Newspaper of The New York Herald, September 19, 1861, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated September 19, 1861 Page 4
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\ 4 JSEW YORK HERALD. JAMES GORDON BENNETT, EDITOR AND PUOPIUETOK. OFFICE N. W. COBS KB OF FULTON AND NASSAU STS. Volume No. 400 AMUSEMENTS THIS EVENING. ACADEMY OK MUSIC, Irving l'liu-o.?I'ROl'. IIkkkman*. WINTER GARDEN, Bioadwrny.?('indkrkixa?Nkw York \V i v Ka. NF.W BOWERY THEATRE Buwory.?Bull Run?JonN Jo> k??t?* txiuLKK'n i)?wiiar*R. BARNUM'S AMERICAN MUSEUM, Broadway.?Day mid Kwnliig?11 u. I'm s u.i -I'iumnt . ik.huoh?llir iwotamuf, ska llon, and otiikh curiomttls. BRYANTS' MINSTRELS, Meclmiiirs' Hull, 172 Broadway.?Sonus, Danuk.s, Uubi.c*<iuic?. ac.?Tiut Stkanuks. NELODEON CONCERT HALL, No. 6S9 Broadway.? fc'ONUS, l> amoks, buki.f.squis. *0.?lllVAl. Artisans. CANTERBURY MUSIC llALL, 688 Broadway.-SONUS, Danci s, UuiaKHui'Ks, Ac. OAIET1HS CONCERT BOOM, 010 Broadway.?Drawino ItOOII ENTKHTAI>iaitNT3 llAl.Lk.T8. l'ANlOMIMKS, I'-IUCKN, AC. AMERICAN MUSIC HALL, 4U Broadway.?Sonat, Baltklk. i'antomihka, ao.?MaiIIO l'knnt. CKYSTAL I'ALACK CONCERT HALL. No. 45 Bowery,-. Bci'.i.fsqiths. Sonus. Dancks. Ac.?Black Blukdkks. Mew York, T1nir??lay, H?pl<-iul>rr 1'.), lsiil. THE HITUATIOX. An exciting scene took place after the adjourn^J%ent of the Maryland Legislature on Monday m afternoon. The military surrounded Frederick city, and Lieutenant Carmirlmel, of the Baltimore police, arrested the officer* of the Legislature and several members. Thirty thousand copies of Wallis' treasonable report were seized and destroyed. Several active rebel sympathizers in Frederick were also arrested. The Union members refused to meet yesterday, and the roll not having en called, ?wing to the absence of the clerks, the rebel Legislature is at nn end by default. From General Ilanks' army the tidings are very fciportant. The rumors relative to the passage of General Johnston's rebel forces across the l'otoniac liave proved to be without serious foundation. The report that the rails taken from the Baltimore and Ohio Ilailroad were being laid down from f<tra*burg to Winchester, has, like many other reputs from Southern sources, proved to be erroneous. It is now stated that they are being used in forming an additional line from Manassas to Richmond. A few instances of skirmishing have itiKcn place between portions of the Union army under General Hanks and the rebels. A rebel battery was silenced at Slieppardstown, Virginia, by our forces on the opposite side of the river. The Leavenworth Conservative of the 11th inst. tjives a different complexion to the telegraphic rep >rt from that place the same day, via Chicago, risptember 10. Instead of General liains, with his rebels, pursuing Colonel Montgomery, it appears that acting General Lane, with the Kansas forces several thousand strong, was in active pursuit of General Rains through Western Missouri. The tidings from Jefferson City confirms the report that the rebel General Price had called upon the Union troops at Lexington to surrender; but also states that no fight lii'.d takeu place up to Sa. turday. The defender* had held out bravely, and wore still doing so on Monday, the last advices received. General Price is said to have fourteen thousand rebels under him. General Pope was to have been in Lexington vesterday with four thounaud additional troops. Arrangements have apparently been made that communications between tho British government ?nd their consuls in tho rebel States shall, with the fonscnt of the rTnitftd Ktntea unri>rnm/>nt 1>r> mml? mi board a British vessel of war, instead, an heretofore, through other channels. This method is thought likely to obviate some serious difficulties mid embarrassments that have previously occurred. The following is the text of the much noised and much doubted circular or proclamation of the Captain General of Cuba relative to tho rebel flag: ? Havaxa, August 31,1801. To thi Collectors or Ports i? the i si. and:? F.nt?Vessels with flic flax of the confederation of the H "itii will be admitted into tho |? rts of this island for tho purpose of legitimate trade, provided th<> documents which they present do not inspire tho least suspicion of piracy, fiaud or other crimes, which are punished by all national laws. Second?Once in our ports, said vessels will be under the safeguard of tho neutrality proclaimed by the Governor In the royal decree of 17th June, ant cannot be molested in their loading, discharging, kr. T.iird?All the authorities will consider the above vessels a- rrtxe ding fr< m a natitm having no consult acC' niiitrd in this t'rriUrry. The news from Kentucky has a very disturbed appearancc. The cars from the South due at Louisville had been stopped, and had not reached the city at the time our despatches left, although nt midnight on the 17th tliey were nearly eight hours behind time. Tho telegraph wires had apparently been cut, as communication had ceased Dcyona KiizaDetruown, wmch 13 forty-two miles 'rom Louisville. The Union Home Guard of Louisville had turned out In uniform, nnd had marched southward. Part of General Rousseau's Union Kentucky brigade of volunteers arrired from Camp Ilolt, Jcffersonville, and were also sent along the railroad line. The troubles still continuing, energetic measures will be used for the protection of the Unionists; and the Postmaster General, to give greater effect to the military movement, has excluded the Louisville Courier, a rebel sheet, from the mails. A sad accident, said to be the result of trenson, occurred near Huron, Indiana, on the night of the 17th inst. A railroad bridge, ten feet high, and having a spun of sixty feet, gave way under a train ?