Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 25, 1861, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated August 25, 1861 Page 4
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4 NEW YORK HERALD. JAMBS GORDON BBNNBTT, EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR/ omen n. w. oohnzk or pulton and nabbau sts. TEHMS meh in n,tra;,re. Money rent by mail w'W he at the riek of the tender. None but UaiSe bttle runenl in Ncm 1 orh taken. THE DAILY NEB ALT), tuo rente per row $7 per imetum. TBI WKKKI.Y BE 1{AID, ,rery.1atur,Iay,at ty rente yer topy, or %fper annum; the European Edition every Ire.lnee.hy, at eix rente per copy: W P*r annum to any part of (treat Britain, trUUlo any part of the Continent, teeth tenulude poet,ope; the California Edition on the let. 11 th and 3Let of each munth, at etc rente per rot iy. or S3 7J per annum. THE fA.WILY n EH ALU, on WrJnrtday, at fbur centt per / HINTJEtT'eteculea utith neatneee, chrapneee aiul tieepath. Volume XXVI No. *35 AMUSEMENTS THIS EVENING. WINTER OARDEN, Broadway.?Lsaj> Year?Toodi.ei. NEW BOWERT THEATRE. Bowery.?Bull Run?Minora Gun at Ska. FARMTM'S AMERICAN MUSEUM, Broadway?Day and Evening?Mich-bj. KkiHaunted Chamber?llinokotamun, Sea Lion, Beam, and Otueu Curiosities. BRYANTS' MINSTRELS, Mechanic' Halt, 472 Biofcdway.?sonus, Dances, Huui.xsuuek, in.?Dun. Run. MELODEON CONCERT IIAIX, No. 639 Broadway.? Boni-s, Dances, Burlesques. Ac.?mm.and in 1836. CANTERBURY MUSIC HALL, 686 Broadway.-Sonos, Dancks, Burlesques, Ac. OAIETIES CONCERT ROOM, 616 Broadwsy.-drawino Boon Entertainments Ballets. 1'antomimes, Faeces, Ac. AMERICAN MUSIC HALL, 444 Broadway.?Sonus, Ballets, Pantomimes, Ac.?Mlace Statue. CRYSTAL PALACE CONCERT HALL. No. 45 Bowery.? Burlesques, Songs, Dances, Ac.?Black Statue. New York, Sunday, August 45, 1801. OUR WAlt MAPS. We have issued another edition of the* no meroua maps, plana and diagrams of the operations of the Union and rebel troops in Virginia, Missouri, Illinois, Florida, and on the Missislippi and Missouri rivers, and it is now ready for lelivcry. Agents desiring copies arc requostcd to lend in their orders immediately. Single copies six cents. Wholesale* price the same as for the Wkkkly Herald. tiih: situation. Nothing of importance has occurred in the army under General McClcllan's command since oar last issue. The question as to the term of service for which the volunteer regiments are bound?out of which so much trouble has arisen Of late?has been settled by the adjudication of Che Supreme Court of the United States, expressed by Justice Wayne yesterday, and which we publish to-dav. The investigation of the Potter Committee, it is said, has resulted in reporting fully two hundred employes m the several departments at Washington as persons who cannot be relied upon as loyal to the government. Another prisoner has been added to the number of suspected traitors which the government has found it necessary to send on to the custody of the commander of Fort Lafayette. Last evening detectives Elder and Wilson reached thiB city, having in custody Mayor Bcrrett, of Washington, who they are to convey to Fort Lafayette by order of the Secretary of War. They left Washington at halfpast five o'clock yesterday morning and came directly through to New York. Before leaviug Washington the above officers, by orders of Secretary Cameron, searched the residence of Mayor Bcrroit lkllt 1 i 5a 0?|!<1 fnJUJ _1 ***** ,v ua WIU IttllL'U IV UUII Uliy WUUg HIlDWlllg that he was connected with the rebels. Ilia wife, we are iaformed, took great pains to aid the officers in their search. On reaching this city, Mr. Berrctt was conveyed in a carriage to one of our leading hotels, where he remained in the oustody of the above named officers last night, and will this morning be conveyed to Fort Lafay' ette. In conversation with the officers ho declared himself a strong Union man, and the only reason which he attributes for his arrest is his refusal to tako the oath of allegiance. lie says, however, that he would have taken the oath, but haviug been made an ex-offlcio member of the Board of Police Commissioners it was not necessary, as the same oath which he took when elected Mayor applied to nil cases in which he was called upon to serve the ; iblic. An investigation in his case, it is said, wilj take place this week. The State of New York has adopted a policy which it would be well for other States to follow. An order was issued yesterday from headquarters at Albany, giving a bounty of two dollars a man to any person who may bring in a company of thirty two volunteers to the service of the government. Something of this kind is manifestly ueccssarv to Btimulatc the recruiting service. We publish to-day a list of appointments and promotions in the army, made by the War Department, which will be found highly interesting to a large portion of the community. Gen. Wool is actively engaged in reviewing the troops and perfecting the discipline of the army in and around Fortress Monroe. The gunboat Seminole arrived thence on Friday, bringing up as a prise the Bckooncr Albion, formerly a Wilmington pilot boat, from Cardenas, with a cargo of sugar, coffee, fruits and segars. When taken she was under English colors. It is said that the cap. tain and nearly all hands were drunk. She had run the blockade off Wilmington. The Seminole haa also overhauled several other vessels showing English colors. THE NEWS. Bj the arrival of the brig Ida at Philadelphia from Puerto Cabcllo, Venezuela, we have dates from the capital to the 1st inst. The news is highly inter" cstlng. The acting President, in view of the dcs. perate condition of affairs in the country, has clothed himself with the powers and attributes of a dictator, and 'ias gone to work vigorously to remedy existing evils. From Caracas, Venezuela, under date of July 31? we learn that the privateer Sumter, Capt. Scmmes, took