NEW YQRK HERALD. JAMEI GUltUON BKNNBTT, EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR. OFFICE K. W. COHNEIt OF Fl'LTON AND NASSAU STB. rr.XMS ?i?A in Oilratx*. M iiiry^nl Ml nuti! will henttlit rMoJ the nervier, Kerne >'Ul Bait* MlU'urrentinXcut lor* MaR _ _? TIIF- DAI I VnitRAI.D. two rrnteper ropy, $7 /?er annum. Tilt: WKKKLV liKUM.lt. everyH1lur l.11/, at tixrenlt tier emiv.ot $3 I'tr annum; the furojmttt K l.U m rttrru UV I'tee I w, at nij rrnt-i-etm/y; ft , rr .nwim In any t> irt tit ml Hnt'ltii. or $0 12 I" '??? >"u t'?/ l'i?tHii'"l, '??' t? inrluU i>tufmir; the California Klitiemon thr Inf. iltli an<t*l*t uf ruth m'ml/t, at nx et /' fiermpu-or tS7ijirriiiinun. Tut: M MIL r lthlijt.LV. on Wtilnesh!/, at /nur rent* )?rr ifij'i/? f- rer annum. VOL PA T. 1 h' > f'OJfR FSPf/XDh A ^7?, raittainturj important prim, mtii-itr.it irum "?"/ t/tinrtrr nf the in.il't; if ifeil, trill he lihernllt, rat i fur. ?;vO<tR KonrlliN CoKBHrOKDKNTS I'aiiTii'Ui.aw T 1UQU1STKD to Skai. all Lbttbm and 1'acb Ai.i XfcNT C? Volume XXVI No. a?? AMUSEMENTS THIS EVENING. ACADEMY OF MU8IO, Irving plnee.?l'BOr. Hebrba.hx. WINTER GARDEN, Biondway.?Thb Cup and tub Ltr. WALLACK'S T11EATUE, No. 8M Broadway.?Thb Nkw Pbbsidbnt. LAURA KEENE'8 THEATRE, Broadway.?Sbvbn Suns. NEW BOWF.BY THEATRE, Bowery.?Tub Srutrr Fbibrd ?Wallacb?Astro l Douukb. BOWERY THBATRE, Bowory.?Eubbstbiaw Pbbkobb Ajrcil BABNUM'S AMERICAN MUSEUM, Broadway?Hay ? lid . . mil J.1KAI E*IBlTATIO\S?ltBAB, SBA LlON, AMD OtBBB OUBIMITIKl. BRYANTS' MINSTRELS, Mochautca' Hall. ?7S Broad way.? OlBkltl IS TUB I K.ST. 8TUYVESANT 1NHT1TUTK, Broadway -Fo* A SiiABr LBT S MinrTHLLS. MELODEON CONCERT HALL, No. 099 Broadway. tkJM.f. UaNCK*. htHI.KSUUKB. 40 ?I'ouil 1.0VKI1S, CANTERBURY MUSIC IIAi.L, 685 Broadway.-Sowa*. DAMIX, liUBLBSqUBS, *0.?M.iuic Ladbki. flAIETIl.S CONCERT ROOM, 616 Broadway.?Drawim Boob Entbhtaimbbnti Bai.lkts. 1'antomibb?. Kakcks, ,tc. AMERICAN MUSIC HALL, 414 Brondway.-SO.NOS, Bal U1.>. 1'ANTOMIBKS, Ac. ? UlTAl, l.OVKBI. CRYSTAL PALACE CONCERT HALL. No. 48Bowery.? BOKl KSHl'ltll. Songs, Danckh. .lr\ ? Hbkkann t.ik (jKr.Al. METROPOLITAN CONCERT HALL, COO Broadway? SOKtif, DaNCBS, f'ABCKS. BtlRLksyUKS, Ac. PARISIAN CABINET OF WONDERS, S63 Broadwuv ? Op-n <1 .Hy from III A. M. tlll9i?, M. "roaawuy. Sew York, Friday, October 11,1861. NOTICE TO ADVERTISERS. It takes several hours, even with the aid of vast Improvements in our mechanical department, to print our large and increasing daily edition. We are therefore compelled to call once more upon advertisers to have their business notices sent to the office before nine o'clock in the evening. THE SITUATION. The Union army in front of Washington is now In possession of all the points lately occupied by the rebels?namely, Lewinsville, Munson's, Mi ner's, Upton's, Mason's, Taylor's and Maxwell's hills, from which positions the enemy have retreat ed without showing fight. General McCletlan vi sited this entire line yesterday and found every thing peaceablc and in good order. No rebels are visible within six miles of our front. The late heavy rains hsve swollen the Upper Potomac to fifteen feet above a fordable depth, thus rendering all movements of either army across the river im possible. , We publish to-day a very curious and interesting nap of the battle of Bull run, describing the posi tions of the armies at different periods of the day. It is in fact a semi-official report of the operations Of the 21st of July. The original comes entirely from rebel sources, having been drawn by a rebel draughtsman and engraved and published in Rich mond. We have hitherto given descriptions and maps of the Dull run affair sufficiently comprehen* sive, perhaps, to answer all necessary purposes; but this map, being the production of the observa tion and enterprise of the rebels, and having it? origin in the rebel capital, will be viewed with unusual interest. The position of General Rosecrans in Westenn Virginia is ascertained to be at Mountain Cave, twenty-fire miles from Ganley, in a very strong po sition. He had recently advanced ten miles An ther, as far as Little Bewail, but subsequently fel' back in order to draw out the rebels, who were Btrongly posted at Big Sewali, and induce them to give battle, but they declined the invitation. Gen. Reynolds reports that the rebels under General Lee, in front of his position, have been driven back as far aB Greenbrier Springs, twenty miles beyond their late rendezvous. They hud destroyed nearly all their camp equipage, and left their wagons in the hands of our troops on the Huntcrsville road upon their retreat. The report of the surrender of Colonel Matthews at Herman, Missouri, has been denied by de spatches received yesterday at the War Depart ment. Despatches from Missouri, which we give to-day, confirm the fact that General Price and his army of rebels are rapidly retiring into Arkansas before the advancing forces of General Fremont. Where the opppsing armies shall meet, therefore, remains at present exceedingly uncertain. THE NEWS. Our correspondence from Paris, Turin, Florence, Genoa, Geneva and St. Petersburg, published this morning, contains most interesting information concerning the progress of political and diplomatic events in Europe at the latest dates. I The Board of Councilmen met last evening and Adopted a number of resolutions fixing the polling places for the ensuing election. Two vetoes were received from the Mayor?one withholding his ap proval from an ordinance to amend the ordinance