Newspaper of The New York Herald, October 9, 1861, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated October 9, 1861 Page 4
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NEW YORK HERALD. JAM E ij OORDOK BKNNKTT, EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR. OFFH'K N. W. COKNKK OK FULTON AND NASSAU ST8. ri HMSamh in CMfroftr*. Money ?eid by matt will be at the rid 01 (he tun?ier. A one Out Monk MIU current tn New iork talTitE DAILY HERALJ). two rente pir copy, $7 per anmtm. Tit*' W hEKLY //KHALI)) rvrry Sahtrdny% tt* eke cent* tmt cytiij, or $H per annum; the Muropean Edition every WW/**# lay, at six rent.. permpy; *4 ;i?r aNnnjn tn anw pti ft of firm! fir it j in. or 1- I" tn? )"ir* "f thm Cimtiitfiit, bM/i In inrhul* /uul)u/f; iht IWifornia t' lilton "n thr 1 ft. Ill/1 aiul21 st it/ eaek ihoiuK <tf jtn- r"Vt/."r $2 7f> per rennUM. Till tAMlI.r IIF.UA 1,11, on Wnhfu'l'iy, at /our ceil ft [*r tot u,<r J" J " annum. Ym / > ' .1 H * fYtKKKSPOtfDKKCK, rantnini?l import tut rm?t, m'irittd from any quarlrr of thr irvrlil; </' in*l. ? ill > tifxraltv )"?"< for. B3T Our Kohkium CoRRiwroNimNT* <hk I'artk i i a hit |{KauR?T*i> to ijKAl. all LkttkRji anh i*AOE AGi" fKNT n SO SOTICh tahrn of tuunmmOHACwrttpOh/Unee. Wfuvnot rrhirti rrirrtml mmui unifitimu. A liVI HTISt'MKAlTN rmewm rrrry rtov; TlTif* in trrtrA if ll" WVKKLT Hshai.b, Kam/i.T IIkrai.o, hik/ l.i Iht Caliiorrt ' h umpim KiMimm. JOH riilKTlAti cjcecutm witA nealneu. c\raimrm aifl Jt tpalrh Volume J"i ? 1 . No. !4M0 amusements this even/no. ACADEMY OF MUSIC, IrvlnK pUco.?f*ROr. llmnuAXH. WINTER GARDEN, Broadway.??Tim Cur asd the Lir. WALLACE'S THEATRE, No. 8M Broadway.?The Nkw President. LAURA KEENE'S THEATRE, Broadway?Ret ??>< Sows. NEW R 1WF.RV THEATRE. Bowery.?The Spirit Friend ?Minkrai.i?M* Wiiks Cowk. BOWERY THEATRE, Bowi-ry.?E(jo*rrBiAW 1'KKfOR* JLKUM?Atlerumiu ?nd Kveninp. BARVl'M'S AMERICAN MUSEUM. Broadway.?Day xixl i **i l.*rtirr*rioNS?Bkai:. blA Liom, and Otukr Curiosities. BBVANTB' MINSTRELS, MuchuaicV Hall, 472 Broad way.?1>A|(MI?& in TilR lKNT. BTUYVESANT INSTITUTE, Broadway-Fox A HuAitr tKY S Ml!<JTItrl.S. MELODEON CONCERT UALU No. M9 Rnialwaj. B0NU6. DaKCEJ. liLRLRAUUltA. All.?KODR LorSRR. OANTERBURY MUSIC HALL. 684 Broadwar.?So.fQl, Da*cts, lU'Ruiv.iuuiuH, 4a?Maoio Laurjcl. CAIETn:S CONCERT ROOM, 616 Broa-lway ?Drawimo ItOOH ENTKItTllNHRNTS BaI.LKTH. I'ASTOMlKKa, KaKCR.1, AC. AMERICAN MUSIC HALL, 444 Broadway.-So?i;s, Hal I RTS, I*A?TO*ll)R!l. AC. ?ltlTAl. I.OVrRS. CRYSTAL I'ALACE CONCERT HALL. No. 4:> Howrry.? Boiii-kskiiks, Sonus. Dakurh. 4c.?IIxkkami Til It UU1AT. METR( H'OLITAN CONCERT HALL, COO Broadway? Bonus, Da^cri, Fahc*j. Burlksuuks. Ar. New Turk, W?dntiday, Urlnhrr O, IH01, NOTICE TO ADVERTISERS. It takes several hours, even with the aid of vast improvements in our mechanical department, to print our large and incrcasinp daily edition. We are then-fore compelled to rail once more upon advertisers to have their litHincHs notices sent to the office boforo nine o'clock in the evening. THE SITUATION. Up to a Into Lour last night the whole line of the army on the Potomac was undisturbed. General McClcllau, in coinpuny with the President, a por- I tion of the Cabinet, the diplomatic corps, the Prince de Joinville and several generals nnd their stalls, had a grand review of tho cavalry and ar tillery forces of tho Union army yestorday. It is represented to hare been a magnificent scene, and in graphically described iu our Washington despatches to-day. President Lincoln, Mr. Si-ward and Genoral McClellan paid a visit to General Hanks, at the camp of tho Nineteenth New York regiment, on Ruuduy. and had a long colloquy relative to tho condition of his command and his future plans of operation. The War Department has received moat satisfac tory accounts from General Kosewans' command. Fhe position of the Union forces there is perfectly safe. The threatening aspect which the rebels now present towards Newport News and Portress Mon roe would seem to demand the despatch of rein forcements immediately to that quarter. In view i of the employment of the Morrimne frigate and the Yorktown, as well as the erection of powerful bat teries on the James river by the rebels, the govern ment should at once send a force of 25,(if>0 men to mi[iport General Wool. The line of the Potomac l.eing safe in front of Washington, and the present coalition of the river at ail points?swollen us it is by the equinoctial floods rendering the passage fcy the rebels virtually impossible, a large forcc I might be spared lor the reinforccmeut of Fortress Monroe. The wholesome effect of the naval expeditions now iu course of operation, following on the cap ture Port Ilattcras, is being felt very sensibly amang the rebels of the Soath. The greatest alarm for the safety of seaboard and Gulf Rates exists in all quarters, which, it is said, will result in the rceall of a largo portion of the rebel army iu Virginia for home defence. Already Gov ernor Krown, of Georgia, has ordered the recall of live regiments for the protection of his own Htute. Two surge.ns of the Union army, belonging to tho Fourteenth i!rroklyc regiment, who wore re leased from captivity at Richmond, and reached Washington by wry of Fortress Monroe yesterday, state that a perfect panic prevails in the South for the safety of the scRcoust. They also give a de plorable account of the treatment, which our wounded, taken prisoners at llull run, receive