Newspaper of The New York Herald, September 14, 1861, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated September 14, 1861 Page 4
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4 NEW YORK HERALD. JAMES GORDON BENNETT, EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR. OPPIOB N. W. CORNKK OK KULTON AND NASSAU STS. Volume XXVI No. ?55 AMUSEMENTS THIS EVENINd. WINTER QARDKN. Di-oadway.? Cindfrsli.a?Coot as A COIXmiKR. NEW BOWERY THEATRE Bowery.? \ftoroonn-IiuLi. Run Kvanlng?Bull Run?1'iiukk. Thimk. ?Dobuisu rou a win. BARNUM'S AMERICAN MUSEUM, Broadway.?Day ml Evening? Woman's i.nrf?l.ovr 'n LlYKiiV?Ilirro^otahi e. K*a Lion. and Otiikr Cduiositiea. BRYANTS' MINSTRELS, Mechanic*' Hall, 472 I!road, ara.v.?Sonus, Danoks, Buki.ksuuks, Ac.?wiu* awakk. NELODEON CONCERT HALL, No. 539 Broadway.? Boats, Damons, li t'iii a'ttvu as. At'.?I urn. a .\o in l.sdd. CANTERBURY MUSIC IIALL. 535 Broadway.?Song*, Hanoi s, lluuLKSijuxs, Ac. OAIKTIR8 CONCERT ROOM, (I1B Broadway.?Dbawinq ItooM ENTKKTAIKtfKNrS UaU.KTS. U ANIOHI *KS, FAliCXS, AO. AMERICAN MUSIC HALL, 4u Broadway. ?Songs, BagU Is. l'ANTOXIHKS, AC.?MAS iokkadh liALL. CRYSTAL PALACE CONCERT HALL. No. 45 Bowery.-. Buklxsquks, Sonus. Danoxx, Ac.? Ulack Status. New York, Satnrilay, September 11,1SG1. T1IK SITUATION. The city yesterday was full of rumors with regard to General Fremont linving been superseded t?y Quartermaster General Meigs, in the command ?f the Department of the West. From intelligence received from the moat reliable sources, it may feafely be asserted tliat there is no truth in the rutnor. General Meigs has visited St. Louis for the purpose of looking after his own department?the Bamo purpose that lias caused him to visit other cities. Postmaster Blair's object in journeying to St. Louis was to sec General Fremont relative to ft misunderstanding between him and Colonel Frank "Blair, and which will doubtless be settled nftor an Explanation. The principal facts relative to General Fremont in his military capacity are, that the president has written blm a letter, requiring him to modify his proclamation, which, as it now reads, transcends the power given under the net of Congress relative to rebels and their slaves. General McClellnn has irt last turned his nttcn'tion to Baltimore and the Maryland rebel sympathisers. From his prompt action at an important moment It would appear that he lias been watching the germ for some lime, and only waited for the bud to appear to tear out the rank weed, root and brane li. The arrests made yesterday have developed a diep laid scheme on the part of the Maryland rebels to aid those on the other side of the Potomac, which plot would, doubtless, have partially succeede d but for this action of the youth rul chieftain. The Maryland legislature was to tmre met on the 17th Instant, when tin act, already prepared, was to have been passed declaring Maryland out of the Unh>n. On the same day the rebel forcoa, aided by cx-'lommander^uchnnnn on y the Eastern shore, and oth.w rebels above Washington, were to have crossed into Maryland atid taken military possession of tl? State, while Mayor Brown was at the same trine to head a demonstration in Baltimore city of a like mituro. The arrest of these men, and the suppression of the two rebel papers, the Exchange and the South, will leave the legislature powerless to act, and fake away the head from the plug-uglies of llaltimord. A roconnoissance in force, consisting of infantry, cavalry and artillery, was made* by the rebels before Washington upon the centri) and rigi'it wings of the Union troops. The Union pickets near Ball's Cross Roads were driven In, but no other damage wns done. Oon. Smith tdvancrd with a Dortion of his brigade. I on, further progress could not bet made; hut the troops took up a position to await any sttnek tliat the rebels might attempt in llie morning. The object of the reconnoissnnce was aot ascertained, {luring tho night the rebels set flrcrto a number of liouscs in the neighborhood of tho positions they bad taken up. ' Prom Western Virginia information has been received of a slight skirmish between a portion of the Union forces, nnder General Ueyiiolds, at Elk Fork, and a small force of the nibels, said to be under General Lee. The rebels advanced on both pikes, and succeeded in surrounding the fort on Cheat Mountain Summit, cutting the telegraph aire. They then advanced somewhat, hut a few fcbclls from Loomls' brfttery were found by them to he far from agreeable, and they finally had to leave. Two rebel officers were observed spying about the Union camps, and were shot. The body of one was taken to the camp, and it was discovered to be that of Col. John A. Washington. iJoth houses of the Legislature of Kentucky Lave passed the resolution ordering tlio rebel troops to leave theState over tho veto of Governor Magoffin. This, combined with the fact that Union camps are forming in various parts of the State, In one of which camps there arc already about ecven thousand'men who liavo been raised in a week, and nre? now fully armed and equipped, substantiates the almqnWalready verified assertion that Kentucky is true to/the Union,and the people,; rising iu their might, art determined to repulse tin* rebel invader and thrust him from tlieir borders. From Jefferson CiHy the St. Lonis Democrat | learns that eight hundred secessionists had Attacked the Unioo