Newspaper of The New York Herald, September 8, 1861, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated September 8, 1861 Page 2
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I 2 80UTHEEH VIEWS OF THE CAMPAIGN. A rTTAIITG AW miW llVDm C vsm i iv/ii r? t iirj What They Say About the Flans of Our Generals. THE TRUE LINE OF NORTHERN OPERATIONS, TflE REBEL ARMY ON THE POTOMAC. The Confederate Forces In the West. HOW THE REBEL ARMY IS RAISED. Military Telegraphic Facilities at tlie South. The Louisiana Troops in a Bad Way? Supplies Needed for the Fall Campaign. FOREIGN INTERVENTION ETPECTED 91m- Position of Kentucky and Tennessee, Ac., Ac., Ao> THE LINE OP NORTHERN OPERATIONS AGAINST THE SOUTH?RICHMOND OF SMALL IMPORTANCE. (From tbe Frankfort (Ky.), Veoinan, (gee('.ision organ,) toflHl 27.J Wo conceive the strategical liny from which to nuke a successful devclo|>cniunt of military force against the South, is that which will run from Cumberland Cap to Chattanooga,Tenn ;and Its occupancy byaforco unassailable from itu strength, is the prime object of the federal government. Richmond was never a point of militi#y importance, farther than that, in tho possession of ilia federal power, U would no longer menace the lines of railway convert upon l.ist Tennessee Miuuwsas Junction was on the line from Tennessee to Washington, and was, therefore, (O some extent, a necessity, in approaching the linsis strategical line which overs the whole Held. The columns of McCuIl and of Cox in tlie valley of tbe Kanawha wore cach destined to reach different points on tho same line from Wish iugton to East Tennessee, with tho view of acquiring access to the line we have indicated as the groat line of stragetical d< velopument Foiled at Manassas, Kcott will now organize the armi'g of the Tot imac, tho Shenandoah, tho Kanavvna, and the Cumberland to renew att rntpts to gain jiossossion of this great line. It is to tbe last named army that Cenoral Hi b rt Anderson (the gulluut Major Anderson, of Fort Sumter feme) is assigned, w ith his headquarters at I/ouisville, Kentucky. It is for tin use of A ink-is n's column that muskets, artillery and munitions of war are now pouring into Kentucky over tho railroads converging from Covington and Louisville ; it is for this that citmpe are commenced at Hosk ins' and Crab O; chard and elsewhere; for this that Rousseau's brigade has moved from Indiana into Kentucky, for this that Green Adams is attempting hjr speeches to rouse thi peop'e of the mountains; for this that Lieutenant Nelson, of the uavjr, is detached for on shore duty, to distribute amis ill ivfniuiny nuu iuu? i?v tut musu iiii-uns, !>y march through Kentucky, sustained by thu I 13uIon parly of Kentucky, a march of federal troops from the North, prutocted in their rear by oneaui|>ntciils in Kentucky, cnmiKiRcd nominally, if not fully, of Kentucki ans that the federal governments expects Ucnerul Anderson to achievo the object of obtaining |m>s-(sssiu:i of the great lino in question. That would bo a s-oro calamily to the South, and, in tiki end lo the North also; for |i would nly re-mil In prolonging tho war for llie protruded but unaUaioablo object of reconstructing a sliatUired Union la It asked-why the possession of this line from Cumberland (jap is of such strut ogical iinjwluuce!' We n.^wur, because it divides tho conne ti-.n* of tho ;arts or tho ^?niU from iai-.li other, soparutes tho Carolmos from Ten U4880C, Virgiuiafrom Tennessee and the Southwestern Stales, and renders the ConUMeraU Slates into bund lot of fragments, not one of which could support ov sustain the other, aud of which each, in its turn, may he overwhelmed by a vastly su|x>rior force to any it can, by ila own resources, oommmd W'.lU that hue 111 possession, tlte federal hope is that East Tennessee will revo'l against tlio State govc.riimcut and tho Confederate States; and iutbat event the game of John Carlisle k Co , (dayed In Western Virginia, of setting upa bogus .State government, would bo played oijt on a second theatre 'nev.tably causing civil war it Tonnopaee, and giving to Scott's txuds lino and depot of munitions of war all llic sup|>urt deriv abio from a people aa thoroughly subjugated as ho cojdd desire. It ho can occupy that line he can strike eutn? slave Stale ea t of the Mississippi on both flanks at tli" came time With Kast Tennessee in h-ind, ho van command column upon Nashville or Memphis by the navigation n| t) e ( umberland or Mississippi, and at the same time bv rail to Clarksrille, aud t* Nashville itself from several directions. Tho points to which, as more nearly concerning our own Statu and ourselves, and to which wo earnestly solicit tho attention of thinking men, are:? 1. Tliat the policy of the Unionists force* us into a dis creditable particlpancy in the war, in violation of tho neutrality and poace of the State, and makes our people, against their thrice expressed will, take the side of the federal usurper. 2. That It artfully attompts to launch Kentucky In the war, as If In self-defence, should the Goufoderatc Stales declare public war against her because of her active puitioipancy in the struggle going on between them and the Northern States 3. That in actively participating in the war, the Kentucky soldier is disgraced aud degreded by being only usod as a detach*! force to guard trains and supplies over a so-called neutral territory, wliert? ho is | remised immunity from the dangers of battle, though he accepts the pay of a government soldier! 'Ihi.it Kentucky will be cowie a Hutu auxiliary in nnj iree Minos,ana nor 811 pen liary sons appear lo outer stealthily into service, on condition that tin y glut I not be expos -d to tho Are of the emmy?a more guard for thu Urea l and meat and reserved ammunition of tlx ? > soldiers of 'he North who accept the chances and viciMitndre ?f glorious vrarl If this is not snouking and Infamous, just worthy to be chiracterlzod as low Yankee cunning, what w uld bo? Kvory one knows that a very heavy per ccntage of cvory army is detached to guard supplies and to protect depots of arms and provisions In the roar of the front lines of the army whenever that acts in front of an enemy. When that front line is bo far from the base as Cumberland flap is from Cincinnati, tlio rearward detachments would be snmo twenty or thirty percent. Now, if Kentucky Unionists, Admitting Lincoln's right to pass bis forces across this State, will step forward to furnish the forces necessary for these purposes, they at once assist Lincoln, by relieving him from the necessity of ' nuking the required detachments referred to, and thus, without leaving the State or exposing their persons to the Are nf the enemy, they assist him most materially, by relieving Ills nocesxitica, so as to taka 'the Held of action with bis whole levies in any way uu tiroken. Thcv know that this Is the very easiest modo of introducing civil war into Kcnlnckv, and at any rate making her a party to the existing wir, for unless the officers oftho fedoral government are perfectly demented, they must know that the Confederate Stat< s, and most especially Tennessee, on considering such a |>osturo maintained by Kontnrky, can accept it iu no other sense tl.an as war agairj't them, and, In self defence, will in turn in Vitality make war on iust The Unionists, then, are to be held responsible for the consoquetices; and all the horrid consequences of war will Infallibly follow the apprnvil. by tnc Legislature, of the federal encampments fir such objects in Kentucky, or the refusal of the legislature to require the fedoral government to withdraw them. Tbrsc views are (wilpahlc u> every eye that can sou at all; and all who ap prove the maintenance of those tncfunpmeats, do so for tho purpose of renouncing the neutrality of Kentucky, plunging her Into the war on the side of f Jncoln, and in augural mg internecine strife mid civil war, brother gainst brother, within ihu very limits of the commonwealth. Hie memljers of the late legislature arc about to be Bucceeded by a new set, and no mortal uian can tell to what extremes tliey may drive the State Tho Southern rights party should have the most perfect. thorough and efficient organization. Must we pfcaid stili and have our throats cut? Must we submit in si'enoe to dishonorl Must we acquiesce In ruin without even an at tempt to avert it? Our safety is In our thorough organisation. Ixst us have a State Convention on the lotn of September THK SEAT OF WAK IN VlIKilNlA. [8pecial Correft|?iidence of the New Orleans Delta. ] Kkhiiksm-ksw ho. Argust 18, If 61. Certain rumors of an expected attack on the batteries at Matbias and Aquia creek, and tlio consequent movement of <mo|* in that direction, brought me to this place?one of the most venerable towns In Virginia, one associated with the pleanantest morrjorlen of my life, as the place <ftny birth and boyhood, and whirh ,1am proud to -ay has equalled, If not eclipsed any other town in the South In tbo real ad ardor with which its inhabitants have gone to this war. Fredericksburg has thus far funmdied four artillery companies, which have dono excellent service in this war, guarding the important points on the Potomac -whore tlio enemy might effect a landing and secure the Control of tho road to Richmond. Nothing lias been better done during tho war than this duty. Hie batteries of Gaptatu Walker, of Commander I,yuch, protected hy the Tigpnia rcK""culilj""""1 '-arey, one of ; !U' urst regiments in ihe Confodnrato *wvice, by Colonel IUto'? Tcnnewtee Md Oolonel Fagan'g Alabt.m* regiment, liavo constantly annoyed the enemy's ?n die Potomac, seriously interrupting the navigation of tlie riv r anil dam?K"'ff their ship*, killing mim of iheir lion officers and many of Ibeir sailora. Hwnsineneof tlif<? -kirnilshes that the enemy lost one of their brat officer*, ( ?pt. Ward, of the Pawnee, who was killed with a Mime nvu-ket, at a dlstauoe ot four hundred yard*, t>y a ynun,r squirrel hunter of Stafford county, of the nam*-of TIir<*lil?y. The young nwn of the country lay In wall rouiinually lor prize* and sport at the ox pen#" of Ity ' ..ukers, enticing them to oome ashore and tfem bagging tk<-in as they call up wild turkeys In the West. On* of lh?