Newspaper of The New York Herald, September 14, 1861, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated September 14, 1861 Page 1
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r T IT WnOLE NO. 9135. _ F?:c Simile of a E r n I il THE REBELLION. IMPORTANT FROM WASHINGTON Rebel R? ?coraoissance ill Force of the Union Lines. A Grefct and Decisive Battle Near at Hand. The Reported Trouble with Major General Fremont. The Main Difficulty ti Personal One with Col. Frank Blair. Action of President Lincoln on Crn. Fremont's Proclamation. IMPORTANT FROM BALTIMORE. Arrest of Members of the Maryland Legislature and 3ther Secessionists. A Bold Rebel Plot Overthrown by Gen. McClellan. IMPORTANT FROM KENTUCKY. The Legislative Act Driving Out the Rcliels Passed Over the Governor's Veto. Another Skirmish and Rebel Defeat in Western Virginia, &c., &c., &c. om SPECIAL WASHLYCTO* DESPATCHES. Washington, Sept. 13,186-1. BKBKI. RECONNOIS8ANCE IN FORCE OF THE UNION RIGHT AND CENTRE?A GREAT AND DECISIVE BATTLE NEAR AT ITAND. At about nair pasi tour oxiock tins atternoon, the eni-jny, in protty strong force, with infantry, artillery and cavalry, appeared in front of the Union pickets on the centre and right wing of our forces on the Virginia side of tho I'otomnc. Tlicy mailo their first demonstration on the road leading from Fall's Church to Bull's Cross Hoods, driving in our pickets with heavy bodies of skirmlr,hers and scouts, immediately followed up by planting a section of artillery near Mary Hill's house. From this point they dirocted a sharp flre of grape, canister and shrapnel, on the Union pickets at Ball's Cross Koads, directing their flro at every point along tl^e road wherever they thought our pickets were established between Ball's Cress Roads and tho Chain Bridge. Tho Union pickets rotircd in order. Intelligence was Immediately communicated to General McDowell, at Arlington House. After tho demonstration on our pickets near Ball's Cross Roads, the rebels paid their respects to several places to the right of our works, wear the Chain Bridge. Thoy made a direct onset on Van riesburger's house, two miles from tho Union camp, where wo had a picket stationed. They tired ten or twelve sheila, doing no damage. ^.Soouartcr a oouy or one nunurea cavalry, anil anont tho name number of infantry, appeared, when our picket of ierentf men retired to Van Dounertou's house, oneclg'ub of a milo distant, when they wore shortly after reinforce* vr!lh a baltf,r7 artillery. A column of infantry, cavalry and artillery, including Captain Melt's and Captain Grillin g batteries, took position at important points, awaiting tho appearance of the enemy. Brigadier General William p. Smith commandod tho whole force, and with tho assistance of his able CUieT or Engineers, Lieutenant Orlando M. Foe, j will await any demonstration tbaf the enemy may mako ' in the morning. Theastonishingaloei'iiy with which lint Union troops | 'E N E IE NAr Tiin/lvA/l 13/\11 n ? IIImmmmx kuuui vu ai. X X CaaUJ , /fc-eAtltrqistcrofturiycaSjU rnsmrnrnsimmm got trader arras on the right wing was truly commendu'jIo, moving as thoy did in twenty minutes after tho long roll "To aims" was boat. Night intervening by tho ttmo onr troops got into po strength of the enemy or the intention of this movement. After dark the rebels turned Incendiaries, burned the houBes and barns or Mr. Bash Hall, Mrs. Mary Hall, Mr Do Kay, Mr. Samuel Birch, Mr. Tubers and others. j Private James Lowry, of Company A, Kentucky Cavalry, who wason picket duty when the enemy approached, bad his horso shot from under him and barely escaped with his lifo. The Union pickets were re-established during the night. Tho advance of tho enemy upon our tines to-nigbt le known to but few of the citizous of Washington. There is little doubt that a battle will occur at daybreak, at some point between Washington and Point of Rocks. It is believed by many that tho movement upon our, centre will prove a feint, and that tho enemy will attack either the column of General Banks or General Stone. General McClcllan and staff have been very activo all u:ght, arc confident lu our strength, ;ind do not doubt tho result. Tho movement of tho cnomy is ampMSttoMbty amdiiary necessity. It is now or never with him. Rely upon t I he capital cannot be taken. rilK REPORTED TROUBLE WITTT