Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 27, 1861, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated August 27, 1861 Page 4
Text content (automatically generated)

4 NEW YORK HERALD. JAMES GORDON DENNETT, EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR. OFFICE N. W. CORNER OF FULTON AND NASSAU 8TS. Volume XXVI TTTTT^ Wo. mr AM USE M K NTS THIS EVENING. WINTER OARDEN, bi oadway.?Lkai- YkaR-Toodlm. NEW BOWERY THEATRE. Bowery.?Boll Run-Minotk Gun a i Ska. BARNUM'8 AMERICAN MUSEUM, Broadway.?Day and Evening?Mich i*1 I-.ki.k-Haustkd chavukr? UiitorotAMiia. Ska Lion. Beaks, and OruKR Curiosities. BRYANTS' MINSTRELS, Meclianlos' Hall, 472 Broadtray.?sonijs, Da.nokh, liliu.EsyUKS, Ac.?Bull Run. melodeon concert Hall, No. 539 Broadway.? Songs, Dakcks, Buklksiiuks. Ac.?Ireland in 1330. CANTERBURY MUSIC HALL, 535 Broadway.?sonos, DaNCKS, Ill'lll.K.tyCKS, AC. OAIKTIKS CONCERT ROOM, 616 Broadway.?Drawinq Book Entkhtainkknts Ballets. 1'antokines, Raiicks, Ac. AMERICAN MUSIC IIALL, 414 Broadway.?Songs, Bituts, 1'ANTOMIKU, AC. ?Bl.Al'K STATUS. _CRYSTAL VALACE CONCERT HALL. No. 45Bowerv.? jiUHi.KyqUKS. Soxes, Danckh. Ac.?Hi.ack St ati e. W York, Tui tday, August 47,1461a OUR, "WAR MAPH. The numerous maps, plans and diagrams of the ope rations of the Union and rebel troops in Virginia, Missouri, Illinois, Florida, and on the Mississippi and Missouri rivers, which have been published from time to time-in the New Yokk Herald, are now printed on one sheet, and is ready for delivery. Agents desiring copies are requested to send in their orders immediately. Single copies six cents. Wholesale price the same as for the Weekly Herald. THE SITUATION. The government continues to exercise considerable vigilance about Washington to prevent com" hinieation with the Maryland shore. All the Craft on the Potomac, down to the small row boats *jnl stiffs, have been taken possession of by the authorities. The army is receiving abundant supplies of every kind from the Quartermaster General's Department, and the condition of the troops is consequently improving. The addition of regiments to the army is being increased every day by arrivals from tho Northern and Eastern States. Some collisions with the enemy's pickets are constantly reported, which show that they are in immediate propinquity to the Union lines. On Sunday ovening the Thirty-seventh ; New York regiment had a skirmish with the rebel outposts. One of tho Thirty-seventh was killed, and Colonel McCunn, it is said, killed two and wonnded one of the enemy with his own hand. A new Mayor of Washington in place of MrBevret, now a prisoner in tkiB harbor, was choBen and installed yesterday in the person of Mr. Richard Wallach. Several soldiers claimed by Lord Lyons as British subjects wore discharged from the army yesterday. We learn from Missouri that the Eastern division of the rebel army are hastening to join General Fillow. General Hardee's forces, at last accounts, were moving towards the Arkansas line. The rebel forces under Colonel Green were marching on Athens. The privateer JefT. Davis appears to be stil1 actively occupied in her predatory warfare. Captain DcWolfe, of the British brig Ann Lovett, whi h arrived at Yarmouth, N. S., on the 19th j Hat., reports that on the 9th inst., in latitude twenty-nine degrees forty-five minutes, longitude tixty seven degrees, his vessel was boarded by her ind released after a brief examination of his papers. By an arrival from Antigua, in the British West Indies, we learn that quite a demonstration took place there recently, at the hoisting of the rebel (lug from the building of the consignees of a Bouthern vessel. The American captains in port Insisted upon its being hauled down, and the people responded by tearing it into pieces. By the Hibernian, at Father Point, we have news from Europe to the 16th of August. The London press was still engaged with the discussion of the American war question. The Gbube denies that Admiral Milne had reported on the inefficiency of the blockade of the Southern ports, and asserts that no official advices on that subject had been re' ceived by the government. The London Times, in its city article and an editorial, expresses its apprehension of the financial ability of the government in Washington to carry on the war. Mr. Russell had forwarded another letter to that journal, which is spoken of as "discouraging to the cause of the North." A naval expedition from Fortress Monroe has been in preparation for some time, and is now nearly completed, but its destination is kept a profound secret. At a meeting yesterday afternoon of the presidents of the banks of the city of New York, it was resolved that Mr. Stevens, President of the Bank of Commerce, select a committee of five, to proceed with him to Washington, to enforce upon the President and his Cabinet the resolutions previously passed by the bank presidents, that the conditions of the loan recently made by the bank presidents arc that the war is to be prosecuted with all the vigor and energy of tho government. Thus, from every quarter, the administration is being stimulated to the active progress of the campaign, in order that peace may be restored nnd the commercial