Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 28, 1861, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated August 28, 1861 Page 1
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' HP I I 1 11 WHOLE NO. 9118. THE REBELLION. Important from the Upper Potomac. Rumored Engagement Near Edwards' Ferry. Reported Defeat of Gen. Tyler's Forces by the Rebels in Western Virginia. Important News from Fortress Monroe. Departure of a Formidable Naval Expedition Under Gen. Butler and Com. Stringham. The Mutinous Soldiers En Route for Tortugas. A Flag of Truce Detained by General Wool. I Instructions to Officials Respecting the Preven tion of Intercourse with Rebel States. DEPARTURE OP TROOPS FOR WASHINGTON, Ac., Ac., Ac. out special wisnncTOsr despatches. wasuinotox, August 27,1861. i advance of the rebels?skirmish with the tickets of the new york thirty-eighth. Tho report that the enemy had approached to the immo. dialo proximity or our lines on the south side of the l'oto! mac is verified. It is not believed generally, however, i that tho rebel army is prepared for an immediate attack. The battery ot nine heavy guns, mentioned in tho despatch to tho Hickald last night, is at Ilancroft's Mills, on (ho Loesbnrg turnpike, about three and a half miles from i Baylcy's cross roads. Yesterday a picket guard of fifty of the Thirty eighth , New York Volunteers, uudcr Captain Tennett, wero sent ut from their eamp, near the Fairfax Theological Scmit aary, to Bailey's Cross Roads, about five miles distant. ; Captain Dennett placed bis main picket at the Cross (bunts, and stationed detacbinctits at im[iortaiit points i in advance. One of these detachments, number, Ing ten men, occupied a position on the Looslmrg turnpike, ono and a half rnllo from the Cross Heads, on a prominent hill commanding a view of the surrounding country. This detachment remained in undisturbed posscSBion of the position until ten o'clock 1 this morning, when it was attacked by a force of seven I hundred of the enemy, composed of cavalry and infantry, with one piece ..f artillery. The attack was made so sud den ly that five of tho party wero made prisoners. The I other Ave managed to reach tho muiu picket at the cross i roads in safety. ' The assailing party crept upon tho guard, under cover of thick woods on one side and a cornllold on the other, by which they were completely concealed until the moment they precipitated themselves upon the picket. , As soon as intelligence of the attack reached Captain Bennett, lie started with the main guard to the relief . of his men, but was very Roon evert alien by i Captain Allison, of tho samo regiment, tlo brigado ' oflicer of the day, who was on his way with i another company of the Thirty-eighth New York l volunteers to relievo Captain Pennett's Guard. Upon confutation as v > ihe expediency of attempting to dish go the em my from tho hill, it was concluded to bo unudvis iblc, on accounts of the great disparity in number. The Union force, being not more than one-seventh that of the ei.omy > who were also provide with cavalry and one piece of artil. lery, was withdrawn, and the rebels left in possesion of tho hill. The men of tho Thirty-eighth Now York regiment, made prisoners in this affair, are Augustus Gantz of Company C; i-'amucl Van Duzon of Company 1; and Sergeant C. W. Kairtleld, Lorenzo Crook and John Tyler of Company I). CAPTAIN FISH CArTlHED BY THE KHBELS. The ollleer of tho Thirty-first New Yotk icg ment who was captured by the enemy on Sum ay last, near Eai'ey's Cross Roads, was not a Lieutenant, as reported, but Captain Fish. The Company to which he was attached were on picket duty in that vicinity, and while he and bis two I.icatenants and eight or ten men were arching for somo of tho men who had straggled | off, they strayed about an eighth of a mile beyond our kite of picket, when they wore fired upon by a large body of rebels. Several of tho men wcro wounded, among [ whom was Captain Fish, who wns shot in the breast. At this Junctuto his horse stumbled, falling upon h m, and bcioro he could extricate himself, tho enemy wcro upon htm and made him a prisoner. Capt. F. was from New Orleans. The others of bis party escaped. CUTTING OFF COMMUNICATION WITH THE RKBF.I. STATES. Tho Secretary of tho Treasury lias just issued a circular of instructions to collectors and other off.cers of the customs, calling their attention to the act of Congress further to provide for the collection of duties on imports, and for other purposes, approved tho 18th of July last, and to tho nroolamation of the President of the United Stains nf the NSiti o(' A igust, made in pursuance thereof, both of which are annexed. In view of this act and the proclamation, the Secretary directs and instructs the olilcers of tho customs to ttso all vigilance in preventing commercial tail rcourse with the inhabitants of the States in insurrec( tkm, excepting in the s[icci,il onses in whicti it may bo allowed by license and permit as therein set forth. The instructions of the 2d of May and the 12th of .July lust, heretofore in force, will he regarded as superseded by the more comprehensive provisions of the act and prncl iraation. The collectors and other olbccrs of the customs will report all seizures made under the prodamati. n to rite proper District Attorney for such proceedings as the law and facts may justify in each case, and as frequently afterwards as may he convenient, ro|mrt their views in relation to the commercial intercourse eont mplated and the permits proper to be granted or withhold. In tho forms accompanying the weekly re turns, required by circulars of the 5tb of August last, to b.