Newspaper of The New York Herald, October 11, 1861, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated October 11, 1861 Page 2
Text content (automatically generated)

INTERESTING FROM EUROPE. Our Paris, Turin, Florrnrf, Genoa, Grneva and St. Petersburg Correspondence. Explanation of the (iarllmldi Commission Negotiations. OPENING OF THE ART EUHBITION OF ITALY. The Rns?lau Prcw and Russian on (be 11'ar in Amrrlea and llie Foreign Enemies of Ibe Inlon, &e., Ac., Ac. bo gtonni?hlp Bavaria, CapUla Meier, from So'ithamp tou on tbe U.I ill of September, reached this port early y Hierday morning. Her uews bus boon anticipated by brr own U'i"grapblc report from Capo Rnco aud ibe illoa of ibo <'ify of Washington. Tbe liavuria has tbe following spocie list:? Order $3,480 fla une & Ko.-enlieim ],"ioo A. Huge , 7,008 A liege 3,027 ?Tot?l flfl.HT From Southampton?i^huohardl & Gebbard ?li>,.;t)0 from Havre?1". Askm ?. Co $1 t>ia3 Tlie following vory important and interesting letters from our correspondents in Paris, Turin, Florence, Uenoa, Oeni'va and St. Petersburg, are worthy of attentive I>ei usal at tiie bands of our readers:? americanTffairs. Our Purls Correspondence. 1'aku), Sept. 23,1301. False Re)*>rt of the Command of Our Army briny 'Jfrulend to Ouiibaldi?Ap/ili.cUiun lotlt-. American Mini ter at Turn for Infotimiti'M?Mr. Mar.h Has Wevcr RcM to Ca/r ra,anJ Urn in the S!aU mm?Action <J the Minuter in UriuseU in the Matter, dc. It 8 '(mis il> it, after u'l the extra amount of venom and tllf?i.lihg winch tho 1.'>11 Ion Times anil other aoci'Ssinj Journals in London hayo been pouring forlli, ni>on the presumption of the command of the federal army having been offered, through Mr. Marsh, our Minister ut Turin, to Garibu.dl, there is not a word nf truth in the story. Amoric.iua iu Europe, wliilo they generally disbelieved llio ruport, could not avoid being cha grined at fho remarks of the European journals u|M>n tho manifest impropriety of siich an olfur; and, In accordance with the request ol? u number of American gentlemen in this city, a letter wits addressed a few days since to Mr. M.-n^li,asking him to state whether or Dot thore whs any foundation for the roport. Mr. Marsh's reply, a* giveu me by a Tollable person who ban seen it, states that he has never received any instructions from the government to communicate with Garibaldi upon Hie subject of a command?that he hat never been to (Japrerm, as re/wted, and that Ihe tupri me command of the aim;;, or any analogous {tuition, has never bee? ojjtred to th? Italian hero. lie then goes on to nato that what lie knows about the matter is contMeiillal, and that it will be out iu a few liny*, and Intimate* that Ii cot tain paitius who have been acting in the mutter h.<! waited, or kept quiet,all this Scandal would not have a us?0. The fact of the mutt i is tins:?That meddling Mr. Sand ford, who?although hi* appointment was ax MinUter n-si dent ut |lri;s*<fls, spends most of In* time anj w liere hut there, and seems dlsjiosed to b ? eternally luiMug in whut docs not concern him?has been to Turin, and from thro wont to Cuprera, wi? t.u ibakli, and perhaps took the rof)K'U.sibiiiiy to ni.ike him an otter of service in the Mo rula-my. It of course is not to be prosum-'U that our government authorized Mr. Sandford to make any such otter, bit tliat it was doae iu obedience to h.s meddlesome in?t!n.-ts, which teem determined never to him in mind his own business. This U Vli-i main cause ol the ropo ts which have originate! In relation to our g aud Garibaldi,although 1 am informed from a reliublo sjtirce that the latter wade a tender of h'.s services, through Mr. Marsh, soum w-eks since. It wis, ol' course, a delicate matter to refuse; it would have l>e. n aOsnd to accept, and while the matter was held in abeyance the Minister to Belgium in at needs in-crl his busy lingers, and c eate all this disturbance, which has temporarily, at least, seriously injured us in the eyes of Europe r*Rts, Sept. 23,1801. The lietel Commissioners in Euro;* Running Short of Cash? Application f>r a Hanlc Loan Refused?.411 Southern Travellers Low in Funds, rfc. ( hear that Host snd King aro getting short of cash, and that they endeavored a few d..ys since to make a raise from a banker here on the strength of a draft on tlio Confederate treasury. The banker did not consider the security suflicient, or else was short of fuuds that morning, or for s uite other good reason ho did not fee' Inclined lo the money. Tins aching void In the pocket is a general complaint among Southerners here, most of whom receive no tidings from homo, and their money supplies are sl< pped?very much to liin disgust oI' one indn idual wh > soils ?'Ame rican drinks,'' aud whose principal patrons have hereto fore been the julep aud cobbler loving sons of the Sunny South. Our Genoa Correspondence. 0(.to A, Sept. 10,1881. The United States Minister's Of in ion of the Premier of Italy?Cafour's Memory?Consolidation qf Italy?Thc Art Exhibition in Florence,' dc. I was glad to hear Mr. Marsh oxpress so favorublo an opinion of I'aron Hlca-soil. who has become tho Premier of the new kingdom of Italy, and taken the place of tho greatly lamented Cavour. llaron Ricusoli, in Mr. Marsh's opinion, is a very able man,of indexible honesty and great ?dec iaion of character. Cavour had mado many enemies, especially among tho pa/tlstns of the fallen lickcs and Of the Emperor of Austria. of course he was '.detested by the I'opo and the Catholic clergy generally. Nor was he any longer acceptab.e to 1/ Napoleon, who could never forgive him for the opjswlti n w hich he mado to his Villa fianca trcuiy and his scheme for an "Italian confedera tion, '- after ihe pattern ol that of Germany. Tho vanity of the Emperor of tho French was deeply woi-uded. Ca vour was, probably, the only s'at>?ni.-ui In Eunijie whom I/ ii;s Napoleon feared, and at heart Tho hated as much as lie feared him. Hut Cavour is gone, and his and his influence have passed inl" li e hnuds of ono who is well qualified to wield both. Every one has confidence iu liaron Kicusoli? in his ability and iaii imism as well as iu his le n sty and 8.', .-act iik-iii-,: ; ii it. His industry and vnreiuittiiig de Voiloii to 1.ess are such that lie will not, it is sup j o. d, lake i me to run down to sen the KiidbiUen of Hie provi'ieiiwes, bulb aud a"rttliriill, of Italy, which is now goii::'? "ii at Moi eiice, and which I hope to see in a day or two. llio King went down two or three duvs sg.i, nod .vest day prcsuh-d at lln- ".inauguration." It i.s d- ligl.'tfnl to see how steadily tho government of Victor Kma ui' l is currying on its great and successful s Ii'in s ol consolidating the Ilistitutious of th -country, til.d i e?.u- : :? ? the lial.aub a uniled and h< iinig.i-ne. lis people, 'llio exhibition ul Florence will bave a good In fluence ,''"1 ilireelioli it is h"|>ed and beli< t-ed. The govertMBent is eiideav iriiin lo introduce a uniform Fystei.i of currency, us well us of weights and measures, lii currency lli-y an- very dem us of causing Ihe ilcci mai lno i of expressing values In money to prevail. To this elloet tUcy have ordered a l pee iulary tranraotions to lie inade li.