OUR NEW GENERALS. ? (SKETCH OF BRIGADIER GENERAL JOHN P. HATCH. The appolntmeut of Brigadier fioneral of Volunteers baa kiK u conferred upon Captain John P. Hatch, of the Third ragiment of tinned States cavalry. The recognl (?lit<by the government of the claims of this meritorious ?Acer in ^j-utifyiug to his friends, anil they are confident that to his new aud enlarged fluid of usefulness bo will ?oquite adilitlooul laitreli). We append a sketch Of bis JiioMiJ services. Br* ulier General John P. Hatch was born in Oswego, Mew York, where hi* father, the Hou. M. J'. Hatch, mid family reside. He graduated at West Point in July, 1846, heing No. IS of hi* class. Ho win appointed Brevet Hecottl Lieutenant aud attached to tlio Third regiment of tafantry; joined his regiment at Cor|iu8 Christi October 1,1*46, and remained with It until after the taking of Mataax'ros; was engaged in the battles of Palo Alto and Rttsaua do la 1'alma, aud was one of tho three officers of bis regiment mentioned in the official report of the last battle lis having been so "fortunate as to participate in the mailt attack," aud as having "acquitted themselves aa braw. men and good soldiers." While the army lay inactive at Matamoros Lieu tenant Hatch, with three other youtig officers1 waa tnuifcf erred to the regiment of Mounted Riflee then being raised, and was ordered to Jcflw&on Barracks. At that post hu was constantly occupied in the organization and drill of tho regiment until January, 1847, when it was put cn rtmle for Vera Oruz. .Cn the arrival of tho regiment at Now Orloans ho wan appointed Acting Adjutant. He wag present with his regluiuit during the siege and investment of Vera Crux. During the siege lie was engaged in an affair with the enemy at i'ueota del Medio, and was mentioned in (ion. P. F. Smith's report of the afllur as "deserving particular aotice for activity and gallantry." In the official report ef Ins colouel of the lut lie nt' Cerro (iordo, l,ioiit. Hatch has the credit of "being upon all occasions where his ser vice* were most needed,and throughout both days to have distinguished himself by gallantry and good con duet." The ofllcial report of tho battles of Oontrcras and Cherobuseo, after giving him credit with others for "ex traordinary exertions on the 19th aud til," slated that "lieutenant Halch, in particular, is spoken of by all In terms of praise. ' He was breveted First Lieutenaut for gallantry iu theso battles. In the regimental, brigade and division re(x>rts of those battles, and that of the fiarita de Bel?n, he was mentioned with commeud Mioo, and was breveted a captain "for gallantry and good conduct." On the arrival of the army at the city of Mexico he was appointed A'ljutant of his regiment. On the conclusion of peace the Mounted Rifle regiment was disb:utded. During the ensuing winter and spring a new regiment was enlisted and organized, and about the 1st of May, 1*49, marched across tho Plains and arrived hi Oregon hi October. He K|>ent the winter of 1849-50 ?Mstly in marches between Puget's Sound and California, being more than I wo months in the saddle in that iu clement season, exposed to almost constant rain, without tents. The spring of 1HM) was employed in making sur veys in Oregon, by order of General Smith, with instruc tions to report to him in California. He reported iu May, and in June was ordered to Washington, with despatches, acid to give such oral information as he possessed in regard to Oregon and California. Since then he has been employed in Texas, the Indian country aud New Mexico, .scouting atnoeg the Indians, anil enduring the fatigues and dangers incident to such service. He was engaged in the exissdition against the Gila Apaches, under Colonel Benneville, in, which he was highly commended. During the late troubles in New Mexico, consequent upon the treachery of Colonels IjOrlng, Grayson and other ?la officers, the fidelity and patriotism of the sub >ecl of this sketch and other young officers were in striking contrast with the conduct of their military superiors. Colonel Grayson, the chief Commissariat of subsistence tn tho Territory, had about $300,000 iu his possession at the time lie declared liis intention to return to the State* by way of Texas. The funds were taken from him (It is reported by force), and Captain Hatch ordered to perform his duties. The fidelity with which he discharged his uew trust is known to the department, and handsomely re warded. it is believed that during the period that be has belonged to tho army no officer has rendered a greater amount of service than he. Few have been more fro luently engaged in battle, and none have acquitted them selves better. His character as an officcr aud a gentleman la creditable to the distinguished body of which he is a member. The archives of the War Department, tho ' record, of his regiment and tho reports of the battles of Palo Alto, Kesaca de la I'alma. Vera Cruz, Pueuta del Medio,Cerro (iordo, Contreras, Cherubusco, Chcpultepec, Garita de Helen and tho city of Mexico furnish evidence ef his merit and worth. His ap|iolultnent to a Brigadier tleneralship shows that the War Department appreciates his ability. Let the future prove that it has been well t|?etowod. BRIGADIER GEN. ISAAC I. STEVEN8. Nothing lias contributed to gtrcngthen more decidedly ?or confidence in tbo wisdom and discretion of the Presi dent than big recent selection of Gov. Stevens as one of ?be new Brigadiers. Not that we regard thin appointment as indicating the appropriate goal for the ambition of its recipient, but rather as an intimation of hm recognition ?Bone of those few master spirits who aro destined lo play the prominent parts in the present drama. In our opinion Mr. Lincoln has done no other thing so well caleu latnd to inspire the country with confidence in the high order of his patriot inn. The rebels lsiast, and doubtless believe, that they have oecured "tbo flower of our old army." But it should be remembered that the exigencies of civil lifo at the North and in the West?so much superior to the dull routine of military experience, in Masons of uubroken peace?had naturally won from tho old army its ablest men and transplanted them, from time to time, to fields of wider enterprise than are included 111 the ozperiences of garrison life, or in occasional incursions against struggling Indians. Tims the most accomplished ofonr military men have been won into pursuits iu civil Ufe specially adapted to their scientific education. To ?sen of genius the attraction of a higher field of labor is a* imperative in its demands as the relations between the positive and the electronegative elements in the chemical world. It was not from diRtaste of military life that the youof General who now commands the army of the Poto mac with such glad confidence on the part of the country was led temporarily to abandon his military career, but 'because civil life oflbred a higher scope for faculties which were slumberiug in the late '-piping times of peace. " The subject of this sketch oflers a striking illustration In the same direction. Isaac I. Steven*?better known as Gov. Stevens, of Washington Territory?until now mo. destly commanding a decimated New York regiment on the bunks of tho Potomac, has achieved, perhaps, more than any othfr man ol his age, during his absence from military life. Within the short i*-riod of six years he survejsthn railroad route from th< head waters of tho Mississippi to Puget Sound, making vast additions to our geographical knowledge; a* Governor of Washington Territory he in fact organizes that new country: as Indian Commissioner be negotiates treaties with tiveutj thousand Indians, and conducts to a prosperous termination a war with Indians who threaten to devastate the Territories ol Washington and Oregon. For two years a delegate iu Congress from Washington T rriiorv. he secures the construction of a wagon road connecting the waters of I lie Columbia innl Missouri, aud the passage of a bill for payment of the war debt of Washington nnd Oregon. During the same period be writes a rcjHirt of his survey, occupy mg four hundred quarto pages, by far the most attractive of the twelve volumes ol the Pacific Railroad reports. HIS K4RLY l ine ANIi XDCCATtOS. Governor Stevens, now about forty five years of age, was born in Andover.lu the State of Massachusetts?