Newspaper of The New York Herald, October 2, 1861, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated October 2, 1861 Page 1
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THE NEW YORK HERALD WHOLE NO. 9153. NEW YORK, WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 2, 1801. PRICE TWO CENTS. THE REBELLION Beports of Refugees from Charleston, Richmond and the Rebel Camps. Rebel Commission to Examine Into the Cases of Union Captives. The Treatment of the Prisoners Sent to Charleston. Position of the Rebel Army of the Potomac. The Reasons of the Rebels for Not Blockading the River* Quiet Reigns Along the Union Lines. Preparations for the Coming ^Conflict in Missouri, &c., &c., &c. OUR SPECIAL WASHINGTON DESPATCHES. Washington, Oct. 1, 1861. AFFAIRS AT The NEW ADVANCED POSTS OF TDK ARMY. Our forces in front Lave bocn busy all Jay strengthen ing Uwir (Kigltion upon tlio new advance lines recently evacuated by tho enemy, and our pickets still occupy Fall's Church unmolested. Tho rebel pickets still occupy the lower end of the vtllago of Fall's Church, on the line of the railroad. The troops of neither army are in possession of Lewinsville, Our pickets extend only to Langley from the Chain ISridge. Langley and I/wineviile are three miles apart. A reconnoissance was made to-day by tho Mpzart rogi mont to 1'ohick church and vicinity, about twelve miles from Alexandria, to the left of Springfield station. They found tho rebel Intrt-nchmcuts entirely deserted, nothing indicating their pretence in that neighborhood. At ten o'clock to night all is quiet along the lines of the army of the Potomac, according to the latest despatches received at tho headquarters of General McClellan. ALARM CAUSED BY ARTILLERY PRACTICE. Some excitement was created hero to-day by the noise of cannon and the report that a battle was being waged in tho direction of Fairfax Court House. It was ascer tained that the foundation of tho rumor was the practice of tho seamen in the firing drill on board tho Pocahontas, at the Navy Yard and a Held battery in the vicinity of Chain Bridge. BALLOON RECONNAISSANCES. General McCellan has been so well pleased with tho result of the balloon roconnoissances that tho order of the War Department for tho construction of four new bal. loons, previously reported, was made at his request yes terday. General McDowell and tho Count do Pari? availed them solves of tho opportunity to make an aeronautic reoon noissance at Upton's Hill. At the tune they made tlu as ccnslon scouting parties had rejxirtod tho enemy ad vancing in force. From the balloon observation it was ascertained that tho report was incorrect, und that tho rebels were in and behiud the viila.'O of Fairfax Court House, and making no movement, nor any preparation for one. POSITION OF TIIE REBEL ARMY OF TflE POTOMAC. The position of the rebel army of the Potomac to-day is ascertained to be as follows?Tho centre at Fairfax Court House, extending bark to Manassas Junction; the right wine extending t:>a point near ilie mouth. f occo quan creek, and the left wing to near Leetburg. DESPATCHES FROM TIIE ARMY ON TIIK t'PI'ER POTOMAC. Despatches from Generals lUnks and Stone anno mce that everything in front of their columns has been quiet all day, the enemy not appearing on thi opposite side. It is known that a large rebel force, as previously reported in this correspondence, is at Loesburg, and that General Johnston commands. NEWS FROM THE LOWER POTOMAC?RECONNAISSANCE OF GENERAL SICKLES?THE OBJECT OF THE REBELS IN ERECTING BATTERIES ALONG TIIE RIVER, ETC. The Relianco and tho Island Belle, with the propoller Pawn in tow, enme up fa the Navy Yard to-day. They report all quiet down tho river. Brigadier General Sickles, under special orders, ro. turned upon tho Island Belle from a trip of investigation as far down the river as Matliias Point. It was ascer tained that there was no battery at that place, but seve ral were observed between there and Aqnia crock. It Is now evident that these batteries along tho south bank of the Potomac have been erected to resist an attack upon Fredericksburg by the Union army. It is unques tionably true that they have complcto control over tho navigation of tho Potomac between Occoquan and Mathins Point. This has been demonstrated by the throwing of shells from tho Freestone Point battery half a mile inland on the Maryland side a few days ago, and by the c.t|>eri enco of our vosscls, which wore compelled by the battery at Aquia creek some time ago to withdraw to a distance of over four and a half miles to be out of range of their rifled guns. But although they have tho power to stop our navigation of tho river with these bat teries, they daro not do so, for fear of precipitating the attack to resist which these river batteries were erected FredericKsburg might be made an easy prey if an army should advance in that direction, and the possession of GorttouHvillo or Fairfax, or Calpappor Court Ikxise would bo the immediate and unavoidable result or tho capture of Fredericksburg. Tho rebel army of the Potomac would thug be cut off from all communication with Richmond anil the South, and be caught liko ruts in a trap. The batteries upon tho Potomac below Occoquan aro tho chief protection of Fredericksburg, and the rebels do not care to invito a movement of the Uuion army in that di rection. Tho very erection of these batteries, thickly lining tho Potomac, is an indication of their conscious ness that Fredericksburg is their weakest point, and that its capture would turn the flank of their great army and tnsuro its destruction. They seem to have become alarmed lest their recent practice upon our passing ves sels should invite an attack, and since Saturday they have not fired a gun. Much alarm has been manifested by parties engaged in bringing supplies of various kinds up tho Potomac. They liavo applied to the government to provide them with convoys. Capt. Dahlgren assured them there was no danger, and their request could not be granted. During the reconnoissanco of Gen. Sickles, tho Island Belle approached the mouth of Aqnla croak. The steamer George Page camo out and clcared docks for