Newspaper of The New York Herald, October 12, 1861, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated October 12, 1861 Page 4
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NEW Y011K HERALD. JAMKai OORDON BENNETT, editor and proprietor. OFFICE N. W. COHNEH OF FULTON AND NASSAU STS. TERMS ?i?A in aiirane*. Hon"/ eent l.y mat? will he at the tiJ> of the etnul'r. None tnH Bank MUs current in Xcw York *"r3 E r>A IL r HER A I. It. two emit pur copy, $7 p<rr annum. TIIE WEEKLY BEHJtD, ?'1? Satunluy, <il tlx .vi?l? tier tntiv, or $3 perannum; the European Etlitian every Vethiemhuf, at fix nmttfrmpy; ?4 prr annum la anu pari of Great Britain. Pt >fi 12 toanupart of the Continent, hath to includepw.la.ie; the liili/'itrtiia fiMi'nti on the 1,.(, 1 l/A unittlut of each nwnth, at six ????>? yet enp y.ar (2 75 Iter annum. THE tAMlLY M LRAl.il, on H'e<lnrriay, at /our rente par "^VOLIL"! fjt R 'r "cO R RKSPttN ft A A f'E, rontainiruj important pAtrt, ntfirifnl from any quarter of the irortd; if i/.vaJ, trill Ite hfvmlltj fXMii for. 89* Ou* FORKIO* COHRK.IPONDKNtM AKR TaKTH 0!.A?I.T ukqukstkd TO SKAL ALL LfclTKKh AND PACK AGE* SKNT US JVO Is OTIC I taken of anonynwiutcorrcwpowlm?. Ire do not return reitrttMl ronimimirtitioiis AI) VERTIHKMK A TS renetrett event day: iirtrertfoement* in. aerletl in the WkEKI.Y IlKKAI.D, KaBILT H ERA 1.1), ami tilth* California ami European E'titioti*. Jim PRINTING executed icith neatneet. chntpneet and A* tpatrh. Volume XXVI Wo. ?83 AMUSEMENTS THIS EVENING. ACADEMY OF MUSIC, Irving plaice.?PRor. IIkureanh. WINTER GARDEN, Bioadway.?T?a Cur add the Lip. WALLACE'S THEATRE, No. 844 Broadway.-Til* New Piwwn. LAURA KEENE'S THEATRE, Broadway.?Skten Sons. NEW BOWERT THEATRE, Bowery.?The SrmiT Friend ?.NoKllli CBEINA?FlTIRU Dutciibab. BOWERY THEATRE, Bowery.?Equestrian PEBroBH AMOK*. Aftemuoimnd Evening. BARNUM'S AMERICAN MUSEUM, Broadway.?Day Hud Kvi-nliif?<?hkai Eepectatioji*?Bear, Ska Lion, and otbbb cubiositiks. I BRYANTS' MINSTRELS, Mechanics' Hall, 472 Broad V'By.?iuueies I.N tue IENT. v STUYVF.SANT INSTITUTE, Broadway ?Fox A Hiiarp tma Muhiiils. MELODEON CONCERT 1IALL, No. 6S9 Broadway.? ?onus, Dakcks, ivm.is.iiu. Ac.?Four Loveks. ' CANTERBURY MUSIC HALL SM Broadway?Sows J, DaKCID, BURLESQUES. Ao. ?Maoic Laurel ' GAIETIES CONCERT ROOM, tit Broadway.?Drawing Koob Entertain vkms Ballets. 1'aniobihes, Farces, Ac ' AMERICAN Ml'SIC HALL, 444 Broadway.?Soiraa, Bal tXTf, I'antorire*. Ac.?i lVAL l.orEBM. " CRYSTAL PALACE CONCERT HALL No. 45 Bowery.? BoBLBSQUB*, SONGS. Dances. .^C.? Hermann TUK iiRKAT. * METROPOLITAN CONCERT HALL, 000 Broadway? Bonos, D ah ess, Fauces. Burlesques, Ao. * PARISIAN CABINET OF WONDERS, 563 Broadway.? Open dally from 10 A. M. till 0 1*. M. f ACADEMY OF MfSIC. Brooklyn.?Matinee at One ?'Clock? PRorsssoR Herrmann. > Sew York, HAtarday, October 19, 1R01. NOTICE TO ADVERTISERS. . It takes several hours, even with the aid of vast Improvements in our mechanical department, to fe>rint oar large and increasing daily edition. We lire therefore compelled to call once more upon fcdvertisera to have their business notices sent to the office before nine o'clock in the evening. THE SITUATION. Up to ^eleven o'clock last night all was quiet on the lines of the Potomac. General McClellan paid a visit to all the posts and returned late In the kfternoon, finding everything in complete condi tion. The rebel batteries on the lover Potomac ehowed no signs of life, nor any disposition to mo lest our vessels. ' Despatches from the Gulf squadron state that the Jlrhole line of coast, from Galveston to the Florida ffeefs, is in a perfect state of blockade, and the garrison at Fort Pickens 4s in a position to attack Pcnsacola and the adjoining forts of McRea and Barrancas. The Northwestern States are evincing the ut jnost activity in preparing for the defence of their soil in case of any reverses to the Union |triny in Missouri. The Governors of Illinois, Min nesota and Iowa are using every exertion to put the able-bodied population into service, and in this respect are setting a worthy example to the Eastern States. Governor Kirkwold, of Iowa, has Issued an important circular for the full organiza tion of an army of defence, which will be found in ?ur despatches_of to-day. Governor Ramsay, of H nuesota, is in Washington, and has obtained I authority to raise a large force in his State. ^Governor Yates, of Illinois, has also obtained a piilliou of dollars from the government, and a farge number of guns for the equipment of the State troops. ^ Nothing of importance has transpired at For tress Monroe. During the heavy storm on Thursday* Elight two rebel steamers came down the river with he intention of running the blockade, but finding themselves observed thuy returned. This event Caused an alarm at the fortress for a hhort time. | The intelligence from Missouri is not very im. g>ortant. A scout had just arrived at Jefferson City from Springfield, and reported at headquar ters that there were only 1,000 rebels at that place. Jle also learned that Ben. McCulloch was at Camp Jackson, with only 150 men, waiting for reinforcc tnents from Arkansas. A large party of McCul |och's force, who were with him at the battle of Wilson's creek, were with General Price at Lexing ton, and the rest are w ith General Hardee. Ben. fcluCulloch expects to join General Price at Sac fiver about the 20th instant, and the combined forces then expect to march on Jrfferson City. ?Jliis