Newspaper of The New York Herald, September 24, 1861, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated September 24, 1861 Page 1
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TH WHOLE NO. 9145. THE REBELLION. Important News from Missouri. The Surrender of Col. Mulligan to the Rebels. Gen. Fremont About to Take the Field. Gallant Fight and Rout of Rebels at Mariatown. UPORTAVT FROM NORTH CAROLINA. Destruction of the Rebel Fortification at Ocracoke Inlet. Developement of Loyalty Among the People. PROCLAMATION OF COL. HAWKINS. Reported Rebel Demonstration Against Fort Hatteras. OPENING OF THE CAMPAIGN IN KENTUCKY. Flight of Ex-Vice President Breckinridge, Ac., &c., &c. OCR SPECIAL WASHINGTON DESPATCHES. Washington, Sept. 23,1861. AFFAIRS ALONG TUB UNION LINKS. At eleven o'clock to-niglit the telegraph announced all quiet along the linpfi of the grand army. NO IDLKKS PERMITTED TO VISIT THE OUTPOSTS. An order has been Issued preventing all civilians and officers and privates not on duty from visiting tho outposts of (ho army. PICKET FIRING ON SUNDAY NIGHT. There was considerable flring between the pickcts along the wholo line of General Franklin's division during last night, without fatal effect on our side. FORTIFICATIONS OF THE REBELS OPPOSITE WASHINGTON. X elos? reconnoisanco to-day developed the fact that the rebels are extonding a line of fortifications from Munsnn's Bill towards Springfield Station and Alexandria. They have two large earthworks in progress of erection ut MaBon'slli'.l, directiy south of Munson's Hill, commanding tbe Columbia Turnpike, surrounded by deep ditches. ORDER REIGNS IN WASHINGTON. The vigilance of the Provost Guard has again cleared tho stroets of struggling soldiers, and restored tho usual good order. Tho disorderly conduct of the men is in a great mcasui e attributable to the carelessness of company nd regimental officers, who forget their positions, and Ink the officer in boon companionship with their men. PES LOYAL PERSONS PERMITTED WITHIN TnE UNION LINES. Complaints arc made about the conduct of some of tbe ontinols In permitting tbe passage through the lines of ur army of people whose loyalty is at least questionable* The rigid exclusion of passes to all except those who are | properly vouched for, will avail but little if uny i>ers~>]i I whatever is allowed to enter the lines without there quired permit from the proper authorities. OPERATIONS ALONG THE LOWER TOTOMAC. The forces stationed along the Lower Potomac aio doing , good service in breaking up the transmission of military tores intoVirginiu through the lower counties of Maryland j On Saturday two wagons, loaded with clothing, arms and J medicines, wero captured near Fredericktown, St. Mary's county, by n detachment of Colonel Cowdin's First Masea chueetts regiment. BEP0RT3 or THF. RELEASED SURGEONS FROM RTCn- 1 IIOND?UOW TUE UNION PKI8ONEB8 ABE TREATED THERE. Tho officers recently released upon parole at Rich- ! mond, whose arrival at Raltimore via Fortress Monroe, has boon announced in tho Herald, give gloomy Hecountsof the treatment of tho Uttion prisoners, and particularly the wounded. T!>e substanco of tho list of prisoners and wounded brouglit by these geutlemen has already beeu published in the Hkkau> aomo weeks ago. They repre. sent that the wounded of our prisoners who are under ilie earc of tho rebel surgeons are most infamously maltreated. They are actually butchered. Amputations and capital operations are performed where thero is not tho slighest need for them, and noarly all of tbeso operations result fatally to the victims of tiie carelessness and cruelty of the rebel surgeons and tho want of all tho accommodations required for wounded and sick men. Tho prisoners complain of the marked dinoourtcey manirestod towards them by the people at Richmond, and )>articulai'ly the Virginians. Tbn only evidences of humanity exhibited emanated from tho Ifluisianions and Georgians. Many of the prisoners uro actually suffering for want of clothing. They are bare footed and almost naked. Upon a representation of this fact to day to General Scott ho promised that tliey should be supplied as soon as practicable with proper olothing. When these officers left Richmond one hundred and fifty of tho prisoners had already been sent to Castle l'inckney, in Charleston harbor. One huudred and fifty more were to be sent on Saturday last to New Orleans, and four hundred more to Baton Rouge, early this I week. It Is ir. tended to send all the prisoners South, to prevont their escape. .Sixteen officers, including one Colo, nel and forty privates, had already escaped Thero were in all about 1,600 prisoners at Richmond, including those brought from Western Virginia and tho Union people of tho State who had been dragged from their homes and thrust into prison because they would not givo their allegiance exclusively to tho government set up by tho rebel chieftains. The conduct of the rebels towards these people is said to bo most intolerable. Thoy seized not only men. but women and children. One instar.ee in related of a lady who'Veu, Into their linoct to get permission to nurse her husband, who hod been wouuded. dhe was promptly imprisoned, and subjected to .the most revolting indignities. Slia ha* proved a real Florence Nightingale to the wounded Union soldiers, but is nightly obliged to pin her sbnwl up as a curtain to hide herself from the garo of the Southern chivalry, who replied neither ago, sex, nor condition. It is state! tfeat the rebel force at Richmond amounts to about 8i*tc<m thousand. Most of the troops arc badly clothed and aro sadly in want of woollen garments, blankets and shoos. The only properly clothod regiments were those from Alabama and Mississippi. While in Richmond one of thesn surgeons procured a lady to visit MaDR&sas, in connection with the wounded on our side. Sho reported that there,were one hundred and eighty thousand troops in the rebel army of tbe 1'otomac, under the command of Gen. Boauregnrd. , INCENDIARISM OF THE REDELY. On Sunday'afternoon the barn of John BtireU, located at Ball's Cross ^oads.was burned by the rebel troops. [E NE While it was in flames a largo rebel force appeared at Upton's Hill, which is a mile and a haJf distant. TOE WOODS ON ARLINGTON UK1UUT9 ON FIKI. After dark this evening a hirid glare lighted the horizon in a southwesterly direction Crow tho city. It proceeds from burning woods on the eastern slo|io of the heights Ainugtuii uuuse. THE NATIONAL FAST. Tho national Fast Pay will generally bo observed bore. rrofcsMor McCoy will rejieat in the afternoon, m the Hall of tbe Keju-psenlativee, bis oration which was delivered on last Tuesday, commemorative of the seventy fourth anniversary of the adoption of tbe constitution. THK NAVY 8TATIONKKY COKTKACT. Tho coutract for supplying stationery for the Navy Department and its various bureaus, for tbe current lineal year, has been awarded to l'bilip St Solomons, of this city. THK AKMY?KXAMINATION OF YOLt'NTRR OKYHKKf. The following special order has been made, in accord, ance with tbe act of Congress providing for an oxnmina tion of the qualifications of commissioned officer* of vc lunteers:? Special Orkkr, No. 72. HkaIHJV mhkks akmy OF Till l'otomac, ) W.ikbixuvo*, Sept. 20,1801 i Under tbe authority of section Uaitb, of an act of Congress approved July 22,ISfll, a Military Board, to consist of officers herein named, will awtnble at Arlitijjton, Virginia, at ten o'clock A. M., on Mouday, tho 23d insl., to examine into tbe capacity, qualifications. propriety of conduct and efficiency of all commissioned officer* or volunteers who may l>o ordered before it. Detail for tho Board:?Kirst, Brigadier General I/inl* Blenker, volunteer service, second, Brigadier General John H. Martiudate, voluuleer service; third. Brigadier General John Sedgwick, voluntivr service. fourth,Colonel J. McI,eod Murphy, Fifteenth New York regiment; tiffh, Colonel Julius Stab!. Eighth New York regiment. Tbe junior member will record the proceedings Bv command nf tll.ins REVER1T u. f'l I I I .AN S. WlUJIMS, Asst. Adjt. (jCU. This Board commenced its labors to day. A rigid ex animation is to l>o instituted, In order to insure <-ompr tency and fitness iu the raDk of the whole arruy. ARMY APPOINTMENTS. The following named Brigadier Generals of Volunteers have been appointed:? John B. S. Todd, of Dacot&h Territory, late Captain Sixth infantry. Major and (Quartermaster Van Vliet, United Stales Army, to be assigned to duty as Chief of the Quartermaster's Department of the Army on the Potomac. Major Barnard, of the United States Engineers, to be assigned to duty as Chief of Engineers of tho Army of ( tho Potomac. Johu Newton and Win field S. Hancock arc also to be Brigadier Generals of Volunteers. REVIEW OF TROOPS BY GENERAL M'CI.ELLAS AND THE FRENCH l'RINCES, General McClellan and stalf, accompanied by the Princ0 de Joinville and son, the Count de Paris and Due de Char, tres, reviewed the division of General McDowell at noon, and that of General Bichardson at four o'clock. Thc troops apiieared to great advantage, and their excellent order, as well as the condition of their camps, elicited much commendation. General McClcllan's appearance upon the parade ground of General Richardson's division was greeted with enthusiastic shouts by the whole com. maud. THE COUNT TIE PARIS AND THE IH'C PE CHARTRES ASSIGNED TO GEN. M'CLKLLAN's STAFF. The Count de Paris and Iiucde Chartres,nephews of the rrince acjoinviuc,navo oeon assigneu 10 me sian oi uen. McClollan, with the rank of Captain. THE POSITION OK SENATOR BAKER. It is true thai Senator Baker lias been appointed a Major General of volunteers, but he has not yet signified hi? no ceptauce. He regards his position in the Sonato as the highest to which any man can reasonably aspire, aud hence it is not probable, entertaining this opinion, that he will re?ign, unless the pressing exigencies of the country shall demand his services In the Held. THE ARMY RETIRING BOARD. The Army Retiring Board hold daily sessions, and are proceeding with their work. Col. Ixmg, who was retired. hiui been restored to the position of Chief of the Topographical Kngincers. Several ofllocrs, in addition to those heretofore reported, who are regarded as superannuated, lmve been retired. Their names will not be inado public at present. CONDITION Or OIK. HKINTZKI.M AN. Cen. Heintzelinan, who was wounded in tho arm in the battle at Bull run. has nearly recovered from the injury. He will be assigned the command of a division in Virginia. GEN. M'CLEM.AS'S BODY GUARD. Uaptain Burker's McQeTlan Dmgoous made their up- J pcarance to day in a new uniform, consisting of dark blue : i-oats and light blue pants, Ac., a decided improvement. j arnn.03 rations op boi.diers. I According to an anny order issued lo-day, whenever I companies, by an economical use of their rations, have 1 raised a surplus, it mast be left in tho hands of the Com | miseary from w hom th*y drew their rat ions. The bills , of purchase, at. cost prioe. ol" the articles, will bo paid by any Commissary having funds for that purpose, for tho boneflt of the economist. Heretofore surplus rations have been sold to sutlers and storekeepers, or exchanged for other supplies by the soldiers. CAVAI.RY REGIMENTS FOR THE DEFENCE OF THE SOUTHERN FRONTIER. It is known lliat tho rebels have been receiving supplies of provisions and munitions of war from Mexico, acri>ss the Territory of Arizona ami tins frontier of To.xas? a circuiustanco which, in a measure, renders the blockado 1 of Southern ports futile. Arizona and New Mexico ; [ are entirely unprotected by any Union forco at i present, mid are perfectly open to tho enemy. A j I proposition was made sotue time ago to the govern- I i ment.and received the warm approval of the Secretary j of State, id rui-e a regiment of cavalry In California to ] protect ibis line, cut oft'the connection with Mexico, and : afford aid and comfort to the ITnion men in Arizona, Texas and Sew Mexico. Had tho proposition been adopted the i disgraceful surrenderor Fort Fillmore would have been | prevented, aud the rebels would lrnve been deprived of I those neeossury supplies which they