Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 14, 1861, Page 3

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated August 14, 1861 Page 3
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I MODERN IMPLEMENTS OF WAR. PERKINS' STEAM GUN. OUB LONDON GOHKJCSI'ONUKNCE. London, Juue 27,1861. It does not require a groat logician or a subtle casuist to prore that in the terrible, and often unequal conflict of War, the valor and skill of soldiers may be utterly thrown way without proper Implements Hence wo soe the extraordinary exertions and almost fabulous sums of noncy invested by France and England in cannon, rifles hells, steel clad ships and destructive missiles. I need not, then, make any apology to you and yonr readers tor giving you three or four letters on warlike Implements. ITio most destructive engines of war shorten hostilities, and vastly abridge the Buffering, expatso and commercial disasters of national conflicts The inan, who, In a period Mka th* nraiu.ni should invent au implement that, by Its ftestructiveness, would shorten the period of such a war aa the United States aro now engaged in, would be a bene' factor to tho human species. Perkins'steam gun is historical, but Tor certain reasons?and those mostly not connected with its merits or demerits?has newer been used or evon tried in battle. Ilie great Duke of Wellington, who, exoept perhaps his Imperial antagonist, has seen more or war than any other man of modern times?and who was emphatically a man of peace, and opposed to all wars?urged npon the British government in 132S?a time of profound peace?to purchase from tho inventors the exclusive use and patent of this destructive engine while it was in a comparatively unfinished state, and the pries asked for ft was one hundred thousand pounds, or $000,000. f ho inventors were Jscob Perkins and bis son Angior March Perkins, both native* of Newburyport, Massachusetts, and ciiixens of the United State*. Jacob Perking bos been dead some years, while Mr. A. M. Perking, in company with bis sou, Loftn* Perkins,has been for gome time well known as a most eminent Arm engineers and engine builders here in London. Any on who knows the v.ist difficulties and the superhuman exertions necessary to overcome the red tape routine, official Jealousy and vested interests that cluster round tli0 British army and navy, will not bo surprised that a man Of moderate fortune, and already embarked In a safe and profitable business, would not spend all his life, and more han all his means,in tryingjto stein the current of offlcia prejudice, even with a brilliant prize in the foreground. I predict, without any fear at all of being a false prophet, that Perkins' steam gun will, at a day uot far distant, bo Almost the only means used for impelling balls, shells And other missiles In tho navies of tho world. It must be so as certainly as steam bus been the principal motive power for commerce and travel on land and I water. A committee of the British army and navy sat upon the merits of Perkins' gleam gun, aud a majority, save one. wero in favor of adopt me It, and those who opposed. Or wore unconvinced, had nothing to rely upon as an excuse except the report of--whom? Why, of certain steamboat or army engineers, who did not bolievo Mr. l'erkins could do what ho said lie could, because he had never eon it accomplished, steam can he worked practically and safely up to 3,000 Ihs. to iho squoro Inch, and is worked up to half thai every day in Mr. Perkins' Steam WorkP, kn Regent square, London. The theoietlral engineer, or artillerist, will tell you that gunpowder has n prcssuro far greater at Iho tima of ignition than team has; but he forgets (hat almort the entire mnmrn turn of the ball from a firearm is given if at the time and In the space .hat the powder takes to burn, while steam Is exerting an equal fon e the whole length of thebrrrel while tho missile Is being projected. Mr. Perkins declares that ho is able, and will willingly undertake to throw a solid ball or a shell, with a steam gun. from an ordinary war ship into a foriifled town five miles distant. When we conn id or the great tnechanieal difficulties of making a piece capable of throwing even a ball of two or three hundred pounds weight?difficulties that increase by a sort, of geometrical progression till they become insuperable In all firearms of very large size?we cannot but be startled at this bold assertionIf tho gun has half the merit claimed for it by tho inventor, if forged or cast tho sizo of ordinary guns, we could not believe he would hazard his reputation by such an a.-sort ion us the above if it had much chance of being fallacious. It took Laii'-aslcr and Armstrong the best part of a lifetime to get their inventions adopted by th" British government, and we need nut wonder that the si cam gun has to undergo a long probation. The advantages claimed for this gun are so numerous that 1 scarcely know in what order to begin to enumerate tnoro. 1. The Perkins steam gun will Dtv from ten to sixty balls a mluute, and can 1" kept going night ami day, as long as the ammunition holds out, or during the pleasure Of the engineer. 2. The steam gun will have an effective range equal to (hat of the most efficient Armstrong or VVUitwortb rilled gun, throwing hails accurately from four to six mi les. 4. The steam guu can iiroduee a far more eflVatree battering power than ordinary artillery,as aotjo of tho difficulties oxistlng in llrearms will prevent the throwing of solid or explosive missiles weighing five hundred, ouo thousand or two thousand pounds weight. 4. Any ruled barrel, the nwet efficient iu tire or Uiat can be" made?Armstrong 's, Whitwerih'g, WV-atby's, James', Parrot's, or any other?with any description of bullet tlat ran bo used in firearms, can bo connected Willi tho proper steam boikr and used as a steam guD. 6. The expens" while in use is less than one half that of ordinary' artillery, tho saving in ammunition during twelve hours' shoutiDg of a twelve |K>i;ndcr being at least fifteen hundred d"lladS,or two or three tines the cost of an ordinal y card' a 6. Twelve of tlieso guns and one hundred men on board a steam vessel of moderate size, will throw tvorc shot, tied with equal effective rouge, than can bo thrown by half a dozen seventy four g n hfpe, and carrying 1,00ii to 1 ,'dOO men each. 7. From two to.four men, besides the ordinary fireman of tho ship, are only required to mm one of tliesa gnus, whatever its eizo, together w iih the boiler and stvaiu apparatus. 8. The ordinary hollers of a steamer, if constructed or adapted to the use of this gnn, can riuro the steam and work one or two guns while tho chip is in motion, and without any perceptive lo^s of speed. 9. A steam guniio.it of tho ordinary size used in the British \avv, a revenue cutter, or a California or transatlantic steamer, with two of Perkins' steam ?twelve p cinders, with the ordinary boilers of tho vessel udapted to tho purpose, or a moderate sized boiler, like that of a donkey engine?would bo more than a match for a liuc-of-battle f.liip, while a crew of two dozen men would givo a sufficient reserve for relays aud casualties. 10. Nothing is required except the rilled barrels, the steam poflrcr, the solid or exploeivo mi.-siles, two or three turn i'? (uir:.?i ini'i .v iv 111 iuv 11. On board ship, iii a fort, or in the (told, there arc 110 powder magazines, caissonfi, or ammunition wagon? or boxes to he blown up, or create alarm or danger of espies .on, this calamity oft- u causing thtt cntiic destruction of the v.- -el and all on board, or de ?troy lug tho li vi-s of nil within ron, b. li Thn steam gnn ran b? used in erery description of warfare?on bnatd w-sels, In forts, i:i the bold witli horse power, or attached to a laud lorniuiitive?in the sumo positions as ordinary cannon or tield re. s. 13. Nothing but metallic balls ar l steam being csed, every discharjo lalirii ate* the pi,., fouling la rendered im possible, while there is nil the eiejiliness,safety ,reg iUrity of action, aud durability of ordinary steam machinery. 