information was credited at the Missouri papital. Quite a brilliant affair took place in Kentucky tecently. Intelligence having reached Flemings |>urg that a party of three hundred rebels were ad ^p.;neirg on ilillwboro for the purpose of burning that place and attacking Flemingsburg, a force of Bl'ty Home Guard (Union), under Lieutenants Sadler and Sarfreant, went out to intercept them. They Came upon them in a barn near the former place, and d ipcrncd them in all directions by a heavy fire in about iweti.y niii.utes. The Uuion'troopi lost three lulled and two wounded, but they cuptured 127 Enfield rifles und a 1, rgc number of sabrts, bowie knives and cavalry accoutrements. Enlisting for the Union is progressing rapidly in Kentucky, while the rebels are said to be very much dis couraged. The Asia brings European advices to the 2fth of ? 'pt ruber?two days later. Tl.o Lon-1 >u Tim is fiaving announced tl at the three all! 1 Powers ^ontei iplated an irv inion of the f-oil of Mexic the #>v*rnmcrit Ofgan?the London JPosf?con':-; t-i tho statement, a .id repeats tho a ertion t! at a grand nawi demonstration against tl < rcpul ic, jpAd the sequestration of the customs revenues to payment ot ;ii v>ts, is all that is contemjlr. od fry England, Fra \ and Spain. Tl.o treaty v,is Ji> t signed at tl lalcy moment, and (Le Fur*;. / 1trie states that NnpoU ot?had sonic ht sititioft ia ^ 8?' ^ i icii.ii V; i ship hud been, however, t <'-icd from Brett t (;,-?> r v *? London Times.?rys Unit President Lincoln approves of the intended demonstration. The war news from America wus still anxiously looked for in Paris and London, uiul one of our correspondents in the first named city uguin declares tiiiat Napo leon will be found an enemy to.the Union, should our arms sustain another reverse. The effect of th" war, so far, was very injurious to the manufac turing interests of Lyons. The English Board of Trade returns for August show tliut the exports to the United States had fallen off during the month of August over a quar ter of a million of pounds sterling in value, when compared with those for lite month of August, lbCO. Sir Edward Lyttou Bulwer, in his speech at Herte, acknowledged that the European monarchic* were jealous of the overshadowing power and influence of the United States, and hence ho, with, we pre. mime, others of his class, wished for the dissolution of the confederacy. Tlio United States squadron on the China coast is on its way home, with the exception of one small vessel, which had gone to Shanghae to over haul a schooner which was fitting out, it wu said, as a rebel privateer in that port. THE NEWS. The Asia, from Liverpool on the 2Hth and Quecnstown on tl?e 2?th ultimo, reached this port yesterday morning. Her news is two days later. The advance in the price of cotton in the Liver pool market on the week was from three-eighths to half a penny per pound. The quotations have al ready been received by the Norwegian. Flour was quiet and tending downwards in Liverpool. Consols closed in London on the 2Kth of Septem ber at 93 a !)3}?. The British Board of Trade re turns for September show a large falling off in the exports, the redtiotion, compared with the corres ponding month of last year, being ?1,107,704, or nearly nine per cent. The largest diminution is under the head of iron and steel; cotton, woollen and linen goods likewise figure for a reduction. The value or ootton goods shipped to the United States was ?38,561, whilo in August, 18C0, It was ?447,775. * Considerable agitation still prevailed in Hungary and portions of Italy. The Bank of trance had raised its rate of discount from five to five and a half per cent. Tht Spanish government refused to recognise any ruling Power for Naples except the ex King Fraucis the Second. So it was thought the representative of Victor Emanuel would leave Madrid very soon, after breaking off diplomatic relations with Queen Isabella. The steamship Glasgow, from Liverpool 2d and Queenstown 3d insts., passed Capo Raeo yesterday afternoon en route for this port. Her advices are four days later than those brought by the Asia. A telegraphic summary of tho news is given in another column. A very curious calculation has been made rela tive to the Union troops on the banks or the Poto mac. Taking as a basis the regular allowance of room that is required for a soldier to stand up right, and with his musket at "shoulder arms," and placing them in close single file, it would re quire the whole roadway from Jersey City to the capital to form the line. If the same tro< p< had to be reviewed it would take a railway train, go ing at the rato of sixteen miles an hour, over four teen hours to pass along the line of soldiers. The various rumors which have been put afloat i from time to time concerning the deaths of some of I the rebel leaders in the South all produced the effect, no doubt intended, of keepiBg alive the ex citement, but in our opinion that description o' sensation reports ought now to be disposed with. They are about "played out." First we had the announcement of the death of Beauregard, who was killed by one Of the big guns of Fort Sumter, with full descriptions of his funeral, which was at tended in Charleston by a number of "reliable" ladies and gentlemen, who subsequently made their escape from Secessia under great difficulties. Then Jeff. Davis died at Richmond, and all the rebel flags from the Potomac to Manassas Junction were