Newspaper of The New York Herald, October 8, 1861, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated October 8, 1861 Page 4
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THREE LAYS LATER FROM EUROPE. The Bavaria Off Cap? II ace and the Mails of (he Niagara. Our London, Paris ami Berlin Correspondence. XJKIFO&TANT rncitt FRiiJtfCE Tlie French nml Spanish Kxpe d it ion to Leave iiiuiietU iitcly for Mexico. STRENGTH OF THE SPANISH FLEET. The American War Question in the European Capitals. Official Opinion in Frnnrc of the " Ability" mid " Policy" of Jeff. Davis. CLOSING OF COTTON MILLS l.\ LANCASHIRE. Approaching Coronation of the King of Prussia, and Grand Manoeuvres of the Prussian Army. Cotton Advanced and the XtiXarket Excited, Ac., &c., &c. bp ma ill of the Niagara readWd this city early jrrst r day morning fri m Boston. Our s|>oeia! letters from t/>u don, Paris and Berlin, with tbo extracts from o*r K'iro pcan fllos, pub ished to-day, givo Important detui's of th? newf?to tlio 21st of September?Ix.t'i as regari ? tUe as pect of th'. American question abroad and the latest phase of the |*oliticH of Europe. The Bavaria, from Hamburg ami Southampton, passed Ca))o Raco at ten o'clock last Saturday nlgbt. Sie left Southampton mi the 25th of Hepumher, and it summary of her news?which is three days later that by the Niagara?teUyrai hod from St. Johns, Newfoundland, in published in the Hk:UU> this morning. Tho London finmi of tbo 21st of September says:? ' The couiruorciil advices from I'ueuos Ayresvla Bor* deaux, by the Krerch mall steutuor.brl g the intell genco that an mnicable arrangement has been entered Into be tween the oootendin,: pa: ties for a pane fcl sopa at ion of Duei.cs Ayrcs (n m the Arg Mine Couederatlon. a trea ty is t ? bo drawn out by two plenipot i\uirios,anilB nor Sicstra h is al cady been named to act in that capacity for the form r gove. nnnnt. Passports for British subjects have been abolished i? tbo Netherlands. The ship Siviftsure had reached England from Australia, with ?2C0,( 00 in gcid. Tho st.' nnvdiip Asia, from New York, arrived at Liver, pool on the 224. The st'.Minsliiji North Amor.can, from Quebec, arrived atLondi ndcrry on the 23 i. Tlie Foreign Invasion of Mcxlro. FRANCIS AM) SPAIN TO MAUC1I IN AM.IANCX ON THK BKl'fBLlO?ADVANCB IN MEXICAN STOCKS IN LONDON. The Lond >n Tim-; city article of the 25th ultimo suyn great oxelvmeut prevailed in the foreign markets, con aequent ui?in adistinct roi>etitioii of the announcement that tmn e r.^'l fyain forthwith will intrirrne in Utr affairs nf Me xico. Mexican stock advanced tnoro than two per cent, and was quoted at 26 Finncr. The Kings of roiimurk and llollanil will visit Napoleon at Compeigne October 6, at the game time with tho Kin# of Prussia. The 1'nris Piys says that tho news of the landing of tho Borghese in Calabria had been renewed. Tho vintage near I.yona is excellent. The Paris Hoc so Arm; three per cent rentes, 6!Jf. 40e Saxony di os Dot object to ? commercial treaty with France, but agrees perfectly with Prussia on this question. Switzerland* Tho French Minister, M. Thargol, had handod to tho Federal Council another note referring te theVille do Orund affair, whorein Franco adhered to tho statement contained tn a previous note, tho accuracy of which wnri contested by tho Federal Council. Turkey. Tho vanguard of tho Turkish army, which was at Ingli. fell back on tho 27tli upon Trclfgne and Klopuck, which was caused by a bold movement of tho insurgents. Omar J'aplia is concentrating the Turkish forces at Ker Jjigne. The Vlaimar of Montenegro had called out all con tingents find awaits the Turkish army ou Montengran ter ritory. Italy. It is rumored that Goueral Fault replaces Claldinl at Naples. The OpinUme dooms it probable that a new law on Inter nal administration will shortly bo published, abolishing the office of lieutenant general. Tho Opinion* anticipates Bridsocour's recall quonco of tho receipt of official intimation from him of u fre-U refusal of Spain to deliver up tho archives of tho Neapolitan Consulate. A ship laden with arms, believed to bo destined to fit an expedition iu Uwbria against the Papal provinces, had been seized. Greece* Tho miscreant who attempted tho assassination of tho Queen was a young studeot named Darrons. The weapon usod was a revolver, lie had no acoxupiice. Tho yueon displayed great coolness. Holland. The Finance Minister had submitted to tho Deputies he budget for 1862. Austria. Rumors of a ministerial crisis and the resignation of Chancellor l>ubo arc rifo. A Conference Is to be held at Cettlgne on th" subject of a suspension of the blockade of Hagusa. Tho Prussian and French Consuls take part. Japan. ( An attempt wan made at Kanaguwa by armed assns. Bins, July J>, to murder tho la mates of the llrilish lega tion. Two wero wounded and the rest escaped. All was quiet July 21. AMERICAN AFFAIRS IN EUROPE. Our Loudon Correspondence. Lokdok, Sept. 21, lRfll. What the People Think of th* I n ion Chances?Onribaldi'l OommiMon?The Oreai t'ottun Crisis and Glumy J'ro*. pertr f,nr Winter?tfapoUo?? May Create a Money Panic? The A nglv Saxon at a Discount in Prance. etc. 1 It is the opinion here that defensive tactics, preparation Ud blockade ou the Northern side must wiu, and that lf tbo Southerners bo tempted to attack they must mee, with disaster. The announcement that Garibaldi was invit"d to tako the command of your army has not mot with much favor here or elsewhere; but It is not believed that the iuvita tion was official. Garibaldi has his work cut out in Ku rope. As for England, It is the growing opinion among all ranks that her volunteers will, ere long, be put on their mettle,and we are very glad to see ono iron ship (the Warrior) in eemmissiou at last, lbs fact is, be tween now guns and Iron plates, and scientific Jobbery of all sorts, little is beiag done, while tho Fronch aro as ac tive as bees, or wasps, in availing themselves of evory Improvement at once as fast as it> comes out. Touching tbo great cotton question, India and Mr. Lnlng are looked to with (treat anxiety , but can they promise anything Immediate 7 Certaiuly not. The dif ficulty for next year or the year after is this, that shouti advance? bo made to India to enable her to cultivate and create tinnslt, what If In tho meantime the question nhould be decided in America, and the cotton of the Houih.m Stutea be poured into tho Manchester marketf Tills Is a difficulty lo bo thought or. Guarantee u? no cotton for five years, or oven throe, and the government) prompted by Mr. Oobden, may wifely guarantee tho "mini mum (if present prlcos to flio Indian producer." Is your policy to l>v " abolition " or not? If it be, India must be aided In growing cotton, even at tho coat of ten millions to the nation. Touching tiie abaurdltlea of Manchester in a flurry, I may allude to tho proposition of hi mo of luir unadorned orators, that 100,0(,0 (hinose slionlil bo at ohm imi>ortoit lulu Australia to grow cotton llioro lor Manchester. Mr. Ohdon's favorite locality is Algeria,under French slave cultivation. As to Australia, there has been lately, as a commentary on this proposition, a fierce onslaught on the ('liiti"Ho in Australia, in which tho military and tlio miners wore engaged. I wish wo woro well through tliis winter M?inchostor mills, at half speed, loom darkly towards ('hristmaa. Knglond Iiilh been killing her g oso with tho golden egg; her industry it IJirtchrd to lite u'mtut; her twUim has reached its limits, and her poor rairi will not su)rj>orl ft Air viUliont of ttnempl<>}ed human hingt through a winter anil ? ?