>f cars containing troops?n portion of the Nine leentn Illinois Volunteers?-precipitating nearly the whole of the earn into the bed of the creck. About fifty poor fellows were killed and about a hundred wounded. It is believed that the bridge had been maliciously weakened, and if so it ia time some Immanent stop should be put to such diabolical agencies of rebels. Such acts as bridge burning, precipitating trains down embankments, poisoning food and water, 4c., is not legitimate warfare, and no quarter should be shown the wretches who are detected In such demoniac kind of work. Mr. Bazeley, a Manchester cotton manufacturer, had road a paper at a meeting of tlio Cotton Supply Association, in that town, in which the present commercial policy of the United States was bitterly denounced, and strong recommendations given to England to make herself independent of Ame0ca on this head. The I.iv<rnnni r>??? . i?< " J c-inf ? niai ^r. Thomas 3. Scrrill mint have been pent t > Fort S>ftfayctte under a misconception, ns an affidavit ft um his Loudon bankers shows that he liad no ]>o. (ileal mission, and that the money taken from him lj New York wr.s his own property. nf; THE NEWS. Tito Furopa, from Liverpool the 7th and Queenstown the 8th instant, reached Halifax yesterday morning on her way to Boston. Her news ia two days later than that brought by the Anglo-Saxon to Father Poiiit. Consols closod in London on the 7th September ut!?2';a 93 for money. Cotton wan dull in Liverpool on the 7th, with very little inquiry from exporters. Flour was buoyant at an advance. The new steamship City of New York was to sail on her tirst voyage for New York, from Liverpool, on the 11th of September. Napoleon expected to meet the King of Prussia nt Compoigno on the 2d of October. M. Felix Belly has instituted a lawsuit against an English company which assumed rights over the projected canal in Nicaragua. Uciuforccments of Italian troops had been sent to Naples. It was reported that the King of Portugal would marry the youngest daughter of Victor Emanuel. The 1 Austrian government had definitively dissolved the Legislative Committee of l'csth, Hungary. Spain expected to soon organize her government in San Domingo completely. The steamships New York, from Bremen and Southampton, and the Kangaroo, from Liverpool and Qucenstown, reached this port yesterday, with passengers, specie, valuable cargoes and European journals of the 5th inst. The extract? from onr files, published to day, are very interesting, although the news has been anticipated ^telegraph. The Unita IttUiana of August 28 ?ro prepared to announce that the United States to General Garibaldi inviting him to present himself there with ten thousand men to take part in the war against the secessionists. The patriots who nave written to Garibaldi thus express themselves:?"As to conditions, we accept beforehand all you intend proposing to us." We give to-day a translation of the second letter r.st.n tl.? TT.V... every reason to believe?Prince Napoleon, and published in his organ, the Opinion Nationale, of Paris. Starting out with the declaration of "n most lively faith in the future of the American nation," the distinguished author gives a very interesting analysis of political parties in this country, showing their effect on our social manners and their agency in producing the revolution in which we are engaged. Prince Jerome Napoleon arrived in this city yesterday morning from Albany, having finished his tour through the West. He was accompanied by the French Minister, Mons. Mercier From China we learn that the United States steamer Saginaw was flred on from a government fort, quite unexpectedly, while cruising along the coast from Hong Kong in search of the missing vessel Myrtle. The Saginaw, after a time, threw shot and shell into the place, and, it was thought, exploded the magazine, when she returned to Hong Kong. Dates from Rio Janeiro arc to August 7; Buenos Ayre.?,Ju1y 30; Montevideo, July 31, and Asuncion, Paraguay, July 20. Exchange at Bio had not improved, being quoted at 24%, and sales oi conee nau lauen on immensely, only v,uuu bags for the United States being sold in two weeks Hostilities had not commenced in the Argentine Confederation, and the French, English and Peruvian Ministers wore endeavoring to effect a compromise between Generals Mitre and Urquiza, but the latter refused to attend a conference on the ground that the Executive alone was the treating power, and in the mean time the press of Rosario was insisting that the surrender of the leaders in Buenos Ayres to the civil authorities for trial was the only basis of a compromise the government would listen to. The National Congress in session at Parana passed a law on the 24th of July depriving the Buenos Ayrean members of tlielr functions. So, on the whole, tho chance* for peace look rather slim. Busiuess in Iiuenoa Ayres was entirely suspended, aud provisions fearfully high. At Montevideo quite a number of French and English vessels