MAJOR GENERAL FREMONT. All sorts of reports arc In circulation relative to Gene a! Fremont and the visit of Postmaster Blair and Quartermaster General Meigs to St. Louis. These reports are ;<>t only current hcTe, but aro telegraphed all over the country. I have ascertained the facts in the case. The gravest difficulty at St. I Am is was personal, l>ctween General Fremont and Colonel Frank P. B!atr,.Tr. It aroso from different causes, and was manifested on various occasions, public and private, Confident hopes aro cntortaiuod that it has now been substantially adjusted. e implaints arc made, from sources which have received consideration, against General Fremont, for alleged Inaccessibility to persons having important business with him, and an indisposition to co-oporale cordially with tho State officials. It is probable that the ground for such dissatisfaction will ba removed. General Fremont's proclamation, which was writt m and promulgated without consultation with anybody,! will bo modified to a certain extent by the President. He reptiles, or requests, General Fremont, in a letter already written, to bo made public in a few days, to Interpret his proclamation so as to mako it accord with the law of Congress passed at tho recent session. This is tho substance. I do not undertako to givo you his language; but my authority for all these statements is tho highest that the case admits of. The relations between President Lincoln and General Fremont continue amiuiblo. The President sent Postmaster General Blair out to ft. Louis as a friend of Genoral Fremont's. Quaricrmaslcr General Meigs went on other business?simply to investigate the Quartoimaster's Depat tmcut there. No other charges, except those mentioned, which have any weight at all with tho President, have been m.i 1c ngainst General Fremont. Sirs. Fremont left Washington in good spirits to-dav. on her return to St. Louis. CAUSE OP THE ARREST OP SF.CESSIONISTS IN BALTIMORE?TIIK PLOT TO CARRY MARYLAND DOT OP THK UNION?FORTUNATE PKUSTlt ATI ON OF THE SCHEMES OF THE REBELS. Tho arrest at Baltimore of tho accession members of tlio LogitUtwo of Maryland has exploded a plot of tho rubo'.s which will prove of vast importance to the go vornmont. It is known that some of the nrrestcd sccession iv.eml a of tho Legislature had a programme all prepared, by which an act was to bo passed declaring Maryland oat of tho Union and a State in th> Southern confederacy. Tho movement of the rebel army up tho river was preparatory to a contemplated movement across. The attempt was to be made on the day tho I/'gislatnro actod. At the same time tho Mayor of Baltimore, who was also arrested to day, was to corporate by tho best demonstration ho could make. By tho arrest of tho leaders of this conspiracy tho Legislature is without tho power to act, and tlio,rebels of Baltimore have lost their chief. A simultaneous* movement of rebels was to tako placo along tho eastern phore of Maryland, under tho supposed direction and leadership of ex-Commandor Buchanan, of the navy, to aid the r,ebel army of Virginia in crossing to Maryland. This movement under Buchanan was to be made to distract our eviktre. Tito plot is exploded UJ;* the prompt action cf Genera) McClellan, in directing the arrests made in Baltimore to-day. THE CONDITIONS OP HA YOU BSitr.ETS REI.EASB. Mayor Buret was reicaeod jonly upon tbe condition that hewi tld takethr oath of ali'gianca and resign formally the oClco of Mayor. a rnvBSiAS rKtxc* vounteeri.vo in the union Altai Y Prince falin Salm, of tho Prussian aritf?v, arrived hero ; W ? O NEW YORK, SATURDAY riONAL ry note, with Coupor a** 9iitf'Tn<xstrtv n^r?i^7i5-^T^?.isy ^ ty/i-flcc? to-day, and was presented to the Secretary of State by the Prussian Minister. The Prince is highly recommended by the Prussian government, as an experienced and capable military officer, who has distinguished himself in tho field in his own country. He has tendered his services to our government, and will probably bo commissioned and detailed upon the staff of one of our generals, in order that his military experience and skill may ho made available. This tender of so distinguished a military officer of the Prussian army, coming, as ho doe*, recommended by his government, and fortified and endorsed hero by the chief representative of that Power, ? taken