Newspaper of The New York Herald, September 15, 1861, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated September 15, 1861 Page 2
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m 2 THE BATTLE OF BULL RUN. flcnrral Bcaaregiird't OJIlclul Report 01 the Mottle of llall Run, Fought July 18. 1*01. UlUtHllURTOM KlRRT CoRfR, Akttf OF TTTK Pom* <0, ) Muaam, Auguat , 18(11. / t;F>kit*iWilli tho general ro.Aultd Dl Hi . igageiiieut between aeveral brigades of my command and a considerable force of Urn enemy, in lh<< vicinity of MllchoH's and Bluelcburh'a for da, liuli run. on the INtli ult.. you wore niailo duly acquainted nt tbo time l>y telegraph. Hut it ta my place now lo eubiuit iu detail the o|?ratiuna of fbtit day. Ojrportvnefy it\fo ttitrd of the <) /etrnti nation if the enemy 'a detaineron Manassas, my advanced brif.nlex, on ilie night of iho Kith of Julv, were madtt awate, i'l'oiu r|,? , e head quartern, of tlie impondintf moveuienl; and nt exact accordance Willi my inaiructlons, a copy of which m appended, hearted "A," their wllluirnwai within the tine., of Pull run wax effected with complete giu'row during the tiny ami night of lite 17tli ul'., in face of ami in immediate proximity n> a laryely superior font, despite a U-.II planned, well rate- u'rd effort to cut off the retreat of Bonkam'i brigade, fin! a! Oermantuwn and tul.seqi ently a' Crc'n rW whonro h? withdrew, by niy direction, alter midnight, without olijaion, although enveloped on three .-idea by their line". 3'ii.t mm-menl had the intend/d qlfect of deciring the enemy at tn tnu uwrtm- jutr/n: , *, ami lc<l him !u ait/i. ipafc an wtrtrinlrii jiutaiji nf tivll rim. As proscribed In tle< first and second section* of the paper horew lib marked -'A," on I he morning of the lHtli nf .iiiiv, t?t> Iruojjs resting on Hull run, from Union Mills ford to Mir sumo Bridge, a distance of eight utiles, wore poste I u? follows;? Knell's Brigade occupied a position in the vicinity id Union M I!.' lord. It out sifted of Rode*' i "it ill .ml ibrl's Sixtb regiments of Alabama, and Seymour's tfixth reglniem or lsutiaiana Volunteers, with lour twclvt-pounder howil/.ors of Walton's hnttory, and l/arrison'a, Oram's and Gable's companies of Virginia cavalry. 0.11. Jon s' brlgado was in position In rear of McLean's ford, and consisted of Jenkins' fifth South Carolina, and Burt's Seventeenth and Fcaliierstono's Fighteecth regilui-nta of Mississippi Volunteers, with two brass six jHiunder guns of Walton's battery, and one company of cavalry. Longalrost'tt brigade covered Blackburn's ford, atid consisted of Moor's First, (la land's Klevonth and (org :'k Bevento-nih regiments of Virginia Volunteers, with two tx pound r brass guns of Walton's battery. Huulrini's bng.nie held the approaches to Mitchell's ford. U was composed of Kershaw's isectitfd, Williams' Third, Bueon's seventh and Cn If# Klglith n rimonts of Booth Oaroilna Volunteers, of Shields' and Del Kemper's batlorlns, and of Ford's, Bedford's, Payne's. Ball's, Wickman's and Powell's companies of Virginia cavalry, under Col. lUdford. Cooke's brigade held Hie fords below and in tlir vicinity cf lha Stone Bridge, aud rains is ted of Withers' Klgiiteoutb, Iaeutenant Snung 's Nihulmutli, and It. T. Preston> Twenty eighth regiments, with lniltara's buttery and ou i oempany of cavalry. Kvuns held my loll flunk and protected the Stone Bridge, crossing with .Sloan's Fourth regiment .South Carolina Volunteers; Wheat's Special haltaliou Iioiiisluna Volunteers, four six pounder guns, and two companies Virginia cavalry. Fariy's brigade, consisting of Kemper's Seventh (six companies), Kurly's Twenty-fourth regiment Virginia Volunteers, Hays' Seventh regiment 1/iulaianaVolunteers, and three rifled | ieces of Walton's battery, Lieu ten uit S'lairus, at first were held in position in r>'ur of and as u support to Kwell's Brigade, until after the de Telupmeut of the enemy in heavy olf< nsive force in front of Mitchell's and lilai kburu's l< rJs. when it was placed In the rear ot and nearly eipii-dietant between McLean's, Blackburn V and MicheU's lords. Ponding the development of (lie enemy's purpose, about ton o'clock A. M. I established my headquarters at a i eiitral p dnt, Mel e m s farm house, near to M, i ait's an i Blackburn's fords, w here two six pounders of W'al Sou's battery were in rusorvo: but subsequently during the engagement, 1 took post to the left of int reserve. Of the topographs! features of the country llm ecru Vie.1, it inosl suthco to say licit Bull run Is u sncill str< am running in Ibis locality nearly from west to east, to its confluence with the Occoquan river,about twelve miles from the Potomac, and draining a considerable scope of eouutry front It.-source in Bull i un mountain to a abort tii tancc of tho Potomac, at Occoquan. At this se.i-< n ha bilualiy low uurt sluggish, it is liowv rapidly and frequently swollen by tie'summer rams until unfordahle. Tne banks for the most part are rocky and steep, but abound In long used funis. The country on eilli r -ide much broken and thickly wood, l. becomes gently rolling and open us it rec -eds from the stream. On tho mamls lii<* other bank completely. Roads travcrrs and intersect the surrounding <" miry in :ilino.-t every direction. Finally, at MitchMi a forit (lie stream i t about i qui din taut between Couircvillu anil Manassas, somesix miles H|U11 t On th'"- morning or llu> lKth. finding that the enemy was Kunming a threatening altitude, in addition to the r-'Rl msnts whose )*villous hnve linen already Fluted, I ordered tip from Camp I'icjceiix. us u reserve, in rsar of rtonhun's brigade, the efli-ctivu men of six companies ?l' Kelly's highlit regiment I/misiana volunteer.- uml Kirhl.ind'i Eleventh regiment North Carolina volant -nrs, which, having arrived the night before en route t'.>r Wini h-stor, I bad halted in view of the existing neres?ities of the nervier. .Subsequently the l.attor wax plae-J in position on the iefl of Bonliam's la iqade. Appearing in heavy force iu front of Ronhum's position, the one in y about meridian opened lire with several twenty pounder rifled guns, from a hill over one and a half tnilosfrom Hull run. At the panso time Keiuper, sop ported by two cunpanies of light infantry, occupied a ridge on tho left of the Ceutrcville road, about si", hundred yards iu advance of tie ford, with two six jiounder (smooth) guns. At Hist the Bring of th -enemy was at random; but by half-past twelve P. M. he liad obtained the range of our position, and poured into lit brigade a Hhower or shot, but without injury to or in men. horses or guns. Kim the dixtnnrr, houmrr, our 171 in emi'd not r*) hi icith rffrrt, ami ice Jilt nnl it, j o.'i ntly aioaUinn ii more opportune ei< merit. mojnwioio u ngut null cry was pir-noi torwiiru !)V the enemy, whcrcuimii Kem|?or threw only rlx solid shot, with tho effect of driving bark both the battery ai d its supporting force. This is understood toll ivehren Ay res' battery , and the damn#* roust have li n couslih rabh. to have obliged such a retrograde movement on the part of that officer. The purposes of Kemper's position having n< w 'oeon fully served, liis pieces and support were withdrawn cross Mitchell's ford to a point pravioih-lr designated, *nd whicti conimsiided the direct approaches to the ford. About half-past eleven A. M. the enemy w,i. also dis covered hy the pickets of bnngstreei's brigade advancing in strong columns of infantry with artillery uud cavalry on Blackburn's lord. At meridian the pickets fell hack silently before the ndvoneing foe across the ford, which, tot well as the entire southern lianlc of the stream for the whole front of Longstreet'a brigade, wus covered at tho water's edge hy an extended line of skirmishers, while two six pounders; of Walton's buttery, under Lieutenant Harnett, were ailvuutageously placed to conuuond the direct approach to the lord, but with orders to retire to thu rear an soon us commanded b> the enemy. Tho northern bank of the stream, in front of I/mg trool's position, rises with h steepslojie at least fifty feet above the level of the wruter, leaving a narrow bermo in front of the ford of some twenty yards. Till" ridge formed for them an admirable natural parapet, behind which they could, and did, uppr-uich under shelter, in heavy force, w ithin Icbs than one hundred yards of our sjopuislierg. Ihc Southern shore wHs uTuiml-!i piafn, lui-Tn To it b few feet above the water for several hundred yards, then rising with a very gradual,gentle slope, and undulating bark to Manassas. On tho immediate bnuk there iraa a friugn i f trees, but withhold, if any, undergrowth or shelter, while on the other thorn there were timber and much thick brush and covering. The grouud in rear of our oklrniishnra, and occupied by our art tilery, .was an old Held extending along tire stream about one mile, and immediately track for about half * mile, to a border or skirting of douse second growth pines. Tho whole of this ground was commanded at ail points by the ridge oti. cuplod by the enemy's musketry, as was also the country to tho r"a' for a distance much bevoud the range of ko pouu Jet rilled