- m i le to tho Treasury Department, collectors and other olilcers of the customs will be careful to state what per mh's are asked for the shipment of goods,by whom asked and the grounds on which the app'ications are based. The Secretary especially directs the attention of collectors and other olilcers to tho tilth and subsequent sec Hons of the act commonly known as iho Force bill. TIFR CASK OP COMMANDER POUTER. The N'avy Department is satisfied with the abundant proofs which Commander Porter has presented in refutation or the charge against his loyalty, his own affidavit showing the alleged secession letter to his son to boa foruerv. r.ktrtotisii of commodore moktoomkht. Flag oiBcer Montgomery, commanding tlio lacinc 8nnadn>u, In writing to tl Secretary of tlio Navy rotativo to the expiration of the two years service m' oilier > and men says:?lor my own part 1 ni-UU.r expect nor [E NE desiro a day 'a respite from active employment during tho continuance of our present struggle for the maintenance of our natioual honor ami tlio Integrity of the I'uion, It rests with tho department to determine my share of duty cither on this or tho other side of the con' t incut. T1IE t'KOPOSAJ.8 FOR Dl'lLDlNtJ WAR STEAMERS. Aboard, unpointed for tho purpose, havo Just com pletod the examination of tho proposals for and drawings offset screw propeller steamers, In answer to tho Invitation of tho N'uvy Department to some sixteen or eighteen shipbuilding and constructors of marine ougims. Tho invitation was inconsequence of tho reprosentulsnsof many persons that much faster vessels than those in the navy might thus bo obtained. Such steamers were required to move at iho rate of fourteen miles an hour. Of these shipbuilders and engine constructors only two parti,* res|Kinded to this reiiuircmuut, and even what thi-y proposed was not satitguctory to the board. TUB ARMY. The resignations of the follow ing officers havo been accepted by tho President:?Captain Frank C. Armstrong, Second cavalry, August 13; Captain John G. Walker,Third cavalry, July 31; First Lieutenant M. M. Kinnnel,Fifth cavalry, August 14; Brevet Second Lieutenant M. W. Henry, Third cuvulry, August 19. Tho resignations of Ai mstrung and Kimmel eumo to tho War Deportment from Louisville, Ky., both in the Name handwriting, giving excuses that are valid tuitl sufficient, it true ; but they have j not been investigated, and it is said by their personal acquaintances here that they have gone to accept posilieiiB in the rebel army. The folio* ing named officers are deluded for duty upon the staff if Brig. (Jen. Robert .Anderson, United States Army, and ordered to report to hint In person at the Bur nett House, Cincinnati, Ohio, at twelve o'clock M. on the 30th iust., or as soon thereafter as practicable:?Capt. O. P. Green, Acting Adjutant Geuerul ; Capt. W. S. liuncoek, Acting Quartermaster; Capt. H. C. 8y morals,Commissary of Subsistence; Capt. F. K. Prime, Corps of Engineers; First Lieut. X. Mitchier,Topographical Engineers; Surgeon J. M. Cuyler, Medical Staff. Major P. 1*. Woodbury, of U.o Corps of Engineers, is ordered to report immediately at Baltimore, to Major General Pix, to relieve Captain Prime. Captain J. B. Fry, Assistant Adjutant General, is relieved from tho duly in which lie is now employed, and will be attached to the staff of Major General p. Hunter, to whom he will immediately report. General Hunter bus recovered from his recent wounds and wiil Kliva bore fur Chicago, to taku command of tbo volunteer forves of Illinol?! Second Lieutenant S. W. Stockton, First cavalry, is detailed to Gcuoral Hunter's staff, unit will report to bim in person. Captain George Gibson, Eleventh infantry, is ordered to prococd to Fort Independence, Boston harbor, to organize his company. Company A of tho Corps of Engineers, of the Department of Floridu, is ordered to West 1'oint for instructions. Captain C. McKeene, Assistant Adjutant General, is or. dercd from tho Department of Northoastern Virginia to St. Louis, to rojiort to General Fremont. Tho following named officers have been appointed in Major General Hunter's staff:?Captain Fry, Assistant Ad' jutant General; Captain J. W. Turner, Commissary of Subsistence, and Captain Shaffer, of tho Volunteers;Lieutenant Edward Smith, Fifteenth lufautry, and Lieutenant Stockton, Fourth Cavalry, as aids de-camp. Hon. Jairw'S Rufflngton, of Massachusetts, member of the Military Committee of the House of Representatives, has been appointod Aid to General Couch. Senator Wade, of Ohio, is raising a cavalry regiment and a b.,t'.cry. 'lhe engicoer corps of the Fourteenth Now York State JUIllkUt, UUH UUU JIIUOVUIU UUl Wl IUC nil ?U<". II UlllJg UUli more company in tlm regiment than the law allows. Cuptaiu William I). Wilkins, of Detroit, Michigan, Assistant Adjutant General, with tho rank of Captain, is detailed to tho staff of General Williams. Captain John Murray, Assistant Adjutant Generul, is detailed to the staff of General Stone. Captain Murray is nn English baronet, of wealth and military experience, and was at the time of his appointment Adjutant of the Ninth New York Volunteers. Till; HEFORTET) AURE9T OK MRS. SENATOR GWIK. The statement tnude upon high authority, that Mrs. Gwiu was arrested here, in her own house, was a mistake. The high official giving the information was misinformed. Mrs. Gwin is said to bo at West Point, where she has been stopping for some time. It is now assorted that an order has gone forth for her arrest. THE POTTER INVESTIGATING COMMITTEE. It has been assorted lliut tire Potter Committee, so t ailed, was self-constituted. This is not true. On the 8th of July the House of Beprcs< motives authorized the appointment of the committee, upon a resolution offered by Mr. Potter himself on that day. The committee recently reported to the different departments the names of over two hundred employes who arc either proved to he disloyal, or are so strongly suspected of being disloyal to thn irovi'i nmont as to maki? it imriolitir lo retain the in in service. Tlio committee lias thus far remiored valuable service, which has bet n recognized. Mr. Potter, the Chairman, left for-tho North this afternoon, and will return in about one week, when the committee will renew their investigations. SERENADE TO THE PRESIDENT. The hand attached to the Cameron Rifles, of Now York, serenaded the President tonight, saluting him with "Huil to the Chief." Shortly afterwards ITesidcnl I.in coin appeared upon the balcony, accompanied by Scuulor King and Mr. Stoddard, one of the President's Secretaries. His Excellency bowed his thanks and retired. The band playing the "Star Spangled Banner." REBEL MOVEMENTS TS MISSOURI. REPORTED KEri I.SE OF TUF. REBELS BY MONTGOMERYRolla, Mo., via Franklin, Mo., August 27,1861. Letters received by Colonel Boyd, from his wife, say that the report prevailed In Springfield that an attack had been made on Montgomery 's force at Fort Scott, and that he successfully repulsed tho rebels. A small forco started from this place yesterday to disperse a body of rcliols ut Hanes Prairie, sixteen miles north. A sharp cannonading was heard in that direction this morning. St. Loots, August 27, lSfH. Con. Pope has information from northeast Missouri that Martin Green, Instead of threatening