(and the Old Bay State lias not entirely forgotten a son who has done so much to make her honorable)?his father, a plain farmer, being of the true Puritan stock. Receiving his early education at one of the best academies in New K.ng land,his precocious ability led to hi* appointment, while a mere boy, to a cadetship at West Point. He graduated at that institution as the tlrsi scholar of hiaclass, stand ing so high above all others that it is said there were fifteen degrees between himself and the cadet next in rank. His high rank was at tained without remarkable labor. lor ho Warned almost by intuition?a single reading of t he most abstruse proposition in mathematics being sufficient to enable .him to master it. I'pon leaving West Point young Stevens was appointed to (he Kngineer OOrps, and was for several years employed in superintending the construction of sea coast fortifications, one of which was the important fort near Bucksjiort, upon the Penobscot river. HIS KXI'KRlKSCK IX Opoa the breaking out 01 the war with Mexico Lieut. Stevens served on the | e - ma I staff of General Scott, and wan in all the battles on the plains of Mexico. His bold reeonnoissauees, personal gallantl y and profound know ledge of the principles ol war attracted tho uttention ?r his general, who g|toke of him as "the most promising officer of his age." lie was twice breveted for gallantry lu action, aud in one of the last battles received a severe gunslHtt wound in the foot, from which he still suffers HIS OOVNBTION Wmi THE COASt St'JtVKV. Upon hi* return to the Tinted State* "Major" Stevens -was selected by the distinguished Pr lessor Bache to per form the duties of Chief of the Coast Survey Office at Washington, and while occupying th it position purform ed a valuable public service by successfully combating the prejudices which prevailed in Congress against that most important work During this period Major Stevens also published a history, or raiher criticism, of the Mexican war. This work, eminently philosophical, and displaying a profound comprehension of strategic prin ciples, having been published in pamphlet form, is tin fortunately out of print. TlIX PV1HC RAILROAD M RVXY. Upon the accession of Gen. Pierce i" the Presidency, and the organization of the Territory of Washington, Profusuor Bach" and Gen. Totten urged upon the Pr? sident the ap pointment of Stevens to Luxe charge of the contemplated railroad survey from the head waters of the Mississippi to Puget isoiind; nnd Gen. Pierce, who had personally wit nessed his high qualities in Mexico, not ouly placed him in charge of the survey, but appoiuted him also Governor of Washington Territory and >t "fficio Commissioner of Indian Aflhlrs. The history of the survey appears in a superb quarto volume. forming the twelfth of the Pacific Railroad Re jwrts It Is a remarkable fact tliat the whole of this ad mirable work was first written out by sliort hand report. ?rs from Gov. Stevens' dictation, he being so euerossed with Congressional labors as to leave no time to prepare ? be work otherwise. But this was not allowed to inter fare with a most thorough and searching subsequent revision ii: - TRKAtTLS ?vttr hi* ntniAXS. On* trbvk rear of Governqf elevens' term of office n? V ^ " l-' Governor of Washington Territory was occupied by his ungniiiiiioii with the Indian tribes between the Missouri and Pugrt Sound. He made treaties with tho formidable illackfeet, the Grog Ventres, the I Vim Oreilles, and nearly twonty other tribes, and established friendly relations with tweuty thousand Indians?a work which is regarded at tho Indiuu Bureau as ono of tho most important that has evor been effected in our Indian relations. Upon roturnlng from tho Blackl'eot council, Oovornor Stevens learned that during his absence the Indians on tho ooast hud declared war upon the whites. With tho utmost difficulty, but by feats of the most daring intrepidity f ho brought his hiiiuII party safely through tho hostile tribes, and instantly set himself to work to procecute the war. Tho whole conduct of allairs devolved upon him, and although questions havo arisen about the policy of tho war, there have been none as to the de cision, promptness and vigor displayed by Ooverner Ste vens. Tho Indians were quelled, and it iH the settled opin ion that the very existence of the Territories of Oregon and Washington Is due to the military genius and execu tive power of the Governor. President Pierce aud Secre tary Ituvis disapproving the war, Governor Stevens was removed from the Executive chair. But the people of Washington Territory, lietter informed, showod their ap preciation of his services by immediately electing him delegate to Congress. HIS OoWiaKSHIONAt, AMD StlHKKgt'ENT I'ARKKR. A Territorial deli-gate, being unable to take part in general debate, bus but little op|?irtuuity to distinguish himself. But Gov Stevens displayed his practical elltetcBcy by un remitting devotiou to the interests of his Territory, and by securing, against the most violent opposition, the as sumption by Congress of the war debt of Washington and Oregon, it is a most creditable fact that be would not allow oue dollar to be paid for lobbying this bill by those interested in tho payment of the debt. Although selected as Chairman of the Breckinridge Exe i cutive Committee iu the Presidential campaign of 1800, and thus intimately associated with the So-ithern leaders, he was never taken into their treasonable councils, and at the first declaration of MOM sionism ho openly denounced them. His Intimacy and Inlluence with President Buchanan now enabled him quietly to |ierforiu what was perhaps the most important service of his life. He urged upon the President tho prompt dismissal of Floyd and Thompson from the Cabi net, aud pressed him to trust to the counsels of General Scott. He was, during tho winter, in daily consultation with officers of the army in relation to the defences of thecity of Washington, and exercised a controlling in lluence over them. For these acts he deserves the grati tude of the country, no less than those other noble demo crats, Holt and Stanton. He was fortunately stimulated in his loyalty by hiR admirable wife and her sister, the daughters of oue of the most emineut lawyers of Rhodo Island. At the close of the session of Congress Governor Ste vens proceeded to Washington Territory, and while in the remotest part of that Territory heard of the attack on Sumter. Ho instantly ollered bis services to the go vernment, and left for the city of Washington, deter mined to tight for the Union, even in the ranks. Although a mere Colonelcy was offered him, his brilliant reconnois sanceat Ijowiqsville, and tho safe retiring of his com mand from a superior force, and tho engineering works he has erected near the Chain Bridge, show that his Qelil of labor is not limited by his rank. * THE NEW YORK NATIONAL GUARD. OFFICERS IN THE AKMY FROM TI1E SEVENTH REGIMENT, N. Y. 8. M. THKIK NAMKS AND KANK?CONDITION OF TUg NA TIONAL Gl'AKD. Tlic foilowing ib the iiat of officers and . mem bore of tho Seventh regiment (National Guard), Nuw York State Militia, who have received commissions sinco the return of the regiment from Washington, m the regular or volun teer her vice:? F1HHT COMPANY. C. II. Hubner, Opiaiu Wilson's Zouaves. l>cuslow, First Lieutenant Wilson's Zouaves. liuiley, CaptttiU Wilson's Zouaves. W. II. Cooper, First Lieutenant Second Fire Zouaves. I?. D. Evans, Firel Lieutenant Second Fire Zouaves. C. Reynolds, Second Lieutenant Second Fire Zouaves. F. 1). Sloctim. First Lieutenant. Jas. Trenor, First Lieutenant Clinton Rifles. JohnTrenor,Surgeon's mate. Aug. Belknap, Second Lieutenant Ramsay's regiment. O. H. Hart, Adjutant First regiment Sickles' Brigade. F. Mcllvaiue, Captain National Ouard Zouaves. SKOOM) COMPANY. K. L. Famlutm, Colonel First Fire Zouaves, deceased. K. Barnard, Captain United States Chasseurs. .I.E. McFarland, Captain First Fire Zouaves. 1). Miller, Captain I nited States Chasseurs. II. B. I?yer, First Lieutenant United Stales Chasseurs. G. A. Barnard, First Lieutenant I'nited States Chasseurs. "Tuttlo, First Lieutenant Scott Rifles. 