prosperity of the country may be resumed at the earliest possible time. THE NEWH. The news of the safety of the steamship Etna, which we publish this morning, will relieve the anxiety of many of our readers. The ship Powerful arrived in the ltiver St. Lawrence yesterday, having on board five of the Etna's passengers. She reports that the Etna broke her crank on the 7th inst., and was boarded by the Powerful on the 11th. The accident rendered the steamer's machinery useless, and she accordingly put back to nnnAnafAwn linear (nit! Tim al>m ???? t*. * " ?? *.,v on ,y noa IU guou order, and the passengers all well. The steamship Hibernian, from Liverpool tho J,1th and Londonderry the ICth instant, reached Father Point yesterday on her passage to Quebec. Her news is five days later than that received by the Canada. The sales of cotton Tin Liverpool during the week amounted to 46,000 bales, leaving the stock in port, as estimated, 944,000 bales. On the 14th instant the staple declined one-eighth of a penny t r> the pound, but on the 15th the market closed f>mer at unchanged prices. Brcadstnfik were declining. Tho Bank of England had reduced the fate of interest to four and a half per cent. Conf. sis closed in London on the 15th instant at 00% .Tbe state of ttie diplomatic relations existing be* * tween France and Austria was considered ominous of another war rupture, while at the same time there were symptoms of a close alliance between Austria and England. The Archduke Maximillian of Austria was in England relative to the organiza tiou of a new steamship line, und made a speech, in which he hoped for a closer alliance, "commercial and political," between the two countries. Mr. Cobden had eulogized the "constitutional" course of Francis Joseph. At the same time Prince Metternich took his leave of Napoleon, and the Emperor immediately left for his camp at Chalons, accompanied by General Fanti, of Italy. There was still extreme agitation existing in Hungary and Poland. The King of Sweden was in England. Catharine Hayes, the vocalist, is dead. It was thought that a joint garrison of French and Italian troops would occupy Home, Governmental reforms were still progressing in Turkey. The mails from India, China and Australia had reached England. In India heavy rains had damaged the crops of indigo, rice und sugar. Commodore Stribling, United States Navy, lmd returned to Hong Kong, China, in the steamer Hartford from an expedition up the Yang-tze-Kiang river, where he had arranged with the rebels at Nankin for the protection of American property. The United States steamers Saginaw and Dacotah were at Hong Kong, and the ship John Aduuis at Swatow. The Australian markets were depressed and the yield of gold had fallen off. The City of Washington, from Liverpool on the 15th and Queenstown the ltith instant?same dates as the Hibernian?passed Cape Race on her way to New York on the 2Jd inst. Within three or four days nine "secesh" prisoners have been received in the barracks at Camp Chase. There aj-e now thirty-seven rebels in contiuement at that place, in custody of Goncral mu. The members of the "peace" partyin Kentucky, of which John C. Breckinridge and his man Mugoflln are prominent members, give frequent exhibitions of their strong desires for peace by breaking up railroads, burning bridges, resisting laws and driving Uuiou men from their property and homes. The Southern chivalry apply pretty hard names to the federal government, and to some of our most prominent men and people generally. They speak of the United States as " the rump of the Union," the " usurper's government," and call the Northern section of the country " Yankee land." The President they call a "usurper," a " kangaroo," an "ape," a low "llat boatman" and a "tyrant." General Scott is a "butcher," a " vile traitor," a "hypocrite" and a " fuss-and-feathers tyrant." The Northern people they call " Hessians," "Jayhawkers" and a " set of cowardly Yankees." There is a rumor in Baltimore that the four se' cession DADera in that r.itv ar?> tn ho aiinnrAcuuxl. WilliamS. Johnston, nephew of General Johnston, rebel, was arrested in Philadelphia on Sunday night, just as he was going on board the cars, he having procured his tickets for Louisville, Ky. He is supposed to hold & commission in the Southern array. The St. Louis Republican, formerly a secession paper, 6ays it is now plain that in six weeks time, or two months at farthest, there will not be a rebel soldier in Missouri. This is cheering news. Eight companies of cavalry, uudcr Colonel Com rad Baker, left Evansville, Ind., on the 21st inst. for St. Louis. Seventy-five cars, making four train:. were necessary to transport the men and horse . Below will be found the programme of movements and events which have been announced to take place during the month of September:? Monday, 2d?Meeting of the Kentucky Legislature in Frankfort. Wsdswday, 4th?The New York Democratic State Convention will meet in Syrac use. The National t'nion Party Slate Committee, of New York, will moot in Syracuse. The Georgia State Couveution to nominate candidates for Governor and Presidential electors will be held in Mil" lodgeville. Thursday, 5th?The no party State