Newspaper of The New York Herald, September 9, 1861, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated September 9, 1861 Page 4
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4 NEW YORK HERALD. JAAIE8 GORDON BENNETT, EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR. 9KKICB N. W. OORNKK OF PULTON AND NASSAU 8TS. TERMS rash in advance. Money sent by matt will be at the rid Qf the render. Hone l*d Hank bills current in New York ? T1IK DAILY HERALD, tiso rente per ropi/, $7 per annum. THE WEEKLY HERALD, mmy Satuntay, at eix rent* iter toy>V, or $3 per annum; the European Edition *t>ery We?tnem(ay% * "'X cent* pet copy; $4 per annum to any pari of (treat Hi Haiti, or $0 12 to any pari of the Ckmtinmi, f-tth te inclu*te poet age; the California E*fition on the 1*/, 11M and2l$t qf each m<mth% at six Cr> per ropy, or $2 75 per annum. Title IT A U Ft I* lit. IJ a F it IT^a/*kli ?i nM. Cdfiy, or %2 pr annum. Volume XXVI. No. 350 amusements this evening. VINTER GARDEN, Bioadway.?Cinderh.la?Cool AS A ClIOUBBBR. NEW BOWERY THBATRR. Bowory.-Buu. Run?Cool AS a I ul'umubu?ilalfaunu a.1V AUMIi RARNUM'B AMRRICAN MUSEUM. Broad way.-Day and Ert-ning?Tina i hik? Ai.l? i.uvk !* I.ivkrk-Uirro rotauuh, Uba Lion, and Othbb Ccbiobitibs. BRYANTS' MINSTRELS, Mechanic*' Hall, 472 BroadWay.? Softos, Iiascks, liusutaauica, Ac.?Wiua Awakk. MELODEON CONCERT HALL, No. M9 Broadway.? bom.s, Gamubb, Bublbhupks. 40.? 1bbla.su in 1A&J. CANTERBURY MUSIO HALL, 085 Broadway.-Sonoi, t>a?CiCft, HUKLBUQUBS. AO. GAIETIES CONORRT ROOM, ?16 Broadway.?Drawing Boom Entbbtainbbntb Ballbts. I'antobibbh, Karcbd, Ac. AMERICAN MUSIC IIALL, 4M Broadway.?Songs, BalUrii>. 1'antomibb.i. Ac.?>1 <ih'bradb Ball. CRYSTAL PALACE CONCERT HALL. No. 45 Bowery,-. Bvblimuuk.i. Songs. Danckd, AC.?Black Stati b. New York, Monday, September 0,1801. wuu WAlt MAPS. The numerous maps, plans and diugrams of v operations of the Union and rebel troops in rginia, Missouri, Illinois, Florida, and on the Missippi and Missouri rivers, which have been publedfrom time to time in the Nkw York Hrkalp, now printed on one sheet, and is ready for . livery. Agents desiring copies are requested to ocnd in their orders immediately. Single copies aix cents. Wholesale price the same as for the Wholly Hkbald. THE SITUATION. Prom Western Virginia the news is of an important character. General liosecrans is reported a,, having crossed the mountain in full force, and the pickets had even been fired upon by the rebels at ft distance of four ?iles from the main camp. Thin movement of General Rosecrans is one of great moment, and if the rebels will but stand fire, the Intelligence of a battle of some consequence may be received very soon. The news from Washington is of a very momentous charaoter. The Minister of the Russian Emperor delivered a document from his Imperial Majesty, sympathizing strongly with the government f the United States in their present troubles. Mr. Beward returned a reply of grateful acknowledgment. General Fremont's proclamation caused at first ome excitement among the members of the Cabinet, but has since been fully endorsed by them. It is expected that the document nay have some effect upon the actions of Garibaldi relative to the present contest. The Sabbath waa particularly observed yesterday among the camps in accordance with the special order of General McClellan. The pickets kept ?p a desultory fire during the day, and even at one me a general engagement waa expected, but ightfall brought quiet once more. j Reports were prevalent in the capital that tbe ebela had broken camp at Manassas and were advancing upon Washington, bat the rumors were Hot credited by General McClellan. All the works below Alexandria and above Washington were now considered capable of resisting any attack the rebels could make upon them. Several attempt* had been made by the rebels to cross the Potomac In the neighborhood of General Banks' and General Btone's forces, but had in all cases been efficiently repulsed. General MoClcllan has personally made an Beranautical ruconnoisance, but the result of his investigations has not transpired. The government has been adopting a vigorous policy with some of the rebel sympathizers at Balmore. Twenty of them were arrested a few mileb from the city on Saturday night, while on their Way to Virginia. They had in their possession Wagons, horses, military uniforms, flannel, medicines, ft rebel flag and a number of letters, all of which were taken possession of by the government. A wagon maker was also arrested in Baltimore for making a wagon with false floors, Ac., beneath which were discovered a number of contraband articles and letters from important Baltimore citizens to prominent rebels in Virginia. The documents and other articles were sent to General Dix. An order has been issued by n,.