jnaking the annual approprmtions for the support Of the city government for 1861, reducing the ap propriation for supplying deficiencies in the tax ?levy for 1859 from 1160,000 to $4,000. His Honor ptates that the ordinance was re-enactcd by the Legislature, so that the proposed diversion of the Amount raised cannot be done by the Common ,Council. Ho states, however, that it it absolutely ^ecessary to provide for the deficiencies caused by ,erroneons assessments in 1859. This veto, if sustained by both Boards, will prevent 1150,000 oing into the treasury to be wed for general pnr oses. 1 f.c other was u veto of a resolution directing that the house of Hook and Ladder Company No. 14 he fitted up at an expense of $230. It appeared that the provisions of the charter were evaded by fetting the work done by piecemeal, and that a housand dollars worth of work had been done. The Street Commissioner sent in his third quarter ly report of the business doue by the Street De partment for the quarter ending September 30, J-<61, together with the various bureau reports The document was laid on the table. A resolution was concurred in to hire Ebbitt Hull, 56 West Thirty thi <1 street, for the use of the Thirty-seventh roci jnent, N. Y. 8. M. After the adoption of a lar;;e b ? h :l resolutions relative to routine matters, the Uaavd adjourned till Monday. At ii meeting of the Board of Aldermen liwit CMM-'ogn n monication was received from his J1 1 relating to the all< tmcnt sys tm.nn.: ^ner in which the volunteers from l,';< S: " >?> their pay. On motion the com munication was referred to the Committee on Na tional Affair . Hie semi-annual report of the In spector of City Railroads whs presented, and ?liows that the Dumber of miles of railroad in this city is thirty-one and three-quarters; the number of double cars is two hundred and ninety*Ave, single oars eighty-thn e?making a total of three hundred and seventy-eight cars. The report was ordered on tile. The third quarterly report?from January L tit September 25?of the Croton Aqueduct Depart ment was presented, tutd shows that the receipts from water rents were $505,619 61; penalties, $5,'224 02; taps, valve pipes, $2,073 25; permis* sions to conn ct with sewers, fill,058; permission to excavate vaults, $C, >15 25; petty cash, >456 28? tota:, $623,3 ,i 31. tixpen I lures ?warrants drawn during that period, $881,861 02, The report was ordered on tile, and one thousand copies ordered to be printed. The Hoard then adjourned till Mon day evening next at five o'clock. The LegiHlature of Connecticut met in extra ses sion at Hurtl'ord on Wednesday, the 0th inst., and Governor Buckingham sent in his message on the same day. Henry C. Deming, a national Union man, was elected Speuker of the House in place of Mr. Brandegee, who is detained from his seat by sickness. The Governor alludes in appropriate terms to the death of General Lyon, who was a native of that State, and recommends the legisla ture to assume the payment of the expenses incur' red in bringing on his body. He asks for authority to raise more troops for the war, without being confined to the quota called for by Congress, and Bays if he had not been restricted he would now huvo had fifteen thousand men in the field. There was a run on the Union Bank of St. Louis on the 7th inst., and the concern managed to re deem its Dotes part of the time at. a shave of seven per cent, but before the close of tho day it de manded ten. The People's Union Nominating Convention met last evening at the Cooper Institute, to hear the report of tho Conference Committee on candidates for State Senators and Assemblymen. The Com* mittee reported that they bad not come to any conclusion, and were to meet again on Monday evening. The Convention adjourned until Tuesday evening, to give the committee an opportunity to confer aguin with the other conventions. The charter election in Newark on" Tuesday resulted in a complete democratic victory, that party hnving re-elected their candidate for Mayor by a largely increased majority and sccured twelve out of the fifteen Aldermen chosen. Long before the election the democrats placcd themselves squarely upon the Union plutform, and shouted for the war even stronger than their republican op ponents; so that the few secession sympathizers in the North cannot get a grain of consolation out of this democratic success. There is a sufficient number of men now encamped on Staten Island to make three full regiments. There is not a foot of free territory bordering on any of the seceded States, except the southwest corner of Pennsylvania, which joins a portion of Virginia, where the people remain loyal to the Union. Poor old John Bell, of Tennessee, is getting more cuff's than coppers even from his own friend* in Secessia. It is said that his present lot is a complete political isolation, and a Nashville cor respondent writes that he lives an unenviable, lonesome, embittered, hopeless existence. It will be recollected that he invested five thousand dollars in a new steamboat building at Pittsburg, which was recently seized under the confiscation act. The cotton crop in some parts of Texas has been injured materially by continued rainy weather. The quota of New York city of the 600,000 troops called for by Congress is 20,908. "'hat of Kings county is 7,165. The extensive soup house in Baltimore for the benefit of the poor of that city is not maintained by lloss Winaus, as has been stated. It is sup ported entirely by Mr. Thomas