Newspaper of The New York Herald, October 8, 1861, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated October 8, 1861 Page 1
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THE NEW YORK HERALD. WHOLE NO. 9159. NEW YORK, TUESDAY, OCTOBER 8, 1861.-TRIPLE SHEET. PRICE TWO CENTS. THE SEAT OP WAR IN KENTUCKY. Locations of the Rebel Forces?Strategic Importance ci Positions Occupied by the Opposing Armies. > SlocnwTOj CLAfiKiw ySaSJINCW cajvals ,?, hail roads mmmmmm common roads-i CITIES LEXINGTON V county towns IRVINE ? villages helena x> MTCAJNEg/ u. sandersv. ;h.mnvI midvuoy irmtews t>rs] muZABPI rr^KTON^ ?yLaHU3 spao, % ?? CAPLOW^ vA'SHBfSB' owcsnv \ a fueochia LAND PRINCETON. fcr imping "tty " u/liuAMSi glasc [hopkins' 1 OfATJI?V|is%. H V-iDt! O KAUNAS 'UNION cy tOTTENSWUl*. 5tC?s*l i s?? Pt>J * TR0Y ^5i.SCGNfA<O^J^^! ?OMt! CUtilON j^ore'f "MA8V. ;.^'0'5gans cro, 0?EI| DECAlURvifc I.^CHRISUftNA ? . kiLD MUUF*B>- I ft***" |! Jg*C/oJ vr i*ruf ra /SSL bath&p, L tL,|,0M P^-C CK ! \ / J 40iMCfli/V/ ^aooobd? /\ v4y lawrei.'CEa ITTI?? mnhOM? AtklBtT, UOMCSvCl QU?IN~ .?WD?2< iMHUKU fitrnon fBMOl rvsw o fRAUKU L OCHIcj T-SVX W IV *3 '"?% \ ( , CANTEK Li ?.ixaswcv hS*** r ' t. /?-?O' / - >?/ *ftu fP&wv. jUWDiNcrie; cH ,3LC0WflEL5 OAHESP. fHAKCX W/Mlr?Mr M?ptc*n ' i **???, \ WJtC/fSK \ \*Wesj rnoltw C c.* x> T\Ci?E!N8 (6? iHUCKIKS :\l. y<'f-C r fACL: / Vwwrc? <?>? &??? ffe?" ,pr~h^ ^ ??? /' c/V1*. 2S3^*??i VrtTJfN: iMElMf'C'iT S>uawot?V. yWUA^-L S VESTf;"' l-'MthH V-/j ASH?. K xatui AlXAMtfNT kmjuijm s/:'4ar\ \\;:;y?)j.'vy 3 'v ?ii THE REBELLION \U KENTUCKY. History of the Invasion of that Border State. Efforts of the Rebels to Drat? Ken tucky Out of the 1 uiuu. PATRIOTIC COURSE OF THE LEGISLATURE. Determined Stand of the Union Men. BOYEMEHTS OP TBI BEBEL TBOOFS. STRATEGIC POSITIONS IJ THE STATE, &c.t &c? &c. This morning wo place beforoour reader* an ithor els gmit anil elaborate map, showing th* whole of Kentucky. ?b? principal portion o;' TBnuemoa and several imporont pouits In th > contiguous Northwestern States boril?r:ngon tbe Ohio river. At Iht* particular limn t!i" friend* of th? Union are deeply o >oc>rnod about Iho progrnw of mili tary movement* in Kentucky. Our deir and comprehcn n ve map of the entire Stale, with all the approaches to it 011 every hand?prepared ae it has been with the great eat care?will, we believe, with tlin aceom;xioy ing d scrip tire remarks, em,be any one pen e vj at a glane the position of affaii* in that invaded and distracted portion uf the Union. Occupying a central position amonpnU the States, Ken ?tecky Is about 1'?ut h"ndred miles in length and oik h'in Ircd and rventy ml'e* In widthut the wld.^-t point. Tliat, t will be ?e->n, is whor-> the State streti S sfrnm the lxmn? tuy of Tennes--- e across to Covington, o;.'visit ? Cltietn nat , OB th# Ohio rlvor, which, from tlie Virginli Mm?, fol'.uwn a circuitous conr?e along th'- Ken ??!</fcor' t ;; dtetunco of six hundred and thirty-,s.*<,n n.iles, imiU It flows into tho Mrs-?ip|)t river at Cure "rbn Cumuei Ian i end the Tennessee rivers jviss through lie western part "f the Vu'o as tlv.-y approach their oorflt- iw th ttu Ohio Wp Sandy rh"r, two hunlred an! fly mill's In lencth. forms iir?r a 1 <us leritble distx ?? U.sb n i iur> fc-tween .'Centoeky arid Vimnis. The Kontuolcy r. ei Ti*os in th O tmK'rlV 'l V nin'dins,a?i > in t > tli Ohio r:verT,fty cillaa above la ttavllle. The Mi-sUippt H^ws jmm rvu! ? wt^m txirder AlWtci' ta \1. *T?m flV?