Newspaper of The New York Herald, October 17, 1861, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated October 17, 1861 Page 4
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NEW YORK HERALD. JAMES GORDON BENNKTT, EDITOR AN1) PROPRIETOR. OFFICE N. W. CORNER OF FULTON AND NASSAU BTS. TERMS rath in adianet. Money tent hy ntail \rill he at the tirk m the tnvUr. K,me hut flank bill* current in New York tulrn . THK DAILY HF.P.M.Tt. t<rn eentsper ropy, $7 perannum. THK WKEKLY HP.RALfi, every Solnnlay, at nil. rent a iter tin V, or !'<r amnm., the Euroyeon E'litiau every llV-Wwy, Ot w,r cent* pet ropt/, <4 pet annum t > aioj $mrt of Ormt Hritaln. Or $'> 12 to ii"V part of' the Cuntinmt, loth to iaf/w/e , tha California Khtion on th? 1st, 11 th anil -let 'if inch month, uteix fy i ? per eotiy, or $2 7"' tier annum. Tilt: A t MIL 1 II kit A LI), on Wnlnrmtay, at /bur rrnts )>er API V. or per annum. vol. I1T.I h'y (OHHESrttXnknrr, rnrit'ifninq Important fir , teih-lfi from "' U quarter of the irnrhl; i' uneil, irill he \<her,iltii panl ">r. Qjt- Our Fokkio.n CoiiKK.*ro."ilii.MH ARB j'AKTirm.*>ei v Rfqukntbd to Skal all Ljittkbs akd 1'ack ,AC> ? fVNT v$ Xi> A OTIt A ta' en of anonymous rorre*)*rnitmre. We do not frl i, m rejertnl roiinnimiratioMM. .11> YElf lsh II f > TS r.-n.irea evei-y itaii; ailrertinemente in *i<e.l til thi V.'kkki V Hkrai.D. Fa MILT Hkrai.D, uiui in the Ciihi.iii,,a on.: h u' ipian Millions. Jt.fi Pr,'/XT/i\ <i rjf -litfit with ntalnets. cheapness ami <le tfnihh Volume IVo. 288 amusements'tiiis eyes ma. ACADEMY OF MUSK;. living plao?.-B. Cllm.ir.'a Beut-HL?I k Dauo im .Masiiihia. WINTER (7AKPE.N, Bio.idway.-?KvKUYBOiiT's Fkilnd? Bit VOUM. Wim AM) UL1) l Hl.hKJ.l.A. WALLACK'S THEATltE, No. 814 Broadway.?Tn? Kiko ?r 1 IK MoChTAINS. LAl'RA K!-.KNE'8 THEATRE, Broadway.?Sbvbm SONS. NEW B 1WEKY THEATRE, Bowery ? SxBANUKR-nis li t l.K. s? Ljcmu (.Hi. or IiK.noa. BARM M S AMERICAN Ml'SEUM. Broad way.-Dny tl>'t ?? ????.?*: K*< B'TATILSS?Ull'I'OI'OTAJIUs, Bjcak, kti LlOk. ADD otukb CPMIOSITIKf. BRYANT* M1N8TRELH. Mr. li an lm' Hall, 472 Broad %?y?v> no > mm* 'in.LV Fattliuoii STCWF. ? \NT INSTITl TE, Broadway ? Fox A SiiABr |>t | WlKKTUttt. MELOIiKON CONCERT HALL, No. 839 Broadway.? f<A'.n, tfMl'M, Su*UU(i0K?. Ac.? WI.'S SWAl.-iS CANTFlIRCRt MI SIO 11ALL, t? Broadway.?Sosos Kkaiict.v MllWutn, Ac.?Maoh: I.ADRkL. C.AIET1ER CONCERT ROOM. M8 Brnadwajr.?T>iu?rt*a ft^Dikmki.tAixiMi Hai.ikts. FAMTOMiau, Faboks, AO. AMERICAN Mt'SIC H Al.U Broadway ?Sowos, Bai Himidiii \ li'.?hjlm Mii i.i.ih. CRT -TAt. PALACE CONCERT H ALL. No. ? Bowery.? ?, Uami>. Ac.?IIola is tiik Wall. METROPOLITAN CONCERT 1IALL, 000 Broadway? (?M;a, IltM U. KABCk.f. Bl'KLk^HjUKS, Ac. PARISIAN* VBINET OK W ? >N1)F.US, MB Broadvvay.? 0|?'n dally ir >ui 10 A M. nil U 1 M. HOPE CH.M'EIa N . 7S) Broadway.?All sun am A Ms and Swim Bill Kisukii* ACADBMY OF Vt'SIC. Ur..oklyn.-Piior, IIbbbvahk. K(W York,ThurMlBy, th-lolicr 17, 180t. THE (SITUATION. The rebel butteries on the Potomac, although fllent fur some time, are evidently in full com gnand of the river, and are well manned all along the hunk*. from'Aquia Creek to Cccoquan creek The government has received positive information that there are from thirty to forty thousaiid rebels lo cated within that distance, the main body being stationed at Rvansport, or Shipping Point, by Which name it is generally known. Yesterday, While tho Pawnee and Mount Vernon were going down the river, they were fired on from the batteries nt Shipping Foint, and a battery farther down joined in. The object of maintaining these batteries ia un doubtedly to prevent a ficnk movement of our troo]Hi upon Fredericksburg, which tho enemy cun Siders a very weak point. The State PepartmeLt lias issued an important cular, whihh we publish to-day, to Ciovernor T^ rgan and the other Governor* of the loyal States J_)rdering on the seacoast and the lakes, urging on them the necessity of putting the porta and harbors in u state of defence, and garrisoned by the local militia, in view of the rAorta being made by the rebel government to obtain aid and comfort fr<<m foreign nations. It ia to be hoped that this suggestion will be carried out. At the commencement of tho rebellion we strenuously advocated this measure in the column of t'.e Htn jllu. The recent escape of the steamer Nashville from Charleston, with Messrs. blidell and Mason on board, rebel Amhnssa '.ora to London and Paris, Shows the necessity of a more vigilaut guar dianship of all cur ports. The Nashville got Oft in spite of our blockade on Friday last, but we ore glad to be able to state that the government Las promptly taken measures to intercept her, and bring back the rebel ministers. For this purpose three swift gunboats?the Connecticut, Alabama and Augusta?started from this harbor yesterday, and will doubtless overhaul tho Nashville before many days have elapsed. By the Arabia, at Halifax, we haw important Dews from Europe to the Cth instant. Mr. Lindsay, who represents Sunderland in the English Parlia ment, and who lately made a tour of observation for commercial purposes in the United States, in a speech to his constituents, advocated the propriety of England and France just now recognising the Southern confederacy. It is a carious fact that in that English seaport the j rojeot of (,Hieen Victoria attempting such a measure was feoeired frith a good many hi. se-t, although we arc told that the cheers prevailed. Mr. l.lnd.siy let out ihe fact that his mind was influenct d almost, solely by the desire of