guns, by the rouge id bills ou which their f>Att"iiea were jihiuted, ami which it maybe further iototTj commanded also all our approaches from this direction to the three threatened fords. Before advancing his Infantry, the enemy maintained a Are of riflod artillery from the bal lories just mentioned for half an hour, then Ac pushed/ontmrd a columnof ova- three thousand infantry In the aquavit, with such a weight of numbers at to be'repeUed with difficulty hy Ike comparatively small force of not more than twelve hundred bayimdttvith wkiek Brigadier General iMiigitreet net kirn tei'/A characteristic Uigur aim \uur-jrui ill). Will Ip P" 11 In p|piK"fc p ui mus liiiiu were the Kirwt ami Seventeenth and Tour companies of the Eleventh regiment* Virginia Volunteers. Their resistance was rosolut" and maintained with a stead iuusK worthy of all praise. It was successful, and I ho enemy wns repulsed. In a short time, however, he relumed to the contest with Increased force and determination, hut was again foiled and driven hack by our skirmisher* and Longslroet's re serve oompanlea, which wero brought up and employed at the most vigorously asaaiied points at tho critical morn ont. $ It was now that Ilrlgailier General longatreet sent for reinforcement* from Karly'a hrlgalc, which I hail anticipated l>y directing the advance of General Early, with two regiments of Infuiitry and tw piece of artillery. Ah these camo upon the field the enemy bad advanced a Chird time, wilh heavy numbers, t" f ".cj 1/ngstruet i position. Hays' regiment, Seventh U>ui-.iana Volutih ore, which was in advance, was placed on the 1-ntiU of the Stream, under some cover, to the Immediate tight and left of the ford, relieving Cbrsc's r'ginient, h' vcntcontli Virginia Volunteers. 'Jhiswa* done under a heavy tiro Of musketry, willi promising steadlne s. The Seventh Virginia,under lieutenant Colonel Williams, was then formed to tho right, also under hoary fire. Slid pushed forward to the streutn, re lievmg tho First regiment Virginia Volunteers, jit l\ttarnc thnr hcoriflei a-inn, I.r.,tight vv tnfA Early's brigade, wfere mend drum in thefubl Co Ih- righ' of /ho in id, to as to be (xnirealedfrom Mi* enemy's artilterg lij t)v girth of timber on the immeiliate bank gt the stream, and tin to opened Ore, directed only by the sound of the enemy 's jnuakoty Unable to effect a j i,?u{;n tl,o enemy kept tip i* scattering fire for some time. Some ol onr tr.? |is had pushed across the stream, and several small partu s of Corse's regiment, under command of Captain Mayro' Hint and drove the enemy with tlie bayouot, but as the roadway from the ford wan too narrow for g combined mnvemont In force, (iennral LongStreet recalled them to the south batik M>'auwhile the ri mam ler of Early's infantry and artillery luid tK'tn called ii)?that Is,six compidi sot the Twenty fourth regiment Virginia Volunteers, under Lieutenant Oalonel Ilwirston, and tivo pieces of artillery, one rilled gun and four six-pounder brass guns, Including two pii-poiuidcr guns undet Lieutenant (iarnett. which Ltd h-i n pro> ions ly sunt to the re ir by General Luigstrt t. Tit a infantry .was at once placed In'position to the loft of the ford in a pneo unoccupied by IU\v, and ti e artillery was uidlmjbered in battery to the rlylit of the road, in a line with jllio two guns already in action. A scattering lire of nana kolry still kept up by the oneuiy for a short time, l>Ut Was ll.Ut w sil -tit ft wa. at this utonrtf the njfair that a remartable artilterg ttf ml mas em ma west (,,1{/ Maintained on our ride fv'/i n lonjj trainedpriif's:dnial opj i,nent, tujierior in the charaslcr a) toeM as the numi rr flu toapnris. y r'utA -wi'h w. rrmed tnunitions and rrerg ar.'illri/ oj-j/iou . and at the son i fcnw occupying ths iomrrMnding^ Uion. Xliervs tit* wcic JU marvellous and fitting prpouraors to^tav^Jllyy aoVevein-id*'>r the 21st of July. In the oiiOWwrr nro was ill reeled agniluit tlio enemy's iufutiUy, whoso bayonets gleaming above the Iron tt paolone Indicated their presence ami forro. This drew the attention of a battery placed ! on u high commanding ridge, and the duol began lu oaritnal. hir n litnr the aim of the atlrer.-ary teas inaccurate, Ivt this tint (/uirkly correrted, and shot fell anil I hell I ursl thick ami fdU in the veiy midst uf our battery, wouudlng in the conrso of ihoenmb.it Captain Kscheiutuu flvo privates, unit ill- homo of i.inutonunt Klchardson. From tlio |Mnsit Ion of our pieces, and the nature of tlto gonial, tlulr aim could only bo directed at the smoke of the enemy's artillery. How skilfully and with what execution this was donti, can only tie realised by nn eye-witness. For a low moment* their guus were silenced, but we: e soon reopened. Hy dlrectluu of (iencral 1/mgalroct, his battery was then ndrnticod by hand out of the ranges now a eertulnrd by tlie enemy, and a show or or sphorl salon: o, sle ll and round shot llew over the heads of our gunners; but one of our pieces had become hurt da combat from an enlarged vent. From the new p etition our gun. ?tired us before, with no other aim than the smoke and Hash of their adversaries' pieces?renew nil end urged the uonltict with such signal vigor and ell'oot that gradually th < lire of theeiieiny s'ackoned, the intervals bdweon their dimhaigiatjuvw lunger, and finally to reuse, awl mm /ml a las! gun nt a!* $?<I, dying.fat, wKntr hen?y matte* in the tiisWmr were plainly tent to brealc awl umber tit wild bmjuii m and uller rt.nl. brewing the gmuiul with east away y it its, hat', II tnl-'ti, on'1 kiwi not Is, as vnr parting shell was thrown am aiytt them, lu their retreat one of their pieces was abandoned, but from the nature uf the ground it was not nut fur thai night, and, under cover of darkness, tho enemy recovered it. The guns engaged iu this singular conflict, on our side, weio tliri a six-pouuder rilled pH eg ami four ordinary six Iiouiiili iv. ?ilol tvalion'* battery, tlio Washington Artillery, of Now Orleans. Tli oWcors immediately attached wro Captain Fscbelinan, J.taut fount*P. W.Squires, Richardson. Gaincli nud Whililngton. At the saino time our inlunlry hid tho bunk of the stream in advance of our guns, und 111' mfcsllea of tho combatant* flow to and fro above them a.., cool and veteran like, for moro than au hour lhoy steadily awaited the moment arid signal for tho udvuurp. While the conflict was at itH lielght, before Blackburn's ford, atsuit four I*. M., tho enemy agaiu displayed himself in force before Bonhu'n's position. At this Colonel Kersi in-.*, with four companies of his regiment. f-'ecdhd South Carolina, and ouo piece of Kemper's artillery, wero thrown across Mitchell's ford to the ridge which Kcni.ior bed occupied tlutl morning. Two solid shot and three gjiliurical case, thrown among them with a precision In ii'igtiivitc d by that artillerist at Vienna, etfected their dlsconillture and disappearance, and our trnopa in that quarter woT' .'ipiln withdrawn within our linrc, having diacharged tho duty assigned. Ai the close of tii" engagement before Blackburn's ford, 1 directed General lrmgslreet to withdraw tho First and Seventeenth regiments, which iuid h rne tlio hrunt of the action, to a position in reserve, leaving Colonel Kurly to occupy the Hold Willi his brigade and Garland's regiment. At a part the history of this itigagrmnU, I desire to pine hii recued, that <m thr 18th of July nut one ynril of in tmii hm tilt nor on* rijlt. pit sheltered thr men at Hlaekhuni' tJ<>rd, who, officer! and men, with rare ' era pi ions, wire on that day joe the .first time under fire, and u>ho. takinii and main aininfl every imeHionnrdend,cannot be too tnueh iummi nj< 0Jirr liieii SnhlierLy hehai iter. tt.,r ai'liilcrv was itiaooi* I ainl oilti-er.wl liv those who but yesterday wort* called from the civil avoeatlous "f n busy clly. They wore matched with the piked light urllller) of the fedeiul regular army, Company K, Third arttilory, under Captain Ayree, with aa armament, as their ??n chief ol nrtillciy admits, ot two ton-pounder Parrot rilled pun, two twelve-pounder howitzer and two six pounder pieces, aidci by two t.v.-lit.v-pouinler Parrot rilliio gi.us, ol' Umnpuiiy ti, Killhartillery,imdor I.ieut. Benjamin. Jh ns malt hn(, thru divrr their veteran advrca ries/rmii thtficld, (rieii'tj con fidence ill and promises qf the comiii'i offle" try of Halt brilliant arm if our si ndee. Having' thus related tun main or general results and events ol the a lion of Hull run, in conclusion, it is proper to signalize some or those who contributed most to the satisfactory results of that day. Thanks ore due to Brigadier Generals Boubnm rnd K.woll. and lo Colonel I'ocko, and the oUlcers under them, for tho ability shown in conducting and executing the retrograde movements on Hull ruu, directed in my orders of tho Nib of July?movductus on which hung the fortunes of this ariuy. Brigadier Urueial Izuigstrcot. who commimdod Immediately tho troops engaged ot Mlackhurn's ford, on tho is .eeuatledmy Mtluttl expsctaUoee, and i may inly su\ that by his presence at tho riglft placo at tho right niomi lit among his invn, by tho exhibition of character istic c 'i lues.