14. A SkOain vc- ->1 clat in t,lecl plates.to resist the enemy V ur.i'.lery, could. with our or two 01 these guns, deal destruction on evety sit! -, ami sink a whole fleet with only sufflcioijl tint.' to engage enoli separate vessel. 16. Two such g'in? for ordinary lt:t . Ijors. and on? or twout e:vU prominent is* nt .il tht: toii^ao t of the ports of Now Yortt. H'ston, l'iivad :phia, ami other largo marltime citira, wo-..,I prove iuTuiiierab'.i to any hostile force or fleet thai conlrt bo brought against th-m. 16. All vessels having valuable cargoes, even ordinary sailing ships, with noti.im hut a boil t ami n gun, could bo eflbetually armed to re.-.st the gulf pirates, or privateers on tiny and every sea. 17. Tlio expense of both gun and I toiler would be but a moderate |X>r rentage on the value ot a single cargo, while the room mid dead wei.ht would scarcely be equal to a Ion of ordinary merchandise. 18. The explosive ammunition for throwing balls or Shell consists of nothing hut coal and water, and the Quantity used will not ... - I ;!. v.- ;btof gunpowder hi common artillery?three oun. es of coal and twenty ounces of water being the average consumption for each Shot from a rilled twelve pounder. 19. A scarcity of powder, a total want of percussion chjis or fuses used in ordnance, or a rise In the price of "villainous saltpelve,'? which might Cripple or paralyze the strength of a nation in time of war, will have no effect on thu use or efficiency of the steam gun. 20. Perkins' steam gun is not a centrifugal catapult, or nlcam battering ram, like the abortive concern made at Baltimore, but a regular piece of artillery, discharged by a loud explosion, similar to an ordiuuiv cannon, or more like an air gun. 21. Withthesarae sized bare?that of an ordinary rifle? equal precision and force can be produced at a distance of a thousand yards which can bo attained with an ordinary air gun at fifty yards, and every one knows the aocurato and fatal ami of tin se aerial weapons. 22. Within as brief a period as sis months, one half of tho vessels In the service of the United States could be armed with ihetsteani gun. aider giving ample time for one or more to be made and thoroughly tested. 83. On war and naval vessels, with one gun where ten are now used, with one marine or flghtiug man twenty now employed, and nt one half the present comVammunition, <m equally efficient force could be set afoat for all offensive and defensive pm po.-. c 24. Two small gunboats with a single steamgun to each would be sufficient to establish a perfect blockade t nearly every Southern port?all except two or three with very wide harbors?wb.lo in the little inlets and creeks one small vessel would prove efficient, and be mere than a match for every privateer or rebel craft. 2A. On land or water, with steam artillery, the guns would be so few in number and of such peculiar make they could he almost instantly destroyed or made Inefficient in the event of their being captured or abandoned. 20. The iuvent-u' is a native and citizen of the United States?a loyal one. too?and while the Invention nud j tirluging into use of this formidable arm would redound to the credit of Amu iun ueUiautul geuiue, its exclusive I J possession would give your government In the prese conflict an overwhelming advantage above your advert riea. 27. The eaving in war expenses and valuat lives; the advantage and credit of an efflcie blockade; the brief time required with l uio of these guns for the reducliou of Norfol Charleston, Savannah, Pensacola and New Orleani the prestige the use of this arm would glvo tho Unit Status government; tho abridging of the conliict, ai the vast economy and eaving to tho commercial and I duslrlal interest! of the nation in bringing the war to speedy and successful termination,can l>e belter calc luted at the close of the conflict, but which would pi bably amount to hundreds of millions of dollars. 28. While thogc various propositions may road mo lilto romance than reality, they all rest on the two or tlir first named, and these < au bo put to a thorough lost tho course of ninety days, and at a cost not to exce ten or twelve thousand dollars. These are the propoeitioul and tho merits claimed f Perkins' stoma gun. I confess tliey seem to be too stui ling to be true. I have drawn out the several partIc lars, and made the de lections from a plain, matter of fa statement and description written by the inventor, certainly believe it a g. nerally correct account of the gi and its capabilities. To doubt its great value or belie' the statements mainly visionary, would involve us several palpaldo absurdities. The mveutor dues not wll the government to fay a fabulous or an enormous sum f bis Invention with' ui knowing clearly its value Hi "a desires the ordinary cost of boiler, steam apparatus ai a single gun to give it a full and satisfactory test, at that will not exceed ten or twelve thousand dollars. We its merits not based on something more substantial thi mere conjecture, the Duke of Wellington and a rospectab number of able men in the Flriti-h government commi sion would not have rocommeuded this government purchase it. Tlio inventor is not an adventurer, or a man wlthoi character, but an engineer and engine builder of high p C 11 I An ni.an.hnl.au a ..1. .. ... ... <n a.......I.. ... Inaa a. one who would not hazard his reputation with i chance or reaping tiny return but disgrace ai contumely?a result that would be Inevitable unless b statement in in the main correct. The Rrltish govcr mont laid out many hundred thousand pounds sterling or million* of dollars?under the direction of Sir Wt Armstrong, before they did or could forgo one officio; gun on his plan, and many wore the failures. And no-. I would ask, would your government bo justified in r fusing to iuvust a few thousand dollars in au Impleme like this, while you are engaged In a strugglo tli threatens your very existence as a nation, and in whli your country must be Impoverished at least to the o tent of fifteen hundred to two thousand ggtlUd of dollars? Wero It the wl'Jest scheme iu tl world, with one-half of (he promised mot of this, without a titho of its plausibility or chance of su cess, the sum of mouey required, as a mereexpurinter would not bo a drop in the bucket. The inventor w employ no lobbyinon, foo no advocates, nor hire or l?rii any agents, newspaper wrttcrs or contractors, or take ai but a simple straightforward course to lay nis inventii beforo the government of his native country. As one of ti correspondents of the Hkkumj, iu a foreign land tor son years, I could do no Ium than send you the statcmet and, so far as the publicity In your columns Is eoncerno 1 beg to say that this is done entirely at my lustani without any wish or request of the inventor's; and It sure you 1 ltoliove it to be correct. If the press on yo side take the subject up, your government cannot avo giving l'erkius' stentn gun a trial, and may your unscrup lous enemies feel the effects. THE RIFLE. Lo.ndox, July 30.1801. Whatever may be said of tho "deep mouthed thuudo: VI J.VUUCIVUO mHIIVI J , UK) V 1"V m?i "i ""HI have in numerous instances boon swayed by the trus death dealing messenger that ia poised by the single si dier. Of all improvements in modern implements of w none have been greater than in I ho rille. For more tin thirty years alter the riflemen of Kentucky, Tenncss and Iajuislara routed . he British thousands at New C leans, the soldiers of Kng'and carried the musket of t last century?' Old Brown Bess," as It is called?agi that had little accuracy even fur ten rods, and whii would scarcely throw a hall two hundred yards at fn thest. True, these wero mostly piping times of pear a'td England, fur the nonce, had few battles to fight. 