*e adventures o< ourred yesterdny, which must have b?-en quite serious to the Yankee*. Several Maryland*!-* came across the Potomac, Wid, In conjunction with some Virginia militia, concocted S plan by which they should j uuisb the lugoJi-nce ani NE chock the audacity or the atrajd veesol, the Rosolute, which \v?r < ontinually moving op and down the rlvor, amusiug Uersolf by ilriug at the farm houses of peaceful cltimiK The piau wm an admirable one, and lirovud a perfect sucoeM. 1/iading a smnll boat with a number of hanols and boxes, as It' containing goods arid provisioi s, the rebels rowed ont some distance from the Virginia shore, and exhibited the boat.tust as the Resolute turned the point, making as if fiom Hie Maryland to the Virginiashore. 'iUe commander of the Resoluto immediately pul on a bl^h pressure ui aie?un, and approaching the small boat in which tho rebels were evidently striving an if for dear life to laud tlioir precious cargo, Runt a boat with Lieutenant Bik1<1 of thi navy itn<l six men to capture tho pirulical craft, aud take liosseNslou of her frolght. N> great, ho wo vor, was the haste and alarm of tho rebels, thiil when thoy reached tho Virginia ihoro, holly pur sued hy tho lteKohite's boat, thoy jumped out of tho boat ami xtruc.lv htr the woods 111 wild alnnn. Tho Resoluto's tuou then took |>oss<vslon of the boat and tho valuable good* and provision who contained, and wero engaged In lifting tlio barrels and boxes into their own boat, when suddenly a volley of musketry broko from tho bushes on shore, and a doren Miuio bulla caiue rattling among the boxes and on tho heads of llio Yankees, ovory one of whom drojuH'd at the llrHl (ire. One, however, tho oftloer tu command, rising, was about to sliove olf the bout, when a single shot brought him to tho land. Tliu* was l.incoln boreft of one officer and six men ot the rascally vain'a's whom he has sent to annoy and de vastalo this peaceful couutry, and murder a people who have never wronged him or them. I know that such mode ?f killing enemies is not regarded as consistent with the laws of civilized wur;"!)ttt it is th' very best, the most rllective mode of disposing of a ruthless barbarian Invader liko the Yankee. (5en- Mc.Clellan will have abundant opportunities of applying those severe rules Which he bo audaciously threatened against all pernors engaging in partisnu warfare. Tho ltoeolnte, in revonge for the killing of her men, proceeded to the nearest farm house, th? owner of which had no connection with the surprise of" the boat's tufty, aud opened ti|x>H it a broad ido whu-U coinpb'Udy riddled tho building and destroyed much valuable property. Hut what do tliu Virginians care about the destruction of property as a punishment for killing Yankees? They are willing to imperil and Sacrifice everything for the enjoyment of thai revenge with which this must vitiations invasion and all its fiendish outrages have fired th*ir hearts. Ths rejiort of a number or gunboats hovering about Matiiias and Aipiia, and of movements indicating a purjiose either to establish au encampment of Yankee troops on llio Maryland shore or to attack tho batteries, in duced the government at lliclimond to send several now regiments tip to tho Potomac. The promptitude and faci lity with which these regiments were moved from liich mond alford evidence of the great energy and excellent system tlml characterize tho War Office ill Richmond. | A few shots were exchanged between Walker's buttery and the enemy's gunlioats without effect,and though the distanco was two tniles and a half, both parties threw shell a long distance over aud beyond one another. To day the number of the boats is reduced to three; but the I vigilant and able commander of llie brigade, (Jcncral ! lMmes, is not easily caught mppiug, and h > keeps a close uati'h nn all the liKiveniHlils of the pluiHtv. He is another or those admirably chosen commanders who hnvo <!ono so much credit to tho sagacity ami judgment of I're siiloiil Davis. As on evidence of tho efficiency of this ofllcer iind ol' llic admirable stato of discipline of the tr<" (w under his command, 1 may state the fact that his brigade?consisting of the Tennessee and Arkansas regiment (Hates aud Kaglu), Carey's Virginia regiment and Walker's battery?made the march from their camp to Manassas. a distance of forty miles, in twenty hours. W us this march ever equalled? The present is the sickly season in this country, and our c?nt|>H are sufToruiK from a prevalence of measles and typhoid lever. All the towns are burdened with great numbers of sick, to whom tho people never weary in acts of kindness and hospitality. This sickness supplies an additional argument to the many othors in favor of an early advance of oar army. Will there tie such an ad vance* is tho question which engages ail minds. At pre sent the l.incoln government Is ou tho defensive. It experiences grent difficulty in raising troops. The money is more easily raised than tl>o troops The re'ution of the two belligerents is now coinpletifly reversed. McCtellan is aserciting alt his genius and exhausting the rtttmrce* of hit goivmment to hold Washington and Haltinore, while our government i' in condition to advatut orui drive him Uyovd thr Maryland line. Of the practicability of this thero is little" doubt, the only discission is as toils expediency. Those who advocate the advance lnyond the Potomac justly and forcibly coutend tliat it would never do to keep the army wo now have . in the Held unemployed and exposed to tho hardships j of a winter in the fields an 1 under tents: that a large city like HaHim"rr will 1>e needed to secure shiller and suppliet for to large a force; that we owe it to Maryland to rmanci- l pair herfreetninfrtm the drgradingtyr'inny ?f the fmtkea, i and alford them an opportunity of determining to wh eh confederacy sh> will attach herself; that Virginia i and tlio Confederate States can never lx? safo from attack l and danger as long us the enemy holds Washington city, i wSere troops an I munitions, in any number and quality, can be bo rapidly concentratedthat a bold advance i against a dispirited uud demoralized ft>e is always the i most effi otive mode of ending a war anil securing a satis- i factory peace. We have no aggressive or ambitious i views, but we want peace and our own Independence. WIS! we over receive these from the present fanatical and maddened party of the North until we drive them into their own borders, and then, with bristling and menacing front, demand guarantees that they will stay within those limits; that they will make a fair division of tho assots of the old Union, and will henceforth refrain from inter meddling with tho lights ami property of our citiz nsf Tho "short, sharp, decisive war policy" is now ours. That policy demands tlte advance to Mason and Dixon's Hue. On the, other hand, there are those who think that a delay of a few weeks u-ill produce a peaceful and satisfactory net t'ement of this controversy without farther bUx-dshed; thai the intervention of the European Ptkoert, the uprising of a peace party at the North, will effect Chiti result; thai the .Vorthern peojile, tyw languid and discontented in regard to thii tear, might be ar-jused to gigantic effort* by a movement which, though not aggressive, in fact, they would sorepreten! tn their peofde and perhaps excite a war frenxy stir flatting that which follmoed the downfall of t)rrl Sumter. These are the principal grounds of the two parties in regard to our war (ml icy Tho nrofound secresy which envelopes all the transactions or tho Cabinet defies the most sagacioi s, and I cannot say or oven guess to which of these views tho government inclines; but there can be little doubt that the u my, our geuerals, and all our officers and soldiers and the great majority of tho people iirp ulrontrlir in fa.?rnr of t.hn forwartl mnuAmnnl THE REBEL AKfcY OP THE POTOMAC. THIS FORTIFICATIONS AT AQlItA ( ItKM. [Correspondence of the New Orleans Delta. ] Krkdkkk kpbuin;, August 21, 1841. i The apprehended operations at Aquia Creek and Ma : lliias* Point have been relinquished by theoncmy, doubt less in view of the com pic to and formidable pre|>arntioo* | for their rt ception here. At Aquia Crock I And the batteries in admirable