Newspaper of The New York Herald, September 7, 1861, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated September 7, 1861 Page 1
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-I TH WHOLE NO. 9128. THE REBELLION. , Important News from North Carolina. J Fort Morgan, at Ocracoke Inlet, Abandoned by the Rebels. Crowds of Unionists Offering their Services to the Government* : IMPORTANT FROM KENTOCKY, Occupation of Paducnb by th'. | Union Forces. ^ One Hundred and Twer Aty-flve Thousand Rebel 'Trr/0pS Reported Opposite W fairing ton. The Reb#Pr ogr amme of Attack on. tho Capital. FRIGHTF'dL CATASTROPHE IN MISSOURI. The HanDflbal and St. Joseph Railroad xidges Burned by Rebels. A 7 rain of Passenger Cars Precipitated Into the Platte River. Seventeen Persons Killed and a Large Number Mangled, &c., &c.f &c. OCR SPECIAL WASIllJfCTOH DESPATCHES. Washington, Sept. 6,1861. KO BATTLE YET. The expectations generally entertained here of a battle I o-day, have not been ;ca)lzee. The day has passed with comparative quiet at all the points along the Potomac. The rebels have not even renewed the attempts mado day before yesterday to drive in our pickets in the neighborhood of Great Falls with their rifled cannon and bells. The force there on our side has boen Rtrmgthen?d, and General Banks' column is in a position to foil any flort to cross tho river above the position occupied by General MeC'all. As was stated in this corresiKindenco last night, the rebels have lost their opportunity. They And ail possible crossing places in the vicinity of Washington to well protected that they daro Dot make the attempt. There is now nothing left for them exocpt to ro* tire,orbo driven back whenever General McGeilan is ready to move against them. In the meantimo, the operations of our fleet along tho Southern coast, the capture of Hatteras Inlet, the expectation of descents upon other important points, and the manifest gathering of Union strength for a decisive blow upon tho wholu rebel concern, at various points, at tho same moment, has spread consternation throughout tho Uio influx or rebel soldiery Into Virginia been arrestod, tout nnmbers of regiments now there aro determined to go home to defend their own States from menaced attack. Another blow like that at IJattcras Inlet will lncroase the consternation of tho rebels to a complete panic. ARTILLERY PRACTICE. The heavy firing this morning was from battery practice, which person* miles distant construed into an engagement, a battlo having from day to day been jfredlcted by many, owing to the near approach of the two armies. ECONNOI8SANCE OF THE CTflON LINES FROM THE CHAIN BHI 1KJE TO ALEXANDRIA. A reconnolnsanco was mado to-day along tho who'.e frontier of the Union army in Virginia from a point opposite the Chain Bridgo to Alexandria. Tho condition of all tho camps is excellent and strict military discipline was everywhere euforced. Tlio soldiers are anxious to meet tho enemy however large may be his numbers. Matters near the Union lino on tho south side of the Potomoc remained tolerably quiet during the day. Tho enemy's fortifications on Munson's Hill, near Bailey's Cross Roads, is completed. They have now in battery three nine pounder rifle guns. To-day the pickets on tho Union lino observed the rebels mounting heavy guns by tho aid of riggers'shears. The rebels extend their line of pickets to within lialf a musket rango of our lines. The consequents is a continual interchange of leaden compliments. Yesterday private Francis King, of Company K, Second Michigan volunteers, was wounded through both lungs while on picket duty near Munson's Hill. His wounds are considered mortal. At dark la?t evening several detachment?, of about twenty or thirty men in each, were seen to sally out of the enemy's fortification at Munson's Uill and como to. wards tho Union pickeUf. Up to (lark their purpose had not been ascertained. Sergeant Acker, of Company A, Thirty-eighth regiment New York Volunteers, wbllo on picket duty near Commo> dore Forrest's house, near Alexandria, last night, ro ccived a wound from a gun in the hands of a concealed enemy. He was, at tho time, giving tho countersign to bis guard, and had Just left one sentiuel to pass toanothor when he saw the fla-h of a gun, and immediately dls" covered that he was wounded. OPERATIONS OK THE REBELS. The rebels have taken possession of and erected earthworks on a hill about a mile south of and commanding the residences of Gi.bert Vundeerwercken and Gilbert Ycndcrberger, four miles from the Chain Bridge. Both of theso housos aro occcupied by our pickets, whilo the pickets of the enemy aro clearly within sight. The flring botweon them is freqent, each party availing himself of erery opportunity for a shot. It is feared the rebels in tond shelling thoeo houses which belong to well known Union mon. Last night whilo on picket duty in the neighborhood of the resident of Mr. Vandoerwerckon, Sergeant Jvens and private filliam Fognrty, of Company E, Ninth Massachusetts regiment, were taken prisoners. Munson's Heights aro still occupied by tho enemy, who have planted two heavy pieces of ordnance at their earthworks. The rebel pickets continue to Arc at the house of Mary Hall, of Hall's Cross Roads, whore our pickets are ehelterod. balloon reconvoisaxce. JProfessor Lowe made several aeronautic rcconnoisances yesterday from Arlington Heights, attaining a greater altitude than in his experiments heretofore. From his re. port, and also from t.'ao commanders of eoreral rccouttolteri;g parties, the potUion and strength of the enemy near the Union lines has been pretty clearly ascertained. INIFECTXCN OF THE VKiON TROOPS BV general m'clellan and STAFF. General UeClellon crossed f*mg Bridge last night, and passed along tho oui : ost? of the Hrmy, returning by way of iho Chain Bridge, to ptrsonally satisfy himself of tho condition of aHUii.f, and arrived iu Washington before E NE uiidulght. 11.* own habits of watchfulness and ' ^tuslry have a most excellent effect on the entire hi organization. General McClellan and staff, aceomr ^i^^by several Genorals and his favorite body gnar-'^ ^ tlw clty at four o'clock Oils alternoon to visit Ale ^ inspect tho works in that vicinity. He r^^^ a elevel, to night. Everything is quiet on tho V??i.i. Conn Ml McCIellan Is In gomi uft/jih mflae spirit*, with txuvrt up and ready for a Iray. Professor Love, from hi 4 balloon, reports the position of the Confederal army 4boul llie same as It was throo I days ago. TUK ARRIVAL _ 0P TltOOrS AT WASHINGTON. w> War Depart- Jlent lB r(,,.