$? *wWtymfles -V- If, utattg Uw Oliii# rhit Ihni./b tho "wiioje li ? (hi- tii ? ,-fIs qnllc hil't i? ?' b'teu, b-t Jms .< ferli.'u r,. 1. U Ivmksi this >:ti %l <? "n:,'y c~ .n'reum! lie more BK? Mail., ?? ev' TU ml 1'ie.i R.I -fy fertile tmei,nb'*it ?*w? h'tmlred ind IV y'<:|r h<n^ md trim I "tv ti? mi - hundred miles wide vMch It e ??nrcly fci own n? 'In- "garden ?-f (lie Mate," wl .'c '.i? ihvi.?!. eni part?between fir en mi l Cnmberlai' I r. erf?'# mil ?d"the barr rs.' Lon}?ville. KraaWbn, t"X?!^toa Md oth'.'r Imp' rt".nt p c- inconMctid b} rniJn?als. Pit.uitcd In i.nt i titr-'i pesiijiin, cert.'rn pnrth : 11 Ken *eovn 1 r<l ? >il In ,n i-> bava (i).' iat" pj^swve A strict neutrality between tho contending force*. while th" r-Ivel government were putting forth Herculean efforts t d :ig !ior exit of the Union, aud pa-tied a bill author 17m eomnii^sions to be given to persons raising companies, no: on y in Kentucky, b it also iu Missouri, Mary lan I an.l Oelawure, t" assist iu tlio rebellion. Cnlon Home Guards were then or^ini/ed in various places wllhin hor horde's and the rcbets seized th.it opportunity to fan tho flros of secession by proclaiming that the organizing of H ?mo Guards way a breach of tho known neutrality of tho St it". Tho election for members of t o legislature, h >wevir, early In August, tho result of which showed an over whelming minority in favor of tho Union, <gnod the death warrant of noutralify, and thenceforth Kentucky wtt? re garded as loyal to the 1,'niou. Tiie I>*g:-.i' ,;o ass m'ded at Frankfort ou the Sth of September, ordered the Unitod states flag to be hoisted on the Court Ho.so, and proceed ed to adopt various masuros ralonl.ito.l to promote the I'nion canee in the Mate. On the 4th of September rebels in considerable num bers. tinder Generals Pillow and Polk, ems* -d over from Tennessee :ito Kcntuckv, and commenced fo< tlfyln? posi tions at Hickman and Columbus, the I or me; being situa ted la the western portion <?f tho State, ni*r th ? Tenses see line, and the latter about Hv rtty flve miles further north, on the Mississippi rivnr. This fo-co was soon in creased to thirteen regiments of infantry, six lle'd bnttn ri.'g, a si'^e battery, throe battalions if cavalry .with three steamers and a gunboat, wlulo Jeff. Thomp son's forrue, said to nurnmr twenty-three tlwu sa:id, occupied Retmobt, M -^-ourl, opimsite Oilumbis. Immediately after this, seeing that, the State was invad ed. Brigadior General U. P. Grant, iu comma.ml of tho Ontto4?tale:< troops at Cairo, with two regiments of in fantry, on.; oompany of light arttllery and two gunbea's, ( took powxsion of Hnrtucah, a very important strategic (joint on tlieUhi ? river, in the western part of the State, and oonn> e.lt'd by railroad with May tie 1 I,about 30 miles further toward" tne south. Those w !x> symjvuhizod with tlio revolt had Moeesion ilags Dying in tlio city when h ? eiterod.tn expectation of the approach of a rebel force nt uly four thousand strong, who were on'v ? ixteen tnil?s >1! tout, (jcn-ual Grant toot pnc^jssiob of the telegraph office, tlio railroad ile|iot, mirine iionp.tul and other pub lic busings, and issued a proclamation to th people, to the ilfcet that it was not hit; Intention to in' -rfere with 1 -yjii eitizetif. On 1 he Ot'i ?