to attack Kirksville and Athens, as heretofore reported, is fast moving towards the Missouri river. Gen. Hurlbat is pursuing liim from Kirksvillc, and Colonel Moore from Athens. Green's foree, estimated at 1,200, is supposed to be now in the lower part of Mouroo county, moving southward, and will prohably attempt to cross the Missouri river in Calloway or lloono counties. This will rid northeast Missouri of his presence, and restore quiet to that s. ctloa of the state. Iro.vto.v, Mo., August 26, 186J. Scouts just m report the enemy fifteen hundred strong on Cedar Creek, aiso in considerable force on CartcrCreeki with but a few at Greenville. They report their own strength in this section of the State to bo eight thousand They subsist on cornmeal and fresh beef and are nearly destitute of clothing and poorly armed. A deserter from New Madrid says that the forces under General Pillow, except perhaps the Tcnnesseans, and Alabamians are much demoralized, and are mainly held together by the belief that St. Louis will soon fali into their bands. The foree at New Madrid, under General Pillow, is about 20,000; at 1 enton, Scott coi nty, under Jeff. Thompson, 8.0(H); and at Charleston, under General Hunter, S00. Oar Informant also says that two masked batteries, not before In ard of, aio on the Missouri bank of the Missippl, one five miles above New Madrid, and the other about the same distance below. Another masked battery is to lie constructed at Hog Tooth Island, about eighteen miles ab ivc Carlo, where the river is narrow ami deep. Tea, sugar ami other things, were reaching New Madrid in large quantities byway of l'aducuh and Colum Ky. A NOTE FROM MRS. SENATOR 0WIN?NOT YET AT FORT LAFAYETTE. TO T1IE EDITOR OF TI1E HERALD. West Toixt, Rosa Hotel, August 27.1S61. I was startled,yesterday, by reading,as an ilemof Intel ligenceln your paper, that I had been arrested in Washing tori City for alleged co operation with the Southern army. 1 have had no aspiratious, 1 assure you,for either u crown of martyrdom, or any such laurels as your correspondent would encircle my b ow with; but have been residing V'i y quietly, with my family, in the place fr< m tt inch this loiter 13 dated, for the la t two weeks, exel sivlyoccuicd with doimsiic concerns. May I nsk jno to contradict,,1fee. Yours, respectfully, MARY K. CWIN. W YO NEW YORK, WEDNESI NEWS FROM FORTRESS MONROE. Fortoks* Monrok, August 28, \ Via IUi.TmuKK, August J7, 18(51, > The .learner Philadelphia has arrived from Wushiugton, with one hundred unit fifty aine mutineers, who are sentenced to two years' imprisonment at Tortugas. They have been sent temporarily to the Rip Raps. A Hug of truce arrived front Norfolk this morning, with three ladmis and a number of prisoners, captured by rebel , privateers. As tho object of scud lug the Hag of truce at this time was deemed rather inquisitive,General Wool decided to detain the Hag until latu to-morrow. It is high time that iui eud should bo put to this constant Intrusion of tho oncmy to obtain Information. Whenever they think any important movemonl ia on foot they arc sure to bo on baud with a tlag of truce. iVpt. Davis, l'rovost Marshal, yesterday arrested tho crow of the schooner I'burguroru, from New York. Gen. Wool sent them to the Rip Haps. Seven spies have been arrested ami placed in conflnemcnt. DEPARTURE OP A FORMIDABLE NAVAL EXPEDITION. l'miapiu riiu, August 27,1F01. The following is gleaned from our Fortress Mouroo correspondent and the Ilaltmiore evening papers ? Foierurs Monkok, August 26,1K61. The much falked of oTnwIltton from Otd Point him muted under the command uf General Butler. It constated of tbe frigates Minnesota and Wabash, tho sloop of war Pawnco, gunboats Montlcello and Harriet Lane, the steamers Adelaide uud George I'eabody, the propellers Kaiiny and Adriatic, with a large number of schooner8, barges, Ac. The Quaker City will follow in a few hours. The vessels corriod over 100 gun s, and about 4,000 men. Several powerful gunboats remain at Old To in I and Newport News. A brilliant achievement is expected from General But" ler and Commodore St riugham. Colonel Max Weber's and Hawkins' Zouaves take par' in fhn fiTHPttiliiin OUR FORTRESS MONROE CORRESPONDENCE. Foktsbss Monkob, Va., August 25,1861. Active Preparations for Decisive Action and a Firuard l/ovemeni?A Secret Exjedition Against tKe Hthcl* in Contemplation?Movementt of General Wool?Inspection of tKe Troops?Important Proc lamation and Order of General Wool, etc. After months of anxious waiting there now seems to bo a fair prospect of accomplishing something in the Department of Eastern Virginia. We have as yet done littlo in Eastern Virginia, sane the seizure, occupation and holding of Newport News, ou the Juntos river, and the credit of that is duo to General Butler. Besides holding a position which blockades the mouth of the James river, cotting off communication between Norfolk and the internal waters of the State, wo have taken one step, even if very short, towards Richmond. Wo have also placed ourselves in an impregnable position at Eortrets Monroe, which is the key to the navigable waters of the Old Eoiniuion; but beyond all this we have made littlo heudtvuy. It now looks us though tho other States embraced in the Department of Eastern Virginia, Ac., might he the scene of conflict, and claim its share of tho public's attentionThe scenery is likely to he shifted to that proper for the enacting of a stirring tragody, as wo linvo enough of forces. We hope to liavo no moro Big Bethels in the dc partmcnt, but hereafter look for actions that will equal Rich Mountain or Cheat river, in Western Virginia, whore the enemy felt the power of loyul arms. For reasons tiiat will be apparent, I cannot stulo whore the impending blow upon tho rebels will be stench; but 1 will venture to predict that, wherever it falls, it will cover our arms with tire laurels of success. I sljall accompany the oxjicditiou, and will send the earliest intelligence of its operations. Probably tho expedition will Icavo to-morrow. General Wool, with his stair, visitod Newport News to-duy, and rovicwed tho brigade thcro encamped, but was uuable, from want of time, to inspect them. Ho prefers to have the men remain under tho weight of their knapsacks and arm as short a timo us possible. Ho prefers frequent reviews and inspections to those of raro occurronco, where lias a dozen men fall from coup <Ic soldi, because be can better observe the different