^iYir,g troops as foal as they ran econvctiii jt]y armed tw.d assigned positions. NARH< jW KSOArj? OK A VNION OFFICER. /?10UB telegraphic despatch to tho reporter of ufthi)"" " ^atcd '"naln Bridge, suys tluit Captain Strong, tFlsconis'.n StHjond renimeiit Volunteers, tad a uarni wcaP?'.nis morning. He was ou picket duty, three iles In f' out of our lines on the Virginia side of the river, opposif j Chain Bridge. Being mouuied and in advance of his meu> he was suddenly surrounded and takcu prisoner l>y 8'* rebels, composed of four Infantry and two cavalry. * .iter taking him a bhort distance to the rear they deuvtndod his pistols. Thinking -this his only ehanco of escape, he drow his revolver, fired und shot two of his captors; then puttlag spurs to his horse he started for the camp on a full run. The remainder of the party flrc*l upon him, one ball parsing through his canteen, another through h.s coat, grazing the ( kin, and u third through his left cbeelc> passing out of his mouth. Nevertheless ho uialu his cscupe. and came into camp thin afternoon, ready again to onter upon duty. Capt. strong fought bravely at Dell run. THE COLONELCY OF TIIE SECOND FIRE ZOr AVEH. The quest ion of colonelcy in (he Second Klre VjouaveS ^ was yesterday finally settled. Tho Secretary of War ordered au election to All tho office of Colonel, which resulted in the choice of William B. Brewster, late Major of the Twenty eighth regiment of Brooklyn. Colonel Brewster his Just completed a service of three months here, aud is a good oQIcer. THE DIFFICULTY RESPECTING TIR AL AND PENNSYLVANIA STATE TROOF8 SETTLED. Hon. Juliu Covode arrived here to day, and effected an arrangement so as to prevent any oontiict between the T'ninn nn.l Pa I.-,.-i~ > _ Curliu will bo instruetod to commission all regiment* now iu the Held ami those authorized to bo rained iu Pennsylvania by the War Dei>artmcnt, giving all volunteers the benefit of the Ftate appropriation, while tho I'nited States will clothe nnil organize them. LIEUTENANT COLONEL F. B. O'KEEKK CASUIERKP. Dieutenant Colonel Francis U. O'Kecfe, of tho Ffteenth New York Volunteers, who has been on trial before a court martial for several weeks past, has been found guilty, on three several charges, of conduct unbecoming on officer, and has been cashiered. GENERAL WOOL'S OPERA OS.S AT F0BTRE88 MONROE. Gentlemen of military experience and observation, re. contly returned from Fartresa Monroe, are ioud in th ir praise of tho energy, activity and management of General Wool. He works moro diligently than any officer at tho [tout, Kfirly and late he is engaged in arranging the <le. tails of the command and bringing tho forces there into a perfect state of discipline and efficiency. His speech in New York, advocating a vigorous prosecution of the war, U the basis of his conduct, lie is preparing to carry the sentiments then announced into practical execution. THE REPORTED DEATH OF JEFF. DAVIS. Inquiries at tho governmental departments, by the reporter of tho press, have elicited tho only fact Dial ihe government is not in possession of any reliable information of the death of Jeff. Davis. Jt is thought if such was tho fact that cortain information would have reached t'lis city, via Louisville. At tho present writing, no crodence is placed in the numerous ilying rumors of tho detniso of tho arch traitor. TIB? MAILS KOn GENERAL BANKS' BOI.P1EKS. The troops in the neighborhood of Poolosv ille are per mitted to suffer In regard to tho mails intended for them. Sometime ago, when tho number stationed thero was small, an arrangement wk:= made with a carrier to convey the mail matter regularly to the camp, but since the amount has increased he lias neglected to tarry it, and an officer of ono of the regiments there discovered at tho post offlco to-day nenrly two bushols of mail matter, In lenucu lor uie soiaienj iu mo vicimiy 01 rooiosvmc. Postmaster Cleph&ue can hardly bo aware of this neglect on the part of lUo carrier, or lie would certainly have it [ corrected. ? TnK NEW GKANADA CLAIMS COMMISSION. It in probable that either Gov. Brings, of Massachusetts, or Mr. Partridgo, of Maryland, will be chosen umpire of the New Granada and Uuitod Stales Commission. All ihc cases for indemnity arising from tho Panama riots and massacre of April, 1856, havo been tiled up to the 1st inst. Now Granada has by the Convention three moutha. in which to tako testimony, and of this Mr. Carlisle, the counsel for that republic, will probably avail himself. Judge Dean and Hon. Samuel S. Cox, iif Ohio, represented thirty or forty cases, and Hons. Keverily Johnson and Thomas Smith and Truman Smjjh, i.nd Mows. Daridt'B and Cox, of Washington, are counsel (iir tho other parties. PERMANENT OCCUPATION OF HATTER AS INLET. the War Department yesterday sent an order to General Wool to permanently hold llattonis Inlet, COMMODORE STRINGIIAM'S MOVEMENTS. Commodore Stringham li aucacted business at the Navy Department to-day, and will at oneo return to the fleet. PENSIONING WOUNDED SOLDIERS. The Pension Bureau has already commeacod pensioning the soldiors wounded during the preseut war. THE WAR STEAMER TENSACOLA. Tho new steamer Pensacola will leave here iu a fewdays, probably for New York. A SOLDIER CONDEMNED TO BE SnOT. An order was Issued to-day for the shooting of a soldier next Monday for sleeping at his post. RELEASE OF A PRISONER. William Thomas, arrested as a political prisoner, has been released on tho ground that ho is a British subject, and has committed no cfronce. THE COMMISSIONERSHIP OF PCBLIC BCILDINGS. Oo'.onel William S. Wood did not decline the President's reappointment, as stated in any paper. He accepted the new appointment, but has now resigned, becnuso ho folt ho could not In honor hold tho office aud at tho same tiino comply with tho requirements mado upon him bythnfl? who assumed to control him and tho busing of his department. IfB. B. French, of this city, has been an pointed Colonel Wood's successor, the President of the United States did not know it last night. GENERAL SCOTT AND STAFF ITIOTOGK.VI'IIET>. Lieutenant General Scott and staff, in full dress, worj taken by Colonel Gardner, of Gonenil Brady's staff, about nine o'clock this morning, while the distinguishedGeneral ' was occupying a familiar [KWitlon ujion the porch in front of his own houso on Pennsylvania avenue. A largo sized camera waa the only Instrument used in the capture. REMOVAL CF SECRETARY CHASE'S QUARTERS. Secretary Chase removed to day front his pent up quarters in the old Treasury Building to the new rooms just finished in