Newspaper of The New York Herald, September 22, 1861, Page 6

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated September 22, 1861 Page 6
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4 NEW YORK HERALD JAMBS roil DOW BGWNBTT, U)i '? AND PROrJUETOa. OFFICB K. W. CORNKU OP PULTON AND NASSAU PTS TERM# rath in ti liunrt. Mnnnj$mt tymnV trill VnffA r<dk Ikt midcr. Amir fail Hank bills cUrrmit i'? A'ew fori fM DAII.TItr.PAKI), tiro rmtnpT ropt/, $7;*r i??m THE WEEKIY HERALD, trrry S itiinliiy, nt tii ? nl* pr ?TW, or (S)xr annum, the Buro/'r-m Hlitl m ??"7/ Vilnnuiit) I tiy cmit* furtnpn, $4 )>rr annum to urn/ fmrt nt Ormt flrituiii or $A IS l? any pari of thr OonHnmt. inrluiU pntlai/e; Ih California & til um on thr Irf, Ut/t and'JlU <*/ each month. at nL etv^pmr ropy, w $2 7ft p*> annum. THE FAMILY //EUaLU, on IIV InM'htij, fit /our cents pei (opvLor$Hprr annum. VOL VATA /? > COHKESPONDFNCF, contain fnr, importnn *?/ *, tolintr.l frtun rtry quarter of the icorht; if ?w|, irill '* laterally jtoad for. ft?* OUR FOUKIGN Ci)HRJ<:.SPONl>KNTA A It J Particular it Requested to Skal all Letter* axd Pack ACK8 SrMT UA ITO hOTtCh taken of anonymous correspondence. Wn do no retvm rejected rommunwdioo*. ADVENT1S! )tENTS r^vtrert every <fity; a tverthements in sertnl in thr W* kki.T Herald, Familt Herald, uiul in thi Culifortiiu and European Editions. Volume XXVI No. Mf AMUSEMENTS TO-MORROW ETGNINO. ACADEMY OF MUSIC. Irving lMaoe.~rno?. Hkrbmani winter OAROEN, Bioadway.?CiKnHUKLH?Nkw Youi witm. LAURA KEENE'S THEATRE, Broadway.-SarDR Boss NEW BOWERY THKATKE, How-prr?Tn* Oi.d nocsi OK TUB llriduk?SMTriKK? I>?*b <llbl Of ?.kkoa. RARNITM'S AMERICAN MUSEUM. Brnadwav.?Paj and ETcning?1!? ?f'l -i" 'lUMABOd?UiWO??* amub, Ska Lion, and Otiikk Cumosinrs. BRYANTS' MINSTRELS, Mwlianloa' 11*11. 472 BroadWB).?.Sonus, Dance*, l<cbi.ngUK*. 4c.?Kuiiukd Path. MELODEON CONCERT HALL, No. IS39 Broadway.Bom-s, Dancls, Buri.iuuvb?. ,tr.?iCital Artisan*. CANTERHrr.Y MU8I0 HALL, 685 Broadway.?80RQ?, Darckr, Uuklesqukr, Ac. OAIETircS CONCERT ROOM, (il? Broadway.?Dr*wma R00> Khtkktainmbnti Bai.lkts. Pantomimes. Kakckb, Ac. AMERICAN MUSIC IIALL, 414 Broadway.?Soros, Bal LB1R, 1'antomibrm, ic.? <till!C pkwnt. CRYSTAL PALACE CONCERT HALL. No. 4.S Bowory.IdBLBHQUUI. So.vcs. DaNCK*. .to.?KlaCK 1JLUAV1.KS. ^.METROPOLITAN OONCKRT HALL, COO Broadway? r>N<;?, Dances, Kakcks. Kuiuksuuks, Ac. Jew York, Sunday, September !4%, 1H01. TUB HITUATION. Our latest accounts from Washington indicate no immediate prospects of a battle. While the efficiency and discipline of our army continue to improve under the viplant supervision of General McClellan, the conduct of the rebel army in that direction would lead to the belief that no attack will be made until such time as General McClellan may decide upon an aggressive movement, which will not be until a decisive and saoccssfcl blow can be struck. Whatover intention tho rebel generals might at ono time have entertained of advancing upon Washington by a flank movement through Maryland, that idea has evidently been dispelled by the vigorous measures adopted towards the unsound members of the Legislature and other disaflcctcd parties, which crushed out tho last hope of the traitors in that State. An officer of tho rebel army, who is said to have held a high rank, reached Washington yesterday, having deserted from Manassas in disgust, states that the troops art utterly demoralized; that several regiments from the Atlantic and Gulf States havo abandonod the service and gone home, and that tho rebel forces are wholly incapable of either attacking or resisting an attack by the Union army. The " riotory" of Bull ran, he says, had so disorganized the rebels that their condition was more critical after that enconnter than that of the Union army, whieh had abandoned the field in disorder. The guns are still maintained at the different,points of defence, and garrisons kept there merely for show, while the groat body of the army has fallen back. This information was accepted as reliable, owing to the known respectability and intelligence of the informant, who is a native of Baltimore, and was impressed into the rebel service. All was quiet in the immense army of the Potomac yesterday, and with the exception of a review of General MoCall's division by the Princc de Joinville and the commanding General, nothing occurred to disturb the monotony of the camps. The utmoHt confidence in the capacity of the army and a feeling of perfeot security exist in the federal capital. We cannot fail to notice the significant fact that, while the captious scribblcrs of the British press and the representatives of British aristocracy in Parliament and elsewhere arc defaming our government and institutions, and sneering at the national cause, the princes of the first European empires not only endorse the struggle of the administration against rebellion, as Prince Napoloon has done in hia laat letter to the Opinion Nationale, but are throwing themselves Into the contest tn the person of the Comte de Paris and the Due de Chartres, the grandsons of Louis Phillippe, who have just tendered their services to the President, and whose swords will henceforth be employed in the caase of a legitimate constitutional