Newspaper of The New York Herald, October 8, 1861, Page 6

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated October 8, 1861 Page 6
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NEW YORK HERALD. JAMES CORDON BENNETT, EDITOR AND IUWPKlLTuK. OFFICE K. W. CORNER OV FULTON AND NASSAU FT3. TKJ!),'Smnh in ii'/.nnrr. tl?i'i/tfit ly matt frill ht itthr riik <tf thr rn U >. X??. : ,,S Iktuk bill* <??'. W A' 1, hrn Till' OA I ' TTKH.f T D. t" ' ' , jy r ? 7 J7 'fit" . Ill t- M'Kt.KLi' iil.liALO, rvrrit *'>' roj i',or t$i>rr nui?,nt; tin Htmnenii f'tri.n-i , tt'-br . 117. pir m>lr pn'ot; ? > ( in rn.-.numton /futrl w OV"if lint tin. ?t $f> II/..<>>, V/'.( Y / ?>.',!/, '? .?? //,. Ct'Ufornw l,t, lltl, n,?l Ust ?/ ,.!<?/, ml/,. <,t *ix tiJk' yilv'L 'k::.xL1j!' o!l Wblnn lay, a' /?ir ernU l*r tow, or $2 yrr annum. Volnmr XXVI !Vo. "J70 am I}!KMliNTS Till.i EViiNlNd. ACADEMY 01' Ml'SIC, fnl* pliice?I'aer. 1! i:i!VAX!f. WINTER GARD3X, BioaU'v.'}-.?Tin. i!up ?mi Till. mi'. WALLACE'*) TliBATKE, No. 6*? Brondivnj -Tjik Nkw Fkksmmswt. LAt'RA REEVE'S TliEATilK, BjikmIk. v -wi vi v So*S. NEW B IWKRY TMEATtJfc", Hm-cry.?Ririuro III.?Mi i'1 -s AT \ - i.OVT IN KOOIJ liM ? ' BOWRRY TilKATRE, Bowery.?K<jvi?3irun I'mvoan" AK<I 8 BARN CMS AAII5R10AK MUSEUM. Bmi(Uvay.-Day rn.i 1 l.xi K'tatiomi?Beau, i t.i Lio:., ami On;hi Ocmo'lVIEi. BRYANTS' MINSTRELS, Mechanics* HnU, i72 Biood na;.?i'ak >ii ? i.n ti.t: ti. STt'YVE 'ANT INSTITUTE, Bioidwar?Fox & Siunr 11 Y S MlK!"T!?V L". MKLODIX;:' CONCEPT 1!ALL, No. 531 ? t<. twar. ?<-?c.f, UAtii'K . U'Tt : S.V . AC.?.-'(JUS I ? Yi: s. CANT!-.::?rnv M! >"10 HAt.i,, t? Mtt's -So.vo Dim >. Bi t-1 ? iurs. .'.0.?M vo:t Lack r.ATKTii COMVtltT ROOM, CM Ti i:!w ?Dn iwiva J;<mM J I! * Ii v <ra Baukts. I'tno-IHU . '. h, ,\c. AMKMC.'.v Mi 10 llXl.h, lit Bro..4*?y.-S:VA-??, Bat. . .'.C.? -IVA I UYKK-. CRYSTAL ?'AI.A< K CoNUERT liALU N >. II75 .v >r;.-. - tcjii hMf. lusu .u\?Hkilva v 1.1 .1. VKTROi'O.'.lT 1 COXCKRf J1ALL, t '?) Brou S^ Ay? Ppvi ?, 1 >AN< HI. !'? . liflli >. .\c. TRfPLE SH EET. IV'i ?v Tori., rnmlay, Oet?1?rr 1S81. NOTICE TO ADVERT!S'-RS. It tako.< Acvp'- it honrp, even with t!:c ?i,? of vn<t 'mprovcnior.ts i;t our mecliaaie.il il.-jjaittnent, to print (>!ii Inrje and ini'roasing daily oditio.i. \Yc oro tticiTforc co:iip( l!eJ to call once move upon ftdverti.-er? toliave theiv l)ns5nc?i? notir< sent to the office before nine o'clock in the evening. ?J'K kitfation. Everything was quiet along the Ii:\en of the I'o tor.iac ye. 1 rday. A gentleman woo arrived in Washington r< ports that the rel ?'!-i 'r.ul ;:?>t the l'rigute Mcrrimac, which sunk 1*0111? nio'itln ?go at Ncrr(>!.k Kavy Yard, into <r ? >?! oid*r. and luv.l made a trid trip with It or down :lie river 0:1 Sit . lay alm.wt ah far as V'01'..c 'I mm", and that they rxpect to do a van I aisv.-.nt of d.i ? mage with I'.cr when she is in full working order for battle. The pjRitio-i of af!hir.? in K< ninety coiitinui to increase in inioient aud iruiiort.iu< e. '1 lie beauti ful map whK'li we puh.i di th's in r;;i,:u ? !l ei.aliie our reader* to comprehend at, ?i;:cc <*..? o;v r.ilmns in that dep.i:!: < i.t. Since the inv.iffiou c? the State from iVri.e-.see through the weftern co-ncr a month i.go by the rebel troops ur.dei (ien'Tala Polk and Pillow, the I'niou nn.n have been 1 mrrtw ing in their effort* to n-pel th ? J:?ivle?r. invin'.'on Of their In nio* by bands of armed rebela. i'iio pil lage and plunder of the rebel (leneval Zollieotfer'd hordes of c'ospeiadoes in the east, in the region o . the Cumberland Mountains, and the dej reibitioiw committed in tha more central part of the State by the foraee umltr (lenerals Bnekner, ll.un-.oii and other rebel cor:!iuai:dcr?, includinc the desii-uetion of the eovily ? 'ad vnbiable lochs anil <!. ich onf.'reen river,lias r!n ioughly nroteed the indignation of the lovers of law ar.d order (rem the Muiihern line to the banks ot tl> ? Ohio on the n<>rthern boundary Aatieneral \ad-',i,so:i is to bo u-liov 1 from re live duty on nceonnt of declining health, alter the Command oi' his I irees shall have been a -sunw ' by General \Y. T. Sherman, who ia likely to ? .1 him in IV Department of Hie Cumlcr!:'., 1, we j hope to hear that, with the n'd of the U i'>n sol diers from the adjacent loyal States, the invader:; 1 of Kentucky have been driven from her limit!*. j We learn fro. i Jefferson City that Use main t.o.ly j of the rebel General Price's army h;::-.positively gone ctoutU to Arkansas, and that Gener.il Fremont j was determined to follow him up elo uly and for him to battle. ? j We publish to-day eomn highly interesting cv tracts from the Richmond I'.jam'ncr of Hie ,%4h ] inst., showing the Southern opinion upon < vents now transpiring, and containing the latest new s 1 from different points of tin- South. The garbled I accounts of the dif.erent battles in which the Bonthern journals ingeniously transform i defeats into Kplorirlid victories, are amusing- j Some of the extracts referred to prove the j discontent which exists in many portions of the ' Southern States with the Confederate government, j Gov. Brown, of Georgia, for iustanec, who is a no torious Kt-atos rights man, and who. th<> s<U a seces sionist, has manifested considerable hostility to the concentration of the government under Jefferson Davis, and stood up for the