the new souih wing. They are much moro spacious than the old. nioet elegantly finished in fresco and modostly furnished. TJIK CONTRACT INVESTIGATING tOMMfTTEK. Nothing has been heard from tho Contract Investigating Committee since its session In New York was begun. It might bo woll for the committee while thero to inqulro whethor the notes given for tho purchase money of the steamer Cntalm^jvore not tho individual notes of four or Ave prominent individuate of that city, whose name*: have not heretofore appeared publicly in connection with the aflair; also whether four or five other prominent Now Yorkors, who liavo boen loudly proclaiming their interest iu tlic government, are not deeply interested In the profits of the clothing contract that Iim boon round no foully fraudulent; and whether the contracts for the hides and taliow from tho government slaughter hoises here had not concocted a plan to loose or destroy tho books, so that their own memoranda should bo the only ( . ideuce of the quantities for which tliey aro to account. Tho purposo of this committee is not only to ferrit out and punish the frauds that have been committed,but to provent their repetition. For this reason their discoveries should be promptly laid before the public, without waiting for an order of Congress to that effect, by which tho result of their labors will bo kepi a profound secret nntil next spring. For a similar reason the Inrestigatlons of the Potter Committee should bo published without delay, to expose the number of disloyal persons who aro said to be still ho, lug offlco und..?r Uie government thov arc trying to overturn. W YO NEW TORK, SATURDAY TERRIBLE MILROAD CATASTROPHE. Diabolical Rebel Qntrage on (he Hannibal and St. Joseph Rauroad?Seventeen Lhrei Lo*t and a Large Number Wounded, Ac., &o., &c. tlvusoN, Mo., Bept. 5,1941. Abe Btger, baggage master on the Ilaimibal and St. Joseph Railroad, furnishes to tho 8t, Louis Vi-wwcrai tho following account of a diabolical outrage on that roiul tho day before yeaterday:? Tho passengers' express train, bound west?n September ( 8, was thrown Into 1'latt river, the timbers of tho oust urn1, or tho bridge over that stream having been burned uoPrly through. The entire train wt>ut down, the engine t?jruing over and the baggage, freight, mail and tvro passenger cars piled on top. Tho passenger earn werv completely smashed, and 1 wax the only one on the tram that esouiwd unhurt. After getting out of the baggage car, I commenced taking the passengers tliat wre not killed from tlie wreck. Conductor 8. C. Cutter died in a very few minute*. Frank Clark, the engineer,had onelegcompletely crushed and juininod into strings. lie ulbo diud in a few minutes. Martin Field, mail agent,Charles Moore, fireman, and J. Fox, a bralcman, were killed. Among tho wounded were Mr. Medill, son of Dr. Medill, of Ohio, and his wife?botli badly injured. I could not team the namcB of all the lusaengers. I went to St. Joseph. got an engine, physicians and other neeoaBarie.s for the wounded, and reached lhe wreck at tlireo A.M. Tlie greatest excitement prevails la St. Joseph in regard to this inhuman outrage. Hiwk, Mo.,Sept. 0,1861. The following additional account of the territlo disaster on tho ilanuihal and St. Joseph liailmul is furnished to the St. Louis Republican:? The catastrophe occurred at Little Platte river bridge, nine miles cast of St. Joseph. The bridge was a lubatan iinl work of ouo hundred feet span, and about thirty flvo feet abovo tho rivor. Tlio binders of tho bridgo bad been burned underneath tho track unti they would sustain but littlo more tlian their own weight, and Die llro wan then extinguished, leaving the bridge a mere sh%H. The train, brmgiiigfrumeightyflvoto one hundred passengers, including women and children, reached tho river at eleven o'clock at night,and the brldgo looking secure, pawed In; but no sooner had the locomotive measured its length upon the bridge than some forty or fifty yards of tho structure gave v. ay, pre. cipitating the entiro train into the abyss below. All tlieseats in the passenger coaches wcro torn and shoved in front, carrying men, women and children in a promiscuous heap down tho declivity and burying them beneath the crushed timber,or throwing thorn out of the cars through tho brokou sides. Somo were mangled by the machinery tearing through the timbers; several were caught between planks pressing together like a vice; others were struck by parts of the roof a? it canio down with mighty force; still others were cut with pieces of glass, whilo wounds and blood and agony prevailed all over tho frightfu' scene, and shrieks of paiu were miuglcd with tho cries of terror. In this manner the two la: t cars of the I rain went down, pitching the passengers into tho wreck or throwing them Into the water, which at this point is about a loot and a half in depth. Only three persons, J. W. Parker, Superintendent of tho United States Fxpress, Mr. Mars, mall agent, and Mr. Ilager, wero able to afford nsrl;taueo to the Suffering, tho remainder of those who wero not killed outright being so disabled as to be helpless. After doing all that was pusiiblofor those requiring immediate attention, Mr. linger at midnight left the wreck to go to ft. Joseph for medical and other assistance. Ho walked flvo miles of the way, when he found a hand car upon which 1to proceeded the remi>in der of the Journey. Two hundred yards west of the bridge ba discovered a heavy oak railroad Mo strongly strapped across the track, and two miles further on he found the I resile work over nr jinll stream on Are, whK U, | however, had not as yet been so badly burned that trains could not pass over or could not be oasily extinguished. Arriving at St. Joseph the alarm was Boon spread tlirougliout tho city, and although it was onb o'clock at night,seventy live men, including all tho physicisms in the neighborhood, voluntoerod their service, and at half past three o'clock a train, fully ?quipped, supplied with medical stcrcs and other noccssarlos, was at tho scene of tho disaster. Tho wounded had emerged from the wreck and were lying on tho banks and upon a s-.hd bar in tho river. Seventeen dead bodies wero recovered and it Is belived that this nuniber embraced all who wore killed up to that time. Two wore so badly mangled that it was not ex pectod they would survive till morning, while many others wore dangerously wounded, and would have to l>o well taken caro of to recover. Many who will escape with their lives will be maimed and crippled. Mr. llager, our informant, did not remain