-, auil bj his wor Is of encouragement to tho inen "i liiscomnvmd, ho inspired a enfldonoo and spirit Umt coutrtbotod largely to tho Mooesaof oorarmsoa ilui day. Colonel Karly brought his brigade Into position, and subsequently Into action, with jndpniuit and at tho p. opor moment. lie displayed capacity for command aud par.- iital gallantry. Colonol Monro, commanding the First Virginia volunteers. was severely wounded at the head of bis regiment, ilie cuniiimud of which subsequently devolved ujion MuJor fk inner, l.icutenant Colonel Fry having boon ' obliged to leave tho Held in consoqnence of a him stroke. An accomplished, promt-Ing olllrer, Major Carter If. llariisou, JJeventh reg'iiiiout Virginia volunteers, was lost to the service. While loading two coin panics of his I regiment again.-1 tho cncuiy ho fell, twice shot, mortally wounded. Hrlg.idierGeneral T/uigstreet, while (Indlng on all sides alacrity, ardor and intelligence, mention'' his siieciul oldi gati us I i Colonels Moore, Uariond and Corse, commandlug sewu.illv l'oeimonl? of bis hriinule anil fn tlmlr Held officers. l.iuutcnaut tVlonels Fry, I'nnston and Muiifor>t,aml Majori Bruit uml Skinner, of whom lio nays :? "Thej displayed morecdoluessana energy than is usual among v tnruns <>f tin* old service." tienernl l/>pfp'tr*ct also mentions tlio condu< t of Captain Marye, of the Seventeenth Vlrgiuin Volunteers, sa especially gallant on 011011 or ion in advance of the ford, i l'lie regiments of Karlv's brigade were commanded by I f'olonoi n.irry Mays nud l ieutenant Colonels Williams and ami Harrison, who handled th-ir command* iu action Willi satisfactory coolness and skill, supported by the field olllcers, I.lcul' limit Colonel lie t'hoissul and Major Benn, of the Seventh IxviKnua, aud Major l'utton, of the Seventh Virginia Volunteers. The k ll, the conduct, and tlio soldierly qualities of the Washington Ai tlUory engaged, were nil that could la* desired. The officers and men attached to the seven pieces already specified won lor their battalion a distinction which, I feel assured, will n; vcr be tarnished, and which j will ever serve to urge them aud their corps to high endeavor. Lieutenant Srpilrei worthily commanded the ' ph ces In uction. The commander of the battery was no , ewsarily absent from tlio immediate field, under orders in | tlie sphere of his duties; but the fruits ot hi* discipline, I real, Instruction and cupueity as au artillery commander, "Were present, and must redound U> bis reputation. On the left. at Mitchell's ford, while no serious cngagomen* occurred, the conduct of all was eminently satisfactory to the general others in command. It Is due,however, to Colonel J.I,. Kemper, Vlrg'nia forces, to express my sense of the valuo of hi* services in tho preparation tor the execution of the retreat from Fairfax Court House on Bull run. Called frnni I he bead of bis regiment, by what appeared to me an imperat ive need of service, to take charge of the superior duties of the Quartermaster's department, with the advance at that critical Juncture, he accepted the rvFpouiibi'itics iuvolvidund was eminently efficient. For further information touching officers and Individuals of the first Brigade, and th? details of the retrograde movement, lhnve to refer particularly to the report of Brigadier (lenersl Botihnm herewith. Jt la proper here to state that while from thoontset It 1... ! a.,!., ,1. ? .. i i.o.i ... uv iiui.i , vi. tuo ?un wirui) iu force, to full buck ami light him on the lino of Hull run. yet tbo position occupied by General KwpII'b brigade, if necossury, cuulu have been maintained against a largely superior f?rcc. This was especially the case with the |m>silionuf Ihe fifth Alabama Volunteers, Colonel Rhodes, which I tin i excellent offlcor had made capable of a resolute, protracted defence against heavy odds. Aroordin;)ly, on the. Manting of (he. 11th ultimo, vh-n th' many appended before (hat position, they i'c/v rh-t.r,! aii'i had at bay, with some confessed loss", in a rkh mich in advance of tho works. In which Major Morgan and Captain Shelley, Eifth regiment Alabama Vobintci rs,acted with intelligent gallantry: and ttm pnsl was | onto olnnJrnad tndtr lyn- ftd I n' tperih- imperative orders, in amfnrmity with a Iony conceived, cjabluhal plan <jf action and battle. Captain K. 1'. Alexander,Confederate States Engineers, fbrtunaiely Joined my headquarters tn time to introdno" the system of now Hold signals, which, tinder his skillful management, rendered nie tho most important servlve preceding and daring the engagement. The medical oflicers serving with the regiments engaged were at thoir proper posts and discharged their duties with satisfactory skill and real; and ou one occasion nt least, under an annoying lire, when Surgeon Cullen, first regiment Virginia Volunteers, was obliged to remove our wounded from tho hospital, which had become the special target of tho enemy's riflo guns, uotwilhstan,ling it was surmounted by the usual yellow hospital Hag, hut which, however, I hope, for tho sake of past associations, was igtmrnnlly mistaken for a Confederate lUg. Tbo name of each individual medical othcere I cannot mention. Onlhednyof the engagement I was attended by my personal stii'lt, lieutenant 3. W. Ferguson, Aid-de-Camp, and my volunteer Aids-d<> (tamp, Colonels i'reatoii, Man ning, Chestnut, Miles, Cliisholm and Hey ward, of South , Carolina, to nil of whom 1 ain greatly indented for man! Add e.taentlol services In the preliminary ittrangi avtda for Hie occupat ' a and maintenance of the line "f Hull run. Colonel Thomas Jordan, Acting Adjutant General; (dp' tain ('. II. Smith, A sCUOit Adpirsnl Gen, iai ; Colonel S. ' tome, AM ?t hKlkry mm Ordn. ti o: .Major Calx 11, j Chief Qunrterinastor ; Captain W. H. T wle, Chief of Sub j sirteiire fiepartmenl: Surgeon Thoino" II. Wtlhau.s Modi i cal l>.rector, Mid Asto-iani r-urg".?ti MtiKiie. Meiftcal Kurvi'y r."f th*ceiu-inl rtaff attached to the ariuy of tho Potomac, wore neco,nrilv engaged, severally, with tli-Mr ri-i-ji'ii-n,Ui duller a' mylieud.p'srtorti at t amp i'ickoidi, which ihoy dlrehargod with an energy Mid uttollig't.ce for vMiidi I liavo to tender my Niuenre wanka. Me. " > MiLean, IVUcona. Kltcbtkit tnil Uniwner,citlzeiL mi thin imiu"diato vichiity, It Is their duo to .-up, haveyiiired me ?u i ii,-? com.try under great obligation lor H" information relative to thin region, which hs< onallied iii" to avail myself of its defensive feature* and resource*. 'ilvy wore found eve: reartj' to gtve me tliefr tiro" without stint or reward. Our i a^uultitIn all sixty-el) lit killed and wounded, were fifteen (Including two repot tod nussing) killed ami fifty-three wounded, vera! of v.tun. have since died. Hie lorn of tiio oiirtuy can only lu c-ujecturesl. H Wan uiwiuostlonab!y heavy. lu "iUo cursory exauiiaiulou atnitiatkm whfrh wn made liy details from I/wgstroct's and Karly'n Un/ado* on the l*th of July, of lliat part of the field umn-dlalely contested, and tear liluckburn's ford. sotn" risty -flair eon.* r were found and burled, route r"'.v woundod an I a f ast t v 'nty prisons, * were also picked up, berelOB one hnudrod .in I vontv live stand* of error, a'large quantity officer, itromouts and blankets and quite or. bun 'red and fifty bats. Tho eGWi ot this day's uoulllct was to satisfy tho eueluy tb..t h could not force s pa.-s ago iit> i 11 ill run In the faro of. ur troops, and let him Into tho flank movement of the 21*1 of July, and tho battle of Manassas, tho details of which will bit related in atiotlicr paper. 11 rewlth 1 have the honor to transmit th retorts of the several brigade eommand. rr n. .red and of the artillery. Also a mop the M I ' but lie. I The rendition f ll i r. u j-toper to sav in con' ' elusion, has 1o -ti i.ti - v i l.iy de'ayed by the constantly engrossing ado:;1 ' att<,-h.'tier of the (.ammnndttr of an Hiinyeorp- .01 l wl1 .'y of voluntecis-?dull - vitally 1 Use. lit l.i I a I, JC - a ?l I future I'QlcicUC.V, ftud WhkU IW YOKt HK1ULD, SUN I ' Ould not *et iwldo or pontpon? on any account. I have the honor to bo, (icnornl, yoor obedient .orvunt, fl. T. BKAUKMiARD, lionorul foiuiuundiog. To Oenerul 8. CoorM, Adjulual and liwpoclor. AFFAIRS IN EUROPE. Our Paris, Berlin and St. Petersburg Correspondence, Lord John Russell on the Annexation of St. Domingo to Spain and the Attitude of the United States. The Cotton Supply Question in XiUglUUU, &0>, &C., &C. Important from Rnaaln. ODB Br. rtTKKSBtma cokrkspondknok. St. Pktuisbuhi!, August 17, 1101 Of>{tii<>nt fifth* Russian Press <n the Awrican Critis?lis Unparalleled Importance and the hnpettilility ijf Wintering ill lie. ull?Russian tTev spaprr Correspond/ nil in tfew York?Ornrral McClellan and his Report on the Siege of Sebastopml?Count iAimUrt Attainted Viceroy of I'oland?His Origin and Antecedents, etc. You will be surprised to bear that noithcr the PoliRh troubles, nor tho emancipation or the serfs, nor the derangement or the money market, nor any othor Internal quest Ion, occupies the attention or our publlc so exclusively u?s tho events now transpiring In America. Fay a the Serernaya 1'clolia?which may be called, sans coni] araison, tho SI. Petersburg Itiuu.e? '.!