the schooner Abby Bradford, of Boston, in. there as a prize on the 27th ultimo. He asked permission to sell her cargo and leave the vessel in charge of a prize agent. He was refused, and viucitiu w ijun porv lniincuiaiciy; Dm when obeying the command he fell in with and seized the bark Joseph Maxwell, of Philadelphia, right under the guns of the fortress. Bemraes had learned previously that there were no men to work the guns in the garrison. He sent tho captain of the Maxwell on shore, saying that as he eould not sell his prizes ho would burn them. Our correspondent in Caracas, Venezuela, writing on the 29th of July, affords ths following Istresaing account of the condition of that repubIc:?Marshal law proclaimed; oitiiens of all ages i nd condition pat under arms; a censorship of the < ress; total exhaustion of the government re. ourcos; depreciation of paper money; landing of falcon in Ooro and his march on Bargueraiue'"; frU of Gurusn> had PtrlU; increase of the hordes of rebels under Sotillo. Never, he says, was the country in a more critical state. Should the revolution be successful?by no meanB an improbable event?each scenes of horror and desolation will ensue as the imagination dreads to contemplate. Files from Hamilton, Bermuda, to the 13th inst. have come to hand. There is no news of any moment. The oommittee appointed to make arrangements for the reception of the Prince of Wales, report having expended $3,720 on the repairs and embellishments of the Government House. Whata pity his Royal Highness disappointed them! Wecliptho following from the Bermuda Mirror of August 10 U XV.* iolrn mnnl. 1- -*-* ? -1 .. v vunu iniivu piDMuic iu luiuriuuig our reuuurs' particularly those who have friends in Autigua, tliut the unfortunate report of a severe earthquake having destroyed much property and many lives there is not true. A heavy gale had visited the Island and blown down a few wooden sheds." We publish to-day a communication, signed by all the officers of the Sixty-ninth regiment who were present at tho battle of Bull run, giving an emphatic contradiction to the statements of MrRussell, correspondent of the London Times, rela. tive to the conduct of Captain Thbmas Francis Meagher during the action and retreat on that day. It might appear singular to those who do not know the animus which inspires the Times correspondent that Mr. Meagher alone should be selected from Bix or seven thousund officers in the Union army who were on the field for special notice and malignant slander, but to thoso who.are familiar with the course which the Times has invariably pursued towards gentlemen of Mr. Meagher's poli tical affinities, it will create no surprise to find the pliant tool of that journal maligning him upon this occasion. The statement of the officers who witnessed his gallant behavior throughout Hie advance, the tight and the retreat, however, is the best answer to Mr. Russell's libel on the character of a brave man. Before the first of November next tho government will have on the Southern const, besidos tho transports, one hundred and thirty-three vessels, mounting one thousand two hundred and forty-five guns. The Trenton True American (secession sympathizer,) closed its earthly existence yesterday. The Htote of Arkansas has sent twolve thousand rebels to the war, and has five thousand in reserve, ready for marching orders. The Charleston, S. C., Vigilance Committee have passed a resolution declaring that in future any resident of Charleston or its vicinity who shall go to any of the Northern States, unless with the previous knowledge and assent of the committee, shall not bo permitted to return, under pain of such disabilities or punishment as the law may decree. A man named John Cartwell, a Kentucky merchant, has been arrested in Evansvillc, Ind., on a charge of recruiting in the Northern States for the rebel army. The monthly statement of the condition of the banks of North Carolina, made up on the 20th of July, shows that altogether they had but $404,000 in specie, and that they have in circulation bills to tho amount of 11,417,000. The Episcopal Bishop of Now Jersey has ordered a special scrvico and prayer for the national thanksgiving, on the 26th of September. Thn cotton marbct wis llrni yesterday, with a speculative feeling still prevalent. The sales embraced about 2,300 bales, part to spinners, but chiefly on speculation, while prices cloeod on tho basis of about I8<^c. for middling uplands. Tho report that cotton had arrived hero frcm Providence, en route for export to Liverpool, was contradioted by parties well posted in tho trade. The arrival of 300 bales per ship Guy Mannering, from Liverpool, noticed in yesterday's paper, was consigned to the bouso of Messrs. llonnings k Gosling, to whoso order it was purchased in Liver|>ooI. Another lm|>ortatiou front Liverpool is due by one of tlio ships of Messrs. Spoflbrd k TUcston's line. 1 be-material advance in tho price of raw cotton, it is supposed, may affcet SOTnft of tho onrlior onv^rnmnnt. gvnntriwfnro no a good portion of tho advauco hits occurred einco they wore entered into. The flour m.nket, owing in part to tho increased firmness in freights, was heavy, and closed with a tendency towards lower prices, while sales were to a fair extent. Wheat was heavy, owing to tho sUffueea in freights, with sonic less demand for uxporl' The market closed at easier rotes, and for some descriptions 2 a 3 cents per bushel lower. Corn was iu good request for export and for shipment Eastward, while the market was active and firm. Pork was firm, especially prime, with sales of mess st $15 and of prime at $10. Beef was quiot.aml lard firm. Sugars wero firm, with ales of POO lihds. Cttbas at full prices. Coffee was steady, with sales of 3,000 bags Rio at 13^e. a 14>,c. Freights were Armor, with fair engagements of corn, wheat and flour. To Liverpool