condition, well posted. and altogether beyond tho reach of the enemy's direct shot; but qnito < afmlilo of giving bin vessel* great annoyance. In addiI lion to the rifled gun and the eight inch columblad, our men have mounted (he long rifled gun captured at Mmin* sas ul a very eligible point, and in n trial yesterday It threw a shell clear aeries the Potomac to the Maryland shore, a distance of over forty miles, (,'ufortunately the ship channel is nearer the Maryland than ' the Virginia shore, but still measures art* being a. opted which will very soon givo our bat terles tin? control of the navigation of the river. The battery at Aquia Creek, which achieved one of the most brilliant sccc< uses of tue war, is under the immediate command of Ciptain Walker, who lias a fine company of artillerist/", composed of young men from this town, lliey have become perfectly coirvorsaiit with th '.manage meut of tlie big guns There is also a veiy excellent bal tery of (lying artillery under Captain Hraxton. and yes terday another very cfllcicut (lying artillery company came up from Richmond with us large pieces, Including a rifled gun, two howitzers and three other brass pieces ami flltv flne horses. There is also a ltaltmiore company, and in us com position and organization resembles our Washington Artillery. There is Bn amp'o force here to repel any attempts to laud a hostile force. The water defences ore under the n mniai d of Cuptaiu I.ynrh, formerly of the United States N'avv. nvd well known as the author of the interesting bock ou Hie |iend Sen. He is an excellent olllcer. and eojov a the coulldemoof all the sol diers under him THK nOfriTALS AT PRRPKRICKHBITIUI. Tlie hospitals here are crowded with sick from the Carolina, ArUansus and Tenuessee regiments The ladles here are occupied all their time in attonding the sick, and in working oil the necessary clothing for their comfort Kverything else Is neglected to provide for the soldiers. There 4r? also cotton and woolen factories, which are turning out a great quantity of excellent clothing for the army. The capacity of these fact"a ies is only limited by the scarcity of certain articles niedrd iti (heir fabrication, aud this deficiency would be supplied if the railroads could be b.'tter managed. VIKMIMA RAILROADS. The general inefficiency Of th? railroad management, es|>eeially in Virginia, is at present the greatest drawback upon the operations of our government and army. Tho authorities at Richmond could not do a wiser thing than to put the railroads under regular mililiry control, iu order to command their facilities and co-operation in the conduct of the war It is not only in tho trans;tortatk>n of troops and munitions that the railroads may be mado serviceable in aid of the war, but I hern is a great necessity for the transfer from remote points of thc Confederacy ot tn? materials lor.manuiacuintig arucies winrn win ?c greatly needed by our MUliurx. an well as or certain supplies, the want or which wt'l bo sensibly fell by the whole country. Thus the woollon rind cotton factories here could furnish all the woollen and cotton Roods required by the South, if I hoy could obtain the raw material, which m ubundnnt in the extreme Soutfc. FINANCIAL TKOt'BLKS OP THB 9ACRKI> HOI!,. Every bank, evory towp and village corporation, even the State itself, and private bankers, we tlelcging the State with wretched currcDcy, in notes from flvo cent* to one itallnr. '.'old and silver arc eagerly bought at eight per cent premium for these tote* and carefully hoarded away. ?f course this currency norrr can and netTr willbe rcitamad, and when it begins to decline it will bo bought up by those who have issued It at an enormous have?all of which will full upon the people ar.d enure to the benefit of the corporation. And yet it was gravely proposed that our banks should agrcc'to co'operato with banks which sanction and are engaged hi this gigantic fraud, ar< receive and pay out shiiiplnstcrs as they do their own nous. Fortunately it is a conxtiitlonal, not meroly a statutory barrier. The Convention of last March, In consenting to allow the legislature to create new banks, enforced conditions and restrictions which cannot be evartvd, and ought never tabe. Ifluisiana will surrender ot>?of her most vAliiabfc^rstftuttons. and <mr great city lose one of its most efficient agencies in controlling and directinn the vast commerce of the South, when tliey give up or surren dcr any essential feature of their admit able bimking system. It may be practicable for our banks t? aid In givihg value and strength to the issues of the Confederate government, but when it is proposed to seduce or drive them Into an allianco with banks maoa.-cd on the false principles which prevail In this and other parts of the Smth. the jieopio ought to bo aroused to vigilance and stern resistance to all such schemes. JRFF. DAVIS NOT AT TffK BATTLE OF MANASSAS. Camt Pickk.vs, August 21, 1861. I was forcibly reminded of the uncertainty of cotempo !W YOKK. HEKALB, SUN1 raneous history by happening to fiml the following paragraph in a copy of tho Prl'a, published a fcvr days after i th>' buttle of Manas-ji*.? But On* Okukk.?a Muua?*us despatch to Nashville 8a ya 1 President Kuvm ari ived on tbo Held 011 Sunday, and gave bill one order. ' Forward, my brave columns'. Forward!" Tlie etl' cl \ lc cloctrlc. The fortune of the day wan decided. The brave foliowH swept everything before 1 them. And Ibo absurd slat'-nipiit?a statement entirely f,i!go in 1 every particular?has been repoa(ei) in a variety of forms, until a moiety in a hundred nt all the people in the Confederate States, and iu the United Staton, actually believe that th.' victory oUour arinv at Manassas was owinii entirely to the effect of President Davis! arrival on (lie Hold ol battle, or of his skilful dispositions niter ri aching tho field of uctluii. .Nor have 1 yet seen one single editorial contradiction of tli.s rejmrt?so Injurious nod so i.njiibt to our generals and our troops?although tho fact is, us I have taken tho trouble- to Inform you in a previous letter, that President lhivis had no mora to do with the battle of Manassas than witli tlio battle of Now Orleaus? th.it ho did not reach the- Held until tlio victory had been woo and the enemy was (lying In confusion before our pursuing troops, aiid that iie did not take command of any portion of our forces. 8ICKNK.SS OK TIIK TBOOPB. [Correspondence of the Memphis AppealJ Richmond, August 23,1861. I regret to be compiled to give you a moat unfavorable account of the health or our troo|ie now in the field. The inaction of tho several largo bodies of mrn in different (Kirtiona of tho Commonwealth, for three weeks lMist, must bo attributed chiolly to the crowded statu of their hospitals. In the peninsula tho typhoid fever has been prevalent, though happily not in a malignant form. At Manama and Aquia Creek, also, this malady his prostrated a considerable number. In Klchinond, or ratlior in the rumps around it, fifty per cent of the troops, at least, have been stricken down with measles. Private hospitals lor the receptlou and better treatment of tho invalids have boon opened from day to day, until every 0 street, almost every square of the city, has its long sick <J list,and the ladlet are worn out In their attentions to the s sufferer*. They do net weary, In the spirit,ot their good work; but excefcaivo watching will exhaust tlio physical powers. As yet there has been no great fatality among tlie thousands of cases, hut just as soon as a dozen have been discharged na well from a hospital their beds have been filled, and thore Is no diminution in the number of new oat.ee. Possibly the change of tomperuturc of the fall moutlis may check tlio spread of tho disoaae, and but a few weeks remain to us now before the frost. TUB KKIIK1J4 WANT PI811N<TIVI KTATV. FLAGS. Before another great shock of anus takes place there la one precaution against accidcnt which, in the Judgment of your corresfoudent,ought to bo taken, and which, it ia somewhat remarkable, lias not been suggested bofore by competent authority It ia the strong necessity of designating our troops in largo masses by some unmistakable, distinctive banner. Whatever may ho said of the Confederate Hat?, a* u tasteful combination ami arrangement . of colors, it is certainly obnoxious to this objection, that in tlio excitement and te.mult of battle it in easily mis- ' taken for the old Stars and Stripe*. Kven if this were ? not so, it ought no longer to he borne as the Confederate j! ensign in light, because the enemy have made tlagsbf the aaiuu pattern for the express purpose of lighting under them. At Manamas we know they did not scruple to employ our banner as a protection against tlio very men whom they shot down ut this Imso disadvantage. 