Newspaper of The New York Herald, September 29, 1861, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated September 29, 1861 Page 2
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2 ' , INTERESTING FROM JAPAN. From Our Own CarrMpond?nt< Kanaoawa, Japan,-May IT, 1861. Audience of this American Minuter (Mr. Uarrii) loith the Tycoon?Ceremonies Connect tit therewith?Address <]f Mr. Harrit?The Tycoon's lb-ply?Exchange of Present*? The S'rw Palace?A Japans* /execution?The Late J apanose Am'xissadors tu the United Stater?Jai*inese 7ko Tratle? Contemplated Embassies to European Court*? The Whaler Arab at Hakodatlt?Vessels at Kanagawa, ' <tc., rfc. On tlio 2d instant the American Minister had an audience of the Tycoon, tho first hold iu tho now p&lacosinoe opened. Tho audieucw was for the pur|?)?e of do(lverini( to his Majesty the letter of recrodence from tho President of the I'nitod States, acknowledging the visit to his country of the Japanese Kmhassy, and In uring testimony to 'heir excellent behavior whiio there. As the Buhstauee of this letter is contained in Mr Harris' speech to tho Tycoon, I only send tho 1st tor. The ["resident s letter had been In Mr. Harris )h>ssos slon several months, waiting for tho opening of tho new palaoe,that lie might there deliver it to his Majesty. U will*e rocollecto'l that the old palace was burned down in the fall of I860, and since then, till the opening of the new one, a temporary building was occupied by the T>" coon and his court. A single audience only was granted to each one of the foroigu representatives whilst tn the temporary palacoi the excuse for this being the want of accommodation for the proper ceremonies. Mr. Harris left his residence for the palace about teu o'clock, accompanied by Mr Port man, In* interpreter, who luis been with him since the m irder of Mr. II n-ken, under an escort of some flfty Yackonlnos an t other offl. clals. Mr. Harris and his Interpreter wero convoyed In norimons?Mr. IT. forward, uutil arriving at tho Inside wall o1 tho flrdt inclosure, where Mr. l'ortmangot out and walked the rest of the way. Mr. H. was conveyed to the Kate of the third Inclosure, which Is the jKilaco, the residence of the Tycoon and his household. Here they wero met by an army of officials, tho s:ime us it is whenever we move or breathe lu Japan, among whom were two of the Japanese Ambassadors who went to tho United States?Sininie Aw.i no Kami, and Ogure. Bungo no Kami; tho first nam-d was First Ambassador; his name was th 'u, and till recently, Simme Boozen noKami. l!y these two Ambassadors M-. Harris and Mr. Portman were conducted through the halls, rooms, vestlhules,4c., formed by putting up screens, m ule of glided bamboo and white and gilt paper?unique and very beautiful; they proceeded on till coming into the hall of n thousand mats, so troreno-.islv and tletittoiwlv di.Hfi-ihn.t i !i in hU work on Japan. I will hero slato that tho now palace is a fac /.imite of tho old one, ttic minutest part.oulir having been reproduced in tho most marvellous manner; even the grain of tho wood in the oelling in tho same. Those acquaitned with tho Japanese, and know h?>w closely they can imitato nature, will easily appreciate what I say. Minister Harris stood on the exact mjmjI where ho stood two years ago at un audience of Ui:s Enjosty, Within this largo hall, squatting down a la Turk, thoir beads touching the mats, were seme three or fourhumlrod officials of various grades and ranks, including some very powerful Damlos, who hold In their hands the power of life and death of six or soven millions of human beings. Proceeding 011 through the hall,Mr. Harris,accompanied by the First Ambassador, followed by Mr. I'ortman and tho Third Ambassador, jussrd the ro<>m of tho"flreat Council of State," where tho Gorogie?tho Ove most powerful Damlos of tho empire?meet and transact their business with closed doors. N"nr the opposite side of tho hall t? a rais? 1 floor, sane twelve or fifteen inches high, whore Mr. Portman and tho Third Ambassador. stopped, Mr. Harris proceeding on a short distance, opiMisitc whore the Premier, or Minister of State, was down u|>on his marrow bones, in tho same attitude as all tho others, his face on tho straw mats. Here Mr. H arris hnlied. Stunding a moment, a sort of hissInn nnloi- uraa hv nil is the signal of appearance or departure of tho Tycoon. Instantly a curtain was drawn asido from tho room in front of Mr. Hirris, which disclosed to view the boy Tycoon, eighteen years old, sitting on his chair of state, on a dais some fifteen inches above tho main lloor. Mr. Ilarris, advancing slowly, bowing very low, walked up in front of tho Tycoon, and delivered tho following speech:? Sikk?I am directed to renew to your Majesty the assuranceof the cordial friendship o! the President of the DniJiidiSWirVour Majesty, and for tlio proBjorlly of your empire. In presenting to your Majesty the i?u t oi rocrodenco of your Kmbassy to tho I'niteii States, 1 am direeled to express the gratiticauun leu ny my government at thu reception of your envoys, and Its hopo that this happy event may strengthen the ties of friuudship already existing between the two countries. I atn also directed to state to your MnJeatjr that tho exoollent deportment of your envoys lias given great satisfaction to tho government and to the i?eoplo of the United Slates. To which his Majesty replied:? Tho receipt of tho letter and statement is satisfactory. The friendly relations between the two countrl ? shall bo Increased more and more. Vour long residence hero must be wearisome to you. At the conclusion of this spoech Mr. Portman, who had been standing some twenty or thirty feet back, with tho President's letter wrapped up in whito satin, then advanced and gave it to Mr. Ilarris, who placed it in tho bands of the Minister of State, and by him into the hands of his Majesty. This done, tho hissing noise was again board, and his Majesty rose, when tho American Minister and his interpreter retired, "crab fashion," and tho ball broke up. I should tncntiou that neither of these speeches were Impromptu; they were both written and translated, and copies exchanged several day3 before tho audienc >. Their great length an I importance demanded that they should receive careful consideration. Next day the presents wuro exchanged, consisting of a two bushel box of assorted candies, which w;is sent down to tho American (Aonsul at Kanagawa, and by him distributed to his friends. This comprised the wholo ceremony of ad audience with his Majesty, the Tycoon, about which so much has been said. His Majesty is good looWng, rather delicato than otherwise, but, on the whole, looks very much like " Tommy." He is of no account whatever, except as a plaything for tho Damios. out of ...... ..t? ?? .. serve their selfish ends. It Ik perfectly ludicrous to boo the homage paid to this "boy Tycoon," and to 900 Christianized and civilized nations rooking such consummate fools of themselves. Thero are no greater slaves upon tho face of the globo than tho Japanese. Xluro false stories anil lise liave been told ami written about tho city of Jeddo and the imperial palace of tho Tycoon than ail the rest of tho East, from tho very fact that less is known of them. The wonderful and mysterious palace is nothing but n huge barn, or railroad depot, or freight house, excopt not half so high?the palaoe being one story only, soma thirteen or fourteen foot betwoon the floor and ceiling. Tho ceiling is carved woodwork, similar to their tomplos, which are generally occupied by foreign ministers and consuls, and many of them arc very b autiful. Ono of the tin st of these, with its grounds occupying several (acres, Is the ono occupied by tno American Consul at K11naguwa. This carved woodwork is tilled in with gilt paper, which gives a very bright, cheerful effect. Tho groundwork of all the palnce paper is whito, spangled with vine/", trees, plant?, birds, flowers, &c., done with exquisite tusto with gold gilt, as it apiwars, but only with 9 a composition formed of copi>or, nickel and out-or two Other substanccs. r During tho first year after tho now paiaco was com menced the Japanese government prohibitod tho export of coptwr from the ompire, upon tiho plea that it wtu .1 wanted for tho palace. [ With all the boasted weilth of the ompire thoro is not a single pnue of ylass ill tho new palace, paper being W used lustra 1. th? same as it is uil ovor Japan, without ' any regard to classes or wealth. The floors, as far as wo saw, aro covered with plain, whito straw mats, without a stool, or bench, or chair, or anything of tho kind to sit down on. The, of all ciassi s. never Bet down except on their hoels or knoos. Not a single article of furniture is in the palace, unless it be in tho Tycoon's private apartment, where of course tho public have no right to enter. What a contrast between the palace as it really Is and the description furnished of it by Marco l'olo, tlie Veno .mil kiavenur, FIX uuuurca years ago, and publish, d In Uildroth's book, which says.?"The entire roof of tho sovereign's ;>alacc is covered with a plating of gold, In the same manner as wo cover houses, or more proporly Churches, with lead. The ceilings of the hail- are of the same precious metal; many of the apartment;1 have small tatds of pure^i'li rnb'.y thick; ami the windows, also, have golden ornament*. So vast, indeed, nre the riches of tho palace that It is impossible to convoy an ' idea of It." It is difficult to conceive a more absurd or ridiculous story than the foregoing. although not less probable than sco: " s of others on the same subject which the writer has seen since his rcsi.lonco hero 111 tho East. That Japan produc k gold and other precious m tals in fabulous amounts?m v .n,ic countries generally do?thern is not a q astl'.r.; but they are not the people to in> It 011 thu roe!'