~ 1 J!? as ucuciii uuiuuiauuiiiK pruuioiling ail communication with the State prisoners in Fort MoHenry, to which place some of those thus recently arrested have been sent. The intelligence from Fortress Monroe and Hattcras Inlet continues to confirm the reports of the returning loyal feeling of the residents of North Carolina. Another fort is reported as being evaouated "doubtless preparatory to its surrender to the government. It is further reported that if the Union troopB should invade Beaufort they would be supported by a large number of North Carolinian loyalists. Commndoro Stringham had arrived at Old Point in advance of his flagship. The Quaker City arrived yesterday at the Brooklyn Navy Yard, bringing seven prisoners from the rebel schooner H. Middleton. The robels were landed at Fort Lafayette. It is rumored in Missouri that Generals Rains and Price had captured Fort Scott, with all the stores, arms, ammunition, Ac. Colonel Montgomery and forccs are said to be prisoners, but the whole h' .itement requires confirmation. THE NEWH. The Proridence line of steamers, which arrive r' this port daily, have for Rome time past brought ?> '. freight Urge quantities of cotton from the ti >ve port, for shipment to Europe. The Pelican, *iiich arrived yesterday morning, had some 200 bales. The Third Rhode Island regiment, numbering 'to men, raak and file, under the command of Col. 1 \nuing, arrived yesterday in the steamer Comi >dore, and were landed at Fort Hamilton, where liy will encamp. )n the 30th of August, when the last report was > .dc up, there were eight huidred and fifty-Ave . vk and wounded soldiers in the hespitals at Washington, Georgetown and Alexandria, and of these K ' three hundred and sixty-two belonged to State of Mi w York regiment*. Nathaniel B. Baker, who has been nominated an the Union candidate for Governor of Iowa, waa the last democratic Governor of New Hampshire. After his defeat in 1865 he emigrated to Iowa, where he took a prominent part in politics, and wan chosen Adjutant General of the State. In accordance with the finding of a court martial, General McClellan hus ordered William Scott, of Company K, Third Vermont regiment, to be shot to-day, for sleeping on his post while on pickct guard. The Toronto (Canada) Leader, a paper in the employ of the secessionists, is continually working itncir into a passion over the fear that citizens of Cunada will enter the Union army. It imagines that invitations have already been sent to a number of individuals to join a Scottish regiment, which is raising in the Provinces, and it therefore warns the federal government not to go too far in this work. We have not heard of any ono being frightened as yet. The following is the official vote cast at the August election for State Treasurer in Kentucky:? J. H. Garrard, Union 83,161 Two secession candidates 1(?,006 Union majority 67,146 In tho face of this, the secessionists are again clamoroas for the " sentiments" of the people. Parson Brownlow, tho valiant and fighting editor of the Jtnoxville (Tenn.) Whig, has really come down and took his position on tho secession platform. Hut a few days ago he announced that when he wuntcd to go to Satan's dominions he would cut his throat and take the short way, but that he would never attompt to roach those localities by the long road through Jeff. Davis' Southern confederacy. It appears that the reverend gentleman has finally concluded to take the " long road," und is now fairly on his travels to the place above referred to. The vote for Governor of Vermont at the recent election will foot up about as follows:? llolbrook, republican and Union 40,000 Tracy, Union and republican 2,000 Smallcy, democrat 3,000 To-day the annual election will be held In Maine. The executive is the ouly State office to be filled, lor which the republican)! have nominated tor reelection Israel Washburn, Jr. The democrats, ifter having a very pretty family quarrel in their convention, divided, and brought out separate tickets. The hard shells or "peace" secessionists nominated John W. Dana, and the Unionists concluded to run Colonel Charles W. Jamison, who was in command of the Second Maine regiment. There can be no mistake about the result, as the vote for Govern< r last fall will conclusively show, l'he result was as follows:? Vashburn, (republican) 69,4CJ Smart, (democrat) 61,37b Barnes, (national Union) 1,720 St. Anne's Roman Catholic church, oorr.er of Front and Cold streets, Brooklyn, was solemnly dedicated yesterday by Bishop Laughlin. Father (ileeson is the pastor. Tho cotton market was steady and Arm on Saturday, though less active. The sales embraced about 700 bales, closing at 22c. a 22 ^c. for middling uplands. The re ceiptsof flour continued to bo light, which tended to re itriot transactions, while price* were firm. Who<it was .a fair demand, and early In tho day was firm; but tho market closed dull and hoavy for must descriptions. Corn was heavy and easier, while sales wore tolerably active, chiefly for Kastorn porta and for export, at 49c. for good Western mixed. Pot It was heavy and dull, with sales oi' mess at $13 75 a $14, and of pritno at $9 76, with small >ots of heavy barrels at $10. Sugars wore Arm and active, with sales of 2,000 hhds. at full price*. Coffee was llrm, with sale* of 2,.100 bags Klo at 13\c. a 16c., and 260 mats prime Java at 20c. Freights to English ports wore slaok and rather easier for grain to Liverpool, while rate* to Havre and other Continental porta were unchanged. I'll* Emperor of Rnula