Newspaper of The New York Herald, September 29, 1861, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated September 29, 1861 Page 4
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r 4, NEW YORK HERALD. JAHES GORDON BENHETT, EDITOR ANI) PROITUETOR OFFICE N. W. OORNliR OF FULTON AND NASSAU BTS. Volume XXVI ...No. 270 AMU8EMENTS TOMORROW EVENING. ACADEMY OF MUSIC. Irvmg Plaoe.?1'Ror. IIebbuann. WINTER HARDEN', lliiwiUvvay.?Actrkss BT Datligut? ClKDKBK LLA. WALLACE'S TUEATHE, No. 8U Bri>?dw?y.?Tuk NkW Pbksimuct. {iAI'KA KEENE'S THEATRE, Broadway.?Avvin Song. hi'.vj ii incm iiii'.aihk, umvery.?eva?No?black i En 11 SlIftAN. RARKUM'S AMERICAN MUSEUM. Broadway.?Pay mill livuniii#?. .vi.vr k n ikk vVon mm: II 'D'THI I MAMKKH?UirrOI'UTAMOtl, tilA LlO.N, AMD OTUKB odrioiitiks. BRYANTS' MINSTRELS, Mraliantca' Hull. 472 Broad way.?mi>u*, Ium!h, liem.khiiui.s, *o.? lUmrm.1 ok tiik I'lcoiiiuinua 1'oi.itlu. MELOHEON CONCERT HALL, No. 639 Broad way.EOhUk, DaKCUK. BlrKLk.hiji K?. AC. ? iClVAL AKIimMi. CANTERBURY MUSIC iiALL, 686 Broadway.?Sonb?, Dam:?, Biiulkshukii, AC. "AIETTE8 CONCERT BOOM, 61G Rroadway.?drawing Boom Kntkiitainiik.ntii Ballkth. I'aniomima.-i, Kakcks, AO. AMERICAN MUSIC HALL, 444 Broadway.?SoNUi, Bali.kt*. 1'aktomimkjl, 40. ? itohhnt M a kkaiks. CRYSTAL I'AI.ACK CONCERT HALL. No. 45 Bowery. ? IIUKLKSUUKS, fcOKOS. 1>ancks. ac.?(>'t'lanmua* at tiik I' air. METROPOLITAN CONCtKT HALL, 600 Broadway? Bo.nuh, Dam ii<, Karukk. Boiii.asuukii, Ac. Sew York, Sunday, September !t9, 1S01. THE HITUATION. < A lengthy Cabinet council was held in Washington yesterday, at which Gen. McClellan was present, but the rosults have not of course transpired. The rebels arc in constant motion, but with what object has not yet been ascertained. It was discovered by areconnoissance of our troops of the New York Thirty-seventh from Fort Albany yesterday, that the rebels had abandoned Munson's Hill. It was evident that they were also moving in large bodies lowards the ferries in the direction of Poolsville bud intelligence was obtained that Oen. Johnston fvnB pushing on from Leesburg towards the Potomac, probably to Point of Rocks or Harper's Ferry. All these movements may indicate a Change of plan, or they may be merely feints to deceive Gen. MoClellan. He cent observations down the Potomac have (ust resulted in the information that no rebel batteries are visible except those at Freestone Point, t>ut the oflicers employed in the reconnoissnnce lire convinced that the rebels have erected batteric.-. all along the river, though they are at pre?ent con-ealed by trees. It is only a few weeks Hgo that the Richmond papers boasted that the Potomac was closed by the rebel batteries, and the recont attacks on oiir vessels from Freestone Toint, taken in connection with the threat that the tiew frigate Pensacola would never be allowed to proceed to sea from the Washington Navy Yard, look as if the boast was not without some founda. tion. The news from Missouri is important. General Fromont and his staff had left St. Louis for Jeffer?on City on Friday. General Price was said to be making preparations to receive him warmly ut Lexington. General Lane, with a body of Union troops, made a forced march on Osceola, and succeeded in capturing a henry train of supplies destined for the armies of Generals llaitis and Price, together with 00,000 iu money. He was pushing on to make a junction with Sturges' command at Kansas City. Some of the officer* captured at Lexington arrived at Jefferson City, having been released on parole, and they state that General Price has a force there of 4?,000 men. The exact whereabouts of General Mc.Cullooh appears to be ? mystery. A strong column of rebels was reported moving north from Lexington, in the direction ofSt. Joseph; bit the released officers knew nothing of such a movement. Borne disposition on the pnrt of the rebels to iross the Potomac, near Point of Rocks, has been evinced within the past few days; but the vigilance of Colonel Geary, who commands the Union troops on the Maryland side, frustrated the design by tteiziiig the inmates of a farmer's house on that ihorc, who were making signals to the enemy, and ao attempt, to cross the river has since been made. The arrival of the privateer Sumter at Surinam on the 25th ult., which was before announced, is eonflrmcd by tho arrival of Dcmarara papers, which report her as having put into the former port for coal. A nephew of Jeff. Davis is said to be on board in the capacity of midshipman. We learn from Pensacola that the privateer Judith was captured there on the lith inst. by a boat expedition from the frigut^ Colorado. Three of the United States men were killed in the action. Another political prisoner was added yesterday to the number of those already incarcerated at Fort Lafayette, in the person of Mr. John H. Brayne, of I'hicarro. who was hrnncrlit. ?ji thia in an officer. The visit of Mr. Chase. Secretary of the Treasury. to this city, in connection with the new fifty million loan, has proved quite successfnl, our financiers having taken the full amount yesterday. During the day Mr. Chase took occasion to visit the Custom House, and made a minute examination of the detailed operations of every department, in company with Collector Barney, Mr. Pennison, the Naval Officer, and Mr. Andrews, the Surveyor of the Port. He expressed himself highly gratified with the workings of the Custom House. Intelligence has reached us that the rebel commissioners in England are endeavoring to procurc private-era in that quarter. It is said that a new acrew propeller had been built in Hartlepool and pailed for flymouth, armed with bix heavy guns, and fully mauned. It was also reported that Mr. Yancey has purchased two steamers, with lifting Rcrews, which are now lying in the Victoria dock at London. THE NKW8. The eqninoctial gale of Friday night was one of i unusual severity, though'happily unaccompanied | }iy any serious accidents in this city, or to the ! shipping in the rivers and bay, or along the coast ' k<> far as ascertained. The schooner Mary Anne ' Catharine, of Brooklyn, dragged her anchor and ! drifted against the yacht Bebecca, losing her main- j must and bowsprit and currying away the main- j Boom and bowsprit of the Bebecca by the collision. | In the intei i-ir, however, the storm was more dis- 1 u.