obtained without j hindrance from this quarter. It is said that the offer to ; raise and equip a cavalry regiment in California for this i important service is alxmt to be renewed by nor ties com I petent to commuxt it, and it is to be hoped that tho Wur ) , Department will at onco iw ecpl so desirable an accession i to the forcce of the Union. OAVAI.RY FROM OREGON. | The War Department l?e authorized a cavalry company to be raised in Oregon. THE RELATIONS BETWEEN FRANCE AND MEXICO. A loiter from Paris, received to-day, says thut the French government lms respectfully declined to inform the Mexican Minister there of the object of the fleet to be silt to Megioo, saying that the government of the latter w ill be duly apprised of it through the French Minister. So far as appears from the letter, the movement of Frauce and England is not necessarily hostile. THE NEW GRANADA CLAIMS COMMISSION. The commission for the adjustment of claims against New Granada Is in session dally, but make litllo progress. The counsel ara busily engaged preparing their cases. No umpire lmg yet been selected. They seem to have great trouble in agreeing upon a proper pcrsoo. THE NEW TP.EATY WITH DENMARK. The new treaty with Denmark, which has just been ratified at llic State Department, by Col. Roslolf, the Danish Minister, and the Secretary of State, provides that deserting seamen will hereafter be surrendered to their Consuls, and also that Consuls are to have full jurisdiction in all cases of diflbrenco arising between captains* oflicers and crew of the ships of their nations. THE SHOOTING OF THE MA.IOR OF THE FORTY-SIXTH PENNSYLVANIA REGIMENT, j Information was rereived here to-day that the Major of ! the Forty-sixth Pennsylvania regiment was shot through ' the heart last night, by a private, aocl fell dead from his norsr. ine regiment ua'ijnsi arrivou. ua (tic route the 1 Mnjor ordered tlie private lo be lied to a cart wheel, nud I dragged along the road. It wa.? for this act that the prl vate committed the offence. The Major'u name was ! Lewis, the private's J-ninahan. TELEGRAPHIC NEWS FROM THE SOUTg. Wo have received a copy of tha Rirhmond WVi\g of the 21st inst., from which we copy the following telegraphic despatches from the South:? A BATTI.H IN KENTUCKY IMMINENT. Xrw Oruu.vs, Sept. 19,1861. A special dispatch to the Pii-ayun* of this city, dated Memphis the 18'h inst., is as follows:? Tlie Tennesscerins have possession of Eliznbethtnwn. forty three miles southbywest of the Ixiuisvillo aud' W YO NEW YORK, TUESDAY Xaahville Railroad, with a large amount of rolling stock. Hoven companies rallied around our banner at that place. General Rousseau's ragamuffins left I/>uisvllle on the 18th, to meet our forced. Both parties are endeavoring to obtain Uuldrough's HiU, which is regarded asa very strong position. A lively thno wub anticipated within twenty-four hours. Mmi'nm. viaMomut. Sept. 20,1861. The Confederates aro doubtless occupying Mtildrough a Illll, in Kentucky, to day. General Rousseau Is opiKWlng theni.and a battle is ex pooled soon. A large force of miinoRsranB reached Bowling (Jreen yesterday. tieneral A. 8. Johnston has arrived in Columbus. It ih reported that 7.000 federals bad lauded niue miles above Columbus. with the intention of an attack. N*w Orjjuns, Sept. 20.1881. A bailor raptured by tbe federal steamer Massachusetts, and subsequently get adrift in a Iculty boat, on nc count of refusing to take the Lincoln oath, wail picked up, and arrived here. He reporu that the federals have nine batteries on Chandler island, ami are expecting lumber to build houses and hospitals. Twelve thousand men are to be placcd ou that Island and in tho neighborhood. They also inteuded to fortify Whip Island, auil preveut all communication between Mobile and New Or I mis. The sailor said that tho enemy received daily the New Orleans papers, and w ere felly posted ird to current events. COMMUNICATION Cl'T OFF. ArflTTA, Sept. 20,1861. A despatch in the Montgomery Mail favs water com tnunlcallon between Mobile and New Orleans lias been cut off again by Lincoln's blockado^ iu conwquence of the removal of troops from Ship island. * [Wo add that the Hessians destroyod a portion of the telegraph line about midway between New Orleans and Mobile; but the line wag repaired on to-day (Friday),aud was in working order last evening.] FROM WILMINGTON. Wumjwion, N. C., Sept. 20,1861. Kvery thing is quiet here. No officer has been appointed here under the Sequestration act. It should be attended to without delav. Manv efforts will doubtless be made to evade the law, ami the sooner the law is enforced the bolter for the confederacy. IMPORTANT ARRESTS IN PHILADELPHIA. OIK PHILADKLPHIA COlUtKSPONDEKCE. l*lllLAt>KM1ITA, Sept. 23, I8fil Tit atonal!' Agmriet HrnJ.cn l7p~-A fi malt Spy awl Trait rets Vucoirrtd?She Travels Repeatedly to Rirhtnmul and Hack?Exploit* of a Lincoln and S^tt Detectioe? Arrest of the Wift of a United Slates I.intenant in Newark, If. J.?.1 Baltimore If rati tie Under Arrest? Explanation of Shrewd Tricks of yew York Merchant*? Heavy Haul of Contraband Oot.di, itc., tic. The most important arrests that have been maHo during the rebellion came to light in this city to-day. M< ft of those previously incarcerated in Fort Lflfayctto had been devoting their inlluences to treason; but the parties hore arrested were contributing arms and munitions of war daily, bribing officers of the United States Army to further their designs, und had organized a system of treason so skilful and so complete that only after the utmost vigilance, and when the detectives had tested all means to entrap and decoy them, the full proofs came to light. Tho names of these men are James M. Huig, F. Wyatt and William (Jilchrist. Haig is u Baltimore Israelite, whose business is tho making of military trimmings, epaulettes, sword handles, he. He had obtniued a hay contract from the Vniled States government to more effectually conceal his platiF, and was armed with numerous letters from federal functionaries that he intended to produce in emergencies. Tins man conducted