Speak* (br the Union?A Magnificent Letter. It is with no ordinary satisfaction that we nbmit to our readers this morning the broad, generous and enlightened views of the Emperor of Russia on tho subject of our Southern rebellion, as communicated to our government through the admirable letter of Prince Gort>cliakoff to the Russian Minister at Washington. Mark the delicacy with which, in this imperial communication, our present overshadowing lomestio troubles and dangers are approached. The Czar, modest! v nlejiriinc tho nr!vilr>< nf on old and constant friend, cannot resist the desire to assure our government and our people of his sympathies for the cause of our Union, and of his wishes to see it re-establvhed in its integrity. Carefully avoiding theVofficious , character of a partisan, and every pretension of a judge between the two divisions of our country in arms against each other, the Emperor puts forward an appeal for the Union which leaves no loophole for a double construction. Sympathizing with the success of our united country, tho prosperity of our peo pie, and the unexampled developement of a powerful nation under our popular institutions, llussia, bestriding the continents of Europe and Asia, and standing high above the contemptible jealousies of England, has failed to discover the elements of an independent power in the spurious government of our rebellious Confederate States. It requires no profound researches into the antecedent relations of England and Russia with the United States to enable us to reach a just conclusion between the equivocal neutrality and "belligerent rights" presented by England, on the one hand, touching our so-called Southern confederacy, and, on the other hand, the clear and unequivocal attitude of Russia. We perceive at once that while England regards our country united as a great rising commercial rival which it is her interest and her purpose to put down, Russia regards the maintenance o^ our Union as essential to the balance of power in both hemispheres. Nor can we doubt in thiB connection the solicitude expressed by the Czar in reference to our domestic security, happiness and prosperity. Ilis views upon this point are those of an enlightened and inquiring statesman, devoted to the cause of Union, law and order, and against disintegration, discordu >tnd anarchy. We incline to the opinion that our loyal people wiH not consider the very brief letter of Mr. toward in reply to Prince GortschakofT as equal to tbe occasion. We think that Mr. Sew. ardhaa neglected a fine opportunity for a tell, ing exposition to the W *tern Powers of Europe of this American question. But, however this may be, we have no doubt that this admirable and seasonable letter from St. Petersburg will create a more profound sensation in the British Cabinet than that resulting from the battle of Bull run. Lords I'almersten and Russell will discover from this Russian view of American afTairs that an English continental ..alliance with the German States against Louis Napoleon will probably be met by an alliance including France, Italy and Russia. At all eventa the double-dealing statesmen of England will be apt to recognise in this letu-i of instructions to the Russian Minister at Washington a rebuke and a warning entitled to respect. In this anticipation we aro particularly gratified that the Emperor of Russia lias s fkurly dvluied his position. , EW YORK BERALP, M?] Forward to New Uiltunt, 1>o\vV "" Mlnlillppl. A victory over the rebel host on the bank# ??^ the Potomuc would be of the highest importance to the Union cause. But it would not end tho war. The cotton States, the botbed of ccces nion, would still be iutaot. The true direction, therefore, in which to strike, in order to liuiko short work, is clown the Mississippi. A suitable expedition launched upon its waters can penetrate at once into the very heart of the rebellion, provided it is set forward promptly and in bufllcient force before the Mississippi is fortified by guxiB of large calibre and powerful earthworks. An a preliminary to this it will be necessary to secure the States of Missouri and Kentucky, so as to leave no fire in the rear. And how is this to be done ? We answer, General Fremont must bo supplied with won nnd money without stint, so that he can move forward with his grand army as uninterrupted in his progress as the miyestio flow of the Father of Waters. Whatever money he needs should be placed immediately in his hunds, so ?s to enable him to buy what he requires at once, and at such prices as it can be obtained for, without delay, red tape or circumlocution. It will never do to go through the routino of advertising for sealed proposals to furnish every button nnd shoe string that may bo wanted, under the pressing timet and oircumstances by which General Fremont Ls surrounded. Procrastination is fatal. As well mipht we advertise for sealed proposals for a boat to rescue a drowning man as to delay till everything required lor the expedition is obtained iu this wuy. We have already paid dearly for the dilatorL news of the government in reinforcing tho Wont, ern division of the army. Had the earnest appeals of General