11. G. Henley. Captain I'nited Slates Chasseurs. J. W. Powell, Adjutant Jackson reg't (Sickles' Brigade). (J. W. Svluver. First Lieutenant Cnued Elates Chasseurs. J. F. Kunelo, Paymaster United States Navy. H. F. Savage', Major hi Colonel Kerrigan's regiment. I.. F.. Ihidlcy, First Lieutenant United states Chasseurs. J. 8. King, Second Lieutenant United Stales Chasseurs. I). ]. Miln. Secqad Lieutenant I'nited Stales Chasseurs. K. K. Medlord, Hospital Steward I'nited states Chasseurs. Itenj. (iregory, Second Lieutenant United Status Cavalry . K. F. Tybriug, First Lietit. nant Siott Rifles. - E. I'utnam, First Lieutemuit National Guard Zouaves. J. Liwreiice, Fust Ueutenant Second Fire Zouaves. J. 11 Lay,Capiain Third New Jersey Volunteers. H. H. Allien, Captain Tammany regiment. J. C. Bloomtluld, lirst Lieutenant Constitution Guard. C. It. Sterling, First Lieutenant Anderson Zouaves. J. !?.. Comstock. Adjutant Third Rhode Island regiment. K. Kelly, First Lieutenant Nineteenth Massachusetts reg't. E. V. Weir, Second laeut. iu Third I'nited Stales artillery. K F. Huplleld, Engineer United Slates Navy. N. A. Ilulsey. First Lieut. Virginia Union Volunteers. J. F. Bis bee, First Lieutenant Anderson Zouaves. J. Miller. First Lieutenant Duryee's Zouaves John Williamson, First Lieutenant Oregon Rifles. Chss. S.Vnu Norden, Captain Second Virginia Volunteers. S. Martin Builis,First Lieutenant Nliiiii regt. N. V. S. II. L. Townsend Hatfield. Second Lieut. ( ontmental (>sard. Oat id Marshall, Captain Ohio Volunteers. Trimn COMPANY. Geo B Butler, Jr., Third infantry I'nited States Army. Charles L Browne, Orderly First regt. Chasseurs. Co'lonel Cochrane. W. II. Cheseliorough, Aid de Camp to t.eneral Sclienck. Clinton (i. Colgate, Major Fifteenth regiment New York Volunteers,Colonel S'cLeod Murphy. Thomas Elliott, First Lieut. Clinton Uilies. Colonel i'aigu. L. A. Fish, United States Army. regiment unknown. ? Fred Hunt,CaptainConiineMul Guard, Colonel I'err.v. Lewis Fitzgerald, Captain Company C, Eleventh regiment New York Volunteers. N. P. Bailey, Lieutenant Colonel Second Delaware regt. JolinN.J. Lewis,Captain Fifth regiment (Excelsior Bri gade), Colonel Graham. II. G. Kudclifle. Lieut United Slates Army, regt. unknown. II. K. Treinain, Lieutenant Second regiment Fire Zouave.-. John (i. Wrtgbt, Captain United States Vanguard, Colonel Tldball. David F. Wright, Lieutenant United States Vanguard Colonel Tidball. W. S. Yard, Captain regt. New Jersey Volunteers. KOt'RTIl COMPANY. The report of the commandant of this company does not speeily the names of the members who have received commission*, but stales the number as being eighteen. KUTII COMPANY. W. P. Halsted, Captain First regiment V. S. Chasseurs. Geo. Itlssell, First Lieutenant Ramsay's regiment. B. Kelfler. Captain Ramsay's regiment. Benj. Fuller, Sm . tei Lieutenant Kamsay's regiment. Geo. Tucker, Second Lieutenant Kamsay's regiment. G. M. Huested. Fir.-t Lieutenaut Wa.-hinglon i.ravs, Augustus Fleot. Second Lieutenant U. S. Voltigeurs. Henj. Martin, Second Lieutenant Washington Grays Alfred Foot. First Lieutenant United States Army. Fred. Fckell. Engiueer United States Navy. Fred. H. Come, Second Lieutenant U. S. Marines. Robt. Iteed, Second Lieutenaut Volunteers. F. K. Waldron, Lieutenant Thirtyflrst regiment Vol. M. O. Waterbury, Lieutenant Volunteers ?las. Reynolds. Lieutenant Volunteers. c. F. Frothingham, First Lieutenant Cavalry. Francis A. Suva, Captain First regiment N. Guard. C. M Rockefeller, Lieutenant Minnesota Volunteers. Joseph Morrison, Col- ? 1 Cavalry regiment. Wm Stewart, Second Lieutenant Volunteers. sixth company. Richard F. Halsted, Major Mozart regiment. Edward L. Halsted, Captain N. G. Zouaves. Clarence S. Brown, Major in Gen. McDowell's staff. Geo. W. Ford, Major regiment New York Volunteers. Jas. F. Buggies,Major iu (Jen. Hall's staff. Annan, Captain i ameron Zouaves. P. R. t had wick, Captain Cameron Zouaves. C. Bartlett, Captain United States Army. O. H l'almer. Captain Fourth Virginia Volunteers. Geo. P. Edgar, Captain (ien. Fremont's stall'. It. S. Duinont. i a plain Fifth New Vork Volunteers. 11. D. Hull, captain Fifth Now York Volunteers. LyndeCatlln. Major in Gen. Viole's stall. C. J. Combreling, Sec md l ieutenant f>th N. Y. Volunteers. Jacob Duryee. Captain Filth New ^ork Volunteers. .1 F. Evans. Lieutenant Fillh New York Volunteers. Phillip Schuyler, First Lieutenant United states Army W N. lAwrenee, First Lieutenant United States Army. satnl. B. Liwroucc First Lieutenant United Stales Army. Rutus King. First Lieuteiiant United states Army. Sheldon, First Lieutenant United states Army C. F. \ on J?uzer . First Lieutenant United States Army. Freiu li, Firat Lieutenant I nited States Army. Gon. 11 While. Third Assistant Engineer U. S. Navy Robt. <;. Shaw,First Lieutenant Secoud Massachusetts Vol. W <!, Ulsboeffer, First Lieutenant (Adjt.) .16th N. Y Vol. Charles Sutton, First Lieutenant (Adjt.) ;?d N. Y. V. L. 1.. Cuvillier, Fii>i Lieutenant (Adjt.) Fifty fifth N. Y. V. Carey, First Lieutenant. AM totien. Smith,Ohio Vol. J, Benkard, First Lieutenant, Aid to Gen. King. Wis. Vol. C. 8. Tomes. First Lieutenant, Aid to Gen. Viele, N.Y.Vol. Tho. B. Marsh, First Lieutenant regiment N. Y Vol. Middlebrook, Avond Lieut. 43d r'gimeut N. Y. Vol. J. M .Roome, Second Lieutenant United States Chasseur* Edward Cozzens Quartermaster N. Y. Vol. SSVKNTH COMPANY. .(no, l>. Moriarty. Major.-4th regiment, Excelsior Brigade. R. N. Bowerinan. Captain Flint Fire Zouaves. A. I>eniko, Captain 6lh regiment, Duryee's Zouaves. Nim'i rruesdell. First Lieatenant United State*chasseurs R. B. Smith, First Ueutenant lath infantry, U. S. A C. Nartwell, First Lieutenant 13th infantry, U. S A J. B. l^vers-ti. Captain Ceneral Hemtzloman's stall L. H. Lent, Captain Continental Guard. R H. Stewart. First lieutenant Gov. Morgan's Lt. Arid. O A. Morey. Captain Excelsior Brigade. 11 Vanderweyde. Sergeant. United States Chasseurs E Eddy, Jr.. First Lieutenant Washington Grays, J J. Robinson.Sergeant 5th regiment Duryee's Zouaves J. H Ingersoll. Sutler 19th Illinois regiment C. J. Breck, Captain's Clerk United States Navy. 11. S. Chatfleid,Cuplam. D. M. Holdredge. Captain N. (J. Zouave* Thomas Atuuilr.e, Capiain 33d Massachusetts regiment. E. Donaldson. Firm Lieutenant Co. G, 11th N. Y. V. A. S. B<>gert. First Ueutenant Co. I. U. S. Chasseurs F J. O'Brien, Captain Co. A. McClellan Rifles. F. J. Sheers, Second Lieuleuaut Co. F. McClellan Rifles. SSIIITII COMPANY. Edward C. Kiltie. Captain First regiment U. S. Clia**curs? W. S. M. Bvnger, Adjutant Scrrell's Artisans' regiment Cl?r?jjje Ai. Blake. Assistant ^uartcrmasicr L'. S. Aiuiy. Robert P. Harry, Captain U. S. Army. Jain a S. Carey, Second Lieutenant U. S. Army. Kriuik Cargdl, ship National Guard, Blockading Squad run, United MuiiH Army. Albert Davidson. Captain Colonel Ro bier's regiment. W. Irving Ellis, Lioutetiant Second Rhode Inland regiment. James U. Grant, First Lieutenant Serrell's Art. regiment. Henry S. Gansevoort, Second Lieutenant U. S. Army. W. If. Mar viae, Second Lieutenant N. Guard Zouave*. Albert V. M?n ltd,Captain Anderson Zouaves. S. A. Mellick,Liouteuanl M't Rides,Cen. Wool's Body fi'd. Alexander McMillan, Captain Scott Rifle*. l'biiip C Rogers, First Lieutenant Fifty-fifth regiment. George C. Williams, Captain Fifty fifth regiment. NINTH (X1MFANY. N. R Mcl/aughlin, Ltoutenant U. S. A., Second cavalry. Theodore Winilirop, Miyor, Aid to General Butler, killed at Great Bethel. L. W. lirainard, Second Lieutenant N. Y. 8. M. Franltlm Kills, Second Lieuteiiaut Hcott Rifles. 1). R. Franklin, Second Lieutenant Tenth legion. L. Gibersou, Second Lieutenant Tcutli legion. L. 0. Goodridgo, Captain New York Zouaves. K. J. Knapp, Lieutenant Leslie (iuard. Jan. R. 0. lleirno, Second Lieut. 37th regt. N. Y. S. V. J. I>. White, First Lleutouant 37th regiment N. Y. S. V. V. U. Coan, Captain Continental (iuard. R. W. Harmstoad, Ninth regiment N. Y. 8. V. James Marency, Lieutenant Klmira regiment. A. T. Merchant, New Jersey regiment. R. C. Mitchell, Captain Scott Rilies (!. C. Moore, First Llontenaut Tain many regiment. G. I). Nandaine, Second Lieutenant Scott Rtlles. U. A. Ryan, Second Lieutenant Tammany regiment. A. B. Speir, Sailing Master United States Navy. Ivan Tyloff, Second Lieuieuunt United Suites Chasseurs. D. W. White, N. Y. S. V. Milton Sweet, Captain's Clerk United States Navy. Valentine Mack, Lincoln Cavalry. F. Merrimau, Commissary Sergeant Ohio regiment. TKSTII <tmVANY. Samuel Dana Junior, United Slates Army, Captain. S. Van Rensselaer, United States Army, Lieutenant. R. L. Morris, United States Army, Lieutenant. J. Coslar, United States Army, Lieutenant. JohnG. Hocksber, United States Army, Lieutenant. R. tt. Hull, Second Mass. Light Artillery, lieutenant. II. H. Holbrook, Scott Ritlcs, Lieutenant. .f. II. Flume, Second New Jersey, Sergeant Major. R. S. Seabury, Ramsey's regiment. Lieutenant. C. Dubois, General Cox's staff, Western Virginia, . ILL. limiting, Captain Artillery Niulh rcg'lN. Y.S. M. NPica/1. RkTI RN.H or TIIK SKVKNTH KKOIMKNI , SKI1KM11EK, ISfll, mffn*U. I SITKKTH (KIXKAMUVO. Field (Colonel Lelferts and l.leut. Col. J. Price)..... 2 Stall (commissioned and lion-commissioned) 16 First company 94 gtcoad company 112 Third company 102 Fourth com|Utny 80 Fifth company 87 Sixth company OS Seventh company 100 Fightb company 120 Ninth c ompany K2 Tenth company 72 Hand ami drum corps 00 Strength September 1,1K61 1,022 On furlough 40 Total strength '. 