Newspaper of The New York Herald, September 30, 1861, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated September 30, 1861 Page 4
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mm nil III sr 4: NEW YORK HERALD. JAMES GORDON BENNETT, EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR. OFFICE N. W. CORNER OP FULTON AND NASSAU 8T8. TBS MS rash in a>tran re. M< >n ru sent ftp mail teill teat the f irk of the t>m<ler. Ntme lut linttk (nils cutrcni in New I'ork tab* n THE ft A If 1' TT FRALD, tiro cent$p#r rof>y, $7 jyer annum. THE WEEKLY HERALD, ewry Saturday %tU s>'r # per topy, or $>$ per annum; the E'trojunn Edition rvery We*lne*(ny% at *ir cents i>*rrf>f $4 tier annum to any part of Great /intuiti. or 12 to "it/ fK$rt of the ('"n.'iiient, UAh to intitule porttirje; the California Eaition on the J>>, llt/i <trul '2lst ouch month, at nix ttnts per copy% or $2 76per annua*. Volume XXVI No, 471 amusements this even/no. ACADEMY OK MUSIC, IrvliiK PUco.?Prof. Herrmann. WIN'TElt GARDEN, Broadway.?Actress or Daylight? CINDERELLA WALLACE'S THEATRE, No. 8U Broudwny.?Tub New T resident. LAURA KEENE'S THEATRE, Broadway?Heyen Sons. NEW BOWERY THEATRE, Bowery.?Eva?No?Black Eyed Susan. BARNt'M'S AMERICAN MUSEUM. Broadway.?Day nil Evening?Kaist IIkiRT Nvver Won Kair l.?fv? II?uvtt:l> < II.IMRKR ?HlPPOl'OTAMUA, sea LlOW, amd OtllKR CURIOSITIES. BBVANTS' MINSTRELS, Mrrhanlo#' Hall, 471 Broad way.?Somos, Danck.i, Ijuble.iuues, AO.?Hairymak or tub Prodigious I'otatkr. MELODEON CONCERT HALL, No. 839 Broadway.?ONOK, OAKOtS, BL'RLESUL'KS. 40.?klTAL ARTISANS. CANTERBURY MUSIC HALL, 535 Broadway.?Sowm, DAKCr.f. lii:RLK?uue(l. Ac. GAIETIES CONCERT ROOM, 818 Broadway.?Drawim fioom entertainments Bai.lkts, I'antomimr.l. Karces, ac. AMERICAN MUSIC HALL. IM Broadway.-Sonus, Ballets, Pantomimic. Ac.?Robert Make-airs. CRYSTAL PALACE CONCERT HALL. No. ? Bowery.? Burlesoles, Sonus. Dances. Ac.?O'Flanniua* at the (air. METROPOLITAN CONCERT II ALT., 600 Broadway? Songs, Dakck.h, Faucks. licui.Ksyi:m, Ac. i New York, Momluy, September 30, IKOt. THE SITUATION. The whole line of the rebel army immedi- i ately in front of Washington has fallen back, nor conld their exact position bo ascertained yesterday. Munson'a and Upton's Hills, and Fall's Church have been abandoned, and arc*now occupied by the Union troops, i The position of the rebels at tho.ro points appears \ to have been not very formidable. There were \ no fritrnu fnnn^ t\f ? * * ?? ?? ?. k..>in uiitiuu ucvn mounieu; incir j \ defences were simply rifle-pits, nor were there any 1 \ evidences of tents having been there, or any other \ protection except rudely constructed she<ls. Another unfortunato error on the part of two divisions of the Union troops occurred on the ftd- < vance of General Smith's force from Chain Bridge ' to Pall's Church. During the darkness of the , night the Philadelphia regiment of Colonel Owens < mistaking Captain Mott's battery, General Baker's ' California regiment and two other regimenta for a ^ body of the rebels, opened a tremendous volley ( upon them, killing and wounding several. The J California regiment returnod the lire with terrible f effect. The guns of Mott's battery were then or- 9 dered to load with canister, and were about to J pour a deadly volley upon Colonel Owens' ( men, when the mistake was discovered, in time to ' avert a terrible slaughter. It is very much to be regretted and condemned, t if it be true as stated, that the Union troops, who t took possession of Pall's Church, have wantonly 1 destroyed private property to the value oi thirty or forty thousand dollars. It is believed by military authorities at Washing- j ( ion mat the withdrawal of the rebels is only a cint of a retroat for tlio purpose of leading our urrny into an ambuscade, just as they did at liull run, but General McClellan has too much sagacity to be caught In that trap. The old spirit which characterized our navy in the War of 1S12 ha? manifested itself on four or five different occasions during the present war, and on not one perhaps more prominently than in the cutting out of the privateer Judith from under the guns of the Pensacola Navy Yard, now in possession of the rebels, before daylight on the morning of the 14th inst., by a boat expedition from the steam frigate Colorado. The several occasions we allude to in which the gallantry and daring of our sailors recall the spirit which animated the navy in former times, are the cutting out of a rebel ship in one of the ports of Florida by Capt. T. Danah Shaw, of the steam gunboat Montgomery; the bombardment of Galveston, by Captain Alden, in the gunboat South Carolina; the destruction of the rebel forts on Ship Island, by Commander Porter, in the steam frigate Powhatan; the recent capture of the Hatteras forts, by Commodore Stringham and General Butler, ami lastly, the boarding and destruction of the privateer Judith, at Pensacola. We gave a full account of the latter affair yesterday, and publish further details to-day. The record speaks for itself. In the ability with which this project was designed, and the coolness and bravery by which it was successfully carried out, it Is almost without parallel. With seventy-five men and officers, in three boats from the Colorado, the gallant assailants boarded and set on flre the rebel privateer lying at the dock in front of the Navy Yard at Pensacola, under the guns of the forts, and succeeded in their hazardous enter prise with the loss of only three killed and fifteen wounded. The guns from the privateer poured balls thickly upon them, but thev clambered tn hi-r docks, and