (or peace. These traitors, to do not appreciate the value o? a government which rtects their lives and property, which they am rstng and striving to degrade, should be painted black d packed off to Dixie land?there they would soon ba tde to fieel by vigilance committees, and lash and rope, a beautiful and humane spirit which bsa given its tinting but deceptive grandeur to the monster rebellion. Qie two hundred thousand slaveownlng nabobs of the t>ol States, urged by pride and passion, made a fearful p, and unforeseen or uncared for circumstances carried sra boyond the intended mete. WithUfe, wealth, name] Influenco all upoa the hazard of a die, Is itamatr of wonder that they rushed to arms themselves! Hiring the patriotism of the people, they durst not arte ?lr verdict, and committed to treason themselves, they asped the sword and puree in every State, and roatening all who hesitated with death and ruin, they ellod thisir ranks with thousands of citlseus who were yal to the core. The worst days of the Directory, In that bloody episode French history, cannot furnish Instances of greater uelty and barbarity than occur dally amid our quondasn ethrcn of the Sooth. All those not natlvog who have not ptanged with frantic ?l into tho rebel cause live In constant terror. Whoa b father leavca his residonce in the morning to attend his daily duth a, he ktsses wife and children with the (idoiiing apprehension that the present leave taking may uio ijim. wncn me ramuy gainer at evening, oeroro ey all-Kin to politics tiny must feel assured lliat tie ango ears are listening at door or window, and then la dor lone oanvass the probability that sumo suspected ivnte enemy or some Union Boutimont uttered long, long o, will, ere anotlior sun may set, bring sadness to the art anu tears to the eyes of womanhood and cause the liling of orphans to be heard in that onco bappy little me. The writer speaks from personal experience and tli a knowledge of many instances where the picture is more dark and bloody than the one hero drawn. It is thus that the slave power has put iuto the field m my of two hundred aud fifty thousand men. This hugs rpenl, with a head of brnss and-a body of clay, is moving a surface which at a momout niny oxplode and blow tt to alums. The leaders of ths rebellion well knew the might and wer of this government, and by goading themselves d others Into a state of frenzy they have succeeded In S"inblmgan armed force winch would terrify what wan l!ed the cowardly North, and which from lts,powor at sistance would appeal to tho niggcriy goldworghipping Irll of the Fastern States. No language can oonvey an idea of tho blind, boundless ?nzy aud hate with which the slavoowuers in ths sedod States regard this government Slaveocracy and publicauism are now contending for ascendancy in North nenca. The one must exercise sovereign sway to Use iry borders of Canada, or the other must maintain its condency to Mexico and the Gulf. The rehel statos have now tested the uttermost limit at eir resources ami strength, while this mighty asd giant Hon of freemen has scarcely braced its (hows and sinews r the contest. Were the people of the loyal States ousod to tho same pitch of maddened fury as ths 8 la valuing rebels, ore another year bad us blrtb, every traos treason mid traitors would have disappeared. Should the freemen of this day, from meanness or tlmlly, yield to the darmg audacity of the rebel government, ey will leave to ihsir chBdrcn a logacy of woes. Better r us. at the expense of millions, now to do the duty that voices upon us effectually and well, than oblige our ohlen. at tho cost of billions, to wine out 111c stain uaoa eir fathers' manhood. MISCELLANEOUS ITEMS. THE VIRGINIA UJI.ITIA. The following <-struct is from the Charleston Jferimrtft my correspondent now in Virginia:?Wie militia are ing mustered in to-day, and many of them tame into-it itb considerable roluetauco. There are aome who huve i ardent sympathy for the cause. Miey will fight for tb? hiih, of course, if obliged to light, but they bavo the eling that if it had not been for South Carolina there L>uld have been no necessity of lighting. Mirny other# .n badly spare the time. Their oats are unharvosted) eir other cioj# are still immature; they have no hand* work thum but their own, and it is truly a mutter ad rioas Inconvenience and injury to be obliged to tun it. Vet iu this section there are many who can tight, id who can be spared to fight, but who will no! llcsu they are compcllod to do it. Besides this, itli the militia wilt come out tho ordinary ttretus of tho country, which will not come without. MIN1K BALL WOUNDS. A correspondent writing front Manassas to a Memphis iper, says:?"I also loaru from oue of our surgoons that 10 wounded prisoners token by our army are not by far ' dangerously hurt as tho majority of our own men. i>st of our wounds are from Miuie balls, which made eat ghastly openings and frequently gone entirely through o body?while those upon the euemy are with round ilia, whose effects have been less fatal." DEATH OP LIEUTENANT MXNGUN. Wo deeply regrot to learn, says the ltichmond Whig, lal Herond Lieutenant Willie Preston Mangum, Company , of tho Sixth North Carolina regiment, died on Tuesday ' the injuries re solved in- the late battle at Manassas, eutunitni Mangum was a sen of ex-Senator Willie P. Manim of North Carolina, and was a man of brilliant promise ni an officer of rare tact and ability. He was only saved em instant death bv a Bible in his Docket. w liich broke io force of the ball. MATTXR8 AT NEW ORLEANS. A copy of the New Orleans /'nice Current of August S is been received, from which we gather additional oof of tho utter stagnation of business in that city, to total number of vessels in the port was twenty-eight, which twelve wero ships, four barks, two brigs and n schooners. Ton of the ships, one bark ami one hooncr were under seizure. Numbor of balos of coitus port. 9,800. By tho first of August new cotton is usuly roceivod at New Orleans, but up to the third none id come to hand. Tho I'rict Current reports that the itlon and corn crops are heavy, and that the cano was omitting. Also that tho Confederate loan was "unusually tpular.