Newspaper of The New York Herald, September 30, 1861, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated September 30, 1861 Page 1
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I i * TB WHOLE NO. 3151. THE REBELLION. Withdrawal nf thn "RpIipI Fnrr-es frnm t Their Position Before Washington. Fall's Church Occupied by Union Troops. Deplorable Mistake on the Advance. * Union Forces Firing into Each Other. 1 THE REBEL BATTERIES ON THE POTOMAC. ' INTERESTING FROM KENTUCKY. A Detachment of Buckner's Rebels Defeated. NEWS FROM FORT PICKENS. Details of the Boarding and Destruction of the Privateer Judith. Discontent Among the Rebel Forces L at Pensacola, I &c., &e., &c. I ' ont SPECIAL WASHINGTON DESPATCHES. .a Washington, 8cpt. 29,1881. 1 tub ckto* tkoors at munson'b 11ill. ' During last weelc it was so frequently reported from day to day that our troops bad taken possession of Mudbod'a HiU that when last nigbt this long predicted ovont took place it found few believers among thoso least ox . cited by sensation reports. A personal visit, however, puts the fact beyond doubt. The American flag now floats I there in place of that of the rebels. Detachments from Genorals Richardson's, Keyes' and Wadsworth's brigades, and also from General Franklin's division now occupy Uunson's Ilill, being in command of Colonel Terry, of the Fifth Michigan regiment. THE OCCUPATION OP FALL'S CI1URCH. Early this forenoon the pickets from General Smith's division advanced to, and cow occupy Fall's Church. Neither this nor the procoding movements met with any opposition whatever, as the rebel army bad on Friday night retired from the i wj^olo jine of thoir positions on the lino of Washington. Upton's Hilf, this side of Fall's Church, is necessarily included among tho points now bold back by tb? Union forccB. Tho works of the cnomy at tho places they had ov^cuatod were, in a military view, almost worthless, Dalng nothing more than rifle pits of very common construcItlon. Tho positionsat Munson's and Murray's HH1 aflbrded the rebels ay unobstructed view of ull our fortifications \ and othef defences. Tho appearance of the ground doII sorted by them indicated that thojr wero deficient in thoso arrangements which servo to make a camp lifo comfortablo, having no tents, but merely Fhclters rudely constructed. There wero no signs to show that they had li ever mounted any puns. Our troops are new so employed I as to show that they do not merely intend temjxjrarily | to occupy their present position. I PAINFUL mwabff ON TI1E ADVANiK- A NOT II HI DE FU 7-.-. 1'lilJKAHI.E S11STA141S. I i The advance of General Smith on Fall's Church from L the Chain Bridge was accompanied by cvonts of the most doplorabte character. Having passed Vanderwerken's and Vanderhcrg's houses on their wny to the former place, J and when about half a mile from it, by (OHM unnccmiutaI bio blunder, Colonel Owen's Irish (Philadelphia) regim nt, f in the darkness of the night, mistaking for rebels (Contain i Mott's battery, which was in the advance, sustntue.i by I General Baker's California regiment, Baxter's I'hlUJcl1 phia Zouavos, and Colonel Friedman's cavalry, liroJ a full I, volley into Iho troops last meutiouod, kUing ! and wounding a largo number. The California regiment, f not knowing whence tho firing cnmc, returned it with marked effect. Tho horses attached to Mott's battery be' came unmanageable, and tho tongues or the caissons were broken, owing to the narrowness of the mad. Lieutenant Bryant, having commavl of the first sec: iou, t ordered tho guns to bo loaded with grape and canls^r, and soon had them in range to rake tho mipposod enemy, | when word was sent to htm that he was in the coiuirfmy I of friends. 15 All was excitement, and a long time elapsed before the actual condition of affairs was ascertained and confidence re established. Many conflicting stories prevail as to the parties on | whom the blame should rest, but General Smith immediately orderod Colonel Owen's regiment to fall bee'e to camp. ! The killed and rvoundod of Captain Mott's battery are as follows:? Killed?Timothy Ray. Wounded? Corporal Bartlett and private Cilley, both of ^ whom will probably die, as they were not rely run over I by tho gun carriages, but trampled on by tlic cavalry horses. Of General Baker's California regiment the killed we*o:? Edwin Morris, of Company L. Joseph I'aschall, of Company H. Joseph White, of Company H. Sergeant Alexander Phillisoo, of Company N. Wounded?Birry Clinton, Company D, siightly, iu tho f knee; Sergeant Brand, Company P, wounded in the head; Win. Ogden, Company K, wounded iilso in the head; Timothy Gregory, Company D, shot in the leg; R. G. H. Wake ley,Company H, shot through tho thigh; Win. Smith, ConipaDy D; Harry Watson, Company K; 0. W. Martin, Onapany B; Martin (jicniug, Luke LuU'bin and Atwood Morris, Company D. None of Col. Baxter's Fire Zouaves were killed, hut tho following were wounded:? Sergeant <Jrny, Company D, shot in the head. Benj. Flood, Company I), shot in the kcail. Lieut. Shrcver, sljot in the legs and head. George Margraves, Company K, phot in the log. ' None of tho wounds will probably prove fatal. I Joha rw^h, Company I First Pennsylvania Volunteers mortally wounded. j In Colonel Owen's Philadelphia regiment:? Sergeant Oillan, Company B, was killed. Sergeant W. B. MoCatin and Cnailes Shields,of Company E, were wounded. The killed were all buried to-day near their em ampments with military honors, while tho woucdod wero > removed to the hospitals in Georgetown principally, whore they are receiving the best attention. Tliero are reports of others being killed, but no positivo ^ information has so far been obtained concerning them. WANTON DESTRUCTION OF I'ROi'EKTV. The conduct of the federal troops to-day while occupying tho grounds recently vacated by the rebels resulted i.; the burning of proparty to the amouut of from $tJ).000 t<> $40,000, including houses with their contents, but which were untenaEtod. no distinction being made as to tho political character of their owners. Theso wanton acts will doubtless undergo investigation by the military authorities, as they were strongly condemned by General McClellan, who went over to tho Virginia side at an early _ hour to-day, visiting tho various localities recently va?u: d by the rebels. ^ NO TRACKS OF TJ1E KEBEL ARMY. Various fp:culations are rifo as to tho where bonis of , I i [E NE ?