forces near Boonevilla* and that the battle was still raging when the messenger left. Mayor BerFet has been released from Fort Lafnv tUe on condition that ho Bball take th* oath of allegiance and resign his office na Mayor of the city of Washington. W. II. Winder was sent to the pame noted establishment. The extensive correspondence seized from this gentleman's person and effect* is very valpable, being from Jeff. Davis, ExVice President Breckinridge, lion. Mr. Burnett tind others of the like stamp. One of Breckintidge'a letters was but ten days old. The corresp idence breathes the most violent rebel ideas, i d will prove moat valuable to the government, in v ' sr possession it has lallen. Other loss import . ? arrests have also been made. I news ftom the rebel States, via New Or-. J ives a valuable piece of information, if true. j rted by the Charleston Mercury that the ' t General of Cuba has issued a proclamation the "or advices from the Queen of Spain, ull n r c mmcrse from tho rebel States to the 1 rU cl ti...t i. laud shall he cleared under tho m Confederate flag, and that tiny foroign interference by the Consuls at thoso ports will not bo tolerated. Tho same paper confirms the report that four Union war vessels were off Port Macon, Beaufort, North Carolina; and further states that several regiments of rebel troops had been seut for the protection of that place. The action, or rather decisive statement of Lord Palmerstou relative to Robert Muir, now in Pont Lafayctto, is very encouraging. Tho noble lord asserted that, as Muir had become a citizen of the United States, he could not claim the protection of the British cnvorumi-nt from the mulish rnent his evil deeds hud brought upon him. A Prussian military officer of note has tendered his services to tho government of the United States. He i? highly recommended by hia own government, uml ia vouched for by the Prussian Minister at Washington. A Major General of the British army accompanied General McClcllan around the fortifications before and around Washington. The British soldier expressed himself satisfied that the capital could not be taken by the rebels. A large quantity of specie?over seven thousand dollars?was seized by the United States Marshal at the office of the American Express, it having belonged to a rebel banking institution in the South. The lack-of-the-snpply-of-cotton fever is said to have subsided in England and on the European Continent. It is confidently assorted by letters to prominent persons that the supply will not fail at least during this whiter. Our neighbors of St. John, N. B., seem to be driving a brisk trade wilk the rebel States. A few days since the ship Alliance run the blockade at Beaufort with an assorted cargo from that port, and judging from the cargoes arriving occasionally at this port from St. John, tho trade between said points seems to be reciprocal. To-day tho schooner Fellow Craft arrived from St. John, N. B., with 108 barrels naval stores and 77 packages champagne, which presents a ucw feature in the imports from that port. THE NEWS. The steamship Champion, Capt. Wilson, arrived at this port yesterday afternoon from Aspinwall, with mails, passengers and $1,100,C!>3 in specie. Her advices from California have been anticipated by the overland express. There is no news whatever from the South Pacific, and nothing from Central America beyond the failure of the cochineal crop. The new government of New Granada has been recognized as defacto by the BritishCharge. It is reported that the other foreign representatives have done likewise. Meanwhile, Dr. Caivo's Secretary of State "lias removed the federal government to Antioquia and assumed tho duties of provisional President, thus prolonging tho civil war. A number of decrees have been issued by Mosqoera in relation to foreign Powers, officials at home and abroad, and tlie expulsion of the Jesuits, thirteen of whom bad arrived at the Isthmus on their way to Havana. The Legislature of Panama had convened, and the Governor's message to that body isquite important, lie thinks Mosquera cannot bold his position long. The federal Vice President elect, Colonel Arbolcda, and another officer, had gained some important successes in Cnuca, Mosquera's own State, and great hopes were entertained that, with the aid of Santander and Antioquia, tho federal cause may yet triumph and Mosquera be driven from Bogota. Among the arrivals at the new American hotel, Port lAf.iycttc, yesterday, were Marshal Kane, of Baltimore; Colonel Dawson, of Virginia; Benjamin r.^uiiius nuu ooumi nurion. ino two lormcr captives were landed at the fort by the Camden and Aniboy steamboat Stockton. The same vessel touched at Fort Columbus, Coventor's Island, where Colouol Pegram nnd twenty-five other rebel prisoners were committed to the custody of the federal authorities for safe keeping. Now that the loyal citizens of Kentucky are being supported by the government they arc determined to rise and defend the State frjm the ravages of the rebels. The Union camps are being rapidly tilled with soldiers. In one camp five regiments of Kentuckians were organized in one week, e-ach regiment numbering one thousand men, all thoronghly armed and equipped. Hicre are also two regiments of loyal Tennessceans in the camp. Thi? Ia/,1,0 Mir a a ? -? i mo ?wv/iio iiac ? uunci liiiiimiun Ull *I'I1U |llirV UI lilt' people not to bo