-i-iing. All this hor enemies know. Willi a couple or mllli us of pounds sterlirg, writes an acute an I farseolng econo mist, Napoleon, whon he iik, s, errale a mmi-ji panic in Knnlamt, and this means of Injury la always at his disposal. It Is somewhat l'it> to cstobli^h tree trade in gotl, but our groat merchants are bo;'inning to leirn tho necessity. We want a currency. Oubden and we must have one. Thero is rtally very little of ini(> uttneo to wi Ite about. We aro waiting for events in Amrliaio ollisr our com iiionts and express our opinions. li the Nm ihoriicrs will oblige us wuh a sensation batilo I will express all tho shallow comments ol knave or fool th.iroou.auil also ta vor you with the-loftier sympathies of tho true Hrltish breast. A grand event is, however, needed before 1 can eiioctively display tho beauties of John Bullish opinion to transatlantic kin.-men. With regard to the (Hilltical combination against which 1 warned you about a month since, tho French govern ment is pus ii g our Foreign Minister about nilairs in Italy and America. Now v\bnt has tho French govern ment to do with all'alis in America)" When did the United states over interfere v\ icti European complications? Will vim suffer any impertinent interference)1 Master M ivpianl lias hem writing a romody, or farce, or v.i Hlovillo, against ilio I mrlisli?.a sort of copy of "L' H Angiais pour rirc." H would seem to be too strong, or rot to s it the imperial views at this moment; for M. MoopiurJ Is not permitted t > have his piece represented, in ; ; h hif is, bow vor, on the inorous ? in Franco, and a soii ui' Albion is liable to every siiecics of insult there, i sioclally ut the I a ids of tho military. Our l'urls Col rcspoinlciicc. l'AKIS, Sept. 20,1S81. Rumors and Statement* Onetrning the G/mnxxnd Offered to G iril ahh?Ci nniients of the 1'ress im the Tinder of th' Commission?England in Favor of the. slanholdr*.? Najftlem't Peremptory OrderI and J'reca'Uion against t'ifinh Offlcert Joining the Dttiott Army?His Sympathy and Moral Aid lo the Rebels?An Qjfiiial l.avdalion of Jfgtncm Vans and His Pah y?WherewiU France Strike Ht.r Nix Great I Far Jiknu Y ,tc. Thechlof topic occupying the Iionta and Parts journals at present is tho alleged solicitation of the I'nltcdStatoa government to Garibaldi that ho should take the supreme cimnnaiiil of the Northern forces. In my last letter I mentioned this rumor, and at Iho same time took it for gr uueil th, ro was an error in the rojiort. Tho Lincoln administration surely cannot have committed any such serious blunder as to bavo offerod tho chief command to Garibaldi, lhat a corps d'arnu e should ho placed under his orders were all right; but no American President can havo thought of so humiliating Generals Scott, Meridian, Fremont and many others of liko patriotism and ability as to place above them in rank a foreigner, though foreigner be Genoral Garibaldi. The request that ho should assume tho command of even a portion of tho Northern forces was ill timed, as all must feel that a crisis in Italian ailMrs is near at hand; and in such a state of doubt and uncertainly an now prevails in Italy so trco a patriot as Garibaldi could not absent himself from his predestined work. Wo woro thus euro of a refusal, and a conse quent ub iFe from tho European papers unfriendly to tho cause of American indepcnd<nce,and who would l ojoico at the failure of licit gigantic republic, which is a con st ait reproach to the hard handed despotisms of this lontii.ent. Tho Purls press unanimously condomn our solicita tion to Garibaldi (if such was made)?tho Kini (rilicial Journals with Minors ami Innuendoes that betray boyond a do >bt tho miUgnant foul ng that sways them when tho I nlted States are in question, Tho I/>t:di n Journals,Mid especially tho Times, publish ar ticles that are positively Insulting. Feme day the said loaders will tie rem .uiberod, no, l>y the American*' and when Finland's hour of tribulation hs s ccnio (and it is in urer many persons si sp ct) they will repay the i\bus ? iitiu insolence now beupud up' u Uicln. Nothing m 10 unmanly, more insulting or inoro untrue enn lie ei m oived tiiati s< me of those articles; and will not such facts close the mouths of tin so American journals evur prating about the good will of Frglaiid towards the North.' Is uny American s > stupidly hliud as to supjhiso that the 'iVitn- would go so directly against public opinion as to publish sueli leadeis in case, as is asserted, the liny I i ? It were fa aurti If to the XortKY Extracts from the /'? st. Lurtl I'almorston's organ, will, t iuii sure, convince tiio most hard headed abolitionist that tho 1 ug'iish government is in favor of iho South, as even after tho long continued howl against slavery in (lie United States, kept up until now by the English press, wo see them, where Hi - liberty of the slave Is coucernod,Hid ing against the North. i'Oos any one wish England's government to s|>eak out more cleariy than it does? Some people can't take a hint?a sot.lid kick is required to waken tiiem from their tor|s>r. Surely there aro kicks, and well applied ones, too, aud Americans will understand that they must de pend upon themselves?atk no foreignert to help them? and prove In Kurope in general and England in particular that the race has net degenerated. Several French ofllcois were anxioim to take service in the American army?of course I mean tlio federal army, as there is no other American army. They have received most perimetry orders to give up all idea of such a step; and, fours being some oflleers might at any rate be tempted to leave for the United States, leaves of alienee hit tie been count trmanded ami nil young officers cnUxl Uwk to their regiments. France will grant no' ail to thu North. Why, even tlio guns that are h night here by American agents are, by order of the government, to tie shipped at Toulon instead of Havre. This is announcing to Southern privateers just where and when they may overtake vessels laden with arms. Why should such an arbitrary order be given by this govern ment,utile; s it were that a feeling of hostility to the North is uppermost? One tact will strike all unprejudiced persons as a direct proof that tho governments of France and England arc in imical to the North, anil are in direct commuriiaitii n with the Southern rebels. Some few days since it was announc ed in the London and Paris journals that the Southern confederacy had issued a de cree prohibiting tho exports of cotton, sugar or tobacco until the Furoi>eaii nations had recognized the fc'ouih. Last night the Varis journals published a cummu i.iqte from the Minister of Foreign Affairs to the cllect that the government here had no notice of any such decree, and "that //inn Mr. Davis' well humti iJhlily ami previous policy there was atud reason to doubt the ex istence of uny sin h decree." Tlio I/>ndon journals have made liko asserti' ns. What does this mean unless it is that the governments here are in communication with representatives of iho South both hero and in London? Is it fair or honorable they should bo? I should have stated above that all tho abuse which has been heaped ii|??n us about Garibaldi is, to say the least of it, entirely uncalled for, as yet no proof or certainty existing that the United Stat, s government lias made thu General any offer whatsoever. The more r ;trior was ea gerly seized upon to heap abuse upon the North. It is much more than likely that the rumor has no foundation whatever, and is a ruse of the agents of the Davis govern ment now here or in London. You will perceive by your Knglish flics that an effort is being made to render plausible a French and English in tervention in Mexico. Petitions are being signed in this city and I/indon and sent to the Secretary of War, urgeut )y Bdvising that England and France should at once send a largo force to Mexico to protect tho citizens of these governments inhabiting that troubled ropublic. Spain, of course, goes further ; she acts at once, assured as she is beforehand of the sympathy if f.cnee. Tho Constitu'ionnel was somewhat exercised as rogards tho naval victory at Cape Hatteras. How could it an nounce the fact and detract from it? Oue of its editors, somewhat heavier and duller than the rest, exclaims, iu rendering an account of tho capture of the forts, "Is this a victory or a defeat for the North? Rather a victory for tho South, as tho'Confoderates dispersed at Hatteras