Newspaper of The New York Herald, October 5, 1861, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated October 5, 1861 Page 1
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WHOLE NO. 9156. NEW YORK, SATURDAY, 3 R A L D. OCTOBER 5, 1861. PRICE TWO CENTS. THE REBELLION. Important News; from Western Virginia. Defeat of Lee's Rebel Forces at Greenbrier by Gen. Reynolds. HP0RTAH HEWS FROI MISSOURI. Decisive Battle Near Lexington. Defeat of the Rebels Under Gen. Harris by Gen. Sturgis. Evacuation of Lexington l>y the Rebels. Reported Occupation of the City by Union Troops. Chreat Sxcitemcnt in the West in Consequence of the Report of Cfon. Fremont's Removal. CHANGES IN THE MILITARY COMMANDS. Gen. Fremont Virtually Super seded by Gen. Wool. Gen. Mansfield in Command at Fortress Monroe. fin* Sherman Appointed to the Department of Kentucky* News from Hatteras Inlet and Fortress Monroe, Ac., &c., Ac. ??TO SPECIAL WASHINGTON DESPATCHES. Washington, Oct. 4,1SG1. THE CHARGES AOAINST GEN. FREMONT, ETC. The following la tho result of inquiries to-day in official quarters:?Tho charges preferred by Colonel Frank P. Blair against Major General Fremont, on the 26th of Sep "tember, have not yet reached Washington. According to the revised army regulations, charges are required to be transmitted through the superior officer, which in this case is General Fremont himself. A copy of tho charges, however, baa been received to be filed, in the event that -General Fremont himself shall neglect or decline to ^transmit tho original document to tho War Pcpartnv nt. Thero seems to be no doubt that General Fri-mont will bo superseded, but no official intimation has yet been ?given of this font. General Wool, it is thought by those well informed in military circles,-will proooed to tbo West under specific instructions, and it may bo that he will supersede Major -General Fremont. In responso to a request of General Fremont for a Quar ?termaster for the Western Department, as Brigadier Gene ral McKinstry lias, taken the field, Major Robert Allen has been appointed to that position. He has tho reputation -of being one of the' best officers of that kind in the cm 'floymcnt of the government. -SEN. MANSFIELD IN COMMAND AT FORTRESS MON i BOE?ARRIVAL OF OEN. WOOL AT THE CAPITAL. General Mansfield is now in full command of Fortress fllonroe, and General Wool .and staff have arrived hero, 4nd the General is low?one o'clock P. M.?in consultation ?with the President and Secretary of War. He will leave <or the West Immediately. ??KH. SHERMAN AFTOINTEI) TO THE DEPARTMENT OF KENTUCET. ilt la ascertained that Brigadier General Sherman will be promoted to.? Major Generalship, and will take command of the department of Kentucky, the deli neate state of General Anderson's health alone rendering this Arrangement necessary. WAST ABOUT GENERAL M'CLELLAN GOING TO UK TCCIT. A .report has been set ear foot here to-night that General Mo'Qellan was about toatart to Kentucky, to take com mandicf that department, under the Impression that ,1 there.ii; to be no occupation for the army en the Potomac. There is no foundation whatever for this report, at least mothiug is known of such*movement at General McClel Jan's lioRJ'iuarters. TVI8IT i,0? GENERAL M'CLIfcliAN TO THE CNIOJ 0CS-P08TS. I STeatemay General McClellan, aceompacled by his VitoiTand aacort, made the circuit of our extreme out h^oete, from a point about three ratios above the Chain iheiiigo to. within five miles of Fairfax- Court Houce, and by way .of Springfield station to the immediate neighborhood of Mount VetKon. "All quiet," is announced along the licet. .AFFAIR WITH A REBEL PARTY MJBLAK GREAT. FALLS. This afternoon a party or rebels, evidently making a reconu'i?sance -on tho Virginia-side, noar Great Fall!!, halted awl opened fire upon our forces on the Maryland aide, coaaaand by General McCall. A couj'le of Parrott guns were immediately placed iu position, and aL-out aix shots frccn each of them threw the rebtls into con fusion, and put them to flight, before they were able to do any barn to our men. AFFAIR8 OM THE LOWER POTOMAC* Arrivals by the river to-day report all quiet do wn tbo Potomac. On Wednesday, during a fog, tbe steamer Ros oluto wont tip near to tbe Aqula Creek battery, and was fired upon, wtthout any barm being done. During the night tbe drums were beat almost continuously on tbo Virginia side, hut no further hostile demonstration was made. A REBEL OFFICER CAPTURED. A despatch from Munson's Hill, at half past nine to night, states that Lieutenant A. J. Zioglor, of Colonel Stowart's regiment of cavalry, has been capturod by tbe pickets of the Thirty-fifth New Tork regiment. He gives hut little Information. He says Jeff. Davis, Boauregard) Johnston and G. W. Smith, wero at Fairfax Court House yesterday, reviewing the troops. He was to be sent to General McClellan's. TRANSPORTATION OF SUPPLIES. M%jor Morley, Superintendent of Military Railroads, has couse.l to be constructed asideling or turnoCT to tbe I.oudon and Hampshire Railroad near Fall's Cburcb, by which tbe transportation of supplies to tbo troops in that vicinity is greatly facilitated. TBI RECENT ARRIVAL OF THE BRITISH STEAMER BERMUDA AT SAVANKAH. Information has been received by tbe government that the British stoamor Bermuda, twenty-five hundred tons hurdon, which was several weeks ago reported to be fitting out to carry arms and provisions to tbo rebels, lias aueaeedai In running tbe blockade, and entering tbo port ' Ueratnah with a large and valuable cargo of arms, ammunition, provision*, clothing and military stored. Tho sympathizers with tbo rebellion hero are c mgratu lating themselves upon this event, in d laugh in their sleeves at tho arrival of this succor, while, us they say, Commodore Stringliam was glorifying over tho recent victory at Hatteras Inlot. THE SPANISH MINISTER'S DESPATCHES. Tho Spanish Minister is greatly aunoyed about the transmission of his bi-weekly despatch! s to tho Gov ernor General