grain, chiefly corn, ranged at. 9>^d. a lOd. in bulk and bags, and Hour at 2s. Od. To Linden wheat was taken at 10}(d. a lid. in bags, anil Hour ut 3s. Tlic War and Its Ncrcwltiet-Onr Policy a Grand and Decisive Campaign. Our government, our soldiers and the people of our loyal States have derived sonic wholesome instructions touching the strength and energy of this Southern rebellion from our late disasters in the field. We have thus been taught, with all our overwhelming military resources in men and means, and with all our enthusiasm for the Union, and all our confidence in its good cause, that we must bring these resources to bear upon the enemy with an overwhelming weight, and that, they must be carefully organized and wisely directed before we can hope for success. We comprehend at length that we have lagged behind the activity of the rebols. that we have under estimated their forces and their fighting capacities, and tlmt they arc not to be reduced by the inefficient, half-way measures of a holiday campaign. The fact is also dawning upon the administration?notwithstanding the general enthusiasm which prevails throughout our loyal States, and the unexampled liberality of our loyal people in furnishing men by hundreds of thou" sands and money by hundreds of millions? that there are seditious and traitorous peace organs and peace agitators among us, sowing the seeds of demoralization and discord, and that the generous forbearance8 of peace in the matter of individual liberty to speak, write, plot and conspire against the government, cannot be safely tolerated under the stern necessities of this gigant ic Southern rebellion. It was impossible for the framers of the constitution to provide for these necessities, for they never dreamed of such a crisis to our country as this. But the extraordinary demands of the crisis must be met, and with tlie restoration of the Union we shall be in a bettor condition for the full enjoyment of all our liberties under a reign of peace than ever we have been heretofore. Meantime, however, in view of public harmony and official activity in the prosecution of this war, all false preachers of peace and treasonable teachers of secession standing in tho way of the government mus1 expect to be removed. In this matter we recognise some evidences of a new impulse of energy in our Cabinet, and in the more important matter of a forward movement against the enemy, we aro encouraged with other evidences of a more systematic activity at Washington than that which led to the deplorable battle of Hull run. What may bo the military combinations and movements chalked out by Gen. Scott and (Jen. MeClellan we know not, and if we knew we should not, without their consent, disclose them. We aro equally ignorant of the plans of Davis and Beauregard {or the future; but we have seen enough to know that while the rebels are desperately [ ^training every nerve to keep thla war within NEW YORK HERALD, SU the border slave States, and especially in front of Washington, our true policy is to " carry the war into Africa"?that is, into the heart of this rebellion, the cotton States. And this can be dope without much difficulty, for in the absolute command of the sea we havei the command of the seanoard of every cotton State from South Carolina to Texas; and the movement by sea from New York of an army southward would instantly compel every Southern (onboard State to look after its own defences. Wo suppose that for a month or two it will bo as muoli as can be done by Scott, McClellan^ Wool, Rosoncraus, Anderson, Prentiss, Fremont, and the other generals in charge of our troops from Maryland to Missouri, to make the needful preparations for a combiuod forward movement; but when they do advance wo hope it will be in overwhelming numbers and along tlio whole line, and that this grand land movement will bo supportod by a powerful naval movement along the Southern soacoast, comprehending a land force In transports of forty or fifty MJUUbUUU I11UU. 1UUH lilt) Will Will Unit t il Uf curried into Africa, and from the necessary dispersion of the rebel troops to guard all points of danger, they may thus be easily subdued in detail by an overwhelming force. One of the greatest advantages of a successful campaign of this description will be the command which it will give us of the Southern cotton crop, to bo contributed and warehoused by November, as the property of the rebel government. These cotton supplies, us the le. gitimate spoils of war, will not only go a long way to indemnify the expenses of our army, but in shipping it over to England wo shall convince even Lord Palmerston that the future supplies of American cotton to the mills of Manchester can best be secured by recognizing, not the supremacy in the cotton States of their rebel government, but of the government of the United States. In a word, the campaign we have indicated will bring at once the cotton Confederates of the South and the cotton Cabinet of England to the recognition of the fact that King Cott on must submit to the laws of our Union. There is no necessity for hurrying up this plun or any other plan of military operations against the rebels. Time will strengthen, discipline, harmonize and give confidence to our army; while it is apparent that delay will weaken and demoralize the enemy. For the present a rigid blockade by land and sea is the most effective instrumentality of war that can bo used against the armies of Davis. Let General McCleHan bo prepared, however, for the contingency of an attack upon any part of his defensive line of the Potomac, and let the Cabinet and the generals of our armies make their preparations for a grand combined forward movement in October or November by laud and sea, and we are confident that the wholesome lessons of our late reverses will be redeemed in the final overthrow of this rebellion by the month of May. Suppression