--rf- . tbo rebel army, as no traces of them can be discovered in largo force, thoir usual pickots of infantry ami cavalry only being discerniblo at distant points, hovering as if for observation purposes. FEINT8 OF TUB REBELS. The most probable theory is, from wiiut can b a gather' od, the rebels aro making foints of retreat as they did previous to the battle of Bull run, with the view of drawiug our troops into ambuscades. This opinion is strengthened by the repetition of a conversation which a farmer residing in the neighborhood of Full's Church, overheard the day before they evacuated thai neighborhood. The encampments of tho rebels show that they had at no time over 10,000 men in front of Washington and at tho points which they have Just evacuated. As noar as can bo ascertained tho bulk of the rebel forco down the river is at Evansport, a place laid down on Blunt's map as "Shipping Point." It is about fifteen milos abovo Aquia croek, between Chupowanisic and Puantico creeks, and oppomto a place called Budd ferry, on the Maryland side. Shipping Point oxtenda well Into tho rivor, and, if well fortified, will be a dangorous placo for vessels to pass. THE CONDITION OF TI1E AKS1Y. One of our reporters this morning visited the Uuion oncampmcnts on the Lower Potomac. The troops are in tbo cujoymrnt of excellent heal. The general autumn weather which n<>w prevails has bad a most bonelicial of. feet, and the hospitals are consequently nearly empty. T1IB CLOSINO OF TIIE TOTOIIAC. A Sunday print published h-iru asserts, upon what it calls CTVernmont ll'lthoritv ?hnt Ihn mmAF that tho Potomac river is effectually closed to navigation is not true. If it is not closed It is simply bocaoso the rebel batteries do not choose to close It. Their guns control tho channel, and no vessel can pasi up or down without coming within reach or them. Such vessels are at the mercy of those who control tho battery at Freestone I'oint. It is truo that any vessel c.in take tho risk of passiug;as many have done, and either wero not flred at or not hit. This will continue only as long as the rebels will It. That they have poor artillerists at this battery there is no doubt, else a less number of our Vessels would havo escaped the terrible nnissiles thrown at thom than have. Commanders of vessels navigating the river should not be docoived by false statements, wlkcther put forth by government authority or made for speculative purjioses. I MOVEMENTS OF GENERAL BICkLES' BIUOADE. There has been some Important movements of troops in this direction. Geoeral Sickles' entire brigade has bjen campcd for somo riionttis. On tatui'dj\- evening luey arrived at Piscataway, tfhero they encamped during the night. To-day they broke up their camp, first their bush huts, and marched to another point where they arrivort at sunset. There seems to bo considerable secession feeling about tho people of Flscotaway. A motley crowd was assembled at ono of tho hotels?a dingy and rickcty building by the wayside?apparently woll pleased that the Union troops had left singing tho Southern Marseillaise, Dixie, and otherwise enjoying themselves. Ono man, a village oracle was quoting something meant for satire. Another who was whistling Dixie with all his might, was reminded by a companion that he had no idea of staging that song on the previous night, when tho military were on hand. Tlioy all, however, eijemcd to be very good naturod follows. The embers of tho burning huts were still smoking, and a number of tbj slave pouulation were rummaging about the ashes for anything that might turn up. THE SECESSION KEELING IN BALTIMORE. Recent dovolopements show that Iialtimaro Is yot rotten to the core on the subject of loyalty, and it would ap pear from all the facts that tho Provost Marshal docg not sufficiently realize the impoitance of tlr- imt'.cr. Tnformation of rebels who fought at ri'h 5,*..v in Baltimore,of money there belonging to men now serving tn the rebol army, of morchanis there engaged in uniforinhig rebele who secretly enlisted In Baltimoro to servo in the rebel army, aud many other clatses guilty of disloyalty to tho government have been reported, but arc considered of no consequence. The Provost Marshal denies that hj knows of tho existenco In Baltimore at the present time of one hundred and thirty-two fievsons, who desert.-d tl*o rebel army since the battle of Bull run. Us says he has no desire to arrest them; that he knows them; has no idea they are suspicions, knows where/ they arc, and can catch them at any movement. Women of Baltimore have been actively and extensively engaged in making up linen articles aud pre paring lint for the rebels, yet we do not lieor of any a?tests. One woman conveyed to JeiT. I%vfc? and Colonel Stuart two letters carcrully secreted between the soles of tho sJioes sho wore on her feet. S:ie had them mad} for the purpose named. She made th trip since tho buttle of Full run. The two lottors conveyed the intelligence of the movements and fort if,cat 1' n- of tho Union army. Tho question naturally arises why none of these people have ncyer been arrested.^/" shot t-ou tnsudobl)iuattojj> A private wat^ summarily shot to day by his superior officer for incoordination in refusing to perform duty. the aiimy. Major tJcorge Sykes, commander of the battalion of third ragu'ar infantry, was yesterday promoted to a BlUgadier General. the van wyck investigating committee. Hon. Reuben E. Fcnton an<l Hon. E. li. Wa;liburne, members of tho Van Wyck Contract Investigating Com' mil-tee, have arrived in town. It is understood, with reference to tho business of that committee, the exam ria tions into contracts thus far made have disclosed*some startling facts, ujwn which a report will be mado at next session. OUR WASHINGTON CORRESPONDENCE. Washincto.n, Sept. 27,1961. Affairs at the Capital?Rapid Im].rorem<.nl qf the Army? Security of the City?X.irmiihes with the Enemy?Death of Captain Lingcvfdder?PrtaiU if the liccr/nnois&tir.cc near Fall's Church?Shooting in the. Sickles Brigade, dr. Washington is perfectly quiet. The 20th September? the day the leaders of the rebel aimy were to have made famous by the capture of the capital and the dispersion of the federal army?has come and gone, and yet the national government stands where it ever has stood, and the embattled hosts of the united republic hold watch and ward at every avenue by which it may bo approached. The rebel hordes, like tho Iluns of Attila, may thunder at its gates, and tho hoofs of their war 1 horses may resound on the condues of its defences, but their sacrilegious bands can no longer hope to enter i:h sacred preciucts till they learn to bond the hingi s of their knees to the constituted authorities of tho land. Every day that passes adds strength to our ca'rro, while procrastination and delay are worse than death to are now in a most admirable state of defence, and it would cost the enemy a sea of blood U> capture or ovon attack cither of our Intrenched po; itlons. Since General McCIelian has assumed the command of tho army the most extraordinary results have been attaiuo.l. Our im- i mensc fosces no longer consist of raw and inexperienced nu n, unused to the practice of arms and the onerous Joties of a soldier's active life. Tho soldiers in our camps now present all tho appearance, in drill, discipline and efficiency, of veterans who have served in armies all their lives. It is surprising to witness the aptitude evinced by our volunteers for tho profession of arms. Men, fr >in every part of tho loyal States, who bet a few months ago were engaged in the peaceful arts of trade and commerce, have suddenly, and as if by in;ij,ic, been converted into steady, reliable, bold and efliclent