< tv>ptemb? r a despatch frm General 1' Ik to tievwtor Ma^oQinwas laid bofore she T.i ? daiure, the substance of which wis that he lied eup .'il Columb - .oid ?licUmon, on irraunt <u* reliable 1 r motlm tint 1I1 federal fore; a wcro oIk< to otc'.ipy Hi ' p lints; that lie couti lerod the safety of V.'e ins 'i unestei' and < { the rebel army i" tfc; vicinity o"" 1M j nin.11 a?\(l Ooium'ous demanded Heir occupi.ti' o by t';o | t 1 ( forces, and that, .1^ a corroboration01' tlu>t inform* I 1. the fedora troops had bt")o !ru . i up .1 l.oo ou the II i- uppi iiU to Ooiumbja ; nor to iM occi;>afirn ] by >'?< v, o'i"-!ir nr ny of tl'o rir.z'iu^ of Oiioiab 4 j to 1 c 1 rem their honuH for fs?r oT t<* r:r.:i. y o." tlio V: a' TOptf. General !>He proposed subsMntlally that t.. I'uionan tterebolI'orc;? ibuakl be limtlMauMRMUjr v .'!'druvt<i(iuni Ken tuck' .and f? cater hiicru-; vrurancos a . lip :latior.d to respea the notitrahtyof Ui ? tut <1 w;tfi we!i known 1 r?i theory i/.' ti<*utr?lity was OiJy iii iaveiitiOQ of the enemy to work lus plai.s in lit tin , P'j tL it when 'lie Mppeifctod t;p;u s',. ild c >w turi. wo^d i f * art. 1 with reoeis trim: Tenot .???? and Vir piuta; 'nil two d->.? arterw/irds both t>ianch>? of the Logicalure, by a ote e' ~l w 3C, adopt'd a Ns ifcition uii-rtl: theGov. v.ior t?i :."?uo .1 j'.r iciaxttaiiooerddrmf i!:e rel'tl troops 'Uea eu?ai: i;i.-d ir tlx St,ite to eva. t'liate Kentucky. A e/mnter t. d.tl j:i t.rdering b dh , \' dor and " 'I * . 0 ; r le tli(! 1. viw ue^ativi d J 1 '.in the rule.- of on!. /. Guvermr Sla^oidn aixordie^ly I 1. r.cd a el'ma u . j the e fv, t ihat'? the govemnviu o!'the Confederate States, the State of Tennessee, an ' ai! others concerned, are hereby informed that Kentucky expects the Confederate or Tennessee troops to be with drawn from Uer soil unconditionally " While Pillow and Poll; were thus Invading the western I 'irtion of the State, General Zollicofler wan operating in the east. With some six thousand rebels he catne to <' imberland Ford?which is situated near the point where the corner of Virginia runs into Kentucky?capturing a company of Home Guards. On the 17th the '/-fisl.-itnro received a menage from Governor Magoffin comunmioat iBg a telegraphic dcs|?atch from (Jen. ZuliicoOer, oimottnc. ing that the safety of Tennessee demanded the occupa inn of Cumberland and tho thro.- long moont-iius in Kentucky, and, th'it be had done so, and shonld r ?:aiu hi.s posMkin until tho I'nion forces wero withdrawn ami tho Union camp broken up. That portion of Kentucky lying west of tbc Combcrlaiid river whs then declared to be under ir.wir recti'mary control, and Secretary Chase instructed tlie Surveyor at Cairo to prevent all commercial Intercourse with that se -tioa, and to search all baggage and all jmr sons going thither. Just about the same time the gun boat Con stoga captured the rebel steamers Stephenson and Cazello ou the Cumberland, and ono ot them wa.; found to contain one hundred tons of iron. Great excite

ment, existed at tliin time in Lou is vlllo, and Union Homo | Guards began to assemble, whilo other Union fnre.. s were arriving and being sent to d.nerent portions of tho State. At nine o'clock on the morning of tho 18th, when tho government troops reached Bulling Kork, five miles n?rth of Mold ranch's Hill, they found that the bri Iga over the fork had beeu burne<l by relicls under Brigadier j General Bucknor (formerly commander of the State Guard), who were then upon the hill. The Legislature p issed, over tho veto of the Governor, a resolution to the tiled that, aa tlie rebels had Invaded Kentucky and Inso lently dictated the terms upon which (hey