Convention of Min" ncsota will meet iu St. 1'aul. Tbo no party State Convention of Ohio will conveno in Columbus. Saturday, 7th?The Democratic State Convention of Ohio will assemble In Columbus. TessnAV, 10th?The secession State Convention of Maryland, called by the rebel members of the legislature, will moot in Baltimore. Tito New York German Republican State Convention will bo held In Syracuse. The i>eace or armed neutrality State Convention of Kentucky will be held In Krankfort. Wednesday, 11th?'lite New York Republican State Con. vontion will conveno in Syracuse. Thursday, 12th?Tito Democratic Stato Convention of Minnesota will assemblo in St. l'aul. Monday, 16th?The demised and defunct Legislature ejMissouri will attempt to moot In Jefferson City, they having adjourned on tho 15th of May, to meet again on the third Monday in September. Tuesday, 17th?Tho Legislature of Maryland will meet In Frederick. Wednesday, 18th?The Democratic Slate Convention of Massachusetts will convene In Worcester. Wednesday, 25th?Tho Republican State Convention of Wisconsin will bo bold In Madison. Thursday, 26th?National Thanksgiving appointed by the President of the United States. According to tho City Inspcctor'9 report, there were 522 deaths in the city during the past week, n uecrease 01 ^t> as compared wim trie mortaury of the week previous, and 27 less than occurred during the corresponding week last year. The recapitulation table gives 2 deaths of alcoholism, 1 of disease of the bones, joints, Ac., 97 of the brain and nerves, 2 of the generative organs, 9 of the heart and blood vessels, 109 of the lungs, throat, Ac., 6 of old age, 24 of diseases of the skin and eruptive fevers, 3 premature births, 217 of diseases of the stomach, bowels and other digestive organs, 33 of general fevers, 1 of disease of the urinary organs, and 18 from violent causes. The nativity table gives 391 natives of the United States, 77 of Ireland, 29 of Germany, 3 of Scotland, 9 of England, and the balance of various foreign countries. The cotton market was firmer yesterday, whllo the sales embraced about 1,000 bales, closing on the basis of 18>?c. a 18*?c. for middling uplands. A part of tbo sales wero made to spinners having government contracts on hand. The fluur market was heavy, with a moderate demand from the home trade and for export, and closed at about 6c. decline for superfine and medium grades of extra brands. Wheat was rather lower, but tolerably active at tho concession. Corn was easier and in good export requost, chiefly for British ports and for shipment to New England. Pork was steady, with sales of mess at $16 and prime at $10. Sugars were active and firm, with sales or 2.000 lihds. and 1,200 boxes flt rates Riven in another column. Cofleo was steady; a Palo of 600 bags Rio was muilo at 13&C. Freights were llrraer, and grain freely taken to English ports at 9Xd. a ltkl. for corn, and at 10)<d. for wheat, In ship's bags. Rates were also Arm to Loudun and Havre. L.L. D. Rvsheli. in a Hornet's Nest.?Tlie last letter of tho snob correspondent of the London Times will net him into trouble with everybody. It pitches into the brave and gallant i Moaglier in the most unhandsome and calumnious manner. Tho Irish blood in the community is justly aroused at so wanton an insult to a tried and true patriot If Mr. Russell goes South again, ho will meet with twenty challenges, for his betrayals of confidence, and tirades against the people of the rebel States. The sole pride and vocation of this bilious L.L. D. seems to be to deride, sneer at and villify everything and everybody. His letters are crowded with malignity, and we are much misI taken if this last 6dtrftg6 Offered u> the Irish, through one of her noblest sons, does not render the United States too hot to bold him. raw YORK HERALD, TUI Tlic Slavery Policy of the Administration?Opposition of (lie Abolition Incendiary Press. It needs no argument at this time to prove that to the operations of the abolition agitators of the North cau be traced the cause of tlie present war, and all the evils, sufferings niul loss of life attending it. Their continued and systematic agitation, in season and out of season, through their conventions, pulpit orations, stump speeches, fascinating novels, communications and editorials in such organs as the Tribune, Times, Boston Liberator and that class of journals, has from time to time furnished the revolutionists of the South with their material to inflame the Southern mind, prepare it for secession and unite the entire South in their policy for a separate confederacy. In attempting to build up a party in the North, based exclusively on the abolition of slavery, they have palmed off upon their followers imaginary statements of hardships, falsehoods and misrepresentations, which, coming to the attention of their antipodes of the South, furnished the basis for a revolutionary party and their entire po litical food, in tho absence of which they M ould havo been uithout power or influence. Going before the people of the South?by nature, habi t? and education an excitable race?with these statements and misrepresentations started at tho North, they have increased in power and influence just as the