at once entered Kentucky; thus that State is lost to the Uulon." Tho French writers constantly display the same ignorance as to American affairs; but none aro so stupid and prejudiced as tho writers in tho official press. Mr. Russell, U . P.,Seeks excuses for tho defeat and capture of the rebels at Hatteras. Ho showed no such concern for the federals whoa reverses overtook them. The letters of Russell have done much harm to the Union cause In Europe; their exaggerations and false reports have been copied into the French papers, the German and Italian Journals copying them also. Hero the Moniow ) ilbl iihes extractsfrom the Hussell letters beginning:?"We ro ceive the following information from Washington." Thu* to the public th.fe elusions art hut confirmatu n if Russell'I Mltrs, the public not detecting that it is the same letter translated and stolen from the London 1\mn, that journal never being credited, lam told by those whom 1 ha vo generally found well informed that M. do Tboovenel, Minister of Foreign Affairs here, is quite advrso to the North. Why this should be I cannot say. but thore seems no doubt as io the truth of the assertion. There are several Americans hero who are ever ready to assert that the Emporor Napoleon is quite favorable to the cause of the North They bint that they have good reasons for saying this, and repeat pretty phrases made use of by powerful parties here as regards the United States go vernment. I need not ad 1 that this is all humbug, that Louis Xajml"/n is not a man to *;*nk out his mind about Jmncan affairs to any one, and that we must Judge by actions, and not by nicely turnod phrases, what Franco means to do. This government, as you will remember, denied, with virtuous indignation, any determination of annexing Nice and .Savoy, The Mrmitrur produced a noto that [insured the world in general that the taking possession of Savoy wis not even thou ht of by France, and yet at that very p rlod French agents, Messrs Liity and Fletrl, notori ously w.-ri inundating the provinces of Nice uud Savoy [ >i ith (joM aud promises, and French troops suiwuod In Italy had recoived orders to occupy the so< n to bo an nexed torrllory. And since thou how many time* havo assertions boon made tti.i< woie unfounded? and have uol all arrived at the conclusion Unit the policy or I ince is a sealed book? Are we to mii>|K>6" that th. huUl> ?> p ?licy is I lid open to the Americans ' refer to, or (It it tiiey oro humbug-sand clthor deceive thi tuB.slvesorurealt' nipt n?; t? deceive others? I nay thin because ) have reasi u to l.o Hove that lelt th will have been publish d in New 'i ork cro this reaohei you, endeavoring to convince the Ameri can |>ooj>|ethat France bears naught b t good will 1" ?' Union. Tho.^e who assert this are dt'dv-d. Tlmo will prove tliis. I lie ill will of the European Powers may be averted in ewe the North gang a decided viotory. Such an event would perhaps put nn end to all idia* inter* e '?? j* <"? protectorate*. (Sod grant one may ?po?dll,v ha nr. I'pto tho present t Ime It was supposed that all that co.ld bo done to put tho a. tnj and navy of France upon a fonnidn ble war looting hu t been accomplished. It & em- that there remained te.ill more to do, tut It Is now : ? oi l ined that preparations really formidable a re going on iu all the French ars n ils and navy yan's. One thing is evident: the. furies if the gorr.iwnint On'mi jim an / to-tri/.e a fi.imHaiile Wow swm 1W1 ><'? I el us h"|>o that it is not the Union that must bear the brunt of the armam nU 1 rolur to. l'jliiis, Sep'. 21'. 180l< I f\reign Officer* in the. American Service Knli l ill th ir On n ] J'crit?7Vie Benefit* of French Ojjjlc ru if Th / C< i h '? | Hat'?Southern Recruiting Agent* at Wmh?Inkvte In terest in the A merican Struggle?A Splendid ^jmni.-h ? j for Mtxico, dr. Tho Comtiluti'/nncl of this morning lias tho follow i;g short notice-?"A journal ha< reported (hat. j?r??' it " s have boon mailo to a considerable numbei of European officers, more especially to French officers, to take sorvico In the federal army of America." This journal addi d tliat an indemnity of six thousand frai* d< tie llt'cim -nl?for the change < f service, rs well as allow ances of twenty thousand francs for many yeai s, had I offered to these who w'ore disj* sod to accept such prt |?> sals. All statements tire without fot.iulnli n. The government of Washington has not authorized its in Kuroi>e to make any kind of military engagement , h 1 every European officer who shall cuib.u k for tbu t .itod States forth jt<rj -osc of taking tenicr in the fn'erl cn'| will do so on his tnon resjtontil.ility and at n '. <t??.', peril. For some timo back there has been, as 1 havo proviou? ly Intimated, u very strong desire on the part of French officers to give tho federal aitny Ihe benefit of their expe rience. Now, If it is a fact that any proposition ha- hem made to Caribuldl,Jt co far settles tho question as to ilv dia)stsitinn to accept such extianeous aid. If tie a gu merit is good for Italy, it is also good for France. The do nial of any formal prop, sal by tho semi-official Con 'Hu tionmel is Intelligible enough. Tho Washington govern ment, without making it a Slato proceeding, may, ict with, landing, be porfccily op n to occcpt the iml ?; endei.t services of officers disposed to olfor thoir swords. And why should it not? An extraordinary emergency h is arisen, which, |f ti"1 promptly cncouutorc 1 with energy and decision, may crumble to pleoes the noblest, grandest and most phian thropic experiment the world over witnessed. The e u current testimony of all autl orities, domestic and fort I ;n, aliko trstilles to the excelli nc) of the raw material whicl* com;x>ses the federal n iny> and that such stalworth, siiowy, flgllti: g men havo rarely ever been placed in ra; k ..ti l llle; le t tin so men have lived under s eh a happy siate of tlii ; . have been so free frim every speci's ol pr. s>ure, un.l havo so entirely a law t? thouise von, that th -ir ry iii ilivid al pith and gallantly increases the eiflcully of fusing tho parts into n s lid and homog noons i . s. . I.ike pebbl s of tho granite reck, the;, .in to p \> der the weight that is brorglit to cr sli th in mlie !li .0 be pi.lvurixud llientselvea. The case is lota ly p < nMr. lired and born under the sun of e.) ahty, ti.e very notion | of a superior, educated under tho same mstitaiie. s ns themselves, revolts th m; bntsimw tin ni a patty wi o.^o education has been entirely the rcvers- of the ..wv., an i by ob ying wh im they wound no suseeptib 1 ay, who would be by them, in fact, a simple article <t f. rjign mauufactiire, the excellence i f v. iiic'i w.>s In* Miit nv erti hie and had been attested by uj:es, the stuiwot lb Am.-ri can cili7.<n would snbscribe to it without lillcidiy,just ns he do b to i.bjects of Uiste or high a't imi?oi teu ir< ut Other lands than h:s own. It is tho very case, in fact, for the services of French officers. The present emergency places you temporally under as ubsdnte a dictatorship us that under whn It th'-y habitua ly live, i'hey .wiil t>.n fi you tlie law oi otied.etiee by the ex.impl ? of thoir llviF. Th ir simpt ? wants, activity,cheerfulness, rapidity in attack,cndi.raiio^ ol' privations, fertility of resource, temperance and ui ialJing gayety,not to mention Ihe in ce nt brnthe hood wh.t hlus always | renominated in the French mind towarnstho nut ion It was the Hrnt to help to Indopendi-m, ca - not but prove of immense value to such an army as yours. let it on'y be well officered, and the 1 ni n army mist carry all before it 'ihe Stat' has me.itu such as no other nation can boast of, an ! it cannot. m ploy ihem better than in bringing to bear on Uio rcbe;s ovoiy availabl e res urco. U is i-It or tionsi tine allowing any amnvr jn-oj v. tostand In tho way of such foroip i ?M. There la not a nation in ox is once that lias not avaMed kh? If >?