at the liands of the rebels. Th< hc gentlemen accompa nied fifty-seven wvunded prisoners who were sent to Newport hews under a flag of truce on Monday. The balloou department in the at my service on the Potomac is becoming >uc of considerable im- i portance. La Mountain, the boldest of onr aero- I iiuuli, nun just furnished valuable information to Ihe government arid General McClellan by his late 1 daring flight. On Friday last, it may be remem bered, a balloon was sccu passing over Washing- I ton, aud it was thought by many to have started from the rebel camp-on tin aerial reconnoissancc; b it as it subsequently descended iu Maryland, it proved to be the air ship of La Mountain, whii )i had ascended fr<>ui the Union camp of the Potomac. It appears that when La Moun tain rose- to a certain distance he cut she rope which connected liis balloon with the earth, regardless of the danger, and soared tip f? an elevation of a mile and a half, and got direct ly over the rebel lines. Her.- he was enabled to make a perfect observation ..I the i position and all their movements, the result- ? i wiiii-h he has com municated to headquarters, and which an- ^ii.l to he of the utmost importance. When La Mountain 1 completed his observation lie threw out sufficient ' ballast to enable him to rise to a height of three ! miles, when he fell in with a counter current which carried him back in the direction of Maryland, thus pausing over Washington and coming down iu | eafoty. This to probably the nioBt important aerial reconnoissancc on record. Despatches from Jefferson City announce tlie de parture of Generals Fremont and MoKinstry, with their army, from that place towards the Went on Monday afternoon. It was believed that Genera' Fremont would continue to pursue the rebels under Price into Arka*s is, if necessary, and that he was confident of the (strength and spirit of his forces to insure a victory. It was said that Ben. McCulloch was on the south bank of the Osage river a lew days ago, and proposed cutting off Fremont from St. Louis, and then marching on that. city. The whole lower Osage country, however, is being scoured by bodies of Union scouts. The intelligence frotn Kentucky is important, as we receive it from Cairo, at which point a de serter from Goncral Pillow's army arrived on Mon day night. He reports that the rebel Gener.ils A. S. Johnston, Pillow, Chcatam and Polk were all at Columbus, and had 40.000 men under them. They had fortified the banks of the river for four miles above Columbus, in anticipation of an attack by the Union army. The condition of Jefferson Davis' health is most precarious, and the question of appointing his sue. cessor to the Presidency of the Southern Confedo" ration wbb canvassed at the South. Mr. Stephen's name was freely mentioned in that connection. Mr. Davis returned to Richmond on Saturday. The Norwegian at Father Point brings news from Europe to the 27th of September. The London Post?government organ had published the treaty under which England, Fi .lnee and Spain propose to operate against Mexico. The alliod Powers dis claim the idea of a territorial occupation, but they will make a powerful naval demonstration on the coast, seize on all the principal ports in the Gulf, and sequestrate the customs duties, retaining one half for the payment of the debts due by Mexico to their subjects, and handing over the other half to the officers of the republic. Should Mexico re sist them, a atrict blockade ot all the ports will be instantly enforce 1. The Paris CtmMtiu tionnel states that Mr. Lincoln's government has not authorized its agents in Europe to make military engagenu nts there fur the Union army. Sir Edward Lulwer Lytton had asserted, in a speech in Herefordshire, England, that he had long foreseen the disruption of the American federation, and he thought it would be attended with happy results, both for the safety of Europe and civilization in America, its failure, he thought, did not involve the failure of democracy. The Loudon Time* attributes the decline in the British funds, noticed by the two last mail at,earn ers, to the anxiety felt respecting tiie position and condition of the Manchester operatives during the winter, owing to the cotton want crisis. "Short time" was more aud more universally proclaimed by the mill owners all over Eugland. The London Tints# thinks that the late letter of the Czar of Russia to the President and hia Cabinet was very appropriate, but the advice contained in it would produce very little effect. THE NEWS. Th* steamship Norwegian, irnin Liverpool on the 2<>th and Londonderry 27 lb nit., reached Father Point yesterday morning. A telegraphic summary of her uews?which is two days tutor than that by the Bavaria?is published in the Hcicald to-day. The British funds continued to droop, but the discount market was easy. The bullion in the Bank of England increased ?242,000 in a week. Consols closed in London, on the 27th u!t., at !