overridden by Che rebels. The Union soldiers from othqr Stated still occupy the places taken by them. A grand s?lutc of ninety-seven ejuns will be fired at four o'clock this afternoon intthr Vark, in honor of the seventy-one members of lli? House of Representatives and the twenty-six Senators of the Legislature of Kentucky who voted for and passed the joint resolutions requesting the Governor to call out the military to drive Leoni jus l'olk and his rebel followers from the State. The resolutions will bo found in full in auothcr column. Hon. J. Si Jackson, memb<?r of Congress, representing the if econd district of Kentucky, is raising a regiment of cavalry in Louisville for the service of the Unified States. The number of troops which the rebel confederacy has in the field, according to our idea, has been over estimated from tho. starting of the first rumors of a contemplated attack on Washington. It is true that since the bat tie of Manassas large j additions have been made to their respective I forces, and it is also true that many regiments have bcc i withdrawn to strengthen the coast defences, and that some ten or twelve thousand arc now lying in the hospitals p ,'ostratcd by disease. We have prspared and rgiven below a table of their estimated strength, which, wo think, is calculated upon a liberal basin. The estimato puts in the Jleld one in every f<?ur of the men in each seceded Btato, botween that ages of eighteen and forty-five, except the ftates of Georgia and North Carolina, from wliinh we have official statements of their exact numbers, which show that those two States have b *un less than i one in bix or uierr respective male populations bej tween eighteen and forty-live years of age, at present in service:? Male Population. brfwren 18 arvi 15. TVoope. Alabama 106,009 24,000 Arkansas 66,009 16,200 Florida 16.000 4,000 Georgia 119,040 19,160 Louisiana 75/WO 18,700 Mississippi 71,000 18,000 North Carolina 132.000 20.100 Tennessee 16/,000 3.7,000 Texas 84,000 21,000 Virginia *21,000 60,000 South Carolina... 60,000 15,000 Total seceded States *1,110,000 251,100 Add to tho number the rebel troops from throe of the non-Beceded nftivo States: ? Missouri 20,000 Kentucky - 5,000 Maryland 3,000 Total 28,000 ?And wc have n gKind total of 279,100 soldiers in the service of the bogus confederacy, with their main body, or about one half the whole nunrbcr, on the Potomac, and the remainder scattered at different points in Virginia, ou the sea-coast and on the Mississippi river. A meeting of mcrohants and others, without respect to former political diU'ercncee, and acting ;w YORK HERALD, SATt npon one common platform?to wit, the Union, constitution and the laws?was held lately, with the view of organising a party to reform the city government and place houest men in nomination. Tiic following named gentlemen wcro appointed to make all the necessary arrangements: ?S. Draper, Owen Brcnnnn, Moses Taylor, Robert T. Haws, Isaac Bell, M. 11. Grinnell, J. B. Nicholson, A. U. Enn, T. 0. Doromus, P. Cooper, J. Hoxie, Win. llall, H. Greeley, W. P. Havemeyer, A. Carrigan, Orison Blunt, Isaac Sherman, James Kelly, H. M. Blatehford, George W. Blunt, W. G. llunt, I). P. Tiemann. The Coroner's jury who retired for deliberation on Thursday evening on tho case of tlio two soldiers liillod in tho mvmte at Willett's Point on Monday evening, intimuted to the Coroner early in the night that they had arrived at the following verdict:?"That Pcrdinand Markoe and Dominick Snssi came to their death by l ille bullets fired by a squad of men connected with the New York Rifles, under command and orders of Lieutenant Georgl." A court of inquiry into the afTair has been ordered by General Yates. The court commenced its sittings at the camp at Willett's Point yesterday, but nothing material was elicited. Tltu cotton markol was not active, but there was more firmness manifested on the jtarl of holders, while tho sa'oa were confined to ahout 400 a 500 hales, closing oti (ho basis of about 22c. for fair middling uplands. Owing to light receipts, with a good demand for the homo trade and for export, sales of flour wore active, and tho market closed at from 6c. a 10c. per bt>I. higher Wheat wis also active and In good export requc. I, chiefly f< r Frn ee; tho market closed at an advance of lc. a 2c. per bushel. Corn was llrto and In good oxport demand, with sales at slightly holler rates. l"ork was firmer, with sales firm and again active, with Halm of about 3,000 lihds., 1,000 boxen and 600 bids. molado, at prices given in another column. Coffee wan (Inn, with sides of 12,COO bags Bo at 13.1c. a 15J,'o., ch|. fly at 14>?