after a severe band to band fight, van- < quished the crew, destroyed the vessel and returned t to the frigate with the loss above stated. The ori- * ginal intention of the expedition wan to surprise 8 the rebel garrison at the Navy Yard, an well as to ^ cut out the privateer, but the approach of the 1 boat* being discovered by the sentinel on board the j Judith, the whole power of their attack was necea- , sarily couc cut rated upon her. s In connection with this brilliant affair we would 1 refer to a letter which we publish to-day from t Captain Vogdes, one of the officers at Fort Pickens, * to Captain Baily, of the Colorado, in which he ' states that a "contraband" deserter from Pcnsa- c cola brings information that the ntmost discontent ^ exists among the rebels there; that they are pining fj for peace at any price, and that over two hundred , of the troops have deserted within a few days paf<t. f Captain Vogdes expresses the opinion?and it is ( curious au coming from that isolated quarter?that ' the rebels around Washington do not mean to at- ? tack McClellan's army, and that they have only a 1 ' -curtain of troops along the line there to con- f ceal the withdrawal of their material and the ^ main body of their army to Richmond. lie states ( further that the Colorado expedition killed thirty , t>f the rebels on the raorniug of the 14th. , i > , \ NE THE NKVVfca. 01 Tho steamship Marion, Captain Phillips, arrived <li here yesterday from Havana, with dates to the 24th d; irist. There is no local news of interest from there, w unless wo except the clearances of vessels and j( purchases of contraband cargoes for # Southern | nnrta. r U( By this arrival we liavo news from Mexico city to the 3d, and Caracas, Venezuela, to tho 7th inst. ( From the former we learn that Comonfort had arrived in the interior, and was well received by the people. His position, however, is extremely perilous. From Caracas we hear that Dr. dual, tii acting President, had refused to resign, and had tii been imprisoned, while tho oouutry generally ni seemed more disturbed than ever. }? The Most Reverend Archbishop of New York Uf dedicated tho church of Saint Michael, Reverend crj Arthur J. Donnolly pastor, yesterday morning, Sunday being tho Feast of the Dedication of the 11 Archangel ami Prince of the Heavenly Host. Saint w Michael's church is Bituatcd in West Thirty-second m street, running across tho block to Thirty-first street, noar Ninth avenue. The building is not cl yet completed, but when finished will bo very ele- bi gant and commodious, and afford all the public benefits of a fine school which is attached to it. A t|, very numerous and respectable congregation at- (Jf tended the services yesterday, to whom his Grace delivered an impressive and effective sermon. St. j" Biiciinui b cuurcn, wneii uuisueu, win oe an ornament to the went Hide of the city, at) well a? a last- 'J' fug monument of the zeal and lidelity of ito present U1 pastor and his flock. <!> The committee appointed by Mr. Marshall at the Union meeting In Twenty-third street met at the room of the Republican Central Committee on Saturday night. It was found that several persons ( ) were put on to represent wards in which they did ^ not reside. A feud at once sprang up on the question, resulting in the adoption of a resolution 0 granting all such leave to withdraw. On this one ^ of the secretaries, Mr. Beatty, and Messrs. Horn ^ and Frost retired. The committee are to meet on lo Thursday evening to make their nominations. ar Tho village of Williamatown, Oswego county, lb N. Y., sent one volunteer to the war, and, ho Wl having returned, preparations aro to be made to honor him with a public rcceptiou. The Republican State Convention of Massachusetts will meet to-morrow in Worcester. Hon. Wm. Appleton, the democratic represen- 845 tative in Congress from the Filth (Boston) district ''' of Massachusetts, has resigned. 0,; The People's No Party Union Convention of Wis- bo L'onsin on the 24th inst. nominated for Governor bi Louis P. Harvey; Lieutenant Governor, Wm. C. ha Allen; Secretary of State, J. T. Lewis; Treasurer, be 3.D. Hastings; Attorney General, James H. Howe; Hank Comptroller, John Bracken. Five States will hold their annual elections on j Tuesday, the fith of October?namely, Pcnnsylva- ,, lia, Ohio, Iowa, Indiana and Minnesota. Tho coltnn market was quiet uu Saturday,and sales conhied about 250 bales, In lots, closing at 21){c. for mid- hil Hill* I4U.IIIUO, UIUOIIK tun riui'B WIUI 11 small 101 0[ 11116 V0 [Vixas ut 36c. The flour market wuh loss active and buoy * j(1, int, while prices wore heavy for common grades and Irm for good shipping extra brand*. Wheat wus loss ictlve, while price* were without change of importance. ?* riio llrmuoss in freights tended to chock transactions. ba; rhe heaviest demand won fur Hhipmont to France. tilt kirn was in good request, both for Eastern w}j wrtg and for export, whllo prices closed quito , Irtn. Pork was llrm and in good demaud, with ; uiles of mess at $14 f>0 a $14 C2J*, and of prime at ''1fU 75 &410, and $15 CO a $16 75 for clear mess. Sugars >St'| were flrin and in good request, with sales of about l,000 ku'i ihds. and 1,200 boxes at full prices. Coffee was (lrtn. but luiet. Freights were firm: to Liverpool grain was taken n ship's bags at and flour at 3s. 3d.; to L/indon "#l vhoat wrts engage<l at 14d., and flour at 4s. 3d.; engageuouta to Havre were active: four vessels were engaged l'O o take about 200,000 bushels of wheat at 26c., and 4,000 wa larrcls of flour at 90c. lelifl Conspiracy to Divide (he State of wa New