Newspaper of The New York Herald, October 3, 1861, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated October 3, 1861 Page 1
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THE NEW YORK HERALD. WHOLE NO. 9151. NEW YORK, THURSDAY, OCTOBER 3, 1861. PRICE TWO CENTS. THE REBELLION Court Martial Ordered Upon Gen. Fremont. Gea. Wool Ordered to Missouri and Gen. Mansfield to Fortress Monroe. Interesting News from Gen. Banks' Command. Reappearance of the Rebels In Force on the Upper Potomac. The River Seven Feet Above Fording Depth. Brisk Skirmish Near Edsall's Hill. AFFAIRS OH THE LOWER POTOMAC. Large Fleet of Union Gunboats on tlie Biver. Appointments and Promotions in the New York Volunteer Service. The Vanderbiit and Other Steamers Chartered by Government. INTERESTING NEWS FROM KENTUCKY. Tbe Passage of tlie Militia Loan Bill. &C.) &c., &c. OUR SPECIAL WASHINGTON DESPATCHES. Waomngto.v, Oct. 2, 1881. COCBT MARTIAL OP GEN. FREMONT?OEN. WOOL ORDERED TO MISSOURI AND OEN. MANSFIELD TO FORTRESS MONRO*. Upon charge* made by Colonol Blair, Major General Fremont has boen ordered to report himself for trial by court martial. General Wool, of Fortress Monrce, lias been ordered to saporsede General Fromont tn command of the Dopart mout of the Wost, and Gonoral Mansflold loft for Fortress Monroe this afternoon to suitersode General Wool. Capt. Drake De Kay accompanies General Mansfield, an t will ?ontlnuo as his aid. General Wool, it is understood, has left the fortress, and Is on his way West, and Gionoral Fremont will pro ceod to this city at his earliest convenience, leaving his forces In command of another, who is considered com petent to meet any foe that General Fremont has been marching against in person. AFFAIR WITH THE REBELS NEAR SPRINGFIELD STA TION. A train with two hundred troops left Alexandria yes terday afternoon for the purposo of obtaining wood at Ednell's Hill. While tho cats were loading some of the troops proceedod ovor tho bill towards Springfield station, when they were fired on by the robels and throe of thoir number wounded. The entire party, with tho exception of two who became detached and wero taken prisoners, roturnod to Alexandria, having fully succeeded In tho object of their expedition. THE SITUATION OF THE REBELS. As ropoi ted In this correspondence last night, the rebels have become alarmed at their own tomerity, and fear to bring upon themselves the attack they are most anxious (?avoid. Tho capture of their batteries along the river, rind tho occupation of Fredericksburg, Gordonsvllle ami Culpepper Court Houso, is what they most dread. This source of alarm has unquestionably Influenced their relIrement from our front to Manassas Junction, so that xhc main body of tholr army of the Potomac shall be near railroad communication with Richmond, to repel an atuick of our forces by way of Fredericksburg. Tho defiant attitude of the rebels hereabouts has been abandoned. They aro now acting purely on tho defen. stve. They ore manifestly in continual alarm as to an assault from somo quarter where they aro most assail able. Tbosr cannot execute their own programmo of crossing the rlvor*, and fear an attack npon their own flanks. Tho report In to-day's Herald of tho position of the rebel army has been verified to-day by a close and accurate reconnos'sance of ablo engineers. Their position forms a crescent, reaching from Occoquan creek to a point abovo Loosburg, whilo tho contre extends from Fairfax Court Flouse to Manassas Junction. The rise In the river above, and the presence of tho rotomac flotilla below Washington, precludes thoir cross ?g; but they are aware that wc havo command of means to crosa at any point, and torn either of their flanks. Tbi'lr stop backward Is considered here by experienced army officers as an Indication that they do not Intend to offer battle on tho Potomac. AFFAIRS IN GENERAL BANKS1 ARMY?REAPPEARANCE OF THE REBELS ON THE BANKS OP THE POTOMAC? THE RIVER I'NFORDABLE?THE REBELS RECON NOITBKI.NU OPPOSITE EDWARDS' FERRY?REVIEW OF THE MI5NESOTA TROOPS, ETC. Ono of the special army correspondents or the Herald, ?who left General Banks' column this morning, reports that last night tho rebels appeared to bo encamped, to the number of about eight thousand, opposite the mouth of Seneca rivor, on tho banks of tho Potomio. Tho Thirty fourth New York regiment, Colonel Le Deu, is en camped on the Maryland side of tho Potomac, south of tho mouth of tho Seneca, spposito the force of rebels alluded to ab<>ve, and discovered them first. This morning this jforco or rebels disappeared in a northerly direction. This is undoubtedly tho earne party that appeared op posite Great Falls on Monday, aud firod one lmndred and ? twelvo shell and shot at our pickets on the afternoon or t&at day. They disappearod towards the north, and have not been hoard of In this section flince they were repelled At the Falls by our artillery. Thtt 'orce Is probably mak ing a reconnolssince of tho river to ascertain Its fordable condition. A despatch received at General Mcttsllan'g headquar ters at noon to-day rrom General Bands' column an. Bounces that the river Is seven root above wording. The weather to-day is rainy, making the rebels'.chancel Of fording dubious. The Herald's correspondent also states that General <Jorm*n mado a reoonnolssanco opposite Bdwards' ferry yesterday. Tho enemy's plckots linod tho banks or Jtbo ^?Ivor oa the Virginia side, and an encampment wm seen within half a mile of the river, and within reach of our rifled cannon batteries. General Banks telegraphs to-day that the enemy haa made no demonstrations to-day, and that everything is quiet. Yesterday Governor Rarawy, of Minnesota, visited tbs regiments of his State uvtdar the command of General Gorman, and waa enthusiastically received. The whole ef General Banks' division paraded yester day, presenting a One, soldierly appearance. Genera Banks and staff reviewed the column. It Is pronounced by several gentlemen who witnessed the demonstration to he a apfondld and suecessful affair. AFFAIR8 OS TBS LOWER POTOMAC. Adhtrs at the Navy Yard and down