* of h .uses or palac s, or work It up into tai l* ^ an 1 such lild, v. heu w ml will answer ail the purposes. They 1 \ know too woll the va'.ue of gold. I m uuoof Hi'-- !.... -tly exhibit,one, a Japan so execution, at the though or which every instinct of humanity shudd?-s, t'.ok p:.,?- > Lore on tU* 21 Instant, lottoprMMQO of some thotv i!.(!- . f spectators. It was ti e burning alive of ("or, unfortunate devil who had been guilty of sitting f:. -to one of tl.e government godowi s Inst -a int?.r, 31.1 burning op <irrie$20,000* rthof projierty belonging to Ja. -.nes; .itid otiier merchant". Very few have any : ! 'n of < tmrning alive " us practisod by the Asiatics in the Kast. Curiosity prompted the w riter of this to witness the scene w :cb he Is about to describe. The victim r.amel V.. Ca'3* 1, twenty three yea:* old,small stature, born in ? L ^ . _s N] Slnagawa-a town nearbv.nud w.m notoriously bail, as his name liad b. en cut In the IxkiIc by the authorities of Kanatfawa, where be was registered, four yuars a?o. Ho was InJmodiatuljr caught after gutting tire to tbo Custom llouso kwIowii, (?r storehouse)), ami an a matter of course, sentenced to tbo awful death which has boon meted out to him?to which Justlco and public opinion say anion. H is h Japanese law that when tbo lifo of a person Urtalcen by the authorities it shall bo dono In th?* same way or by the samo means, as near as may be, to the crimo commit ion. ror instance, yelling nro 10 uuiiuings, me jiuimm is burned to death; murder, by cutting off tut head, spoar1 Iik, ripping open, strangling, Ax. The culprit hail been nearly throe* mouths iu Jail, anil lial" boon tortured anil slarviLl to that extent to make him I'Hiifi'Ki) (which hu Utiuily did) that he was liall'dead whon taken out of prim 'it to be oxecuted. The Japanese ro-o-y'a in which ho was confined, is situated in the Dative part of Die town of Yokohama, bo that in K"Ui*: to tlic place of execution ho did not pass through the foreign settlement. I,ike everything winch the Japanese do or undertake to do here in thin country, if only sending a letter or simple message, it requires half a dozen two swarded yuckeuliiee, b nudes tiie same number of half naked oooIIoa, an that on this occuslon a swarm of olllcials wore u -cossarily required. The prisoner was conveyod on horseback, escor ted by some two hundred yackonilies aril soldier*, followed by i large crowd of foreigners and natives, to tl.o place of oxo cation, which was gome twomiUvult, near the Tnkaido leading round the harbor, between Yokohama and Kana gawa. Thn place was a email pine grove, u|xm a hill or mound, which at sumo remote period had been like much of the country round about the harbor of Kaimguwu. In front wore bountiful rice, barley, wheat, p'a and other grain fields, interspersed With pitches of toa plant, Uowoi' gardens, lawns, vines, shrubbery, Ac., if the must luxuriant description. A short distance beyond i.-i the Governor's residence, and 4111 further on, as far ns the eye can reach, is seen the shipping (Japanese junks) in the harbor. The back (round, too, is very b'auliful. Ui the opposite side (fa little dell, sltuuted iu another pine grovn similar to that where the exec :ti'U tink place, glands a Bud 'hist t mp'.e, where ..... ... - ... ,.,i ? KiKiiioiiiriii|i,iin wii-iuiu "I tin' "straw stackwhich 1 have.described, US 'O t<> go to w irship also. Ou the s; ot whore lie w is burnud u few of the trees worn cut down, and the brauoheROf the standing trimmed off to avoid the llauies, which spread to a considerable distanco round. A posi, six or eight Indus apiaro and ten or twolvo feet high, was driven into ill ground, against which the victim was placed, li b bikek in a sta.i ing positiou, his hands tied behind, c rds round his amdes, knees, waist and tliroat, the cord* and top t f his head covered with tnud to prevent burning. Stakes were driven down and straw ropes put round in tlie form of a lump, ami also ropeH extended from the top of tho post to the h -oj s: these were covered with mud. The straw did uot come within, three foot of tho victim on 110 vide. Some who wore present bellove that llfo was cxtlnct before the straw was set on lire?that ho was strangled by tho ropes loumi hi* neck. This is a mistake, us sovjral saw him move whilo the lire w;is burning. II was not disllgured In any way, except blackened by tho one k". lie was allowed to remain in the position in which he was burn ni three days bofore taken down, thon Uk. u by a lot of government convicts, who ai e c mp died to do such work, ami b tried in a place set apart lor such pnrposi s. Ilio usual niodo of execution is by striking off the head. At Sinagttwa, thu town whore the victim was born, Is the place where tho public exeeutlou* tor Jeduo and tho vicinity round about t >ke place. It is within a few rials of the Tok.iido, til great thoroughfaro of the empire. In coming down limn Je Uio r.ot ;ong ?g we saw tho blood on tho block whore a criminal lost Ins head the day before by ono stroke of a two-hauded cleaver. There has been another innovation upon Japanese custom?the introduction of horses and carriages into Japan by .ts own people. Aluragaki Awa isi-no-Kaml, theSecond Ainb ts.-a lor who went to the l uited States, now Governor oi Hukolall, lately bought of the United States Consul at Eatcigawa a piirof horses, double wagon, harness and all the llxtures for using one or two horses. The price i<ald was $UOO Mexican. It will bj the fliv t horse and carriage ever used by a Japanese. Tho carriage was brought ov r from Siianghae more than a year ago by the Consul, but uso l only a lew times, the streets buing too narrow here to admit of it; tho only conveyance here is h irsobr k and uorimous (chairs), c iri ied on men's shoulders. The pale ?mo [ousted by Vi.-i'i, now Kijor of EMngurti ho wii attached to tli1 Embissy to the United States at b .anical artist." Tile railr ' kd was what astonished him most, coming over from Philadelphia to New York. Voslda's visit to America has Improved hiiu very much. He and his staff, some half a dozen yackonims, call at the Consul's olllce two or three times a week. Last Monday the now Governor for Kanagawa?Takigawa riarima no Kami?arrived and took possession of his n w olllce. The new Coventor ami the oil" b 'tore him?Matsldaira Iwami-no-Kami?are both Governors for Foreign Affaiis, who belong to Jeddo, except wh.-n on duty. Tile three open port*?Kanogawa, Nagasaki a:ei Hakodadi?are governed by one of the six Coventors for Kor officials in Japan, are changed occasionally, so a." to give . no chance for collusion or '-pipe laying" with their Excellencies at:J the jvopio. Rlmma Booxcn-no-Kaml, First ftuili?wilnr to th" United states, ?M formerly fltrmor of Kauagnwa. He is now, and has boon since his return from Auv-rica, stopping al tlio palaco. The oth* r two Ambassadors?Muragakl and liungo?are Govern ts of cities?the former of llakodadl and the latter of Nag.wait I. Politics, like busino.