>3 u 93J-? for money. The Liverpool cotton market was excited during the week, aud prices going up. On the 20th nit. (Thursday) the quotations were three-eighths of a penny higher than on the pre vious Friday, the 20th. On Friday, the 27th of September, the prices ranged from one-fourth to one-half of a penny higher than they were on that day week. The sales durirg the seven days footed up 172,000 bales. The trades report from Man chester is favorable, but the prices of manufactured goods were advanced. Sir Edward Lytton Bulwer has adopted Mr. Toe buck's theory of the necessity of a constitutional union between England and Austria. The British fleet on thu coast of China has been ordered to Jeddo, Japan, in consequence of the late attempt to murder the British representatives at Kami- | gawa. It was officially announced in the l'aris j Moniteur that the Kinir o" Prussia ? mild meet IL-j j Emperor at Compeigne on tho fith of October. Austria had prohibited, by procl.?mnt'on, the as semblage of the Federal Assembly id' Hungary at Pesth. Considerable excitement prevailed at the municipal elections in Poland. The Turkish war in Montenegro bad assumed a very serious character. The United States steam frigate Wabash, Capt. Mercer, arrived at this port yesterday from the coast guard station off Charleston, whence she sailed on the 3d inst., leaving the steamers Roanoke and Flag and sloop-of-war Vandalia per forming blockade duty. She has been ordered to this port for repairs to her machinery and hull, having received some half dozen shots below the water line in the action at Hatteras Inlet. We have recently had various rumors concern ing an attack on New Orleans by the Union forces, all of which we believe to have been premature re ports. But there are a few facts concerning the federal movement* towards that city which may be counted on us certain. One is that the govern ment has secured a rendezvous on Ship Island, aud one or two other points in the vicinity of the city, where troops can bo easily landed, and where depots for provisions ami ammunition cun lie securely placed; and another is that, besides the regular blockading force, there are at the entrances to the Mississippi river two United States sloops-of-war, a large propeller gunboat, the steamer Water Witch, an armed schooner and a pilot boot, all of which are ready for active ope rations. In the vaults of the banks of New <ft leans, whieh have been aiding to the extent of their power this outrageous rebellion, there are upward* ot twelve millions of specie, and in the storehouses of that city there are eleven thousand bales of cotton, worth one million two hundred thousand dollars. Governor Andrew has made nn appeal to the women of Massachusetts to furnish certain net e sary articles for the use of the sick and wound. <1 soldiers during the approaching winter. The ladies of New York, we are sure, will not fail to remi m ber our brave troops who are now a! the sent ot war, many of whom will no doubt soon need ill! the comforts which can be bestowed upon them. The articles most required in the hospitals are blanket* for single beds, quilts made of che.ip ma terial, about seven feet long by 1'fiy Inches wide: knit woollen sock-, woollen or cintton fiauih 1 bed gowns, wrappers, undershirts and drawers, - mall hair aikl feather pillows and cushions, fur wounded limbs, and cloth clippers. Will not some of our ladies move in the matter? The legislature of Connecticut, in response to the proclamation of Governor Buckingham, will meet in extra session at Hartford to-day. The new postage stan , - nave beeu coudomued as being tvo pale, 'xuey we to be ftlleretf aw ft to make the eogruring more distinct and the color ft brighter red. The East lluddam (Conn.) Journal and the Rockville (Conn.) Republican have preached their funeral orations and gone oat of existence. The Ellsworth Zouave regiment, or " Ellsworth Avengers," as they are called, now stationed at Albany, is full, numbering ten hundred and forty men. The regiment is composed of one man from each town and ward in the Stato. They will be uniformed in a few days and will be ready to march next week. The following appointments have been made in the United States Appraiser's Office, No. 50 Broad way, by tha Secretary of the Treasury:?John T. Hogoboom, appraiser, vice Samuel J, Willis, and Isaac O. Hunt, vice D. D. Briggs; Samuel Leeds, assistant appraiser, vice Lindaey, and J. S. Savage, vice Vincent. The Board of Supervisors did not continue the appointment of inspectors of election yesterday, but postponed the subject till their next meeting. They disposed of s< me routine business devoid of public interest, and adjourned till Friday nest, at three o'clock P. M. The Grand Jury were cmpannclled in the General Sessions yesterday, and were briefly charged by Recorder Hoffman. Ills Honor stated that there were one hundred and four prisoners awaiting trial, and that there were twenty murder canes on the calendar. A number of petit jurors were fined $26 each for non-attendance. There were no jury trials, in consequcnce of the absence of witnesses and counsel for accused parties. The Recorder gave notice that in future, if counsel failed to give satisfactory reasons for not being present during court hours, he would assign counsel to defend prisoners, and thus insure the prompt discharge of the business of the court. The wills of John Tombs, John J. Mullen and Elizabeth West have been admitted to probate. The receipts of beef cattle have beon enormous during the past week, the entire number which were detained by the rain storm of the 26th and 27th ult. having come in, together with a very large number besides, swelling the aggregate to nearly five thousand five hundred head?the largos' number congregated at any one time during the entire year past. The number was unexpectedly swelled by the arrival of about 400 head, which were rejected by the government