of war had assembled in connection with the claims?fixed last March at four millions of dollars instead of five millions, payable in thirty years with interest?of those nations against the government of Uruguay. Uruguay offers three per cent, wiuie tne oiners insist on nve, in considers tion of having taken off a million from tlic original claim. The press of Montevideo is urgent for neu. trality in the Buenos Ayres quarrel, but preparation* to assist Urquiza continued. By the arrival of the overland expresses we have adviccs from San Francisco to the -1th instant, and also news from Oregon, Nevada, Lower California. Uritish Columbia a'ul the Russian American possessions. A copious telegraphic summary of the news may be found in another part of to-day's paper. The steamer St. Louis left Man Francisco on the 31st ultimo, with $l,l.V>,000 in treasure, $'.M5,000 of which is for New York. The Stato.elcction took placo in California on the day of the departure of the express, and (lie interest in the result of the contest was so intense that business allaira were entirely neglected. The opinion generally prevailed that the republican tickct would be elected by a h indsomc plurality, thus establishing the lovaltv of the State to the Union. Three military camps had been established, and the quota of five thousand was l>eing rapidly recruited. Judge Cradlebaugh, Union democrat, has been elected delegate to Congress from Nevada Territory. The Burvey of the boundary line between Washington Territory and British Columbia has been completed, and the United States Commissioners had arrived at San Francisco on their way to Washington to make their report. The Massachusetts Democratic State Convention met at Worcester yesterday, and nominated Isaac Davis, of Worcester, for Governor, and Edwin C. Bailey, of Boston, for Lieutenant Governor. A series of resolutions in favor of sustaining the federal government In a vigorous prosecution of the war were adopted. The opening of the new college attached to Bellevuc Hospital took place yesterday afternoon> in the spacious building recently erected at the foot of Twenty-sixth street, East river. Professor James R.Wood delivered the opening discourse? which was devoted to a description of the progress of modical science in New York from the time of Li.i lirst conncction with IVllevue Hospital down to the present day. lie alio briefly hut eloquently alluded to the circumstances which led to the establishment of the new college. It ia to he regretted that we have no room for a fuller report of his discourse, yuitc a number of distinguished persons occupied positions on the platform, aud among them we noticcd the Rev. l>r. Cummings, Professors I>oreinus, Ilarker, Sayre, Flint, McCready, Childs, Smith. A. B. Mott, Taylor and Elliot. The new college contains a spacious lecture hall, an unusually large dissection room, and a most valuable museum. Every facility that could possibly be desired by the medical student is afforded, and besides otln r advantages too numerous to mention, it max ' remarked tlcit a boat will be at the service of the alumni to visit the various institutions under tin C i 11ri 1 oi 1 f> I nmniiseiiitu-ra /if Public Charities. The regular medical course will l e^in on the ICth of October. Business at the Custom ilci.se is at present in anything but a flourishing condition. Several new appointments have been made by Collector liarney during the hist few days, the former occupants of the desks being removed to make loom for them. The names of the the newly appointed clerks are not known to any one in the Custom House except j the Collector. The seizure of the British brig | Mystery will be inquired into to-day; but the i proceedings are at present withheld from publicai tion, as it is thought the ends of justice will be I better served it the examination of the Mystery is c mducted with secrecy, i Xu J.,?.-w W YORK HERALD, THUK was laid bi'forc the Charter Commiaaionera on 1 Tuesday lust. In it Mr. Delavnn shows very conclusively tin) unfitness of the Board of Health its at l>i'csont constituted. 'I lie present administration of the dispensary system, and the benefit it has been to the city are elaboratly illustrated. The Inspector states that the present sanitary regulations of the city arc objectionable and the system inefficient, and proposes the formation of a new Board of Health. The document, which is a very lengthy one, is crowded out of our columns by the pressure of advertisements and war news. There was a meeting of the Hoard of Education last evening. The only business of any special interest that came up was a report from the Finance Committee against the purchase of the lot No. 21?3 l'earl street, for $10,000, for the erection of a schoolhouse in the Second ward, and also a protest ugainst tho report from the local-board of that ward. In the course of the discussion it w as stated that the property is only assessed for $10,000. The Hoard finally adopted the report of the Finance Committee. In the General Sessions ycstert'ay Edward Stennison pleaded guilty to grand larceny, and was sentenced to imprisonment in the State prisou for three years and eight months. John J. Hayes was tried and convicted of bigamy, the principal wit' ness for the prosecution being Jane White, whom he married on the 13th of September, 1?G0, while his first wife