the Potomac to-day are quiet. The Island Belle arrived this morning from Aqute creek, with despatches from Captain Craven to the government. Htfl flotilla now consists of about eUfhtaaa vossc!b. The rebels, it Is believed, have ? number of marked batteries at all tho principal points where they can be made available. The oyster sloop that arrived here to-day reports fifty or sixty remote on the way up the river, laden with nay, corn, prodooo, coal, wood and stored. At the time the sloop passed Freestone Point some thirty vessels were in the neighborhood, but none were fired ujkio. Tho tug Puzy arrived this evening and reports that flvo or sis vessols of the Potomac flotilla are lying on the Maryland shoro, within view of the rebel battery at Freestone Point. The remainder of oqr vessels are off Aquia creek, from which the rebel steamer George Pago has recently mado repeated unsnccessful attempts to emerge. There has been no firing by the rebols slnoo last Thurs day, nor can any signs of life be seen at Freestone Point. The Potomac Is certainly not now closed by the enemy. Our merchants are daily receiving goods frtjm tho North by way of tho river. TR0PHIB8 CAPTURED AT MCN80N'S BILL. Captain Thomas, of the Quartermaster's Clothing and Equipago'Department, has on exhibition at his office a considerable amount of clothing belonging to the re be' army, which wss captured at the time of the advance of our troops on Munson'a Hill. Pome of the coats and pantaloons for officers were of the finest French cloth, and of a substantial character. They were captured In rebol wagons, together with muskets, sabres, pistole and several of Coil's patent six chamber rifles. Theclothlug is elaborately adorned with tinsel. THE ABUT. Major Rucker, of the Assistant Quartermaster's Bu reau, has been promoted to a colonelcy. Captain Bart, his assistant, will, it is supposed, be promoted as a con sequence. NOTICE TO CORRESPONDENTS Of THE SECRETARY OF WAB. The Secretary of War, In consequence of the prossure of public business, is compelled to cease opening any letters addressed to blm marked "privato." Hereafter all letters so marked will remain unopened. FUNERAL OF COMMISSABY GENERAL 0IB80N. Brevet Major Goneral George Gibson, Commissary General of the United States Army, died in this city on Sunday night, aged a fow days over eighty-sis years. Gen. Gibson entered the United States Army as a captain, served with distinction throughout the war of 1812, and at the reorganization and reduction of tho army, In 1621, was appointed Colonel of Subsistence and Chief of the Commissary Department, which poet he has held from that date to bis demise, having for faithful and energetic services boen promoted, in 1831, Breve* Brigadier General, and in 1848 a Brevet Major Goneral. There are few men who enjoyed so universal a reputa tion oh General Gibton. The amenity of his manners was but the rellex of a good, generous, charitable heart, that endeared him to the high and low, rich and poor. He was a universal favorite with tho youug and old. His irreproachable honesty and upright dealings with the many contractors who have for so long a period furnished supplies to our army, made his sorvices valuable to tho government and its friends throughout our wide space and dominions. The funeral of General Gibson took place at noon,from bis residence in F street, near the Treasury Department, and was the occasion of a grand military display, the escort consisting of infantry, cavalry and artillery. Tho President, with tho heads of the departments, General MoCieiUin.and numerous lleld and staff oQiuers were in tho procession. GENERAL ORMtR?NO. 84. War Department, Adjutant Gknerai.'r Omc*,) Washington, Sept. UO, 1861. / In announcing to tho ariny the decease of the Commis sary General of Subsistence, Brevet Major Goneral Georgo Gibson, who dejiarted this life, at bis residence in this city, last night at twelve o'clock, tho Secretary of War has a most painful duty to discharge. One by one, dur ing the last few years, the patriarchs of the army, the veterans of onr " second war of independence," have been dropping into their peaceful graves. The timo honored names of a Tows hi and a Jesup wero no louder borue on tho rolls of the living , and to-ilay one of the few remaining survivors of their gallant company, and one of the moat distinguished, is also num bered with tho illustrious dead. All honor to those worthy sons of tho republic, born or it In Its golden days. And may the soldiers of our young at my Btrive hard to emulate their bright example, and be as successful 08 were they in preserving escutcheons un tarnished by any stain. A native of Pennsylvania, Gen. Gibson entered the army from civil life, as a captain of infantry, in May, 1808. Subsequently promoted Major and Lieutenant Colonel, ami after having served with distinction through the war of 1812-16, he was disband ed at Its close. Reappointed as Quartermaster General in 1S16, and subsequently made Commissary General in 1818, ho rendered invaluable Eervioe, in the former ca pacity, to the army of Gen. Jackson in Florida, and thereby earned the enduring friendship of that stern old soldier. Breveto.l a Brigadier General for falthfcl service In 1826, and a Major General for meritorious conduct as Com missnry General during the Mexican war, he has admin istered the ati'airs of his department for a period of over forty years to the entire satisfaction, it is believed, of his superiors and the army. 