( such aid un< 01 ke circumstuices. \Vas not I't inco Ku.rcue, the uoph w or C'Uat I> s the First, a fo elguor? Ami liow did William tlio Socond Srccuod in t!riving om J.lines tho Stoondf How sits the Queen of Spain on horthrcnef And how comes Francis the Second, ex King of Naples, to bo Uut the case of America is far ahead of any of tin Be. You have the fl^litm-; men,you havo the sinews of war, you havo a'l that tho most valiant, patriotic na tion can furnish, except ofllcers of heme growth; uud if you hud these, you have not, from your republican institu tions', the docile spirit necessary to tboir support. Con dose inl, then, to accept of that which another nation has in such abundance. It may be argued tliat this is a game at which two Can play, flic South may also bold out encouragement to French olllcers. Welt, but turnout the South it already duinv to. J have heard in military circles thai emu tnriet fnmt the Smith have keen very buty on the sultject, but that fimch officer* do not approve of the >? rmt The truth is i lie South lias not got whot the North has in stat i, and Frenchmen will not move unlaw they see g> ori and substantial prospects before them. ft i.s impossible to exa&urate the surpassing interest that is felt in every tiling rotating to thostruggio in which you are engaged. There are these who begin to prognos ticate "a year of Scots and schisms"?who think tliat if another Hull run disaster should arrive that not only a sev ranee of North and South will follow, hut an on tiro smat h |.f the whole Vnion; and that the continent of America, like the continent of Kurope,?ill present all tin* evils whichaie incidi ntal to the Heptarchy of Kngland. The very thought of such an abum.nation makes tin; true friends of (popular government anxious that tho I'nion should hesitate at nosacrillce to secure some great and immediate success, 'l'he patriotic) response which will no doubt lie given to tho popular loan cannot but touch the sensibility of Europt. When it sees, as doubtless will bo the case, the loan reallzod by tho smaller contributions, all must acknowledge tho soundness of the national heart. For yours only resembles tho French loan in the fi rm ami manner of it. A loan for national improvements, for a for eign war, is a vory dllltorent thing to a loan in a civil Contest. Republican Franca, when the Chouang wore armed to the toelh In La Vendee, would have met with a very different resp >nse from that which it has lately re. ceivcd. But If America, In Uie midst of this rebel strife, shall now respond with an outburst of patriotic confi dence, the eflbct will bo almost tantamount to a great victory over its faithless or misguided citizens. Hie squadron destined by the Spanish government for Mexico is to bo composed of six magnificent screw fri gates, two steamers, each of 600 horse power, and a num ber of transports and smaller vessels. Tho troops wlil bo Commanded by I'ubaluaba. The Btpana, of Madrid, of tho 15th of September, says:?tfhe squadron destined to demand tat Of action from M tico is to bo composed of six magnificent screw frigates, two steamers,oaoh of 600 horse power, and a number of transports and smaller vessels. As to the ef fective numlrr of the troopt whii h will be lent out it it not prudtni to name it for the preterit. Our Berlin Correspodencc. Ricruh, Sept. 18, 1861. Sale of Muikett lothe United Stalet?Gen. liuiler't Victory at Cape Uniterm, <tc. Tho Prussian War Department has sold twenty thou sand percussion muskets to tho United States govern ment, which were forwarded to Hamburg last week, from whence they will bo shipped to New York. Wo aro delighted to hear of General Butler's successful expedition to Capo Hat terns. After so many defeats or drawn battles it Is quite refreshing to receive intelligence of a real, bona fide victory. 1-et us hope that it will be (he forerunner of further successes, and that our great republic, "the pride and envy of the world," will soon emerge from the clouds that obscure its meridian bright ness , inure glorious und moroj-osplendant than ever. * NEWSPAPER ACCOUNTS. The Cotton Waat Crisis In Englsnd? Some Thousand Spinners Dispersed and Idle. (From the Preston Guardian,Sept. 20.) "Coming events'' are "casting their shadows beforo them" in Bolton, and that, too, in a somewhat dark ami extentiveform. Short time is not actually adopted as to a set number of working hours, but production is very materially lessened in moat cotton spinning and cloth manufacturing concerns, powor loom weavers waitings week at once for war| s and one very lurge cotton spin ning concern?that ef Messrs. Boiling ft Siade?is closing altogether. Tho firm have six mills, named the Carlisle Mill, the Coronation Mill, tho Old end Mill, the Spri.ig Garden Mill, the Knott Mill, and tbe Bridge street Mill. In these tbey have seven steam engines, of 2.10 horse lower, and had In their employment at mid. summer 6:U females and 268 males?total, 7S7. In jKirtxng wi'h the workpeople, they ar? told to tck employ mint immediately anyuh're, at there is no prolabilUy of the mills returning uork under the exitttng interettt. Wo regret to Ft,a to that Messrs Jackson, of Qui on street Mill. Lancaster, commenced running three days per week tins w eek, and will not start their engine till Thurs day. The Chance of European Recognition of the Kiln 1 Sintin, [From the London shipping tinzetto,Sept. 18 ] Our correspondent writ' s with a certainty as to tlio ro salt of (be acknowledgement on the part of Franco and Kngland which he advocates. It may not be generally shared. but, whatever be the re nit, logland and Frn ce having already conceded beiit rentrigiiti to the .South, cannot, in common oowukwcj^ h 1 ' c&iniHtn of an i dfj endmct for wlii' V i .1 i ' . pe<>pl?, tho mujority of them the desci ... ?] )? h u ill I'liidi.-di n>-II!? i>, lire roiili-mliiK/ for will. 1 . y nad d<itertninatioti unsurpassed ID tin- biidory of < ivilii mankind. The Frrnrli Mmit nl off Ilnltfinc?111* Or <n-in from llir Kmjicrui'. [Par in (Sept. IS) corral ondeno f I mutton Post. | Th French Admiral in-ili- Ameruaa wtititmlias re l>.?r t kI hlm-o f ?? o:i tho Haling ki'lion. Tin' Admiral 1 iimI| i ti/ im; <>r! ant order, .>>?' i to j>. ? to I 1 Vouch interests II n?in 11jr. The Siianlili iiiiioii Ai;iiinsl nT.x'i-o. |i ri in tli - l.i. 'on 114 , . ).t. seo.J Advices from Madrid o tho Pl'li iwl. ;ni- in!or.Hi ,g in jfS*o present phase> f alfd OlJ ill 20th itwt. li iructi' iih I' oiii tlio Spanish government \.or? to leavo i adig fo Uot'-oi ui (Serrano, tho Coventor < onerui of the I laiid of C.ubti, ii'latIvi1 to Mexico. Fou Icon wnvis ? I.-1 mounting throe hnndi ???) guild, aid (; uuiil'or tt trans) il; ,woreu. f mWh. 'i"vau?, n ri.nt f-<i Heti C", t" snppo: t, it i(iu . . ? i MiH? on til '",'Ob c. tih-i?? lai?onkDniM.i <. ;?r.wont?? toany Jui t a f?. li ! ii.-l in . and > ? , but the In li f ?vcr.i UH'i.i u i 1 no doubt k?e|?a watc'.i ' oyu us lo th i It in.ate nature of ttli HoimiHlt gxjicdit!'" !?> Mexico. Tile Q ittil of Spn In Oil N i !<t <> Vtiui nt I ini tio.-?,\ Pi'monal Iillirrl,t IliU <?> Oiil taalib . .ti..-ion of Matrhtl i.i :? i idi !ii iiat< of V.'ar ttud tlio 'vi >iiiis, ni i'. ii ? ..'.I ? ? teiniH'i' K. a d ? ' 1 ' Cm ii Gone ml of For'.o ! . i,it i n i ?'i|.,e, that a slave ivhv I ' ? li? son of Spain mini l o . |. ? i . i,- to, cvot with out tho ni in.- ! ii . Tho'a letter i.s ttlllt ?? ? ? e '.'nnell lllO lett'T Wh / ) ' >: ' I addrOt sod to tho >in.. j c! 1 . i I Ik (i'1'ntoa, d ite I ih? 2Iih of Oct' tin', i . i, l?y way of proof, with the dm 1 ') o ? ?. miinaiioti rein