of Cuba. Tho charter by tho government ?of all tho steamers of the line runuing to Cuba and Vera Crust prevents the intercourse with tho Spanish representative at tbo capital of tho Quoen of tho Autiiles. TUB RELEASE OF A 8TATE PRISONER REFUSED BY SECRETARY SEWARD. Secretary Seward to day addressed to the Governor of Maine the following letter:? PsPARTMfKT 0? STATl, 1 WASHINGTOH, O't 4, 1S61 J Governor:?Application has been made to iho 1'iesi dent for the release of Robert Elliott, a political prisoner held in custody at Fort Lafayette. Tho evideuco taken In bis ca?o show that he hail not only oouccived tbo purl"*" of treasonable co operation iu tbo State of Maine with the insurrectionary citizens arrayed i* arms In other States for tho overthrow of tho government and the Union, but that he had even gone to the extreme length of getting up au unlawful force to operate In Main" against tho lawful artiou of the State and of the federal government His associates In that treasonable enterprise since his arrest have taken an oath of allegiance to the United States. This proceeding is very pro|>er in Itsolf, but the repre sentations they make, that they and he were loyal to tho Union at the time when they wero combining in arms against it, cannot bo accepted, at least in his behalf. It ap|Hwrs that he is too intelligent to misunderstand tho legitimate tendency of his criminal acts. Ho cannot be released. On the contrary, your vigilance in ferreting out the conspiracy, ar.d in arresilng it by denouncing it to the government and the country, is deemed worthy of ?special com men >tat Ion. . If any of the other offenders are stilt persisting In their treasonable course, you will, I am sure, not fail to give information to this department. 1 have the honor to bo, very respectfully, your obedient, WILLIAM H. SEWARD. To his Excellency Israel Washbirw, Augusta, Maine. THE RELATIONS OF THE REBELS WITH TUB EURO PEAN POWERS. The pronunciamientm of the great European Pow ers, in favor of neutrality in American affairs, have closed the door to all hope on the part of tho rebels of any recognition of their mushroom confederacy. This is only what was ex pec tod from tho governments with which our own has 60 long maintained friendly relations. Their expressions are regarded as an evidence of the deep interest and anxiety manifested by the l'owers of the Old World for the maintenance of legitimate government on this continent. KI008 & CO. AND THE TREASURY NOTES. Bigg's k Co, ef this city, receive, and have been re ceiving, Treasury notes tho same as gold. They have never presoated any of them for payment. They receive tho notes as cash on deposit from their customers. THE ARMY. CaptainsE. McKay Hudson, A. V. Coleman and N. B. { Switzer,of General McClellan's staff, have been promoted ! to the rank of Lieutenant Colonel. E. R. I'ennington, son of Gov. Pennington, has been appointed Captain of the Twelfth infantry. J. H. Grove, of Pennsylvania, and Wm. Chambers, of Illinois, have been appointed Brigade Surgeons. Albert L. McGIIton, Lieutenant Colonel of the Sooond Pennsylvania regiment, was to day elected Colonel of the Fourth Pennsylvania reserve. ARRIVAL OF MR. MAO RAW FROM RtOHMOVD. Henry Magraw, who has been for a long time a prisoner at Richmond, has been released by the orders of the in vestigating commission instituted there a few days ago. Ho has gone to Lancaster, Pa., to visit his family. He speaks well of tho treatment reoelved while at Rich mond. Ho reports that Charley Soott, formerly member of Congress from California, who married a Mississippi woman and allied himself to the Southern rdbels, was wounded severely in tlie thigh at the batUe of Bull run, and that General Wheat, the notorious filibuster and leador of the K. G. C.'s, although wounded severely by a ball through the body, entering the abdomen and passing out at the back, is recovering. There Is somo difTicf.ltv about the re'.ease of Mr. Harris, who was taken with Mr. Magrnw, but It is believed that he will be liberated and allowed to go to Nashville. He will not probably show his face in any loyal community, on account of the pub lication of some of his mildest secession letters demon strating his villainous secession proclivities. DEPARTURE OF THE POSTMASTER OfiXERAL FOR NEW HAMPSHIRE. Postmaster General Blair left Washington this afternoon for Portsmouth, N. H., to bring home bis family. THE REPORT REGARDING TIK UNIFORM OF GENERAL M'CLELLAN'S STAFF. Tho statement that General McClellan has an applica tion on file for a splendid new uniform for bis staff is un true. ARHT ORDERS. GSNERAt. ORDKR8 MO. 07. W*B PEPAKTMK.NT, ADJUTANT GBKERAL'S OmCE, "I WASHINGTON,Oot. 3, 1861. ( I.?In the Foltlcmotit of the ncrounts of dec> ;!???< 1 volun teers, the Secemi Auditor will i lace to the ciedit of tljo man the one hundred dollars bounty allowed in the fifth section of the act approved July 24, 1861. II.?The name of Captain A. W. Reynolds, Assistant Quartermaster, will be stricken from the rolls of the army, ho having for upwards of six months absented him self from duty, and having failed to report. By ordor L. THOMAS, Adjutant General. COLONEL KNIFE AMD HIS SON SHOT BY A SOLDIER. A letter from Darnestown, Md., says about six o'clock hut evening, just after parade, privato Samuel D. Martin, or the Forty-sixth Pennsylvania regiment, shot Colonel Samuel D. Knipe and his son, Charles I). D. Knipe, with a revolver. Colonel Knipe was shot badly through the shoulder and right arm, and bis son through the right liand. Martin Is a half brother to Ijuialiaa, the murder er of M^jor Lewis, of the same regiment, and has exhibi ted bad blood to Colonel Knipe for sonaetune. Martin was immediately placed under arreat. CONDITION OP AFFAIRS IN ROW - MEXICO. Advices were received this morning from S. Grant, army contractor, dated Santa Fe, AugutftJJO. lie informs the .government that Forts Buchanan and Breckin ridge -were destroyed by fire by lieutenant Moore to pravent