the purpose of annihilating the diminutive gunboat; but, upou seeing the Y.ankce, Reliance and Freeborn approaching, put back up the creek with all speed. ARRIVAL OF SLAVES FROM TIIK ENF.MY'8 CAMT? WHAT THEY nKAKD OK BEAUREGARD AND JOIIV STON'h PLANS?TUB DISPOSITION OF "CONTRA BANDS." Two negroes reachod here this afternoon from the rebol army One of them belonged to Chancellor Nicholas, of Dumfries, wfco is now a captain in tho rebel .jrmy. He is quite intelligent, siys ho has been driving a wagon with the army about lliroo months, and has worked some in tho tronchos?th.it ho has been worked very hard, no has attendo.l upon Captain Nicholas and other ofT.cers at ineul.', and has heard them say that Gen. Beauregard would not attack Gen McClellan In his fortifications; that j ho had done his l> st to call the latter outside of them Into another masked battery Bull run affair, and being satis fled that ho would not come (len. Beauregard and his i army had fallen buck. Ilo says Gen. Johnston lias suddenly disappeared from Manassas within tho last few days, and ho had not heard any of tho officers say where ho had gone, but he had no doubt that tho statement ho liad h -nrd in Washington, that General Johnston Is at Leesburg, Is true. This colored man says ho has heard the estimate frequently made by tho officers that there were about ouo hundred thousand men in the rebel army of tho Potomac. Ho says tho army is very much in want of woollen clothing, that what they now have is nearly worn out, that the only overcoats they have wore taken at Bull run. One of these men savs there appeared to be plenty of salt whero ho was, while the other man says it was a vory scarce article whero ? he was. Tho Nicholas "contraband" was brought to General McClellan'a headquarters by one of tho men belonging to tho Now York Twenty-sixth regiment, in General Frank lin's brigade. After 1>? was examined by Colonel Key, of General McClellan's stair, Colonel Key ordered him to General Franklin, with instructions that ho be employed in the Quartermaster's Department, and paid wages. Tho other man was disposed of in the Bame manner. Both of these slaves had been employed by the enemy against the government. This will bo the disposition of all such "contrabands," who escapo to this department, and are known to have been employed by tlieir masters to assist in overthrowing the government. statement ok another contraband. A contraband came into our lines this morning near Fall's Church and was taken to the headquarters of Gene ral McDowi'll, at Upton's Hill. He stated that he was the servaut of the surgeon of tho Fifteenth Georgia regiment, which was encampcd, together with two other regiments, four miles from Fall's Church, on the road leading to Fairfax Court House. He also said that there are no rebel troops there, excepting those Just mentioned; neither were there any formications this side of Fairfax Court House. He gave as a reason for tho recent precipitate retreat of the rebel army, as mentioned by officers in his hearing, that they were fearful of a flank movement by the I'nion army from tho direction of I.ewlLSVille ; that ho had heard his master, tho surgeon, say on Thursday lust that tho fortifications on the river below Washington were very extensive, and that General Iteau regard had given orders to close the navigation of tho Potomac to our vessels. ARRIVAL OF A DISCHARGED PRISONER FROM RICH MOND? REBEL COMMISSION TO' EXAMINE INTO TUB CASES OF CAPTIVES, ETC. A gentleman arrived here to-day direct from Rich, mond, via Fortress Monroe. He Is a Ponnsylvanlan, and was taken ou the 22d of July at Winchester, Va., as a sj>y, and conveyed to Richmond, whero ho has been con fined ever since. Ilo say* Messrs. Magraw and Harris are also confined there. Frequent efforts were ma le to procuro their release, but without success. Finally, he says, a commission was apj>ointod about three weeks ago, by Jell'. Davis, composed of J. Randolph Tucker and Win. H. Lyon, to examino Into and report to tho Secretary of War tho cases uf all persons captured as spies, or who were found within their lines without leave. The commission immediately proceeded with their labors, and repot te>l u|>on several esses. Tho gentleman who arrived hero today was tho first whose case was acted upon. Thero being nothing found against hitn, he was discharged. Harrrn and Magraw were also acquitted, but Walker, the late Secretary of War, to whom all their cases are reported, having gone out of office, and Benja min being now the Acting Secretary of War, their cases had not been finally settled, lienjamin, it is understood, refuses to act in the case or Harris. My informant says that about nine hundred prisoners had been sent to New Orleans. Mr. Ely, of Now York, had boen sent to Castle Pinckney. ARRIVAL OF A RBFCOEK FROM CHARLESTON?CON DITION OF THE UNION PRISONERS THERE?THE SMOTHERED LOYAL FEELING IN THE SOl'TIt?CON DITION OF THE REBEL TROOPS, ETC. Among tho arrivals to-day is that of Mr. Davis, late a policeman in Charleston, South Carolina, who represents that ho was sent to Nashville for a prisoner, and while there availed himself of an opportunity to get into Ken tucky, and thence to Washington. Ho says he left Charleston on th^ 18th ultimo, at which time the rebel foreo In tho vicinity was small, comprising about live hundred on Sullivan's Island and one thousand at Fort Sumter, of whom about half were raw recruits; -but sand batteries wore being erected for the protection of tho city seaward at every available point. With the excep tion of yams and rice, provisions of all kinds, particu larly Hour and pork, were scarce and dear The quarters of the Union prisoners iu Ctstle Pinckney were said to bo much more comfortable than those at Richmond. Co lon' I Corcoran, of tho Sixty-ninth, was doing well, and elicited much sympathy among the Irish I opulatiou, who dared not, however, give open expression to it. Mr. Davis states that oflicers of the rebel army admit that tho battle of Bull run was n dearly bought victory, and that at four o'clock in tho afternoon their army was in full retreat, and tho Union forces might have retained