Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 30, 1861, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated August 30, 1861 Page 2
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' 2 ARRIVAL OF THE ASIA. THREE DAYS LATER FROM EUROPE. England's Efforts to Open New Cotton Fields. Premium from the Nictragnan Government to British Planters, and Shipment of the Stuple for Liverpool from the Republic. ITALIAN TROOPS ABOUT TO ENTER ROME, Another Austrian Struggle in Hungary at Hand. The Visit of the King of Sweden to Napoleon Displeasing to Russia. OCR PARIS AND BERLIN CORRESPONDENCE. - -"DECLINE IN CdTTON?DREADSTCfFFR. W?flER, CONHOLH, DO 3-4, a OO 7-8, etc., &C., &C. Tbe Cunard steaaiehip Asia. Captain Lott, which sailed from Liverpool at eight o'clock onHlio morning of (ho 17th. and from Queonstown oil the cveuing of the lKth ' Inst., arrived here osrly yesterday morning, bringing the / (Bails, passenger* and specie. Tbo Asia brought the following CPKCIK LUST. r?. B.Howe *300 ' KoCready, Mott k Co 400 Jlalated, Chamberlain & Oo 1,000 J. W. Kiwell At (. o 1.420 Beuodiel&Oo 113 Order 1,400 Total ?4,743 Gorge W. J'InU $0,000 The I/>udon Time* of the lelh of August remarks :?The following relates to the debt of Eouador. It may be hoped that the republic will now continue in a course to recover gnd sustain Its financial credit:? Ecuadorian CoksrseioN of Amwnr, 1 11 Aushnkruks. London, August 14, 1861. ) Messrs. fhitierrex A (o. have forwarded to their consignee iu l/'ndou 2,000 uuiutuls of cocoa, with Inrtructlotis to band the proceeds (about ?3.0*10), when sold, to the llscal agent of the republic towards the pay uienl of the interest on the console tat. d debt. Tbo I'-ngKong (China) correspondent of the Loudon Timet, writing on the 2bth of June, says:? Tbo first teas brought down from Hankow by European agency have arrived at Khangliae, and mure are expected, though a large portion of these teas will ilnd their way to Canton in consc'tumice ot urrut g luouts made before tho opening of the Yangtze |iorts. ltales of new fens at Fooohow continue extreme, and tho relative Inferiority of the present to the previous crop is confirmed. The Bulletinde J'arit, a government lithographic shoot, announces that the "Irish General,"(?) Smith O'Brien, luts arrived here, and " his couulrvmou. Marshal McMa bon," reccivod him wllh due honor. Tho I/>udon Timet of tho 17th of August says:? Mercantile advices from Port-au-Prince complain Strongly of alleged neglect on the l-art of the English squadron on the West India station in not taking any mnuuros for the protection of odr merchants resident hi thatpUcuduriugtlicexcueuieiuaguin.it all the Europe ans which pro vailed iu consequence of the recent naval demonstration of Spain against nay tl. The Contain (a Mauritius paper) states that the agcntg or owners of a Turkish vessel captured by the French frtgnle Sidnn, on suspicion of being engaged in the slave trade, havo arrived there In order to obtain some explanations on the subject of the capture of tho vessel ond the merchandise, said by them to he or great value, which composed the cargo. The Sidou had on board 167 Africans and three Arabs, who, tboro is every reason to suppose, have been ta'.^n out of sonic slave trudor. By accounts recently received from Sydney, it appears 1 thi t the guano discovered some time since on Flat Island, In Port Philip Bay, is now in much use, tho difference in prico between this guano and that imported from tho Chineha and other islands on the coast of l'oru boing very cousldorablo, the former lielng but five guineas per ton, tvhile tho latter commands from ?15 to ?16. A letter front Beyrout, Syria. Initio Paris .Vendc says:? Great irritation now prevails In Syria, and particularly at Beyrout, between the French and English parties. The latter exult at having removed the army of occupation. Htid uso and abuse their itilluence, which is in favor of tho Turkish functionaries. British preponderance alio makes itself full in Pales tine. Protestant propagandist!) is freely carried ou on a large scale, and by the holp of a thousand corruptive m^atts. The Conference of Saint Vincent do Paul at Beyrout haa made heroic efforts, aud imposed on its: If heavy sacrifices iu order to pi event the loss of souls not only in the town but in tho mountains of Lebanon. In order to moot its urgent wants, th Conference has opened a subscription, to which the (lathi lies lmve generously contributed. Tho return of the first or tho French vessels engaged in the Newfoundland fishery, tho Courrirr du Golf, took pla. e at Marseilles on tho 11th of August. She left Newfoundlaud on tho Oth of last month, and ha l a cargo of 124 tons of codfish. The harvest reports from the great English agricultural counties of Gloucester, Hereford, and Worcester, arc very favorable for tlio prospect <>f a good yield. The potatoes, however, aro a serious loss. The early sorts wcro got to market lu splendid condition; a tlner crop bos not been dug up for many years. The later sorts?flukes, regents, tec.?also, arc a very beautiful crop, but about a fortuight be'ore the Asia sailed, the ground being thou wet,and the nlnioHphoro heavy with moisture, the old disease manifested itself, and very rapidly in> roa<-cd, so that in a few days it was a.most universal. The Great Eastern arrived at Liverpool at half-post ecven on tho evening of the 15th lost. The New York reached Southampton and the Glasgow Liverpool on the morning of tho 10th inst. Tho Arabia arrived at Quecnstown early on the morning of the 17th inst. Our Paris Correspondence. Paris. August 10,1301. Disastrous EJfeHtof the War on the Manufacturina Interest* of Franre?An Intimation that Cotton ioill be Shiyittl to the Mills?How will the Imperial Tohareo reach Heme}? France Ready to Acknowledge the Rebels if England does to Also?The. Rebel Commissioner Leaves for London, die. The American war causos a great deal of misery here. The great silk, vclvat and porcelain factories have discharged one-half of thoir workmen, while the manufacture ofarticlcBof luxury, bronzes, he., are likewise affected. A packer, who lives in the Faubourg St. Antoino, assured me the other day that his business was quite at a stand still. He said that whero hitherto ho employed thirty, four men, he now has but two. '-TIito arc no goods to pat k up now," said he, despondingly; "the Americans only th uk of cutting each other's throats, not of buying from us our goods.'' Tho factories that need cotton have been given somehow to understand that the needful supply will be provided (Am fall. How it U to be got has not as yet transpired. I Those who know what an immense revenue llio govern- j lii-'iit makes frum its monopoly of the tobacco sale throughout Franca assert that it will surely manage to h ive the tobacco it has caused to be bought by its ngont*, now in the Southern States, brought over here In Novum li r at the furthest. How that may be none can toil. There are newsmongers here who assort that Franco has announced to Vngland her readiness to recognise the Honthern confederacy, but I think that as yet no such proposition has beeu made Still 1 should not he sur prised to hear at any moment that Franc. ha>l recognised the South. She in tends doing so, no doubt, and but bides her chance. Boll run was one. 1 fear. A short time will solve the mystery. We have hut one course to pursue; we must put our land and naval forces on such a footing thut our enemies will look twice ere they quartet outright with us. The M ni'eur, you are aware, publishes from limo to tune "letters from I/>ndon," which are interesting, beCa M' fhi'V ittfit' lu? rflff inln/l '?? ovo-e?.. - .. ? . O ? ? ? '-MIIK U? HOIJI!' ex t"!it the v 'jwh nf the government on KogUeh affairs. In th > official journal of to-day laoncot theso letters, which s.ijs?Sumi- d,"quietude if beginning t<> b - felt at l/<ndun as to .'jr relations with the United t*tat- e The Washing toil Cabin-'f anil the Americans of the North are greatly Irritated at tin rutin r ..nilocidcd attitude which England has assumed iu the present civil war, and it must b -admitted that the criticisms ma le by certain Eug'.ish jour Bale on the Manassas allhir arc not calculated to modify : that impression. Twocircumstance may alter thefrh-nd ly relations of England with America: ouo is thu an i Bounced