tiv? to the .-jlavo It I ??? , > ? ? ?. in at tho Havana alter Laving us >t lr s'Vo ;l years in ihe Peninsula, oti wlii.1 iWi ' ii. wilic-.te . n.i explicit i:ec!aration lolatlve to ih ? yal o. .ci of th. ^ :.h Of March, ISMS, rvi'i'- i?* 'lie wadl' to wli < i .? I?v 8 1'ri'tn ti e Ai lloaaic. ibjictedo i c.i n n ? iiu s.i n. In c ui.f mity III - m li < i tlio f . ! 'I ; nsd inviit'ii of the : I. \> motitiu. ?: ?: < > lie Mnj --'y I ii - lieoii gracioo.-i y p' awl t i! rl ir > i hw win' ft h/Art' ilavl ? ml J turn ?'?l? n * eh t'.o.i in tore iu>..>t cmii i e'r tl.-'ii t-?!-. , . , iu nt r . eoia lit ?'( lllelfOWIli \a l> i', I. ? I' i III ) freed in j.rer. ' d?0 111 . .u ; ? Ol li" <lo cif-ioij i f th 2'(li Si i e! i ? V" iMo, .ltd ili ,i they ? h \ !?} t: o > ? mother c . n ti y, witfiO'ii nj oUi i ..ct l. > g '!'? .iy t r im mil, (h. 1,1 fiV.hjtj' ft in 'it, i ' ?/ i , it !"n c unity white i;'ar,iy if ? '? l"w O'Hi.NNH.I-. Au English t'? 1 <" |0)? iln 1> III ami Ui^ clltliiK ii I .?! !<<">< , is. C|.'| "i " .. 1, 1 ' I si ] Tile lwill .., in ^ , . . olj . itt I u t'-ok n'a.'O ye I r ! ? n a fa! III b< lot^'hi,'. I ? ? In- -'ao "-lie d ThoCiuiia ?>fof tii iii ? i ty, ni propo.-imJ?'Tho A my, .V .iv,v nie. S'< ! i.t i -.' l'i ' ? nteoi nineni n t tiad now hecoii.C fi " tfact,M h i an ;ei to Hi I *tl?h li.i.jy iM.-ii dov i i' m'< t c mi itaiy ait ill s:,-h j, in.; i H tu li ; I i i' ..oil'g v.' C '.'ill I ales (t'heora.) (oloi i.i X " ii, M. i'., rem i 'ii' mi Hi pari of tho army,and o>.ji ?? :? d a hoi. > ., .ihtrdivi .iBHifvo luntei' w i bo ot tip ii \ . mi, ii " | that a prac tire ^ro'i.'id v nil,! bo forn. > . ? o iivo iient|' Ci> Ii tweoa Hn" io nnd V>'. i i'ii' i o ili tiro imb e iM diid 1 other. Th. i )?.- wtin'' h' made .wo yr.ii/. an., with ie . ?ho iiiirni . i? iiti|(irt aiicenf dlsoii itio ha i I 11 i t > o i!L d by wh 1. I KI Mtcon ni Ai.i in ? rii; Vea in-ill,', a i.i. ur,h to an i nd. II vir. i !'? i II e rid ml I; he, it ... .< wuiti. V'llttie w i I i i .? o. (Hear, hear). In /iRMriaa U; ly of ' 0 u in n iindo bl diy hi.ive, moB< t'oui ? wii i , h u- nail ruii awaj lik it Ui ck ot hlta?,i. 'i'h oi'e i in " comma dove in, and tliu men hid i.. c.i .i . ? ? i i>, ii-'afl.i , (11m , h ill.) If il. Vl"i ! e. 'oof'iot" their co- nirv, tie" would (ii jilluo wa.- ta n.y tbtiiK thai c old r? rdi r ? e. (in? thing hud h n w.lncRfo l in .m ?? i .. . i - . vei lioen ?vit lies.-f'i in !I count \ ,y i .-vy* ?i. 1 I.e. Wliuiher our men like or dMi o -h. a vln.le wan Oinvincd tl>.it i:o tiiv i- ii oi n i-hii'ghu lit wo d have the c ura^< to f ;vo the ? ? ?? : the na>m tit a fl^bt vtiu- ex pee<ert. Hi'C'i an i,coi,rr' , v,a Imoft ni'iircecdeet- d i i I he ft! i ? f the ?? d it w i* jjorfectl} a to i.-h i.ig that , . vc lit tm y of men kIi hi fay "O r tiireo m iitji iro : . i -i >li n n-K" n,? tboir iuilannQ walk away. (Hvi.,> llii allowed nn nltei waat of patriot)*' ; and II i h - thi; ft coi lU have ha pened m any o " itry i-l ilely in Amerii a, lu: could not at all t 'ratai .r,boAr.) I,Old I-*nl :>f .?< ? Mti'ii.n sinit Policy on Ami ui., AtluIiK. flVoin tin i ? . i ok , Sept. 21.] On Wedi o day I iant I uIT, M. 1'. for the F!^in Burghs, a ill' >? i' . linn i y <?( E.', la hi Hie ? Mai kit ll.'il1. i /it* i e l iug wis :.t one o'clock, and tbero was a niKt'l attou 'i'. Mr. l ull, In his r v: w "f lis PaJmcsti n policy In the House ol i '< mmo: ? ill ? Kimc good f;> Hfo and mode ration which ? ? <i nsplt n'nii-ly d.apli.yei by the Hi se f <. inino ii' b ? ill <h ilia war iu H !y two year; ?? id t>y iiiscvs>ion "f Ua-rir -u ajjaindu ingtb ?? < *. Mb u wo consider how ? - at no* li.o i'i't/il'ii to tbe oonaai'vative party to us-, the events wl.lcii U:v. Ii tukmg p ?oo in tho l/nited Sl;d'.e<,asa i s i i .i warttbg to reformers in tin,* tl iilt of M . l rr.o v s ri iMil of la.?t .voir; wl.nn wo consi'l*. io.v n if . y the merchants ravaged In (ho /mi i (iiii t.- ilc in i 'i vi |i < k <1 for lume Cx;t? ii ii of gov iii'Mal Ojiud n about the vaiious questions of n.t* a' aw will>!y re quire soluti n 1 e ? u- t'.is du.loiubln u n i st if at an ond; when w.-cimsiI rob I .< Ito'd wuso . ii for anti slavery, unti llrlghtuui ui n,it in.... e ? eeiunatlon?I think, wo may Ooi ;r.itn ato our. e.ViS on that long p aeil",<; t f iroa di.eusi'U i.hiih ha ; n n when to b.' n'i nt <i< wil as i,)uni: kj-al (l ea .) The humbi-st nu'mber ol tho House of romro ?>.?, h, kii.glntlio Houso of Commons, Iris a our tn I , lespon bi.ily, boiauf-o Irs words art; read, at least n fin elg.i i i u i n'f, not an bin own words only. The frieni ly an i ii t ..ate relations in which we meet he;e moko rct cem ts i ec ?a y, and I do not hesitate to gay that while! <!??<*; ? 'y ogrut th s fratricidal struggle between tho North ai d Sou: h, I should not liavo been sorry to s e th in aruto, if tboy could have done so without til on of b ood. (Hear, li isr ) 'Iho Northern tut s would have not rid of the carte ?f Ha- y,< w with ?/ thedarb- i tha !cw 'it Iheirfuture. (lb a., b ar, and applause.) Tliey wo.ld have been lol l t .- on .? ? a .:iv 1 and probably more blamcl.RS deslii) thai, th t which, with as trance, th n gh |/roliably a weaker mint t n, th>*y are courting tor themselves, since all pretext for further exteimion lo wards the South. wneiVr in th ' direciion of fubaor elsowliiTe, would liav< i ? i forever at an end. i'o.y hwat nxrything to gain aurtn shin- '?> Itehi/a pta v fulmar a Ii* n, rxr?i)t, initialfth.- ii? ? i-'unitu nf d infl mischirf. All this tboir bo t mi; ds know pe'fort j w II; but pa?5ion as usual is far stronger tb in ro.i.?. n, t. d so ih<' dots <if war arc let slip, and we shall ba h o roi en' u%h and to spare for some time to como. l'e ,s \ hen the mist of blood clears away, we may And Nn'ili m i ica ?).hl into many iniltpiv Itnt St'i 'i a-u> now .? >? in heS'ailhtrn half of tin' jfew World. WhothaUtat/ thai thu will necessarily t.e a misferticnc to man intlf EUROPEAN AFFAIRS. Our l'arli Cem?i 'niili iup, I a i-,- 11 20, \861. llefMiied III Health of the Eilijeror Aa,<le "-E> frenic Tire I of a Life of Stole, etc. Ttic Fjnj>cror, Empress and Prli ? Tmieii .: ire n( Biarritz. Tho former, altboiif h re(?rto<l Jin ? rcellent boalib, is quito ill. He is subjected lo serious attacks con\ulslont?prccecdlng from a diseasod spine. At Biar ritz ho srnnu no audiences, and sotks, by protracted rest, to lit himself for tho arduous duties of the coming season. There is, according to Tame lbimor, a serious misundof standing between the Emporor and Empress?tho latter having a strong dc.- i/o to retire altogether from public itfe. Tho constaut re mors of b r intended voyages bay* their foundation in tho stato of indecision in which hoi" Majesty so* ms lo remain. -- :ST- T" Oar Berlin C'urrciipontlenre. Dkkmm, Sept. 18, ISM. Grand Army Mameutrrei in Vrwtia?A Brilliant Offset to the French Camp at Chaknt?Sj lendid Scene on the Groutult?The King and Xa]>oleon?Approaching Cere mony of the Coronation, tfc. The grand mana-uvres of tho PrufSian army, which have attracted spectators from all parts of Europe, and oven from America, and which are considered by many as a sort of counter demonstration to the camp of Cha lons, commenced on Wednesday, tho 11th Inst., with a review of iho Seventh army corps, under tho command of Goucral do Herwarth Bittenfeld. The troops wcro drawn up on an extensive plateau, near Werdinghosson, in 'Westphalia, and consisted of twenty-seven battalions or mrantry, with cavalry and artillery?about 40,000 mon in all. The King appeared on tho ground at eleven A M., accompanlcd by tho Queen, the Crown Prince aud Princcss, and a brilliant suite, and a series of evolutions wore then ptri'v-mod, which passed oOf to tho ontlre satisfaction of his Majesty. Those were continued tho following day, after which the King repaired toBerglioim, near Cologne, to inspect the Eighth corps, commanded by General Doniu. The manoeuvres of this corps excited especial intorcst, not only on account of its numerical strength (forty-ono battalions and fifty squadrons, about 60,000 mon), but because Uonin is esteemed the best general In tho Prussian service, and Is thought to bavo drlllod the troope under his orders to the highest pitch Of perfection. Tho concourse of spectators Is described as immense; tho whoto plain of Ilcrgheim was* eovred with carriages, horsemen and pedestrians, and the crowd of splendid uniform?, the long lines of infantry and the m igniflcent rogiments of cutlaaslers and dra goons that Boomed to shako the oarth with their tread, must havo formed an imposing spectacle. Tho King, who left the chateau of Hruhl early in tho morniug of tho 13th, and proceeded to Ilergbcim by railway, was at tended by quite a poppe of German /i.d foreign Princes? the Orai. l Suites of Weimar, Badea/oldotiburg and Meek jonburg, tbo Prince H jal of Saxony, the IHiko ol Cam bridge, Prince Os ar of Sweden, Prlnco Fredoriclc of the N Hi rlands, the in ices of Saxo-Cob irg, Meinlngon, Nas . in, Itc. Tho I'rince of Wales did not arrive till next Jht> lirltish ami} was represented by Generals 1/trd Clyde, dio 1 if I ?