Newspaper of The New York Herald, October 24, 1861, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated October 24, 1861 Page 2
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OUR REGULAR ARMY. JTlte Newly Appointed O flic era? The New Heglmenta? Field Officers Appointed to Oeneral lianU? Tlie Hub-Department* of the War Department, &c>, &c. like Adjutant Genoral has Issued an 'Official Rogistor (f the Army of tho United States, for Septembor, 1861." The many resignations of officers within the past few months, and Uio additions by tho creation of now rogl meuts and tho appointments to vacancies, have greatly Changed the fiersoniul of tho army. Since tho publication of the last "Register, " ta_January, thoro have been two hundred and sixty-nine resignations among tho offloora Those wore of all grades , from that of a general officer to second lieutenants. Eighteen ( officers have died, six wore dropped, twenty-nine were dismissed and one ra^bierod. There remains more than u sufficient number of tho old olllcers of tho urmy to preserve its eiprit du corpt. The general olllcers are: ? Lieutenant General, Wiuflold Scott; Major Generals, Goorgo II. MoCMIan, John C. Kre monl and Henry W. Hallifk; Brigadier Generals, John E. Wool, William S. Harney, Edwin V. Sumner, Job. K. F Xausllold, Irviu McDowell, Robert Anderson and William S. Kosecrans. ? Ilrigadier General Wool is a Major General by brevet, ttnd Generate Harney and Mansflold have brevet ranks. M?o whole of tbe above named ltri^adlor Generals have liad command of divisions, awl many still hold the same positions. Tho Adjutant General's Department consists of ono Ad. JuUat General, of tho raik of Brigadier General, Lorenzo Thomas; ono Colonel, two Lieutenant Colonels, four Majors find twelve Capt iins. There aro throe Inspector Generals, with tho rank of Colonel; ono Judge Advocate of tho Army and ono Signal Olllcor, each with the rank of Major. The Quartermaster's Dopartmeut consists of ono Quar termaster General, with the rank of Hrlgadior General, Montgomery C. Meigs ; three Assistant Quartermastor Generals, with the rank of Colonel; four Deputy Quarter master Generals, with the rank of Lieutenant Colouel; eleven Quartermasters, with tho rank of Major, anil forty ono Assistant Quartermasters, with the rank of Captain. Thoro aro six Military Storekeepers attached to this branch of tho service. * Tho Subsistence Depar I mont is in charge of Cilonol Jo seph I'. Taylor (brother of the late President, Zachary (Tayl >r). Thoro is one Assistant Commissary General of, with the rank of Lioutenant Colonel, six Commissaries of Subsistence, with tho rank of Major .jd Sixteen with the rank of Captain. The Medical Department consists of one. Surgeon Gotieral Clemont A. Elnley, with tho rank of Colonel; forty Sur geons, with tho rank of Major; twenty-eight Assistant Surgcous, with the rank of Captain, and seventy llvo with that of First Lieutenant. There Is one Paymaster General, Benjamin F. lamed, With the rank of Colonel ; two Deputy Paymaster Gene rals, with tho rank of Lioutenant Colonel, and tweuty Dvo Paymasters with the rank of Mi\jor. Six additional Aids-do-Camp, with tho rank of Colonel# two with tho rank of Major, and four with that of Cap. tain , have boon appoiutod in pursuance of tho act of Au gust 6, 1801. Tho acts of Congress, npproved July 22 and July 25? 1961 , "for tho organization or tho volunteer forces brought 'uto the sorvieo of tho United States," authorized tho ap pointment of a groat number of general and staff oillcors. In pumuauco of thoso acts thero have been appointed four Major Generals ? Nathaniel P. Rinks, John A. Dix, Benjamin F. Butler and David Hunter; flfty nine Brigadier Gtsnorals, twenty-llvo Assistant Ad jutant Generals, fifty six Assistant Quartermas ters, with the rank of Captain; fifty-two Commissaries of Subsistence, Captains; forty brigalo Burgeons, with the rank or Major. Ono hundred and ten additional Paymasters, with tho rank or Major, have iiLjj been appointed. The Corps of liigineers contistsof ouo Co'onol, Joseph O. Totten, Brigadier General by brevet; four Lieutenant Colonels, eight Majors, tuolve Captains, fifteen First and four Socond Lieutenant*. Col. John J. Abort is tho senior officer of the Corps of To|iographlual Engineers. In the corps thero aro four Lieutenant Colonels, eight Majors, ten Captains, thirteen First and twosecond Lieutenants. Tho Ordnance Department la under tho command of Rri , padior Gon. James W. Bipiey. Usder him are two Colo nels, two Lieutonant Colonels, four Majors, twelve Cap- ' tains, twolve Fii si and two Second Lieutenants. Attached to this department aro thirteen Military Storekeepers, who are employed at tho different arsenals and armories. By a recent order of tho War Department the First and pjcoud dragoons, tho First and Sccond cavalry and tho regiment of mounted riltcs havo been cons jlidatad, and put now known as tho First, Second, Third, Fourth and Fifth rogiments of cavalry. ! Tho field ofileers or tho regiments of cavalry aro as fol lows riK-i rkijuomt of CAVAUtr. Colonel, Benjamin L Beall. Lieutenant Colonel, George A. H. Blake. Majors, Enoch Steen and Andrew J. Smith. SK<X)NI> KKU1HKNT OF CAVAIJiT. Coloool , Philip St. George Cooke. Lieulctiaut Colonel, Marshall S. Howe. Majors, Lawrence 1*. Graham (B. G. V.) and Win. N Crier. TIIIRIl KBUMKNT OK CAVALRY. Colonel , John s. Simonson (retired). Lieutenant Colonel, Charles F. Ruff. Majois, Benjamin 8. Huberts an. I Thunis S. Duncan. FOURTH KK<:lXk.