integrity and preserva tion of hi* own State sometime ago, has been re elected by a large majority against his oppo nent. who was nominated upon different princi ples. We have another example also of the disposition in some of the States to preserve them, selves rather than to make sacrifices for the gene ral good, in the prohibition of the Governor of North Carolina, by proclamation, of the transmittal of bacon and butter out of that State into Virginia. Large quantities of both these articles have been recently seized at different points while in transit to Virginia. Mr. Breckinridge, it appears, has succeeded in making good his escape out of Kentucky and has turned up at Abingdon, Va. It is stated that he Intends to resign liis seat in the United State8 Senate and issue an address to the people of Ken tacky on the occasion. It is of course out of the question that he should venture to show himself in Washington after the course he has pursued. | It is reported that certain property in real estate and bank, supposed to be owned in New Orleans t>y William B. Astor and George Opdyko, of this ?ity, is about to be confiscated by the rebels, w;. iJcr the sequestration act of the rebel Congress. Onr telegraphic report of the European news 0 the 25th of September, obtained from the Ba jrtria, off Cape Race, contains very important in t tolligcnce concerning the proponed invasion of Mexico by the troops of France and Spain. The London Tinfs of the 2 tli ultimo states, in its city article, tlr.it "great excitement prevailed in the fo reign market consequent upon a distinct repetition of the announcement that France and Spain will forthwith intervene inthcafl'uirsofMexic#." Mexi can stock advanced more than two per cent on the London Exchange on the publication of the state ment. The extracts from our files by the Ni igara, with the letter of one of our Paris correspondents, published to-.!;?}', -how that preparation; had bti n f.dly made b; . 'pain for this btep,?nd the surprise is that Enjiaml is not as yet announced us a party to the n w foreign alliance against the republic of Mexico. T11E INJKYVN. The Br>varia, from Southampton on the 2"th tilt., passed Cape Race on her way to New York at ten o'clock last Saturday night. Her news is three days later than that brought out by the Niagara, nn l a telegraphic summary of it is given in the Hfkai.d this morning. Consols clorod in London, on the 2'>th ultimo, at 8 for it;o ley. Cotton was in great dem: nd in l.iverpool. and the market is reported a ; beiug < cited. I'ric. > had advanced f; m one-eighth to one-fourth of a penny per oound, and were Mil] tcsillng upwards. The breadstuff* market was lower, a,ul floar had declined sixpence per barrel. The kings of Denmark and Hoihvid wre to vi it Louis Napoleou on the <:th inst. Tiiv Montenegrin insurgents had force 1 (lit: vanguard of the Tu:?i h army to fall Vr< k. Chang- s are again reported in the Italian govet anient of Naples. A mitii-.teii.il crisis was imminent in Austria. Tlic id ui > of the Niagara readied this city from Host on ye? ten' >y mo>-ui-g. The journals contain, with our foreign letters, sume very interesting details (if lb? news to fh ? 2T?t ofSept :nd;er. 0:;r eorre-pondei t in Geneva. B\\ it/.eiiand, fe.r ni.-hes a series of letters cortaining a d. tailed rc port of the proceedings of ike ses.- ion of the great C!;ri. t'nu body know,i as the Evangelic .1 AH am-e, from the < \ ; to the clcse of it*; itr<,;.ttediugs. Uepreseulutives from almost every country in the civilized world v.ere j resent, and the qu.-\tionot the American ???.; exeit? d n v. rj i.iu 1 ti: ! pathetic attention. Slavery was u.i-quivocally condemned, an 1 the government of the 1 i.ite.i States warmly supported in n -ri> ?= of j- -anion-. We have v.e-a s from Ilio Janeiro t ; An^u't and Hue-toa Aviv-to August 14. Kxchniijce at the former place vas at 2 !3.,'. At Buenos Ayre.i it was reported that an accommodation had been arrang ed between the belligerents, in accordance with which Du Tios Ayres was to remain out of the confederation until 1 ?-<!?!, when the fadeial compact is to be r; vised, during which timo she is to pay the federal government (2,000,000 (Rucno* Ayrcan) a month; nod if she s i-ould prefer leuutin ing oi.t of the Argentine family in ISC!, siie is to pay ?.'>,000,000 (American). u:.d stay out as loi.g a lie plea rs. '1 he government of l.'uew Vyres h id published an official notification In m the Ameri I can Co.iS'.l, i. ade in ed < 1!< i.e.* t.. orders tn.m | Washing'o.i, of t bioc' ad- by the f -! re.l govern iiaent of ti. s e itir.i American <?".. ! osu tlie Chesa peake to the ltio Grand? in Tc va;-, as, also, that any p<T ons taken with letter* ol marque issued by the ?.'?bo! av.'.'- ?. .ties ''.ill 1. tieat.-d j:- pirates. The Unenos Ayres Th.o's ,?f \iu"! s: 5 nays the i'nitod ite: staiiiivr I'l.hisl.i had lc't f<ir II >.-arie, with the \mi riean i'or>ui ut >'i" nos vyics, who Is temporarily clanged will. o?n- legation in Paraguey. and who ? iil dmt>tte-s inquire into the aborc of ll." An: riean tia;: b> his colleague in tin;! r puh lie. in 'hi - connection the snjs it would Ho I be -*?:?! v ii tie detention of the >'learner Cor rientes t?y the ai thoritien i:i ttuaario \\ >uld Itriag n coniiiit vit'j tho l.'nited States. Sueh remarks j i.^eore i,i tr/n tl.e simpk.