to finish tho embarkation of the wounded for St. Joseph, but was despatched to Itrookfield, which is east of the bridge, lor another (rain to go to tho wrcck. When ho left tho names of tho wounded wore being taken down, ami also such of tho dead as had papers or other articles about tliem by which they could bo identified. Fifteen miles east of tho Platte rivor Mr. Hager found nnotlicr bridge over Smith's branch almost entirely burned, having been fired aftor tho train passed west. thug preventing assistance being sent from tho east. . Lieutenant Shaw, of tlio Eighth Kansas regiment, killed, and Mr. Lomsberry and Sidney Clark, wounded, are tho only additional names wo have at present. IMPORTANT FROM KENTUCKY. Patlucab Occupied by Union TroopsProclamation of General Grunt to the People of Kentucky, die* Cahio, Sept. 6, 1861. Tliis morning at eleven o'clock General Grant, with two regiments of infantry, oue company of ligM artillery and two gunboats took possession of Paducah, Ky. Ho found re. bel Bags flying in different parts of the city in expectation of the arrival of tho Southern army, which was reported 3,800 strong, sixteen miles distant, 'lha loyal citizens tore down the rebel llags on the arrival of our troops. Gen. Grant took possession of the telograph office, railroad depot and the Marine Hospital. Ilo found large quantities of complete ration,-; and leather for the Southern nrmy. The following proclamation has been issued:? ] have come Among you not as an enemy but as your fellow citizen. Not to maltreat or annoy you, but. to respect and enforce the rights of all loyal citizens. An enemy In rebellion against our common government has taken possession or and planted Its guns on tiio Hull of Kentu'iy and fired upon you. Columbus and Hickman are in his hands. He is moving upon your city. I am hero to defend you against this enemy, to assist Utc authority and sovereignly of your government.. I have nothing to do with ' opinions, anil shall deal only with armed rebellion and Its aiders and alienors. You can pursuo I your usual avocations without fear. Tho strung arm of | the government Is here to pretext its friends and punlli | its enemies. Whenever it is manifest that you aro able to defend yourselves at id maintain the authority of the government and protect the rights of loyal citizens, I faUall withdraw tho lorcoe undor uir command. N. S. GRANT, Brigadier General commanding. UNION KENTUCKY CAVALRY. LoiiSviu.k, Sept. 6,1861. Ifon. .Tomes S. Jackson issues a spirited call to-morrow for a regiment of Kentucky cavalry, twdor authority of the United Slates, for throe years, or during the war. Ho states that the soil of Kentucky has been wantonly invaded. THE KENTUCKY LEGISLATURE. Fkjlnktort, Sept. 6,1861. Nothing important waa transacted in tho LogialaUro to-day. MORE PROPERTY AT ST. LOUIS SEIZED UNDER THE CONFISCATION ACT. f?r. Lonfl, Mo., Sept. 0,1801. The steamers Champion, Ilannlbsl and Meteor, properly of rebel citizens, were seized at tho wharf to-day, by Collector Howard, and confiscated undor tlo recent act of Corgross. W. B. Rod field, a correspondent of the Chicago Journal, was arrested lonigLt, chained with communicating with the rebels. i RR H Z, SEPTEMBER 7, IrfCl. MPOBTAST FB01 30BTH CAROLDIA. Abandonment of Fort Horgn, at Ocrutkc ' ( let, hy the The White FUf KTcrywocro Dkpla y?d on th? Coa*'.- crowds of I nlonfcts Taking the Oath ?f Allegiance, iMi) it., fce. Fortmrh Moxroii, Pept. 5,1801. [ Ilio Monlicello and Ilarrlat Lace arrived from Uatlera* Inloi this morning. Thoy report I bo luoat gratifying intelligence. ( The rebels havo abandoned their strongly fortified forts ' at Ocracoko Inlet. Multitudes of North Carolinians havo demonstrated ( their loyally to the government by coming to Hattorns < Inlot to tako tho oath of alleglnce. Colonel Hawkins 1 aou<ls word that he administered tho ouh to between two and three huudrod In cue day. , Tho steamer Pawnee Etill lies in tho inlet and the Sub. i ijuehanna outsido. 1 3bo Susquehanna ran down to Ocracoko Inlet, ami found tho fortifications there completely deserted, and , the while ling was everywhere exhibited. ADDITIONAL PARTICULARS. Fortrjmb Mo.nkoh, Sept. 5,) Via UAi.TiMokC,b'ept. 8, lsttl. > Tho steamers Harriet I-ino and llontfcelto arrived this morning from Hatteras Inlet. All on board are well. The latter brings intelligence of tho evacuation of Port 1 Morgan, at Ocracoko Inlot, twelve miles south of Hatteras, 1 by the rebels, aflor thoy had spiked their guns and do- ( stroyed their munitions of war. It mounted six gin s. The Susquehanna was to go down und take possession yesterday. Our position at Hutleras Inlet has been greatly strengthened, more guns mounted, and the fort nudo almost im pregnable. Over eight hundred men, women and children had como to Ilatteras Inlet, by land and by boats, a-sking protection from the rebels, and taking tho oath of allegiauco. A Urge majority of the men wish to light for the Stars ana Stripes. Several hundred come In daily, take tho oath of allegiance, and offer their services to the Union. AaBuruugv? u.iu uocu rcceiveu irum nuwoiTn mat u uui (lag, supported by a proper force, is rais?d there, a majority of the inhabitants will aid in dstablishiug it there apiin permanently. i'ho Union feeling manifested itself all over the State, it is said, since the defeat of tlio rebels at Hatteras. The Unionists ask aid of tlio government to support

them wln n they throw off the rebel yoke. IMPORTANT FROM VIRGINIA. One Uundritd and Twtnty.flvc Thousand BcbdTi oapt Opposite U'aihlngtaii?&n Attack on the Capital to lie Made this Wt'tlif <&c Pooij?bvii.lf., Md., Bopt. 2,1861. Intelligence from tho Virginia shore is to ttie effect that from opposito tho While House ford, near tho mouth of tho rieneca river, down to Arlington Heights, the rebels have kravy pickets, and are dally expecting reinforcements tocnablo them to extend to Courad's Ferry. There are at least from 600 to "CO now along the line. | On Friday a forcfl of 1,000 Mississlppians, as a guard, reached the vicinity of Falrfux Court llouse, with sixty | piis'on of artlllerv. Tho force ounoslt" Waotiinfton is ?? iin-'ited toy the rebels at 126,000, with h'-avy reinforcements dally arriving. They say that an attack is to bo made on Washington tho present week. Simultaneously with tho attack on Washington demon, strations are to bo made (according to the same authority) near the mouth of the Occaquan and above at', Nolan's or th8 White House ferry. The rebels iiavo plenty of provisions and whiskey. Families and stores