1V> remedy this evil regimental Hags should lie at once prepared and distributed among the troops of the various States, lings which would be known at a glance and which the treacherous Yankees would u/it have to show. Kuch State might bear in battle its owu coat of arms painted or embroidered on silk or bunting. A RKqUISlTIOM FROM (iK.NKR.At, MAOKCIIKK. There was much speculation to-day occasioned by a requisition on tho ladies from Oeneral Magruder for a largo number or tlannel bags for artillery churges. Almost all the common cartridges which have been used during the war in Virginia, except the flted ammunition, have been made by the delicate lingers of tuo KKihlnoud ladles in basements of our churches. Cromwell a old admouition to his Ironsides, "Trust In tho l.ord ami keep your powder dry," would seem to be heeded by tl.es,' matrons and maidens of the new Israel, for the little s icks they make, though not impervious to water, are the cunningest of all powder rocoptaeles. What General Magruder can want of so many, unless he is apprehensive of an immediate attack by old bandy legged Wool, uobody can tell. Wo to Wool, howover, if ho dosigns anything of that sort. Though much thinned out by sickness, the troops in the Peninsula are auxious above all things to have A chance at tho Yankees. Rut a very small number of those who ai-.i now in Magruder's command were in tho battle of Bethel, which bos boon tho only op(K>rl unity of using their weapons the war has yet atlorded them. UiiKAT IM.NKSX A MONO TIIK TROOPS. Another correspondent of tho Antral, R. S Abernalhy, Captain of Compauy 0, Nlnteentn Mississippi regiment, says, under date of August '11:? Binco wo pitched our camp hore'glonm and sorrow hare saddened the countenances of all, owing to the distressing feet that disease and death lu.ve prevailed among us. On' [ xposed condition during our camp on Bull run, and the want of pro|sT food and water, was a*Vorlous blow to Mils regiment and to all tho troops that were likewise unfortnnate. In proof of this 1 will mention that out of fortyBovon hundred lit thu brigade only twout)-throe hundred roi*>rte<t for duty on the 20lh inst., and companies that before ordinarily turtied out on drill and parade from sixty five to ninety men donot turn out now more than eiglit and ten tiles por day. tho hardships and suffering consequent u|ion the movement of lion. Johnston's divi sion of tho army, which resulted iu such gloriousaucwm to our cause at Mnnassas, has, I daro say. prostrated fully one-third of his force. Nearly every day tho sound of musketry proclaims tho death of some Southern licro who hAS fallen a victim to disease in camp, and over whose grave blank cartridge* are llrod as tho lust military honor paid to the dead. But 1 am happy to stato that a timely improvement in the weather (which h .s been excessively cloudy and rainy) has brought with it a marked change in our health. CONDITION OP THE REBEL ARMr AT RICHMOND AND ON THE POTOMAC. (Richmond corros|iondencc of the Charleston Morcury.J Tliero is universal complaint made of the want of efficiency in the Commissariat Department. It was felt severely and immediately after the battle of Manassas. Our brave troops, particularly the sick and wounded, suffered greatly Some of the troops were without provisions from Sunday breakfast until Tmsday after the battle. Since then It has occurred more than once that many have been without food for twepty fonr hours. Croat indignation is felt throughout tho army and In Richmond on account of this outrageous and unendurable iuoMciency. The efficiency or the army is impulrod and even Its movements retarded through tho want of supplies. I learn it has boon, and is, a matter of bitter cnmplaint and earnest remonstrance by tho commanding generals. Aud Hot only is there a want of sufficient quantity, but tho provisions are not good?are, in fact, positively unwholesome. It is not only so at the camps in Fairfax county, whero the army is largo, but also in other eam|w. A great deal of sickness is tho natural consequence. Ono regitneut near AquiafYeok has lost sixty men, and another thiriy. Tho weather liss been intensely l.nt, and tlio great mortality is attributed hy the troops to bad provisions, unsuitable at any time, especially during such a season. The country docd'c. catnn trailets. and sutlers too. in the neighls rhood of Fredericksburg and Aquia Creek, , charge the poor follows most exorbitant prices for every thing they htiy. I nave heard it is tho same in other places, but that it in there I am assured on the best aa- i thoiity. . And not only is the department of subsistence ill man- i aged, but tho equally Indispensable department to tho mobility aud efllc.leney, transportation, is41'.so lamentably behind. It was tho condition of these two branches of tho urrny which prevented (Jeneral Hoauregard from ad. vaneing to m-el McDowell, ns he had intended. It was his unpreparedncwi in these which prevented him frnm following the defeated enemy from Manns-a~. It is those which now pa'alyze hijn, prevent a forward movement, and is daily losing the South substantial fruits of ill groat victory. Iteanregard has used superhuman exertions, and struggled agaiust terrible aud unappreciated ditlkultios and discouragements. His great determination, and the pluck of his trcofw, havo accomplished wowlors. Rut the executive til inertia is a huge obstacle to success, and the public interests |>eremptorily requiresthat uomau.or set of men, should stand iu tho way. LOUISIANA TROOPS IN VIRGINIA. 8CPPI.1KR PKMANDKI) FOR TUB FALL CAMI'AKIS. [Special Correspondence of tho New Orleans l'lcayune.] hiuixjcaktcits (i? tim Akmy av iuk Potomac, \ Manassas, August 20,1801. ( I sit down, at tho suggestion of our Ixxiisiatui physicians here, to write a special letter on a subject of tho highest Importance?the supply of fall clothing for tho ariny. It is now the 'JOIh of August, the autumn rains have atready set Hi; and our people c:u:not go about tho work too quickly or too earnestly. By the 1st of October the weather in this latitude wi.l already havo bwuie severe; and tharo is therelore no time to lose. I fear, indeed, there may be much suffering from exposure to the wet before llie clothing we call for can be supplied. It must be remombered that a large portion of our men have been In servico now upwards of ihreo months, of which time they havo bivouacked at. least two weeks in the open air, and tliWr clothing lias been very much in. Jured by sleeping on the ground and exposure to every kind of wralher. In thu time, also, they have pre|wed for anil fought two cngagcnlents of the severest cliaracter, which, of itself, would be sufllclom to riiin avast amount <>i exulting, r.au u not iwn severely men ntiore j The clothing immediately i-alled for is not such as pntucs under the name of uniforms, though warm outer K.ir- 1 merits, both era 1st and pantalooi;g, esiieclally over<;> a or blankets, nre never out of place io carop This kind of clothing in more likely lo Ue supplied by the government Uian any other; therefore. the people, whom I now more particularly a Wires*. would do well to gl\?e their atteo; tion llrsl, til least, to tlx- supplyjttf underjclothinj. What wv shall want most of all, what wo want already, to p'-o. Urt t:? against thono heavy rain*, in flann.1 shirts and drawers, for wear next tl>e body. Wooil-n socks and stout, waterproof shoee, also, cannot be supplied too quickly or in too great numbers. Shoes, it is true, ought to be supplied by the government cs freely as uniforms, and no doubt would lv, could they lie obtained, under the existing -uate of things, as easily as c.lothos. Rut this Is not tft'o case. A large mimlur of regiments, indeed, will, I am afraid, snffhr severely before t?ey can bo supplied. The wear ami tear, during the late engagements, nnd siace, bus been very great, and many men are already im|>erfcctly sltod. The present wet uud muddy weather will try them still furtb?r, and the people cannot act too promptly in the mat tor. Woollen shirts, woollen drawers, woollen socks and stout water proof shoes, then, Is what we want moat of aU, and, in ttw name of tho whole urmy.Iask that they be supplied by the people to the full extent of their ability, in as great numbers and as early as itosniMe. No matter what the government may do in the matter?the more the holler?the people cannot do too m :c!>. litis Is a cold, raw, damp climate, bjth fall and winter, and warm under clothing cannot bo supplied in too gn at quantities. The supply demanded of Louisiana, In particular, will be vory great. We have here now, nnd on the Yorktowu peninsula, and at Norfo.k not ley* than 8.000 men, tnost of whom arc natives of the ext ern South, nnd m iv have to spend tho whole lull m a cold eJint.it", very for( ten to their constitution. Those cncamped near here, and constituting a part of the army of the Potomac, are the following >? 1 Uattaliou Washington Artillery, Major WuHou, JAYT, SEPTEMBER 8, 1861 2. Sixth regiment Ixmislana VoluuteorB, Coloucl Seymotir. 3. .Seventh regiment Louixlaoa Volunteers, Colonel Uaya. 4. Klj;bth regiment LouUlaoii Volunteers. Colonel Kolly. 6. Ninth rogimnut I/niiHiunu Volunteer*, Colonel Taylor. 6. Independent battalion Louisiana Volunteers, Major (Vheat. 7. Crescent nines, Independent Com | winy Louisiana ITolunteers, soon to bio attached to the Eighth regiment. Oil the Vorktowo peuiuMila urn tho follow ing ? 1. Second regiment IiOulsiuiiu Volunteer*, Colonel I^ovy. 2. Fifth regiment Louisiana Volunteers, (Colonel Hunt. 3. Independent battalion lxnitsiaua Volunteers, Colonel tixhtor.