possession of the field if it hod not been for the panic among them, for which tho rebels have never been ublo to account. Ha thinks the masses of the whito working men and mechanics of the South, even those who have been com pelled by forco of circumstances to enlist in the rebel army, aro anxious for a restoration of the Union, and would rally to the support of the government whenever they were assured of its protection. The recent proclamation of Jeir. Davis, ordering tlios? who arc unwilling to support the Southern confederacy to leave it, is represented to be a trap for tho L'nion men Of the S>Hith, and all who attempt to avail themselves of the order are seized, and their property confiscated. The only privateers in port when Mr. Pavis left Charles ton were tho Pixie, commanded by a Massachusetts rebel named Moore; tho Sal lie, Captain Levy, and the Gordon,Captain Lockwood. Only three vessels had suc ceeded in running tne blockade. The rebel troops seen by Mr. Davis on his way to Ken tucky were badly provided with both clothing and arms. TUE NATIONAL LOAN. Secretary Chase returned to his post to day, having succeoded to his complete satisfaction in the arrange ments for the taking of the sccond tlfty millions of the na tional loan. THE ARMY. The following appointment# for tho volunteer Bcrvico wti o made to day.? MelancUin S. Wade,of Ohio; I.ovcll II. Rosso.m, of Ken lucky, and Alvin Schoepf, of the District of Columbia, late Examiner in the Talent OlBco, to he Brigadier Generals. Major Hunt, Uuited States artillery, has l> en appointed uu Aid de-Camp u> Ocoorat McCiollan with the rank of Colonel. Captain Copi inger, an English officer, late in the Papa' military service, has boon commissioned a Captain in our volunteer service on the recommendation of his Holiness, the I'ope. This makes tho fifth European monarch who has recommended officers for service in the I'nited States. Major H. S. Hunt, I'nited States artillery, bus been ap pointed aid 10 General McClellan, with rank of Colonel Ho is designated to tho command of tho artillery re" serves Captain In^alls, Quartermaster of tho army in Virginia, has b^en promoted to a Lieutenant Colonel and attached to Gonoral McClellan's stair. THE KENTUCKY CAVALRY REGIMENT. The Kentucky cavalry regiment is still without an official recognized Colonel. A petition is in circulation recommending Lieutenant Colonel Owens for the com mand. THE SHAM OCKS ON MCNSON'S niLL. The sham guns found by our advancing troops at Mun. ?3u's Hill were placed there Just before the abandonment of the p'.aco by the rebels Jt is known positively that they had several cannon in position tbero during the oc cupancy of the hill. ^ REBEL KEMAI.F.9 SENT SOCTH. " Mrs. Phillips, recently under arrest here for giving aid and comfort to the rebels, I.as boon sent, with ln?r duugh tors, to Fortress Monroe, whence they were conveyed under a flag of truce to Norfolk, to proceed to their former home in Alabama. THE BLOCKADE AT TENSACOLA. The latest advices from Fort Pickens state that the blockade of Pensacola Bay is now strictly enforced. EX-MAYOR BERRET OOINO TO RESIDE AT NEW YORE. The friends*of ex Mayor Berret say he has gone to New York, purposing to resido there during tho continuance of the present troubles. CASE or COMMANDER CIIANDI.ER. A Court of Inquiry, composed of Captains I ;i. relletteo, Pendergrast and Morris opened to-day at tin Navy Yard, to examine tho conduct of Commander Chandler, of tlio steamer Dawn. Goorgo M. Weston, Esq., is Judge Advocate. ESCAPE OP A KEI1EI. INTO VIRGINIA. It has been ascertained that Howell, alias Kmeck, Mer rick, Addison, &c., who stabbed F W. Wulkor, baa made his escape into Virginia, through aid afforded him by his rebel friends in Maryland. Tho horso and oquipmenui taken from him by Mr. Walker are now In this city. Tho lutter is recovering from his wounds. A CRIMINAL PARDONED. Sergeant John 11. Murphy, convicted of tho man slaughter of Cornelius lloyd last April, and sentenced to fight years in the penetontiary, has been pardoned by the President upon tho recommendation of all (lie jury, a majority uf tlie Aldermeu and Common Council, and other local otllcers. THE CAHE OK THE BALTIMORE RERKLS IN PRISON. During the l:u<t few days strenuous efforts have been made by prominent citizens of Baltimore?some of them men of unquestioned loyalty?to procure the release from arrest of a few of tho Baltimore rebels now in con finement charged with treason. Tho gentlemen who in terposed iu their behalf abandoned all further efforts up'u ascertaining tho astounding weight ol' testimony agaiust the prisoners on tile in the Stale Department. THE IT NEK A L OF GENERAL GIBSON. The funeral of the lale General Ciibson will take place to morrow morning. General Seth Williams, of General Mc lellan's staff, is charged with arranging the military etcort. INTERESTING FROM MISSOURI. PREPARATIONS FOft THE APPROACHING BATTLE. Jkkfkkhon City, Mo., Sept. 30, 1861. A special despatch to tlio St. Louis KrjtUilican says ? There is no intelligence from Boouoville, Georgetown, Sedalia or Glasgow, and no apprehensions are felt of an immediate attack on any of these points by tlio rebels. All tho reports received from l<exington corroborate the opinion already expressed, that the rebels intend to keep U.e main body of their forces there; hot it is stated that several bodies of troops, numbering front Iw i hundred to two thousand, have left there within a few days past for the north and west, hut for what purpose is unknown. Gen. Fremont preserves a strict silence; but he Is said to be actively engaged iu obtaining the exact number of troops he can command, and organizing plans for the ftp preaching engagement, ujkiu the success or failure of which he is to rest hiB reputation and win or lose his all. Kvery day an Increased interest is felt in the approach ing battle, for it is generally supposed that it will decide the fate of Missouri. Some persons murmur at the delay; but Gen. Fremont is determined to have everything ready before he ad vances, and not to strike a blow beforo he believes it will he effective. The opinion is becoming generally prevalent