Winaus, who con structed and stocked the Moscow and St. Peters burg Bailroad in Bussia, and who built the fumous aegar boat known as the Winans steamer. The ship Ocean Monarch, Captain Page, clcared yesterday for Liverpool, with 113.622 bushels of grain?31,783 bushels of wheat, and 81,83!) of corn. The Havana Oaceta publishes a semi-official de fence of the course of the government of that island in admitting into its ports vessels bearing the Confederate flag. It argues that, under the Queen's proclamation of neutrality, no other course was possible, and declares that it by no means im plies a recognition of the independence of the Southern confederacy. Besides, it is only a tem porary policy, as the Captain (ieneral, considering the gravity of the question, has referred it to the home government. A large quantity of jewelry was seized yester day on board the steamship Bavaria. The parties in whose possession it was found stated that the whole of it is occasionally worn by themselves and friends, and was not intended for sale. The larjre number of article? seemed to preclude the possibi lity of such an idea, and the property was taken to the office of the Port Surveyor, where the matter is undergoing a strict investigation. The number of inmates in the public Institutions of the city at present is 7.9t.">?a decreaso of 190 since the last weekly return. The number admit ted to them during the past week was 2.105, while those who died, were transferred or discharged numbered 2,295. A meeting of the^rain and produce receivers and transportation aj^nts was called for yesterday | in the Produce Exchange; but owing to the small number present they adjourned over until to-day? i Friday?at one o'clock. The object of the meeting ia for the purpose of deciding on a uniform time i and rate of demurrage. j In the General Sessions yesterday officer John Bobinson, of the Fifth precinct, who was convicted of an assault and battery on James Walsh was sent to the City Prison for ten days. It appeared that Mr. Walsh, who is an old citizen, went into i the station house to inquire abo'it the arrest of a boy, and while resisting the cajiUiu.who refused to release the youth from custody, officer ltobin son struck him several blows on the head with his club. The Becordcr very properly instructed the jury that whenever a police cfficcr uses his club when there is no necessity for doing so he must be held ns much accountable to tlic law as if he were a private citizcn. George P. Clements, a respectable looking young man, was convicted 0[ ! forgery in the third dogree, having obtained two thousand dollars worth of Treasury notes from Li- i vingston, Clews & Mason, by means of a forged check purporting to have been drawn by Barker A Co., of Jersey City. He was remanded for seu. tcnce. Edward (lilmore, an old offender, pleaded guilty to larceny from tho person, and was sent to the State Prison for two years and seven months. The cotton market w*s Arm yesterday, with mere do. ing. The sales embraced about 1,600 bales, 1.000 of which were sold Tor shipment to Liverpool. We quote middling uplands nt 21 \c. The fioor market was heavy, ' and closed at a decline of 6c. a 10c. per barrel, clii'fly on ' the lower aud medium grades of State and Western. | Wheat was irregular, and dosed at a decline of about 2c l*r bushel, ai.d In tomo cases as much as Sc., chiefly on the lower and medium qualities. Trime white was 1 sunn inert, and sales were freely made, embracing cargoes here and to arrive. The chief demand was for export to the Continent. Oorn was in goed domestic aad foreign re quest, and about lc. per biikhel higher for shipping lot? of Western. Mixed white sold at 56c. a 87., cueing at the latter ?giure. l*?rk wss steady ss?d In fair demand, with sales of mesa at $ 14 80 a $14 7i, and fnr full weight bhls $le. and prime at 10 76 a $10. Come was steady hut qoiot. A sale of floO hags I-sgua;, ra was mode no private terms. Freights to Liverpool were firmer, nd corn aud wl.eit were engaged at Ud., In laik, fur the firmer, mid ia>-,d. for the latter. Kates to Havre were steaiy, with eu-jagetuenta at 25e. for wheat and Tic. for floor. A salt of 01 half pi|?s and luo quarter OO. riant,Csstlllra k Co.'? Cognac. brandy was made ^bou<Lt un spsculatkis) as |>: '4 por gallon. The Pall Campaign?\ Bird'* Vtow of the Forces. We have now at Washington a large, well clothed and admirably equipped army, with su perior small arras and a powerful force of ex cellent artillery, with six thousand cavalry, : with complete camp equipage, with ample I means of transportation, and, lastly, with im mense stores of provisions and ammunition without limit. This army, it i* true, is not a veteran force; but neither is that ot the enemy, and every day, under the organizing mind of McClellan, there is a visible improvement in it, and it is declared by competent judges to be making rapid strides towards perfect drill and discipline. As for evolutions upon a large scale and strategic movements, we must trust General McClellan himself and his subordinate generals for those operations, and we dare say they will give as good an account of themseH es as the generals of the Confederates, notwith standing the prestige of the battle ot Manassas. In discipline and individual courage no unpre judiced man will pretend to say that our troops arc not equal to the enemy. In all other re spects the Northern army has the advantage, except that the rebels aro fighting on the de fensive, and that