seen at half-mast, and even rrape was observed on the arms of some of the rebel military officers in the Southern army. The body of the President of the bogus confederacy was hardly allowed to get cold before Sterling Price and Bon. McCulloch were killed by the telegraph at the battle of Davis* Creek, in Missouri. Hon. John C. Breckinridge, of course, having lived too long, was next shuffled off the stage of existence, and sent "to that bourne from whence no traveller returns.'' All these gentlemen having, in the course of time, turned up alive and kicking, it seems that the old reports are now to be revived, in the hope, we suppose, of creating new sensa | tions. Ben. McCulloch has been killed again, and his son has, according to that report, stepped into his father's shoes. Unfortunately for this last rumor, itw free currency 1ms been checked by the general knowledge that young Hen. is a myth, not having any real existence, and therefore, if a portion of the rebel forces are still under the com mand of a man bearing that name, he is none other than old Ben himself. Mr. Bernays, Consul to Zurich, writes that he has received his exequatur, and lias been duly in stalled. The enlistments in the northern counties of this State are going on now more rapidly than ever The business of the hunters, lumbermen amWfarm ers is now getting slack, and they are falling into line very fast. The quota of Hamilton county, in this State, of the five hundred thousand troops called lor by Congress, is only seventy-nine. Staten Island has six hundred and forty-eight men to raise. Tho salt manufacturers on the Kanawha, Va., have suffered a loss in property, by the recent flood, of three hundred thousand dollars. Some of thtni have been nearly ruined. Wm. Michael, J. Sydney Hall, B. Rush Dallam, Wm. Wilson, James llulloway, Eldrid^e Gallup, Augustus Hoffman and i:?biTt Smith, ull charged with treason and bridge la ruing, were admitted to bail in Baltimore ou the tli in^t., each in the sum of $10,000. There arc now stored in the Arsenal at Harris burg, Pa., 12,000 stand of arms, 4:t brass six pounder1, I brass cightccu-pounder, '1 brass six pouiulers brought to this country by Lafayette as a present from the King of France to the Conti nental Congress, 000 horse pistols, COO cavalry Kabus, 10,';?!() sets complete infantry accoutre ments, and 750,000 rounds of < artrioges. The report of the liquor agent of New London, Conn., shows the following sales during tho past twelve months:? . OaUons. Who for pacrnrrei tal vurj osrs 8 Alcohol for chemical purposes l:? Ale hoi for mechanic al pot po.-es 54 Liquors for " medicinal purposes 1,(1l Total ......1,602 Wo learn from M. Joseph, M. ov:i, tlwt C'n-n. Price's men ntc deserting and returning to tin ir Ua ?>, having got quite enough of i Miering tho rd els. Many of tl:?.m have arrived in ' J' "i'U, aud announced their intention* to be loyal. T' ro arc (\;'.t < r ten thousand bales of eotlou . t M ; V i .. m,,., :? g confiscation ou the arrival of tho Union i 10:3. Tii?i Govcncr of ('? -i.i.. f. ut has called the a'toution of the !.??? V.nt\r.< i. the fact that fifteen per cent ot tho g >\ n l.unt di v.-t tax apportioned : i that St. I? m. i bt a ft d by a j rorapt MNQ8|>* I u < i the amount. The sum to b r.i - l in New York is ti>,C(|3,!)18; but If p 1 by the ' ? ? i Trea i Dai/ vi.lv.H.; Vl?e ItUi J be rednced fH00,5f)7, wlikh is quite an item when we take into oonalderation the heavy burtheu which the taxpayer! will bo compelled to shoulder in 1862. The election in Ohio was entirely a one-sided aflhir. As an evhlonce of this fact we give the re turns of the vote for Governor of a few towns in the northern part of the State:? Tod, Union. Jowett,dem. Youngatown 841 190 Warren 6H7 125 Niies 340 8 Solon 129 3 Bedford 243 0 Oberlin 373 38 Tli* Board of Excise will positively hold its last seiuiion on the lutli instant. The number of li i-ensea granted thus far is 805. The police aro actively engaged in taking the names and rest dmx-p? of all unlk t-nsed liquor dealers, and will rnaki their report In a few days. The following nniivd |. '>r*nns wore Imprisoned for selling liquor without li> *n*e bim e our last report:?Dennis Mahcr, of 129 Clinton place; Henry Schlobohn, of 138 West Twentieth street; Henry Me*e, of 13 Sixth avenue; Gustavus A. Seidel, of 137 Sixth street; Jobu W. Kane, of the steamboat City of Boston; Peter Reinhardt, of 135 Bowery; John Car penter, of 118 Kast Fourteenth street; Philip O'Neill, of No. 4 Hall place, and Peter Hasa, of No. 7 Essex street. Tho cot tun market was Arm yesterday, while the sales embraced about 600 a 600 bales, cloning on the basis of 2l\c. for middling upland*. The stock of American cot ton in Liverpool on the 27lh Heptember was444,600 bales, against 716,600 do. at tho aame timo last your?showing a docrease of 271,000 bales. The stock of all kinds amounted to 751,700 balos, against 902,600 last jroar? showing a decrease of 160,800 balos. Iho decrease in imports, compared with tho same period in 1800, amount ed to 267,156 bains. The (lour market was hoavy,and from 6c. a 10c. lower, whilo Rules were to a fair extent. Wheat was somewhat irregular, while prices of the pre vious day were sustained, with tolerably active sale?, in part for export and in part for milling. Corn was rather eusior, thmiKh in good export request, with sales of good to prime Western mixed, for shipment, at 66c. a66^c., and smull lots of choice