\r OF CAVALRY. Colonel, John Sedgwick. Lieutenant Colonel, Thomas J. Wood. Majors, SainuclD.Sturgls and George Stoneman (B. G.V.) Fli-Tll RKoiMKNI OF rivinr Colonel, George II. Thomas (II. O. V.) Lieutenant GoloMl, Del?sB Saeket. Majors, Jaiues (lakes (H. g. V.) and Innis N. Palmer. The Sixth regiment of cavalry, authorized by tho last Congri>es , has been organized. Its fluid officers arc:? Colonel, David Hunter <M. G. V.) Lieutenant Colonel, Willi tin II. Kmory. Major. Edwin H. Wright (aid to General Scott, with rank of Colonel). Tho cavalry regiments havo each ten companies, with a captain, first and second lieutenant to each company. Thero aro flvo regiments of artillery, a new ono having ! been raised iu accord tuco with tho lato act of Congross authorizing tho increase of the army. The field officers or the artillery regimonts are:? FIRST KKiilMKNT OK ARTILLERY. Colonel, John Ervlng. Lieutenant Colonel, John L. Gardner. Mnjors, Israel Vot;dos ami Lewis G. Arnold, MOOND RK4JIMK.NT OF AKTIIXKUY. Colonel, . Lieutenant Colonel, Justin Dlmlck. M?yors, M.irtiu Burke and Horace llrooks. THIRD RK illlRNTOF AKmiJtRY. Colonel, William Gates. Lieutenant Colonel, Charles S. Merchant. Majors, George Nauman and Henry S. liarton. FOlRrU UW.tmii.vr OF ARI'lLLKRY. Colonel , ? . Lieutenant Colonel, William W. M >rris. Majors, Giles Portor (retired) and Francis 0. Wyse. The Fifth regiment or artillery is tho newly organized regiment. Its Held officers are:? Colonel, llitrvey Brown. Lieutenant Colon 1 , Thomas W. Sherman (R. G. V.) Majors, Thomas William.-, WfUiant K. Barry (B. G. T.) an ! Henry J. llunt (aid to General MoClellan,wlth rank or Colonel). Tho field officers of the infantry rogimeuts arc as fol lows:? FIRST RKOIXKNT OF WFANTKY. Coloool, Carlos A. Waite. Lieutenant Colonel , ' lou verneur Morris (ret ired). Majors, Isaac V. D. Roove and John 'i . Sprague. OtOOXD REC1MK.VT OF tl?l ANTItV. Colonel, Dixon S. Miles. Lieutenant Colonel, Hannibal I 'ay. Majors, Edgar S. Hawkins and Win. Chapman. TH an RIXilMKNT OF IN FAN TKV. Colonel, Betij. L. E. B'ttucvHIe (retired). Lioutcuaut Colonel, EieuiiM Backus. Majors, Nathaniel C. Macrae (retired) and Caleb C. Sibley. FOURTH I K iJMK.VT OF OTFAS ?Y. Colonel, Willis in Wii isiler. Lieutenant C donel, Thompson Morris (retired). Majors, Robert C. Buchanan und William 8. Ketch jm. FIFTH KRIIYIIOT OF INFANTRY. O lonel, Gustavns I/*(mis. nontenant Colonel , . Majors, Seth Eastman and Dmlel T. Chandler. sixth in. .iMK.vr r>y im.vnr. **olonel, Washington f-oowell. L'eutenani Colonel, Go >rge Androws. Majois, Jane s V. Romford and II nry W. Weasels. _ , ... ?*T*yrB uki.imknt of INFANTRY. Colonel, John J. Abercroml i ? (ii <;. y ) Lieutenant Colonel, Albemarle Cad v. Majors. Joseph R. Smith and k-aacLynde. HOHTH RKGIMKST OF INFANTRY, Colonel, Pitcairn Morrison. Lie itenant Colonel, William Hoffman. Majors, Thomas L. Alexander and Gabriel R. Paul WIJfTH KKt.nUWT OF INiANTUY. Colonel, George Wright. Lieutenant Colonel, Silas Casey (brevet B. c. V ) Majors, Edward J. Stoptoe and George W. Patten. ni.vni Raomxirr of infantry. Colonel, Edmund B. Alexander. Lieutenant Colonel, Charles K. Smith (B. G. V.) Majors, Doniol P. Whiting and Charles S. Lovoll. ' The preceding regiments of infantry consisted of ten companies each. Tho ootnpany officers arc ouo Captain, ? no First and one Second Lieutenant. The nino regiments of infantry authorized by the lost Congress aro differently organized. They have an ad li \ .onal Ma or, twenty-four Captains, atid as many First end & (. >nd Lioutcuants. They will consist of three bat tallons of eight hundred each , making ? rogiuiuntal aggro, gato of twenty -four hundred. Tho fluid officers of tbo now Infantry ri gimeuts are as follow H'.? KI.KVKNTIf KKIMOrr OK INFANTRY. Colone', Era-inu* l?. Kevos (H. G. V.) Liuuumaut Cuionoi, Edmund .shriver. Majors, Dolaucy Floyd Jones, Frederick Stoolo and Jona than W. Gordon. TWKIFTll RKUIMENT OF INKANTRY. Colonel, William It. Franklin (it. <;. V.) Lieutenant Colonel, Daniel Butterflold. Majors, Homy 1). C'liu, Richard S. Smith and Luther B. Bruen. 7IUKTKRNTII lUMllKINT OK IXKAKTRT. Colonel, William T. Sherman (I*, G. V .) Lieutenant Colonel, Sidney liurbnnk. 