<\, with souse 1,000 bags I.aguayra at IO.VjC. a ]0%r., and some St. 1*>mlitgo at 14c. a 14 >?o. Freights woro easier t'> Liverpool for grain, but steady for London and tbo Continent. There was moru offering for shipment, with tulerublo free engsgi mcntx. The Aiilfmle of the British fiovcrnineut Towards the I'nUed States. The intelligence lately received that the British army in Canada is to be reinforced during the present month by 22,.100 i men is, if reliable, and when viewed in connection with the present state of affairs, both significant and portentous. We make tin's qualification because we have been unable to find any statement in our English files corroborative of the report telegraphed from Cape Race, a circumstance, however, which of itself docs not disprove the truth of the latter. We therefore frame our argument accordingly, If it were an isolated act, and this country, instead of being involved in a vital struggle for ita own national existence, was at peace, wo Bliould regard the increase of the British forces beyond the border as only intended for the additional protection of British territory, dictated by a policy we should little care to investigate. But when for some months pnst the course of England towards this country has been such as to excito our serious apprehensions of a violent rupture at no distant date? when we see fortifications that were always in good repair being brought up to a pilch ol unusual strength and elfieiencv. and a uoworful fleet, of line-oi-battle ships and gunboats added to the usual North American squadron, v.c naturally attach juoro than ordinary iinportaucc to an evont like the present, and the more especially as it follows close upon a similar reinforcement, which was of mil.Iciest extent at the time to arouse a strong suspicion on this side oi the Atlantic of the .motive which induced It. Moreover, the language oiaplojv ' by Hrltlsli statesmen has more than once betrayed opinions not at all reconclleable with a friendly feeling towards this country, and we have seen a letter from Lord John Itiissell reciting to the annexation of San Domingo, whiteh clearly shows that he has since the outbreak, of the rebellion looked upon it as certain to 7>e success fill. He speaks of the Northern ani|Southern Confederations of North America as flbccd facts, and alludes to the probability of the'!- forming an allianco at some future time for the purpose of rocenting the aggressive interference o' Spain in the New World. Such references to tlio independent national existence of tlie rebellious States are both uncalled for and offensive. Hut they serve very well to enlighte > us upon the subject of official views in Engl and, from which we may infer the policy of a government always jealous of our great ness, arid the example we afforded of the success of republicanism, and as a consequence by no means averse to our overthrow. To confirm us in the belief that this movement is procursive of hojtilitics towards the United States, we learn that the London Times, while calling upon the English government to devolopo the cultivation of cotton in India, says it will waive all scruples when the prosperity of the country and the existence of millions are at stake. This means, we presumo, that the British government will have no hesitation in breaking our blockade in ordor to get cotton whenever the demand for that commodity in Lancashire becomes sufficiently pressing. It may bo thought that this can be done with something like Impunity when the Canadian garrisons are made strong enough to resist any invasion of that country by Americans; but no more fatal mistako could prompt an evil action, and no greater disaster could occur to England than war with this republic. Whatever may be the intention of the British government, however, the United States is prepared for the worst. Our forts and harbor defences generally are being increased and put in the best working order, besides undergoing all the improvements which modern scionco can suggest, while those we have captured from the rebels are about to be armed with rifled cannon, and made as impregnable as possible. Meanwhile our immense army and navy are daily receiving accessions and becoming more formidable in their strength. We have thus every reason to be confident of our power to prevent Great Britain successfully carrying into execution those plans which her dubious policy docs not fail to indicate, and to which the absence of scruples in the management of her international affairs would oppose no obstacle. As a reason for the despatch of so large a force to Canada, it may be alleged by the British government that it was in consequence of un apprehension that an attempt might be made at the annexation of Canada to the United States, and as a simple measure of safety during the war in this country. But no such explanation will be accepted by tl^kpeoplo of the United States or those in EngThrra whe are cognizant of the real objects the government have in view? the idea of our invading Canada without the provocation of a war with England being absurd. We say this because we have no doubt the government will be asked for an explanation of n proceeding, which, judging by the ParliamcntUr! ry and press remarks upon the original rein rilDAV, SEPTEMBER 14, If forcemeat, is certain to provoke strong opposition in England, und may not unlikely lead to a change of administration. The significance of the act of sending such a large body of troops to swoll the already unusually large military force in Canada, is increased by a simultaneous change in the Governorship of the colony. Sir Edmund Head is to be superseded by Lord Monck, an Irish peer, who will doubtless act upon special instructions and be the willing instrument of the present ministry. It will be fortunate for England if the absence of so large a portion of lier naval and military strength in these waters does not open a convenient opportunity for Louis Napoleon to carry into execution some of his favorite European projects, of which the annexation of the island of