stages of their improvement, and moro clearly understand in what they lack, lly this means, instead of disgusting und wearing out men, ho leads them up by easy stages, and finally makes tlicm soldiciB in every senso of the torm. Tho review passed oil" in the tlnost style. Every regiment turned out in strength-- so much so, indeed, that it clicked the remarks of all who hod liecu accustomed to witness the brigade under like occasions. I was happy to observe In tho ranks of tho Second and Nintli regiments those malcontents who lmvo occasioned some little trouble heretofore in the regiments. They lmvc resumed thler imsition in the ranks, and it is net likely that they will again show any signs of insubordination. General Wool, by his kind and paternal advice. was tlio cause of their returning again to their duly; and in to day 's reviow no regiments made a liner appearance than the Second and Ninth New York. General Wool arrived, with his stair, at Newport News at about balf-pUt nine o'clock, and ia a short time thereafter the entiro force were under arms, and In liuo on the parade ground. After he had spent a Tew moments with General Phelps, he mounted his charger, and, accompanied hy his stair, proceeded to the place of review. The brigade was drawn'np in line, ami after it had sainted the General commanding, a id had closed ranks, he rodo in front and in rear of the line, insiiect n{ them as minutely as ho could > n 1 or the circumstance?. Alter this the bigdo pastel In revow in the following order:?Detachment of rcgel u s, Massachusetts battalion, Pecond New York, Sevouth New York, Ninth New York, First New York Volunteers and Lieutenant Hook a battery. When a'l performed their part So well it is dlllic.ult to award > special praise to any. Indeed all, by the regit1 irity of their step, the precision of their evolutions and minim Tits, and by their martial bearing, were equal to any brigade to be found in the service. There wore no mi*t:ik< s in the evolutons of the line that followed, all I o tig i>erformed iu excelhnt style, as were tho formations bv regiment into oblique squares. &c., whlr.lfelicited tlie highest prci-e from tlie General commanding. General Phelps handle! the brigado with consummate skill, and with the same ease as ho would have directed the it ovements of a battalion or regiment. No better selection for a Brigadier General could havo been made by the President. His appointment meets the hearty approval of every soldier in the department. After the review General Wool received the staff and Held officers of the different regiments at General I h tips' headquarters, when he propounded a number of questions to the officers us to the length of time required I for pork, bread and beans, and other rations, to be properly cooked, and tho condition of the men's quarters, and others of a similar character: and when he found j thorn Ignorant, lie s'uggosted in very plain terms tlie nncessity of their becoming personally acquainted with ) wbnt some might consider minor details, but what he deemed the very foundation for an officer's know'oige. There is likely te he iui investigation on the part of officers into theso not very abstruso subjects hereafter. Tills is only specimen tirick of the structure whlob tho General men and to their discipline, and hob's the oftlcers responsible for any dereliction of duty?and that duty eompro. hands more details than most of them now imagine. Hut they wiH all hum it in due time. Ceueral Wool i? determined to knew the exact condition of tho forces tinder his command, and, though hero little more than a week, he comprehends precisely the wants of all. If tho forces under his command do not shortly hccomo equal and even superior to nny in the service, it will not bo owing to his want of activity ami seal. Ilis energy Is marvellous, ami the improvements that are already m uiifest, botli in tho discipline and of tho efficiency of tho men, stamp him as the very man for tho place, jo sliort. he is a soldier, and h s men know it. and feel (hat they must do their duty and attain that proflcieucy which wili demand bis approbation. The following is an important order issued yesterday, which will expiate itself:? IlRAUqi asters IiKCAUTMEvr os Virginia , Arc., ) Koiitrbss Monuoe, August 24,1S>C1. J GKNKRAI. ORPttR?N'o. 4. J. Many or the inhabitants of Elizabeth ffity county complain of depredations having hi on committed on their property by soldiers stationed in their neighborhood. All such persons, or others, residing within the pale of this command engaged in farming, cultivating their fields and gardens, tending their flocks oriherds, or bringing pro visions or supplies to the several camps or posts for the use of the troops, and pursuing peaceably their ordinary avocations, and who do not commnoieafo dirsctiy or in directly with the rebel forces, and who may comply with S'.ch orders as may bo given them, will bo prot"Cted in theiiipersons and property. Any violation of this order Miy either officers or soldiers, or nny parties interested, will lie severely punished, and those who force a safeguard, oil conviction before a court martial, will he punished with death.' 1 Tile attention Of alt wlin nrn emVo-no^H to into Of.toi and tit' all others win.bo buRlnoss brines them wiilon the limits <if this command, whether by land or water, is called to the (1,'ty sixth mid flf'y seventh articles of war, as follows'?fid. U liosevr shall relieve the enemy with money, victuals or ammunition, or shall knowingly harbor or protect an em my, shall miller death or such other liuntahniont an shall be orriori d by the# ntem o of a court martial. fi7. Wh(*-oover shall bo convicted of In Ming cor- i res)K.u lenco with or g.v.ng intelligence to the cm my, eithi r directly or indirectly, shall m.i:,,r dalli or s,.ch other puiiislnnent as sliall Lo ordered by the m ntcnce of a wort martial, ;j. No ollh'eif, soMiers or citizens will bo allowed logo out or conic in by the pickets, without order* from thtsc 1 R K. H )AY, AUGUST 28, 18fil. headquarters. Persons arriving at the picket* and wishing to cune inside, will bo detained until tlioir business _ can bo made known in thoso headquarters, anil proper 1 permission Riven, This order dors not apply to persons [ bringing provisions, who are already provided wilit proI