-noeforth secordli g to the decimal system of France. Uclgmm, .Wwitzer!au<l and the late kingdom of Sardinia. The masses" hardly know what to make of tills law, an i arc wither slow to Comprehend It, and still slower to go in lor it. lint it will cotne about surely, if not ve y rapidly. The work of constructing railways is ad vaming well In Italy. In a few ycurs the entire country will he covered with a network of railroads. These which 1 have seen sie well built. <>r ta.nlv llie one from Turin t" Ihe city of Genoa, over which 1 cain this forenoon, will compare well with any that I have -eon in Kraiioe, Germany, or even England. The luanageiie iit >,i ibem is excellent. Tho o/lioers and "servants" of the company uro c< mi<eteiit, atleutite and obliging In o. der lo encourage the ; eople lo visit the Exhibition of tho Arts al Florence, whu h comiiiowced yesterday, "excu'SMii tickets" bave liesu Issued. Fhrsixty-three franco ??no may go from i>uoa to Florence, in the llist class deparlineut "1 ihu t? s and steamers (between Genoa and Leghorn), aud ba kag tln tliat Is to say, for uluut twelve ill.liars uiid a hall, this envers the exi>eiiso <d transf rring (he passengers and their baggage to anil Ir-un ih - b ? ii8 at ficma and J."t'i uu. who are wll.ii g to go as second c.ass p.e-vug':s mav go and re turn for lorty-two I runes, which is lit little more thau <-i hi dol ais. this is a new thinr, I believe, in Italy and I um u little curious to see how Ihe bouttneu, who form, as It we,e, the joints that connect the rai'.wais on at each end, will work. At all events, I am iloter iii n o to know how matters will go, for I have bought an ?-v tirsi n ticket. Thus far everything has ?.? ? well enough. 1 hope that it will be so till I am safely l?ro..ghl b . to the pleasant city of Tut iu, wheuc: 1 must retuin Onr St. Petersburg Correspondence. Si. 1'HKUSHIM , Sept. 1P.ISC1. Ojam in oj ('if Pr'ts oil the Inne if the Contest in the United .States?Ktiylund and France Char^eil vith t innlin the Disunion Fielir;;?fVhat i ? J'hoir ht of Oi tu rul M< Co Han and Ihe A't.A .im-ri-i i I ?? ? ???in of /? tin e and Eni]land-~/'oticy if Humiti, <f? , if of discussion NMhe Russian press. In the quality of a faithful chronicler I mot not conceal that fears are beginning to l>e expressed that the North will ultimately bo uuabio to coerco the 8outh, and that France and Eng land will interfere to enforce a tejjaration, which it to:rMy dttiral by both of there Pouori. The Sevonsya I'dtela places Its chief hopes on General McClellun, whom It call* tbo Suvoroff aud Najwloon of America, and of whom it gave an interesting bio graphical sketch a few days since. It should be remarked that this paper, which is the most Inlluenllal organ of Russian journalism, thinks that France it in reality more inimical to the United States than England, aud favors the disruption of the Union into two separate republics, in the ejp< elation of exercising paramount Influenco In the Southern division, which is partly connected with France tby the ties of blood, while the Northern would be Iikely 0 incorjiorate the American colonies of Ore a' Vritain. In this manner N'ftpoloon would attain the double object of Increasing his own power and of weakening that of his faithful ally on the otlier side of the Channel. As for Russia, she has always beott on terms of frloqdr ship and mutual good will with the I'nitod States, and has nothing to fear from their grandeur und prosperity, nor to gain by their disao.ution. It is understood that our Minister at Washington Ins bem instructed to point out the duiger of foreign Intervention If the struggle should be prohacted much longer, and to urge the necessity of concluding i>oaC" if it c in be d 'ne on conditions compati ble with the honor and integrity of the l m< n. This is very good advice; but, as Is otten the case with good advice, there scenfe no possibility of yo ir following it; for unless the Southern cnnfedorulos are greatly belied, tho honor and Integrity of the Unl >n are about the last things they are inclined to respect. EUROPEAN AFFAIRS. Oar Florence Correspondence. Fujkkmc*, Italy, Sept. 18,1861. 7he Destiny of /fait/-? Victor Emanuel and the Quirinal? Opening of the Great Art Exhibition?How the Kinj of Italy rstokt on a Closer I'irui?He it not 1/andsome?/, he Good?The Industrial Show, <fc. From Genoa we came down to this city of Florence, which is the true literary capit il of Italy, as Turin is still its political; aud how much longor it is likely to be so none but God aud one man seem to know, in the opinion of the Italians. Not, however, that they would by any means institute a comparison between thorn, or place them on an equality of knowledge or anything else. H it really it Is true that, so far as tne human race is con cerned, it would soem that I/nils Napoleon is the only individual of one thousand millions who has any know lodge or idea of th i time when Victor Kmanuel will trans, fer his throne from thj city of Turin to the city of Rome. It will bo a happy change for him, though not without its porils, when he leaves his palace in the mid."t of Turin, so hemmed in by houses, for that of the Qalrina), with its capacious apartments, its airy position und Its beauti ful gardens. One of tho principal objects which I bad in view in making this little journey was to sec the grand "exposi tion of the arts," which is now takiug place in Florence. I-aat Sunday It was opoue I, or ''inaugurated," to speak in the language of llto day ami use a word which is well nigh cant, and ought to be treated as such pretty soon; for we shall soon have lt applied to everything. It is now used with immense lati tude. We "inaugurate" railroads, colleges, church s, echo-<lhouses, and before long our farmers will "inaugu rate" their pig pons, 1 suppose. But to our 'moutous," us iho French and our s l!y imi tators of them would siy. Yes, let us return. The "in dustrlal exhibition for all Italy" was opouod last Sunday, under the "auspices"?you see how hard it is to get clear of the ol! heath nism which cleaves to our language?of Victor Kniauuel, the most royaUuid most "whiskered pandoor" of o<ir limes. As seen in the print shot s in Broadway, he seems to be a line lookin fellow; but thu uearer you get to him the more li nvly h l> ? comes, until, at last, if he wo e not a king, he would be prouo.inced positively "ugly," 1 fear tliat in raying this 1 sluill shock sorno of our American ladies, for tiiey think that, because Ue haa done valiantl) and well as King of Sardinia,and now become "Klug of Italy," lie must be b <th handsome and good. . As to his beauty I have said enough; but if any one de .sires more, lot him send for one of the photographs of Ins Ma.eity which hangup in galleries of tho l.xlii bili'in, as woll ?s along the stieets of Florence. It will toll the story truly. . 87 the wav. tho pbotograpba of the four children of his Majesty (two daughters and two sons) are to be Been in tlio same galleries, and really, with the excep lion of tho I'rluoess Clotlldu, whom out New Yorkers have so lately seen, I must say tbey are uot much bciter looking than their fathor. I'imt youhg folks. They aro not half as handsome as almost any lour youths whom one might pn U up in aan?st any street in Florenc >. lint this is uot their fault. As to tho moral character of Victor Kmunuel, I appre hend that tho less said about it the better. But even this must not be allowed to derogate too much from Ins Majesty, for his Majesty Is not a whit worse than the most of his fellow mooarchs. Certainly he isasgooda man as his great but uncertain friend on the other side ot the AI| S. This, however, is not saying very much in the way of helping lo bolster up the character of the King. The simple lai t is, and there is no <ise of attempt ing to disguise it, "wine and women" moat this day as great sourcos of danger aud ruin to kinases they were in the times of Kiig Solomon, who, alone period of his reign, knew too bitterly the evils which result from not guarding against one of those dangers. But enough of this moralizing. We'd, tho King did ina ignrato the "Ex|>n sition" last Sunday, although I was not tin ro to see. In a largo extemporized throne room the grand pageant took place. It w.san imposing sight, they say, *nd we can readily believe the "they say." Thespot solocted for this display of Italian producti.'tis is ' well chosen. Jt it on tho am thwestern hi la of the citv", and, of course,on tbo north side of tho.Arno. Tho place is extensive, and I lie vast ri oms arc well lilted up Al ready there Is a great quantity of both beautiful and use ful thing* collorted, although It is not expected that the Kxpusition will be in Its bent stale for some -woks. 1 k a utroll through it, and was mull gratified to s. e t'.io great number of the most useful things in tho common arts as well us "f tin su that are called ?mnmpntal. The l''ot|K?ltlon Is already rich In all sorts of a^riciltural im plements and various machinery, from a steini engine down to the common In*'. 