Sardinia is among the least. And it will be well, in any case, for her to profit by our warning advice, that breaking the blockade main taincd by tlvo United States government would bo the prelude to the most disastrous chapter in her history. Her shipping would be swept from the seas; ten millions of her people?the number dependent upon the American trade? would be reduced to destitution; starvation and riot would reign in Lancashire, and the very throne itself, undermined by the Puritan party, would be imperilled. Meanwhile the United States, fighting in a good cause and with vastly superior resources to those of England, would be comparatively little affected, and at length emerge victorious. But, for the sake of humanity and civilization, it is to be hoped, howover ominous may he the signs of the times, that such a war will never darken the century in which we live. Tiik National Popular Loan.?Every day murks an increase in the subscriptions to the seven three-tenths per cent Treasury loan. From one or two hundred thousand dollars per day they have sprung up to a million nnd upwards. The sum received last Thursday in the Sub-Treasury was one million and fifty thousand dollars. That of yesterday was still larger. To-day we publish a fac simile of a hundred dollar Treasury note, with the coupons attached. Of these there are five, the note itself, which is payable in three yean, standing as the sixth and last. This, and the explanatory articles which wo have published from day today on the subject, will familiarize the public with the working of the loan. The notes will probably be ready for delivery next week, and we may reasonably look for an immense increase of contributions from that time. The million of dollars which this citv contributes daily may be doubled, perhaps trebled, some days. The opening of five bun nu n agencies nu over n:e country ougm ro insure subscriptions to the amount of two or three times those nude in this city: and as the average daily expenses nf our government are only about'a million of dollar** 'd&uV.ou VllM? these few days past on account of the refunding to .States their expenses in organizing and for warding regiments? there will l>c no lack of the sinews of war. Tl ere is such ail abundant supply of money now from this source that Mr. Cisco, the Snb-Treosnrer, found it unnecessary to present to the banks a draft which he received yesterday for an additional ten per cent of the loan assumed by the n, because he had enough money on hand. In this way the whole amount qf the flint fifty millions assumed by tlic banks will be taken by the people, and the banks will bo thus enabled to go on and assume the other two instalments of tifty millions each, llesidos these gratifying circumstances, assurances have been received in Wall street by tbe last liuropenn steamer that London capitalists ini??.i i 1!? ii,~ * !? ii uu ?/*' luriOb JUlgU^ III bUf AlHUIIUiUl lean. Such confidence at home nnd abroad argues veil for the permanency of our institutionH and the integrity of the republic. Cheering News from the Potomac to the Mississippi.?Within the last two days wo lmve had a whole budget of cheering achievements in behalf of the Union cause. The reconnoisaanco under the direction of Gen. McClclian, from our lines in front of Washington of the intervening country to Lewinsvllle, was a good th\ng and handsomely accomplished; the dressing administered to the great robber traitor Floyd in Western Virginia by Gen. Jlosecrans was a neat operation; the bold, unequivocal and fearless Union front assumed by tiie loyal Legislature of loyal Kentucky is worth an army of fifty thousand men; the rout of those rebel gunboats on the Mississippi below Cairo was a dashing affair, and the way in which Fremont and his military associate officers and their forces are working up the rebels in Missouri is altogether encouraging. In fact, from the Potomac to the Mississippi and the Missouri rivers, the good cause goes bravely on. The only hope of the rebels now is in their army of the Potomac, and from that we have every reason to hope the means, the power anil the prestige of victory have departed. Let all concerned, federal and State authorities, put forward their energies now to strengthen McClellnn in every way, and we shall have the day dawn of a glorious peace. A Vioorot'8 Course Inaugurated in Marvi.axi>.?In yesterday morning's paper we felt it our duty to censure the milk and water do nothing policy of General Dix, and called on tho government to suppress the rebellious sheets in that city, as well as to arrest thoso members of the Legislalature who meditated the passing of an ordinanco of secession at their meeting next Tuesday in Frederick. It will be seen that our columns to-day contain evidence of the vigor on the part of General McClellan> who yesterday instructed General Dix to arrest Myor Brown, the Hon. Henry May, member of Congress, Ross Winans, ten members of the Legislature, Thomas J. Wall, Jr., editor of the Baltimore South, and F. K. Howard, editor of the Exchange, together with Benjamin C. Howard, the "peace'' candidate for Governor. This is a good beginning, and it is to be hoped that now. that tho white kid gloves aro thrown off by General Dix, he will not put them on again till he has finished the work. Let martial law be proclaimed throughout the State at once, and let every mnn known to be implicated in treason be arrested without delay. By this grand coup de main the design of the Legislature to take the State out of tho Union will be baffled for tho present, for tho j rooeis, v'iboui meir icauers, aro like Blieep without a shepherd. But unlese the blow is quickly followed up they will rally and rise, and perhaps the Confederate army cross live Potomac and come to their aid. Let General Pix take the secession bull by the horns, ov the animal will tors him high in air. *61. 