soldiers. The drill of some of tti reg, merits and brigades on the Potomac, when the brief term of their service is considered, may be said t>>b' equal to any of the regular troops of the Old World, Into v.b 'to 1. :;ds the malum! of arras lias been beaten durinj long ye ars of rervice. An 1 tl: reason of this Is obviousOur young men, anil many old ones too, have laid aside th"ir to< Is n' trad \ their pi >w and their pens, to tulce up their swords and riiles in behalf of a great principle which they fu:ly comprehend. They are not bidden, like the hirelings of despi te, to march into battle and shed their blood for a cause in which they have no interest, nnd which they are never expected to understand. Our volunteers are moved by the ai.u.r palritr. nnd t!iey brii into our nrmiog ail that intelligence and information thai have made them such gigantic competitors with tlic whole world in all tho useful arts. Of tin.ni it may be very truly said that?they know their rights, and knowing dare maintain them. It is an undeniable fact that tuc W Y# NEW YORB?, MONDAY, an intelligent army a? now ttuiidB forth for the Vfono# of this govornmcut wan never befors ueeu in the world. Wo may go back iu our historical researches to patri archill times, an 1 come down tu o rtgular lino to the armies of the present era, und yet tbie insertion will hold Cfkid Frarc inMiup in !.? r ?< it u o>?tr.n>ll.-ini moo. It would l>c a ililLci.lt mutter to flnd ton mon in any regiment who could not take pen, ink aud paper, and communicate a very intelligible account of tbe daily operations transpiring in tho camp. Thoso who have hail occasion to visit the encampments and to mingle freely with tho aimy know this to be u fact. Itisaccmuiou thing togoe tho men, after their boureof duty,sitting ^ under tho trees, wrltiug on roughly extemporized tables, reading tho newspapers, intently studying tactics, or devc urlug tbo page* of a tnags/.ino. The soldiers who line the roods. u* u general thing, on the passage of a tram from New York to Washington, are always anxious for a newspaper, and this is tbe ilrst thing for which inquiry is made. Soma generous passengers who have notiood this desire of our soldiers very frequently cbtaln plortiful supplies of jmpers and dis tribute them along tho line wherever an oncampmeut of trooj? may be. It is laughable, Mid yet pleasing, to see the struggles that often ensue for the flrft posse? stou of one of there prizes. These are undoubted evi dence of that intelligence which Is luborn in the people, i aLd which ha* boen developed to a wonderful extent by ( the mighty ag< ney of the ucwspajer press. With men j like th.'^e. and w iih an ublo and active gonerul at tho I head of the army, It is not diilicu't to make the best sol- t dt>'iu in the world; u'.d when General McCIellon emphati- t cally declaiel that our troo, had seen their lastdef at. 1 and that we nhuji Uiiye Uo.mojo Hull run alllurs, he evidently convinced that the Int. lligeuco arid \aiorof his lueji would be equal to any emergency. It was p rim[w ii- well for lioauregiird nu<5 Johnston Uiat they did u- t carry out their Intention to pay us that little visit on the aoth. You may be suro that General licClel l#n was ready to give them a comfortable reception. As the day drew near, the people became greatly interested l:i the movements of tbo military from point to point, and there were very few who did not wish toscoatri.il of tbe strength of the hostile armies, Karly on tlx* morning of the 20th considerable llnug was heard on two or three Bides of our llni g anil many persons began to t!. i the ri'bol loaders Intruded to keep Ui''ir word. Happily th" expectation was not tK>rno out by tho result. In Uic meantime the rebel* are every day becoming mure insolent. Scarcely a night m>w pamBB flttM ? collision of picket*, ami in n unc cases there has been v |jss on both si ics. The division of Brigadier Central Smith, at Cuwp Advance, on the ground between the , t Lain Hridgo and Kail's Church, has, from time to time, v bad a goou deal oi trouble fr?.m the pickets of the enohiy. t Ono o( the latert enootjntora, us you are already aware, i rteultod in the death Ol u fine young olllcer, Captain I.la c lenfolder, of Colonel Baker's California regiment. As ,| several versions of tho maimer lu which illegal ant of tic-r ,j cmie^toMs death have been | i.li'ishe.l, 1000 of Hum ro- J ally agreeing with tho fact.'- 'scud you a brief statement, [ gpuiulicd fruiu ? * J, *1 In command of the , advance guard, mure especially as the t^l'1/ BiaplfofciJ v u disposition to cut oil and capture o-.ir' picjo. te, , J The ndvance guard, when placed on picket,CrmllltUjd of ^ thirty two roi,k and 111 , v.liich was afterward strength ened by the addition of twenty men. The advance went j on duty on Saturday evening, and everything remain ed g quiet until tho morning of the 21st, when cavalry of th" j. enemy were s. n to approach to w lib to half u mile ot the 3 Union pickets, making close olisorvution mid retiring. , Net long after the ult.-ntion of the otlicers on duty was called to a party of tho enemy concealed in the bushes, ] Hpnie twenty yards In advance of our pickets, forming a p semicircle, iib theugh they intruded to surround and ,. capture our men. Llautenanl Simpson immodlately or- ^ dered our force to deploy as skirmishers, and a reconnoisauce was begun, when u single shot was fired by a rebel j coLcea'.ed in the bush. This was followed by a fslinulta- ,j neous volley from both sides, under which Captain lli:igsnfekkr fell, pteroed to the brain by a riiie ML Cap- c tain Isaac J. Neall report# that In a moment ol greut ex- t, tremily a number of the men on picket service liroke ? and ran, under pretence that they mistook his orders, jj uu.iui i en v uoiiv mi- euiiic :i vin :i hinuig lurce 01 _ tho enemy's cavalry again cssailori <> r pickets, but thiy were evoutaully driven off the gruui?i!, The jWd offlcer of the day wan ilo.;yr Clias. \V. Suiiiii, in command, and the ollicor of t>i.- pickets Captain flu?. Itochersperger. C'npU'n Llnjepftldfr, as his name suflle.iently indicates, / Is i'f Gerniun decent. 11in mother now lives in New York, where she has nfirt?-d for sumo years. For sero. v'1 . g i'aat tfta doSfflFGl OTA known la Oregon, and wTi.T, R-nator Baler r> solved on raising a regiment in aid of the Unl"n cause hi'decided on accepting the com rnand of a company. He w^s, at tLg moment of his death,standing in u:i exposed prplflm, in comftfay w ith v another olhcer. Although he was chot while a while vol1 y was fired, there is no doubt but that ho was picked oil by a rebel. One of our men saw the man who lire 1 at the I Captain, lie dodged b lilnd n tree and took deliberate p aim, but never lived tol> w. ( his exploit,fur the Union soldier immediately levelled his piece, and, with the precision of a lierdan f ?rj-sl t?i., brought b roan to tho J ground dial. Then wof the Ciptain's death soon roach- ti ed t!.e Union tro< jtr- :.t C.unp Advance, when an additional force wa? sent out for the ricoveryof the body, which was found just where it fe.l.with a ghastly wound through ' the head. Hi- greatest sorrow prevailed iu the differi nt encampments at the Chain Bridge on Sunday last in co.isequence of the death of the young ollicor, who but a few hours before bad left his regiment aud gone to his jlutj ju a the Hush of health and activity. The flags of all the regi laents were put at hal.'