our army is more liable to fal1 into traps and ambuscades. But superior gene ralship will avoid Buch snares and compel the enemy to fight upon a fair field. In Western Virginia, in Maryland, in Missouri, in Kentucky, and in the various camps of in struction, aro other federal armies, either ia active service or in reserve, expecting soon to be called into action. At all these points the Union cause is prospering, except in Missouri alone; and there, too, it will soon be triumphant. Now what, on the other band, is the condition of the Southern armies? They are everywhere cut up with sickness, destitute of winter cloth ing and blankets, without sufficient camp equi page or means of transportation, with inferior arms and deficient in quantity, with scanty and imperfect ammunition, without medical stores, without money and without credit. 1 he prin cipal force, tinder Johnston, Beauregard and Smith, is gradually retiring before the advancing columns of our army of tho Potomac, which has already commenced its onward march. Nothing but a discovery of their inferiority could dictate such a course. A battle is absolutely necessary to preserve the rebel force from utter demo ralization. And yet the generals fear to risk it, unless behind their intrenchments in some strong position. The prospect is, ii they fight, they will be whipped; if they do not fight their army will be disorganized and scattered, and the Union army will soon be in Richmond. The troops from the Southern seaboard are impa tient to return home to defend their coast, now menaced by our fleet; and when they soon kear of their ports being assailed one by one, or several together, it will be impossible to restrain thorn any longer, and they will leave Virginians to fight for Virginia. And herein lies the chief superiority of the North. The South has no navy, and no com mercial marine out of which to extemporize a navy. The Charleston Mercury recently admit ted that the privateers were a failure, and that the North was mistress of the sea. The late en gagement in Hattevas Inlet is but the prelude to mora important naval victories in the future. The government will soon have other expedi tions ready for the Southern coast consisting of powerful squadrons of frigates and gunboats, now nearly completed, rivalling the navies of Europe, and perfectly Irresistible. Then Beau fort and Wilmington, in North Carolina; Charles ton and Georgetown, in South Carolina; Sa vannah, in Georgia: Fernandina and IYnsacola, in Florida; Mobile, in Alabama, and New Or leans itself, will be in danger, together with the coast of Texas. At any one or more of these points a naval descent may be suddenly and se cretly made, against which it will not bo in the power of the Confederate armies to guard. The control of the ocean is with our flag. The Southern people are not commercial or seafar ing, but agricultural in their pursuits. The North, on the coutrary, is eminently commer cial, and from its maritime resources i can either capture every Southern port or i place it under such effectual blockade that all | communication from without ia barred. The J products of the Confederate States, upon which j their prosperity depends, cannot reach the market, and consequently the means of carry ing on tho war cannot be obtained; while, on the other hand, the market# of Europe are open J for the breadstuff* of the North, and the sails of ! our commercial marine will whiten every sea. Soon, too. if success attends our arras 111 Ken tucky and Missouri, a grand expedition will proceed down the Mississippi; and thus the cot ton States, attacked in front, in both flauks, and > probably iu the rear, through Texas, will have no other alternative than to yield or be laid ' waste by the devastations of war, and finally conquered after an exhausting struggle. In view of this condition of things, and the gloomy aspect of Europe, which affords no hojie of aid or comfort (0 the rebellious States, what is tho duty of tho Southern people? Plainly it is <0 overthrow their political and military leaders, and submit to the authority of the United States government. By adopting this course they will secure all their rights under the constitution: they will save their homes from blood and carnage, and. instead of poverty and privation, prosperity and content ment will abound: and. the sting of the abolition serpent being drawn, it will be rendered power legs for all time to come to destroy the peace of a happy and uuited people. Lieitkmkt Ukaink.?Amongst the most bril liant achievements of our officers in the cam paign thus far. the conduct of Lieutenant limine, in the recent affair at Hattera* fnlet, oc cupies a foremost place. To the judgment, skill utiU promptness which he displayed in the management of his vessel is owing the preser vation of.the Twentieth Indiana regiment, which must have been cut off by the rebels but for his timely aid. It is to be regretted that the rules of the service. which only allow pro motion by seniority, will not permit the Depart ment to confer on Lieutenant Braine some sub stantial mark of its approbation. In the army conduct like his would be rewarded by breve* wink; but in the navy that mode of pro motion is not recognized. We have i > doubt that Lieutenant Draine is satfcfted by the glory which he ha* won by his gal lantry; bivt the country would be bettor pleased if it were in the power of the DepnHiueiit to give him immediate promotion to another grade. Wo trust that, in \i<*w of tJie important and dan^e ous dutieti in which our navy mil be henceforth constantly employed, OongTone will uike stop* fn remedy this inequality in the re *\ird? of 1 two *erv'.c?5, Amount the first