Intention of the Washington government to levy ! ustoms duties on vessels at sea oil' the |>orts now in poMewlon of the Confederates: an I the othnr is thu in ten Hon ascribed to Sir. .incoln of declaring that the ports occupied by the rends are not ports. Depi nd upon It f England will cn'y act, Prance in now re"1;/ 10 recni/nve he South. Mr. itoot, KutithornComm'ssionor, U.m Just left here for London. It is FnUl he goes to tnduco tin*St. J'onos Ministry to immediate action. They will,I supi o^o, think twice ere they proclaim what wo should consider uu act of deadly enmity. Oar Berlin Correspondence. llKKIJN, August 13, 1801. German Sympathy with the Union Government in its Mi far' tune?Had Eject of Mr. Kartell'I lte.portt to the London Timet?A Friendly Faith in Southern Energy and Jiecuperatinn, ifc., itc. Wo aro anxiously expecting further events from your l'lo of tho water, which we hope will bo less unpropttious hau tho last. It is evident, however, thnt tho disaster at Manassas Junction, though serious enough, was not so overwhelming as it appoarod by the first re|>orts. Unfortunately, the German, anil Indeed the wliolo continental public, ilerivo their impressions of this affair almost exclusively from the letters of the s|>ocial correspondent of tko I/union Tines, which have been translated into all tho nowspaper*. Of course statements proceeding from such a source cannot give a very favoi able idea of the prowess of our American volunteers, and the remarks we hear concerning them are by no moans flattering. People do not consider that If tho defeat of a trained European army?such as tl.at of tho Prussian* a! Jura, the Austriaiis at Solfcrino, or tho ropulse of tho English from the Kedan?were detailed with similar minuteuess by an unfriendly pen, It would present features ijaito us discreditableua those dosctu ted upon by Mr. Kussell. The long and Rhort If it seems to be that the corps of General McJtowell, after tight tig bravely a whole day, were seized with a sudden consternation which resulted in a precipitate and unnecessary retreat, but for winch raw soldiers ought not to be couserod too severely, when we recollect that similar panics have, frequently oocurroil among regular troops?witness tiie "Canter of Cottbrlgg" and t ho huttlo 01 Preston Pans. Kv.cn tho bravest man has his moments of weakuess, and fear Is as contagious a disease as the smallpox. 1 am persuaded that '.he hardy sous of tho North and waM wd1 moo wtrtwe their reputation, if th v ham not done so already ; but in tlio ineuuwhllo it is not to lie doniod that (hi national event has reacted vary injuriously upon public opinion. Hitherto it was generally believed tliat the su|ieriortty of wealth and numbers possessed by the States that have remained faithful to the Union would soon enable tln m to g 't the bettor of the (breeders, but now this conviction is seriously shaken, and a prolonged war is looked forward to, which, whatever bo the result, will certainly be ruinous to the catumorcial interests of Euro]*-. Mr. anil Mr*. Clinrlei Mathrwi. TO TI1E KbITOK OF THE NKW YOlttv UEIUl.D. Gouk Lodcik, Fclhax, Londox, August 10,1861. Sir?A paragraph lias been sent to nie extracted from the New York .Sunday Courier (a somewhat similar one having appeared in the Sunday Mtpaleh, and no doubt in a hundred other pupurs which 1 have not sucu nor aut ever likely to see), stating that''Mr. and Mrs. Charles Mathews are living unhappily together, pecuniary matters being at the bottom of the difficulty;" the Cornier going so far as to assort that "they purled for some weeks, but we behovehavnenmo together again.'' Now, sir, you will easily conceive that this gossip can in jcatico to my wife, 1 cannot allow to pass un ] noticed, as it is calculated to mislead and pain many r.f lier friends und well wishers on your side of the Atlantic, tuid has not even Iho shadow of the troth to excuse it. I therefore ask of you, as tut especial favor, to lend me the advantage of your \ ery wide circukAiou 10 givo the moat emphatic deiii tl to the ill cattirod assertion. My wife and 1 have never been separated for an hour since our marriage, auj a happior can pie in every respect I llrinly believe is not to he found in the world, pecuniary ditllcultl"S have wholly ceased to auuuy tnu, am!, I am proud to Acknowledge, entirely by Iter economy, industry and good management. Her conduct has been cxempho y in every way, and the only debt 1 now have is one of sincere and afrectionate gratitude for lior unremitting devotion to my interests aud to the comfort und regulation of my houac. No man was ever blest with a better w ife, and (he only punishmmt 1 would wish to hu iullicted upon the base originator of this malicious libel would be, that he should ho forced to wituess the quid domestic enjoyment und unalloyed felicity in which we live. I am, sir. your obedient servant, 0. J. MA lllKWri. THE AMERICAN REBELLION. ^ England Endeavor* for an Independent | Supply of Cotton?Cultivation of ttie Staple In Bgypt and a Shipment for Liverpool from Nicaragua?The London Time* on American Credit and the Mor rlil Tariff?C'lmiicn of ? Military Dictatorship or Royalty?The Abolitionist Idea* Again at Work in England. A loiter from Mr. Haywood, tHo Secretory of the Cotton Supply Association of England, detailing (be result of his iulervletv witli the Viceroy of Egypt. iuid hi* general impress ions as to the productive cupacity or the country for I cotton, is publisliod. lie believes that the growth of cotton may be extended to an unlimited extent, and says j that ono of the recommendations of the Viceroy w.ts that English capitalists should roinu forwurd Mini mako tlioso ad values on the growing crops, at a reasonable raio of interest, which have been hitherto made u! most exorbitant rates, lie believed this would induce the fullaha to considerably extend their production. American seed sown in Egypt had produced cotton valued in Liverpool at 81. per lb., and it is recommended to sehd small parcels of tins seed to the several Paclnis of Egypt and large cultivators of cotton. r.ETTKK I'KOM THK NICAllAlll'AN MINISTER TO BRITISH runm TO THK KIUTl R or THE CONDON TIMKS. In tlio Timer of yesterday you publish an account, rc eclvcd by the West India mail, of the first cotton (consisting of about thirty bales) exported from Nicaragua, stating Mr. J. E. Russell, an American gentleman, to bo the planter and shipper. lu the latter port Ion tliero is a slight inaccuracy. Mr. Russell was the shipper, but the cotton was grown by the natives. I cannot allow this opportunity to pus without asking the favor of your giving ; publicity to the great desire of the Nicaraguan govern mcnt to sec British industry directed to the cultivation of I cotton in that part. The President , by a decree of the 14th of May last, granted many privileges to the planters, and, among othors, that "all toreigu goods imported into the ftnte by the cotton growers, to the same extent in value as tire cotton exported, shall bo exempt from onehalf the dutii s that are now, or may hereafter Is.-, levied. The value of the cottou will bo comouted at the rate of two and A half cants par jioiind with seed, and four cents per pound cleansed from seed." In addition to the above, 1 am instructed by bis Excellency Scnor J. do Marcolota. Mini, ter Plenipotentiary from Nicaragua, to state that his Kxcelloncy is authorized to make a free nod liberal grant of land U? the ropuhlic to those persons who may be desirous of establishing themselves in the State for the purpose of cotton growing. I am, sir, your obodlent servant, JAMES I,. liAKT. Mexican, Salvador and Nlcaraguan Consulate. AcOl'srr 15. 