15 the llcrco war in AtT-hanistan occurred, and hotter am must bo had. The French Miuie rifle, the I'm stan needle gun, and the American improv inrnts by Colt, S-httrp and others, demo strnted that an accurate and fatal ran for tho rifle could ho attained of a thousand, twelve bu died, and even sixteen hundred yards. The mythk anecdote of Lundy's I^no. where an American sentry w said to have hit his British antagonist a mile distat across the Niagara river, might now ho a reality. Wit out attempl'Ug to give the sejiaratc steps, or naming ti inventors or tbeir nationality, it ia sufficient to state th the British govorument dually adopted the " lonpEnilclc riflo?or whut in America is often called the " En tie musket'?end afterwards (ho "short En Hold," as tl regular arm for the infantry, or foot roldicrs. With tl " abort Fjifluid" is connected a sword-bayonet, or oho sword, which ran be used cithor as a awurd a!oue,or i a bayonet attached to the guu. This nrtn?or rather the two anns?in tho hands of well-drilled soldiers form very efficient weapon. Tho Er.fleld rifle is so well known, and cotisiderab Humbert being now in use tn Amer.cs, turth r dcscn tlon is unnecessary. The attention of the govor meat and of English military men ha< of la been largely directed to brnech-loading guns, breech leading rifle possesses several prominent adva tag.* over a muzzle loading gun. Thoy can be loaik and llred firm three to six times as rapidly. The soldi Is less cxpo6od to passing bullets: the range of the gi may l>o far greater , and tlio soldier can load and flro positions like lying flat ou the ground, in cramped jv turosor on hois?b:ttk, whore a urtzgle-loader would 1 comparatively useless. Why should a mounted soldi be obliged to get over the mntsle of his gun to ram a b; down while the cartridge can be slipped into the broct with the Angers in two seconds, without any ramrod inconvenience, and all with one hand, while the o!t> guides his horse? An exact and close Qt can be attain by having a ball inserted at the breei h thirl is a litl smaller than the barrel, and thus, by having no "win age"?a very little being sufEciuiit to detract large from the foice of the powder?of course a longer ran, can be attained, provided there is no leakage behind tl cartridge. Tho British government has no prejudice as to tl nationality of arms, in proof of which it may 1 mentioned that all the lu.irliinery for tho maniifactii of I nfield r.Bo.i at Aidorshot, for tho British nrniy,w ma le in Connecticut. And in the Crimean war sever thousau 1 Hharp's rifles wore purchased m America, iu used to good otidet in lighting the Russians. The obje tions tu.clo to eh irp'e ritia by the British oillcers and si dicrs were soverui. its! tlicsn wore undoubtedly bated ( practical ol>. " vution and use. They leaked Arc larg I particularly aft' i being a - linn lime in use. and tlio Ami streamed "ut so far on euh side as to burn the fai r whiskers and clothes of the men standing in thernnk side by side. Then the sharp edge ol tho iron that era up at tlio brooch, and which cuts off the lower < nd of tl cartridge, often cot tho soldiers'hands. This may hat boon owing to I he f ut that the weather was much of t! time very cold, and of curse Angers. vouM benumb ui the hands clumsy. Alter considerable firing tho gi wxild got foul, ana tlio cartridge not going m eusil a largo portion Of it would I* cut < ont-'ido, wu ting tiio powder and <1. strut ing the force i tho discharge. The leakage of ftre waa found to Is sen the range very materially. The large o!n:;p of ir< abound Ibi breech g.vcs the gun a chimp-d, bullpo sliafie, and u.iu' ily increase!- its weight. Tho gun u , " 1 nud iu use in the in itit h cavalr, is Culldier i -or Terry's, as it is called.?bre?*c loading rib' i.'iim?. Til! barrel is twenty-four tuelie? length" full i ngth i3-ht> seven and ahalf Inches?at weighs allojp ibor a trifle under six isiunfls. It ins an < (O'-llve r.iii .e of OVci a thousand yards, i sighted f. 1,200 yard?, raid will carr; a hall, or rifle shell. 1,6G0 ' 1,600 yards, or very m arl) one tuile. It hit- none of tl objections male to Sharp's. The b. rr in ihc s:imo as ti EnAcld, and Ares a Einc' tr bullet?conical?one woigbii about an ounce. iHi contrivance I >r iuuumg una tin closing th" breech ;s one that sends a si rl plug into 11 lower end of the barrel about a third of an ire Tint ball protrtV's naked from one end of the .1 tridge, and, when tired, entirely fill;, the bore a: groove, entirely pp venting windage. It is impo-.M for it to leak lire, By a singular and ingenious conl vanuo in the curtridgo lite gun lubricates and cloa itself, and does not become tbo least foul, oven afi tiring thousands of times. ,\t the lower or Iuseord the cartridge is a wad, cut out ol heavy wooilcn folttr at least a quarter of an luob thick, 'ibis is seturai with grease, lard or tallow. The powder is between tl wad and the bullet , and aider the discharge the w remains in the gun. Of course the wad goes out btfi the next bullet, and as the gun grows warm by flri the grease melts, and the gun Is hibrh alert and rVan out st every discharge. One id' these rifles was lir eighteen hundred tint's in suiocisiou without cleaning examination, under ihe inspects n of some officers Portsmouth, and was then pronounced clean and in good condition as when the cs;>eriment commenet It missed lire joet twice in the eighteen hundred d charges. 'Terry's breech loading rirtov.js invented f or eight years ago.and hu now the cut btbiedistinction being exclusively use 1 by the British cavalry, hos.-a dragoons and uiountod riflemen, am! the only breei loader In use In the British army mid 1 oval servlco. the I/mdon Kramiiifr, a jstper of great weight Sad 1 thorily, said, iu a review of the la'e riffo contentnt W: bled oh:? The muzzle-loading rifle is doomed, and pi the breech-loader must take the place of the Enlieli The J?wtm?nei'pronounces Terry's the. only hrrac1i-Ioa< worth naming. It carried off sever el prizes at Wimb don. and has been adopted by b"tb the Australian a New Zelsnd e.olonial governments for both mounted a foot soldiers. If we ask why ihj British government not adopt it for their foot soldiers, we get vc sufficient reasons. The a-m h in only Just boon I trodiiced, and at this time the government hu hardly got through with making end distributing t Enflold, and the supply for the army has taken up soi seven years to complete. Besides', Hie coal of pros!) ar for a force of two hundred thousand men. at tlv? to eij pounds slcr'ing a gnn, amounts tonolerr then six Of seven million dollars. The lirRt step h 1" been to t Terry's breech-loader into the hands the cavalry, a also to supply the navy ? ith it?a good many email ar being required In hoarding aud tiring from the round 1 011 liipbuard.aud one s needed that wll' admit of I most rapid loading. I Several ether breech loading riCce arc in the Engi raw YORK HERALD, WEJ n* market, among which may be name J Weetley Richards' * and Henry'*. These guns are noither of them equal to Terry'a, though Henry'* has been lauded by acme or the tie journal*. The United Service Gaiette, the Tinus, tho Ks n' aminrr, th* Morning Herald and several other Journal* he have given elahorato arlicleg, With toortptloai and account* of the practice and uro of Terry 'a rlllo. It being j confessedly aiipertor to any other soldier's tool in the English market, la a autfinieut apology fur devoting tho ail apace that I have to Ita description. Terry'binfantry gun? in* exactly like tho carbine, only longor?is the uoatest looka lug rifle I ever aaw in my life. 111 Ilow long will It be before your government, In apito of '0- interested maker*, contractors and jobbers, will Intro duco an arm like this into your service? Terry's rifle 1-0 can bo loaded and flred eleven or twelve times a minute, 00 and whether ono ball in a hundred and twenty on an "j average, in battle, hits it* man, or a larger or lesser per ed centage, the shower of leaden hail that will come from a regiment armed with such a piocc must be terrific. or But my purpose Is not to urge your government to ' adopt or uso any particular implement, hut to describe 11 the most efficient arms now made or in use in (Irent Rrl tain. The carhino cost* liore about ?6 sterling. Tho 1 government furnishes the stocks and gets them manu? factored by contract for about ?5. In America they f? would cost about the tame a.