-t notions of law and inter national i. utralil>, and it is notorion? to every body that the s:id steanu r had no single one of the reqii'Hiti'S to entitle her to the Ana i\.-an (lag: nor can tiiere I ?? an in?"lt to the t'ag ? here mine is intended, and where those who wrongfully give or use it are the only one:< to bSumc. To-day tho October eh etions will take piece in the Sta'es of IVtttisylvania, Ohio, lndiani, Iowa and Mimosota. In P?unsylvania members of the Legislature and county * iliects only are to be cho sen. In Ohio a full SVite ticket is to be cl 'cted, for the oflie s on which the following nominations have been made: i'ltirtfi?-An /'ip/y, //wi'KTrr'?V. Oovornnr 1 ?vM Tut, ?Vf? ... llugti J. .l.-wcit. LiiMii, <}ov,-im?i.. Ikii, S t dott, i ?p, t!. V. ]?? dt'iu.. Jico. V. . fiijfHcrno fti'lpr K-oti, if]'... .T.J. S, Siri-.'j. < omp'joIU'r J. II. ilci.i.,, i v -v m' St? !; I! ('ovv:mi, >>.. ..\V f??. W. AnriMmtuK. i.'oaid I'rb, Vvoil.*. ?J,i .'!? rr?".'IV. b'Uch. .). Scott I!i'.iri :'n was nominated for 1 ieutenunt Governor on tlic dcmoci tic ticket, hut lie de ( lined, on the ground that he could not recognise party wliiV ill" country was laboring umler the (.rei-i'iit ditTu u'.ties. In Indiana no Stat, officers are to !?? chosen, and the election for rouuty of ficers and members to tin1 Legislative will be comparatively tame. In Iowa thivo State nomi r.utiiig convcutit us have been holts: the Union or no party Convention nominated lor Governor Nathaniel 15. l?ak i . n detuoer.it, formerly of New ll:tus|'.-}ure; Colonel I Jcwey, a republican, for lieutenant Governor, and T'euhrn Noble, repub lican. for Supieirc Jud^e. Mr. l aker. having been appointed Adjutant General of the State, d- ellnetl to rim. and >o did Mr. Noble. In place of the latter Jar. en M. Kllwood was nominated, and the choice of a candidate for Governor secius to be between Benjamin M. Samuels and Henry Clay 1 e ?. The lTnion democrats nominated Charles Ma-on for Governor, Maturin L. fisher for Lieutenant Governor, and James M. Kllwood for Su) 'erne .lud-je. The secessionists nominal' d the same ticket, with the exception of ihe candidate for Lieute nant Governor,? for which office they put forward VV. it. Merritt, who subsequently refused to swallow the platform, and declined to run. In Minnesota a very acceptable Union ticket <vas nominated for Stale officers: but. as it wiu subse quently ascertained that the democrat* were de termined to make separate nominations, the whole ticket was withdrawn, und the republicans, being forced to draw the party line*, nominat- d for re election to the office ot Governor Alex; iuW r Rc.iu noy, and for Lieutenant Governor Ignatius Donelly. The democrats nominated for tio\i rnor K. O. [Jam lin, and Thomas Cowan for Lieutenant (Sovemor. Capt. Michael Berry, formerly commander ot the Charleston steamshin Marion, was arrested y>tcr day in Brooklyn and transmitted to I ort L'.favette, on a charge of being employed as an agent of the Confederates. It is alleged that ('apt. Berry, when last in Charleston, raised tin Palmetto llag. and has acted in complicity with the rebels. A Union man who escaped from Mi mphis ar rived last week in Cincinnati, and gives the follow ing information in regard to the rebel strength in Kentucky. He says there are: At Columbus, under John-on 60.00ft Neur Padticah 20,000 Zollicotfer's force 2."> .'HJ0 Under Bnckner . 1?,0t?0 Total 122,000 Capt. Edward Cavendy, of the United States shij) Genisbok. writes that he had captured, on the 18th I nit., a prize vessel loaded with provisions for the re. bel army in North Carolina, and sent her to Hampton Boads. On the liUU Capt. Cavendy had an inkling of another rebel vessel, and was in pursuit of her, All well on board the Gemsbok. The chiefs of tkf Delaware Indian?, in Kansas, have proclaimed for the Union, and recommend all the other tribes to do the same. The charter election in Newark, N. J., will take place to day. Mr. Bigelow, the present inenm bent, i* on the democratic "pea<;?" ticket for Mayor, nnd C. I,.C. Gilford, democrat, is the Union candidate. Hvo hundred teamsters arc advertised for by the Quartermaster in Wasltington. A band of niara; d rs from Tennessee. who stylo tlieniselvi 8 "bull pups," Iirvo entered Kentucky. Their object in plunder. <>nc hundred uiid lifty Union men, who had been driven h> the reboU from their families and boincM in Christian coui.ty, Kentucky, arrived nt Evans > i!ic, Tud., on the Ud iust. They were pursued in their flight by a rebel force called the Jackson cavalry. Governor Randall, of Wisconsin, 1ms isigned a proclamation forbidding enlistments out of the State. The Republican County Convention met last evening and put in nomination the follow in c can didates:? County Crrl- Joaiph notio. O iron [Slant. "M William it. Stewart. I Dr. I'<1 ward ( ?illiiif, Coronrrt J "'*? I*wis Nuaman, 1 r. Janes W. Itaniioy, Dr. Henry B. Millard. A ( omrmttee of Conf> ren^e was appointed to confer with the Union Convention, nnd the meeting adjourned to Monday evening next. The Taxpayers' Union Convention met at the l.aw Institute, in the University building, last evening, and adopted a ticket as rep -rtvd by tlioir < ommittoe on Nomination#, an heretofore jv.ib* ; hf*<1, \y th the- exception of sub.ititutin., A. Oalcoy H.iii for John Sedgwick for District Attor ney, the latter having declined; ulso, 0. Blnnt for f-'apervJsor, ami Dr. James Kennedy for Coroner, in place of A. T. Stewart nnd Dr. Janir R. w*c d, who declined. Ale.'