as a good omen. A BRITISH MAJOR GENERAL'S OPINION OF THK FORTIFICATIONS ABOUND WASHINGTON. Yesterday General McClellau wag accompaniod in his Inspection of the grand army beforo Washington by a distinguished Major General of the British array, who was highly pleased with the fortifications and the appearance of the troops. He expresses the opinion that Washington cannot be taken. ARRIVAL OF ESCAPED CNIOH PRTa0NER8 FROM RICHMOND?NARRATIVE OF TllEIR EXPERIENCE WHILE IN THE HANDS OF THF. REBELS, AND TUB MANNER IN WHICH THEY ESCAPF.P, ETC. Tho steamer Resolute, of tlie Potoinuc flotilla, arrlvod this evening at the Navy Yard, having on board Captain John It. Hurd, Quartermaster Charles I. Murphy, and Lieutenant Ray nor, who had reeeutly escaped from Richmond. Captain Hurd was attached to the Kentucky Volunteers, and wus taken prisoner In Northwestern Virginia; Quartermaster Murphy was of the New York Thirty eighth, and Lieutenant Hayuor of the First Ohio Volunteers. Both the latter wuro lakeu prisoners at Bull run. Lieutenant Murphy was engaged oarir.g for the wounded at Sudley'g Church, when a detachment of Colonel Stewart's cavalry came up and took I he wounded and those in attendanco in custody. Th-y were treated with great kindness, Lieutenant Camming, of the cavalry, only oliclting from them a promise that they would not attempt to escape, and giving them as surnuccs that they would be treated as prisoners of w.i r They were left without any guard during the night, n few of the cavalry occasionally visiting the church to see that there was no movement fur escape. On Monday night an order came from General Beauregard to have nil the prisoners, except llio wounded, removed at once to Manassas. and though they left two hundred nnd eighty wounded uncared for, they were compelled to leave. Tlireo men, r.ot surgeons, woro left to give the wounded water, u-Mle IN,, r.'umiiulf r including nine sure-eons. were taken to Mot),"EM?. On learning the condition ol' things at Sud. loy's Chureh Colcii"! Preston, of the sets'1 artny, regretted that the order had been sent, anil lie gave permission to the whole party to return, provided lliey would take stl obligation not to bear arms against on to aid ibc enemies of tlio Confederate States. This obligation, however, Mr. Murphy refused to take, and lie, with others, was sent to Richmond. Ho states that at Manassas parallel earthworks hai been thrown ttp in every direction as far as tiio vision could reach, 'ih y woro well supplied with artil lery. On their way to Richmond the prisoners wore treated with kindness hy the officers in charge, though they woro tlio subject of great curiosity to tho multitude en the way. They suffered no insult, except from the w?'tn->o, who eagerly questioned them as to their intentions, .making insulting allusions to tlio Yankees. Arrived at Richmond, tlio prisoners were taken to I.iggon's .-k.--A h-O... ...I.,? 11,.,.. AAA Allll A..V. r. n..H T!. .11, | ,.?v.v> vuvj, ...v, were nil treated as well as tho rebel soldiers were, being furnished with an abundance of food. Mr. Murpliy,'until a fortnight before his osrnpe, being an attendant upon tlic siek, was permitted to go about tho cily, but this permission was subsequently withdrawn, and he remained a close prisoner until ho mado his escape. learning that his wife was in deep distress at his imprisonment, ho d.itorminod to effect his escape, and in concert with Boutenont Ilaynor and Captain Hurd, devised a plan. They observed that the surgeoiiB were permitted to pass in and out without obstruction, they being distinguished by a bit of red ribbon, and as the sentinels were changed every two hiurslhey thought they could pass by the guard as surgeons, provided they could get the necessary badge, i Tearing a bit of red flannel from one of their shirts, and ! putt 11 g it on his coot,' Lieutenant Raynor passed out without difficulty, and by a previous arrangement ho made a purchase of a pocket compass and a map of Virginia. Mr. Murphy and Captain JInrd passed out on tho [ next relief by the tame wans, and met I.leut'nsnt Raynor on the corner of a neighboring street. This was about eight o'clock on tho 5th instant. Their purpose In the escape was to leave Richmond, following a northeasterly direction, crossing the Rappahannock, to reach the Potomac, where they