have, however, boeu entirely drained of salt, sugar and coffee. No money cun purchase these necessaries. Men frequently cmiio down to tho river and in piteous tones beg their Maryland neighbors for a pittance <>[ theso articles. Cows and cattlo are suffering for salt. A scanty supply is sometimes obtained from fish brine, but this is very rare. Tho rebels yesterday arrested live mon nearly opposite this to,vn. Four sons had deserted from the rebel army, find they, together with their aged father as a hostage* were dragged back to the army. IMPORTANT FROM MARYLAND. TJTK HKJHMISII AT CONRAD'S FERRY. MovrcoxKiiY Coi'.vty, Md., Sept. 2,1861. At the latest advices from Loesburg there wero sup. jHisci to bo about seven thousand rebel troops there. It has ben ascertained, however, that the rebels wcro busily engaged in throwing up intronchmonts at the junction , of tlie Little Falls road with tho Alexandria and Leesbnrg turnpike, and that nearly all tho negroes in the northern 1 part of Fairfax county lire employed on the work. Above Leesburg there are no large bodies of rebels, but their pickels hue the river shore and guard the ford? nud ferries. An eye witness states that the affair at Conrad's Ferry a week'ago, was us follows:?A jiarty of Union scouts cron* d the river, took prisoners In arms and four horses. Beaching the river on their return, they succeeded in getting over two of the horses, when they wcro attacked and compelled to let the prisoners g?. The next day a battery appeared opposite our Intrenchmen Is and ommenced shelling us. Wo having no battery th're at the time, our men responded with muskets and rifles. On the arrival of our battery the rebels soon beat a retreat. Throe days s>il>sty|uent to the abovo extluingo of courtesies a large camp of rebels was discovered to bo within rat^e of o?r riilo battel ies and near Leoeburg. An active bombardment soon tho rebels to leave their quarters for a safer position, a mile at l"a?t farther from tho river. Our artillerists say they threw shells from their rilled guns over and beyond the town of Leeeburg. Information given by negroes induced a search yesterday south of Ponlo?villo for arms, supposed to be intended for Maryland volunteers Ui the rebel cause. Tho aenrch was successful. Some twelve or fifteen c>wnpiete cavulry equipments wore discovered and retained by our scouts. Residents of the neighborhood assert, however, that the equipments belonged to a company of Home Guard cavalry, which was raised last winUr to guard against a rising of the negroes; that the company was outfitted hy tho rflete, but that, owiug to the distaneo from tho place of assembling which many of the members lived, the company was disbanded beforoGen. Patterson took oommaud of the department. Tho captain and some of the other officers ?ro now in Virginia. The company was named tho Poolesvillo l.teht Drneootis. Two men, sopposod to bo active rebels, wore ! captured at the saino time by scouta from the Twcntynioth Pennsylvania regiment, Colonel Murphy. Two com- 3 plote cavalry equipment* and the same number of mag- J niflcent horses were lalcuu by tho aarno party. The u-nvs of the successful expedition of Gon. Butler ou the North Carolina coast was roc'ived hare th.s morning, aud bad an inspiriting effect on our lrcx>{?. MOVEMENTS OF GENERAL BUTLER. I Boston, Sept. 6,1801. r Gen. Butler paid a brief visit to tho Stato House to-dny. J Ho will probably address the Union meeting shortly to bo e held in Faneull Hall. NEW JERSEY CAVALRY FOR THE SEAT OF 1 WAR. ? Trkstos, N. J., Sept. 6,1801. d Sis hundred of Halstoad's regiment of eavalry left here 1 for the feat of war to-day. Pome three hundred of thi? v regiment went ou a week since, and the regiment may In f Bald to be completed, as the balance will be forwarded b soon. Win. Halstead, formerly member ot' Congress, is \ t tho CoU.nel. They ma<io a One uppearanco on their depart- . li tirej ttud were cBthuelMtically cheered. ! ti ERA! PRINCE NAPOLEON ON THE WAR. hur Volunteer and Hilltla Systems I'nder French Imperial Revlev?The Hen of Three Bonths Ifo and To-day Com* pared -The Causes, Objects and Prospects of the War, J&.A AtA Ita Translated from L "Opinion Natlonalo, or Paris, of August 19, for the Nnr Yokk Hkrald.] New Yomc, July 31,1881. Arrived a fortnight slnco on United PtateB territory. I ltd not wish to write before having .jumo Interesting inormatioo to givo you. As yot I havo soon very little of men and uffkirw; yet inch Is tho absolute ignorance which results from goo graphical separation, such Is tho Inevitable falsity of all pinions tho object of which is separated from him who t suterUins them by seventy degroes of longitude, that lb? bare sight of New York, and the crowd which Oils its streets, an exchange of words, cji paatan', with Am srientis have produced on mo the ellfect of an unexjiected revelation, and cnlighteiiod mo In a few days on questions which years of reading would not have extricated for mo from tho thickest darkness. Tlio impressions and advices which 1 send yoa aro my Srst. Next week 1 will go to Washington. 1 will ace the Northern army and the pickets of the Southern army, since both |uirticg are faco to face at tho very gates of Washington. It is possible that my next Utters may have m entirely differ ant character from these of now, written uaturally after Inc omplete dbta. If I change iny opinion It wOT|>rovo to you that 1 have taken no side, ami thut if my opinions aro not reliable, they aro at leant sincere. Let us commence with the military organisation of th1 North, because that is a question which, lu France, ilways appeared to mo tho most confused, burled aa It* was under vague expressions and correspondent*' unec lotos. Let us endeavor to put forward nothing but tacts. The armed forcoof tho Union is composed of three elements, which must bo carefully distinguished?the regu lar army, which in timo of peaco as well as in Iime of war belongs exclusively to tho federal government; the militia, which in timo of posee belongs to t be Stab s and In timo of war to tho government of the Union; and llnully the volunteers, who are raised only by tho I'nlou (gjv eminent). I only mention the regular army here for the sake of accuracy, aud in order not to omit one of tho elements of the question, for It progcuts'no more dilltculiy in being described tlian it does of importance In reality. The re gutar army Is an army recruited by voluntary engagements and by bounty, like that of Kngland. It does not exceed a general cllectivo of til teen or slxiecn thousand men, which, as a moveable forco, cannot show more than eight on ten thousand lighting men. At Iho time tho war broke out ill He troops were scattered in tho stone fin is, s-.ich as Sumter, < harleatou, Fortri s; Monroe, In the rlicsapeuke, Foi l l'lckcns, In IVnsucola Kay, and on tho borders of tie immenBO Territories, where the most advanced pit>i<i > '& havo to coutend against tho remnants of Indian tr.i Tho federal t,ovi rnmcntbad, then,almost no r> >e force at liood when it became necessary to cover Wushiui a against the menaced aggression of thesSouth. In all there are not mora than 1,600 federal soldiers at Washington; the remainder cosld not lis recalled from the distant posts where they were stationed. If that army presents ins.gnifloant resources, as regards effectiveness. it ha.