## Newspaper of The New York Herald, September 9, 1861, Page 4

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4 NEW YORK HERALD. JAAIE8 GORDON BENNETT, EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR. 9KKICB N. W. OORNKK OF PULTON AND NASSAU 8TS. TERMS rash in advance. Money sent by matt will be at the rid Qf the render. Hone l*d Hank bills current in New York ? T1IK DAILY HERALD, tiso rente per ropi/, $7 per annum. THE WEEKLY HERALD, mmy Satuntay, at eix rent* iter toy>V, or$3 per annum; the European Edition *t>ery We?tnem(ay% * "'X cent* pet copy; $4 per annum to any pari of (treat Hi Haiti, or$0 12 to any pari of the Ckmtinmi, f-tth te inclu*te poet age; the California E*fition on the 1*/, 11M and2l$t qf each m<mth% at six Cr> per ropy, or$2 75 per annum. Title IT A U Ft I* lit. IJ a F it IT^a/*kli ?i nM. Cdfiy, or %2 pr annum. Volume XXVI. No. 350 amusements this evening. VINTER GARDEN, Bioadway.?Cinderh.la?Cool AS A ClIOUBBBR. NEW BOWERY THBATRR. Bowory.-Buu. Run?Cool AS a I ul'umubu?ilalfaunu a.1V AUMIi RARNUM'B AMRRICAN MUSEUM. Broad way.-Day and Ert-ning?Tina i hik? Ai.l? i.uvk !* I.ivkrk-Uirro rotauuh, Uba Lion, and Othbb Ccbiobitibs. BRYANTS' MINSTRELS, Mechanic*' Hall, 472 BroadWay.? Softos, Iiascks, liusutaauica, Ac.?Wiua Awakk. MELODEON CONCERT HALL, No. M9 Broadway.? bom.s, Gamubb, Bublbhupks. 40.? 1bbla.su in 1A&J. CANTERBURY MUSIO HALL, 085 Broadway.-Sonoi, t>a?CiCft, HUKLBUQUBS. AO. GAIETIES CONORRT ROOM, ?16 Broadway.?Drawing Boom Entbbtainbbntb Ballbts. I'antobibbh, Karcbd, Ac. AMERICAN MUSIC IIALL, 4M Broadway.?Songs, BalUrii>. 1'antomibb.i. Ac.?>1 <ih'bradb Ball. CRYSTAL PALACE CONCERT HALL. No. 45 Bowery,-. Bvblimuuk.i. Songs. Danckd, AC.?Black Stati b. New York, Monday, September 0,1801. wuu WAlt MAPS. The numerous maps, plans and diugrams of v operations of the Union and rebel troops in rginia, Missouri, Illinois, Florida, and on the Missippi and Missouri rivers, which have been publedfrom time to time in the Nkw York Hrkalp, now printed on one sheet, and is ready for . livery. Agents desiring copies are requested to ocnd in their orders immediately. Single copies aix cents. Wholesale price the same as for the Wholly Hkbald. THE SITUATION. Prom Western Virginia the news is of an important character. General liosecrans is reported a,, having crossed the mountain in full force, and the pickets had even been fired upon by the rebels at ft distance of four ?iles from the main camp. Thin movement of General Rosecrans is one of great moment, and if the rebels will but stand fire, the Intelligence of a battle of some consequence may be received very soon. The news from Washington is of a very momentous charaoter. The Minister of the Russian Emperor delivered a document from his Imperial Majesty, sympathizing strongly with the government f the United States in their present troubles. Mr. Beward returned a reply of grateful acknowledgment. General Fremont's proclamation caused at first ome excitement among the members of the Cabinet, but has since been fully endorsed by them. It is expected that the document nay have some effect upon the actions of Garibaldi relative to the present contest. The Sabbath waa particularly observed yesterday among the camps in accordance with the special order of General McClellan. The pickets kept ?p a desultory fire during the day, and even at one me a general engagement waa expected, but ightfall brought quiet once more. j Reports were prevalent in the capital that tbe ebela had broken camp at Manassas and were advancing upon Washington, bat the rumors were Hot credited by General McClellan. All the works below Alexandria and above Washington were now considered capable of resisting any attack the rebels could make upon them. Several attempt* had been made by the rebels to cross the Potomac In the neighborhood of General Banks' and General Btone's forces, but had in all cases been efficiently repulsed. General MoClcllan has personally made an Beranautical ruconnoisance, but the result of his investigations has not transpired. The government has been adopting a vigorous policy with some of the rebel sympathizers at Balmore. Twenty of them were arrested a few mileb from the city on Saturday night, while on their Way to Virginia. They had in their possession Wagons, horses, military uniforms, flannel, medicines, ft rebel flag and a number of letters, all of which were taken possession of by the government. A wagon maker was also arrested in Baltimore for making a wagon with false floors, Ac., beneath which were discovered a number of contraband articles and letters from important Baltimore citizens to prominent rebels in Virginia. The documents and other articles were sent to General Dix. An order has been issued by n,.