51* :? ts, Christopher 0. Augur, Samuel W. Crawford and Charles Hill. FOOBTKKNTU HKcllMKNT O* INFANTRY. Odonel, Charles 1'. Stone (B. G. V.) Lieutennut Colonol, John F. Reynolds (B. G. V.) Major*, George Sykos (U. G. V.), Groiius R. Giddings and William Williams. itftkknth rktumknt ok infantry. Colonel, Fitz John Porter (B. (i. V.) Lieutenant Colonel, John P. Sanderson. Majors, John H. King, William H. Kldcll and John B. Edio HIXTKKNTII RROIMKNT Of IMUlfTRY Colonel, Andrew Porter (II. G. V.) Lloutonant Colonol, Henry M. Vaxlee. Majors, Franklin F. Flint, Adam .). Slommer aud Sidney Uoolidge. SBVRNTKKVril KM; I1MT OK INKANTHY. Colonel, Samuel I', Heint/eiman (H. O. V.) Lieutenant Colonel, James 1). Greene. Majors, Ahnor Doubleday, William H. Wood and George L. Andrews. KKiHTSKNTH KKUIMKNT OK INFANTRY. Colonel, Henry is. Carrington. Lieut. 'in ml Colonel, Oliver L. Shepherd. M yors, Edmund Underwood and Frederick Townsend. NINKl'I RN rll RKtilMKNT OK INFANTRY. Colonel, Edward K. S. Cauby. 1.1 -utenant Colonel, Kdwanl A. King. Miy"rs, Augustus 11. Seward, Stephen B. Carpenter and Samuel K. Dawson. In tho aliovo list it will bo porooivod that a number of names are Riven as Colonels, &c. , tho owners of which have been promoted to tho ra ik ?f Generals. For in stance, Ilavld Hunter is mentioned above as thoColonol of tho Sixth cavalry, but ho 1m also been nppolntod a Major General of Volunteers. This contradiction of mili tary titles is thus explained: ? During the war David Hun tor reta ils hts rank as General, but it coaros at the end of the war. His rank of Colonel will lie retained l>y him in times of peace, and until his death, if no cause to the contrary should uriso. The same remarks would apply to Colonels Thomas, Stone, Reyes, Jic. The letters M. G. V. and B. G. V. show they hold tho rank of either Major or Brigadier General of Volunteers. Tho word "retired'' signifies that the officers have been put upon half pay their positions being filled by younger men. We notice that tho graduating class at tho Military Aca demy for the year 1881 anticipated tho usual day of loav ing by two months. During the period intervening the pi blkaMon of thoproyious register, twenty-three appointments to the regular ri gimeuts have been made to enhstod men. This number ts far below what we had been led to betievo would bo ma le. Probably the vacancies among tho se cond lieutenants of the now regiments will bo lillod from the ranks. The ten officers of tho United States army wli ? have been longest In the service are Colonel Whistler, Fourth reglmjut of Infantry, who joined in 1801; Brigadier General Totten, Corps of Engineers, in 1105: Colonol Gates, of tho Third rogim >nt of artillery, in 1806; Lieutenant Qonoral Scott, in 180 i; Colonol Mrving, First regim 'lit of artillery, in 1809; Colrnol Loomis, of tho Fifth rogimont of lufantry, in 1811; Brevet Major Goue ral Joh'i K. Wool, in 1812; Inspector Goneral Churchill (rotire I) , hi 1812; Colonol Itelton, of tho Fourth regiment of a -tillery, In HI J (recently deceased) , and Paymaster General Larned, In 1813. Of the eighteen offl ers who havo died siueo tho publi cation of th ? previous Register, tho following weft killod in battle: ? Captain Nathaniel Lyon, Second rcgimont of infantry, Brig i lior Genoral of Volunteer*, at tho battle of Wilson's crck, M >.; First Lieutenant John T. Groble, Second artdlery, at Big Bethel, V*i.; Captain Otis H. Tllllnghast, Assistant Quartormastor; First Lieutenant Douglas lUmsoy, First artillery, and Second I.ioutetant Presley O. Craig, Second artillery, w 're Itillod at the bat tle of Bull run. MILITARY C.RrtfiKAIMUi'A!, HKl'AltTMKNTS. I>kpartmk\t oF 'liiK East. ? The Now England States and tho States of New York, N'ew Jersey and Pennsylvania. Headquarters at Troy, N. Y. DtfTAtiriicxT or tiik Potomac.? The States of Delaware and Maryland, tho lHitrlc.t of Columbia, and that portion of Virginia east of tho Allegheny Mountains and north of James river, oxcopt Fort Monroe, and sixty miles around tlio stimo. II sodqnarters at Washington , D. C. HwAKTMicn' or Yiiuiima. ? Fort Monroe and sixty miles around tlw some. Headquarters At Fort Monroo.Va. Diuvktmstt ok Flokida. ? The St ate of Florida, Including tho Dry lbrtugas. Hradquartors at Fort Pickens, Fla. Dwaktmhstt <w tiik Ohio ? The btatos or Ohio and In di'ina, and so much of Western Virginia as lies north of the Uroat Kanawha, nortli ami west of Win (Jreonhrior, and a line thence northward to tho southwest corner of Maryland. 11 \i Iquartors at Cincinnati, O. This him since been divided into two departments, under general order No. 80 , as follows: ? Tiib Dsr.tBTMB.vr or Wh.-tkh.