government. Thus the voice of sympathy which cornea from the Emperor of Russia, the candid admission of Prince Napoleon that the American government has vitality enough to surmount the present crisis and will become greater than ever, and the adheBion to our army of the two Bourbon Prince*, are more than an offset to the equivocal and shuffling position which English statesmen and journalists have ohoscn to assame towards this government at the present stage of the contest. We publish to-day an extraordinary letter which appears in the Richmond Whig, which shows that a thorough disgust and want of confidence in the rebel government exists to a considerable ex tent Utruu^hout the South. The condition of the army Is represented as deplorable and demoralised. The soldiers, it is said, are treated woroe than dogs, and the horrors of the coining winter are fearfully depicted. The rebel government is openly pronounccd to be rotten and ineffective, and the incapacity of the army to accomplish anything in the face of the Union forces Is boldly proclaimed. While 8outhcrn men can writo and rebel journals publish such sentiments as these, it la manifest that the state of afTairs most be very bad Indeed within the rebel States. The condition of things at Lexington, Missouri, where Colonel Mulligan, with his Irish Drigudo, and a large force of Illinois cavalry, a Kansas regiment, and a thousand Home Guards?In all tlirco thousand fire hundred men?still holds out against the rebel Oeneral Price, with an imdense force, continues much the same as al 'm? reports Dy Intelligence from Kansas ifitj, however, we learn that Gen. Price, frith force of thirty thousand men, made anothei assault on the oltj on Wednesday, which lasted . K for two hours, anil succeeded in driving the Union troops back into their entrenchments, but that at this juncture the Irish Brignde rushed outside the works, and charging the rebels with the bayonet, . scattered them in every direction. It was said that General Frico would renew tho attack on the 1 following morning, wit1) seventeen pieces of ortilr lery. I In Western Virginia the Union troops are not " idle. General Reynolds, it is said, has driven the r rebels from their position in Cheat Mountain, kill* I i ing nearly a hundred of them, but the prcciso dato e x of the action is not stated by telegraph. Tho Governor of Indiana has gone into Ken* I tucky, by way of Louisville, with guns and amuni' tion, to aid the Union cause, and has ordered all the troops on the frontier to hold themselves in 1 readiness to follow. It is said that ten thousand additional troops are ready to leave Indiana at twenty-four hours' notice. The intelligence from Kentucky is of a most cheerful character. The 1 people there are represented as most enthusiastic in favor of tho immediate expulsion of all the rebel ( troops from tho State, and no doubt, with the assistance of the Union forces from Indiana, and tho determination of the Kentuckians themselves, this object will soon bo accomplished, and the absnrd "neutrality" of Kentucky will be exchanged for a sterling devotion to the Union as it existed ante beUum. We hare late intelligence from Europe by tho J Saxonia, which arrived off Cape Race yesterday, i with three days later news man previous accounts. The only item of importance relative to American affairs which sho brings is the fact that the policy of sending further reinforcements of troops to Canada at tho existing crisis had been seriously questioned in England, and that, in consequence, it had been abandoned for the present. Whether this indicates a forced revolution in the policy of the British government towards this country, ander tho pressure of popular opinion, rema'.is to be seen, and no doubt more detailed information on the subject will developo the fact with more clearness. THE NEWS. By the arrival of the Saxonia off Cape Race yestorday morning we have European advices to the 11th inst., three days later than the accounts previously received. The shipment of troops from England to Canada has been suspended for the present. The organization af an Anglo-French expedition to Mexico to obtain redress for injuries to English and French interests was expected. The Liverpool cotton market wa* firm, without change in prices. Breadstuff's had advanced. The Paris Patrie of the 7th of September, under its head of latest news, says*-?According to recent advices from America we learn that the Pondre steam frigate, which was at Halifax, received orders on tho ISth ult. to proceed immediately"to era Cruz. This order in attributed to tho difficulties which had arisen with President Juarez, and which, as has been mentioned, had caused the French Minister to break off his relations with the Chief of the Mexican confederation. Tho living ex-Presidents, ex-Vico Presidents and ex-Cabinet officers stand as folisws in their Bestiments on the present war:? Union. JUbd. Ex-Presidents 4 1 Ex-Vice Presidents 2 1 Ex-Secretaries of State 2 Ex-Secretaries of the Treasury 2 2 Ex-Secretaries of War 1 4 Ex-Secretaries of the Navy 2 1 Ex-Attorney General* 6 1 Ex-Postmaster Generals 6 1 Ex-Secretaries of the Interior 2 1 We give below a table of the Union and seces Hiuii vuwrs ui uiu iiiburu cwuiueri) ovuics, tta exuibited when the people of that section were first called upon to decide between loyalty and rebellion. In some of the States no direct vote has yet been had, and we are, therefore, forced to estimate the strength of the two parties:? TTnwn. Sedition. North Carolina 47.'269 48,672 Virginia '.106.530 45,161 Tf-iinosseo 67,630 64 150 Texan 12,172 41,600 Arkniis.'is 15,S20 27,412 tfomb Carolina 27 26,000 Gnortria. 