op the Peace Jouknai.s in New York.?The government has taken one step more in advance, and, instead of arresting the progress of the Now York secession journals southward at Philadelphia, by the mails, it will arrest their passage at New York and throw them out of the mails, if ottered. This is very well as fur as it goes, but it is only a half incu" sure after all. It is not enough. No liulf measure will answer. The circulation the peace journals ought to bo stopped iu New York itself. Their publication ought to be suppressed, and there ought to be a large armed force detailed here to carry out the (measure. The object of these journals is to create discontent in the minds of the soldiery against the war, as well as in the minds of the people; and they want to get up riots to aid and assist the rebels?not that they can do anything here; but they want to create a diversion. The discontent began with the republican shoddy contractors, who cheated the sol" dicrs, and then the battle of Bull run served to give the climax to newspaper sedition. The effect of their appeals to the people is to prevent enlistment, and to give aid and comfort to the enomy. Their mischievous tendency, therefore, ought to be arrested in New York" as wcfl as elsewhere; and not only the secession journals, pure and simple, which sympathize w ith the Southern rebellion, but the UUUillltUl HCUeHSlUU juuiiuua inigin, iu Uf III eluded in the suppression. They are all dis" unionists alike. The New Yolk Tribune and Independent, the Boston Liberator, and all the journals of that ilk, ought to be squelched: and the whole of the anti-slavery leaders, beginning with Wendell Phillips and ending with "the little villain," ought to be arrested and sent to Fort Lafayette to kcop company with the Baltimore rebels. Nothing would so strengthen the hands of the government as thisVigor is the one thing needful. No Chanob in the Cabinet?The President Puts His Foot Down.?The intriguers from New York who went to Washington to break up the Cabinet have failed in their mission, and tbev mie-lit its well have remained at luimo. The President has put his foot down, and will make no change. Tie is right. This is no time for change. The whole tronble has arisen between the friends of Seward and Chase, the two most prominent candidates for the succession in 1864. Cameron and Smith and Welles are merely brought into the quarrel as foils, and for the purpose of throwing dust in the eyes of wondering outsiders who are not in the secret. The real issue is between Seward and Chase and their respective retainers, who have a keen eye for the spoils of another lustrum, not eontent with the feast of fat things provided for the present term. The followers of Chase are working like moles to drive out Seward, and the troop of Seward are laboring like beavers to drive out Chase. It is a curious quarrel as it stands, consider, ing that the enemy is in view, and may soon t>e thundering about their ears in the White House. We arc glad the Presideut is determined to put a slop to this internal tight till the external is first disposed of. The Cubiuct will do well if there is only a little more euergy infused into ine war ana j>nvy yeparimentH. AS lor Seward and Cbase, they may save themselves all trouble about the suecos'ion. Neither of them has the ghost of a chance of it. The next President will be taken from a very diff erent class of men. The war will determine, who is to be the man. The age of politicians is gone, and an era of warriors has succeeded to it. The candidates, therefore, will be the young generals, and the fortunate one he who most distinguishes himself in the conflict with tlie Southern confederacy. Not by the arts of peaee. but by the art and tciaoee of war is the freetdaatia I NDAY, AUGUST 25, 1861. question to bo solved la 1864. Lot, therefore, Seward, Chase, Scott and all the venerable fossils of past age quietly retire at once and make way for Young America, who is about to take the field. Important Dtrclopcmtnti from the Carpet Bag or a Spy?Bunnell, of the London Tim... ?Mli? <K. n.i..i. Our readers will recollect that on the 14th inst. Robert Muir?who had previously registered his name at the Drevoort House as " Mr. Millan"?was arrested on board the steamer Africa, just as sho was about leaving her wharf in | Jersey City for Liverpool. He was the bearer of a very large number of letters from persons in the South directed to various parts of Europe. His violent denunciation of our own government, and hiB confident assertions that the Southern confederacy would soon be recognized, made during his short stay in this city attructed-attention and led to his arrest. He is now imprisoned at Fort Lafayette. Among the papers found upon Muir was u letter bearing date' at Charleston, August 3, signed by Morris Sdignmn. The writer says that he knows pretty well what is unknown to the public; that he writes the commercial reports of tho English Consul to his government at home; that 1ms has seen Russell's letter about the battle, and he completely disposes of the Yankees; that Lord Lyons' last good saying was, that ho would say to Seward, " If you will not admit that the Southerners Lave belligerent rights, you must now admit that they are a belligerent Power;' and, with all this familiarity with the sentiments of Russell and Lyons, the writer assorts that EngImwl will find mnai: lirnnlr nn t.hA hlnpkiiilo He conclude* with the significant remark, " I have still later information, which still more