-rwns read from Secretary Cli.-so, of the United States Treasury, hi-jhly com mei'd'ng (he objects of the orgAuir.ation. Th conference with other organization*, for the p,lr? po-0 of adjusting tho proposotf consolidation Union I.' li t, W;il be held o:t Wednesday. 1 he Hoard of Aldermen met l:*^t evening nnJ -I icso'ittions with regard to the places f >r holding the eh tion p< lis. Ti e Comptroller was requested to report nil persons employed under ti e ; rr vi -i- of f - ordiRiincc for the relief of the I'.im'iier of ihe volunteers, end the compensation ?1 l"Wt d i.o each. The Board then adjourned to Thursday next. There \v:is not a quorum of CouncHrnen present at the e:. I ol the roll last evening, whereupon the < Wk declared the Hoard adjourned till Thursday. te rush for office still conliaue.t down at the Cm-torn Hi use. The appointments recently made j by Mr. Hani y have not yet been confirmed by the authorities at Washington. Mr. Hermann Rsstro, of the A'tcm! Zeiiunrj, 1ms lien appointed wclgliT, vice <!. A. Newman, removed. Tim Oyer nnd Terminer wn? opened before .Judge Barnard yesterday, nnd adjourned to Tues day, the 15th inst. I he October term of the Court of General Ses sions commenced yesterday, Recorder Hoffman presiding. As there was not a quorum of grind jurr>r,?, those gentlemen who answered to their names were dischargtd (111 ten o'clock this (Tue*. | day) morning. Th. n were no petty Jury trials. Thomas Koran, a hoy, who broke into the premises 01 Thomas Spirdlcr.Xo. :;::7 West Fifteenth street on the (>,h of August, p'anded guilty to an at tempt at burglary, a; .1 was sent to tho penitentiary for two years. According to the City Inspector's report, there | w -re :i IX deaths in the city d :ring th" ; ,i?t week - ais increase of 51 r.s compered wi'.'t th? mortality <>f (he week previous, n .1 21 lost n,a;i occttrred during th- cone?ponding hi la. t year. The re capitulation tnMe gives 2 deaths of alcohol ism, .1 of di.-eases ??f the bones, joints, 4?,; ?'7 of the brain and nevres, 2 of the gene rative organs, 10 of the heart and blood ves h Is, lit of the lungs, throat. Are..; K of old age, 3.S of diseases of the skin and eruptive levers, 4 (>ro li .ture births, !U ?f dVenses of the stomach, bowels and other digestive organs; 23 of general 1 <vora, r, of discuses of th" urinary organs, and 1(1 from violent e.uncs. The nativity Utile gives 2 >7 natives of the United Sf.ttes. ;>2 of Ireland "I of Germany. 4 of Se.otlantf, 13 of Kngland. and I the balance of various foreign countries. The cotton market was ateady .vestardav. W!ill- tlw s.a>? eml. need fco n COO tml s itrl.il*. Woontim eto <|'i"tc mi l1l:i!f; nolands ut 21 ','e. Mtsir was ll-mer.n-.d la .'co,I d-mestlc mil i :???-! demanrf, with satos at an ad v.mi o of .V. per l?lil., aad in somo nri* as as to.-. Wheat was Ite^vv, and to. n 2c. per hi.Hhol low.tr, biit actlvu at t'to coares."ion. Tl'i chief deta in I w.ts lor tho 0?Mllnis)t. C.irn iirm and in p>d demon I, ia ;?irt on a;i^c:ilation and jwrt for expo.t, closing nt is--, a 5Go. for ?.*k1 ship. ling lots of Western mix11, iv-rk was steady, with tin deratesa cs at ui;elian>;e(l i-ricos; tucsa ^^$14 ,--o a $14 75, end fl5 fur full weight, newly insj?i;tn.l, nn l til Til ? ?.iO i'< r prime. S t.:ars were qui ?*, bat arm, with I '?nail wiles ? r Culnui and ISO twit.-s ;u fall pr ces. CoiTe.' wa! quiet: a s.ilc or 875 lo?';a Rio was ma.lu on t>rivate terms, in li.md, fur re/hlpm.-nt. ltilo: of frui/Ms to Ktig'.Ht ports worn si.stnir.M, with fur enga -'mants. K it.-.; for Havre were Iirm, with on upward tendency Kruln, in shlpiH-rs' lwKs, was tak.-n nt . aad llonr at ' '.iric., while R. me iKirtics di-maod ?| [??,- | unci Aivhlilohup IIii^Iiih on Hlavny mul the V.'si r. I In another pnrt <>? this day's l!i i:ai.i> will he foir.:d a highly important manifesto from the | pen of Archbishop Hughes. in les organ, the J MelrffoUt'tn Jtm.nJ, of thin wee!,, upon the war j slavery anil nb'illMonlsm being "a r*plv an article in Brotc/isi.n'.s- Jit cine for this month. In which the reviewer is handled without gloves, his abolition 1 er-sics exploded, and the true doctrine of the CtUboHc ehurch on the .uUjept expounded by uuthority. What Weatl.TncL Rrownson fays or doe? in of very little con sequence to the community at large; but the sentiments of t!.c <.'ntho!ie. Arel.foisbrp of Xew York on a question of snch vital Important** are of deep interest to every reader. Hrownson bus blown from all points of the com j ass in religion and in politics. He has sometimes denied that there were any hnnian vights; and then, again. he has I >cked tip revolution. He has suslained Louis Nat?? lo?iti as a de.;;.ot, ami denounced him as a tr. rant: he has applauded tl.o insurrections of 1S48, and he ha- held them up to the repro'ai tion of mankind. Tie has f::lr.:'na'< d ag.ur.i4 "the higher law" doctrine and every Hit<*mpt to overthrow slavery by force: ;md now he eomos i out strong for the abolitionists, and asserts. ! with the infidel philosophers of the TriU.iw. the i poet of tl.e the '-little villain ' of the i Times, Beecher.< 'heovcr and all the tribe, that slavery is the cause of the war. In religion! e has been as erratic as in politics. According to his own account, in ''The f'ou vert,"' a book published with his name I in 1857. he was b-jrn a Puritan, in j N( w England, his parent* being of the ' Congregational sect. Hes-cn became al'ivi bytcrian, then a Universalis! min>ier, next a World Reformer, a disciple of Robert Dale Owen and Fanny \Ylight; then nn independent preacher, with a religion of his own: next a