At I'ig's Point, near Norfolk, is tho Kist regiment Lousmna Volunteers, Colonel Illunchard. It will bo seen-thou, that wo Itavo seven full regiments >f infnntry hero on tho Virginia border, two lnde|>endent jutlulious, and ono itidupeudeut company, besides u full mlUlioQ of artillery, making in all not lens than eight liousand men. 'lite Tenth regiun ut, Colonel Marigny, has ilso arrived In Richmond, and will noon bo ordered to tctlvodutyin tho Hold, as likewise the Polish Legion, indor command of Colonel Tochauui. before lull suts iu, hen, we shall have not less tluui too thousand men bero n the Qeld,all to bo provided with good, new, warm ;loihiug, such as I have described. It iarespectfully suggested, then, If theJsuKecHin* not Kien taken iu itnud by our ever considerate people before, that committees be appointed at once in each and ivory parish fur the reception and distribution, under ho superintendence of Governor Moore, of ouch clothng as the people may bo able to contribute for ho health and comfort of our bravo volunteers vhoaronow fighting the buttles of their country. To hose committees lot everything at ouce bo sont the poodo can spare, flannel shirts, drawers, socks aud biaukets. Vnd surely there is not a family In tho State that cannot pare one of each of tho article# named. And let tliore bo 10 dolay about the matter. Above all let not the people if Louisiana think that because they will there have two >r threomonths of summer weather yet, wo will have the ame here. There is a vast dilfereltee between the two limates. For the lust week or two I have hud qu&rore near by where the Eighth Louisiana have been on levore sentinel duty, exposed to all kinds of weather, and but give expression to the feelings of otfery man I have net when I make to their families and friends at homo his urgent appeal. Vice President Stephens arrived here last night, and rent immediutoly to headquarters. Ho is accompanied >y lion, ltobt. Toombs, of tioorgia, who Is now commaudng a brigado. THE REBEL ARMY IN THE WEST. [Special Correspondence of the New Orleans ftolta. | Jackson, Tenn., August 23,1861. A succession of chills and fever for of or a week has presented mo from making my anticipated trip of observa Ion to Columbus, Ky.; but as I uui neurly recovered 1 lopo you will next hear from me iu that quarter?tho nemy permitting. I say permitting, for I shall uot bo urprtsed to hear of thoir Impudently quartering themelves on Kentucky soil at any timo, as the "neutrality" if that boasted Commonwealth seems at present to huvo i rather Uitterlng proclivity for the side of the enemy 1 hitik I can now sifoly assert that but for tho undoubted ncllnation of tho submissionists of Kastcrn Kentucky to nterfrre with us,our troubles in Eastern Tennessee might h; regarded as settled?such have been tho potent chunges ilectrd in the minds of the malcontents by the recent ricUirles of tho Confederates. As it is, there being ibout four thousand submissionists, now encamped in .'arrard county, Kentucky, including q> ito n number >f tho disaffected of tills Slate, threatening us with inraskm, at is conlldently asserted,*it has been thought iroper to quarter numerous Coufederale tr<?>|? in Last rettuessee, under tho command of General Zollloofler, (tor he purpose of checking this disjMisiUon of interference rem Kentucky, and at the same time to bo m readiness o repel the enemv should they advance so far south of he Kanawha valley through Wc atom Virginia. It iH true th.it the Kentuckians in some portions of the (late havo hud tho manliness, though at a rather late lay, to stop tho repeated shipments of arms through heir territory to encampments contiguous to tho border if (hi* SUito, and doubtless for tho use of tho malcontents >(' Kjist Tennessee, many ol' whom have crowed over to fu se encampments and been suppliod with the Mucohi ;un*. lint it iH undoubtedly equally true that tho ship neiits have in most Instance* only found a now channel 0 their dcstinntli n, and now that thoro is such a revoluimi Rome *"* 1,1 tho minils of, tho East Tennesseeiir.B, shall nut be surpris d to shortly hear of those sumo [tins rising up in their hands like sown dragon teeth ;o confront the invaders themselves. Such havo been ho o[>eratious of the pretended neutrality of Ken 1' ky that the shameful work of lliose shipnents of l.incoln guns havo been going on rapidly or weeks, but 1 am gratified to express tho assurance .hat the Kentuckiaus, despite the dereliction uf their ule: s, urn becoming aroused tatho extent of their degralatlon, airl have, in s ine; quarters, sent back these guns in or<JU>r to IVave the neutrality of the State respcrtrd by ! he North as well as by the South. Hut what a position 'or a single State is Kentucky's, embraced, as it were, within the respective arms of two great warring i?wers, which must soon, by tho very operations of war, criutb ; ut every element of hor neutrality. Klio roust take one lids or tho other, and wisdom would seem to indicate 'lint she should seize the first favorable opportunity that iflers if she would not array her citizens In almost 111 lermitiablo civil strife. Let tho war progress as It will, licr intorest is so decidedly with the South that 1 havo no ippreheMlon as to the lliial issue. She will most assuredly follow in the wakoof Missouri. Tho special mail carrier from this point to Ooneral Pillow's army, returned tho other day, but brings no intelligence of Interest beyond the fact that tho army, 12.000 to IS,000 strong, splendidly equipped under Pillow and Cheatham, had advanced some thirty miles nearly north, when Iks left. Pillow and Cheatham, whoso commissions unfortunately boar the same date?making a conjoint command between officers of entirely op[K>8ite nature??had been visited byUenoral Jeff. Thompson, a Missouri State officer, and their plans duly arrangod; subsequent to which we hoar of the latter driving the Lincolnites from Cape Ctrardeau, and sinking the Hannibal City and capturing some 400 troop* on board at Commerce, thirty miles below. The juiicturo of their forces, 1 am told by those familiar with tho country, Is feasible almost at any time, despite any sally of the enemy from Bird's Point. Pillow or Thompson ha 1 scot forward a portion of their command to take possession of and fortify Sikesville, a small plio near Charleston station of tho raMroad extending southwest from the Point towards Arkansas; and kn< wn, let your readers remember, as tho "Cairoand Pulton Nailroad." An important fortification lias just been made, sinco Pillow's expedltltn of Island No. 10, lying in Madrid IVtnd, where the river runs from oast lowest, and llm rlii-tsinn linn linluronn Ifoliliwlrv nnil Tunnnitann strikes tho river, very fortunately, bo a* to throw tho wholo island on the south or Tennessee sldo. It wau at tiiIk point that General Polk recently apprehended norao buccossThI inantnuvro of tho enemy so strongly us to order Pillow and Cheatham's army down the river. A glance Ht Johnson s pocket ma|> of the Southern etates, such as I have before m \ will show tho danger that would have resulted from the enemy landing forces at tho feot of this iKlaiid, and sending others across the neck of the Madrid I lend to tho river aga la opposite I'ont Pleasant, thus invading Tennessee, and having Pillow'* army across the river behind thorn, while they marched overland only eighteen or twonty miles to attack Union City. This for 1 ideation of No. 10, like that of Ship Island, on the Mississippi coast, was made just in tho nick of time, and with mi alile o'flleor, Lieutenant Wm. Jackson (late U. 8. A.), In command, pretty effectually closes tho only important iloor thai lin I boen left unguarded against Invasion. Tho Tennessee line, I should explain, loll' Wing the river bank, takes in thu peninsula formed by Madrid B.'iui. Another imp?rt?nt fortification is Fort Henry, at tho mouth of IVig i-undy oroek, near its confluence with tho Tennessee river, a few miics nb >vo tho |s>int where tlio railroad crosses. I am not apprised of tho the full strength of these fortifications. The regiment of Missourinns which I wrote von had boon formed ai'tor Pillow's arrival and joined his command at Sew Madrid, received tho accession of a company of Iliinoisan* who had crossod th" river in small detachments on separate occasions, all provided with arms which thoy had kept concealed while watching their opportunity to Join us. Iturtng tho expedition of the army on incldont occurred to illustrate the infatuation of the submissionists or Missouri An Irishman on ono of our boats was sent out to fasti n tho cable, when a Missourian on shore ordered him not to tie it. Tho deck hand, so far as could be observed from tho boat, paid no attention to the command, upon which the infatuated Mitwouriun drow a bowie knifo, and in tho spirit of the mo?t wanton butchery, fatally stabbed him and cut him aeroBS the stomach. Tho poor fellow rolled down the steep hank or tho river, nearly, to the water's edge, while tho prompt discharge of a musket In the hands of the captain of the lsiat brought tho murderer to a parallel poaiilon close by the side of his victim. Tho Irishman survived him long enough to notice his death struggles, ami calmly turned from him, without, however, tho least manif) station of