expected to reach our fleet. This they successfully accomplished, aflcr great privation and suffering, extending through several days, of which tho following is a brief narrative;? After going half a mile beyond tho city limits they struck tho Union turnpike, which they followed out. Owing to tho darkness they succcssivoiy'ran upon a tollgate guarded with soldiers, and a breastwork with enn vn, from which they retreated, and succeeded in turning nnpcrccived through neighboring fields. They met country wagons, all of which they avoided. After travelling fifteen miios they went to sleep as daylight dawned in the woods. At nine o'clock in tho morning they resumed their march, keeping in tho woods, however, as long as daylight lasted. They eat during tho day their only food, a saDdwich each, which they bad brought with thorn. Tho second night they crassed tho Chickahominy rivor on amilidam, and continued th<.ir march until daylight, when th y reached a large plantation, and nearly encountered a number of negroes going' to their work, iney succeeded 111 avoiding Hum, and continued their journey during tlie day, crossing tho Pnmonkoy river by means cf a raft, which they constructed. Th y then built a tire in tho woods, and made a good raoal of roastod corn and potatoes, both of which tb?-y had secured in tie ids on their route. During tlicir wholo route the roads not unfrequcntiy took them or.t of their course, in wl !ch casa thoy would abattdt n them, and, guided by their compass, would go across tho coun-, try until thoy struck another road which suited their destination. Generally iboy slept during the day, doings most of th :r t :,vo ling by night, and of cor. r so at Mm s suffering tori bty fr?;n hunger, thirst and Inset*. UK H SEPTEMBER 14, 1801. POPTJLA] is Attached?Interesting 1 On Saturday they succeeded in crossing tho bridgeover tho Matupony river without observation. Their map, of courao, was of little value to them as ro_ j gaids tho detail of the country throrgh wliic.b thoy were j travelling, and they were at a loas to determine whero they were. On ono of tho roads they canto to a country | store on which tboy discovorcd by the moonlight a no tlco posted, which thoy tore oil ana too* wiin inem to tho woods. On lighting a piece of candle, they discovered it to he a notice to tho creditors of tho late General Harnett, who was killed iu Western Virginia, to present their claims at Bowling Green, in Carolina county. This saved them tho risk of makiiiK personal inquiries mi to where thoy were, which they had dotei mined to do the next morning. On that night they mot a negro in tho woods, but they passed by each oilier without salutation. Thoy were assisted, too, by an inspection of a gtiidcboard, and at this point a negro suddenly came upon Ihctn unawares, but in a seeming fright be ran away. Fearing that he might givo tho alarm, they ran for a long distance, that (hey might bo beyond the danger of pursuit. On Wednesday morning, about two o'clock, they reached tho lUpiuthannock, wbrro they wcro fortunate in finding a small boat. Mr. Murphy tcik olf his shoos in )Kissing through a small village near Iho river, that ho might avoid making any noise,and in getting into the boat ho accidentally left his shoes on the bank. This was tho occasion of much suffering subsequently, as he had to perform the remainder of liis journey in bare feet, which were terribly blistered and swollen. Having crossed the Rnppahatiunck they started for fliey Potomac. Tlioy hod travelled but a short distauco when thoy found themselves neon tlic margin u deep swamp through which , they wcro compelled to wade with mud knoo fleet) for half a mile. They continued on their course until they came within sight of Iho Potomac. They encountered a parly of negroes unexpectedly, mid were compelled to spoiik or be the subject of suspicion. Tiny inquired