-s, tliero is none, neither at this mr any of tho open ports of tho empiro. Since the legate>us went hack to Jeddo ri.mors of w ir and all political excitement have ceased. The British Mir 1stcr, French Charge d'Affaires and Netherlands Consul General re ;ard their withdraw*1 r' ;:1 i-.l i., -pio.i.tid oiroKe ol p jlicy. They went buck, they say, at the earnest requestor the C'S''' *>uucu of Mate, ?ao invito.) ? ? -- v.i tile Tycoon to return t<> the capital. Her Majesty's Minister says his object In leaving?to Obtain perfect security of life and property?was accomplished In a much shorter timo and In a much moro satisfactory manner than he bad fairly hoped for. lie savs the Tycoon, through ilie Council of state, formally acknowledged his responsibility, and pledged himself that the measures which his F.xeellency demanded ,:s a quid pro quo for his r xurn to Jeddo, should bj im.nodiately carrleil into effect. _ In addition to tIi> security of life mi 1 property, tli > obstacles anil obstructions to trade, which had been laid b v fore his Excellency by the British resid nts of Yokohama, were fully discussed with Sakl wooki-on-oski, the Tycoon's Envoy sent down from Jeddo, in the presence of the Governor of Kanagawa and her Majesty's Cmsul, Captain Nyse, aud a-rood to, which have 3ir.c been partially art'il up to, Mid ha* had the elfoct of somewhat improving trade at this port. The withdrawal of the legations from Jeddo has hid no bad edbi t. as prerlicte.l by Mr. Towusen 1 HarrU it would, but has done a little good in the way of taking out soma of the ooticelt and self-importance of these vain, proud, aristocratic Japan so, who b jliove that Ja;;an (Lilan.l of Nipon) is all the world and more too. The British Minister left here about a month ago la her Britannic Majesty's steamer Encounter, for Shanghao, bound lor llong Kong, whither ho had been summon <d by tho Governor of that province to appear and answer to a charge which had been brought against his Excellency by one Michael Moss, for false imprl.sonm at, the particular of which havo been forwarded to the IIeraij>. It is rumored that along with Mr. Olyphant, the newly appointed Secretary of Legation to Japiui, a new Minister is to bo appointed to Like tho place of Sir. Aloock; but tho report wants confirmation. It is hardly probable that such a change is to be made, for only a short time axo the Queen was graciously pleased to confer upon her Minister in Japan the anciont and honorable order of "Companion of tho Bath,'' as a reward for distinguished diplomatic services in tho East. Tho American whaleshlp Arab, wlii'-h ram" into this port tho 13th day of last month to rcflt and for fr>gh provisions, sailed on the 29th for tho Arctic regions again, In search of th monsters of tho Polar sea. This Is tiro flrat whaler that ha? been Into this port since the treaty with Japan, llakodadi is tho great port for whalers oomlng down from tho Ochotsk. The Arab Is a Fair Haven ship, of 330 tons, built at Ipswich, awl has tx en on a three years and a half cruise, having sailed from tho former "port November 3,1857. IIt cargo is valued at $80,000. It consists of 2,000 barrels of oil and 30,000 ]*?unds of whalebone. The most of her cargo she sent homo from Honolulu, paying seven cents per gallon freight on her oil and one cent per pound on her bone. She caught 115 barrels sperm In coning from the Sandwich Islands to th s port. Th" most, h ovevor,was taken in latitude 71 to 73 degrees north, mm 145 to 150 degrees west longitude. 1,000 barrels wero taken in this latitude. The division of tho cargo among tho officers and crew in in the follow,ng proportion:?' aptaln, 1-lOth; first mate, l-22d; second mat ;, 1 35th; third mat**, l-46th: fourth mate, l<t)0th; cooper, 1 40tb; carpenter, l-80th; seamen, 1150th. Tiie cruiso is expected to occupy another whole year before reaching home. Tho captnin, Edward Grinnell, died two weeks before tho ship reached th'S port. Ills wife was on bo,rd, having been tho whole cruise with htm. The deceased body was preserved In spirits and brought to this port, to be taken by tho wife to Ixmdon in tho ship Vision, which sails in a few days, she (joini! as passenger. The cantnin ?u a native "of Myotic, Conn. , nnl was thirty-four years old. Mr. ItenJainln R. Akin, first mite, was made mutor by tlin I'nitod States Consul at Konogawa, and place I in charge of the ship. Japan, May 17,ISfll. Stale of Trad*?Xo Impmvcmcnt?Tea Market in fsmdti? Silk Market?Tea Curing?How Done?Jajxine.c OWiiali? Application for Ship?EmUuty Going Abrrxvl?Vitit of Vice Miniilcr fr ,m Yetl-ki?Arrival at Kanayaica?I'arod? al Ike Hongin?Jajaneie Part*?Opening D-ferred? Shipping in I'orl?American Vestel??XeuM from, C<C., <fcThe longexpceted and anxiously lookod for Improve' ment In trade at this port has not yet arrived. Late ad vices from England, regarding Japanese tea and silk, has had a depressing effect upon tlie great China house of JarUine, Mathofou 4 Co.?the largest, It is said, In China or i Id the East. The dislike which the U>ndon toa dealers have of Japan tea is because they do not properly understand and appreciate It?color, nu 1 not flavor, is the great objection to it. The color, as every one ought to know, Is owing to the way in which tea Is cured. The Japanese have not y< t got into the way of "firing" their tea?that is, drying it upon copper plates over fire, the same as Iho Chinese do. It is this "firing'' which produces the black teas of China, which are such favorites in the London t a market. The quality of Japanese tea is fully equal, If not superior, to that of China. The cholcost Japan tea is picked and dried I* the sun. This simple process preservos its natural green col?r?consequently gives It a superior flavor; whereas, if cured by the Chinese process, "firing," the loaves would be tightly curled and the color black. This Is the iliff -r -nce. The Japanese have not yet at into the w.y of lining, with leal, their t i chi'sts. which is s i important fir the preservation of tea going a long sea voyage, as the Chii.eso do. Europeans are lust beginning to bring over from Sliaug EW YOKK HKKAL1), SUIi hae sheet load, nil roady for putting Into boxes, which art ma.lo hero la Japan choujHir un<l equally an good as In China. Considerable difficulty Ih found iu getting tho Japanese authorities to allow tho "shook*," as they aro called, to he lauded freo of duty, according to au article of tho Amoli'iui troaty, which provides thai articles coming into th > empire, uot f->r consumption, but to bj exported, shall uot pay any duty. After considerable pettifogging &Ilrt loltor writing between tho .tiuoi'li'an Consul ami the new Governor, TuklgawnHarlmano-Kaml, rocoutly sent down from Jedilo, the pigtail (lovurnor couseutod to allow tho "shooks" to land freo of dutv. If this establishes iho precedent to bo observed h sreafter Id regard to thiH now branch of trade it will do much towards improving the .lii[uni lea trade. The complaint about business bore at Kanagawa is greater than at either of the other open ports?Nagasaki or Hokodndl?owing to the fact, an is believed, of being bo near Jeddo, and constantly under theoyoof the swanuiug olIlcialB and the evorlasling spy sysiem of Jaiwneso autlu rity. A change of olllclalg occurs bore every new moon, and omelimes every quarter. Ycslda?the "botanical artist" of the Ja|ianege Kmbnssy to tbo United States?formeily Mayor of Kanagawa, luw been changed, nud returned to .leddo the last week, making the third Mayor appointed anil rem ived since my resideuco here iti Kana guiva. l'ay before yestordny throe vory high officials came down from Joildo to inspect Kaimgawa an I Yokaliama, and to lock after the " new concession" granted to finoigners some six or eight mouths ago. Their names are Hore iHnemo-no-Koml, Mlsne no Isoem-iuo-Kuini and Kmlow Tassima no Kami; the first named U the Vice Minister belonging to the second t 'ouneil of Stute, ranks next to the minister or pre mier, who Comes next to the Tycoon; the oiler two are Governors for Kon i .-n Affairs, tl.e $ame as the Auioassa d'.rs who went to the I'nited states. As usiiul, when a high ollicial gees out, hu was followed by hundreds of retainers, att miauls,carrying boxes, slung 011 polls, baud spikes, hen coops, box bearers, li sli p-'lb, cwjj-S's, italf mo i! s, k 'ttles of rio, basic ts o: saki. ,tc. The day before tle ir arrival iho Mayor a:id h ill' a dc/.iju of ollleials from the llongin called on th American Consul tolut him know that l! o Vice Minister was coming. These .lo.Ido ollleials sen I to tbo Consul to llnd o;il what the expeiisi if chartering a ship of i'mio tons would be for the follow Ine voya^cs,su|i|? sod to be for carrying an Hmhassy. This however Is eonf cture:? First?Japan to shin chae, Kngland, Holland, .\mcrlca, France and Russia; ill. the trenty Powers except two? Prussia and Portugal. The propositi..n was forth so six places, starting ach time in m Japan; the two la-<t named [Mirts are not u imod, proli b'y b eauFe the trea Ids have I not yet gone into ll'. ct, an I do not till 1SC3. Tbey . r very anxious to know the cost of building an I for chartering such a ship. Th same inquiries have been made of ill ' I'nglisb, French, Dutch and Portugese Consuls, but nothing dollnlto as regards cost has been fur nish d. You may bi somnwliat surprised to learn that, the Japanese government bos made applicati >11 to the representatives of all tlie treaty Powers, Including Mr. Harris, iu ui'iur owning in mo japai.ese i ori.s according v< treaty. Jeddo they want deferred li',118(13, and Osaca till 1 KG.