32,500 67.500 Alabama 27,600 40,300 Mississippi 25,000 38,000 Louisiana 17,070 20.448 Florida 4.200 6,700 Delaware 12.JOO 3,600 Kentucky 83,157 16,U05 Missouri 101,300 61,500 Maryland 87,100 6,500 Total 638,793 480,564 ?Here we find a clear Union majority in the Southern States, when the rebellion fiiwt ripened, of one hundred and forty-seven thousand; and when the government gets into a position by which it can afford protection to the men In the South who secretly entertain loyal sentiments, nearly every man of those six hundred and thirty-three thousand Unionists, as shown above, will take np arms in defence of the Stars and Stripes. One of Qeneral McOlellan's officers recently told him that ho thought this war would bo the moana of making him the next President. The Genera' rebuked him by saying it was not the duty of a soldier to look so far ahead. "We mnst," said he, "take oare of to-day?to-morrow has no existence for ?b, and our business is to save the oountry, not to make candidates." It is now reported that Mom. Peter G. T. Beauregard, Brigadier General in the rebel army, and commander of the Confederate forces at Manassas. in dead again. He has not boon heard of, reports nay, sincc the mcinorablo day on which the rebel flags were Been at half-mart. The Union sentimont continues to work disastrously upon the secession journals and editors of the North and in the loyal sections of the border Blare State*. Our lists now exhibit the following results:? Papers suspended by the authorities 17 Destroyed by moba H) Died naturally 5 Denied the mails 5 Changed to Union 7 FdiUrs in prison 6 The Georgia State Convention, which met at Milledgevillo cm the 11th inst., nominated for Governor E. A. Nisbet, of Bibb county. Upwards of 12,000 troopa.pas.scd through Baltimore last week on their way to Washington. The Montreal papers confirm {he report that Colonel Rankin, of the British array, in command of one of the militia districts of Upper Canada, and a member of Parliament, has gone to Detroit to raise a regiment of one thousand six hundred i lancers, to be armed with sabre, carbine, pistol, I and a lance seventeen feet long. He has power i from the government at Washington to proceed. ! Tho "devoted band" organization, which was to bo composed of Southern men who were willing *'to take thoir lives in their hands and go forth 1 without the least expectation of ever returning," does not fill up very fast. The chivalry are rather chary of Buch an uncertain undertaking. They i prefer to trust their lives to their heels. The Memphis Avalanche says the "arrant pen ' humbugs of the North may hold their conventions, ' whine about peace, and pass their canting renola. i tions antil doomsday, but they will never cCTeot l poace on their terms." The secession democrats of the North might as well now drop the peace dodge and show their colors. The Judges of the County Conrta of Kentucky \ tre iaauiag calls for the return of all the arms be- j m YORK HERALD, SU1 longing to tiiu State which wcr? distribut's'l l?y Magoftln among tho members of the rebel State Guard. The Mayor of Leavonworth, Kansas, has issued a proclamation ordering all the stores In the cltj to close, anil all business operations to cease between the hours of four and half past six o'clook in thu afternoon of oach day, for the purpose of giving all persons timo to perfect themselves In thu use of firearms. Win. II. Mcrritt, who was nominated by tho seoeshers of Iowa as their candidate for Lieutenant Governor, has "come out from among the foul party," ami doolared himself for tbo Union in tho strongest terms. He positively declines to run on the ticket. T?>l< AD.OTIO ..... ll.? 41. "V ...MMIIJ PBJO HIU CUDVV VI buc wni vu the Post Office Department has been a reduction in the Bale of envelopes, during the quarter ending June 30, of 2,114,100. But it docs not say th it tho stoppage of the mails in the rebel States has been a clear saving to the Post Office Department for the same quarter of $315,600. The rate of tax has been officially determined by the Supervisors at two per cent below the line of Fifty-seventh street, and one ninety-five above. The warrants have been signed and will Issue to the Receiver on Monday. The tax will be extended forthwith on the books, and the personal book will probably be opened for payments in a few dayp. A special meeting of tho Board of Aldermen wits to have been held last evening, but when the roll was Called the only parties present were th* Clerks of the Board, one man in the lobby and the representatives of tho press. The Board, therefore, stands adjourned subject to a call from the Chair. Tho committee appointed to amend tho city charter met yesterday afternoon in the chamber of tho Board of Councilmen. After transacting some routine business the