1 tvrs much amazed to sen the < of Italian manufactures m wool, cotb'Diiud iron. The llnest railway car I have ever s en there. Silk, from its natural state up to its most beautliul manu facture, was there. I am happy to say thai all Italy was represented, evou including Rome ami Venetiu. llui there ie nothing from foreign lands,I behove. This Ls right. Such exhibitions will do much to give unity to Italy .mil thi Italians. On all sides I bear Utc doslro almost impar tially expressed to soe Home the capital of tl.e new king dom. Tills is more important cveu the banlshnivut of the Austrian" Cri m Vcnetia. What progress I ?'e every where in It t?v, in I e. horn and I'loiencc, as well as In Turin an.I (lei.uu. But linnet cl<*u this letter, or it will fail to re i b the steamer in time. Oar Grnoa Correspond m e. Gr?U,8ept. 16,1S01. The Garibaldi IfegoiiaHcn?Another OjJ, iai' Speakffor Ike Cabtmt?The Offer Which was Hade to th' General, <fe., <Cc. You lutvo doubtless scan some tioticmofa silly story going the rounds of tho Italian papers of tho citi -s o' Uenoa, Turin and Florence, to the ellect that the II n Goo. P. Marsh, our able and acceptable Ambassador ut the Court of the new kingdom of Italy, li.t.s In-on making a visit to Caprera to see Garibaldi, for the pur pose of engaging the Italian hero to enter tho service o, the United States. It is even stated that Mr. Marsh hired a steamer f<>r this voyage, and diver# other additions have been mado to primitive rumor. I need hardly say to you that there is n<it a wurrl of truth in this mailer. Mr. Marsh bus not been absent from Turin, eithor to go to Caprera or any w I r for wc-ks, as be has himself told. As to the Garibalitian story, it U absolutely with out ony foundation, an far ass Mr. Marsh is concerned. The simple truth is that a certain Mr. ijuidgle (I am not sure that 1 spell th ? name rightly), w ho is American Consul in Amsterdam or Hoiu-rdam, kuiiiu tliinsnce wrote, without authority from our government. to Gen. Garibaldi, offering hira, in tho name of tho I'rceident, an appointment in tho I'm ted Stales army of very lu^h rani, and many other things, If be would accept such a position. Kvcn Mr. (J. wrote a letter full of extraordinary |>ri mises. All thin having been laid before (he l'resiiii nt, that distinguHied officer thought it his dnty, in order t > bo civil to the renewed General, even In a dilemma which an officious official had, by bis meddles mo dmpi*itcn, created, t"?ay toGeneral Garibaldi that if he was di.-posed to enter tho l ilited States service, he, the President, would he delighted to give him a position worthy uf Ins groat m -riis Mr. San lfbrd,onr Minister to Belgium, was requested to be the Intermediary In the matter. General Garibaldi.of course, declined, tnd In a becom ing manner, to quit the service of his country, wliieh, in deed, ho coubl not honorably do in tho present condition of what is called the ' Italian question." This is the of the ( aribaldlan affair, which terminated weeks "go, and iu tho manner I hiv < stated. Mr Marsh bad nulbiug to do with it, and greatly wonders how he has in any manner been caused to be mixed up with It. Tho Oavnnr Monument at Turin. The movamcnt which originated in Turiu, for tho urec" lion of a monument to the great Italian statesman, Conn* favour, hag met with r sympathetic response in this country, and contributions for the purpose are in ing re' reived at tho office of the Consul General of Italy, No 40 Beaver street, New York, who e those d<-giruitf to aid the movomeut may hand in their subscriptions. Our St. Pctcribnrfi Corrtspondenre. St. I'rrsnserna. Sept. 1#. 1811. Viflurlanru in l\tand o\d Lithuania?C?olne.'t Heturen Itursia titiii /V.iirc?The Kingdom of Italy?Sir <te?i and F\nimvi?Tht k'mycrin <f Huttia in OicCriwa and Cuu out.'?I'tlyrxmag* to Jrrv>n\.m, ifc. [Ij ii , we hear ftiiu lVi.r-aw thi atlenulf f - nt Ian!, rt t<? cf!;cil:a' tli ? IV:. li;i \ ? t? . att ti ; <:u:ih *?' ' u rl" '?> i " ? i' tre.: v have courageit the revolutionary party, who are impelling tholr countrymen to excesses which cannot but terminate iu disaster. This result was foretold by i<?monti w?ll ac quainted willi tho spirit of the polish nation, who said all along that It was too late In the day Tor mild measures, Hint that our government hud uo alternative but to abandon Poland altogether or to crush the agitation by the strong hand of military force; and tho reception which the new Viceroy has met with lu his well meant i (To. ta to restore tranquillity unfortunately si emu to verify these prediction*. The Stracmic, the or^an of tiio secret club that directs all the noreuieuts of the people, announces that tho "blondstamed Tear," alter having sjnt one satrap (Sukbonnet) to keep down the Poles by severity, has now sent another to cajolo them, and that they have only to op|>ofe the sume Indi mituhle resistance to the caresses of the second as they did to the bruUlitios of the llrst, in order to force Itus-la to give up the g.;n o and withdraw from a contest lu which she is sure to he worsted. Of course no one can tell what may happen at some future period, but for the present these hope* are certainly doomed to bo disappointed; Rui-sia bus no I lea of relaxing her grasp upon Poland so easily, and if Couut Ijimbcit retires trom the dlltlcult position in which he ia placed, and for which, In a cnim Plate of the public mind' he would he emiuently lilted, he will make room for a successor of very diU'ereiit chaiacter, and who will govern on very ditttorent principles. 1 his is noethei than (>eueral Mouravietl', the conqueror of Kars, an old soldier of theriuTorell aud l'askiuvitch type, who in wi ll known lu Poland, and known as one of tiie last men to be trilled with. If our Information be correct, his appointment was signed by the Emperor tho day belore his Maj< sty started on his journey for the south,and the moment that Count Lambert resigns his ojllco ilonay i.-ff will step into it, and in all probability commence operations by do ciaring the stutu of si ge lu Waisaw, ami pjrhaps in the who e kingdom of 1'uiand. This has already been done in Lithuania, where, in consequent* of serious disturbances thai had occurred at Vilua, Ihu Governor t>, Nazitn oil, lias Isue 1 a proclamation Subjecting thai city, to gether with Grodno, lliet/At''k, Ki'isk, Brest, LHotti-ky, and great part of the giti*runitir?ot hovuo, to marital lavs, an t it can hardly be doubled that this is the precursor <1 what will lake (dace in Poland unless things should take a more satisfactory turn, of which there does not s? cm to h<. any prosp ct. The pulinD question ocouplea our stat'8 rruu so much that they have very little time to bestow on foreign ailairs. Tho ns with kraaoo are evidently a good deal cooler than tliey h.ivo been, and a, though terms of politeness, and evun of cordiality, aie outwardly observed, scarcely a trace remains oi ibat intimate alliance thai existed iu liio years lhou-ttO. 'llns ontran^euient is partly owing to tin. uuaci ouhlalde policy ot Napoleon III. lu the Ivisl, and pai ily to tl>. suspict' n ol Uouaptu list intriguer in Poiami, which is c'tiiirmed by tho language held income oi tne trench journals. ruler ol' the 11 an Is lias always got two airings to his bdur, and that hi. g ?