contraband trade from Baltimore until General Pix and the Provost Mar-hal showed him up. He was tirst observed in this \\*4sc:?A package, containing several thousand friction tubes and cannon pritnors lind been left at Adams'express office in tills city, addressed to a well known firm in Baltimore. Being threatened with arrest, tho latter tlrm confessed that they were the agents of Jas. M. llnig, and it was further educed thai the same was shipped under a fictitious name by William Gilchrist. Detective Benjamin Franklin, a vagarious and fertile Philadelphia otlleer, now determined to seduce Haig to this city: for which (ittrpose he resortod to certain iugetii ous means, not now ripe for publication. Convinced thai heavy orders awaited him here, and that Philadelphia wa? less under espionage than Baltimore, Haig came on. A celebrated Lincoln detective tow took part in the matter,and the means by which they inveigled all the parties constitute the richest item In the history or criminal surveillance. The Israelite was so played upon tliut he is not yet aware of ihe encmits who ruined hitn, and when the matter was ripe the whole party were taken up. their goods and papers seized, and they are now in Fort Lafayette, having gone forward on Sunday night. William Gilchrist is a razor and cutlery importer, whose establishment Is situated at Fifth and Commerce street?. He lias never tak<"n the oath of alleginoco, being an Knglishman. His game was to pretend himself a federal agent, until the worst came, when he was to claim the privileges of a British subject. In his establishment were found surgical instruments, eajis. pistols, bowie knives, sc.. pni ked and directed to go southward. The properly amounts to $10,000 in value. F. Wyatt to a Virginian, formerly iD partnership with C. B. Campbell, 205 North Water strest. Ho has always been a rabid traitor, ami his wife has been six times to Richmond and back within as many weeks, taking each time trunks heavily idled with weapons and goods con trahoud. Sin' passed our ?inoK by bribing au olflcer of the army, who obtained parses for the purpose, t-'aid officer lias iieen arrested and will probably bo shot. At Wyalt's house an extensive correspondence with parties in the South was found, and his complicity with the rebels was proved by his papers, oven in lb" ubscDsc of any other other evidence. Among other articles seized there was a ]?air of epaulettes, marked with tho name ol'Capt. Richardson, an officer in the rebel army. There were also a phobigiaphic group of worthies, of which Wyat t was the centre. A gentleman who is familiar with the likenesses says that they represent Capt. Richardson, ('apt. John A. Oillin, Lieut. C. J>. Fiuley, of Macon. (Ja., and Blodgett, Mayor of Savannah, all decided rebels. The hay contract in which Haig was engaged was to have been worked to good advantage. Two vessels, ene loaded with bales of bay and tho other with hales containing war munitions, were to have been despatched np the Potomac. and, at Arpiia creek, at a given signal,, the bogus hay w ould have lioen rtni under the rebel batteries. All tills was proved by seized letters, and also the fact that the late captures of federal sloops and small craft by the rebels otl'tb< IV>tomu< and Kapahannock rivers, were the work of design and not of accident, the same containing c nitraband matters. New York,Philadelphia and Baltimore merchants are thus Implicated, and the proofs are too plain and startling to bo sot aside. These three men were leagued together, and among their several correspondence were late letters from rebel contractors, acknowledging the receipt of pistols and sidcarms. After being arrested, they were shifted from station houses to prison, being one night taken out of town to stave off judicial decisions, writs of habeas corpus, kc. Finally, on Sunday. Marshals Jenkins and Steele drovo them "to the New York beat, Wyatt delimit, Gilchrist cowod and sullen, and the Israelite trembling like a leaf. A part of the corrcifjioiideneo implicating them was obtained from the wife of a lieutenant in the federal army, who had been rather delicately Implicated with N. H. Winder, now in Fort Tiifayctte. Sho has been arrested in Newark, K. J., where nhe retries. The government decoy who assisted detective Franklin in these labors Is said io lie a daring Californian, full of nervo and tertiie in exjiedients. who has l>een twice ill Charleston and thrice in Richmond since the battle of Bull rim. His manner of making the arrest cannot now be disclosed, although it rivals in interest and danger (lie LIST OF PRISONERS WHO IIAVE DIED IN RICHMOND. The following Is nn accurate lint of those prisoners who have died in the prison hospitals fin Main street. Richmond, up to September 20:? H. F. Oxford, private, 2d Now Hampshire, Aug. u. John Williams, private, 13th New York, Aup. Henry 1*. Hale, private! 11th Xew York, Ang. 7. Albei i K. Tanner, private, 11th Massachusetts A lift. 10. Charles McAvoy, corporal. 79tli Xew York, Aug. XI. .1. F. Lallar, private. 1st Minnesota. Aug. 14. John B. Miller, private, 11th New York. Aug. 16. John (touring, private, 2d Vermont, Aug. 21. Win. M. Smith, 71>t New York, Aug. 21. An unknown man, private, "1st Xew York, Aug. 1. Alf. Pernio, private, 1st Hliode Ishnd, Aug. 4. Andrew White, private. 1st Rhode Island, Aug. 4. Klislia I,. Rabies, private, 2d Vermont, Aug. fl. F.. 11. Smith, pri>ntc, 2d Rhode Island, Ang. 6. John Bradley,private, 14th New York, Ang. 8. Horatio Hunter, private, :jd Maine, Aug. 7. Henry Smith, private, 1 lib Xew York, Aug. 7. J. Ii. Nichols, private, 10th New York, Aug. 8. JoHOpli P. Garrison, private, 1st Minnesota, Ang. 10. Isaac V. Cobb, private, 2d Rhode Island, Aug. 12. Henry I* Jacques, private, 21 Rhode Island, Aug. 12. J. A. SparUawk, urivate, 4tli Maine, Ang. 15. C. R. ITeecott, 14th New York. Aug. 16. Joseph A. Campbell. private, 14th Xew York, Aug. 20. Stephen Russell, private, Co. K, 3d Maine, Aug. 20. ;lias. Chase, private, Co. C,2d New Hampshire,Aug. 21. J. n. Bate, Engineer corps, 60th Xew York, Aug. 29. S. N.Weld, private,Co. K, 11th Massachusetts, Aug. 29. J. R. Johnson, Jr., 17th New York, Auu. 27. F. Lowry, private, 14th New York, Aug. 30. Charles Duning, private, 12th Xew York, Sept. 1. John Hamilton, private. 2d Wisconsin, Sept. 4. E. M. Thomas, private, 1st Minnesota, Sept. 6. John I.conard. private, Oo. 1,2d Vermont, Sept. 7. Ambrose A. Brown, corporal, Co. 0,3d Maine, Sept. 8. Alonzo B. Bailey, private, Co. G. 3d New Hampshire, Sept. 12. * A..M. Hunt, private, On. (1, 27th New York, Sept. 14. Charles McDonald, private, 79th Xew York, Sept. IS. J. A. Kettle, private, Co. 1, l&th Pennsylvania, Sept. 16. RK H , SEPTEMBER 24, 1861. SEWS FROM THE NORTH CAROLINA COAST.