Chairman of the Convention announced that the standing committees would be appointed at the next meeting of the committee > on Monday next, at two o'clock. Thu colton market was quiet, with little offering for Bale by holders. The transactions were conflned to 200 a 300 bales, in small lota. We coutinuo to qaoto middling to strict middling upland* at 21>?c. a 22o. The flour market was again Arm and active, and closed at an advance of 10c. a 10c. per barrel for lower grades. Wheat was active and Armor, with free Bales, closing at an advance of 2c. n 3c. per bushel. Corn, owing In some degroo to large shipments known to bo on the way, was less Arm, but with ngnodKaxtoru and foreign demand the market was quite aclivo. ? no ?,?w uuio, 1.1000 ? wiw taken al $14 r>2 a $14 73 per bbl. Tlie contract for 8.000 bbln. of beef hail not transpired. Tlic market for pork was Arm, with sales of mess at $14 60 a $14 75, and $0 76 a $10 for prime. Sugars wero Arm and ar.tivo, with sales of 1,840 hhds., 1.200 bags of Calcutta and 600 boxes, at full prices. The advance on tho work's sules was HUHtulnod. Rice was firm, with sales at 7}?c. C iflfao was Armor, with sale* of 4,000 bags of Bio at 16c. a ir>ijC.| and 200 muts Java Bold at 20c., and 300 bags I.agrayra at 18}{c. n 17 ^c. Freights wore firmer for K:iglish ports. Wlwat was tnkon, in bulk and bags, for Liverpool at llj^d., and eorn for do. at 10)?d., In bulk, with flour at 2s. Od. To London wheat, in ship's bags, was taken at 13*{d. To llavro wheat was takon at 23c. a 24c., and Hour at 80o. The Miserable Condition of the Rebel Army?Revolt Against the Confederate Government* From a telegraphic despatch which wo publish from Baltimore it will bo seen that the Confederate army is in a most miserable condition, and that the government is assailed by the popular leaders as well as by the press. We recently published an editorial article from the Richmond Examiner in which the whole personnel of the government, including the President and the Secretary of War, were denounced, and not only so, but the generals wero held up to public contempt as incompetent to lead thirty thousand men, much lew the large army, now in a demoralised condition, in front of Washington. Tbo Richmond Whig now contains auothcr onslaught from Franklin Minor, a man endorsed by the Whiff as "first in position anil intellect in the great county of Albemarle." It is under date of the 29th of August, and tins writer says that one day last week the troops at Manassas had nothing for breakfast but salt and potatoes, were sent eight miles at double quick to meet a falso alarm, and got neither dinner nor supper when they camo back to camp. This witness as to the condition of the infantry is fully corroborated by the Prince Napoleon's description of the cavalry after the battle of Manassas, the troopers being as ragged as b#ggars, having "shoes without soles and hats without crowns." The conclusion drawn from the premises by Mr. Minor is, that he is " utterly disgusted with Jeff. Davis and his man Walker;" that " the government is rotten in the head, and Davis ought to be spiked up whore men can seo him." He goes on to say:?"You have won a great victory and got no fruits from it. You have had charge of the government for six months, and have done nothing. No meat, no bread, no powder, no wagons, nor anything but salt and potatoes, and and yet you sing out, ' tho government has the entire conflilonce of the whole people.' Now, it has not mine. * I believe I am not singular in my distrust If you truuum wuuiu viujr npcnn. uut tun lUUfUUUOllt me nbiiHon which stink under your nostrils things would get right. It is a ahamo which cries to heaven for vengeance when yen men of the pen are talking about confidence, and our soldiers arc made to trot sixteen miles on4 ono meal of potatoes and salt. There is rottenness enough in the medical staff alone to damn any administration. "Why hoodwink the people T Tour government is rotten and stinks. Vfo must smell it at last, and the sooner the better.'' This is plain talk, and if Mr. Franklin Minor and the editor of the Richmond Whig be now at largo, It is only because the 'Confederate government feels its own weakness, and dares not arrest them. The Examiner explains why such proceedings might be dangorous:?" It is evident to every intelligent observer that the embittered remnant of the submifwionist party, which was fully represented in the Virginia Convention, is bent on organizing a regular^ opposition to the government." Hero is an inside view given us of the rebel army and rebel government, not by Union spies or correspoadenU of Northern papers, but by their own reliablo men and trusted organs. It nresonU a sad picture of Southern folly In breaking away from the Union. It in clear that there is rottenness at the root, and rottenness in every ramification of the tree of rebellion. Walker has been removed and Bragg has been appointed in his place, but the change of one man cannot possibly cure the radical evils under which the Southern army groans. It is now thoroughly demoralized; in a very briof time, upon the approach of winter, when heavy clothing is needed and other indispensable