1 Improved Mouai.e op the Federal Troops? j TuEi'u to Retrieve the Boll Ron Dkkka'i'?Tho review of the Pennsylvania troops by Governor Curtiu, at Washington, on Tuesday last, afforded tho most satisfactory evidences of the improved organization and spirit of our army. Their appeurance and discipline were such as to call forth the warmest eulogiums from old army officers, who could not help expressing their surprise nt tho progress that hud been made by the new regiments In so short a liino. The feelings of gratification created by tho spectacle were enhanced by the enthusiasm and ardor manifested by tho men. The presence of General McClollan, whenever ho appronched them, seemed to exercise a sort of magnetic influence over them. Tho unbounded Confidence which liia afriotnnaa nn n. iliaciriHtv*. rian and his attention to the wants and comforts of the soldier have gained for him, has inspired a feeling of devotion towards liis person which only great leaders know how to winThrough the ranks l>e is spoken of only by his Christian name?among American soldiers a proof of affection almost as great as that which obtained for Napoleon the titlo of "the Little Corporal." The affair at Lowinsville put to the test the improved spirit and discipline that was noticed on this occasion. No veteran troops could have exhibited greater eagerness to be led against the enemy, or behaved more steadily under Are. All this justifies tho confidence of General McClellan when ho promises the country that "there shall be no more Bull run affairs." The cokkksronnekfe op Prince Napoleon.? Our readers will remember a translation we gave of a letter from the United States to the semi-official Opinion Nationals, of Paris, and which embodied the views of Prince Napoleon relative to American affairs. This letter, from its known source, attracted great attention in tho French capital, and was perused with no ordinary interest on this side of the Atlantic. Since its publication more epistles from the same pen have been eagerly anticipated. But now we learn from our Paris correspondent, on good authority, thai the letters from Prince Napoleon have boon diverted in their course from the columns of L'Opinion National*s to the Tuilerles, and arc in future to be reserved expressly for the private information of the government. This is not a little significant, showing, as it does, that she is so far uncertain of results and undetermined as to action as to be guided by the impressions, statements and opinions of one whose judgment she is by no means likely to undervalue. The mere circumstance ot Prince Napoleon writing about our affairs at all, either to his own organ in Paris or his cousin, the Emperor, r( moves to a great extent the veil of privacy which was at firstintended to skroud his visit to this country, and makes the lnttor of considerable political importance. The tact of their being submitted to the Ministry instead of the poople may only tend to thcreaso the effect of his lulttrs, ns: what is never made public can never be reported, and to all that they contain more than common weight will boWtached. But, whether as the correspondcnt'.of a newspapC^ or the French government, wa have 110 doubt Prftte? NnpolOOtt will combin-d intelligent observation wiiji suflicient impartiality to avoid doing us any injustice. Tub Hixtt-Fouh Pounder Headings of the IIekaij).?An English newspaper, commenting upon tin; intelligence received in England in regard to American affairs, says that much of the confusion and exaggeration in the accounts is owing to the manner in which the English telegrams are concocted. One of the English papers say:?"A copy of the New Yokk Hkiui.ii is ripped open by a lialf-enlightened clerk ; the blazing he;ul lines of the paper arc hastily glanced over and indiscriminately jumbled to getlicr in the form of u consecutive narrative. Now, all this is very fine; but we are of the opinion that this ' half-enlightened clerk " know* what he is about and attends to his business properly. The London Times once pronounced each heading of the IIekat.p's articles ' equal to a sixty-four pounder," and the experience of this war has proven that sixty-four pounders are very handy to have about, and arc the very best kind of weapons. Besides this, the London Times' Prince of Wales corrcs pondent used to make up the best part of his letters from the Herald's headings, nnd its pro I sent, war correspondent here manages to get a little truth into his epistles by quotations from the same source. Enousii Newspaper Correspondents Expos imi Each Other's Tricks.?in his last letter. Russell, of the London Times, charges the re presontativo in this country of another English journal with publishing first in one of our local newspapers the letters which he sends homo. We do not see the get1 at ditference between this proceeding and the fact recently established against Russell, of his sending down for confidential circulation among