that the rebels at Islington are by no means to be despised, but that, with their vast numbers and ample ammunition, their confidence and courage, they will make a most powerful and desperate resistance. The pickets of the army of General Price extend from Islington to within about eight miles of Georgotow n. They are stationed very near to each other, and thus the intelli gence of ull our movements is conveyed to tho headquar ters of General Price in the briefest space of time. A t degraph wire was laid from General Fremont's head quarters to Camp Li.lie this afternoon. JxmRSox City, Oct. 1,1861. A special despatch to the 8t. I .on is l>< su era/ -ays.? A boiler of a locomotive standing on the IV is ltailroad track, at Tepton. exploded yesterday ijiornmg s. altering some of the fragments to tbc i istiui'Cof a qi.a tor i f a mil". Tho epgiuMr and fireman wire stauding on the box and two or three regiments < lroo|a wept near but no. body whs hurt. Mrs. Frcmor.t arrived lore from St. Lot* is this after noon, and was received at ttie depot by the General and staff and a detachment of sixty of his bodj guard, and escorted to the catup. General Fi> mont receives numer ous visiters daily, who desire ium to sen.I a r< gimi ut to this place and in the interior for the protection of t'nion men's property, but he is obliged to disappoint uil sncli applicants, as he is determined to sent! out no more sin ill bodies of troops to be surrounded and taken prisoners, lie is going to strike altogctli r tins time. When Price ami ti.o main body of the robe I army is an nihilated, bo will th n see to the protection of every Union man in the State. General Smith. Adjutant General of ti e State, Is here, hard at work, issuing commissions to the Stale forces which are organizing under thecal! of Governor (Jsaiblc He give.- assurances that the 42,000 voliiiiice. , all d for will b ? obtained without trouble. A spccial despatch to the St. I/mis JitpuUiran states that Hooneviile, Glasgow, Seduiia and Georgetown were reported quiet at the latest accounts, but it is not irn probable we may hear at any time of a skirmish between o- r own and the rebel pickets at the latter place, as Price's men are said to be in that vicinity. The reconstruction of the telegraph line to Syracuse, S< dal.a and Georgetown will be commenced to-morrow by ordor of General Fremont. Sixty rebels from Lexingt< n plundered tlie Lunatic Asylum at Fult< n, Colin way county, a day or twosluce, of live hundred blankets, all the bed clothes, and a num ber ef socks, giving as an excuse that the Asylum be longed to the State, and th y had a right to the property. General Pope lun not yet left, as previously reported, but is anxiousl, awaiting orders to take the Held. Sr. I/IOB, Oct. 1,1861. It appears that llie troops prut into Kansas l>y ISon Mc Cullougb, after the battle at Springfield, wore posted on ilic border of the Cherokee Nation, to Intimidate tli" c >un ell and John Ross to yield to the demands of t lie rebels. Col. St. Ocor^c Cooke, of the Utah forces, arrived here to-<i*y. His regulars. 600 in number, will roach Fort LeaveDworth in three or four days. GENERAL FREMONT AND THE NON-REIN FORCEMENT OF GENERAL LYON AT THE BATTLE OF WILSON'S CREEK. Sr. Lorn, Sept.30,1801. The J{/pttlIicir> learn* that ft statement is forthcoming from Colonel Harding, the Adjutant of General Lyon, who was, in the absonce of General Lyon, in command of this department up to the period of General Fremont's arrival here, which will show beyond question the absolute im possibility of aid being rendered by General Fremont oi-fuio tbu battle of Wilson's creek. SECESSION OF THE CHEROKEE NATION FROM THE UNION. .St. Lons, Oct. 1,1881. Rev. Mr. Ri>blt!Snn, missionary teacher in the(1ie."< kee nation,has Wived here. Ho reports that their thief John K''Hs, had Dually succumbed to the rebel pre*! sure upou him, and on the 20th of August ho called a council together at Talequoh, and sent in a messngo re commending a severance of tin ir connection with tbo United States and an alliance with the Southern Ci nfed eracy. The Council affirmed the recommendation and mt ed commissioners to make a treaty of alliance with the Southern government. A rebel commiBSlom r had assumed the payment of the annuities hitherto received by the Cherotuts from our government. The Creeks have raised one thousand men for s ?rvww in the rebel army, and tho Cherokees have formed ft Home Guard of twelve hundred strong. DISAFFECTION IN THE REBEL ARMY. [From the Baltimore I amot, sept. JiO | Theft are rumors in town that great dissatisl'actiOttex ists among the troo; s in ibe rebel array agftliisi Itcnure gard and Johnston. because of the inactivity of the I -ad ers. Tho two Maryland regiments are Sftlu tobe am Ht m a stati- of rev li, and complain loudijr that t!ie prom, ties made to them of the aimv being In Maryland at a h,>oc| lied time have not boeu l .Hilled. It is reported that they had thrown down their arms, declaring that tJttv Joined the Conf Mlerate nrmy for the purpose ol fighting for their State, but as Maryland had dec ide d for the linfon by a larg" majority of her people, they would not fi^lit against hor, but wished to be disbanded and return to their home?. Two Noiih Carolina regiments aro also said to have disbanded and goue home, ami great dissatisfaction exists among seine of tlie Georgia and Mississippi reb'l mcccs. THE BOHEMIAN AT FATHER POINT. FIVE DAYS LATER FROM EUROPE. The American Rebellion ami Cotton Questions. Lord Palmerston's Opinion of Gen. Fremont's Proclamation. Garibaldi's Acceptance of a Federal Commission Denied in Turin and Paris. French Officers Prohibited from Enter ing the Service of the Tnion. The Disaster to the Great Eastern, and Iler Arrival in Queenstown. The X?cviathan in a Storm, and Fearful Scenes on Board. Her Rudder Pin Broken, Paddle-Wheels and Boats Swept Away, Furniture Destroyed, and Twenty-five Pas sengers Seriously Injured. ADVANCE IN COTTON, &c., &c., &c. Father 1'oijrr, Oct. 1, 1861. The steamship Bohemian, from Liverpool on tins 19th, via ljondonderry on th<- 20th ult., arrived off this point at ono o'clock this afternoon. She was boarded Iiy the news yacht of tlio pros#, and a summary of her news ob tamed. The Bohcmi&n has one hundred and seventy Ave pas aengers. Sin- experienced strong head winds on the pas sage, and reports meeting on the ^'2<l of September the steamship North American, 1? umi lor Liverpool. The news by the Ilohemiuu is live days later than ilml