Lyon been promptly responded to, our troops might Lave been in Arkansas today, victorious, and with Lyon alive at their head, llo died of red tape. Ho would have been reinforced, as it was, by General Fremont but for the l*tk of means of transportation. The government even now do not seem to rise to the height of the occasion, or to comprehend the magnitude of the work that is to be done. In Missouri the rebels hud alreudy been whipped and dispersed, and their Governor put to flight. Lyon was anxious to advance South at once and conquer his way as he proceeded; but the government turned a deaf ear to his appeals for help, and thus enabled the dispersed insurgents to rally, and reinforcements to come to their aid from Arkansas and Louisiana, by which a large force was concentrated near Springfield. Tho loss of Lyon and many of his brave men was the consequence, and the still greater loss of opportunity and of prestige won by heroic blood. Delay, necessary to the reconquest of Missouri, is the penalty of the feeble milk aud water policy adopted ut Washington. The whole attention of the Cabinet and tho means ut their disposal appear to be ooncent ruled at tho uationul capital around themselves, while tho operations in the Northwest and Southwest have been allowed to languish for want of adequate support, and nearly ull the advantages gained in Western Virginia and Missouri are lost to tho Union? a greater loss, perhaps, in its ultimate effects, when viewed with the comprehensive eye of a statesman and a general, than even tho loss of tho city of Washington. All must not be sacrificed to a single city, which, without success elsewhere, would be of little use to tho fcdoral government. It is right and necessury to defend Washington to the last, aud it is right to establish the authority of tho United States over revolted Virginia; but while these things are done other things equally essential ought not to have been lelt undone. The most effectual way, perhaps, of defending Washington, capturing Richmond and subduing Virginia, is by the way of the Mississippi. The liiivi* tin* trriMit. lmlLr nf tlwtir nrmv uow iu Virginia. The moment the cotton Stale* are assailed by a formid: bio column, led down the Mississippi by Fremont, and at the same time pressed aloug the Atlantic seaboard aud in the Gulf, besides assailed by a column landed in Mexico to cross the frontier of Texas? which our government, according to good Confederate authority, have permission from Mexico to do?the rebels will then fapidly retreat southward to defend their homes,and will leave Virginia to her fate. This is the way to conquer, and it is only by supplying the mean* commensurate with this large scale of operations that speedy and complete success can bo achieved. No member of the Cabinet can niako a reputation under the present administration, or guin the popular favor in any way, except by facilitating tho operations of our brave young generals, on whom the safety of tho Union depends. On them the country relies for tho suppression of the rebellion, and whatever money they need the people are willing freely to give them. Let the government, therefore, at once act up to the convictions and wishes of the people, who have been hitherto entirely ahead of the administration in their zeal, and in a propter appreciation of tho terrible crisis through which the country is passing. Let Secretary Chose make the same broad distinction which exists in the public mind between a state of peace and a state of war, and consider that what would be a commendable saving in ordinary times may prove a false economy and a disastrous policy now. Every dollar legitimately expended at the present will be a saving of five dollars hereafter. Every drop of patriot blood shed now will save the effusion of oceans of blood In future years. Now is the acceptable time for energy and effort, for now is thn duv of salvation. An Inhuman ATnocrrr.?The burning of tho railroad bridges by tho rebels on the Hannibal and St. Joseph Railroad, by which a train was precipitated into tho bed of a river, thereby killing seventeen persons on the spot and seriously wounding many more, is one of thoso diabolical acts which deserves the cxecration of mankind and the punishment of death upon its heartless perpetrators. It is a worse crime than the poisoning by a Chinese of the bread intended for the British army in China, because directed towards tho destruction of innocent people taking no active part in hostilities, and those people of the same kin and country u* the plotters in this cowardly tragedy. It would be difficult for us to sufficiently express our abhor rence of anything so hellish in design and devilish in execution, and wc make use of the words witk a more than vulgar sense of their meaning. We sincerely hope that those who have been guilty of this infamous wickedness will be discovered and brought to justice. Meanwhile, we SI DAY, SEPTEMBER 9, 186] caunot but condole with the wounded survivors und the afflicted mourners of the dead, and deplore that Buch an outrage should have dis| "raced Missouri.