their falling into th? hands of the rebels. Fort McLane, he stated, had been abandoned, and Fort Fillmore had been treacherously-surrendered. Baylor, who belongs to tho rebel band,. claims to be Goveritcc cf Arizona. Grant raisod the Stars and Stripes over bis tanche, and dressed his mule trains with small Digs, in tiic face of the rebels. His mill wagons, trains and army outfits have been seized by (the rebels. Grant snys he i? indebted to Lieutenant Moore, whose thorough knowledge of the country brought them safe from Cook's Peak, St.Cralg, via the mountains, thereby escaping an ambuscade of the rebels in store for them. The rebels and Indians are devastating tho whole country. TROUBLE ABOUT ORGANIZING THE CAVALRY PEDI MENTS. The organization into brigades of the cavalry regiments now herehos been retarded by a difficulty between tlio government and State authorities of Pennsylvania. Se veral regiments of eavalry from Pennsylvania have been ordered here, and accepted directly by the War Depart ment, without any official knowledge of their existence by the State authorities,end are not, therefore, recognized by the Governor of Pennsylvania as a part uf tUc quota of volunteers calle I for frotn that State. ?BALLOON ASCENSION. A splendid balloon went up to day from Arlington Heights, and passed over the city, going rapidly towards innapolis. It is supposed to be La Mountain's. It soared v.tvy high, In a clear sky, and at a distance when barely vii'il'le with the naked eye, It entered a cloud and disaj< pea^wd. H has not siaco been heard of. NO FEES REV I RED FOR TASSrORTS. It hi*t"lng been reported to the Stato Department that agents %'io are employed by Individuals to procure pasfl ports ari.vthe habit of exacting a fee from thoso for whom tho passports are requested, alleging ns a reason therefor tht.V< a fee Is charged by tha Department, notice is given that V? fee has over been charged by tho Depart ment for a p, vaport; that such a chargo is oxpressly forbidden by lA? act of Congress of the ISth of July, 1856 in regard t? passports, except those issued by the agents of tho L.*oitod States in a foreign country, and in the latter ease th'e fee is limitoil to tliosumof ono dollar. THE REBEL LOSS IN THE AI'FAIR AT I-EWINPYILLE. Tho rebels have slwaya denied losing men skirmishing at LetflnsOJ'l* on the 26th, but the tombstones of a now* ?ado crm-o at Fall's Church, read as follows:?"W. I M M. Scrans But,op Guard, Second regiment, BoutU Carolina V. inti.... killed at I.?wir.sville, September 26." OtV". i it i known, wern killed at l^winsvlllo but t t ? *v f Scrapgs was tn?* irly ono burig:! at th hp"' INTERESTING FROM FORTRESS MONROE. Arrival of General Manstleld and Depar ture of General Wool for WanlilnRton More Flag* uf Truce?Keleaic of Henry Magraw, ike., dcc. FORTRIttS Moxsos, Oct. 3, 1 ViaBiiTnoM, Oct. 4, lHfll. / Gen. Wool will proceed to Washington to night. Ho will be relieved, for tbe present nt least, by Gen. Mans field, wbo arrived from Washington tins morning for that purpose. One hundred of tbo mutineers confined at tbe Rip Raps were this morning released by Gen. Wool and restored to duty. There has been daily, with but one exception, a flag of truce between Old 1'oint and Norfolk for tbo last two weeks. The steamer Tm. felden eame down to-day. Sho was seized by the rebels last spring. Her preseuco at Old Point hat excited considerable feeling. She brought somo fifty refugees?meu, women and children?from Norfolk, who were sent back, not having been supplied with tbe requisite papers. Henry Magruw, of Pennsylvania, who went to Manassas for tho body of Col. Cnmoron, returned with the flag, and will proceed to Washington to night. OUR FORTRESS MONROE CORRESPONDENCE. Fortkkss Monkob, Oct. 3,1881. Arrival of the Spatdding from HaUerat Inlet?1 he SjxiuUl ing Ex)ierience? a Gale on Her Trip to Ilattrrat?Effect on the Induina Buyi?Exjtected Departure of Major Kinitnll and a Detachment of the Ainth Regiment, and the Balance <jf the Twentieth Indiana, for llatterat?Shipwreck? Weather, 4c., tic. Tho steamship Hpaulding, Captain Howes, arrived last night from Hatterns Inlet, after a pleasant passage. Her trip down was quite rough and tempestuous, the ship having been caught in tho severe gale which Bwept down the country last Friday. The Indiaua boys paid their tributo to Father Keptuue in the most liberal manner. Sueh a scene was never before seen. You may be assured that when the boys got ashore they were pleased and looked upon the deep blue sea with an air of disgust. For land sor vlces they are equal to any,but, without e<tperienco,they will be of little value on the sea. They are now encamp ed above Cape llatteras, in a strong position, where they have good water and air. The remainder of the regiment goes down in tbe Spaulding on her noxt trip; and I under stand that Major Kimball will take the two companies of the Ninth regiment, now at Nowport News, by tho suino steamer, to join Colonel Hawkins' command. By tbe arrival of the Sfiaulding I have again to record another shipwreck?tho schooner Neptune's Car, of St. John, N. It., Captain Solomon Davis. Tho schooner sailed from Cardenas, Cuba, on tho 21st ult., bound to Philadelphia, having a cargo of sugar in the hold and a deck load of coal. Everything went on flnoly until last Thursday eveu?g, when a southeast gale arose; the schooner, being deeply loaded, mado had weather nnd sagged in shoro. On Friday evening, at about half-post seven o'clock, tho brig went Into tho breakers, and shortly after struck bottom about two milus from the lighthouse and seven miles from Fort Clark. Notwithstanding the sea was breaking over the vessel, the crew doemel it best to remain on hoard until daylight, when one of the tailors (John Mahan) took n small line and swam on shore, ami thou hauled tbo officers and crew on shore by means of the line. Aftpr the gale moderated they sot to work tavitig considerable of the sugar. The captuin and mute still remain on the