1H61. [Vrom the London Times. August 17.] ? * * Whatever country scuds us the best cotton, at the cheapest rate, and with tho grcutet-t regularity, will command the maikct. It would bo fortunate in many ways if tiio prize should full to India, but commerce looks to its own needs-only. We doubt it any country could iiave driven America fri-m the field U" America had rema'ned exempt from truublea, but tbc oaitingency which has now happened has been so long aud so uneasily anticipated that tho actual rvent tells strongly against the chances of America aud in favor of a fresh competition. If the cieil vwr should last another year, the cotton {not* uAlf pr-jtaMyle revolutionised, and with it the fortunes and destinies of States. THK COTTON OROWINO MOVKHKNT IN INDIA. [Calcutta (July 8) Correauondence of London Times ] The cotton movement in England lias given rise to great exertion* ou the part of tho officials in this country to mako India on cjki-nt substitute for the Southern States </ the American L'nicn. The principles upon which the government propose to act ore succinctly laid down in it letter from the Home Secretary to Messrs. Moslcy At llurst, agents to the Manchester Cotton Si^iplv Association, dated the 2d inst. In thia lo'.tor the Secretary state* that '-tho subjects of tho grant of waste laud in fee simple, and of the redemption j of the l.oid tax have occupied and continue to occupy the earnest attention of the government. They have been considered with every desire to atlbrd the fullest soopo for the investment of European capital,and to remove all artificial impediments to the land owner making the most profitable use of his laud.'' '-It is probable,''ho adds, "that ilto former subject, relating to the grant of waste lands, will shortly h? disposed of in such u manner as to promote these great objects." The redemption of waste Innds, however, list Secretary slates to be besot with greater difficulties, ow lug partly to w ider difl'eretices of opinion on the subject itself, and partly to the great financial im| portanre of the land tax. which* forms so very largo a portion of the public income as to render any hasty aud misjudged net Ion regarding it very inexpedient, tin tho | point ot the rtAivation of the cotton, and with respect to j Us gathering, cloansing and transport, it igohsirved ihal in llie details of the first?the cultivation?the native of India ha- little or nothing to learn from agriculturists of other quarters of the globe: that with regard to the second?the gathering?the government oan donothtagi but that much may be done lay the capitalist who lends money to ihc cultivator, or who buys produce from him; Hint, in online-1ion with the third?the cleaning or i rue uk "l" damn irom sued?the Baiuo remark is uppllcable; but that, In the fourth point? tluit or tratis|*>rt?the government will perform, no far as the (lnatiri.il resource "I the country will admit. the duty which mainly devolves upon them of facilitating the transport of cotton by improving roads and means of internal coin munlckl Ion. These are the main points of the repiv which, however, together with the letters which called it forth. I send voit hi oxteiiSfl. Tt Willi admitted, I think. In England, as It has been ackif wiedpod in this country, that the government has done all winch a government could be expected to do towards the promotion of this important object?an object which, i' successfully accomplished, will do more towards the real union <.f En.'land and India than all the legislative ento imams that \wrc ever planned, for it will l?<; a union, not of policy, but of .merest*. (Jtsal government manifested by the | r'KMico in every district ot an etflcient pn lice of summary court* of Justice will then become a noCe.-sily. The happiness ol the millions of India will bs in. lerwovcti Willi Ihe pros|H-rity of the cotton lords of Manchester, for the lahorm if India are free toWrr?, u Itim" willinpnett In ivnrk may he m fiiuretl hy the amount '/ material ctrmfnrl irjurtd tn them It is gratifying. than, to n o all classes working to tiring ?b mt a re suit so Important to nil. Thn Ueiitenant Governor of Peng.il has even recommended as an exceptional case, w NEW YORK HERALI), F that government factories should bo established lu the Chlttngnnp lulls fur baying, cleaning and sri wlug bill cotton, such us is snitsblo to the Knghsh uiai hot. Mr. Orunt considers tho case, with respect to this particular locality,its tiltngethci exceptional, and hoargtuHlb.it the "conversion of tho savage Kookies from their huhila of murderous Incursions into tho plains for the purpose of cutting otr human heads, and carry away women Into slavory to habits of peacefully raising and Selling o"tton, would bo so great a ixdltlcul object as to Justify an exeep tlon to the general rule of interference." The Governor General In Council, whllo approving Mr. Grunt's general plan, expresses u preference in favor of the establishment of bui h factorlre by privatu enterprise, "aided by any grants of land, special measures of [silica, or other lucilitIns which government caa furnish." It will thus U Men tha' the subject nf rotUm it mooted in retry shape and form, an:' that it realty it at tliit moment in India ''the eineiion lh TUK ABOLITIONISTS AT WORK IS KKGLAXp?EMANCIPATION OF THE NEGRO A MAIN OBJECT 01 THE WAR. [From llio Urn Ion Chronicle, August 15.] * * * Mr. Uucolu's wire drawn address contained no allusion to tho monster ovii,and foundation of the trife, because America is as yol us lar behind England in recognizing the claims of the negro ns a heinaii being, as she has proved hersoif in preferring the fallacies *>1 pro toclion to the sound doctrines of free trade. 8ho luus long had men like Clarkson and W'llberfbrce; but. their leaven made lit tin impression upon the mass, and she has -till an obvious detcruiiiiation to blink this quoslinu, chiefly on account of its cost, if alio possibly can. Mr. ward has lot fall some plmascs which show that ho Is not bri.orant of the fi.inlamontal prtnciides involved, and nothing can accouut for his retlcuco in sponging upon the matter, except tho fact that the Northern public wants educating to a true perccpti. 11 of the dutUsnnd difficulties of the time. HI'hcrto tlie abolitionists have b inn small, and. in senvi reapecls, an Injudicious minerity. They have preached lung and loud; but they have nude few converts, partly because the minds of their hearers worn like stony ground,nud iwrtly because they generally confined themselves to fiuiatlcal enunciililons of an ab tract proposition, and took no jiutns to show how the transition Irian one state of society to another could bo conveniently made. The South is quilt right in sopimj that the softly if its black property w-ula Its iw]M illeJ by reunion Wi ths At.rih; Wit tWJstln is unite wrong in hugging the delusion thai i'* js'liticat aspira'iom or phiUm'hropic sentiment* can bt rrn'fieti in on;) other tony than that adapted t-y the OU Country, w h >se Negro Kuiancl|iatien, honorably paid for, was one of thograudest acts of modern times. THE MORRILL TARIFF AN1) TflB FOREIGN CREDIT OF THE UNITED STATES?A TERRIBLE DISAPPOINTMENT IN STORK FOR THE LONDON TIMES. [Front the London Times (Oily Article), August 15 ] I nch new statement front America regarding the financial and commercial prospects of the country d inon strains th1 fate that would deservedly impend over all persons In Europe who might ho tempted by the hope of gam Into supplying means for a i untiuuuueo of the strife. The Morrill 'lStrlfl, uhi-h cummmriattq turimiU'it* th L'ni U.I Stout with th' matt rtbroyradt mMHb in IkiwrU, except that oven In tho darkest of these countries any altoratii us now made aro generally toward a beitor cou ililiiiti while tiiul'ii'n turn Si.|ili. r?l..lv stmnwil I .