*>, Hiogo till 1S61; Neoo-gatu, which was open >1 January 1, 1S60, Is of no account, as a comraeeclal |H>ft, because there is not suilicient water. This (>ort was to ljavo boon exchanged f.'ranothor. oi tho w si coast of Japan, If found unsuitable us a harbor. From cilice! h of Kngliah men-of war, wh.i have attempted to get into tho harbor, I loam that two fathom is tho deoim-t part, and that ouo aud ono and a half ra tho average depth. f'apialu &lierck, of the tiagiuaw, has boon stopping at Shanghue and Hong Kong sinco last fall, wailing till spring, with orders to survey the port of Noo e gata, with a view of our government exchanging it for anolhor, if found unsuitable. Nothing, however, has been done. The last and only ship bolo:;ging to the "old United States," that is, man of-war, that has been In tho Japan sea was the Nl igara. Thcro are lying in this port now i nly two merchant ships; ono English man-ol-wur steamer (I'ioneor), Jardine fi Co's. steamer (Fiery Cross), French man-ol \v ir steamer (Dordogue), which have hi en hero several months undergoing repairs. Tho merchant vessels are tho American barks Uuver and Onward; tho latter loaves on the 22'I for Kan Francisco. Two other American ships (Vision and Arab)?'attcr whaler?lately sailed from this port, the former for I/mdon the latter for the Arctic ocean. I.ites datestfrom New York arc to February 19. News of inauguration is anxiously looked for. Any compromise and union of tho seceding States Is given "u;i b yond hope. The Knglteh express much sym|>athy for us. They say they hopo tho States will all coino back?"in a horn." Proftnor Hughes' Telegraphs [From the Liveriuol 1'ost, August 2s.] A correspondent writos us from i'arls as follows:? That "they do these things better in Franco," was never more triumphantly shown than in the case of Professor llughoB' telegraph. This gentleman was lately Professor of Natural philosophy in tho University of Kentucky, United States, and is tho Inventor and patentee of a now nyi-t-ui in tuicgruj'u j?nuimirf oy muauH 01 wnicn speflil an<l accuracy are at onco obtained. As regarls Us superiority over any existing telegraphic process, thore cun bono question, and tint Tact of tho French government having entirely adopted it must sat all doubts at rost. That Professor Hughes should have curled hit Invents i to France will, doubtless, occasion you surprlso. bm when 1 inform you that both America and England had ilrst been applied to, astonishment will cease, it Wits uot of any defoot that Professor Hughes' Improvement was rejected, but simply from the fear entertained by electricians that its Introduction would seriously Intorfero with thoir own poeuliar rights. The folly of telegraph companion thus allowing themselves to lie guided by self Instructed men, whose obtnej i?, ?? iu- ?......... 'n.-.ii ui .- i. ,.ee, hut ne ir uot welfare, will piobab'.y serve as a uc'ful lesson for the future. Hut It ij umo that I pneeed to give you a description of this new discovery?certalnlv tho )i< t>lm ultra of olnctrio There Is a tn irked dilTerence bctweon tlie Hughes system and the old (Morse) system, b >th as regards result* and tho menu- of obtaining them. Unlike Morse's, Professor Hughes' system requires but one emission of current for e.n'h l"tter, and tho message is recorded in plain Roman tyjv, thus being live times moro rapid than tho old system, and allowing not the legibility of an orror. This hsirumont is tho r.-sultof twelve ye> study;and, a- there are many points that arc new and interesting, I will attempt to deseribo the meaus by which such perfect results are obtained. The letters of the alphabet, a' well ns a dot and a blank, are marked on twenty-eight keys, arranged like th'KO of a pi,mo, save that tl> y are alternately black and wbito. Theso k- ys correspond to twenty eight holes arranged in a circ e on tho hor.z mtal D >or or table of tho iiistniiietit, Immo llatoiy :u front of the keys. Each key Is connected by a lever with n little steel* knob, which, when the key is pressed down by tho linger, rises up through one of the holes. An arm, connected with a vertical shaft, sweeps over the twenty-eight holes. If a key ma;ked with a particular let'er lie touched, the kn<>h co:'ros|K>ndlng with this letter rises, the revolving arm passes over it, aud for the liwtmH closes the circuit, and allows an electrical Itnpulso to bo transmitted. This im pu!-e, by arrangements,causes tho particular letter to be recorded on a slip of paper In printer's ink. Tho iatitant tho arm passes over.the little raised knob tho cir cult is broken, and if th > linger wero hold a hundredth part of a minute on tho key, the hand would pass again on the knob, and the letter would ba repeated. To prevent this the hand carries, alter that portion of it which rides over the knob aud completes the metallic contact which closes tho electrical circuit, a little inclined pi me, which throws the knob out of its petition, so (bat the hand cannot pass over it on any future revolution aftor the tlrst ooutact. This arrangement is renderod of the extreme rapidity of tho revolving arm an 1 recording apparatus. Tho :n.'trument8 are kept In motion by % weight anting upon a train of whoois, tha spring governor acting up >n them by moans of an ordinary useapemont. lh->so vibrations may succeed each other with any degree of rapidity desired, although the instruments may b : any number of mile* apart. Tho modo of operating with this Instrument is oxmnn-ly simple and easily acquired. Tin olllco dotiriug to transmit a m >ssnge calls the station by touching the keys in a pre-arranged order, the distant offlc.' at once return* the ' U. K.," or all rUht. Tho manipulator then commences tho message, first striking tho zoro key. If tho message Is received correctly, ho Is allowed to flnisn, and then the operator at the distant otflce giv.s thj return signal of "oil right;'' if there is a mistako, tho receiving oillccr torches his key board, which throws oxtr.i letters to tho transmitting statio.i, and ho then commences again from the point where hi- made a mistako. There can be no mistake, however, if the op,>ra tor touches tho right key, and the manipulators b.como so oxpjrt that they seldom touch the wrong one; if they do, the error is shown by the copy of the message cn their own instrument, and immediately corrected. Tho avorsge speed obtained upon the longest lines In Franco, viz., Marseilles to i'nris, B60 kilometres (600 Kng1 mli miles), with this instrument, is 34 words |>er minute. With the old Morse syst m, on the s:ime lines, tho average speed was only thirteen words per minute, with about three por cent of errors?whilst with the Hughes not a siugle error liaa occurred during one year's ci ntinual nse. The French government have paid 200,000 francs to tho Invontor for tile patent; and almost every govern- | metit in Kuro|>o !b at present treating fur the u*e of tho instrument ujion their lines. Tliero can he but llttlo doubt that It will soon be universally a.iopto<l throughout Europe, for its superiority in too apparent. Stutlatlcn ofOild Fellowship In New York. 801T11KKN NEW YOKE. Lodgi? 114 Initiations 573 Rejections 29 Admitted by card 23 Withdrawn by card Ill Reinstatements 47 gimiiensions 571 Expulsions 1) l*e;iths S4 'l'otal number of members 7,463 Amount paid for relief of 1,326 brothers $23,661 46 Number of widowed families relieved 355 Amount i>ai<l for their relief $5,426 40 Amounts paid for education of orphans 4'.'5 e2 For burying the dead 4,211 62 Total amount for relief, &c 33,125 10 Total amount of receipts lor year 60,847 04 KOKTHKKN NKW YORK. Lodges 406 Initiations 640 Rejections 41 Admitted by card 7S Withdrawn by card 121 Reinstatements Ida Suspensions 987 Expulsions 3 Deaths 45 Total number of nv inborn 6 271 ffurabar 0Tbrothen relieved 400 W.dowed famill(*s 121 Amount paid for relief of brothers $9,565 40 F t widowed famllle* 3,711 R9 For education of orphans 150 00 For burial of the dead 1,350 00 Total amount for relief 14,807 24 Total yearly receipts 30,470 60 rDAY, SEPTEMBER 29, II AFFAIRS AT THE CUSTOM HOUSE. Tha Six Per Cent Notea?Recelpta on the National Loan?Time of Kxplratlon of Wimhomo Bond*?I<uw of DUfrlinlnatIng Bullet?Large Mrlzure of Liquor? Anna froiu Europe for General Fremont?A Pro tent?Duty on Brandy, ?Stc. me receipts ror duties at mo BuD-Troasury last won* woro "alitor larger than tho week preceding, a small amount, comparatively, being paid iu spoole. TUo ?lx l>er cent Treasury notes received amounted to about