was living. On the cross-examination Miss White admitted that she was guilty of a serious iiidia^r^oiil^fore the marriage, bujstated JfrltIke Uafondaftt kneV tiio fhct*. Tke carriage ceremony was performed at a house in Thompson street, anu me event uy agreement was aepi sucrut for a few months; but as soon as Miss White discovered that Hayes had a wife living slie caused his arrest and subsequent conviction. He was remanded till Saturday for sentence. Anthony Moran was placed on trial, charged with attempting to kill Philip O'llara by cutting him with a large knife, but the case was not finished when the < !?urt adjourned. The Commissioners of Emigration paid a visit to the institutions on Ward's Island yesterday. The number of emigrants landed here last week was 705, which makes the total since January 1, 56,406. The commutation bulance now amounts to $11,370 68. The market for beef cattle yesterday was buoyant, and prices weic a little better, ranging from 5%c. a 8c. a 8JgC., and a few at 9c. The offerings were mostly ordinary. Milch cows were quiet. Veal calves were more active, and prices were rather better, ranging from 4%c. a 5%c. a Ge. Grass fed veals sold at from $1 50 to $'J per head. Sheep and lambs were steady and unchanged. Swine were active and better, corn fed selling at 4^0. n l%c., mid still fed at 3%e. a 3%c. The receipts wore 4,151 beeves, $?1 cows, 645 veals, 13,234 sheep and lambs, and (i,41H) swine. The sales of cotton yosterday were confined to about 200 a 300 balos. in small lots. Tiie transactions were too limited to afford any just criterion of the state of the market. We continue to <iuote middling uplands at 21,l?c. a 22c., according to quality, conditions of payment, Ate. Holders, as a general thing, seemed to manifest no want of confidence, while buyers were inclined to stand aloof for the moment. Flour was In fair demand and (Inn for shipping brands, while prices were without change of im porlance. Wheat was some less active, and closed at about lo. per bushel lower. Com was in good request and rather firmer, especially for shipping lots of Western mixed. l'ork was steady, with salos of moss at $14 37,'? a $14 50, and of prime at $9 75 a $10. It was said the government propoxate for 0.000 bills, would be opened to day. Sugars wore firm, with sales of 600 hbds., 4">0 boxes and 12,000 bags of Manila on terras given in another place. ColTeo was firm and active, with sales of 10,809 bags of Rio, part at 14 \c. a 14%c., and the remainder at p. t. Freights wore tlrni, with a fair amount of engage, mouts at full rates. plcte Revolution. We publish to-day a remarkable article from the London Times, in which that journal not only recedos from it* former position about tho American loan, admitting now that it is a good investment, but "acknowledges that the citizens of the new Union, though reduced to twenty millions in number, might be taxed to an extent hitherto unknown on the oHier side of the Atlantic." Nothing would be easier, tho limes admits, than to raise the federal revenue permanently to $200,000,000. The Times admits that the soundness of the conclusion of our government, to borrow in the American market only, has been established by the very first experiment. The success of the loan among our own people has opened the eyes of the English stockjobbers. A change has come over the spirit of their dream, and their teeth now water for the largo interest out ot which thev have been cheated by the misrepresentations ot' their organ, tlie London Times, which now makes the amende by admitting its error as far as could be expected at first. It is evidently the beginning of a revolution in the course of that journal, and in the financial, commercial and political circles which it represents. It is the inanguration of a revolution in the Times in the very teeth of the statements of the special war correspondent of that journal. Dr. Russell, whose trash no longer passes current in England; for the people of that country have begun to find out what everybody here always knew?that Russell is about as ignouant of the country as he is of Japan. The London Times is sure to come round at the right moment in revolutions, whether they are monetary, commercial or political. It did so in 1832. Before that year the Times had always been a strong tory journal. But the formidable revolutionary movement of the masses of the people, who demanded an extension of the suffrage, and threatened London, if not the throno itself, wrought a sudden chiinge in Printing House Square, and one fine morning our British cotemporary cumo out a whig journal and the advocate of popular rights. The Reform )>ill was carried in Parliament by tlio pressure from without, and the sagacity of the Times was established. * It displays equal sagacity now in shifting its sails to the change of wind iu Kngland. The philosophy of this change is that the English hold some five hundred millions worth of our State stocks and old federal securities, and they now discover that the present loan, bear. ' ing such high interest, is an excellent investj meiit. and that the American bankers and finanI ciers, who necessarily know more about its worth than Englishman, have eagerly taken it. ' So good, indeed, is it that the government and i the monetary interest have kept it all on ! this side of the Atlantic. The Enelish holders I ol' our stocks tlius see that we can carry on the war to a successful ins-no?that we caa raise the money t" put down tiie Southern rebellion more easily than England raised the finances to overthrow Napoleon and the French devolution,