already to hand. The steamship Great Fastern arrived at Liverpool on the morning of the lTth of September ma dicahled i on ditlon. The Bohemian brings her mailt. The steamship Hibernian, from Quebec, arrived at Liverpool on the mot ning of the 17th ult The Kteaniship Glass0*! from New York, arrived at Liverpool on the ','Oth ult. THE AMERICAN REBELLION. French Ofllcers Prohibited from Serving in (In- Federal Army?Englaail'i Kf rortH to OI?t?ln itii Indcpcndi nl Cotton Supply?<>nril>ii idi's (oiiiitiixKlon in I lie I'nion Arm)' (init ially Di'iilril in I'ari*? Lovil Pnlmerston'a Opinion of CSvnerui Kri'in?nt'? Proclamation, iVc. The French government refuses to let French officers Join the; federal army. A !"tter in the I/ndon Timtt says thai Bast India col '.on is regarded with inccasing favor. It it* said tlat some spinners havo discovered that while Surat cotton makes beautiful cloth, it alao takes dye much better than A me rican. The London Timtt also, in seme speculations on the rot too nmvti ?:>, adduces evidence to show that go far from American cotton being arbiter of England*! limlltte, k< r emancipationfr< to (til need of it in, perhaps, simply a qui ttion </ ti< ht or nine milli n "I ; nvmltt sterling. Notwithstanding tin- ann tmcoiiu'tit tii.it Garibaldi had reiuseil the I'llrr u ae.mimand in tin- federal army, the latest Italnui Journals express considerable unoerta. :s as to hia decision. The Armowt'a,of Turin, hi >'< that Garibaldi am/mveral of his company*! ??n orros w I ectmilly proeee I to Ame rica, and it asks. iu tliul case, "ivliat would benw if Iialyf' The I/indon Time* says ? 1 iat the Invitation toGarib.ldt in very bumiltatl 'g to the Am rinnn government, a ad it thinks it woi.ld h a piiy l"r Garib ilili in accept it An offi'ial despateb received at I'ar is cays that G<hi baldi will certainly decline the offer of thcf" 'rru.' nment but to only ou account or Ihe utuaija* t< < rUile of health. * A despatch fr< m Turin of the 20th of September says the news repeatedly published of the appn aetiiti;: doj?r ture of Garibaldi for America, to take command in the federal army, Ins t' -^uy, been again p ?fitively denied. Tho l?ndou Tinu>,%ti ail editorial, <io? s not build much upon the Hatteras lnH'i aflitlr, but regards the expodilwn down the Mississippi Wv? r as far more important,and the success of it far less certain. The South, it adds, bit demoiulralol her ability tj resist lubjcclum, and it it lobe lamented thai to /./a n a fact fhonld not have sui/i/cstd a ga.'j* iition of a profitless strife. The London Post says that a new phase In tho American quarrel Is raised by the proclamation >f Gmeral Frem/tnt, uhich renders all h"]t>: if conciliation ami com;/r*mue im pti>:;il,le. A large business is being deno in London in cotton for export to America. Tho steamer Edinburg has a luge quantity, and the threi ste.-ansrs following her will take a considerable number of bales. THE GREAT EASTERN IN A STORM. Slie Experience* u Terrific Uulr and Breaks Her Ruilder?Alii, niiiijj; Seine on Board?Several Pua?ciif;i r* Seriously Injiirrd and (lie Ship's Km nitnre lie itroy>il?Th( Leviathan lUuUo ttuitnn* tow n with a Ttmpuravy Staring Ucur and Her 1 ton ts YV it* lied Away, 4c. Tli1.1 steamship Great Eastern arrived at Qecenstown on the 17th ult. She experienced a terrific gfcte when two days out,ab >nt two hundred and eighty miles west of Ca|>c Clear. Tho tm nitur. .??.t iug(!!i81. on board were mostly destroy, ed, and seme of the passengers injur d. It was expected overy moment that tha ship would go down, and in that ease the loss of Hie would havo boo" very large. Temporary steering gear was finally fitted, And the ship put back with herscrow,going at the rate of nine knots an hour. Our correspondent in Liverpool writes as foHows ? Further details of the disaster to the Great Eastern Indi cate that the calamity entirely arose from tho breakii g of her rudder. Thi scent an board tkt vetiel uxis fearful in the ezlri me. Eix ruthinj bmtaUc cm beard wat broken, 'I'h ? hip rolled so violently that hor l>oats. although placd thirty orf rrtyfeet above uxiler, wen washed away. Tio nly fveperson.' ti/jbiined fracture' fr< m conc isions' and cuts and bruises were Innumerable. ILwilya vctligeof the jmxMU whr'ts remain d. After three days of iat'ns. anxiety a temporary steering gear \\ .:s constructed, and the ship proceedod towards Queens, town. When the Ptrwa, in answer to signals from tho i. eat Eastern, approachnl tho latter, eircunistances were such thai Hie Great Ens lei n's engiue.s could not be slack ened. ttd the l'erwa made oil'. At a meeting of the pa-setigers the exertions of Capt. Walker to 11\ e the ahlp and those on board wero warmly e itogized, but severe cotnmeuts wero passed upon the i oiiuitioo oi the .sin,', the strength ol her paddles and the way In which she \*as ballasted. As tho ruddor was sufficiently repaired the ship would proceed to Liverpool soon. ADDITIONAL I'ARTICri.Al'.g. The following report in regard to tho disaster to the Great Eastern 13 taken from the English papers by the Bohemian, at Eather i'oint, and telegraphed to tho IIkkjII.D office:? The Grsat Eastern left her moorings in the river Mcr soy at half-put ono o'clock on Thursday, Bftptoobfir It). Tho pilot 1 ft her at four clock. Immediately putting on full speed, all went well with her until four o'clock on Thursday, when, a strong breeze prevailing, the aft tackle of ono or tho forward boati on the port side became unhooked, lcu\ ing It suspended hy ono tackle, Tho captain endoarored to steady the ship while this waa rectified, hut found to his surprise that tho ship would not answer tho holm. Tho fact was, though it was not known ut tho timet tho ruddor piu was broken. Tho forestay Pall wag run up, hut the wind immediately split it Into