the leading secessionists at Charleston the manuscripts of his letters to the London Times, detailing his observations in the federal camps and decrying and ridiculing the efforts of the North to defend the integrity of the republic. The writer who gives both sides the simultaneous benefit of his information nnd criticisms is, we should say, the more honest man of the two. Cagger, Richmond A Co., Convicted op Disi.oyai.ty.?The late Democratic State Convention renominated as their candidate for Attorney General of the State of New York, Lyman Trcmaine, a gentleman whose character for straightforward, plain spoken honesty, has never been called in question. It amazed many of his friends to sec Mr. Tremaine in such company. He has come out, howover,now, and denounced the whole concern as unworthy of confidence. He assigns as one of his reasons for declining the nomination that "on this single war question his views are not in harmony with theirs?" In other words, he has been impollod to disclaim their association and withdraw his name from the Cagger & Co. ticket, because of the disloyalty of their views. What a comment upon the specious pretext, upon which the State convocation of rotten hearted democratic wirepullers, excluded certain delegates from this city, after having flvst accepted them because they were not sufficiently sure of their loyalty. The Irish Brigade.?The work of recruiting for the Irish brigade is progressing linely. It will soon bo ready for the field, a compact body of brave young Irish soldiers, from four to five thousand .-.Imng. Let all engaged in this noble enterprise hurry up their work, in order that they may share and shine in the approaching ! deliverance of Washington and restoration of Virginia to the Union. -V .... Opr nur.v'otm Nkwcipai-eiw?Tub Abbb McMastkr.?Most of our religious newspapers liuvo at length discovered that our country in jnvolvod in a domestic war, and that the cause of the Union in the cause of Christianity. A spurious concern, however, in the garb of tho Catholic Church, a paper of late called tho New York Freeman's Appeal, still continues to mutter treason; but by way of qualification, in hb? iitBi. issue, ine addp hieiuaaior sayp m?ic true and very pood things of the late mock horoic and Janus-faced Democratic Convention a* Syracuse. Perhaps the Abbo may improve upon indulgence. Such seems to be the opinion of Mr. Seward, and he ought to know. THE STATE PRISONERS. Arrest of Rebel Members of Ibt Maryland I'Cglklutorc, tho mayor of Baltimore, Rosa VVtnana, CongrtliHan Muy, and Other Rebel Sympathisers, &c. IUi.tisokk, Sept. 13, 1861. The Provoet Murslud thla morning, before tho break of day, urrostod Mayor Hrown, Rons Winnnf, Chariot H. l'itts, Iawronco Pangs ton, S. T. Wallis and T. P. Sootl, tn tubers of the Maryland legislature,and V. K. Howard, editor of tho Exchange, and delivered them to the hospital for "sick patriotism" at Fort McHonry. All tho arrests have been male pursuant to orders dlroct from the War Department. Of course no ofliciol announcement of the arrests lias yet been made, but It la bclli-vod all the nam ? given are correct. The arrest of Henry May, member of Omgraas, Is Just rej>orli d, as is also tho arrest of Henry M. Morflt and W. 0. Harrison, members of the State Legislature from this city. These, with tho names previously sent, complote the list of tho ten delegates to the Maryland Legislature from this city. Thoro is considerable excitcmont on the stroots. Tho following additional arrosts have been made Messrs. Donnison. Oulnlan and I)r. I.vneh. members of tli? Legislature from Baltimore county ; Hem y W. Warllo'd and l)r. J. llansnm; also Thomas J. Hall, ,Tr., editor of tho llaltlniore South. The Maryland legislature was to havo mot on Tuesday, when, It is supposed, further legislation hostile to Um government w;is to have been made. B. C. Howard, the poaee gubernatorial candidato, ?M net arrested, as roported this morning. Mr. llrnne, one of tho city delegation of the Legislature, mentioned ns among the arrests, Is out of tho city, and therefore the announcement of his arrest is premature. Tho South, in its Ihbuo this cvoning, contains an announcement from tho printers of tho arrest of tho editor, and that, in consequence, tho publication will bo suspended for tho present. It is understood tbat warrants have bcon issued for the arrest of ull the government rebel members of th. legislature. The urrcst of Mayor Brown is supposod to have boon on account of expressions made by him in a letter to Central Dix in regard to tho pnymont of tho old polio* force, in which he says:?"I rocognise in the action of tit* government of the Hulled States in the mntter in question nothing but tho assertion of superior force." It is rumored that other arrests are to be made. OUR PHILADELPHIA CORRESPONDENCE. Puii.idki.piu a, Sept. 13,1841. Cmm itment of William II. Winder to l\irl Lafayette? Hijhly Important Correspondence in the Hands ff tin Detective*?I Mini from Senator ^iroclinridye,, Jtffervi? Davit, W. It. Yancey, Representatix Burnett and others?P; thins and Bolton, tic- if. Too fcuao of William IJ, WthUer did not come up thtl 1 afternoon before CWtnmissloner Ilazlett, as ho was taken j to Fort Lafayetto by Marshal John F. .Shnrkoy at six o'clock. Tho defendant and counsel, who had determined to nvtku a stubborn light, waitoil for a hearing until tlio