gain and abolition fanaticism, for he wound up by stating that cotton could not be had from any other country for a long time, and that the North American States were not "sincerely anxious" to abolish slavery. Spain had announced her intention of sending a forcc to Mexico immediately, to act indepen dently against that country, ''as her interest and dignity may require." She will not refuse the assistance of the other Powers, if tendered; and :he Loudon Post again says that England Will co-operate with her when the healthy sea son sots in in the Gulf ports. There were forty thousand workmen idle in J,yuns, and the French government had opened public workshops there. The advance in the pri.e of bread in Paris had produced a very Serious agitation in that city. Seditious placards were posted np, and some arrests lmd been made. Napoleon had held a Cabinet Council, Which lasted over four hours, when the grain find bread questions were discussed. THE NKWH. The Arabia, from Liverpool on tlw> 5tf) and IJueenstown on the Cth inst., reached Halifa.v jrestcrdny, on her way to Boston. Her European jtewh i.-; two days later. She has landed Major l)oyle, the new m litary commander at Halifax and lion. Arthur Gordon, Governor of New Lruns.' Wick. Consols closed in London on the fith inst. at 92% Ik 93 for money. The Paris money market was excited. The British funds liad again declined slightly. The Liverpool cotton market closed on the 5th inst. with a still upward tendency, and sales o' 15,000 bales for the day. Breadstuff's were firmer and excited. Provisions remained steady. The Earl of Eglinton is dead. Captain Adams, of the American ship Lammargier, was murdered by his steward, a colored man, named Hawkins, ofl' the coast of Devonshire, England. He was on a voyage from Londou to Cal luo. Hawkins killed him out of revenge, and in a savage manner. The vessel had put back t? London, where the murderer was in custody. The King of Holland had arrived in Prance on a visit to Napoleon. A French pamphlet, from a high source of authority, points out that the policy of the empire is to watch Russia on the Vistula and leave Germany undisturbed on the Rhine. The Bank of Turin had raised tho rate of discount. The Pope had denounced all compromise with Victor Emanuel. It is said that the Hungarian li aders in council at Genoa had abandoned the plan of a republican form of government for that country, and nominated three candidates for the crown. Kossuth was said to have been present. Another insurgent demonstration had been made in Russian Poland. The Russian eagle wus torn down and replaced by tho eaglo of Poland. Our advices from Buenos Ayres and tho Argen tine Confederation are to the 27th of August. The question of peaeo or war between the two coun tries was still being vigorously discussed, without any prospect of a pacific solution. It was general ly supposed that war would soon bo declared be tween tho two countries. The Hon. Mr. Palmer, American Minister to Parana, had left Buenos Ayres for his post. Some supposed that before he arrived there would be no government to re reive his credentials. Tho Buenos Ayrean army was being rapidly strengthened, and active prepa rations wero iu progress to meet the serious perils of tho times. The steamship Nashville, which is reported to have run the blockade at Charleston and sailed for Europe, with James M. Mason, of Virginia, Confed erate Commissioner to England, and John Slidell, of Louisiana, Commissioner to France, on board, is commanded by Robert P. Pegrain, who was a lieu tenant in tho United States naval service, which ho entered in 1821). The Nashville is a side-wheel steamer, 1,220 tons burthen, and was built in this city in 1853. She is entirely owned in Charleston. Superior City, which is situated on Lake Supe rior, at the head of navigation, in Douglas county, Wisconsin, is owned almost entirely by Southern secessionists, and must come before long under tho Conliscation uct. Tho principal proprietors are Robert M. T. Hunter, of Virginia; John C. Breckin ridge and Lazarus W. Powell, of Kentucky; Wm. Aiken and W. W. Boyco, of South Carolina; Beriah Magoilin, Governor of Kentucky, and W. W. Cor coran and George W. Riggs, of Washington. There are over four hundred sick soldiers in the hospitals at Cincinnati who are suffering, it is said, for the want of medical attendance. Tho services of soven physicians in the city were offered gra tuitously, but wero ref used by the Army Surgeon in attendance, because the ofler was not in strict ac cordance with the red tape ideas of the regularly appointed hospital attendants, and thus the soldiers are permitted to suffer and die. It is ulso stated that additional hospital accommodations were of fered by many of the citizens; but red tape again interposed, and tho suffering volunteers were not allowed to be taken from the crowded wards in the government hospitals. Circumlocution and old fogyism are worse enemies to the Union than the whole Southern army, with Commander llol jiua thrown in. There nre five incomplete regiments at Camp Pennison, Ohio, limbering in ull two thousand four hundred men. It has become quite a practico in the South to present commanding officers with race horses well known for their superior speed. It looks sus picious, to say the least, to see a general mounted on a very fast horse on a battle field. Perhaps a Hull run affair is anticipated on the other side. Rhode Island has now in the Held 2,632 infantry and five batteries of artillery, numbering in all 750 