proselyte to St. Siiuooism, a pantheist ami an atheist, and, lastly, a convert to the Catholic church?the faith iu which he has remained longest, though he makes sad havoc now and then of its principles, liow long he may re main in the communion of that church it wonld be hard to say; but, judging from his identifi cation with the infidel abolitionists, we conclude that he is on tho high road back to bis old pantheism; or perhaps ho would tako a jump acrow the ttocky MomU$,ius, $md land at Salt T ake among the Mormons. Theirs is about the only religion of which lie has not been a votary. Erca spirit rapping has boon his hobby, us appear* from uiiotii'T work?his "Autobiography;" and iHl e reader desires (?? know nuytldng further of the gyrations und "ground and lofty tum bling" of Oivdes A. Brown-on, excelling all that the Ravels ever achieved, lot him consult the novel of the learned Doctor, entitled "Clmi'le* Ellwood," tiie Jiero of which i. known to be himself. Thus the opinions of a nv'.n on negro slave ry. who has been "all things in turn . .nil no thing long,'" would he of very little weight. Hut used up. ;n his lust ''Ilea" has been by Archbishop Hughes, it is less than nothing. We need not say thai !his distln^uNhed dlcni tary is ti e authorized expos! or of the doclriues of the Catholic church on the subject, while Brownsoii has not a r.pot whereon he can rest the sole of his foot. It will be perceived bv the reader that the sound opinions put forward by the Archbishop are exactly the sumo as those I we have promulgated in these columns j In allusion to one of the descriptions given of the constitution hy one of thn nMr-t Uaders < f the abolitionists, who calls it "a covenant with hell," the Archbishop says:?'-We have never seen that expression repudiated in their speeches, writings or re-:olutiona." Again: "Bet wee a the pocessi nuts of the South and the abolitionists of th- North, the constitution is now In a moH perilous condition. Tiio former attack it in front; the latter assail it in the rear or on the Hank." Once more he says: ? "Tie crime charged against the adheems of what 13 culled the Southern confe jeracy is their wish and attempt to overthrow the constitution a.;d the government of them l uited States. Now, this crime has been attempted by the abolitionists, but not in the candid bravery of tl:?* Southern secessionists.*' "Now, we ('alholics and a vied majority of our brave troops have not the slightest idea of carrying on n war that costs so much In blood and trea sure just to gratify a clique of abolitionists in the North. If it wote generally known that this is one of the purposes of the war, the draft, ing of troops would become immediately neces sary?\ olunteers would be few indeed?u:;d the busiiv i of recruiting would Ivjohis even slacker tLun it is now said to be." Every reader will recognise the se opinions as familiar to him in the editorial pages of the IIkk4i.ii, and they are only the emanations of common sense. The Archbishop very properly suggests that the fanatical clique wuo shun the battle field should form an "Abolition Bri gade, and do at least a part of the fighting for the advancement of Ihe'r ide t;" and he indi cates that tho Brigadier General ought to be tire hero of Solferino, who has given sneh proof of his ability in voireat; and for tho inscription on the banner of the brigade he proposes the following:? j " \ux cmrrrrno* or tub $ I NiTVl) UTAlS-t > X ?' ?? 5 i oovcsfivT wirn oer.t." J Kin illy, the Archbishop shows that Augustus j Cochin, the foreign writer quoted as nn authority by llrownson,know* nothing of what shivery isin tho United States; anil no foreign writer does; fov there is no analogy between it and the slavery of ancient Greece and Rome. I )r Hughes demoni'trntcs that the slave at tho ?S>nth is ie-'.3 degraded than the negro at the Norlh, and far better taken care of, and that the philanthropy of the anti-slavery Beet is | fdeer hypocrisy. Otherwise why have they never inaugurated a society to restore the In dians to the possessions of which they have been robbed by the ancestors of (he ''Pilgrims." To the earnest attention of the public we com mend the whole of this overwhelming awl re sist less argument, whose patriotic and enlight ened apirit contrasts so grandly with the bigoted, narrow sectarianism of the abolition Pnritnia, who would peril tin; country and its invita tion.* for the sake of a visionary, Utopian idea. Well does the Archbishop conclude:?"We <i!c" ?pit-e, ii> *.h<> name of all Catholics, the ? Idew' of making this war subservient to tie philan thropic nonsense of abolitionism." Meantime, tli*- bosk thing to be done with Itrownson it# to j send him to Fort Lafayette, to keep commony j with the Abbe Mc.Vnster. Tfc? Atjuct oT AtTnirn lt? the \Vo<?. The- telegraphic despatches that have It*'en ?