agitators of tho North grew more noisy and arrogant. Lending the Southern mind step by step through its several stages, they finally succeeded in infusing the belief that the election of Lincoln was only another name for the immediate emancipation of the slaves, and that their only salvation Mas in immediate secession and a separate confederacy. Thus we find that as soon as the election of Lincoln was made known several of the Southern States declared themselves out of the Union, and immediately entered upon extensive warlike preparations; the leaders, daily strengthened among their own people by tho domineering attitude of the agitators of the North, found also willing hands in Buchanan's Cabinet to place at convenient points the latest style and most approved weapons of warfare in the hunds of the government. With the revolutionary material furnished them by the abolition agitators they continued to strengthen themselves, until, soon after the inauguration of Lincoln, eleven States adopted this heresy and united their fortunes with the Southern confederacy. Continuing the same system of appeals, and declaring to their followers that the entire North were abolitionists, bent upon emancipating the slaves, and that President Lincoln was but their mouthpiece and tool in this work, they have succeeded in uniting the South and work ing them to the pitch that we noM- find them?in arms against the regular constitutional government and menacing the national capital. They are to-day enabled to keep their army together, amidst privations and sutler ings, by reiterating to the rank anil file the very words of tho agitators of the North, holding those views to be that of the entire North, and that which the President is pledged to carry out. We regret to say that to the latter statement the course of the Tribune and Times fur. nishes tho nnnoariince of Tiliiusibilitv. The column* of those and kindred journals, are still filled with articles attempting to force upon tlie administration the emancipation of the slaves as the war cry. Thus, In the Times of yesterday we find two or three communications, apparently meeting the approval of the conductors of that journal, arguing the importance of making the war a war for the abolition of slavery, in which we find such sentences as, "we need a war cry, n professed object;" "besides, wemust proclaim emancipation if we would conquer." Another writer ndds, after admitting that the issue which the administration is carrying on is not the ubolition of slavery, "that a more radical cure would be to proclaim slavery incompatible with our national safety, and the end of slavery the only end of the war." "Slavery and freedom, the one or the other must go down." Now, we know that the President and his Cabinet are not gathering armies, nor are our generals drilling and perfecting them, to destroy tho institution of slavery, but to restore the Union to its former prosperous condition, through such constitutional means as that instrument and Congress have placed at his disposal. "The war now prosecuted on the part of the federal government," writes Secretary Cameron in his letter to General Butler, "is a war for the Union, for the preservation of all constitutional rights of States and tho citizens of ull the StateB of the Union." Again, Caleb D. Smith, another member of the Cabinet and constitutional adviser of the President, in a recent speech delivered at Provideuce, states unequivocally that "this war is not a war upon the institution of slavery, but a war for the restoration of the Union and the protection of all citizens, in the South as well as the North, in their constitutional rights." The law passed by Congress confiscating the property of rebels uffects that of slavery only the same as other property. There is not, in fact, the slightest evidence that the federal government is now conducting a war having for its object the abolishment of slavery. On the contrary, we have an accumulation of evidence that it is a war for the maintenance of the Union and the protection of all citizens in their constitutional rights, slavery not excepted. This being the real object of the war, as the letter of Cameron, the speech of Smith and the action of Congress declare it to be. the course pursued by those organs of this city that labored for the election of Mr. Lincoln?and which are consequently believed by , V... i.? A.... ? <l-~ T> ?... ?iiv uvuiu iu liv iuv lu^uuo ui iuc jl lcciucin uuw that ho is in power?in manifestly doing tenfold more damage to the cuuse of the Union than all the so called peace organs combined. Their systematic appeals to udopt the abolition of ' slavery as the war cry, and thus attempting to force the government to udopt that policy, are not only strengthening the rebels at home, but dividing the North, weakening the hands of the administration and obstructing the prosecution of the war for one of the wisest and most just i causes that ever a nation went to war upon. < Those journals that have recently been visited with a mob, and others which the government has attempted to prevent their circulation by 1 seizing copies in Philadelphia, are harmless as doves compared to tbo Tribune and Times, 1 engaged as they are in hounding the federal 1