porly signed papers. 4. No Citizen will bo allowed |o pass b vond Mill Crook Rridge, or to any of the cant)#, without a pass from headquarters, or from the Provost Marshal of Port Monroe. 5. Tim Provost ?!arnlial, commanding ofllcorg unit olHearn in obargo < f guards and pickets are directed, as far as possible, i<> prevent any violation of this order, and in any cum of its violation by oMcer*, soldiers or citizens, to arrest tho offender and immediately report the eircuinstanees of the case to thesa headquarters. By command of Major tlenernl WOOI? 0. C. Cummin., Irirst I,ieutenant Tlnrd artillery, Acting Assistant Adjutant tieueral. THE POPULAR LOAN. Enthusiastic and Patriotic Response of the People to the Request for More Money. Merchants, Millionaires, Seamstresses, Servants, Laborers and ill Classes Subscribing. Hoards, Savings, Earnings and Surplus Capital Invested. Scenes at the Sub-Treasurer's Office, ACij &G>f tc? It will bo remembered that the govornmmt loan of ono hundred anil llfty mill Iocs of dollars whs token by the coniolldalod banks of New York, Boston ami Philadelphia,on tbo following terms:?Fifty millions w ere taken on the 10th of August, with the privilege of taking tifty millions more oti the 15th of October anil thu remaining llfty millions on the 16th of December next. Of the amount of the stock of this new loan subscribed by the bonks, ten per cent was to bo paid down immediately and the remainder as It was required by the government. Tho astonishing promptitude with which this engagement was carried out may be judged from tho fact that at noon on Monday last Mr. Cisco notiliod the banks of this city that the leu |ier cent instalment?amounting to three and a half million dollar*?upon their subscriptlon was required,and before two o'clock yesterday, ho was able to telegraph to Secretary 1'hase that tlio wholo amount naked for had been paid into the Sub Treasury. That is doing business with something more than mcrcan tile promtitudo. The dollars ntovo towards Washington as rapidly aud as patriotically as the soldiers. TOE fOrULAR LOAN. In order to relievo the hanks and to make this, what it essentially is, a popular loan, the government instructed the Bub-Treasurer to receive individual subscriptions for this loan, to bo placed to the credit of the banks. That is to say, the bankg guaranteed to take the stock, under any circumstances but all of it bought up by tho general public before the time for the bauks' payment expires, goes to their crodit, so lliat they only have to pay the amount representing tho difference between fifty millions and the total of individual subscriptions. The notes arc issued in denondno. tions of $60, $100, $600, fl ,000 and $.r<,000; bear interest ] at Bevcn and throe-tenths j>er cent, payable semiannually, and are redeemable at the expira. tion of tlirco years from tho date of issue? August 19, 1801. Heforo, or at maturity, they may bo exchanged, if Cor over $600, for United States six per cent bonds, having twenty years to run. Tho notes will not bo issued until the 10th of September prox., but in tne meantime suDscripuous are received ny Mr. Cisco, the Sub Treasurer, iu this mariner:?You pay in gold the amount of your subscription, and Mr. Cisco tills up for you two certiticatos of the following form:? r/WWWAf /////| OFK1CK <JK THE ASbl>TANT TREASURER I '. 8., f J I No I > j N*w York, August?,1861. J $ I certify that A. B. has $ . this day deposited to llio credit of the Treasurer of? : ? the United States, $ 5 J - dollars, on account of three years' % ~ Treasury Notes, bearing interest at tlio rate ol c 7 3-10 per centum per annum, for which i have I signed duplicate receipts. Notes to bo dated August 1#, 1881. JOHN J. CtStO, Assistant Treasurer. The original of this certificate bo sends to the Treasury Department at Washington, and from it the Treasury note, pi favor aud to the order "f the person named in the cer tiflcato of deposit ts inado out. Tlio duplicate the depositor Iceopa, and lie lias no occasion to produce it unless he shall lose or not receive the Treasury notes. These noUs will bo forwarded to depositors or subscribers by mail as scon as issued, and to prevent any mistake, tho following form is tilled up by the depositor and sent to Washington, with the original certificate:? August ?, 1801. To the Hon. 8. P. Chaff, Secretary Treasury, United 8talcs, WASHIXOTO.V. D. C. Sir?1 enclose certificate of do|iosit for $ . Please send mo Treasury notes as under, beariug interest ut the rate of seven and three-tentlm per cent per annum, and payable to the order of A. I). Very respectfully, A. B. P. 8.?1 desiro that the notes bo sent to the following address: A. B., Notes of t caeh. eity, Notes of $ each. State. Notes of $ each. Notes of ? each. Notes of $ each. The notes will bo Issued on tne tenth of September, and attached to them will be the interest coupons, which m iy bo presented for payment with or without tho notesThese details may seem trite and uninteresting to those accustomed to stock transactions, but they ore necessary that the people at large may know just what to do, what 10 rcceivo ami now w go 10 work 10 suuscriDO lor this great popular loan. Wo have only to mid that deposits may bo roado with Mr. Cisco, either in person or by drafts payablo to his order, and that as soon as tho banks reccivo their quantum of the notes, mi eh of this circumlocutory process will he done away with, and tho notes will be given over bank counters, upon the payment of specie, precisely as bank bills are. With tho amotiut <f tho note tho depostor now pays interest from August 19, this being ]>ai.l over to tbo banks, and afterwards refunded to dep< sitors by the government at tho first semi annual interest payment?thus making tho transaction a square, clean one all around, and keeping the banhe in tin lr places at intermediaries between the government and the people. TUB POPULAR St ASCRIPTIONS. For tho ptst fivo or 3ix days Mr. Cisco has boon receiving mdividuirt subscriptions for tiki popular loan, fbo Sub Treasury Department, over which he presides, is located at tho corner of Nassau and Wall stress. Within tho cool, deep shades of the granito building rcigus tbat perfect order and quiet always associated with gicat financial transactions. If your business is with Mr. Cisco, you turn to your left, upon entering from Wail street, ami find vonrself in a handsomely furnished nri vate office. Behind a low table sits Mr. Cisco, a pleasant) ainiablo gentleman, under whoso excellent super, vision the department lias been carried on for fifteen years, without a singlo blunder