> Vikmvu. ? So muc h of Vir ginia lift lies west of the Hlue Ridge Mountains. Saw IiKi'ARTMKNT or Ohio embraces Indians, as well as Ohio, an 1 so much of Koutuckv as lies within fifteen miles of Cincinnati, which eity will be the headquarters. IisiURrUK.vror tub Ccmbkrla.mi. ? Tin States of Ken lucky and Tennessee. Headquartors . Wksikiw ll*i'AHT>:nfr. ? The Stato of Illinois and the States and Territories west of tho Mississippi and east Of the Kooky Mountains, including Now Mexico and Utah. Headquarter* at St. Louis, Mo. Imi'ARTMKvr ok ttik PAOinr. ? The country west of tho Rocky Mountains. Hoadquartors at San Francisco, CM. THE MILITARY HEROES OF THE WORLD. The new commander of our army on tho Potomac, Gen. Geo. H. McClellan, is dailj adding to his hosts of fricuds by liis assiduity in reorganizing the largo army under his command. Those who have had tie- honor of an inter view with hiiu since his arrival in Washington sjioak of liim as an unostentatious, gonial conversationalist, hut oxpross some apprehension a/, to his ubility , Judging from his youthful appearance, to command a grand army. To such iiersons, however, who are inclined to this belief we can only say that they exhibit a marked Innocence of tho history of the world's military heroes, nnd for then' in form .tion and to others w hom it may concern, we subjoin collections from history, which show that m st of the world's great chieftains attained the acme of their repu tations before they reached tho age of General McClollan. Philip of Mauodon useended the throne at the ago of twenty-two, nnd soon distinguished himself in his wars with the neighboring States. At the age of forty-dye he had conquered ail (irecce. Alexander tho Great had defeated the celebrated Theban hand at the battle of Cherotiea, and gained a military re putation at the age of eighteen. Ho n.iocnded the throno of hit father, Philip, before twenty, and at twenty-flve had reached the zenith of his glory, already con quered the world. Ho died before tho a\>o or thirty two. Julius Cesar commanded tho Ihet sent to blockade Mytylt ;ne, where ho KftjAll/ distinguished himself before the age of twenty Hannibal jninr^^M^fetfh^enlin army in Spain at twonty t^^^^Hm^Kvvu'ler In-chief at tw. nty six. Victorious nHj^^^^Kuice, ho crossed tho Alps and w on the hn!tlc4r^^^^^H^' t he age of thirty -one. Sciplo African us age of sixtien, dis tinguished himself at th^^^^^Rkimis; at twenty was made edilo, and soon after ^MPol in Spain , at twenty nine ho won the great battle of Zama, and close. 1 his military caroer. Sciplo Africtinus (the younger) also distinguished him self in early life; at the age of thirty six lie had conqu >r ed the Carthagenlan armlet and completed tho destruc tion of Carthage. Genghis Khan succeeded to the dominion of his father at th ? age of thirteen, and almost immediately rat 'dan army of thirty thousand men, with which he defeated a nume rous force %f rebols who had thought to take advantage of his extrcrno youth to withdraw from his dominion. Ho soon ac (Hired a military reputation by numerous con quests, and before the age of forty had made himself tin peror of Mogul. Charlemagne was crowned king at twenty -six, conquer ed Aquitania nt twenty-eight, made liimsolf master of France and the greater part of t; many at twenty nino, placed on his brow the iron crown of It ily at thirty two, and conquered Spain at thirty .six. Gonsalvo do Cordova, the "Groat Captain," entered the army at fifteen , and before the a .,'c of seventeen acquired a brilliant military reputation , nnd was knighted by the king himself on the field of battie;at I'orty-one he was pro moted over tho he ids of tho older veterans and made commander-in-chief of the army in Italy. HonryJV., of France, was placed at tho head of the I Huguenot army at tho ago of sixteen; at nineteen bo bo cane Kiug of Navarre; at forty h ? 1 a 1 overthrown all his enemies and placed himself on the throne of France. Monteeuculi, at the age of thirty-one, with two thou sand hors ?, attacked ton thousand Swedes, and captured ail tl elr baggage an I arliile y; at thirty two he gained the victory of Trtobcl. Sa.\e entered the army at twelve, and soon obtained the command of a regiment of h'.se, at twenty-four ho be came Marechal etc Camp; at forty-four Marshal of Fram e. \ auban , the celebrated l'ronch engineer, entorod the army of Oondo aa a cutlet ut thu ugo of seventeen ; at twen ty was made a lieutenant, and ut thu ago of twenty flvo ho himself conducted ?ovorul successful siogos, and had atuistod^t several others. Turenno entered tho army beforo tlio ago of fourteen. Hd served one your as a voluntoor, four years as A cap tain, four yuan* aft acolonol, three yours an a major general, flvo years as a lioutouant general, and bocamn Marshal of Franco at thirty-two. llo bad wou all hlR military reputation by tho age of forty Prince Maurice commanded an army at sixtoen , and acquired his military reputation tu very oarly life. Tho groat t'ondo immortalized his uamo at tho battlo of Kocroi, in which, at the ago of twenty-two, he defeated tho Spiftliards. Ho ha I won all his groat military faino before tho ago of twenty flvo Prinoo fiugono, of Savoy, gaiuod the battle of Zotita at thirty-four. l'ofor th" Oroat, of Russia, organised a largo army at tho age of twenty; at twenty four he fought the Turk* and captured Asopli; at twenty-eight he made war with Sweden ; at thirty ho entorod Moscow tu triumph, after tho victory at Kmhacb and tho capture of Notoburg and Marienburg. Charles tho XII., of Sweden, complotod his first suc cessful