ribbons. Tho foretrysail was thon run up, but it was blown away. Tho paddle engines wore now stopped and tho l>oaU ordered to bo cut away, wdien tho Grout Eastern onto ntoro started ou her coursf? The passengers thou wont down to dinner, ami from that momont commenced a chaos *f breakages which lotted without intermistionfor three Jay/. Everything breakable too* destroyed, Furniture, fitting*, service* qf plate, glasses, p*an<>?all were involved in one common fate. now became known that tho rudder was utimauago Aboiit six o'clock the vessel hod to be stopped again, ou in>; to two puis of sheet lead, weighing aorno hundred weight each, which were In tho uugiue room, rolling about with every oscillation of Hio vessel with tearful force. Those having liei'ii secured, another start was made, when a tremendous grinding was hoard under the pad die boxes, which had in come twisted, and thollonts wore grinding against the side ot tlni ship. Tho paddles woro stopped and thoucefoward the seiru itdetcribed an feaeful tn th< extreme. The fhiii railed to violently thai the boats mm icashed away Hie cafcin, besides undergoing the daugors in islng from tho crashes and collisions which were constantly going on, had shipped, pmbabh through tho port holes, a great deal of water, and tho .stores wore tlouliug ubout iu utter confusion and ruin. Sane of tho ahaadeliors foil down with a crash. A large mirror was smashed into a thousand fragments, rails of bannisters, bars and numerous other fittings woro broken into numberless pieces. Some Idea of tho roughness of tho ulght's incidents may bo gathered from the fact thai the chain ea lies i?>lish>d th msrlrrs Irigkt with frie'vm on deck A spire riding bit gave way on the cable dock, and knocked a hi.U through the. ship s side. Two oil tanks also on tho cuhlo dock were mi much damaged by another concussiou that two hundred gaUmis of lish oil contained in th?m r.ui inio the hold, and caused din ing tho rest of tho unhappy Vviyaffr a most Intolorabloodor. The luggage of the po-sseagers in the lower 'ftor rnrgo space was lying in two feet of water, and bv>>>re the deli ve .nice of thostiip was effected the luggage wan lUcrallu reduced to rag* ainl fiietes of timl* r. Ti\-nty flvt fractureI ef limlis oocurred from the con cussioni touted !y the tremendous lunhing of the M?tel. <'.its and bruifes were innumerable. One of tho cooks on board was cast violently by ono of tho lurches against the paddle box, hy which ho sustained fearful bruises on the arms, putting it out of his power to protect himself. Another lurch drove him against ono of tho stanchions, hy which ooucussion ono of the pour fellow's legs wiu> broken in thrie places. The baker received Injuries of a very terrible character in vital parts; and oneojihe nuut striking ituulrn/s of the diiubUrr was this poor, t/rav man crawling in his agony to extinguish none jxielv n if th< baking giar which, at. ihat vv-m. ut, had caught fire. On Thursday night the gale wag from the southwest, but ou Friday morning It had turned round to the north west, ami the ship whs drilling an unmanageable log iu the trough of the sea. Sho did not ship much water on deck it was soon discovered what was the matter with tho rudder. The pin upon wliicli it turned had broken oil' three feet above the point where it entered the stem of tho slop. It wax wr. night iron. Un inches in diassul- r. aiul the turn aii".ami thoroughly good, breaking at that particular fin' whrre it annui it/hflronyit,which uxi.\ me of the mod curious iru o* id* of tin disasUr. It was now found necessary to rig up some kin l of steering gear. A spar whs thrown overboard,with the unehor h k. at ached, wh.i'h, draigng in th ? water h lilnd tho ship, might brlnj; her bead to the wind, but the swinging ' i the rudder uiiuio it useligs, and a plan was th II suggested to the captain by tho passengers to ' wli i tho est apo ? f 111" vessel is probably attributable. It w:.s to pass two or three turns of chain cable around the rudder pin immediately bolow the jioint at whioli the breakage occurred, aud sueure It with wxlgce ..ud small chains iij (lulling either end ot ih.s chain cable. A clr 1 i n ar moti'41 ot Hi" pins was pro luced, and, a connectien ' being effected w ith the usual chains attached to the l rui'dcr and a t mporary wheel rigged up below the dock, | as :1ft was mode ouco moro to pi ocoed; hut the screw ii the vessel upon which the locomotion new depended? ' ha: M) a vestige ol the paddles rem lining?soon stopped, I it being fouled hy the ru Ider, hy w hich tho rudder was prev mod from v> orhig more than woe nec.issai v to steer the ship. All oi Friday was occupied with these arrangements. Tli. ship had u rifted up the west coast of Ireland, out of the on Hilars tra>k ot haturday night. The brig Magnet,o| Halifax, hove Insight, and came alongside imd laid to lor tho purpose ol rendering as sistance. mi day. ut two o'clock, tho Great Eastern got under wav. tin'rudder was found to act, and tho vessel pro ccedeu nine kmus in hour with the crew alone. Mm met the l'eisia tlio next mo niug, und signalized her t<> i iii'1 under her leo, which the Persia did; but. she protc ding, the Great Eastern did not lessen her speed, a...' 1. was supposed and concluded that her intent ions were mil.' ir. Tin Great Iiustern put on full gpted, an 1 wus soon b" yond recall. An attempt was mode at aB explanation, ii.it the I'eisia w?." tooiar on. The Great K.i: u : n ciilimied her course Tin s< ay morn j Itig, and .reach ? tho I mad of hinsals, where she stopped ! four ham s to a iHflfje her tackle, fcbehlgualized ihsshoro, | but no notice was taken ol her. At t" .i o clock -li ??. rived oil' O/rk, and a small steamer , came oil in a-sist her, and the hat bur w is sui n renehod. 