-..n, Im.l to worse, is not only to ho maintained hot to ho increased In ftin e bytha imposition of additional duties. At the same time tbo Hvrubir} of tho Treasury ;s to bo oinpoworod to put forth an apparently tinllmihd creation of treusury notes for amounts equivalent (o ?1 and f.2 each "for national circulation." We are OooMqumtly to witness in combined action ilie two Influential of a protective and prohibitory custom house system, and a paper currency of tho most enticing and dangerous description. It is an embodiment of the dies ins Oft ho late Colonel .Slblhorp and of Mr. ttpooticr, of l'.irmingham, in one effort. Coupled with this there Is to bo an i.ieonio lax of three per cent on ull Incomes otf.li)') per annum, winch will leave entirely untouched the great mass oi the peoplo who regulate tho politics of the nation, and which will depend lor its amount upon the voluntary honesty of tho returns sent In by tho retail nil or. The measure was to apply in fair proportion to landed property, but the Western farmers would not submit to this, and the Housoof Representatives, it is said, " wisely gi\ c way to their objections." A tax of 2s. on silver watches, ar.d of 4s. on gold watches, as well us of 4s. to ?10 oncarriages, according to their quality, an excise on spirits and born', an inc.eased duty on sugar, aud entirely new duties cu tea and coll'eo, aro among llis other menus bv ubieh it is honed to mt.i n few millions sterling 10 tee revenue. The cost of colli citon iu a wide country like America must., of course, he euur mous, and Ufteon per cont i? to bo offered to each State that will perform that tusk for itself, and thus save the necessity of providing n separate nnd costlv machinery on tho purl of the general government. The nine acceding States aro reckoned among the contributor lea each in their proportion, and after they shad have been coerced back into the Union, and liavo ruined themselves an far as possible by thoir efforts in war, they will therefore have to meet heavy arrears while they arc voluntarily voting the supplies to provide the dividends on such federal loans as may liavo boon raised for bringing Lliem to obedlonoo. The Journals hold out that "Of course they do not anticipate any such slate of things as the income' tax becoming permanent, as has been (he case in Great Brituiti;" but the substitute that is to bu found for it when the results of borrowing enormous sums at ten and twelve per cent Interest shall come to bs truly IWt, I* not even hinted a(. Tho federal expenditure is now estimated, on good authority, to bo going on nt the raio of ?75,OO0,OCO per annum, exclusive of the distinct and sovereign expenditure of each of the tbirty-lour States. The ordinary federal revenue from all sources is about ?10,000,000. Supposing tho now duties in yield the ?4,000,00ui>r?rt,Out) ,000am icipsted.iliere remains about ?50,000,000 or ?60.000,000 to bo obtained by loans in the shape of is-ues either of stuck, Treasury bonds, or notes for national circulat ion. At present, with an amount of bullion in the New York banks far exceeding any sunt ever before known, and while the money pressure from tho new order of .things has scarcely yet Ix't-u practically felt, the lowest rato at which lh" government can borrow, even for short periods, is 10 per cent. What will be the charge when sticclo rapidly Hows out iu conseipience of the gigantic expenditure, when a severe money market operates together with polltiial distrust, and when it is to.md I hut three mouths' loans are as bad and deceptive as three m >nrhs' enlistments? Already wo hax e usnertlone that tho votes in Congress have destroyed tho credit of the government, andthat it could not now pw ?4,000.000 on of the banks in Now York, I lor ton and Philadelphia with respect to our great national homo loan liad evidently not reached Printing Hoi.se square on August IS?Ed. Hakau>]?while the moat hopeful nnd strong*at frlenda of tiio administration go no further than to allege that the government credit, will at ill prove good ' if its financial M'hemu ia broad enough to meet the necessities of the rare; if, after tho fashion of Mex'loo and Turkey, sp-Hflc branches of revenue are pledged as security, atid If ?10, hOO.fMK) or ?20,000.000 of paper circulation is put out. Under the circumstances tlt? mc;-t earnest wish of the friends of Ani rieamusf ho Hint the diflieulties thus in sight may accumulate with sufficient rapidity to bring both North nnd South to reason, ff they were to he staved off by funds from Euro|a> the lenders would richly deserve tlint share of the hitter results wtiirli would bo certain spcedily to fail upon them. SI!AIX WE HAVE A MILITARY OICTATOHStltP OR A ItOYAI. KILE? [From the London Herald (it rby organs, August 10.] American affairs s< om to lie what the French rail "precipitating themselves" with groat rapidity. The rupture is yet hut a few months old; only one battle and a few trilling skirmishes have takon place, and already New York seems almost in a state of anarchy, and a military despotism has commenced establishing itself, if it is not already established. That such events would bu likely to tako place was apparant to most observers; but that they should take place with such rapidity lies been startling even to those who are least disposed by their politl cal principles to rely ou the patriotism of demagotiea nnd the effect ivcuiss of armies controlled by clubs and committees. We all knew that the bulk of what has been called the grand army oouslsted partly of row volunteers, partly of ruar canary regiments,composed of roroi, is picked tip.unywhere and anyhow, the whole comm. nded in chief by a few superior officers of the regular American army, of , real knowledge and merit, but commanded la detail by regimental officers, most of whom had not only u< ver seen 9ervlce"but hud scarcely ever wen regular aftid su-ady ! drill. Still wv could hardly guess in England that the demoralization was so fottrfhl as that described hv (Vn.-r.-d McClellan, when lis refused the ctmmaud except as dlclu tar. "I most ho master (he as id) and have the entire control drumil-r;-, l?Jf^ K'.tP J'T l*euartmont or superior nffioer. 'Ihe whoTb service is rolfefl] I must havo the full power to cut out the had part?." That power, it la said, is conceded to him. With It ho may, pcrlia|?, overcome the South, though we doub'l that rcsidt. With it, if ho is of the Washington stamp, he may, perhaps, restore the republic, au-l then yield up the dictatorship. H'ilA il, if he u of the A'apoteon stamp (arul A'ajideunit: ambiti<m is more frequent than the self abnegation of a Washington, who standi almost alone in the hi<t>ry erf man), the imperial or royal regime hat begun in AmcI siea. I With that portion of the subject, however, It is not our nreaeut purpose to deal, except en pat rant. Wo wish more particularly to comment on the flight of Bull run; not with a view to harp upon the diegraceful conduct of the thousands who fled In panic before an enemy that waB not pursuing, but rather with the view or palliating or explaining their conduct, by calling attention to the causes which led to so many regiments throwing away their character as soldiers?causes winch are at -writ in nil largo bodies of undisciplined men, ofikered by regimental ofl'cers ignorant of their duty, causes which, taking a broader view of the philosophy of man's nature, are at work In all large bodies of ui?n, under hII circumstances. The tight at Bull run was a clear panic among the men?unchecked, because they had officers who neither knew how to check them in a military point of view, nor had any influence over thorn. How should they, when one sees by the accounts that are dally pouring in that many regiments were actually commantled by men nntJH to he rampfolhmsrsf THIS AMK1UCAN WAR QUESTION ON TIIE KNGLIFHELECTION HUSTINGS. [l'rom the London Times, August 15 ] Tho nomination of candidates for the newly created third seat for South Inncashire, took place yesterday mom inf. on hustings erected at Nowton-le-Wlllows. About 4.000 persons were assembled. The High Sheriff, Sir Humphrey de Trafford, presided. Mr. Turnrk (conservative) was received with great cheering front Ids supporters and hooting* from tho liberals. He said the constituency wag not call'-d ujion to decide a mere |-ersounl question between Mr. Cheelham and himself, but whether il would Rapport the maintenance or Church nu-l State. He w ould opinio the ballot, believing it would fail In Its object besides destroying tin- electoral character for honesty and straightforwardness. ( -Three cheers for Ih i irnet ') in Kngiand. under existing krrnomments, we enjoy oil a freedom of speech and n< t ion which lie would venture to say was not enjoyed In any other part of the world. In France tin- ballot bad prouue- d a barely concealed dospolism or the strongest diameter. (Noisy interruption.j In America, It scemod, the ballot was not favorable to free trade, for the last laritv there was more protective than any which preceded it. Nor had the ballot protected the Unite.! States from the present deplorable crisis tn that country. (Cheers.) Reflecting on what wa- passiug in tin se States, we had nothing to fear from u comparison t-f our institutions with (heir* RTDAY, AUGUST 30, f861. Mr. CiiKniuM (reformer), who wrap received with mingled cheering ana disapprobation, a?M tin- tlrst Mutation Wd?,by wltat standard or teat were theolui t< r.-' ^ni i; to<I< cl ic'/ 'I'll. re wero t.roat prim Ipks ut issue in this cut st, and tlioro wore parties, nu in days gone by. He was aeciiaed by Mr. Turner of decrying our Institutions. Why ]ii? whole political career in c'<n/,.cll-ei with the lilc .al party hail been to reform,aim-lid, establish and perpetuate Die institution* of Hid country. (divert.) If those Institution* I'll I b?M-n loft to the guardianship ol' his h'Wiorabio opiwntiM .inu the DDiiservtttivoH they would have bono fur nioiv iilapidated than tlmt nU white lioig over the way. Ho was too! to look ?t Am'Tira, aud lv< would oak tin m to look ih ire fit the proaent state of things anil draw the lesson it convoy oil. The eml m the South was the rxittwi of Hint slate of slavery which im.hr llit or od old lory adminittriilr>ninjpdUd-iy* iuui inlhal cuntry. (C'hocin.) One great cause of the exist ioc quarrel b?t ween the South ami Hie North was on the gooi olil lory notion of a high tai uf. It was tor) ism, or tho principles of torykun, both in the South and the North, thai catWCd thy present troubles in America. He hail been misrepresented on the question of Clinrch