York at tbe Coming Election. |(! If anything should excite the indignation of .pa oyal citizens, at the present time, it is that, in ,lg he very midst of the great struggle in which i he country is engaged to suppress rebellion, svory effort is being made by secession synipa- U(j .hizera, in the North, to embarrass the President, U(j ind throw impediments in the way of success- f|(l 'ully prosecuting tbe war None of these have seen baser and more perfidious than the putting yj forward, by the rotten, democratic leaders of ^ ;he old barnburner faction, who gave an aacen- pj( lency to abolitionism fifteen years ago, of an ()< mtl-artmmistration state ticket, pledged to demnciation of the wisest and most essential tj)( iteps that hare been taken by our energetic and n statesmanlike Chief Magistrate, in order to sow ;he steeds of discontent and insurrection through>ut the rural districts. The disreputable organs y. >f the ex-barnburners, at the bead of which j(>| stands the sheet edited by Confidence Cassidy, pour forth daily diatribes against the great m( people's party, revile its candidates, and are iven guilty of the audacity of declaring, that She paltry faction of which I)ean Richmond and " Peter Cagger are the avowed wirepullers, is J (i 'alone capable of carrying on a successful war, )r securing an honorable peace."' . Under the tutelage of an aristocracy, in Gre^t Britain, jealous of the success of American pa nstitutions. the Garrisons, Tappans, Greeleys. ^ Raymonds, Cheevers. Wendell Phillipses, and ' ^ jerrit Smiths of the North, established and per- j j. jetuated the'echool of politics which has had j ^ or its motto, for a qunrter of a century, that | a ho constitution of the United States is a "league ; ^ with hell and covenant with death." To them. p. tnd to their unceasing intrigues, it has been iwing that the slaveholding States have been (j ( ;oaded into rebellion; but anti-slavery fanati- j ism never would have achieved its diabolical CO' rinmph. had it not been for the aid which it ^ eceived, subsequently to the Mexican war, rom the Van Buren barnburners of that day. ^ V viler, more corrupt and debased school of lisorganizers and mischieFmakers, was never i prung upon the republic than that which went u orth from the Buffalo Convention, to prevent a an :onservative victory in 1M8. At the head of ^ he clique which betrayed the true interest of he nation at that time, stood the very men who ire engaged in the work of frustrating the well i ' ' aid schemes of President Lincoln now, for the (,j estoration of the integrity of the United States. ( ^ There never was a ticket put forward by any ^ action, for a more unworthy purpose, than that, vhieh was nominated, at Syracuse, a few weeks lince, by the anti-national, barnburner Regency, j t? sole object is to enable a band of venal ^ ieinagogues to boast, after peace 6hall have , t\v svolved out of our present discord, that they i ly iave always sympathized with secession, and to ' la' :laim practical gratitude from the South for ! fid heir treasonable machinations. Everywhere w< hey arc creating dissensions and distrust. | so rhey an1 causing the recruiting offices in the j he dllages and interior towns of New York to be th orsuken, and are preventing, by every manner mm >f false representation, fresh levying of troops co rhey are playing info the hands of the Garrison co md Greeley ultraists, who have raised their re rwices against the President, for not having stl ;anctioned the illegal proclamation of General hi Fremont, and are fomenting quarrels among gf ocal factions, in order to shackle the free de- L< relopement of the great uprising of patriotism fic vhich is being witnessed in the North. It is It mly necessary to glance ut tke columns 01 ft * / VV YORK HERALD, MONDA f the Albany Atlas and Argus, to be Woul isgusted with the Billingsgate with wh.icli it ' aily vituperates true patriots. It callB those "^e ho advocate the wise measures of the Pr*>si- "on ?nt "the scattered hosts and mongrel troop s ot 8'" f the spurious people's party," who will bo would lispersed," and "not dare to remain in the 'Jllt'? Id." Post, Th?> duty of the government is clear and un- ',rt'8t>n istakeable, in lace of the rebel teaching which future put forward by the organs of the barnburner 1 in ti,!= at..*., ti.? _ homotr I. n is Is ill HUIO rwiu-. J.uvy UIV ttllivw Djllipiv " risers with rebellion, and their proper place of moan ' >odo is Fort Lafayette. The electioneer- ?eneoiJ g wirepullers of the Regency, as well t',nt ^ i those who control the abolition or- 'Hm ms of the North, should be alike looked Por'mI' ter, and the people will applaud the check 8enor& hich will be then given to the most subtle ene- P?P"'n ies oftho great national cause. The ticket the Ce] jaded by the name ol Daniel S. Dickinson and Afrlcai oRing with that of Frederick A. Tallmadge, will one 3 elected by a majority of three hundred thou- mortu' ind, but this is not enough. It ought to be rePubl loroughly understood that treason is to be cut 'n# to f, root and branch, in whatever shape it may wise, esent itself; and the rebel conspiracy of conaiR* ichmond, Cagger and Confidence Cassidy to l^ked iralyze the energies of the President should be by rov pped in the bud at ouce. l'ow It not ( he Rebel Armlet) of the Potomao?WUl only K They Fight or Fall Back! . The evacuation of JIunsou's Ilill, and all the """'K test movements of the rebels along the line m. '"''! the Potomac, indicate at length some deep ltrtl ?sign for a general battle or the preparations a r a retrograde movement to Richmond. From 801 ,in oir utivmwnt npfiviiv in the* w/?rlr An<(m<v i<l strengthening their batteries along the an un wer river, from Oceoquan to Muthias Point, le id from the concentration of a considerable ce''' rcc on the upper river, near Leesburg, it ore ' Diild appear that llio rebels contemplate the am' ( ' issagc of the stream below Washington by ral ',0' i-ans of boats, and its passage above by ford- ' g, simultaneously with the pretence of an ^)W> sault upon our lines of Arlington Heights in w'f |10u e centre. This plan, if effectively carried rGR'on it, would place the enemy in Maryland on Pro,'"c th flanks and in the rear of t>ur federal city; t'l_>n it the enterprise would bo so difficult and zardous, above and below, that we cannot ^eotlH lieve it will be seriously attempted. c'' a For some days past we have had a succession '0 con Washington despatches repeating and un- senflu' rging upon the startling discovery that the ?out'1 itomac below Washington is at last effectually Pr08Pei ised by the rebel batteries on the Virginia Polish Is. But all such reports, we think, may be coun,1'? ry safely discredited. There is no rebel bat- nor co,_ y on the Potomac above Occoquan creek, and rPPubli snce downward to Matbias Point, aa interval nt!Ce,sa some thirty odd in ilea, within which tho rebel (,'iC a,J0 tterioH are confined, there is no point where t''? ! stream is less than three miles in width, aud North a tere there is not sufficient water near the Ma- w,,u'^ ' land shore for all our navigable purposes. dency 1 on this subject an Alexandria despatch, dated ''"n ptember 26, is conclusive. On that day, at 1 d city, numerous vessels had arrived from v?r>ted ? river and bay, as well as from the sea, with " ^ot at, hay and supplies for the government; Vitioms: d though eight or ton shots from Cockpit tbe int had been tired at the fine steamer I)ela- locked ire, which came from Philadelphia with a Paro^e ge number of sailors for the new sloop-of- Pr(>son* ir at the Washington Navy Yard, not the PermiU ist harm was done, for tho steamer which ^18 ' ssed up in the morning pas sed down the river nK ain in tho afternoon. ^ 18 These facte, we think, settle the question. re'>K'01 le Potomac river is not and cannot be block- l*r?vidc ed by the rebels; and unless they can block- temP* e it they cannot cross it in the face of our Pt,rm1*' tilla on the flatboats which it is supposed Amer;c y have been building in the creeks on the nounce rginfci shore. A single steam gunboat, in r,'!'?'()I . ir attempt to cro?s, could knock them all to t'M> * 111 cos. We dismiss, therefore, all these reports ^ad l>e< a probable rebel invasion of Maryland bo- *"ans w' w Washington. Above tide water, on aU(^ ^'( u upper river, the fords and ferries con'stltl 9 pretty well guarded by General <3octrin mks. Along this division of the stream' W( eraging one-third of a mile in width, the rginia shore, at every available ford and ^ree ry, is raked by our batteries: and before the or'^>r 1 emy can cross at any accessible point he Anglo-i ist make some impregnable lodgment on the deterio er bank, on his own side, which he has not "10 I attempted to do. In fact, we begin to sus- Central ct that his menaces above and his batteries vo)vct' low Washington are intended more for de- nun' ' isive than offensive measures?more to pro fanatic* :t his own flanks than to assail ours. work tl We have no doubt that, Beauregard's oceu- 'ilW8, tion of Munson's Hill was a stratagem for awing out General McClellan from his de- ^e '''l ices into some such trap as thjit ot' Bull run. raco 111 :i!n?!ntkia n,.,...- 11, benefit tiling ill uiio inn\ uv, ijiki ituawn; and it is quite possible that, having 0l,r uli uged the strength of our army, lie may now sct ' preparing to steal off with all bis forces to !'vlnc,P cbmond. It appears that the rebel authori- 's n s are collecting large quantities of lumber Kovorni arc, from which to construct the winter huts am' 1'"' their soldiers; and so, if MoClellan will not )v'u re ' me out of his strongholds to accommodate 1,1 ,_'Uf auregard, the latter, having exhausted the ' untry around him, and having satisfied him[f that he has nothing to gain by remaining the Potomac, may conclude that his best a r< c<1 urseis to fall back upon Richmond, fortify it artl d make it bis winter quarters. under The season is close at hand when tho cotton ^ '"h 111 ites must look to their own defences. Beaure- %v|)' 'ia rd cannot longer remain idle without hazard- ??c,'rs ; the federal occupation of every Southern ol t'10' iport. He must fight or fall bock; and if Mc- u'''' '' v ellan will not oblige him by advancing j ivards Hull run, we think it quite possible that 'iave r( c rebel army of Manassas may retire in dis- war' st. Within the present week the question ^ow'' ' 11 probably be settled. evon 01 the diff General Fremont's Official Notices.?The over, o or three official orders and complaints late- : act as issued by General Fremont arc not caleu- more ted to exhalt him in public estimation or con- up pi ence. The country is waiting for acts, not now su >rds, from our commanding General in- Mia- der in > uri. Ho has been caught napping. lie is the coi Id responsible for the sacrifice of Lyon and banks i e surrender of Mulligan, and hence, before ( Maryla e can admit the right of General Fremont to , ever el inplain, we have the right to demand some j numbe: mpensating achievement at his hands, or his ! are thi signation or removal from the service, lie 1 ledge ould be graceful for the opportunity given order i m to redeem himself, und he should l>e dili- : produc nt and active to turn it to a good account. 1 a stop at liim do this, and the country will be satir;- ' der; an d; anil we expect him to satisfy the country, j vated I is his last chance, but it embraces an enviable the bet ipoitunily for a glorious name. 1 uud th? \ Y, SEPTEMBER' 30, : l?l llie Abolition of Slaver) s#11 ir Woulil It Drttroy the Union 1 Evening Post contends that " tho r? >H' as grown altogether out of tho existent ,vo property," and that " our societj be perfectly homogeneouB throughout r slavery." The Ulea of tho poet of tht therefore, is, that to put an end to tht t rebellion and prevent rebellion in tin negro slavery must bo abolished in ever) ind our society thus rendered " perfectly enoous thrniiorhAiii ** W>iai ilAno Psio< >y making the republic perfectly homo. ib throughout? Wo hail always supposed