'lite arrangements for his funeral will bo ordered by Miijor General McClellan, commanding the army of the Poti.mac. As an appropriate tribute of respect to his memory tbore will be fired at every military post, on the day aftor the rocelpt of this order, thirteen minute guns, com mencing at meridian. The national flag will be displayed at half staff from the same hour until sunsot of the Bamo dny; anil for thirty days the prescribed badge of mourn ing will bo worn by the officers of the army. By order. L. THOMAS, Adjutant General. INTERESTING NEWS FROM SWITZERLAND. A letter from the ex-President of tho republic of Swit zerland, who is now a membor of the Federal Council* says:? We watch here with great solicitude tho progress of the secession war (Simderbutultkritg), a war which. If not successfully chocked by tho patriots of the South, may assumo a most formidable aspect. It is time that the array with which the North confronts secession may ap pear imposing even to the South. Nevertheless, when the avalanche is once fairly in motion, it Is too late to frus trate lis formation, and, gathering In its devastating oourso of vast |>roportion8, it sweeps resistlessly en ward, regardless of every obstacle, until, striking some moun tain wall of rock (J%lMmMra),tt is dashed Into fragments and ronderert harmless to many a peaceful and happy valley home,upon which It would have otherwise brought ruin and misery. May God, the Almighty, protect the republic. Another letter says:? Switzerland having attained the highest rank among the nations of tho world, the Swiss government omits no opportunity to encourage its peoplo to maintain tho ouviable position. Virtually carrying out the doctrine of free trade, her mechanical and artistic productions are even offered every possible opportunity to enter into competition abroad with those of other coun tries. In view of this the Federal Council has promul gated a series of resolutions, wherein it is stated that responsible commissloneis would bo appointed by the federal government to attend the great exhibition of 1862 in London, and there to take charge, without any exponse to exhibitors, of all articles sent on by the Swiss for ex hibition, unpack aud repack them, and see to their safety. Furthermore, that all expenses of transport ation and insurance incurred on articles of Swiss manufacture uuring thoir transit to and from LonAen will be borne by the federal government, provided the articles forwarded have passed au examina tion kefore the various cantonal Hoards of Supervisors, whose duty it will be to judge If the articles offered for transportation are of sufficient merit to entitle ttiem to oxbibttion at the great World's Fair. It appears that Mr. Bernais, the Assericin Coaeul to Zurich, has not yet receivod his exequatur, and that the Consul to Bajle will likely fare no better, unfavorable re ports being in circulation in regard to both of them. As to the former, It is said by the Swiss authorities that, while editing ft newspaper In the West, he frequently In dulged in sovere strictures against the Swiss government, which has determined not to grant htm an exequatur until his roported malicious language towards Switzer. land flads refutation from parties authorizod to inquire into his antecedents. THE TWELFTH MAB8A0BC3ETT8 REGIMENT. Colonel Fletcher Webster, of the Twelfth Massachusetts | regiment, has left for Boston, on business for his regt. ! mcn(. Momber3 of this regiment havo sent homo eight dollars of their September wages, to be dis tributed among their families. ? aBTTLKMKNT OF CLAIMS Dm ON BEHALF Of DECEASED SOLDIERS. ?... v 0U0W'D* circu1*'' of *ery general interest has >i8 beon issued from the Treasury Department:? Sut^f^mn?fI*.Wh^ m*v h4ve cl?"n" upon the Untted roun??rf?.^?. X deceased offl. ora ?nrl soldiers, onac ral Jr^^. i^Z wrvioes randen-d, whetlior in tbefedo. loa*t rt?l.^ ^reJ ,??rv're> to obltiiu lh.- same with the delay, the following Information is furnished ? orbsk or r AT MOT. wUlbTmSltX ,,h? dec*??d ? married, payment hta cM.T^hiM l?,? W,j0Wi 8jC0nd- lf D0 Widow, U) nw child or children; if minors, to the guardian. secomT ha ,dlei unnmrr'ed. tirst to the father: tar,; ,""1' Is dead, u. tho mothor; third, mako a their own iiin i 'Un r oath, and over his or her, or ?I??*t"re, stating his, her or their name, a*e I Mrae of V^^,'tH, 'h'' with the letter or whii h he belnr^S!? ?i U?e company and regiment to Uie riv eliim!!!? k U" ,,calh> and nature of ha,^trtn^l *',u.lhl'r *r-'"*r" "f w. thoauo or thr^ UBly'un,;*r ?'"'?ctol July, ??!, !8*11 1848 ninths extra pay, under the act of ji.y lu) I thf ?co,,"ntln([ officers that th? per monev InTt- '/ clatnilug Is or are entitled to tlio STsmoL h0- 8h" or tu?y Claim, the sSSZL^it th? ?redlbIe witnesFo? wdl bo required, 1 y *ro acquainted with the claimant or ? vTi V connections held to tho deceased, and that /'? deponents, are disinterested. rel3^^Th',a^l,calK'Q "na depositions above fV^uliiL subscribed and sworn to berore a Judge Commissioner, Notary I'ublic, or Justlc of the Peace oi?rMfl'Ut, fd to,administer oaths, acc louanledby tho' o>? ?u i? ain i of a court ?r record. io tho fact of j?fhdU!f and acting in hIB aoinn mlEH. y{r li V??c ?l the exccu"?n of tho fore ao ?oldlor died unmarried, It must bo r^th^r application* of thoso calming to bo tho fMher, mother br^hers or a* We,l a8\y tho wft I m^r?l*Lv? l , marrl???. record evidence ir possible, Sg to be iMdowiL *Dy 1 *PP"cations of thoso oUim-' ni^rwrnn^att'TnT^.* th'*ukin? ou< letters of a.lral n i attended with conaiderabio expense, ofun r^Hred^:1!8 'I?"? t"al " >? <W ZVj' *tn htlk 5? Auditor. In all c.-:aos whore the soldier has b??eu discharged the captalu's descriptive certificate STJESM? 1 THhl" 'm?"'?r "" ^' K tO y ?coouBtod for. Thecertifli of an oillcer <>l thn ?flUlaVu wm hi rfdie, ,Hld0lUlty' ?ddltlon to his oAil I ? . MOlil Or PAYMENT. I aymeotg will bo made by au order from tl'e ner< ml wTSr.V''? the army? tiuclf or'fer ifore iTwill be^pai^ ?f lhe cla'mant ?n .ts face l,o in ?i . . uor>a, 0F wtsstsmo ct aims. ?rlii K 10 obtat' '"formation, or to pre L,rt ?