- not had to exorcise on the conduct of the war and its due guidance of (lie warlike instincts ot tin* nation tlm Influence \vhl< h a considerable body of < ?"' "is lu active service or on lialf pay,dis|iog?i to lmpr< tlio citizen fort e with military ardor, might have done. The greater part of the ofllcersof the army belong to the South in origin and Kentim"nt. Some have eiuored tins service of the Confederate States,oihers have preserved a neutral attitude in tholr position of noil action, or, under the Hup, the passive conduct of military obedli.nce. In the danger ? hicil tho Heat of government ran, it was nooessary then to havo recourse to tlio militia. The American militia has a complete analogy with our National Guard, only Its organization if more general, more popular and more important. With the Amerii a; witli us, every one is hound to serve in the citizen (niard; with them, an with us, this legal obligation is evaded by a great number of citizens, so tliat there are no oH'ecUvo militia men but those who are animated by an exceptional desiro tor tbt ftrtfllmtmt of dric dutl by a natu al ta da for military exercinea, or who are moved by somo motivo of vauity or ambition. lu a country where complainant!) and defendants nominate their judges for two years, it i? needle?" to nay the militia themselves nominate their oflleers. They are clothed at their own expense, but armed at the expense of the State. Thus constituted, they form battalions of olglit companies, which are called regiments, after tho English custom, which number fr< m six to eiglit hundred men. The militia man, like our National l?uard, Is only obliged to take up arms In defvneo of hi.- home. If lie leaves his town or district it can only bo by his consent. Iu ordinary times the militia is tho armed force | of tlio States, as the regular army is of tho federation?;ui essential distinction, and which is continually reproduced, and under every form, when ono endeavors to make himself familiar with the political organization of the United .States. President Lincoln and theCongress, threatened in Washington three months sinco by the Southern uprising, appealed to the militia, and required of the several loyal States to mobilize a certain number of militia regiment: and sond them as quickly as possible to the capital of tho I'll ion i Tho manner In which that mobilization was done was as follows:?The ml.itia regiments disposed to go entered into engagements, for from ono to three months, and the regiments reduced, remodelled and reorganized In consequence of this proceeding, which caused considerable variation in their elfectlveness, passed under the orders of the general government. It was tU.n tho newspapers of both continents were Oiled with long enurnurati< us of till those regiments, distinguished at once by a number and the name of their St ate, which the railroad boro each day to the. banks of the I'otomsc. Beginning from the day of their mobilization, tlio militia received, or rather had a right to receive, in addition to a military outfit?that is to say. clothing, arms mid food?tho enormous pay of eleven dollars a month, mi ire than llfty live francs. Such is the army w hich arreste I the daring march of the South. But tb'> termination lijfs engage ment soon cnuio. Kvory day a militia regiment returns homo because it lias (luislied its time, lu general, it may lie said tint, as a body, the militia did no service beyond that for which they Had originally agreed. Individuals tnnj hive continued to servo by entering volunteer corps, but thj regiinetils coastituted and composed like our battalions of the S'atlonal Guard, of easj- burghers, men of property nid heads of -familiee?those regiments, I say, leit. !he army on tlio appointed day, returning" home' 3very . day, quietly and orderly, without having my * t<>o much tho api*>arance of being troubled tvitli what wsg to become of the Union army, after the withdrawal of the last of the corps which composed it at list. It was foreseeing that result?quite. t'n hoping with inwrv an habits?and consequently of the lengthy cbarac or which tho war has cotne to assume, that the federal jovernment took measures to havo a permanent army, there wus one of two tilings to choose: either increase mortnously the regular army by means of an activo reTiming, aided by heavy bounties, or to call for volun e.'rs. President Lincoln incliued to tho fonner measure; inigrees adopted the latter; and, not to do things by wmyc.1, 1uicu.iivv uuikiiuu Ml.llluun <?l OOliarH ilu'L 111C "airflnK of flvo hundrod thousand volunteers. I very much doubt whether tlie government ran fill up n) volunteer* the contingent of SOO.ikv) men; hut what is icrtaln, is, it coulrt hav done so ?.tiH lof? bj regular nol iiers. So, apart from the figure.?, which, fmm their forniiUiblr. rj<igaiT(Uien. arc "/ a nature to thr'/rw ruin itlr ?n tilie decrees of th'TodornJ government, I think Congress las he.m more right than the I'rwidenl. Ilorein aonsitis the tnochanism of the volunteer sys cm: a citizen, lohaitver notoriety, announces to tho jublic that lie intends raising a company, a regiment >r a brigade, of winch he is to be cap ain, <?.'1 nel or general. He publishes, In patriotic jan dblila, tho conditions which this government oft'ors rol mteers?namely, engagement for three years,cloth tig, arms, food and the famous eleven dollars a month, f the handbill and the nnmo of the enterprising individual urn satisfactory to the public, or excite nn proportionate to the strength of tho corps Intended .o bo rawed, enrolments arc rapid In the recruiting illice. Then the enrolled nominate their officers, aiffl inallj theha|>pycaptain, oolouel or general oilers,exi?tly as in feudal times, his company, regiment or >rlgado to Congress. Congress listens to accept, mly it is supposed not to recognise tlie oilicer* nominated, lor deliver them their commissions, till alter an oxamilation (n regard to efficiency and morality lias been had ofore a government committee?