campaign against Denmark at oiglitocn ; over threw 80,000 Russians at Naroa boforo nineteen, and con quer oil Poland and Saxony at twenty four. Frederick tho Groat, of Prussia, at ine ago of twenty eight, onterod upon that career of glory which has im mortalized lib; lie established bis reputation In tho first Milesian war, which he torininatud at tho ago of thirty. Tho second Silosian war was terminated ut thirty throe; and at forty-throe, with a populut loo of flvo millions, h ? successfully opposod a league of nviro than a hundred millions of people. Prince 1 1 -n ry , of Prussia, decided tho victory of the Prague at thirty one. Cortes offectod tho conquest of Mexico at thirty-si* Pizarro competed tho conquest of Peru at thirty five J/)rd Clivo reached the zenilli of his military fame at thirty flvo. Tlii great Napoleon was commander in chief of the army of Italy at twenty -six. Deggaix b icalu ? a general of division at tweuty-six, ho dUd ut thirty-two, with a reputation second only to that of Napoleon. So <11 bocante general of division at twenty nine. Eugene Beauharnuis was one of Napoleon's ablest gene- I ruls. At twenty eight ho commanded tho aruiy of Italy, mid at thirty one gained great glory fn the Russian cam paign, at the head of the fourth corps d'armet. tiouvion ft. Cyr , Sucliet, Onlinot, Key , Lannos, J >ubort, Victor, Murat, Marmont, McDonald, Heiuadotto, l/'fovro, Bessiores and Huroc all ocquirod a high military rcputu tion in the field Ooforo the ago cf thirty five. Tlits list might be oxtendod ? ith tho same results, but names enough have been given to show that the world's heroes, and especially those who assisted tho First Nap> leoti in his memorable campaigns, wer<> all, with scarcely an e\- '.'option, young men still burning with tha fire of youthful ardor and onthusiasm. With th 'so historical Tacts before us may we not hope our own Mct'lc'.lan ? to whom ripe judges ascrlbc a vast fund of professional knowledge, u judgmoat ripened by long study and experl"uc;>, a mind fertile with original expedients, prompt to soo, decide and act, and, added to ul!,a physical constitution capable of immense labor ? will bo equal to the present emergency into whlc.h our country is placed , and strike ablow to oar enemies from which they will uovor recover. FOllT L.AFAYETTE. SUrlch of P, fSOu Lire by a late Inmate of the Fori-ia.t of Prisoner. Consigned There, &r. TO THK EDITOR OP T UK IIKKALD. Mie statements that have from tlmo to time appeared 1 "?? W< rs" regarding the privileges and treat m*nt of the prisoners conflucd in Fort Lafayette nro of such an aggravated nature o? to have convoyed the idea to ouslilers and the friends of tho inmates that they w. re ?'waxing fat" on the liberality of the government, and were, in fact, onjoying tho retreat of some olyslum Jn Justice, therefore to those still incarcerated, you wli? confer a favor hy giving tbe following an inserts iu jour pa|>cr, which latter is largely contributed for by tho inmates. * The history of your arrest and arrival is as Mows ? As soon as you arrive at Fort Hamilton you are'elWored by the ml, cor in charge to Colonel Burke, with the acorn, pan) iug details; He (the Colonel) then send* you with lus aid and a guard cf sol/liors by bout to I.ioutouaat Wood , c< mmanding at Fort Ulayette. On your arrival a rec eipt is given for yen. You are then requested to give up all weapons and moneys in your possession. As tho weapons are generally taken by tho United Slates Mar shals in tlio first ins.'ftnce, a compliance is, of course, out of the question, unless in a paroxysm of una bridged patriotism you should considor your spectacles included in tbe catogoiy. Your trunk, valiso or car|*t bag is then examined, and if all is correct a receipt isgivon you for the amount obtalnod. Tho sergeant then takes you in chargo and shows you to your quarters. You are then surrounded by anxious eyes, scanning your person, and inquiries after your "health in general, with "what brought you here," aro propounded before your wretched feelings have become sufficiently collect" ! to enable you to reply. Again some ono ivill say, ' H i e | is another rebel;" another will dwell on tbe'eumn? and tho larder, and if near dinner will yell out, "Dinner 's ready at the United f-'tates Hotel," 4c. The next stop, you are provided with a led, either mors or straw mattress, -/tie ir< n bedstead . two sheets, one blanket and one pillow, basin and pitcher, which last is thecapi tal of a j. ir:t stcck co. poratton ofst mo live to eight. Iu i|10 morning arise, and after going through tho necessary ' ablutions in Halt water ? or fresh if you can get it? break* 1 jast is announced. Mi is consists of a pint of cofloo sweet eno.l iu bulk, at times transparent, and incapable of pro J j ducihg any deleterious off don tho nervous system ? by ' | qui l.tative analysis tlio eon, jwi, oats wjuld range nearly I j at follows: ? water 94, saccharine mattor 4, chicory 1.75 | coffee 0 25. A piece of fat (Kirk, whose superficial con j tents ranged from five to seven inches, and a good honest slice of bread? by honest 1 mean thick? this, and' nothing more, constitutes our breakfast. Uoforo Marshal Murray s <nt down - tho largo stovo" the p ,rk was sorved up to is actually as it came out of the barrel, raw, or nearly so. A decline in bristles prevented us from ine 1 dllng with It, appetizing as it was. After breakfast (eight, occasionally before) wo ware allowed ono hour for promenading on a square of earth seventy ilvo feet by eighty. Then canio the daily papors, tho perusal of which, and c> mmcnis on tho last anticipated attack, oc cupied some two hours; arter that event, the writing to friends, receiving letters (when any came, camea nf chess, whist, Ac., discussing past evenu/ind T. en dea\ori,K to ascertain if the p.tatoo had become ex linctsin, e the 20111 July, servod to while away tho timo until tli ?momentous hour of dinner. Thismoal, which many prldn themsolvoson as tho best, was certainly our best. Three .n'recs en mast* ri u- or ?)0Mn so;;p? istoni^hiij^ly thin? broad and nork ' or beer, trom actual exporim -nts with unmitigated I ibor for the space of three minutes, assisted bv u mir or ?I ike s" dollar spectacles, 1 h ive succeeded, alter a tedi. ons operation , in fishing up ono beau from mv pint of s um and so overcome have 1 been at tho discovery that with' instinctive reverence for tho propagator of that bean 1 have universally uncovered my head daring the nrocefM o: mastication same being une.x.kcd. j.?r Sll. ' r wo again had our pint or c ffec, revised and corrected bv an excess o! water, will, s ice or ,|ry tlro?.i crockery was not purchased nt Haughwout's consisting, a* it /M, of tin cujk, tli ,Zt in n spoons and ancient knives muj r.>rk<- The quality of the provisions was good enough; 1 ut cookst-ik ' en from the ranks arc '-sent by the devil. ' [f Marshal Murray would send a good plain, clean rn,>k to Fori I -it iv ctte he certainly could add no greater ccmoi t <ir b'ens. iiik: to wild :ir<? bonders at tho s Hot, ' " Cf eoi;r-e all tho inmates did not avail llicms dvcs ?,t ihn pr -diga! liberality : hat abounded in the .le.Kirt men t, but preferred such b;, s?f fare as iheMnTmo measure had been acciistome I to. Hence the iortnsM. u of sundry messes, at n c?t ofirom thirty cents t,, lar |?t dietu for each person, nt his own expouse u one i?jr,rvt water was so scarce that we were o n '..'ii at"v_a;lowcd only for drinking purposes, Ulltjj flt ,)l0 e.eventh hour we received three thousand gallons Croton with not half tho body of the old stock. We ive-e p. Tinittud to go outside the fort, unless a, -ompuiie, |,Va so.dier wiili musket and bayonot, and were confined to th c aseniat ?s ; there was no going "on the rooi walking to see tho sun sink behind the Jersey hills ' us a ,i, < astonishing youth proclaimed to the public; our place w is tlie ground tloor, and there we were kept , tht -tv seven ,',r us in one room with four mounted thirtv-tw,* in the daytime, was not so bad ? but nr iV ghl . ?a" !lut, ,fvod '?? r'"? ?.|.byxu was Broth" a exhorta.ions. At six I'. M. we were lock ed up, with two sperm candles, until the nox| at a quarter past nine I', M. , the signal to extinguish Sta *as made, if gur?' survived that period, which thev never did wooomplto.1 V'vely lelfer thit goes out or e ,tcrS the fort is read bv the officer; ,f l hey contain an, "!? lion able matter they are returned; in oilier rcsiv/tj, com municatkm and rapidity in tho transmission of i , tiers with the outsiders is oxscllent. i have been only teu days In receiving a letter from a city only nine miles from Is?'W York, nn<l wlicro tlnre aio two daily 1?< ! * dim it nearly six weeks in the fort-cbi. fly, i sup|ir*e, fom'v health? and during that periiKl I experienced no serious inconvenience in sleeping every ulsht in the same pair of sheets; and a friend of mine, w ho h ts be* n c *ii lined (ior hU lisalth) giuee July an cbnas with fraternal tenacity to his. No better society |? uw world can be found than in that spot, as a genera! thing f,,r ,t u au ans .tiation o. gentlemen, imxod with many' Chris turn virtue*, tho wealthier awixting tlr so tliat aro In need and far from tbelr liouieg. All (wnotnfnationfl arerupre Beulod, nod inlirolhurl) o, who was taken at Feist or ItockH, T can boar wUijckb to the M.aliodi.sw that he is unceusing in bin effort* to roclalm tlio ungodly ? partlou litrly llnmofrom ''Woodvllle." I would add that on leaving the money that was re tained on your arrival U roturnod, provided It ha.s not all been expondod In obtaining articles to make one's ho If comfortable. You are then Hearehed for anything in the Hi ajw of let torn, pajmrH, He. , that tho searcher may ilnd upon your person. These items hu takoa, and Inform* you that by ('Ailing at , tlicy will ho returned. ON'K OF Til KM. 1, 1ST OK riUKONKUB CONHKiNKD TO FOUT LAt'AYtiTTK, IJOMMKNt.'INQ JULY 18G1. Mamrs. 1 K. 8. Ituagle* ?i I'onci'll M (Juilliin.. 