1,071 Since the regiment returned from Washington it has furnished officers to other regiments in actiro service 210 This does not include the recruits received,in Wash ington and not elected ii|K>n the return of the regiment. AFFAIRS IN EUROPE. OIR PARIS 1TO LtOJIS CORRE8FON DEXCE. Our P?rii Correipondenw* Paris, Sept. 27,lfi61 Union in Prayer of American* and Frenchmen?Serenes in the Eyi*'>i>al Ckurche*?Slavery Denounced, <?c. Yesterday being tho <l?y appointed for humiliation and prayer by the Chief Magistrate of America, pray ers and ft sermon were given, not only at the Congrega tional and Episcopalian chapels belonging t? America In Paris but in several French Protectant places of worship, where the liveliest interest is taken in tho welfare of the Uiiion. . in the rue du Berrl, where l)r. McClintock presWes over the services of tne beautiful chapel recently erected in that beautiful street, I had the advantage of hearing a sermon distinguished hyalite, spirit, eloquence ami ap poeltcness that cannot fail to leave a deep and lasting im- j pressiou on the congregation he addressed. His text was:?"Humble yourselves, therefore, under the mighty hand of (Sod, that lie may exalt you in due time, casting all your care upon him, for he caretli for you." 1 l'eter, chapter v.,6lh and 7tn verses* The worthy divine might.perhaps, have gone on to the next verse ha*! not his Christian philanthropy deterred I him, which is:?" Re sober, be vigilant, because your ad versary, tlie devil, a* a roaring lion, walkelh about seeking whom h' Mity drvnir '' Hr McClintock, in a manly aud forcible mauner, pomlod I out the fact attested by all history, that as the individual, I so the aggregation of individuals. A nation must ac knowledge in its afflictions the " hand of God," and this general humiliation on the present occasion ol the people of the United States was a proof, not only that they recog nized this "hand," but that they relt the necessity o' ,,robing Uicir hearts and minds for the cause of such vlsi tation. . ? . ... They could not but acknowledge that tlioy had been too much occupied about mere material interests. He would not say thev bad forgotten God-that they had been theo reticallv or practically atheists-hut it must be confessed that they had been slow to give that honor to His name which was so eminently its due. Nor did he say that in their pursuit of material .nterests they had been worse than their neighbors, England ami France. and they had excuses not proper to those countries. It was in America alone that children were a source ot power, aud not of diminished strength, to a man. 1-nrge fortunes could be quickly amassed; success stood ever in I ho pathway waving her hand and encouraging labor' The Held too, was unbounded, and patriotism came in support of individual interest. But <Jod, undoubtedly; was lost sight of too frequently. It was not always re raombered that it was He who opened his hand aud tilled ?? with good things. There was a stlffhecked spirlt which forgot tho source of all prosperity. It might bo observed in the careful substitution of the word'-nature ' for "God" in elementary books for the instruction of the voting Th"re was a general disposition to exalt science above morals. On this part of his.ubject thepreache,. expatiated with an eloquence which sensibly touched his audience He thought, too, that a gross omission had been made by those who drew up the original constitu tion when the presiding care of God was not more parti cularly alluded to. He believed that any amendment which should follow tho present disturbance would have a special regard to the rectlllcation or this omission. Turning from this part of his subject, thepreacher | then plunged, inmedu,* re,. into the patriotic question Ho quoted the language of the so-called \ ice rrosldeut of the Southern confederacy on the subject ot slavery, coin Adams and others, not to mention Ui.- anthority ot the \u??t U the boroie loumh'rs ?I the reft u bin , i ? hiiii'ell were wrong, then of course was ^.Stephens wl\4? wib a v? rv enlightened man?right. Tlie lioctor then. In a strain <.l nervous eloquence pointed out the necessity of even man ? serv ng ho ?!>od cause 111 whatever manner the Mate required, fh jc must be no raiut heartednew. no hegrudiiing.when ittl 1? M ia m?f :t cmVf t<- I ?'? ?4 ?Il\ UU '1 repttbUc 'uor of const itutional monarchy; it was a ques 3 ftSg-rSlSJ* & an iron sway and God onl> knows how many of tbeifl. '"-The above is a very faint outli,,.- i one . forcible and impassioned discourse* that was e\. r do Uvered in l'arls, and it is to bo hoped that the ?veret.-l j gentleman will take an early opportunity of collei ting bis ( not, s and giving the world ? better np|>ortuult> ot a\ _ ? nreciitinff it The Doctor has, by the broad view* he h.u Lk. n and the clear Judgmeut he ha- hown >n the various ?| eeches lie has delivered ou tlie present domestic rtsis, w.>u not only golden opinions from Nortli Americans, but r.nv frum the South are loud in their expressions ot ap 3uon f<.r ?he very Chrl-f.au spirit with which h? ha. tempered the most unflinching patriotism. Paris, Sept. 'i'? IStil. War Sewn frmn Am-rua An.r,<m '/ Looked f.n ?I? A<h May Ensue, of Another Kehel Vutory-Onr mi* awl Republican Friends?Tartier. j th' Kelei Ay-nls Olid Secession Organs in England ami Fran"? General Fremont arul Abolitionism? Effect if the Coir's jstler Tht Mxticon Qut*i"*?F?eign Opinion "f the Thr* Month* Uni<m Vohint"r<, <fr The utiMt auxiety is betrayed here by ah parties as to | the result or the ?mHl-t that must take place-probably I I,as taken place?between the I nlon forces and the rebels. ? Should?which may Heaven forbid-tho rebels obtain a i victory France will, I am assured, at once recognise the i navis government, and will urge upon tho United Slates ! administration a cessation of hostilities in a manner that will convince Mr. Lincoln and his Cabinet that they have ' an enemy in I/mis Napoleon. England would, of course, I ,,, her shame and certain future punishment, follow in I the wake Of Fraqce.and the /'ay* asserts that Prussia 1 will act as France and England do. I have conversed with persons hero who hold Unp?rUnt notations as regards their iutluenco over tho revolutionary parties, as they arc styled by their opponents, but who arc roally tho lrlonds of liberty-tho real friends of re publican institutions, the opposera of the Pope's Umporal lower, and, iu fact,the followers of Garibaldi. 1hy aro French, Itilhuis, Poles and Hungarians, und one and aH assert that, were tho North to meet with reverses that endangered thu existence of our (jod-given institutions, thejr would flock, with thousands and tona of thousands of their countrymon, to the reac.ua of ft nation that 1? tho only guarantee for man'* true position that the world aa yet possesses. The struggle would then be come one between the followers of despotic government and the friends of liberty; and surely, where a cause so sacrod,so momentous, animatea one party, certain defeat and humiliation awuit the other. Tho Union cannot be overthrown, mankind cannot resign its boon, and tyrants and despots will in vain seek to destroy the noblest fabric built by the genius and self sacrifice of our brave an cestors. As things are stl present, England, to tho lntenso disgust of Napoleon III., will not act overtly against tho United Stales. A reverse, how ever, would chauge this hesitation, I fear, to quick action, aud >ranee would succeed in her desigua against the giunt republic. 1 endoso on article published in the CumtUulumnel yes terday, jtir orrtre <if that greatest of liberals, that " man of the ?Uh of December,'' as his admirer* dub him? I'orsiguy?iliat will prove to your readers how just I was hi concluding at the commencement of tho present American rebellion that Franco?I mean her govern ment?was against l^o cause of tho Union. Her official organs teem daily with the grossest in sults to tho American government ami people, and ciinsUiut extracts are made from tho rebel organs in Lon