-tnast, find the remains were it.t -rrod with all the honors. The b->dy will eventually be cir rial to New York, I Th - :kiriii,?n VCTilcli t<x>k I'litce With tho enemy on the li Falie'CHUfch load, near L'cWinsviile, on Thursday last, i das a most Interesting affair. Reports had reached us that large quantities of forage were to be had in tint direction, and that th? enemy was doing everything in his 1 power to Bocure every blade of gross that the surrounding country afforded, lirigadier General Smith UwtvUu'o detorciinr a oli securli g a portion at least o; the hay and corn, which was all cut and ready for removal. Orders 1 wore issued on Wednesday evening for a large j?ort i ;:i of ,, the division to be g it in readiness for an advai ee in the direction of Falls'Church early next morning, rhecatiip & was accordingly astir at break of day, and the boys i f tho dlllerent regiments wero In tho best possible humor, anticipating a brush w ith the enemy. The eel' mn moved at hoi; past tight o'cl<*k, and proceeded about throe miles, when Ci Win's battery took up a position < n a ridge to the left of un 1 overlook.ng L winsvillo and th) Fails * Church road. Skirniishors were thrown out to the front i and Honks, and the regiments were forme ! iu order of t battle. The rebel* with their glasses could v>Ty plainly see the movements of our troops. Our soldiers remaini d in jKSition until about three 1'. SI., when the rebel artillery ( was seen moving to their front, whore they soon to-.k j up a position and began tiring into us. The enemy hid six pieces in position, but their shell all fell short of o ir advance lines by rrioiv than a hundred yards. Only one shell reached over our lines, exploding in tho rear of Griffin's l attery, and w undlng a private of Maker's brigade. ( 'li e batteries of 11 tt and (jrill.n were cow ordered to open npon the enemy in reply, and began ilring shot un I shell in the most approved style. Our shell seemed ^Icll with good effect on the eneruy, who did not keep up Ills a iho very long after our batteries had opened upon him, but cleircd away I'r m the iront w-itli commendable haste. ' Captain Mott made ni ?t exc 'llenl practice with his splendid light battery, Hio I'urrott rilled cannon sonding their t contents right into the enemy and over on the other side. There were atior.t eighty or ninety shell in all thrown en } both sides. Some of our soldtsre stealthily approached 1 the tov n of Lew. ii.BvlIie, but found that (he enemy hud abandoned the place, in consequence, no doubt, of tho iiear.ii? vance ol >ocli a largo Union lo: ce. The expedition, or reconnolssar.ce, had the fullest suece.-s. Our troops secured oxer one hundred loads of ex cellcnt forage, inciu ling pome dried corn and line oats. r If carriage had b en at hand a good deal more could have ( bein brought oil'. Among the regiments that took part in the advance ' movement 1 may mention I 1 aker'sCalifornia regiment. I The Thirty-third New Yoik regiment. The Seventy-ninth (Highlanders). ' A battalion i f the Sixth Maine te<iment. i A huttalionof tlie N. eleenth [..diana legimeut. , Two (ompanit s ol JJ.rdauV Sharj shooters. M .it's battery. Uriltin's battery. i But i Poi d ylviu to battery. , The Sieoinl \e,ni nt regiment, the Fifth Vi - <o.i - in, rne t. < o.> ol United States cavalry, and Col'ttel Lleviu'a First regtmint New York cavalry went in support of llid I batteries. There were several other regiments, whese names could not readily be obtained?the whole force amounting to about ten thousand men. We could not ascertain whether any of the enemy were kill- 1, but i'.oin tlio rapidity with which they scattered it J is Inferred that our shells did some damage, tfo took one prisoner?a member of a rebel cavalry regiment. ' For scver.l wee.-a past the rebels have bosn boa-ting t!at they have challenged us rejieatedly to the tight, but , tlii.t our soli'tcrs are too cowardly to meet them. Now, if they really desired to meet us ou a fair 1 ti"ld, here wag the chanco for them. All attack In iurco from their Bide would unquestionably 1 have brought on a general action; but when an opportunity wag given them to make good their vaunting they very conveniently dodged luto the bush. ltie health of the army is excellent, and the new sol- | diets, who a*e every day arriving, arc subjected lo con- . tinuous drill. it Is no unc .mmm thmg to see recruits ut dot going drill ntil ten . '6?k at night in the camps on the l i tomac, and under tins system of discipline the ] army is being rapidly improved. At the close of ttiis i war, what ure v,e to do with such an immense v.'otl on-, red aud disciplined bodyief men, who are taking to the profession of arms like an uuweaned child to its mother's breasts' Doubtless we shall have wars of con<1 r.-sts for tlie aggrandizement of the nation, which one Wou!d II -ver have thought of hilt for tlie tio?m sain:i nf n Ilii' .ii my and Ui :ely h.croaecd nsvy. The Unlti d states have I.-it ycl ' larirely as a uinquering nation. It in .y bo that w ik now |.a.<- ,n? through the ordeal needcd io fit us for the trophies of the future. It may us well b? noted that our military bands are mailing groat improvoment. Every day tliey pay three or four times, besides tin- ho .r3 all. tied to practice, and' you may on any i'Vi niM liear the mo^t beautiful and soul-stirring nu.sic from a hundred bauds along our Mr?ng chain of defence*. 'Whin the war is over wo shall havo bunds eno idi and to spare. i):i Saturday laht one of the soldiers or Company B, First regiment, Excelsior Brigade, stationed ut Port Tobacco, was w .t.noed by a comrade in so serious a manner tli.it his lite Is despaired of. The name of the wo inded man is William shannon, ilo was iu a dispute with an V . RR E SEPTEMBER 30, 1861. other toldier, andstooped down to pick up a stono, when lus comrade tired his piece, the tia.ll passing through his arm and leg, inflicting such wounds as will perhaps run dor neccssary the [imputation of both limbs. Shannon is now iu ouo of tlio military hospitals in this city. Mayor Berrett lias returned to the city of Washington a wiser man than when he loft it. He looks very well, und says that his treatment in Fort Lafayetto might have been worse. THE REBEL UATTEltlES ON THE POTOMAC. PUILiPSLTttU, Sopt. 29, 1861. The stcamor Delaware, Captain Cannon, from Washington, whero sho landed three hundred sailor*, arrived at the Philadelphia Navy Yard yesterday. The Delaware left Philadelphia on Tuesday last, and mode a fino run until Just below Cedar Point, when the United States propeller Planet, mistaking her Tor ono of the guuhoats at mchor, attempted to cross her liow to speak to her, when i collision occurod, which cut oQ' the Delaware's fore 'oot, sinking tho propeller almost ^immediately. Took iff the propeller's crew, aud laid by the wreck for nearly throe hours. All tho government vessols reported a new battery at Jccoquan, therefore tho D. anchored aud remained intil daylight tho next morning, when I started with the