*' LATER NBW3 FROM TEXAS. Tho Austin Slab Gazelle, of the 27th ult. , says:? Governor Clark ices now about 1,100 Texas troops in irrison.nnd on scouting duty in tho Indian territories Uwcen l'oxas and Kansas. lie has succeeded, through 'mmissinnors, in procuring tho friendship of the civilud tribes inhabiting that country, and has effceted outlet with most of the nations on tho reserve north of sxas, hy which they bind tbomsolvos to fight for us in io piosentwar. lie is now about organizing several ginieuts on tho lino of Red rivor, as a corps of reserve, tho event disaster should overtake us hi Missouri, and be usod as a nucleus for rallying a large forco to repel v as ion, if neeessary. He Is, we are informed, abou* itablishing a full understanding, and a lino of communiitlon, with the Governors of Ai kansos and Missouri, and ith Gen. McCoUonch'S headquarters. He is using Oil tho cans within his power to procure arms and ammunition r tho Plato. He is doing most of this on his ow iipousiuiitiy, out uioi e rmi uu ug uouoi iuai ue wiu gv lly sustained by the Logislnturo. The Galveston News, of the 30th ult.,has the followg:?Tho foundry at Lavaca.for making cannon, le nearly iady. All the necessary machinery is up and at work, untenant Col"uo] .John K. Daylur has arrived at l'ort lies, noar El Paso, ami taken'command of tho Texas oops there. Tho cotton crop on the lav oca river is twirled by the Indianola Courier to be so far advanced aa i bo safe from the worm. A gentleman just from Corpus iristi Informs tho Columbia Democrat that tho host of ilt can be had near there, from the lagoons, at tea cents bushel. The Indianola Courier, of the 13th inst., says The Oolctor of this district bnK received Instructions from Blofconil to dispense with tho services of Deputy Collector at us port, and all other Subordinate officers or employes bis district, whoso services are not absolutely noceairy. We learn that on tho morning of the 30lhult.,s iport reached (Jalveston that a federal force, numbering iu hundred and fifty mon, had landed at High Islands, and iat the roport created much excitement High Islands twenty miles from Bolivar Point, on the coast road ora Galveston to Sabine. THE KANAWHA EXPEDITION. [Correspondence of tho Cincinnati Gaaotte.] I'OllfT Pl.ttASlNT, Vs., July 31,18?. 'light of Wiuffrtm Gantry?HftrtatM tn a Great Itwif Reported Death of Jenkins?Movement* qf Trotpt? Col. Woodruff. A courier from Oaulcy's bridge arrived In town this orniug, bringing the intelligence that General Co* had icceeueil In getting up with Wise's party at that point os inday morning. As soon our scouts were seen intolli nco was convoyed to Wise, who beat a precipitate roost, leaving behind for our use several casks of bacon, 500 muskets, a large lot of ammunition, teuts and other imp equipage. In his retreat ho has burned all tho ridges on the road. Ho is now reported encamped In a ronghold eighteen miles above Ganley'srivor. Colonel Tyler succeeded in joining Cox on Sunday. Bo now encamped on tho opposite side of the river. A halt til be mi vie hero for several days to refresh the troops, ho are exhausted by tlmtr long march, when tho two ivisions will unite an l give Wise anotbor chase. Our on are In good spirits and anxious to be led into haute nmcdtatcly. It is reportoJ by a soldier of th? Socond entiickv regiment, who has Just arrived from tho camp, iat Captain A. G. deck iris {ex Congressman), woe shot y one of our scouts in the neck and mortally wounded, hi? news is received with great joy by tlic inhabitants of i border. Jenkins is a desi>erato character and is held i fear by the whole community. Ho carries on a sort of lorrilla wan aro upon unarmed citixens, and robs thesa ' all they posaesit His command Is made up of thevilins of this section of the country, who aro well mountci, ul armed, kpd are thus enabled to proceed from one on of Uwpt,>nntry to another in a surprising short this uovs should prove true, and 1 think it is ratable, 'V best we have had in a Ions tinie. At Vharlestoti all is quiet and a strong lnlonf^)jng f vails Those who wore drlvon away on uccouot of aeir Uniou sentiments are returning, ami o?iil\dw.,ee t* inco more restored. I/'Wis Roffoer, Es<P , a tneutk or of tho atoconvention at Wheeling, returned toChr nested tolay on the Silver lake. Ho will tmragd'iatelv ergan7.o Homo Guard companies along the Kanawha, and promptly put down all attempts of t^? reL -kJ to again letter was received here yesterday from Col Woodruif, directed to his wife, which goro tho pans of (apt, Jenkins on It. 'IV messenger wJ?o brought it reports tho colonel safe in Richmond. / This little town Is gjl alive with Ih- preparations for war which nro now going on. A train of .-.evenly flv.^ wagons has Just K,( for the rami*. The MuntlelU, w?th fifty wagons ar , ,mft hundred horses, li w Just aryfvotl. They will i,lrwirded immediately. We hiyyb shout four ttujpT.-cd troops sncampod hero. Th-v fire gent as with the provision trains. ?, J. T. 6.

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