dou?the Daily TcUgntiih, a sheet that suits Ita Umo to its readers, and tho Chroniclt, which, since its abandonment by l.ouis Napoleon, whom it hud Served with sense aud discretion, has become an organ of the Davit confederacy, shiwing,however, no sense, diseru tloo or good taste In iu present career. Every few days its Pans correspondent makes thu following announce ment:? I am onco again assured that the early recogni tion of tho independence of the Confederate .States of America by France may be expected.and little doubt Is outcrutined in these parts that it will bo followed, if not accompanied, by that of Kngland. Indeed, II I am cor rcctly informed, the two Powers are, at this moment, engaged in negotiations for the purpose of shaping their respective lines of policy with respect to the nuttier. As to Krauce, though her demand for cotton is nothing liko that of Kngland, sAe is still in such of th* article t/uil the cannot wiUitifllf consent to see the su/tply of it cut off, an.I she thinks that the prompt recognition of tho Con federate Suites Is the best means of securing a continu ance of ini|>orls. This appears ill Thursday's Chronicle. Now I have good reasons to Know that the said Journal has no con nection whatever with any official source here, aud that the Pat is correspondent, when he makes those assertions, Is not "assured" any such thing; but lie hits found tho expoi imcuI sin ce a, has seen that ilio Paris bctni-official press greedily seized it|>ou these statements and make ex tracts from the London journals, and so he does the thing over and over again, to the great Joy of the Fatrie, I'ayt and Constilutionnel, but to the disgust of those wno sue through the shallow farce. The aunounceiucuts of the ChronirU aud Telegraph about American affairs are sim ply bouncers. It is a most extraordinary thing to observe how the Parts aud Lomton journals write about 'ten. Fremont's pro clamation. '1 hey were in the habit, when we were pros perous aud at |icace, of bitterly twitting us about "the peculiar institution." We were quite out of the pale of civilization, our boasted liberty was a lio; iti fact, they could scarcely tind language energetic enough to express their horror of our keeping lour millions of ? lellow beings, of brothers," in bondage. Fremont now talks of freeing them, and the howl is reversed, aud wo are void of ail seme of honor, of what is due to the rest of mankind, of common humanity," by wishing to set free those four millions that are yet in boudagu. Tho I'ays has published the following communicated nolo. It is as clear as mud, except that tile unfriendly animus is evident:? It is believed that Russia has concluded a treaty rota tive to the ri>;lu of n uitrals with the United Status of North America, but that Kngland and Fi ance have thus lar refused to enter into such a treaty, and that rrussia is in accord with them. I am |iositively assured that, as far as regards Prussia, the /'ay* has made an unfounded statement, and believe the same as regards Kngland. The fact is that Russia should have shown a feeling of good will to the United States hus produced here a powerful effect upon the. iruivet, who, were tltoy left to their own judgmcute, would be friendly to us. It was feared here that the let ter of Prince tiortchakoff would remove iu part the unfavorable eltect produced by the misrepresentations of the official press, and so the Pays wut> instructed to insert th ? note above, which but expresses that where Russia is for, France, Kngland and Prussia are against, the Union. Tho /'ays took an unwarrantable liberty when it s|K>ko for the other Power*. As for France, all Americans must know by this time that her government is inimical to them, gi I was conversing upon thin subject some even ings since with our Consul here. His conclu sion?having, since his arrival, thoroughly studied tho question?is, that 'wo must prepare to staml against Kurope in defence of our rights; aud tho nioro formidable are our preparations tliu more likely will be our success." I mat state that those conversant with newspaper management hero are surprised at tho extraurdinai y exertion displayed by tho N'xw Yokk Hkkai.ii In giving such masses of information to Its rend ers. How it is all accomplished is a source of constant surprise here. I forgot, to state above that the Morning Post having announced iui agreement between France, England and Spuiu as regards Mexico, llio semi official papers here contradict the assertion. Tliey state that h ranee lias not as yet come to any conclu num. I am Informed by a person usually well inform i eil as regards information ujHin Spanish aflairs. Tho English Journals were most severe In their an I mini versions against the volunteers that IIrst served the cause of the Union. The following extract from the Ameri can correspondence of the Murnini/ Poll, of Lmdon, will bo a balm to the wounded susceptibilities of the three months volunteers. The writer says:? Say what you will of them, these three months nion did protect the capital against the rebels; and if that had been lost every foreign nation would have acknowledged the confederacy, and the Union would have been as dead as tlio French republic, one und indivisible. They also kepi Fortress Monroe from becom ing a secession trongliold, and maintained federal rule in i " Chesapeake and in a portion of Western Virginia, d Maryland back when she was about to sink slough of secession, and kept both that i,ue and Delaware iu the I'liii n. They fought aud won all ihe battles that enabled the Ctilou pnrty to crush the secessionists in Western Virginia, aiid to divine that |K>rtion of the State from Eastern Virginia, whereby the rebels were much injured. They won the baltle of Droivnvlllo. in Missouri, and drove the secessionists from most of that State: and. at the battle in which General Lyon was killed, an Iowa regiment of three months men was present, and lost a third of its number' though its time had been out for a week. It re mained only for the purpose of lighting, and ha l marched 600 miles to meet the enemy. It was by thtoo months men that Cairo was held against the rebels; and had that place been lost tie.' damage to the Union cause would have tK:eii great. Several of tho regiments that fought best at Hull run were throe months men?among them being the New York Sixty ninth (Irish) and the Rhode Island infantry and artillery. The army under General Patterson was composed mostly of throe months men; ami hait it been well led il would have prevented tho presence of General Johnston and his men at Hull run. Let the cowards 1?> condemned; but when our disbanded volunteers are criticised let their deeds lie remembered, and it w ill then be seen that they did a ?ch d work, and that, whenever well led, they did their duty in the Held. Our IjyoitN Correspondence. Lyons. Franco, Sept. 2S, IS61. Th' Silk- HVacfm and Their Loom*?.SrWowr FjTrrls of the American War on the Fortune.* of the Artisan-?Sharl Time?t Ruinous Filling off in Er)>orts. rfe. A large portion of the populat ion of Lyons is composed of weavers. They are estimated at sixty thousand, in ? eluding, I suppose, the families of those who are married | men. In tlio suburbs, especially on tho northern and ' western sides, one hears the clatter of the loom on all hands. A In?! in these days thero is much misery in Lyons on account of the war in the United States. Only think of the fact that last year (1880) (he exports from Lvon? to America were more than 100,000,000 francs, while from the l<t of January,1861, up to the 1st of September? eight months?tliey tiavo but little exceeded 0,000. aud It Is feared they will not reach 10.0OO?|>erhi?ps uot more than *.000! Was thereerer anything like thtaf A large house engaged in tli? American trade assures mo that lor some time iho\ have not bad a single order front the United States. Of coursli the weavers sufl'cr murh. Many of them are working on ha;I time, and some are doing nothing at all. It is remarkable that the orders from Germany, Russia, Hrlgium, Sweden and all other foreign count: iu*, excepting Kngland, have also fallen off this year?a fact which shows how much tho dreadful war in America derangtv the Irude almost the entire civilized world. My the way, I may ;einark that the journal* as well as the people of Lyons are shockingly ignorant of the causes and pro-pects or tho war in the \ nltod States nor is this wonderful when we consider the influence the Win don Times, 1/ondon Heraht, 1/radon Sun, aud almost all the other leading papers of 1'jiglanil, aud their mouthpiece at Paris (fJalipnani't Mesttnqtr) have on the French press, and. indeed, the press of the entire Continent. Rut I hoy must no day be oiiie better enlightened hy the - lo^ic of events," if uot by the "logic of word*." We must wait iu pat i "iice. Tlie Art of War in Enropr. SIK WILLIAM AKMSTRONCi ON IMPLF.MKST8 OF 1>K 8TRUCTI0N. Sir William Armstrong addressed an annual morliiiK of th>! Institution of Mechanical Engineers, h"lU At Sheffield (England) on Wednesday, July 31. Sir William said:?Itissaid, und I believe with trutb, that In America the manufacture of cast iron ordnance has been so lar improved by applying water to cool tho casting from the interior as loanable aer\iceable guns of this material to be produced of much laig-r bore than have been made in England. But it appealh that those guns bave not been rilieil, ?ud are only intended to be used with hollow prqjectlles. This minci ^s, therefore, uf fords no reason lor coining to a different conclusion as to f the unfitness of cast iron for th>; construction of rifled guns designed to project solid shot , especially when tho dimensions are large. Kven when strengthened by wrought irou hoops the tendency of cast iron in a gun is to become weaker by every succeeding