(in iiliuory pmeetd-ing, ut which mm me If'Uc thr. jirtntipe of the ejiaul/itr. Tins i8 ail very far tt% n our military ideas, and would ippear to us very extraordinary and almost monstrous. Jut wo must forego occupying ourselves with the United States if we do not wish to lay aside tho greater part of 'iir prixwiceivcu iu?m, wuivh uiu iru'iiiums 01 UiC Uiu Vorld have taught u? and which are applicable to it alone. Id the I'uited Suites the Individual initiative is everyhlng,Juntas In France the governmental initiative is veryUtlng. And so even the military organization ret? laturally ani'mg Americana on principles eutirHy at valance with thotfls on which we act. I confess that in this espcct the system of self-government reaches almost ttio xtri'me limit <f the possible. Up to tb? present the nrolment of volunteers goes on pretty well, mt it cannot be oxpcctod that l"ur hundred houfcaud lighting men can be raised in that way. fou know better than any oue that four hundred thouand lighting men is no small affair when they have to ie ral fed, supiorted, paid and made to light. But yet I o not see why, at the rate at which things go on,tbo "nion might, not ruisfmlile sixty thousand volunteers, rhish would be quite a resp^cltilili- force. At present, or 'ithiu a few days, when the last of the militia rexitinnts hall have withdrawn, there arc not, or wtl! not be. any ml volunteers under the standard or the Union and in he positions that protect Washington. You will prombly Inquire, among what classes of the population volutters are recruited, and what la the motive thut tm . i?i m> + ?. ^ L.D. PRICE TWO CENTS. pi'ln iho volunteers to enlist?patriotism or the eleven (lulling a month* , 1 confetti that I have not seen enough volunteer regiments to hazard an opinion on that point. Tim opinion of those who look upon the worm sloe or tlilugH m. that, In contrast wlUi the pertonnA of the militia, which represent* the middle, Industrious, honest, but not very warlike 4-l.vs ?f the population, the volunteer army will only present the scum of emigration, auil will l>e recruited among that floating mass of adventurers whom Europe ?' ?mu wHiirn r-iiiccn, ?ki ww'iu wilk. uis|unni mm well lit tho New as in the Old World. It in certain, on oil" bide, thai it Is not the millionaire hankers of l'hila do! phis and Now York lb it Iwoomo Hini)>le Zouavios; and, on the other, that foreigners prevail in the ranks of tbo new corps. H' lice the tendency which you must have remarked to nationally oomjtafli<w, and even regno nts. France, Scotland, Ireland, (k>rmany and Italy have given their Mmi'l, varied In a thousand shapea, to a ureal number of corps, the clement* of which nave b>?n furnished liy those countries respectively. lu the clothing of warlike mutualities, that which eclipses all othors Is the Vrench naii nality, persouttlcd, of course, in the Zouave. Everything at New York is lu the Zouave style?fashions, handbills, theatrical spectacles. More Zouaves (the uniform of tbo Imperial (juard) are mot In the street* of New Yoik than lu tho streets of l'aris. Whole companies aro really composed of Frenchmen, who have served less or more, and who seem to look down upon all other soldws?American, Knglisli, tier mans, Ac.?from the top of the lower of Hollorinu or tho M il ikoff. I should he sorry to pass a rash judgment on brave compatriots, who appear to uie very careless, very gay, very B>c table; but I cannot help reflecting upou what soi'ies of adventures have been able to bring theso l'arisi.ui* fri in the Place Maubert to tho shores of the Potomac, there to risk their lives, for tho greater glory of President Lincoln, at tho rato of eleven dollars per month. Seriously, I do not believe that tho eleven dollars go lor everything. At tirst, with more ciearnt ss of vision than American* . Knglish and (ioim.uis, they uppArcd to ino to reckon little on tho eleven dollais; but what I can certify U. that they are <|Ulto Insensible to tlie glory of tho Hug with the thirty four stars and tiio fato of tho unfortunate negroes. You see by this what tho weak side of all tli s organisation is: it is not an affair of appreciation, it Is an ;illair of arithmetic. Tho weak side, tho very woak sitle, is the eleven dollars, lor lOO.UGO men, and 011 that ratting, the expense Is Uveaudahalf millions of Ironca per month, or sixty six millions per year. Kor <00,000 men tho expense is quadrupled?mo hundred and sixtyfour millions per year. And recollect that this enormous figure represents only the soldiois' pocket money-, that tbo provision ng of American s<ildiers is morn abundant and expensive than with us by nearly double; that, in lino, the most frightful dilapidation and disorder confessedly reign In what Is called the military administration, and which is really only a continuation of measures adopted from day to day by localities for the account of tho fodoral government for tho purpose of supplUng the prime ncces?it i0- of tlio troops. So the Nor til Americans estimate the cost of the war at over a million dollars a day. That is enormous for a c< unti y reduced to about twenty millions of inhabitants, dt p: ived of its groat element of commerce?cotton?and enjoying a doubtful credit, tine t.hinh' that Is certain is, that the militia soldiers have as yet seen nothing of the pay promised them; that at New York there have lieen disturbances caused by tbo tumultuary demands of soldiers' wives, to whom the pay 01 their absent husbands should havo bc< a hatidud, and who huvo made a useless outcry for it oven at thu doors of tho lily Hall. As to tho volunteers, those who are being formed in New York are well supported, but havo not touched a ccnt. 1 cannot speak of those who are s with the army?because I havo ut? Reon them?but I am assured that their wretchedness was great, ami that the :'tro ts of Washington were full of soldiers stretching oui one imim tor cnaniy una otten Handling a revolver with the oilier. Hut, I n p 'at, I will not see tho army for a fortnight, ami I am anxious not to let (tint which I hart} seen bo confounded with that which I have only hoard. One thing very (lingular for a Kreuchman in thin military system, and which I i*opose to look at nioro closely, l? the iib-iiuco of all organization superior to tho rogmu-niul organization. Thus, up to tho present, I liavo not boon ablo to realize