afternoon ha l fatlod away. In tho mrnuirao tho defendant amused himself by reading his hie in the Hakalo. A carriage was driven to the door of tho Marshal'a office at tlvo o'clock, and after a feid>le murmur or tw* Winder wag placed inside au<Tdriven mpidFy to the New York atcatt,'t, " The warrant for hi* commitment was endorsed by Secretary Caiuoron, and ordered the boily of William H. Winder to ho delivered to the commandaut of Fort Lafayette. Meanwhile bis voluminous correspondence was being examined in the office of the Fire Marshal, and it develojiea a scheme of treason as broad as tho cotuiuont, implicating h vf the BreekinridM statesmen in the laud. A letter from John f. Mrcckinridge, dated in tho present month, n-.ay be enumerated, with others of an older date, from MmM I'avis, Wm. ft. Yancey, Alexander H. Stephens, Howell Cobb and representatives Burnett and Vailandlgham. He was the regular Philadelphia correspondent of tho Daily News, Day Honk, Journal of Commerce and Haltiinore Sun. Willi a large proportion of tho traitors now confined at Fort Lafayette he had communicated, and his animosity to the North and the existing government can hardly be understood in view of tho fact that ho was an old and trusted man, belonging to a Union Homo Guard regiment. Perkins and Itolton, of tho Frankford Arsenal, associated with Hitchcock in tlio manufacture of balls, primer#, ca|i? and ball machines for South Carolina, will probably ho Aa?h?rn.l in ..ion. ..f l.nnn . i? ? .* ? ? < t"'? . "win vuiiuui, UIM Hitchcock has been releaso I. This discharge of tho principal will not warrant the liohliug of the accessories. ARREST OP ANOTHER SECESSIONIST. united states marshal's office. S. B. Corlios was arrested yesterday by CJnitod States Marshal Murray, by ordor of Secretary Seward, on tbn rhargo of ongraving bills upon the Bank of Pittsylvania, Va.,in tens and fifties, and was conveyod immediately to Fort Lafayette. SEIZURE OF SECESSION SPECIE. A package containing $7,109 07 was seized by the United States Marshal yesterday at the American Kxprees Company, on information that it belonged to a Southern hanking Institution, for which Mr. W. II. Thompson, Assistant United States Marshal, took a rooeipt, subject to the ordor ol Mr. Murray, Unltod States Marshal. MR. ANDREWS' RELEASE. J. W. Andrews, a native of Boston, on a visit there to to his mother, was arrestod in Frovhleueo, Rhode Island, on tbo charge, by J. Minium, of this city, that he was an officer in the Confederate army. This was a mistake, but a very natural one on the pnrt of Mr. Minturn, for thero isMother person of the samo namo who is on officor in the rebel army. Mr. Andrews was brought yesterday to this city and confined at tho Astor Houso, whore he wu known and rocognlzod, first by Iho worthy proprietor, C. A. Stetson, and subsequently by tho lion. Robert J. Walker. These gentlomen at once telegraphed tho faetn to Secretary Cameron, and requested an immediate invo-tigntion. Mossrs. Walker and Stetson recelvod, thin 1 morning, tho following ? Wartiwito*, Sept. 12.1861. 1 have telograped Pistrlct Attorney Smitli to havo aa immediate examination in the case of J. W. Andrews. SIMON CAMERON. To Hon. R. J. Walker and C. A. Stetson. In the meantime, Mr. Minturn having ascertained his mistake, wrote yesterday from Bristol, Rhodo Island, I giving "unqualified assurances'* that Mr. Andrews wan not connected with the Confederate army. To this lotter Messrs. Stotson and Walker added this postcript thin morning:? I am satisflod that the John W. Andrews, under arrest hero as connected with the ^onfodcrnlo army, is not la any way connected with the military forces of the rebels. C. A. STETSON. No. 8 River terrace, TIoookkn, Sept. 13,1861. I am thoroughly satisfied that J. W. Andrews, a natfvn of Massachusetts, under arrest here (mistaken for anml.... nni-on ..f limll.r lu nnl - nml iiiu< nover IhiiI any connection with tho robcl army, now engaged In such vain and wicked ntTorts to dismember this glorious Union and subvert the mildest, freest and beet government which ever existed. ftdicvlng that all who, whether armed or not, give "aid and comfort" to tho enemy, through tho press or otherwise, ought to b* arrested. I would not give this opinion n? to Mr. Andrews if thoro was the slightest doubt in this rase. R. J. WAI.KKR. On (he production of these documents from Messrs. Mlnturn, Stetson aad Walkor, Mr. Andrews was at oncw honorably discharged. This case baa brought out the very om|)hatic opinion of Governor Walker, that ail editors who through the press give "aid and comfort" to the onemy "ought to be arrested." ANOTHER CONFISCATION OF A SOUTHERN VESSEL. Bos-tos, Sept. 13, 1861. The schoonor S. R. Alien, partly ownod in Norfolk, waa seized hero to-day. SEIZURE OF ARTICLES BELONGING TO COMMODORE TATNALL. SArasnsj Hauuor, Sept. 13,1361. Collector Inglesort to-day seized twenty-four boxee, containing articles of curiosity nnd art, tlie proiierty of Commodore Tatnall, late of tlio United States NavyThere is great activity nt this Navy Yard to-day. SEIZURE OF COriES OF THE NEW YORK DAILY NEWS. Minnt-ETowtt. Coon,, Sopt. 13, 1861. Deputy United States Marshal Dickinson soized a packtif;e this morning containing about ono hundred copies of the New York Daily A'euv, which, hud been smuggled iuto i the city ny private bands.

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