ami State. AVh.it he had said was, tliat it was a question that would not he discussed in our time, but whenever the change took f*ai o it w>?uld he elh eted by the mcmliers of the i hurch of Knglsud Itself, when they saw, amid the diversity of opinion and practice, tlie benefits of sopttration between the Chureli uud tho Stale. (Cheers and uproar.) On Tuosday night Mr. Molt,it, the liberal member for Honltou, addressed his constituents in the Assembly Koorae, at tho fioljdiin Hotel, tho chair being oocuiried by Mr. S. C. Cox. Referring to America, lie deeply deplored the quarrel; hut lie earnestly hoped that Kngiand would not be involved in it in any way. THE IIKITISH NORTH AMERICAN Ft.PET. (Vretn ill" I/mil on Tunes, August 15.] The crow of thepaih'h wheel steam frigate Valorous, 18, Capt. William Aldham,C.B., at Ifcvonport, woro paid oil' yesterday, in the presence of Admiral Superintendent Sir Thomas Paslcy. The National Income of Englandi ITS ANNUAL All tillKU ATBS?TH R SUKl'LCSAOK AN1) DEFICIENCIES. [From the Ixrndon Times (City Article), August 18.] uio following ahslraet of a Parliamentary slaufciciit 'jiisr issued siiows tho estimated income of thernitcd Kingdom during each of I he last thirty-three years, from which it appears that although, according to the sanguine views of the various Chancellors of tho Exchequer, a dellciency was apprehended only in nine instances, this result actually occurred in fourteen instances:? . K\tImatfl , . Actual. ] sir einhH',1 lnro.hr. \Soyphir. j Dr^ry. jSurphis. 1 I), fry. Jan. 6, IKSD jeoi,:i47.t*x> :i.oj3,4irr ? 1,711,mm ? 1M.1I 49,950,000 2, 137,(1*1 ? 2,913,673 ? 1832 47,250,000 408,47U ? ? 01)8,867 April 6,1835 48,470,001) 773.624 ? 1.487,145 ? 1854 45,4:18,118 616,1*10 ? 1,061,301 ? 1835 45,778,586 1177,373 ? 902,063 ? 1K.J6 45,660,000 186,000 ? 1,376,307 ? 18:17 46,lily,)**) 311,330 ? 1,862,824 ? 1838 47,240,000 334,073 ? ? 1,428,531 1831) 47,271,8)0 ? 107,107 ? 480,328 1.840 48,118,01*) ? 936,1**) ? 1,467,213 1841 48,691,0)*) ? 841.1*1)) ? 1,861,997 1842 48,310,000 ? 2,121,776 ? 2,139 DM 1,843 61,460,000 631,000 ? ? 2,421,776 1844 6)),160,1X3' 703,265 ? 2,093,428 ? 1845 61,390,000 2,746,880 ? 6,342,436 ? iMti 60,362,000 672,000 ? 2,380,000 ? 1647 61,660.000 777,000 ? 2,765,191 ? 1848 62,516,/**) .'>32,000 ? ? 8,092,286 1849 62,130,000 ? 2,031,256 ? 209,378 IK,'*) 62,262,1*10 104,304 ? 2 533,502 ? 1851 51,535.000 771,418 ? 3,174,731 ? 1852 51,172,01*) 925,0)*) ? 2,176,996 ? 1853 61,625.000 401.000 ? 2,460,742 ? 1854 62,57,8,1**' 495,01*) ? 3,624,786 ? Mch 31 1855 60,066,4*10 467,0U) ? ? / ? Mcn.ai.isso M^ikvcoO ? 3,513,1*10 ? 6,106,808 1856 67,139,1*0 ? 19,895,.' _ 22,723 854 1857 71,74i),">*) ? 9,373,000 ? 3 2.>4 )?5 1858 66,:W>,000 931,000 ? ? 247,310 1869 61,920,000 310,000 ? 813.4')2 ? i860 ?'),480,600 253,000 ? 1,687,330 ? ?161 72,248,000 ? 1,286,000 ? 2,558,386 7362 70,283,000 408,000 ? ? _ Great Britain. Tho politic*! news by the Asia is quite unimportant. The King of Sweden was sqjouimliig in I-omkm.and visiting the various objects of interest in the city. A grand review in his honor had taken pjuce at Aldershott, tuid he is said to huve been particularly complimentary in his re mm ks upon the cavalry. Tho nnnual meeting of tho Social Science Association was in progress at ilublin, with Lord Broughau as ITesident. ThoGnlway Steamship Company, in their report, construe tho recent language or 1/ird Pa.mors ton into a (lenitive ptomise ttiat tin? ntail contract will be restored when the company is in'tt position to carry it out. France. The fete of the Assumption and of the I'.nipcror was celebrated, as usual, at Paris on the 15th instant. Tiie ltourse on tho 16th instant wus Arm, hut rentes at tho close showed a slight decline, tho price being 68.45. Italjr. A religious ceremony in lienor of the felt Napoleon took place In (inn of (ho Turin churches on the 15th lust., and a Ann Illumination at Naples. A letter from Homo In tho //union AViet says that Miss Harriot Hostaor, of whom America U justly proud, lias completed her line colossal statue of Col. Henton, to he erected in bronze nt St. Louis, whon it shall have been oast liy the Munich foundry, to which the mould will s.ion bo consigned. He also says that Miss llosiner will be nobly represented at the great exhibition in London next your by her slaluo of the "Captive Queen"?Zenobla. Tho Indepemlanee Htl/fn assorts tliat tho French governnio'it had ordered General Goyon not to oppose the entrance of Gcnorul Cialdini ami his troops into the Papal territory should the necessity of war require il. Part of the English squadron ha t arrived at Naplcsfrom Malta. The Italian soldiers had taken from the insurgents tho villages of Ponte Eandolfa, in the province of Sanuio, and that of i.'nsaldini in tho province of Moliso. Austria. It is stated that th? war oflce at Vienna was busily engaged in weeding from the regiments In Hungary every ouicer not known to bo personally devoted to Austrian lutorests ami pliable In a struggle Which is held to bo unavoidable. Tho Jourwtl d<-? Ifehati fays the Austrian government intends to call on tho population of Hungary to elect deputies direct to tho Ruchsrath at Vienna, and says that oourt o would be equivalent to settling the question with tlio - word. It reconini 'ndH the Emperor to call a now Diet us iho list means of conciliation. llnsxla. A letter from St. Petersburg states that the unexpected visit of the King of Sweden to the Emperor of tlio French has produced some sensation in the political circles in (tint city. It is the more remarked because thn King of Sweden, eighteen months since, was to have paid a visit to tho Kmperor Alexander, hut he has not done so. The Swedish Knvoy has exerted hlmsef to tranqullino the susceptibilities of tho Cuu-t of Russia. The posti>oncmrnt of tlio visit or tho King of Prussia to the Emperor of tho French i* attribute 1 to ihe desire of the Cabinet of Berlin not to ofTcnd tlie Emperor of Russia. Turkey. Tho Turkish government was actively progressing with financial reforms and making preparations for tho establishment ?t a national bank. (>uior Pacha was Indisposed, lie was at llostar. A great lire had taken place in tlio Turkish quarter of Smyrna. The International Commission had decided in favor of the Porte ou tho question of the settlement of tho boundaries of the mouths of the Danube pending between tho Porto and Moldavia. Cholera had broken out at Tibiornl. About 2,000 Bosnian and Montenegrin insurgents were preparing to attuck Trcbigne, ami hud already advanced beyond Nikish. An Unfortunate Suit York Unman Murdered tn Knglim '. IFrrm tho Liver]>ool Times, Ac. . I V.] uu UK' lulu ilk: vurowr lor iruivorimi:.. n;u l M au inquest on tho body of a young woman to tiiirty yours of ago, who had gone by the name of .In Christy. and had said that she was toe wife of Captain Christy, with was transported for cruelty to $nmc of hi* s kid 11 n a voyage from New YorV T.lvj"?jl. AHtlOugliTIiirfs nof Ttq>fo*ed to Vavb h u emu,./1" wife, yet .she is thought to have come U> K.