government into adopting tho policy and in- f scribing upon the banner of tho armies tho 1 emancipation of slavery. The aid and comfort < given by the so called peace organs to the 1 rebels is but a drop in the bucket compared I with the incendiary appeals of the agitating . press, and the sooner the administration puts a stop to their incendiary appeals tho earlier will iS DAY, AUGUST 27, 1861. it receive the united and undivided support of the North, and completely disarm the rebels and their allies in the South. Olir fi I. In.# I fill a Willi ?.l D.an.1 in the Present Crisis. The tone of the English and French press since the battle of Bull run would seem to indicate that the hostility existing towards the North in both countries has been very much increased by that event. We have the best reasons for believing that this is not so. Neither in England nor in France can the journals which have taken such a decided part against us be said to represent the great bulk of public opinion. In the one case we find them both, through their editorial columns and the efforts, political as well us journalistic, of their representatives here, openly aiding the rebels. In the other we know that the French newspapers merely reflect the tone of the English in the interest of that identity of policy which, for the moment, exists between the two governments on the American question. That neither represent that great body of public sentiment which must ultimately decide the question of interference we have the clearest evidence in their endeavors to make out the contest in which we are enaged as one of material inte rests, instead ot what it really is?a conflict ot principles. The two governments and their organs evidently feel that public opinion will be powerfully arrayed against uny infraction of the neutrality which they profess, unless they can succeed in imparting a false coloring to the conduct and objects of the North. Besides this difficulty, other elements have sprung up, which will render them less disposed to push matters to extremes. The thorough ventilation and discussion which the question has received, owing to the shamefully partisan course taken by the London Times and one or two other leading English journalshave led to a better understanding by the English and French publics of their commercial in terests and international duties, lhey now begin to appreciate the fact that they have not ho large a stake in the independence of the South as the advocates of the latter pretend. Notwithstanding, therefore, the unfavorable ' impression created by the rout of our army at Manassas, and by the false representations and sneers of the London journals in regard to it, it is not the less certain thut the conviction is rapidly gaining ground abroad that not only does the North possess all the resources, but all the vigor and determination necessary to bring this unnatural contest to a prompt termination. It is unlikely, in the face of these facts, that the English government will attempt to break the lines of our coast guard. It would be a violation not only of the principles of international law, which give to every government the right of closing such of its port as it chooses, but an infraction of a long series of precedents acted upon by Eug land herself. Ia the difficulties with China, Japan and Siam, it was never for one moment pretended that the European governments were entitled to dictate to those countries the ports that should be opened to foreign commerce. Wo stand precisely in the same position as they did. The closing of the Southern I oris is not a blockade, in tlio international sense of the term. It is simply the reassertion of what was done by the governments in question?the fact of all our Northern ports being left open establishing clearly the distinction between it and a regular blockade, England, therefore, will not venture to violate in the case of a civilized people a right accorded to them by the laws of nations, and which she did not dare to infringe when in conllict with semi-barbarous governments. lint there is, as we have said, auother motive equally powerful which will operate to prevent her taking this course, ller commercial interests forbid it. John Bright, himself connected with the cotton interest, and a man of much more comprehension and statesmanlike views than Lord John Russell, or any of his colleagues, lias placed this in the clearest light. England and France would risk more by going to war with the North than the whole of the future cotton production of the South would be worth to it. The present conflict has demon, strated the necessity of her rendering herself independent of that source of supply, and by the 1st of March next, up to which time ' it is calculated her stock in hand and that which is expected from other quarters will last, she will, to a great extent, have established that independence. If she keeps from intervention in our affairs the North, by next spring, will have reopened to her the Southern ports, and placed her in possession of any further quantity of the staple that she may require. Let her attempt to violate the blockade and she will not