or mistake, although there are many branches of art under his charge, in which correctness and infallibilily is rather a matter of instinct than of education. In spite of his multifarious and onerous duties, you will find this gentleman ready to give you any information you may desire in regard to the popi lar lean. There Is no need to ask him the particidars which we have noted above, concerning the notes or the manner of subscribing for them. Ho has anticipated any such queries, and has prepared a set of in mictions, brief and explicit, which you may read for yourself, and wl ich wo have condensed for the public, i'ass, then, to fho matter which comes nioro immediately under his direct supervision?tho subscriptions by litter. Hi tells you that tho subscriptions have been very active, Mid aro still upon ilm incica.se. Tito amounts rai.go from fifty to fifty thousand dollars, fh' so b?jng tho extreme sums yet deposit d. Many of the subscribers seem to be actuated by pairii t.c motives E R A J alone, and wrlto:?"I wind to subxerlbo b? many dollars 'o support our government," or "to support tho best government on earth." A corresi>ondeut nt Soranton, l'u.?evidently a mechanic?sends on h thousand dollar*, and begs Mr. Cisco to send an agent there, "as thero are tons of gold ruHlitig which tho government needs and can have." There is unt much chance lor One writing or patriotic expression in these business 'utters, 11 he wire, but yet in many coses tlio patriotism shines out of them as plainly as over it did in Webster's spooches or Scott's army orders. Look at this letter, pray. Is that the ohirography of a ricli man, or of a poor one? Cannot you see tho mark of hard toil in every heavy stroke of tho pouf Cannot you sio the mark of hard earnings in that word "Bl'ly," afterwards changed into a "sixty?" Is thero not a romance under ull this which you would like to know, utid was It not patriotism which induced this jtoor laborer to scrajio together ten more dollars for his country?reserving nothing?risking ull his savings. There's a rich man's lotter for you?a full, round, easy hand; a , poni|H>u8 "flvo thousand dollars," a grout broad seal. Kvidontly that was written hv anion woll to do, comfortable and on the lookout for a safe tnvesttiu ut, and it doesn't touch your sympathy so nearly, but does it not s'r.owaconfidence in thostabilty of tho government, in the future of theso United States, which no Hull run reverses, no warnings ef the London Timrt, no threats of Eigllsh capitalists can shake or destroy? Next conies a letter in n lu.lv'a I.< ml ,C.l,..ai? ?'?u .u.lllnn i.aiika Ul.i, not subscribe much, hut she sends her llttlo "to gustaln Ihe government," and she may rust in s iri'd that it willHere's a real family letter?Kivo hnudrcd dollars for Mr. John Smith; one hundred for Mrs, John Smith, and fifty dollars each for all tho littlo Smiths, from young John to Sarah. That is from thn country?yog, look.at tho post murk. A comfortnblo farmer, decidedly?brxuqw, honcgt, open hearted and open handed. Young John, no doubt, bus gone off to the wars; for if wo mistake not, there Is a tear blot opposite his name, dropped from kind, gentle, motherly eyes which looked over old J? hn's shoulder as ho copied tho loug list of names front the family Bible. Little Sarah must bo very young indeed, for, gee, she huH blotted ber own name with her small, pretty dimpled band in her eagerness $to boo it and to trace it willt her lingers, and in her gimplo astonishment that it doesn't look ul all like herself. What a curious, crabbed hand tho next letter is written inl This is from a widow, and she subscribes largely. How firm und independent tho words stand along tho pago, ami how plainly lltey speak tho will of the woman to aid the government with her strong hands, as well as with her mentis, if she were only a man. Hero aro a parcel if letters front clergymen, salesmen, scrvntifw i-WLb formers /v-imtnlivfs?<mrh iticfividtifil ntwi peculiar, but all tolling the same story. Thru conies a clumsy sort of document, ll!-'pcllod, and making a frlglitful mess of what it wishes to i ay, iih though ttio writer w< ro hot exactly clear in bin mind in regard to hie intention*. An Irishman, we will warrant. Yea, "Patrick," and a name b'ginning with 0. lie would bo in tho Sixty-ninth it ho were young enough, but he spare* $100 for his adopted country, in id* old age, and promise* another hundred "if It ho required." Tho dear old fellow clearly thinks ho ia giving his money away, but how willingly he doeg ill Russell's letter on Meagher has waimed him up, and what in money to the honor of Old Ireland? Next is a merchant's letter, business like and explicit. He knows that he is making a good investment ; that seven and three-tenths per cent interest puy?; that his money is safer.witli tins government than in Ids drawer, and bo subscribes largely. Then tliero is a letter from a ravings hank, taking thousands of dollars of stock. Tho institution makes the investment, certainly; but it represents hundreds and hundreds of poor folk, of whoso confidence in tho preservation of tlio Union this subscription is an exponent. No government supported thus can fail. Each one of these letters is mure man a set uii id any umi a i nn any r,oiTrsponu? m may write "generally discouraging to tho Nortli." TUB POPULAR SUBSCRIBERS. But the room in (liliug up with depositors, and wo musi turn away from those documents to allow Mr. ciseo to attend to those visiters, ami to study the charactersund positions of the depositors for ourselves. Now it is not necessary for the depositors to see Mr. Cisco at all, for they pay down their money at the Cashier's d< sk in the outer room, and the certiCcUes ato signed by Mr. Cisco and taken out to them by a clerk. But tlio great majority of 'hem enmo into the private office, nevertheless. Koine, from that idiot yneracy which loads many peoplo to be lievo that things cannot go rightly unless they see everything which Is done, ami which makes folks inspect their luggage at every station when travel ling. Others, with pleasant old Captain Cuttle's notion, that they iiad better be on hand in ease they are wanted, and that their presence will make things easier. Others, with the consciousness that they are doing a good action, and a laudable desire to show tin ms Ives to Mr. Ciseo as really tho Identical persons who were subscribing amounts which seem to them almost fabulous. Others' for curiosity's