confirms me in the belief that England and France will Boon acknowledge us." Now, did Mr. Russell communicate the contents of his letter about the rout at Bull run confi. dentially to the secessionists, in advance of its publication, giving them a foretaste of his ridicule of the Youkces ? and did Lord Lyons comfort them with the assurance that he would taunt the Secretary of State with the remark that he must then admit?that is, after the defeat at Bull run?that tho South was a belligerent Power ? If so, wo suppose it will bo received ns pretty conclusive evidence that the sympathies of both Lord Lyons and Mr. Russell are warmly with the secessionists. Men do not show to their enemies, in however strict confidence, letters in which they have held up their friends to ridicule; men do not boast to their enemies in what language they have now got a chance to jeer and insult their friends. If MrRussell communicated the substance of his letter, in advance of its publication, to his rebel acquaintances, it was because he knew that its contents would be pleasing to them; that it was written ki their interest, and they would so regard it, and in derogation of their enemies, ourselves. So it was as their advocate, their ally, their friend, that Lord Lyons let them know how he was disposed to make the most of the opportunity aflorded by Bull ruu to have a fling at our Secretary of State for their advantage. The following is the entire text of the letter from which we have quoted:? Chaiujstox, August 3,1K6I. I)K.\K Fbux?On politics 1 will not say much. The last important nllair is still too fresh not to ho in good spirits about it. Moreover, I alone Know pretty writ what it unknown to tli' puMir. I write, for instance, tho commercial reports of tbu Knglish Consul to his government at homo. I eon arm ire you. I ran tee daylight, and we. mill soon have full finish int. / hare rratl Kurtsell's private letter about the latHe. ami he completely <litpntet of the Vanl.rrt. l.ord Jjjont lad good toying was that he would say to Seward (a i ile snake), "if you will not admit that the Southerners have I el liferent rights, you must now admit that they are a belligerent I'ouer.' You may rest assured that the South will be independent, and soon become greater than the North, for true wealth is hero, and not at the North; because the soil hero produces o very thing that is necessary, and moreover yields immense values in cotton, tobacco, rice, 4c., as extras. In tho products of the earth the South is the groatest country. I hope Hamburg will soon give us direct steam navigation. In January toe ex/ect to U in full butineit,for England will and must break up the blockade. I haw- still later information which still more confirms me in the belief that England and France wilt ioon arkiiowlerlge nr. MORRIS SKI.It,MAN. As wo have said before, tho very important question arises whether the allegations of this letter are true; because, 11 they are, no doubt I \vlintcrer remains that Lord Lyons and Mr. i Russell are both with the South and against the North in this war. The letter is dated August 3. Muir was arrested in Jersey City August 14. ' and Mr. Seligman's letter was at that time in j his possession. Mr. Russell's letter was pwb; lishod in the London Times of August 7. and did not reach this city until the 19th?live days after Mr. Seligmuii's letter was seized. Jt an. swers fully and emphatically to Mr. Setigiuan's description, when he says that "it disposes of the Yankees." But this is a general commentary. and easily complied with. There is a much more important and. at the same time, minute particular in which it verities the statement of Mr. Seligman. In that letter, speaking of Mr. Jefferson Davis, Mr. Russell says:? "He has already proved that he has a fair riejht to he considered the head of a heU'ajerent Poieer." Thus wo have the clear idea, and almost to a very syllable, the language attributed to Lord. Lyons by Mr. Seligman?and wbicb the Bri Col. Mt.CoC... ovM/imU ../.n.ool.ol.1 - witty?reproduced in the letter of Mr. Rtisscll. This is conclusive. This fully confirms the truth of Mr. Seligmiui's statements. But irrefragable as this proof is. it is not all that we have. There is cumulative evidence on this point as clear and convincing as that which we have already cited. Another commercial letter, written at Charleston, was found in possession of Mr. Muir, from which we make the following extract:? Mr. B.,[Mc. Bunch, the British Oong|il at Charleston], showed uie confidentially Mr. Russell's letter about the battle His letter beat- atl I have yet seen in ivrliit ab/uit-the Yaukeos running. He says we could have had Washington by merely asking. Ho said Lord I.yons bad nn inclination to ask Mr. Sowitrd ' if the Confederate States of America had not the belligerent rights, according to his notion, lie would certainly admit they bad the belligerent power." Onoalh of secrecy he communica/etl to me also that the first. ftp of recognition tin*taken. He [Mr. Buncb.the British Consul], and. Mr. Pelligny. French Contul at Charleston, together, tent Mr. Trcscotl to Richmond yesterday to ask Jeff. Par!'. President, to accept the treaty of commerce, to a-rejil the neutral flag carrying neutral goods. This is the Jirst step of direct treating vHth orr government. If prepared for activo business by 1st of January. you may rely on all going right. Crops good and.tine. There Is more corn made than ever known. Cotton will bo four million bales, with wu.il w.is ion u om I'iRi crop. Hare no doubt thai tKere nrM be toon divert opportunities with the South By steom. All oar privateers do remarkably well, though somu loss good than others. Here wo have, not only the malignant if not brilliant witticism of Lord Lyons repeated by another writer, but we havo additional information of a very serious character, which, after the establishment of the other facts asserted in the letter, we are bound to con" sider correct and true. We we told tbat Mr. Treecott, a South Carolinian, who was i Assistant Secretary of State nnder President Buchanan, had been sent by Monsieur Belligny, the French Consul at Charleston, and Mr. Jftuafc* tba Jjrluab t^uuul at Vhariwvn? who would uot be likely to act in bo important a matter wlUhout