-; Shaipc'a carh.ne?not fir 'n from $35 This is the breech loading gun of the British 'h service, the moat ofl'cctlve small arm in use lu Eurojte? Culiabor A Terry's broech loading riflo. id ??? >t Arrivals and Departures. re ARRIVALS. tu San F*?*ci*ro via Panama?Steamship Ohamnlon?C R 10 Bockalcw an t famdv, E Smith and son, Lieut Van Zandt, * Mr Porter, li Pithln, Mr Hackett, J I, Frv, A C Warden, J M p, Pyle, A Uo.e, J Satus and wife, Jo. I) >wd. W E Jenkins, J D Snclman, E tlarvln and family, J I. Bell, T R Brewn, da* M , McLeod, J H F,idler, K 11 Johnson, Mr Bigeluw. tVro Carson, 11 E L Wldting J II Hammond, J M Johns.n and family, C'upt Slnip.on and family. D Rubh&rd and fanulv. MrsM T?mn id send And servant, S T Leet and family, L Pammia, F G Drake, N W Hastings, E Bloch, Junge Mun^m, Samuel A Wood. .1 C ?i Williams, B Nordhelmer, flenrge Fall. D N Barney and fa m mlly, Mrs Coolbury. Mrt E 11 Saw vor, Mm Mary J GiUis, S W ' Folamn and sister. "Miss T Campbell, Mrs Nelson and child, 11 Miss F .1 Dolliver, Mr Taylor. Mrs Lucy and child. Mr Howe, ? 11 II Moore and lady, George Tunic, Mrs 11 M Rn?\ K 1* Orr.y, n. Major Augur and family, K S EcU?, H (J Mosley, J II Guam? ut and 90 iu the steerage. St Vincents?Bark Despatch?Jno Hill, Chas Lambert, v DkmaraIu?Schr Southern Belle?George Harper, lady and Lit child. ii ax8 FINANCIAL AND COMMERCIAL. Il? 'it c- '"jksday, August 13?6 P. M. '.'j The following is a comparative table of exporte he (exclusive of specie) from New York to foreigt >y ports for the week ending August 13:? MM. isfio. 1ML " Total for the week $1,574 . 4?S 1 ,R94 .068 1,5^7,OR.' Previously rep ted 38,870,989 62.932,557 78,4ol ,404 Pinee January 1. $40,461,457 64,8/6,915 80,010.45i is The apparent decline in our exports, as com 'id Pare<* lost year, is merely accidental. W< u- are shipping produce as freely ns we ever were and, from present appearances, shall continue to dc so for some time to come. We are now comparing however, with the period of last year, when tin ,, failure of the British harvest was ascertained and shipments began to be made on an extensive Renl< (y from tliia port. ol. The money market continues very dull. Tk< nr brokers are borrowing all they need at 4 per cent an Paper of high grades continues very scarce, and th< ec prospect of large negotiations by government tend! >r- to check the inquiry for mercantile notes. People 110 are waktag to sec what employment Mr. (Jbast ,D will oflcr thorn for their funds. L A moderate business has been done in francs foi the steamer of to-morrow at 5 33 a 37%. Ster. 4?, ul ling is dull at 107 a %, with very few transactkMK at the higher figure. Bankers are buying gone ig. mercantile billa at 100% a %. Every one seems tc o- look for a further decline in bills, in consequence ol a- the dulness of the importing trade und the cfl'ecl He of the new tariff. o- Stocks continue extremely dull; the commlssior brokers complain that they are doiug no business 118 whatever; for the present speculation seems tc k' be dead, and there is no bnytng for investment There was no change in governments to-dav: the at two year Treasury notes are taken np as fast at pi they come into tho market. State stocks were Id not so firm. Missouris declined % and Ten ao nessces %; Virginias were steady. Among the ae railway shares there wus not much change: New rt York Central declined %, Eric % and Toledo %; 118 the other speculative shares were steady. Be80 tween the boards little or no business was done. a Tho afternoon session was extremely quiet, wttli a tendency to lower prices, except as to Pacific Mail, ' which improved % per cent on the arrival of the u Champion. The market closed dull, the following (e being the !a?t quotations:?United States 6'9, reA gistercd, 18S1, 87% a %; dm 6's, coupons, 1881, n 87% a 88; do. '6's, 1874, 80 a %; Indiana 5's, 7G a d 77; Virginia 6's, 54 a %; Tennessee 's, 45% a %; or MIssonri 6's, 44 a %; Pacific Mail, 70% a 77; New York Central, 74% a %; Erie, 20% a %; Hudson iu River, 33% a %; Harlem, 10% a %; do. preferred, s' 25% a 26; Heading, 36% a %; Michigan Central, r " y? Michigan Southern and Northern Indi\( ana, 13% a 14; do. guaranteed, 23 a %; Pana?h ms, 107 a 108; Illinois Central, 64% a %; Galena nr and Chicago, 00% a % Cleveland and Toledo, 20% er a %; Chicago and Hock Island, 40 a %; Chicago, ed Burlington end Quincy, 57% a 58. ;lc The hankers continue to confer with each other 4- on the subject of 1 he forthcoming public loans. A 'y committee from the Boston banks arrived to-day, bV ana a committee I'tmadeipiiia is expected toie night. It is hoped that before Mr. Chase leaves town to-morrow some practical scheme for raising be , , . , the money required may be agreed upon. It is I(, useless now to spend time in denouncing the act ol us last session. Every one sees and deplores its de^ fccts; it shows that Congress needs new financial c- leaders. Hut the practical point at present is not " the errors of the past, but the ways and means lor ' II ? * ? y the future. Money must be raised, even under Mr. " Fessendcn's abominably stupid Loan act; and the question is, whether it is to bo done through t lie - * banks in the throe leading cities of the North, or by direct appeal to the people. The bankers ray ie that no money can be raised by direct appeal to la the people. This remains to be proved. There y, are nearly 1200,000,000 in savings banks in the f'J North, drawing f a 5 per cent interest, and as much V. more in bauks of discount drawing no interest at 'n all. It is by no means certain that an urgent appeal of ilr. Chase, backed by the rccommenda" v tions of the press, would not draw out a very large ill proportion of this money. Tf it only drew out one id half it would break every bank of savings and I* discount in the country, and would render the r>r 1200,000,1)00 of bills receivable now held by the ,,N banks of the leading ritiea utterly valueless. This ic . i.. i.:..i. ,i... ..it,., i-.,? ,,? isi tur: t...? v, v"> :n nhonld be directed. Tlic lim^ haa passed for con} i sidcrsitions of profit on negotiations with governll' mcnt. The question now is, which policy involve? ,ie least risk of lo*s? A retii al to lend money to Mr. ri Chose throws him bock on the public, and if he be ',li successful Willi them the fate of the bunks is obviof ous. What dangers does the opposite course pre'^j sent? Granted tlmt a million a bay i- a large sum its to lend, and that an addition ol #100,000,00(1 in four months to the loans of our bnnk> T n?' would create a panic, is it certain that the ''!l public would not come forward to relieve tlic or banks of at least a part of their burden?say at u !,t small discount? Could not several millions lie u" placed abroad? The amount of specie held by out U- banks is double tlic highest reserve bold by then before Mr. Lincoln's election, and the prospect b fair for further accumulations. Does not this war rant some liberality to government? Wo trust thai hi when tlic committee meet to-morrow and report m they will be prepared to propose a practice j"i scheme for the negotiation of all the bonds am lor Treasury notes offered by Mr. Chase, and that th< |]!| bankers will perceive that their real interests rc mt quire its adoption. Considerable effort* are being made by the T,on in- don Tiriirs nr.d other British journals to proven the negotiation of a United States loan in London me The bankers who inspire these journals perceiv ''i'J that British subscriptions to sueli n loan wonli or | have to be paid in gold, and that the drain tlui 11 i created would embarrass tb London money mar ,tli ' ket. From the fact, however, that tlic repu "p , diation of Mississippi and Arkansas is the strong llic i est argument brought against the United State ieb | loan by the London 2\rnts, it may be inferred tha Ttri-nqT ^ 1 the opponents of American credit find their tat difficult. There is intelligence onoq^i in Englar to enable capitalists to discrMbnte betwet a United States bond of the present day and tl shinplasters formerly issued by individual State most of which are in rebellion against the gover ment. It may safely be said that no stock in tl world possesses such elements of security and ofl'e so handsome an income as the new seven per cei bonds of the United States. They will pay the holder twice the annual income paid by British coi sols, and nearly twice that yielded by the bulk < the French rentes. They are the solemn obligatioi of a nation richer than either England or France, an which owes only fl 10,000,000. They are secure by a direct tax levied on incomes and property None of the foreign securities?Italian, Turkisl llusaian, Mexican, South American or Spanishwhich have from time to time been recommended t the British public by the London journals, aud take up at various rates, can for a moment compai with them. In ordinary times, before the wa United States six per cents commanded a premin: of fifteen and twenty per cent. Under Mr. Picr< they were redeemed before maturity at 121. Tl new bonds being sevens, not sixes, will natural1 rule still higher in the markets of the world i soon as the preseut troubles subside and the wi approaches its end. The following was the busiuess of the Sub-Tre;