for a boat to carry them across tlxi river, announcing themselves to bo Confederate officers. TIIK BTtJtFI, I/OSS IN TI1E I.KWIN6V1LLE AFFAIR. It has been ascertained that the er.eiuy'a kiss in tho affair at l/rwinsvillo, iho day before yesterday, is thirty killed and between sixty and seventy wounded. A resident near the same place suys that alter Captain M >tt arrived, one of tlx* shells from his thirty two pounder howitzer dismounted onoof the rebel guns and put nino men hort <lu mml.at. axsa1 j.ton a union officer byahecmiompt. About luilf-past elcycu to-night, a man named Gall was am a tod, for having struck a Union officer en cr the head bcaio the latter denounced Gait Tor having proclaimed, in tho at root and elsewhere, for Jeff. Davis. Gait was accompanied by anoth r fellow, who also declared Ids secession sympathies. Tho companion of Gait was secreted In Brown's Hotel, and up to midnight bad not been arrested, tho police not daring or caring to make a search for him. This is the first domnnslrat.ou of the kind that has happened, and will probably be tho last. The ollicer assaulted, fortunntcly, was not seriously injured. THE army. Lieut. Goorgo IT. Butler, of tho rogular army, has been detached from Gen. Butler's staff, and detailed as Aid-dcCainp to General.Lander's staff. THE COTTON EXCITEMENT ARATINO IN ENGLAND. Private letters in this city from Brig land and tho Continent show that tho fever oroatod in England, growing out of a fear that cotton would becoino scarco, Iu consequence of tho blockade of our Southern ports, Is subsiding, ami tlmt a decided reaction Is taking placo. A largo amount of cotton, procured before the blockado by tho manufacturers of Now England, that cannot now be used in consequence of tbo bard times, has boon offered to Euglaud. TnK PAYMENT OP VOLUNTEERS. Tho following order has boon addrecsod to Paymaster General Utrncd by'tho War Department:? You will arrange for tbo payment of volunteers as illrectal by tho provlsions'of tho act of Congress relating thereto, dated July S4, and as amended August 0, 1801, viz:?When organized and accepted by tbo Governors of the several Stales, without regard to the date of mustering KIIO HID MTVU.O U| IJII? UUJfcCU ,'WHT, pruVJtJOU ()' 1 V T J1 '.:.J ?. has not been ma'ic by tho respective Stales, lor which the government will eventually ho liable. Where volunteer regiments have been accepted by tho War Department, upon what is termed independent acceptances, you will alhnv i>ay from tho date of organization of each company with tho*minimum number of men, satisfactory cvidcin o in each ciiso to bo .furnished your department b.foro payment i3 made. SIMON CAMKKON, Secretary of War. tj:h sun. service in Missouri. A despatch to tho Post Office Department from Ft. Louis says that no mails have yet passed over the llanni ' b?l end Ft. Joseph Railroad, and that the prospect of renewal of^thc service on that routo is bad. SERENADE TO ME. FOSTER, OF NORTH CAROLINA. Hon. Charles Henry I'rgtor, of Nortli Carolina, who it is understood returns in a day or two to that State to participate actively In the war for the Union, was to-night complimented with a serenade to which he appropriately responded. CASSIUS M. CJ.AT'S WASHINGTON GUARD CZLEBBA-. TION. Cajslng if. Clay's Washington Guards, who rendered sucli i-fbricnt service in tiio defence of tho capital in the dark days in April, held a mooting tc-nlght, nt theirhendfiuartors, and unanimously resolved to celebrate the 17ili of September, tbo anniversary *of tne adoption of tho Cotistituti n of tho United Stutos, and .tho delivery of Washington's Farewell Address. Professor Ainusa McCoy, of the Clay Guards, was invited to deliver tho oration. Professor McCoy accepted tho invitation, and announced that ttio thcins of his lectnrj would be?"Mr. Russell and the London Times on tho rebellion and tbo war against the national constitution." The President of tho United States, General McClollaa, Mr. Holt, iho Secretary of Slate, and two or thre . hundred of the most distinguished civil and military character now at the national capital, arc to bo specially invited to attend. NEW MEXICO APPOINTMENTS. AlliortW. Archibald, of Fort Union, New Mexico, was to-day appointed Unitod Stub s Marshal for that Territory. Captain.!. W. Iloltuc3, tlio new appointed Secretary, i left Washington to day !'?r New Mexico. ERA I R LOAN. ? Financial Intelligence IMPORTANT OKIIKU I'ltOM OKNKKAL It'CUXLAJi. General McClellan has issued the follow tug order:? f\rst?Tlie attention of brigades and regimental commlssariisof subsistence, ami of officers acting ns such, MdinMM lo paragraph* 20 21 and 22 of InMitMN i EUtulatlow,orparagraphs !,H7;>. 