>,l la.ih is never tub implicit y depended upon. but in llns instance the suspicions of our govef? menl appear to be uidounded. All indications point to the Uhr.tin miaue party as tho real fomeuleis t?f the troubles to i oland;aud, whatever may have botu the tie voUou of tliat paity to tho Emperor of (ranee as long tit they considered hint the zealous champion and Siipporlei oi iiie l*a(tal See, uo one can imagine that ihoy would act iu his Interest at a m mem win n his pretension to such a character has ben mo so extremely pobienutlcii). Why, under circumstances, our government per sists in refitsi. g to acknowledge the kingdom of Italy would be utterly myslo! ious i) we did not know that in the conduct ol' liuuiau ull'airs fooling otien prevails ovei |>oli(-y, and prejudice in er'cutnm >u sense. It i.- palpably the niioiest of Russia to I i in tuo closest friendship w lib Italy, and to assist to the utmost of her i?jwei in iho con solidation of a State which, at some future period, may P'ote a valuable ally either against Austria or Frame . by doing so she would gain the appla ?; of tho liberal portion of Europe, ;tnd only ollend tin e who arc a,ready her enemies ; b it the ESIsperor,notwithstanding his many estimable qualities, is unable to em.uu;li>alc himself from tho antiquated tra fitioas of legitimacy and divine right thai weie instil ed into his miad from early youth, ami he tin.* continue* to present K'lssia before the w*urid in an aliunde that is neither digniiied nor politic. Whether he arkiion i> ge it or not, the kingdom of Italy exists; sooner or later lie will have to receive it as a Jai< aaci/vi; h but his tardy recognition will neither deserve nor obtain the gratitude it would have excited if giauterl at an earln r DPI lotl. You may e sfly conoclv that tho visit of our neighbor, the King of Sweden, to the Court ot tho Tuilurles, which has given rise to ao much speculation in Western Europe, b i? in't iwsecd unnoticed in this cajdtttl. Tho (Usciosttivd of a I/'ii'ton paoer as U'the aecret plana of Charles XV. andIJapoieoti 111. liaTfc made no great Impression here soeing thai wo hart tolerably good sources ot information In Paris, and are pretty sure that things b*vij not pro g't ssei qnlto so fiii; but it iajprobiiblo, 11 ivurthdcss^hat jr.- .mares will lie taken toaocuro Vi. land against a coup u? main, in tiny such he ? i> .uuned for the coin ing winter, when the Gulf of Dothuii i- frozen over and a Swedish army could cross with at. .i.ue ddhciilty as tho corps of Hurcliy duToUy dit m ietifl. Kvm at present, however, a strong military v ? ttnuod lnFih'.and, au>l tho iUVUdoi'H Would l-tll'ld little Oi illlCO ol SUCCCHS un less they were favored by an insurrection ot the people, of which wo do nut feel much ii aid. It is not to bo de nied, lud.od, that conside.nbl 'I'sati.-fucliou exists, chlolly arising from the mdailminwtrutlonof the Gover noi-, Omul Berg, hut the. Finlanders are notliko tho l"oles. ami would lie oani'y satisili J by such conces sions as llley have a right to d ma'id. tho upper class, which are o< Swedish origin and epeak the Swedish lan guage, would undoubtedly prefer being reunited to their Scandinavian brethren, but the in >a of tho people are of quite a diBbrent race, have their < diriiixt, their own manners and"ms, and desire 1 ? g ol?i than to bo left in Quiet iKissession of them, w . t ciHng pertlcu laily whether thy are tho sibjetts e. the Kniperor of P.nssia or of I he J*ing of Sweden. We have accounts from tho Crlmoa that the Emperor, after passing aomo time at Llvadla, will extcnri his tra vote to the Caucasus, which ho has not visited since tlio comsiiciicruiieutof his reign. He wili be receive. I thero by Prince Orbolian, the locum Unent of Ma; shal BarUtlnky, whose health is so iudill'ere'it that ha i un Uile to assume ins touunand,and his been obliged t.i return 19 tho baths of Carlsbad. There was :i report Htely that i!ie Intended making a pilgrimage to Jer isalem ; but, notwith standing the fervent piety rliat distinguishes that illus trious lady, I am not inclined to credit it, as, apart from political motives that would render it i nadvisable, the season is too far advanced for such an expedition. NEWS FROM THE PACIFIC. Arrival of tlie Overlain! 'Rxprcss?% 1,000, 000 of Treasure En Route?News from California, Nevada, Oregon anil tile Stinilwiclt MitniK?Ailvlcn from tile Whaling Fleet, ?!Le. I'jtciru Snttscs,Oct. 9,18C1. The pony express, with California dates of the 2d lnsfant, i*iSHcd this jilnee to- lay. Arrived at San Frnnciyco, 29th, ships l-tarr King, New Yoik; Santa Claun aud Western Star, Eoslon; ?1 Wagier Mew Yolk. Spoken, August 20, latitude 18 10, longitude 91 54, b.nk s'aphoje, fourteou uuQthM out, with 100 bailee oil. Sailed, 2^h uit., I'nlteil States sloop-ef war St. M tr^ s, to eruite on ti e Southern to ast; bi ig 'lherera Hong Kong steam?r Uncle mi,carrying250pa=.?e igci-sand$1,115,000 in treasure, of which there were $1,000,U00 foe New York. 11.e f. Ii' wing are the heavy shippers (.1 the treasure:? Weils,f'argb &<?., $331,000; Houohae, Ita'ston k Co., fl?i,CC0: f'urrolt & < o., $107,270; Satiier & Church, $91, 660; B. Davidson, $^0,000; J. Seilgitian & Co., $06,021; SchnAl Bros., $<>7,000; Jatnes l'atrlck k Co., $i50,000; Mai k liennlnger & Co., $20,000. Among the cabin passengers for Xew York wore 8eo. Thorne, Capt. Myers, C. P. Foster, Lieut. K. W. l-'orsythi all of the United States Ariny; J. P. Dewey, wife and sou; Mrs. ?. C. Wnsburne. Tho following passengers were for Europe:? iter. W. A. Scott, 1>. )>., wifo and four children; A. Fi ott, (haimers Scott, Mrs. A. P. Reese. Tho market continues (pilot. Twi niy-ihreo cents was refused for 25,000 boxes candles, ex Magnet; Isthmus but ter, 27c.; cotton direct, No. 1,27>?c.; high proof whiskey, 30.;.; spirits turjieutine, $1 50 per gallon. Tho California news is of no importance sinco tho last express. Tho Legislature of Nevada Territory was convened at Cms n City yesterday. Governor Nye sent In his mes sage to oay, and recommended the adoption of a ( alifor nia mining law for that Territory, and a Sunday law, clesilig with patriotic remarks. The steamer Cortex brings Oregon itotes to the 27th ult. Tho newe Is unimportant. She brought $;K),000 in gold, a variety of government stores, 100 mules and 65 horses for the army. The latter o st $175 ji-i head. Sandwich Island dates to tho 7th ult. say that the bark Zero arrived at Honolulu on :lio 6th from tho Arctic Ocean, bringing tho first report from the whaling fleet. As IS usual with the llrst advices from the north, It is very brief and unsatisfactory. l.M. Dryer, the American Commissioner, was so se riously Hi as to he unable to attend to Ids duties. Hufiiness ap)<ears to be very dull nt the islan ;s. and will doubtless continue so until the advent of the vessels of tlie whaling fleet in tictob r and November. The remnant of a small town has been discovered on Maiden's Island, supjx.sed to have been a stopping placo for the buccaneers tlvoe centuries ago. The ship Storm King, from New York, reports a severe gale off Cape Horn, she was compelled to tnrow over board thirty tout, of trciglit. The following Is a correct 1lct of the passe' gers who left upon th'i gt-amshtp L'ncIeSatu:? T. 1'. I'atletson, A. Patterson, Georgo Reed, W. Rood, K. P. (Jlrd, A. It. Van Wulllck, wife and son Charles Tra,n, Col. C. B. l'orter, United Slates Army, Capt. George Thome, wife, three children and servant, C?| i Myers, wife, three children and servant, Capt p. H.-Mietldan, United States At tny; I .lent. J. W Forsyth, United states Army: K P. Dewy, wlfo and son, 3. Sunderlsnd. wife, three children and servant: J.' ew s 11 Websb andwiie, I> M ^rmth, C.B.Walter, W I-. Wagner. Mrs E C. Wa.-I b line, K \V. Buell, 1.. J. Spartuw, Mr.C M.Stra tier. R. McCune, a J. C mptei., wtfo, child and nurse, M -? Ida l, . A K U'rkham, >1 HcsSickel, Mus I.. B. \Veb!i, J II Ri ese, Francis Prebor.s Mtiother, Mrs J ' c. |;,.r. erbnfl and son, K. O Osnip' 'M, Rev. W a Scott, ' D ifo and four children. An.') - Ktik .n I.Mrs A. ii I r e.J ?? Jertn I-. K 'a i' Chtrlcs Waters, ! ljtnib..1. T. Ryan.G. 8. I^awrrnc*, .'no. Wilson, Mrs. JT. Mleliels, four children and servant Wm. , Jr., J. Kbingor, wife and four chlldiou; Mrs. .1ennie lie ure ami three children, Mrs. 9. 