e American republic was remarkable foi logeneity above all other nations, except s the French. In race, language and 1 institutions it is eminently so. The .tion is the Anglo-Saxon race, absorbing I tic and all other nationalities except the 1, and assimilating them to itself. There language, the English, that which the imShakspere wrote. The institutions are ican from Maine to Mexico, and accordthe social compact never can be otherThe Unitod States are a federal republic, ing of a number of republican States together in a Union indissoluble except olution. ,then, does slavery prevent homogeneity? anly does not, but we maintain that it is y the preservation of that institution'that eneity or even a federal Union can be ined from Niagara to the Rio Grande, s no other example on the globe of so vast try, containing such a variety of climate, d productions, being peopled with a hosous race, with homogeneous institutions, der one government. In other parts ol irld nations are formed by the laws ol mguagc, climate and natural boundaries, the institutions mould races, languages imate to themselves, and disregard natuindarics. The tropical zone and almost gid are united by one -political system. that could not be accomplished t the existence of negro slavery. The where cotton, rice and sugar are the tions of the soil is unfit for cultivay the white man. Agricultural labor its limits is fatal to his exigence. On ?r hand, the negro, who is at liome in climate, will not work if left to himself, ipel him to labor is, therefore, alike esto the preservation of both races at the as well as to the growth, wealth and rity of the North. Were negro slavery ed nt the South the possession of that r would be no longer worth fighting for, dd socicty be held together there under can institutions?a despotism would be ,ry. The natural result, therefore, of lition of negro slavery would be to sever rth permanently from the South. The vould remain a republic, and the South become a monarchy, that being the ten)f Southern climes. The happy institu* negro slavery, equally bcneficial to the and the white man, has hitherto pr?this result, and would forever prevent alone. The foul attempt of the abots to meddle with it, aided and abetted British aristocracy, who have so long witli an envious eye upon our nn icu prosperity, i? me so:e cause of the , war, and of the imminent danger of lent disruption to our once happy Union, not, therefore, the want of homogeneity maces the existence of our confederation, nnogeneous in all but local lawn and l. As to these it was wisely >d in the constitution that no atto enforce uniformity should be ed, and the glorious peculiarity of the an constitution, for which it is de(1 by the Independent as atheistic, is that i can never become a cause of strife in on or the instrument of its disruption, as it ?n so often in other nations. The Purini'.d have had it otherwise if they could, ir descendants now wonld change the it ion in order to imbue it with the narrow es and practices of their own sect, as ould purge it of every recognition of the ion of negro slavery, and set the blacks oughout the entire Southern States, in to minglo their blood with that of the ?axon race, and thus produce a hybrid, rated breed like that which has degraded ucasian type of humanity in Mexico, America and South America, and inthose fair countries in political and social Such is the result that the shortsighted s would bring about here if permitted to icir wantonness with the constitution nnd What they mean by homogeneity is mation. and, instead of the elevation of ick race, the degradation of the white the scale of nations?the race for whose alone the constitution was formed by cestore. For mere visionary objects a 'unatic* would subvert its fundamental les and bring political chaos back again, bsolutely necessary, therefore, for the went to take charge of these maniacs, t them, if not in straight jackets, at least hey will be incapable of doing mischief great crisis of national danger through he republic is now passing. Articles of War.?In accordance with it order issued by General McClellan, cles of war are to be rend to the troops his command every Sunday morning, uasure has much to recommend it, and ,ve considerable moral effect upon both ami men, by constantly reminding them r duties as soldiers and the penalties vill attend any breach of military law. absence of this regulation many might uuained in ignorance of the articles ol yond an idea of their general bearing, lowever, there is no excuse for those f the dullest comprehension not knowing erence between right and wrong. Morctke reading of the articles will i a salutary caution, and be much impressive thau merely posting rinted copies of the same. What ggesta itself