discharge. This is owini: to minute fraeturi* occurring in tho bore, gene rally in tho vicinity of the vent, ami gradually extending until they terminate in the rupture of the gun. If, there fore, cust iron guuR lire to be utilized at all as riM-d ord nance. it can only be by confining their use t? hollow pro. Jcrtlies and li?lit charges; but, if the same indulgence were extended to wrought iron guns, equal efficiency would be obtained with half the weight of metal, and ou big ground aiouo the superiority of the latter Is decisive ?Willi rcgtwfl to ihw great question of tho ultimate offset oC artillery against ships protectod by defensive armor, I believe that whatever thickness of Iron may be adopted, fruns will be constructed ou|niUlo of destroying It. At the how tlmo 1 um of opinion that Iron-plated ships wlU be infinitely more secure against artillery thiin timber ships. The former will effectively resist every speciesof^explo sive or incondiary projectile, as Well as solid shot from all but the heaviest guns, which c(Wt never be used In largo numbers against them, lu sh<irt, it ap|>< ur? 10 me to be a question iietween plated sbil* or noun at nil. ill any rate so far as liueof-battlo ships are concerned, n ltn respect to the quality of the material bust adapted to resist tho impact of shot, this subject is engaging much attention lu the town of Sheffield and the iron districts generally. So far us my own observation ami ixpeiience go, I may say that hardness and lumlnallou are tho conditions most essential to avoid. In striking a plate tho tendency of tho shot is to fracture rather than to pierce tho material. When penetration is effected, the hole is of a brokon character, ami not such a* would be made by tho cutting action of a punch. The sorter, therefore, tho iron, the lots iujury it will sus tain, and I apprehend that steel, in every rorm, will, from Its greater hardness, bo found less effective than wrought iron, while its cost would bo very much greater. I am tompted to advert, before 1 conclude, to a subject Intimately connected with mechanical progress, but upon which much dlHercnce of opinion may exist. Luder our present patent laws we nre borne down with an excess of protection. Wo are obstructed in every direction hy jiatented Inventions which will never b? reduced to prac tice by those who hold them, but which embrace Ideas capable of useful application if freed from monopoly. Tho merit of invention seldom lies in tho fundamental conception,but is to be found in the subsequent elabora tion, and in tho successful struggle with difficulties, un known to the mero theorist, and often requiring years of labor, blended with diHsapointment, for their removal. Nothing can be more irrational, therefore, than to give equal privileges to tho mere schemer and to tho man who gives actual effect to an invention. TllK NAVIES OK PRANCE, PAST AND PRKSBNT?HER IKON PI.ATKII Slllt'S, ANt> CHAKCBR OF A DESCENT ON THE ENGLISH COAST. TParis (July -Hi correspondence of Ijindou Army and Navy (ia/.ette. l .Bear Admiral Jurien Uigruviere has lately written two works on the French marine. These works have been re viewed by tho O'luilt. which has devoted to them no less than sixteen columns, .ludgiug by quantity, tuo books of Admiral Lagraviern should contain subjects of more than usual interest. This is tho case. In these days of naval improvement such a title as "The Old and New Marine of Franco'' is such as to attract attention. About mty tl\e vears ago was fought the last great sea battle, where Nelson fell and the French fleet perished from the luce of the waters. Glorious singlo combats, the French say, In some manner redeemed this great national ca lamity; and b'fides that, their marine lias oihtrwlsu distinguished itself?at Navarino, the taking of Al giers and elsewhere. More recently in the Haltic and before Venice it showed what might bo ex pected from it. Between tho navy of Trafa'gur and that of to day there is but one connecting link, .mil that to?tradition. Bravery and devotion to the na-iouul flag are handed down from one generation to another, but that is all. Three na\ ios in less than half u century have sup planted each other, and a fourth is in the womb. Under Admiral Inland tho employment of sails was carried to ft high perfection; then came sailing vessels with auxiliary steam i>ower. Alter that a screw marine; and now comes another revolution?v. ssols plated with iron, ami armed with a new and terrible artillery. In these combinations power has increased aud cost lias iucreased. A vessel of war, which formerly cost three millions, to-day, with its new appliances, i osis nearly double, and those building iu England about tour times that sum. Of the result of this enormous expense no ooo can speak. Admiral ljigraviere explains how it is that while the navy iu Kngland occupies the tlrst rank, in Franco it only holds a secondary place. Kngland has to depend on her fleet both for attack and defence, and to it are Intrusted her frontiers. Vnder its shelter she can either mix her self up with continental quarrels or hold herself aloof. The pride of the nation is concentrated in lis ships, and for I hem no expense is spared. France, on the other hand, lias other cares?all her frontiers are not ocean bound; she is more wrapped up in her army. In France tho navy is subordinate to tho army. In Kngland It U just the reverse. Having transcribed those preliminary remarks, 1 will give a few extracts from the articles of M. I/>uis Bey baud?How much prejudice will fall before tho simple statement. tlint between 167d and 1782 the French -?ariun fought twenty-one gmeral engagements, and oi. y lost two. There was Ln Hogue, Bella Isle, and Admiral Eoh cawen's victory, which the French call Lr jour dc it. Con flan t; and French history says 'France had lost, in the coutse of the last war, thirty-seven ships and fifty six frigates. The accession of the Spanish marine but i>oorly corn|>ensated for these enormous losses." Tliu loss of tho great naval battles or the empire have always been at tributed to the want of officers, and consequently of dls clpllne. When the tirst empire wast about to breathe its last breath of llame at Waterloo, tho French fleet had al ready made serious advances towards reconstruction. '?The minister Decrts worked silently, but so well, that iu 1814 France, whom fortune had abandoned on tho conti nent . tound herself with fleets superior in numb, r to those she had lost. In the dockyards aud afloat she had one hundred and three ships aud fifty live frigates." In com (Hiring sailiug shins to steam vessels as regards seamanship he savs:?'The employment or Steam does away w ith much of tho hardship of the profession. There is no Imiger that continual struggle with thu elements. Masts have bc<-n diminished and sails reduced to a mero accessory. and both are destined to even greater reduc tions. The mast serving us an auxiliary does more luirm than uny thing Disc. Its weight prevents the carriage of so much more coal and provisions; in an engagement it is a mark to tire at, and its splinters do Immense "laughter and encumber the decks. The matt*, th'ii, will In* cut down as low a.- jiossihle. merely allow ing a vessel to carry enough sail to keep her steady or gel her into |?irt In case or accident to her machinery. Without masts sailors will have little to do. They will have to turn their attention to machinery, to cannon exercise and small arms. They will b ?come'more military and loss maritime. In speaking of the change which has taken place in naval architecture? ? ''1 here were many difficulties to encounter iu changing from sailiug vessels to steam, but these difficulties were overcome by our engineers. Europe owes to them tho models she copies. I,e Napoleon as a screw. La (iloire as a plated frigate." The chapter on this subject?recording the light In i ween sails and wheels, and then wheels and the screw, and the manner In which Ships had to be al tered in order to bear tho different application of the pro pelling power, changed from the masts to the flanks, and then to the stern?is most interesting. With regard to speed:?' Tne swiftness of a vessel of war ofl; i s advantages easily undsrstood; In single encoun ters itgives a ship tho choice of either accepting or de clining a combat, fcc., Ac." Admiral I.agraviero has, however. ? mitted the most important use of sjieed.lliat of allowing a vessel to take up any position she cbt oses, and to light at her own distance?at the distance which suits besi her power of resistance and the ruuge of her guns. "From machines of U00 horse-power we liavo reached 1.'