do. sold at 67c. Pork was steady, with sales of mess at 914 C2>a' a $14 76, and some lots full weight at $16; prime, $9 75 a $10. The government contract for 1,000 bbls. was taken at p. t. and $16 a $15 20. There was rathor more animation in the sugar market. Prices were steady, with sales of about 1,200 hbris., at rates given in another place. CoDfee was steady,, and sales of 300 bags Rio were made on private terms. Freights were sustained, though somewhat leas active to lkitish ports. They were firm for Franco, and wheat was engaged at 25c., and flour at 95c. Onr Civil War In Engliinil and France King Cotton Dethroned by King Corn. Wo no longer entertain any apprehension of any offensive intervention on the part of England or France in behalf of the indepen dence of our rebellious Confederate States. England is seriously troubled about cotton. Her stocks aro fulling short; and, with the abso. lute suspension of her American supplies, her cotton mills must soon be stopped to an extent which will cast upon the parish some three or four millions of her manufacturing operatives Ilonce the malignant manifestations for some months past of English cottoh sympathy for the cause of our Southern rebellion. The silk manufacturers of Lyons have also discovered the importance of their trade with our Southern States. The wives and daughters of our cotton planters are prodigal consumers of silk goodsj but these customers are now cut off by " Lin coln's blockade." Hence a strong petition from Lyons was lately addressed to the Emfleror Napoleon, but without avail, in behalf of some intervention which will bring Lyons and New Orleans again into free communication with each other. Franco, too, consumes a large amount of American raw cotton. But still we are now confident that the government of the United States, in some other articles of trade, holds the balance of power in England and Frunce over cotton, and tobacco, 0)d sugar, and rice, and all tho British and French manufactures usually ex changed for these Southern products. In a word, the short bread crops of the present year in England and France render our surplus breadstuff's not only of more importance in this crisis to those countries than Southern cotton, but more an object to England than the success of our Southern rebellion. It is esti mated that the deticiencies in the bread crops of England and France this year will call for fo reign supplies to the extent of at least one hun dred millions of bushels of grain. This defi ciency will tax the resources of Odessa and Chi. cago; so that, upon this paramount question of bread, England and France arc now under bonds to keep the peace with Russia and the United States. Providentially, too, North and South, the United States are favored this year with an tin- | paralleled yield of cereals. The consequent advantages to our loyal States will exceed nil our late anticipations. We shall probably have as this year's product in our loyal States, and in our two great staples of Indian corn and wheat, an aggregate of five hundred millions of bushels. We dare say that with the continuance of our late domestic peace establishment thirty or forty millions of this aggregate would have been absorbed in bread, pork and whiskey by our Southern cotton States. But the Southern necessities of this great rebellion have resulted in the production of something approximating a self-sustaining Southern crop of breadstutls. Our Northern surplus, therefore, usually con sumed in tho South, will now tind its way to Europe, and it will all be wanted there. I.ast year our total exports of wheat and whenten flour, and Indian corn and meal, to all foreign nations, did not exceed twenty-three millions of dollars. For the ensuing year, be ginning with September last, out of our five hundred millions of bushels of wheat and Indian corn, and from the surplus on hand from last year, our loyal States ought to be able to export breadstuff to the value of at least sixty mil lions of dollars. Already grain of all kinds is arriving at CI icrcro sit the rate of two millions of bushels porve-k, and an amount ranging from one to two millions is weekly shipped i'rom New York, chiefly for the ports of England i ml Franco. Our shipping interest had thu- already received a great impul e, u> d before long such will probably br the demand for vessels l'or the transportation of breadstuff's to Europe that our shipow ers will hardly feel the loss of the cot ton trade. From a statement before us it appears that we have saved during tho h-t nine months right y-live millions of d >'l.ir9 i.i our dhaini lied impels, which will g'vo us ono hundred and tour , cu millions for the year. THs. n-I.Vd to t!. ? incre...-.1 vul...j of our exports, will give u? perhaps 1 wo hun dred millions lV.r tho productive weulih of the country rbeve what k w u a year !?!?? n t nie. the money which the government is ex pending for this war is diffused among our own people, while for tl;o bulk of o;ir cor.im rchd exports we nre getting and shall contiuue to receive the solid equivalent of ! pecie. This stupendous civil war of ours, t! er^f ;v with all its drawbacks upon our j or - ?Ut UuwtgO.) tu tlic grout cause of our Uniou and the people of our loyal Stutes. King Cotton la already de throned, and King Corn stands above bim in England and France. The end of thin rebellion will bo the end of our Southern monopoly of cotton, we apprehend; but even in this result there will be u great enduring good; for all theso Southern visions of a great exclusive Sou thorn cotton producing monopoly and em pire will be extinguished, and our revolted Stutes will thus all the more readily be restored and blended with the general interests of the Union which they huvo so foolishly taken up