is tho issue of a similar or ill tho other federal camps throughout untry. What is advantageous on tbo >f tho Potomac will be equally so in nd, Missouri, Eastern Virginia and whersc our troops may be enenmpod. The r of cases of insubordination in the army is likely to be diminished by the knowand fear of speedy punishment. Tho igainst picket shooting has already been tive of good effects in Virginia in putting to a wanton and useless system of murd the more the tone of the army is clely such measures as the two referred to ter for the cause of humanity, ourselves 3 republic. L861. ? Tub Foiusiu.n Offioeks in Ouk Akmy.?Wo coi have heretofore spoken with deference and good mo will of the many foreign officers who have taken 1 0 service with our government in its strugglo the f. against rebellion. Their promptness in offering sug t l^'ieir swords in the cause of the best and freest sys' ' g0s -eminent on the face of the earth is a stai > gnaru ,ltee ?f their devotion to liberty, while ' the iniU tary experience they bring into the sor- * ' vice Is nix' to be despised in the present condi- exI r lion of an army raised hurriedly from the ro1 * ranks of pr#\ te citizenship. Many European tvv< nations have furnished officers to the anny of ma. 1 the government. France has given its exiled not princes, England ite nobility, Prussia the 1 its highly honored commanders, Ireland its the political martyrs, Germany its banished pa- 1111 ' triot soldiers. Tliey are all welcome to take daj part in the defence of that flap: which protects Un: all alike, gives a home to all alike, and in the f?r 1 honor of which they have all a coequal into- MCI rest. ru" 1 It is with some regrot, then, that we perceivo, m01 from communications which reach us from day P00 to day, a desire to lessen the value of the sor 118 ^ vices of Home of our leading German officers rut< 1 from the fact of the occupations which they fol- ^ ' lowed in civil life in this community. It is * commented upon, for instance, that some among are them are, or have been, proprietors of lager arn 1 bier saloons. Suppose it be trne that one or ' ' two did sell la^er bier, what of that ? The exile int< ! who has to seek a home in a strange land, after be has sacrificed his native fireside in a struggle ^or< ' with despotism, must get a living in some way? dra ' and provided it be by honest means, not un* and worthy of a man, what matters it in what rank ^y1 ' of life he earns an independence? Comments of the character we refer to are probably *mv made not in an unkind spirit, but certainly Kei in a foolish one; for we cannot forget that Louis f?r 1 Philippe of Fiance, the King and millionaire' BC^ was a poor schoolmaster in the backwoods of Kei this country in the dark hours of adversity; nor to 1 that Garibaldi, the conqueror of Italy, for a ^oi time made candles on Staton Island to obtain a livelihood, sailed as master of a small brig to a:ul from this port, and was not ashamed to lie *ro1 seen carrying chickens in his hand through the principal streets of this city, in order to redeem e by such simple presents a debt of gratitude whic'i he owed to Max Maretzek for the free rent aU(^ of a house on Staten Island. ?' * Thus the lot of every political exile ib checkered and uncertain, and it is no disqualifl. * ? cation for honor and promotion that a man is rpb compelled to resort to humble occupations for 0,18 the means of subsistence in the days of trial and mQ1 friendlessness in a foreign land. , con The East and tiik West in the Reculttinq str( tfUHTNK.sa?feome or the Western papers are be ginning to complain bitterly* of the backward- t'10 ness of the Eastern loyal* States in raiding soldiers, and of the heavy drain made upon the Tn liberal Northwest for the defence of Washing-' anai ton when Missouri and Kentucky are in peril. There is some degree of justice in these com- p!i8) pluints. Most of the Eastern States, including the I New York, are behindhand. Illinois is roported as having enrolled sixty thousand soldiers for the tiio i war. At this rate New York should be able to 8,l? Cx exhibit in her muster rolls an aggregate of Suin twice sixty thousand men. She has about sixty i?rg< thou.-and in the field, which is good, and perhaps dr?i twenty thousand more enrolled at our different suv<' recruiting stations. But this is not up to u,Hl Illinois. ^ B* land We suspect that our Governor is somewhat y(,gt, responsible for this deficiency. Governor by t Yates, of Illinois; Governor Dennison. of Ohio: , " 1 COOK Governor Andrew, of Massachusetts, and the whoi energetic young fighting Governor (Sprague) of little Rhode Island, have each been the inspiring head of the volunteering busi- ^ ne.H8 in each of their respective States- on a We call upon Governor Morgan to hisi emulate- these examples of activity, enter- of e prise and zeal in the good work. It ia the pro- ?lBd vir.ee and the duty of New York to be the Erapire State in the number of her soldiers, as she brar is in the financial sinews of this war. Governor "J", Morgan should not rest until he can show a re- ante cord for New York of at least one hundred ^oi'ia thousand soldiers in the lield, especially as he is j now a Major General. ties ror i Unit The Fai.i. Season.?There is but little in the acto business indications of the present season to furnish an unfavorable comparison between it Kiiw and the corresponding period of last year. The hotels are Ailing up, and all the lead- k. ing theatres?the Academy, the Winter Garden, Laura Keene'a and Wallack's?are nightly lau.i crowded to repletion. Even Brooklyn is taking its