men. Blie is now raising one battalion of in fantry, two of cavalry and three of artillery. Charles Thompson has declined the democratic nomination for State Treasurer of Massachusetts. Josiak G. Abbott refuses to run for tho office of Attorney General of Massachusetts on the repub lican ticket. The republicans of Wisconsin have substi tuted the name of H. P. Podge for that of Hans C. Heg, who declines to run for State Prison Commissioner; and the democrats of the same State have nominated Lucas M. Miller for Trea surer, in place of Hercules L. Dousman, declined. The members of rtie Old School Presbytery, which is in session at Columbus, Ohio, reviewed the regiment of United States regulars encamped at that place, and expressed themselves weil Atlsfitid with their appearance. Thongh European emigration still continues to pay its tribute of superiority to this country, it is in diminished numbers compared with the lust and preceding years. The number arrived at this port last week was only 9.%, which makes the total since January 1, .51),167, against to the cor. responding date of 1*<!<). The Emigration Com missioners havo now $13,551 05 in the hands of their bankers to their credit. Xo subject of special interest, or importance mme before the Hoard of Education last evening The routine business occupied a largo amount oj. the time of the Hoard, after which the subject of regulating the amount of the salaries of teachers upon a uniform scale came up, and engaged the attention of the Iioard till they adjourned. Deputy Marshal Thompson soli) yesterday the liriti.-h schooner Sea Breeze, on a bottomry bond. Mr. .?i)an Rurrows was the purchaser at $2,325. The market for beef csttl" was more steady yen terdsy, and rather better prices were realized? ranging from 5c. a fcc. a H^c., with a very few I vales ut '.?<. The general selling prices were 7%c. a <c. Milch cow* were steady. Veals wore in fair demand snd tirm at 4c. at'.c. Sheep and lambs w. r<- plenty and ? low of sale, but prices were much the -anie. A few cl?' ice brought to a $7 eaeh. swine were in bolter demand at :i/Jc. to 4V?c., in cluding all kind*. Tlie total ree< ipts were 5,157 beeves, 'j7 cow*, 507 v? als, 1.1,'jl.t sl.copnnd lambs, and 9.5S7 swine. Yesterday the IV llevue Hospital Medical College was inaugurated in the pr> ice of the trustees and faculty and a large concounw of ladies and gentlemen. The int<-<>d>io;<?ry lecture was deliver ed by Professor Penj, W. Me' 'ready. Addresses were then deliv< red by Professor T.iylor, '>>? Right Rev. Archbishop Hughes, Rev. Dr. Clripin and lfon. James T. Br.'dy. The proceedings were opened and closed with prayer by Roy. Chancellor Ferris. I'rev iou* to the exercise-. at the Colicge, tlie trustees and laoulty invited a lar^e party or excursionists to visit Rlackwwll's and Randall's islands, and view the institutions thereon. The Surveyor yesterday seized the ship Maid of Orleans, just arrived from Liverpool. The vessel is partly owned in New Orleans. The cotton market was steady yesterday, while the ile- embraced about MX) bates, cl >. itiK mainly upon the basis nf 2ll?c. a 2l^c. for middling uplands, chiefly at tlio i. -:de II, ure. A small sale of 20 tu,o? of Kixiliulia 4urat cotton wns made at Iflc. It was tak' n t>y a spumer lo c\tktjinyj.t u Ith, hx doubts are cnt<irt.u:.ed <.( r -uc cwsful use. The nLi|ile is touch shorter ?nu weaker than upland American, and It ia st.itod that it cannot he sue c.^ifully worked,even m combination with Anier.c in, on the English p)?u, without material a.'te:at.'in in nia chinery. Under the influence of the foreign news tho flour market was active and firmer, and closed stun ad vanco of full fr. per bbl., and in som.' rr-.s- x more. \V!j--at was aiBo firm and active, with lull *?.,>, chiefly to arrive while the market closed at .m advance A l>.. p?r bushel I iimi In gome rune Bat 2c. Corn wok active and Qrmer, Willi I Baled of shipping lots of Western mixed liore, a'ld to ar | rive, at 59)?c. a flOc. l'ork wan sternly, with Hales of mess at $14 75 a $15; full weight and uninspected do. at (15 '<15 u$15 50, and prime at $0 75 a $10. Sugars wore quiet but steady, with sales of 200 hhds. Cuba, 585 bhds. mclado, and 30 boxes, at rates given in another column. Ctiifee was firm, with sal oh of 1,100 bagsKioat 15c. a 18>?c. Freights to English ports woro steady, while rates were unchanged. Hhipments continued aelUe to Havre at 25c. for wheat and at 05c. for flour. Th? Pro{?iof?uropeun Monarchy Shaken by the American Insurrection. By the news from Europe by the North American, Bremen and Arabia, our readers have been informed that the English funds had fallen; that the Bank of France had been drained of its specie, owing to a deficient harvest and the purchase of breadstufls abroad; that it had in creased its rate of discount, creating thereby a great outcry in the commercial world, and that the price of bread had advanced in Paris, pro ducing a bad impression, and adding to the despondency of the Paris Bourse. These mone tary and social derangements in Franco, and the stagnation in England, which is the forerun ner of similar phenomena in that country, are explained in the London Times by "the Ameri can crisis which has paralyzed everything." Now these developeuients are but '-the be ginning of sorrows"?the premonitory symp toms of a great financial and commercial revul sion, which, if the war continues for eighteen months longer, will sweep over all Europe, and result in a terrible revolution, overturning old throues