only lose this, but she will lose, in addition, the trade of the North, which is to her of infinitely more consequence in the future. The manufactures that we take ir. exchange for our breadstuffs and other products will be shutout by prohibitive duties, and the distress caused by it among her operatives will be far greater and more permanently damaging than that resulting from the interruption of her supplies of Southern cotton. Such are the views which are rapidly substituting in the minds of the sensible and reflecting portion of the British public the mistaken impressions which the first effect of the war on their manufacturing interests had created. In France tut; rulut; wu? ivuviin m <j guiuiug gi vuilll, UUcause France has also, in her exports of silk, fine woollens and other fabrics, much to lose by adopting aggressive measures towards the North. But wero this not so, she would be likely to follow the policy of England, whose interests, as we have shown, are clearly not on the side of hostility towards us. Of course, under such circumstances, there are no rational grounds for anticipating an interference with our coast guard by either government. King Cotton is a bugbear that has been made far too much of in the arguments upon this question. What Wiix we Do with the Arrested Femai.e Secessionists??It is realiv a verv crave and serious question that the administration is called upon to resolve, to what place of surveillance or confinement the ladies shall be sent who have recently been arrested for their secession sympathies? They can scarcely go to Fort Lafayette, for that stronghold hns been selected for tho especial benefit of fashionable traitors of the male species. Were the season not jo far advanced, a few cottages might have been taken at Newport, or a hotol at Saratoga, where our wrong minded fellow citizenesscs might have been reduced to repentance. Long Branch has been evacuated by Mrs. Lincoln, and New Jersey dinners are execrable, so that we cannot recommend any point below Sandy Ilook for their entertainment. We hare heard, however, I of mi excellent public house on the North river, at Fort Washington, .kept by a certain Mr. James Gordon Bennett, where overv deliencv of the season may be obtained, and where there wil* be the fullest guarantee that no treasonable Intercourse will be allowed them. Government would do well to send them there, just as amiable old Dlx sent his curiosity shop of prisoners to the Gilinore House at Baltimore. The location is magnificent and tho inducements to loyalty are superb. We hear that Mr. Bennett bus recently had Mr. Thurlow Weed for his guest, and thut these two worthies have arranged between them just how tho war shall be carried on. The ladies will thus have even their curiosity catered to without any danger to the Union. Send them by all moans to Fort Washington. The Conspiracy in the Republican Camp Against the Cabinet?Another Masked Battery. We Hulmiit to our readers this morning a very suggestive commentary from the New York Tribune on the alleged shortcomings, corruptions and imbecilities of "Honest Abo Lincoln's'' Cabinet, and imperiously demanding a change in the War and Navy Departments. This broadside of shot and shell does not come from the editorial columns of our abolition contemporary, but from a masked battery, in the shape of an anonymous communication. If called to an account for it, Greeley can plead, as usual, not guilty, and that if apprised of the character of this communication in season he would have rejected it. But the Tribune has conspicuously published it, and scattered it broadcast over the land; and in thus actively lending itself, under a mask, to the uses of plotting spoilsmen and political disorganizes, we feel it to be our duty to bold up our Janus-faced contemporary to the attention of the government and the country. The anonymous paper in question, adopted, conspicuously printed and circulated by the Tribune, calls lustily for a change in the Cabinet; declares that "there will scarcely bo a dissenting voice throughout the whole North that there is a necessity for a chauge;" that "public confidence has boon weakened to a still greater degree by the belief of complicity by the War Department In the numberless frauds which have been committed in army contracts;" and that, as to the Navy Department. the charge "is not so much complicity by the Secretary as his utter inefficiency.'' Hence a change in these two departments is imperiously called for; and the IVibune reformer in the premises is somew hat surprised that "our capitalists, when called to determine upon taking the loan asked b.y the government," did not prescribe "the condition that the Cabinet should be reconstructed so as to restore public confidence." Let it not be supposed, however, that these are the indignant and unadulterated complaints of an honest patriot, intent only upon "the integrity of the Uuion." Behind this masked battery we think may be detected some of the parties of a radical conspiracy in the republican camp initiated on the 4th of March for a change in the Cabinet, in view of the abolition of slavery, (he spoils of the present war and the Honors ami emoluments of our