/?ny of our readers have confessed to vs that the present Anientan contest interests them a great deal more than Kuregtean affairs. This prorerenco or Ameriia to Kuropo is quito intelligible. In Kuropo no transaction can be look< <t Tor ward to which hoe not its historical precedent. ft h atover complications may arise, they will only be a repetition of former onca. Wo havo already bail the spectacle of a war between Austria and Hungary; the struggle or Austria in Italy is hardly concluded; Insurrectionary movements in Turkey have been or constant occurrence during tbo lost firnr centuries; Franco anil Kngland havo quarrelled so often alter their cordial alliance that wo would not bo astonished to see it transformed Into open hostility. Notwithstanding all this, the events that are passing in Kurope will nndouht odly be or the highest Importance, but their results cm be rorcsccn and calculated upon by tbo analogies ef tho past. The American wor, on the contrary, is o phe nomenon n'UAiut parallel in History, It ?i mint be judged by anything that has preceded it. Fiery incident of it strikes tic by ill stranginrss oml novelty. Id result cannot be foreseen, nor even coujecto rid. Iu a content between two nun archlt ul Slut in peace may be expected from the charactor or will of ouo man. Iu America thirty millions of people decide thn question of peine or war. CimsiitncUiuni which, in the ryes yf a king or a general, would I* sufficient ground! for the conclusion of jrucr, are disregarded by the masses, or looked u) on ai treason to the cause. A national war In always mora destructive than a war between disciplined armies; bot a national war, carried 011 by a population of nulli ms at the height or civilization, and employing nil the resources of ait and science In the work of extoruiiuatiuu, must produce unheard of rt suits; uud it is 110 ?oud< r, Uiorel'ore, that the utteutiou of mankind is directed iu breathless suspense to tho scones that are eiincttng in Virginia." In another article tho mime Journal remarks;? "Wo foretold not long since thai that portion of the press I and public who were taunting the contending parties w it It their iltlatorinesK arid complaining of their inactivity would soon have their impatience gratified. Tho federal army has sustained a severe dot cat, and the war iu America has obtained such dimensions that tho efTusion of hlooil is likely to satisfy tho most exacting critics and atnaliiirs of carnage. Tho cheek suffered by 1'resident Lincoln ici'l ceitaiuly neither nidify his policy nor produce a change of public opinion in the Stabs of the A'orth. their uiomontary illsuccess will rather Instigate ttie govcrtment and tlie people to fresh exertions against their enemies. The AngloSaxon race, who love peace lor the sake of the advantages derived from It,and are sli iv in proceeding to extremitley, may sometimes bo stunned by sudden disaster, but when recovered froirr tho shock they return to the charge w ith an energy which Inspires ttn-ui willi lic.-h courage and almost Insures success. It Is not surprising that In tbo first collision between tho North and li e South victory should have declared for the latter. The Inhabitants of th? Southern Stubs are not braver than those of tho I Noitli, but they are more warlike, 't hey had long hern meditating and prrjnring for insurrection, and laid made themselves familiar with tho u- e of arms. Itut only give the North time, lot their tro pe, hitherto ill armed, i'1-clothod and ill fed, hi properly organized and led by competent commanders,and they w ill reappear 011 tho Hold ot battle Inured to danger nud ready to defend the good cause w ith true Anglo-Saxon bravery." Py the way, tho Serernayn Pchelia lues its "own correspitnih nt" in New York, who writes his letters in English, uud they are translated Into Russian at tho olliee. Tho Russky Fiesinik, a hi-iuouthly review edited at Moscow,also contains regular communleattuna from Now York. A literary gentleman of this city, who accompanied Admiral [ Popoll In his voyage round tin- world, In 18.>8-00, lias pubAhadmom interesting akatchMol California, which mm read Willi great avidity, *4 Is every thing t dating to imrlM. % Our military men think tlint in General McCleuan you hat* at lastput ' the right ma/i in the right plare." llis report on tho siege iifS bxstop.il was translated toon after its appearance into the ilortkoi Shorn ih. a naval review published licre under the pat en age of (h and Imke Conatanlinfl. It displays great powers of obsen ation and ft rare strategic map d'cril, and is coll.- derod the bwt account of that famous siege that lias as yot boon givon. If he lights as well as lie writes, McCiellnn must be one of the nrst generais of the age. The appomtmont of fount Inmhert to the office of Xamiestuih , or Viceroy of l'olanil, is now a fait arcvmpli. Ho ha?not yet been gazetted as such, but his commission has lieru signed by the Kin per or, and he will start for Warsaw as soonaa Iris Majesty takes Ins departure for tho Crimea?to morrow or next day. Tlic nomination of so young a man (iho Count is only about forty live) to u jost of such high honor and distinction b.-s oxcited considerable disaatlfact ion uniong our old ofTe-crt;?the Mouravielts, Pergu, Suwarrokolfs, Ac.?the moro so as lanibert is what used to be term -d a carpet kuiglit, who has attained tho rank of Lleuteumil Genei al without hnv iug over He-lied Ids maiden sword, except during tlio short campaign in Duugury in 1849, when lie was attached to the stalf of Marshal l'aakiovltch; but in Ibis instance the susceptibilities of our veterans have had to yield to tho rail on d'etat. Count, iambert, though botn in Russia, Is the son of n French father and a Polish mother, by whom lie is related to some of the first families in the kingdom, and besidia this he is a P.onutu Culholle; it is hn|>ed,therefore, that he will be acceptable to tho nobility, and especially to the elorgy, and that he will succeed In i>cr. uadicg the latter to overt their mtleeiice in ullituug the mutation ajiioii); the people, iiisteud of Inflaming it. ns they ! have done hitherto. I am Afrnid their hopes will prove delusive; half Pole and wholly Papist as ho is. Count Ijimbei t woo: s a Russian uniform, which w ould he quite sufficient to render him ubnoxlous to the national party if he possessed all the virtues and good qualities under heaven. Persons well acquainted with the spirit ol the Polish nation, or, more property speaking, of tho dominant classes, are of opinion that all these conciliatory measures will bo of no use; that every fresh concession will be attributed to weakness. and only serve to en courage the opposition; and Hint if Russia docs not want to give up Poland altogether, she will have to revert to tlio system of stei n repression which obtsiuod under Nicholas, and which, whatever may be urged against It from a mural point of view,lit least secured the tranquillity of tho kingdom for more than a quarter of a century ut a time when all Europe was convulsed with revolutionary outbreaks. Oar Paris Correspondence rrms, August 2d, 1$W. Interert in the Reorganization of the United State* Army?An Acceptance of the Services of French Often* Rrrnrn mrndod?Daily Prill </ Napoleon't flutes?I'otii y of th* Emperor Tixcardt North Ameiica?Immenee Naval t Preparation* in Frame?New* from Italj?TUiiert in \ the. City?A Monument to ll'i/itum the Conqueror?Mili I tary Training of lite Piinre /wji-niaJ, dr. in a country bo essential!) military a? Franco, independent of every other consideration, the remodelling anil reorganization of the army of a powerful and tviondly Stalu cannot fail to bo a matter of deep interest. \\ hen that Mate happens to bo Iho country of Wa.-hiugtoD) whose early struggles for Independence were rha-.xl and often directed by French enthusia.- m and strategic art, tt naturally follow* that such interest must I* proportionable greater. I did not scruple to record the crlti cistus, unfavorable as they were, which were rife In every circle concerning the e.institution of tlmt army which your diplomatic 01 ate I* at tho Hotel dti Louvre ex ! j udied so loudly. 1 told you at tl.c timo that, according to French opinion, a^, I could c' fleet it from tho highest military circles of tlio capital, your whole system of mili tary organization would, in the liourcf trial, prove lint a brok' n stall'. And now that, by >our own admission, lit s eifdnion has been verified, all m n arc sear.nnig w illido p anxiety the vigorous cflbits that are being made torofonn the ovll. A predominant iden prevails that yon would do w|... to accept on a large scale the u rt .? - of l'rcn li oil! . What can there bo derogatory, it is asked, to a grout