-lr.'u- w ' effects. We.-t.eru New York is reported to 1 !! oiled, and all travel to the West s ispeii'i the bridges on the Buffalo brain Lt the 1 i. N1 on the main stem of the Erie Railroad are fu a dangerous condition. The clfectii of the storm on the bridge at Corning precludes all probability of travel at present. The Huperintendont of the road is acting promptly, but the water in still rising and Is now wilhin ten inches of the high water mark of November 10, 1857. There in an immense destruc. Tkn Iraullu nn tlm tnn of I I'll ?l IJ. A IJ V "S.uv ??? ?r ?. II >uut I'isgah, Pa., was blown entirely away by the gale. Prom Sweetwater, tlie outer station of the Paciflc telegraph, three hundred and forty miles this Bide of Salt Lake City, wo have ad vices by the pony expross from San Francisco us late as the 14th lust, lluniuesu was much revived in California. Tho volunteer recruiting was progressing in a fair manner, but men were not enrolling themselves so rapidly as they would have done had uot the fresh impulse to business given laborers opportunities to become employed at higher wages than arc paid the soldier. Some further items in relation to the State election arc furnibhed by this arrival. The following table shows the debt of the i United States at the time of the adoption of tho constitution, at the close of the last war with , Great Britain, and its probable amount in the coming year, together with the amount per head of the population at those three several periods:? 178T. 1H16. 1X02. ' Debt $80,000,000 127,000,000 600,000,000 ' Per head.. (20 $16 $10 GO The following list shows the number of troops yet remaining in this State at the various eucampnients:? New York city 6,000 ' Elmira?(ieneral Van Valkenburg 2,000 < Albai y ?General liathbone 1,700 ( Buffitlo?General Sorogga W Rochester?Colonel (.'rooks 600 ' Ueneseo?Colonel Wood 000 | Aulniin?Colonel Dodge 700 , Syracuse 400 1 Oswego?Major l)e Forest 700 I Ogdensbtirg?Colonel Thorndike MM) Corilaiidville?Colonel Green WH1 Kingston? Colonel Prait 700 i Doonville?Colonel Wheelock 6(H) | Saratoga?Colonel McKean COO Plattsburg 400 ' Westtleld?Colonel Porter 700 I Troy?Colonel Muuson 1100 Total lC,h00 | Phineas T. Frazer was recently arrested in New < Jersey on a charge of enlisting men for the rebel t forces, and was brought last week before Judge | Dickerson, of the United States Circuit Court, by whom he was discharged, on the ground that he ( only "attompted" to procure men for Jeff. Davis' army. The Judge took occasion to remark that j "in the State of New Jersey the writ of habeas corpus should be recognized." There is a line chance uow for some of tho prisoners in Fort Ijaiayeite. " John C. Breckinridge is reported to be in Mor gan county, Kentucky, trying to raise a party of 1 rebel followers. 1 The Paducali Herald and the Lexington States- t wan, two secession journals in Kentucky, have ^ ceased operations. The former was auppressud t by military authority, and the latter, liav- (| ing too heavy a load, disappeared in the mire. Three Iowa regiments?the Eighth, Lieutenant . Colonel Ueddes; the Ninth, Colonel Vandever, and tho Tenth, Colonel Perczel?arrived at St. Louis last week, in time, no doubt, to join Fremont's ex- 11 pedition up the Missouri river. L Thurlow Weed promises, if a regiment or brigade c of printers can be raised, that he wnl shoulder his c musket and march away to the war along with his | brethren ol the craft. c Professor La Mountain, of Troy, has been ordered ^ to report, with his balloon, to General McClell&u { at Washington. It is thought that lie will be j attached to the Commanding General's slall'. The October term of the United State* Circuit 8 Court will commence on Tuesday. Judge Nelson 11 has directed that a calendar of appeal cases be 0 made up for the next term of this Court, com- o mcncing on the third Monday of October. All t cases on this ralendar will be heard during the I term. Members of the bar are requested to order |< their copies of Apostles from tlie Clerk's Office, as c required by the rules, us early as possible. jThe Supreme Court, General Term, Judges Cfcrke, Ingraham and Leonard, have affirmed the Surrogate's decision in the lilaukman will case, directing that the will of Mrs. lilaukman be admitted 0 to probata. The Court also directs the appellauts ' to pay the cost*. t On Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday of last j week five million cartridges were sent away j from the Watervliet Arsenal to Washington, for f the use of the general government. Four cum- , plete six-pounder butteries and six thirty-two pounder batteries were also forwarded from the , same place. The committee of the State legislature held another meeting yesterday in reference to the expediency of opening various