Presidential succession. For all that we kuow the roots of this conspiracy may extend to the Cabinet itself; for it is said that Mr. Secretary Seward, Mr. Secretary Chase and Mr. Secretary Cameron have each their little cliques of sappers and miners, and party jobbers and speculators' working like beavers for the inside track to the succession. This stupendous continental war, however, has given to the War and the Navy Departments the expenditure of the hundreds of millions of money which Congress and the Treasury Department have been eslled upon to supply. Assuming tbat Messrs. Seward, Chase and Cameron are each looking after the White House, it will thus be seen that Cameron has the inside track, and that Welles, regarded as a mere nobody in wielding the important expenditures and jobs of the Navy Department, is holding a place which might be turned to a much better account in a party view of the subject. The trouble with the radical abolition Tribune wing of the republican camp is that the Cabinet is too conservative, and Cameron, in this respect, is particularly obnoxious to these abolition radicals. They complain of his complicity in jobs and contracts, and of bis incompetency; but while they have furnished no proofs of his alleged corrupt affiliations, they cannot safely undertake to deny that Secretary Cameron has proved himself a most active, a very capable and an untiring business man. That he has made some mistakes in the business of this war we must all admit; but they are rather due to the counsels of his military advisers than to his dishonesty or his own want of judgment. Nor is it fair to charge upon Secretary Welles all the short comings and misfortunes of his department since he was placed at the head of it. Much of the responsibility in these things belongs to liis inefficient, blundering or treacherous naval subordinates, as in the case, for instance, of the destruction of the Norfolk Navy Yard, and the mysterious surrender of its immense supplies of cannon, shot, shells and ammunition to the rebels. The fact is, that the republican abolition rar dicals want to supersede Cameron and Welles, so as to patch up a radical Cabinet, with the view of making this war a crusade against slavery; and other partisans, joining iu this hue and cry for a change, have their eyes upon the spoils. The policy of Mr. Lincoln is to turn his back upon these disorganizing radicals, and to follow his own true policy?"the integrity of the Union." Messrs. Cameron and Welles appear to be now thoroughly awake to the necessities of the crisis; but in any event, if we are to have a change in the Cabinet, let it be absolute and complete?a change from the beginning to the end. In this way ull the plots and counterplots on foot for the succession, in connection with the present Cabinet, will be broken up, whereas anything like patching will only result in fresh clamors for another change. The present Cabinet intact, or a new one out-and-out, is the true course for Mr. Lincoln; and meantime, while looking after our Northern secession incendiary newspapers, let him keep an eye on those abolition incendiary organs of liis own party camp, which, while professing their devotion, aro W boring to demoralize and destroy the govern menr. What Dobs tue Peace Movement in the North Mean??There is no doubt whatever, from the developements that have already taken place, that there is a direct, explicit alliance, between the so called peace newspapers and their supporters in the North and the ultra secession party in the South. The former hope to aid thq latter by creating an Insurrection here. A cu.reful review of tho proceedings the late Congro.^ will show that the anti-war faction in the Northern States were unable to conceal their disunion proclivities. The names of several members of the Senate and House of Representatives could be tjacted, who ought lo be domiciled at Fort Lafayette,- and perhaps may be before long. Under BUL'fc chpumstances the administration should beware bow it minces matters. Martial law should be proclaimed at once and every newspaper should be suspended which does not heartily go in for the suppression of the Southern insurrection. The Journal of Commerce, News, Tribune and Anti-Slavery Slumlord should all be suspended, and vigorous measures should be used to put an esd to the conspiracy in favor of Southern traitors which is growing up in tho free StateB. Prospect* of the Drain* for Next Season* For the past nine months tho Opera and tho drama have been in a very bad way. The I sudden plunge of the nation ipto civil war proved too much for the theatres throughout the country, and one after another they were closed, or, if kept open, did anything but a paying business. In New York city, which is a sort of gauge for the whole country, the managers did their very best in vain. Sensation nlavs. drumiilir. ri?nrf>w?titjfinna nf . --J ? " ~I? life uiul battle scenes all failed, and tlie Opera became but a pleasant memory. Only the newsboys' theatre, in the Bowery, succeeded in weathering the storm nicely, and that only with j closely reefed sails. But now new times and better ones have come for us all. We have touched bottom in our national troubles, and are beginning to rise again. The magnificent negotiation of the hundred and fifty million dollars government loan has brought confidence to the country, and re. inspired trade nnd commerce. There is nothing whatever to prevent this fall from being a good business season. Between the government and the banks the most cordial sympathy n.v* unu^i.