1.074 and 1,075 of the ' Army Regulation* of lKfiT. Subslftanco officers must niako issucH to the hospital, and k> op tlio accounts of hospital I'undH in iitrict conformity with the requirements of tho regulation!: idled. Second?All changes of the station of medical officers to . f>o promptly reported lo the Medical Director at those j headquarters, and the authority given by which the change wag made. Tnird?loaves of absence to medical officers aro prohibited unless granted at these headquarters. tburtk?Patients will not be sent from Ibo regimental lo tbo general hospitals without the authority of tho Medical Director. Applications for this authority must be made in writing, tho ruimos and diseases of tho patients, and bo handed into the office of the Medical Director betwoeu the hours of uiue and ton A. M. M/iA?When a soldier is sent to the general hospital his company commander shall certify nnd send with him 1 his descriptive list and account of pay ami clothing. t Sixth?Male uurs's and cooks for tho general hospitals <] aro to bo detailed from the privates of tlie army, regular < and volunteer. The allowance will bo ulie mirso to ton J patients and one cook to thirty. Where women aro em- 1 ployed the tnimlicr of men to be called for will not exceed a , number Bultlcteet ??> make up tne wnoie rorce to tno allowance above authorized. Hired nurses and cooks will bo forthwith <ii mIim g< 4. Sfvfftlk?Men reported nt the general hospitals for duly will be sent by tbc surgeon In charge to the ofllcc of the Medical Mrcctor at ten o'clock A. M. for the pastes nocessnry to enable lliem to rejoiu their regiments. Eighth?Meilieal officers joining this army for duty, with ] or without trooj s. will report promptly to ih Mo Ileal Hi- ( rector In person. If with troops, tiny will repoittho number of men, the state of their supple sand umbtilnaeo 1 transportation. i Xin'h?Ambulances will not be used for any other than the s|?ecillc purpose for which they are designed, viz.:? The transportation of the sick and wounded, except by the written authority of (ho brigade commander, the M -dV'al Hire,for of the army, ami tho Quartermaster In charge of them in the city of Washing ton. The Provost Marshal is directed to see that tho provisions of this order are earrled out and will arrt st every oflleer and confine overy private or nnn-rommissiored ollicer who is found violating it. All government ambulances now in possession of regiments or separate corps w ill bo turned in to the ehlof Quartermaster, w ith the exception of one two wheeled ambulance to each regiment. One two wheeled trnusiiort cart will be allowed to each general hospital for the conveyance of marketing anil hospital stor< s. Jkuth?The practice of bringing communications in porsiiii to the oilieers at their headquarters, with a view to obtain immediate attention to tin- matter Involved,proves a serious hindrance to tho pn nipi transaction of In siness and must bo discontinued. t'nlcss under extraordinary clrcuiuslnnccs, all communications for the (Jmicrai com- , mutiding aro to lie transmitted to his headquarters by tlto ordinary modes; and llio person concerned will await re- 1 plies to'b 'furnished them in the same manner. < K/cead/i?d'er-ons having olflcinl business nt these t headquarters will transact tho sumo bvtiwoon tho hours of nine A. M. i-ml three I*. M. 1 'Mfth?Tim arms of the troops most ho thoroughly in- i gpeeted by the company o/llcers ut least once a day. U /- ?/A U)?. ri.vi.llln U'lll n.it )>,. nflnF sunriso, and hot coffee will ho issued to the troops immcdialo'y afior the rovcillo roll call, as a preventative of the efforts of malaria. J-'mrternlh?Troops on the march or changing positions will move without music. Drums are not to tic beaten, nor trumpet Bounded, except for the stated exercise awl calls. Fifltmlh?All requisitions for ordnanco and ordnance stores and supplies for the troops serving In this army will be trnnsinittod throrgh the appropriate commanders to the eblef of ordnance at their headquarters. Sixttnlh?Officers- belonging to this army are directed to wear their cniforms at all times at their stations. Srrmlemth?The small fort near Fort Corcoran, thrown up by tho Fourth regiment of Michigan Volunteers, will be known as Port Woodbury. By command of Major General McCLELLAN, P. Wim.iams, Assistant Adjutant General, Richard b. Ip.wln, Aid-de-Camp. ADDITIONAI. PROTECTION TO TIIE POSTAL REVENUE. The