in Chicago, and accordingly sent forward by the contractors to snpply this market. It may be some satisfaction to know that they were sold at the low figure of 6o. a SVflc> Ppr lb being the poorest cattle on sale. It is v ith such stuff that t hese slurpers would feed the "army of the Potomac." Pricos were gene rally ytc. to %c. lower, ranging from Sc. n Sc. The indications were that prices would be still lower to-day. Tin* accounts brought out by thn steamer Norwegian of a mult-rial udvauco in notion At Liverpool, with active sales, imparted morn spirit and activity to this market ytriturilay. The sales embraced 2,MX) bales, closing with thmne. :. on the basis of 2l>?c. a21%c. fbr middling up lands. By the annual cotton statnment Issued by Messrs. Win. P. Wright & Co., It appears that the crop of JRflo-61 embraced about 3,656,000 bales, against 4,6Tr>,(MX) in J8SU-60, showing a decrease of l.Oltf.OOO bales. The total foreign exports for 1860-01 amounted to 3,127,538, against 8,774,175 the year previous, showing a decrcaso of 647,087 bales. The stock on hand in the ports of tlie United Slates on the 31st August, 1861, embraced 83,187 bales, against 227,708 In 1 Serf). The foroign news also had a depressing influence upon thu market for breads tuffS. Flour fell off 6c. a 10r, per bbl., wheat from lc. to 2o. per busliel, and corn from lc. to l){c. per bushel. Pork was without change. Sales of mess were wade al $14 50 a $14 75, and at $!) 75 a $10 fjr prime. Sugars were stoady, with sales of 200 hhds. ntfull prices, with 1,300 boxes Cuba# and 600 bag- M.i nila on prirate terms. Coffee was quiet, but firm. Freights were in fair request at quotations given in an other place. The Policy of the Administration To wiinlt Military Chief*. When rebellion culminated, in April loflt, in armed attain upon federal troops and a fede ral fortress, no oilier means were left to the gov ernment to effect its suppression, but superior force, and an appeal to the loyalty of the coun try to aid it in maintaining the threatened inte grity of the Union. It was necessary, in order to accomplish this stupendous work that armies should be raised nnd organized; that command ers should be selected; that the republic should be divided into military departments, and that the best men should be everywhere selected, to exercise military and civil'control. The indi" viduals thus chosen became, in a degree, by the very nat ure of things, a Kiiid of viceroys, or rather acting Vice Presidents of the sections en trusted to their charge. Merc generalship was perhaps, no more essential a qualification than statesmanlike ability, energy tempered with moderation, familiarity with the laws, nnd en lightened, farsighted patriotism. Nevertheless, though very much was left to their discretion, they remained subject to the dictation of the President, upon whom alone devolve respond, hilities to the people for the manner in which the salvation of the land from the evils that encom p:i.-? it, is to he effected. President Lincoln chose persons, utterly irre spective of past party lies, nnd with sole refe rence lo the estimation in which they were held by the public, and the prestige they had ob tained by past services lo the country, In impos ing npo:: them the onerous and re sponsible task of commanding the federal forces, and fostering loyalty in disaffected districts. McOellan, Fremont, Dix, McDowell, ISiitlcr. Cadwailader, Banks and others, each appeared to possess high claims to notice which wore promptly recognized, and which sub sequent events have proved to have been more or less well founded. "While, however, the military organization of the Lnited States waa progressing, came the disaster of Bull run. The grand army of the Potomac, goaded on by iucendiary abolitionist partisans, met with sig nal disaster, and its Commander-in-Chief lost the confidence of the North in his ability, while it willingly yielded lo his integrity and vigor. The President stepped forward promptly to the rescue. The control of the army on tbe Poto mac was changed, and ite destinies were en trusted to a voting chieftain who had already won laurels l'or himself in Western Virginia, and exhibited, on a small scale, a talent which bail acquired for hint the admiration of the whole people. It was exactly tike right thing to do. It was a wise measure of policy, and the appointment of General McClellan restored immediate confidence, uud has already effaced the memory of the defeat ol General McDowell. Next in importance to that of Virginia stands indisputably the Department of the West, divided recently into two. but which originally j included in its lirnils the entire valley of the | Mississippi, with the two doubtful States of j Missouri and Kentucky swaying in the balance. The wise management of General Anderson in ? the latter State has secured it to the I nion. i The tenner, with the whole of the upper region I commanding lh< Mississippi river, was given to John C. Fremont, a man who had been a promi nent candidate for the Presidency of the United States, only four years ago; whose military antecedents and personal popularity commend ed him to the public: and generally regarded as possessed of unequalled qualification* for the high post lie has since held. Kvery one?we, the people, the government uud crgwde q[ iu Quential, discriminating and loyal friends, cheered iiim onward to the position it was con fidently supposed he would fill with honor, and eagerly proclaimed to the world that the "right imin hud been selected for the right place."