.'00. and have only stopped at the limit of a ship's capiu itv after having entrenched as much as possi ble ou the .u'luaiicnt, &c. More than one surprise has marked the eonrs;' of our trials. Machines of the same power and eonsti ucfioti httv. furnished results nc-t dis proportionate. Having watched the trials mane by 1/t (iloire, I was much -truck by the rates of tqwed, tttuNn iu\ 1 Her in serted in voiir impr>ssioti ol the Mil .'u'y wr*?to.*?I.H (iloire, in returning frem Algeria, is sai l to luiv ? made eleven knots w ith four boilers. In g dug to Algeria her speed was then said to have been much greater than that of the rosiest despatch boats, nud that on'y t wo boilers w'ere used, poes I at (Iloire go foster Wil li tw o boilers than with four? This remark is bow in a way explained, and the t dais of I.'i (iloire will be watched with renewed Interest. As may well be imagined a good deal is said "| tlie new artillery ?With regard to heavy pieces. I here have been at tirave and the is.auds of Hveres trials which, a'though si lently pursued, have not been lesscot.c i sive. in Kngland they have made more noise, hut have not done more work. Their innovators are Ft ill defending their in ventious on the platform, and showing their certificates, and invert itt d seems to hover over all. Admiral Lagraviere divides naval warfare into three categories descents, blockades and combats: and h<' fir-1 dwells upon what is tons the most interesting'?descent. He savs that there was a general cry when steam was first applied to ships, that for the future the navy would be but an auxiliary to the army. r<cscents with sailing vessels were dangerous, but with steam they could be easily ??fleeted. And, in fact, any one who has conversed with a Frenchftinu on naval matters will not have failed to have mad" th --ame r. mark. The French in general look upon steam as a means which will some day atone for every bygone disaster?It is to bridge the channel. gain them glorious sea victories, and do nothing Tor any otio else. "These plans for descent have found great credit in France. Our debarkation in the Cri mea was a conclusive answer to tljose who doubted tho possibility of similar operations; fiO.OOO men were thrown ashore in a few hours, without a blow being struck." France has everything to aid such an enterprise, savs tlio admiral?gunboats of the lightest clratt, floating batteries, bullet proof,and iron transport*: hut the sea i-> not ? docile instrument. Nothing would lie more dangerous thau to confide to the sou au army which might be annihilated before fighting a single battle. It steam has sitri|fiilied descents, it has not doue away with the difficulty ?r such enterprises. Between States of tho same order the advantages to be derived from steam ap pear to be evenly balanced. In writing thus admiral Ucravicre of course alludes to England. and lie makes the remark that it would never do, when otu-e the troops were thrown ashore, to follow the auciont plan of burning the vessels. This would bo too dangerous an expedient in a well organized country nud in the midst of an armed population. The Xa 11 In the Cable. AN EXTRAOHDIN *BY CONSPIRACY TO D18ABI.K THE WIRE BETWEEN ENGLAND AND HOLLAND?EFFECTS OF COMMERCIAL JEALOUSY AND (JREKD- REVELA TIONS IN THE SCIT OF MESSRS. OLA83 AND ELLIOT AOAIN8T BOSWALL, OF THE FIRM OP NEWALL AND COMPANY. CABLE MANt FACTI RERS. [From the Northern '(Newi'astlnou-l'vDo) Express, of July lfl.] Murder in not the unly crime thai refuses to be con cealed. It seems to be part of tho Divine arrangement that in proporiion to the lanctity of nn object it is pro tected from violation, by liinunisiliiug the chances rf im punity attending the act of violation. ? ? ? Even in war for an enemy to injure the continuity of a subma rine telegraph would be looked upoo as an act belonging to the Mime class of barbarities as Uie poisoning of an aqueduct, the bombardment of a church, the burning of a public library. Hut that which the red hand or war would have shrank from, has been perpetrated by the hand of commerce; aud an act too bad for Moloch lias not been too bad for Mammon. The extraordinary revela lions brought out in the case of (Jlass versus BoswiUl, recently tried by a Judge bo acute aa Ixird Chiet Justice Krle, are calculated to give such a shock to the mind as could scarce, wo believe, be exceeded were tbe sheU or the globe suddenly to crack at one's foot, discing Ing the central abyss and tho surges of the ?? or fire. Messrs tiiass and Elliot were employed in 1868 to lay down between Punwich and Zandvoort, Jn Holland. 140 miles In length?nnd which, in one of its wires, suddenly became inoperative one night, with about seventy miles of it in the water, some tune between live minutes before and five piintit#* after nine?was found (o hart had a nail driven through It, to destroy ilia insulation of UJ wire. Stories liavo boon told of skulls turned nut of ? gravel>y the soxt"n, with a runty nail in the bono, ae countitig lor the ilcail rniiu'B sudden death In a way-that had never been suspected. It wan ao in the prsseal case. On the evening of the 224 or September, half way be twuen England and Holland, at tho hour w? have already mentioned, the application of as electric test show<>d that one of tho wires in the rope had suddenly been paralyzed; and the test indi cated, moreover, that the agent of destruction waa metal lic. Tho vessel, which wus the William Tory, proceeded to England, landing tho cable at Ounwich; and it was not until some time alter, when vessels wore despatched lur tho purpose; that a jiortion of the cable where the fault had occurred was fished up and sent back for exuinina tl<iu, for tho mode i f testing is so |?rfoct hs to enable the searchers to say that, whatever tho lault might be, it would bu found at some paiticular point, in a portion two or three tout long. Tho iron strands with which the rop? Is covered externally won' removed, and lo, as in tho cas? of Hie skull, a nail wus discovered iu the texture, which had been treacherously driven in till it reached the brain matter of the telegraph. Tho malignant pint was betrayed, and an anonymous letter directed M . Glass to the guilty |arty. Tho eauib lishment at which the cable was mado at Hist Green wich Is Reparoled by only the breadth of the river from tho rival establishment at Blackwall, that of the Messrs. Newall. whose manager in tho Strand is Mr. Hoswall, tho defendant, at least the nominal defendant, in the action we are considering. Thrsa two eslabli. hmont:; may bo regarded, wo presume, as the nolo manu lac lories of sub marine cable iu England. Without ?int lnt> details then, irrevelent to the point at issue, suffice it to say that tho proverb about '? tw<> of a trade'' found no exception to its accuracy in these two rival establishments. They had already been at law, an I but for llio toulucss Of "it act, tho presumption was that tho actur must have be longed to the opposite house. Iu the mouth of June, 1850, a man of the name of Cur tin caused a letter to be written to Mr. (Shuts, intimating that one of hi.s workmen was a spy in the pay of the New alls; information which, upon inquiry, proved to be per fectly accurate. Mr. Glass, on a subsequent occasion had an interview with Curtis, his informant.ouil then dm covered that Curtis himself had played a nimilar part He had sailed with tho vessel that laid down the Dutch cable, anil bad received his fall wages from Nowall's tc ? get himself introduced into the service of tbu rival corn pany. As regularly as Saturday night Cimo round, ho hail thirty-three shillings paid him at Nowall's while engaged with Messrs. Mass & Elliott. No man <mi doubt that ho was there for a wicked and treacherous purpose. An ill secret Is ill to kcop, and in due time he avowed the fart that he had been employ ed by Mr. Hoswall, Mr. Nowall's manager, to engage him self with tho Wiiliam Cory, and destroy tho cable kitd down?which be was actually shown how to do. by driv ing a teupciiny nail in. llence the action of Gloss vs. Boswall. i And iu our estimate of tho triuisaction, we agree with the defendant's counsel, ih'it the question which the jury had to decide whs whether or not he had been guilty of perjury, sad tho basest and most wicked i.#ct that one man can commit towards another. They ' Viocided it in the affirmative, and they had really no alternative. Curtis hinueif described the act in terms as forcible as just, when be declared that it was like runniug a knife into anion's back. Wo were gratified to find Mr. Boswull pointedly swear Ing that Mr. Newall, though ho know iu October thai 8.