$35,000 more than tho wtjok ending September 14. We gavo last Monday a table iu detail of the receipts of the notes fur tho period lost mentioned?tho total being about $370,000. Tho noted rocelved during the week ending September 21 wr to us follows:? Monday, September 16 $H2,500 Tuesday, September 17 75,000 Wednesday, September 18 101,500 Thursday, September 19 53,000 Friday, Septcmbr 20 08,000 Saturduy, September 21 40,000 Total $409,000 Tile great difference between the receipts of Hick,- notes in 1850, Xsbo and 1801 is us plainly shown by a comparison bet ween the incomo last week und that of the corresponding week iu those years as i>y tho tables we have alreiidy published. Tho receipts of gold from Individuals for tho new 7.30 per cent Treasury notes have fallen off largely, owing principally to the establishment of so many ugeuc:us over tho Stuto and country, l'lio number of subscriptions is almost as groat us over, but the amount subscribed much smaller. Many of our large capitalists have not yot aided the Union by their means; lot them not lie outdone in patriotism by Sturges, of Chicago, and Ah to-', of New York, men of their own clans, and by the thousands of i>ooror people over the whole country, who have hastened to em]>ty their small savings into tho coffers of tho government. Now Is tho tlnii) for tliom to Invest thoir fuuds In theso notes, tliiiH ai<tii>K the nation, anil at tho saino time making as'rt Inv estment. Tho following words, from a letter to a cotcmporary, are : worthy ol attention from tho class of pooplc for whom tl ey were written:? ^opposing the population of the patriotic Slate, to be twenty millions.(I bolievo it is twenty-two), tho flfty mliil n loan is only two dollars ami a half per li ad. fh liiltl overyono wl:o bus fifty dollars to spam for a month Uke this amount, it will bo tho |>ortion of twenty persons. When ho receives tho oortlttoate of stock, if ho should (in in want of thu m noy it can lie sold without loss, /.s an investment It is its safe as miy savings batik in tho coiutry, jmys forty per cent more interest, and can always be cached when tlyj m mey is wanted lor other pui'|Hiseg. Tho subjoined table will show the receipts for 7.30 per cent Treasury notes the past fortnight:? Receipt for the H'cek eiuliny Spt?m\r 14. Monday, September tf ? 12" ,000 Tuesday,September 10 f>l7.<>O0 Wednesday , September 11 621,000 Tliurs lay.September 12 l,04ti,000 Friday, September 13., 0'J6,000 Saturday, Beptimbor 14 386,000 Total $3,S61,000 Hecei%<t? fur tlw Week ending September 21. Monday,September lfl ^sn.O'O Tuesday, September 17 308,000 Wivlnebday, September 18 44ft,o?0 Thursday, September 19 250,000 Friday, Sept ember 20 413 000 Saturday, September 21 103,000 Total $2,004,000 From the above it will bo soeti that tho rocoipts last week were but little over one half those of the week pro VioUS. Our roaders will recollect that Hit:Tariff bill or August reduced tlio time allowed for goods to remain in public store from throo years to three m- titlvs. It has boon decided that tin' date from which tho three months are to ho reckoned is tliat ou which the last package wx- placed iu bonded warehouse. Tho circular of S"erotary Chase in roforence to discriminating duties has already been published. Piscriminating dutius are those which are ini|H?ed on goods arriving at ports of tho United States iu vessels h 'lunging to nations with which wo have no reciprocal treati s. The difference between the existing laws m l th<>se formerly in ojioralion In relation to thoso duties is the following:?The Tariff act of 1840 provided that a discr iminating duty of t>n per centum on tii rat of duty should be levied. This was not changed by the act of March, 1S01. The August bill, howovor, levii s a discriminating duty of ten per centum ad valorem. We have u > roei procal treaty with Spain, and cense piently but few goods arrive at this port in Spanish vessels, it being unwise to incur tho additional duty without tho rate for freight should bo exceedingly low. A largo seizure of liquor was recently made "by MrHarney under the following circumstances:?The v vsuls on which tho liquor was ship|?d nailed from ports iu Franco, before the knowij !ge of tlio blockade In I ro;i> uotl that country, for the Southern States. On their arrival - > '? .torn "? " T"""1 'i"ti of-war on g turd, und wore refused admittance to the puis. me> then sailed for this port, where their cargoes have been'seized by tho authorities, under tho b illet that they aro owned by rebellious citizens. Tho government ollleers of tbig district aro doing tneir duty in a truly bocotmng ami patriotic manner, and for their ceaseless vigilance in preventing the oscajio if contraband deserve groat credit. The Collector is much aided In his on Icavors by Surveyor Andrews und Naval Ofllcor IV unison. Large quantities of warlike implements have of Into passed through tho Custom House for General Fremont. Tlicy comprise a considerable number cf muskets and Knlleld rifles, some rifled cannon, swords, camp utensils, and even cartridges. Thoso, by a law made by the last Congress, will not have to pay duty on their arrival at St. l/wis, being for tho use ot the United States govermn nl. Some questions as to the proper rat s of duty to bo levied still arise. Tho following protest has been tiled with the Collector:?"I hereby protest against tho exaction of ten por centum duty charged on dearskins contained In this ontry, on the ground that by tho net of March, 1861, s.ctii.n 10. article 2, skins of all kindspay a duty of live per cent ad valorem, and the rate has not been changed by any subsequent act of Congress, nor U it aff ctod by the Tariff act of August, 1801." Th ; question has not yet been decided, but it would s.'em that groun Is for the prot> st exist, Inasmuch as the article referred to requires a duty of live por cont "ou rawhides and skins of a'l kinds," making a separate specification* of "skins." Tho last net has nothing in relation to "skins," so called, but imposes t -n per c ntum ad valorem on "hides." Until the decision of the Soero'try of the Trensury is rendered the goods will ten "tier centum. lsy tho net of August brandies of flrpt proof pay $1 35 pi'r gallon, all under llrst proof paying the -amp. I'.y th i arto; Much all hr anil leg under first proof pay tliirtythroe and one-third por c>nt a.I valorem. Tho Intention ol Congress was, without doubt, to raise the duty on this articlo. Notwithstanding thoevi lent moaning,many i.n porters think th-y have tho right to withdraw branny of tho above (Inscription, which was in hi >re on tho 5th of August, at tho new rate. Much of the brandy Imported l.s under llrst proof, ranging in value from >4 to $ , n r gallon?worth, on an average, s'iy $0. The duty on this, thon, at the old rate of 33 13 [*'r cent ail . al. r tn, would l)o $2 per gallon, whoreas tho now rat" Is $125. Shouli' they, then, ft;:ccood In establishing tlieir claim, thy would save 75 cents per giilon?no small sum on some invoices. A careful perusal of tho following section of tho August bill will no doubt convinco them of their obligation to pay the old rate;? fU'e. 5. And bo it further enacted, That all goods, wares and merchandise actually on shipboard aud bound to thi United States, and all goods, w?.res and merchandise on deposit in warehouses or public ? tores at the date of the passigo of this act, shall bo subject to pay such duties as provided by law before nnd at tho timo of tho passage of this act. OFFICE SEBKEnS?REMOVALS AND APPOINTMENTS? MOItE SEIZURES BY THE rORT SURVEYOR, ETC. As tho flrst of tho month draws near, so doi s the uum. bor of applicants for oflloo incroaso down at the Custom House. There are still between four and live hundred appointments at tho disposal of tho Oolloctor, and many changes will no doubt bo made on tho 1st of October. Owing to tho absonco of Mr. Barney during tho last week, no now appointmen's havo been mode. Tho office of his prlvato secretary has, however, been literally ovorrun with applicants during that time, and each |>ost brings In a larg.i number of letters, all containing th" samo request, and garnished with as m my signatures as the writer can mana:;o to procure. To answer all these applicants is a t isk requiring no small degree of tact and good humor on tlio part of Mr. Valmcr, clerk of appointments; but. that gentleman always performs it with kindness nn I court"sy. He is at times literally besieged by expectants, and it requires no ordinary degree of patience and good temper i" satisfy all, or give thom words of one luragomont and hOj O that their claims will