arms to destroy. Meantime, if our Southern cotton planters would realize a compensating price for their crop of the present year, let them combine to bring our revolted States back into the Union without delay; for if this rebellion shall con tinue beyond the present winter, England, hav ing survived the pressure of her immediate American deficiencies, will take care for the year to come to be supplied from other sources. We dare say that in the single article of this year's and next year's crop of cotton the differ ence to the South between submission to the Union now and a prolongation of the rebel lion till next May will be as the difference be tween saving and losing one hundred millions of dollars, to say nothing of contraband ne groes and the general wastages of fire and sword. Tub Peace Party and thb Lath Srteet Commissioner.?Major General Gustavus W Smith, of tho rebel army, bnt lately the incumbent of the Street Commissioner's De partment, in this city, is a man of the most enlarged and statesmanlike views re specting our national matters. He was care fully educated at West Point, distinguished himself during the Mexican war. and ha? ac quired the highest distinction throughout the country as an offioer. lie filled the office of Street Commissioner with purity and ability, careftilly eschewing affiliation with tho miserable, venal plunderers of the metropolis, and holding himself entirely aloof from the paltry intrigues by which most of our local politicians are dis graced. The field of his action was wide and large, nor did he leave here until he haxl care fully organized an anti-Union combination, which under tho various namos of peace party, Ac., was prepared to rise up in aid of the South, so soon as the armies of Lee, Beauregard and Johnston should have passed the Potomac, occu pied Maryland, and advanced upon Philadelphia' Such a result of the war was confidently ex pected a few weeks since, and then under the auspices of the rebel faction here there might have been no small amount of mischief. It is certain that neither Mr. Smith nor his deputy Mr. Lovell, also an officer of the highest character and talont, left Now York until they had matured their plans, obtained a firm hold of some of our local party organiza tions, and left behind them representatives, perhaps among some of the very candidates that are being put forward to office, to carry out their programme. It is the duty of every good citizen to scrutinize the names present ed to the community and not to vote for any one who is directly or indirectly tainted with treason. Blockade of Nkw Orleans?Original Method of Doing the Thing.?It appears, by a despatch from New Orleans of tho 4th inst. to the Richmond Examiner, that the blockading squadron have dug a passage through the mud of one of the five mouths of the Mississippi to the land which commands the whole five of them, and now have the Vincennes, Water Witch and two other vessels of the squadron to protect the erection of batteries which, in less than a week, will command all the passes of the Mississippi to tho Ocean. This work will absolutely control tho communication of New Orleans with the sea, and will do the same ser vice as would twenty ships. This news is an evidence of tho ingenuity and fertile resources of our peoplo, and it is ulso a proof that when the war is concluded, and the South is restored to the Union, the republic will be to tho nations of Europe what Bnlwer so much feared it would bo till the present trouble?a big cloud, a cloud to overshadow them, and a cloud charged with electricity, reudy to hurl its thunders upon them when provoked ta a collision. The war will develope the weak points in our coast de fences. and at its close we will know how to fortify tliem so as to render the whole line of coast impregnable against foreign invasion. The proficiency, too, acquired in tlio military art by practice and experience will enable us to cope with all the modem improvements of Europe, and bring out our generals, while the boundless resources of the country will sustain us in the longest struggle, and the most pow erful nations at war with us must succumb from sheer exhaustion and want of moans. In six montt s a volunteer military force is placed ! in the field, North ami South, such as England ' could not raise in seven years. Tin: Aumibb of Eirofe and Amekicv.?1The theory of Hie balance of power in Europe has conjured into existence, since the peace of 181.5, amies of the most stupendous magnitude. The ener^iofi of every foreign monarchy have been mainly employed, and the treasure of each European nation has been wasted, for nearly half a century, in keeping up the largest military armaments of which Hiey were capable. Austria, Fiance, Prussia and Russia have armies, ranging from half a million of men up to eight hundred thousand, and Great Triton has, in all of it? pos es ions fire hundred thou sand lroo;v within half ? yer.r wo )iad no considerable army in the United Stales, but the exigencies < I' the period have compelled all parts of the ?. ;..:r to put forth a portion of their strength, and be!old, North and Sonih, there are e-v ? I i.