vln.lletiveness or remorse. Verily whut u volume might nirculy b? written In detail of thchorrors of this war?the nuict iufauious, perhaps, becuuso it should bt liondin ted on the must humane sj a em, and lx not. that hl?toriai>.H wlil ever be called on to record. And yet ninny of thcni, no doubt, will speak of It, whatever Its r stills, t>s Ilit) grandest crusade for liberty the world lias over seen. However crawl in Its appointments, m' st not woe ever betide such a crusade of Northern fratricides for the extermination of Southern brothei s? The Rev. Mr. f!rnv<*, of Nashville, recently preached her>'on the bleckadv o| the Bible The 1 incolnltcs, ho r'a-d, had effectually debarred on by th blockade from gettirg Bibles Or our soldlct?. ami it was a matter of exultwkm with the N"t lh that we were deprived of the mejirs of the Gospel, nnd must In come lieathcss. Y.m will have heard, by telegraph, of the J.lm-olnites capturing tlto Tennessee river packet W. B. T^rry.at 1'adicah, Ky., by their armed gunboat Coneataga. The captain and crew of the Terry managed In turn, and inocli better, too, to seize the Kumael Orr?the packet running from that place to Evtnsville, Indiana. Tlu) Orr is ? much Oner boat, and bad n valuable cargo, principally coflbo and bacon, wbeivas the Terry had dis i barged her freight. The neutrality of Kentucky was further violated yesterday by about one lUtxtsand Lluonliritee invading B!andville,asmall town ocai Columbus, where they seized tvro citizens and took them to Cairo. It is runvored that letters have beeu received from Ktheridge expressing regret ut his course, inasmuch as he is at last sat-islVd that there Is no hope h>r Tennessee in the old Union. The arrest of Nelson nnd Bridges changed' their course, and Brownlow has quieted down aa far aa to expri fs a tine opinion in his Journal of the merits of Gene ral 7i>llieolVer. One John Clark was recently arrested In Cumberland county for attempting to raise a Lincoln comiwniy in this State. Mark was wofulljr amazed when lie was toid that he would have to stand trial for treason, bo expecting instead to bo pardoned by Davis. Cool weather and plenty of rain have been the order of the day In this section foi more than a week. There Is considerable sickness from chills and fover. AFFAIRS IN TENNESSEE. Recent accounts from Nashville represent martial law as having been declared in that city. On .Saturday several gent,omen arrived at Ixnilsviile from Nashville who stated that no persons ure now permitted to como without passports. Gout'enien a;id ladles at Nashville, on account of not baviug passjioils, were refused admission into thu cats. One gentlemanon the train was turned back L from the 8tale lino Tor oat having the nocHtevy document Hie T/iiilnvllI" jimmnl saye:? Tha gentlemen wiih whom we uouvaruud ? >' tliat all the baggage or tho | a-sengrns, of wlu?tev<-r description, whs thoroughly examined, and many articles not iiermlttnd to come. All the letters 011 ih-i persona ol' tliu paosen gers wi re taken away, and the unsealed ones. wblrh had no stamps or post marks, retained. One of our informants had two letters of the lattor sort of much imi>ortanco to Mm. He hedged that they mlght.be broken opou and road, t/ut tins wan refused; thuy had to go hack to the Nashville committee. If Tennessee's condition renduri such doings necessary, secession must have been a bud busiuoss for her. HKAHCIl FOB All.MB OHDKHKD BY THK (IOVKKNOK. To the Clerks of the County Court* of the State of Tennessee:?You are hereby rw|Ut>8tcd to issue to ouch constable in your respective counties an order rii|i>iriug him ... iiiikv-uv nn|iiiry ai eucu iiousn in ins civil district for nil muskets, bayonuts, rillos, swords ami (n.-tulH bo lougiug to the Slate of Tennessee, to tuke them into pos wilflB Il4 deliver Ibm to you. A reward of one dollar will bo paid to the constable for eai-.li mtiHkct and bayonet ur rille, und of Ufly cents for each sword or pistol thus roclulnied. You will forward tho nmu thus obtained, at public ox- I penso, to tho military authorities ut Nashville, Knoxvilla and Memphis, a* may b? m<*a convenient; and will inform tho Military uml financial ffcutrd by letter uddressod totli m.it Nashvill", of tho result of your notion and of i tho expenses incurred. A chock (or the amount will be promptly forwardod. It is hoped that every officer will exert himself to have ' this order promptly executed. ISHAM G. UARKIS, Nashwi.ij.:, August 10, 1881. Governor, be. CONMTION UK THINdS IN KAST TKNNKSSKR. A man who was driven from Ills homo in Kast Tennessee 1ms written the following latter to the Louisville Democrat ? I have for the first time in my life Men men driven front their homes and property in my uative State?old i Ttonnorsue?where the freedom of spocch and of the press have always been allowed when our Star K)tangled Banner ] waved over her soil; but I suppose it ia no more than we may expert undor the llattlesnuko. I was raised in Ten- j ncssee, and have always been loyal to her, hut slv; has j provon disloyal to tho constitution and laws of the United States, and I, liko thousands of others, have left her and QotI to Kentucky, where the Stars and Stripes still wave in triumph ovor all oppoHition. I will uow state to you tins condition of thousands of loyal citixetn in Tennessee. They have had to lenvs their homes, their property, and all that is dear to them, and come over here and join tho army of tho United States to got holp to ftglit buck to their homes. About ?ne hundred and fifty of the bravo boys of I'Vntri'BS county left here this morning for headquarters, and there are hundreds of others who will soon follow them where they expect to get arms to defend their wives, who In some rimes are cruelly beaten, and in others made to fall upon their knees und pray for an hour, because their husbands and sons have esca)>ed Uie lutnds of the treacherous villains. Many good and loyal citizens are taken by tho luob and made to swear to protect their villunous confederal y, and whore they refuse they are Ix-aton with the swords of lite traitors uml held as prisoners of war. At the lato election hu old gentleman in Overton county, who oouid not read, was asked when ho cam<i to the polls how ho would vole. Uu answered for the Union candidates. They took li s ticket luid wrote "Kor Lincoln" on tlie top, and gavo it to hhu', and ho voted. One ('apt. Dill and one John l.iUlo then gavo him a ton days' notice to leave tho State. Another man etimo up, and this same (apt. Wm. A. Hill drew his revolver and said ho should not voto. Tho brave young follow told him tho only way he could prevent a wns to Hi nil him down. Tlic captain fulled to shoot|ami ho voted, and started forthwith to joiu the urmy, with the motto, Liberty or death! If the government does not arm us and sond us gomo help we must suffer dreadfully. If tho Union men wero well armed they would soon redeem old Tonnessee. I assure you wo have tho mvjoriiy yet in Twsoaseo, but tlio course they are taking with us Is driving many U> acknowledge the justness of tho rebel cause. The sooner wo get arms the bettor It will be for us and our cansu. IS ART TKNKKSaKB TKl'B TO THK UNION. (From tho Atlanta (Ha.) Intelligencer.] Weconversedyesterday with a distinguished gentleman from Augusta, just on his retr.ru front Virginia. He disclosed to us fuels and circumstances, which prove beyond doul t that East Tennessee Is rotten to the core on the secession question. Ho travolled over the railroad from Bristol to KnoxviUo. lie witnessed the greatest indignities toward tho wounded soldiers, who woro returning home by that route. Their pa|iers wore most rigiiHy scrutinized by the conductors of this road, aud in somo cafe>- poor wounded soldiers came very near being thrown off the ears, b.'causo their paiiers did not exactly suit the fastidious notions of these Union gentry. Governor Hart is should look to this thing, hurl tliese'upstarts from power, aud put men in charge of this road who are true and loyal to the South and her cause. Our informant stat< d to us that every road rrotn Staunton, Va., to Atlanta, G?., passed tho Southern soldiers without any annoyance, except the road from Bristol to Knoxville. Iu these perilous times no road should he permitted to havo In in- employment men who are not true to tho Confederal" States, when the road runs through one of the Confederate Siati-M. Again we say, let Governor Harris look well to this matter. KKBKT, WAR RI'MOHS. fFrom the Memphis Appeal, August 8.] Colonel John C. Hurcli, wo understand, yesterday brought to this city the intelligence that on lost Saturday uiglit Captain J. S. White's coin|)any, the Tonnessee Mounted Hides, with a detachment of the Hardomtut Avengers,Captain Arl, and the Missouri Scouts, Oaptaln Price, in all two hundred m??, proceeded withtu flvo miles of Hint's Point, destroyed a bridge there, tore up several hitndred yards of the railroad track, aud set (Ire to a long line of trestle work, thereby "preventing coin pli-tely the passage of trains. The detachment was under command or Captain Whito, and returnod to tho camp without tlio loss of a singl? man. It is said that tho Utn. n pickets wcro seen, but retreated as soon as our soldiers appeared. Fremont and his eight boats, loaded with soldiers, which left St. 1/iiiip on tho 1st Inst., had arrived at Cairo. Fremont's headquarters wuro at Cape Girardeau. A quantity of freight destined for Cairo had accumulated at Columbus Saturday night, on account of the capture of the (.'honey. A boat had boon tolegraphod for to Cairo, and was momentarily oxpected when tho S. H. Tucker left. Considerable uneasiness was ovlncod by the inhabitants there, who anticipated a visit from the black republican floct of boats, alt of which are said to carry several guns. Throughout tho city yesterday rumors were rifo that several scouting parties had met the enemy above New Madriil aud suffered more or less, but tlioy woro rumors and nothing more. 0 OEKKKAI. KOLMCOFPUt'S PROCLAMATION TO THB PEOPLE OP BAST TENNESSEE. Fhiiumc IIK.irxji/artkhh, Kwoxviujc, August It, 1841. The Goneral in command, grslilled at tho preservation of pence au<l the rapidly increasing evident:oh of confl. dcnce and good will among the people of Kast Tennessee, strictly enjoins upon those under his command the most scrupulous regard for the personal and property rights of all the inhabitants. No act or wurd wtll be tolerated calculate I to alarm or Irritate those who, though borotoforo. advocating the federal Union,now ncquic.