Expedition from Hatter** to Otticokt Inlet?Dent ruction of the Fort and Cannon at Orrtcoke?IiOy?lty of tUe North Carolinians?Proclamation of Colonel Hawktn* to the People?Terrible KfTect* of the Rebellion?The Rebel Defence* at Reanfort and RoanokeIaland?Reported nciK'i B<A|iruiiiun v un ????ttri'i, Ac., Ac. Foktksms Momkok, Sept. '22,1861. 1 returned this morning by the steamer S. K. Spaulding, Captain Hotves, from Hatteras lulct, North Carolina, ami bring advices up to Inst 0veiling. On Monday last, the 16th iust., an expedition wag Rent to tlio (Vracoko Inlet, to take and destroy the fort on llcaeon Island, near the eutraneo to the Sound. It watt under command of l.ieui. nant Eastman, of tho Pawnee, and cODS;8t' d of ,-i.vty luo men from the Coast Guiird) under 1 i.ant 1!hm e .and a detachment of sailors and marines fiom the 1'awuce, in tho ship s launch. The Coast Guard w er? on board the Fanny, which towed the launch down. taking the iimido passage. The frigate Stisquelianna and the Tempest went by sea toco operate with the torces inside, but in consequence of their great draft they were uuable to approach near enough to the fort to he of service, and they returned to Hatteras Inlet without aiding in tho work. Tho Fanny was able to approach within a mile of the fort, and tho launch was sent ashore, and carried the force which could bo spared, w hit li ef fected a landing with safety. -,Tho fort was found deserted, but the enemy had but a short time previous to our arrival visited tho work, and successfully removed two heavy eight inch guns, and transported them to Newbern, where tho rebels arc erecting three strung batteries. Monthly and Tuesday were occupied in destroying tho pieces of ordnance found in the fort, and by Tuesday noon wo had dcstrovel or rendered unserviceable eighteen long thirty iwu's ami four eight-Inch navy gnus. Ou Tuesday afternoon, at a late hour, flres were built in variius part* of the mum bombproof and magazine, ami the three smaller bomb proofs near the curtains of the work. The bombproof*, which were constructed in tho most substantial und skilful manner, of heavy pino tlm her and covered with sand and .turf, were soon in flamw. The torcli wm also applied to the lighthouse on the island, and ibis, with tho immense Tort, were soon wrapt iu flames. Tho conflagration roge?l lurlously all night, the light being plainly visible thirty miles distant. The Fanny laid off at anchor until morning, and on Wednesday, tho fort having been completely destroyed, the expedition returned to this point. without the loss of a man. The dostriicticn of the tort and armament was complete. and rhust Involve the enemy in a loss of between two and three hundred thousand dollars. The fort was one of tho largest on the coust, and could have been held against any attack from our fleet, as it could not be up proaclied within lorn; ranco by vessels of deep draught K'lt the enemy were terribly frightened by the capture of Forts Clark and H.uterns, and incontinently deserted their work the night following the loss of the latter fort. While the e.\|K'ditii<n was off the fort. parties visited the small villages of iVracoke mid Portsmouth, and at the latter place discovered and destroyed two heavy guus. which had been mounted there. Many of the men, women and children fled the villages on our approach but, as wo offered 110 injury to private property, or in suits to those remaining before the expedition had loft, nil returned. Wn IV.II.1.1 llw. T'i.i..n f.ki.tiliir v/irif clrnuiy nnil a majority of the residents of both villages loyal to tho government. They complain of outrages porpotrated by the rebel soldiers, who plundered and stole without fctiut. No satisfaction for these wrongs could bo ob 1 tained from the rebel officers, who seemed to regard i loyal citizeus, or those suspected of harboring a wish I fbr peace, as (H subjects for their infernal practices. All gverned anxious to see the old Stars and stripes raised over llielr villages, and nil were desirous of taking tlio oath of allegiance to the government, and ready to do their duty as gr.od and loyal citizens. Unfortunately, I Colonel Haw kins had not sufficient force under his coinI maud to place a garr ison at Ocracoke, and for that reason it wus found necessary to destroy iustoad of occupying the forts there. Ho needs more I men immediately to operate to any advantage. | We found at rurtsmouth a young man by the uame of Win. T. Phillips, from Harwich, Cape Ood, Massachusetts. He had been captured off Ocracoke in the latter part of July, while in a schooner, on liia way to New York, by the privateer Mariner, and had been forced to serve the State of North Carolina, first as a seaman in one of lb - transports of the State, and afterwards as a cook to the Washington Grays, a company captured at i Fort Hatteras. After the capture of the latter work h? I returned to Portsmouth in .1 schooner, and the guards which were placed over him were withdrawn on tho evacuation of Ocracoke fort. and ho succeeded in lauding 1 at Portsmouth, lie was there secreted by a I'nion man ! when the rebels were searching for him, and remained 1 safely in his retreat until we took him and brought him here. He goes home to-night. Ho S|H<ut some time at Newbern, and describes tho I state of allairs there ns most melancholy Tho i poorer classes wcro aesiiiuio 01 provisions, anu j were otherwise iu the most needy condition. ' The wealthy were burying or secreting all their I specie, and disbursed shitiplasters in its stead, each one I having a bank of his own. Those promises to pay wore j almost worthless, ami tltev could he used only at a groat ! sacriftoo. There was no law, and the poor were groaning | under taxes. Tlicy say that if tho war continues much longer the poor will rebel themselves, and take matters into their own hands. The Union feeling was quite strong at Now hern, but smothered. Tho Unionism grow more l>old and deflant daily, and a decrease ot secession violence was evident. The revolution is going on rapidly throughout tho State, and if the government will only afford the Unionists protection for a time, tbey will soou bring back North Carolina to her old moorings. 