l'ostms -ter General has directed, ns?an additional protection to tho p< stal revenue, tho exclusive Issue of lite stamped envelope, containing the n< w improvement of tho dissolving lines. Thi envelope cannot bo inauufac tared by the ordinary machinery, and is not, therefore, liable to Imitation by tho insurgents. It is found that but few, if any, of the letters cr.clrecd in this new envcloiic have occasioned trouble to the rostnuustcrs In deciphering lllegildo superscriptions or postmarks, (the proper position of both on tho envelope being indicated by the lines, so us to prevent their mutual obliteration), thus obviating tho most frequent caupo of miscarriage. These and other considerations have induced the Postmaster General to assume (lie expense of this important invention, and to supply the now envelope on the same terms us tho old. The department will not probably issue proposals for a new contract for some time. ALLEGED FRAUDS OF AIIMV EONTIUCTORS. The government is about to Investigate the alleged frauds committed upon it in the Side of horses furnished by Pennsylvania contractors. Tho inspector at 1'orryvllle, Maryland, within the last ten days has condomed , between four and five hundred army wagong, and notified the manufactiwcBs to remove them. IMPORTANT FROM NORTH CAROLINA. Arrival of Shlps-of-War Off Port Macon? Rebel Troop* Harrying to Ileanfort, &c. Lotnsroxs, Sept. 13,1861. A Newborn (N. C.) special despatch to the Charleston .Vorary of tho 6th says that "a Yankee war vessel apI>cared off Boanfort last night. When the train left last night It was reported that four vessels were In the Sound and others coming In. Only one, however, is knewn to bo here. A number of detached companies havo already lot I for Beaufort, and General Gatlin, with tho Ncvcnth regiment or ->o: in t aronna xroops, loronei uunpoou, win leave this morning for the samo destination. Colonel linrncs' rcglinont is already at licaufort. General Gatlin tlrlnks Fort MgLon cannot he tukcn." Wilm;xotoii,*N. c., Sept. 9,1801. Four United Stales vessels bad anchored off Fort Macon at seven o'clock Saturday afternoon, Their object 1b not known. TIIE riUYATEEIl SUMTER. Bosros, Sept. 13, 1901. Captain King,of the brig Xorthxnun, before repor ted cend mn d nt Surinam, enm.-passenger la the brig Muic va lo, which arrived at Baiefffoio September 11. IP? , slates that tho privateer .Sumter arrived at Surinam | August 11, and was at anchor inside of Fort Ant loriiaur on tlxo 23-1 of August. | *4 j D. PRICE TWO CENTS. ) for the People. if 11 J V Si p * THE RATIONAL POPULAR LOAD. Operations in the American Bank Note Establishment. Elapid Manufacture of Treasury Notes. FAC SIMILE OF A TREASURY NOTE, Ac., Ac., Ac. The American Bnult Nolo Company of thin city is now uigagod, with nearly tho whole machinery of its vast etablisliment, In the manufacture of United States frcasury note* for the subscribers to tho popular loan. Ab wo stated before, the demand upon the energies and productive powers of tho company bss never been so great, and aTl Qio operatives are consequently compelled to work on extra hours of the day and far into the night to keep pace, as far as possible, with the pressure of the government for tho new notes. Tho thousands of persons who daily puss through Wall street and roi.ud about tho Merchants' Exchango little know that there Is such on extensive establishment, affording employment to many scores of persons, in full operation in tbo upper stories of tho Exchnngo. The upper story was built expressly for the American Bank Mute Company, and extends over tho whole length and breadth of the main building. It is constructed of tho most solid materials, in the safest and most substantial manner. Every department of the building is burglar and fireproof, and it Is iinp( ssiblo to conceive how security und strength could he better attained. The rooms aro all wide, lofty and airy, and the machinery adjusted and fitted with mnthcmalfcal piceisiun. Every department operates in a distinct branch of tho establishment, and tlicre is little or no communication between tbo operatives of one division and those of another. ' On tho first floor wo hftvo tho huKincKft offlr.A and thai director's rooms, fitted up with grout taste and refinemoot, and oxtentlvely oroamrulcd with engravings, batik note