requisites of ah army, which it will be impossible for the Confederate government to procure, the disorganization will be completed, and the great army of the Potomac will melt, away without receiving a blow, unless General McClellan should previously come to the conclusion to thrash the conceit out of the Southern chivalry in one great pitohed battle. ?fDAT, SEPTEMBER 22, 18 The Revolution In Tarktf?Tht Saltan on a Visit to Knrop?? We learn by recent advices from Constantinople that tho Sultan intends shortly to visit Trance and England. If this be correct?and wo have no reason to doubt the source of our information?we may truly say that Turkey is undergoing a transformation tinparalleisd in its history, and which will take Europe by surprise. The bigotry of Mohammedan fanaticism, and the antagonistic prejudices of Orientalism against Western habits and ideas, have, until recently, been very powerful. Mahruoud, in a measure, overcame these by his energy and perseveranco. lie endeavored to assimilate his people to tho civilization of Europe. But even he did not dare to dispense with time honored aud fundamental usages, nor brave tho opposition of the vie mas or clergy. lie desired to send bis son, Abd-ul-Me<ljid, tho late Sultan, to Europe, in company with Ahmed Fothi Pasha; but he was coolly told that, if he did so, Medjid could not succeed him on the throne of Osman. If, then, a prince apparent could not leave the country for foreign parts, how much more diffl cuiv mr vue sovereign mmseir to do bo?tor hlthorto no Sultan has over travelled beyond bis own dominions. Yet we are informed that the Sultan of Turkey is shortly to visit Europe. If thu project is really accomplished, a wonderful change has come over the whole nation. Even the idemaa themselves have begun to see the wisdom of cultivating the friendship of Giaours. From the day of the inauguration the character of the new Sultan has been anxiously soannod, on account of existing prejudices against him, based on unfavorable and contradictory reports. lie was said to belong to tho fanatical school of anoient Mohammedanism, and consequently averse to progressive improvement and civilization; and this belief was confirmed by tho sympathy which was always evinced in his bohalf by tho retrograde party, who looked forward to the day of his accession to the throne with the hope that thoir own power would be restored. Rut no sooner is he on tho throne than his liberal acts and liberal policy not only boiled all these rumors, but took by surprise all Europe, as well as his own people. It is true that the late Abd-ul-Medjid was too yielding in his disposition; but he was in favor of remodelling the empire, and the state of the country and the Crimean war did not induce much the cultivation of tho arts of peace during his reign. But the utility of such powerful friends as England and France was amply demonstrated to all classes of the people. From tike palace to tho hamlet, wherever Mussulmans lived and loved their country, the English and the French, hitherto denizens of a terra incognitai, bccame familiar and household words. The immense iufiux of foreigners into Turkey during and after tho war also familiarized the poojJo with European usages, and opened many new paths for friondly enterprise. So, in reality, tho OAlinlnr nmormaaml ImmnnoJir inwAixla - ? J r* "6*w.iiuuo ?uo desired assimilation. Such being the preparatory procass, the people wore ready to receive a new Sultan like Abd-ul-Azfa, who, with energy of purpose and a will of his own, showed that he was indeed the son of Malunoud, the heir presumptive of the father who had initiated the reformation. Immediately after his accession, when he assumed the reins of government, ho declared his own policy in the most unequivocal terms. lie set his face at once against all maladministration and corruption; sent his silver plute to the mint to be coined into money, the jewelry to England, where it was sold at auction, to pay the debts of his deceased brotheis reduced his own household, and declared his intention to do equal justice to all. Yet, such is the force of preconceived ideas that, notwithstanding all his liberal and reformatory measures, his acts are still scrutinized, and interpretations given to them perversive of truth. For instance, staying in the mosque longer than his late brother was wont to do, or often perusing the Koran, are taken as indications of his innate fanatical proclivities: as if patriotism and statesmanship could not co-exist with religion or were utterly inconsistent with Moliam" medanlnm. The reforms which he has accomplished are of such a nature, however, aB not to admit of ambiguity. His self-denial in his own house" hold, though praiseworthy in itself when the reduction of the harem is taken into consideration) is ft direct attack upon ancient usages. Mo' hammodan law allows four wives to ordinary men, and to the only one extraordinary? viz.: the Sultan?as many as seven, in order to make sure of heirs to the throneHence to the ordinary man is allowed the choice whether to possess one wife or to enrich himself with four; but the Sultan has not the same prerogatives on account of his obligations to the throne. But the present Sultan has no doubt taken the liberty to centre his