1'nion meetings had been 'i .d iu Hyde and other counties, in which many of the must influential and wealthy men of the country had participated. Kesolntions were passed with great unanimity, expressive of their intention to remain at home on our approach, to offer no resistance to our landing, and to furnish its with whatever they could in the way of provi. sions, fie. These facts are well authenticated. To confirm tho peoplo in their good intentions, Col. Hawkins issued the following proclamation last Monday, which lias been extensively circulated on tlie main land, and tho good effects are already apparent.? PROCLAMATION. HEATXjrAitTKns, > FOKT Cl.ARK, IlATrKHAHjlVt.KT, fN. 0.) Sept. 16, 1661. J TO TIIB PROPI.K OF NORTH CAROIIXA. Tim Colonel commanding tho federal force# now in North Carolina, having heard of the erroneous impression which exi-ts among the inhabitants, as to the object and purposes of said forces, would state that ft is no part of the object of said forces to pillage or plimdor, We come not to destroy but to sei ure jieacc and uphold the laws of the United Sl?t?H. Th" rinhts of property and persons will be roejioctcd and protected, and ai.y federa I soldier infringing upon either, will bo roost severely punished. It is no part of our intention to war against women and children. On the contrary, they shall bo protected with all the power under our control. Loyal citizons can en.joy their homes and property withoet fear of molestation. " No law will be ahrogated*br interfered with, unless It comes iu conflict with some law of the United States, or the constitution. All'others will bo obeyed and respected. It is with traitors and rebels in arms, who are uostroymg peace mm order, and inciting rebellion, Hint tin- federal forces aro to (leal. We como to give you bai k law, order, tho constitution, your rinlif? under it, and to restore peace. We call upon traitors and rebels in arms to lay them down, and upon good citizens, who respect tho law. to aid na in our undertaking. Rt'SH'C. HAWK1XS, Colonel Ninth New York Yelunteera, Commandiug Post. Fort M icon. at Beaufort, has been greatly strengthened and strongly garrisen?<l. About ten thousand men aro encamped about the fort and town, mostly veterans, recalled from Virginia. Some Georgians ana South Carolinians are among the forces. At Roanoke Island tlie enemy U?vo collected in strength, and arc engaged in erecting strong batteries. ? It is reported that they have landed a force at Chicamooomac, about forty miles above this, with tbe intention of proceeding to Cape Hatter as and destroying tho lighthouse on that point, and afterwards of attempting to drive us out from our position at the inlet. Colonel Hawkins eends a force to tho lighthouse to protect it to day. The Knglish ship-of-war1?innldo, is now laying off Hattcras Inlet. , The privateers Coffee and Wins low had visited Ocracoko ERA! Inlet to carry off the robel gun?, but left on the appear' ance of the Karmy. Tho Pawnee and Susquehanna were still at Hatteraa Inlet. Hie Argonaut, of Yarmouth, Nova Scotia, ladon with fish and Bait, ran into tbo inlui, .aid was secured aa a pri*e. Tne heal tb of the troops in moot excellent. IMPORTANT FROM MISSOURI. Official Hews of the Surrender of Lcxlnfton?Gen. Fremont about to Take the Field?Effcct in Washington of the Burrender, &?. WABiUKdTO*, Sept. 23,1881. Pen patches reoeived at the War Department to-night confirm the surrender of l/'xington, Missouri, U> the rebel forces, although the statement is general. Another despatch asserlH that (Jen. Fromout has taken the llelil In persou, and declares his purpose to capture the rebel chieftain, Prlcc. The President aud Cabinet Ministers are amazed at this Intelligence, in faco of lh<' fart that (ien. Fremont bus hail over fifty thousand men under his command, and could have easily reinforced ('<>1. Mulligan at Lexington aud caved this disaster. Jmteu*>n Crrv, Sept. 22, IRfll. A despatch received bore to night says that the Union troops at Lexington, Mo., surrendered to the rebels on Friday afternoon, for want of water. The greatest activity prevails here in military circles. Jtmno* Cmr, Sept. 23,1881. A special despatch to the St. I.ouis Democrat says:? A despatch was received hero this evening from General Fremont which seems to fully confirm tlio surrender of I.cxington by Colonel Mulligan. The do.-|uitcli says thut Colonel Mulligan bad surrendered on Friday for the want of water Before surrendering Colonel Mulligan sent 200 of bis men across the rlvtr to Brookville m route for Qulncy, 111. No commis sinned officers were released. The news to dav from Tuscumbla reports that Colonel McOleury, of tho tederal troops, was attacked on Friday by a party of rebels, under Parsons Mid Johnson, but he repulsed them with flight less on our side. Our forces which were gent up the river last week, at? now ut Booneville, and will move forward to Lexington to-morrow, (Jen. Davis leaves here to-morrow to tako eoinmand and lead them on. Other troops will go Toward immediately. 