b<? attended to in duo time. Tlio most unpleasant part of Mr. Palmer's duties is that of notifying incumbents of their removal; an I on a personal interview to ascertain tho causo, ho tlnds tho appointing clerk almost as much grieved as the party dismissed. In fact, he cuts tho Incumbent's "head off" with a gniuen nxo, luougn ne noes noi "smiio upon mo mow that murders htm." Ky direction of Surveyor Andrew?, his deputy, Thomas J. Urown, seized the b.irk Fanny Enler y -toriii v, under the confiscation act. She Is owned by Rufus Lodjo and E. Spearing, residents of New Orleans. Tlie ship Jacob A. Stauiler was al io seized by direction of Surveyor Andrews. One-sixteoDtli pr.rt is ownaJ by Janus Phillips, of New Orleans. Obituary. Mr. Jvoon Rnonics died in I(ayton, Me., on the 6:h Instant, at the advanced ai;cd of 101 years and 13 day-". Ho waR a sol lier of the Revolution, and for many ye'i s h;is received a pension from the g-ivernm o t fo:- -ervici'8 revdered in tho war, having served his country for three years. Ill* health until within a few months was romarkably good, ami liis mental faculties unimpaired almost up to the day of his death. He was born :n Kruno btinkporl, and for the last thirty years h is resj led la Lyman and Oavton. J,\Mrs Xw.nY, an nyed sea captain, of Philadelphia, died addenlr on tho 20th Inst. Ho was returning from h s ! usunl afti'rnoon walk, when his cane sllp|K>d from utid r j him and he fell to the ero it d. He died before he coul'l ! be taken home. The d> erased was born at Snow iiili, 1 M l., on the 20th of July, 1774. Ho Went to sea at an irly 1 age, atid in that pr. fi ssion amassed quite a large fortune. During tho war of 1812 the ve. se) of which he was owner was seized by the Knglish, and ho hlinsi lf made a prlj s tier. During this war ho lost the greater part of his | fortune. 361. Til* Madrid Press on (h? Battle of Ball Hun and It* ConMqnenoci. [From the Epoca, (government), translated for the N'aw York Huuld.] ? Whatever may bo the final result of the struggle, tho events in the United Mates aro of the greatest Importance to Kurope. For the present, this Urat Southern victory la tho p ociirnnr of a long and obstinate war. There Is too much vitality, too many resources, too many elements of resistance in tho Northern States to mako us believe that one reverse, however ttorriblo it may bo, will put an end to the campaign. Tho division is now Irremediable, tho abyss openod between both great portions of the Colossus which distrusted old Kurope, Immense; but the struggle will ho desperato and larrikin Th? lu.uturA <.f uflMra U an?h tlmt ii viclorv III' thd Northern iwople over those of the South, together with the blickado of tho ports and the advantages which th) former have iu wealth and population, might huvo been decisive. W*i would then liavo enjoyed the iiingular spectacle of a democratic republic Imposing its rule by foroe. on other KtatOB which voluntarily formed a part of the game, and which, by their own wiil alan and in tho name of universal suffrage ami Iheir independence desired to constitute themselves a republic. * * * Wo gincorely lament tho misfortunes of thoau people? yesterday brothers anil today irreconcilable enemies; we deplore the Imm 'nso losses, the counties rtisast ra whieh property, trade and commerce will suffer. Ths scanty kindness wo have owed that republic, and bur constant threat in regard to our rich ultramarine provinces, are no reasons why we sho dd witness with satisfaction the tribulations through which sho is passing; but th'' example of that democratic community is precious an I should not i>a?s unnoticed. Tie so who have bo of ten olP red the United States as the I au i-lsal of |toiltlcal organization, who hivo considered them as tho most powrl'ul defunct against all political pretension, us the most logltlmat >end of all aspirations, l"t them contemplate the Rpwtacle of blood and desolation ulilch th model of their dreams presents us now. On the one si lo they sacnlico property and life to separate themselves from what has been described to us as the sum of all perfection; on tho other, they endeavor to oppress, iu the name of liberty, their brothers whose will has boon declared iu 111" must explicit maimer. Will tho North triumph? Will tho South triumph? After a long and terrible struggle, whatever may be now the mult of the tight, separation is already inevitable anil decreet! T'u- atifiLinmium between 111.' Iu . races re strained for bo long a time, has disp!ayol itself in, the most unmistakeable maimer, and it would bo mildness to think of thoir harmonizing. 'I'h so who a 'o the g liners from this stato of affairs aro tho ropiblics of South America, which were onoo n part of the Spanish monarchy; jierhaps the derail, the ili agreement, the anarchy mhii h tiivay them, uv-re th>1 r vlt of the Muihiavellan machinatitn? of th: yoivmin nt of Washington, vihich, by Immuring wry Europian influence, r-ndered inrumbU ih 1 yvealtn <.< if th' He iinhapi y jteojilc, with the ambitious pui'/iose of dr.sitjniitj ( i absorb thin in'o its giganti' run'. Mow that experience will hive cured tho Ninth Ainrlcaus of the desire to enlarge their torritory, and since they win hare a* muck a* they can do in o-mpi/ing th metres with th-ir inhi'ine quarrels, Ih- lot of our America* brethren should merit all the solicitude of our gonerument. Without ambitious views to satisfy, with no <?ther interest than that of unity of race, language and religion, Spain has in Am-rica th< !<>/ ie t miiiuR ill contributing to the establishment of inteiho m' and vigoroutgwrnments, which, by croatirig b&ppinees for tlioso , our holploys brother*, may be able to protect tho vast interests of our countrymen, and increase, bind anl strengthen tli? ties which commerce and facility of intercourse make :-s bonoilcial to both parties a.< could th:> dejKsudcnce in former tim s 11)1011 tiio .same guv rnuient. [Jranslat d from tiio Coustitnci' n<-l (Opposition).] The rout of tho federal troops by tho South rn s ecessionists, which the te'Vuinpn iiA-; iU""Jc.nced to im, confirms the refections which we htv: Jreiu, ni'y mat- in rirard to the entire inutility of the trrijl v.< i>,-,j?ttd on itself by the, Nurth to ch ing* the titanium of affairs to th<> state in wliu-h they mere prior to Ih" "taction of Mr. Lincoln to the list <f Presidents of the republic. * * * Wo (So not mean by this that we consider Ihe war concluded. The North has great r. a Mirers to prolong it, and just as tiio secessionists, had tin y been b 'Ut'ii in too llrst battle, would not have ackn wl>Hl^.i 1 thoins thi! fortune of war. NovortheleR', if tiirv;o of tl South know how to take advantage of victory, n foliations may be opened which may facilitate tti" onUj yo-'iUe isstf of this struggle, and ttultis that the Unitii States c >n.'li'*.U t!i Mselivs into hon separate republics; one rcal'y demo craiic, in which thoro will be no distinction of race or color, or, at taut, where abvery wiU not ba permlttoii; and tho other more lik-- the ancient nationalities than those of modern Kuropo, in which slavery may bo maintained, protected and preserve 1 io" a long time. From tho first day wn foresaw this ros'ilt, and said it vh tiie only oiio feasible, and were confirmed mo o and moro in our opinion when wo saw Mr. Lincoln's massage to Congress. Hie only w j b;j which the AV-r/i could obtain pn.bat.4lititl of a dtjiiii'i:"1 triuui} h ;?w to de.l 'tv slniery abvlisheil in all the Stales of the Union, ani all the mgrocs to be im n^diitdy free, ilut this mode was not adoptod, nor w; s the least hope given that it would be. We blemo neither Congress nor the President for it, boca ?? it is poa.-ihl? that this B idden emancipation under the oircumstancos la which it would have to be dewed, would have caused torrents of blood and innumerable victims among innocent whites; and tho sann humanity wlii h counsels the giving liberty to tho blacks Imp s >s preeautions which it i.i nee ?siry not to disregard, i.n.rss it is desired to convert iiie lib.u tv of th nogro.'s into a letting loos of forocious beasts. lint, undoubtedly, this meJJixi nut lering adoptiyl, nud no h >pe being given (hat it would bo her after, Ihr A'orlh iUelf every door of svecest; and lor all its measures, and the material advantages it might obtain, it could never more hope to succouu iu v/.ioi|ieilin;r tho Southern States to suhoiit. Ifthoscn!' the South, taking advantage of th" mora' influence 01 their victory, eoutinue marching on Wishington, and, using th. ir triumph with moderation, present lo.iH'iuuoi-.i r-n in \\ \vm revive ine energy of a party wlii di has been form '4 in tho bosom of tho North, and which til! now ha not dared to rniso its voice. This party is thai which, without applauding th" conduct of tiio S mtb?ovoa censuring it?limits oparatiou as a necessity of tho times; bjlioves tin' war rf' -lrcsand disastrous: would have desired to avoid it by reeagnizing tho right of the separated States to form a republic apart, and wishes for a sp-ody settlement that btisiin as may rot'irn to its regular course, and to remain, for once, frt > from that stigma of slavery which has attached to N >r h Amaric n institution*, suviiw th>m thus troin that rage for annotation which has pn suited its |>olicy in an unfavorable i got to tho eyes of til world. The par;isans or p.: ice will now bo ab'.o to ape >ic at tho North a id be listen ?d to. I translated from tho Hoino (moderate).] According to the news wo received to-day by tti ? p ip^rs arrived from New York, the rout which the Union army, ctntir u !'d by <}'iieral M-ifciw dl, sutf.ved at Man i.