vessel, while the crew go on to Philadelphia to report to the consignees. The following are the names of the crew:?John Mahan, Wm. Temple ton, Edward Clark, A. Corsey (cook), and Jose Rivadulla Laflilt. They were sent here from Fort llatteras, and General Wool gave them a froe pass to lialtimore. There is no doubt that the gulo along this eoaat has been very severe, and wo have yot to hear of many disasters. The report furnished the press hy the agent of the As sociated Press at this place, stating that thirteen schooners had s;u!od from here for llatteras Inlet, is not so. The facts of the case are as follows?The gunboats 'Monticello and Stars and Stripes left here on fcu>i Sunday evening, each having two schooners in tow. These it o the only schooners which nave left here in a week of the time mentioned. Others have sailed since; two sailed to day. As I close art easterly gale is evidently brewing; tho rain is failing briskly, with the promise of a thick, fog^y night. Wo are having Tall woather In earnest?cool nights and warm days. Ou several occasions we have had fires in our rooms. The Young America, whose exploits at Broadwater a few days since have created so much excitement here, is now undergoing repairs, and will be ready in a few days to res jme iier arduous duties. A flag of truce was rent from here to-day. TImmyj were hut few persons on board, hut she carried a large m .0. She will not havo returned by the closing of the mail Should she bring important news, you may expect it in my next letter. OUR HATTERAS INLET CORRESPONDENCE. JIatthkas, N. C., Sept. 27, 1*61. Arrival of the Twentieth In<li ina Regiment?Their Pntv tinn?The Equinoctial on the C/.ast?The ComMunton'tTit HrJvtern f\rrts Clark and IfatUraiCiU Off by the Sea? Splendid Spectacle?Appearance iff a "SetesU" Si aim r? UnsuccetsJtil Chase?Mure Guxboais Wantnl?Arrival of Three Refvgtet from Beaufort?J he News They lining? Preaching at the Ujijter Meetinghouse?Capture <f Tuf Schooners by the Susquehanna,etc., etc. The Twontioth Indiana regiment arrived liere to-day at eleven o'clock. Tliojr aro to be stationed at Chicamon coaaico, a place at the other end of the island, aoaoe forty five mile* from Fort Hattoras. They will thus he noar enough to Roanoko Island to prevent the rebels from making any incursions into this region of the country andut the same time be able to protect the loyal mhalu-' ?. tante from tho vengeance which the rebels declare against them. The day Is squally, and the old ocean has flooded our already scanty premises. It will not tako long, at tho present rate, to bring so much water about us as pel us to scok for othor and morn agreeable quarters, lite surf presents a splendid sjieclacle. It roars and rises, and then pounces upon tho beach with such tremendous noise that ono would supposo for tho moment that wo bad tho roar of a dozen thunders hurled into our -ears. The poor flsh suffer from tho gale; but their suffering gives joy to our Zouaves, who throng tho sandy and surfy beacli, ready, when the mirf bear*tiie !l?h upon the beach, to pluuk them up, and carry them off to the frying puu, to take the piace of ""salt Junk." Yesterday afternoon a "secesh" steamer appeared is sight. Xw.? of our gunboats gave chase, and "seeosh" tried dauhlo quick and put oil. By the addition of a fow 'more gunboats to those wo now liave, and two thou sand t!M>io men to those already here, "eecafth" may be regarded among the things that were, at in .these waters. By the way, this morning two men sijuie their appearance in a small lailltoat. They came all the way from Bonufort, and they say Jeff. Dav.? positively desUrei. that he must have these forts back, If it costs htm . ten thousand lives. No doti! t .loll'. IcuIs troubled ufciul our occupation of so important a point as this, lor it was through this inlet that he brought most of bis prizes. But Colonel Hawkins will be glad If Jeff, can so readily spare; ton thousand men. He thinks there is burying room enough < n llatteras beach for even more than that nimilKir. Fort Hattoras is now in the hands of tncle Sam'd old Kildiers, commanded by Captain Morris, and ten or twenty thousand men aie welcome to try their Land at troubling him. especially when Hawking' Zouaves are reaily to try their hind. Thete two mea inform us that the inhabitants have aH left l)t aufort,NoWbern atnl Washington. Tl^e troops huva boen leaving Virgi'.iiu,for Fort Macon during the past two weeks, and row there aro in the fort five bond red men, and within five miles of the fort there is a camp of three thousand men. A thousand robot troops have boeu ihrown into this county ..and tins you tiotiro we have not only takcu these foi ls, hut in so doing we have scattered their troops. I,ast the chaplain of Hawkins' Zouaves, Rev. Mr. Conway. prea&Ued in another meetinghouse, filled with Carolinians wb > wore glad to see him; and although Replace is some seventeen wiles from here, the po plo .areas thoroughly Union as they fire here. The report tlut r< bcl troops ? /ere landing at Chicamoncomico is uu founded, and ti. expedition planned by Colonel Hawkins, intended to intercept thum, !ias 'jocu reconsidered. The troops 'ire well and m good spirits On Saturday ti e Susquubauna. which had gone to sea to ti ;:e an oil,eg during the severe equinoctial storm, cap. arod two schooners, (lie the San Juan and tho oilier the Baltimore, owned in Elisabeth City. N. C., and bound thcucc from the West Indies, with a cargo of salt, sugar ?.i l mouses. They were *ent North la charge of officers p I prise art w*. One of the captain?, upon realizing how th^y wore nabboil and whose ham's they were in, endeavored to find coniolatioti ,in tho flowing bowl, and thereby l>ec. meoxtrc inoly drunk, and consequently quite loquacious, i fo announced to the naval officer in com mand there were three other schooners loading when lie Bailed for Elizabeth City, and that t'my w..,:ld be aloi g in a wry jaort timo. Of course all tlii.-s lutoliigonce waf. gratefuh;'r?.'ived and noted by theSusqiKhaona's oflieers. A slj-U'jHsokont will be kept for these JjsUowi, and .rhen they cotulK'n 'hey will be catitured. The balance of tiV> Indiana regiment w ro rent to Chicane ncomico veetOi\'*y> whero the main body of ihe