entitled to the benefits of any change that may be made in the existing regulations is the gal lant commander of the Monticello. Secret Revolutionary Conspiracy la few York. The late Street Commissioner of the city of New York is now Major General Smith of the army of the Confederate States. Mr. Mansfield Lovell, who occupied, until within a week or two, the position of Deputy Street Commis sioner, is said to have been also promoted to a high rank in the rebel army. These gentlemen have monopolized a large share of the patron age of this metropolis, up to a very recent period. Their influence has been next to un bounded, for over three years, and, although they have neither of them dabbled with the petty concerns of municipal plunder, and Pew ter Mug intrigue, they have been known to be men of largo capacity and truly statesmaulike talent. Incapable of identifying themselves with tho venal aud corrupt cliques by which the city is governed, both Mr. Smith and Mr. Lovell have, nevertheless, steadily labored to accomplish the object for which they remained here, of fostering sympathy with rebellion. Edu cated at West Point, and graduates of the highest . distinction from the national Military Academy, they deservedly rank among the ablest officers in the country, and little surprise has been elicited by tho intelligence that both Beaure gard and Johnston have been thrown into the shade by their superior reputation. General Smith announced his intention, long since, of joining the insurrectionary army, in case Ken tucky should secede. Meanwhile, preparatory for that event, he labored assiduously to create a disunion party in this city and State; nor did he leave here, until his plana were fully ma tured. The instruments with which he intended to act were known by him thoroughly, and he was able to luy his hand on every one of thoso who would aid in getting up a sudden revolu tion, in favor of the South, whenever the rebel troops should have passed the Fotomac and occupied Maryland and Pennsyl vania. No scheme could have been laid more carefully than that which Mr. Smith concocted to effect his purpose, and, through the patronage which he so extensively controlled, it was easy for him so to identify himself with party organizations, here and in the interior, that it is not improbable can didates for office have been selected with a sole view to their treasonable proclivities. The general plan of the conspirators who are laboring to overthrow the nationality of the North American republic, and dissever the union between the States, is well known. As long ago as last November, the columns of the IIkiuui contained an elaborate exposition of the details of the plot which had been entered into by Jefferson Davis and his associates. Their idea was to reconstruct the nation upon a slavery basis, and, after having seized upon Washington, to dictate such terms to New York, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Ohio, and the Northwest, as should compel submission to the programme laid down at tho Montgomery Congress, and a revolution in favor of the cher ished institution of the seceding States. In order to accomplish this object, the co-operation of the democratic party at tho North was; for a while, implicitly relied on, and, after the pa triotic outburst of feeling, on the part of leading individuals of the conservative portion of the community, had dispelled this delusion, a hope still remained that enough disaffection might be found to distract the councils of the adminis tration, and thwart the measures that had been taken to crush out treason. Street Commissioner Smith, and his deputy Mr. Lovell, made it their principal occupation to foster disloyalty, and it has become transparent now that their efforts were not unattended with success. Neither of them belonged to the class of mean, plundering' pettifogging politicians. On tho contrary, they contemplated with disgust the corruption of me tropolitan demagogues, and refused to sanction their intrigues to empty the pockets of our tax payers. Their labors were deeper, and of far more extensive signification, thau any that the petty cliques of New York could point out. Through the Regency at Albany, aud affiliated seditious elements in this city, they aimed a death blow, which it was intended should strike at the very heart of our institutions, and, so soon as the ends of the rebel army on the Potomac should have been obtainedieanse a goneral uprising, in the Central States, in favor of a permanent alliance with the South, against the constitution be queathed to us by Washington, Jefferson and Madison. Jefferson Davis and his allies entertained no doubt, a few months since, the hope that, ere this, the national cspital, Dal timore, and even Philadelphia would have passed under their control. With true Southern arrogance, they contemplated the future of a confederation which would bo subject to tho military dictation of a nigger driving oligarchy, and include Northern wealth together with Southern products. In this fond dream they have been disappointed. But. up to the very latest period, the expectation has remained that a party, nominally enlisted under the ban ners of peace, although really pledged to seces sion, would rise up to espijuse their cause. Messrs. Smith and Level I