j Hence they are alarmed lest they should lose their stocks it they meddled with our internal aflairs: and, besides, they want a share i 1 the profits arising from the new loan, now that they find it is so capital an _ . i rru:., ?tw. tl.A r invtviinrui. IUIP luv ncgivt VI iue umiiuuu ' Tmits eating its own words, for it Ls the organ of the l{otli?cliiUls and the monoyed interest, ii is a question now of stocks against cotton and (liey fear tlmt in quarrelling with us about , wj i?.v xiJ, terluiM, iSDAY, SEPTEMBER 19, If also the cotton; aud in this they are undoubtedly right. The financial and commercial condition of no nation u-na Avar liot+'k** *!?.?? 4)?/? United States at this moment. Tho commerce of the world is us open to us as it was to England in her wars with Napoleon, and though we do not import as much us before the war, it is because tho South is cut oft' by the blockade, and the imports are just C .eased to the extent of her wants. Consequently tho North suffers no loss on that score. Our internal resources are far superior to those of England in her most palmy days. So vast is the country, and stub are the varieties of its productions, that the States have a great internal trade among themselves, which, so far from suffering iu consequence of the war, is greatly stimulated thereby. This is apparent from the statement us to the progress of railroad business in the money article of yesterday's IIkkaij>. It exceeds by eleven per cent the business for the same period of last year. The loan, expended among our own population, is setting in motiou tho wheels of manufactories and cominorcial agencies, and giving employment to millions. If tho English government and English cotton manufacturers and stock operators will only keep perfectly quiet, we will undertuke, in two months from the present time, that our army, with the military movement* now in operation, will penetrate to the very centre of the cotton States, and supply them with all the cot? ton they want?say 4,000,000 bales, value two hundred millions of dollars; and at the same time wo will let them have as much of the new loan as we can spare, though they will then have to pay a far higher price for it than now. It is so valuable an investment for our own citizens that we prefer keeping it to ourselves. But if England is henceforth civil, and conducts herself properly, we will allow her stockjobbers to have a little of it when it gets above par. But if European Powers should be so rash as to meddle in our domestic affairs, they will ouly delay the time when they can get cotton, they will not get a dollar of our new loan, they will forfeit the stocks of this country they now hold; and when we have settled our family quarrel here, and shall have 300,000 fighting men who will waut employment in that line, then let those European countries?particularly England and Spain?who possess colonies in the New World, look out for the avenging swoop of the American eagle. rr..? D..t. r*.? rt a., a j tic. ivc<>. i/K. viic.ritr.iv a i jiu.nci ?n.> adu lition Festival.?The Rev. Dr. Cheever, Laving returned from Lis church begging and abolition preaching tour in England, was wannly wel" coined on Thursday evening last, at an abolition love feast at the residence of the Rev. S. R. Davis, 18 East Twenty-eighth street. "The par. lors were Lung with portraits and mottoes suitable to tlie occasion." The alTair, indeed, was quite a brilliant abolition demonstration in its pictorial and mechanical arrangements, and likewise in its fervent abolition prayers and speeches. Some of the choice emancipation i agitators who tigured'in the late seditious "Liberty and Union meeting" at the ABtor House were present. The inspiring theme of this jubilee over Dr. Cheever was, of course, our Southern institution of slavery, and " the duty of immediate and entire emancipation;" and the great feature of the evening was, of course, the speech of the immaculate Cheever himself; and our readers may judge of the staple of his discourse from this single passage:?"If the cluims of freedom, justice, humanity?the claims of the enslaved?are not made the objects of tLis war, tLen there Is needed no prophet's ken to know what will be down in history upon this country?infamy, infamy." The Rev. Dr. Tyng, next in order, harped upon the same string, to this effect:?" We shall never take one successful step until we take the first righteous step" (the abolition of slavery). "That we shall ever come out of this warfare at the door through which we went in is, in my judgement, impossible. We cannot come out but with a country free or a country mormmo Ami T can fnr mranlf ou T v., v.*.*....