instructions from their superiors at Waj&ington?to Jefferson Davis, at Richmond, to auk him to accept a uivaigr ox commerce, ior a oputral Dag to carry neutral good*?the first step of direct treating with the Confederate government. This is probably what Mr. Seligman refers to at the close of his letter, when he says that later information still more confirms him in the belief that England and France will soon acknowledge the Confederate government. Thus we see that Lord Lyons and Mr. Russell have both been giving aid and comfort to the enemy. Tho British Minister has been rubbing up his wits to give increased rancor to the venomous pen of the foreign correspondent who gloried in the unfortunate repulse of our badly officered, raw recruits at Bull run; andnot content to let the rebels learn of his enmity towards us and his sympathy for them through the ordinary channels, the gratifying assurance is given to them, confidentially, in advance of publication. More than this, a treaty of commerce is already in actual process of negotiation with the Southern Confederacy. Calling the attention of Secretary Seward to this matter, we will leave Lord Lyons in his hands. But what shall be done with Mr. Ilussell? Wo perceive that the troops of General Banks, some of whom had read his letters in the London Times, have already manifested attong dis?atisfuction at his presence among them. Wo cannot wonder at this; and, when the additional facts which'we have now brought out become generally known, if Mr. Russell escapes rough hundling it can only be by speedily leaving the country. He is a snob of the first water, and belongs to that class in Great Britain whose sentiments towards us Blackicovd recently expressed as follows:? "We can feel no special interest in the maintenance of a Union whose origin was in the violent overthrow of British supremacy." We have already invoked the unusual aid of martial law to stop the vindication of our government ut this critical moment, when it wavers between life and death, by a depraved and treacherous press at home. Shall an alien writer, a proved ally of our enemies, whose pen drips gall and whose confidence assists treason, enjoy privileges of which our own citizens urc, from necessity, forcibly deprived? Mr. Russell opposes our government; it should yield him no protection. Ho hates our country: let him leave it. He may escape from the valley of the Monocacy before Gen. Banks is advised of these facts; but if he makes his way West, into the army of the Mississippi, we doubt not that Gen. Fremont will put him under the wholesome rigor of martial law, as he has already placed a number of other kid-gloved gentlemen of secession sympathies at hard work in the trenches. What is Shoddy??The excitement over the shoddy uniforms furnished to the soldiers has started numerous inquiries as to what "shoddy" really is. and how it happens that clothing is made out of materials in reality worthless. A morning contemporary has thrown some light upon the subject, which shows that it is nothing more nor less than rotten rags worked up by machinery and mixed with just enough wool to deceive tho public, and thus manufactured into cloth; the cloth when made into garments lasts about as long as the wearer is purchasing it, provided, however, ho abstains from all exercise and sits as though his life depended upon his remaining perfectly quiet. It is one of the mysteries of cheap clothing and big profits of dealers. It originated in the competition with manufacturers of cloth, who resorted to this mode to compete with their neighbors, sell their nrAiliipU nf 'i Inwnr Tvrlr?r? nml nt (ht> Mnvtm firm* I" ? -v r..v~, - continue their high profits. At present the "shoddy'' trade is quite extensive, originating, we helieve, in John Bull's dominions, but now extensively carried on in this country, there being several mills engaged in its preparation in this State. The invention of machinery to prepare the rags and mould them into "shoddy" has resulted in the refuse woollen rags, which were formerly rejected by paper makers as worthless, or fit only for manure, becoming suddenly in demand at from seven to ten dollars per ton. The black cloth "shoddy" is the most valuable, and is used in the manufacture of clothing such as was furnished to a portion of the volunteers, about which so much has been said. Our contemporary states that these refuse and worthloss rags are assorted "into whites, carpets, slmwls, stuffs, shirtings, linseys and black cloth." When thus assorted and baled, they are sold to the "shoddy" manufacturer, who takes al' the woollens, carefully assorts them and passes them through tjic rag machine, which is a cylinder set with teeth; this, revolving at a great speed, tears or pulls the rags to wool. When thoroughly pulled apart and reduced to soft wool it is saturated with oil or milk, and has the appearance of balls about (lie size of a pea. The common "shoddy" requires scouring in beaters filled with chemical matter; when thus completed it is mixed with new wpol, in as large pro" portions as possible to escape detection* The siraon pure "shoddy"' is made of soft woollens; but the hard or black cloths, when prepared in the same way, will produce what is called "mungo"?au article used extensively in superfine cloths, which is usually finished in a way that will deceive the best judges. Many persons have no doubt been surprised at the accumulations between the cloth and lining ojtheir garments, which is in reality the "shoddy' rubbed out of the cloth, and will be found the sequel for the sudden falling to pieces of their garments. The recent disgraceful developements 111 -shoddy"' cloth made into soldiers' uniforms we presume will injure the "shoddy'" trade; but in the meantime it lias extended into other matters, especially into the political world. The political managers of this State arc at present