*e*\vwl. within the last few days, from the State of Missouri, are so contradictory, that U is nest to impossible to deduce from them any satis !ncr<*ry conclusion respecting the relative situation of the rebel und federal armies. Hut a short lime sin<-f, the troops of (i>>n. Price weiv li pr^-sonted as carrying everything l?\'oro th?tn, stavl the can a* of loyalty wa> declared Us !?)?? utterly lost in the Western I>epact;aent. Now we are told that this state of things has changed: that Lexington has been occupied h? Heii. Sturge;; Osceola destroyed W Gen. l*aoe: and that the Confederate forces are in fnlI ivfreut towards Arkansas, while- Fremont is advancing southward with an army that mint sweep everything before it. With the exception of the occupation of Lexington !>y Stnrgc*. these statements are probably correct. So far as a withdrawal from tiie-'.r recent positions, on the part of (icnerais Price and McOrillocli, is concerned, it. is e.i?x. if the in telligence should be con'.h me I. lo account for if. in consequence of the successes that were gaine i by the rebels at Springti-ld and Lex ingtou, the death of Lyon, and the capture of Mulligan, the doubtful awl lukewarm throughout the State of Mi*m>tiri were ani mated with zeal in behalf of the insur rection. and poured forth tlfcoasands of raw recruits to rein'orce tiie army of General Price. It is said to have- swollen to the extent of twenty five thousuml men, in lo-s I than a fortnight. Instead oA a thoroughly dis ciplined force. Price touted himself, coi> scquontly, ai tho head of a badly armed, ta driiled. undisciplined tu<?b. without provis'n os. means of transportation, or any requisite of r?-pi lar warfare. Th;> Tewiurces of the surrounding country wi to beginning to be exhausted, and by staying io Lexington, which is on the north side of tivj river, he became exposed to annihila tion. ile has fallen back from sheer fepr and inability lo hold his ground, nor can he remain immediately opposite Lexington, with any better lio]?o of sustaining himself. It is moro Mian probable, also, that the volunteers who showed their faces so readily, when everything appeared couleur de rose, have evaporated, ore this, like dew before the sunbeams of morning. Against this motley, disorganized rebel crew. General Fremont is about to advance* With tho reinTorcemcnta neat to itiw by I government, ho will Bonn be at the head of a well drilled army, superior in quality to aay force which t!u> South can muster against him, in the Western Department, and amply pro vided with cavalry, artillery, and every species ol' war material, lie Iku leisure to perfect his arrangements, without much danger of their boing interrupted by the enemy, and nothing but the gro/dest mismanagement and imbecili ty can prevent his striking a death blow at treason within the next few weeks* With Generals Hunter, Siegel, Totten, Dubois, Stnrge* and McKinstry, together with the pal" hint Sweeney to support him, it would require almost mirneulous incompetency for Fremont to prove inadequate to tho tnck ho is called upon by the country to i erform ut this juncture of pffairs ii. Missouri. Most valuable time lms been lost, already, by the slothful and feeble manner in which West ern matters have been, hitherto, conducted. The gloom that wiu created by the loss of Lyon, and the defect of Mulligan will not easily be dispelled, but success will tome better late than never, and it is sincerely to be hoped that past errors may be repaired, and that the im mense advantages which the Union army in Missouri possess over their opponents may not be thrown away. Important from Ewroju? ?u-Kri ncU ami ?}>n>il4li Expeditions to Mexico. We have the positive announcement, by the Bavaria, of Cape ltace, that the French and Snpnv'h governments have decided to 'inter | vet./' in the affairs of Mexico, and that fleets i mvl troops will leave immediately for the Gulf to carry out the purposes of this alliance. The interference of France and Spain in tho affuirs of Mexico has thus assumed a definite chane. We were e lvisod by the previous steamer that tho Cabinet of Madrid was in con ference on the subject of the European coali tion against that country, a:id that a Spanish , war ste !.mer lay in readiness at C v.dix to conv ev tfce ultimatum of Spain to the Captain General ! of Cuba. Meanwhile, an expedition of ten thousand men is said to be fitting out at Havana, ostensibly fcr San Domingo, but really for Mexico. It is expected thai this will be despatched before the end of Novem ber, by which time Franco is to have her quota j of men m route for the scene of action, where | the fleets of the two Powers arc to co-opc I rate. Nothing is said in this news of the action of England in the matter. But wo have little doubt that this arrangement will be carried out in strict harmony; for nil have nearly an equal interest, as European nations, not only in bringing Mexico to reason and order, but in contending for a European j balance of power on this continent?a favorite j object particularly of English ambition: for j England, ever since the United States became her great commercial and political rival, has not eoiise.1 to regard us with jealousy and dread, j She and her allien are therefore eager for sew | power on this continent. They want the con I trol of Mexico, ti e Gulf and Central America* j