^nlT i ot,njmun'c?'e with this olllce by mail ollU^will allow* " S1,L'etlJ, U as o' the _ POffTACa tioT? =rent Vny? 011 on such communica tions, Mho ther received or transmitted by this ..nice. ..mi!? . fM.T",h lh# abovo rules will insure iiromnt AriJ^V v claims without nun. ceesary <!elny. j., *8 "? French, Second Auditor of tboTi e.isurv Department, Washington City, D. 0. ne.'sury Kl'TLKKW TO MILITARY CORPS. It will bo of interest to tho military to state that troops in the campaign, on detachment or on distant sorvice. will be allowed sutlers at tho rate of one for every rogf ment, corps or separate detachment, to bo appointed by the commanding officer of such regiment, corps or detach ment. upon tho recommendation of tho Council of Adml nistratlon, subject to tho approval of tho gcuorul or other officer in command. SKFTCH OF LIEUTENANT BPRORTON. Tho First Lloutcnant of the now gunb 'nt Seneca, who figured prominently in the outtlng out of the rebel priva teer Judith, at the Pensacola Navy Yard, and tho destruc tlon of the dry dock, was formerly attached to the steam frlgalo Colorado. Ho la a native of Maryland, but was appointed from Ohio, and ontored tho servico in 1840. TIIE CASK OF COLONEL EINSTEIN. Although Colonel Elr.steln,of I hlladelphia, was put un der arrest seven weeks ago by order of General McDow ell, he has not yet received a copy of the charge and si?e clfications against him. Whatever these may lie, many o? his brother officers nnd friends exprifs the opinion that be should either be tried, and ir round guilty, dismissed, or restored to bis command. ELECTIONEERING AMONG TOE PENNSYLVANIA TKOOrS As the Pennsylvania State election will take place next Itiesday a number ef politicians aro now electioneering among the troops from Pennsylvania on the line of tb . Potomac. On that day the latter will veto in their re spective camps, the captains and lieutenants acting as Judges of election, tbo returns under tbo law bulng as valid as ir the voting took place In their precincts at home. Tho presence of active politicians in camp ror tbo purpose of Influencing tho voting of volunteers, is not con sidered, by rigid disciplinarians, caiculatcd to havo s good moral efTect upon the army. REVELATION OF GOVEUNMENT SECRETS. Notwithstanding tho efforts in every department or the government to maintain the moet inviolate secresy in refe rence to the movements of cur army, and the co operation of the representatives or the press in this particular, It Is a fact that whenever a fow members of tho Cabinet meet together for consultation upon this subject, or hold a conference with General McCIellan, a sufficient inkling of the purport of the coherence Is obtained by parties interested, to at least mislead them as to what Is pro posed to be done. Just enough leaks out on these occa sions to make mischief, and is reported to roreign minis ters and others, who are anxious to catch at rumors Tor their advantage. * THE LONDON TIMES' CORRESPONDENT AN DJVOLDN TARY CONTRIBUTOR TO THE ILLINOIS SCHOOL FUND. W. n. Rue;ell, special correspondent or tho London Timet, has returned to this city rrom lils sporting trip to Illinois. On Sunday week, at Wilmington, Will county, Illinois, Mr. K. went out ror a day's shootlng-a diversion slightly in conflict with the laws or Illinois, which pro htbit shooting on the Sabbath. Mr. Russell was conse quently brought to the presence of an Illinois justice, lined thirty dollars for the ofTence, and paid It. This is esteom ed not ouly a good Joke, but the financial part is a vaJua bio contribution to the School Fund, which enjoys the boneflt of one-half of all finos from this source. The au thorities of Illinois are open to severe condemnation tor non enforcement of the statutes, this being the first ia stance in which a flno for that offeuoo has ever been ool lected. Tbe conservators of tho public peace of Illinois have long been on the watch for a Doctor of Laws on whom to vindicate the majesty of this Sunday statute, as woll as for some sportsman possessed of sufficient assets to pay the shot In current funds. Illinois bonds not received. On approaching Racine, Wisconsin, on his sporting tour, while surrounded by his sportsman's traps, Mr! Russell was welcomed by an old farmer of the vicinity with, "Wo are glad to see you, Mr. Russell. Hope you will find lota of game, You can have all tho game you want, but you must not mako game of the American eagle out here." This address elicited the enthusiastic applause of the bystanders. WHERE IS LIEUTENANT ECHOONMAKER? Some apprehension Is felt for Lieutenant Schoonraakcr, who was detached from the Minnesota, with orders to re port to the Navy Department, but who baa failed to do so. IRON WHEEL TRANSPORTATION WAGON?. The government for aomc time poet has been making ?experiments with iron wheel transportation wagons. THE NEW GRANADA CLAIMS COMMISSION?SELECTION OP AN UMPIRE. The joint Commission for the adjustment of the claims between the United States and New Granada bos at length agreed upon an umpire?the Hon. Nathaniel O. Upborn, of New Hampshire. He wa3 our commissioner In the settle ment of claims with Great Britain under General Pierce's administration. The Commission take a recess until tho first Monday in November to enable the counsel foa New Granada to take evidence, to. Recent Intelligence from New Granada states that the present govern, jmi will _o deavor to revoke the commission of Mr. flurtado, but do such power is guaranteed in the treaty. AFFAIRS ABOUT GENERAL SICELES' ENCAMPMENT. Tbe who'e district around Piscataway is singularly dreary an<l Jesolute. The houses and bai ns arc ail types of an architecture long sinco passed away. Tho corn .fields bear testimony to the absence of other grain, and iMHight but the growing tobacco looks green and cheer ful, The secession element baa killed Its prosperity. Thrt accommodations for man and beast are by no means PTtcn.'tve, and the prices are worthy of the capital Itself. The nfheers and men of Uenftral 8lcklcs' brigade, in tho course <h' a single night's encampment, bad play el havoo with the rovender of the place, so that all travellers coming In their roar had to fare very poorly. In<V?ed, there was ne.'ther eggs, milk nor butter to be had for money, and nothing but the remains of a cold collation to satisfy tho hungry soul. Everything was quiot. NEWS FROM^ENERAL BANKS' ARMY. Daknktowh, Sopt. 30,1801. The Oral frost of the season was experienced here last night. Captain Oullis' independent comi>any of Crlnic.ui Zouuvca, on? hundred and one In number, arrived at headquarters on Saturday night,after performing a march of thirty-one mile* in nlno bourn. They are now doing duty as (iun ral Banks' body guard. Each onoof tlie number hat* seen service in tho lato Continental wars of Europe. Captain Williams, lato Assistant Adjutant Genaral of