which seem already tottering to their fall. The war has scarcely yet begun. It is only six months since the President issued his pro clamation for volunteers. What is the eflect already upon England? In the last nine months, from the operation of the insurrection and from the previous apprehension of it, we have imported so little from Great Britain that her trade with us has fallen oft" one hundred millions of dollars, while her necessities have forced her to take onr surplus breadstuff's and to pay us in gold. The same necessities now exist, and will continue at least for the ensuing year. The result will be that she will be drained of her specie to an extent that will disturb all her financial affairs; her securities will go down rapidly, her cotton looms will bo stopped from the want of the rnw material from the insurgent States, the expected supply from other countries not being available for some time to come; all her manufactures will severely suffer because of the diminished de mand in this country, and her commerco will be almost annihilated. Millions of the popu lation will be thrown out of employment, and extreme poverty, suffering and discontent will become the inflammable elements of revolution, which will only require the match of the political incendiary to set them in a blaze. These observations apply to France us well as England, and we would not bo surprised if in the course of next spring, financial, commer cial and manufacturing bankruptcy would be come general in both countries, and social dis orders begin to develope their virulence. Cer tain it is, if the war should continue till the spring of the following year, England, Franco and all Kurope will be completely revolution ized. They are sending expeditions to Mexico and more troops and ships-of-war have been despatched to Canada. But these operations will not help England and France, but, on tho con trary, by the expenditure of money, will hasten the denouement of their national bankruptcy while the sympathy of the downtrodden masses' for democracy struggling to vindicate itself against domestic rebellion and the machinations ot the aristocracies and monarchies of Europo will shape itself into deeds. But, say British statesmen and their organs democracy is already dead on the American continent, and there is no resurrection for it 1 hey will soon find out that, though democracy may have slept, it was not and is not dead. On the contrary, it has awakened like a giant re freshed with new wine, and will become an 'cr nble to kings and titled nobility as was France in 1792 and tho years which followed. At that time "the republic, one and indivisible," '"'Id its ?wn against all the awnics of Europe, and came triumphant out of tho struggle. The population and resources of the Northern States lire greater than were tliOHe of France, and the ? dividing ocean" is to the United States a bur ner against successful invasion which the French republic did not possess. Democracy is not, therefore, destroyed. "The wish is father to the thought" with those European statesmen who either openly or secretly sympathize with the .Southern rebellion. The American repub lic haugs over them like a "thunder cloud ?' and excites alike their hatred and their fears American democracy, so far from being de stroyed by the insurrection, needed some occa sion like this to bring out its strength. Jt is the needful preparation lor its war with kings. While the monarchies of Europe are being ruined by the American rebellion, the United Mates will enjoy undiminished prosperity. Tho people will dispense with luxuries, and import little or notiiing. The gold paid us by England and France for our wheat, and corn, and (lour will bo the basis of an internal trade between the twenty-three Northern States and their nearly twentj^hree millions of population, i his trade will be stimulated by the articles needed for the army and mvy; and thus the specie will be kept in the country, money will circulate freely, and there will be abundant employment for all. Hence ,? ill effect will be from tho expenditures for the army and navy. " lie war of the American Revolution was the struggle of democracy against the divine right Of Kings; the present war is the struggle of the democracy against the divine right of rebellion, aided by kings and their minions. And when j '?y the victories of our liugniflcent army! and the operations of a powerful navy along the Southern coast, the h v.rt of (he rebel lion shall have been broken, the success of American democracy will giv a tremendous impetus to democracy in Europe, and results 7 7 lroiu H sitnilar ^ose which followed rom the first American war-revolution in 1" ranee and England, and a general upheaving of ' ,,m,1Jrectionaryearrti({uak" uli over tho con jment of Europe. The best thing, therefore, to" be done by capitalists, manufacturers and men "t property, particularly those who own go vernment. stocks, is to sell out now. when they can get anything for them, and before they lose < ii .i in tho political and social convulsions w hich are at hand, and eomo over hero imme diately to invest their capital, wnere they will Innke money rapidly and be secure against those shocks which threaten at no distant day to resolve European society into its original de ments. ** The Temper of the North an<l of the South In This Contest. One of the most encouraging manifestations of this war in behalf of our Union cause is the reninikable difference disclosed between the