streets in the city, but no subject of any public interest came up before them. The City Judgo sentenced a number of prisoners yesterday in the General Sessions. James Murray, guilty of larceny, was sent to the penitentiary for six months and ordered to pay a fine of one hundred dollars. Walter Powell?against whom were two indictments for forgery in the third degree?pleaded guilty to one of them, and was sentenced to two years' imprisonment in the State prison. Win. Taggart. convicted of an assault with a dangerous weapon, was sent to the same institution for a similar period. James Wm. Adams, who pleaded guilty to grand larceny, was sent to Sing Sing prison for two years. Ttao cotton market was (juiet yesterday, and sales confined to uliiMit 2-">0 bales, In lots, closing at 21 VJc. for middling uplands; among the sales was a small lot of line Texas at 35c. Tho flour market was lessaetive anil buoyant, wldle prices wero heavy lor common grades and flrm for j:oo<l shipping extra hrands. Wheat w s less active, while prices were without change of importance. The Uriniiess in freight* tended to cheek transactions. The heaviest demand was for shipment to France. G>rn was in (food request, both for Kastern ports and for export, while prlres closed qniie firm, l'ork was (irtn and in good demand, with Bales of moss at $14 SO a $14 and of prime at *(? TT. !\ tin. anil tlAi M ? *1.1 Tf. f..r /.I....- o i were firm ami in good request, with fairs ?f about 1,000 f LIicIh. mi'l 1,200 bow at full price*. f>-fT.*n wua llrm. but ( quiet. Freight* were tlrm: to Liverpool grain was taken In Khl|>'* bogs at , and flour ut 3r. 3d.; to I<ondou wheat wan engaged at 14J., and flour at 4a. 3d.; engage- 1 menu; to Havre wore active; four vessels were tngagud 1 to take about 200,000 buchelg of wheat at 25c., and 4,000 | barrels of Hour at 90c* , Oar Kx-Prealdents and Oar Southern 1 Rebellion. Wo have five ex-Presidents of the United j States still living and in a good atate of physi- j cal health?to wit: Martin Van Buren, John i Tyler, Millard Fillmore, Franklin I'ierce and i James Bnehanari. liow stand they on the war i questionT Taking them iu their chronological order, we shall briefly explain to the extent of the lights before us. Martin Van Huron keeps very shady. We seldom hear of him, he has become such a hermit and such a philosopher among his cabbages and potatoes, and ducks and chickens, at Linden wold. but for several years past, from the intimate relations of his son. the Prince John, with the rump of the New York democracy, and from the remarkable silence of tho old gentleman on this war question, we arc half inclined to snspi et that he belongs to the white feather faction of the Albany Regency. If wo are wrong in this impre-sion we shall be glad to eiiriect our mistake; and we should also llko to know, direct fnm Iviwlerhook. whether tin chi< i itatriun h ol' that quiot town lioido that ! IW YORK HERALl), SU] %? - JuV * ' 4 Iho late emancipation proclamation of Gen. Fremont tallica or conflicts with the Buffalo Platform. But, at all events, our loyal people of Now York and of tbo whole oouatry are curious to know the position of Martin Van Buren in the matter of this war, and now is the time for him to writo a letter on the crisis, admissible of no doubtful construction. John Tyler, who figured so conspicuously at Washington last February as the head of the so-called Border State Peace Conference, has turned out a full-fledged rebel. His summer seaside residence luear Old Point Comfort has been appropriated to the comfort of some of our army officers, and they expect to call upon the Captain at his winter quarters at the ancient little oity of Williamsburg before the winter is over, llis lust official act at Washington as a peacemaker waa u very cool specimen of secession insolence?a solemn protest against the insult to Virginia involved in the planting of cannon on the land side of Fortress Monroe. Millard Fillmore, it appears, lias lately declared himself out-and-out in favor of President Lincoln's conservative policy for the prosecution of the war, which is the best political platform that Fillmore has occupied during the ivholo of hiB public career. Franklin Pierce is fishy. lie lately attempted nut West a little patriotic speech; but itbetrayed only the white feather. This is not a matter of surprise if we look back to the facts and acts of his mischievous administration. When ho same into power he found the two sections of the country reconciled to each other, tl o slavery question adjusted, and he was under bonds to keep the peace. But ho was beguiled and became the tool of his Secretary of War, Jetf. Davis, and his Southern confederates in Congress; and thus, in reopening ,he slavery question, he inaugurated in Kansas lie issue and those scent's of civil war and rebellion which now menace the capital of our sountry and the very life of the nation. The mblic humiliation of poor Pierce, in conscience of his faithlessness to his trust, has been ;oo much for hltn. und doubtless lie would now je speaking the peace speeches 'of Brock" ariilge but for a wholesome four of Fort Lafay>tte. Lastly among these ex-Presidents we come to ifr. Buchanan. Compassion for the unhappy >1(1 man mid his many troubles, and the belief hat, though weak in the head, weak in the >ack and weak in the knees, he was trying to lo right, induced us to assist in keeping his lead above water to the last. Now, however, caving bis motives to the benefit of a doubt, he fact stands out in bold relief to all the vorld