-. - W'V .""W ?" i loved, in my old federal education, the Union. I would rather go back and live upon the shores of Uie Merriraac, and in the single State of Massachusetts, than I would form a Union again with the South, if the cancer of slavery is to be in its bo^oin." In fact, the reverend gentleman declared that lie would rather see "the utter extinction of the whole confederacy," and resolved into iU elements, than gain the glory of a great majestic people at the sacrifice of a great principle?the principle of emancipation. We select these specimen bricks of this aboli" tion love feast from the copious report of the Tribune, whoso sympathies and labors are devoted to the same object. We denounce the whole atl'air and all its affiliations as demoralizing, seditious and treasonable; for if it be treason to''give aid and comfort to the enemy'* in this war, it is treason to be laboring to sow the seeds of discord, and to stir up our abelition fanatics against the administration charged with the great responsibility of saving our government from a violent overthrow. We call the attention of the government to these seditious agitators of abolition. In seeking to divide our loyal people, to dist ract our counsels and to embarrass-the administration, they arc giving "aid and comfort to the enemy," and hence we contend that these abolition dieorganizers deserve no less the restraints of Fort Lafayette than the secession emissaries, agent* and colaborers of JetTerson Davis and his rebel confederates. The Recent Calamity in Pun.adki.rniA.?The deplorable accident at the Continental theatre, in rhuadelphia, oy which six ballet girls have already met their death anil several others have been maimed for life, proves the culpability of employers who neglect ordinary precautions against the common risks of every-day existcnceIIad the lights in this theatre been provided with class chimneys or wirework Miss Gale's dress could not have taken fire, and the tragedy recorded would never have occurred. In like manner, if Miss Gale, when her clothes became ignited, instead of rushing to and fro and communicating the conflagration to those around her, had summoned presence of mind sufficient to lie down and roll herself on the floor, she would in all probability not only have saved her own life, but the lives of those who suffered with her. Even had there been alum or soda mixed with the starch used on the dresses of these girls, they would have been rendered practically incombustible. But in no case was there any provision ngainst accident, and therefore, as a natural consequence, the worst results followed. Tie Coroner's jury upon tbe dead bodies of the victims have returned a verdict which casts blame upon no one?not even upon the manager uX Ihv (Jjeatrej wliOj viiber from motives ?i *61. economy or carelessness that ought to he made criminal, failed to guard the gaslight*. The jury were too lenient in their judgment by far, as the occasion offered a good opportunity for bringing oountry managers to their senses, and securing something like personal safety to their employes. It is melancholy to read cither the list of accidents in the daily journals, at of accidental deaths in the annual returns of mortality, and reflect upon the direct or indirect carelessness and other preventible causes from which they arise. Tim Makyi.am> Secession Lkoislaturk Tasks Cake ok.?Read our telegraphic advices upon this subject. The government has interposed the strong arm of its military authority to put ua end to that treasonable nest of conspirators known as the Maryland Legislature. Enough of the leading members of both houses had already been seized to prevent a quorum; but secession is full of expedients, and if it could not have raised a quorum for an act of secession, doubtless, if not further interrupted, such an act would have been passed without a quorum, and would have been accepted as the signal for a rebellions uprising iu Maryland, in co-operation with Beauregard's army. In put' ing an end, therefore, to this treasonable Mary, land Legislature, the government of the United States has in reality achieved a great military victory, and without bloodshed. This victory is the defeat of the game of the Maryland rebels for rushing that State into the horrors of a civil war like that which has been indicted upon Missouri by her late Legislature of secession conspirators. Beauregard and Johnston, doubtless, have been waiting for a rebel uprising in Maryland; her contraband Legislature had arranged the programme; but in not being allowed to "put it through," the State, from all appearances, will be saved from the sweeping ravages of fire and sword. Let her people be thankful, and let them stand fast by the government which protects them, if they would not be utterly destroyed between two terrible fires. Meantime, while cordially endorsing the vigorous policy of our federal administration in its summary mode of dealing with secession traitors and conspirators, we would submit that our rabid, seditious and incendiary aboli turn propaganda of the North would be cooled down considerably by a few wholesome exampica of martial law. If the Iiev. Dr. Cheever, Dr. Beecher, or Dr. Tyng, for instance, were placed in the same port hole of Fort Lafayette with the Abbe McMaster, the experiment would probably act as a wholesome warning to the mischief making editors of our abolition newspaper organs, great and smull, including those of the Post and Tribune, and the '-little villains'' of the Times. Gkamjal Demoralization in thk South.?We publish in another column a remarkable article, from the Charleston Mercury of the llith inst., from which it appears that the greatest discontent prevails, throughout the Southern States, with the Confederate administration and Congress, and that leaders of