share in the revival, the Academy reopening e. there on Thursday next for one of Hermann's soirees, to be followed soon by a short season O'Co of opera alternately with our own. The fashj ionablc milliners have had their show day, and thu s i uusiui-sa aiuoug iuciu i? Hl> OllSR lliai it is evi- ~ ! dent the heads of families are loosening their son', pursestrings in renewed hopefulness as to the , future. Fn the Central Park the throng of splendid equipages which are attracted by the Acc ! Saturday concerts attest that the stories about i reduced establishments, of which we have heard Ttl so mnch during the last few months, have but >tnic very little foundation in fact. Many of the manu- ^m| facturing llrms are busy, and we hear of fewer rouu complaints among the working classes of want of employment. All this is the result of tho wise financial measures adopted by the government. They have completely restored public ^ ^ confidence, and convinced business people of for i what we have all alone; assured them, that the temporary loss of the trade of tho South would turn! be more than compensated for by tho immense ""til daily expenditure of the government for war j'W , ! purposes, the loyal States exclusively reapin ply, tho benefit of it. lots, Tuk Sanitary Condition of the Crrr.?The o.\t? City Inspector has just presented a statement to the Board of Commissioners, now in session, charged with the duty of amending the charter ship of this city, in which he presents some important reforms in the Health Department to the notice of that body. Mr. Delavan deprecates- p and very justly, the present mode of construct- kihji! ing this department, the political complexion which it has assumed, and the inefficiency which <^je characterizes Its management. Ho dwells large, oi- ' ly upon the valuable services of the dispensaries in preserving public health, and recommends that the existing Board of Health and Health Commissioners shall be abolished, and a pr,?new Board be appointed, to consist of the j cmj Mayor, City Inspector, State Health Officer, i Chairman of the Board of Charities and Corrcc- . tion, President of the Commissioners of Emigra- 180,1 tion, together with the presidents of the five dis- f pensaiies, and three physicians, to be chosen by the trustees of each of these dispensaries. By , this means a majority of the new Board would Frei ? ibiut of 8omo trt tho moet eminent medical n in the city. tr. Deluvun takes a very sensible view of sanitary requirements of the metropolis, and gests many valuable improvements in the tern in the document referred to, the sub' ice of which we give in another column. \ [bntccky.?Kentucky, directly after the un >ectod disaster to our arms at Bull run, led up, in a deliberate issue at the polls beion Union and secession, a popular Union jority of nearly seventy thousand. But still> withstanding this overwhelming vote, and decisive staud taken by her Legislature at eleventh hour for war against secesslondom, j suspccted that her secessionists in arms tor in the State exceed the number of her ion Home Guard. How are we to account this? By a very simple explanation. The t-saion clement is the revolntlonarytftght\ng, lan element of the South. The Union eleit b the law and order party, largely corned of quiet non-combatants. So, in Kentucky n every other Southern State, all the despei politicians, vagabonds, loafers and adven?rs, who have nothing to lose, but everything lopo for, from revolution, war and anarchy, ready at a moment's notice to take up* \ is against the government 'bus the secession conspirators have risen > power over large loyal popular majoriin many Southern States, and by the simplo :e or armed terrorism. Thus they have gged Missouri to the verge of destruction, , thus they menace Kentucky. But her al Legislature has done much to save the te; and from the warnings of Missouri we e every reason to hope that the loyalists of ltucky will not stand praying to Hercules help without the fullest efforts to help tbemres. In fact, we consider the acquisition ot ltucky to the Union side of this war as equal i gain of fifty thousand men. So much for aost Abe Lincoln's conserativo war policy. 'he Mouth of thk Occoqi-ax.?It is reported n Washington that an attack is contemplated inst the rebel batteries on the Potomac at outlet of Occoquan creek. The sooner tho ter. Bull run is a branch of the Occoquan, ; by occupying tho heights near the outlet he latter stream we shall have a base of rations by which wo may turn the flank of enemy at Manassas. From all accounts the els have taken tho hint, and are industrily at work to defeat this anticipated flank wmonf nrroinat ilinm TKnw oro r*aloV?lioViin/? teries at the point in question, which, though iparatively weak now, may soon be too ing for our gunboats. We hope, therefore, y soon to hear of a Hatteras Inlet victory at outlet of the Occoquan. City Intelligence^ n Hudson Stiiekt A noiiT;o.v Case.?We have received rJ from tho medical attendant of tho Leake and Watta ian Asylum, denying any ill treatment of ttio unforto Mary Dunlop white thoro, or would seem to be iml by tha testimony of I)r. Norval. Tho authorities of institution wero uot awaro of her condition, nor was tirer bo ill as to be confined to bed. It Is true she was !y, but novor so much po as to warrant suspioluns of chI stati) of ail'airs, and up to tho time of her leaving liad receive'! every kindness and attention. wai/nr at Cwitra?. 