Event*?The Union Caate Ad. v?nctii| In Kvcry Direction. Si.<ice the and instructive lesson to our at'iny at Manassal, K??d cause of the Union has been gathering strength and gaining ground in every essential and Js every directionLooking over the whole field of the rebellion, and consulting recent events, existing facta and , signs of the times, wo are more and more encouraged to anticipate the complete triumph of Ike government and the restoration of tho Union in its integrity bofore the month of May- j The most alarming developement of the un- | expeoted disaster at Bull run was the shockingly crude and demoralized condition of our army of the Potomac, which was thus exposed. But tho severe instructions thus administered in the very face of the administration have resulted in a re-construction and consolidation of this army, which, we are confident, will soon com. pensato us a hundred fold for all its recent losses and humiliations. Disorder and lawlessness have been succeeded by order, discipline and efficiency among our troops; and in reforming their late abuses General McClellan has infused into each of his camps tho regularity, unity and decorum of a well appointed army, lie lias thus alreudy made manifest those high qualities of a military leader which can lail of success only under very serious disadvantages of position and numbers. But the positions of McG'lellan's army are strong, his forces are well bestowed, and when we are 'old that be does not fear tho threatened assault of tho enemy, wo are suro that he is fully pre pared to meet him. In McDowell's defeat, therefore, we have some thing to bo thankful for, in the superior army which it has given us for the immodiato defence of Washington. But since the uiemornblo 21st ot July the whole chain of leading events, from our seaboard to the Mississippi, have all disclosed the increasing strength of the Union and the sinking fortunes of the rebel cause. In the midst of the rebel rejoicings over Bull run there was the Kentucky State election, with its popular majority of sixty thousand for the Union?a splendid moral victory. Next came the magnificent struggle of General Lyon with the overwhelming forces of Een McCulioch, ii; Missouri, from the damages of which Ken hat been compelled to retreat back into Arkansas. And then the appointment of General Wool to the supreme command at Fortress Monroe, ol Fremont to the department of Missouri, of An | derson to^the department of Kentucky, and o. Banks to the place disgraced by 1'atterson, arc appointments which have already been marked by many good, and some very important, re , suits in favor of the government. Most important of all the manifestations, however, in behalf of the Union cause, are the sue cesses of Secretary Chase in his experimental . loans in Wall street and among the people at large. Tho responses from our banks, capital ists and citizens of all classes assure us that there will be no deficiency in the matter ol "material and financial aid" for the prosecution of this righteous war for the integrity of the republic. Nor will there be any occasion foi ] complaint in regard to the reinforcement ol our armies, with proper activity to this end a. , Washington. In men, money, arms and mate rials of every description, tho government is so immensely superior in its resources to tho rebels that, with anything like a judicious employmon of the means at his command, President Lincoln cannot tail to put, within a lew mont!.s, an end to this rebellion. Again, the late brilliant operation of our na~ vul mid land forces at Hatteras Inlet, and the revelations which hare followed of the existence of a powerful and irrepressible Union sentimen in North Carolina, have betrayed the vulnerable heel of this secession conspiracy. It is the sea coast of our rebellious States. By the first of November Mr. Secretary Welles will have from twenty to thirty new gunboats at his commaud. With the firs frosts of autumn the sea coast of the Soutl will bo relieved from its deadly summer mala ria. and then a movement southward by sea combining gunboats and land forces, in conjunction with the movement of a Union ami} down the Mississippi, will leave poor old Virgi ni:i an easy triumph to fifty thousand men advancing from Washington and Fortress Monroe, i Meantime, if the rebels attack our lines in froni of Washington and are repulsed, as they will be, they :?.ay suffer a defeat which, in itself, will virtually be the end of the war. Thus in every point of view we have occa sion to congratulate the country, and the wholi country, upon the bright prospects of our Union cause. Looking across the Atlantic, wc have ceased to entertain any apprehensions from that quarter; for in certain impending European coalitions, Napoleonic and an ti-Napoleenic, there is and will be work enough to occupy the ex elusive attention of England and France. In this connection, the views of the Emperor of Russia, in reference to our Southern re bellion, as expressed in the letter to Ilaron Stoeckel which we publish to-day, are very suggestive and encouraging. Let Mr. Lincoln continue wide awake, and keep tho heads of his principal departments up to the spirit of our loyal people, and wo shall have a glorious peace before