temper of the North and the temper of our rebellious Confederate States of the South. While our loyal States have entered into this contest "more in sorrow than in anger;" while our Northern people exhibit now lessor sec tional animosity than they have shown in any Presidential campaign sinco 1840; while tho bulk of our people, from all our political par ties of the lust twenty years, are actuated by feelings of pity, conciliation and forgiveness towards their deluded bretbern under the rebel despotism of Davis, what <!o we behold as tho ruling elements of thU dreadful despotism? A malignant frenzy; a ferot iotis scorn of our go vernment and our people; a savage and remorse less spirit of revenge, destruction and spolia tion, unsurpassed in the annals of any civi lized community on the face of tho globe. Wo no longer see or hear anything of Southern conservatism, or conciliation, or magnanimity; we see nothing and hear nothing from tho pub" lie journals of our revolted States but universal hatred, implacable hostility and incessant calum nies and denunciations of every uum and every thing identified with our great aud holy cause of the Union. This is the difference between tho temper of the North and the temper of tho South in this contest, und it may be readily ex plained. The twenty-three loyal States, con scious of their strength and of the righteous ness of their cause, are naturally disposed to be charitable and forgiving to their misguided brethren of the South. Besides, we all know that, excepting South Carolina, all our revolted States were dragged into this senseless rebel" lion by a band of desperate and reckless con spirators, against tho wishes and the remon strances of popular majorities, ranging from iwenty to seventy-five thousand. We of the loyal States also cherish the conviction that, with the first guarautee of protection offered them, the loyal people of the rebellious South will rise as cordially to assist in putting down this spurious government of Davis as did the people of France to put an end to tho bloody reign of the Jacobin Club. Thus we explain the charitable and commise rating disposition of our loyal States towards our revolted States. Secure in their strength, enthusiastic in behalf of their good cause, satis fied that it must prevail, our Northern people (always excepting a little clique of abolition malignants aud u few scattering secession emis saries) have, in this war, only one object in view?"the integrity of the Union." Hence their unity of sentiment, and their general dc siro to convince the rebellious South, even agniust its will, that our only purpose is the restoration of the Uuion as it was, and as ij must be. il we are ever to have peace between the tw O hfCtioilH. ()u tho other hand, the conspirators in this rebellion, impressed with the badness of their wretched cause, and conscious of their weak ness, aro naturally desperate, reckless, un scrupulous anil ferocious'. They had counted upon tho perfect union of the South on the final issue of a sectional war, and upon a divi sion of the North which would render the government of tho United States an easy prey to a Southern armed dictator. But the game has been reversed; for while the North is a unit under the old flag, tho South is the house which is divided against iifeelf. The Southern States of Delaware, Maryland. Kentucky and Missour1 still adhere to the Union; nearly one-half of the St*te of Virginia* has completely seceded from the seceders, and one-third of Tennessee is in rebellion against iho rebel* The issue, ?lien, bet ?. eon the Union and tho filibustering Southern confederacy of Jeff. Davis cannot be doubtful; nor can tho crowning re sult bo much longer dolayed; for as this rebel lion is at the point of exhaustion tho govern ment is just beginning to develope its power. Let us heartily support tho conservative Union ; policy of the administration, and let our aboli I lion agitators and dit-orgauizers be put down, I if necessary, by the strong arm of federal ( power, and our army and navy will soon open J the way to the deliverance of the South from i thio intolerable rebellion. The Mission ok Sih Jakes Fergusson, of tfie Bmtish Parliament, to tub Rebels Denied.? The Richmond papers recently announced the arrival in that city of Sir James Fergusson, of the British Farliament.with letters from the rebel Commissioner Mann in Europe to Jefferson Davis. We inferred from this statement that, firs gentleman was the bearer of despatches to the Confederate government, and staled so aj tho time. In reply to that conclusion we have received the following communication from Sir James Fergusson himself:? TO TUB EDiroit OF T1IK TTERAI.P. RaI.TIMORB, Oct. 15, ISfll. Sir?A parnx iph In "no of your recent n urn born jmr to convey tho intelligeuco that I l.avo b ?on tho of dospat rhi s fn in Mr. Dudley M um, olio of tho Omimiwinn-Ts??;' llio Southern c<>ni'":erncy, to President Davis, flavin^ repard to tho kindnessMid courtesy with wlii'h I liavr hitlii rto been everywhere received, b th in tho North and in tho t>Oiilh, I think it right, to toko the earliest opportunity In iny power of Informing you that such astiii emont in without foundation. I wag the bi a; or of no despatches. Iliad no mission whatsoever, or any but open letters of introduction. 