that Mr. Buchanan's administration is lirectly responsible for this great rebellion, tnd that a pennyworth of sound discretion and noral courage on his part would have nipped t in the bud. He could have done this in the timely dis. uission of the traitors of his Cabinet; he could tave done it by adopting the seasonable advice >f dun. Scott, urging a strong garrison in each if the forts at Charleston; he could have done it >y warning arid stopping the rebels when tin y omnienced the erection of their hostile bat cries around Fori Sumter; or, failing in all hese things, he could have rendered the rebelIon Impotent In Virginia by seasonable ineaurea for the safety of the Norfolk Navy Yard, mi great naval squadron there, and those stares if ammunition and those three thousand p'eces if artillery. But he tailed even ia this irnporant duty, and the consequence is, that Irom larper's Ferry to South Carolina the rebels lave lined the right bank of the rotomuc and if Chenapeake Bay and the sea shore with their orts and batteries, from that depot of federal iannon seized at Norfolk. And so, to the vanity and foolish ambition if poor Pierce, ami to the deplorable weakness, iltnrin?vjfl nnd proiliiliiv nf hla nn.?r nl<l a*t?_ lessor in office, the labors of a hundred rears of patriots and sages, and of the great Vmcrican people, in building up the glorious abric of this Union, have been brought to the rerge of destruction. Let us hope that, us our lext ex-1'resident, to " Honest Old Abe" will >eleng the glory of our country's salvation. The Ntw Governor Uintrul of CnnaiU, There is no question of the value and importnice of Canada as a dependency of the British Jrown, nor of the interest which England has in he issue of the great contest now being waged >n our own territory. In time of peace on this continent the government of that province, alhough always involving heavy responsibilities, :nay be conducted easily enough by any gentle" nan of average capacity. By simply abstaining Yom doing anything which in the ordinary souvse of his official career he Is not called ipon to do, and complying willingly with the >rdinary requirements of his office, he may live nit his term with satisfaction to himself and the lominunity uver which he presides as viceroy, ind, if possessed of good social qualities, nay even make himself extremely popuar. One ra?h measure, however, one ndiscreet action, may not only result n his being personally hated far and wide, but n drugging the British government into a ea of troubles. If, for instance, the Governor general of Canada, at a period like the present, (revoked a quarrel with the United States by my obnoxious act, his government would iuivitably have to fight, it out, and, whatever night have been the vanity or folly of its representative. it would have to reap the cunsepiences. And these have so often been severe tlrcady that the British government cannot plead to inexperience. The foolish and bombastic conduct of Sir John Bowring in China re suited in disasters the effect* of which are still viBlblc, and the unjust and tyrannical policy of ? certain Colonel Browne, Governor of New Zealand, who committed a flagrant breach of faith with the natives, has embroiled England in a Maori war, which in still raging, and has already bwn attended with heavy loss on both sides. These facts, to which hundreds more could be added had we the necessary space for their enumeration, sufficiently demonstrate the care that should be exercised in the appointment of men to places of distant and supreme authority. We are therefore the more surprised at the recent appointment of Lord Monck to the Governor Generalship of Canada. Who Lord Monck was remained almost :i mystery to the great majority of the people of England till his select ion by Lord Falmerston to be thp successor of Sir Edmund Head was announced. Upon inquiry, however, it was discovered that lie was nn Irish peer, whose antecedents disclosed the fact that lit* was once a member of the House of Commons, whose constituents did not think so u, !1 of him as to return him twice, and a junior Lord of the Treasury. Now those who know what the latter means art aware tbal it is equivalent to an SDAl, SEPTEMBER 29, 1861 M. P. resigning all hope of political proferment, 1 and almoet an acknowledgment of his incapacity ever to become a prominent member. Join Sudlier, the Irish banker, who committed sui" cide on Hampstead Heath somo years ago, had ^ been a Lord of the Treasury, and Mr. Gregory, the member for Galway and advocate of the [( rebel cause in tlio British Parliament, was re- ^ cently tendered the same office, bu* declined be" ^ cause it would havo ruined his political pros- ^ pectB. A Lord of the Treasury Is a mute In the ^ House, but is always presont to vote for the ^ government when a division takes place. He , is thus a useful dummy, and nothing more. ^ Now Lord Monck can point te nothing ^ higher in his brief official career than j having been one of those junior lords, whose ^ duties, a loading London journal has said,