-sa; Junction and Hull run wai complete. In its disorderly lliglit it abandoned to the coaquerer ail ils munitions anil materials of war. lie this as it may, wo are far from giving to this victory of tho Southern army tho importance to their cause which some periodicals concede. Wcs'e in it but the beginning of a sanguinary war. Au l, avowing that tho triumph of the Confederates may not b decisive, nor far from it, although for tiie moment it may give somo ascudancy to their arms, believe it will fi^ilnce tin ovr ydic tin t vigorous recu li n on the part of the .V >rlk. It is impossible that the North, with its pri do, its consciousnessof superiority over tho South,and in view of tho reverses its arms have suffered, wld not put all its men i;n 1 ail its immense resources ia motion to avenge the atfront it has just receive I from St:'.tos which it lias always treated with the most haughty disdain. ()n*their part, the Confederates, flushed with victory, will find greater facilities for Increasing their armies; and finally, which is of ni >re important.', wi'.l succeed, in all prob ibiiity, ia drawing to th 'm som > of tin interin id a1.* s. which till now htvo vacillated or abst lined ta!. i 4 part with either of the contending s-ctiens. Tho result of the batt'e will be tlnn, in tlno, t,o give that uuity and dotormiaation which each of thi boillgarouts has lacked till now, and to prepare tl;^m for a war of irnmoilse proportions, the chances of wT:ich it is Impotsiblo to divine. The only thing we tieniur? to pro<jn -Hieate, be-awte ii is in the natural courte of eveiUs, is tha' thj union nf the. North an I Sxith will ntner/x re-e<'a]Ji.<h*<l. * * It is not more hazardous to pradlc't tint In Uu changes of the war, and whatever may be its result, all the States of tho former Vin "rican Union must experience the most th trough transformation in their social character and existenc"?that p opie, young, aotlvo, m .ustrious and commercial, will have to become, from force of circumstances, a military pet.plo, with all tin finalities of such, weakening or destroying tho work of Washington. However, we. alth ,gh but spectators of the discords at wo.k in the Unit 1 States,cannot be, in ail respects, Indifferent spectators: and in regard to tho ulterior influence of those events ou tho safety of our Antillas anil o:i the independence of the South American r'publics, wo aro far from bolloving ii favorable, as wo have on a former occasion point ?d out. Let us loave events to develope thoinselves whilo wait ing for the next news from America, news which, we lieliovo, will supply tho curiosity ot the Eu;o,>ean press with abundance of pabulum. [Translated rrom tho tiiario BSpar.oi.j ? ? If tho fato of arms had been favorable to tho Washington government, it is very probnMe the olvil war would not have terminal it with the buttle of Manassas. Tho Southern confederacy calculated its means to prolong the ^Struggle; and apprehension ;>!' tha moasnros which tho Northern confederacy would adopt, if it wure eonqtioror, would have obliged it to make tho moal de-<p rate oiforts und to yield only at the last extromity and when resistance was, beyond all question, impossible, lint the Northern confolerary finds itself in adlil'erent position. It does not fl;ht for its Independence as deer, the South, l)'it to recover tho soceled States; it h is nothing to fear from tho consequences of defeat, 3iuco the Southerners do notosplro to m ike conquests, but to protect themselves from molestation; it doc.-5 not depend, iu fine, on any other warlike nvUorials than those it lia 1 assembled at Manassas, and which have just liecn de.m'VoJ, by tho secessionists. * * * Tim m-parntu.n will I* it 7i. t <? ', / to b'/'h cin/tx1n\icu<, lul to all Hi. Jm riranaihl a nrea' part if the Kurojxan nnfiviis. l:i tlto Cnlti d Stat -s tlioro have liecn two people entirely ill ,'oreut in :a ideas, in n sourers and in moans of pros. e.-tty and aggrandliem nl. All tho States which ?t pre.- nt compose the Southern confe loracy and somo which tho North ha.4 hind re.I fr m .111 mo I; ating thornselves, form the oan; those whieh vb >y llu g v mm. ;t at Washington, the other. Although Kim p an civilisation has bocn modified to somo octant In transplanted to tho new continent, It is ob s r .mI that the Northern confederacy tends more to tho ci 'toms and aspiratiot S'.f European nations th.m thai of tho South. This latter haaeompletclv thrownnsnleevory kM ?f com 'deration there, the Mlvklv tf, admitting tho utilitarian principle and them *-t relinod sclflshn -s asih.t only sta 'da. 1 fr.r his eonduct. has creatol a new civiliant: n.vory inferior to that of Kuro;io and v t -.i i. t fi m that of tho Northern c nn.-i raev. Ail i. s be. .1 nv loll d there iu lnrmonv with thos" sentiments, the habits > f the individual, of tho I niey am! "f t|i?| jOe. ? ? * S01110 time since the United Slat < aspired to extend their dominion over all America. \\'e havo md them advance from aim: x.i tiim to annexation, to a e.inipleto ajurandlz. nvnt. and to thirst constantly after n-w a 111 x it num. T. laclli tato those, f/ ./ haw r nliifuillj) rxMrVrf h* > oii>r? ^ th ir diplomatic ability aiul their well filial tryiiury. . V <? order to xoeakm the (South) American republic! If urging one to war against the other, fomenting Intestine strife in oach alike, and always endeavoring to exerciM the greatest lulluonce as well ou the external relation* of tho people of tha New World, as on tliulr internal govern* ment. To thii ciuluct iif the United Slut.! ii due, in great measure, the priuiraliitn in which th'xe ;* pi? are ' /mild, on whom tno old confederacy dependedfor tha exteusion of iM dominion from Canada to Capo Horn, and from tbo Atlantic to the Pacific. With separation North America must renounce those aspiration* Tho neutral und Southern republics of (ho Now Wort^ free from that accursed continual agitation, will be eaablod to strengthen themselves with the beneiltacf i?aoe, and organize tliems"lv<s In such a maimer that the civilization ami well being which ily from them with gigantic strides may roturu to lead tliem on tbo road to happiness. In regard to Kuropeau nations those which l?avo cola ??" '* ?*>v iiMtuii'p aim uu nut American cuiuiueni, irwa Dow from ihu roar of losing tliein (sitioo neither th Northern uor Southern confederacy will be In ? position to think of now acquisitions; and if ono should contemplate it, there will he 110 necosslty to throw obstacles In the way, for the other will tmmoliatil.v un- . dertakoto prevent'It), will bo onabloil to appropriate la * their favor the enormous gums which now go to the support of a numerous army to protect thorn from violence, ami to turn to their own improvement tho attention they w?TO required to fix, ami the resources they saw thomS"lvcg obliged to expend, in order to watch over tho preservation of their colonies. The nations which do not tin.) thoms dves similarly circumstanced will, hi like maaner,se? themselves frre from th: continual complications to which tho United States, with their immoderate ambition and agnrossWo instincts, gave rise. And herein behold how tho evil of North Amorlca wtB turn out a benefit to tho rest of the New World aud th* whole of Europe. The ICiigiiali Fleet on Oar Coast> [From the I/>ndon Times,Sept. 4.] A The Medea, 0, paddle, Steamed out of Portsmouth har- | bor yesterday, in charge of the officials of the Reserve, I to test her machinery. Kvery part worked in a very , satisfactory niannor. On -her return into harbor she hipped her paddlebox boili alongside tin dockyard. I She is ordered for commission to-day. '1 he pelican. 