sake, or actuated hy that unaccountable feeling of nervousness and discomfort which ulways seizes tho uninitiated when engaged in pc cnniary i ran? among, uincrs, Docauso mey are friends of Mr. Cisco and like to shako hands with hiiri and say good choor Others, because lliey feel that hy showing themselves personally to tho Sub-Treasurer they are, iu goino sort, giving aid and comfort to iho government of which lie appears to them the representative. Whether for these, or other reasons, they almost, nil oomo, and silting quietly iu a corner wo have a chance to photograph some of them. There were about one hundred visiters to-day, and their subscriptions rnnged from fifty dollars upward. That short, stout, broad faced gentleman, dressed richly in black and witlia gold headed cane,gold spectacles, nud a general banking air about him, conies hustling into tho room from his easy carriage down stairs, and is evidently a millionaire. Ho says "twenty thousand'' quite coolly, and rolls off to the cashier's desk hurriedly, hut with the dignity of well lined pockets. Next comes an old woman, poorly dressed, bent down by age, and looking like the keeper of an applo stand or a corner grocery of peanuts and dirty candles. What can she want there? Down go those withered hands Into herliosorn; tremblingly they emerge again, grasping an old stocking, from which she pours 11(1011 the tabic?a thousand dollars. She lias not yet spoken u word,and while you look at her, wondering whore she can have procured lhat amount of gold, tlio clerk has counted up her savings, and she makes room for a dapper little "cosh," who curri s a small bag of gold in his hand and Iris to look unconscious that be thinks himself a shrowd business man,.and imagines he cannot bo humbugged. Next comes a veritable Bridget, wiih her fifty dollars. How in the world could she know of tho loan and of its advantages? Seeing her in tho intelligence otllcc, or answering tier ad vcrtisement inrtho Hkkaui, you would never think of cm ploying such a creature; but she has her wits, you see. Mark the shrewdness with which she wulchos the making out of her certificates, ready to burst out in a vehement harangue at the slightest blunder. Next cornea alwmer comptroller of this city, now totally blind, and led in by his daughter. A few words and this sad couple retire. Hero Is a negro, a colored man, an African, or whatever ho prefers to bo called, and instead of tho llfty dollars you expect him to subscribe, ho puts down over seven hundred, and does it with that alf < (ed carelessness and careful affectation which poor Jerry Bryant used to mimic so inimitably. Following him is a lady, sweeping her long trail past you, and dis' playing rich diamond riugs as sUo ungloves to writo her draft. Then comes a clerk, who snbscribes thousands of dollars for h,s employers, and then, after a moment's hesitation, one hundred dollars for himself. In walks an cldvrly gentleman, evidently from tho country and not In very good health. He t ils MrCisco that he has not li ft his native town, in Now Jersey> for fivo years before, but lias taken tli s long and fatiguing ourney beano bo thinks his country needs his savings. There go, past Uie olbco door, a long procession of men and boys, carrying canvass bags and paper bundles of gold. This is the three and a half mHion do' a s from the batiks. Next you boo a chambermaid with her Oily dollars; then another merchant, with his live thou.and; then a laborer or a mechanic, with his one or two hundred; then another capitalist, with his i n or fifteen tbousun ' nd so the loan conn s in by person after p rs it. Hero is a man who hat one hundred an I flfty dollars to subscribe?tho i x'ra (i.ty for a ft ten 1. It may a ! bo put in one not and Ids friend's tlf y en d ; Red oil tho back, but he will not hear of [* D. PRICE TWO CENTS. tills. The notes must bo made out si'yurately, in spite of tho long troubles nn?l complications of the double entry, for lits friend wishes his name to appour, also, as one of those who " stand by tho Union." Next is a lady who comes from the hack eountry, and brings a letter of Introduction to Mr. Cisco, sho wants to know how sho Is to Invest her niottey to uhl tho country. Then comes tho Inevitable Irishman and (jcr man, who say exactly what they do not mean, but whose business tho quick clerka despatch before tho inexplicit, episodical and CQxlonsly iutertauglcd story of the dfismitorg is half flnisliod. Hero is a clergyman from the Sixth avenue, who says ten words about his business and Ilfty about his detormtuation to sustain tho government. Thou comes llrldgut, tho muchonle, tho api>lo woman, tho lady, tho clerk, tho rhnmbormuld, Patrick, the capitalist, tho Ixmg Island farmer, the Jersey man, tho colored man, the (Herman, the widow, tho clergyman and people of all classes and conditions, over and over again, and so the loan is paid in. THE I.OAN UKCK1VKD. doing behind tho cashier's counter, now, wo sea the money received und watch how it Is treated and where deposited. (?n the lloor, lying In heaps, each hunk's payment by itself, to the three and a half millions of dollars we saw paid In just now. That will bo all counted in tho morning, and all doflcieucics will he rectified by tho tianlis. 111 almost. everv one of those luivnionts seme bad money will bo found. llow it is discovered the countors cannot toll you. It is a sort of instinct with thorn, and Utoyaru proud that, after years of practice, they have never yet been deceived. These gold pieces look and feel all right to you, and would pass current anywhere. They have passed through tho hanks, you scot Mr. Cisco, Jr., fools ono as it slips through his fingers, hiding itself among half a dozen others. Ho declares it bad, hut cannot tell why. You doubt the correctness of his Judgment. Chip I Ho has cut it in halves, and. there, you see that it Is tilled with platina or some other metal, and more than half its value Is gone. These out pieces are sent Ixtck to the hacks, to prevent any dispute, and they are always promptly replaced. All this money, and that received from individual do. posltors is placed In a room-like safe, properly counted, | wrap|s'd U(i and laliolled. 