1). Bosworthand twochildren, P. A. Raymond,8, Murks, lira. B. U. Laitou, J. C. Fisher, Mrs. T. I'nderwood.B, liavenport and wile.8. A. Kdmund, coii. A. W. Campbell, Juan Mugor, J. II. kenzle, J. Lock hard, I). 6. Nell.L. F. Kurrcn and faintly, Ju lus Heys land, A. I.nvi ur, Mrs. T. 11. Selhy, Qve children aud nor rant I.. Hov.tru, T. H. Colvan, John W. Duncan, W. Wright end duughter. llrbel Veasele in Cuban Porta. The Gat'la,of Havana, <if the ad ui?t,, publishes a semi ollicial defence of the course of the Captain General In permitting the entry into Cuban porla of vessels bearing the Confederate dag. After soma preliminary observa" tiun, the article proceeds:? On the i?2d of August the Governor of Matanzas wrote to Ibo Captain Uoueral, submitting a communication from tli Consul of the United St it?s, asklr g the latter that he ?? id either compel tue sloop Not k, c ming from (U i Unt' ii under the Confederate Uag, to recognise bU ay UiKi It) or clear Iroin llie port of .MaCunza* forthwith. ? ? 'liio Consul 8 prut imioli apt cared ma ge, an It could not fail to d(>; but the government, ever faithful to ita course of being assured upou its roaoiv s, an I particular ly when they concern a cou.iiry which so frequently b Inge forvntrd queetions of ?u unprcc il ntod form aud character, coiieultod the Admiral of thin station. That 'list iigiiiHicd fuuetmi.a y demonstrated iu a long und well reasoned document - ' lh.ii the nli 'ip huvhig Hailed from Chur.Qston, a po t in one of the seceded Nate*, it wa* cleai that tt could n >t ('"mo under the Hag of the Union or el aied by the fe (oral authorities, atnoa at that tiort they hive no existilice; that tliu Hag of the .-o.ib?,n ooidcderaey, though not recognized.baaatill been tolerated by the. paiivb govern ment, a tolerance ba?ed u.wi the belligerent uouditioi.a of the N ii th and South, which is a vital 'Oiisequence of tlio neutral posits n of Spuin, which in Qua, reconciles our political relatione with tb ? Washington goverumoM. as well an those coiam-i cial ones which wu hare mff reuwi.nced and o ght not tu run .unco. To grant the r?s* must of the loiifii.l would be equivalent to the exclusion from our porta of Souths: n siiii* wliieh did n t sail under their enemy's Hag. The fede at government can pre Mnl the exit of Southern ship* by moajja of a blockale, but that fact does not give it a ;i(,hi to sli t our (the ( '.ban) porta. It I-vory natural tli it th ? Noink aboud i4 ie ogiuse tlu* aulliority ol a tedonil Consul, alnoD it is not cleared by olll rials deriving authority from Washing ton, and coes notsail under the federal Hag. In ?m h a case the Noauk could not bo expected to submit to cou sular authority; nor amid that submission he of any value, since the Consul himself wou.d be Compelljd to meet the following alternative . lie would either have to i'lour the vessol under the South ru ilat;t or d ny any firain f) lo it it all. The nrst i.i.-e is oot aupposable, ami tlio secubd would amount to hi* capturing the aloop us a prize im>ide a Spaulsh port aud by the help of the author it ii h." In view of an argixnont so troll susliineil, and taking ntu account the tnuiaof the royal dcciO' of Hi I7ih ?I Jme, In which her Ma ? sty dec tied the stru t st neutrality, the i|uuxUort ? ? r o.v i, not by dlctattug aclrculai', a. has bees false j .I, not by sendliig secrctorde.H nor by iisauliig a proi I intlou, but by di reeling, as a temporary moasure, w hat was to b done with the No. nk and the other vessels that mi>.hi And i In nixelvea m the .same position, i cndii g an express m,,i leiiiiite resolution of the supreme goveniin 'iit. iliis measure d tlio foll'Wibg |hju is:' Ui iiii huh Into the tegular porta of vessels with (he Oou f' derate (lag w hu h were devoted to r<' '.ar c iiimeree, provided tli ir paiiers gave tin evl>l?i,ce i.t pii aojr, fr utdoi' other crime puuishabie by tli' law ot natlas eflondly, that otioo in port they shall he uu 'er the safe ^uard of the pioclaimed nogir..lit.v, f.c from the mo lestation of any foreign agent, dure g Ua lawful pora t lot is of loading aad uiacharging or epartiiig; and thirdly, that the naval authorities ol nl! tli j jii/rts, as a so the auihorltlea of the govornm ut ami Treas ry, should Consider vessels iu that eo.n uiou, so far as relates to ili( irentry md clearing, as proc ediug from foreign uatiui ? which have no acur> dited (kinaul n onr terrl'ory . This decision was communicated to th Governor of Ma ta iZ iS and the Collector, so tliat th y might ciu.i ue in its execution. It was also made kn< wu to h r M> ? sty's Minister in Washington. And Anally tfc.< Instroo tiuiis of her Maiesiy were sought, tliat it nnglit be ap provod or disapproved, according to her pleasure. ?Jii'li condttct'on tile part of th t apialn fieuerai, proeeeil tng fi on the exercise of a legal ri^ht ro i goi/1 d in all times and by all nations, and pa. ticaiai ly by American publicists, does not indicate the reeoniiitiou of the- C'?j /edi'rttcy, u? has b en said. It s guiM a the privilege of nociass,norapeciaiprotection totuot otile?l"iates,noi do s it mean anything but th>- str t .uat iteufality, without ?rtiji dice to the rights oi oomm rc , which o-igiit to tK' reacted. Would th -friemfci oi ib? North |uetend that the proclaimed neutrality *h > ilil be explained aao'o.-tnf our [wirts to the i-onuii'ice of th ? Aiuth' Would that be, in I'aot, neutralityr Wo leave to setis.bie and lmi>urtiul men tlio reply to these (iifostiong, as wa ?;s? le?ve to the government of the I uiicd Males, w ith w uich a aiu mam

tains sucli loyal relations, the appreeiation of aconduet ivliich?oi.ld only ho misinterpreted by tlios.- who listen to tin counsel but that of pas*ion, and who do.- ire that all Ihn governments oi tlie earth should p: oeod in accordance with their wishes, c ti>rl??aor IttUrcsta, FINANCIAL AND COMMERCIAL. Tuuhsdjly, uco. lo?6 P. M. The money market continues dull. Five is the true rate for call louns, though parties who have to' go in search of money often pay nix, and some lenders who go in search of borrowers are com pelled to be satisfied with four. An active busi ness was done to-day in ft per cent Treasury notes at 99% a %. The day has likewise been an active one .it the Bub-Treasury, the Sub-Treasurer having re imbursed the banks nearly a million and a halt, and having received large amounts on account of Trea sury notes from the various private agents, all of whom are now directed to pay the amounts they receive into the New York Sub-Treasury weekly. Foreign exchange opened without any strength for Saturday's mail. Hankers ask 107%, but nel| at li)7. Good mercantile bills range from 106 to 106%, and documentary bills from 105% a 106. It is understood that the supply of bills will not be large to-morrow, the weather having interlered with shipments, but the demand is pretty sure to bo light. The reaction so generally expected on the Stock Exchange began to be felt to-day, and prices tell from 1 to 1% per cent all round. This is perfectly natural, and sho.ild surprise no one. The "con sol'' of our murivet at the present time is United Status G's; whenever the fancy stocks advance in a disproportionate degree to United States G's the advance may be set down as speculative, and no' reliable. We have placed on record ample rea sons for a general advance in stocks this season. But this advance must be led by government storks, which are the most solid and substantial securities on our market, Any movement which leavi >? out should be watched with suspicion; for it * ifectly evident that if there is not enough i oiupetition for government stocks to cuuao them to advance, the public canuot be an active purchaser on our Stock Exchange. By the time tlint United States G's?which have only risen about 0% per cent since Bull run?range Irom 95 to 'JO, people will be ready for another smart ad vance in railway shares. The most active stocks of the day to-day