-icJand under his "protection." She was manifestly mi American, and at one time she must huvo moved in a ruspeutablo sphere of society. She had been woll educated, and bad said that she was t>orn in ono of the priucipal thoroughfares of Now York. For sorao time jmst she hod been Jiving with a pltslnker of Wolverhampton as ids trtt'e. By this follow, whose mura is Clarke, she was taken off tire stroets, and has ever since been subjected to frightful ill usage ut his hands. When, in consequence, she left liim, as slie lias frequently, his practice tens to force her back under the threat of murdering her: and ho has often sworn that before she would bo anothor'g he would inur-" dor her. Three weeks ago ho was treating her with frightful bnrharity, and she sought refuge in the house of a neighbor, to which place, however, he followed her and continued his violence. It was in vain that she appealed for mercy on account of her friendless condition. Ever since she had snifcroil groatly from a s vere pain In tlic hack of hor head, the priucipal scat of the injuries which she received. On the 12th she died. Tiio coroner ad. Jourtied (ho inquest for a post mortem examination, and ordered Clarke into custody. THE VERY LATEST. [BY TSLKQRXPR TO QmtfflTOWN.) Livkrpooi., August 18,1861. Two members of the Italian ministry have resigned. Ucncral Cialdini had demanded the appointment of their successors. Naples will undertake to crush out the brigand chiefs. Ixiya, ono of the chiefs of the Spanish insurrection, has been executed. The Market*. I.0K11ON MONKY MAltKKT. [From the Ltvorpool Times (City Article), August IT.] The nia-ket for Kritlsh securities since our last has been tlrm. with an advancing tendency, the continuance of line weather ami the favorable appearance of tho money market being the cause of the improvement. Yesterday (l&tb) consols opened r< r account at 90,V a steady. Ou the reduction in the rate of discount they improved to hO',' ft \; hut soon afterwards they relapsed to the opening price principally from apprehension! as to the continuance of fftvorahlc woather for harvest. The prices at lite official closo wore 00 a 3., for account, and 90a \ lor money. Reduced, 90??, a }i, n >,; new three pur c.cnia, 90a a ?.<. Exchequer hills 16s. a 10s. discount for March, and 6s. a Is. discount for June. There were no transactions in Rank stock. To day (16th) the market lias been stea 'vat yesterday'! prices Consols for Hie account were at iXIJf in tho morning, nnd closed at 90 W a %, for money the last price was '90!% a Marth Exchequer bille left off at 14 a 6 die emit; bauk. stock, 233 a 236, and the three per cents at , 90a fktjj Tli<* following tubla will show the fluctuations in consols since tho 9ih lust Fur M<meg jr., A<ooun!. , -iuyv.tt. LnwM. thyhi-'t. Clninc. Lonest. I hi hat. Citing. Hut. 10.. 00'i ooyt go'i oo'i vox vox M"u. 12.. ooSi ooSi oo>i oox oov aok Tut'S. 13.. 00<? 00vox ook oov oo > Wed. 14.. 90k liOSi 90>5 00H VOX oov Thlir. 16.. 90)j 904K VOX VOX VOX 90 V Fri. 10.. vn% VOX VOX 90W VOX 907i Iii tile fit. cigti stock market Turkish bonds have given way in price, and are now markedly lower than when we last quoted tlieiii. 'llie damar.d for money lias been active, and the rates have generally been equal to the new minimum of 4% per cent. The inquiry yesterday wus stimulated by the provision made for tukmguptho ?.1,000,000 of Victoria railway bonds to-day. 1 hero have been arrivals of gold from tho West Indies and Africa amounting to ?70,800, while the exports have been very light. ?08,000 in silver have also boon received by tho West India steamer. The advices from Melbourne report the d"parturo lor Kngiaud of tho K?h-i Koor, Orwell and Water Nymph, With a total of jiuiiH.'iOO in gold. In the London Hallway sh o e ra irket during the first half of tho jgist week th chief b i.sln was in connection witb ihe settieuionf, which di- Med an ample supply of stork. The prejudice to Ine muikit was t>"t, however, grout; ai.d y slorday shares had uu improving tendency in the 11. i! instance, un I an a Ivauuo was estahlishcd in most d .* rlpliers. Mr. T. K. Oswald, iron ship liulldor, Palllon, Sunder land, has suspended, 'Hie I .biUties arc beiween ?00,000 and ?70,000, and owing to Mr. Oswal I s illness, which ut prevent entirely incnjiiici tales Jilin t'rom business, it Is ultarly impossible to statu whether tho liquidation will i bo favorable or otherwise. The weekly returns of Hie IT,ink of Kngland show an increase in llie bullion ol ?287,'did?theamouut bold being ?13,047,069. I*' rem Messrs. Darings' (London) Circular, August IB.] I AMERICAN STOCKS. Quotations tire nominal, except for United States 6's, which itiid buyers at 72. Virginia sterling 6's, 46}?; u a, uwuun, Nova Scotia auil Now Bruswiek fi's, 105 u 105 SJ. Consols leave eir 00?; lor money, 90>( a 90% for tbe aocount Our Bilvor, Ob. Jfd. Mexican dollar*, 4b. 10)?d. American ougies, 76s. Oil., nominal. Doubloons, Spanish, 7Cs.; South American, 74s. per ounce. IKruin the London Times (City Article), August 17.] United St iles 6'S, 1874 71 a 73 Virginia (i s 4514a 46>4 Erie shares, ex-assessmcnt scrip 24 a 25 Do. 7's, preference 43 a 44 do. assessment scrip l>?u 2 Illinois Centrales, 1875 77 a 7U l)o. do. 7 8,1875 83 a 84 1 K>. do. $100 shares, $80 paid, dig... HO>4'a 38 }( Ik>. do. all paid 60 a 00 Michigan Central 8's, 1809, conv 79 a 81 Ik>. do. sinking fund 8's, 1 tutge.,'82 86 a 88 Michigan So. and Northern la. 7 s (s. t.),'86 60 a 05 Now York (Joutral 6'a (s. l'.l, 1383 83 a 85 Do. do. 7's, 1864 89 a 91 lln iln 7>u tftintf h.lu ) tKT? 01 n 0< Do. do. 7 s,(s. f.) 1876 91 a U3 Do. do. $100 shares CO a 70 New York and Erie 7's, 1st mtgo., 1807 02 a 04 Do. do. 2d m., 7's, 1860 80 a 88 Do. do. 3d ni., 7 3,1883 73 a 77 Panama 1st mortgage,7's,1800 03 a 100 Do. 2d do. 7 s, 1872 07 a 09 PennsylvaniaCentral, 1st mtge. 6's, conv... 83 a 87 Do. do. 2d mtgo., 6'?, sterling 82 a 84 l)o. do. $50 ?hare- 04 a 38 Philadelphia and Hooding, $50 shares 13 a 20 ME8.sk?. kiuiakdson, bpekoe and company's CUict l ah. I.rwarooL, August 16, 1861. Cotton.?The market hue been dull throughout tho wook, and be.ing utoro fully supplied than ol' lute, prices have favored the buyers, and niado it necessary to roduco quotations 1 lOd. a %&. per lb. Sea Irflands unchanged. burets freely oflbred, and fully \'d. per lb. lower. The duluess here h?3 depressed the market tu Manchester, ami prices of both goods and yarns have given way without loading to any increase lu demand. The quotations are:? Orleans, middling 8 6 16.1. per lb. Mobile, middling 8'ud. " Uplands, middling S'a'd. " ItRidifltm?'1 be weather has been generally lino, and harvest progresses satisfactorily. In consequence, trade in all articles lius ruled dull, and prices have a declining tendency. At the country markets u good deal of now wheul is offered, and the q>ial!ty is generally well spoken of. cm Tuesday wheat met a limited demand, and, hart buyers presented thorn solves, lower rates would have bor n taken to effort sales, f loor slow, at a reduction ..r ?.! .,.,1. I.OV....I Tn.lt,.,. ,.,,1.1 nn.l 0.1 ..... quarter cheaper. At to-day's market, with a small atti nilnnce of buyers, the business dune In wheat was of Uio must retail character, and prices were again rather easier. Flour neglected and nominal. Indian corn (lull, at? further dbeline of 6d. per quarter. l\o quote wheat: rod Western, 9.?. 2d. a Da. 3d. for Chicago;!).-. 