extensively engaged in this line, and are press ing parties out of the rotten rags and debris of the late political parties, which they imagine they can palm off upon the public as genuineTliiio wo slmll cmin hnv<? a rprmhlifnn party and a "shoddy'' democratic party in the field, both claiming to b* composed of pure material, but in reality the fag-ends, rotten | rags and debri9 of the old parties. Their organizations will, in fact, be "shoddy"' from one end ! to the other, and if the public accept them they will be a hundredfold worse cheated than were the poor soldiers with their "shoddy" uni[ forms. Wa advise every one to beware of, and not put their faith in. any of the "shoddy" political parties or political -shoddy" manufucI l'ucturers. , 1LOSTON CAVALRY VOLUNTEERING FOR THE WAR. The Hot too Light Dragoon* bare nnanimonaly rated that in the erent of their eerricoe being called for by the Ciovernor, they would rolunteer for three rears or the ti, 5 ,-o\ idea they soft he ceinmaji led by mC?f CLvu ' owa ?h?oaa>(. I wtwa FROM CALIFORNIA. r&rrWal off the Overload Kxpren?Orgul* xotloa of Troops?State of the HaiktU, &e., Ac. Ocm Tucun Station, % Numr-ma Mtue Wbit of Font Ksaussy, L August 94,1801. J The i?ny express passod here at tea o'clock this mors, log, bringing the following iotelligeMe from the PaciA* coast:? San Fsanomo, August It?P. It. Arrived 10th, ship Winged Racer, New York; baric Tlieruaia, Rio Janeiro. 0 Sallod 10th, ships Eureka, Melbourne; Decatur, Hong Kong; Ilarkaway, Melbourne. The market is slightly more aotlve. Butter, 2Sc. 2T>ic. Caudles, l?Xe a 20>?c. Crushed sugar, 11*0. 13c. Rio coffee held at 19c. a 21c. Raw suirar advanced. Whiskey, 36c. Coal?None In first hands. Superfine flour, $4 26 for export. Best wheat for export, $1 40. Barley, 86c. a 87e. Yesterday was the first day that official advice* were received from Waahingtoa concerning who Is to command the fifteen hundred troops called for from California, and how they are to serve on the plains. They aro to be organized agreeably to the request of Mr. Cameron, Secrptury of War. The Coventor has commissioned Colonel Carlton, of the United Slates A:my, to be the chief In command, and Major J. R. West, of Sun Francisco, second In command, talcing charge of the cavalry. Titer* i.s no doubt the whole fifteen hundred will be rapidly raised for the duty assigned them. Five companies, mostly infantry, were u. copied to-day In this city. Military men, however, are ambitious to see active uervlon agninst a civilized enemy, rather than to roum over the plains. A guard of twenty five United Slates infantry and a Lieutenant wiiii down in the last Panama stoumar tt escort tlie treasure as fur as Aspinwull. There is no State news of Importance. Coorgo Hudson, the Son Francisco Justice of tho Peaea, who in 1859 liued the proprietors of the Bulletin uowspaper $100 each for publishing the confession of Mr*. Sickles, en tho ground that it was not tit for publications lias obtained a verdict in Judge Ilugcr's court of $100 damages against the Bulletin proprietors bccuuse they called liim a Dogberry. Thomas Francis Mcaghsr sad RmmIPi Letter. TO THE EDITOR OP THE HERALD. Allusions to Cupt. Thos. Francis Meughor, in one or two of the more recent letters of Mr. Kussoll to tho Loads* Times, seeming to imply that at and Immediately after Ota battlo of Bull run he was wanting 4n his duty, and did ns^ exhibit the stoadineas and bravery for which the A mart, can public have gtvuu him credit, we, the undersignatL oflk-crs of the Sixty-ninth, present at the battle of BuP run, consider it duo to Captain Meagher emphatically Ms state that no Officer or soldier could hava borr.e hitnesif more gallantly, nor with more perfect coolness and into** pldlty, than he did all through the labors and terrors ?f that battle. Acting as Major of the regiment, and special aid to Colonel Corcoran, his exertions were incessant throughout tho day?uow delivering orders?another time eucourag* iug tho men?lias toning up stragglers on' the march? keeping the men compact and silent in tha ranks?doing every th ing an officer could dd" to excite tha ardor and insure the efficiency of the regiment. Riding coolly nod deliberately along the line, In front of the enemy's batteries, from which a tempest of ball and shell swept the held, whilst in the act of delivering tbe Colonel's order to pre? I>are-to charge, Captain Meagher's horse was torn to pieces by a cannon shot. Krom that out he took hio place with his com puny of Zouaves on foot, advanced upon the enemy's batteries, cheered and inspired tbn men as they rushed upon tho works, and In the faceof the deadliest Arc, with bis head uncovered, stood trio ground, waved his sword, rallied tho Sixty .ninth in tho name of Ireland, when tho regiment was twice repulsed , and was among the last, if he himsolf was not the very last, to louve tho fatal spot whore ao many at his honest-hearted countrymon wore slain. In the confusion which followed the final repulse from the batteries, and in thesmokoand uproar of ths batteries, wo lost sight of Captain Meagher and be of no. Wc did not see him again until bo came up, a mile or no beyond tho village of Centre ville, to the main body of tho regiment, which, in good ordor, was on tie return to hrt Corcoran, it having been reported to the officers bjr Brigadier Sherman that Colonel Corooran had gone oa there in an ambulance, being badly wounded. Yielding to the unanimous request of both officers and men, Oaptt Meagher took command of the regiment at this junoturo and brought it back steadily to'Kurt Corcoran, where It arrived a little after three o'clock the morning after tho battle, after an uninterrupted march of thirty miles. In conclusion, we lako the heartiest satisfaction in bearing wltncfS?once for all, against all insinuations or aoportions to the contrary, and from whatever source their ceme?to t