would retire, General Robert Anderson. tho hero of Fort Stumor, who is one of Kentucky': sons, should ho invited to t.i ::e Instant charge of '.hit dcpvrtinent.and that the <iovern?r must rail out a sufficient foroo to expel the invaders from hor soil. Genor?l And -rsoa res]>onded 10 the call. He issued a proclamation calling upon f'w peojilo <H" Kentucky t? ra'ly to thesupport <>(' Ue Union. Very soon the government formed a ne<r depart meet consisting oi tJhe), Indiana ana that part .if Kentucky within a radium of fifteen miles of Cincinnati, placing it of dor the charge of Genera! Mi clicll, so an to relieve both Ge ieraJ Rirfeci ans iti We tern Vlrp'ma and General An den-on of a part of their responsibility, and entitle then* !o e?ve greater attention to tiieir own specifir d tnrf ments. Tie depart m tit tinder Genera! Anderson ?^mod to require similar military riixrifdlne to that oi Atina,<oli.s an t Maryland, am', Macommenr niect. Martin W. Barr, the trcuovnable tele*p oibki tf ws reporter of )! ?? SoaAi rt? >sociateJ Press, who bau been the medium for the trans I mfstioo of corrt-spotidtni c from traitors s* tiio North to r help in tho ??uth, w.-v ar ejted, tog ?ib r ?. ?? J'ex (!o nanrMorabcad and Rrubea T. M irrett. ootoi'tlie pro l?r. '.ors of tho Ofi?r, a rebel sheet, ar.l ihe.y ,-vrc now in K *t Lafayette. . Tho re!tela burned tliobndg-orer the Rollins Kn k, near Muldrauth't; HiU,mtf?vacaated tho po^iti n on the hill which they had forttlcd. ,'t appears that General Bnekner. wit' his force, i"tu t-oven >*? eight thousand strong, ban ?; >ne f , tj south to B'Wling Oreen, c*i the l/vjiaviilo atid Nu-hullo Railroad, some thirty miles from tho Tenoessea line. At that lilac-, on the 18th, h9 issuod a prcx lamatiou, stating Ui-tt l?o bad come amotii thn peoph at, the h?*l of a force whieh would be used "to aid the f">v riinicnt 'if Ken t.U' ky in carrylug out the strict *>eut. a it v desire I by ilf people.'? Governor MayoJio also if- iod a proclauiatiaii, I orderingGcuerat Ttomna L. Criuetdcn to t?t;utc the purposes contemplate I by !h" resnKt i nr of the 1/gis lature in ri'lorcue -to tho expulsion of th invaders, uu i Urle-rul CrlUend n o-tle-ed tl; ? ml'iiu-x t ? muster forth with into service. If million POpo HrkMlier General of thy Hume Guard (Union), <a!l"d on the aeople of call ward in I/utisville l<> meet ayd organize Into comiwnics for the protection of the city. At the ratno time the G ivoruor of lariianu wont Into Kontueky by way of l/iuiuville, with kuus and am rami' tlen, to aiJ the Union eatrv, end ordere I all llio troo|>s on Hie frontier to hold thein?clves i i radio"?.-' t? follow. A s.itfht skirmish mos place on W.iln'-d?y, thi 18tn, between none of th" Home Guard (I'M< n) at Harbours villi-and Gum.-rnl Zoilic iil'-r's tnen, wiibout any serious damage on either Ride. Zol!icnlfer's cavalry sc. lured the cv.ir.t:y i j ;i. ?? vi. .: ity of bis camp, arresting prominent Union men, destroying their property. und running OCT their slaves to Tennessee. Th\v a'sn took pops fnion oj the small lowu.i in ths viciuitv, including the extiludve Clay County Works. | General Anderson appointed a Provost Marshal in I/in in | villi' The City Council conftriaed tho Hp'.Milntinent, and I requested the citizens to clos ? their places of ???;: Hess at | four o'clock every al'terno in order to allow surtlr.ient | time for drilling. The rebel.; committed all kinds of antra'cs aiong the i southern Inirder of Kentucky. Soni" 300of th -,r cavalry took possession of Albany, the county Hunt of Clinton county, eighteen mllrs from I;ur!;oavlJlc. The rebel General Kuckucr wm nest beard from at Owetinl.oro, Kentucky, on the (ibio river, and only nine n-.il-s from M.ui'iport, Indiana. The Ken tndi.ans and Tennesseeans, under Ms enm matid, lwnl iiken possesion of the Nashville anil Ijotnsville Railroad nnd aOraueeU to Klisabntht >wa, !