4d. n Ps. 7d. for Milwaukee; 9a. 8d. a 9s. 9d. for umber; lis. for winter; Si it!hem, lis. a lis. 4d.; whitn Western, 12s.; Southern, 10s. per 100 lbs. Flour?l'liiladolphia uuperflno, 25s.; extra, 25s. a 20s.; extra Ohio, 25s. a 27s.; extra State, 24s. u 24s. Oil. per 190 lbs. Indian corn?Mixed, 29s. a 29s 01.; yellow, 29s. 0.1. u 30s.; white, 3ls. a 33s. 0d. per 480 lbs. ubks.?Good qualities meet a fair domaud, but secondary kinds tire neglected and lower. Pork quiet and easier. Bacon meets a very sl"w sale and holders, showing much anxiety to soil, aci-upt gradually recoiling prices. I Aim continues in limited deiuaud, hut the week's sales. are estimated at 100 tons at 48s. a 60s. per cwt. for good to choice. T.uxow In large supply and dull, at a further reduction of Is. ]>er cwt. ' We cannot quote over 46s. a 40s. Cd. for Butchers' Association, and 45s. u 45s. 6d. lor good quality of N'Pw York city rendered. In f.ondon also the market is easier, the closing quotations for 4*. Y. C. Iieing 44s. for 1859 brack, 46s. for 18G0, and 48s. for new. (Jim-Truo* iuhk steady at 10s. Od. for Philadelphia, and 7s. 3d. a 8s. 9d. for Baltimore, as in quality. kosl.x.?In common rather more doing at 0s. 9d. a Ts. Id. per cwt.; sales of all kinds reach 4.000 bills. Ttfni'K.vrrvK.?The market for spirits has been very quiet; sales about 300 bids. at. 45e. a 46s. per cwt. Kick.?Only about 60 tierces of Carolina have beon placed during the week at 24s. a 24s. 0U. for fine. the latest markets. Liverpool, August 18,1861. The sales of cotton yesterday (Saturday) were 8,0#9 bales, of whh h 4,000 bales were to speculators ond exporters. BrendstuiTk very dull. lTovisions quiet. I-ottnov, August 18,1801. Consols closed yesterday at 90^ a ?07i for moucy and account. Trie shares, 24xi a 24>{: Illinois Central shares, 39. UAVKK COTTON MARKET. ( IIavkx, August 10,1861. Pales of cotton for the week 4,000 bales, the market closing dull and unchanged. Stock 206,000 bales. ANOTHER MASKED BATTERY?THE LITTLE VILLAIN OF THE TIMES IN HIS TRUE COLORS. ? [From the Now York Timet, August 28.] CABINET MATTERS. Wo do not believe the people of tills country were ever more nearly unanimous i any subject than they are in demanding 'hat Joseph 11 It,of Kentucky, should be made Secretary of War. Wo mention this simply as a fact, forced upon our uolioe by what wc see and hear every day in the city and the country, among, men of all partie's?and without the slightest purpose or expectation of seeing any such event achieved. The person most interested in knowing the fact is probably the very last one who will bo jiermltted to bcllevo or understand it. Mr. Lincoln's knowledge of wli^t th? people wjtnt comes to him through those by whom ho is immediately surrounded ?men who have personal purposes to servo by approaching him, and whose facts are shaped by their bearing on ttiose purposes. They tell him what t'^eV suppose he desires to hear; and a-: lie is knowu to '.lftve certain favorite ideas about kooping his Cabinot dhbrofecn making it a unit, Arc., ho is not lik^; ^ he very thoroughly formed i v* ijmj u?V'U wmcn wou'u uisiuru unto !<iena. But fr<m dnf ind of tin country to the other there is a j?'0 fountf and universal dircnfiLni with fhe hiOwmcnLaf the [Var Dpar'.vmnt?a discontent tliAl dikes no definite slmpo, fastens u|wn no specific acts, and is not inclined towage any personal warfare on tho present incumbent,but which plants the Feeds of a profound distrust, and a heavy, hopeless, leaden disrourngentent in the public heart. No man who has been among the people anywhere enn doubt the oxistenec of suoli a feeling. Thoy tiro not hopeful of victories, and are more and more depressed by the tidings of fresh disasters. Thoy feel, without exactly knowing why, that wliilo they are giving millions upon millions 'of money artfl hundreds of thousands of men to the government for the service of the country, these enormous resources are not US' d to tho best*advantage?the country does not reap from them the benefits it has n right to expect?and they naturally look to the War Department as resiHinsible for titis disheartening disappointment. We hare no intention to reason either for or ayainst this impression. TT< tlesire merely to assert it* existence. It is poworftil and ail pervudiug, and it Is at this moment exerting a most depressing and damaging influence upon the general tone of the country. Wo do not ascribe the whole of it to absolute dissatisfaction with Mr. rameron. It is partly due to a profound convict ion that justico and g<KHl policy both require that the loyal element in tho democratic party, and the glorious Unionism of Kentucky, Tennessee mid Missouri, should receive tho recognition and encouragement which the presence of such a man as H"lt in tho Cabinet would imply. President Liucolu probably does not realize how thoroughly and utterly all mere partisanship has died out of the popular heart in preseneo of that fervent, patriotic Game by which It is fired. Men think no longer of party lines and party interests. They do not thank him anywhere for partisan appointments. They deprecate and deplore everything which recognises and porpetuatca party divisions. While tho country Is Involved in a fierce and terrible struggle for its very existence, they look ujion ail who rally to its flag as brethren in a common cause, and as oqua'ly entitled to share the honors and rcs)>oiMibilillea of the public service. This is a noble feeling, and deserves a more cordial reapimse than it has yot received at the hands of the national government. It proves a breadth and comprehensiveness in the (Hipular judgment of this great contest, to which nothing in tho action of the government as yot corresponds. ^ ^ I ]> (V in*: jrretcni rime me wunvmni utw/rt raw veer* 1,1/7*dueled ujhiti a party hasit. It has roccivcd the RU]>|K>rt?cordial, zealous and effective?of tbo great body of the democratic )mrty in the Northern States, and of a ureal, number of men of all parties in the border States of tbo South. Neither of these classes hat been loud or importunate in demanding any share whatever in the conduct qf the government which hy w rds and acts they supjmrt. Huttheronro thousands and tens of thousands In the ranks of the republican party who knew that, in nutional affairs as In everything else, the broadest basis is tho best, and that neither Justice nor good policy will sanction the neglect of elements so important to tbo great struggle In which the nation is now involved. INTEREST!: 0 FROM MISSOURI. OUR BT. LOUIS CORRESPONDENCE. ST. Louis, Mo., August 27,1861. Return qf the First Missouri Volunteer*?Rumored Intention of the Rebel* to Cajiure St. Ix>uu?TKe Governor' $ Call for Forty two Thousan.1 Troont?Ren. Sh Culloeh Restorlai to be Advancing on Holla?Tut/loa>3 Employed for Governtnml Service on the Alittiuijipi?Cm. Lyon't Rimaine? Military MocetnenH, <fc. The First regiment ot Missouri Volunteers arrived here from ltulla yesterday, and went into camp near Lafayetta Park. TUoy left St. Louis on the 13th of June,fought la tho battle of Boouovillo on the 18lh, inarobed thence one hundred and sixty miles to Springfield, were In the skirmish at Dog Springs and in the battle of HpringQeld, whore they Buffered such terrible loss, and the day following that muworublo occasion took up thoir retreat for Holla. They Uavo marched nearly fonr hundred miles since the time of their departure from the arsenal, and havo undergone privations tlrut would Uavo broken down many of the Hue regiments of the Fast. At I ho time ot their entrance yesterday, though their ranks wore fearfully thinned, and all boro the marks of a severo and fatiguing campaign, their step was as firm and olastto us when they appeared on dross parade at tho arsenal when they tlrut entered tho sorvico. Under the order lately issued by General Fremont, tliey will at once commonco recruiting for a regiment 2,000 strong, to consist of twelve companies, ouch with n buttery of six pieces light artillery. The officers under the new arrangement will be? Frank P. BUflr, Colonel. Geo. 1.. Andrews, Lieutenant Colouel. James Totton, Senior Major. .1. M. Bcutlold, Junior Major. M. L. I-attrrop. Senior Captain. John V. It. MuBois, Second Captain. S. H. Masscuck, Adjutant. Totten, ScoQeld, Lullirop and l)u Bois nre from tho rogular army?Tntten holding a captain's commission, and the others ranking as lieutenants. Alt of them were uuted for their gallantry in the battle at Sprlngllotd. Tho Kansas First and Second regiments are expected here to night. The former will remain to rocrnlt to make up for its se vore loss in ttiu buttle of the 18th. uml olllce.i will bo opened for its buuolU in Kansas, to 1111 up its rniiks there, and a:< soon na full will come bark to St. Louis. They have tin Ir choice en tlicir way upward of going by bout or by rail, just as they prefer, and the officers urc anxious to find out by which route there is the greatest probability of gutting up a tight, ;au desire to uih.pt the one the moat promising. The office, s cf the Kansas First are a little indignant at finding they uuunot have some opportunity of gutting up a couilict, and one of them (Mtyor lialderiniu), who was conspicuous for his gallantry on the menus-aide loth, thinks it would lie much hotter to recruit at the various towns along the "Big Muddy" than in this city, citing as a reason the extreme probabilities of a daily light. li the grand army of the Potomac wan composed of such soldiers as thn Kansas boys, or those oi the First Missouri, the defeat at Hull run wi uld have been on the other side, and the Stars ami riiri[u'H noma loua.v wave nvi r ruenmona, wun ma Confederate army inure than liuil dowu.buyouil the ,Southoru horizon. A rebel gentleman til.I me this morr1ngtU.it ho had the fullest cAuflbriico tlu?t St. l/mls would bo in the |>o?sc.