r.s well as the West India islands. They want to turn Mexico and Central America into cot ton fl dd*. and guard against the possibility of the extension in that direction either of the United States or the Southern confede racy. This coalition will b? a great blow to the prospects of the latter; for it was the great boast of Yancey and Others of his school that the rebellion had only to be successful in order to enable the con federacy to annex, not only Central America, Cuba and the island? of tte Gulf, but Mexico itself. The prospect vanish.es now like a gourd before their vision. If successful in their re volt. they can never extend their peculiar in stitution, and the very existence of their con I fedcraey would be constantly imperilled by the neighboring forces. Their gorgeous realm therefore melts away like mirage before the eyes of the desert traveller, and even their own philosophers must now tell them that their true policy is tu return to the Union, which, in their folly, they decided to forsake. The coali tion will do good, if it has only the effect of con vincing the rebels that the game of secession will not pay, and that there is only the one course* open to them if they would escape uttei destruction. Tub Fbperal Govbr.\me.\t ami Garibat.ot.? Our Paris correspondent repeals the rumor current abroad that offers bare been made to (btribaldi by our government of a Majov Generalship and t);e command in-chief of our army. No such proposition Las ever been rua-le- to that distinguished man, or any otlier foreign officer, by any one having authority t'? that effect. The story bears on the face-of it its own refutation. Garibaldi, though an undonbted friend of th!s country and a (lashing partisan leader, does not possess the fpialiiicaiions trh.it worild point, hiin out for such a position as t'lat, indicated, lie acknowledged hi? own innbillty to handle large bodies of troops ?lain lit- declined the high military rank tendered hint hy Victor Emanuel. It is not likely, therefore, that our government would offer to him a position which could be so much better filled by men like Generals McC'ellaa. Wool, Hitchcock aud a host of other regu larly trained aod capable native officers. The rumor originate* in the same quarter with the statement; noticed in another c. lumn. lliat "the federal government has made further offers to 1'russian officers to engage in our s> rvice. and that, owing totheill treatment which other Ger mans have experienced in Ainec'.ca, Ixit few cm be got to accept." The fact that in this State-alone there are one hundred and thiftjv five unemployed graduates of West Point. who ha*? applied! for and cannot get military ranis, vriii effectually dispose of this assertion. Aj* 'm have hefoje- stated, it is to the malicious imm unity of the rebel agents abroad that wo aj tf- >u debted I'm rumors so devoid of truth. Xw.vt *xn Military Couvni of Inquirx.?In Europe, whenever a failure in duty < r it, defeat i from unexplained onuses ft reported i<t> either the military or naval serv'jfc. a court ?.< iatpiiry is iniii"diately instituted. Since the cuminence ment of the war we tave had nutn^rons oc currences of both kind?, which haw- iwn sufT"r ' .si to pass by without official nolirts There was ' the all a it' at ilhr JU-rbel, the it> \Nnpetency rr j treachery of Patterson, the esc^.* of tlie priv a ! teev Sumter from X*mv Orlearw and a host vr ' other in. tances ifcot we could name, taai ?hov,'u immediate ly k?ve been liVf-to the se.bie a ?.. i investigation The capture- of the gov ?> ,.?p ,r : propeller Fanny, with $l">0 00) worth w go* ; vernnunu stores aiid ah-^t? thirty-th* cf our i troops, is another crse which offers fit ?-.l-Wt 'j for inquiry. It is to be hopr.t Uiat tM-?, like tho rest, will not be passed over without effort being made to uiyl out who is r'.^pop^u.t,. for tlio disaster Tub Enuush Press and rut New Loan.? Every one id familiar with the exclamation of the corporal who, in reply to the complaints or an unfortunate culprit whom h<- was whipping, called out, "Confound the follow, strike high or strike low, there is no pleasing hiiu." Mr. Chute stands in pretty much the same re l:Uion to the London Times. Whatever he does in li!:? efforts to provide means to crush out the rebellion is sure to be wrong. When he enter tained tin- idea of throw ing :i p< rtion of the new loan on the European markets, the Times scout ed it as a swindle, and lecnurended the Eng lish public not to have anything to do with it, as nothing could prevent the independence of the South, and repudiation was certain. The buI) cquent appeal made by the Sec retary of the Treasnry to the patriot, ism of American capitalists was judged equally unfavorably. Our contemporary argued that the resources of the country were unequal to such expenditures a1! those necessitated by the war, and predicted that the loan would not be taken up by our people. Pretty nearly the same arguments were used in decrying and ridiculing it as were employed against the tiist popular loan of the Freneh Emperor when he wisely determined on dispensing with the aid of IlriLitsh capitalists. The enthusiasm with which the loan has been received has not. of course, contributed to put our contemporary ia better humor with us. lie has ha 1 the mortifi cation of having all his predictions