The theories that had been built up In relution to General Fremont were, unfortunate ly, after a very short time, dispelled, and it was discovered that the reputation bo bad enjoyed rested upon no solid basis. He showed himself to be deficient in administrative ability, milita ry capacity, and knowledge of human nature and wholly destitute 'of understanding with respect to the people among whom he had been sent. The very persons who had been most prominent in recommending him to the Presi dent, and to whose representations his appoint ment was mainly due, were the first to lament the error into which they had involuntarily fallen, and to wish for his removal. The death of the gallant Lyon and the defeat of the brave but unfortunate Mulligan were laid at his door, and secession which ought to have been swept, ere now from the soil of Missouri, was found to have made headway, and well nigh Becured a permanent foothold by his incapacity and neglect. Ilence it is that the difficulty has arisen which has since agitated the public, and that a controversy continues respecting the Department of the West, which ougbt promptly to be settled, and of which the continuance can have no happy results. When it had been discovered that Fremont was unsuited to exercise high command, and that the affairs of the country were being preju diced l>y his maintenance in power, the Presi dent, who has been always known as an up right man, and who, of late months, has justly acquired the reputation of a wise and energetic statesman, should have adopted the same policy that had previously been marked with such suc cess, in the case of the army of the Potomac. He should have removed tho individual for the generul good. The retention in his command of Fremont, under the pretex t of "giving him a chance," is of doubtful prudence; it creates disaffection and discontent everywhere; and it is liable to place the West towards the East, in the same relation that the South occupies towards tho North. When the news came, however, to this city that General Wool had been ordered to replace General Fremont in Missouri, the sauio howl was raised by the abo lition organs of the North, that was kept up, previous to Bull run, in order to force the government into the "On to Richmond" move ment which proved so destructive. The very editors who, by their clamors, brought about disaster then, and were the cause of McDowell's defeat, are seeking to control the action of Mr Lincoln- at present, by threats of mutiny and insubordination in the Western army. West Point Academy?Its Mkuits and De fects.?Our national Military Academy at West Point has received, since the breaking out of this unhappy war, well merited encomiums, us well from the public voice as from observant foreigners of high position. The highly flatter ing manner in which Prince Napoleon spoke of its graduates in bis letter to tho Opinion Ka tionale caunot have escaped the recollection of our readers. Wo find more than half a mil lion of combatants on both sides of this great contest officered, for the most part, by men who have received their military education at West I'oint?the principal generals on the one Bide and on the other being, in many instances, graduates of the same class. And Prince Napo leon was not far astray in his shrewd remark as to tho superior manner and bearing and conduct of the pupils of that institute. From the period of the. establishment of tho Academy down to the bivaking out of the Mexican war, ignorant and contemptible politi cians, iu all sections, never ceased to declaim against and to revile it as something which did not comport with tho democratic a-td pacific spirit of our institutions; but the experience of that war brought out in their true colors the advantages of West Point, and since then there have been fewer political attacks made upon it. There is one point of education, however, to which there does not seem to have been atten tion enough paid at the Academy. We mean the study of the constitution as the great char ter of the nation. We believe that lectures on the constitution coruo within the provinco of some one of the many professors maintained there; but wo are too well aware that that branch of study has not heretofore received the attention which its importance should have se cured for it. Tho consequence of this neglect lias been made apparent iu the innumerable in stances of disloyalty to the government and tlag which Southern pupils of West Point have presented. It is evident that what little know ledge of the constitution they acquired there was of a warped and twisted character, and that their conceptions of the American government were that it was a league of separate nationali ties, instead of being a republic one and indi visible. ThL> was the prolific focus whence ra diated most of tho errors that plunged inen into this insane rebellion. We trust that from henceforth it will be made morally impossible to have such erroneous views disseminated from the great military school of the nation, and that the government will see to it that the pupiln raited and educated there at the expense of the people will acquire, with their professional attainments, such a knowledge of the principles that underlie the political edifice of the United St.ites that they will be little likely, no matter from