tien like theItnttod States In such a fact. She pu : in excess all the manly qualities necessary to tlio ? ' in i under |?unUar circumManc . I'. ?i.s- n nation i t , ved from the obligations of military organ* it:< -i Met,ly finds itself compelled to extemporisem mi ;! 1 army. Now our circumstances, it i - l,ha' l> e I direct reverse of this position. I'ti s we u ?* t . i fathorshavc only mo.ed and liytd to the sr..:. I it. in 1 DAY, SEPTEMBER 15, 181 pet and drum, and every town and Tillage anil bamlat In Xranco b literally flowing ovor with precisely tho material that Amorlca Junt now hns nc.od of.?men endowed Willi u inilltury qualification, acquired by eorvlce, first in lUo ranks, and subsequently in all tlie eubordinnto gradu tlona of oommnmt. How gladly?with what joyful enthusiasm, it is urged?would this military experience lie pluot-d at tho dis| osul of the peoplo of tho Unitod States. Tliey do not waul ua to fight for them?that they aro enow and more than mow, to do for themselves; but they do want to be told how to abstain?how to inodorule thoir ardor, lomper their minds and bodies, and discipline their noble courage, that it may speedily boar that legitimate fruit which shall result in a thorough trampling out of the hist spark of rcbelliou. It can be no more humiliating, say they, to omploy the services of another nation in such a righteous cause, than to oiien your ports to the artificers of tho world for tho purposo of commerce; and if by doing ho a mighty civil war should bo summarily nipped In tho hud, who shall gaiusay the policy! Look ul us, say tho advocates of this proposition, how we learn and have learned tho triulo which the United States have hitherto been uhiu to dispense with: wo bogin at the beginning; we enter the army us common soldiers, for six months it is de ripsitr; we fulfil every delud, tho smallest as wi ll us tho greatest, of the common soldier's duties. We rise early and late, and take rest. Every port of our clothing and accoutrements is under tho strictest surveillance, and it is for the most part our twn hands that m-ust keep them in ropair. Every day of our lives wo drill, oxorcUo, pitch tents, march in liruvy order, sleep on p'.uius, and go through every ininulia of a soldier's life* from eight to ten hours. Thin is not done con. stuntly; but we may be suid to be never at roiil?the musket, bayonet or foil is never out of our hands. Then, wlnit with answering the muster roll, weekly reviews by Ilia colonel, and luce* sunt applirn lion to the thounand et coteraa of a soldier's life, wo bo~ come, after six months, nucli perfect tnlhlory machines that wo could go through our duties almo-tin our sleep. Alter Ihie it is that the better educated ami more int lligent he.,in to advance. A manual is placed in our hutch*, wherein are duly described the m ./iu opar.n <ti of d sripltue, from the soldier an a unit to the soldier <ti miu.'r, whether in company or division. Classes are form <1 mid lectures given nn this manual, and the most Intelligent cltres nro reported to ihc colonel, and thus the corporals aro selected, who subsequently become sergeants, sergeant ? nil sous lieutenants, lieutenants, captains. Ac. Cood oonuuet with us is everything?by which weitu-un the most absoluto obedience to superiors, clean dress, smartness, sobriety, Ac. Now franco abounds with men thus educated, whose manner- and attainments are precisely what America wauls. let tier say the word,and thev will fly ki liar llag by hundreds and thoiLiuucU, mid Instead of repenting?us it is jMiKsible she muy do?the disaster of Hull run, she will, by attei t on to the experience they can impai t, mart ii to e irtnui victory. 1 am bound to chronicle opinions of this sort when I hear lli -in so often reiterated us to assume the form ai d substance of national oxprorsion. At the seme tim, af wo are all lor 01 tselves in ilus world, it is right to slate that there is a growing presentiment tluit tiom the Northern States of \ninrieii a great cause o; aggrandizement to franco will ar se, and there is. therefore, tlie thorough des ru to originate some sort of liaiivn with them which may lay the grounds of a lusting union. The aytnp itliiea of I nglatid, it is plain to see, advance mo e and more to the South. In the event ol the present arm?d pence be twoen franc# and England hi in.' interrupted?and, in the nmntltxIalsiCtlalliillM i??wiil? ?-V.? ul,..ll . .... I scon this result may follow??it would bo of immense mi portnnyr to Francs to have the Northern Mates of Ainerl t on hor side. What could res s' tint combined force of two such Powers? The t'anaitos, the wh do rebellio is South? yen. Finland horsolf, for all tlie court she is paying to Auslilu?could hardly stand a.nt nst the formidable Powers that, under the tegls of Franco, would then h i mnrshtiMod against her. Whether Nnpdenn snnrnnrlni" Si dhita, or is expected in England, or not, Its ratal harbor . will be ut his s'-rvice, nnd Sweden and liemnark antl I'.u-sia and S|iain will all have their marine at the bidding of the French eagle. It is unite impossible to exaggerate thostrenuous edicts that are now being made at all the various naval stnl'.one here. At 'i'oukm the work govs on at uiglit as woil as day: the hsiun.t r never ceases, throughout tho French army a constant idea prevails that its services are on the eve of being demanded. From the superior oHlrer down to tho lowo t soldier hut one notion prevails on this sub Jecl, sud It is diUlcult to believe that the vuU d'urtlfr of all this dots not lake its initiative front the highest quarter. In England a similar opinion Is current, and so fatigued are all men there hi llio-overwhelming ogp ni.ii and tho constant draft on the time which the volunteertng sy.-ti m entails, a id about tho efllcieni y of the sum ? since Hull run public, opinion begins to waver?that thev are ready to accept any condition of quarrol ratlu-r than prolong a state of affairs which Booms just as proju dwial r..s declared war. Keport speaks most unfavorably of the health of the Pope. It is indeed said that so much is his death anticipated, that this circumstance alcne prevents the Emperor from taking s< me decisive stop regarding the French occupation jT Itoma. His Majesty has purchased from Frnuris in tlio Farneso Gardens, on which formerly stood the ancient p.iluco of the t'-irsai-s. Tlio oslor.giblo mot n e for tlio purcliaee is the making ofexcavatious. Paris is full of at rangors, all eagerly employed In inspecting the recently Inaugurated Boulevard." Extremes liuve a natural tendency to produce the same effei t. and really the pre-ent oiled of tliis great mntroiiolitan im provement Is as if the capital had been devastated by a horde of Goths and Vandals. Fo thorough lies lieeu the cuttitig, so absolute the demolition of houses ami streets, that the mod experienced haltilue of Paris is now some what troubled to lltul his whereabouts. It will probkbly take something like live years before the new Boulevard, in all its length and brealth, is quite presentable. At present, ex. pi that you see tho design, all is cont'd sion confounded. Parisians seem iih much astonished us foreigners and provincials nt the Htu pendens cuttings. The HOild earth, from twenty to forty find iu dipth, arranged on either side, but more especially ou tho right as you descend from the Arch of Triumphs attests the prodigious lnbor employed. One of the pad necessities is that the whole breadth of the beautiful Pave de Monceau, through which the Boulevard Makssherbeg pusses, cannot b- retained. A largo portion, and perhaps th" tin s! tieautiful, is obliged tobe. sacrificed to the bouses, which are to Hunk what is left Magnificent old trees, such us tho soil of Burls docs not ordinarily permit, but which have been nursed with con summutc art, and stand in clumps, are to bow their lofty tops to the axe, and thus tho Pave, shorn of those proportions, is to bo but, after all. a shallow of its former self. Any way. it is one of the best of tho landscape ornaments of the city. Tho trees being of ancient date, It has only been necessary to make clearances and spread grassy, undulating lawns. Abroad road for carriages passes through it. Magnificent llower parterres are scattered hither and thither?walks, scats, cascades, arbors are accessories in abundance, und tluyflbct is very ch inning. Thus, whou the sovereign Issues from the palace gab < of the Toiler ies, whether he direct his course through the palace gardens iu to tho Champa Klusees, or by the splendid church of ].a Madeleine up the Boulevard Mnleaherbes Into tho Pave de Jbmceau, bo will emerge by the Arch of Triumph, through plcturesipio gardens of the capital, till he descends into the Avenue de l'lmporatrlcc?(but elysium of modern cre.il ions?and reach, through the happy valley of the Bd8 de Boulogne, tluil loveliest of all his palaces?the Chateau of St. Cloud. 1.yen Nero, the most luxurious of all the ltoinan Emperors, could have desired nothing more ouciiaiiting than such a Uowcry outlet from the cures of istuto. ? .I * wi-nM if I'm Af 10. I "" where William the Cou<p:ewr assembled hut army o;' JiO.OOO strong for his Utva.