the blooming of the flowera of May. Backiionh op the President.?Old Abe is stiffening his backbone. In his recent letter written to Governor Magoffin, of Kentucky, is d regard to United States forces in Kentucky, ( the President Bays:?" There ia a military force in camp in Kentucky, acting by authority of the United States. I also believe that anna have been furnished to them by the United States government; but they are Kentuckians, and not assailing or menacing any one." Then in reply to Magoffin's request that they should be removed, be states that " he does not remember that any one, except your Excellency and the bearer of your Excellency's letter, has urged the removal of the military force. I therefore decline to do it." After this emphatic refusal, the President gives Senator Breckinridge's Governor a broad hint, by declaring that he could not And in his long letter any declaration or intimation that he entertained any desire for the preservation of the Union. Another letter ?f the President has just turned up, written to Secretary Cameron in regard to the appointment of Senator Lane, of Kansas, as Brigadier General, la this letter he discards all circumlocution of red tapo, and declares that the government wants just micfa a man out West, add adds, "We had better appoint him to-day and send him off to \ L raise bis force." The closing of tho letter in significant, and it will bo well if the aewly aP" pointed volunteer officers will remember it. "Tell him," says tbe President, "When he start# to put it through, not to be writOS or te,e" graphing bul k here, but put it through." ^ ? Caov* iVtui nnu ftf (Sh> orront nunaao Af (n tb? Ivwl ?UM? VMV vuuouq Ui UOIUJ IU prosecution of the war has been that the volunteer officers have spout their time in writiirg and telegraphing back to the capital, instead of "putting it through." The Politic.*! ConventlsniMTh* People'* Conventloa the Forlorn Hope of the Republic. The Democratic Convention, in their desire to please both sides, have failed to present a platform satisfactory to the publio. Although declaring in favor of a vigorous prosecution of the war, to please Ben. Wood and other secession allies in the North they have put forward a record that is repudiated by the Union men of their own party. AH who have not become tinctured with the States rights or secession doctrine denounce the ninth resolution as uncalled for, unwise and a loadstone to the party. Under the doctrines of that resolution the secession organs can actually stir up a mob in New York?one that would cause an enormous loss >f life and property, as well as seriously embarrass the administration, should it be done in concert with an attack upon Washington by the rebel army, and the military authorities of the city would stand with their hands tied as far as arresting the really guilty parties or suppressing the mutinous article. It needs no argument to prove the fallacy of such doctrines. They night do well enough in times of peace; but we are now engaged in a war, ind it is better that a few individuals "or the time being should be prevented from currying the liberty of speech and the press to jxtremes than that our whole national structure should be overthrown and the liberties of millions subverted. The democracy having failed to meet the issues of the day or to present to the public u -.1 ~ 4<* 1..P4 ?nl.. [uuuwuui piatiui in, wc mu irifc tuu uiiijr niicr native of looking to the conventions hereafter to be held for satisfactory and practical issues. The democratic politicians, although making a ?reat ado about following the measures ol Jackson, have shown that they are not equal to the exigencies of the times, and are no more worthy of public confidcnce thun the republi jans. Neither do we anticipate anything practical from the theoretical Chicago platform and boddy republicans. The rottenness of tho re publican Military board at Albany and the imbecility at Washington have already destroyed ill confidence in the public that they will prove he party for the present trying hour of the nation. Like the democrats, they will doubtless consider their party tirst and make tbe country secondary; in fact we may say that their past cor uptions have settled their platform in advance We are forced, therefore, to look to the People's Union Convention, which is toassemblo at Syra use on the 10th, as our forlorn hope. Of the complexion of this Convention or its objects we uive but little knowledge, further than that .he call was signed by democrats, republican* md Americans, inviting the co-oporation of all overs of the Union who are in favor of speediy suppressing the wicked rebellion now men icing our capital and threatening tbe existence jf the nation. Delegates are being elected rom all important points in the State; but whether it is to be made a machine to ratify the tction of the demoorats or republicans, or a eally patriotic gathering, rising above party and epudiatiug the shoddy politioiana on all sides we are not advised. There is an excellent opening for them, not ?nly for making thequelves the rallying point or the people{ but the means of demolishing the corrupt cliques of all