that regiments fflrm brigades, constituted with titular generals; that brigades ?ro collected in divisions, in rmytt d'armre, with generals if division atul of curjn d'ai mtr, und with Kali majors that are not changeable. II api etrB to tno, until there 1b proof of the contrary, that wlun Itcooceros any operation having a character more or less special? as tho occupation of a frontier, tho attack or tho dob nee of a place, oven a battle?t he general-in-chief, ami sometimes Congress designates a general who takes the temiwrary command of tho regiments assembled lor that operation. It is thun that American generals puff and repays bolore onr eyes, I without the possibility of foil iwing them, step by stop, I in all the places of u war, as we do w ith our generals, | whoso military destiny is Invariably link >1 with that of tho constituted fractions, of which the titular command is ! oonilded to thorn. When the groat battle of the 21st was fought at Manassan Junction, the direction of It was given to a lienor til McIHweli without its being easy to say why; and what is still loss comprehensible, is that General Hcott, the generuliHfinio, a very brave, capable ami esteemed soldier, gave the ordi r to thv whole army to attack the enemy and to engage in a general affair, without going himself on the Held of battle. J reserve to myself to write you her oaf tar on tho strategic position of the armies, us well [ oa the Potomac as m Hie provinces, and 1 will endeavor to learn the truth ou tho subject ol t!io battle of tho 21st, which was so shameful an aflair for tho North. That which I can tell you is that hero, at New York, they har/o taken tho matter very unconcernedly. They have not appeared tho least discouraged or humiliated. The regiments that fled, abandoning everything?guns, bagga ,e, 4c.?return to the city dally beoanso their term of se: vice has expired, and because they confess they have had enough of war. Never mind: these bravo people enter, and aro received as conquerors, with music at their head, processions and acclamations of the people, (lowers snd Illuminations. it is not that thoy dissimulate their rotreat, or rather their rout. They relate to their follow citizens how tin y have boon utterly routod,and these stories In dame the imagination and exalt tho cnthusiuf m of their hearers. That is, doubtless, one of the trnltg of tho American character. There is no question about peace or conciliation, and the publio mind in tho North is more opixisod to it than ever. Tiie hate between tho two parties is driven to an extraordinary degree. It must even bo suld that tho Northern Stales have completely forgotten the original motives of the quarrel?tariffe. negroes, *c. They l ave hut one thing at heart?that Is, the honor of tli confederation, tho insult done to tho Hag of the Union. Tho South has trodden it tinder foot; th'Toforo the South m'mt be subdued. Negrophilism has always had an Inconsiderable place in tho quarrel, and has been only a pretext; ' to-day the word ''abolition" is not even heard pronounced. It is a war purely political, a war of passion; and it is really strange to see a people so |s>sitlvo, so attached to their material interests, So foreign to our traditional errors and to our Old World prejudices, if you choose, figlit each other only for a sentiment, for a point of honor, and almost through a chivalrous spirit. But there is nothing savo entrust, or rathi-r inconsequence, in the lTnit 'd St it's. They voto hundreds of millions, well knowtnp that Iffy v ill not pny them; they vote soldiers, wll k lowing lliat the soldiers will not como, and in spite of an apparently very pat>lie dispoBiii' D, they continue with an unequalled obstinacy a war which ruins them?a war without object, for all this nhair can have hut one Issue?the political separation of the North aad South, and the resumption of commercial niralrs hotwoen them on the name looting as in the past. Prodigality and avarice, enthusiasm for the war, enthush-m to stay at home, political fanaticism and egotistical speculations?thurc Is the incomprehensible melange which I have found here. I close my [ CTer to profit by tho departure of the oourler. New details soon. NEWS FROM THE SOUTH. I?risvn.u, Sept. 6,1861. The Mobile RrgitUr says that General Braxton iiragg bos been transferred from I'ensacola to the Potomac, and is suececded in command by Brigadier General R. U. Anderson, of South Carolina. The Mobile Tribune of tho 21 states that while men were employed In getting l he dry dock ready to bo raised at Ponsacola, they were flrcJ uj>on from l'urt I'lckens. First, a blank shot; then a solid shot, and then a shell. The last came near doing damage, and the men accordingly left hjieodily. The Tribune indignantly demands '4a uot this outrageous act, war? Richmond, Sept. 0,1881. One hundred and two Union prisoners reached Richmond this afteinoqn. Tliey were taken by Floyd, near Oanley bridge, larft week, One hundred belonged to tho Ohio Seventh. There arc about 2,000 Union prisoners h?ro now. The weather In the mountains la quite cool. Winter clothing is absolutely needed by ma-jj of the soldiers. An engineer, who has Just arrived, says a serious accident occurred on the railroad near Abington to-day. The Aiken Guards (Fourteonth Loufllana) had ono killed and thirteen wounucd. Congress wag in session about two hour?on the 3d lust., and then adjourued till tho tlilrd Monday Lu November. ARRESTS FOR TREASON AT PORTLAND, MB. PORTI.AJTP, Mo., Sept. 0,1861. Messrs. S'argmt and HUI, of Yarmouth, arrested by order of tHo Secretary of War, aud brought back ou ft writ of tiabovi corpus, wijro discharged to day by order of the Secretary of State u? roystoriously as tlioy were arrested. Robert F. Elliott, of Freedom, Mo., has been arretted by order of the government, and was taken through this city to-day on the way to Fort Lafayetto. FROM RIO JANEIRO. A corre9ron''ent writing from Rio Janeiro, tinder date of July 23, inquires, "Has Boston seceded?" and report# j tho ship Maid of the Sea, of Boston, Captain Slam wood, . . . .t . . n.-a..I-- T1..1 ttnllnl lying in Lfiat port whu we reoci <?/??? ?* ? vm..vm States Consul had given notice that he would not clear on/ vessel flying that Aug in future. Bosrox, Sept. t, 1M1. The despatch stating that the ship llaiil of the Sea, Of B?ston, was at Rio Janeiro July 25, with secession colors flying, give") s<>mo oITodco to her abolition owners. Tho story probably from hor private signal, marked " C. ("Cotton & SUnwoo lJ

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