-mn of Knx'.nTKl. The Fanpuror takes every means of eml aring the little Princo iuj to the army. He nccompunles hint to Oukloim?lie run* about tin- camp by himself, uutl oecabioiially is seen dashing some tattered drapeuu whfli attest* the dangcs of the Crimean struggle. The Kmpcror spares nothing U> malce this same camp happy. The soldier* at first Improvised ? theatre of their own, and performed the parts. The Kmperor attended the representations. Then he built them a theatre of wood, and afterwards gnvo money for a eompany of performers. This sum of money lie has Increased, and now performances take place si* da)s a week, to which every company la admitted in turn. Tho army is tints amused and nappy. Yon have none of the scenes of debauctnry that disgrace the eatnp of Aldershot, in Kngkutd, hecanse amusement and discipline go hand lu hand and are considered each necessary tho one to t lie other. Most dolorous letters come here from that party of lbs French army left In Cochin China, "our huts." they write, "are not pleusunt residences: repute.-, of all kinds, enormous soovpions. uokis tlirCo yards l ug, lizard*, frog;;, toads, fcc., favor tts w'?h their company, and at night. in spite of mosquito curtain*, wo nro tortured by those fearful innreuU Vie caimrt hatliv far fear 01 croco dilea. and all wo b?gand pray fur is, that we may return uvuiv, 1 ' vui nui R. iu a ia,ii\?u v n.iv, is Jicauj' tviic pleteu." Napoleon, front ihr carep of Chalons, lias lost decreed I hilt u UilllK'U telling i-Uu'l Uc advanced, fur lie period of i lglit yearn, foe ilie fi ;uirlng iff what Brc called vicinal roads In the country?Hint is, byl nios and crossroads, if I'll bontetqteMs the species of omnipotence that cha i art -t r y the general stirvolllmicc of Napoleon 1 If., fi m lbs organisation of the mtnotoat military details to the smallest a ; cultural tnt< oats?his pattonco.hlsjust faith in lits coming hour, his wonderfulsucces.- in nil thing? mo wanes to lie surprised at the fulsome languago used by his various cinpluyin when doing honor to him. \iioihcr t<*n >eai like (ho last, and men will t-.ij. verily, ii g '.l la among it?. r.tRis, VIRUS! ,10,1801. ,1ft /'< reading In'tn-M in American AjTnin?Ne/niNi'-m (Joverwne/li on I'l Trial? Vein of the Arm! of Xr. f\wlk tier?Hit Opinio! Antecedent*, dv , if' Tho in'' ret which attach*) to cvory thing American la r.o nb'-orl in c1 hat men comparatively disregard tu titers near, * home. Sever v -r your intlU'Mioiu to canvatted. Tho vent republican empire that so lately awed the d-ni/ous of the Old World now Iks b ifor t It like the Israelitish champ., n treacherously shorn of Ma hair. Perhaps (iu!liver, or. thralled by ntj. iads of infinites hn U bond a while Uia pigmy aggro-:.>ishall"tremulously disport themt Ivca over hie prostrate hut still forinidablti carcase, is i. to >re apt illo-tration. Your res-eirco.", your patriotism, vo ir c o.i go, \ o;.r long suffering, your ea|tarlly for ni.Msty d.edoliue. y -or pro, poet#of vi'.torv, your eh.; '"S oi dc feat,wo subjects famlliiraa household word- m (very ply.. of ordinary resort, whether high or low. In th l.-l f I 1 graph d" |i itches with which the c damns *f tie n t'H J":"' * < "to filled, th -o huiJ-d ' Rome, V.'.ina. II Hit." "M. Petersburg," Madrid," or I ..., ii ' i,i totally dmr ,. .rd.-d if there i- a sj liable of . from New Volk. Am' wl.t II II is r. mou.ben d .1. It a , our clvi i, urc r dllng on Lot at b >, M d IfeS he ii 5L a bold man who would wager on the p-aoe or Roropo for iwurny-Hiur hours, this la no light thing to say. The CwutilxUionnrl of this morning usee the following language respecting President Uncolu's recent proelam U IonauviMiret indicate mart exa.xt 'ration thin , urul tndto rzaggerutr the horroi i t/ uw without abridging iU il uraiion.'' Thore Is, evidently, an opinion In high places here that Amorica would do well to accept the good ollices of Fiance, and it is pretty generally belioved that i'rince Na|s?leon will not recruits the Atlantic without having sounded certain depths iu your troubled waters. It does not appear to me, how vur, that public opinion at all responds to ?ueU a sentiment. It seems to mi, on the contrary, that 1 never hear a voice In favor of the South, hot only one hourly, unanimous desire that the North may rise like a giant and execute n mighty vengeance on these who are struggling to blot out I'rom the map of the world the noblest, grandest and most benevolent work of man. Of oonrso the arrest of Mr. Faulkner, your lain Minister ut this court, Is a cliTiimslance of surpassing Interest. Though a n>au of very Interior capacity to his predecessor, Mr. Mason, or to Mr. Uivos, whom Mr. Mason fob iuwuu, uih irniiK, roti iy manner m mo nun generally u popular among Americans here?wlilcli is not alw.iya the best sample of Americans who lake up their resldenco in I'uris. His conversation was generally found to bo wantIn*: in thut oatiiolic character proper to a representative of a groat country, of such tnixed Interests lis tlie United C Htatos; und thp perpetual desire to elevate tie-Smith at the exiionse of the North was nine especially evident iu his intercourse with llioso not of liiaown country. To v\ h?t extent In may have carried this In h's diplomatic relations I uiu of course not aware, further lltan that a general report prevailed iu tiio British and Kiouch olmn col Orion thut there was good io.ia.iu for behoving thai the I'nion would ho found I? he broken fore<- t. Kvery b ?iy wiik in tiio haidt of speaking "I' Mr. Faulkner us iter them in his yews, prejudice* and tastes, und ] duu't think any one is greatly surprised at tiio news of hla urrcat. Pakw, August 31,1901. Napcleon't Vinil to Biorri't?71!* Mujnty in Good llaUh? Kirasoli on the Pujol firijiamlape in I'-ulii?Another Embroilment in Naples iUjerl-d?.In fmjieriat Purchan in Home? New* About Tibaeco, dr. The Kmpcror lias just quitted St. Cloud to join the Emprojia ill liiarrit'/. The fatigue lie underwent at Cliai.ms, in viaitiug ev< ry part of tiie camp and usso<dating him elf with it.; exercises, is u pullicicnt contraillcti.m to the reports so industriously disseminated regarding his health. A correspondent of the I/union Times, who was sent to ohnerve the military evolutions at tiio camp, lion mad* Home comment upon an apparent weakness of gait in li is ihtjesty'b walk, which seemed to rorrnhoialo the sinister reports that had prevailed. But I his Is altogether a mis take. Napoleon is, without e.v option, one of the m?st awkward walkers in Kurope. Ho turns out his foot and atrides from his hip rather than the kuee, so , that at each step his shouMera make angles and his whole body seems distorted. As it is now, bo it was a dozen years ago. It Is only ou horaeb.ick thut his appearance is uiioxceplionable. lie is a perfect master of equitation, and de;s>rts himself in llie sad lie with an case and dexterity that few or none of hlsoflte.-ra can pretend to. Worn the close attention ne give-, to everything p- i uluing to mil it try discipline, the constant reward held out t" the soldiery, the in creased and increasing recompense for conlinticd good conduct and service, it is hardly imssiblo to believe that he does not contemp'ate sonic 8j oody occasion for th dr employment. Lord 1'alr.ierstou may well sny th.it white ho holds out the right hand of friendship aer.159 the channel the loft hind is constantly tin tli ' hilt of his S'.vord. Jlto circular adilrosse I by Droit Iticusd to liis various diplomatic agents, and which appears this morning In the Cmad'Hliunntl, is worthy of oh-creation for lis determined reproachoa to tli i Papacy. Brigandage, it says, in dio Neapolitan kingdom, there lias always been, under whatever form of government, and various means li.tr i been lound off*ctu il in dealing with it; but in the present Instance it Is ble.-aod and sanctified by the l ather of th Church, white a monarch, not loss dethroned by the arms j of his subjects than solemnly denounced by an over- ' whelming pUijf'cUe, furtively, under this ctelosiasFnl protection, stimulates and nourish's it. Huron Kicasoil, it is argued, would hardly have used language to this e1 j feet w ithout the sanction or the Court of France, uml people begin to belicvo that the year ISfll will not pass away without witnessing the deparluso of the French troops from the Eternal City. For myself, 1 sha.l only believe in such u consummation when I see it. It may be a part of tho imperial programme to let the Sardinians have their way. If only to show the fotbio use they can make of it. lint lio sane person can behove Ilia' Xapolcnn would countenance Francis II,, the King of Xa pier, as he does, if he did not expect to derive an advance from the embroilment his presence generates, hi the midst of all cure i- specially taken Hint Frauds shall do nothing for his permanent Interests. A certain nlr of ridicule U thrown around whatever lm doe,. and while his queen Is petted and praised, she is encouraged to tommlt as many absurdities as possible, front the strutting in breeches to the shooting of rails. All seems to be ore paring for the time when Napolv:n, likp K l'V.iril the Kirat of Kugl.ind, may be ealle.1 in to arbitrate between rival j, disputants and take the subject mailer ol dispute under liis own rule ami governance. _ Tin- Mimiteur has publicly untKutucel tint onto plot Ion of c, the purchase of the Farno.se Hardens from the King of Naples. j Tho Kinporor, it snys. has just bought, out of li s privy l( purse, Uio [ortion 01 tiio Mount PnlatIno which Is roni j. prised mo'.er tho uumo of tho Farmse Gardens, and which (I belonged to the Kinn of Najiles. This portion o( the cole- j R briued hill is by far the most cousiibuabb . There only rem,tins, in addition to the part bought by tho Emperor, a, the ancient villa on the south, whore excavations have . been so extensively made, and in which there is now a J. convent of French nuns, nmt on 111" east a convent of < ' Fraiu i-i Hti?. The grnuud purchase I hy Ida Majesty Is a cot le a than cighLceu acres in extent. It Includes tbo ? famous ruins cf the palaceo? the<\o*.i, s, two entire stories ? of which hare btx-u covered with rubbish sinco the linn? a of tho invasion of tho barbarians, a.id must contain ^ statues, paintings and ins, riptious of the highest interest. n It Is from this soil, which has been scarcely to :cbe 1 up to p the present time, that several miisterpiiees of antique art j, hate been procured. It was also on this domain that wax p recently found the original w alls of tho ancient em l, sure of ltoiue.that which surrounded the Palatine wlieu it w alotio supported the original eity at the very timo of its ? founder. M. 1'iotro Kosu, author of the largo arcluBologi- . out and topographical map of latlnni, has been appointed y Conservator of the l*iilaee of the C . sars, and is at the ,, same time to he director of the cxcuvnlion-', wliich w ill , commence in Novembex next. * Jt Is very seldom that I make extracts, but lb- above ^ intelligence is much tew interesting to be given iu any a other term than the in verba. Tho French regiiiiont of marine artillery lias Just been p increased. Three l atteries and a company of gunners have been added to it. The Siamese Ambassadors hare glveu up their intention p, of visiting Mr - . id, and are to take their departure in ? about a form -id. 1 heir way homo they are to visit m tlie Frotich )?<s?essloris u Cochin China. I, f.\ curious paper him just li en rend ivfnre an important n society at Bmieii on tobacco, The ci i..-iiiiiplie?i is ctier- w niously on the Increase, Calculating that it contain- three ,,| por'cut of uicotine, of w hieli a few crop- .-udlee to oci a i sion deatli, there Is. according to tie- general consumption I w of tobacco, 7,590,000 kilopuius taken by the world of ' this poi-on. . i; This Is tho season when the various I ie-idents of tiie j i, Councils General?a specie- of Pruvi-dounl Parliament? ! ,, take occasion to make speeches laudatory i f the Erupo; op n and his policy. Napoleon lias always had rcacoti to say, P ' Save tuo from my friends.'' and the present ocension is ;, no except Ion. M. do Moray bus overshot the mark by ji eulogizing the advantage of "accorded" liberties, in alio- y sion to tho decree of November 24, when tho right of n criticising the policy of th" government was "accorded." c, Marshal N'iel lias outstripped fount de Muriiv, hy in- C| forming his Council that France is only afraid of having ^ too much liliorty ac onii-d l'cr. On this the f)/ union Yu j, tlotictr. remarks:?"The Marshal need not be alnrmot; ,,i Frame has not experienced any such misgiving as lie ? supposes." it On the subject of peace, Marshul Magnan, who pre u sides oxer the Council of'the lies Khcti, observes;? j, "France, glorious, powerful and prosperous, under tho strong and prudent hand to which she comities her deg. a, tinies, wished only to enjoy in peace the benefits she h ia u received.M d Meantime exp?i !tnet\i..-are going on at Toulon with In- ,, cendiary shells, wbiih l>id fulr to give birth |o a new and j terrible arm of modern warfare. The exp'osivv composl j. tlon with which these shells are charged i/ likened unto liquid lire, which la fatal to everything it comes In eontact with.' For the moment tho experinu utH arc brought 1 tou standstill, owing to the damage dottu to L>roni< daln, j k the floating target; but enough has been demon.drub d to I show that a inert destructive agent, ot easy employment I jn-'htMlinttmive lu character, has been obtain d. | t t'tiv Hrilin C'oi'rr?pomIcti? r. I , Hvsi.in, Aitgu.-t 21. Im< 1 l.e Hi'tp of Pruttit m a Vint to OitrnJ?Thf Coming j Mr tiny loifh A'ay. /* ?, <fc. \ The K iuj? has lefl lUden-Hadon for Ostcnd, where he wiil stay about a mot)(li, after which ho proceeds to Wo-i plialiai to assist at the mnno.-uvros of the Prufsi.in r,orpi d ai mer, under tivu. Konln, which tones off towards t ho end of Sept'nibcr. When (hoy nro concluded ho will j return to tin Upper Rhine, and his interview w ith Louis Xapoluon will thus take place, probably on or about the all) of October. This (?. r.. tlic meeting) Is rjutte ( of-itlve, t'Tde ? sotneliiingvery oxtta'-rdirary should happen, tho Prussian Ai.ibut.-ador at Paris, Count Pourtnii.s, having bo u ordered to announce Ins master's visit to the I'rouch Kinpcror, and to nflbr hia excuses for not having accepted hia iliviutloli t> ( lailous, w hicli have b<i n very giacl inly received by the groat tnnu to wh?m they were ad i her.vd. I am ti Id that, the Pruts an despatch, trans- ! milled t' Count t'ourtalcs on litis snhjocl, and ivmiuutiiratQd by him to JI. Thouvenel, was a unit>i?t piece oC i dli'loiuatlc l:u t liU'l/nct.#. nndth.it it has ij'dte effaced lh? disagreeable .mpm- -n j reJuC' d by iln- anjiarcnt I rui.i >auc>'of tic King to lav rH-ii fs'.; wtih his for , nn t dor iiinglilior, at any rate, Pour: iVs t-legraple I I r. ]? tlcsily to t.iy that everything is g ,ng <>u swiiniiiii. iy, and that nil trie i s of ill hur.i, r which he ..! M \rd nl lair it; hia dra i tig s with I/. |-r0- h Court hftd , completely disappeared. The Crow u prince arrii it h> a raslerday from England,haying left his wife and cMMn* it Gotlia with her uncle, the lultaol tUie Qoburg. Profnaaor Stub I, tho able leader of the rnactioi ary per n tho Urrrmhaiit (Trunnion llquse <?f l/nda), diod qolte luddenly lant week at tho baths of Ilruckonim. J1U utornl roiiioliis h.avo been brought to llerlin, uiid wera hfcerrcd on Sunday witli groat pomp id the churchyard It. Matthews, in the 'rhnir Garten. Stahl woe but* at diitilcli, lii Havorln, of Jewish parnuts, but embraced tha 'brie I Ian failh when quilt n young man, and alter wards tudied law at tho I diversities of lh i lu'.lwrg imd Krangrn. hi 1832 ho war appointed ProfONWr of Jurtapnalenco at Krlnngeu, and in 1S40 at Berlin, where lie has eaided ever mica, enjoying cotmidernblo scientific ropaall <n nnd anil greater political iufluenco. IIhwmwloubtedly one of the ablest Jurista nud perhaps the tod rotor iu Germany, and It la much to be regretted that he hould have exhausted hit brilliant talents aiul profaaood earning In vain andcHTors to arri-t tho march of into! ect and lo reviva the piditirul despi dUm and ridlgieon dgouy of tho tjjjdle Afc?s it.. substitutes for modern olTt/ation. He had only attained hia ill'ty-ninth year, m0 iia nutlDiely deal li W n heavy blow to bM party, wbn ave no Huparabimdaneo of tali nt to boast. of, au.l wMl 5ul Ills loss severely In lha next parliamentary seaatua. Oar Berlin Correspondence. Ukki.i.v, August 28, 1ML ' ntral Muting of the Nattimal Mi.,: it turn?H* Prtccrding!?Ci llfi tioni f?r thr. Olmum / latt? Ont/nlfto fmtn .Y?*ie York?^Miiiiitrrial (JKangain /'ritniu?/Vines ?J #ki>l ?? ' - fi.il/r_y ft rmrninj/ al a I'remium, <fc:., ifc. Tho second goucrul roeet'ng of the National Voroin m icld ul Heidelberg, in tho (.'rand Ihirby of lladon, on tht 3d and lillli Instant. 1 mi d not remind you that Mi iwochitlon was formed about two yours ago by a a elect mnd of German patriots, whoso object vai the ualoaol iermany atnl reform of its const liullnn, doing away with lie anlirpiuted, superannuated Uuml,or I hot, that haw ilways shown it golf powerless for any thing but evil, awW s tlic chief cause of tho profound dissalisfactiow thai las porvudod tlio whole country for tho hod forty yearn It tint lliis national aoeiety wus looked iifMiii with cowhUtrable suspicion by tho German gn\ emim nts, and iven by Prussia, Ui whom it proponed to couflde thw awtersliiji of Unilftil Germany; It way regarded as a wort it J a. "bin club, plotting to overturn the established ordwr if things, and to erect a rt public on the ruins of thwa* lent monarchies; but lately these apprehensions hare very n ull subsided, and, with the exception ol decidedly r? ictioiiary governinnnlB, sueli as Ilauover, 1 Unmoral SWW hand lineal 11-sse und the two Meeklenbe.rgs, the Veretw s tolpratod in until, and ovou encouraged iu some, of the ji iiein Stales. lit (act its tendeueles me any thing but revolutionary, ind tli? direetiou lliey liave now taken will, with proper inning, tuoiit. rntlier serve to c ulirm and strengthen tbw tower 01 ibo iieriuan sovereigns, and of the King t 'rcsei.'i in 11.11 lamlar. than to subvert It. li st mi rif r*. ormlng tliv constitution i f Germany, lint members ofttw LSKi itint ' ii apt our to havo tin mil their attention cxclnMM'iy lothedevilopeinoi.tif its military iCriourect, mm! isjieciaily to the creation ol a'German ntvy, which baa M-coBMt ili ir favorite boliby. utid to wnieh all other ooaliilerat ions are |?vtonite.t. They imagine th it wbenOarn uiy is bristling wiili hiiynneiH,nntl her roauls are pro* .