what State or section they may come, to stumble into the pitfalls of secession. The first element of a good military training is that of unswerving loyalty to the nation. Without that all other attainments go for nothing. Military men, above all others, should recognise no State or sectional boundaries. They have nothing to do but with the republic as a unity, and it is to it ahme that they owe allegiance. A moral re form in this view is much needed at West I'oint. Who Auk Tin: IIkjskl Ofkickks kiuiv Mis sot hi ??One of the St. Louts journals complains that in our article giving the organization of the rebel army "one-half of the names mentioned as rebel officers from the State of Missouri ;ire as good Union men as can be found in the country. The names were compiled from lists published in the St. Louis papers, which repre sented those officers to be secessionist*. It teems, however, from the statement we refer to, that swine of them are neither in the army of the South nor desire a place in that category. We are very filad to hear that some of those who were believed to bo traitors to (heir country are in truth loyal citizens. If the St. Louis newspaper will take the trouble to give a cor rected list we will be pleased to publish it. We wish justice to be done, though the hevtveus U01. British Ukj'opuulhity in Japan.?We haz arded a conjocture, some months ago, that the obnoxious conduct of the British consuls at Jeddo and Kauagawa would sooner or later lead them into a serious difficulty with the na tive population. They appeared to bo acting in a manner both insulting to the Japanese and contrary to the spirit of the British nation, with out any regard for their own good name. Both being ex-officers of the army, they treated the dignitaries of Japan like so many privates under their command. Instead of cultivating friendly relations with the government under whose pro tection thoy were temporarily sojourning, they assumed towards it an attitude of contemptuous hostility aud defiance. Moreover, they em broiled themselves in difficulties, not only with tho representatives of other nations, but nume rous private individuals, both native and for eign. They made themselves as unpopular with their own countrymen as with the Orientals, and altogether succeeded in making their own position about as uncomfortable us they possi bly could. Considering that this was the state of affairs many months ago, we are not surprised to learn, by the last mails from Europe and the East, that on the 5th of July last an attempt was made at Kanogawa by armed assassins to murder the inmates of the British Legation. Fortunately, only two were wounded, and the rest escaped; but the mere circumstance of the attack goes far to show the feeling against the British officials which exists there; and, although we should deeply deplore the recurrence of any similar outrages upon life and property, the probability of such is, so long as the present representatives of Great Britain remain in Japan, unfortunately not re mote. The Anglo-Saxon has yet to learn to re spect those of a civilization differing from his own, and to know that native rights and native prejudices cannot be disregarded with impu nity. Apart from the danger incurred by those who render themselves offensive to the native population of such a country as that referred to, the effect of their example is to prejudice the Japanese mind, not only against all others of their country, but against all foreigners. An injury of the kind done to themselves is there fore an injury to every fellow alien in the empire. > Another Prize from England to Ron the Blockade.?One important prize, the Bermuda, has been allowed to slip through the fingers of the commander of the squadron at Savannah. Another is on her way to that or some other Southern port. We learn, upon good authority,, that the Confederate agents in Europe had pur chased another large screw steamer, which has taken a cargo of woollen goods, for the use of the rebels, and will follow in the wake of the Ber muda. No doubt the success of tho latter will encourage munv similar enterprises. Somo two weeks ago we announced that the steamer Bermuda, of 1,500 tons, which has safe ly landed at Savannah a cargo of military stores for tho Confederate government, estimated at a million of dollars, was taking her cargo in England, and we warned the blockading squad ron to be on the lookout. Yet she has run tho gauntlet without even being observed. It is alleged that the rebels, having some knowledge of the vessel being near, commenced a cannon ade at some distance from the port of Savannah, in order to divert the attention of the command er of the squadron?a ruse which had tho de sired effect, and enabled the Bermuda to cscape 1 Into port. She cleared for tho West Indies, and it j was supposed at Liverpool that she was con- ' veying military stores for the British govern ment, so openly was everything done. Besides six or seven thousand Enflold rifles, and car tridges for the same, army shoes, blankets, am munition, quinine and other medical stores, she brought, it is stated, eighteen rilled cannon of large size and long range, including two 168" pounders. Her own armament is represented us two twelve-pounder rifled guns; but she isde- j scribod as iron-clad; and when she shall be pi? into active service, as she will be very soon, her armament will be increased, and she will be come a very ugly