-i K'ir i n oounty, about forty-llvn mlleefrom IxiulsrlUe. His pur,* wae the immediate occupation of that city. The i" b i h< ped, if lie -urceeded, that, besides capturtr^ the Imtai'i n? military su-res located there, bis victory would i"'.mprosniw Padiiceh, thr-ateaed by I'olk. ami (Uinp <.e: i d, thro*ten'* 'iy ZoIllroflVr. la- .iuion men in Konttickv ar<* now fnUy arwtserl. anil all tliey '.vant it a Hurtle;' ut numlier of arms, to e.t|iei the invaders Irorn ui< -?tc:e. V:. 'bo '.'fi ll, w.i 'I Jaeies R. fJny (mid degenerate son u.' tilelllut Irioif Flcai y) an-.' sixfvn other re),el* w.*8 tnakirg their way t < join llw tarce: under Central 7mu - coffer, thay ivro arrested and .-e::! to tl/-' Union camp Hi > Robins-*:, at li-auville. .'oiin C. lirecklrlJge, wlio bil l in'ii ee.Jouply FpremlUv: treason Uirou;bout th-j t*/.te, effect' I U*i enr*,>is to the etb< ? si'Jo oi' tiio Urn ti tint.;. . mno da> ?. afterwords fcouc*.4 Ziili^coTer <*tcrrd IT ?? c.hff fer, ("ley?'jitnty, la the rieinitr of the Cumb.Tl d raia nta in, ar.d destroyed it. Kccheeter, in Gce-ip river, till- ty live mllfv belovr liew!ink Greoo. eijlu.eiti mi av< rot.tli "t H'li tt'ird, and atmut forty live miioB l.-oui Owcn^ boi i was inh a of on Jie 2c'll bf rebel troop , iiiid r theciiinn id of HeT'liu <fel?i. General Zotlif ifer Ij.- ii >w id p< sfe-Hlnfi of the Cumberland Gap, a arnnt irn. )?., nnt |>oiut. Ttie camp comeir.Bdx the two fcreat roads tji.i. niert there?one down tlio Bit? Satuj wdthooi' r d'lvv tl o Ki ntusk -river. U is about Tot ty initeeftam tie Ti>?ne3.< ?? Railroad. Vie be (dquarters of General Bhi*;. -,oo 'be IstOetofcrr w^re ai Woodedivdie, Wi'h atmat g.ij H) nuer. Tliatpoinl Is not indicated on tl.e teap. ft is a amall town In llsrt county, on the railroad l;o?. tn tb" vt clnitv of Munrfor'Ui. Next day we h.'ar tlist h? ti?d **?? wUli a jmrtlew ot his troorie throunn nop klrsvllle -Ireenvill" mid other plk ?(*, taking arm* wherever they could Is? fuunrt, u rill * four hundro-l Union trn.under Captain Ja-kson, were f illing I ack to Hen doi in. Reports were also In circulation that Gem rai fc'.'Ckner, with 6,000 rebel trcors, would atMick.?pg'?ts/iU on Thursday, and nt last n r. ? 11r ? Oetnlxir ?, it w is ron jecGufed that lie inul -ono tn.i'O.; (. tut i 'olit, wh ?? thej would make a joint attae.k mi Pnlncih. it was also ft. rn "?<! 'hat t.'oueral ZollicofPr wo.-- ret <utiug towardi a U -nrsvllle. Owing to some alleged ?irices wUleh have ari'eri i' f k .; t point- of mi it.'i y /? j jupft'' I i-lwt ii tli loral Ander son and (ii'Dtnl lll ' luiii, General lei m>k, of Ohio, recently laid before the President an l Oibiuet a state nieut of tlie ctse, and n repa st t. a i new ommnider should be appmted to lhe Department of Kentucky. It b u der stood from (rood author ,tj t Gen. Anderson will a?? to bo relieved Icon) ic'ivei ty,oti nr.