parties, and furnishing in issue that will enable all loyal citizens to rote to suppress the rebellion, strengthen and iphold the government, free from the interfeenco of party politicians and party prejudices, it appears to be the determination of the party Managers to bewilder and bofog tho public :nind as much as possible, and thus prevent i fair and candid expression of public opinion it the ballet box upon the only question?Union >r disunion?which wo aro called upon to meet, iiiu tin* uuiiiiuitmuiiuu, iiiruugu our army una iavy, is attempting to docide. Tho war is upon is; it is an existing fact, as tho slain at tlic Big icthel, Bull run and Wilson's oreck engage ncnts fully testify. A wicked and traitorous onspiracy exists. Tbe rebel army is menacing ,he capital with its tens of thousands. Shall the oyal North lay quietly upon its back, and pernit the destruction of our constitution and mman freedom the world over, or deal with it is becomes men having a sacred trust reposed n them and a righteous cause to defend? Tbe cadcrs of tho rebellion declare that " the North ihall feel Southern steel and pay the expense of heir own subjugation." But one conclusion :un be drawn from this, and that is, either tho idministratio* must suppress the rebellion or he South will conquer tho North; and it is for be people of the Free States to decide which hat shall bo. The democratic politicians have ihown that they do not comprehend the issue, tnd are spending their energies on abstractions. Ye expect nothing better of the republicans, ivliosc corruptions have become a by-word. We ^re therefore compelled to look to the People's Convention as the forlorn hope in this trying tour of our nation. It remains for the leading pirite of that gathering to say whether their leliborations shall prove a general whitewoshng of the politicians, or whether they will pre *CDi a pituioriu uuH win t'uui'iu tuu puuuc to lemolish all parties and their shoddy politiiiaiie, and, at the same time, give us a platform hat the entire world will consider a pledge to trongthen the hands of the administration in a igorous prosecution of tho war. British Nectramtt and tub Bt.ockade.? [he numerous instances which have occurred >f vessels rnnuing the blockade of the Southern torts with cargoes to and from the British proinces naturally lead us to inquire whether the onduot of the authorities at these places, with espect to such vessels, is in accordance with he spirit of tho Queen's proclamation. St. 'ohn, New Brunswick; Bermuda, Barbadoes, ,nd Halifax, Nova Scotia, have been favoite resorts of the craft intent upon giving iid and comfort to the enemy. At the ormer place vessels have loaded with irticles contraband ?f war, and notoriously ntended for the use of the rebels, and it the latter numeroMs arrivals from the blockaded ports have taken place. Yet in the former :ase there was no hesitation on the part of the -ustom house to give clearances, and in the later to accept the clearances of the Davis governnent. The consequence is, that a premium is put upon such acta, which, Id the case of British I bottoms, we maintain to be a violation of neu- I trality. Let us refer to the proclamation itself I to show that it is as contrary to the intei)tioD of I the British government as it is to the law of n* tions, respecting the rights of neutrals, for the colonial authorities to allow such proceed- I Wo <lo hereby warn all our loving subjects. and all per son* whatsoever entitled to our protection, thai If any of dluill presume, In contempt of Ibis our royal procla nation una of our high dlnpleaaure, to do any acta la derogatiou of their duly as Bi.bjeets of a neutral sovereign ,i the said corneal, or In violation or contravention of tbe i_w of uuimuh iu that bnbair, as for example, and more cialiy, by entering into tbe military service of eithar of the xaid contending pa. ties, us comrn atioued or uoa uummiik '?ned officers or soldiers, A1. 'IciDir. or Muiltuivoriiiir Lo hrwk. ai?v bUvlcan? * lawfully am ' < lually cutiibl hIi?<1 , or l>y carrying officers, soldiers, de?i*. tolws, arms, milllary stores or material*, w any article a> * tl? Ioh ct iisult red ami deemed tub# coutrabaud of?ir< "coord Id# to the law or modern usagv of nations, for lbs v au "r "erviO" of either of the Mid contending parties atf v *rtieH ho olfundiog will Incur, and bo liable to the scvuval 0%. lul"?? an I penal consequences taf the Mai J gtatuto, of by JVU Uw '* "atious in that behftjf, Imposed or denounced. Such illegal trawling _pJsvcea the British gov* eminent in the pewtioc C*( * receiver of Btolea goods, and id the ns?re e^p^ciatly to be deprecated when, as it ha# been, conducted by British subjects. It is, indeed, snrp rising that traffic <rf this description should bare K een permitted by our oonsuls at the oft'endv ports, aad that the Secretary of State should have made no remonstrance on the nutlet or take* any active measures for its- suppress^00* 1'haA the vessels sailing for blockaded p<vr'8, articles contraband of war, are liable to ceiznre by our government as Boon as they have JN1* * sea there is no doubt; and if our consuls, a/W" satisfying themselves of the