1 feci that it is unneces sary to disclaim the character which you have further thought proper to impute to me. I havo tho honor to bo, ulr, your obedient servant, JAMES FEKUUStSON. Of course we can have no motive for misre presenting the object of this gentleman's pre. Fence in Richmond, or the character of the documents of which he was the bearer. lie admits himself that ihey were letters of intro duction, but he does not state who they were from?whether from the rebel Commissioners or frrta British officials. In cilher case, taken in connection with Sir James' political position, unfl his arrival in Richmond just at this time, th?r are not to be regarded as the result of or din*ry attentions shown to a person travelling for pleasure. Letters of introduction just now often mean more than they convey on the face of them. If Lord Palmers ton were desirous of opening negotiations direct with Jeffur. son Davis, without incurring the risk of attracting the suspicions of the federal go vernment, by communicating with him through LonllLyons or any of the British Consuls here he wiuld employ an independent agent like Sir Jumci Ferguason, and commission him in just such it way. He would not of course transmit sealedtlespatches by hint, knowing the risk which he woild run of being arrested and of their con tents bung made known to the authorities at Wishing ton. Neither would tho rebel Commis sioners, supposing this gentleman to be the channel of communication between them and their government, incur such a hazard. Under present circumstances open letters of in troduction, in the hands of a competent envoy, are far safer and just as effective as the most elaborately penned despatches or instruction* .Sir J uitios Fergusson's letter to us does not, therefore, alter in any respect the inference that has beoji drawn from bis visit to Richmond and his associations with the rebel Commission ers in London. It simply goes to establish the possibility of an error in regard to the former, while it withholds the information that would have proved it, supposing it to be a mistake. Th? Sew Rebel Comini??loner> to Eu rope?Important Circular of Secretary Meivardt We have already announced that the rebel steamer Nashville, with ex-Senators Slidcll and Mason on board, ran the blockade at Charleston on Friday last, the 11th inst., and is now on her way to Europe, and that the United States government had despatched vessels in pursuit of her. We give to-day, In another column, the full details of the escape of the rebel steamer, and of the departure of our gunboats on her track. It appears that the Nashville has been fitted up by the rebels especially for the service in which she is now engaged. She ran the blockade of Charleston during the night, and it is hoped by the rebel leaders that her arrival in Europe, direct from a blockaded port, at this time, will have a great moral effect in convincing the European governments of the inefficiency of our blockade of the rebel ports, and in de monstrating that vessels can bo run in or out of those porta with impunity at any time they please. The main object of the Nashville's trip, how ever, is to land- safely and speedily in Europe the new rebel Commissioners?or, as they call themselves, " Ministers "?Messrs. Slidell, of Louisiana, and Mason, of Virginia. The rebels have all along flattered themselves that by Oc tober, at the farthest, the Southern con federacy would bo recognized by Eng land und France, certainly, and prob ably by all the other European Powers. In this hope they have been disappointed, and, with their usual self-conceit, they ascribe the failure of their cherished dreams of recognition, not to the stern realities of the case and the irrefutable logic of events, but only to the in competency and imbecility of their present Commissioners, Messrs. Yancey, Mann, Butler, King and llost. They imagine that if they can only send out the right kind of ministers in the place of the pre sent Commissioners their success is assured; and they have, therefore, selected two of the shining lights of tho confederacy for these em bassies, hoping that the ex-Senators who so adroitly manipulated and managed the Bu_ chunan administration will be able to humbug and seduce Lord Palmcrston and Louis Napo Icon. They have selected also the very best possi ble time, as well as the best possible men, for these missions. Now, that in Lyons, France, as we learn from the Arabia's news, forty thou sand workmen are out of employment, and in England the manufacturing villages arc begin ning to bo filled with idlers, discharged from the factories, the rebels imagine that France 11 "d England will be well disposed to assent to j the glittering offers of cottou and free trade which Slidell and Mason are empowered to make. Our government appreciates the importance of the affair, and has taken measures to counteract this well devised | scheme. Three steam gunboats?the Ala j bama, Augusta and Connecticut?were de j spatched from this port yesterday, by i order of the Secretary of the Navy, to over haul and capture the Nashville and her diplo. matic cargo. If this expedition succeeds, we shall not only secure a fine rebel steamer, with a valuable freight, but wo shall also get hold of a large party of rebel leaders, who accom pany Messrs. Mason and Slidell; we .shall obtain possession of a large amount of official robe1 correspondence and papers; we shall demon, strafe that our blockade is at least too efficient for the rebel navy, and we shall nip in the bud this most promising and best devised of the rebel schemes for European recognition. It is useless to disguise the fact, however, that if the Nashville eludes our fleet, and Messrs. and Mason present themselves at the courts of England and France, they