affections on ono wife, because so many royal heirs already exist, leaving the responsibility of still faturo provisions to some one of his successors. Besides, the royal princes, who used to be shut up, are now not only free to move about, but appointed to different posts of responsibility? one at the Porte, another at tho lfavy Department. and a third at the War Department; aad the son of tho Sultan himself is a corporal in the Imperial Guard. These are palpable facts and incapable of misconstruction, for they speak for themselves* There is no doubt he has spent his youth profitably, and, coming to the throne as he does in full manhood, is determined to emulate the great monarch whoso life and actions he has thoroughly Btudied. By a faithful perusal of the work of the favorito Turkish author?the "YacobakyTariky," or the history of Catherine II.? he has doubtless been inspired with tho desire to become, like Peter the Great, tho saviovr and regonerator of this j empire, llence he will visit foreign courts and study for himself the means of national pro- | gross. and tho power of civilization to produce great nations. : For such purpose, however, we could not sag- j ge3t to tho Sultan a bettor field than our own country, wltero ho would seo a gigantic growth ; in a short time, without any stationary or reactionary intervals as in Europe. Hero lio | would see that wo not only excel all otlior nations, in point of ingenuity find enterprise, but ho would also bo convinced that wo, too, have our own houris on this side of the world, and our own niggers, too, who, inatead of being the sable guardians of beauty, arc made to j "take up the shovel and the hoe, hoe, hoe." He ; would also see one river in the world eqnal to ! the Bosphorus, with palaces dotting its banks, ' from the Central Park to tho Croton lake, nn1 rivalled In elegance, surrounded by the most exquisite scenery, and, numerous as they are, PAch one the ab<?de ?f an Independent boyo[ reign. 61. The Close of the Watering Pluci 8e??o?. With the stornf of the last few days the sea. son of 1861 at the watering places saw its close. At a few of the summer resorta the sweetness of the season was drawn out through the past few weeks of September, but its finale has come at length. Not even the hotel keepers will regret the event we have here recorded. The season has not been at all brilliunt, and K ends as dully and with as little eclat as it began. Beyond the short, bright episode of Mrs. President Lincoln's sojourn on the Jersey shore, we have bad to take cry little uotice of tlio watering places this year. The extortions of tho landlords have tempted us in vain. In vain have we been reminded of ill-kept tablos and waiters who ought to have boon Assemblymen or Congressmen, so accessible aro they to bribery and so inaccessible to anything else. At Lake George the BiucKiioiuers or Uio hotels liavo interierea, as uHiiiil, with tho comfort of the guests, but we have been doaf to appeals upon the subject. The acutely pointed stick which we had prepared for the watering place banditti of this year is reserved for next summer's gang. Jenkins has laid by for another season his stock of red blue and gold coloring, his tawdry rhetoric] his well worn similes, his inevitable scraps of old poetry. The game, this year, has not been worthy tho chase. War, like time, tries all things, and It has tried the watering placcs pretty severelyMany of the most pretentious resorts have, like Belshazzar, been found wanting. The war panic struck down the imperious sceptro of Fashion, and during this season people were not forcod to go to Saratoga or Newport, or to any other place, to whioh Jones used to go because Smith wont, and not because he liked it, but were allowed to summer it just where they pleased. The result was that many a genuine summer resort, before almost unheard of, sprang into a sudden and a deserved success, and that old-time haunts of fashion, but not of enjoyment, were deserted and abandoned. How entire this abrogation of the rule of Fashion was may be judjvnl from the fact that even at Saratoga and Newport ladies not only wore their last year's dresses, but actually wore the snme dressos several times at the same placet This war of ours is to revolutionize politics and politicians; to make the government stronger; to make the nation greater; to make business better and better conduoted; to make us all more economical, prudent and steady?why may it not revolutionise Fashion also, and substitute the rule of " do as you like" for that of " do as your neighbors do V We shall all be better, happier and more comfortable for the change; and now that Fashion's sceptre is broken, let us never allow it to be mended. This revolution, in tho comparative attendance of the more pretentious and the more deserving summer resorts, is the peculiarity and the moral of the season. At Saratoga the waiters fairly outnumbered the guests, and you wero surprised to find that the white-aproned attendants made their visits more frequent than anffe.ltt'. nnH mm? tn vnti without, tho iisnn.1 bridgo of gold or silver. Prom this faot judge the whole cose. Saratoga was a deserted rillago. Nor did Newport fare any better. Its fine sea bathing went for