1*T. I/ins, Sopt. 23,1881. All the odleers of General Fremont's stall' have been ordered to day io roport themselves at headquarters forthwith. General Prentiss' despatch announcing the surrender of Coloucl Mulligan, at I/exmgton, Bays tho Union loss was thirty seven killed and 140 wounded. The rebel logs Is supposed to be about MM) killed and wounded. A correct repont from Jolfersou City says instead of 200 men m route for Quiney, 2,000 of Mulligan's command was sent over by tho rebels, released ou parole, and are en rnute for Quincy. Claib. Jackson is at Islington with tho rebel forces. The account of the liatt'o at lilue Mills forwardod last, night is derived from official despatches written on the spot, and therefore can be relied on. Colonel Smith's command wag to leave Blue Mills for St. Joseph tlx' day after tho battle. <ien Price and his army will move down the river, and unless checked or defeated, attack Uoonevillc, and thou Jofforson City. COLONEL MILLIOAN RELEASED ON PAROLE. Chicago, Sept. 23,1881. A special despatch from Quincy, to tho Journal, says that Colonel Mulligan has been released on parole, and will bo here this evening. He will remain until Gonera' Kremonl's orders are received. General Prentiss has telegraphed from Brook(V11 to tho Assistant Quartermaster to provide sustenanc e for two thousand men. an I to have It roidy upon thoir arrival. The commissioned officers are retained as prisoners by the rebels. ARRIVAL OF COL. MULLIGAN'S SOLDIEIIS AT QUINCY, ILLINOIS. Qcwcy, 111..Sopt. 33, 1801. A part of Col. Mulligan's command arrived hero this evening. The balance amounting to nearly 2.000 arc expected to-morrow. Those who have arrived sny that the foroe at taxiagton Is only about 2,500, including several companies of Home guards, who aro accused of having shown cowardice. The surrender of Iz-xlugton was made at five o'clock on Friday afternoon. Tho (lag was hauled down by the Homo Guards. Col. Mulligan Is spoken or in the highest terms. Ho displayed great bravery during tho action, and when asked to surreudur lie refused. Hid sword was taken away by force. Col. Mulligan ami all the commissioned officers are held prisoners by the rebels. ARREST OF A ST. LOUIS EDITOR. St. Louis, Sept. U3,1861. Charles <i llamsay, the proprietor of the Evening Newt, wa? arrested this afternoon by order of the I'rovost Marshal, and taken to headquarters for examination. His oflenee was publishing an editorial article to day entitled "Fall of Lexington," reHoctiug in bitter terms upon the campaign of the military uutli'Titien in the Departmont of the West. Ills p;i|?T v.,is suppressed, and all the monuscajpls found in the oli.ee sei/ed, and the building is now iu possession of the Vrovost (inard. The name of the author of the article was divulged, and it is thought that tho publication of dm p..per wdl be allowed to continue. ROUT OF THE REBELS AT MARIATOWN. Leavenworth, Sept. 20,1901. The Times of this mornluj; learns that a light took place atMariatown,Missouri, on'Cue-xlay morning, botwecn six hundred Union troops, under Colonels Montgomery and Johnston, and four hundred robols, in which the latter were completely routed, with tho loss of seven killed. One hundred horses and all their tents and supplies were cantured. (hir force lost two nrivntes killed and six wouudod. Colonol Johnston, while riding at the head of his column, was pierced by niuo balls awl Instantly killed. Two ballets took oltfcct in his head, two buckshot in the neck, one bullet in the loft shoulder, one in thoright 1 land and one in the left. Ho died urging his men to tight for the "Stars and Stripes." IMPORTANT FROM KENTUCKY. PICKET FIGHTING ON SALT RIVER. Louisville, Ky.,8ept. 23,1861. A battalion of rebel cavalry, under Mitchell I*i>orolle, drove in Captain Wilton's pickets last evening on Salt river. Four of them are misslDg. A Union encampment has been established at Harrodsburg. They arrested Menem. Irving and Silvertooth, two prominent rebel representatives. Two supposed spies from General Buckncr's army were arrested here this morning. FLIGHT OF JOHN C. BRECKINRIDGE. Frankfort, Ky., Sept. 23,1861. It is said that J. C. Breckinridge and Wm. Preston escaped from here, through Montgomery county, on Friday. General Sherman-had possession of Muldraugh's Hill yesterday. Henry Dent, City Marshal, lias been appointed Provost Marshal of this city. Cairo, Sept. 'Hi, 1861. Tho pickets of the Iowa Heventh, at KJIi<>tt's Mills, Ky.> eight miles above Columbus, were approached on Sunday evening by a body of rebel infantry numbering fifty or sixty. The Iowa boys fired upon them, bringing down three or four. They returned the firo without doing any damage. Another skirmish with tlii rebels took place near Hunter, Mo., four mileR bolow Norfolk, la.st evening. Three of our men and horses are missing. Tho rebel 1o3h Ik not ascertained. . Reports from below say that tho rebels at Columbus arc crossing to Belmont; also that they are in jweeession of UlonrionsviMc. Ky .. eighteen miles southeast of this place. Gen. Buckner is stated lo have taken pos.-iession of Oweasborouelfl Ky., on tho Ohio river, seventy miles above l'aducah. BEVENTYjEIGHTH CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. Wp are glad to lenrn that tills tine body of men aro re- j eruiting rapidly, several companies being on ffieir way i from the country to join "UKi'mareh (f the Cameron 1 men." The Secretary of War has taken this regiment | under bis own special supervision. ar.d nothing wanting which can a id to the elficicncy and t-mfurt of the men. I ^D. PRICE TWO CENTS. THE PERSIA OFF CAPE RACE. FOUR DATS LATER FBOH EUROPE. The Steamship Great Eastern, for New York, Puts Back Disabled. English Comments on tf Tew Vastport Hales of the United States. Lord Lyons Treated Discourteously by the Cabinet in Washington. Arrival of a Charleston, 8. C., Ship at Liverpool. Garibaldi's Com minion in the American Army. British Troops Again Moving for Canada, and the European Coalition Against Mexico Complete. A. 1J V A }yi C.' Jfcli IIS COTTON, &c., &c., &c. St. Joint*, N. F.,Sept. 23,1S01. The steamship Persia, from Liver|*>ol on tho 14th, vut Queenstown on the 16th inst., passod Cu])o Raco ?t half past eight o'clock yesterday (Sunday) morning. Sho was boarded by tho news yacht of the press, and a summary of her news obtained. Tho Persia is due in Vow York on Wednosday, tho 25th Inst. Tho