-ee-ipuirters of a million of men in i*.?* ' ?1 1 well drilled and disciplined, and e.'i ;.ble of the noblest and most ambitious under in.r -. V.'l-.-n the war is ended this stu pendous fon^ will bo ready to turn ita attcn* tion to outside enemies, and will be glad oftbe occasion, if nccewity should require it. or sweepiii;. every vestige of alien d(minion fro-* the Am ' ' n r i tirent, . Our r:u*y and army are al i. ?1y to < . v> w:'h any people In the w< bl, anil the . e if y very ?.'Iv come to tench the -son 11 ?' n !ther n-ir r'- '? nor Our dignity can bo disreg. i led with immu nity. Nay.m Ciianoks.? ' o ; oe th it several im portant changes are beln * mrdo in the com. tnand of ot;r fv'riV- : nd o'l or ve . of war. i The offic e jtotf .'om ih-y are being fcivea are 1 nen <'t capacity, ener.r;, and tttidi ubted loyal 1 ly, Had Oiis bi'en clf-ne soiro in > (lis ??:;rls? r i w?fboiihl not ba <? had so in >ov complaints . ? ,,,1,1 !,(? c-c ?u ) of p) vutccra ?iul the n ining I v* BUC, j What the Rxdkui Tedjk of Fortress Mon rok.?From a variety of indications it is evi dent that the attention of the rebels is just now concentrating on Fortress Monroe. The accu mulation of Confederate troops in its neighbor, hood, and the unsuccessful effort made the night before last by a couple of their war vessels to escape under cover of the darkness, prove the importance of that position in their oyes. If there were any doubt upon the point it would bo removed by the Richmond Examiner, which says that the "important Fortress of Monroe, which would now be worth a million a day to us, was surrendered to the Yankees." This being admitted, every effort should be made by the government to render the fort im pregnable. A reinforcement of fifteen or twen ty regiments would not be more than is required to accomplish that important object There are enough troops in Washington at present to enable the Secretary of War to divert in that direction Bome of the new regiments which are being daily forwarded by the Eastern StatCB. Auovbishop Huqhks and thk Abolition Or gans.?The "little villains" of the Times try to shirk the severe castigation recently bestowed upon them by the venerable Archbishop Hughes, in his admirable reply to he abolition tirades of Orestes A. Brownson, by pretending that he did not write it, and administering a d?se of flattery. Tho limes people do not care to have their anti-popery, anti-Union antece dents unnecessarily ventilated, and do wisely to hold their peace on the subject. The scolding old women of the Tribune are, on the contrary, glad of anything which will divert attentiou from their faces, pale with fear of receiving their just deserts for treason and Garrisonian secession, and take every opportunity Qf lauding Brown son to the skies, and of indirectly casting dirt upon the Archbishop. In a late summary of Brownson's article, the frightened philosophers of the Tribune endeavor to make out that his schismatical teachings are genuine Catholic doc trino, and leave the Archbishop in the position Of showing ignorance upon the very subjects of which he is the legitimate and authorized ex positor. The truth is that the grave and can did article of Archbishop Hughes has thrown consternation into the abolition camp. It has taught the country that Catholics are necessari ly conservative on the great questions of the day, and that they will always preserve a ser ried, unwaverlpg front against the abominable demagogism and efforts to undermine our free government, which characterize such journals as the Times and Tribune. Barroom Braves.?While so many of our loyal citizens are engaged in the service of their j country on the frontier of the pfeel States, and hundreds of thousands of livelftre voluntarily exposed to the vicissitudes of war, for the sake of preserving the integrity of the Union, it is pitiable to behold the conduct of many of their uniformed caricaturists who remain at homo. Epauletted individuals, affecting the rank of colonels, majors, captains, lieutenants of the federal army, are to be found day and night, week in and week out, in the barrooms and places of public resort of this city, with no ap parent occupation but loafing, swearing and drinking, and who cast bad odor upon the hon orable profession they represent by their equivocal demeanor and practices. Some action ought to be taken on this subject. Those who belong to the forces of the United States ought to be more actively engaged than in idling and boasting, or else be forbidden to flaunt the buttons and stripes out of which they aro endeavoring to make social capital. Bi.air'3 Charges Against Fremont.?Accord ing to military law, it is necessary that charges brought by subordinate officers beforo the War Department should be presented by their com mander-in-chief. Thus Colonel Blair was com pelled to make General Fremont himself the medium of communicating his recent charges to the government. The latter disposed of the whole matter by quietly putting the document in liis pocket, and making off with it in the di rection of Lexington. This explains why the Secretary of War has not received any official notice yet respecting this important matter. Tim Gns.vr J'i.atixu Match.?A meeting of the firemen will bo held at the Gotham, in tlio fiowory, near Houston street, this evening, to arrange the programme for the great playing match which takes placo on Thanksgiving ilny. This will In the most splendid allUIr of tho kind ever seen in this country. Central Park Concerts* Should the weather prove flue this afternoon another of Di dworth's concerts will ho given 011 the Green in the Coni ai Turk. The hour of commencement will be half |>uf t threo o'clock, and the following programme Is to bo performed:? PART I. 1. Overture to "Stradella'' Flotow. 