Gen ral Itauks' division, left hero yesterday via Wash ington, to take'command of tho Massachusetts cavalry. He will be missed by those in command. His successor has not been announced. From an olevation yesterday near the mouth of the Seneca, was seen along the line of tho Loeflburg and Alex andria turnpike, ctnttnuous clouds of dust, progressing southward, which Indicated movements of large bodies of tn>o)ie or baggage trains, loading to tho belief that the rehol army near I.eoxburg was leaving en masse for tha seal of war near Washington, but this morning the en cam; men is near the former plare wore diweovored Intact. I^ust Wednesday throe men belonging to the Thnty fourth New York attempted to cross tho l'otoma<' in a boat at the Whltebouso Looks near, tho mouth of the Mu'ldy run. V boa nearly across, a volley of thirty guns wero flred by tho rebels. The rower was shot hi the ri^ht shoulder bl .de, the ball traversing under the ulu and lodging above tho elbow of the left arm. One of the others flred seven shots from tho stern of tho boat and thpce of the rebels were seen to full. Iu Ilia ailulr of last Tuesday at tho Point of Rocks, Col. Geary, after shelling tho rebels from their position, crosed the river at the head of about twenty-four men. He ec red the shore, and ascended tho mountain where he found two fortifications of timber nnd oartli. Thobe he entirely demolished, and then pursui d tho enemy four miles into tho interior, but w ithout overtaking theui. A gentlemen in our service has just returned from his home in Virginia, and tho following intelligence from the regiou above Harper's Ferry:? At Loestuwn, on tho Winchester Railroad, three miles east of (harlestown, wero located ubout three hundrel Irregular cavalry to guard /th.irlestown against tho throat tied demolition of that place by our forces at Auidy Hook, if our pi< kets there wero flred upon Cuntaln Henderson, of the rebel cavalry, although severely wounded by a private, Is not dead as reported. He has m arly rocovered fr'im the offeet of Ills wound Hie command, together with Turner Ashby's cavalry, are protecting the laboring fore s engaged in tearing up tlio ri.ilroad at Kearneygville, above Dutfleld's station, and guarding tho shore at Shepfardstown. Ahout three hun dred men wero dismantling the remaining locomotives and loading rails, &e. They wore also omployid In pio curing copper from the locomotives and shops, as well an spouting, by ordt r of tho rebel government, for the manufacture of percussion caps. In connection with this It wag stated that the cap manufactory at Winrho tor, opposite Richmond, had nearly stopped for want of copper. Four hundred Morgan county cavalry had boon sent to the I'otomac,op|io?ite Hancock, to protect tho Importa tion of salt, leather and oolfbo. At this place our govern ment has no protecting force, und it Is stated that a largo quantity cf salt, stored at the wurohouso of Jacob Grove, near Bharpsburg, has found its way to tho ccmcnt mill, above Hancock, and thence into socessla. All around In this ccction, so'dieis and robel agents wore plundering alike the hou es of Unionists and seces sionists of coffee, salt and bacon], leaving lumillos entirely desttt ute of theso necessaries. Joseph Goyle, a cartman,M)d Wm. Brannan, formerly R boiler maker, went last Wednesday to tho hontc of a Mrs. Noakes and took thirty to forty pounds of coffee, threat ening hor with imiirisonment If rhe protested against it. They also mode a demand for money, which tliey said was In the house; but the lady, thinking Imprisonment preferable to starvation, refuted to give up v.hat bUo had. At Winchester there are 600 to COO militia, armed with shotguns, old plFtbls, Jtc., and many of them had not seen a charge of powder and ball hlnco their Impresa in-'Dt. It required a considerable regular foroe to keep thi m from mutinying and returning home. My informant visited Cliarlostown to soo somo ft-ionrfa. When a short dMarico from tliat pluce, in company with others, ho was challenged by a rebol picket stntlorod near an old building. Tbo latter fired his piece and ran to his comrades In the building, pursued by the others, from which thoy subsequently escaped. Oa taking pos session of tho rebel resort, our friends found there nine guns, a hat full of percussion caps aud fifty or sixty pounds of lead, all of which were seized upon. Following up this succ ess tliny visitod tho premises of a rebel partisan where they captured llvo horsofi, two mules und four volunteers, all of which wore employed in the rebel service. Michael Price, ono of the first advocates of secession in Virginia, and recently iu tho army opposed to our forces, under General Rogecrnns, has" become dlfgustod with the caueo and returned to his liotm, mar Ilnrpcr's Ferry. He controlled and excrcis> d great influence iu getting tho State out of tho Union, b it ban becom" convinced that tho confederacy can't stand. He now witjhos his Union friends to intercede for his return to loyalty. On Thursday he dined at tlie bouiio of au old friend, and remarked that tbo rebels mVbt as well fight against tho devil, or the North star, a.