-Mtiuuiug cxisi: our naroor u? open to the commerce of the world; from government sources alone one million of dollars are daily expended und find their way into the pockets of the people; stores and manufactories begin to do somo business: and. altogether? though there have been many failures under tlie old system of financiering, and though fancy houses and property have lost nearly a half of their former value? we have to congratulate ourselves upon better times, and upon a better and more economical management of business affairs. We have been tried by a very hot fire, to be sure, but a great deal of pure gold has come out of the crucible. Meantime the banks at the South are quarrelling with Jeff. Davis' government, and refuse to give it any more money; the Southern ports are closed hermetically by our coast guard; Southern manufactories, commerce and trade are among the dim traditions of the past, and even the spare cash which English capitalists trust with Jeff. Davis' agents finds ts way into our coffers?so that we bare, therefore, a new element of strength in the rapidly increasing weakness of our enemies* The angel of confidence has stirred the Beth* saida pool of trade, and all that our merchants, capitalists and commercial men hare to do is to wade in. The theatres will feel the beneficial effects of this revival of business, just as flowers spring up with the soberer grasses and the more useful grain. It is hard to keep New Yorkers from amusements at any time, and now that they aro to have a return of hard work they will natu~ rally seek more and more relaxation. Some of the more astute managers begin to Bee this already, and are planning their campaigns accordingly. Manager Wallack treats the public to a new theatre soon, and we believe that every theatre in town has a new play ready for pre. sentation at the opening of the fall season. If these aro as successful as there is every reason to expect, we shall need Opera in this city during the winter, and will support it brilliantly. Let Garibaldi Muzio emerge from his summer Caprera, then; cease to be contented with superintending a serenade, and put himself into fighting trim. Let Urignoli polish up his natural instrument for a sweeter '-Murta" and a more mellifluous "Spirto Gentil." Let Uliman drop the sorcerer's wand for that of the director, and go on to glory and profit, like Napoleon to Austerlitz or McClellan to Richmond. We are all ready for you, Messieurs. Foimee vos bataillons! Tue Veracity of the London Times Correspondent, LL. D.?In another column will be found an article from the flhicaorn Tribnmr pom. menting upon the description of the battle at Bull run given by Mr. Russell, the special correspondent of the London Times. The writer of the article transferred to our columns states that he was in company with Mr. Russell in the retreat to Washington until they arrived at Fairfax Court Houso. and declares positively, backed by circumstantial evidence that leaves no doubt of the truth of his assertion, "that not a single instance related in Mr. Russell's letter transpired on the route," up to their arrival at the Court House. The writer says he saw "nothing of the flogging, lashing, spurring, beating and abandoning that he so graphically describes; the road was as quiet and clear as if no army were in the vicinity." To this emphatic statement the editor of the Tribune adds, that "two miles and a half from Centreville wo slopped at a roadside farm house for a cup of water. Whilo drinking Mr. Russell passed. We recognized him and passed along, and were soon engaged with him in a discussion of the causes of the check?it was not then known to be anything more?and in his company wo went to Fairfax?in all a distance of six or eight miles; and we can affirm that not one incident which ho relates as happening had any foundation in fact." As a further clincher to the falsifying propensities of Mr. Russell, the writer adds, "the defeat was not known to any on the road, not even to Mr. Russell, who informed me that our army would fall back and encamp for the nieht to renew the battle the next day." Here we hare the statement of an eye witnese that the correspondent of the London Times indulged in statements existing only in his own imagination. Unablo to assist his Southern allies by telling the truth, he manufactured a sketch to suit his purpose, and sent it to his employers as the result of his own observation, which in fact is disproved by his own statements. Thus confronted by the Chicago editor and Mr. Putnam, of this city, whose statement was recently published? both of whom saw Mr. Russell in his hasty retreat to Washington?there is nothing left o* his graphic account of the Bull run battle but a bundle of lies. H1b veracity m a correspondent has beep shown tq be simply an ability to writo

Other newspapers of the same day