j u_ ??.. ?in. i- P mnilj ire JJUI IUI lUVU 11J Ult' gUrll III II it could only be taught to say "hour, hear," at certain intervals during the ministerial j speeches. Why Lord Monck has been deputed tto (111 this important position?and especially ^ important at the present time?is explained by the Tact that he is the personal friend of Lord ^ Palmorston; and Lord Palmerston, through life, ^ has boen notorious for serving his friends, regardless of cost and the interests of the Crown. ^ The English press may well cry out against ^ the insult to the Canadians involved in this r( appointment. They have a right to some one of more tried capacity. It may be that Lord w Monck is the possessor of genius which only j. requires opportunity for its developement; but he has shown none of it so far; and a man who ^ is sent out to guide the destinies of Canada at j. such a time us this ought to be selected for qualities which he has already shown himself ^ to be possessed of. During their fits of pe riodicul restiveness the Canadians are a hard ^ people to govern, and they may soon be exposed to unusual exciting causes arising from tho war in the United States. The action of en the Governor General would in either case be of the greatest moment to the home govern- . rncnt, and it will be well for Great Britain to run as little risk us possible In tho choice of the ^ man to whom she entrust* so much of her aj fortunes in tbe New World. p Thr IiOii<l?n Quarterly Iievlrw on the |0 Knte of Our Democratic Iniillt ration*. | The London Quarterly, the organ of old tory ol ism in England, devotes an article to the discus- | Hun of American uirairs, in which it attempts to ^ demonstrate the downfall of democracy and the impossibility of permanence to repub" fi( lican institutions. To look for sympathy for democratic government from such a quarter* or condolence with tho republic in its mis" fortune, would be absurd. Hut we have a , ? ' la right to a fair statement of facts, and the j J Quarterly has no right to assume, as it docs ^ throughout, that the Union is at an end. Nor lias it any right to make such unfounded state . merits as that the Nkw Yokk IIbrald was .g mobbed, and compelled to change its course. aj 1 ho Ibciuu> was not mobbed. That fabrication , was set afloat by the Tribune. Nor have we tj, changed our ciiurse. We have been consistent m from the beginning. Wo have ever been for the ^ Union, and against all secessionists, whether at ^ the South or at the North?whether they were ^ the <r.Beii>los and followers of Yancey and Davis ^ or of Greeley ana Qairinon. Tfc? QimWit/j/ jg full of blunders, and betrays great ignorance on tLe subject on which it writes. The Union is not yet at an end, and therefore ^ the argument against democratic institutions, ^ founded on the contrary assumption, is fulla- re cious. It is true the republic is on its trial. rc We are struggling against the effects of j. tho anti-slavery poison instilled into the community by British propagandam, and when wo have succeeded in this the j republic will be stronger than ever, and th continue tn be worshipped by tbc downtroddon millions of Europe as the star of empire which ^ is to light them to liberty. It is remarkable that ^ the organs of English opinion, whether reviews ^ or journals, now ignoro the existence of the slavery question, and say little even about cotton. They exult in the fact that the wedge n tliey have inserted into the republic has split it in two, and this they regard as the consummation of their hopes and as a new lease of power tli to despotism in Europe. But they are prema- 0i ture. The end is not yet. Franco, in her first t| Revolution, had to wade through rivers of fi| blood, and to contend with domestic as well as s; foreign foes, including England; but her unity ra was maintained, and slje is to-day the greatest ta nation of Europe. England for a long seizes of w years had her soil deluged with blood in the 0. civil wars of the Roses. Was democracy the w cause of this, or was England ultimately di- u, vided? Again, by the wars of her Revolution, f\ extending over a period of about sixty years. w she was subjected to another fiery ordeal, U1 but again came out unscathed. What, right ha* ft, the Quarterly to conclude that the American re- 8( public will not also ride triumphant over the 0I waves? As well might we argue that monarchy m was the cause of the terrible revolutions and tt civil wars in France and England, and that \ monarchial institutions were there proved to w be a failure, as that the Quarterly should con- n elude that American democracy is a failure, and sc that it is the cause of the present civil war. bi Hut even supposing that the rebellion in this V country should finally result in two separate, w permanent governments, would that prove the A failure of democracy? As well might we prove me wiuure ui iuouarcnv ay wic partition 01 tne re kingdom of Peland, or by the separation of aj Portugal from Spain, or of* Belgium from IIol- ol land, or, moro recently, of Lombardy from Hi Austria. Nobody contends that democratic p< institutions arc perfect. They hare their ai weak as well as their strong points. But w the Quarterly completely fails to make di out a case against them. Jf the pi free States of the North wrro permanently in separated to-morrow from the slave States of ol the South, they would constitute a more power- si; ful empire than the British?the State of New I> York alone being equal in area to the whole h* of England. The trial of the republic, how- w evor, is not yet ended, and we do not ei despair of seeing the breach yet healed, though b< it may require much blood and treasure to to do it. If that should be accomplished E what will the Quarterly then say of the model di republic and it# institutions, and what becomes F of its arguments in favor of the blessings of ai European despotism, with it" perennial poverty, ai ignorance, misery and crime, and a taxation s< whose weight bows clown the people to the ol earth In spite of the hasty conclusions and tl Indecent