sury to-day:? Total receipts $2.1.022 i ?Knr customs 0.000 I Payments 106,1185 1 imianco 6,32H.5W The Champion arrived to-day from Aspitnvn with $941,081 in specie on freight. Messrs. W.' 1 Coleman A Co. way in their circular:? Wo observe no unusual activity In financial circle The demaud fbr money since last steamer day has 1h? moderate, leading to no change in prices, which arc at quotable at 1}^ a 2 |ier cent per month for short loans < satisfactory names?the inside rato prevailing; ami 1 1,'4' per cent for loatiB on mortgage. As a matter ' course, this abundant supply of funds, accessible to i i the legitimate wants of trade, inspires conlldnnoc every department cf commerce and prudent enterpris The advancing prosperity of our State and the eonsta aooeaalon of new elements ol wealth, are adapted to e ' courage the mnsl rhcering anticipations for the future. Gold bars, on the departure of the last steamer, dropp from 890 to Rio line bar. The interval between steamc I is nlways,more or less, u period of depression in bar dependent measurably upon the supply offering and t shipping demand for China. Arrtvals during this periu ' if requiring encashment, are usually either placed out market for what they will bring, or taken to account I bankers at a rate deemed by them compensatory for hoi ' big untU the recurrence of a wore active demand. T1 , rate, whatever it may be, ami which for convenience t , shall lmroHfter designate as the "rate for aeooimt," ger, rally rules the market,advancing gradually with the a proach of ateamer day, and declining suddenly wh , shipping requirements are suppli d?somot imcB even 1 fore the day la over. Tho leading Inquiry to-day is I remittance blast. We hear of no purchases for Chli , worthy of note. The demand Is active, the supply not excess, am! sales are reported at 880, which Is the ask I price, though the bulk of the business thus far has prob > bly been done at 825. Our last advices from New Yo: arc more favorable, announcing sales at 882. N'o furtli ' quotations from China since our last reference. > We have the satisfaction of noting a further abatemc in the rate of iusuranco on treasure. Shipments by! wi'iirow b mimuiir may on cnyerea ouncr ill ino jaoya H (it the California Mutual, at 2)j per cant for all riska, or 1^4 per cent for marine risk* only. The decline of insurance, as was to be expected, h not been without Urtluouce upon the rates for Eastern t j ohnnge, which, though still nominally at 6 per ce . premium for Kiglil bills, are decidedly drooping, end ' > Cli ink cannot long bo maintained. The placing of lor I sums at 4>? per ceut before steamer day is orer is I j. unlikely to occur. The Oswego and Syracuse Ruilroad has declan a semi-annual dividend of three per cent, payal on the 20th instant, to stockholders in this city 1 II. A. Oakley, Esq., transfer agent, at the offloc the Howard Insuranco Company; the Mine II and Schuylkill Haveu Railroad Company, a sen annual dividend of $2 60 per share, payable Augi 22; the New York and New Haven Railroad, adi dend of three per ceut, payable on demand; t Sonhejran Manufacturing Company, Miiftird, N. I a dividend of $16 per share, payable on demit! from .Tnlv; the Kennebec Company, August Me., a dividend of $1 per share, payable from tl 10th instant, at the office of the treasurer, in liosto The weekly statement of the Philadelphia bunk made up Monday afternoon, presents the fulluwii aggregates as compared with those of the previo' week:? AugyttlL. Auffiutll. Capital stock $11,810,030 11,811,080 Loans 24.211,627 21.004.070 Doc.$147,4 Spacic <1,743.321 6.766,140 Inc... 62.8 Due fm other banks. 1,501},#06 1.1*7,633 Doc. .369,1 line to oilier banks. 2,719,439 2 767,679 Inc... 48,2 llnpositK. 15 .941,861 15,66ft ,024 Dac. .373 ,K Circulation 2,068,574 2,074,009 Inc... 15,4 W"e learn from the Boston Rransci'tpt that meeting of hank presidents and othor gentlemen i that city was held yesterday to consult in regat to the financial measures proposed by Secretin Chase, under the authority of Congress. The tot of the meeting, it was stated, was patriotic, and general feeling expressed that the Boston banl 1 would do everything that conid reasonably be e: pectrd of them in furnishing the money to mail tain the present contest in which the country engaged. Hon. William Gray and Messrs. Fran lin Huveu and J. Amcry Davis were appointed committee to meet the committees of the Ne York nnd Philadelphia banks. The inectir adopted the following instructions:? Thai the committee be authorized to say to the gent! 1 men, committees from New York anil Phtinriolphia hunk to meet to-morrow in New York, that, in the Jtirtgme: of ttie gentlemen here assembled, the banks und banlco of Itoston, and of the State of Massachusetts, and its p<: 1 pie, are prepared, ready nnd willing, and deturmin :o do all in their power, in view of their duty to tliei sc|\ os, their trusts and their country, to aid it in supprr dug the preeont rebellion, by furnishing men and mon 'o tire utmost extent of tholr ability, now, benocfortU ai forever. Annexed are the totals of the last statement the Wisconsin banks:? Capital >4,007,000 Circulation 2,317J?07 1 i Deposits 3,205,009 Sperie 854,750 I Cash items * 112,745 I Public securities 2,821,058 The business at the Boston Custom House for tl month of July was as follows:? Imports. Dutiable, entered for consumption $471,7 " warehoused 401,2 Free (exclusive of specie aud bullion) G87.3 Specie and bullion 1,140.9 Total imports $2,791,8 EXINtRTS. Domestic merchandise $022.5 foreign merchandise, dutiable 54.7 1 Total export" $1,003,2 Merchandise withdrawn from warehouse for cousniuption $2,210,8 The receipts of flour and grain at Detroit f the past week and the year were:? Car. wreJc .Vt'tv* To <fn Pastwk. larlwQr. Jar. 1. la'l vtc Flour, bbl? 0,976 12,026 464,696 196.6 Whtat. bushels.. 18.601 41.098 659,610 862.9 Corn 25.500 17.522 488,020 357.8 1 O:'! 1,116 2,167 89,737 45.0 1 ! Rve 127 ? 9,938 10.9 ( I Barley 103 238 16,793 22,2 The earnings of the Milwaukee and I'rairie < j Cliioii Cailroad for the last seven months eompa i i with the corresponding periods of 1800 as fc : ! lows:? - I 1.861. I860. | January $5s.l?4 36 37 519 1 ' February 44,026 90 32.391 i March 4.1.630 62 39,601 April 40.102 19 46.810 ' May 112,265 44 69,052 t, .lu.-K 141.771 03 43,797 . ,?..:v 107,399 96 37.429 1 To'a! $566,380 56 300.411 i lr.eicote 255 944 Stork Kxrliangc. ITKBPAY, August 13,1.361 $6000 U t? 6's, '81,COu 87% 10 slis (cntincntal B 7f rooo do 88 TOPaciflc Mail S Oo 7( 2000 V." ? S.'67 86# 100 do P10 76 t 1000 do 87 200 Ch| tt H c!: 1 HI'. dj WCOVSO's '71.reg SO 50 do -If ' ; 2000 V S 6'r. '66 S8 60 'hi., Bur k V P.i! .' 3 s JOOO frca lo # pen loi 26 do ryi | 10609 Irr.i 6 p" 2 yrs 96 216 NYCRRoxdlv.ninr 74 4109 do 96 tf 130 do pfc<- 74 8 ; 1600 Ohio 6 s,'RO.. . 921J 26 do sOO 7S 2000 Michigan d's... M MOErtsRlt 21 ' 100'S) Tenu 6'S,'90.. 