were New York Central which fell % per cent, with very large transactions; Toledo, which fell 1%; Rock Island, which fell 1%; Michigan Central, which fell 1, and Erie, which fell 1. The quantity of stock in the street has Increased considerably within the past day or two; the rise, as usual, has tempted opera tors to realize profits and stockholders to sell out their stocks. These reactions arc incidental to all upward movements; their duration and extent de pend upon accident. State stocks and govern ments were less alfected by the decline than rail way shares. Missouris and Tennessees fell off, however, % a % per cent. At the second board the market was variable; at one time there seemed to be a tendency to rally prices, but at last the downward movement prevailed, and stocks closed weak at the following quotations:?United States ft's, registered, 1881,92% a 92%; United States G's, coupon, 1881, 92% a 92%; United States 5's, 1874, 81% a 82; Indiana 5's, 80 a ?; Virginia C's, 47% a 4*%; Tennessee G's, 42% a 42%; North Carolina 6's, 60% a Gl; Missouri G's, 43 a 43%; Pacific Mail, 90% a 90%; New York Central, 77% a 77%; Erie, 29 a 29%; do. preferred, 48 a 49; Hudson Iliver, 3G a 36%; Harlem, 11% a 11%; do. preferred, 27% a 28; Reading, 3G a 36%; Michigan Central' 47 a 47%; Michigan Southern and Northern In diana, 16% a 17; do. guaranteed, 38% a 37; Pana ma, lift a 117; Illinois Central, 66% a 66%; Ca lena and Chicago, 69% a 70; Cleveland and Toledo, ' 35% a 35%; Chicago and Bock Island, 47% a 47%; [ Chicago, Uurlington and Quincy, 63 a 63%; Dela ware, Lackawana and Western, 07 a 72; Milwaukee j and l'rairic du Chien, 18% a 19; Illinois Central j I bonds, 7's, 89 a ?9%. The following was the business of the Sub Treasury to-day:? I RfC.ltl is $1,342 141 7S I ?l or customs 24 OlWl 00 ' ?Tross'iry notes 870,664 oo ' lay menu 2.CCv;43 01 ! Balance .. . ? ... 10,0^7.!?.'? IS I The exchange at tho Pan!; Clearing Hot -i thU I morning were tll? .92-50, and t! b.i;ar< >?? The statements of the hanks of the three princi pal cities of the Uuiun for the l&t week compare with the previoii* one and the corresponding time of 1800 as foliowb:? l.mnt. Dnxunli, Sprit. Circulation. N.York, Oct. 6.$Mc 613,488 1#U,U)7,64# 8#,Wi#,i?l H.HHI.OM U-mtuu, Oct. 1. H3,U4,X3$ 211711*0 0,415,M? 6,707,701 l'ldla., Out 7 ... 30,4W, 11# 24331,1170 6,3*3,277 2,2to,7S# Total $242,738,>MS 1M,110,56# 61,600,034 17,830,?? l*?t week 2l6,lo?,'J71 l32.u:v<<W? 4#,0fil>.l? 17,172,5 J Last year 2 Hi,!*-', *67 112,<Kiti,(M0 3O,036,(iM 'A',5r7,tJ# The St. Louis Democrat of Tuesday says:? There wftN <{uic? a run on the Union Bank of this city to day , and tlie bank redeemed Km notee and the uotes of Its branches at Hoteu pur cent discount in uin. Tho ruu continued with little ahatemeat untd tho close of the bank ing hours. Towards tlie clone or Uio run the bank would jiay but uinety cents on the doliar, wid the |ieople seemed to be satisfied to get that. & veral merchants have ar ranged to take Missouri ninuey hureultor at its quoted val'te In coin each day, and a circular won put lu circula tion to obtain the names of those who will go into such an arrangement. The Cincinnati Gazette of Tuesday says:? Currency continues in good supply, and the money mar ket is easy, acceptable paper going loadily at 10 a 12 per cent. The$706,000 of demand notes disbursed by the government her'- Jms had a good effect, aud when the re mainder ol' tiiu $2,000,000 due here shall l>o paid over to ooutjactors, the iiuaueuti machinery oT the city will work without ajar. The Treasury note* take woll. llankers hove entire confidence in them, and they aro preferred to other currency. Tlie people al*.. uko to them keenly, aud tlioir standing at, a circulating medium is ttrmly estab lished. Saturday and to day considerable sums were taken Into the interior to pay t'<>r cattle, produce, Arc., aud pretty so n farmers will be in possession of promises to pay that they can sleep upon with as much security as if their meuiiB wore iu gold eagles. Tho clliione of the West ern Hates particulai Iv, who have suliered so much ftorn an inferior currency, wiii welcome the appearance of tlie ''(trmaary notes. Ia relation to the circulation of these demand notes, the Boston l'ost, the proclivities of which are altogether in favor of a specie currency, re marks We admit all that can be said against a paper circula tion, but it prevails over the loyal states, notwithstand ing,Tor good or evil, and as we can't abolish ,t, we would improve it. Now, this can be done at the West by an infusion of government notes. These note* may c< nie home for red *mi>tion rapidly, since their holders may be forced to part with them to pay their debts, liut in lime many will retua.n w ith ihe people to prevent the income ot any more of the I ash I.y which tlie Went luis lost so heavrty. Meanwhile the government will have the use of whatever money i an be kept out, aud save a considerable sum m tho express service for the unnecessary transport ol gold. As U> tl.e redemption, we have good reason to know that Mr. Chase fuliy understands his position, and is over-catelul, if anything, iu making I gll prevision for it. And with regard to panics and inflations, we liavo uo Idea that tbe giauual lssu? of fifty millions oi g >vernment bills will have any such result. The West neodso.r rency,and w >uld gradually obtaiu it. Jt would not, be gold, and n would bo paper, good or bal. Now tlie g vornmeut pai>er is the best that can be made, and, ine eio e, wo advocate it finite West, under theeireum stances. Tlie West w ill not havu a dollar more of it than ?she earns?sue will not keep a iloliar more than she can uloi u?but ill pres nee of such an I Hue will prevent the creation ol mai.y local banks an 1 the final repetition of Uielossisof lsco. How much of a government business can bo austainea time v. ii show; lint we have no idea it wilt be much used as a circulation, except at the West. Kv n there it will li tv. its largest use, perhaps, as n con venient and rcaudy gathered specie remittanco to New jfgtk aud Boston. With paper circulations all over the laud, tlu -e will he dungurous inflations from tiino to time; but we have no idi a that these imlatlons depend upon the volition of tho manufacturers of the paper money itself. They rather depend upon tho means, business and circum stances of the people. Now an milation tu iy come after I a goveniment issue,but we have no notion that it will re s dt fiom such issuo. Other things being equal, a govorn inont issue would drive out and diminish a poorer ono; and if it did not. If the wholo body of paper circulation aftei wards Increase l until it became drarnrblug and iqju rious , tlu ineionse would arise from tome change m tho facts of tho people, and not from any go\e nmental ac tion. The paper would have increased oven if govern ment had not issued one dollar, for the Intlatiou of a paper-currency no ico is exactly responsible, and for this reason, among others, w? heartily condemn it. Once existing, it Is almost I oyond control. Jtut the issue rl paper by government is nothing worse, to say tho least, than the issue of a new bank. Neither will increase tho a. grog ite of pup-r afloat, unless the tacts of the people cail iui Uio increase. And with s ch facte we believe the ! revious ihs- os wot.ld have furnished an equal increase If neither government upr new hanks got out a doilar. Wo Condemn tho <is-> of paper as a circulation; but nk paper Is i uiversally used and m tho same fluctuating system, we have no f ar of ihe Issee of a limited amount' of better paper than any heretofore exhibited. *5000 I* Sd's, '02.... 19000 U S ti s, '81 cou (> >>t 1000 do 92 V 7l?i0 U 8 5'b, 65.... 88 16010 I1 S6's, '74 cou 82 85t>0 rrea 12 i>c notes Xul 96tiOTroa6;>r. 2 your. 1000Ohio 6 s,'70... 8l?>i OO'Ht IlicfttiulbilK, '60 82 ficCO III con I "is, (12. (s-'X 2( t>0 111 coil bib', '77. 83 lliuo Mich t! H, '78.. 