connuued to reside in New York, wieldir.g the patronage of one of the most lucrative offices in the gift of the city, whose ramifications extend even throughout the State, up to the moment that their presence was more needed el-ewhere than here, and un til they had paved the way for an outbreak, whenever such u movement might be deemed prudent and expedient. Their efforts have been unflagging in behalf of the South, and no reasonable individual can doubt for an instant that, but for the prompt and efficient steps taken by the administration, formidable facti tious opposition might have raided its head, in the Northern States, against the course of our statesmanlike President in crushing out re bellion. The evidence can easily be presented, that, from the Street Commissioner's office as a cen tre. rebellion, under the direction of Meesrs. Smith and Lovell, radiated forth into every corner of this city, and permeated the councils ?f the rotten leaders of the Rogeney party in the State. They did not go away, to assume high command in tho South, until they had tho roughly matured their plans, and left behind fhem representatives who would seize upon the ijst opportunity to subvert the existing order of things, and proclaim adhesion to tho Mont gomery government, so soon a? a fitting occa ! a ion should offer. These representative are to he found among the parties which lay claim to Wile to public confidence at the approaching 1 elections, and it is the duty of loval citizens to I sift them out and to refuso to give to any of | their candidates their suffrages. Arctic Exploring Expeditions?RtrrrRN or Doctos Hayjcs?We are glad to welcome back from the ley regions of the Arctic pole the in- , trepid Hayes and his companions. They ar rived at Halifax last Wednesday, in their little schooner, the United States, after an absence of a year and three months. What discoveries they have made, what contributions secured for science, we know not yet. Possibly, so soon as Dr. Hayes reaches this city, he may give to the public, through the press, the results of his ex pedition. We only know that his intention of taking his vessel into Smith's Sound was frus trated by the fact of the channel being closed with ice, and also that the sledge parties which were organized proceeded as far north as the eightieth degree of latitude. We have no doubt, howover, that the results of his observa tions will throw a considerable degree of light on some of the scientific and geographic prob lems which yet remain unsolved. Dr. Hayes is not by any means the first ex plorer who has penetrated within the circle of the eightieth degree. Two centuries and a half ago that feat was accomplished by the navigator who gave bis name to our beantiful North river. That was in 1617. He baa since found rivals in Phipps, who did the same in 1773} in Scorsby, who did it in 1806; inBuchon and Sir John Franklin, and Clavering and Parry; in our own Dr. Kane, who penetrated in his dog sledge beyond the eightieth degree in 1854, and now in Dr. Isaac Hayes, whose farthest northern search appears to have been 80 05. There is a great deal of romantic interest connected with these successive attempts, con tinued for the last two and a half centuries, to discover the northwest passage between tlie Atlantic and Pacific oceans, and to sail on that open sea ia which the Russians have a tra ditional belief, and whose waters were actually seen from a distance by Dr. Kane and Wm Morton, tho steward of the Advance. The dream of effecting a passage between the two oceans was once, and but once, realized, when a slcdgo party detailed from McClintock's ves sel, the Investigator, proceeding eastward from the North Pacific, met in those icy solitudes a similar exploring party detached from a British vessel on the North Atlantic side. As to any practical results to be obtained from the discovery of a northwest passage, all ideas of the kind have been long Bincc aban doned, and the recent explorations have been undertaken principally in the hope of solving the mystery of the fate of Sir John Franklin and his men. Incident to that prime motive has been, of course, the desire of adding to our knowledge of those Arctic regions and of ob serving facts that might aid the cause of science. These latter considerations alone ought to be of sufficient importance to induce the British gov ernment or our own government, or some of the public spirited men of either nation?such as Grinnell or Peabody?to maintain an exploring party constantly in thoso regions, relieving and supplying it from time to time. The cost would bo insignificant, and the advantage to science inestimable. We do not wish to antici pate Dr. Hayes' report, but we may express the hope that it will urge the same view. W *~ This Stkamkr Cat a line Job?O. B. Matteson Loouma Up Again in Am. Ha Gi.onr.?Our readers have read and heard a great deal of that mysterious business of the steamer Cataline; but we have something more to tell them, which we are lia'.f inclined to suspect is the true solution of this riddle. A Washington correspondent of one of our morning cotemporaries very broadly intimates that from the evidence before tho Congressional Investigating Committee the fol lowing are the leading facts in this case, to wit:?First, that O. B. Matteson bought the steamer Cataline for $8,000. Secondly, that O. B. Matteson sold tho steamer Cataline to Thurlow Weed, John E. Develin,O.B. Matteson and Gilbert C. Davidson for $18,000, whereby the said