~ 1 J!? as ucuciii uuiuuiauuiiiK pruuioiling ail communication with the State prisoners in Fort MoHenry, to which place some of those thus recently arrested have been sent. The intelligence from Fortress Monroe and Hattcras Inlet continues to confirm the reports of the returning loyal feeling of the residents of North Carolina. Another fort is reported as being evaouated "doubtless preparatory to its surrender to the government. It is further reported that if the Union troopB should invade Beaufort they would be supported by a large number of North Carolinian loyalists. Commndoro Stringham had arrived at Old Point in advance of his flagship. The Quaker City arrived yesterday at the Brooklyn Navy Yard, bringing seven prisoners from the rebel schooner H. Middleton. The robels were landed at Fort Lafayette. It is rumored in Missouri that Generals Rains and Price had captured Fort Scott, with all the stores, arms, ammunition, Ac. Colonel Montgomery and forccs are said to be prisoners, but the whole h' .itement requires confirmation. THE NEWH. The Proridence line of steamers, which arrive r' this port daily, have for Rome time past brought ?> '. freight Urge quantities of cotton from the ti >ve port, for shipment to Europe. The Pelican, *iiich arrived yesterday morning, had some 200 bales. The Third Rhode Island regiment, numbering 'to men, raak and file, under the command of Col. 1 \nuing, arrived yesterday in the steamer Comi >dore, and were landed at Fort Hamilton, where liy will encamp. )n the 30th of August, when the last report was > .dc up, there were eight huidred and fifty-Ave . vk and wounded soldiers in the hespitals at Washington, Georgetown and Alexandria, and of these K ' three hundred and sixty-two belonged to State of Mi w York regiment*. Nathaniel B. Baker, who has been nominated an the Union candidate for Governor of Iowa, waa the last democratic Governor of New Hampshire. After his defeat in 1865 he emigrated to Iowa, where he took a prominent part in politics, and wan chosen Adjutant General of the State. In accordance with the finding of a court martial, General McClellan hus ordered William Scott, of Company K, Third Vermont regiment, to be shot to-day, for sleeping on his post while on pickct guard. The Toronto (Canada) Leader, a paper in the employ of the secessionists, is continually working itncir into a passion over the fear that citizens of Cunada will enter the Union army. It imagines that invitations have already been sent to a number of individuals to join a Scottish regiment, which is raising in the Provinces, and it therefore warns the federal government not to go too far in this work. We have not heard of any ono being frightened as yet. The following is the official vote cast at the August election for State Treasurer in Kentucky:? J. H. Garrard, Union 83,161 Two secession candidates 1(?,006 Union majority 67,146 In tho face of this, the secessionists are again clamoroas for the " sentiments" of the people. Parson Brownlow, tho valiant and fighting editor of the Jtnoxville (Tenn.) Whig, has really come down and took his position on tho secession platform. Hut a few days ago he announced that when he wuntcd to go to Satan's dominions he would cut his throat and take the short way, but that he would never attompt to roach those localities by the long road through Jeff. Davis' Southern confederacy. It appears that the reverend gentleman has finally concluded to take the " long road," und is now fairly on his travels to the place above referred to. The vote for Governor of Vermont at the recent election will foot up about as follows:? llolbrook, republican and Union 40,000 Tracy, Union and republican 2,000 Smallcy, democrat 3,000 To-day the annual election will be held In Maine. The executive is the ouly State office to be filled, lor which the republican)! have nominated tor reelection Israel Washburn, Jr. The democrats, ifter having a very pretty family quarrel in their convention, divided, and brought out separate tickets. The hard shells or "peace" secessionists nominated John W. Dana, and the Unionists concluded to run Colonel Charles W. Jamison, who was in command of the Second Maine regiment. There can be no mistake about the result, as the vote for Govern< r last fall will conclusively show, l'he result was as follows:? Vashburn, (republican) 69,4CJ Smart, (democrat) 61,37b Barnes, (national Union) 1,720 St. Anne's Roman Catholic church, oorr.er of Front and Cold streets, Brooklyn, was solemnly dedicated yesterday by Bishop Laughlin. Father (ileeson is the pastor. Tho cotton market was steady and Arm on Saturday, though less active. The sales embraced about 700 bales, closing at 22c. a 22 ^c. for middling uplands. The re ceiptsof flour continued to bo light, which tended to re itriot transactions, while price* were firm. Who<it was .a fair demand, and early In tho day was firm; but tho market closed dull and hoavy for must descriptions. Corn was heavy and easier, while sales wore tolerably active, chiefly for Kastorn porta and for export, at 49c. for good Western mixed. Pot It was heavy and dull, with sales oi' mess at $13 75 a$14, and of pritno at $9 76, with small >ots of heavy barrels at$10. Sugars wore Arm and active, with sales of 2,000 hhds. at full price*. Coffee was llrm, with sale* of 2,.100 bags Klo at 13\c. a 16c., and 260 mats prime Java at 20c. Freights to English ports wore slaok and rather easier for grain to Liverpool, while rate* to Havre and other Continental porta were unchanged. I'll* Emperor of