< Rosecrans, "for" bo said, ' i Ft m we thought we had got him he waa all annod us." At other times when we thought w . encamp ed for tho night,lie thought I?" w ? !n clc <m, and did, too. He says, also, that Bon* rai ? ? >? ? than a match for all tho rebel forces west of tl.e tiwutit ?li s. The rebels Have given i:p all Idea eroding the river, unless Maryland assume* a hostile attitude. fUxur IIook, Sept. 30,1861. On Thursday last, Major Gould and Captain Scribcr, of the Thirteenth Massachusetts, under tbo guidance of Major McPanieis, of the special service, wont over to Harper's Ferry and succeeded la recov ering two valuablo bells belonging to our govern ment, one of which weighs 1,200 pounds and tho other 900 pounds, together with a fire engine anil other articles capturcd by the rebels. On tho samo day thoy arrested a Mr. Migraw, who lind been ongaged in the laudable occupation of robbing the Unionist for the bono (It of the rebels. Letters wero found iu his possession showing that ho was in constant communication with the rebel leaders. Tho officers confiscated his mules, wagons and other articles. Magraw remains a prisonor. The: e Is plenty of evidonco to provo him guilty of tho grossest treason. The four large pieces of ordnance which wcro recently recovered hive been fitted up in on Ingenious manner by Captain Scriber, and frequently pay their respocts to the rebol scoots wbon they visit tho Ferry. The same officer liofl collected large quantities of railroad spikes, which ho wires in suitable bundles and discharges them In place of canister shot. Captain Scriber declares that he oan keep tho whole rebol army from crossing hero with these novel projectiles. Great credit is due to Major Gould and Cap tain Scribcr for their mechanical skill In the crection of batteries and fortifications fronting Harper's Ferry and ford, extending a distance of several hundred yards. The latter perfectly protect our forces from any attack. Thero are but very few families remaining in Harper's Ferry, and theso being Unionists, earnestly desire that the before named officers, with their command, should to main here for their protection. NEWS FROM FORTRESS MONROE. Fortrb*) Monro*. Oct. 1,1 Via HiLTiMoiuc, Oct. 2,1S01. J Tho S. R. Spaulding has not yet arrived hore from Hat teras Inlet. Flags of truce to-day conveyed a number of wounded rebels, made prisoners in Western Virginia, to Croncy bland. FORFEITURE OF THE CHEROKEE INDIANS ANNUITY. St. Lodr, Oct. 2, ISfll. In consequence of tbo secession of the Cherokeo Nation and Its alliance with the rebels, Colonel McNeil, Assistant Provost Marshal, has issued a proclamation notifying tho St. Louis Building and Savings Association that the sum of $33,000, being part of an annuity paid the Cherokee's by the government of the Unitod States, now on deposit in that institution, is, under the act of Congress, forfeited to the United States, and confiscated to their use and boncfii THE NIAGARA OFF CAPE RACE. TWO DAYS LATER FROM EUROPE. French Officers Forbidden to Enter the American Army* Five Thousand Spanish Troops to Invade Mexico. A March from Vera Cruz to the City of Mexico Anticipated. Tlic Great Eastern Savctl by tin American. Queen Isabella Proclaims the Abolitionist Emancipation Doctrine in Porto Uico. British Comments on the Federal Xioan Circular. Attempt to Assassinate the Queen of Greece* ADVAN OlS IN COT TO 1ST, Ac., Ac., Ac. St. Jounh, N. F., Oct. 2,1801. Tlie Ounard steamship Niagara, which left Liverpool on Saturday, Sept. 21, at ten o'clock A.M., and Queenstown on Sunday evening, 23d, arrived olTCapo Pace at half past nine o'clock this morning, <n route to Halifax an.l Boston. The news yacht of the press boarded the Niagara and obtained the following summary of nows, prepared for the association by Us Liverpool agent. Among the passengers on board the Niagara is Prlnos Alfred, who was the guest of the Mu>or of Liverpool liie d'iy previous to the failing of the Niagara, In which city the young l'riLcc was received With great atfcnt ions by tlip people. "lhe Paris Bourse firm. Three per cent renter, 09f. 26c. Tho British Iron plato frigate Warrior made hor first trip to soaon the 10th ult., proceeding from tho Thames to Portsmouth. Her performance wan highly favorable. A student wlio flrod tlio Queen of (Jreeco, In a public Bauare at Alhotig, missed his aim. Tho assa sin was ar rested. The Bombay mall of August 25 reached Marseilles on the 20th alt. Tho now.* is unimportant. Shirtings had d.c'.ined. Exchange 2s. a 2s. 3d. Freights alvunclug. Calcutta dates are of August 14. Shirtings were active and steady. Twist advancing. The iudlgo prospects con tinued bad. Linseed was advancing. Exchange 2s. a 2s. %d. Freight to London C5s. THE AMERICAN REBELLION. Garibaldi's Commission and Ills Duty Towards Italy?Napoleon Anxious for the Exile of tlio Liberator from Eu rope?Thu British Press on Heeretary Chase's Government Loan Circular? England's Efforts to Obtain Cotton from India?French Officers Refused Permls> slon to Enter the Union Army?Prepa rations for a Spanish Invasion of Mexi co?The " Universal Emancipation" Doctrine In Porto Rico, &c. Tiie aatertlons that Garibaldi Intended soon to embark for America, whore ho will *e[>oiisc< tlw cause of tho gov crnRicut, continuo to bo made and contradicted. The latest telegraphic despatch from Torln, however, dcclarcs that tho renowned liberator of IUJy lms abandoned all in tention of leaving for tha battle ileitis of America for tho present. An articlo bis appeared In a lato number of tho Paris MoniUvr which leads strongly to the inference that the ab tence <f Garibaldi in America would suit the wUhes and policy of the French guvei p met it. Tho Ixmdon Timer has (in editorial on Secretary Chore's appeal for subscriptions to tlio now federal loan. It says:?"If tho interest offered Is a stifllcient appeal to tho patriotism of tho people, any ar</um*nt* as to the hifdy of investment in the loan are unnecessary; if it it iufficii.rU, the remedy would have been to Increase the amount instead of appealing to considerations which, rightly viewed, amount to little more (ft m a oonfesion of wd-nest. Tho pcoplo will bo more ready to bolicve that provision will be marie for tbo payment of tho princi pal and interest ou war loans wh'U they seo provision haH boon made for leaving one farthing of oxponso out of the Income of tho year." Sir. filing, Financial Secretary of India, addressed tho member? of the Manchester Cotton Association, the Cham ber of Commerce, and other lending merchants of that city, on the subject of India. Aftor treating of financial and general government affairs, bo Bald ho thought to promote iho growth of cotton it was esi>ecially accessory to advance capital to growers, and to enabU this to be ilone with safety a proper law of contract* was essential. Ho do scribed what W been enacted on this question, and after alluding to an early prospect of the