customer for our blockading 6hips to deal with. Our readers were made aware yesterday that the Merriinae?one of the ships sunk at Nor folk, and subsequently raised by the rebels?is now in a state of complete repair, with anna' ment on board and clothed with steel armor, having actually made a trial trip down near to Fortress Monroe. The iron-plated steamers Jamestown and Yorklown are waiting for her assistance up the Jumes river, and no doubt the three vessels, with others, will very soon make an attack upon the squadron at Newport News, combined with a land assault upon the federal force there: and. if they are successful, the next thing we shall hear of is an attack on the blockading squadron at Fortress Moaroe, and, last of all, on the fortress itself, in concert with a large force upon the land side. More troops should at once be sent to General Wool. Let hlra have reinforcement*., and the danger will be avoided. Tiiii;ves at Wurvrr.AMi?'-Out Book" Rou bed.? We clip lite following advertisement from the Lancaster (Pa.) LtteJligenrrr of yesterday:? 11EWAKD.?Was utolcn Crou. tho ctrriag* liousu ol tlic siiliscriiirr, hi VN In itUuhI, on the night Saturday. SopU'tntxr i!8. :> ?rt of SJ1.VER PLATED iMillJJIJS (. AKKtAdK HAKNhVK govt! now. with the letter H marletd upon several at the pit? ' S $2;> reward will ho paid lor the return of the Iterate, and an&ddi tinnal $Juf<>r tho arrest of the thief, on conviction. .UMKS BUCSAMAK. Mr. Buchanan is an unfortiinaie man. He had reason to hope that, in escaping from his Cabinet and in getting out of the White House, he had escaped from a den of thieves who would pursue liiin and torture him no more. But who is this thief who ha? found his way to Wheat" Innd. Can it be that the rebol robber Floyd has escaped from Western Virginia, over the mountains into Pennsylvania, and has been prowling around Lancaster, watching his oppor tunity to steal this silver plated harness? Did he think ti was solid silver? We cannot answer. Put should this harness be recovered, let the ow ner thereof do with it as he should have done with a lot of his official advisers and flunkeys? let him put it under lock and key. Coinc B.\m Bi vokk thk Fmx>d?The Albany Atlas-Anftiit, in its extracts from the speeches o Daniel S. Dickinson of a year ugo. The Regen cy clique are reproducing these extract* now t<? damage Mr. Dickinson before the people. What donkeys these Regency tricksters are. and what fools they must imagine the people to be, in undertaking Ik humbug them by applying the political* issues of a reign of peace to the contingencies of an armed rebellion, menacing the very capital of our country? A few weeks more, however, and there will be an end of 1 his miserable rump of the Albany Regency. It goes out like a tallow candle, flickering and spluttering, and with au unpleasant stench; but ? little urates will quench it. Thi Maiuj in thk Rbhel SrAim?%Fhe ih*** papers in aecessiondom are complaining of Uur irregularity of their mails under the Jei*". Davis government, and are clamorous for the removal of their PoBtmaster General (Reagan) and tin* appointment of a new one. We have no doubt that the people of our revolted States find tbe mail system of Davis a sorry exchange for that of the United States; but the trouble is not in the unfitness of Reagan for his place, but in the poverty of the rebel government. If, under our late prosperous Union peace establishment. South Carolina, for example, cost tbe United State# Treasury a deficiency well up to a quar ter of a million per annum for the transporta tion of ber mails, and if not a single Southern State paid its expenses due the Post Office De partment, what can the people of the rebtt States expect from the spurious and beggarlf government of Jeff. Davis, whioh is seizing everything within its reach for the purposes oi this suicidal rebellion? Southern complainta of official inefficiency, however, are not limited to their Confederate Post Office Department; they extend to every department of the Davis government. But they who charge the shortcomings of that govern ment to this or that department are wolully short of the murk. The trouble lies in the go vernment itself; and the only wonder is that such a vagrant establishment, without money, without credit, and subsisting wholly upon des potic extortions, should have deluded tbe peo ple of the South so long with its false promises and false pretences. Before the end of the year we hope that the most benighted and funatical of Southern secessionists will realize tbe worth lessness of the Confederate whistle for which they are paying so dearly. Titer Cocld Not be Spakkd.?The Wilming ton (N. C.) Journal says that Governor Clarke is doing all he can to put the seaboard of that State in a good defensive condition, and further says that "he made a request recently of tbe Secretary of War that a few well drilled regi ments be sent to our coast, promising to scud forward into Virginia an equal number of new regiments of North Carolina troops; but the re quest has not been complied with by the Con federate government." The Wilmington editor then wisely concludes thai North Carolina ia expected to defend herself. Yery likely. Th? Confederate go\ einmeni is at Richmond. The defeat of Beauregard will compel that gov ernment to evacuate Richmond, and with thai movement all the props of this great rebellion will fall down like a row of bricks, one against the