he exemplary and chivalrous conduct of Captain Thomas frauds Meagher upon every occaaioa since ho attached himself to the Sixty-ninth, in the camp no officer was more diligent, active and indefatigable In tho discharge of his duties; on tho march no ona waa mam eager ?moro reckless of his life. James Kelly, Captain Compauy K. .lames uivcpagli, captain Company U. I'atrffik Kelly. Captain Company K. Thomas Clarke, Captain Company D. loba Bretfln, Captain Company F. Wm. Butler, I Joutonant Company I. Jolm Cornan, Lieutenant Company I. Theodore Kelly, Lieutenant Campuny A. Wm. McGilos, Lieutenant Company B. Edw. K. Butler, Lieutenant Company K. James tjuiulan, Captain Engineers. Daniel Strain, Lieutenant Company A. J). L. Sullivan Lieutenant ( ompnny A. Tliop. Liddy. Lieutenant Company B. Laurence (-'ahill. Lieutenant Company B. James Smith, Lieutenant Com|>any 0. Jasper HI. Whitly, Lieutenant Company 0. Kiehard llalton, Lieutenant Company D. . Michael O'Boyle, Lieutenant Comi>auy D. Wm. S. McManus, Lieutenant Company & Patrick Dufl'y, Lieutenant Company F. John A. Nugent, Lieutenant Company F. Henry J. McMnhon, Lieutenant Company G. Matthew Murphy, Lieutenant Company G. Jatnos l/iwry, Lieutenant Comiiany H. Francis Wlielply, Lieutenant Company H. Thos. M. Canton, Lieutenant Company I. Wm Fognrty. Lieutenant Company 1. Maurice W. Wall, Lieutenant Company K. Harder In Eighth Avenue. PRACTICAI.LT A DOUBLE MURDER?CLIMAX OF A UR| OF SHAME?A MAN'S LIFE WORTH $1 26. The inhabitants of the Twentieth ward were arouse! on .Saturday morning by the startling intelligence of murder in their midst. It was rumored that, on Friday evening,a person, whose habits hod not been exemplary, bad bocn caught, in a theft, bad fatally stabbed the person who canght him, and been taken into custody by the police of tho Twentieth ward, and was under arrost at the Twentieth ward station house, where an inquest would be held. Thousands flocked to the station house at an early hour, and blockaded the street. Intense excitement prevglleft Of course the doors of the station house were closed to all but the representatives of the press, the coroners and their assistants, the Jury and tho w-itnessees. Coroner Jack man arrived at about noofl on Saturday, and proceeded immediately into an investigation of tha circumstances of the case. Summoning his Jury, thn Coroner received the testimony of tho sevoral witnesses. There is no material discrepancy in their statements , but the testimony all tends to prove the truth to bo as follows:? Thomas Reynolds, a native of Ireland, who lives at N'o. 261 West Thirty-seventh street, and was formerly engaged in the iron rolling business, but, having lost aa arm, has of late obtained a precarious livelihood, was lounging in the store of Chas. Roho, butcher, of 41* Eighth avenue, on Friday evening, when a young woman entered to make some purohase. i?be inadvertently placed her portmonnaia on a vegetable stand, and engaged in conversation with Mr. Rohe, and while she was so engaged Reynolds snatched her wallet and fled. He was subsequently found concealed in a hay crib In astablo near Mr. Rnhe's grocery, and accused of having committed the theft. His accuser (Frederick Weise) demanded thai Reynolds should deliver the wallet: but the latter refused to comply with tbis request, and high words ensued, l uring the dispute Reynolds lost his temper, and soisod m knife, with which be followed Mr. Weise Intoa rear yard, where he inflicted several stabs, which resulted in Mr. Wcise's death. When Mr. Weise fell Reynolds?who was, It Is supposed, in liquor?appeared like one awaking from a dream. He stood as if in a stupor, making no oflbrt to esoapo, but quietly submitted to arrest and was as quietly taken ta the Twentieth ward station house, where, when the inquest hail been convened, he made answer to Coroner .Inckman's question as to what ho had to say, "j am guilty." Tho young woman, whose wallet?which contained precisely one dollar and twenty six cent??was stolen, ia said to have been attached to Weiso by ties that should this statement has properly nothing to do with the terrible tragedy which has been committed, it were better dismissed. She is, however, suffering intensely under the check which sho lias experienced, and it is said by the physicians that her life bangs on a thread. The jury fully implicated Reynolds, and he was committed by Coroner Jackmiui. Arrivals and Departures. DEPARTURES. Koi'tbamftos, Havrk and Hajsbbro?Steamship Bavaria?8 Samuels anil family, T W Qirn'n, A Ilallgarten. Hrs Loeschlgk, Misa VGrloahelm, New York; Mrs O O Stent, i hild and inrant: Miss U Kriete, Hoboken; J V D Ilryde, Hamburg; G F Edeler, E Bergmano, New York; Mr Knehnemairn and family, Milwaukee; It M Wilder, C Cla-sen, New York; O W Brobnrg, Cincinnati; C Schnibstadter, Boatot; Mr and Mrs Davidson, Connecticut; L Unr, St Louts; Ti lieilbovn, Baltimoi-e; J Dorn, Sun Francisco; A Mayer, 8k Joseph; JTCole, Boston; Mrs II L Ptassen, Washington^ Mrs Meister and infant, Cincinnati; Mrs J Pfarrer, L l'lnebon. New York; Mr and Mrs Wulf, Iowa; O Mohr, Mr and Mrs P L Mohr, New York; Mrs V Rudlger, Miss P Kudlger, O Kiidfger, T Rudlger, Almond: 8 Aschor, M Doro, (lullfornla; J Qerson, Mr and Mrs Freytag, A Strohme.ver, New York: A H Martin, Boston: O Zuntgraff, If Rudolph, Cluls.dejiibia; J 11 Stent, Porto Plate.-, C Bertram, Mexico; Mrs M Wawvdchte, Mrs Hewer and child, Mrs K Undauer and child. New Yerk; Mrs Kesler, child and infant, Mrs A StscAthUler, Cincinnati?and other* Vn steerage. Total, MS. Lirsafoot?Steamship Bdinbnrg?Mr and My* Sean, Mlm Ella Seart, Mil* Hattta Bears, Wm Medgley, Daniel CruloH hank, J A Wendroth, Robert Sellers, Jamae R Calvert Mjw Campbell and child, ME Ohaaaro, Sdwfn fwrahk. ACesS fft/ne. win mA ftevrmm, uuuvo Fo?l, W 1m, T"''irtM:'^r lUu^Uiwu, fi V BiSP? Hi* G?

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