the most ferocious school of fire-eaters are becoming discontented, and prepared to undo their own handiwork. The efl'orts of the rebel government to raise men and money are denounced as an abtmrd piece of pretentious bullying; the boast that there are from one hundred and fifty to two hundred thousand Southern soldiers in Virginia is treated as pure gasconade; the confession is volunteered that the South have no general adequate to the taflk of manoeuvring thirty thousand troops; and it is predicted that the upshot of the war will be that each State will have to take cure 01 useu, aim ue - leu lis own lie vices. What a picture! Yet we have little doubt it falls far behind the dismal reality. It has been apparent, for somo time past, that the utmost jealousy prevails of the insurrectionary States against each other, and that the States limits politicians of South Carolina) Georgia, Mississippi, and Alabama, contemplate with undisguisable alarm the paltry successes that are from time to time achieved by their commanders. They are convinced that a series of victories on the part of Beauregard. JohnstonDavis or Lee, would make theso generals masters of the situation and that they would establish, at once, a central military despotism, which would overthrow the last remnants o^ liberty and of State sovereignty. They prefer the horrors of anarchy to such a result; while the Intent Union force at the South, takes advantage of the feeling to encourage a return to loyalty. There remains but little doubt, in view of the state of things which the Charleston Mercury exposes, that, deprived of coast defence, honeycombed as the Confederate army is, with disaffection, sickness, and want, tired and exhausted as the masses have become of a destructive and useless war, one single triumph of the federal arms on the Potomac will be the signal for a tremendous reaction against trea son. and a speedy return may uo looked tor to the allegiance to the constitution which Las been so suicidally abandoned. General Fremont, the Administration and oik Abolition Organs.?Our abolition organs. Including the Tribune and Evening Post, are close upon the verge of rebellion in consequence of President Lincoln's instructions holding General Fremont subject to the laws of Congress in reference to this business of the emancipation of Southern slaves. We can thus discover tho extremities to which, for abolition purposes, our anti-slavery radicals and their organs are prepared to push this war. They are prepared to set up the unauthorized edict of a military subordinate above the authority of the President and the government; just as another of our si My and malignant abolition organs, the Times, was clamorous a short time ago for the removal of Mr. Lincoln by a mob. and the substitution of George Law as President or Provisional President of the United States. With regard to General Fremont, we have always been disposed to overlook his faults and to magnify his virtues, as a politician, soldier and patriot. But we must say that this lute dashing proclamation of his, without authority and upon his own responsibility, was a very indiscreet proceeding in every point of view. No subordinate oflioer has the right to assume any such gravo responsibility as this. | The President, in his mild rebuke of Fremont, | has dealt vory tenderly with him; but tliey j who, with the facts before them, continue te j glorify th? imprudent proclamation of Fremont, ! are counselling insubordination in its most dan; gerous form. They should be looked after, and , taught a wholesome lesson upon that first duty I of loyalty in this crisis, submission to and co| operation with the government and its war ' policy to save the life of the nation. A IIen with Onk Chicken.?The republican ' pmtv with une candidate?Benj. F. Bruce. Mexico and a Proposed European Coalition.?There la Htill tulk in Europe of the proposed coalition of England, France a ad Spain for the settlement of the affairs of Mexico; and the London Timfs, in a recent article, givea prominence to the subject. The interest winch these nations feel in the future of the country is only reasonable when we consider the capital which they have invested in its mining indus try, ?nd, apart from their constantly increasing trade with Mexico, tie importance of its geographical position t? all commercial nations. Moreover the English and French?but the former mow particula 1}?have beta subjected t* all sorts of insolenc s and plunder, for which they have been unable to obtain redress. Their subjects have been murdered, theiT legations robbed and their ministers insulted, and affairs in Mexico are still w bad as ever. Palliatives are u eh ss, says Eagland, aad the only remedy is coctvion, to which latter ' the country is very accessible, as ita existence depends on its communication with the Atlantic aad Pacific, which can be closed without a blew | and at any moment by the naval Powers." Thus an end, it is maintained, may be put to the prevailing infamy. But there muBt be a cooperation of European nations. If one were ta attempt the work of forcible reformation alese, the other would operate antagonistically; bot with combination, a permanent settlement may be arrived at. It is therefore proposed that a ruler, to whom all Mexico would agree, might be found among the deposed princes and other seekers for