-c6 in the decision of the Slato and submit to the authority of the go. vernment of tin Confederate Stales, anchor the poople uk hnvo fled from their homes under an apprehension of danger will be oncourng.>d to return, with an assnranco of entire security to all who wish to pursue their respective uvocations peacefully at homo. TJia Confederate government seeks not to enter into cpiestions of difference of political opinions heretofore existing, but to maintain the independence it litqi asserted by the united feeling and action of all Its citizens. Colonels of regiments and captains of companies will he held responsible for a strict observance of (his injunction within their respective com mands. and each olllcer eomnuuding a separate detachment or post will have this order read 10 his command. By order of Brigadier General If. K. ZOIJ.1C0TFER. HOW THK SOUTHERN ARMY IS RAISED. THK KXPKRIKNOK Of A UNION HAN IN NKW OKl.KA.NS. [Krom the ].onisville I'cniocrat.Sefit 4.J Mr. J. Goldman, of New Orleans, called In our office od Monday, to give its s< me information In relation to the manner in which the Confederate armies are nil d up. Ho brings satisfactory letters showing that he is reliable nud confirming the facts he narrutcB. He voted for Mr. Tonglas in tfi" late Presidential election. On the 22d day of May last he was arrested, and presented before the Mayor of New Orleans as a Unionist or abolitionist. Tho Mayor told him that if he would enlist in tli* Confederate army, or would raise a company and name It after him, that lie would bo freed from the charge. Mr. Goldman knowing the peril in which he was involved, acceded the pro|Kmition, and raised a company named tho Mori roe Guard, after the Mayor. The company raised at a considerable expense, Captain Goldman found himself unable to clothe them The Confederate government, or tho Southern States, never do this, as is customary with our government or States; it must bo done, if at all, by private subscription. In this emergency, tmaljle to cloths or purchece shrcs lor his men. by advice he changed tho name of his company to the Block ItilKs, after Mr. Black, of New Orleans. A few days Aft or the Mayor, having heard of this, brought up the old chargo of his being a Unionist. Capt. Goldman paid little attention to this until, on starting to tho camp one day, he was ndvised by his brother that flfteon or twenty men had been sent to waylay him, and was also advised l\y bjm to i scape, if possible, to the I Union Mates. After various chances lie reached this city ; some two weeks ago. Sir. Colli man wan in the <lry good* business, a P? ! kinder l?y liirtli, auil his company was attached to General ! Toch man's t'olis-h Brigade. (ienerai Tochman, it will bo rcmeidhcrpJ, wug the teacher of foreign languages In the old Ijuilsville College. The accouuts given of tha manner in which enlistments are made i> absolutely shocking. Meu are made drunk, knecked down, and coollnad In tlie cotton pn?s under guards of seutries until they consent to enlist. They are removed to camp, and then watchcd and guarded with scrupulous attention. As an instance, the Ural regiment of Tochmau's brigado, under command of Col. Sold kofski, contained a numlwr of Irish. They were ill clad and ill fed, picked up tn the manner reforred to. They were ordered to Virginia about four weeks ago. For several dux a beforo their departure two companies of them were strictly guarded by ir??o from the Second regl meat to prevent tliem from disbanding. i At tlrand Junction, at the crossing <>( the Memphis and Charleston read, there was no food for the regiment, and all the provision houses were shut up. Tho starving solI diers assaulted the hotel, and some twenty were shot down before the riot was suppressed. Numbers o*cuped tn the confusion. All that is necessary to force men to enlist is to charge them with being "Union men,"' and requiring them to join the Confederate army or Nj nv bbed and murdered. A systematized course of plunder Is carried on by taking petitions to iho different wealthy men In New Orloans, requiring them to contribute" to tho Confederate army under threats of conOscnttonand mob. Thore is no security of life and no freedom of speech The system of Impressing foreigners is carried on almost without limit. The ltri tish Consul interfered one?, and but once, notwithstanding tho repeated demands for relief. The presence of Uussoil, of tho Ixmdon 7Vm*s, Is supposed to have caused this. As to the other foreign Onsuls, not one of them did anything, but, on tlieoontrary, all contribute money and encouragement lo induce enlistments, and refuse protection to their countrymen, lu short, it is such a picture of mobocracy iu iu most degraded and roc'ilcw - ' """" ~ I j seoso, ? would mak<> anyone shudder to eonteinptale. And that, be tt borne in mind, Is In the freest oHj of the Southern confederacy, whore the Union feeling was the strongest. Tho property holders iu Now Orlo'mjt, Capt (iotdniun informs n?, and all of the reapeetablo portion of tho people, aro id favor of tho Uuion, but, lor ream** already given, dare not speak out. A woril out of the way, and life slid property would be sacrificed, upon tho altar of that fiovernmeDt at Kielimoad whicrh, claiming to be in j>erfi>ct froodom, ei>)lsls Its armle* by impressment, i aiul gem its reveuue by U? irresistible authority ol mobs. MILITARY RESOURCES OP THE REBBL STATES. [From lh<' Richmond Kxaininer, August 2.T 1 Wo lourn lh?t Con^re^R has made a call upon the Govern . or^or all tho .Slates ol'tlio confederacy, foi tko number oad description of small arms now in their |*tyseisiion, ?ud also those sent out of tho Status uml their destinations. The liovernors of t'ue respective States lire earnestly ro<1 uestod to give information forthwith of thu uutnbor of regiments in their Stales formed,or in process of form*tlon, but not yot received into the service of the Coufoderate States. Tlie collection under authentic circumstances of these particulars is of thu Ugliest public im portanee to give the government here information of the military resources of tho country. The Governor* will make the communications requested of thetu to the Chief or Ordnance ia Richmond. TELEGRAPHIC ARMY COMMUNICATION AT THE SOUTH. A reliable gentleman, a Union man, direct from the South, wbo has arrived after hair breadth escape# not necessary to detail, puts us in peasession of some very interesting information regarding tclcgrapbtc operations in the rebel army. During the battle of Ball run tho telegraph was in ruM operation within their line*. They had it eataaded M CentroriUe nest morning, aad one hour after the fedeni troops lert Fairfax they bad it extended to that point, aatf were in direct communication with Richmond. We bad supposed that in our army In Western Virginia, as wei as In our army in Eostsrn Virginia, we had a monopoly of the telegraph. Now, it is important that we should assume nothing that is sot truo, and that facts should be loulcod square in the face In retreating from their lines in rront of Washington they broke down their telegraph!