have a much better chance of a friendly re ception than at any previous period. And m this connection we call attention to the circular of Secretary Seward to the Gov ernors of the loyal States, which we to-day pub. Ush. This circular was probably issued apropos of the escape of the Nashville, and it urges views which the IIek.ild has repeatedly present ed. Its key note is, that we are only secure from a foreign war while we are prepared for it, and it calls upon all the loyal States to place ! themselves in this state of preparation. It is needless to say how cordially we endorse these suggestions. Months ago the Herald called ! upon Congress to make appropriations for our coast defences; we have published maps and articles showing where and why these defences I weie needed; we have encouraged by every means in our power the employment of our local militia as a sea coast guard. These sugges tions, once sneered at as ti e acme of sensation journal,sm, we are glad to lind adopted and urgently pressed by the general government We hope that our Governors will take this maL tor in hand immediately, that our coast will be put in a position of defence, and that our militia will be properly trained in the use of the heavy sea coast artillery. Then, prepared for any foreign foe, we should be called upon to meet none. Only our weakness invites attack, nnd when we can bo strong upon the coast, without in any way interfering with our war upon the rebels, this weakness is unpardon able. The escape of these rebel Commissioners to Europe furnishes us with the text upon which to hang these suggefrtions, and no doubt has inspired Secretary Seward's circular. We hope to be able to announce, in a few days, that the Nashville is captured, the rebel Ministers im prisoned in Fort Lafayette, and all the import ant advantages of this defeat of the rebel plans gained. If, however, the Nashville reaches Europe, we shall be amply satisfied to leave her Commissioners to do their worst, if we can but announce that the people here are doing their best to make our harbors impregnable, and our sea coast one long line of well manned batteries. A New and Startling Issl'r r\ the Coming Cocsty Election.?According to the arrange ment of parties up to within a recent period and the prompt position taken by the Mozart Hall democracy in favor of the Union, at the time of the great uprising against rebellion, that organization had the decided advantage over all others for the coming elections. In conse. quence, however, of the recent nomination for ^sheriff, an issue will probably be ruised in this *ity intimately connected with the w*r and thai. will appeal directly to the patriotism of every loyal citizen. It is well known that the Varlan battery from New York, in conjunction with a regiment from Pennsylvania, on pretext that their time had expired left the battle field, on the morning of the engagement at Bull run, and in opposition to the wishes and remonstrances of the Commander-in-Chief, refused to tuke part In the perils of that day. In a strict military point of view, and with reference to tbe exigen. cies of tbe occasion, Major General McDowell would have been authorized to shoot the muti neers upon the Bpot, and the nation would have justified him in a measure that might have pre vented defeat. Mozart Hall, in presenting such a nominee as it has for the place of Sheriff, baa brought up an issue on this question, in a general manner, which cannot fail to meet with marked disapprobation. If it wishes to escape from much trouble, it will adopt the wise course of withdrawing the name it has put forward# and putting in his place some one who will stand by his country and its flag in the hour at its need, and not follow tbe dangerous example of disaffection set by the members of the Vavian corps. The Akmikh ok the Potomac?New Pevet.ofb ments.?It will be remembered that but a few weeks since our lines wore menaced by the rebel army occupying Munson's Hill and erect ing fortifications that in a measure commanded Washington. The fact of our generals allowing them to erect their fortifications in sight of and within range of the capital caused no little as tonishment throughout the North, and was severely commented upon by the public gene rally. Recent intelligence from "Washington, through confidential sources, reveals the fact that General McClellan had an object in thus remaining quiet, and furthermore, ho courted rather than opposed tho occupancy of that point by the rebel army, considering that by so doing they were placing themselves in his power the moment that his own plans were matured. Ia fact, the sequel shows that the rebels, in taking possession of Munson's Ilill, were carrying out the plans of Gen. McClellan. With that peculiar adroitness that character ized all the movements of Gen. McClellan in hi# campaign in Western Virginia, he had made his arrangements to bag tho entire rebel force on Munson's Hill, which he would have done as easily as he reviews a brigade, had it not been for some leaky vessel in the War Department, through whom the Rpies, all of whom have not yet been captured, obtained their information, and posted otf to the rebel army, frightening Beauregard, and cansing a hasty flight of the rebels from their advanced position. There ia not the least doubt but that the entire force on Munson's Hill, numbering between six and ten thousand, would have been captured, had it not been for the leaky management of the War De partment, one of tbe persons connected with