dates per tho Persia arc four days later Hum thoeo by the Saxon ia. The steamship Canada, from Boston, arrived at Queens" town on the 14th inst. The Persia reports;?Passed on Monday, 10lh lnnt., tho steamship Great Eastern, putting back to Liverpool In a damaged state. A despatch from Queenstown of the 16th of September says the stoamsliip Persia has ?11,000 in specie on board. The steamship Canada reached Liverpool on tho 16th. A London despatch of the 16th instant, says there is no news to-day of any political importance. The Persia reports the following arrival from a blockaded fort:?Arrived from Charleston September 8, Mury Creu, at Liverpool. The American Rebellion. RETORTED ACCEPTANCE OF AN AMERICAN ARMY COMMISSION RV (iAHIBAI.pt?SPAIN JOINS TUB ANtiLO-KRENCH COALITION AUAINST MEXICO?THE VNION rASRl'ORT SYSTEM, AN1) LORD LYONS OEFKNDKD. The report that tho American Minister at, BnUMte bad offered a command in the I'cion army to Caribaldl Is con firmed, but what tho result or the oBbr was is not stated from London. Tho Cnrreo Mercantile (of Geneva) confirms the newB that the American Minister at Brussels luid visited Gari bald I at Caprera to oflor him a command in the Union army. Tlio Plrrttn (of Turin) regrets that it cannot giro a de ni:il to the rumor of acceptance of the offer by Garibaldi. The news is confirmed (hat Spain is to join in the Anglo. Kroach expedition to Mciico. The London Jimeji editorially ridicules tlio pnssport system of the United States, and says that it will not soc 110 the desired ends. It adds tliat "tbo only complaint that Kngland bas (o mako in the matter is in regard to the ditcourtesy towards Lord Lynns in Ieavimj him to learn tf lit e new a rrn n i/e mmti frvm thr Movements were making in Englaud of troops preparatory to their embarkment for Canada. Mr. Jtassell, in another letter to the Ijomlon Timet on American afthirs, says that General McCJellon is rapidly becoming matter <rf the situation, and that tho movement* of the federalists by water, Jioth on tho seaboard awl down the Mississippi river, rtioet greatly embarrass tho South. It was stated that the City of New York took flfty-flvo cases of rifles for the Northern army, but tho agents of the lino deuied all knowledge of any shij mi ni contraband of loar. Great Britain. The Prince of Wales had gone.to Prussia to witness the military movements on the Rhine. It was understood that Karl Clarendon would represent Great Britain at the coronation of tho King ol Prussia. France. It was again reported that the visit of the King of Prussia to the Kmperor Napoleon was likely to be postponed. The monthly returns of the Bank of France show an in crease ol' nine millions of francs. Tho Paris Manitevr denies the rumor of extraordinary naval arrangements by France. Tho Bourse was Hat at 6W. 10c. Itily. Italian affairs were without change. Hungary. It was said that the Hungarian Diet would bo coDvencd on December 1. India, Cliina and Australia. The India, China and Australian malls had reached Marseilles. Tho news had been partly anticipated andftbo balance is unimportant. Commercial Intelligence. LONDON MONEY MAKKET. London, Sept. 14?P. M. Consols elosed at Q'A'Z a 90?* for money. ahhrioi.v stocks. Illinois Centralshares JH'f n.w iliscounl. Erie shares ?21K a 22>?. LIVERPOOL COTTON MARKET. LtVKKPOOf., twpt. 14, 1861. Tlin brokers' circular reports th?> sales of the week at 6U.000 Imlos, including 1",000 to speculators and 12,000 toi xporters. J'rices lmrf advanced one-eighth of u penny for the fair and middling descriptions of American, '('lift sales on Friday were 10,000 bales, including 4.000 to speculators and exporters, the market closing with a still upward tendency. The authorized quotations are as follows:? fhir. Muktting. Orleans 97<d. #<<d. Mobile 9tfd. 9 1 16d. Uplands ....S^'d. 9d. The stock in port is estimated at 868,000 bales, of which 621,500 bnles are American. STATU OK TRADE IV MANCHESTER. The advices !r;.tn Manchester nro unfavorable. Tho market was dull, and the prices of bath goods und yarns tended dowuward. LIVERPOOL RREADSTtTFFS MARKET. Bread.MulIV quiet, but steady, except for corn, which hart a downward tendency. Messrs. Richardson, Hpencfc & f'-o., and Wakefield, Nash fc Co.. report 11<>ur dull and unchanged: sales of American at 24s. a 90s. Wheat quiet, but steady: rod Western, low. 3d. a lis. Dd.; red .Southern, 12s. a 12s! (id.; whlto Western, 12s.; white.Southern, 13s. a 13s. Gd. Corn tending downward: mixed, 30s. Od. i? 31s.; white, JJ3n. a 3fi-aLIVERPOOL rp.OVISION MARKI.T. Mewrs. Richardson, Hpence .'c Co., and Wakefield, Na#h Ar rpiwirf nrm isifins Kenerallv dull. Reef str^lv Pork quiet, but steady. Hacon still declining, and holders pressing their storks oil the market. Chocse declined 2s. a 4s. I*rd llrmcr: sales at 48s. a 52s.; the line qualities have improved most, Tallow firm at 48s. LIVERPOOL PRODUCE MAKKfX. Tlio brokers' circular reports ashes steady at .31?. for pots, and 33s. for p?arls. Rosin market excitod: sales of common at 12?. Spirits turpentine flat ut H4s. Sugar steady. Coffee llrmcr. Kic? slightly higher: Carolina, 23s. a '2Ss. I.in-ued tending upward, and 2b. a 3t>. higher. I.ioseed oil active at 33s. 6d. Ood oil, ?34. LONDON MARKETS. Messrs. Baring Brotlierg'circular reports:?Wheat advancing saliw ol American at 53s. a 64s. Flour 26s. a 29s. Iron very dull. Sugar quiet. Tea firm r; eommou Congou lid. Coffee lirm and unchanged. Rice quiet and unchanged. Tallow qmet, but steady at 48s. <id. Spirits turpeniine dull st 48s. I.inseod cakes irregular. Linseed oil advancing; salea at 34s. 6d. THE LATEST MARKETS. InHINOL, Sept. 14?P. M. The sales of cotton to-day were 16,000 bales, of wfitch 8,000 were to speculators and exporters. The market closed firmer at tho rates reported yesterday. Breadstnfls quiet, but steady. Provisions dull. lUvai, Sept. 12,1801. .Cotton?Sales of the week 12,000 bales. New Orleans tres ordinaire 121f.. do. bas 114f. Prices are unchanged, but the market has .in upward tendency. The stock is 222,000 bales.

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