- u toT i.ec .nmg la allli, and it i:- (Htibiildc tlint (I en. William G. Sherman or Major Gen. flail, now oi !i ? way froui ('ail forn a to enter service, will be a;> :? t I to wiliersede (Jon Anderson in his cowmmd. r. Gen. MCo- te is now in Washington, tint will tern thero to day, he Lav ing been orth red to report li nedf to tho cooiruunder of tlio Department of the Combe land, in Kentucky. HUl br (idt v\ id include the First (Huo : e?:im nt, of w liich lie wuh formerly llio Colonel. The Genera! who will proba hly relieve Gen. Andersen ittW.G. t-diorm n, brother of the Senator of tbu: nunte. Tli Colon forces are distributed throughout the State in positions wluro they em render tho most efll-ctire service. Suffleo it to say that ti.ey ire in possession of tli " i ities and principal towns, md huvo control of nearly all the lines of railroad in the Mat-;, und wo may soon expect to hear that tho rebol invadors h.ivo boon driven from h?r soil. POSITIONS OCCUPIED DY TROOrS. PAHtk.AU. This important i*>tnt, occuplui l>y General Grant, of tho Union lorccs, ts located fifty miles above Cairo, 111. The TVumeasee rtv.T. navis>ble for hundreds of tnilos, and fi/wing directly north from Northern Alaba ma and Mississippi, hero eaters tlio Ohio. A rail rocid alsio oonn'cUl it with all the railroads of tlie South. As soon as General Polk, with his army of rebels, arrived at Columbns, tlio tormims of the Mohlle and Ohio Railroad, General Grant look posse-oo?i of l*a ducah. It is only forly-sevan miles from Ojlnmbus t ? I'adi'Ciih, and had '."tioral folk at oiu-.e mirth d ? tiuit piaoc, without baiting at Cil-imbue, ho woe Id liave boi t General Grant and his at lam^rs decidedly active is oroer to get an army there of gatucieoi. strength ore,,.! him. Should IirfU march on I'alioub, his mov on-t t. would at 'hi :e be known, and before he could get Jiei ? tli- H 'etfii steam'r? at Cairo would take up un abun dance of troops to drive Iktn Ituck. I'aUuch I - perhaps the in wt imoortaat strategic poit In tho Mississippi vallcj. iiy tho railroad al<?uo fr.Mti one to flro car loads of flour and tut many of b*con have daily y>ri South for tfae laat two n<?ith?. Other military sto>">s, awnumtl >n, oqu.o. Metits and dothlng haro g?jRO for- "rd to the full vritul of (he <>f the road. It coninuuida Mia mouth of tli* 1>wi r ver, up wuici a large eoi tra t uid couimfef haa litlKCto r.>wo?,, and is the fr ???. e us of an iiaiy>ruoit branch at ibo great 8o< tern ii i work of railroads. There is tiut otio touty between K Mil tb ThiMS*9* li-'io. The hi -isoe of the country aronr there is descrihid us bvmg fltt, fr,* from h' turests. an? fire, simts r >t one point of imy ooable stren?M An affuiy ?*""l lown tho lini of the ..lroa 1 <uid dicieiiihi.i'Ved at convenient points would Ik> within a few Uontu' march ?' lK>tU HlcUinsa and OilUlllwa. They ?'.ld march dlr -ctly into bot'.i |>1ik- -s > |>on good rtwls evor a I vcl country, the liad >ack "f them bo ng as h he?: tlie biuil.- themselves. Tom, with Paducitb as a w, . an tl.o MLss'jwippl be ualeit 'r*<' uvi>n tho eat tlio j^titl armies la Missouri, wetiki-nod and tlrc?m d in flunk, will beootnpellod to r< 'vo, a <:or,w following ihnm up, with the progress of the /!? i and lite army <>n tho eastern sbore, would turn ti?.- ? iitiim on the wust ra bank; a way would be opined .or the p issage of ? powerful armament, and llie nut ooalurinaria, thus sup ported by flu.