17, screw, also at Portsmouth, will likewise be commissioned to-day. Both shi|?s are ringed and stored. Thuy are said to lie destined to reinforce th* s'p a iron, wuler Sir David Milne, on tho North Atnerloa ami West India station. [From t':o Guidon Army and Navy ffazotte, Aug. 81.] liarracouu, fi, (Kiddle wheel steam vessel, Captain Wood, West Indies, Ii:ls proceeded, by tho last account!, to tho north and wost coast of Cuba, having boon considorately sent there by the Commander in-Chief, to giva Captain Wood the b<'st chance of recovering the terribl* lossi s he has lately sustained In having boon mulct ?*5,000 for Illegally detaining two vessels on wrong suspicion of their having been slavers. We wish the gallant olllcer every Httccess; but,alas, ?0,000 Is a fearful long dUtauo* to pull up from leeward. Ills late well earned promotloa is therefore scarcely likely to prove a blessing at present, but wo make little doubt but that /V/umi/"rt** juvai will be his motto in the future. Wo regret to add that the ship was still vory sickly. Cadmus, 21, screw steam corvette, Capta u Henry & Miliyar, L. H., was at uarbadoes on the lutn mat. Firebrand, 0, paddle wheel stoain sloop, Command** Drue, North American station. Our last letters from this alio was ordered to proceed to Ply. ? mouth and there await furthor command?. She wa3 now perfectly healthy, thoi:gh shortlnnded. ;*ho may bo e*p ele I at Plymouth aliout the 6th or 7lh of September, wh'vi, probably, sh? will he sent round to Woolwich., 21, screw stevn corvotte.fnpt. Von Ponop, Wort India s piatlron, h:is proceeded to V ra Cruz to relieve th? I) aporate, en that .station. Tho Jason was sickly, and ?! t: j. ^h uo deaths had occurred, thore were several suspicions cas>-s on b- aid. ile soy. 40, screw steam frigate, Capt. II -riry Caldwoll, C. H.. sailo 1 from Aspinwall o:i tlio 23d ot' July, and was, by the last accounts from tho West Indies, at anchor la , l\>rt H.,v ii inrtv>r, Jamaica. [From Ih-j Tiondon Army ami V<ivv Oaz 'tto, August 17.] Skipjack, 2. rciow ste.m tf'iuboat, Lieutenant Oom? mamlerO. II Ilarnard, was at liarbadoos on tho 2-1 d of July, b it it was expoct 'd she w >'il 1 very shortly Io?t? for a cruls i among tin Leeward Islands, and not return to Darbadocs before Novombor noxt. There had been rumors of a:i American j rivateir having be n sen off tb? French Uiauds, bat u-thing reliable h.w boon h jard of her. Movcmenti of the Kx-Hoynl Family of France. THE BOl-KDOX VISIT T') THE UNITED STATES, CANADA . AX1) SOUTH AMERICA. [From the l/iadon Tinu ?, Sept. 2.] Sine the Countess de Nuilly returned toClarcmoat. about ten day.-1since sh> has en,||rod theb -st health, ana although versing :i ie r eightieth yoar, stfil retains tb* mildcheerfuln vs whi li has been characteristic throughout the vicissitudes of her lire. At an eariv hour o* Saturday morning his Koyal Highness the l'rinco de Jotoville and his son, the l).;c de I'eutheWvre, "left Clareraont for America. It is understood tha* the youthful Pjlnc? to Amorica to cmuruoo the naval servico ills Royal Highness tlii' I uc "le Nemours roturncit to Claremonta f \v days since from <ier:nany. Tlio sons of his Royal Highness, the Count d'Ku and the Duo, d'Alencon, are trav.tllintj in Sp lin. Their Royal Highnesses the l?uc and I);ich"sso i!u Montpensier le ivo Claremont today for Plymouth. tli >r to embark for Cadiz, accompanied by their ol '. st ilaugh: t, the Princess Isabella. The Count de Paris and the Due d~! Chartros took farewell of the royal circle on l-'ri l. y and left for Liverpool, 01 route to N aye York. The Count and his brother purpoee to mak'' a tour of several months' duration in the United States, and will visit Souih Amcica and Canada. Their Royal Highnesses t'l') Due and I) ichesso d'Aumale and family visited the ex-Queen Amelia yesterday at Claremi'tit, the Due do Nemours, the Due and Dcclioese de M utpansier, and a select family eirele, and the principal members of the houfe-'hold of the exiled family being pre s.cit. The ex-tiu 'en will leave Claremontto-day. attended ny hor faithful servitors and guile for VM>rldge Wells, there to pass the autumn. """ Si rntcjilc Points on t!ic Mississippi River* TABI.U OK DISTANCES FROM ST. LOCIS TO NEW O*I.KAN8. F nm St. Louii to Mil.'. From St. Louis to ililet. Jeflers: n Barracks Pi Horse Shoo l!end 640 Herculutioum 19 Island No. G3 64A Seium 20 Victoria 600 P> :sh Tower CO Montgomery's Point .. 600 Ko.-t Chartres CO Mouth of White river.. 604 Brick.'y's landing f>0 Mouth Arkansas river. 620 Sv. viove fit) Xanoleon. No. 7fi ? ?(! fiasl:askia landing.... 65 Itolivcr Court House .. 632 St. Mary's limiting .... 75 Cattish Point, 040 Rozi 'i 's Lauding To Cypress Bond 642 M >-.ttU Kaskaakia rivor. 78 Choctaw Bond 658 f'!i;"<r 80 Spanish Moss Bead.... 680 I.tbo.-i;- 90 Columbia 686 Bailey's Lntuling 05 roint Chicot 690 Wiikiiwon's 100 Bachelor's Pond 685 Hut Island 112 Island Xo. 84 898 Wittonburg 11/ Araarican Bond 709 Grand Tuwnr 120 Kentucky Bend TIT Kv ii'.s' Landing 121 Mather's I'ond 728 SheflHd Landiug ISO Princeton 730 \I?l>!o Creek ISO Bunch's Bend 740 Preston's Landing ISO Island Xo. 91 76? Bennett's binding 134 Tompkins' Bond 774 Vai'col's 185 Miiliken's Bond 804 X ley's 135 I'aw paw Island 816 Tea Table Bar 135 Mouth of Yazoo rivor . 820 Smith's Lauding 135 Wuluut Hiils 830 Willard's Landing 135 Vi. kshurg 832 Bainbrldge. 140 Warronton 812 Hum!' ' 140 Island Xo. 104 880 Monti 1 nr creek .. 146 Carthaee, Xo. 107 861 Cape;:! . 'an 150 Rig Black river 8S6 Thebes 192 Cotlbo's Point 886 , Baldw 162 Grand Gulf 888 Comm oo 165 Bayou Pierre 896 Santa K? 165 Brniushurg 808 Price's landing 175 Petit Gulf 906 Hunt's Landing 175 Rodney ....' 008 Line's Lahding 175 Cole's crock, No. 114.. 916 (uiro 200 Fairchild'8 island 925 I on Banks 220 Nttehuz 939 Columbus 220 Eliis' Cliffs 95T Chalk Banks 223 Flying Dutchman 957 MH:s' Point 235 Homochltta river 983 Xew Madrid 275 Buffalo river 992 Island Xo. 11 278 Fort Adams 993 Inland Xo. 12 2S0 Bod river 1,004 Riddle's Point 2S5 Red river Cut-off 1,006 Wnlk r's Bond Xo. 15.. 303 Tunica Bend 1.037 Xeodham's Cut off, 22.. 331 Shell island 1,062 Hale's Point 334 Point Coupeo 1,064 Ashport, Xos. 27 and 28 342 St. Frnnoisvlllo 1,064 Plumb Point, Xo. 31... 354 Bayou Sara 1,064 Fr.:t? n, No. 33 S64 White Cliffs 1,076 Mouth llatchee river.34 370 Port Hudson 1,076 Randolph 375 Port Hickory 1,077 Wolf Rivor 440 Prophot's Isiand 1,086 Memphis 442 Baton Rot^ge 1,100 President's Island,47.. 445 Plaquemine 1,123 Cow Island, 48 and 40.. 450 St. Gabriel's Church . .1,132 Norfolk 451 LonlslanaInstitute.... 1,146 Buck Island. Xo. 51.... 463 Bavou Lafourche 1,15T Commerce, Xo. 52 469 Dona'.dsjnville 1,158 Peyt n.57 and 58 608 Joffer?< n College 1,176 Sterling G14 Bonn?t QuarrcChurch.1,101 St. Krancis river f>23 Red Church 1,214 Ilulcim.OO 524 Carru'.tm 1,230 Delta 631 I.ifavtte 1,237 Port Royal 610 NewOrloans 1,240 Nrwifrom the IlritUU West Indies. The Bermuda GiuelU of September 10 contains a few ltams of Interest. J. 13. Welles, United States Consul, had arrived at Bar muda. Commodore Stewart, late of the United States Navy, C'pt. Prudden, mate and cro?v of tho schooner Juatina, had also arrived at Bermuda. FROM ST. THOMAS. Trinidad dales of July 21 state that the pirate Sumtar had arrived there, obtained a supply of coal, and loft oa August 6. It 13 .;nid that th > C.<ivornor of the island refused to receive the oflloer sunt on shore from the Sumior, except art a private gentleman, and tho same cour e was pmsued by the ofllcers of her M ijosty's ship Caism ", which vessel arrived al Trinidal while the Suint r ,vas there. Tho ofijeera and man of the Sumter we. i i ".piently on shore, and numerous visits wero paid liv gentlemen of 1 ort of Spain to the steamer, and by thorn the courUsy and frank kindtioBJ of her ofllcors are highlv spoken cf. ? pi' steamer Kevstnne State arrived a fow days after theS inner left,;.a"l liter remaining about half it. hour steamed out of iho harbor at a rapid rate to pioseouU her sc.irtb. The h .,?j is or:pressed by the Port of Spain Oaitttc that Capt,iin Scott would 6i?on bo able to report that he had e ii ried out 1:U instructions to the letter, as the presence ol' ,i v sei ' k.' the S<.mt? r in ? ti. ).;! '> trl.nod where th* p -.pie are so dop ndent on tho Northern State? <if America or supplies of th-; necessaries of life as ia Trinidad ia anvih ' n but airree: ?lo. Shou: ; i be K }* i tie State fill in with the Sumter at se.> i. id ivrin 1. r int i p.ct ion, awfnl indeed must be the a ... .pi' .r"s. One or both of tlvm will surely go to tte bo.tom?li dtlinr would y: :d to the other. At Ant' rptiaquitea l.-'t'irb o c-ip. I taken place,reused bv tin' display of a rebel !':? <, which was hauled down, t rn to pieces. Hid other ...onstr.itions tuado against what was Btylud luc ''slavery ling."

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