leetat A f.iia Creek, with a determination to run tho jattory if possible. As soon us the Delaware came In -ange they opened lire, although three and a half miles listuut, atul every shot struck either a few feet short or est passed over tho vessel. As tho Delaware came up in '.itige of tho battery thu American cnslgu was run up at he main poak, which seemed to if It mo those in the bnt cry. iu/ tliey jetm?l inoru vicious and determined as tho Xlatvare escaped them' The steamer Unded her passengers In safety at the J?vy Yard in Washington, and ut S o'clock P. M. on thursduy left ognln for Philadelphia, und in passing the lattery ..t tiight (Friday), and by concealing all lights, <ass?d unobserved. At two o' lock on Saturday moruiug he D. put luto the Patuxeut and rode out the gale. Saw >ut very few vessels In the (licsapeakc, but theie seemed 0 ho a large fleet at FortNss Monroe. On Saturduy night net the Kteauiship Kenuugton off Cape May, bound for 1 ?toa. The Delaware will go on tho dry dock to morrow Monday), und will resume her trips between l'hiladelihia and S< w York on Tuesday. THE 81TUATION UI'ON THE POTOMAC. ISjiecial Correspondence of the Wsshlngton Star.] Aibtawdrm, Sept. 26, 1881. On Wednesday lust the rebel batteries for tho first time fere discovered at Kreoston Point, and must have heavy uub mounted, from the distance the shot and shell flew, mo of the government protcllots of the Potomac llotilla tits slightly injured by a shot that struck her, and was owed out of reach of tho b?tt>ry by ono of the fleet? 'eoguin. Ttie point of land Iviiug very high. It was dlftlult for the guns of the licet to be elevated high enough to io much good, The vessels bound up tho Pototnocyesterlay, being quite nnaierour, as well us to-day. had to hug ue uatyianaanore very close to prevent being Injure!. 'be number of vessels arrived to-day han beeu quite nuiwruuB lr< in tlie river und buy, an well as from the sea, rilh coal, bay an I supplier for the goverumi'nt?ne many s vct>ue|f witli bay in sight, at one time, on the To [>mae. ' 1 Ty day eight or ten shots were llred from Cock Pit 'oint, it is presumed iuten led ns a compliment to the Hue toamer l>?lawarc, that came from 1 hiladelphia with a vrge unmlior of sailors for the new aloop-ol-war at the favy Yard. She parted up this morning and down again In.- afternoon. The follow mi! are believed to lw tlio batteries on tli 'otoinac:?Timber Hranch: north of Quantlco; Cock 1'it 'oint; Freestone Point; heavy buttery lower Bide Oceouan crook; Aquia crook; Mathlas Pout (three or four *ry b.ittoriea. waiting opportunity to do damage). There are twenty government vessels of all sizes from larylanil Point to this point, but a pood many are of tiuit oecrtpliou that they uinuot siand heavy slio'. from shoro atterlos. The truth might as well be told at oaco: me. bant vessels will not be willing to com" into the Potomi.C ii run the rick of being sunk, unless protected, and our overnmeut veaaeia on the Potomac cannot stand beli g red into; and again moat of their guus are too short to onch. IMPORTANT FRCM KENTUCKY. L DETACHMENT OK BUCKNER'S REBEIjS WBIPPS). LoiISVIlXB, Sept. 23,1861. Hon. Horace Maynnrd, of Tennessee, is at Frankfort. Agents arc now stationed along the Ohio iriver to prcent the smuggling of arms into Kentucky. The Bulletin says that five hundred troop* from Terre laute, Ind., have gone up Green river, Ky., and taken ?.ssctsion of locks Nos. 1 and 3. One shot was fired at hem, and the flro was returned, killing their assailant, 'any Union families havo fled to Evansville from the reeli liver country. A regiment of cavalry from Ohio has gone into camp car Covington, on tlio Lexington pike. Cynthiana,Ky., is occupied l>y federal trooj*-. National ags were llown to tho breeze from tlie Lanevillc Hot;;' ud Colt Hons* today. Seventeen secessionists?among tliem Jatteft ii. Clay nd Cdoncl II. C. Harriot iladit^jti?were brought to /luuiviile thip af'ortnon nud committed. A writ of lm K'Bfi corpus i? fray's case has bee* fHaued, returnable icfore JuCfft Catron on Monday. HeiiFoa Ormnhy, a lawyer of thin city, was arrested, mt released on taking tlin oath of allegiance. K ii> reported that s> ma of Buckncr's men attacked tud River, forty miles from Howling Green, under Oil. lawkins. Tlie rebels were badly whipped. Union men ire corning to Hawkins' aid from all directions with glint ;uuk and rifles. THE KENTUCKY LEGISLATURE. KkavkmiHT, Bept. 2?, 1*01. In tDe Senate the committee report the arro.-t of Kwirig iinertoosh and J. Swarp, member* of the legislature, on ilegol and unwarrantable grounds, and have procured heir relcaye. Th ' thanks of the General Assembly were voted to tho )hio, Ind ana and Illinois troo;w for their aid in arresting h" invasion of Kentucky. Nothing done of importance in the Houso. FROM MISSOURI. ;OLOXEL MULLIGAN'S JIKROKS?AKKEKT OF A REBEL. St. Lot-is, Sept. 2fl, 1801. Colonel Mulligan's regiment arrived here yesterday, rnlil oflT. Ono Jackson Qniirg, who Is believod to have fought in ho rebel ranks under Price at Lexington, was arrested ,-esterday us a spy. PROCLAMATION OF GOVERNOR CURTIN, OF PENNSYLVANIA. PHILADELPHIA, Sept. 21), 1861. Governor Curthi will L*sue a proclamation prohibiting ill persons from raising volunteers in Pennsylvania, itherwise than by the authority of the Governor, ospe ially forbidding tlie raising of volunteers for regiments 'roin other Plates, and also forbidding all citizens or Pennsylvania from enlisting in or attaching themselves .o any such irregulur and unlawful organizations, and warning all persons that i.i disobeying this proclamation .hey will be disregarding tho orders of tlio government >f the United States, as well as defying the laws of tho 'tale and violating their duties as sons and citizens of the jommonwealth. It is estimated that six thousand Pennsylvania volunteers have already enlisted in other State regiments. 'A AFFAIRS IN BOSTON. Boston, Sept. 23, lsai. Governor Andrew has promoted Captain Frank E. Howe, \e8istaut Quartermaster in New York, to a Lieutenant Colonelcy. A beautiful banner will Ik presented toSenator Wilson's egimont at tho review In Iloston. Hon. Robe.'t C. Winhrop is to make the presentation specch. LJNION GUARD, UNITED STATES VOLUN TEERS. Col. P. J. Joachlnissen's regiment is progressing steadily towards completion. To day the command will pitch their tents at Ea^t New York, formerly occupied by tlie Washington Greys, Forty-seventh regiment, Oil. Moore. Recruiting offices have boon established in several cities ui th? L'nion, and up to the present time three full ownpanic have been mustered iota the United States service, i. ire immediately tarnished uniformsooealktt icy. The li'.a lquarteri arc at 412 Broadway. GEN. WOOL'S CODY GUARD. The lir.