5 TllOi. Kilfl'iltlJuk... 4 .Inme.C. Murphrey. I, Job n II*' isiek. . . . . f, Dr.Bdwn l.loluison 7 (!hnn. M. li<g<Uln... ? Samuel H. I. yon ... y ,'o!iti W. DhvU 10 Ohnrlr* Howard 11 " Wm. If Oatebelt. . ltlehard II Alny.. Auilln lv .AinUli. . . John Williams... .1 Itnliert Midr (iliarles Kopperal. Serrlli I'ieree Holler l/oiiU R. Biliran.. IJeorgn Miles lumen Q. Clntliery I. It. Barbour. v. M. Kilike I) 0. l.owber lames O. Herrett.. I'niilek MeOartby1 ?laini s lU'ev* rutin William* .... Areluluild Wilson* lolin Marshall*. . . . (leorge O. Gladden* inhn Joannallle*.. . Charles Forrester* I, F. N. (falvo* Samuel liaklns David Reno sumuel J. And. m m R ibert Tans'il .... I'hnmua 8. Wilson lleury K. IMiilboj-ne lll'srv I'enaa William l'a trick. Kllis It. Se.hnuliel Uriah B. llarrold KMiard K Freeman William 11. Ward lulliis A. l>e Lagtiel B. K. Grove Prank K. Williams. II. E. Reynolds J C. Kabui'ng Henry A Iteevei... Tames < 'Imp'n Edward It. Wilder. Robert Kill 'It Algernons. Sullivan Charles llarklev Whtr? /torn Fredorlekaliurg, Va Charleston, S. C Huliliuuio, Mil.. I'ortsmouth. Va WoedWIk', Md. , llaltliimre, Md.. llngers'-own, Md. . . Han Kraneisoo,Cai rf ilk, Va Charleston, S, O. . . Carroll Co , Miss. . New Orleans, I.a.. Philadelphia, Fa. . Wilmington , N. C.. Klelimoud, Va I'otershii.g. Va . . . lj?ke Prorid'ce.Ea. New Orleans, I*. . Washington, D. C. Norfolk, Va Charleston, 8. C. Jul^r 20 Jul? SI Aug. 3 Aug. 11 Aug. 14 Aujj. 1h] Au^. 20 Aug. 22 Aug. 2H Aug. 21 Aug. 't:. Richmond, Va Columbia, 8. 0. . . New York city 1'r.Willliim Oo.,Va. Springfield, Rio New Orleans, l.a Brooklyn, N. V. . . I.yeoinlni!, Fa... . . Macon, tla 'Norfolk, va.;::::: Alexandria, Va. . New York city ... ClncUw, Ark Mobile, Ala Neiv York i lly (ireenpolnt, I.. I.. Vleksburg, Miss.. . Newark, N, .1 Freedom, Me New York city Charleston, SC.. lleniamln Cnngiir. . j Kngland BSIStei hen Bennett.. . . 1 New York city Richard Karl I William Williams. . William Sinima . ?f. Clifton A. Strom ho Arthur D Wharton Chun. Faulkner. . George L. Ho*viie.. . 6.S .'uiopk W Wall 6?J K. K Walker. . 70 M air. CU'i'ro Stanley 71 .Inhn K M liner. 72 <ieorg?? r. Kane 73 Robert Drain V7 Ai'klmr Duvv/ioii. . . Itolij. . Benj. Oorliee. . . Beibel Burton .... r: c M'/i't i'huvh > WUUamti. . IVter TnonMH Kelly iWiUfarn l'?*rry .!ohn Angar (("I.jih. MrCleniihan i William Rrnlth .folm I j. Newton. . . I William Kt. Oeorge I Win. H. Winder... lien J. V Longley..

.In*. A. Mi Ma. t',i*.'<. iMoftcn Stanurd .... |!>aniel Corey I eonard Slur'evant ( 0 A. flubhell Baseman |Wm. Cilchrist [Kr/inciM Wvatt Juinefl ?l. llaig John J. Heek?rt. . . . |KIW. 1J KMhonrne. . Jo??iah II. Qitrdon . . | Wm. K. fialmon Andrew Keller J. ClaPk'ett . . . J Dr. Br rue rd Mille.. | < 'In rk J. Durant. . . . II. Martdox. |Th.ouH.s H. Maddox. I W. Maxwell H Miller I'l?iti|) !?*. RaUin ... ? 1 . Lawrenee .lonen. W. Landing. . . fedm M. Brewer Karaent Il?? Chns. F. Morehcail. 117 U F. D-nvett I IS Martin W llarr. .... 119 II. M. Warllold 120 I.nwrome Sarff^ton lil F. Parkin Se .11 . ?I. Haoaon Thoiran. Oen?'3? W. Brown. . F. Key Howard .... iThoniftR W. Hall. . . . Henry Ma* N. Trakle W lliiH. . Win. (). VlarriHOD. . |(!harle? H. Fltta . . , ' K. M Dennlnon .... Leorard J. Quinlan J S3 Andrew A. I.vnch. . 13.1 .John C. Bruin 1.14 B. |\ ltoyull l.'ii M. K. Steven* m W. K Butt 1.17 Dr. ('hallos M' (iill II. r? Tliurbrr F. M. Crow J. IV. f.rtflitli Atideraon M? Dowrll Kngland. Denmark Nanhvllle, Tenn.. . M.irtinnburc, Va, . Ky Wet?t, Fla. ... Burlington, N. J.. New York elty. . . . Danville, Va Baltimore, Md. . . . London Co., Va . . W lulling' on, D. C. Brooklyn, N. V. . . Charleston, S. <-. N'araau, N. P. Knglnnd Wiluiin^ton, N. C. IMilIadelphla, Va . New Orleanrt, La. New York city.. .. Madifton, Conn... Somerset, N. J. . . Nrw Orleans, La. B; iii^u port, Conn. Caimlen, Ala PhiladelphUi, l'a. Bsttlmore, Md. . . Cec.l count v, M !.. AnneArunuelC.Md Alleghauy Co.,Md Frederiek Co., Md Carroll Co., Md... Mary* Co.,Md. Washington, D. C. Ceo* Co., Md Kent Co., Mil Talbot Co., Md... Wojeegter Co.? Md Baltimore, Md . Yarmouth, Me. LouUvillc, Ky. Baltimore, Md.. ilaltimore, Md. , Baltimore Co.,%Md Nanhvilte. Tenn. .Vorf'olk, Va South (Carolina. . PortMmouth, V*. Ha^erftown, Md. Oidhatu Co., Ky it rrivetit Left, Aug. 7 Aug. la 8opt. 17 Oct. 18 Sept. B S(i()t. 24 Sept. 17 Oct. S Oct. S Oct."" J Sop~14 Oct. 3 \up. 21' Aug. 27 Aug. !ts| Ang. 29 Auk. 80 Aug. 31 Sepl. 1 Sept. Sept. Sep'. Wept Sept. 81 Sept. 9. Sept. 10' Sept. 11 Sept. U Sept. 13 Kept. 11 Se]it. 1G| Sept. 17 Sept. I a Sept, " Sept. ?e|M. 23 S"pt 24 Sept. ?>| Sepl. 2f> Sept. 2G| . Sept. 2S l/l.; ? jllarrndslmrg, Ky .1. If. Itnller*" S. II. NVoolridge. . . \V, K. Kearney Joi onli Haek ,1. !?'. M' F 'lit II. 1*. Fre.s>y Kd? aid l'ayne. . . . UUlWm. drill.!,'* l.'O W. K. Wright lol I.ew.sS llol.claw. ir>2 Edward Ua'in 15.'! ,1'ifc) h A. D.mglas: lTil T'Mwttrd O'Nell. . . . l.Vi Elijah Slhern... . Siei llii" K. Newton Koheii S. linison. Irtiui'- Hnmdell jileorge II irk.