46% 17 do....pn f 4i " j 120C 0 do 45# 7 Mi le'.tNI|S.066 I M>0O Virginia C's .-..<0 63 43 do b60 21 I 1000 do 54 9 Panama lift 10> 6uOO Missouri o's... 44# 60lliVenlKK.-cp.slO 6t | 0009 Uo SlO 44 106 do C 861. ik 7400*1 <1o 44 '4 lOormrs , 2000Mo8'8isHfcSUB 48)4 60 do 83 08 % ii ,u 10K0 California 7'a.. 7t)>4 60 do 6(i ;n 10OO0 It City W Loan 100 200 Clov A Toledo Kit. 30 2000 II R UK lHt ni. 102)4 OOO do btiO HO 10 2000 1, E h W 2dm b 28 OOO do 20?* " B! 8KC0ND BOAHn. ' 11- $1000 rs 8'?, 'T4 con. 80 200 slip VYCRR, .opg 71'4 10000 NCarolinn 0'8.. 60)4 100 Erie KR 2t>'a 3000 Michigan fl'g.., 80 60 ErleRRpref 46 d rs 1000 Lr.iiiclnna fi'K.. 04 10 Hud l!iv RK 84 R{ 6000California 7'8.. 70)4 60 do 33)4 KXiOO Missouri O's... 44'.' 60 Harlem RR 100 11' 1000 MoBVlBsIl.tSJR 46)4 100 do 10*4 n 16000 Work O's, OS. 101 1?X? 111 Con llll scrip.. 01' 2000 El ioRR 4 m bdg 72 60 do slO 04)4 ? :>t 8000 Mich So b f hils 74 50 Gnl & Chi" RK... 0? V? " 1? 70 shs I'ac M S3 Co. 70'4 600 Clove k Tol KR.. 20\ J 26 do 830 75 '4 200 do l>16 20)4 1 10 60 do 70)4 60 Chic, U'uAQ Kit 68 , d 60 NYCRKeidivpSe. 74'4 , f' CITY COMMERCUI. U1CPOHT. 1 ' TOMDAT, August 13?0 P. M. J ~ AsnHx.?Sales were light to day at 6,'4c. for pots, and I 0 6)4c. for pearls. 11 llitKAiuri'FK*.?Tho stormy weather prevented active ' "0 operations to day in tho markets generally, and flour, r, though a shade Armor, was quiet, while tho receipts ' m were very moderate, Sales were mode of 8.000 Mils. | ;o State and Western, 1,200 bbla. Southern and G60 bids. , )e Canadian:? ? 1 Superfine State $4 30 a 4 40 ' * Extra State, good to choice 4 60 a 4 70 18 Superfine Western 4.30 a 4 40 ,r Common to choico Western extra 4 60 a fl 40 > ExtraCanada 4 65 u 7 60 r Mixed to straight Southern 6 10 a 8 76 1 Straight to good extra do 6 80 a K 78 Choice extra family and bakers' brands... 8 75 a 0 0<) Rye flour 2 25 a 3 60 1 [id Corn meal, Jersey and Brandvwlne 2 80 a 3 20 PP ?Wheat was quiet in the absence of adequate supplies-, v holders, however, wore very firm. Hales 65,000 bushels ^ at $1 28 a $1 30 for wlilto Western. $1 20 a $1 22 for v ''l rod and amber do. winter, $1 11 n$l 12 Tor amber Iowa I 1 and Wisconsin, 05c. a $1 10 fur Milwaukee, 85c. for ' t Chicago spring, and $1 32 a $1 35 for wlilto Kentucky. | 's- Corn was firm, but not active, with galea of 45,000 I * Ff bushels at 40c. a 49c. for unsound to strictly prime West | orn mixed, 50c. for yellow. Rye was lu demand at 60c. i >u a 62o. for Northern, ami 47c. n 49c. for Western. Oats | ' 'J were unlet at 32y,c, n 33e. for State, and 31 ',c. a 32 V'. I ! '!. for W storu. I CorrKB.?Sales were very light to-day, 10O bags Rio I t m only having found buyers, at 14c. The following static. | t ties are from the elreular of Messrs. Wm. He-it Hon:? | < Stock of Rio and Santos on thi' 6th August. IStJl, 128 001 1 " bags; received sioeo to ilate, 6.430; total 134,091. Hales j . for consumption estimated at 19,220. Stock of Itio ami j " Santos on tlto 13tbday of August, IsGl, lit *71; Mariu'ul i bo, 11,885; Iaguayra, 420; Java, governor nt bat s, 2,200; I ltombny.800; St. flotningo, 5,602; Costa Rice, 317. total ' j8 bags, 135,901. The market for Rio has continued active ( l ' since the date of our last report, sales reaching 19,220 ( hags, for which extreme quotations have been realised, '.y The stock of Rio on August 10, at Baltimore, wus 12.000 i, bags; at l'hlladelphla, 3.0(X), at New Vork, 13th, 11.4,871. Cotton was quiet to-day, but very flrtu. w ith sule.s of 700 bales, on a basis of 18c for middling upland. _ Kkkmiits ?'Theitormv waothar to das checked encage J ments materially. Rates wero depressed and rather un' Fettled. To Liverpool there woro taken fomo Hour at Is. . ' 7>4d., and 60,000 bushels grain. In bijik and bags,at H!;d. ' add., with several lots of lard, butter and viicnfie, by t . steamer, at 00s. To London engagements were unlrapor- 1 taut ut former rules. To Glasgow light shipments were 1 o mado and quotations were unchanged. To Bristol u small 'V lot of wheat was taken at 9>a'd., lu ship's bags. To Havre ' ' Uiere were shipped 13,000 bushels wheal ut 18c. in ship- , por's bags. 1U* was dull to-day at 10c. a 86c. for all kinds of North river. Hops, though firm, were quiet at 10o. u 26; for last .' year's growth. a Inos was neglected and was nominal In price. s ijcaocontinued quiet, owing to the llrninrssof holders " Molaskiss.?The market was Inactive, but steady; 100 bbls. New Orleans changed bands ut 40* Navai. Skirb'.?Owing to the storm tbn market was r less active, but prices weroflimat f t 37a $4 60 for ^ *7 common rosin, and $1 06 a $1 10 for f| irits turpentine, some holders, oslciug higher rates for tiie lntt -r. One.?The market wuis dull hero, while in New Bedford ' ed the standard reports were as follows:?ox e.argoe< of j , whale nil, amounting to 8,870 bbls., have he m sold. Of , thisM0bbift.wets Mid at $0o. (Mr nUns, 8*000 do.at i by 43e per gallon, l.too io at44c. per gaSac,and 1.400 do. 1 0j- on private terms, for manufacturing. Tho sales for ox- | port were S200 libls. si. 40e... (10 do at 4134c., and 2,200 nt li'l 4234c., all of an inferior grade. But little lias been doing ! jj. In sperm. We hear of the following transactions:?Oo bbls. inferior at n iirtoo not transpired. AO do. good at ls* $1 20 per gallon, 150 do. at (1 25, and 80 do. at $1 26. ' vi- Holders both of whale and sperm oil sre firm. The only j , sale of bono of wblcli wo hair was otio of 0,0(10 lbs., at ii j 08 price not named, but we are lot to believe a trilie le&a I,, than last quoted. , Pkovisio.vs.?Only 300 bbls. pork were sold to day at $16 12>j for m"ss and $10 1234 a $1" for prime, the * a, markot being dull nnd heavy. 11.cf was iuactivo vet . 1.. firm at $12 25 a $13 26 for extra mesa and $9 60 a $11 26 \ for repacked do. .with sales of l"o hhls. Tito sales of n. Isrd ware M0 pssitsges it BWc- * $3<tc. Oat moats w?r? 1 a quiet at former prices. Butter and cheese were un ' thuugod. ' *8 Rics was dull but steady at B)4e. a 634?. , QS PtiOARs wtwo Inactive at 634c. tl^c.foi Cuba, with sales or M0 hhd.i. Tau-ow Sales of 20,000 lbs. were made at 834c. a 8)4c. 1 WimtKKY.?Sales wore light, having amounted to ouly ' ? 260 bbls. at 1034c. 67 rmmmmmmm? ? ??smmmmmmm? , 1 S H I PR I NGN E W S. 35 Movement* of Ocean gttsmeri. 1 a from blkoj'b. ffitmet. Ijtatr* finlt. For Of Etuo Liverpool. .,..Jutv 31.. .New York Teulouia Bmilhsmptoj) July 31.. .New York I ru Persia Liverpool Aug J New York v Kdlnburg Liverpool Aug T...New York ' ' Bohemian Llveipool Aug 8. Qm Iw ' ie Bremen Southampton Aug 8...New York . Canada Liverpool Aug 10 B mlon 5 R Congress Antwerp Aug 10.. .New York ! !a City of Washington.Llvrr|sio1 Aug H?' .New Yoik Bavaria BoidJimniHofi Aug 14.. .New York . *. North American Liverpool Aug lo Quebec ' Asia Liverpool ...Aug 17...Now York { tl- Arago Southampton Aug 21. New Yurk is FOB KCBOPK. Africa New York Aug 14... Liverpool I a* Fulton .New York Aug 17 Havre ( ? Kangaroo New York Aug 17... Liverpool Kur.'pH Boston Aug f 1... Liverpool ' W Rlna New York Aug 21... Liverpool ' Teutonta New York Aug 24... Hamburg ] '8 Persia New York.. Aug 28... Liverpool 7 Kdlnburg New-York. ..Aug .81 ..Liverpool Canada Boston Sept 4 Liverpool * 0- FOB CALIFORNIA. j s, Champion NewYork Aug 31. ..Asplnwall > nt North Star New York Sept 1...Aspinwatl lg Northern Light New York ?Sept II. ..Aspinwad !0- KINO ETON, JA., HAVANA, mat AN/AS AND NASSAU, N. P. J ed Olkatob?Prom Now York for Kingston, Ja, on tha 20.li ! n. day of each month. The t'leatov Inuvea for New York on the . ,0 6th of each month, and will he. due here about the 15th. " Colombia ask Marios?No staled days are vet flxed for T the departure of the Columbia and Marlon for Havana, hut . hd they will will about every teu days, touching ut Key West outward and home ward, , r Kap.nak?From New York for Havaua via Nassau. NP, 011 , ?l the 11 rrlvol of every altarnaie t'ue.nrd vtenmer a( New York. , Matansas?From New Yurk for Miidn/as on the 8th day of each mouth. Fioui Muliinrascm tire 22d, doe at New York 00 (X) the Zllh. ' f)0 PPECIAJ. NOTICE. 