1 or., informant siaie that it is iihuost liii|MisFihie to ; ex '^.'e..lie Hiesnxi ins state which prevailed while tho i lute ol tli 1 ship wa- doubtful, fhere were suv al clcrgy I Men i ii biiiinl,a:i I religious serv.c - wore frequent, 'ilio '? u ini .iiior hi the tsihsongers was sulllcient, apart from any si n-... disasK r around, tosignily the distress lug nature of the crisis. A meeting was hold i.i tho saloon on Tuesday, and rc ! cdtltions of a pious and congratulatory cba Kcter wore j ML-Bed. The passengers expressed gratitude to the com mander of the brig Magnet, and complimented Captain j Walker and the olllceiS and crew of the Great Kastorn for their i.'idolatigabie exertions. Home of tho procei dim s, however, were of a less ph-osiuit character, severe com ments being passed on the condition of tbo ship, her strength of paddles, and the way she was hallustod. Greut Itrltuln. The St. Legcr race sml stakes, in England, woro won byCallovour,b ating Kettledrum by ahead only. Kol dunan was third, about ten lengths from Kettledrum, At the start Kettledrum was backed almost at "evens" ugumst the Held, which consisted of eighteen horses, while one hundred to one was otl'erod against the winner. The death of Major General Mercer, late t oloucl com mand int of tho Woolwich division of royal marines, is announced. The British steamer Colonist, which foundered at sea on Uie 16th ultimo, was j artiady insured at Lloyds. It is staXod tiiat this is tho tenth iluli steamer lost in less than eighteen months. France. It is settled that tho King "I I'russla is tn visit tne Km per or Napoleon. The interview will take place at t'oin peigue in the beginning of October. I It is reported that Michel Qn valier is to bo French Minister toCommera. The l urai liourse is firm but quiet at 69f. 16c. for tho rentes. Tic London Xews of the 19th ultimo learns that tho obstinacy of Sawny is not to be allowed to delay any longer tit" signatures to the Franci-l'russlan treaty, wliu h will be e. iiciiided with those German ftatis which are willing to accept it. 'Ihis, it suyB, is equivalent to a disruption of the Zollvwein. Italy. The total amount of Peter's pence paid into (he Pope's treasury to tho present time is stated to exceed two und a ball million pounds. vi to. Em in ii 1 opened th" greit Italian Exhibition at Fli 'rem e on tin 16th ultimo. Ilu was most enthusiastical ly received. He made a speech in favor of tho unity of Italy, which ho declared was not yet comph to. A* despatch from Rome of tho 10th of September says:?The marriage of the I'r ii.ee of Tuscany with one of the sisters of Francis 11. took place to-day. Tbo Pope pronounced the nuptial benedict ion, and afterwards ud drcssed atr eloquent discourse to the bride and bride groom. Francis II . the ex-Queen of Naples and the rest I ut the royal family were present ut tho interesting core | mony. Prussia. The rrinro of Wales was meeting with an enthusiastic reception iu Prussia. Russia. The Russian squadron of observation on the coast of Syria has been recalled from the ltaltic The rc|Hii t that the Grand Duke Constantino was going to Vienna is unfounded. Austria. The Austrian government dec h:eg to grant a new ron stitutional organization to Vienna, but is willing to extend the privileges of the existing Central Congress, A despach from Trieste ot the anh ult. says?,-ix i*'r Sons who bad been nominated for members of tho Aus trian It.et have declined to be elected. Poland. Tlie -tate of affairs at Warsaw continued to wear a very gloumy appearance. Popular excersos continued to take place. Turkey. Five Turkish war steamers, with troops on hoard, wero on their way to Albania on the '20 .h of September. Ini'ia and China. The Ovortand India anil China mail is received, but furnish'* no new- of Importance. '! lie Hong K. ne correspondent of the London Timet questions tho expediency of superseding Flog OUIcor Strib Unhand recalling the American gquadrob from China. It says:?"It rcmuiwto lie coon, if the squadron in with drawn, whether tho Chinese will reaped their engages iii 1*111h with America." It udds, "already unpleasant rumors are In circulation." A despatch from Marseilles or tho 10th tilt, hap the fol lowing:?Tim Vcctls, which U?ft Malta on the 17th mat. with tlio Bombay mull, is hourly expected here. The Kiixine la expected ut Malta on the 18t)i inst. ThoJeddo arrived ni Suez 011 the 13th Inst., with tho outward Fast India mafia. The China reached lUmihay on the 25th of August. Tho Malta loft Ceylon for Calcutta on the 2tllh of Au gust. Tho Northern Balled from Ceylon on tho 20th of August, for Australia. South Amrrlca. Uio Janeiro dates are to August 25. Salesof ooQbo at 54100 a &OIIOO for good llrst. Stoo 240,000 hags. Commercial Intelligence. LONDON MONEY MARKET. Consols on the lsth of September opened firm and rather dearer, but the advanco was uot maintained. Tlio discount market wag quiet, and good Mils gold at 3IW to 31, per cout. Shares in the Crcat Eastern had fallen lis. Od. a 4s. fld. each under her disaster. Consols closed on Thursday, 19th September, at 93 ^ a 93,\ for money. AMKKtCAN HTfKIKS. Sales of Illinois Central shares at 37a 38% discount: trie shares 23 a 24. I/>sno!?, Sept. 20,1801. Consols cloned at 93 *? a \ for money. Tlie weekly return of the liuuk > f England show* on in crease In bullion of ?350,000. The liunk rate of diBeuuut hug been reduced to 3\ per cent. AMKKII'AN STOCKS. Tlie latest sales of American stocks wero>?Illinois Cen tral shares 39 discount; Erie 23 a 23 'a. LIVERPOOL COTTON MARKET. Tlie snlws of ootton tor three dajrg reach 70.000 ba!es, the market ruling upwaril, w ith an udvanie of oue-f< urtli of a penny. Tho demand for speculation Mid ex|?rt Ima been heavy, the gales on tins account reaching 41,000 bales. ? TRADE REPORT. Advices from Manchester are uniavorablo, the m irkeC being steady but Hat. LIVERPOOL BKK AP8TI'FK8 MARKET. UroadstufN >;etieralli are firmer, with a slight advanco on all descriptions. Messrs. Richardson, Spence A; t o., Wakefield, Nusli ti C>., and others, report:?Hour has an upwaril tendency, with un advance of Is. per bbi.; quo tations are 28s. a 30s. Wheat is active at an advance of 2d. per < eritu1, mainly? on the lower qualities; red West ern is quoted at 10s. Od. u lis. 10d.; white, 12s a 12s. 3d.; rod Southern, 12a. a 12s. fld.; white, 12s. 9d a 13h. 6d. Corn hag an upward tendency: mixed, 31s. fld.; yel low, 31s. Od. a 32s. white, 34s. a litis. LIVERPOOL PROVISION MARKET. Tlie provision market is generally quiet and steady. Messrs. Higland, Athya .v Co. and others rc|?