regiment had previously v"'rn sent, and will h Id their poMtiou there H.;?iu8t ill o^'ls. Th* ir camp Is pleasantly situated on hi,' 'i pr 'infl, in iJ flno crovo, where they catch the sea breeze all Units, h ? 1 puro water is had by digging shallow ?.? lis, and I uji . old lliat wild grapos and i thar fruit are abuteljint. Wo expect 'hr remainder of thtf Nirth Now Yoik. | nder M ijor K imba I, and tho baUnco el iho 'lw?ititlh i ?n'lK a, by theSpauldlng on her return trip. IMPORTANT FROM WESTERN VIRGINIA, Engagement with the 'Enemy at Greenbrier. Victory of Gen. Reynolds Over the Rebels Under Gen. Lee, Ac., Ac., &c. Washington, Oct. 4,1861. A despatch *u received at headquarters to-day,con veying the information that General Reynolds had made a reconnaissance in forts from his position at Cheat Moun tain, and met the rebel force undor General Leo at Green briar, nnd driven them from the ground. Ue telegraphs thai the loss on our side was very small, but ho believed that a large number of the enemy wore killed. Their forces were scattered, and the purposo of General Rey nolds' rcconuois.?aaco wore satisfactorily accomplished. No news from General Rosecrans has beon received bora to day. PARTICULARS OF THE BATTLE. Cincinnati, Oct. 4,1881. The follow ing ia a special despatch to tho Commercial:? Ciicat Mountain, Oct. 3,1801. This morning at one o'clock a portion of Brigadier Gen eral Reynolds' brigade, consisting of three Ohio regimcuts, tho Twenty fourth, Twenty fifth,Thirty-second and |h>r tions of ?,ix Indiana regimcuts, the Seventh, Ninth, Thir teenth, Fourteenth, Fifteenth and Seventeenth,together with detachments ofTtracken's Indiana,Robinson's Ohio and Greenfield's Pennsylvania cavalry, and detachments of Howe'i regular, I/x>miB' Michigan and l>aum's Virginia artillcf.-y, numbering in all 6,000 men, left Cheat Mountain to mafko a reconnoissance in forcc In front of tho onemy's position on Greenbrier river, twelve miles distant. Coftonol Ford'* Thirty-second Ohio was sent forward lo hold an important road, the occupation of which prevent ed f.ho ocemy from flanking our main column. The expedition arrived In front of tho enemy's fortifica tions. At eight o'clock their pickets rotreated after flring an ineffectual volley. Kimball's Fifteenth Indiana was im mediately sent forward to secure a position for Loomis' battery. Amrain's Twenty-fourth Ohio deployed as skir mishers on tho south side of tho mountain. Loomis' battery getting in position, supported by the Sevontccnth Indlcna regiment, opened tho battlo. The shot was Immediately responded to by an enemy con cealed in the bush, but who were soon routed by tho Fourteenth Indiana, with a Iocs of seven killed, a largo number wounded and taken prisoners. Howe's battery, supported by tho Thirteenth Indiana, then moved forward, taking a position threo hundred yards nearer the enemy's fortifications, opening a brisk fire. Tlie firing on both sides was almost Incossant for one hour, our urtillery doing execution, Judging from tho lamentable shriek of tlie wounded The enemy's battery did comparatively little injury, their guns being too much elovuled. Our guns effectually silenced tbroo of their guns. While observations were being made of tho enemy's fortifications, occupying throe more hours, nn Irregular ar tillery fire was kept np, occupying the enemy's attention. During this Interval the Twenty fifth Ohio and Fifteenth Indiana regimonts renderod eflli-ient service ;u scouring the mountains before tho closo of the rcoooooissauce, which was most satisfactory. The enemy rocoivod heavy reinforcement from their camps near Monterey, making their strength about 15,OnO. Although this reconnoissanco partakes mere of the cha racter Of a regular engagement than any previous batllo in Western Virginia, our loss is but ton killed and eloven wounded. It 'Is'impossible to ascertain tho loss of tiro enemy. It will not, however, fall short of 600 killed and woundod, as our artlllory did terrible execution. Their camp was situated on a slope of the mountain, -supported by a number of guns. Wo captured thirteen prisoners from tho enemy, and also a lot of cattle and horses. Tho rcconnolsa'Vico proved entirely successful, affording information relative to the enemy's strength, which could not be ascertained from scouts. Our troops acted nobly. General Anderson and Colonels Johnson, Jackson and 'Oliver commanded tho rebels. NEWS FROM GENERAL BANKS1 ARMY. The Condition of AfTalra along ti?e Upper Potomac. Djrhhtowx, Md.,Oct..2,1861. At noon to-day all is reported quiet on tho river lino from the Point of Rocks to Great Kails. The enemy have not ma io their appearance In any force since leaving llicir encampment, opposite Muddy Branch, yesterday morning. Thcro has been considerable movement among the Union troops Imthis vicinity to-day, but bottling to indi cate any immediate advance or hostilities. Private Myers,of the New York Nineteenth, .who was sontenced to be ehot for desertion, has had his sentenco commuted Into fc suspension of pay for one year. It is understood that the evidence b. fore the court martial was attended with many extenuating circumstancc^ which made hitn an object of executive clemency. No orders in tho case of l-anaiian have been rccoivod from Washington. Ho is still In chargo of the Provost Marshal, Giptain Stone, and awaits his impending fate with true Christian resignation and fortitude. His spiritual advisor, Father I?ouflfcorty, visits him almost daily. The enemy's recent movement towards Leesburg or -tho Point of Rocks, is censtrucd Into a strategic movement only, and ono not requiring the strength ening of any particular point along this line. Besides the present high stage of water