authority in Europe. Among these is mentioned Patterson Bonaparte, as likely t? 1)1 ease both America and Franon on.l Hm Juun ilc Bourbon, who is plotting against the Queen of Spain in London. With regard to the former, we think he has too much good sense to yield to any such su^^stion, and we further think that any Emperor or other personago the combined Powers might ^lect to govern Mexico would have about as short a reign as its former Emperor Iturbide. At present the coalition is only rumored, but the probability of its assuming a definite existence is not remote. Abolitionist Joirnauj on the Freedom ok tub Press.?Such disuninnist organs as the Times, Liberator, Tribune and Anii-SJavery Standard, have been loud in their denunciations of the secession newspapers of the North, and in calling upon government to suppress them its treasonable. The chalice they have so warmly admired is about, however, to be commended to their own lips, and there is but little room to doubt that they will suffer the penalty of their attacks upon the constitution, and their endeavors to obstruct the course of the administrai! : ? s? __ - * ? nun iu uurr^iug 011 uie wur against bouihern insurrectionists. The last Anti-Slavery Standard, goes so far as to publish n labored editorial, in which it gives the best of reasons why its own office should be shut up immediately. It says that the " suppression of seditious papers ia essential i " the continued existence of Mr. Lincola's government,'' and that their " stopping was a necessity," because they made war upon the established order of things. It boldly, however, includes itself in the sumo category with the infamous portion of the press which has already been put under the ban of the law, and exclaims, with a vehemence and malignitf, worthy of tt* most violent diatribes of the rebel nigger driving organs:?" We condemned what we held to be immoral and wicked in the provisions of the constitution, and proclaimed it to be the duty of every honest man to refuse t* obey them. We affirmed it to be tho duty of the free States to withdraw and be separated from the slave States or amend the constitution. If wo arc thought worthy of death for all this we are ready to die with all dignity." The editors of the Anti-Slavery Standard, think themselves safo. perhaps, in preaching rebellion, secession, and the overthrow of the constitution, and ia courting martyrdom for their pernicious and treasonable course. It is our belief, however, that the administration cannot and will not suffer such diabolical teachings to go on with impunity. The very same rule which has consigned the Abbe McMaster, and others, to Fort Lafayette, and closed the mails to so many nigger driving secession papers, should be applied to the nigger worshipping secessionists also. Until this Is done, there can be no hopes of permanently allaying the ferment in the mind of the people, and satisfying them that the result of the war will be the complete triumph of the constitution and the laws or or all, of both sections, who are arrayed against them. The Abolitionists and Mk. John Jat.?We have received a lengthy communication from Mr. John Jay, with respect to his share in the proceedings of the abolition meeting that was held the other day at the Astor House. We can afford, at the present conjuncture of affairs"in the United States, no room in our columns for any ?uca uucuiucuib. iuv uuumiou question is dead and buried for the present. Wc copied tha report of the sayings and doings at the Astor House assembly, as we found thera in tho columns of tho lYibunt, and are not responsible* in any manner whatever, for any inaccuracies it may have contained. It is enough for us that the minds of sensible people are turned, at tho present time, towards subjects far more important than anything relating to the niggerThey are tired of the nigger, in all his shades and colors. Nigger worshippers and nigger drivers are equally odious to true patriots, and the elaborate discussions which they would fain parade before the public, can serve no good etui, and contribute not a particle to solve satisfactorily the prrnve problems that arc before the country. If Mr. Jay is a good patriot, and onl deavored, as lie declares,ho did, to shut out ^ abolition heresy from the conclusions which j the Astor House meeting came to, we rejoice a> I it, but it is his own concern and not ours, i Tiik Laxocaoe of Tire Chivalry.?The vulgar insolence and bloodthirsty threats contained in the proclamation of Jeff. Thompson, a rebel Brigadier General, who evidently writes under tile exasperation produced by Major General Fremont's declaration of martini law in Missouri, i urn fair samoles of what we may expect from the | Southern chivalry. lie solemnly declares thut 1 for every member of the Missouri State Guard or rebel soldier who shall be put to death, in pursuance of the order of General Fremont, he will " hang, draw nnd quarter a minion of Abraham Lincoln." He further says, " I intend to exceed General Fremont in his excesses, and should these things be repeated I will retaliat? tenfold, so help me God!" It is a pity that this infuriated monster is not a Choctaw or Camanche. so that he might enjoy himself by scalping, and possibly roasting and feeding > upon his enemies, when he gets bold of tbem.

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