reduction of import dutiei on cotton, wound up by appealing to his hearers to tako with him a view of tlieso mattors higher than their commercial aspcct. A letter from Paris says several superior and subaltern officers of tho French aiiilkry have been offered great ad vantages if thoy will servo In tho federal army. Some havo been offered as much as six" thousand francs for tlioir outfit, and ]<ay of 20,000francs a year guaranteed for several years to Mine. It was at first said that tho Frooch government did not appear inclined to refuse theso offers. Permission was demanded, but on the 16th of September tho Ministor of War, ly order of thi Emperor, ma/le known to app licants thai he would not grant any permission to serve in the federal army. it Is repoi t"d that a Spanish expedition against Mexico was being organlzod at Havana. Five thousand infantry will iluemUirk early in October, at Vera Out, thence march ing direct to the city of Alcrico. Six ecrow frigatos,two steamers and numerous transports aro also to bo em ployed. A doclslon of Marshal O'Donnel is published In the Madrid Gazette, to tho Captain General of Porto Rico. It dcclarcs the principle that n flat*, who has touched the soil of Spain murt be considered as emancipated, even mithoul live consent of his former ma.i'.r. The Disaster to tho Great Eastern. SUE IS ANCHORED, AFTER MUCH ANXIETY AND TROUBLE, AT (JUliRNSTOWN?AMERICAN INGENt'lTY DEVISES TUB TEMPORARY STEBRINU APPARATUS, AND SAVES THE BIO SHIP. An account of the accident to this vessel was rcceivod in detail by the steau.uhlp Bohemian, at Father Point. : After considerable trouble aud anxiety sho had boon safely anchored Inside tho harbor of Quecnstown on tho I morning of the 20th ultimo. It is supposed the noedful I repairs will bo speodlly commenced. The night preceding her anchorage she wasobliged to | put off from tho coast, owing to the prevalence of a heavy | southerly gale. Great praise Is aicoidcd to an American, named Ha. milton, of Boston, Muss., by whom the temporary steering gear was arranged, without which the big thip would hai* been entirely unmanageable, and doubtless would have be. ' come a complete wreck. Commercial Intelligence. THE MONEY MARKET. Tho funds were dull aud a shade lower on tho 20th ult., owing to somo realisations. Tho rates of discount in tho open market were still decidedly lower than tho reduced bank minimum. Best bil a 3 a3Jtf per ccnt. Tho influx of gold to tho bank continues Consols closed on Saturday, Sept. 21. at 93,'^ a 93\ for money. AMERICAN SEHRITll^. The market for American securities firmer, but quiet:? Illinois Central shares ills. 30 n 38)4 Erie shares ^3 a 23;; LIVERPOOL COTTON MARKET. Liverpool, Sept. 21,1801. The Liverpool cotton market cloees to-day Urm, with small sale*. LIVERPOOL BREADSTIWS MARKET. Tho breadstuff* market Is qulot and steady. Flour Arm at 28s. a 80s. Wheat quiet and steady: sates of red West ern at 10s. 6J. a 12n.; red Southern, 12s. a 1*. fid.; whitn Western, 12a. 3(1 a 18s. ?d.; white Southern, 13s. a 18s. 6<l. Corn firm; mixed, 30s. a31? yellow, 31s. a31s. 6d.; white, 34s. a 86s. LIVERPOOL PROVIBION MARKET. Tho provision market rules dull. Beef quiet. Pork Inac.ttvo. Bacon flat. Lord firm at 60h. a 53*. T*llow has a downward tendency; quoted at 47s. a 47. fid. LIVERPOOL PRODUCK MARKET. Ashes Arm; pots and pearls 32s. a ilis. fid. Rosin quiet: common 18?. Spirits turpentine heavy, and no minal at 60s. Sugar (Inner. Coffee flrm. Rice ad vancing; Carolina, 24s. 0d. a 20s. fid. Linseed advanced is. a Is. fid., with an upward tendency. Linseed oil firm at 34a. fid. Cod oil quiet at 84s. LONDON PRODUCE MARKET. Wheat has an upward tendency; quoted at 65s. a 66s. Hour, ?7s. a oOs. Iron very dull. Sugar firm, ond ad vanced 6 I. T> a irregular; common Congo, lid. allXd. Coffee active, and advanced 2s. Hieo (Inner, and ad vanced 3d. a fid. Tallow quiet at 47s. Spirits turpen tine quiet at 04s. Unseed cakes firm. Linseed oil ac tive at 34s. 8>l. a 34c. fid.; sperm oil dull at ?02 a ?83.; cod oil, ?34. THE LATEST MARKETS. IjvskH'oj., Sept. 22, 1861. The Fates of cotton yesterday (Saturday) footed up 40,000 hales. The market warn firm, with an u lvance ol a half-penny per ikmiu.1 on the week, with a null advanc ing ten loncy. Tho sales to speculators! and exporters wore 10, <00 It Is reported that the sales ycsterd iy reached 67,000 bales, in. lading 26,000 bales Sur.-it to arrive. BRKADxrvrtH continue quiet und steady, with the excep tion of mixed corn, which Is slightly easier, Provisions dull. LONDON MONKV MARKET. London, Sept. SI?Evening. Consols closed to day at 93), a OS?-,, for money. The latest Males of American stocks were? . hrlo sba.-esul ?) a'JS)*. I1AVKE COTTON MARKET. Havre, Sept. 20,1861. The sales of cotton for the week add tip 80,600 baler. New Or!o ins tres ordinaire, 12?f.; ditto has, 1-flf. Tlie market closes firm at an advance of Hf, a lOf. The total stick in p<>rl umoi.nts to 214, COO bales. I'AUiK.Sopt. 21,1861. Tlie Bourse closed llrm to-day at fitff. 30c. INTERESTING NEWS FRt M CAIRO. Cajro, Oct. 1,1861. Tlie troops stationed at Norfolk have boon ordered to retire to Bird's l'oint. There are reports in circulation that Cenoral Polk, wttk 20,000 men, bad taken possesion of May Bold, Kentucky. Everything ia quiet here and at Paducali. Cairo, Oct. 2,1861. Tho gunboat Conrstoga went down the river lost night within three miles of Columbia. She chased the rebel gimbi at Jeff. Davis, obliging her to tako shelter under over of tho rebel batteries on shore. It was ascertained that the Jeff. Davis bad an armament of four six-pounders Tho Conestoga found the rebel signal Arcs burning several miles this side of Columbia. The Charleston bridge bas been repaired, and train* are running to-day. Tho woo1 Is back of Bird's Point are said to be alive with rebels. Continual skirmishing by tlio pickets is reported. Accounts from the South say that a large portion of tlen. Pillow's army has crossod tho river at Ilelmont, ?n rutile fof Cape Girardeau. Col. Logan, with forty-Ave men, went up the Missis sippi on Monday to capture a company of