-:t squadron of mounted rifles which is now acting as the body guurd of General Wool, were the lir. t mounted volunteers that left this Stale for the teat of war, ami under the tuition of their able officers, have arrived at R'.xh ? prollclency in their drill and bc.irint; that General Wool has been pleased to appoint them to net ;>* his body guard. Wilh a view i f further augmenting the str ngtli of this cori s, I.lentenont S. A. Mellick has established a recruiting office at No. 38 Whitehall street, where young men wishing u> serve their country under the veteran General, may apply. I.ieutenait Mellick is vested by General W<ki1 with lull power to as-sure hit> re cruits with Immediate pay froni th date of enlistment and furnished with meaus to forward them without delay to Fortress Monroe. The organization is efficient at;. wcli disciplined, [ERA J IMPORTANT FROM THE SOUTH. Interesting Letter from Captain Vogdet, of Fort Pickens, to Captain Bailey, of the Steam Frigate Colorado, Fort Pickinr, Sept. 21,1601. d*ar captain:? Another gpoclmcu of the "contraband of war" came ovor from l'eusacola hint night. Ho says tho enemy aro very much In want of ammunition and provisions. About 300 of them deserted yesterday. There id no business transacted In Penaarola. People are tired of war, and vory much afraid that wo will burn their town down. You killed thirty of them tho otlier night, principally with tho canister?-'smashed them all up," to use the original expression. Some troops here have gono to Richmond. Thoy don't say anything about a light at Washington; but talk of "there going to bo"?a little at Richmond. 1 thuuld not be rurprited yf the famimt advance on Waihington tkould ]>rovt to be noth ing more than a thin curtain oftroopi tpre.ul out in front of our lines In cover the removal of their ma trial and retrograde man ment toward) Richmond. Most of the peoplo ovor tho way are timl if the iear, and want ;*vwc on any hrnu. Very few troops or ammunition at Now Orleans. All the young men have gone to the war. I'leaso send us the latest nows from tho West. Como ashore and dine to morrow. Yours, truly, J. VOGUES. I To Cait. T rUiLrr, United States Navy. OUR FORT PICKENS CORRESPONDENCE. Camp niiOWN, 1 Near Fort ricnivs, Fla., Sept. 14, 1801.) The Dett ruction of the I>ry Dock at I'en/acola?How the H'ork teui Aeomj lithid?The Privateer Judith Boanicd Under the Guns of the .Vary l'urd and Burned?Sjnking a Oitumbind?The Health of the Troojti?Tht Scarcity if Freih Pnvitiom, rfc. Tho usual mouotony of camp life on Santa Rosa Island has been broken In <i|ion lately by several rather oxcitlug events. We |>oor mortals, u|>on this almost desert Is'.and, watch for something to stir up a little pu.ssiug flume of enthusiasm almost as sedulously as tho Kastern devotee watches for the llrst early rnys of the day god to commence his morning devotions. At night we seek our beds, hoping that ero anothor dawn some exploit a little more galling to tho proud Southron than any heretofore planned and executed shall have aroused his Ire and caused him to show his teeth. But no I disappointment day after day. Were it not that we know from reliable sources Ikjw utterly unprepared General. lirftjjg Is to commencc an engagement, wo should think tliut the rjilmiiMc with whinii hn unhmlta t" insult after insult was but Intended ti> luru us into a state of landed security, and thou, llko the crouching panther, t<> spring upon and destroy us. Alitfl t for all our anticipations and longings for active service. Hero wo arc, ?>0|>ed up upon a Lugo sand bank, tliirty or forty tulles long uud only about ane-Lalf a rnllo in average width. Certainly to the secessionists tho possession of l''ort Pickens is of most manifest Imjiortance; yet strange to suy, General Uragg, with sovoral thousand men, scarcely three thousand yards off, lies inactive, and submits tnmely to continued insults from a foe not more than 0110 third his strength. His schooners are fired into, his dry dork is burned right under the inouth of his guns, aud tart, though not loast, one of his vessels, splendidly litu d out as a privateer, is boarded while lying nt tlie Navy Yard dock. Bot fire to and burned to the water's edge and at the sumo time one of his largest and best mounted guns, a ten inch columbiad, is spiked and rendered useless; yet all this falls to rouse him into activity. You will be amused to know that within a month he hut' 1?<n at the "brag" game by sending a summons to Colonel frown to surrender K'*t Pickens. Most "doughty knigbtl" 1 must give you an account of the burning of tho dry do;;k, and of the exploit oflast night wherein the schooner was burned and the oolumbiad spiked, an enterprise so characteristic of the naval service of the United States, planned and executed with so much coolness and intrepidity, as to make every tongue here laud the bravery of Mi'sc engaged in it and every heart mourn tho loss of tb'>so who fell. The ren.leii of the IlKiut.b will probably remember that tho dry diick, lying at the War rent on Navy Yard, was removed by the enemy ro\ oral mouths since, out Into the channel aud sunk, (lie object being to intercept the passago ot vessels into the bay in wise of an engagement. il content wiin uie disposition mus inane 01 u, a plan was evidently formed to pum|> Out the water, raise and float it further down to a position opposite Kort Mcitca, where tho channel is very narrow, and where, if sunk, it would effectually bar the pass;ige inward of any vessc 1 of size. On tho night of tlio 31st of August Colonel Drown got an inkling of tlio design on foot, from tlio unusual stir at the Navy Yard, the frequent passage of boats to and from the shore, conveying, what afterwards proved to b fuel, for tli" furnaces, to the dock, &c. His plans to defeat the accomplishment of tho purpose which tho enemy had in view wore quickly formed. Seloctlng one of his mos1 trusty "Ulcers, Lieutenant Shipley, ho gave him ordors to hold himself in readiness with a crew of picked men, to man a boat the following night, cautiously to approach the dry dock, land upon and sot Are to it, then retreat as speedily as possible for tho fort. Colonel Brown, in the meantime, made every prepara' tion for a general engagement. He could not boliovc that the enemy would allow a handful of men to approach so near his batteries, burn the dock, and find their way unmolested back to the fort, aud ho had fully determined, if tin- retreating boat was fired ujion, at once to ojien witlj all his guns ujon the Navy Yard and the adjoining bat tones, which, we ull trusted, would lead to a general engagement. All the next day (Sunday) was employed In.making preparations. At the fort bombshells wore filled mid placed convenient to the mortars, the furnace? were flllod with fuel, ready to be ignited at a moment's warning, for tho purpose of heating cannon balls, and the ofliccrs and ruen wero all detailed to their respocttvo ixtfitions at tho guns. In our camp thero was an unusual degree of excitement. Although we could not expect to take a very active part while the bombardment lasted, yet we longed for the fray to commence. As there wore several guns ui>on the opposite shore imlnti 'e direotlv towards our camp. evervthine was placed in a state of readiness so that a removal couki bo made at a moment'? notice, mid now wf waited expectantly for the coining darkness. Night came, cloudless; the heaven?, lit up by hosts of stars, looked beautiful beyond description. The opposite chore was plainly visible, and the enterprise seemed too hazardous, a8 in the planum# of It a darker night had bein looked for. Upon cwMultation It was thought best to wait till the following uigbt. All day Monday a strong brcze blew from off the Gulf: rain was expccted but none fell. Night came and the sky was cloudy. A few minutes after "tattoo" (nine o'clock) Lieut. Shipley left the beach in front of the fort m a boat with eleven picked men. rowing tvoiseli s.