2. I,cap Year I'olka H. 13 Dodworth. ?. Aria, "Brighti st Kyes" Stigi'ili. 4 March Hongr ice Kagozky. VAit r n. ?. Selection from "Martha" Flotow. 0. W.illz, "The Ida" H. H. Dohvurth. 7. (;ui( :<-top, from "Lnrltoo" V.. V. Walluco. 8. Danish ami Norwegian National Melodies. 1MTIT lit. 0. Grand Selection fiorn "Sicilian Vespers" Verdi. 10. "Vive 1,'Amerjca" Millard. 11. Song, "Why do I weep for thee ' W. V. Wallace. 12. l ii' in.iu'fl Gallop Sttbuy. National Molley. Personal Intelligence, (Imrles Hale, i-. ? i.. editor oi the i <> l >n Adverlitsr, sailod lor Kuro| e In the steam- hip Porsla o:i Wednesday. Colonel Collnm, of ihs I'm.oil States Army, is stop pllig at the New York iiotel. General Tyler, of tlio lilted States Army: W. Du Bois, of itost'iu. U. t . Uixw t r, >t I:, in, and H. H. Martin and \vl o. of Albany, a e stooping at the Everett House. (J. S. Howland and vvlf.?,< f N w Vork; O. II I. Jack son, Of Mulligan, nut II. T. l,i<yd,ol i'hiladelfhiii, mo ?topping at tho G ranter e> i atk li> i I, Dr. P. Sago, of lloston: Hwi.i.t T wmond and w ife, of . iuton Inland: ( V. Hail, ? i Mi.Mi t mi; C. A. L. hloh nrds, of t lidau.-l, h i J. n.: ntcr and W. l\ sit-voi'sand danglit" s,of lui.hiiry, aiid Mis .lamoa l ixon and daugh ter ? i' J la.'id, aro at?i 1 ' tin* Alhemer!" H?it< I. ('? mniori re St' I'D in > h i s W. I r.>'on,of (lie United stai s Navy; Colonel frjt.clier Wtor, ol the United Status Army; Janu s Monultli xnrt Mi s. ( i>liman, of l.'ii do W. Willis Bn l c. H. Crein "I ivrtliuxl, Me.: Edward Do Rnaaey, of New Jersey: W. If. Walton, of Wi. i el "IB; S. TyKr and ?' A. Jowi tl, ol il.uil nl; Mr. Vcl.ol un and wife, and M Watts, of K> nti.eky; JO s I'e; rill. of St. I/>uis; I 'hum as Appleton. nl Mn-isaeli! setts; Voter c g-n<r.?f I'tica.ai.d H. Nicoil , of Salem, Vims.. are stopping at the Asi' r House. Election nf PlrrrtnM the MHtimrl anil tVexU'in Telegraph Coiujittny. I. a- -.wl.il, 1S01. At tin' iiivunl moetiilgof thosto khoid ?; s of the Mit S'mri an ?.? : n Teioyra h Coinpimy, Void Id this city, tlio l'oilo. g goutiem n?v o elected directors lor the ct ^ dm: yea.- ? Joint H. i ighMT, Cha*. ?.... 1 bins, < ! i. J. O.-h-rn, H. Vt. ?-, Anout Stager, Chas. 1'av,nport a..1 Wm. iluute-. . i a I 'll meet iv' of tha Bo rof UiroctW (? ?. I i: vi, of Ci . ii'iutl. iv el. , P(,-si vt8 ana J. H . I .mod,of Rochester, &.rotary and 'freruurett M.-ik. is. i*i i-i At.Oct. n?p. it. Ilovr st<a1y VtHI in f ih' dema <1; < lilc^no sprli g iUv'i. \ ! 2c. ? ?" I' -i - i! -? ;.I2.0 io b fhe;s .. :i a a . ..I,' ) I i is rod Indiana $1 ? ;t > 1> ,-fn ?? tvh! . ,> . | i 'i ,i l!,. Oornsteuly: si ?. -i i ?i 1 U;l.oU at !>9.V, ilc.^Od bj.-hela 40c. Canal lr. if .1 .j la. Okwkg >, ni-i. 11?r. M. I ;>..r In n * r !! d-m: i I. sal - nl tf. '26 for fan v fnniiSpiiu wl i it. Vliest lui! si! !?Jfc01i si.els m titer re?i ludi.ina, pi ivatc ter:r?. l orn searro, no sal's, liar I X \* t.'i ||| : at ' u. < meg. : sail* 8,000 bnshi l'ay ;'i: e ? ?' ' H; lit ,i i.. .r <? 8 1'l0 ) 11 !. els 'a. 'Ii 1 il' c . in arrlr*. Iras senroe: - O.'iOO bi, I '?ni ii .-..loar ure. On'.5# a cs an l ?iuie . V/'UiUi At I. ?.??. 0 . i< ^ NEWS FROM EUROPE. ARRIVAL OF THE GLASGOW OFFCAPERACE FOUR DATS LATER INTELLIGENCE. English Views of Gen. Fre mont's Proclamation. Russian Prediction of the Recognition 01 the Rebels by France. The Negotiations Relative to Interven tion in Mexico Still Pending* COTTON AND BREADSTUFFS QUIET, &c.i Ac., &c St. Joflim, N.Oct. 11, 1861. The steamship Glasgow, which Ml led from LlT?rpO?C on Wednesday, Oot. a, vis Queeagtown, Thuraday the Id, piuwed Cape Race at Bvo o'clock thin artornoon, en rout* to New York. She was boarded by the news yacht eC the press, and thn regular news despatch obtained. The dutea by the Glasgow are four days later than per steamship Asia at New York. The London Timet, In an article expatiating on the cent proclamation of Major General Fremont, says this document is not to bo wondered at, and tho adoption of the abolition doctrino may, if tho strife goes on, bo sue cessfully urged upon tho United States government, bat fears the result of such a measure would not be satis factory. Tho St. Petersburg Bee predicts the early recognition by Fiance of tho Southern confederacy. Tho l'arls Con-ititttfionnel asserts that tho negotiations relative to tho Intervention in Mexico have reached HQ definite result. No convention whatever has yet beea drawn up. Tho Anglo-French commercial treaty went into opera* tion the 1st inst. An imperial decree opens the principal French ports for tho importation of cotton and woliea yearns from England and Belgium. A London company is being formed for cotton OulUvk tion at Queensland with coolio labor. A submarine telegraphic cable has been successfully laid from Malta to Alexandria. The Bank of France has furthor advanced tho rate of discount from 6X to 6 per cent. The Pari* Bourse showed a decline. Hcntea wan quoted at 68f. 40c. It is roported that Franco wiU interpose between Italy and Spain. The steamship Noryi Briton, from Quebec, arrived aft Liverpool on the 1st