( Cardigan, Lord K I'aulot, Mir ',,m U hnrgei, Boymoor, lyre, Hamilton, Colo nels liouiiuok, mi I/in! Dongau, and many tellers: tlie French l>y (ionoral F?rey, tho hero of Mont l>eilo; h. norn) I.iciiLlin,Faceion, &c. ; the Russians by <ji ii. ? tii- Aldorhorg and Tote lot; tho Austrians l>y Gcne r.i I'luimgarten, Col uel 1'rlnce Wlmllshgrat*, &o.; the r wiss by C-oloiiul Sarriiglu; tho Americans by Captains I! si 11 mid I "'linger; besidm oilier ollliers wore I- -l i t frost Sweden, Holgium, Holland, and all the Uor in ui latos. The < rown Princess (Victoria,of England), v. 1m 1* an ho>:i in tlishod equestrian, appeared on borse ba k, loll' wed by one of liur ladi> s ol honor, and watched tho m'lVt m nts of tho troops with all tho interest of a veteran tactician. On S itutd ly morning tho ecitire wrltQrre turned loBruhl, where the Sabb itli was passed, not wo mich as a day <>f rest i.a of r silvity,n grand dinner heing given iiy (he King to (ii-' distinguish < g i -fa,andoth r entertainments p ovided by tlitoity olCo'o, ne after which iliomanmuvres were oft mod on Monday on a-i III larger eoalo l>y tho two cor])i jointly, forming, )?><'., t. gotho:', an army of not less tliiin 100,000 men. 'lb'.} will (HutiiiiHi for four days, the s I i a blvoi ttokiug all the time, to inure'them to tho I aril ln a of actual warfare, and tho whole to conclude with a gra'd pa adooti the 20th Instant, whan the tro.ips return to their quarters, aud thin bupotb military pageant wii c mo to a end, l:til M s "iiv U'i'g happon at the eleventh liour id p event it, Uto '? lyfvi w I'tween the King and 1/eiis N i|" icon will tako piaeo at Ootnpl"gtio about the Mb or fi li October. Tie tourt ol' Vii nna and its German allies? ititv irla. axoiiy, '<? ?hnr h on in trig dngwith ail th dr might against it, and as tb -y have n memos and zealous confederal eg in till iinm it ..-to tntnuriige of lib* rrng.-ian M ij ty, lliey would poihaps have ell'ectOil their object, if it bad not tM'en for tho inilui iice of the King of theliel giaiis, who mot William I. at Ostein), and alvtsedttim strut g|y not to nil otn the French Ktit|>eror by refusing to appear nt a meetiug th it had h come tho talk of ail Kit rtipo. 'lb i * -ii oi old L" |"l i, who Is c ?rtain'y ono of tho most sa hoop* p?'tlciana i "w living, was probably quickened 'y tho reflection that in case of a rupture b weett Kra eoe and Prussia his own kingdom wo 11 aland a chance of heing made tho sent of b su itics, ami w uld hardly Biirvivo tho stuck ??f aeon liict that might bo fatal t> mu h m re |K)worful mon archies. Kn in Compiogne the King returns to tlio Hhino.nnd aftor a shot t breathing time vv i.l set out lor Kooijahorg, whore tlio eoi omony i<t lus co: nation will cunm off on tho ixtli twlober, tho anniveisiuy of tiie laltle ol Leipclg. According to the programme, it will be almixtt an exact re, lo.'ueuoti i' ill i of ihe ilr-1 Kieg of Pri a da In 1701, of win It a rath r aiiinglnc I'escrii ti n tva-< puhliah ?! tliu oth : day in oiieol ;h.' p iiern, ind which piv iitud the game mixtii o f semi-feudal and ; tni-miiiiary prac tices thai, chtraol"! i/,o the Instlt'itions of tli IVoj-s an m na. chy. The rclig ous coinxiniiil will bo po. formed by the court el a;>!ttiii, I'r. Seiin'ig ? hut h ? does not crown tUvKioK.wbo takes i from tlieultar and pi ices it u his own h ad. lt? ino tiie iiiombo sof Uib tworhatnb -rj, tli'1 i o.i tativi s oi ilioPioviiu i:? K tavea and the resident Oti'i vtaiUiue, tvho I iv< been oil clal.y lnvllod to at i-ml. there wHl no AnlMMidors Kx ra rdina y from all the tiris of uro|i?,(ome pf iln t'.i oi tho very h ghest rank. He Kn-jierorof Hoaaias ii !,? his old st son, the l mpo.or i: A >ii i t one oi It bro h rs, mi i eome oi' thoflvrtna i ; "Vi i? i'.;. win it;ipiar in /.)? , ,-i'a j?. i ? im. What with ih.' h.litis of nil thes* i .-irioiia individuals, and tho tli ? y liidH U|.otl til 'ii-alula of r I1' ? coll cting fn ltl .".II quarters to witie-.s th>' ceieiucny, the town of Konii; 1>o;vt will tia fuller thui it ever was tisfore, and ll i otol keo.M'i'ii, the h .en ? own ' in a word every one who lias a mom or even agarrel jo let, are sal I to ho wil I wiili oxc tement at lho prospect of vast (tecuni iry gain.? that opet>s to them on lliis happy oce sion. Tho bosl tpirtments arc al < a !y l? sj oken. 1'httB tlio British Ai. b.i--ai.i'r Kxtrnor.lh ary.l. .d Clin in'on, has bl'i'd the ii or of tho H.'i. aches 1 i n:S, the ]>. liiclpal hotel of the e.t.y, for tho sum of 4,000 thalors. 'Ihe (J : man and I'o eigri | i H ceH w ill be Imli o l in tho Koyai I ai.ico, and tho rest will be loft to seek i-li ilor wiiorevor they can. Commercial ami Pinaiirial. LONDON )10,V;:Y MAltKCT. A downward teu<ii i- y (? optcml'or SK<) In English fine's cr?tlnucs. Consols t'3}i a for m uey, u id 08Jtf for a count. Virginia O n, Miauls Central and Krio shares had .i Ivauced. l/ivnov,Sept. 25,1S01. Oousols closod yceterday at Wa lor money, LI VUKI'OOt. COTTON MAKKOT. LttKni'OiM., Sept. 25,1801. Snlos, Monday and Tii slay, 65,000 hales, including 3U.000 to sj't-o ilaturs and oxijortpis. Tho market Ins lie u excited and prices a-o J^d. a ^d. highor sinco Fri day, and nt the c)i ae prices stili tend upward. STATB OP TBAIH; AT MANCHnjPTR. Advic -s from Manchester reportslight advance In all descriptk? s ot j-oodS, but sales small". LIPBKPOOI. BBEAHilTbFra MAttKKT. Itreadftuds toielirg .'m. iwaril nn;t all .'es'riptii.ns low.-r. Aletv ' s. Wa'.udlold, N.iah k (.'o., and Dicliartlson, opened fi Co. report Hour dull aud doclino I Ad.; salcsof Aine icanatU^s. a 30a. Wheat and 2d. a !S i. lower; red Western 10s. 01. a lis. 10 !.; ro'l Hvnihern 12s. a 12s. ." I ; white We tern 12 i. e. lvs. 61. ; v. into Southern 13s. Corn e i? ior i?mixeii 2os. 01. a iiJs. 9J.; yellow 30s, td. a 31s.; white 3?s. a 37s. I'ltovision MAUKirr Pull, r f d dl. l'ork oiiiot. r eon dull. T.ard quiet, but steady, lul ovr heavy, at 47s. Oil. Cheeeo decliaed 3s. a 4s. PHOntfCE MAKKOT. Spirits turpentine dull and unchanged. Ri sin tending downward: common. 12s. 8tir?r ll mer. alvanc it j; Ho C.irolina. Ashes Arm, at 33s. 04. for pjis aud 33s. lot JX),il s. LONDON MARK! 18. Sugar and coffee bare advanced. Rico flat. Tallow firmer. A REVIEWER REVIEWED. Arehbisliop Hughes oil Slavery and the War. The Abolition Views of Brown son Overthrown. The War for the Union ijml the Constitution, Not for Negro Emancipation. An Abolition Brigade acd the Little Villain of tho Times, &c., &c., &c. [From tbo Metropolitan Record of this wt* k, tho organ Archbishop Huj lion], Tlio Octobor tuimbor of Brnwuson's Quarterly Review has just mido its appearance. In a literary point of view it is not inforior to preceding numbers of the same work. Tho first article is entitled "VAHlOt'3 OBJK'TIONS A Nil CRITICISMS TXWSIDKXID A YD ASSWSRSD," In this article tho learned reviewer does really answer objections and criUolsraa in a way which is no doubt satis factory l i himself, but whether bis answers will provo satlfactory to the C-alholic portion of bis readers is quito another question. Tho second article is on the rtilLOSOntV OK RKVKI.A110Y?HY VIMfJUIT QtOBSBTI. Dr. Brownson calls it nol tin philosophy of revelation, but the philosophy of religion, wiiich diilercuce in tlio heading ought not to pass unnoticed. Tlio views of Dr. Brownson on this topic aro of a high philosophical kind, which ordinary readers do not com prehond, and which, if thoy were popularly comprulicu siblo, would b ? no advautaKo. Wo aro tired of that everlasting Gioberti. Ho has written as much philosophical trash as any of his cotem poraries, and an attempt at refutation, hore or thero, ^?onld bo only a multiplication of that same trash. Tho %?ilyls ls t histortoai introduction and cri ticism ou the books of tho New Testament. Dr. llrowu son, however, has entitled it ? rs.uii.yci a.yh sri i)*' ?p tub srwrTrRKP. This article has not a few observations worthy the at tention of those who read and study tlio sacred volume. At tho same time there is a conglomeration of opinions on that subject, all of which are antagonistic to the Ca thollc sense and meaning of the Holy Scriptures. Tho author leans in every instance to the Protestant version, aa distinguished from, if not opposed to, the Catholic translation. He praises tho work of tho learned Arch bishop of Baltimore, principally for its divergency in certain instances from the received Catholic version of the Holy Scriptures. Tbo fourth article is entitled L'ABOLITION !