# communication, lest they might be seized by oar army and turned against them. But no sooner did they return to their bold positions than they established telographic communication again, and the socret telegraph on tbe ground through the grass, covered with tho insulating guttapercha, is as well known to them and as actively in use as it is under General McClellan. Tbey liavo a well organized and elUcieal corps or tolegraphic oporators in tbe Southern army. AFFAIRS IN SOUTH CAROLINA AND VIR N1NIA. [From tho Philadelphia Enquirer, Sopt. 6.) We Inst night f>uid a visit to a gentleman who lias just arrived hero from Charleston, i-'outh Carolina, but vrira lma also vinled bevcral other Soulhorn cities. In what manner ho reached here it is not necessary to stato. It will bo SMlllcient when we romark that he Ib a wall known cilizon, whose naiue is abovo reproach. la Charleston every male poison over fourteen, aud under sixty, are drilled daily, except four peraons?tho Judge, the Marshal, the Sheriff, and the Jailer. Our informant was conllned in tho common tail of the city among murderers, thiovos and vagabonds of low degree nutter, ham, cheese, lard and coffee are cxccodinglr scarce, there being nono to tin had oxoopt at very high rates, (i round coffee wai gelling at 45 cants per pound. The cargo of the bark Rowena, lately captured and lakes In thoie, ?v Bold at 36 a 38 cento,J,cj?b. For fourteen days the occu|>antg of the room in the jatl with our informant, twenty-seven, wore allowed daily twelve loaves of bread and what water they desired. Sometimes they wero allowed to trado off cveu pounds of broad for tho samo in beef, which was so intolerably bad that the stomach sickened at the smell of it. In the there is, at this time, a gentleman who resides in the vicinity of Charleston, and who is confined for liio Union sentiments. There are great numbers, of the planters whe aro firm on tho (Jnion question; but to express their sentiments, by word or dood, is too dangerous a business Ior them to be ongaged in at present. This statement waa made to our informant by one who resides there, and to unquestionably correct. Fort Moultrie has been completely repaired, and the defences of the harbor aro in excellent condition. A new privateer schooner, built In Charleston, expressly for faat sailing, was to have sailed on a cruise on the 1st or 3d of August. Captain Libby, formerly in the merchantservice at Charleston, was to command her. Tho guns of the privateer Dixie were to l>e put on board of her, as tho Dixit would not go out again. At the entrance to North Edisto, a port twouty five miles south of Charleston, there are two sand batteries, well manned and having several larga gun?. Thire is always Qi'teen feet of water <m tho bar at this plaoe, and after crossing It the depth is sufficient for any vessol ordinarily used for commercial purjKiees. There ' is also a marsh battery, commanding the entrance t* North Fdisto, on tho north bank of the river. I.ast Friday, at two o'clock, our informant left Charleston on tho train (tossing through Woidon, North Carolina, at which place the newsboys wore soiling extras containing tho news of the enpturo of Hatteraa. The excitement was very great, and a company Of soldiers from Florida, who were bound for Richmond, and who were on board tho train, were detained for service in North Carolina, m thoy expected an invasion from the "Yankees" then at Hal turns. Leaving Weldon, the train bearing our Informant came on to Petersburg, Virginia, where it waa dalayed several hours by failing to connoct with the trai* for lttchmond. Here they were put in a room under a guard or soldiers for tlvo hours, until the next train Ml for Richmond. Tho o<mduct of the rebel soldiers towards tho passengers on board who were known to bo Northern residents was brutal in the extreme, which accounts for a guard being placed over them. It was not for fear of an attempt to escape, but to protect them from violence at the hmds of the troops and ragmuRtng in the stroets. Arriving at Richmond, our Informant was taken to the Central Hotel and welt provided for, and remained over Sunday ?nd Monday. He waa permitted to walk about tho streets at his pleasure, and made good use of his eyes, in order to ascertain the condition of aflfcirs about town. He saw the three tobacco warehouses where the moat Of the Bull run prisoners areoontined, but was kept moving on by tho point of a bayonet, If he paused to cloaelf la NIM'CV VI1U VT IUMUW* ur UUUIB. In these three warehouse* are confinod, according (a tho statement of a Baltimorean who endeavored to get North with him, but wm unsuccessful, 1,(00 or 1.0M Moral pfiaonors. Each building was four stories high, and every floor was occupied by them, as he saw them at the windows looking out in arowds. .He firmly believed there could not be many more than the number elated, a* ho saw quite enough to convince him of that Tact. This same llaltlmoreon who failed in getting through with oar informant also stated to him that be waa at the battle of Hull run, having been in Richmond previous to it, and like many other foolish young men, took sides against his countrymen, not thinking that the effect would bt what it proved. Ho stated that not lees than Ave thousand on thair sfcto wore killed, to say nothing of tho wounded. They possessed only flint lock muskets to a great extent, and in the early part of the battle were shot down like dog*. While sitting on tho balcony of the hotel in Richmond ha overheard several individuals complaining about tho offleial ro|K>rts of Gonoral* Beauregard and Johnston, which had not yet hecn given. lASt .Sunday about seven hundred rein! soldiers left Richmond, destined for the North Carolina coast protection. Our informant was not permitted to go outside of the city to examino tho fortifications, which ho understood were of a formidable character. The person who gave han tho information about tho other robot mailers, informed him that there were only about 4,500 troops there? merely enough to take caro of the fortifications, A*. The number ol' ladies and gentlemen who were soon in tha streets of Richmond, dressed in mourning, wax very nalirenble. Hu heard that they were building a (bating battery at the Norfolk Navy Yard. THE SOUTHERN SEQUESTRATION ACT. The Richmond Examiner, of the 21 inst., givos an abstract of a very important bill passod by Congrou shortly before the adjournment, for thosoqucitratiouaf all Northern property found in theft uth:? The bill recites, in the caturo of a preamble, tho departure of the government and the |>eoplo of the United States from tho usages of civilized warfare, and the n?C8?ity of our only protection against such wrongs ta moasuroH of retaliation The following is tho principal legislative clause:? Bo it enacted, by the Congress of the Confederate Slates, That ull and every, the lands, tenements and hereditament.", goods anil chattel*, rights and credits within these Confederate States; ond every right and interoet therein held, owned, possessed or enjoyed by or for any alien enemy, since tho twenty-first day of May, 1801, except such debts duo to an alien enemy aa may have been paid Into the Treasury of any one of the Omfederate States prior to tho passage of this law, bo and thfc same are hereby soquestrated by the Owfoderat* C?aIa(i nf America Ar>*f ehjill brt Tor the fllll imlem nlty of any true and loyal citizen, a resident ol these (tonfederate sulci, or other jierson aiding said Confederal* Stat.* in the prosecution or the present war between said Confederate State* and the UnitedStates of America, and for which he may suffer any loss or injury under the act of the United Staffs to which this act la retaliatory, or under any other art of the United States, or of any State thereof, authorizing the seizure or confiscation of the property of citizens or reagents of the Conrrilerate States, ,! or other iwrson aiding said Confederate States, and the ?ame xhail bo seized and disposed of as provided for In this act: Provided, however, when the estate, property or rights to he aflt ctcd fey this act were or are within wmt State ot this confederacy, which has become s-icli sine* ; Raid twenty tirst ilay of May, then this act shall operate u|*>? and v to such estate, property or rights, and all persons claiming tho same from and after the day such Statu became a member of this confederacy, and not before: Provided further, Mutt the provisions of thla act shall not extend to the stocks or other pub- ; Ire securities of the Confederate goviTnment, or of any of tha States of this confederacy, hoM or owned by an alien enemy, or to any debt, obligation or sum due from tho Oxifederate govornmeut, or any jj of the States to such aHen enemy : And provMe.l, a<so, 1 That tho provisions of this act shall not embrace the pro- 1 perty of citizens or residents of either of the States of I n-.i...%isrv!nnit . Ketiturkv. Missouri, or of tin nta. I trlot or Columbia, or of the Territories of Now Mexico, Arizona, or the Indian Territory south of Kansas, oxoept stu b of said citizens or resdents as shall commit actual liestilltleg against the Confederate ftatw.or aid or abe? the United Sates in ?ho existing war against the Onofedai ate State*. sections two to thirteen provide for tho appointment of receivers In each county, and impose a penalty of $2,000 on all who may endeavor to oonceol the ownership of property bolouging to alien enemies. Section fonrleen provides for the appointment of threo Commissioners to take charge of the Sequestration Fund and to hear and decide on all claims against It. An Inmknsii Thais.?Yestorday the longest train of car* ever neon in this city, and probably the longest ever se?n in tbo world, passed over the Central Railroad from \h< j Knst. It was one mllo and a quarter and thirty ro jg in length, and was drawn by flvo locomotives. Of bourse but few of tho cars were loaded. They were b.utnd for FinlTalo, to be iliere loaded with We3toru produce.?Kcchctter l/'nion , Sept 3. * * I - +*'*00. '??* * | I . J

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