('cui.l hy iioii Kliciihcd fngalio and gunboats, sko will lud herself at leisure to work out her internal regeiMnu i di w ithout fear of doing disturbed hy foreigu aggraa> lion; hut they forget that IWrniid ihle niilllary anil novel irmatnents have never yet tunded to pn innto the cauaa f <?'i>ulnr Utterly. and that they only tncreaRo the power if the goteninuMits, which, with strong armies ami fleet* ,<> rely ii|ioii, will he Ii m likely Ihnn evur to yield to tha visiles of the I <'I'1 I". Ike no-eling was presided over hy M. ite ileniogaan, h? chairman ol the parirruient cotr,uitttee, 'there were lien11 luur hnudred members present, including M. it e cWer, lie- eminent writer oh Into uati nut law; K. Juriili. li.e l.i I President of the I'nis.-iau National Asnem> y of 134S, and M* Svliultze, ol llelibch, u leading doniiy of llit- democratic pa: ly in the l'rusnan ,seooatf .'lumber. Ih report presented hy the Heeretary of the r'oroin should that the nnmhor of tucmherR had ti creased elneo the flat general meeting from ivu thousand to upward* of tlfiitep t liousaad. if these nearly one half are Prussians, over ,'J00 inhabitant* of tlei three free cities ol Hamburg, Bre* lieu and Kmiikhrt, ami Rome otfO or f.0O (jerinitl.s residing tiroji!?iu tugaiud, Switzerland, Italy , unit even In Tura-y. Kussii ami America. lite receipts amounted to J ooo llorlus?no very imposing figure, hut ci nshleiaWy iiure than in ilu* preceding \ears. A great many eloipieai pie el.entv. re deli', cred, and Scleral motions | repotted amfl .greed to by large iiisjorltii r, referring, in the llrst placa. o t;.e HiRm iii question, expressing the Ihuiiku of tli* ru : ing to the people ol II sxe lor the eon rag and persa'ernPfc displayed by them Itf defenee of their coneiitnii iijl light.-; aetoiutiy, to Hie luloptiou of a systemtt ui.Urn ,t organization on I lie pattern of tlie Prussians; and, hirdlv, to th meat ion o| a German Hi nt, una contribution o which In ( <io ilo- ins were voted !r< m iSi > fluids ox tha em, and near lu.OOO wvro subscribed tiy individual lumbers, ii.chidi.ig rb? sum of $100 pie ented by 11. la ellsto,It, of New S o. U. At the same time a risolulion wa? pu?sei1 lulling upon he legislature" o: tlie rovoral German States to co-opaale with them in this inovoiueiit, au.l to g,a .t III -ir guvrnments the primary meats required lor carrying oat a elo me of so mueli huportauce lor the safety and dignity f the fatherland. The proceedings closed with an ova* ion to the Duke of Saxe Cbburg, "who had (ad the Aral i.-tuple of ?.o rilieitig his speelal prerogatives tu tha eneral well c. ." This Is an I'.l'ieion to the military ooneution eowi udetl b"tweeu the I Hike and tlie King off Ttssia, l>y v.liieh iho federal contingent s .(iplied hy onurg.um ' .nil' >. i neuey*. i" no man l.-onroau, - olaccd :!l the 111-)" --..I 111" the I*ni.Ui government. Thr nc'.v Miuis. or of Foreign All'iiis,Count Iti n.-toi IT, arived hr:c yeete' <lay with Irs family, but will only slay * v. days mid tlicit ,j"iu Hie Kin,' at (intend, leaving hiso?l:il il.iiK n to In* ir.insn.-ied lit I he under.secretary ofstm^ I. tin (irtiti'T, uli > !'.it performed Mi ni in n very satisfaojry m .iuipr siui o the resign ,iiti.i vl' M. d t^blonit*. n I iiiiilorFtoihl there will I'PHiinte further ehango* in the Tussiau ministry. though they will probably nut,be ew> i ni-ntl inl after lliei-iirrsiBliuu. I In: President of the Council, Prince llohonaoltera, oaly eet'iued ndii o iii lboH at the express desire <:f the Regaat the present Klrij:). who thought the prestige of his name .' mill overawe the ari loerutic opposition in the 1 Irak h.initier; he ha- never taken a very active ]iart iu Um Stair" of government, uiul "f is to lias lieen suit, ring frooa II a.-i lintai :c complaint that has rendered him still merw verse loth" turmoil of politics. 'Ihe physicians hwe dvlsed him to pass the winter iu a milder climate, aad i> the legislature meets in .I imncy, ami it would Da tther awkward lor the Cabinet to cariy 011 the oflloiat n. tne..s for an entire session in the nbsuntib 01' their e.1.1, lire retirement of the Prime may Da >oked forward to previous to Its ??t? -*wt flielbor be will tie succeeded by M. AuerswaM, r Do has h'1 along been the leal Premier, or whethar nulher iKilitical .tew of high rank will lie cbojen toaualy (lie VHoiuicy. is not known, and indneil < iui hardly ave bee,1 settled yet, a" the King' is evcedlngly loth ta art wi:h ll"heU7ollerTi. As for Count item.-tort!', it is tha eneral opinion that his term of office will It but snort, nd that he will a-sin mako way for M. de lli+mnrk, tba mbawevior at St. Petersburg. The late Prim um Kuvoy t Rio .lunelro, ItHrou M nsel. ch. whose eseapailes I mea ;oued in a fornn r communication, has returned ta crlin in 11 doploruMn condition, lie is as mad ? a March hsr , uml has had to ba - tgned to a tun...'? ?s him. H is asserted Urnt he wsa onenie.l by tiio C .1/ m plenti is, nul of revenge for his ipo-In : the cruel ire: 'ne'iit ef the (Jerrniin emigrants, 'bo were inveigled o r by irotuincs of largo grants or nd, and w u then is| ei.- <1 among tlie haHendtiaof tba lagnai * ami for. id to work like negro slaves; but ha as always eon-idered a little eceentrie, and the hot sua r Binvll, combined with tlm marl fleatlous ho expertneed tli'-re, tu iy hnvc sattlcwl to devclnpe his malady lit bout 1 he as i - tano.' of pom in. Hi coronation w I signalwd tiv 11 m <roua nronxs oris 1 tin .1.iny .1 n ! civ I s \ ice a;nl .1 enp.o * <l.str|. at Ion of p.ueiin uf nobility. It Is s.ii.l til re are 1 many ;ip|.lie,tuts for the latter favor that ie herald's cilice is at work night and day ritmlidng their claims, met Hint not noire Una leoili pai l of the politicians will lie gratified by having n niJti'U'fi! ! vktivtl k k,t>iiM ni to f lit*ii* iviiriifimrM. bis eravin? after whal may appear an empty titlo dees M, however, at Is?? cnlhely from vahity, for, nntwlthiiudiiig (lie pariofraph of the constitution which pvoairtui dpi*! rights for all Prussian c Warms, there are a rest many valuable privileges attach d to It. AUtba ighor ollices of Mate, of the army and of the magistracy rc Illicit almost evluf ivtdy with nobh s, anil while arte* lerchant or manufacturer Is excluded from court, ie youngest lieutenant or a country junker, ho has nothing but his imc-stors to boast of, ml mill oil w itliout hesitation to the royal presence. It M not surprUinc, therefore, that so many persons at* nation* lor u distinction which confers honors that either wed.ih nor merit can procure for them, and that iVera ai (I titles are still coveted oy men who would hue Jod sense enough to despise such baubles, if they wera at? nnocted with solid advantages Ui which, in these oM aropcan tnonarchici, few can sfliird to be Indiflcrsnt. 'lie Annexation ot'Snn lliunliigo tu.Spala. NULAMl'a OI'IMUN Of THE ATT1TI l>I 01- THE I'NITUt STATES. llr.lc h parliamentary i?ipera lust published, relating to he annexation of K-wtern s'an I nmlngo to Spain, include ho following oxprctslon of opinion on the part of the lupii h Foreign Mini.-let?Lord JolinRussol?in a despatch oMr. hdwacdot;:? Fohkii.n Orrr *. May 14.1ML t It is f?r the Spanish government to weigh in the balaaoe f their (mlgmeut the udriuUegM and incoitvenieacea ih eh mav a: xc frcnt the atu.e:. at ion of the territory ?f h" Uoiu i wan Slalo to the dominions <?r Sjmin ; and eay pioiou which her Marty's yic. em men t may form on tha ibject ran befo iiideil on no 'hoi consideration than* egard for what they may look upon us the real and peenancut interosts of tipahi. I T> Majesty V gf'vorntiotit wouM, no (loiiHt, hfcvc Wt fe it Il l derided d .-aai-i.-foctiou at the proposed sunexm. . ;n had been likely to lead to the introduction at aave; i into a coniinuultv which is free from the taint of list ncrnil inus inrt t tion; bill 'he forroal ni d rep-atedl i rlar.itlor.s e.f Marshal opnnnell, that under no ciiviaa i tanrn uii,l fh v.rybe intniiLicii into the Ih-M mint* torrid oil /.a>? /uncivil Ih' main cornetv)m\ would hart lot \,r l/rj </i/ .tiwrnmer' <? view the prupattd qnm-inhea oith ih:Hl-e and repuunowe. II I Mai^-ty'! goveiunieutcertainly appreh.udod.whaa irui Hue pr"ie t.-d annexation w.ib talked of, thai U nighi if carrle I intei xceulaui.h.MdvoSpala in unfriendv lisii- a .i-nis, f wd In conflict, either with France <m t i I, it^. th.it d : lilies, "r with both, Willi i 'aartt/ II .a.p, her Ma sty'tg run -net have not Icarat t'aal lb French gov rum -t has rxprc a?4any positive o>jeolion to the pr.i|o-cd arratep nicnt, Bllhough sh? may mat Ihlah it edvai.t.igi i'Uh to Spain U appears , also, froea whirl has been staled to you. that thi re i- p ,, probability aiprcut eay pi't.'ii* xirfnwr- ' >+ nmivrr, e> hce fcy Ih' <V- rtV.vi ?>. 'h- S - l. 'ii t ?f North Amerka. Vet the Hp h -U goV<-ri.ruer bin,id not too eonfld.'litly iely m the p nua:. i ' <f i. o ,nee of this ind'fi'-. o. ar-t s.er o n il" J". the :> ath Ans i , iijd il i d impbi? it when the ristf teas '/, .> il ViSVj brw. >"g I'l' >h <lt'..tie >c \a. 0''t' ' to ai: cmU

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