^ly for tho dry d'ick. The boat reached the dock without being challenged, was made fan, v.'^an U|? pi?}) s.irang up prepared to en counterand overcome the genti icl, Wi<yyn !;/hCJ5j seen stationed u|>ou it at ni^ht; none wc.e found, how. evor, and they p weeded to accomplish their work. Com bustible material of various kinds lino been prepared and brought along. togi therwlth thro large Columbia I shells. Thegj wore placed In the boilers. The conibuBtibUs projfcrly arranged, woid was given for the men to go aboard the l>oat, Lieutenant Shipley remaining to apply tho match, which done, he quickly followed In their wake. Scarcely hail a distance of twenty jards from the doomed structure been gained by t' gallant little band when the flames burst forth, foil ^ nlni'st immediately by the xp'.usi >n of the shells _,wt Oiled the air with fragments that fell in a porfec' whx: around the retreating boat, but fortunate y inji . sb?w? of it>- crew. ,rir.g noi As the first streak of flam mounted u; w roll" sounded at the Navy Yard, th" s *rd- th? "Ion there turned out iti haste, tho engineer- /idlers Btatlone nml every thing woe wild confusion r?a to tlieir gutu llre<t. tlic'bnat reached the shore I- b?.t nut ,i shut W8 embarked and proceeded to the f. ; safety. the crew dl< grutulatlons of tlieir cumralc t<i ri reive the cot sky was illumined by tho tall ? Meanwhile the who, upward from the burning di Tires of tlamo which she All night lnrg tho llcrce < I destruction. and wle ti m *rn>entspe i on In its work o J of ruins Boutin* upon dawned i shapeless inw | the dry dock, which - *#at.-r was all that remained c inllll* n and a half < .fi the government upward* of i of rebellion" br , f ars, h t which the "ma-; demoi i Who woi V 1 r7? l'f Rrasp. ' ers could ' ' Jc l! ",:'t thi-hot-h"ade I Southern relalint -?r tamely ' s>me inifiii'diate act o i I v,. Wfcfi f xpor^ii'd, h ;i followmi. be ,l"? '"* * w ?t by and life in ramp, whirl- ha, i , y?yl from ; i UF.4U imitntoii "ur cours' ! '7 "1 event J. Ht narrated, ton;?.| hack Into th- ol< ? cnnr.Dcl. ' , the enemy made no demon, tral io:,--. Kvervthini: eem I c" QUK,< "poo'ho oppOBitc shore. The coluinhlad ;>iuiit< <| LD. PRICE TWO CENTS. upon tho dock or (ho Navv Yanl frowned ii|x>n our camp, plaiuly visible, qow that thu Jock yard uo lornwr uiit ceptod the vlBion. IH'KNIMO OK Till SCJIOONKK AND SrtKINO OF TIT* rOI.rMnUTV Yesterday was Intensely hot. Night came, and a genii* brec2o sprang up. The i-ky was cloudless, and slumber, which had befrn tvnoed In vain through tho long hours or tho day by tho mon lying In tho sliado of their tents, fejl uj)on every aoul in tho camp save tho sentries. Two hours of the morning hail down, whou the report of several volleys of musketry from the opposite shore was heard by tho sentries, followed shortly after by tho heavy boom of throo large guns, discharged rapidly one after the other. The whole camp wag quickly aroused, tho men, In almost tho time it takes to narrate this, woro under arms, not knowing what to expect. Shortly, (lames were seen shooting up from the rebel schooner upon the opposite shorn. A few scattering ro|Kirts of musketry wore still heard. These gradually died uway until all was silent. As the (lamos of the burning vessel shone over tho water, three barges, tllled with men. were seen making their way steadily through tho water towards tho entrance of tho bay. Morning broke, and wo learned the particulars of this last enterprise. They wore narrated to mo by Major Vogdes, at tho fort, and are as follows:? Three barges from the Colorado, containing twenty sailors and sixty-live marines, under tho commandof Lieutenant Russell, arrived at the fort shortly after dark last night. Captain Reynolds, of tho marines, and ono or two midshipmen accompanied tho expedition. U|kiu each Imrgo a twelvj^ound howitzer was mounted, loaded with grape and shi viiel. Tho officers and men disembarked at tho fort, and remained on shore until about ono o'clock, then au.tiu em barked and made their way towards the Navy Yard. Arriviug within a few hundred yards, the boats separated,one making for tho schooner Judith, lying alongside the dock, a short distance o(f from the battery where tho ten inch Colnmbiad IB mounted. The second boat headed for the dock, while tho third lay off a short distance, to cover tho retreat with her gun. They were espied by the sentries when olf a hundred yards or thereabout*, and hailed. The answer was given, "liuard boats;'' anil, as tliey had crept up near tho island shore, somo distance above the Navy Yard, and came down as If from l'ensacola, they were mistaken for guard boats approaching fr< m the latter place, until but a few yards Intervened between them and their ros|>ectivo destination. A sentry u|>on the dock llrst discovered tho mistake, and tired Ills musket at the boat approaching him, then turned to give tho alarm, but was Btop|>od by a well aimed bullet. Tho men sprang ashore Just as tho long roll sounded to alarm the soldiers stationed there. The other sentries lied. Tho gun was reached,and one man, before prolarcd, proceeded to spike It. Just us he had most effectually completed his job, a Confederate officer?rutting ahead of his men, who were congregating, from all directions, a f.-w hundred feet off?confronted him. The inai uiu mi urn, iiruw uib ouiiuss, anu cui mm ciown; won hastily followed his oomrades into tho boat mid put oft from hhore, followed by u shower of m?sk"'t bulls. Mc.titwhile the crew of the other boat which had taken tho chaoMr in dwfi war* noi quite go mkmKiL Ob nrarlng the vessel m>me twelve or Qftceu sin ts were llred at thein. killintr two. ami It Is feared mortally wounding three others. 