rejoicing* of the Quarterly, the t< J American republic will survive the British ni j monarchy, and continue to be in the future as w it has been in the past, a standing menai-e to 11 absolute governri 'iit, and a bright and glorious A j example for the imitation \f all nations o > IrltUli Rjrmpalky With the Amrrlran llcbclllon?Tlie Oomcqntnoei to England. Consistency is a virtu* of which England has fiown herself to beaadly in want, in the course lie bos pursued towards this country since the utbrcak of the Southern rebellion. Those anicedents which stand out like landmarks in her iatory, und upon which she most prided herself, emi'd to huve been forgotten or disregarded y her statesmen of the present day. What are e to think of that Power which, in 1833, passed bill for the emancipation of every one of tbe slaves then within its dominions, and oted twenty millions of pounds sterling as jmpensation to their owners, and yet lately ;nt its support to slavery and slaveholders? That are we to think of that Power which had ... J 1 I- f -f ivmuhcu ovi iuuuij aim du ill ittvui ui itablished governments, and been so unsparing i its hostility to usurpers, and which, neverthe>sa, recenfly gave encouragement to insurreoonists? What reliance can we place upon the induct of a government which could thus run junter to its past history, and all that Chatam, Pitt and Wilberforco left as the legacy of leir laboi We can but institute a comparison bereen the attitude of England towards the tbels of 18G1 and that of Franco towards the ivolutionists of 1776. France was then the iost despotic monarchy in the world. But, ith a remarkable absonco of consistency, when 10 colonists of the Old Thirteen, goaded and ;>pressed by the tyrannical George III., rose > declare and fight for their independence, ranco extended to them the band of friendlip, and throughout the struggle which relltcd in the foundation of the United States io remained a prominent chumpion ot their lorious cause, liut the monarchical goverulent paid dearly for nou-adhcrence to those rincipleB of absolutism which had before aided the policy of tho nation; for the Rovoluon in America, with which the French peoplo id so deeply sympathized, gave them a new lea, which was not slow to develope itsell in te Revolution which overthrow the monarchy, [id gave birth to new institutions in ranee. Now, tho lute inconsistency of Engtnd is far greater than that of France t the period to which we refer, for the question f slavery had then not even become a subject f controversy. Whereas, for thirty years be>re this attempt of the Southern States to throw ildo the federal government and establish a parato slave confederacy, England had kept p a violent agitation against the "domestic initution," and for the sake of a principle had i>t only sacrificed her hundred millions of dolirs, but the prosperity of her West Indian colo es; lor ms notorious mat since Uio emaneipaon of tho negroes property has bocorac cointralively worthless, and trade at a standstill the British West Indies. Moreover England not taking part, as France did, in favor of 1 oppressed people making a determined struge to throw off an obnoxious yoke and achieve eir national independence. She is, by giving oral aid to the rebellious States, promoting ie most causeless and unprovoked insurrection ironicli'd in history, and, by buoying up the >pos of the Southern people, prolonging a oody conflict between those of her own kith ill kin. Whnt, therefore, will bo tho oll'oet ion the popular mind in England of examples ich as those??and, will tbey not be kely to recoil with disaster upon hcr\tl May we not indeed look for such a ivolution in England, following upon the bellion in this country, as succeeded to that, of :7C in France? 1b not the policy of the one >vernmcnt as likely to provoke it as was that the other? And what greater security will ere be for the safety of the throne of England ian there was for that of the old French inoirchy? To jealousy of the national greatness ' this republic we may doubtless attribute iat dubious, if not hostile, policy which Eng,nd has displayed towards us since the comencemcnt of our present troubles. evolution In Hungary?Napoleon's Oppot tunity. The Hungarian Diet has been dissolved, and ie llungalians have refused every imperial ler and concession short of the restoration of leir original constitution, upon which they -mly insist. They are offering a passive re stance 10 mo amnorny or rue empire, win en ikes the collection of taxes a difficult tinderiking, only to be performed by the military, ho are quartered upon the inhabitants ail ier Hungary, and regarded with a hatred hich those only who feel themselves injured id oppressed nationally and individually can el. The Hungarians, proud and determined, ith a strong and undying love of nationality, id a history which is as suggestive of their iture as it is descriptive of their past, are relived upon freeing themselves from the yoke r Austria. They will riso unanimously, and ake a desperate effort to overthrow the Tower lat oppresses them. It is that uprising that ustritt dreads. It is an uprising, too. for bich Louis Nupoleon is waiting. The occurence of that eveut will be the signal for the ttlemcnt, not only of the Hungarian que?tion. lit the Roman question and the question of enetia. There will bo simultaneous action ith regard to all, and well will it be for ustria if she survive the storm. There was very rocently a prospect ofaEuipean coalition of the four great Powers gainst Franco; but we recijgnise