character of n? picious vessels, were to inform the government of Washington by telegraph, or otherwise communicate with the naval authorities, a cruiser might be ready outside, with a prize crew, fer cach of these vessels. It was only a few days ago that the ship Alliance left St. John, New Urunswick, with military stores for BeauforV South Carolina, the blockade at whiek port she succeeded in running; and, if not checked, suoh cases will continue on the increase and British neutrality be violated with impunity. The Cotton Field* of the World. It appears, from the London Times of August 21, that the whole American stook of cotton in Liverpool?about 700,000 bales?would be ah" sorbed by the 21st of November. But Mr' Baseley, M. P. for Manchester, at a meeting of the Social Science Congress in the city of Oublin, said:?"The manufacturers of England expected to be able to command a supply o' cotton which would keep them working will tolerable regularity until the spring of the year." Now this gentleman states that he fu <*Ytpnnivplv Aniratrod in i>Atinn cnlnnSni* nnJ bad bis agent in Charleston; and, therefore, to understood the subject on which he spoke. Bat be has under slated tbe facts. The cotton fiel&l of the world aro opon to the English matifaoturers, who will tako American cotton aslMg as they can get it, but will resort to other kinds when that is used up, and will find thair customers perfectly satisfied. How little reikAon there is, or ever was, for tt vain boast of the South that its cotton is the facts and statistics about the plant which v* published recently In extracts from English aad other journals plainly show. The whole rap?r" structure of Southern oonfldence in European aid is founded upon the false basis that Eurtp* cannot do without the cotton of the Southern States. Probably if the people of the Southern confederacy hud only had their minds disabused of this Action in time they never would havs embarked in their present rebellion. They were told bf their demagogues that England ind France must aid them in achieving their dependence, because they must hare American cotton in order to prevent starvation among factory population and general revolutiw throughout the country. But what m the facts as they come to light?facts whisk are as the mysterious handwriting oa* tbe wall seen by Belshazzar of old? showing that the kingdom of Southern cotten is divided and given to the Hindoos, th? Chinese, the Egyptians, the Ntearaguans, the Mexicans, the llaytiens, the Brazilians, the Caffirs, the Turks, the Syrians, and others t The injury will be great to the North; but it will be crushing to tho South. Such is the calamity the secessionists, pure and simple* and tho abolition disunionists are likely to bring upon their respective sections of the country. Nicaragua, Egypt, China, India, Hayti, South America, including Brazil, and Turkey, Syria, Algiers, Natal and Australia, may be numbered among the fertile cotton fields of the world* From a Mexican paper we learn that in th? State of Guerrero the agriculturist are now devoting themselves to tho culture of cottoa and making it an article of export, while in Brazil we find that "cotton grows with luxuriance throughout the country, wherever it ki planted," and that it is only "the want of roads into tho interior and the scarcity of labor that tiavA heen the impediments to tbe increased cultivation of this article." The Manchester Guardinn says:?"We have now in Liverpool a stock of nearly 200,009 bales of East India cotton, and the same quail, tity water-borne; it will go far towards supplying the deficiency of American cotton, and larger supplies will come forward if the trade will buy it and use it." From the speech ot the Chairman at a meeting of the Cotton Sup. ply Association, at Manchester, we learn that "last year, owing to the abundant crop in America, of the 60*),000 bales received in England from India only 173,000 were consumed; so that, had not the Russians, Germans and Swedes oome in to take this cotton awuy, we shoulf have had more than 400,000 bales piled up fa the warehouses of Liverpool." During the last ten years the annual supplies of England frost all parts of the world, including the large crap of last year, have averaged 5-084,000 bales, while the consumpti'n followed so closely up?t it as to reach 3,9<>0,000. Thus, as regards co*. ton. England was living from hand to raooJh, her chief dependence being upon the United States. The cotton imports and exports England during the present year and lust year, from January 1 to May 3, are respectively a* follows:? IMPORTS. 1861. I860. American, bags l,205,67t 1,283,62# South American 25,20(1 31,634 TV est Indies 7 Nfi 57< East Indies 147,602 215.866 Egypt, Ac 63,2*0 59,368 Total 1,432 fiii, L593M* The excessive quantity from America last year had the cfTect of lessoning tho import from India and other countries this year; but when the news reaches those countries that the supply of American cotton it stopped by war, the quantities that will be fur nished by the 1st of May next to meet the demand will be immense. Smyrna, we are U14#

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