falsified, and is now convinced, not only that Mr. Chase can easily mise here all the money that he requires, at homo, but that the rebellion will be speedily and e'fe 'hi,illy extinguished. Ac cordingly lie vents his sj.Ue. not upon those who cheerfully furnidi the means to defeat the object of all these bitter philippics against us. but upon the author of the successful financial measures by which this result is being reached. In a late article ?which we are unable, from want of space, to transfer to our columns?he can find no better moans of disparaging the new I loan than to caricature the language in which I Secretary Chase's appeal in support of it is i couched. lie ridicules his explanation of its advantages - a rhetorical artifice," anJ seeks indirectly to establish that it is a fraud upon the lenders. Of this latter point the common sense of the English public will require no refutation. As to the alleged inexpediency of the official ex planations and arguments by which the emission of the loan was accompanied the reply is a sim ple one. The American people are but little | accustomed to the contraction of these loans, ! the forms and conditions of the two trilling debts | of this kind which we formerly incurred having passed out of men's memories. It was there fore. right and proper in Mr. Chase not to have recourse to so grave a responsibility without placing fully and l'airly before the count ry all l the advantages and consequences of hi# measures. The apprehensions that our London contem porary expresses as to the ability of the gov ernment to repay the money thus borrowed are. we need not say, entirely fallacious. Be fore the n vtural coarse of events removes him from further observation or, and interference with, our affair;*, it is probable that he will see the whole of the d<-bt entailed upon us by this war sponged out, not in the wav in whicli it ha:* often been threatened to de.il with the national debt of England, but by reimburse ment in hard specie, and at its regular periods of liquidation. And we em further af-sure^ him that we art* in a position to clap five hundred millions more of debt on the back of our present obligations, should the conduct of the European governments necessitate & fresh war for the repayment of the injuries which some of them seem so desirous to wreak upon us. 0' it Tni?i.': Shbkt.?We have been laboring for some weeks p-mt to keep up with the demands of our advertisers. and to maintain our usual budget of news and miscellaneous mutter, within the Kimta of a daily issue of forty-eight columns. 15ut with all our efforts in abridging, condensing and compressing, our advertisements and imi>* domestic and foreign intelligence of nit iui 'reatiug character have ao far accumulated upon our hands as to compel us to-day to iUll ba k upon our old ex pedient of a triple1 sheet. We must make room for our advertisers, an 1 we cannot withhold from the public the mass of our current newu, notwithstanding the extra expense of tha twenty-four additional columns which we givo to our readers this morning. We can afford this, because of our continually increasing advertising and circulation, oven in the midst of the trying ordeal of this great rebellion, which i* sinking or shrinking nearly all our newspaper contcniiwiries, metropolitan and; provincial, great and; small. The simple truth is. that this conservative and practical com munity approve our.course and our enterprise, and thus we arc enabled to outstrip and clafy alii competition ir.i the production of a tally metropolitan journal. TilK Kl'l-KMI'AI. ANdC.VTIIOI.U' Ct.KROY AttAIXS* Anor.rnoM.sM. Tile* anti-slavery press is.very, imli<rtnnt because the Episcopal CouventioRi !*>M in this city tu#* week, refused to en^rtaia i motion of the- aJ(?olUionist Jay to? have tha* ?ld homily ag^ia^t -rebellion" nadi in tha? churches and ?pptt?l to the S iut.he. ti ; ycessiottr ists. No dobii'i tlie ('onvention ffcU-that, the homily applied'(initially to Jay hirjjelf nutli <iii* . fellow conspirators, who have hfen, 1 (lifting* I for thirty yars to pull down th j-^loriav^ por liticil cdifr.je raised to liberty b;; oi?,r An ai\ti-''ivvvry philosopher irv Hu>. 'iH bthif coo?;>lai 'iingly asks :?nd ??ww<.irar? ' "Why i'v that you '.an count a{>on your lia'Ts all the 12j ii.opal anJi Ro man Catholic priests whj, hav*< idoatfflod thems'it v?e* with tin* car so c/itiimedinfccaad nn cond'vn ai.kl ?*uancipat!on? It is uiwuly because they arc. so.ensl ived to ;i itheiHy n? to. venerate it vi (iwvw they mee\ it. lUw txsw to the sltua'doMk because '?? is invoatod with an tiquity. T'iev spo~?> mm selling and rum d?tpking out of inject tai the authority oC ?sage.'> No greate? compliment could be pai<4 ?) these two brcVes of conservative clergy lpyal citi/ens. "?t is dueSy among other f?rpta that we mu-t Wok far ihe leaven <T inft?i;!ity which is sap i i*pg the ft-an latioun oi 1 hr.^i./jxty, and with hiv and ?rti'-v and all tou authority I nfoi Innately ?>?o Puritan jtolUion I clergy . "who beliere in a law higher thvn th-) F.ibleA ;ue numerous at the Nurtiv, But tiieic coi.jp-egatie.tw ought to spurn tlvir tcaJi ?,V4s when they savor of disloyalty 1 to the ?e\ ??rnw.ert. If tbn autli ri!y ,,f th , v , amounted lo anythifin p ' ? . s,

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