>g L'SSCLAVA?1?, l'AR ArOCPWf OOCHlSf, ANOlKlf MAIKK FT COXSKlI.l.r.R OK I.A VHJJt OR PARIS." PARIS: JAOqVd LRl'OrrRK. 1H61. 2 TOMRri, 8V0. Unilor this caption the Reviewer writes a treatise on slavery and the war. We cannot help thinking that this paper, so far as It was intended to influence the Catholic readers of tho Review, is at once untimely and mischie vous. The Catholics of this country hive obtained great credit for having entirely kept out of discussions on tho question of slavery. Neither do they wish to have that question thrust upon them in a periodical which is sup posed to bo published in tbo interest of their religion. Dr. Brownson maintains that the end and purpose of the war is not, or at least should not be, merely to sus tain tbo constitution, government and laws of tho coun try , but to abolish shivery in tho Southern Statos. Nmo we. Catholics, and a vast majority of our brave troops in the field, hare noi the slight-si idea ofcarrying on a ivar that co ts so much blood and tr- arure just to gratify a clique if abaliti-misti in the Xorih. If it mere generally Vn?.urn that thif is one of the purjxiset of the war, the drafting of troojts would fcwom* immediately nen ssary?vohmteers would be few indeed?and the business of iccruiting would become eten slacker than it is now said to l>e. Tho war ts, as we have said, for the maintcnanco and defence of our constitution and government. In the pro gress or war it is diflioult to foresee what turn events may take in tho South, tinder tho pressure of military necessity; but to announce beforehand that one of its pur poses is to set the slaves in tho Skmthern States froe, and, as a 'in?equcnco,cven nrm them against the white popu lation, Is to vitiate in popular -tlmatloii the high motives by which tie mid tho gallant officers in com mand of the army arc actual, d. Napoleon III. anno,meed '.hat Kran 30 roado war in Italy f. r nn "Idea;" but the id. a was his own,and not fur n..-V d by abeliii'iiiistn. Herd, on the contrary, ttat'. cliauctivho thun the UMU Md and bcccrnt wJ/eomiiJawttf in their fanntirtsm, under the imagination that our I takOert art Jlghtinp their battle without Ik infi aware t_ are Uxming with "ideoj" which th y expect thi countr take up ami realize, even I v the swora. Tru? )>airi</ts will be shocked at the rovi'wer's int pretatlon of what the war moans or should mean. Th Will ask, Wan It lor this that our dauntless soldiers I In battle? Was it for thin Hint of them, gcthor with thoir bravo "Ulcers, arc now punl away in the captivity of a Southorn dungeJ Take, for instance, Col. Corcoran and hi> gallant tellJ prisoners of the Sixty ninth. Was It lor this that Can! roii toll 011 the battle field, without any friendly eyel giuo on his countenntK o whilst lie lay Like a warrior taking his reel, Willi his martial cloak arounil him? Was It for this that tho noble hearted and gallant Wa way, wo might .say, a.s.H is-iiiated on the dock of his yl Bel? Wns it fur tins that tho unyielding jialriot and ll role commander of Fort Sumter, us woll as the e^ou heroic Mulligan at Lexington, no less than bravo General Lyon, who loll on tho field, wel bo cruelly neglected and toft to their fate un| reinforcements came too late? tt'aj it to curry out the ti.'l at<iliiionitm that (luxe notle warriors, ami th' usamh of /| distinguished rrmvr/, hitvealiYady ifimt their lives. as the imagined, for the support ol' the constitution and thep.T Nervation of the Dototf No, no. The crime charged a<;ainst the adherents qf ivh i< railed thi So t'hctn oonf< dera<y it their wish and atteinM >?i overthrow th' constitwim andth?? government of thf tfnited Mates. Aiau this crime, has been aUi-nipted ''V ' ?Mi iorin??, Out ni t in the camtuitirawry of the StmlV.-jl ikiiiil/lliftti One of th'- nlulit ten {sis, perhaps their aMest man,descr the constitution as a "covnarUwith hell." The abolitio IhU would take advantage of doublo tides, and in order I bo consistent, whilst they would have our army to dl strojrslavery in tho South, they themselves syiupathiJ with the people of tho secodO'l Mates who uro ondeuvoj Ing to destroy this same "covenant * ith hell." Wo ( iiol say that all the abolitionist# regal I tho constitute in the same light as tho author of the utrocio"s expro^ ?Ion just quoted. Hut we hare, lie vr MM that oprMM < it author ?vj udiultd in thtir speeches, wi itiivis w h?|| turn. [ It twee* the secatMionists nf the Mittth anl the aM%Honis\ of the N >rth, the cim4ituti n is th w in a wo t fieri/out ca di'.ian. The farmer attack if in frant, the huler a . ail it the rear or on the flank. The former wish to get clear I i'.s rc lulroments because they think ii has not been fairl| carried out la their regard; the latter because it is, they say, it "covenant with hell." fctill those uboiitiontal profess to be loyal citizens, wishing to preserve this linij imd sustuln the govt/nnieiit, provided the latter shi abolish gjtyfnr -i' throughout the loud. ' Kveryftifth hag a right to form his own opinions on thl existence ofalavery, pro or ms, as his Judgment anl i nsck'itco may dictate, lint If our fellow citizens of thl North are ro bo:;t on tho destruction of slavery, ue ttwu/l l> ii I are to sung st 'hit they should form an aVili'i "I IjiS aile, an I dn at lefi-t a Jiart of the fiyhtiw), fur the advancl mttti if their " Ida." We could s iggest even tho u-unl Of tho llrigadier tieiiernl who Should be at tho head ?f thif brigade. It is true that ho has not acquired, as yet, Um reputation of ;t gr it commander; he is not,however, urn n- qua iiied with tho scenery of battle; ami though h3 may nev r have smelt j owior, nevorlh drae, he in s) have seen at a distance tho smoko arising fran iti explosion. UlS forte, however?aud it is no trillin quati yina be tlie science of retrcatl i*y tins Xunophon of old, with his, immortalli bis name. Th.i only apprehonsion to be entertained thateven in retr at our modern Xenophon would leavd histhousaads behind. Still he could quote the esMBfll of one of the greatest captains otthor of this century oq any other who retired with a very small retinue fron ltaaaow, the ancient capital of Russia, leaving hit a _ nillc rtt a.' iny to follow at a remote (iistaaco ou their ro^ tui n to I'aiis. The brigadier general of the abolition brigade woufc peas necessarily through Washington, where th- PmM (teat and the members of tho Cabinet would bo likely I review thorn in more than one sense. Supposing they got a pass to ctom the Potomac- and enured into it* tented fields, now occupied by o;ir gallant t.-ooos, imagiJ nation can h u/!ly c meeivo tho reception that wouia awttit them Tbejr would ba men of rank, men of wealth, scholars, genttem n, and. tawing their p mionj if a |iosition wore permitted them, they would cast t< the breoso an I fiauat before tho eyes of both armies th< motto to which wo havo referred, ft can be B ? conveJ nieittly pointed on the smallest bum r, it is so ex-l prossiv*?so brief in wor ts?.... comprehensive in mean-| iug, and withal so easily remeniborod. #?