specimens, and artistic designs Tor bunk notes. Tlteso aro most varied and beautiful, including drawings by ltarley, Ilerrick, Cusiler, ltdinonds and others. When one of these sketches ia chosen for a note, it Is reduced by thy photograph to the size required, ufter which it passes into the hone's tif the engraver, w ho, by a very delicate and ingenious prcct ss, transfers it to the steel plate, where it is fixed by his little sharp pointed tools. When every lino of the portrait or drawing has thus boon transferred?which can easily be asrortuinod ny means'of the powerful magnifying grosses that aro used?and the background is put on with the aid of a machine, the pinto is subjected to i process called case-hardening, which renders the steel !o hard and tough that It will resist any amount of pre 8turo without lujury to the engraving. This is nojessary, as the engraving in this hardened <tnto is easily transferred from the flat steel plate to a cylindrical roller of soft steel, by tho tgency of presses of Immense power ;nnd when perfectly transferred theso rollers ore hardened in their turn, so iliut any number of reproduction!) of tho original engraving Is by this moans placed at tho disposal of'lhe operators, ami also enables the company to preservo the plate* o (hat all future impressions might be uniformly like tho original. Tho process Is altogether a most intricate but liitcicstirg one, and a very inadequate idea can bo givco of it in ibis brief sketch. ^ On tho second floor is tho art department, so callod front tho fact fhut here the various dcsigHH and models are prepared. Here may bo seen every kind of model and drawing tli.it tho skill'4* ef tho artist could invent or tho photographer rcduco to mint aturc proportions. On tho third floor aro the depositories of paper, of tho very flnest dercrlplicn, accumulated in icimeiiso quantities. Tho pinto vaults, or repfsitorlcs fur printed plates, are also fili ated on ibis floor. They aro secured by ponderous doors, bolted, barred and locked against tlio Idea of burglarious entrance. Watchmen, tried and skilful, guaid tho portals, and keep eternal vigils over the wealth of the company. And tho burglar's occupation, liko Othello's, is forevct , "gone," so tar us this establishment is concerned. In other apartments of this floor are the drying and flashing rooms, hydraulic presses, machines for numbering ti.o notes, drying racks, and the stoam cngino and boiler which heats tho building in cold weather. The drying process is a peculiar feature of this department, rho notes all como from tho printers wet or damp, and beforo they can bo folded or packed they nest be jierfectiy dry, to avoid tho othorwifo Inevitable blurring and besmearing of the impressions. Sometimes, aa at present, there aro from forty to flfly thousand sheets to bo dried every dny in a room where many other operations aro in progress, without interference with any bianebof tho business. To socuro this desideratum and to promote celerity 'io tho movements of the establishment, moveable racks aro constructed in'an Inner apartment, into which largo numbers of the damp sheets aro inserted. B< noath tlw racks are pipes, heated by steam to a given tcmpcraturo, and a cold current of air, which is allowed free access to these racks, passing over tho steam pipes, becomes boated,and is thus converted Into a valuable agent for the drying of tho bank notes. Tho notes, tin s driod, are put Into the hands of the folders ami llnishers, after passing through hydraulic psess's t* make th'tm Cat arid smooth. Thoro arc largo Iron saf s in which to Loop the finished notes, and the walls' surrounding thcra arc as sound and e/Ui.l i linen of n fortress. The fourth story, extending around tho entire square, is occupied by the actual woiking department, oud throe* fourths of it by the printing division alone. The <e. era) engraving departments, such as tho pictorial, lettering and transferring (properly the engraving department), occupy the north front < f the Pxrhango, as here thero is a more regular and unchanging til it. Tho room from tho f r to tho ceiling is upwards of flftoon foet high, and tho vert Halloa as 1 erfect as It can po silly bo. T re ate sixty pre-* es enga cd In printing the United [CONTiXCKD ON EMilWII l'AGE.)

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