iust. Tho stoamship llammonia, from Now York, arrived ool on the 3d. , j Commercial Intelligence* LONDON MONEY MARKET. Consols closod at 92% a 92 15 16 for money. AMERICAN STOCKS. Sales of Illinois Central Ruilroad shares at 39a M)f (lis.; Erie shares, 23 LIVERPOOL COTTON MARKET. The sales of cotton for two days have been 16,009 l>ale!i. ? The market since the last steamer has remained quiet, and sales have been limited at the prices thwa quoted. The sales to speculators and exporters reached 5.7S0 bales, the market closing quiet, but llrin. Tho sales to-day (Tuesday) reach 12,000 bales, inclut ins 4.000 to speculators and exporters, the market closing firm, but still unchanged. MANCHESTER TRADE REPORT. The advices from Manchester are favorable, the markM for goods and yarns ruling quiet, but firm. LIVERPOOL BRBADSTTFF8 MARKET. The breadstuff* market Is generally quiet and Una. Corn has an upward tendency. Various circulars port:?Hour easier at 27s. a 80s. Wheat quiot and steady; red Western, 10s 4d. a lis. 6d.; red Southern, 12s.; white Western, 12a. a 12s. 3d.; white Southern, 12s. Od. a 13*. Corn is active and advanced 9d.; mixed is quoted at ttfc 9d.; yellow, 31s. 6d. a 32a.; white, 36s. a 86s. Od. LONDON MARKETS. Breadstuffla downward. Sugar Arm. Coffee buoyant. Tea quiet for common Congou. Rice quiot. Tallow flraa at 49a. Linseed oil steady at 34a. LIVERPOOL PROVISION MARKET. Tho provision market, is generally dull. Ileef .is nomi nal. Pork quiet. Bacon fiat, with a declining teudeooy. Tallow steady. LIVERPOOL PRODUCE MARKET. Sugar firm. Cooflbo firmer, with n slight Improvement in lower qualities. Itico is steady. Ashes are firm at 38s. a 36s. for pots and poarls. Hosin?common is firmer, bat without transacting. Spirits of Turpentine have an upward tendoncy, and aro quoted at 64s. The Latest Markets. I.IVKKI'OOL, Oct. 3?I*. K. Cotton?Sales to-day reach 16,000 bales, Including 6,000 bales to speculators and exportors, the market closing firm but unchanged. nreailstuIR stoady. Corn closcs Armor. Provisions dull. Loxdon, Thursday?Consols closed for money at 92%. American Stik kh?Tho latest sales aie Illinois Central shares at 89% dis. Shipping Intelligence. Livmtroot..?The slilplleury Clay, from Liverpool for Now Yerk, wag wrecked off Islay, Scotland. Her crew and passengers were saved. Arrived from Now York?Cyclops, at Oporto; Rhina, at Trieste; Cactus, at Dublin; Cannobus, Parlupool, Quickstep, at Deal. [The lines east of Calais have failed to work,conM> quently the remainder of our foreign dispatches has not been received, but may be expected this forenoon.] Nctvi from Kentucky. Locwviu.1, Oct. 11, 1861. Oer. Ar.O. rson left for Washington this aftornoon. Bv'v'i iv'oolg were arrested at Lebanon Junction and bro- . here thig ovoning. No news from below, and no Southorn papers re ceived. Interesting News from the Sonth. Louisville, Ky., Oct. 9,1861. The 51 mphis papers publish a proclamation from Hen. McCulloch, of Arkansas, datod September 26, calling for tbroe regiment!* to servo ono year. A despatch from Fort Smith says I?< n McCulloch is la want of men, his present forco being only 3,500 strong. Tliis would F 'Cm to prove that McCulloch Is still ailve. The olllccrs of the Fremont Light Guard deny that tho recruiting offlccn for that regiment were closed on tho annOunoMnent of tho removal of General Fremont, and state that the enli tments are going on rapidly. A despatch dated Now Orleans, Sept. 2t>,gnys:?"Tha steamship Niagara aud a sloop of-war are oil' Pass a l'Outre,and the steam guub ut Water Witch is inside the west tar." A boat from the Water Witch hat ! "n!uj gome men at the telegraph station .it the h ad of i i I'aaeca, who car* ried oil tlx telegraph Instruments. y Some French naval officer-" fr ra the eorvctto Lavoisier, lying at the mouth of the Mississippi river, visited New O. i<-..: < < n tho 21-1 of Septembi r. Tho l'!i on prisoaora gent to New (>? wero escorted to their quarter* in that city by a coloi ?? company. An exchange of shot and ah' lis took pi < ? on tho'.oih olt. betwe :i a Union man-of wur and th' rebel steamer Joy, Without any dannj: l>eir.? do:.) to i i r Side. Mansfield Lovcll, lat"Oi the city or New York, isap polnted a li. igiolier General aud a?-.... ed to duty In Lonhllnm. Tho Citizens' Tank of Nc .v Orl-ims firo circulating "fives" cut ill two, each pleco to represent two and a half dollars. The rc l-el ateamcr South Carolina hail captured a Moil c..u steamer off (julveston. A statoiaont In tho Galveston Newt m ikes the number of T< xan troop s now In the field 20,000, of which 3,000 arc in Virginia, 4,000 In Western Missouri r.ud Arkansat uud 4,0t0 in Arizona e.nd New Mexico. There is great rejoicing thr uglu ut the South ever tha capture of L'xlngtonand thed.McuHtoa or Qonaral Fro niont. The pen UPg Congressional e'ectlon k public throu jhoot ihe rebelcues. Iu fivo Statej ? nly elect oral ticket., aro thus far put up. jjioro , .. general growl th o ;hi nt the ri i ol States a* the i.Kitlce i cy o. the mail arran ucnts. (,e i>o Davitf md W. T. P.'rth l.ave l<jen olecttd Son* tors rri in North Carol Ira to tl e re! olCongrepS. N. I .,.te;\of t< -In- '!!:ii:jan i <?.n? nt, died ??( C.t tie I S :kn( y on th ? -1 * ?? r tyi?l1 id fever. The hoaltlr of the other pri intra ;. ki:" to Ic ic.t GenoralT. H. B.isoam died at S',mmorvillc,8. 0.,on the iN! i ult. a r w fcailift 5 ????<?-,r?.

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