Rnula Speak* (br the Union?A Magnificent Letter. It is with no ordinary satisfaction that we nbmit to our readers this morning the broad, generous and enlightened views of the Emperor of Russia on tho subject of our Southern rebellion, as communicated to our government through the admirable letter of Prince Gort>cliakoff to the Russian Minister at Washington. Mark the delicacy with which, in this imperial communication, our present overshadowing lomestio troubles and dangers are approached. The Czar, modest! v nlejiriinc tho nr!vilr>< nf on old and constant friend, cannot resist the desire to assure our government and our people of his sympathies for the cause of our Union, and of his wishes to see it re-establvhed in its integrity. Carefully avoiding theVofficious , character of a partisan, and every pretension of a judge between the two divisions of our country in arms against each other, the Emperor puts forward an appeal for the Union which leaves no loophole for a double construction. Sympathizing with the success of our united country, tho prosperity of our peo pie, and the unexampled developement of a powerful nation under our popular institutions, llussia, bestriding the continents of Europe and Asia, and standing high above the contemptible jealousies of England, has failed to discover the elements of an independent power in the spurious government of our rebellious Confederate States. It requires no profound researches into the antecedent relations of England and Russia with the United States to enable us to reach a just conclusion between the equivocal neutrality and "belligerent rights" presented by England, on the one hand, touching our so-called Southern confederacy, and, on the other hand, the clear and unequivocal attitude of Russia. We perceive at once that while England regards our country united as a great rising commercial rival which it is her interest and her purpose to put down, Russia regards the maintenance o^ our Union as essential to the balance of power in both hemispheres. Nor can we doubt in thiB connection the solicitude expressed by the Czar in reference to our domestic security, happiness and prosperity. Ilis views upon this point are those of an enlightened and inquiring statesman, devoted to the cause of Union, law and order, and against disintegration, discordu >tnd anarchy. We incline to the opinion that our loyal people wiH not consider the very brief letter of Mr. toward in reply to Prince GortschakofT as equal to tbe occasion. We think that Mr. Sew. ardhaa neglected a fine opportunity for a tell, ing exposition to the W *tern Powers of Europe of this American question. But, however this may be, we have no doubt that this admirable and seasonable letter from St. Petersburg will create a more profound sensation in the British Cabinet than that resulting from the battle of Bull run. Lords I'almersten and Russell will discover from this Russian view of American afTairs that an English continental ..alliance with the German States against Louis Napoleon will probably be met by an alliance including France, Italy and Russia. At all eventa the double-dealing statesmen of England will be apt to recognise in this letu-i of instructions to the Russian Minister at Washington a rebuke and a warning entitled to respect. In this anticipation we aro particularly gratified that the Emperor of Russia lias s fkurly dvluied his position. , EW YORK BERALP, M?] Forward to New Uiltunt, 1>o\vV "" Mlnlillppl. A victory over the rebel host on the bank# ??^ the Potomuc would be of the highest importance to the Union cause. But it would not end tho war. The cotton States, the botbed of ccces nion, would still be iutaot. The true direction, therefore, in which to strike, in order to liuiko short work, is clown the Mississippi. A suitable expedition launched upon its waters can penetrate at once into the very heart of the rebellion, provided it is set forward promptly and in bufllcient force before the Mississippi is fortified by guxiB of large calibre and powerful earthworks. An a preliminary to this it will be necessary to secure the States of Missouri and Kentucky, so as to leave no fire in the rear. And how is this to be done ? We answer, General Fremont must bo supplied with won nnd money without stint, so that he can move forward with his grand army as uninterrupted in his progress as the miyestio flow of the Father of Waters. Whatever money he needs should be placed immediately in his hunds, so ?s to enable him to buy what he requires at once, and at such prices as it can be obtained for, without delay, red tape or circumlocution. It will never do to go through the routino of advertising for sealed proposals to furnish every button nnd shoe string that may bo wanted, under the pressing timet and oircumstances by which General Fremont Ls surrounded. Procrastination is fatal. As well mipht we advertise for sealed proposals for a boat to rescue a drowning man as to delay till everything required lor the expedition is obtained iu this wuy. We have already paid dearly for the dilatorL news of the government in reinforcing tho Wont, ern division of the