to the Potrmac, which will for some days prevent the pas sage of tho river,our positions have been selected with So great care that no experienced officer would recommend a crossing oven if practicable. The fact that they unneces sarily exposed their strength or weakness at Great Falls is a gufllciout guarantee that no attack in force was premedi tated. If private intelligence is to be relied upon the enemy's strongest position is about one and a quarter miles in tho rear of Manuw.ts Junction, where it is represented the entire available reserves of the South are concentrated. The bearer of tibia information has recently visited all the principal point* from Richmond to Lecsburg, and lias given many Important details of tho Bombers, positi ui and ri s .urccs of the rc-bela, which aro not requisite to ho published at this time. All former statements as to the prhatlou*, discontent and demoralization of tho r?l>ol trcops aro fully confirmed. The oillcers still attempt to iuflMo ihe hopes of the sildlers that Washington will fall an easy prey to tho rebels ; but tho recent successful cx I edition to Hatteras, and the progress of Gen. Rosectans in Western Virginia, together with tho scarcity of food and money, aro rapidly convincing the dupes of political asrwrmt* that the days of the reign of Southern tyranny aro numbered. Tlio soldiers and subalterns, and In many Cafes oiUcers of high grade, utter loud complaints against Virginia for not furnishing the materials and sinews of war as promised through the partisjn lea lers. Tho gen tlemau who furnishes this Information sincerely bcli?\ that delay Is tlnjhunst and quickest wcapmi to red . o the South to royally. NEWS FROM KENTUCKY. Locnviua, Ky., Oct. 3,1801. Tho Bulletin Bays that a gentleman recently from Bowling Grocn states that the military autliorltios thoro liud uoutiod tho Sheriff of Warren county not to pay any more money into tho State Treasury. General Bucknor had gone with n portion of hi* troops through Hopklnsvlllo, Greenville, and other places, tak ing arms whorevor they could bo found. Tho troops at Bowling Green believe that 30,000 addi tlonal troops aro dally waiting but au hour's uotico to como Into Kentucky, A Mississippi regimont recently camo to Bowling Green, oxpecilug to comc directly through and occupy Leuisvillo and remain thcro. Somo mercenary Unionists are finding army employ ments for themselves and servants and a market for their produce, and give unmistakoablo evidouco of yielding to secession. A special despatch to the Bulletin of the 2d Instant says that eight hundred or ono thousand rebel troops took possession of Hopkinsvlllo on Mouday afternoon,and four hundred Union troops, under Captain Jackson, wero falling back to Henderson. Reports are also in circulation that General Rucknor, with 6,000 rebel troops, would attack Spottsvlllo on Thursday. It is also rumored thai Genoral Zollicoffer Is retreating towards Barboursvllle. REBEL OCCUPATION OK ROCHESTER, KY. The Louisville Journal says:?We learn (hat Rochester, on Green river, thlrty-llvo miles below Howling Green, eighteen miles south of Hartford, and about forty-five miles from Owtmsltoro, was taken possession of on the 20th ult. by Confederate troops, under tho command of Hardin Helm. The number of troops there is Said to he considerable. K has been stated at four thousand; hut this is no doubt an exaggeration. A Mississippi regiment is said to bu among the occupants. MOVEMENTS OF JOHN C. BRECKINRIDGE. | In in tho Cincinnati Enquirer, (let. 2.] Wo yesterday bad a conversation with a gentleman from one of the mountain counties of Kentucky, who gave ns tho following information:?Senator Breckinridge, with Keone Richards, arrived lasl Sunday night week at Preston burg, Floyd county, wliich Joins tho Virginia boundary. Colonel George R. Hodge, of Newport, and Colonel George W. Johnson, of Scott county, arrived nt the same place on Tuesday. On Wednesday Colnnol Wil liam Preston, Hon. W. E. Symmes, a son of Rrutus J. Clay, I'lilon State Senator from Bourbon and Hatli, and Captain Stoner, with his company, arrived here, tin the same day all left by the State road tor Virginia, where tiiey now are. They were all tluely mounted and well armed. Our informant further states that nnar on" thousand armed Kentuckians had |iassed through Rrestonliiirg be tween Sunday morning aud Welnesday evening, the tirno that Breckinridge and company were there. lie also says that ut the Sounding Gap, Cumberland Mountains, which is at (lie head waters of the Kentucky and llig Sandy rivers, there Is a secession camp ol fifteen hundred men, und (hat it Is increasing in numbers daily by accessions from Kentucky and Virgtuia. The camp commands the two great roadslhat meet there?one down tho Big Sandy and tho other down the Kentucky river. It is about forty miles from the Tennessee Railroad. Our informant said that on his way down the State road lead ing through l'restonburg, he constantly met squads on horseback, In wagons and on foot, witli shotguns and squirrel rilles, on their way to Virginia to Join the South ern army. THE OHIO TROOPS. Efforts arc being made in Ohio to have three months' men onlisted for immediate service in Kentucky; but the Governor is opposed to the project, and emphatically orders that volunteers shall be received for tho war or throe years. THE GREAT UNION MEETING AT HAYES V1LLE, PENNSYLVANIA?LETTER FROM EX-PRESIDENT BUCHANAN, ETC. WBfMIKSTKK,Pa.,Oct. 4, 1801. At the great Union meeting at Hay esville, Chester coun ty, on tlio 1st inst., the following letter from ex-President Buchanan was reail:? W'liKATt.ANn (Near I.ancnrter),Pa.,S"pt. 28,1801. Dkak Sik?I have been honored by your kind invitation, as Chairman of the appropriate committee, to attend ana address a Union meeting of the citizens of Chest rurid Lancaster counties, to bo held at Hayesvlllu on tho 1st of October. This 1 should glndly accept, prncoi ding, as it does, from a much valurd portion of my old Congres