82*? li>Od MUU 7 s war I. 87 6U>0 T, iiuO's, 90.b00 42'i 6(00 do 42*4 ifioo Missouri O s... 43% lOOttO do s30 43>j 2XC00 do 4~3>i 10000 ilo *16 43>i 6000 ilo 43\ 4000 Mo6'sitoHfcilR 48 1000 California 7 ?... 82 8000 N V Com 6'a.. 02 1000 !?: RR 4th m b. 72>f 1000 H K 3d m b... 83 9000 ' ',H.VQHKH|k; 1?. 92 7000 Mich.-o 1st m b. 83 3C00 N U 1st m 82 11000 C Je V W 1st m 38)i 9000 do 39 2000 MichSosfdbds. 78'4 9 slis lik cif America 99 6 l'.k of Com 82 30 Am Kjt Bank .... 84 68 ?'1 .ntiiiental ii?iik 70 35 I?l!kllutl CanalCo 80 100 CuinbCoalpref... 6 'i 5 Pacific M -S3 Co... ?0X 176 ilo 90ii 60 (lo 90}i fiKYCenRi; 78 Stock Ewhnnge. IMis^Imy, Oct. 10,1881. 3,">0 sliij trio RR..S10 2JI? 200 do blO 29?J. 100 do 8tf0 29 10 do 29 % 15 Frio Rlt prof.... 48 10 llud River RR... 37 do b60 37 2.'i0 do 'MX 60 do btJO 307$ 100 do blO 86V 60 do s60 3?':' 25 do 36 26 Harlem RR 11 % loo do 11 yt I0'J Harlem KH p/ef.. 2"^ lOORMa muRR 36j$ 100 MichCen RK.bOO 48 60 do liOO 47J? 160 do.... 47 50 do 810 47 t,' 260 do 47 2 20 47tf 60 do slO 47 50 MUhS& N IaRR 16y% 625 ilo 16% 150 do 17 110 17>i 100 do 17? 500 Mich So&NIgstk 37*^ 60 do b30 37% 60 lllCenRRscp.b30 67 110 tial k Chic RR... 70>i 60 do "0?^ 150 do 703 J 50 do b30 70 if 100 do ?60 70 400 Clftvo k Tol RR... 30 ?i 50 400 370 60 100 150 50 150 750 200 400 60 110 100 ? BtJO .S30 ? StJO . ..?5 BlO ,S60 ,1>3 bSO Erie RR.sIO do do blO 77 S, 77 Si 77 77 % 7" ?>? UK 77;>i 7'H IVi 17% 30 30 30 400 1660 200 200 1176 100 do. do. do., do.. do. do. ?b3J 36 ao?i . bOO .i>r.o -10 50 aiic & Uk IB RR.. 30>; 80 'i 36'4 ?'"> '4 4H 60 300 200 100 200 100 d.> 810 48 4 7 *i 47 y, slO 47Ji di: do do do bao 48 do bOO 4S 100 Chic, Bur & 1}RR. 63 100 do 63 >i 100 (lo 1)30 6 i'?' 72 Mil k 1' dn Cli RR 19 10 MtUkP du Ch ,2pre 04 SECOND BOAHD. $2000 US 6'8, '81, reg 92J* fto ;li* H id Riv RR.. 36 M 82 9 IS' 81 >, 4?->i IOOO US-6'b,'71.< oili 5000 1 S6'h, 1S67.. 2000 calif iriiia 7'*.. 15000 Missouri O's... 31 >000 ... 2000 Tenn>>~r< 6 s !)0 42j; 3000 Mi. hSskgldbds 78 }? 16 shs Hank of Am.. 99 10 I'll inn | 86 V 60 I'ac M:iil SS Co... 90*^ 25 do R20 90 22 Mechanics' I'.uik. 95 35 N Y Central RR.. 77 60 do 77 S 100 do s60 77% 50 do 820 77*? 1 (X) do blO 77.S 100 do s3 77 10 Erie RR 29^ 60 do blO 2 50 do b;?) 36^ 1IN) do sfiO 3(1 ',4 300 Harlem RR 11 >4 loo Harl' tn RR pref. 271^ 200 Reading RR CO Mich Cent RR.slS 47 r.o ill sI5 467< 135 Mieli S k N la RR 17 290 in ivd rk Ki .f :;o or, 50 (ia'.oua k Chic RR 300 do ?10 17,i Ciov k Toledo RR HtX) do. l'X) do 200 ChickHki.-RR.s60 47>i 260 d.) bi'.O 47 \ 200 do b3 47 50 do v3l) 47 100 do blO 47 \ 36 MII&i'rdnChieuRR 18^ 70 6 :>? 30 CITY COMMERCIAL It K POIIT. TiintsiMV, Oct. 10?6 1'. M. Asnss.?The market was quiet, and sales limited at $6 25 for both sorts. llitmAnmrm.?Klour?Tim market was heavy, and cloced at a decline of 5c. to 10c. ixsr barrel; tho sales fool ed up about 18,000 bbls., cloving witliiu tho rango of tho following quotations:? Superfine Slate $5 20 a 5 30 Extra Stnte, g'Kid to choice 5 40 a 5 75 Sut"'r"ne Western 6 20 a 6 30 Common to cholco Western extra... 5 45 a 6 50 Extra Canada A 45 a 6 75 Mixod to strnkiiht Southern 6 00 a 6 25 Straight to g'XNi extra do fi 39 a 7 25 Choice extra Tamil; and bakers'brands 7 26 a 8 00 Rye flour 2 80 a 4 00 Corn meal, Jersey and Brandyw ine 2 80 a 3 25 ?Canadian brands were aiso heavy, and clmed at lower prices, while tho demand was fair, with sa'ea of 1,200 bbls., closing within the range of the abovo quotations. Soiilnrru tl, ur was in lair demand aiid supplies moderate, while prices were sustained; thu Baits embraced about 800to9i)0 bbls.. closing within the above range of quotations. Ryo tlour was utetuly at our figures, witli sales of 300 bb a. Corn was firm at quotations, with sales o( 2t(0 bbls. Wheat was ir regular uud prio s closed at 2c., and, in some cases, 3c. per b'ishol lower, especially on low aud medium (trades. Prime white was sustained. The sales footed up about 225,000 bushcis at $1 42'j a $1 44 for while Kentucky; $1 2* a $1 42 for while Indian*; $1 35 a |l 40forwluto Ohio,}1 31 for amber Michigan; $1 26 a f 1 28 for red Western: $1 27 for red State, and choico nmb r Green Ray at $1 32; Milwaukee club at $1 15 a $1 18, with a small lot rojMirtod at $1 20 ; $1 18 a $1 17 for new Chicago spring, and $1 08 a (1 09 for old Rictne spring in store. Corn was firmer and In g"Oii Kas'ern and export demand. The sales embia e l ?b >ut 200.000 bushels, lierc, and to a: live, al 64 . lor liealeii, aud 55X a 50 for K-astern shl| lucol.aial 68c. a 67c. for gi>od Wostein mixed for ox port. K) e was quiet but iirni ?l 08c. a 76c. Barlev was sternly, with !r. < -aiesol Canadian and Western at 08c * 76c Hailey ma t w isqn et st 75e. a tOv Oats were in g. - .d j A. an I prices vrcre steidy at ,'ilo. a 34c. for 1 ? m 1 He. f"r We-torn. nn l 34 ^e. a 35e. for Stale. 1,1' ;b m i 'k,1 w.i steady but qtnol: a Bale of 1,600 bales, 1,000of which were (old for Alport to Eng land, closing ins the basil of 2IS4O. per lb. for middling upUuidc. Fhshmts were firmer, especially to IJvsrpool, to whicb port about 30,000 bushels of corn were ongnged at 12d., In bulk, and 24,000 bushels wb-at at 12% d.; choose 11111 46s. and butter 40*. To London rates were steady at .'<08. fur cbeose and 14d. for wheat, and 4h. for llour. To lluvro about 40,000 at 60,000 bi abela wheat were engaged at 25c., and 2,000 a 8,000 bbla. Hour at 05c. Furrr.?Raisin were firm and active, with sales of 6,000 boxes at $2 75 for layorg, now held at $2 87 >?, und bunch at $2 60, now held at $2 62 V Hay.?The market was steady, with small sales at 40c a 60c. for thipmoul and at 55c. a 65c. for city uite. Gi hny lUue were firm, with recent sales of 200balea medium to heavy weights at 13c. a 13}?c., cath. Guuny cloth wot steady but quiet. Hops wore iu fair demand, with sale* of 200b*les this week, of 1861, ut 16c. a20c. for Western, and 20c. a2'tc. for (-'.astern, and old, of 1860, were sold at 14c. a 20c. Other kmdB were nominal. Moi_akskS>?A mlo of 30 hhds. Cuba waa made at 3.c Naval rkh ?K salo of 60 bblg. spirits turnenllns wa#matluin ?hipping order at |1 46 and 860 bbla. low No. 2 ro-ia were t-old at (4 64. I'kovis ions.?l'ork?Th ? market was steady and In fair request. Tim sales embraced 500 a 600 lib's , including mess at $14 50 a $14 75, with sumo lull weight barrel* reported at $16 and prime at $S( 75 a $10, and $14 .'57 '< for thin mees. Ileef study and In fair demand, with sales of ubout 400 a 500 bbls. at $9 25 a $11 for ie;<acked mess. and at $12 a $13 50 lor extra. lleef hams were scarce and firm. Cut meats wero quiet at 4'ic, a 6c for shoulders,and &Mc. a 6%c. for hains. l*rd wag steady, with sales of 260 a 300 lil ls. and lien es at 8),c. a 03^c.; the latter flgure for choice. Butter was steady at 13e. a 14c., and at 15c. for choice fresh State. State cheese was at 6e. a 7u. Both Ohio butter and cheese were quint and nominal. The advance in Western freights makes it al most impossible to forward tlieso article* to the seaboard at the present low range of pricce. Kick was steady at 7i?c. a7*c. Siiuhji.?-The market was comi>aratirely qulot, while prices wfi without quotable change. Tho sales em braced 300 hhds. Cuba, within the range of previous quotations, and 2,000 bag: B'hui at private terms. PrmiiK?We lu?re to notice a sale of Cognac brandy, comprising 61 half pipe* and 100 quarter do. I'inet, Cns tlllnn f; t'o.'B brandy, which wag bought on speculation, at f.1 35 per gallon. Ww?wr ?The market was heavy and lower: 60 bbls. snld at 90j?c., and 450 do. at 20 '. 