1'ark?As a laborer named Michaej van was employed in the Central Park on Saturday, a s rock fell u)K>n him, crushing liis leg so badly that it ipod of!" above the kueo. The unfortunate man wag to Bcllevue for medical attendance, but all etlbrtato his life provod abortive. Coroner .lackman was notlof the cnao, and will hold an inquest to-day. -kxiko Fluid Castaltv.?Mary Flynn, a native of Ire, aged twenty-soven years, died at Bellovue Hospital erday from the effects of injurlea accidentally received hu explosion of some burning fluid upon her person, ntsed was lighting a (Ire, It apjmars, and winning to in a hurry injured some burning fluid upon tho wood, si an explosion took place, burning her in a shocking nor. Coroner Jacktnan held an inquest upon tho i ' \ >" -N Personal Intelligence. 10 editor of the Monmouth (N. J.) Democrat has been visit to ex-Prosident Buchanan. Ho writes back to Ifir.nr llHfoilnur4'_T visilAit tl'hpatlnnil IhA rAaiHnnn xPreWdent Buahanan. I bail never seen him, and ly embraced tho present opportunity. At %ve op" ched tlio hooso, we saw the Stars and Stripes floating 1 a fine flagstaff In front. He rceotvod us in the li y. He bad Just reeovored fronralitof sickness, tho lie said tbat he had ever had. He looked well, but mited that his formor strength or body was gone. Ho riained us for an hour in convorsitiou, which nrincif turned upon tho reboilion. Ho rolat'id ninny per.1 imocdotes of tho leading military men now bel'oro country, North and South. Ho was orapbatica'ly of opinion that there is no way to get out of our difliculbut to fight it out. I tame away well satisfied that, veal or woe, James Buchanan stauds (Irmly for tho m, and that whether mistaken or not, ho has always d frrm the highest motives of patriotism. Hieral Benjamin F. Butler, William H. Wegel, and Orball,all of the United States Army; Mr. arul Mrsin James, of England; Major Berris, of Springfieldt !., and C. 0. Allen, oi'Siam, are stopping at tho Fifth lue Hotel. K. Kldridgo, U. S. A.; C. Dlraond, of Iowa; Pr. dsioy, U. S. A.; Captain J. ti. Howe-, of Newark VaiGeorgo P. Plant, of St. I/>uis; James Marrett, of 1'cnt; A. (i. Smith, U. S. A.; C. wendoll, of Washington, Jacob Stan wood, of Boston, are among the arrivals at Metropolitan Hotel. Preble, T. II. Bartlett, F. R. Smith, M. Forrest and js 0. Kano, all of tho United States Navy; Hon. L. B. ker, of Oswego; J. S. George, of Nassau, N. P.; T. nnor, of London; J. A. Darling, United Rtntes Army; Kuigley, of Montreal; Hon. Joseph Segar, of Virand N. Washburne, of Worcester, h ive arrived at t Nicholas Hotel. . Tildou, Roston; Captain Haworth, Queen's moi?scntjigland; Mrs. McCcilom, Mr. and Mrs. Jam< s Tln.mpG. Van duff, wife and Bon, New York; Mrs. Candler, in; Mr. and Mrs. Pallcto, New York; Jay Gould, Dr. Fort Mcllonry, Md., arc at the Evcrott Houso. ldcnt on the New York and Eric Rail* road. Soio, Sept. 29, ftCl. 0 night express, cast from Hunkirk, ran into a culon Friday nighi at Sclo, killing the engineer, Harvey r, fireman Venscy, and e.T-euglneor Weaver. Johu pbell, brakeman, had ono log broken and scalp cut Sergeant Cornell, of tho Twenty-seventh Now York nent, was slightly Injured. H. A. Walton, of ColumPa., had one leg broken. Ihore is a terrible freshet, 1 bridges down. Markets, Auuxy, Sept. 28?6 P. M. >ur advanced 10c. and was In fair domand. Whrnt readily, In car lots, at $1 15 for State spring, $1 16 mixed State,$1 20 for red State, $1 25 for while )n<\ and Genesee, and (1 34 a $1 36 for white Michigan, sells in the street at 71c., for 00 lbs., with au upward i ncy. Rarlcy dill, and inquiry chiefly for good Stato Canada West . sales last evening, 1,700 bushels winter c.. 2.400 do. bright Slate, four rowed, at 71c.; to-day. ) bushols Cayuga, in lots, at 55c. a 56c., and !>00 icls Stato, four ri.we-l, at G4c. Corn dull; sup;nt off by some detention on tho canal at the six. locks. Last evening about 22,000 bushels Western id sold, to arrivo, at 51c.; to-day 3.000 bushels, in car at 51c.,and 1,000 bushel* do., from store, ut 53c. dull and lower at 32Kc. Whiskey?Sales 3,000 bbls., 0c. Received by Central Railroad for New York? ) bbls. flour, 724 hags wheat, 423 bbls. pork, 314 *s cheeso, 200 bbls. high wines, 84 bales wool. For on and tho East?2,290 bbls. ll"ur, 285 Itale.- wool, pod by lows to New York September 27?104,900 icls corn, 113,700 bushels wh at, 20,500 bushels oats, I) bushels feed. 0*wwin,Sopt. 2S, 1861. our unchanged; demand moderate. Wheat dull; sales 3 bushels Chicago spring on prtvato terms. Corn in I demand at 40c., but there is none on the market, ey nominally at 55c. a 67c. for Bay Qulnte, and 81c. 5. for prime; Toronto; no sales. Rye and oilier grains t. Canal freights steady?Flour 37c. a 38c., wheat , corn lie. to New York, lake imports?30,000 bush .vhi'.it, S,000 bushels corn, 0,000 bushels barley, 9 bushels rye. Canal < X;*>rt??1,150 bbla. flour, 30 bushols wheat, 58,000 bushels corn. i Bcmio, Sept. 28?? P. M. J tnir (juiet an<t unchanged. Wheat?The market is | I and I'.rm: sul?8 31,000 bushels of Chicago spring at a : 15,000 bushels red winter Western <it |1 u5^ (Hi- lrt.000 bushels Milwaukee club on private tortus. >1 freights to New York?Torn, lBfv1.; wheat 'JOe. )ini|?rU?17,000 lib s. Hour; 4M1.000 bu.-hcls wheat; 000 busl.ols corn; 40,<*00 bushels barley. Ouutl ex*?14,000 bushels wheat; 100.000 bushels corn; WO bushels oatF. OltrMio, Sept. 23,1*81. our nc'U'c. Wheat lower, at 70c. a 77c. for No 1, T7c. a 78c. for No. 3, In store. Corn tinner Oats rty. Koceipts?12,000 bb!.~. (lour, 175,000 bushel* at, 140,000 bushels corn, Shipments?1.200 bbls. . ><5,000 bushel.- wheat. 174.000 bvieho'" to ill ghtaiutct. Exchange unchanged. <

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