sional district;but advancing years and the present stato of my health tender it imixissiblo. You correctly esti mate tlio deep interest which I feel, in com mon with the citizen* who will there be assem bled, in the present condition of our country. This is indeed serious; but our recent military reverses, so fur from producing dr jiondency in the minds of a loyal and powerful people, will only animate them to more mighty exertions iu sustaining a war which has bo come inevitable by the as-sault of tl.o Confederate states u|>on Fort Sumter. For this reason, woru it |M,ssible, waiving aJI other topics, 1 should conduct myself ti> a solemn and earnest appeal to my countrymen, and es|>e cially those without families, to volunteer for the war, ami join the many thousands of brave and patriotic volun teers who lire air< ady lu the Held. This i.s the moment forui'tion, for prompt, energetic arid united action, and not for tiio d isctis.- iou of |K'ace proposition*. Those wo must know would be rejected by the States that have secedcd, unless wo should oiler to recognise their inde pendence, which Is entirely out of the question. Better counsels inay hereafter prevail, when these peo ple shall be convinced that the war is conducted u<d for their conquest or subjugation, but solely for the pur|K>so of bringing them back to their original position in the Union, without inquiring lu the slightest degree any of their constitutional rights. While, therefore, we Hlin.ll cordially hall their return under our common glorious (lag, and welcome them as brothers, yet until huppy day shall arrive It will bo our duty to support tlio President, with all thu men and moans at the command of the country, ia a vigorous and successful prosecution of the war. Yours, very respect rully. JAMM BUCHANAN. THE POLITICAL CANVAS IN MARYLAND. FOltTUCOMlMQ ADDKES8 OP THE UNION COMMITTEE TO T11K PEOPLE. Baltimore, Oct. 4,1861. The Union Exeoutrvo Committee are preparing an ad dress to the people of Maryland, presenting tho issues of Union or disunion in forclblo language. There will be no compromise with disunionlsts. Mr. Howard, it is rumored, is expected to decline the nomination for Governor. The Unionists assert that there will be a clean track for them. TEN STATE PRISONERS RELEASED. It having lioencommunicated to Marshal Murray that several of the prisoners at Governor's Island ?were willing to take the oath of allegiance, authority wus obtiinod from tlio Secretary of suto, and Commissioner Stillwell and Deputy Marshal Smith wero sent to tho island yester day afternoon for the purpose of administering tho oath and releasing those who took'lt. Th? ten following then subscribed to it And wcro set at liberty:? Wm. McKeon, RenJ. K. McCawlcy, ? John Wilkes, James Campbell., Alex. O'Connor, Fred. Solon beck, Patrick Conroy, Samuel Davidson, George (iognell, (ieorge Sanors. Another prisoner, rnmod Philip Cassidy, it is thought, will also tako the oath. The above mentioned were arrested a short time since in .Baltimore on suspicion of treason. Five of the Fort Haiteras prisoners in confinement in Castle William have died of measles. Their bodies were buried on the island. INTERESTING NEWS FROM THE SOUTH. LoctsviLii, Ky., Oct. 3, 1801. Nashville papers of the 29th, and Richmond papers of the U4th of September, aro received, from which we gather the following iutcreating items :? Ex-Street Commissioner Smith, of New Yoik, has been appointed a Major General In the rebel army. Two hundred and fifty Union prisoners wero Rent from Richmond to New Orleans on Ihe 24th of September, In cluding Captain Mclves, of the New York Sixty ninth regiment; Lieutenant J. 11. Hutchinson, of the Fifteenth Pennsylvania regiment, and Lieutenant Welth, of the First Minnesota regiment. One hundred Union prisoners arrived at Richmond on the 20th of September, comprising sixty-eight taken by Genoral Leo's command, twenty taken near Munson's Hill, ami the remainder captured by General Floyd. Lieutenant Merrill, of the United States Engineers, is among these prisoners. TLrce hundred and fifty th ussnd dollars worth of to. bacco, belonging to Belmont, lias been confiscated at Richmond. Private N. C. Buck, of Hie Now York Seventy ninth regiment, was shot by the guard for Itoklug out of the priEou window TENTH LEGION (NHWIHTRC.) Over 1,000 men aru now enlisted in this splendid regi ment. A band lias been organised or twoiuv six pieces. Mr Van Wyck was in this city a few days ago and purchased a magnificent set of German silver Instruments at a co*t of about $1,000. Mr. Van Wyck was unanimously elccted Colonel, and tho cfi.cers and m mi aro demanding nconditionaliy that he shall accept. reglm mt has <1 .e 1 p rapidly through tli* lilieral provisions mad", by iir Van Wyck. Without tho aid of tlx.' government I,,? promises for tho payment of married men an advance of one hail month's pay to Hiem, and that tho whoio regiment may have a i i or the whole of their pay advance 1 by friends at boiiie, IMPORTANT FROM MISSOURI. Brilliant Engagement Near Lexington. Defeat of Gen. Harris' Rebel Army by Gen. Sturgis. Capture of the Enemy's Trains and Equipage. The Rebels Driven Across the River with Great Loss. Lexington Evacuated by the Rebels. The Effect of the Report of General Fremont's Removal. &c., &c., &c. BATTLE NliAil LEXINGTON. Sr. Louw, Oct. 4,1801. Capt. Reid, of tho Lexington Homo Guard, and after wards of Col. White's Fourteenth Missouri regiment, who escaped from tho rebels on Monday, has arrived hero, ami confirms tho report of tho ovacuatiou of that pluco by Gen. Price's army. Gen. Harris' division of rebels, 6,000 strong, crossed the river last Saturday, und when about six mil<'S from Lexington they met tho Union force, said to have boon under Gen. Sturgis, when a battle ensued. Little is known of the airnir other than that Harris was driven back with the loss of his transportation train and eqnippave. Harris reached tlio river about midnight closely lowed by