<me information hod been got from u man in the em ployment of Glass k Kllii t. had nut the remotest idea that the man hau'beten sent out by the Newall establishment, and was receiving the Newall pay. That ho never found out, he said, till (tctober, 185#, more than a year after wards. And Mr. Newall, in his turn, mode oath to tho same effort. He was asked, by his own side, when he first heard of Curtis having been paid to ge and report; to whicli his reply was somotim- after July, in 1069. Judge of our surprise, after so many oaths, then, on find ing from Mr. Nowall's correspondence that he had not only known of, but tiositively suggested, llie practice both belore and at the time of his rivals' lay ing down the cable to Holland. Tlio voyage of the William Cory commenced on the 181 li of SoptemU'r, Curtis Milling with the rest. We take the following extracts from tho letters:?!On the "2d of September, 185k, Stevens writes to Newall, "Glass and Elliot commenced yesterday psymg iu thu rope on board the William Cory. I suit a man on .board yostor day; he was there an hour. I shall send him auain in day or two to report^' Four days afterwards /0th Sep tember, 1868) Newall, writing to the firm. 130 Strand, ex presses himself us follows:?" I am ar.uov ud 1 cannot get any information .is to what sort of coil Glass and Klliot are making of the Holland cable. Phillips writes the mini I sent eould see no cone; but., he does not say what he did see." The cone referred to here, let us explain, was Newall'* pu'onted contrivance for preventing a rope from kinking while in tho act of paying it out. Messrs. (ilass and Klliot, however, obtain ed the same result by u | e uliarlv simple contrivance. Two days later (8tb of September, 1968.) Roawall writes to Newall &Co., "In reply to Mr. Newalt's letter wo have to state that one of our nieu has again boon on board the William Cory. Tli.s man and others have hitherto got on board under pretence of ottering their services &" sailors, or to assist in paying out. and there is a probability that Craigio may l>e taken on." This Cralglo, we believe, is a foreman i igger with Newall. Well, next (Lay (Otb Septem-, her, 1858,) Mr. Newall refers to Craigio in a letter to the firm, 130 Strand, where he says, "I hope C'ruigle may bo employed, and tell na what is done." On the 18tb, it will be remembered, the Wiiliam Cory sailed With the spy Curtis on board, of whom Mr. Newall swore iu tli- witness lw>x he had never heard until after July. 1859?fioswn.lt stuiing that i; was actually in Octo ber. And yet we have Curtis referred to here, in a letter fromTioswall to N"Woll, of date September 25, 1858? "The Con is returned. They have olfcrtd to uko the same man, and I have recommended huu to go." To this Mr. Newall replies in a letter to the firm, No. 130 Strand, of date 2Sth September, 1858. "Iz-t the man see Mr. Lid dell, but dou't tell any one that we sent a man on board. There can be no objection to saying that we got the in formation I rem a |>eison who was on board." In a sub sequent letter from Ro?wall (September 29), the man's name is given as C'oriis. These are startling disclosures. What is this kind sC" swoaring called? Move for a new trial, gentlemen! Obituary. 1>0N FBL1X MAUI A ESCAIiAOTE. On the 29tli of last May died Ihe Mexican poet Esca lante. one of the best writers whose names imoru the literary history of Mi xico. He was one of the founders of tin' Aeadt my of I/'trail, which has boon so beneficial to the literature of tho country. He occtipk>l a distinguished place among tlie lyric writers of the new school, without nny of the absurd romanticisms which mar so many pro ductions in tho Spanish language. Ho particularly ex celled in descriptive poetry, and wa> an enthusiastic stu dent and observer of the "beauties of nature among the magnificent scenery of his native land. His first produc tion was a description of savage life in a poem, which ho dedicated to QuiuUina Roo. v. hose critical taste and sound judgment wore often of inestimable value to the rising poet. The early part of his life uvt.-r passed on the pic turesque banks ?'i the Atoyac, in Texas, his native State, and there is net one ol" his compositions which does not contain reminisccnccsof the scenes which charmed his earlier days, lie was an industrious writer, and was one of those chosen by the Academy of 1/tran. at tho Concursus. to decide on the adoption of a national hymn. " Ferdinand and Mary," " I/ist Love" ami " Tho Hurri cane''arc ami n;. his best productions. They arc, (tor haps, his bi-st. The first was written by him in prose, ami alter wards re-written in verse, lie tried his hand at dramatic composition, but failed, owing. It ? friends say. to absurd hytK'rurtticisui n the part oi ihuiilrical mana ger#. Ho edited tho " Museum," tho " Illustration" and tho "Album," besides contributing to several others. Ho find, of course, Ins political princi pies, his sympathies being entirely wiiii tho liberal constitutional party. lio occasionally wrote political articles for the Sigh 19, the Demo crat and others; yet with all his taientabo never occu pied any higher public post than employe in the Ministry of Foreign Relations and that of the Treasury, secretary of tho Prison .innta and private secretary of iK>n Luisde laRbsa. Ho disliked electioneering schenvs, and never cared to present himself to the public as a candfdate for any office. In the whs with the i uited States hi served as a pri vate soldier in the valley of Mexico, behaving with great bravery. and on the seizure of the capital by General Scott, followed his government to Querotaro. The events of tiiat disastrous epoch have been narrated by him in verse lie died poor, as a poet should, according totheortho dox arrangement in such cases made and provided from time immemorial. Ho was a loyal and disinterested friend?brave, generous.frank and impulsive; sympalhe tie ton fault and charitable to prodigality, without e>tl>ei ? pride or ostentation. AUMIItAT. Hoy. .!. F. IITZfiERALR D5 KOS, R. N. [Vroin Ihe I/mdon 1'ost, .lune ] We have to record thi demise of Rear Admiral the H?n. J. F. Fi'.gerald lie Ros, who died on Wednesday last at his residence in Piccadilly. Tin* deceased Admiral wa* the youngest son of I/ird Henry Fitzgerald, third son of the . first duke of I?eiiistor and Charlotte Baroness de itos, and brother of the present premier peer of Kngland anil the Countess Cowley. Ho was born on the Sth of March. 1S04 .jind at the age of fourteen outer the navy as mid shipmun on board the Tontiant, 80, Hog ship of Admi ral Sir Benjamin Hallowell. He afterwards served undor Capt ains the Hon. R. Cavendish Spencer and Hon. Freder ick Spencer, on the Mediterranean and South American stations. When commander of the Algerine, 10, on the South American station, he succeeded at Cape Frio in re covering a considerable portion of the treasure from the wreck of her Majesty's ship Thetis, and for that service received tho warm thanks of the Commander-in-Chief The late Admiral was a Fellow of tho Royal Society, and had contributed to literature and interesting "Naratlve of Travels" made by him in the United States and Can a da, together with ''Observations on the Maritime Resour ces of .Vorth America and tho St/ito of the Dock Yards and Navy." ADMIRAL HOK. FREDERIC T. FKI.HAM, C. B., R. N. [From the I/indou Post, June 22.] We learn thai Rear-Admiral, the Hon. Frederic T. Pet ham, who no recently resigned his office as one of the' Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty, expired at alM o'clock yesterday morning at his temporary residence at Brighton. Tho death of this gallant officer, though unat tended with the awful suddenness of his late colleague Vice-Admiral Sir Richard S. Dundas, has cast a deeper gloom over tho Admiralty. He entered tho navy In .fune, 1833, and, while midshipman in the Sybllle.. 48. Captair. J. S. Pechcll, was present_ in 1*26, In an attack on pirate* in the Grecian Archipelago. He was employed for some years on the coast ?f Spain, in the Castor. 36, tttidor Captain Lord John Hay. in assisting the oonsti tutional government of Spain against the Carllsts Far his services on that particular duty he received the Cross of San Fernando from the Qneen of Spain. In August. 1963, Captain I'elhain was appointed to the Blenheim, 00. to command the steam reserve at Ports mouth, and which ship formed afterwards one of the fleet commanded by the late Admiral Sir Charles Napier In the Baltic. After distinguishing himself at the bom bardment of Romarsund, where he landed a 10 inch gun, placed it in position, and attacked tho principal Russian fort with success, the gun's crew escapng with only one casualty, b? returned home overland to commission the Kxmouth. 91,at Itevonpcrt. In the Spring of 186A,oa the late Vie. Admiral Sir R. S. Duodas taking tho com mand of tho Baltic fleet, he selected Captain Pelham to discharge the onerous duties of Captain of the fleet. At. the bombardment of Sweaborg he greatly distinguished, himself by Ins activity and gallantry.