-sion of the rebels within tlirie weeks. lie said that 1'illow, with 32.000 men, McCullocb with 40.000, and Hardee with 12,000, ari making a combined movement, with this city their point of junrturo. I give IPs statement Tor what it Is worth. Since the priuluiuation of Gov. Gamble cailing for 42,000 men, the Irish of St. Louis, a majority ol' whom arc opposed to lighting, and especially lo lighting against I ha rebels. have taken qulto a scare. They fear that it will be lie-, e.esrary to draft men to till up the ranks Of this troops this called for, and are leaving the city to avoid enrolment. One, who exults in owning a drug storo, was at tlrsi inclined to depart, but sagely concluded that doctors and pill venders would b; exempt from service, and thcro wns no reason for him to bo frightened. It is very doubtful If the system of drafting is employed. It is rumored to uiglit that Gun. MoCulloch is marching in Ihu direction of Holla, mid has sent a force towards Jcilorson City; and I learn that positivo information to that olfect lias been received at headquarters. What will bo ilono in tho matter is not known, and wo can. only await tho actiou of the Major General. It is very diUicult to get Intelligence from tha "lma lquartors Wcstorn 1)0partmont," of which (Jon. Fremont la tho manager. Tha President of the United hiatus is accessible with half tha trouble requisite, to get inside tho ofllca of tho Western Commander-in-Chief,and an American gentleman, in tha costume of his native land, would find it as easy to got within the walls of an Oriental harem as gain admittance to tho sacred penetralia of tho Major General of the Went. 1 loam incidentally that orders were given to-day Tor the employment of twenty tugboats and for tho purchase of one thousand wagons and their complement of mules. Tho contract for the mules was given t<> Messrs. Hoard & Palmer, of San Francisco, the latter formerly of ths well known hanking firm of Palmer. Cook # Co.": and re jiort hath it thin 110 price U stipulated, but thocontractors are allowed to pui rlia. e on any terms tliey can make. '1 his, if tree?but I do nut vouch for its truth?will cause qu.'to a disbursement of public money in our midst, and tut?"ie a heavy run upon our mule market. Colonels, it. Uoyd's regiment, recruited in Springfield, und now at Itol'.a. has been ordored to this city to be fill od up and received Into service. Its officers will bo Colonel S. II.Boyd, Lieutenant Colonel .1 aire-a K. Mills, and Major Wosion. Colonel Boyd is a resident of .Springfield, and tal?s much interest In perfecting his command. Liout. Colonel Mills was formerly Major on Gen. Sweeney's staff, and Maj.Weston is an old fighter, who served as Lieutenant under General Lyon during thu Mexican war. The regiment now has about seven hundred men, und it is proponed to fill it up with Illinois and Indiana rocruits. Wbeu well drilled and disciplined it will be on a of the fluest in the service. General Lyon's body reached licro late last'evening, in charge of his friends." It is not yet decided what services will take plac in the cily, though it is probable that ilio remains will be sent at once to Connecticut. The party was treated at SpriojgiMd with the utmost kiuduess by all the rebel officers. MARTIAL LAW IN ST. LOUIS. TUB FROVOST MARSHAL CI.USES UP THE LIQUOR SALOONS. In consequence or disturbances among the soldiery of St. Louis, and tho fact that similar disorders were more or less to be anticipated from tlio tliruuga collected a4 1 drinking establishments, Provost Marshal McKitistry issued an order closing all the liquor saloons and gar lens throughout the city. Tito execution of this sweeping ppdicl naturally excited great curiosity, and gave rise to a hundred startling rumors, each of which gained the more credence when less likely (from their oxtravagance) to l>e probablo. The following is the order:? OKP1R KO. 86. Osnes-Pitnvosrr Mabshat., > Sr. Loi'M, Mo., August 26,1861, / The disturbance of the public peace to-day having been traced by this department to the unauthorized and improper sale of liquors to goldieis by irresponsible itnd 1 ill-disjiosed persons, it is hereby ordered that from and after this date, until further orders, all saloons and barrooms, and other places kept for the retailing of spirituous and iutoxicating liquors in the city and county of 8t. J/iois, excopt the saloons connected with the principal hotels, .itid such others as may. after due lurestigatlon, rei celve special permission to open, bo and rotrnln rinsed; nnd the sale, exchange or giving away of any iutoxicating liquors or beverages, at retail, except as hereinbefore excepted, is hereby expressly forbidden. Any violation or evasion of this order will be visited by severe punishment. J. McKINSTKY, Major United States Army, Provost Marshal. Vnltcd States Commissioner's Courts Before Commissioner Henry. DISCJIAKGR OP TIIB SPANIARD MACUADO. The accused in this case again appeared for exam astiou *jut aKJ'n ^e government was unprepared to proceod with It J* lbe al)Sonco ?f l'ie witnesses expected from Boston. It App?trea .tUal Ujc8? witnesses wore willing to l>? In attendance, hilt the Bistrici .Attorn<,y Boston could not forward them on without a Judge's precept, the difficulty of procuring which was the cause of their absence. On the previous examlnstion day the Commissioner notified the District Attorney here that if he (the District Attorney) was not prepared with his witnesses ho would discharge the prisoner on recogniz.uice to appear fop subsequent examination. The Commissioner would have acted in accordance with lii? intimation of the prev.ous day but that the prisoner was unconditionally discharged on a technical objection raised by his counsel. The oblection raised was. that the Commissioner liad no evi denco before bim that (ho affidavit sworn to at Boston, and upon which a warrant was issued hero Tor the prisoner's arrest, was really signed by a Justice of the Peace or Massachusetts, as it purported to be. Reference was made to Conkling's treatise on the subject, and there the objection was sustained, by an extract from a ruling by Chief Justice Marshall. The Commissioner thereupon discharged the prisoner. Death of \Vm, Lyon Mackenzie. Tozotno, C. W., August 27,1301. Win. Lyon Mackenzie, ex-member of Parliament, died last night In this city. The deceased was the Upper Canada leador of the rebellion of 1837, which resulted in his exile to the United States for twelve years, during which time he was connected with the New York Tribune. Being pardoned in 1840. ho returned to Canada, and was elected to Parliament, which position lie occupied for several years. Me was universally respected. Arrivals and Departures. ARRIVAL. 3. MTSWOOi,?Steamship AhIa?Mrs Bradley and two r.hiidren, Mr and Mr* Bowman, I! B lleynnid*, CaptW H Hum phrles, Mr* Osulto and sister. Mrs W II I.nnuiite Mr and Mia Olondorf, three rhlldron and servant: .Mr and Mr* l.einlng. four children and two nur*cs; Mi** Leming andststei, Mr Leming, Jr; F Leming, R Redmond, MrSlegtield, Jamna Cadr, Mr Suhaeffer, Mr Wh litem* rt , R Slimmnn, Mr Cheney, Mr Lafragua, <1 A Morris* 11, lie. lv D Morricc, Misstlhendorf, Miss 8alsi>eclter, Mr' and Mr* Hunt, Infant and nurse; .7 II Hutchinson, E Coirs, Jr; A Itaihhone, (7 11 Giittig, Mr Bradford. Tho* I) Kitigan, Mr and Mr* ! Roliliison, two children and Inline; .lame* Kingau, Capt IIubbard, Tho* Smith, Cant J II Nicholas, USA; John Foster, D Gillespie, Mr Stein, 111- Setter, Mr and Mrs Camden, three children and governess; C A Bulkeley, John Patterson, W II II Borden, 11 M Plait, Mr Burgess, D Henley, Mr Read, Alexander Murray, A W Clrgg. Mr and Mr* I?n.|. ley, Mrand Mrs B Stern and ehlld, Mr llonlsstllera. Win Tlunmaner, Mr Cheek, <1 W Johna, W 11 Johns. Edward Luniley, Fred Napier, K B Sargennt, J R Schuyler, Koliert Beeeli, J W Dodd, J Parkin, A P Mange, N Neearsnliner. Don Lewis Cnsieiio Fred Collier, Master Collier, J Rosen, stein, Mr Lacblaveno.

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