that branch of the government being the only person that knew the plans of the Commander of the Army of the Potomac. Although the six thousand rebels barely escaped by tbe leak ia tbe War Department, the discovery of Gen. McClellan's plans by them has caused such ? fright among the rebels, from Beauregard down* that they have not recovered their equilibrium to tbe present day, and it has been productive of as important results in the rebel army as the battle of Bull run. Oranxu of niK Orau Season?Mr. Ulimam's Fiks> Bkxbfit?Tho flrst of the four benefits wliich Mr. Ullmaa propones to give tut tho basis of his managerial operations for tho winter takes placo to-night at tho Academy of Music. He has wisely selected tho "Ballo in Masehrra" for this occasion, becauso that charming opera was with* drawn from our stage last season before tho public hod hud time to tire of it. Tho cast will be such as to do full justice to tho manifold beuutius of the work. Miss Kel logg, wtio resumes her vocal labors with increased strength uml a method improved by severe study, wll' mike her first appearance as Amulia, and Miss Hinkley will again sustain tho roUot the pa ;o, in w hich she was so much admired last saason. Brignoll, and Maucusi tho now barrltone, aro the male singers. In connection with the former it should bo mentioned that theso four bone!)ti? will bo the lost opportunities which the New York and Brooklyn publics will have of hearing this popu l.ir artist, as ho is returning immediately to Kurope. A sensible alteration hns been mad<* Jn the box ofllco ar rangements to moot tho rush for -fenta that has taken i placo. The family circle has been joined with tho lower I part of the house in order to accominoilalo tho holders of the dollar tickets. Tho gallery will, however, bo thrown open at the usi al price of twenty-live cents. All lovers of music should rally in force at tho Academy to night. Unless the public support Mr. Ullman on this occasion | their prospccts of opera for tho winter aro very poor indeed. Hkikwann at Brooklyn.?To night tli> great magicta? again makes his appearance at the Brooklyn Academy^ The success that has attended his performances there ha* been us treat us at New York. "Winter Garden.?" Lavrior," and "Napoleon, tho Great," cnnlinuo to attract excellont audiences to this theatre. Tho comedy Is admirably ployed, and in tho drama, the excellent acting of Mr. Kcmble Mason, as Na poleon, Is quito a feature in itself. 1 Narrow Ksc.ipb at Niauaka Falun.?On Sunday even, int.' lust, while a party of gentlemen were making a tour of Goat Island by moonlit,, one of tho party, Mr. Percy Clarke, indiscreetly ventured too near tho edgo of tho rock forming a portion of the central fall. At this point the earth abovo tho rock is Insecure, and gave way whilo Mr. Clarko was pressing forward to catch * closer view of tho torront, and ho was precipi tated upon the rock bolow. In the partial darkness? as th" moou was at that moment obscured by passing clouds?it wi.s almost impossible to distinguish Mr. Clarke's position, and for a moment it was thought he lind Ix-en swep t ovor the falls. All war. coi.tusion, and in the wild roar ol' the cataract it was diflicnlt to hoar his cries for help. At this moment Mr. Howard i'aul.ol London, who was one of the party, sprang forward, and instantly removing his coat, prostrated himself upon tho bank, and clinging to the root of a tree. threw an end of the garment to the um'ortunate gentleman, and succeeded, at tho risk of his own life, in rescuing Mr. Clarke from his perilous and fearful position. When discovered h> was hanging to au abutting crag or rri'gmn itof rock which forms lite precipice of the central fall, within a single foot of the Immense sheet of falling water, which roars and tumbles down a distance of a hundred and i.fty feet below, llad it not been for Mr. Howard Paul's courage aud pre sence of mind there would most likely havo been added another victim to the list of those who have lost their lives by adventuring too near tho terriUc dangers of Niagara Kails. Jersey City News. Frew*.?Yesterday afternoon a Ore broko out In tho derosono oil faetory of Harrow and Smith, in Morgan street. It originated from a defect In the flue. Tho building, though of brick, was totally dostroyed, to gether with contents. I.oss $1,000. No Insurance. Tiik Khodk Isi.A!n> Troops.?A detachm 'nt of fifty men? commanded by Captain Duckworth, from Rhode Island, arrived in Jersey City yesterday morning m rouir for the seat of war to join one of the staio regiments. They left in tho twelve o'clock train for Philadelphia. They will join the Second regiment, Colonel Van Lior. New York. Stale Politics. Albany, Oct. 16,1881. 'The Democratic Senatorial Convention. of the Fifteenth district have nominated Hon. John Wlllard, win is also the uomlueo of the People's and Republican conventions. Judge Wlllard Is democratic in politics. The Democratic County Coventlon of Onondaga met yesterday, and resolved to make "no party nomination " in the county, but to support the Union tickot, with Mr. Geddea, republican, tor the Senate. Lord Bio nek and Party. Montrsal, Oct. 16,1881. Lord Monck und pnrty will come out in the North Briton. I'aiterson, the abortionist, who was respited until Fri day next, hns had his sentence commuted to imprison ment for life. Death ot" Kt.-Senator Bei-kman. Albany, Oct. 16,1881. Dr. J. It. Reclcmau. ex State Senator, died quite sud denly at Kiodcrhuuk tg-Uay.

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