'Die cashier (lings open a cupboard door and Bays " thoro is thirteen hundred thousand dollars which the government has not seen lit to use yet." In other cupboards aro hundreds ol thousands more, and bars and hugs of silver and gold lie scattered shout with apparent heedlessness, hut real ordor. How light your pocket book feels as you look upon these mines of wealth, anil linw clad you fool that you uro not ho rich a* to have to take euro of such wealth and havo such heavy wcightB ufMoi your mind and heart. I'ovorty looks liko virtue ia the Treasury vaults, and opulence seems beggared. Well, here the money remains till it Ih wanted at Washington. Wo do not c&ro to trace It in its circuit through the pockets of contractors, ofllciab), soldiers, sailors, mechanics, merchants, manufacturers and laborers hock to the banks and the Sub Treasury ugain. So that it prove the sinews of war to tho government, we shall all be satisfied, and each will bo proud that with his purso, If not with his sword, ho lias done something to nave and rcstoro the Union. IMPORTANT FROM THE UPPER POTOMAC RUMORED ENGAGEMENT NEAR EDWARDS' FERRY. IIyatktown, Mi., August20,1801. A genernl court martial for this division has been organized, of which Colonel Blddle, of tho First I'eriusylvonia R lies, Is President, and Major Miglton, of tho Second Pennsylvania Reserve, is Judgo Advocate. It is not known that any ofilccrs of high rank aro to be arraigned. A telegraph lino from Washington to this point was completed on Saturday. Work was commenced at Tonalleytown on Tuesday lust, and run a distanteof about thirty mil's Iu a little over five days. Tho surgeon of Colonel Geary's regiment on Saturdny took liis sick to tho general de|>ot at Frederick. It is stated that Colonel Geary has anticipated an attack froin me reocis. The surgeon reported that ho heard heavy firing neap Poolosvilio, Hiipp' 8 d to have been between General Stone's advaric< d guard and some of General Johnston's fore s. A full battery and the Tammauy regiment of New York started for the sceno of action. The mail messenger from t'oolcsvillu also reported having heard firing in th anno direction, and beliovod that a fight was going on near Kd ward 'a Ferry, but up to this present writing your correspondent baa been unable to learn auy further particulars of the affair. IMPORTANT FROM THE KA.YAWIIA VALLEY. REPORTED DEFEAT OF COLONEL TYLER'S FORCES. Cincinnati, August 27,1861. Wo learn from Kanawlia that Colonel Tyler's forces at Summersvillo wercsurroundod ami badly defeated by tbo rebels, under General Floyd, early yesterday morning. Wo have received no particulars yet. SERENADE TO THE HON. JOSEPH HOLT, OP KENTUCKY. Boston, August 27,1861. Several thousand people gathered around the Tremont House to night, the occasion being a serenade to Hon. Jos. Holt, of Kentucky. After somo appropriate airs by tho band Mr. Holt a; p <are<l on the steps of the hotel ami waa jniroaucea to (.ho cruwu uy tviwaru r.verou, who maue some patriotic and very complimentary remarks. Mr. Holt was received with earnest enthusiasm and spoko about flftcon minutes. Mr . Holt said he came to IVmton not only to soo tha city, but to revive his patriotism amid the thrilling associations that clustered around the cradle of liberty. Ho wa? must gratefully surprised try the cordiality of his reception, and was thankful for that recognition of fidelity to our common country, and a'ao for the kind allusions to bis native Stato, wi ns o stars l ad been so long obscured by unfuithful public men, but which were now preparing to shine with tlio lustre of other days. She had assumed her present position under no impulse of passion but calmly, and in view of nil tho gP om and |ieril surrounding the Union, she says she loves it still and will cling to It us she lias In its strength and glory. That which sli? so nobly declared at the helot box, It was her duty to mako good on tlio battle fluid, and what she ha i so well begun would bo faitlif'tly performed. Full would ho the measure of his joy whe h went homo, to see Kentucky and Massachusetts on tin same Held of danger, rebuking those traitoroi s men that strove to make titem en mP s. In bh recent ext tided tour ho had rr w eru found the public voice faint. T'io ling must bo vi d a ted. Ho nowhere heard the word ' cnmiprorn - "?a word now only uttered by ? >yal lips, or tlioso in the interests of rebellion. Fo long as r b Is bavo arms In tli lr hands there was nothing to comprr m so, but tho honor and integrity of the government. Our great p Til cannot ho disguised, the capital was m nacod by* g eat a my. and nothing but our swords could save It. i" or wore powerful and reckless, and not less so been so tliey were fUh ing to maintain a crime. C it line ami Ins co-conspiratoi s fed with facee to tlio enemy, and s? would tho rebel leaders of the South. The more prompt, earnest ar d united we W' re the hrl 'for tho struggle and the I ss tig'danger. Cut we must bo prepared for the worst?arinned commerce, bankruptcy, grass growing in the streets. Our institutions woro worth all we eon d sacrifice, for all we aro and huso are the fruits of those institutions. ii we nullk ui nur iiiti'jsi k " in""* u iimi/.e, nuiis s or hloiwl, in e<nt nst w ith honor and int. g ity, wo tiro lost Mr. Holil all ".to I to dirloyu ly In o r mulRt as one of th? worst obstacle* to the success of ir r cniiso, bet rejoiced in the Into deci > ' m ensures of tho I'res dent to snbil o Ihis i lenvnt of weakness'. It wns in vain to t"il at tlio ?111nit>s while men wore kept on bouril boring boles in lha bottom of tlio ship. The address of Mr. Holt was received with the greatest enthusiasm. Terrible Explosion nt Plttiliiirg, I'lTrsiii KO, August 27, 1S01. A box of cannon primers for General Krcmont, which ho t been placed on A aius' I'xpress car, exploded on lis arrival at (ho depot, a( one I'. U. to day, wounding twoot the employes. Mchauithlin and MalaT. severely, if not fatally, ami breaking t lv leg of another, named Bnchelor. I'ftn.ADKi.Piiu, August ^7, 1861. A despatch from Pittsburg to Mr. Ibngham, of Adams* Express G m any, tatos th at the cxpl'l'n tli re Is sup. pose I to h iv.' been caused by a In x of purr ? u primers r camion, addressed to i,Su(ru J. C. I n ino t, St. touts. It occurred at the railroad depot, whll i id .ado g tlio lots tern ear. Win. Mctoiigh n and John Mailer, who were inside the t a . w o e s -ri s y. ,f not i.. ally wounded. Mr. Ucgiin me' M . Paeia : . . ' s:> In iloco 1. s: ctot j, who wa re on the < ' i le, wei< wounded, ll;n fornc r s igl tiy. while (tie lattci bad a eg broken, 'fjio Expte i'i in, any are t.iking the b. ,-t pissib.e core of the wouuaed.

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