>rt Href steady. fork dull. Kaon quiet. Lard Arm at 60s. a ,S3s. Tallow quiet. LIVERPOOL PROIM'CK MARKET. The Rrokt i s' circular reports :?Sn>,ar steady. Coflfko quiet and steady. Hlco linn. Ashes inactive. |Vs and pearls, 31s. a 32s. fld. Kosiu buoyant: common, 13s. Spirits tur|ieiitit:o dull at (Mis. LONDON MARKETS. Breadstuffe rule upward, with an advance of Is. per blil. on Hour. Sugar firmer. foflfce still advancing. Kice lirm. Tea firmer.' Tallow quiet at 47s. Od, LlnSved Oil tinner, quoted ut 34s. 3d. T11E LATEST LIVKBPOOL MARKETS. LivnrooL, Sept. 20,1801. Tlio Broke.ra' Circular reports:?The sales of cotton fop the week foot up 143,260 ha! s. Tlio market is firm at an advance of a quarter of a penny per pound over last week's quotations. There has been a large speculaIIv? and ex|Hirt inquiry, the sales to s|?enlators reaching 57.000 hales, and to ex|iortcrs 30,otto lnle<. Tlie sales today (Kriday) ure ir?,0<K? bales, including 8,000 bales to speculators and exporters, the market closing buoj ant at the following authorized quotations:? fhir. Miit 'ling. til loans ltl'jil. OSd. Mobile lOd. o'.d. Uplands yy.d 9'4d The total st .ck of cotton in port at Liverpool is estimat ed at Sis,000 hules, of w lifcli 4h7,000 hales are of Amur can d< s riptIons. The a I vices from Manchester are unfavorable, the mar ket !'>>' cotton goods ami yarns ruling dull. ItKKAD '11 Ki-s.?The Liverpool brcadstutls market to tlay Is quiet nud steady. I'RovttlOMB?The provision market closes dull. NEWS FROM GENERAL BANKS' ARMY. IUhmmtowm. Md., Sept. 29,1S01. Nothing of importance has transpired in tins section within tho pusl two (layK. I Alia! lan. iho murderi r, Is quito resigned to his fate, anil appears to have cx[wrlericcd an ontirechr.Dgo of heart through the ministrations of Father Dougherty. The new pannier ambulances lor mules are being tried at the wngou ramp. 1'y these one uiulc convoys two wounded persons Iri rn tlio field in an easy manner. It is an amusing sight to wituen the Ihel experiments w'Uj them, and Hip freaks of the nmles to divest themselves of tbeir weighty burthens, hut after one or two unsuccosa" fijl iniino uvres thejr quietly submit. The debris of throe mutinous coinpailies of the Sine tecntli New York regiment lmve been consolidated and three other companies are forming to ill] up the legiment. Colonel .lann s H. Lediie has gone to Nuw York to arrange for recruiting anil to transact other business connected with the rcgunuut. Tlio weekly Sentinel, of Kockvillc, a rebel Jrurna', i# dw,nulling down, and a new Union paper, called tho Xalitmal Union, will lie issued next week. It ha* already cvideuco of good support by advertisers and subscribers. A peace meeting was to be held in Kockvillo yesterday, but was posti*ncd, the Sentintlsay's, "for obvious rea sons. " The cold weather of the past few nights has turned the attention of tho men towards the construction of temporary llrephces in their tents. The p'.-in adopted by one of the New York regiments is? first to dig a trench a foot wide and deep, running from the interior to the oxtonor of tlio tent: tiien to cover it over, with the exception tit a foot at each end, the inside serving ?sa llreplacc and tho outside end covered with a headless barrel serves us a chimney. The invention is said to b ? of California origin. Firing was heard in the direction of Edward's Ferry night before last, but with what result we have not learned. THE KENTUCKY LEGISLATURE. Frankfort, October 1, 1861. At the afternoon session of tho Senate yesterday Sena tor Wbittaker offered a resolution, requesting John C Hreckinridge and Lazarus W. Powell fa> resign (heir seats as Senators In Congress, ii? they do not represent tbo will of tbo jwoplo, and if they doclino to com ply, tho Senate of tho United Stales is respect fully asked to Investigate tbeir conduct, and if found to be In opposition to the Federal Government, tluit they ex j?el them from their scats. I*usscd,20 to 6, and sent to tb ? House, which adjourned without action. This morning they came up as unfinished business of the llouso, and a sus|>ens|on of the rules to consider it was refused by a vote of 40 to 30. ARMY INTELLIGENCE. Ry special orderB from tlio Adjutant General's OfTlce, War fiepartmont, dated Washington, September 20, Se cond Lieutenant K. M. Coates, of the Second cavalry, ami Second Lieutenant Ball, of the Twelfth Infantry, regular army, are mutually transferred, l.ieut. CVates,formerly of tho Chicago Zouaves, ?nd late First Lieut, in Colonel ElWtvorth's Firo Zouaves, is ordered to report to tho com manding offlcur at Fort Hamilton, New York harbor, and Lieutenant I lull to General -?:"ft, at Washington, for duly. NEW GUNBOATS LAUNCHED. l'muiuXLruu.Oct. 1,1861. Tho new gunboat ltaska wxi launched to-day at Hoi. man & Stacker's shipyard. The gunboat Tohoma, built at Wilmington, lo.'., will be launched to-morrow morning. MOVEMENTS OF TRANSPORTS. The steamship Hoanoke, Couch, of tbo New York and Virginia Steamship Company 's line, has been chartered by the government, and is now taking in coal at pier 1.1 North river. It In said she will also carry provisions and troo|ie. Hur destination is not known. The United Stati - ship Susquehanna and gunboats Cum* berland and Albatross, were at Hatteras lulot Septem ber 27. THE GOVERNMENT WORKS AT TORTUGAS. Mr. A. H. Tittin, of Ilrnoklyn, is In rccelpt of a letter from a friend at Fort Jefferson, Tortugas, who complains ef Uio fact that negro masons oversee and superintend white laborers on tbo government works then-, while white masons go about witliout the least d maud i"i their services. Ho states also that many of tJie loss employ ers aro secessionists. SEVENTY-EIGHTH REGIMENT, CAMERON HIGHLANDERS. Wo are pleased to learn that tlito fine body of men, organized under Colonel Klliott, by the special request of the Ilm. Simon Cameron, Secretary of War. aro to be fur nished wah the labst unproved rltle, which, we doubt not in their bauds, will prove a formidable arm of the m r- and a terror to tho enemy. The regiment is new ui irly com I' ted,?nd expects to march la a few days lo Iho si at of war.