17 All letter* nml pnrkfrje* inteiutej for the New V o r k Herald V2 ehuuld he eeolrih ALMANAC rOM MtW VORK?1HI? OAT. ja arm msfs f> '"i moon <* ? morn 11 57 SUN SETS 7 tX) UIOll WATER CVO 2 20 ?s Port of New York, August U, 1801. M CLEARED Steamship Africa (Br), Shannon, Liverpool?E Cunard. 13 Hark Oiubto (Aus), Ractonovicli, Cork and a market? ffm Salem. 14 Hark Rapid, Maischalk. Vera Orn/?Hnrgowa A Co. ' Boieur (Mex), lllug, ^ C:u<?Kin-.' A. DcVere. _ Brig King Brothers (Br), Cults, l'orl au riinot ?It Mjrry, Jr. 17 Sehr Cornelia, Crapo, Phila: elphia?-J W M"K?'e. 33 Schr S J Wheeler, XfrT/niglil'ii, Salem ? Ma-^'er. Sehr Saml Oilman, Crou-fH, Hoki.mi?S W Lewi*. j-Q Kehr Mary, TerreP Pull Pivei -l-^ikfrA Dayton. Steamer Concord, Norman. Philadelphia. ARRIVED. Steamship Champion, " mm y, \upijj wail, Aug 4, with th* , California mail* and $941,US1 f.Jin ir<-;i??iie. to D l'? Allr.n, w Bark De patch (Br, ol - Vinci a), Fadei Aug i u a it, | to Middled it A Co. T5i!g Sea Poam. Boreham, ('u a on, 15 dava. \%ith salt, to i 'p Mnltlnwl, Phrlpa A Co. 1 <t in t. M.o'xe ahip Rambler, of He j ir. ton, Srom Vera Cru/. for K almoin n. K; piihc time Hpokr M'di; , in "Arnon," of Las'port, bound ii m IViat <./ Sehr Southern Belle, M?.*. Drmai;il.1'y 2*.', i.i hn hi ! to master. 6th Ifilt, lit 87, ion 60 sa* in iu( itind i ing abot.' ten f "t out of HimHii'M.'v with r. ' inr a; 77 wh'rt: 7th. 75mllw N ?if H.im. ,Vi p 1.^ I t'6 BE. *h'>w1n? 'he American linrf. with a signal led nnd white. } * "2 or white with red letter 1! ,r. ;li? Schr Morning Star (tti . Vliiei, V. m-is . , n >, 15 .lay*, with plaster, to D K 1>- wo'J. Rr hr Rirangi i. A;>*' > , J- 7" ' '* 1'tl.ee. l'O Fehr I'loridn. Kelly, F.lvitia ilii '/M f -: B*oton. F< br Wm A Dnho^vj. Mnv:-. K t tlir : t i'.'- Orleans. >1- Selir Clinton, Hoi '! . r.l. a: <-i ;ij ?.r 1". l a'.' Ln i-r. Helir Sarah LcwIh, I.-i-t. 1 ./ab? '!.? I r New littvcn. Krhr A 1 lift t Cl ti iidu I i. .1 \ . m. I, r i ' > '. Kchr Kuiillno, .Tohrvin . ? .' . - f , \Vv i{ ' 7 Pchr Clarion, ()*b?tri !.?. / t lor < \ i.'.i.uv, ? Bebr Ki K!a: . Rn K . , . Hi Sclu* Royal f)?k. "Ron ? ?ii. !'? 'tvs. , Pchr Floreifn. iJarri'f <:?, i..n ficlir Ilendrfek Hurl1*, n it ? < .1 :<.| AAvov. M Kehr > isj?11. i , 15 ?i;. .",0 8r.*?ir I'VvwmhIi'h. L . 1 " | ;;0 Sloop Bri'lgf ihli. I.: ot!.? 01 j for Po. l.'. '<??? * . 1 ' Si'Htj Ad'.rN, Ii>" 'In. j i-or-rt!.. v, \ ev i __ 8lr?oj> SufTor . i-iii;."1, J- li/uhr'hj.ort. ' j Sloop .John <' 'X, R *y. K!*/ ?: ? '! p .< t *'i r 11,-irt. "id b8 Sloop Gen Ward, I. ?\votn|, Kl./ul - l>p.,r, j\ v. irsii. Sloop Sj londid, 11 ii' fii?, Iv:t/a'?"i.h|-i?rl J"i?r U" i >rd. Steamer T Spark*. t< -n, YVn hinjOon. Si* a?nc r W ' '!I w I' . < r -i H i i tr?. i o. Steamer,! K Thompson. < tr.? Hultimore. > Steame? Sarah, !' i ? < i| |, a ; So n* .? : J '.yusbl" *. V- 1 . p '...! ?lt>hia. i St#v??ti('f We *triie* l r . :ir-\ ' ? Steamer New London, Smith. NYw London. \ll J SAII.FD. 1 12ih??Steamship Northern Light, Aaplnwall. I,? j Wiud during the day a gal* : rum NE. ^ j lililfUHIlCOUf* ' i The severe gale which rorome iec t yesterday nt rnmg \a? 5 fi .in the NR, a ..mpur .Yd by h^avy rain, a;.*! ~onti:i md un?ll J evening, when it > m ewha' abated. Thato w?re but Tew ar , rival* by way of S.tndy II k. AH 11) ves*. U lying at Quai* 1 $' , an inn r*?ie out the fu rin safely. Wo have not heard ol any I \x damage to the shipping ?o far. The tide iu the aftcrnoou was I .'a t unusually high, and the u.ia.9 tu the tlucU hvrdcilug the j 3 ream in ?u/tt?Aia4*. * ' - wteri we bare not The Long Island Sound steamers left at their usual hour nd probably anchored above Hell Gate until the win f bated. Some of the vessels anchored In the North river ragged, but wo have not hoard of any of them being darn* god. The steamship Mutanzns, which ?n<i to have sailed vester!?v for Matamuf, has been detained la consequence of the torm. The steamship Columbia, from Havana, having disbarred argo In the upper quarantine, came up to the city yoiturUny 10 ruing. Smr Maritava, Capt Grant, which cleared at St John VP, th lust, t<?r Liverpool, Is a new vessel of iibom 1200 tons, and nils under the British ting. HIilpMarltana, Williams, ol I'mi Ideiue, BI, was loading deals at New liner, NB, on the 5th, or Liverpool. Fiahinu sour Monr.Niv, of Gloucester, is reported ashore nt *opc Sable, and a total loss. The M was owned bv Mr David 'arkhurst, and in^u . d for f.'ilftO In the Gloucester Mutual i King Insurance < Mile . she was 81 tons, bulk at Essex in 856, and bound to Hay St Lawrence. Prist or this Ocram? 1 S Naval Obanrvatory, Washington, lug 10, Mfll?Llovd'H Af< nt for St MVhA'ds (Axorn Nlam!*) tas forwarded to this ufl'ice a not* found at sea July 1.1851, iv one of the Island traders. The hoitl* containing it whs ilcked up In lat J18 deg SI nilu N, Ion 28 deg 02 mm W A copy ?subjoined ? " American ship Senator, 11 From New Orleans to Liverpool, October 51, 18(50, lat 88 leg 22 mln N, Ion M deg 12 mlri w. Allwnl. The tin !. : will ilea e forward to the Superintendent V 8 Observatory, Wash ngton, and oblige Roland F Collin. master." The dUtaiK e . f the p..Pit at which the bottle was found 'mm that where it was thrown into the sea Is 1417*4 miies. in i line E So min S. Two bundle I and forty-three dayii having th.psed, its average speed w.ik .ri,8S miles per day. .1 M (IILLISH, Superintendent. Notice to Murine r*. Notice is hereby given, that the Bantam Ledge buoy, off )amUrove Island, lias broken from Its in ring It will b? enlaced as boon as possible. By order of the l.i, h boufe pJard. CHARLES N. Tl UN BU LL. Lighthouse Inspector, First District. CAPK AN*, MAKSACllURKTTS. 'wo gray-oolnred Stone Tow ra and two First Order Fifed Lp.htu on Thatcher's Island. Notice |h hereby given that the two stone lighthouse towers 1-liirh luivo been for BOixin time under construction on 'hatcher's Island, distant about 'if a mile from Cape Ann which forms the northernmost limit to Massachusetts Bay), will be completed and the lights exhibited for tho Ami lime ?n the evening of the 1st day of October. 1861. The illuminating apparatus of each Unlit is tirsf order rata* lloptlie lor ttxed lightH of th" systetn of Fresuei, illuminating he. entlro horizon, and each tower will show n bright white Ight, which should b seen from tho deck of a vessel 15 feet ibovo ti e water, *n ordinary states of the atinosphore, a dlsAiuv <d 20 nautical uiIIoh. The two towers are built of gray granite; the lanterns and mrnpet ralllngM ar? painted red; the workrooms and covered walks attached to the towers sic palmed stone color. The itM'prr n awning r??i th ? north tower is a frame building, 2 itones in height, pointed uh'to; lb.it for the south tower ih irlrk trcdhand g? ..rlct In heioht. Tho knight of each ower from base to rural | lane in \ W<[ l ent, and the height? t '.i it local jil:?cc above the mean wra level i < !6bl? feet. They erne the poNitioiiM of tnc > Id lone tow cm, at the d I glance if <f# t eet from t*nrh eiimr. xcmrur (per eouij.aMs) m**nr< Uely N by b ' K, nii.l 8 bv \V",'\V. TIa'iv i'R good channel .etwern TImii. Ii?'i ? lalano ?n,j fane Ami for "mull venueIh. Mi" 1 Miii loner i''< k bra ? SiC b\ M (ma<rneitc> distant f? mile Mir s .hi Thai* her's I I..lid Hl'e dintant .Ml) miles from loon Iiluiid Light, 21 null'?* from 11 stun Light, and 43 mi lee mm G.ipe God (Highland-* Truro) I :ht. The temporary struct n;c.-i fmm which the llghtx are now \liibi'r I, workmen'* td.cd)*. Ac, Ac, will t.e removed imnieHatch after th- e\hibliton of the lightsfrom tho new towers. North Tower?Latitude .... 42.1s ID N. Longitude..;. 7d III 10 W of Greenwich. South Tower?Latitude 42 ;w 11 N. Longitud-v... 7<> rV4 11 W of Greenwich. Hv order of the l.ighthoune Board, CHAS N TrRNBIT.fi, Id PR Corps Tor?o Engineers, Kngij eei Fir?t and Second Ijlghtnoinm Districts. Ofllre Lighthouse Kng neer, Boston, July 2D, Idtil, Whalemen* Arr at TTolmeg' Hole III h, m Iii- Alleghany. Gook, from Lflantic Ocean, of and In I'l-oviiicctowu, with 120 tibia spand 25 do w h oil. Spoken, Ate* Kchr Lungdon Gllmoie, Ghaau, from New York forMuielllctj, Aug 9, hit 39 30, Ion f?8 29. Bchr Typhoon, Blake (uothiug further), no date, lntS4 2f*, on 70. Foreign Porta* Wartr: ona, July 14?Sid chip Orooxidatcs, Pike, Odessa. G iyk.tm:, July 21?In port brig Elizabeth, Lawcr, from talent, arr 13th, to load fur Hamburg; only Am vessel. Cvhacoa, July 28?No Am vessel* in |a?rt. GaW Rack, Aug 111? I'aa^d by at 1? JH, steamship Arabia, 't<?ne, from Boston 7th via HnMf.nr t r Liverpool. 