other, until the whole line is flat on tbe ground. Hence the desperate efforts of the rebels to hold fast to Virginia, and henco oar impression that the defeat of Beauregard will be a Waterloo defeat to the rebel govern meat. In this view of the matter Beauregard will not spare any of his troops for the defence of Nor* Carolina. He wants them all on the Potomac. Let him wait a little, and he will be \ery apt to open his eyes to a different conclusion. A Cootlt Rebellion to JIoi.oeks op Slavs Property in Missouri.?A Leavenworth paper says it has information to tbe effect that one hundred slaves leave Missouri every day for Kansas. At this rate, should this rebellion hold on for a year or bo, it will need no emancipa tion proclamation to make Missouri a free Stata. In fact her "manifest destiny" is already clears foreshadowed. So much for secession in Mis souri. Hcuiumt'l SOIKK??Tm COKDIKAnOH PBOGRAVlm.?1% satisfy the requosta which are continually pouring to upon htm for a repetition of particular features of hi* in nuguratory entertainment, Mr. Herrmann lms decided to give during the remainder of his stay in New York, which is limited to a week, a Bolcctloo of four or tho best tricks of his first programme, four of the second and four entirely new ones. This arrangement will uford an opportunity to those who have only s-en a portion of his performances to witness all the choicest picci a of his repertoire. Wednesday next will close the pres'i lnlUt teur's present arrangemonts here. After that be _oa to Philadelphia to fulfil an engagement at the Academy et Music. The period of his relurn here is uncertain, as the greatest oagerncss is manifested in other cities mid towns of the Union to secure his presence. lie is daily overrun by applications from tho managers of country thnutras. who offer him the most tempting inducements to give his entertainments in their respective localities. It is no1 improbable, therefore, that he may make a protracted tour before he exhibits here again. Mati.vkf ix Brooklyn.?Mr. Litman announces for Satur day next the first matinee that has bcon given at the Brooklyn Academy of Music. On this occasion Mr. R-.r, mann will give the only morning performance that his ?c> gagnments will permit him offering the inhabitants o. tho sister city. Should ibis experiment of a matinee at tt . other side of the river provo successful, it is prolml ? tbut Mr. Ullman will repeat it wlten the Opera fceas.x commences. Mr. Tahstro's I tic citations.?We desire to remind oar readers that this evening Mr. T&sistro gives the flrat of his popular dramatic entertainments at Irving Hall. Those recitations of entire plays from memory have bn iiome a great speciality with Mr. Tasistro, and them who hoard him last winter, before the Mercantile Library As sociation, have pronounced his performances as the most remarkable intellectual entertainments ever presented to tho public. Irving Hall is well adapted to display the rich qualities of his voice, and, us the price of admission is oniy twenty-five cents, we shall expect to see a great crowd. COKCEM FOR TBS ST. JOHX'S MRTHODIOT EtTSOOPAL MKBai CncRdL?A grand concert will be given, on Thursday evening next, at tho Trinity Methodist Kpiscopai church, la Thirty fourth Btroot, for the benoflt of the above ptaoa of worship. Tho vocalists will be Mrs. Keeee, soprano} Mr. O. Simpson, tenor, and Mr. Q. Rexford, basso, with ? min t chorus from the Mendelssohn Union, the whole aa der the direction of Mr. Geo. W. Morgan, the talented organist of Grace church. The organ is one of the largest aud finest in the city. War Maps.?We have received from Mr. John Racfe> mann a beautifully colored copy of tho panorama of a wrtion of the seat of war, which includes North and South Carolina and a portion of Georgia. The view in taken from the Atlantic ocean, and the above named States, with their rivers,^mountains, railroads, forts an? fortified places, are distinctly exhibited, together with Uie scene of tho bombardment of Fort Uattcras. Tlie price of this map ts fifty cents, and, if we may judge fro* the manner in whi li it is prepared, it will meet with a large sale. Lloyd's official map of Missouri for 1&81 ig just out. It is neatly mounted on rollers, and drawn from actual surveys for the Ijwd Office Department. Association op Amkrican Stnt'Ma>tkk* The prominent shipmasters ot this port have started a very good move ment, with the view of raising the standard of their pro fession, by keeping incompetent persons from getting Command of vessels. Tim plan referred to consists of an association of owners or vessels and shipmaster;!, wh? have established a sort of examining board to test tho qualifications or applicants Tor important positions in tho mercantile service. The officers or the association are Cuptains Charlex H. Marshall, Kzra Nye, K.K.Morgan, Kobvrt L. Taylor, Wm. C. Thompson and John 0. .lou<? fcwi -officio), who form the Council; Daniel Drake Smith, Treasurer;Onptaln Wm. W. Story, Kxaminer in Seaman ship;Captain J. H. Upton, Secretary, and John D. Jntiea, President. The rooms are at Nos. *0 and 90 Merchants1 Exchange. Tfce Boston Bank Statement. Bonrox, Oct. 8,1861. The following is the weekly bank tiatement or the banks of this city: Capital stock .On I ?>aus uud disceunts Due from other banks \Z?\?Ukt. .^8:::::::::::::::::::::::::: ?Si CtrcuitlivU. ? .*M. ? ?.*??? ?? 6,787*70%

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