nothing, and the Prince do Joinvillo arrived too late to make the placo popular. The White Mountains hold up the heavens, Atlas like, with scarcely a visiter to disturb their solitude. The Philadelphians shunned Cape May as they would the malaria, and the Robinson Crusocs of hotel keepers found no strange footprints upon the 9ands of the beach. Sharon, which Is ? very stupid place, and whloh has not in the least improved during these twenty years, having always made pretensions to exclusiveneas upon a very small capital of deserving, was exclusive enough this year, for no one went there except invalids, and these, as at Wiesbaden, very wisely stopped at the hotels) about the sulphur springs, so that they might benefit by tho medicated air both night and day. All these and all other watering places pretending to be " first class" tho^public left severely alone, and they had their pretensions for their pains. On the other hand, most of those summer resorts which have hitherto been more pleasant than fashionable were surprised to find themselves crowded with the very best sort of visiters. The Catskill Mountains were much frequented, and the hotels there were found tr ' excellent. Beautiful little villages about the Green Mountains had* an unexpected and unusual influx of pleasure Bcekers. Manchester, for instance?a delightful little hamlet at the foot of tho mountains?was welffilled, and its hotels, especially the Equinox, were comfortable and well conducted enough to satisfy all guests. Long Branch, too, was attended by numerous fashionables, who flocked thither in the train of Mrs. Lincoln, and to be near the person of her republican Majesty endured the combined nuisances of Jersey hotels, Jersey landlords, Jersey eatables and Jersey mosquitoes, and e^op wrote letteia to their stay-at-home Mends declaring that they really liked the place. The force of comparison and of aristocratio tendency can no farther go. This change from fashionable resorts to real pleasure and health-giving summer haunts will, we trust, be permanent. On all hands it is admitted t* be a change for the better, and, now that it is inaugurated, it ought to be perpetuated. If we are to have our Brightons, Isles of Wight and Balmorals, let us 1 solect them with some reference to consistency 1 of location. Our Saratogas can never become 1 anything but American Baden-Badens, and ] Baden-Badens are not good eithor for the morals or the pockets of their frequenters. Let springs , be given over to invalids, and let pleasiu-e j | seekers go to the mountains and the sea shore. Dancing and sulphurated air, flirtation, late suppers, high living and Congress water, were * never made to keep company, and the former pretty effectually neutralize any good effects of the latter, although we doubt whether this rule holds good when reversed. Let us keep them separate, then, and each enjoy himself in his own fashion. That is the moral we wish to tack . on to the close of tho season at the watering places, and we leave it to tho consideration of our readers. The Abotjtioj.-isto IIowt.ino.?The abolitionists, far and near, have sot up a regular concerti ed howl over President Lincoln's instructions to j Fremont on the emancipation question. Gam- | i son's Liberator is nil in a blaze npon the subject, and says that in this matter " the gorern- 1 ment is subverting itself." The masses of our i people think differently, for thej believe that " Honest Old Abe " is pursuing the right course against Southern secession rebels and Northern abolition disunionists and disorganized Let the good woak go oa, I Rkvolutioh ix the Old PourtGiL Pabtiks.? j The events that are daily transpiring in political f*:' circles in this State bear conclusive proof of f$ the position that we hare all along taken, that f? the political parties have had their day, and would be swept from existence by the reroln- s tion that the country is now going through. Tims the democratic party started In the days of Jefferson is rapidly falling to pieces, and those wlio once considered it an honor to bolong to it are now daily deserting the wreck, Bince the adoption of the mongrel platform at Syracuse. Already two of the ablest and best candidates have withdrawn from the rotten con cern and united with the new conservative movement?the great political uprising of the people in the Empiro State?that is carrying everything before it, while the republican party, which has been in existence only about five years, is already a complete wreck. Without a platform, the leaders are clinging to a single candidate in the person of Mr. Bruce, an abolitionist of Madison county, and a friend of Gerrit Smith?grasping like drowning men at a straw, in the hope of keeping up an appearance of life. In this condition of affairs what folly it is for men like Dean Richmond, Peter Cttgger and Confidence Cassidy, who have a great deal ot sense but no political honesty, a large amount of tact but no soundness, to attempt to run the old wreck. Why not at once declare the party at an end, as it is, withdraw tho candidates and unite in the conservative movement upon the tioket with Dickinson at its head and Tallmadge .4 rni?f_ a 4 * at iu> utu i xiiuir present course not oniy aestroys