1'knattara, July 27?Sid br g Patterso zi, forfeit Thomas. St Vizu'FNT*, Aug 1?No Am ve**el in port. St John". NP, July 2J?Ai r hark Hylvanns Allen, Scars, bull 7; brig* Common weidtb, Davidson, NYork; 27lb, Lady V ashing tun, Morrison, do. American Porta* BOSTON, Aug 1 J?Arr steamer Kensington, Ba'.rer. Phils lelphia; br'g ClrcM*Hihu, T lagan, Cadiz, w Firs IjCwI* Muiford, >'v!e, riiibob lphi*; Marietta Ti'ton. Til to n. do; .1 A Griffin, Foster, do; Euiellne Hs'gbt, lie* he. .jo; Daniel Webster, Per*y, llomlout: Ell/al*?ih Begs**, l'reM#?, NYork. Klgrial for a rig. Gld steamer K R Kpautding, Howes, Baltimore; ship Kurona, Robertson, Kan Prancisen; *rhr? Galch Gnrtis (late id lot Lost nl this r.ort), bangs, of and for do; H W Godfrey, WeekH, Philadelphia; Mary C Tarbcll, Thomas. NYork; Il**n i v Cstatoff. Davie. Washington, DG. Hid, wind N to K Uy N, I'e upei S R Spaulding; sh1j?s E Hyman, North Atlantic, and Rumps. BALTfMOnE, Aug 10?Gld brig Empire, F? nron, Kenne Mink; sihrs A!!.?? Ida. Acke.ly, Monrrnntt. W I; Ocean Bird, r'lailey. Providence. KM ship Robert V Wiulhrop, Norvllle, K.nrvcnles; bark Lapwing. K?-U**.y, Rio .U? Janeiio and a jimi let. BAKOOR, Aug Ifl-r.d ?rl,r Mrrtforrt, fiullifcr, NYrtk. BRIKT'IJI Aug D?iM .whr Wonrti-r. Hwll-n-k, K..rl Ewen 9th?Aitmoop Blanki-tr.nc, Allen, Prf.vidcnec for NYork. lid sohr Drntor, Oibba. Port Ewen. DANVEKfl, Auk fr?Arr wbra Onoar F JTawley, Buckley, 'hihidclphbi; George H ljiii'dir, Know, K'York; llib, Nctenn A cllji. Kvder. NYork. FALL RIVER, A>uj 9-SM brig J W Sawyer, Fotoelt, I'lil adelphtn HARTFORD, Aup 10-Arr sieiuner Mudgic, Grumley, I'll? adelphtn. KM rein Cliaa ()>*ip?r, NYork. NKWHURYPORT, Aug 10?Arr rehri Adelaide, Young, PblklelphlH; Leonean, Oilman. do; Kami) Moore, Black, do. NEWTf'RT. Auk 9?A'T *'hr< Adelia Kelley KMIev, New York for Portland; K S Dear, (.' 'ok. Taunton ler Eifcabeili intrt; Chariea, Coleman, do for NYork; ITpeae, th.tr, K-1! Kiv >r for do; ?lo?j>? Eliza A Javne, Chriatle, do for do. kid acinic J Pickup, Pickup, Philadelphia. lmk?Hid brig Chariea Ilea'h, Lnud, frmn NYork for Ken nehunk; sehr* W A Crocker. Endiciytt, do for r letou, Adella Kcllov, and others. NEW BrnFOIlP, Auk 11?Arr chip Mary, from NnntneVoi, if and for NYork (?he w? < brought to NH for repair- and to he fitted for sea, after wblr'h alio will lie taken lo NYork in load for San Franciaco, undrr the outnmand of? apt C Brock I; cehra William H Rime, Wiggins. Philadelphia; Sural) Smllli. Bllael ethpoil; ('H Walwin llaLU-L ttoodml. KM lOtli, viii Augoaln, Kellv. NV.rk: Iltn. hark France. Richard. Havre. NEW HAVEN. Auk IS?Arr brl* Ncurlta*. Wi ght. M.iya [hot: schr.; Far ah lohi?rc;j fllrk, Default, Turkr Inlands: l V eslia. Rankip; Kinllr Wa wick, Cadmus, air' laaa Mer'. I, Jiigheili, Ellra'a-llipoit) 1'arey Bi o.ike, do. Old hark Dierr.it Chair, .NYorkj ir-dr i. Warwick, do. I'fTII.ATlFLI'nrA. Aug 12? Arr aclir* M P Uaovea, Carman, Iloureatcr; M M Freeman. Htiwca. and E T Ali o. Allen, 1'iatoii; George Hoffman, Bsnnetl, rail River, Jlo. iia Vis's, i'hllllpa. and Lftvinah Jane, Ketrhum. NYork. CldbrlgCn l.aiini' Nbkela, linnli, Ku:cin; achra l'alinctui (Hp), Pugol, hereeoa. Idaho, Union, Ctittliie; M E Smith, Htnliji. Salem; iouave. Foster, Seivburyuarl; Certhaaeua, Kelly. Wi-t Haiti-h: Pvuhd-I. IHIet : F.li alielli A Eleanor Rolildim- .1 11 Minn R&ltrork: .! I'r mdftr. Dorman; Eprny, Pukes; Lady El en. ror.M'n; K Edward*. Babcock; A rharo, Lipplocott; H ) Bas. om. Williams: I> 1 E K'd y, K?-m> ; J H Mouse, I??ger*o|!, Mid A Pbaro. Lli^bn'oft, Ho-f.-n; If I* 8lmm?>r>s, K? ulmro, *h?'!*ra; L Taylor. Taylor; Gilbert Green, Weaver; Horizon, FustIh. it nil t W \V? .oil mi, ff/HTleof*. Lynn; J S llewilf, Uoa*, Ens* Cambridge; II Etaples. flihnn, Ncvv Bedford; H A Jones, foil**, I nil Hive;; Pinui, bandore, Nevr London; Transport, P-.f'-r . VILiven; S I? Adin.ead, Young, Norwich. PORTLAND. Auk 10?Arr bark Acarla, lllli, Turku (aland*; icliri Dun.on, her, Philadelphia: Hudson, Warren, ?il*a ethp ir?; Ralph If* ?vltt, Knrklln, NYork; llth, '. ark Albbri [jPtcolu, Bibber, Boston; brig Ocean Wave, Morton, Carde ''pbRTBHOUTIT, Aug8?Arrsohr Acorn. Merrill. NYork PROVIDENCE, Aug 10?Air *tean?et \V natch enter, .loner, S'York. Sid In-!: L* ' Gil**, NYork to load for Havre; ? h*? Amelia O Reeve*, 1 akc, and Mnni.a/urh. Aridenuin, Phi adelphla: flurah ii less, Slscruiuii, do(or Bangor); Jnsr.e* li fv-piMv. Wini.'tua, and Mat*y A Lovclh Kim a:l, NYork; sloop* Ve| < itv. Plait, and Gleaner, 81n<-l?ir, 3". Kelts "lied, h In John O Wiight, Walling, hence for Phiinlelidiia, with 1< ?.f jIMhmuii. iith?Arr s'camer Peine-, Wil'lam*. NYork; achr George P Br >wn, .'oihic, Hun Kwivij Hoop Thabo N Seymour. Moron. <1 ... Sid arhra.J (iin r.on, Harding, and Marietta, Gray, ^ York. EVLUTAN, Aug 9?Sid schr Ort<*-lnn, Abbott, Philadelphia. s U.EM, Aug 12?Arr aehr Young America, Pearl. Cayenne. WAP.K1IAM, Aug 10?Arr aehr Lady Ada in IlaUwiu, N York. DENTISTRY. A KTIHH U, RONJ.; I J( LIN'(? FOB DECAYED TKTTH, iiu5,'ited while i^'H, v* itLh-iiI pp-asuso or pain. Aching trcth or mere idiHhi rats b fllltd and pp sfivnd by the di.snoveier, JAMES PEARSON, If. D. Rooms ^9 t.mi'uovi;i) ntmrr.Asno artificial bone teeth. X without wtal plate, rlo :p? or cxtracliug any root*. Athro -r|ii,irUTa lighter Hum any cither, Hen be hail >nty of Hi" iureutor. Dr. P. IJ. fctlutiMliSI), UJO Itrnad. way. Price? t > suit tin time.?. lUI.MtltDS. Billiards ?r.-.n Ktos landing ,staten i&uSiD. Three ft-' t clues' Jta-rfor.I Tables, over Van Riper At Martin V line grocery " By (HAP. I/)RD, e-nt v. Til lUasford, 140 Pulton. B. continuestheon) gland J > ' VRD8 ?WM. J. SHARP OFFERS FOR 8ALH ! ) !i *t elii-.- Tallies', w ith hi? newly invel.to.l IVwliinns oil"iitoil November 16. 1 Sell, very lovt 1;'.' caah. el hi* it Tot ry, 140 I nil' u strei t. Also, a tew second baud "hi"? REST A1 RAWTB. IT BEING MY DESIRE Tfi At WAYS KM1' THE MOST sup-rior Liquor? that "huniied, I he.- to inlortn Viih . ert >T' liu Al lint 1 urn dra* ng lloiuiicr's fresh lit i'W ! (TuHni-ngne Al". the oii.ilT-. of which tail! speak for ife-'ir. .lulls E. PA VIS, M* Broadway. f T IS A CLOWOOR SEA THIS FOB THE FARWSSi j ... i lie'. : ?i > h ? i t.enic:i;iiiig the roiiftltion of tbelr jv,r. , *e v.I. eh ihir.'ied I.ir lut'-r, like the eitl/eitr hi .v v. ' k 'in on , "o ?v i' eut .tie, No. 'j i'o iwnilt re. i no. ilitt' a ' one i r 1.naiway. SrtN Tilt. Fl'RVnT'UK. VBE'.ROOH 'ri ,.y |..\AM::I.LKI> TtP.xnniB 5-'1 a". ' " "f v.-arriitited m.tu- .act':!* ?! 'Til < ii??inut 'Ti.ii'ib T eihii. plain iiii'l ornament i! it li. I . ! .'.ltKlNOi iIi.N'tj, No. bT4 Canal street,op,oSitr Woo-tie. lit.ah s'li -d in 1S4H. VI I, KTVIOK KrUMTTRK, LOOKINH (.l.AK-KP iluttlV-.-eh, He l'til.K A"., cltetllN I lliail lit J .l liuli wurriuilei! timl itetiaei 1 ;'i>e. Please cull ?t W SNT'.ITN P. tt'13 V"W?i . It liven Planton .anil H" istoo ulreef". Y"'i w ill sure mmic> ho.1 bo serve! Inuorably and pi'oinpi'y. Ni i ibe Dumber. Repairing done. C OPARTYERWIIP SfOTICBS. 1) Vl.TNER WANTED.?A LADY, lSTAIiLbr'UEi) LN ili: ; ,-uoti.i;^ .v.' .millinery business, in a good j,.' i.n; u i"hc r r? ioo-ny, avlahe# m connect ul,'.lit.- r..i?'iii pinnert also to enlarge her prctieiii hid* . iii I'l'ii .'i r?;|e - ' y ''I le'lhs ready uiaiic 11 .cr I 'il l V i-li"? a pirT'?-' 10 invest $jKX)i>r $1,001 ? i; . , iv ii:1.; ni'.j- iiilee at lea't twenty I!a t" li 't> p. ie:it, avn .Id enjei ink* tic entire supervision of th I 11 " |iai iv ime lit. w Ml 1 renp the iieoelit a tb . -) ; .tie ti> .hi? , Se. .'.-.a an.' all i-.V. .afaei .?.u g..en. Address Etiucas, sutiui D, Pc?t onic*.

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