>Un# armies. would rid- in triumph to the l>ellu Tb so c udderalloiiB rendei Viducuh n point at ix'ihajw more vital importance than ? i.iro itself; for or the two places the loss of the latter wou;d bo less Jifatiroua and the more easily retrieved. Mi ) military |?Htioa here is not naturally strong tor defence. However, there are sonic points of" considerable strength thr.'o miles back,of which full advantage will certainly bo taken. Heavy curs are being brought up from Cairo, breast works thrown up, munitions of war du'.ly arriving and the place hourly growing stronger. A brnlgo ucrosa the Ohio is being built at tins i?n!it. When completed, it will bo an immense a'.fair, est ub ?? ni sistaltiii ? a witole army ut u single burden. It is evident, from the build ing or tliis bridge, that our general* appreciate the vital hup wtanco of PaducaU, and that It will flguro largely in the history of the expedition of tho Mississippi. MHTISVII.LK. T.o lisville. the present lieodq carters of the Union de jm ,iu- it in Kentucky, is situated on the northern boundary of t'.ie flute, is conne ted by river and rail with the whole of the Northern Stat.-s, and also by rail with the scene of active operations. Tho plain on wheh l/*iisville is situated <'*t?nds uninterruptedly for thirty llvo mile* ouih, to Rolling Fork river, where rail conimiulcaUon with the country beyond h.'s been inter rupted by the destruction of tho bridges, i rousing this stream, which is alw>nt two hundred feot in width and three foot in deph, at a ford near the bridge, a good road leads through a level country for two miles, to the fool of a seru-B of hills known an Mnldraugh's Hills. 'Flielr as cent Is of lite most rugged rMk:w. The railroad folj lor s a stream railed Clear crv-e^orossmg it niioi* hal way up the ascent by a tressel work ninety feet high, and two miles further south enters at its base T>uinel mil, emerging again on a smooth and level plain, which entonds for many mi!'-s south, t> Ore n rivor, thu:i for* ing the table Ittici of the Plate. OTIIKK PLACES IN VOMSKSSIOS OK IXIO.V TllOOPf. Eli/ahothtovn >* four miles from Tunnel Hill, and is the prc.-ent jinsit!'? of the wivanced encampment. It iaan old tlid ratb-r d ^ipMated town. Tho rebels look for w r I to it f 'c winter quarters, should lUcir attempt on l/li> vifle fail. volin creei: is the Orrl stremr of any importance sooth of Kli/nbetf.t iwn. It is at all times fordcblo, the rail and torn'ike '*11 rcr-< n; It rioar itf lie id waters. flr en rf*. i* I* " strwun of more formidable pnpurllw not f<>rdaf>l<v cry .-.Kiflnnd deep. Tho rail read rrm$fg. 't by a bride oNarjro proportions, now in ponscastu* *C tlw? teOel*. " turnpike road approach is down a steey aad narrow ilccUvlty, uil could b? easily c -fecde l bj ait tilery. roerrioxa nvr.u bv Tan Iton.iny n, tbo pre ent basis of rebil operkllona % K trtflcky, is a point ? f great strategic Imiorumee. To. eated at the 'nctloii ot' the two Henturl ralK'ads wbich ?it<ir T rniewti, it aflbrds trailspc>rtatIrn to a? ahnost uniinii'ed rxtent. and an army la fo-e? could draw remrerccmciits and snpi Uos to 'bo full capa rtly of the rvb. i State*, ?> supply them. Tlie towu has aboei t,6C) inlui'iitauU, is surrounded hy h.yh billt wturt) couitnand it rnd its appr.wches. Th" ls vUiern proaolt to Uie torn, oither by railroad er t'.ri'iuke naB bo commanded by.i small force, a* the track and 14M n?,*4j '-rows a bridge ver Itarreo nvcr There are n: uiy wonderful natural 'urie-'iti 3 and w4l< ?Hi: tod re.icr to be found In Kentucky (?iii iw-'f ihi m ?l remark i ilo of then mtolv1 foi nd m All-ti roiimyt au tUo i'cuu^.in:c bordoi. aad bovuntveu aiilu-i Trout Bow<j

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