in the letter ' I'rince Gortscliakoff, which we lately pubshed, that the Emporor is in no way disused to join Rwords with England. Austria id Prussia. That the present British Ministry ill favor Austria and the coalition we have no ?ubt; but the trading class, or anti-Austrian rrty of England, w ill control the government this matter, and the result will bo a chunge 'Ministry and a revolution of parties, and we 1 - i. M-i i - -- mil no luugrr ut?r ui ciium u i uimriiHon or erby administration. Moreovefr, England may ivo something to attend to on this continent, bicli, in any case, would prevent her from itering into hostilities with France. We have jforo adverted to the arrangement said < exist between Louis Napoleon and Victor manuel for the transfer of the island of SarInia to the former in consideration of the rench troops evacuating Rome, and wo are Tare of the decided hostility of England to jy such French aggrandizement. In the pres nt state of the affairs of the world it woirld be bviously unwise for France to attempt ie annexation of any portion of Italian rritory; but it. will be an opportune lomcnt for carrying out a favorite proje. t hen tlie Austrian army is occupied in Inngary r.nd in defending the Quadrilateral, u ti ia will tlien b helpless, rtiid. with Uu-<i.i lit of the field, there would be uothin^ to '' 1 from England and Prussia, although the latter especially would bo very nervous about the ultimate result. The annihilation of Austria us a Power would give a fearfal shock; to all Germany, and the British Hon would gnash his teeth over Sardinia being added to th? alre.uly vast possessions of a great naval and military rival. The settlement of the Ilomaa question, which would confine the Pope to th? vauoan ana a garden, and make Koine the capital of Italy, would probably hurry the tottering steps of Pio Nono to the grave, however large might be the pension allowed him in consideration of the loss of his capital. But before departing thin life he would doubtless not forget to anathematize the eldest son of the Church for his wickedness in bartering Rome for Sardinia. When, therefore, we hear of an Insurrection in Iliing'iry we may look forward to Hung.iritui independence, to the capture of Venetia by tho Italians, to Rome being made tho capital of the new kingdom, and Sardinia being handed over to France. Meanwhile, we may expect to see Russia a neutral spectator, and England and Prussia in a situation where they cannot well help themselves, and which English and Prussian statesmen may perhaps Shudder to contemplate. Religious intelligence. CITY CHUaCI'KS TO-UAT. In the Socond Universalis! church, corner of Eleventh street and Second avunuo, Kt v. G. E. Flanders will preach this mornlup at a quarter to eleven o'clock, and in the evening will delivor the first of four discourses on " Human Immortality." Services at half past seven o'cl'Ck. Tho F.vaugellcal Alliance will bold open air services om Mission square, Five Points, this afternoon at one o'clock. Prcai hing by He v. Charles Chaucer (iocs. Also in Amor place ut live o'clock, by Rev. J. Duwling, D. D. In the Christian chapel, Seventeenth street, near Sixth avenue, sorvices at half-|?-t ten o'clock In the morning ar.d at ball'-pust seven in the evening. Preaching by the pastor, 1'ibanC. Urower. Subject In the morning?"No Neutrality;" cveniog?"Christianity nndConscience." "Saul, tho Political tleneral," will bo the subject of the fourth sermon of tbo series on the ''Military Heroes of the Bible," at tho Brooklyn Tabernacle, this evening. Rev William Alvin Iiartlelt will proach at half-pa?t tea A. M. and bal!-past wven P. M. In Iho Memorial church, Hammond street, corner of Waverlov place, the It-v. A. 11. Viulun, D.D., rector of St. Mark's church, will preach this evening. Services at half-pnst ten, half-past throe and half-past seven o'clock. In the Northwest Presbyterian church, Fiftieth street, l.ighth avenue, Rev. Dr. Hubbard WUislow will preach at half-past ten A. M., and Rev. Dr. M. S. Huttoa at half pust seven P. M. In St. Ann's church, Rev. Thou. Gallaudet, rector, Mrvices as usual with the voice at half-past ton A. M. and ball past woven P. M., and In tho sign language at halfpasi three P. M. Rev. F. C. Ewer will preach in tha morning and evening. Rev. Newton He-ton, of No war k, N. J., will proach ia tho State street Congregational church (near Hoyt), Brookly n, this morning and evening, fc'orviccs commence at half-past ten A. M. and half past seven P. M. In the Bleocker street Unlvorsalist church, corner of Downing stie.'t. "If Religion Is not U> Save us from Hell Hereafter, of what uso Is it ?" will be considored by Iter. Moses Ralkiu this evening at half-past seven o'clock | Roy. Matthew Halo Smith will proach to-day (SouJay), \i I hillips' new hall, 600 Seventh avenue, between Fortyfifth and Forty-sixth streets, at a quarter to eleven o'clock, and in tho evening at half-past seven o'clock. Hub?oe,t?' On the Book of Fccle6la.stos?An Autobiography of a Man of the World, or Solomon's Counsel to the Young." Sunday school at two r. M. The Rov. Henry Blanchard will preach in the Church of the Restoration (First l'nivenalu>t), coiuer of Ifouroa p'aco and Clark street, Brooklyn, this evening. HubjeSj-r "Tho Broad Church." Tho public are cordially invited to attend. Tho Rev. Dr. Morgan, of St. Thomas' church, will preach the anniversary discourse at tbo above church, before tbo New York Bible and Common Prayer Book Society, this evening (Sotitember 20). Service at halfpast seven. Mrs Cora L. V. Hatch will