army. Had the earnest appeals of General Lyon been promptly responded to, our troops might Lave been in Arkansas today, victorious, and with Lyon alive at their head, llo died of red tape. Ho would have been reinforced, as it was, by General Fremont but for the l*tk of means of transportation. The government even now do not seem to rise to the height of the occasion, or to comprehend the magnitude of the work that is to be done. In Missouri the rebels hud alreudy been whipped and dispersed, and their Governor put to flight. Lyon was anxious to advance South at once and conquer his way as he proceeded; but the government turned a deaf ear to his appeals for help, and thus enabled the dispersed insurgents to rally, and reinforcements to come to their aid from Arkansas and Louisiana, by which a large force was concentrated near Springfield. Tho loss of Lyon and many of his brave men was the consequence, and the still greater loss of opportunity and of prestige won by heroic blood. Delay, necessary to the reconquest of Missouri, is the penalty of the feeble milk aud water policy adopted ut Washington. The whole attention of the Cabinet and tho means ut their disposal appear to be ooncent ruled at tho uationul capital around themselves, while tho operations in the Northwest and Southwest have been allowed to languish for want of adequate support, and nearly ull the advantages gained in Western Virginia and Missouri are lost to tho Union? a greater loss, perhaps, in its ultimate effects, when viewed with the comprehensive eye of a statesman and a general, than even tho loss of tho city of Washington. All must not be sacrificed to a single city, which, without success elsewhere, would be of little use to tho fcdoral government. It is right and necessury to defend Washington to the last, aud it is right to establish the authority of tho United States over revolted Virginia; but while these things are done other things equally essential ought not to have been lelt undone. The most effectual way, perhaps, of defending Washington, capturing Richmond and subduing Virginia, is by the way of the Mississippi. The liiivi* tin* trriMit. lmlLr nf tlwtir nrmv uow iu Virginia. The moment the cotton Stale* are assailed by a formid: bio column, led down the Mississippi by Fremont, and at the same time pressed aloug the Atlantic seaboard aud in the Gulf, besides assailed by a column landed in Mexico to cross the frontier of Texas? which our government, according to good Confederate authority, have permission from Mexico to do?the rebels will then fapidly retreat southward to defend their homes,and will leave Virginia to her fate. This is the way to conquer, and it is only by supplying the mean* commensurate with this large scale of operations that speedy and complete success can bo achieved. No member of the Cabinet can niako a reputation under the present administration, or guin the popular favor in any way, except by facilitating tho operations of our brave young generals, on whom the safety of tho Union depends. On them the country relies for tho suppression of the rebellion, and whatever money they need the people are willing freely to give them. Let the government, therefore, at once act up to the convictions and wishes of the people, who have been hitherto entirely ahead of the administration in their zeal, and in a propter appreciation of tho terrible crisis through which the country is passing. Let Secretary Chose make the same broad distinction which exists in the public mind between a state of peace and a state of war, and consider that what would be a commendable saving in ordinary times may prove a false economy and a disastrous policy now. Every dollar legitimately expended at the present will be a saving of five dollars hereafter. Every drop of patriot blood shed now will save the effusion of oceans of blood In future years. Now is the acceptable time for energy and effort, for now is thn duv of salvation. An Inhuman ATnocrrr.?The burning of tho railroad bridges by tho rebels on the Hannibal and St. Joseph Railroad, by which a train was precipitated into tho bed of a river, thereby killing seventeen persons on the spot and seriously wounding many more, is one of thoso diabolical acts which deserves the cxecration of mankind and the punishment of death upon its heartless perpetrators. It is a worse crime than the poisoning by a Chinese of the bread intended for the British army in China, because directed towards tho destruction of innocent people taking no active part in hostilities, and those people of the same kin and country u* the plotters in this cowardly tragedy. It would be difficult for us to sufficiently express our abhor rence of anything so hellish in design and devilish in execution, and wc make use of the words witk a more than vulgar sense of their meaning. We sincerely hope that those who have been guilty of this infamous wickedness will be discovered and brought to justice. Meanwhile, we SI DAY, SEPTEMBER 9, 186] caunot but condole with the wounded survivors und the afflicted mourners of the dead, and deplore that Buch an outrage should have dis| "raced Missouri.