'limy kept on,however,finder a galling ilr?r boarded the schooner, cut-down two or three <n its crew who failed to nmko their escape, th n collecting all the combustible material th< y could llnd s. t (Ire to it in the cabin, after which they cut the schooner loose and let her drift away from hor mooring*. They then embarked airaln in tho boat, (waring with them otic man, killed aboard the vessel it is said, by mistake, h being taken lor one of the rebels and cut down by his friends. Lieutenant Russell was wounded qulto severely in tho shoulder: Captain Reynolds was also slightly wounded by a musket hall while retreating. The enemy, several hundred strong, had by this time come together and kept up a rattling volley of musketry upon them. Word wa^ now given to pay tlicm back; the howitzers wore brought to hear u|ion the dark mass congregated upon the dock, they quickly belched forth their oontents, which did fcr.rfuj execution. Tliore Is no way of estimating the rosult, but it is supposed that at h ast sixty or seventy were put hurt ilu cimliat. The men now bent to tho oils with a will, rounding the jciint of land upon which Fort l'lckens Issituated. Th<'y headed off for their vessel, giving us, as they passed the fort, and receiving in return, three such hearty cheers us nuver before broke upon thestill miming air In the ftiy of i'ensacola. The schooner was completely destroyed. She was of., alsiiit '2i0 tons burthen, and had on b'>ard one pivot and four broadside guns, ller loss will he very much felt by the rebels. Yesterday tho men killed in the engagement were burled upon the Island. They were brave lollows, afld tho country will mourn their 1 'SB. St'WMY. Sept. 16, 1801. A steamer arrived yostcrday bringing u mail from Tho Zouaves received hosts of letters from their friend? lit li< me. A lar more contented spirit exists among tho men thnrn did u month or two slnci'. A frcsli supply of tentslitis been (ilven cut, so that they htive covering sufficient to shelter theinfrom tho rains. A prise schooner, laden with boards, went ashore on the beach opposite the ctitnp,andpermission wus grunted to the solde rs to appn prlate as much :is they needed to the flooring of their touts. Very little sickness prevails In the earn p. Thuroare but twenty of our meu in the hospital. Two cases of typhoid fever have nccu i red; both tho pal louts are now convalescing. Wu have not lost a man since coming U]?;n the Island. Tho lack of fresh provlsiors Is b .'ginning to he felt. I bave not tasted a morsd of freyh meat for upwards of six weeks. Quite a number of the regular soldiers have boon attacked with scurvy, and a few of ottr ni'n are beginning to get wire gmns. Yesterday 1 s eree led in getting a barrel of pot at >cs, tho first we have had pineo i>ur arrival, for the hospital. Yott can Imaglt.c with what avidity they wore eaten by the ulck m n. Assistant Surgeon J. Weeds. or tin- United states At my, goesNorthnpon thestenmerC oinocticut, wh cb is expect d to sarlto-mo'row. He has boen very unfortunate. Coming with us on tho steapierVanderblltfrom tie' North, lie was attacked shortly after his arrival here with a disease of tho eyes (amaurosis). which progressed, in spite of skilful treatment, so rapidly that ho is now almost blind. He goes on "sick Wnvo," hoping to recover his sight \?l;onaw?y from tilt glaring sands of Sain a Rosa Island. T!:o (liseane is quite prevalent hero. Two privates of tho Sixth regiment have already been discharged in an almost sightless condition. ir we can credit the reports received from the enemy 's camp, an extreme state ef dissatisfaction exists, insertions are occurring almost daily. Nino men came over liere in a guard boat about a woek ago. followed the next morning by two others, l'art of them were North ru men, who hut been impressed into Southern servlc". Several negroes, male and fGmiile, have also found their way to the fort. News reaches me that on enterprise of a still more des]ierate character than either of the above will be at tempted shortly. It Is the llrin purpose of Colonel Brown to bringVn a general engagement by provoking the enemy to a point beyon 1 mortal endurance. Colon ! 15. is cautious, and does not wish to take tho iulatU e stop; indeed his orders from the War lopartiiient are not to do so, but there is nothing to prevent his replying when oncothe enemy shall have applied tho match to any of thoir hi;' ifuns. And reply he will. 1-.P' nnoi.'ior mini reurui k jiiui u<i|r if<> .imi? iv wuwutclo such events as shall electrify the whole country. The war must cotufnencc bere in earnest before many days, ami when it does. look fir such an expenrijliure of powder as the New World lias navor bofo:o so -a. THE LOYAL AND DISLOYAL SLAVE STATES. The following table shows the population of the fifteen slave States, and the Inc: ease of each State in the i a t t 'ii years. It will b<; seen at a glance that in securing the four loyal ones we liavo those which are increasing most rapidly in woalth nnd imputation:? Population Population Incrrafe. 1850. 1800. Alabama 771,(123 904.290 192,173 Arkansas 2(H) ,S90 436,427 225.531 Florida 87,445 140.480 62 .994 Georgia 800,18ft 1,(67.329 151,144 I/)Uisiana 517.762 709.200 191,523 Mississippi 000,528 791,390 184 870 North Carolina 809 039 ?;i2.('07 123,028 South Carolina 0'?8 507 . 703,812 3S..'?o6 Tennessee 1,002,717 1 107.no Tcxm 212,502 1,421,081 l,f wi,079 Loyal Stave States. r Delaware gi ?m * . Kentucky 982,405 -t' * ** Maryland 683 0T ?ti 21o 20,080 Missouri 012' i,l#5,718 173,308 The eleven rrhol jf. 087,034 104.000 , cle;nn rtbtI st 1,1S2,317 500 273 population of 25 pe ?B )W iln average increase of | ?tal?3 jlww an a- . cent, whereas, the four loyal slave of them?Miw /cri^c increase or 34 |>cr cent, and 0110 State beiug yur??r>f 7f> per cent, tho Increase of that bon'"/ so 400,273 Tennessee, tho rebel Stale whose hr/lr ' ta'our market generally on a pur with Missouri, .Ofaped it. population only 107,130, or barely ton per I These are important facta to those who aro holding the bonds of the above State*. j CASH WANTED IN SOUTH CAROLINA, h MACU1NKRY AT AUCTION TO IIAISK THK WIND. :r Tho Charleston Mercury of September 13 luwi the folio lowing advertisement:? Valuat>!c machinery, mat-rials, masons', smiths', carg pouters' and laborer8' tools. Sc., at public auction, uv T. I a. Whitney,auctioneer. Will bo gold at public auction, ', at tho new Custom House yard, on Tuesday, September ts 24, 1861, at half-past ten o'clock A. M., the following. I- articles:? i- Machinery.?"no 2 ) horse st am eugine anl boiler, two e steam pumps, one portable englt.c, one turning aud screw a lathe, one pair shears, seven movable derricks, one stationary derrick,one pile driver an.I h .miner, eight crabs f for derricks, one stationary derrick, four railroad cars, s tw > marble saws, si U'en purchas- 1 >1> cks. if MaO-riaU ?:?5,?X-0 now t rny bricks, 10,000 old bricks, a 29 Iwrols murb.e t j, I.a; r Is pin>ter pai is, 6,okh> ii pounds Iron and steel, in las, 1,607 |>ouniU copper and br.vs,flre brick and clay, rope, Sc . Sc. N V"ln?S| ir11 levels, plumb rules, trowels, f ch it els. drill-, bevel", hammer-. ei bars, sledges, Sc. ,smuht' Tfil'.?Hollows, anvils, vices, slou^cs. haia1 mors, tongs, forgo tools,Sc. Carjinit-rt' T?l*.?C'r.-. i.t-aws. atigors, centre siw I ing frame, axes, grlnd-t. lies, benches, Sc. Lixlr i-i ' r">!*?Barrows, picks, shovels, hods, handSpikes, rliains, Sc. 1 (.oailitioiis i tth. W. F. COLl'OCK, Collector.