speak at Dodworth nail, 809 Broadway, this morning, at half-past ten, and at half-part seven in tho ovenlng. DEDICATION OF A CATIIOLIC CHUKCII. This (Sunday) being tho Feast of Saint Michael, tha Most Reverend Archbishop of Now York will dedicate tba now Church of Saint Michael, situated in West Thirtysecond street, to the service of God. His Grace the Archbishop will preach a sermon, at tho opening of the services, at eleven o'clock in the forenoon. The now Saint Michael's churfh is a vory elegant and commodious structure, running from West Thirty-second street into West Thirty-first street, near the Ninth nveaue, the rear of tho sacred odlflco being lmunded by a spacious parochial echool, which fronts on the List named street. Tho width of tlie building here is eighty feet, and the school is flanked by a fine bell tower one hundred and Ave fe?t in hi ight. Saint Michael's church has progressed without interruption towards completion, notwithstanding the general depression of ovory Interest In the city, though the xi al of its pastor, Rev. Arthur J. Dounolly, seconded in a worthy nnd becoming manner by tiie liberality of an industrious and attached congregation. ' Till! LOYALTY OF TUB WELSH CONG RELATIONAL CRURCHK8. 1 The Association of the V> elsh Congregational churohea in the !-tato of New York comprises about 22 clurcLca, 14 ordained raptors, 8 assistant prenchors, 64 deacons. 1 ,r>00 ceinniur.ic.unts, SHX) talitmth school scholars ac4 8,.r)l)01) 'tirerr. Thc'ir churches nro situated in the coua? IIP*of New \ork, Cattaraugus, Madison, Oneida and St. Luwrcnce. Their last annual meetings were held from September 10 to 21, lBfll, at I'tica, Decrflold, Holland I "atent, Floyd, Kemsen and Penymynyud Steuben. At theu conference of pastors nud delegates, hold at I'tica on Tuesday, the 10th Inst., a committee of live, viz: the Hev. Robert Everett, 1). I>., Steuben; the Rev. Morris Roberta, Kntiisen; the Rev. David Trice, lilica; the Rov. K. I>a? vies, Waterville, and the Rev. Robert D.Thomas, New York city, were appointed to draw out appropriate reeolutions, containing the opinion and f?"ling of the Assecia* lion on tie preset!I critical state of the I'nion, and the go vornment of the United s-'tat<a. Accordingly, at anotnet meeting held afterward al Remsen, resolutions tustalnini the government were adopted. Tho Welsh people are sound on the Onion, as they always liuvo been on tha maintenance of the laws. THE BAPTISTS LOYAL. Tho nineteenth anniversary of the Chemung River Baptist Association wns hold in the First Baptist chcch, Elmira, last week. Rev. T. O. Lincoln, late of Utioa, waa instnl ed pastor of the e.hurc h on Wednesday evening. During tho session a series of truly patriotic resolutions were adopted. Those who talk about compromising with traitors, or who faintly support while they insidiouslv oppose the government in its endeavors to put down a causeless and wicked rebellion, had no sympathizer* lu thai body. Obituary. TtTSTiCR JOflKTH BIIKKMAN BR0WKKI.L. Tbesubjcct of thisnotico died at his residence, Id Urovt street, yesterday, after a brief illness. Justice Rrownell was widely and favorably known iu political and social clrc'ts. He was a resident of tho Ninth ward for over twenty years, and no mnn on that side of the city, probably, could |H)11 nioro votes outside of his party than Joseph Sherman Brownell. lie was a native of the First ward, whero he held the posit ion ?f Street lns|>ector. Subsequently ho was elected to the position of Register, and afterwards Police .lustice of the Fourth digti ict, which IKisition ho occupied at the time of his death. lie was a man of refine# feelings and tender heart, while his character for integrity and hon.'sty of | sir pose was beyond question. A meeting of the Biard of Magistrates waa hold yesterday at the Halls of Justice, in relation to tho death of their associate, where resolutions of eulogy and conuuieuuo wre pnsaeu, ana arr.tngmenm m VJO 10 attona the funeral of deceased. Pcrional Intelligence. A. E. Burnsido, of the l.'nlted Statos Army: K. S. Whitman, of Washington; J. M. Washburn, of Bonton; S. Robinson, of California, and C. Spooner, of Bridgeport, ar? Stopping at the Fifth An euuo Hotel. (.'apt. McN'attand C. L, I'yne, of the Cnitod Static Army; J. P. Wheeler, of the Kti-atofllilp North Star; Rev. A. Wragn and wife, of Yonkers; O. A. Bei.son, of Maine; Capt. Oliver Kldridge, of Boston, and C. Haskoll, of Philadelphia. are stopping at the Astor House. Col. L. I). Woolloy and wife, H. C. Hemming, 0. A. Rutin nnd Thorn's Gale,of New York: K. Ilorton, of Boston. and R. 8. Hay,of Seymour, Conn., are stopping at tho Graiuercy I'ark Hotel. Col. ltackus, ('apt. Myers, .loltn Andrews and J. 0. Pay, of the United Stairs Army: MiJ<>rW. H. Dike, of Minn i sola; Mn,or Ross, of Obi", II. llHrri<<,ot Cuba, and G>>l. Fullorton, of Vermont, aro stopping at the Metropolitan Hotel. IJont. Read, of the UnitedPlates Army; C. M. Cliapln, of Springfield; Mrs. .Tnlin An.ot,of Klmira; W. T. I.inl' street ai.d family, of Raillmor>>; ii. K. I'ethlnos and wife, of Calliornla, ami .1. W. Clavton and wlfr, of Maryland, ' areMoppingat tlieS;. Nuliolas Hotel. Rev. W. rvorept,of ITamden. (i nn.; J. Mathrws'n and family, of I'rams n; K. Kuth,:in,of ih- I it->. I State- N'fiVv; K. 1 avion nnd wife ol New .li rv, 0. II. P'litli and'.T. II. ltelss, of Wns!, nirten; S. S Wi.ile, of i J l i; I ,.-j, li : W. .1 .hie..on, f "K o. nd Dr. (I ('. I ''I Now J 'Key j a t tf'ij'p,) ? at tli" i? la H usci ^

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