all their influence during the present crisis, but removes them from all prospeots ot an influential position in the great hereafter which is to take place after our prosent troubles are over, and the politioal parties organize upon the new issues that will then follow as a natural result of all this turmoil and warfare. Tammany Hall, the representative of their party at this end of the State, is already preparing to repsdia>e the whole concern aud come ont in favor of the conservative movement, as it is obliged to do in order to kocp its own head above w.iter. Let Richmond, Cagger and Company show an ounce of common senso, and join the tide as its waves roll on over the State, end thus obtain a little credit for themselves. There is no use of their resisting the determined movements of the people, or attempting to divide the public mind, which now sees but one issue?that of our country and humea liberty on one Bide, and anarchy and min on the other. We trust that the Regency, now being deserted by not only their rank and file, but by their own counseL lore, will now discover their error, withdrew their ticket, and let the contest be with the eo*> servatives united against tho one abolition oeo. didate of the republicans. With this clear selling let the campaign commence. The stump speakers and orators, having but one ticket to talk about, can turn their appeals to urging the enlistments of the people in such numbers as te bring (he rebellion to a speedy end. In that way not only tens of thousands will be added te our army, but our State will set an example which will have a wonderful moral effect upea all other loyal States, and at the same time fto niah a spectacle to the civilized world unheard of in the history of democratic institutions. Princb Napoleon's American Noras?Nap?ijeonio Ideas op Ocr Military Chtbftaixb.?W? givo to-day a translation of the third of PrinM Napoleon's brilliant letters to his home orgaa, the Opinion NcUicmde, upon the civil conflict in America. This and the preceding lettera, which we gave translations, are sufficient to e? tahlish the Prince's reputation as an acute ok svrver and a finished writer. For clearness of observation, elegance of stylo and impartiality of thought, they stand immeasurably in advaae* of those of the special correspondent of tha London Times; and the translations of them which we have published have attracted muefc attANtinn in thia nniintrr. wnd tiauo nrnn mn?k praise for their author. That of which we give a translation to-day will be recognized as the ablest of these com* munications. In it are sketched with a master. ly hand the personal and mental attributes ol the general officers of both armies on whom rests the conduot of the oampaign on the Potomac. These pen and ink sketohes will be recognized as true to the life. The Prince's idea of the effects of a West Point education is also worthy of attention. Blight as have been his opportunities of forming a judgment, he has arrived at the conclusion that the pupils of aur military school hart acquired a training that makes of them a distinct class in the community. He says that they ^ stand apart from the three great divisions intb which the American people are divided? nnmoly, Yankees, Virginians and Western me*? and he predicts that, as our present commotion! have brought into prominent relief this el ass is a military capacity, so it will continue to a?onpy the chief groind in our government ia political capacity. Who will'say that the Prince is not right 1b his philosophio idea, or who is there that woald regret seeing the principal offices in the gift of the people filled by men whose careful and honorable training will insure capacity and probity in the discharge of their duties? Among the advantages which the American people may derive from thoir present difficulties, that which the Prince points out will not be regarded aa the least The time for corrupt and ignorant politicians is passing away. The Prince is right. Mistaken Views of tot War in England.? rhc change of opinion which the London Tmet baa recently undergone with respect to oar financial affairs has been succeeded by aa squally sudden change in the views of tha Hfomiiig Post concerning our political condition, the one being as favorable as the other* rhe latter sees in the establishment of tha southern confederacy an indefinite extension of ilarery and a revival of the slave trade. It illudea to Lopez and Walker aa pioneers of jecession, and the whole South as aiming at limilar enterprises to those in which these adrenturers met their death. It makes prominent reference to the Knights of the Golden Circle' srho have pledged themselves to carry ont these designs?the extension of slavery over the whole of Central Amcrica, the seizure of Cuba* And a struggle to control the Gulf of Mexico being stipulated points. It also, by way of contrast, alludes to the Republi. can Central Club of New York, and one of their recent resolutions, to the affect that the surest aad quickest way of ending the rebellion and re-establishing a permanent peace la to declare immediate and unconditional emancipation. It i* evident, from its treatment of tha ?ubjeo^

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