Matteson realized $5,500 clear cash and retained besides an interest of one-fourth in the concern. This is our latest information. The public al ready know that this steamer Catalino was hired to the government for the snug little sum of ten thousand dollars a month, and with the further agreement, that if lost while in the public ser. vice $50,000 wero to be paid the owners by way ot indemnity. To make assurance doubly sure, the boat was next insured for $20,000. It will also be remembered that after having been a very short time in the government service the Cataline was very mysteriously ignited and consumed by fire one night near Fortress Monroe. It appears, however, that this spontaneous combustion of tho boat did not occur before her discharge by the government; so that this accidental conflagration was badly timed, thereby losing the aforesaid $50,000 indemnity, and running a serious risk of losing tho $20,000 insurance. But except ing these drawbacks, and supposing the par ticulars in this ca?e as we have given them to be true, it must be conceded that O. B. Matte son, in this lovely job, looms up in all his pristine glory. And it is somewhat remarkable that in this joint stock speculation there is no report ot anything like a thousand dollars Des moines draft from Matteson in favor of the Hon. Massa Greeley. Let us have all the facts. Tub Rkbel Seqcestration Act.?In another part of this paper will be found an abstract of the act passed by the robel government of our rebellious States, entitled ''An act for the sequestration of the estates, property and effects ot alien enemies, and for indemnity of citizens of the Confederate States, and persons aiding the same, in the existing war with the United States," together with the instructions from Judah P. Benjamin. Chief of the Confederate DepartmenPof Justice, to receivers, under the act aforesaid. From these instructions it wilj be seen that all citizens of the loyal United States, excepting Delaware,'Maryland, Ken tucky and Missouri, and excepting the District of Columbia, New Mexico, Arizona and the Indian Territories south of Kansas, come under the classification of alien enemies, and that in these excepted States and Territories all resi dents are to be classed as alien enemies who continue loyal to the government of the United State*. Hut furthermore, all persons who have a domicil within the loywl States of the Union, whether citizens or foreigners, are classed as alien enemies by this act of the Jeff. Davis government, with tho penalties attached of the forfeiture of their property, lands, goods, chat tels, Ac., in 11* Confederate States. We submit this bill of sequestration, and the instructions appended, to the consideration of our compro mising. half rebel and lmlf Union politicians of the North, and we should like to hear from them the sort of compromise demanded by this unparalleled act of rebel confiscations of [?i vate property in the Confederate rebel Sta j belonging to citizens of *11 descriptions and sident foreigners in our loyal States. Wli sort of a compromise is needed to meet this i of vandalism? We should like to know. Sik Edward Lytton Bui.wer ox the Amk can Cbihih.?The author of "What Did He with It ?" has been enlightening an andieuce Hertfordshire graziers on American affairs. > gravely told them that he had long foreseen t rupture between the North and South, and tl ho thought it would lead to happy results, bo for the safety of Europe and the civilization ? America. This is the view of a romance writi and not of a man of comprehensive politic views. Years ago Lady liulwer, in her uov of "Cheveley," pronounced him a political p I tender and no statesman. That opinion w, borne out by his subsequent course, when turned his back on his early opinions and join a tory administration. There never was a ci dictate for Parliamentary fume who made su a reputation outside the House of Comnu that cut such a sorry figure in it. The narro ness of his political views, his pedantry and insufferable self-conceit, neutralized whate\ consideration be otherwise enjoyed. The fn who can assert that the destruction of the Ad rican republic would conduce to the intere and safety of Great Britain muBt either be bora fool or be sinking into dotage. Were broken up to-morrow England would not long in feeling the consequences of so greal calamity in the combinations that would instantly formed against her by the continen Powers. The durability of British institutic is. in fact, closely bound up with that of c own. If Sir Edward Bulwer and the tSj headed farmers of Hertfordshire cannot see tt we can only say that wo pity their ignorance. TlIlKLOW WBKD VkBSUS HoltACfl GllKEI.Kr. Horace Greeley opposes the election of Oakey Hall, the republican and Union pai candidate for District Attorney of this city, a has come out for Richard O'Gorman. Thurl< Weed Bays that this opposition of Greeley Hall arises from the fact tbat last winter H; was among the active republican engineers w contrived to cut down Greeley as a candidi for the United States Senate, to fill the pla vacated by Mr. Seward. Greeliy says no, b that bo is opposed to Hail because of Haf incurable affiliations with the Albany lobl We are afraid, however, that this plea of jured innocence and indiguant virtue will longer avail Mutaa Greeley. That famous 1 tor of his to Mr. Seward, announcing the din# lution of the party office jobbing firm "Seward, Weed & Greeley," has established I fact that hostility to, or