Gen. Sturgig, and immediately began to trans port his men across tho river in ferryboats undor a gal ling (Ire of Union mutkots. Many rebels swam tho river in their impatiencc to get acrofs mid spread exaggerated roports of Gen. Sturgis' strength throughout the city. Ono ferry boat Is reported sunk, and a largo number of rebels are said to have been killed ami wounded. Captain Reid heard some rebels say that they were go ing to Baker's Hill, a commanding omincnco eight miloa southwest of Lexington, to fortify and make a stand there. They seemed to think that Generals Fremont and Siegel ware approaching with 40,000 men. Captain Reid says Major Sevier, Provost Marshal ot Lexington, told him on Friday last that 46,000 rations were issued that day. General Sturgis had not ci ossed tho river up to Mon day night and nothing definite was known regarding hi* trength. EVACUATION OP LEXINGTON BY TIIE REBELS. ST. I/)pis, Oct. 3, 1801. The following is a special despatch to tliu St. Louis Democrat:? JSKFERSOM ClTT, Oct. 3, 1P01. Gentlemen who have arrived this evoning from Seda lia conllrm the report of the evacuation of Lexington by th > rebels, and also bring intelligence of the probable oc cupation of that placa by General Sturgls. M^or Baker, of tlm Home Guard, who was among tho prisoners taken at Lexington, and who refused to givo his parole, escaped from the rebels on Monday night, and arrived at Sedalia this miming. Ho pays that all the ro'nls loft I.'xinglon on Monday afternoon, and that their rcirgiard, hs it left, was fired ujion with shells by General St rg.s, who just then appeared o.i tha opi> side of the river. .Several were wounded by the shells. When they first left Lexington Major Baker thinks It was tbo intention of Gen. I'riee to march directly on George town; but information having been brought to him that General Siegel was advancing with forty thousand men? he moved westward towards Independence. Whether the main body of tho rebels pursued this route any dls Ui ce, Major lUkcr is unaware, as during the confusion anions the rebels upon the reception of the news of tho large force of Siegel, and tho reported pursuit by Sturgis in the rear, he (I'alcer) e?"ca/ied. Major Baiter thinks General Price's effective force will number about 2ft,<>00 men, in addition t" which he haa some 15,000 irregular troops, whose principal occupation is foraging; but this portion of the ariny had protty much left the main body before Major Baker esca|Ksd. General Siegel, who Is in command of our advance guard, had all his preparations rnnde for an attack lost night, and had the enemy made his appearance he would have met with a warm reception. Our forces are mostly stationed at Ottevllle, Sedalia and Georgetown. The di-tsnce from Otteville to Sedalia is twelve miles, and from .Sedalia to Georgetown four miles. We have also something of a force under General I'o|kj at Booneville, only twenty five milos northeast of Sedalia. St. Locis, Oct. 4,1141. On Sunday evening Oen. Price began to cvacwato the town, and his troops were constantly departing nti! Ave o'clock on Monday evening when the last regiment left. THE CASE OF GENERAL FREMONT. St. Locis, Oct. 3,1801. Tho following despatch wag received here to day:? Wasiiiwiton, Oct. 3,1881. General Fremont is not ordered to Washington, nor fr?m the field, nor i?any court martial ordered concern ing hiin. WM. H. SKWARD. EFFECT OF THE REPORT OF GENERAL FREMONT'S REMOVAL. St. Lot-is, Oct. 3,1961. The report In the afternoon despatch' s of tho removal of Major General Fremont has created interne indignation among the mans of Unionists, ami great rejoicing among the secessionists. Tho recruiting rendezvous for an Irish regiment was closed on the receipt of (he new?, on I a m< in tho Second ward this evening for the formation of a llon.e Guard adjourned without action. A gentleman who visited B nton Barracks this after noon roports that the greatest exnlemoi.t exists there among the troops, amounting almost to mutiny. A mass meeting Is called for Saturday for an expression of opinion relative to tbo rcmoral of General Fremont. General McKinstry has been ordered to the department of Cumberland, Ky. A gentleman from Sarcoxle says that Judge CUenautt had hung nine men for loyalty to thu Union. WIIV GENERAL FREMONT DID NOT REW FORCE GENERAL LYON. St. Luuift, Oct. 4,1861. Tho Democrat of this morning in an article shows why General Lyon's wo* uot reinforced, and states the entire forces under General Fremont, on August 2, including General Siogel's command of four thousand men, was ninetoen thousand three hundred and fifteen, of which twelve thousand tlvo hundred and fifty six were three months moil, whose terrn^ of enlistment had juit ex pired, leaving an actual force of six thousand seven hun dred and firtj-nino men in tho entire department. 01 th< se General Upon had two thousand thr o h;ndre I and twenty men, the bill mce, four l >? usand four hunJroJ ?ml thirty-ninnbeing the to:u wtrength'o! G n. F'emoi.t's available :? ree at the time < air , i !!'?"' ludPadB cah were menaced by accumulating rebel for: s, and tha Preside t ordered General From- nt to take all h s n ilia ble troops and reinforco those [wunts P<r whltM -orvic only 4,120 men, including npwari's of wo St. !/???!? Home Guard?,could bo raised. Kolla, tbo terminus t liosou'h west branch of the I'aciile Hail road, at tins nine \w;s tn< depot of a large and val .able quantity f-t stop .-! muni tions, aud was protected by the Sewrih Mlssn ri regi ment, Colonel St vi n-.'-u, and tiie Thirleith ' i.uo.s Colonel Wyman, tho . run r of uhieh was ordered to march to Sprlngfioi J, bH in consc'iue.ii *cf a total want I of tranF|vir;.itioii it coulu not move. j The a, tl. lo shows th ? cftr.lf tii n ibr< ighout the s. of thec M.Ktai.t'y d st>au li in three metitln m n. a d fa ? af' rth battleOsnsrel mwu ?;s th roogklytxoM* ' int : fi m blaine by the\cry men loulut lu w-mkmn log him.

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