6H1PPIHG. TIIE BRITISH ANI) NORTH AMERICAN ROYAL MAI L STEAMSHIPS. rllOM MKW YORK TO LIVKKrOOL. Chief cabin passage $190 Second cabin passage 75 ritO* BOSTON TO tlVKNiOOL. Chief euldn passage $110 Second rubin passage M Tne ships trum New York ea'l at Cork harbor. The ?hig( from Boston call at Halifax and Cork harbor. AFRICA,Capt. Shannon. PEIJSlA, Capt. Judkins. Alt Kill A, Capt, ,1. Stone. ASI A, Capt. P.. (I. Lott. AUSTRALASIAN, CANADA, Capt. J Leiteh. AMERICA, Capt. Hockley. NIAGARA, Capt. Hoodie. Capt. Cook. KUIto PA, Capt. Anderson. SCOTIA (now building.) These vessels cany 11 eiear white light at masthead; green on starboard bow; red tin port bow. PERSIA, JiidlUiis. leaves New Yoflt Wednesday, Oct. 9 NIAUARA. Noodle, " Boston " Oct. 15 ASIA, l-oit. " New York, " Oct. 23 CANADA, Mulr, " Huston, " Oet. 30 AI ItlOA, Shannon, " New York " Nov. 6 AMERICA, Anderson, " Boston, *' Nov. U Jiertu not keenird until paiil tor An exnrlenced surgeon on board. The owners of these shins will nut be uncountable for Gold. Sliver, Itiildon, Spe.-ie, Jewelry, Precious Stones or Metals, unless b lis of lading are signed tberelor, and the value thereof therein exprcs.-ed. Kor freight or passu ge, ap ply to K. CUNARD, No.4 BowlingOreen. STEAM WEEKLY BETWEEN NKff YORK ANB Liverpool, lauding and embarking passengers at Queens, town, Irtuand. The Liverpool, New York and Philadelphia Sieainshlp Company intend despatching their full-powered, Clyde.bunt Iron steamships as follows;? E0INBI<R<< Satnrdav. Oct. 19 CITY OK WASHINGTON Saturday, Oct. 1$ ETNA Saturday, Oct. M And every Saturday, at noon, from pier 44 North river. RATh.l or FASSAGK, First Cabin $75 " 10 London 80 " to Cat Is ?5 to Hamburg Steerage $3S to London 3$ to Tat is Sg to Hamburg 35 Passengers also forwarded to Havre, Bremen, Rotterdam, Antwerp, Ac., at equally loiy rates. Persons wishing to brlni; out their friends can buy tickets here at the following rates, to New York:?From Liverpool or Queenstewn, nrst cabin, $75. $83 and $105. Steerage from Liverpool #10. Prom Queenstown $30. Til-re steamers have superior accommodations for passen gers, and earry experienced surgeons. They are built in watertight Iron sections, and have patent lire annihilators on board. For further Information apply In Liverpool to WILLIAM INMAN, Agent, 22 Water suret t; iu Ol tH?ow to WM. 1 NMaN, 5 St. Knot U square; in Queenstown to C. A W.J>. SEYMOUR A CO.; in London to E1VRS A MACRY, 61 King W1 iiam street: in 1'ari# to JULES UKt'OUE, 5 Pla. e de la Bourse; In Philadelphia to JOHN G. DA I J!, Ill Walnut street, oral the company's ufllces. JOHN U. DALE, Agent, 15 Broadway, New York. FOE SOUTHAMPTON AND HAVRE, ON SATURDAY. Oct. 13.?The United mail steamer FULTON, J* A. Wotton commander, will sail from pier 87 North river, foot of Beach street, on Saturday, Out. 12. Till# steamship? unsiirpnixted for safety anl comfort?ha* double engines un der de.k, eti'fosed l>y water tight compartment^ which. be sides other results, tend. In the event or collision or sfrand lug, to keep Hie pumps tree to work, and genre the safety of vessel md passen-ters. For freight or passage a|iply to OEtX M ACKKNZIE, \ Ag'nU' No- 7 Bruft<lw*y* The strainer ARAt.'O will sail Novembers. The north oerman i.i.oyd s steamship brh MEN, H. We* -els commander. carrying the Unite4 Slates mull, will sail from pier 30 North river, foot of Cham* bera alreei, oil SATURDAY, October 26, at 12 o'clock M., FOR BREMEN VIA SOUTHAMPTON, taking passengers l" London, Havre, Southampton and Bremen, at the following rate*:? for the first cabin, $1110; second cabiu, $00; steerage, $34. For freight or passage apply to OELRlCHS k CO., 68 Broad street. Direct steamship line between NEW YORK, HAVRE AND ANTWERP. The new and splendid steamer, A 1, Ca|it. Lunnlng, power, Will sail from New York on WKDNESDAY, Oct. 1#, For Havre and Antwerp direct Price of passage tor Havre, Antwerp, Southampton or Lon* dun ? First eabln $100 Second cabin $iW | Steerage 31 Children between one and ten yenraof aae half price. For freight apply to WM. F. SCHMIDT, 76 Reaver rtreet. For passage Rpply to HENRY M. WEED, 187 West atreet, corner of Reade street. STEAM TO 1IAMBURO, HAVRE, LONDON AND Southampton The Hamburg Amercnn Packet Company's iron steamship BAVAKI A. E. Meier commander, carrying the United Slate* mull,-will leave from pier No. 21 North river, foot of Fulton street, SATURDAY, Oft..her 19, at noon, for Hamburg, via Southampton, taking passengers for Havrat Lou Ion, .Soiiihampion and Hamburg. First cabin, $100. second cat.In, $00; steerage. ?35 The steam rs of this line will leave every alternate Satur day. cutrylng the Un >e i S an s mail. Th ? ste unship lEUTONIA will succeed the Bavaria OB November2. C. B. RICHARDS X BOAS 161 Broadway. I7*OR L]VERPOOL. ?TAPSCOTT'S LINK?SAILS OC. 1 tobcrll. The lav.irit-i packet ship CONSTELLATION; her accommodations for pas-< user* nra superior. For pas sage at low rate* apply on hoar i at pier 47 East river, or to TAPSCOTT x CO , 8(5 South sir. el. IilOR LIVERPOOL.?THE SPLENDID CI.I1TEK SHIP 1 MARIANNE KOTTEUOIIM. Capt. Limb, will .1' o. ?norn>iv The ship VANtilMKD, < n|#t. UalleU, wttlsaL m the 12tli inst. For passage in both ships apply ou board, ;4ei H Kist river, or to JOSEPH MURPHY, 01 South street, ueai Well. IpOR LIVERPOOL.?OLD BLACK STAR LINE.?A steamboat will leave pier 27, East river, this a.teruoon, at 2 o'clock, to convey passengers tu Uu> RESOLUTE, now at anchor In (lie stream. The CONST^^'Tlo.N Mills <>??? 12. The A 1 ST It AM A (it. 18. For passage, apply to WILLJAMd A tilJIOS, 411 Fulton street. pllEAl' PAHSAtiE TO LIVERPOOL, BY THE BLACK. \ / hail line of packets.?The fast sailing clipper ship NEPTUNE sails the 14th of October. For passage aim'v on hoard, fool of Bcekmnn street, East river, or to JACOB WILSON, 103 South street. T.1IHST SHIPS FOR LONDON AND ANTWERP.?SHIP F RHINU, nt pier 1:'En t river, for London, sails October 12. Ship SI K ROBERT PERL, for Antwerp, sails October Id. For p .ssage, at reduced rates, apply to THOS. C. ROCHE. 83 South street. XI.INE FOR LONDON.?SAILS TOMORROW (Saturday). The packet ship E. H.TAYLOR, Captain I,..i d, has room for a few more sc-ond cabin passengers. Taken nt low rates by applying on board, ut pier ifi.Jiaat river, or to TAPSCOTT .1 CO., 8(5 South street. Australia pioneer line-carrying the United States Mails. The A! British clipper ship SI AM, Oruvej, master. Is now rapidly loading for Sydney, N. S. W., din . I, nt J ier 13 East river, and will lie despatched positive]/ 17th Octolier. For freight or Iiassa? apply to W. R. CAME RON, !?) Beaver Street. USTRALIA ? KANtiAROO LINE FOR MELBOURNE. ?.The ship JACK FROST will go to aer. on Tuesri <y, the 15th Inst. Can accommodate live more second eabln passen gers il'applied for at once. Shippers will please clear their goods by Saturday the 12th inst. The clipper ship SNOW SQUALL will succeed. MAILLHB. LORD .t QI'ERKAU, 108W?U si i eet. FOR CALIFORNIA YIA PANAMA. A first class steamer will le.ave New York on the 1st, lltk and 21*t of each month, except when these dates fall on Sun day, when the day of drparture will be on the Monday fol lowing. For frleght or passsce apply at the only office, No. 5 Bow ling Greei D. B. ALLEN, Agent. FOR RIO JANEIRO, LOTA "Ink AR VALPARAISO) snd San Francisco.?The Pacific Mail St< auishiii Com pany will despatch their new steamship constitution, 3 S*> tons burthen, from New' York for the above ports, on or about 1st to 15th November next. Cabin passage to Rio $150 Cabin passage to Lota .'t-O Cabin passage lo San Francisco 409 Freight will also be taken for San Francisco If sufficient In dncements arc offered. Apply at the cilice of the company, 88 Wall street. IjlOH HAVANA VIA NASSAU, N. P.?THE BRITISH ' and North American Royal Mall steamship KAKNAK, Captain I.e Messurler, will sail for the above ports from the company's ? hnrf at Jersey City, On Monday, 14ili October. On Tuesday, I0(b December. On Monday, 11th November, on Tuesday, 7th Jan., 18fi2 PasMtge money to Nassau $45 " " Havana 80 For freight or passage apply to E. CUNARD, No. 4 Bowling Oreen. A1 NILUKERY. MRsS. LAZARUS ISAACS HEOS TO INFORM !!KU CVfi tommu ihat has oponed with r\ large* nR?. rtn.? nt of 1a!1 and win ?'r :i> So. 1l> J)ivi?it>n street. I'i uho call and examine before purchasing rlHcwh^re. A PA PORTS. I'PLY FOR PASSPORTS TO A W. KUNXEDY,

Other newspapers of the same day