neglect to support bi Greeley's aspirations for office, is sure to exc. in him a most implacable purpose of reven; We must agree, therefore, with the veneral Thurlow Weed, that Greeley's plea of pub interests In his repudiation of A. Oakey Hall, sheer humbug, and that, whatever may be ? merits or demerits of Mr. Hall, the paramou' object of Greeley is revenge. And this ig a t." specimen of all our meek and lowly philo phers and reformers of the abolition and vej& tarian school. Violation op the Passport Regulations. An order was recently issued by tho gave' ment prohibiting the departure of passengt' from the United States without a passport eitt. from or countersigned by the State Depa ment. From facts that have been brought our knowledge.we have reason to believe tl the order has not only been openly violated the agents of the British steamship lines at tl port, but that they boast of their infringemc of it, doclarlng that our passport regulatio are a humbug, and that they will neitl regard nor respect them. The circumstanc should be at once brought under the notice the State Department, in order that its autL rity may be vindicated and a stop put to this i sistance to its regulations. When they find th they cannot get their ships to sea without a p< mit from the United States Marshal, the agen of these lines will perhaps think twice befo they again venture to disobey tbem. Moving Back.?Beauregard, as Pat wqj> say, is moving back the advanced lines of 1 army; and as they recede our advanced lin fill their places. This canpotgo on much long without an extensive collision; anil, from c Ul5 iS&ievtiojJs of the day, Geperal McClellan not only prepared for it, but i"s deliberate preparing to bring it on. We are in no hurr We have entire confidence in the skill, sagnci and discretion of McClellan. His whole tea is in the work to redeem the disaster of Bu run, and we are sure that he will do it. Let i have faith and patience. P?r??nal Intelligence. ? M. D,?m . S!ocflcl' wife of tho Russian Ambassado Mr. Ritas and Mr. Qdeil, of England; G. B. do Forrest at family, of New Vork; and Thomas F. EdJv, of Kali R v? are slopping at the < larendon Hotel. Captain Turner and wife, and A. Mann and sister, ? kngland, and W. B. S-'crnnton and party, of Now Yuri are stopping at the Uramercy Park Hotel. Lord Adolphus Vane Tempest, Mrs. Commodore Porr and throe grandchildren and Miss Deb-sto, and Mi-.. Hoss winans, were among the passengers who sailed o the stoarnship Persia on Wednesday for Europe. Itr. K. Oige, of Pari*.- 0. B. Stots-.n, of Br id Report 1 T. Page, of Milwaukee; B. t.'ould and wifo, of Aurora- 1 K. Peterson, of Norwich, and T. ti. Wood of Albany ?r ?topping at tho St. I)enis Hotel. Adjutant General Soboulor, Maior General Fd words an Brigadier Gonoral Bulloch, of Ronton; Limit. C 0 Conar and J. 8. Bam ..of tho fnlted Mat, sArmy; J s S ?f the lulled Slates Nary, and L. K. Olmsted, of Chican are stopping at the Fifth Avenue Hotel. Capt. Samuel Breoks, of the steamship City of W;uih uigton; 8. Burgh, of the I'nlted Slates Army; J. if Well t , X 5^1 J!" .toppln, I T. H. Halsey and 8. W. Williams, of the United State; I A/ay;, a oC?'0f "? champion and wfr* | of Springfield ;8. R. Spanning, of ft ston; C Van Heel Kim ,? .,i l< liess. ? H Parker and wife, J St. Nio"ho1as H.lfcT011' a#,phl*' arc st?PPiD? ? ">< Hon. W. B. 8. Iloore,of Maine; Commodore B. J. Tot ten of .Newport: Oof. C. F. Wells,of Pennsylvania; r. L. Lati mer and wifo, of Norwafk; 1). p. Dudley and Lieut. 8 B I.iicaaad wlt? of Ojonertioat: H. H. Gardner, of Prorl 1.3?:u / . H|)rin?- r- H- Clark, of Port land, Mo.: < apt K. t. I/)|>cs and C. Wannemaehes ot Philadelphia;T. W. Conk lin and wife, of Somorvillu, and f V. Aver, of Chicago, are stopping at the Astor House. Mrs. J-ssle Benton Fremont arrlvod in St. Louis, from Jefferson City, on tho 7th Inst. A Nashville. Tenn.,correspondent thus writes of John jloll . His lot Is that of complex political isolation. I, Hands unreconciled to tho present, and partod with the past. Tho leiidois In the fulao onnse that brought about his full had no honor, no sympathy for him, while those that once clung to his political fortunes have grown In different aud lost their trust in him. And thus he lives an unenviable, lonoaome, hopeless existence, embittered beyond all doubt, by the consciousness of having by eno false stop, liillicti*! a stain upon his record that obscure* all glory of his past, and can never bo rully w;r>od out To appreciate all this, it must bo known that JohnHell?" his public renunciation cf loyalty to the Union to tho contrary notwithstanding?has really neith r heart nor hand in the great Southern rob" lion" He gees with his section, not because thinks it is right, but because ft is his section. He believes, or nt Toast expresses the opinion, that the "war of subjugation" undoi taken by tho North is wrong, but on tho other hind, loses no oppor tunity In declaring tho Southern revolution uniustlOert Whenever he visits plac s of public resort ho takes occa-' sl- n to denounce the Jefferson 1'n.vh dvnu-ty In un measured t*rms. His p.st public services s4ure him inm inity from the eonscquetie, this ofl.-i "e woi |,| ..u-ail upon m.y other person, but render him at tho same tima . unpopular am*t>g Urn tho'ough going ieho!? The lite cot U-eatien of some of his .-??earn h at p-.,.., rivh-i- . reatlr Irrltali il hltn. t ot mniciently, however, to niid.o iiin'i in i iorbeariog with Iho adinitiislration of .vims at Wcaruond.