rebels near Charleston, Mo. Another party l-'ft Bird s Point for the same purpose. The expeditions have not yet returned' Col. Logan was roportcd at Charleston lost night. Ha had seized a large quantity of corn belonging to the rebels. NEWS FROM KENTUCKY. Fbavkfort, Oct. 2,1801. The Senate resolution offered by Mr. Whltaker ycuter day, requesting Governor Magoflln to resign, was referred to the Committee on Federal Relations. The Douse adopted reflations Instructing Messrs. Breckinridge and Powell to resign by a vote of 66 to 31. Nathan (Jaitbor Jr. has been confirmed as Secretary ot State, vice lfr. Munroo, who has gone South. Both UtmsoB passed the two million loon bill. Looisvillb, Oct. 3,1801. The city la quiot, bat conflicting rumors provail regard ing the intended military movements in Kentucky, but nothing sufficiently definite or autUcntlo to communicate* NEWS FROM MISSOURI. Qcimcy, III., Oct. 2, 1861. Messrs. Flagp and Lstkins, of the Quartermaster's De prrtmont, who have just arrlvod from the West, report that tho Commanding officer at Montlcello, Mo., had placed under arrest all tho county officers. They will be sent to St. Lonls for trial. Letters from somo of Oreen's men, taken from a rebel arrested at that place, state that tho rebels at Loxlngtoo were badly frightened, and would probably scatter Into small parties before Qeneral Fremont's forces coald be sufficiently concentrated to attack them. NEWS FROM THE SOUTH. Louisvilli, Oct. 2, 1801. The Nashvillo Union and American contains General Johnston's proclamation to tho people of Kentucky. It is similar In tone to that of General Buckner. Tlie same paper says?1"We are Informed that a large number of Kontuckians are flocking to Bucknor's standard, and requests ample provision to be made for thoso who are destltufo of arms." It says Major Penton from Louisville, has secured six locomotives and a large number of ears for the rebols. General Harris bits called for thirty thousand additional volunteers, in accordance with Goneral Johnston's requi sition. Tho New Orleans Crescent says there has been s won derful influx of Tonnessocans Into New Orleans since the passage of liio sequestration act, but somehow they left tli' lr families in the Northern States. The Hichmond Detpalch of the 24th ult. lays it is ru mored that Gen. McCloIlan caused to be shot 400 Hessian# for insubordination at Washington, rather than send them to Torltigos. Tho same papor Is Instructing farmers how to make rotash as a means of supplying soap, of which the South appears to be destitute. Thanksgiving Proclamation. BY EDWIN P. MOl'.O AN, GOVERNOR OF THE STATE OP NEW YORK. Amid the tramp of armies, tho sound of fratricidal strife and lamontatl n for the fallen, wo still behold tho merci ful arm of tho Ruler of the Universe mado baro for oar protection. Though a suicidal war, stimulated by leaders of faction and waged with all the |x>wer of a great and misguided peoplo, weighs like the hand of death upon tho national energies and throws its dark shadow over the laud, though this nation, so recently prospering under Ueavou's brightest smilo and advancing with gigantio steps towards greatness aud power, has been arrested In its progress and Is suffering the deep humiliation and blighting Influence of a murderous civil war, yet wu have inflnito ca'ise for thanksgiving and praise to Almighty Cod. Disease has been stayed from tho fireside and from tho camp, Internal order has prevailed, plenty has abounded, liborty of conscience remains unabridged, or dinary pursuits have been uninterrupted, our national rights are respected, partisan animosities are fast burn ing out, and the spirit of fraternal affection has been beautifully manifest throughout a wide extent of our common country. Though composed of the repre sentatives of many nations, a general calamity has re vealed our strange homogeneity, has served to obliterate prejudices, has moved all allko by tho same patriotic emotion. All alike have responded to tho call to save our Imperilled Institutions The marvellous energy which the crisis calls forth proves our national spirit to be unabated, our vigor on wasted, and given promise, nndor the blessings of God, of a higher position In all that consitutes true national greatness. Though evils follow tho train of armies, vot for these we have a great compensation in the fact that the exposures and expen ditures incident to all will necessarily counteract the ten-, dency of the age to olTvminacy and luxury. In this hour of affliction, though we may not presume to lift the veil which mercifully hides the future, yet wc believe that, in the wondrous plan of God, U we but humbly bow be foreHitnand acknowledge our national sins. Infinite Wis dom will work out from this great trlbulatl' n a marked and permanent good; that the startling evidence of tho mutability of human affairs taught us in tho b ssons of tho year will tend to subduo our hearts, aud that this noble Union, tho work of men inspired by the loftiest patriotism, tho wonder of the world aud the glory of this'nation, will bo preserved. For the blessings seen by us, and for those which m the provl denoo of God are vouchsafed unto ns, but which mortal eye cannot discern, wo should mako our public a know lodgements: Therefore, I, Edwin D. Morgan, Governor of the State of New York, do appoint Thursday, tho twenty eighth day of November next, as a day of praise, tlianksgiv iug and prayer to Almighty tiod; and I do earnestly recommend that tho people of this Htato do, on that day, abstain from their usual occupations, and assembling in their respec. tive places of worship, unite in humble expressions of gratitude to Him from whom we derive all blessings, and; to whom wo look for a restoration of poace to our beloved country. In witness whereof, I havo hereunto got my hand, and alTlxed tho privy seal of the State, at the city of Albanv, this llrst day of October, in the year of our Lord ona thousand eight hundred and sixty one. EDWIN D. MORGAN. By the Governor. Lockwood L. Pott, Private Secretary,

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