/ { thk oOMtmuTiox or rat i I'.NITKD i i'Al KS 5 OIVK.VA.Vr WITH ITKt.ti. Tl? ? li Igivdlw (ienornl win m we havo in our mlDdjf cy-' is ili) kudu who published in this city dial, after gluv. ry shall iiavc l> en disponed of in tbo Smith, "I'ojer* m > l Iio lookPit into." Ho professes to be a loyal citizen b t this is a curious method of inducing other cilUejJ who iiro truly loyal to rally to tho supjwrt < f th ? coast tution, the government and the laws of our country. Kvenour Catholic Dr. Brownson holds tliat s[ ivory ia tile cause of the war. This V...ipons to be simply imp m gible,except in tltosetige thai a man's carrying m mey on his person is Hie causeCf hit; beingr- bb d on ilio lugh way. Slavery erithd sine-- the l>ularnlv n of Indcprndcnc* and Iff ore. A ni if il civr couhl hare, b i-n tilt cause of rirH war among thr. pimples and Mate* of thr Union, or of th* Colovix, that civil war should k?re LnJ;,n iut ray eijihty or one. hundred and tio.nty yean ago. Slavery, therefore,.it not 'A- cause, of th' war. Then is nething new in it. * The reviewer,having assumed for a gujnent premises which are not founded ou facts, reasons from thorn a* if tli.-ir correctness wero admitted. Ha stati-s that th? Catholic Church is opp. sod to s avory. This i.. true, but only in the sense that she Is opi used even to the cat; ini tios ol human lite, which she has no power t> re vet ho. Her doctriuc on that subject la that It m a crimo to ro men, naturally free, to a conditio n of servitude and bondage as slaves. Those engaged crm i l>'.Btnesii shecaMs out by a permanent law of excommunication? lint whereas, African slavery has existed in ih ? .-pan ten, rortugueso and British colonies or Siateg of America; ana whereas, the living owners of these slaves have had no hand in kidnapping or otherwise reducing H> 'ir servants to slavery, the Church requires thit the mast r shall b? kind and patera il towards big servants, and that the ser vants shall bo f iithl'iil to their mastors until such time as it may please Divine Providence to bring about a change in regard to this feature of social life in Catholic or Pro testant countries. -Sho does not exclude either the ma-tor or the. slave from tbo reception of the sscrameuts; anil In those vory countries It would not be micom mon to see thr tervanland thr ma trr kneeling side l,y side, ami receiving together the holy communism. It may bo said that slavery having been wrong in its inception eau never become lawful by proscription. This is a deceptive inference. Many things have beon d ue which were iniquitous at tlio time, but which, having gone on, are not to be disturbed by any decision or law of the Church. * We may quote as an instanco the sacrilegio s impropria tion to himself and his followers of ecclcsiastical property in Eugland, by its gross and licentious monarch, Henry VIII. Years have gone on, anil the title of the peers lr> that property at the present day is a good title which thrf Church would not call into question, on a count of tho primitive Iniquity by whi.:h it was acquired. Something of the same kind, but on a more gigantic scale, took place in Franco at the period < f the llrgt Revolution. Aretha actual proprietors of the confiscated estates of the Church in France to be questioned at this day as to tho validity# legality and justice of their titles? The same thing is going on now in Sardinia, Mexico and elsowhei e. Hut as yet time has not confirmed the title of tho sacrilegious plunderers to their ill-gotten goods. Nay, we need not look beyond the borders of our own vast empire for another illustration. The broad acres that, stretch from the Atlantic to tho I'acillc Ocean, from the St. I-awiviire to tho liio Grande, all b longed to the aboriginal inhabitants 'of this country when tho wliito man came. This is proved by tho fact that tli~sc ixxjr simple son" of (he forest were dealt with, in theory at least, as if llicy ton a title and wore competent to convoy to new comers the hunting grounds of their forefathers. HV have (jreal tymjialhy 1'ir the Africans nf the Sou/Hi mid lhit is all null enough; but, corresponding with the lenevoUnfldea" if u> titii nitis, why is ;h rrnrtin A'eie England a si-cie'y pmfvsing, even at this hit* day, to maket i"mt restitution to tlie fri.llr remnant* of thr ran who were cheated, shot ihruM, driitn of, mid almott extern incited thr white people l<Ah Ninth ami South t Now, whatever may have bo ;n the frauds and cruelties connected with tho expulsion of the Indians, it |g certain that the title of the owners lUat are to ilny In pos*t?sion ol thoir lands is good and valid In the sight of Heaven and o( man. Nor Is there a gentleman either in tho South or lu the North who has t!ie slightest scruple of out)science foi, owning the lands which he occupies. If we come now t? tbo actual owners of slaves In tlio Southern .-tales, wo shall lind that though the fuels have relation to a different order of things, yet tho analogy will ho distinctly trace aide. We are not the friends of slavery. If it wero still to be Introduced, we would resist the attempt with all nut might. But here it is already established?almost, if not quite, from the nerlod wlion the Indians were deprived of their hunting grounds. us suppose, for an illustration, that a Southern planter is the owner of 2,000 acres and of 600 negro slav, s. He, now living, has a just titlo to the ownership of both. The constitution of tho country, tho laws of his State regard his title to his slavosas not less legiti mate than his title to the land. Can he deprive himself of either? Of course he can. Ho can sell or emancipate all bis slaves, if the law of his State permits it. Ho' can sell his land or make a present of it to his next neigh bor. nut if ho is a Christian man, he cannot oscape the obligation of protecting bis slaves and providing lor their wants. Ho is bound to treat them with humanity. But this is all. And it is only under the pressure of military necessity during a war that even the federal govern ment or tho federal troops would havo any right to de prive bim of bi.s land or of his sorvants. Sometimes It has appeared to us that abolitionism, if it y be what it hag been described by somo of its most promi nent interpreters, stands in need of a strait jacket and the humane protection of a lunatic asylum. It would dosire (to do the thing completely) that some4,000,000 of sl?v?? * should be omaueipated in one day, if possible, even in one hour. But it has never thought what is to become o< these unfortunato people after thoir emancipation. They would not have a square inch on the surfaca of this globe that they could call their own. Whore could they sleep the first night after thoir chains had beon brokenf Either on tho land or their rormer owners, which would be a trepans or on the highway, which public cod. vonienco could not tolerate. Where are they to . rr0 gentlemen abolitionists? Supposing they sieep somewhere tlio tlrst night, where aro they to jet food for the next day? You would havo destroyed the relation between them and their masters. And after having done this miscbler to both parties you could not expect tbeir masters to still provide tbem with food^ clothing,medicine and medical attendance. Whose bunt doss will it be to see to all this? W ill it be yours simply to look on?rub yonr band* at tb? triumph or your inconsiderate policy?and, having disrupted tho whole social fabric in tho Southern Stales, to leave tbo emancipated negroes and tho white popula tion to light it out? Is this what you moan? Are you honest in your theories? If so, why not have prop, sed to the nation tho netting apart of somo portion of our yot unpeopled territory, say a patt-h of land as larpo as England, to bo s Hied by theso emancipated slaves, if emancipation wero possible? Why not put you1' hand In your pocket- anil invito your neighbor to do (he fame for the erection ef huts, or the procurement of even a few.rods agricultural implements for tho phvi-ical maiu(.e^aco? of th >? four

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