-r i Edward H'-ndrteka John JoIiiimi.'i Krie llriiluli'ii |Wj)llam llrjwn. . . Perry White lltt'JiAnes H. Hoggard. li'rfi r.ntwr't 'I'houipsoi Ki7 Joint Murpliy Osv.-eno, N. Y ICS! Win. K. t'a|Hhi?t . I'lyinoutli.N Iftr'.n o. \\ Barn 1 rd.. .{Nt ^wl 170|Coorue Shaekleford, Braufort, Clarke Co., Ky. . . Marion Co., Ky . . . llanoiU'.mrK. Ky . New York city... Lexington, Kv M aol.M n Co., Ky.. Marion Co., Ky. . . Hi Alltt Co.. Ky. Cuiritiu k Co.,N.r K tnn ton Co., N. C Currituck Co.,N.C Wilmington, N. C. WaahiUKton, N Lemingtoii, Em. . I'rumia } Sweden Plymouth, N. C. 171 ?J. <>. Vanauulnpe. 17- Michael Berry. 17:i Alfred D :Costa 174 It Carter. . . 176 f. W. Packard. 0.. ? WilininRtnn, N. i Brooklyn, N. Y. .(CberleKton, S. C . Baltimore, M l.. , Brld:;ewatcr ? Sept. 13 Sept, 18 Sept. 20 < Jet. H Kept. 7 Sept, 13 Sent. 18 < )et. f> Oct. IH Oct. 11 tOct. 14 Sept 25 Oet. y ?Sej?t. 26 Sept. 24 Sep'. Ul lOct. 11 Se,?!7l7 Sept. 18 Oct'r 9 Sept. 26 Sept. 27 Sept. 2t> Oct'r 2 * Taken lo New York for trial. j t ltomoved to IUhIIou'n Island. i j K ' moved to Fort Columbus. RKCAI'ITUI.ATIOK. Imprisoned 175 I He leaded t > Octobcr 14, inclusive C7 In Fort Lafayette to Octobcr 10 llW RELEASE OP MORE PRISONERS FROM FORT LAFAYETTE. UNITED STATES MARSHAL'S OFFICE. Orr. 22. ? The following ?ru tho names of tho priFonors reloased I'rom Fra t IjttayeUe, which hiivo boon, by the kindness of tho Marshal, vouchsafed unto our reporter. It Is soldom that the Hkkai.d reportor has tho opportunity of acknowledging thu nfllclal communicativeness of Mr. Murray, and ho thoroforo avails himself of thU occasion to llo SO. Tho names of tho freed are : ? ,J. W. l acker, North. I an lei Corey. of Now .Jersey. A. Sidney Sullivan. eoih.-Wlor at law. Mr. I,. (!. Qulllnn, of Ma viand, declined to tike thA oath of allegiance, unless he was permitted to go back to Mary land. Mr. Quiilan has not, therefore, been liberated. RESUMPTION OF BUSINESS. Notwithstanding the war, there are evidencos of a par tial revival of busiuess In many sections of the country. Hie n-vTvary supplied for army purposes aro gl\ lug em ployment to a large number of mochanies and others. As au instance, tho Pittsburg Duj oU h of Tuesday says : ? We aro happy to note a very general rt sumption i f work among the Iron mills In the city and vicinity. Tho furnace* have buen in o|)cralion i'i somo of the mills for a week or i wo, and all the nail factories, with two or threo oxcoj.tiot;:'. wore in operation yesterday. Hut little work has been done iti tho iron mil's sinco last May. and some of thorn have boon forced to start olT short handed, owing to tha departure of an immense number of ironworkers wiili the voluutoe: 'iho papers of I iilsburg slate there has boen more freight landed at that port for some days past than has reached therein tho samo space of time for years. A gro t many steamboats are arriving dally from below heavily laden with a variety of produce. * On Saturday la-l tlie delivery of Hour alone, by river boats, amounted to live thoi sand three hundred and sixty six sacks and live thousand five hundred and forty two barrels, whllo au equal quantity was received on the previous day. TIIE FOURTEENTH REGIMENT UNITED STATES INFANTRY. TO THE EDITOR OK THE IIEKALD. Camp Near Pkkrvvimj;, Md., Oct. 20, 1861. An articlo in your paper of Irlday touching the Four teenth regiment of Infantry shows you to bo mistaken in retard to matters connocted with tho regular service Brigadier tienernl y?" still holds his commission as Colonel, (iencra as IJButonftnt Colonel, and (ioneral Sykcs as Tl^frin the regular army, and will resume ilielr positions as such at tho elo?o of tho war, tiieir higher commissions being held only in tho volun teers. J. HOHAirr WAIJCER, First Lloutenant Fourteenth Infantry U. S. A. 'I he Sunimrr?ld? and Ch?rlott?Tlll? Ttlrgrujili 1.1 nc. St'MMKR M>K, I'KIM K BKWARD 1*1 AND, Oct. 22, 1801. This Is the first m< Msgo transmitted over the Summer Silo and Charlottutown lino of tho tiulfTeleprajih Com pany, incorporated by an act of tho Colonial Legislature. s THE LATE 03L0NEL BAKER. BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH OP THE IjATE SENATOR RAKER, COLONEL OF THE CALIFORNIA BRIGADE. Our tolographlc despatches on Tuesday convoyed to tho public tbe melancholy Information of tho doutb u' Colonel Baker, who nobly full in tbe defence of tbo Union cause wbilo leading on his gallant regiment against tbe enemies of lib) country. In the brief biographical notice with which wo accompanied tho announcement of the death of this patriotic hero on Tuesday wo give a fow of tho loading incidents of bis military life. To day we are ublo to go furthor Into hi* history, nnd to supply tbo public wltb all tbe details of his career, with which, doubtless, they arc dusirous of being acqualntud. Few tnon havo had a more eventful career, fow men havo dono moro in so many different locutions and pur suits to win the people. We believe bo started lifo as a clergyman ? a Cainpbelllto Baptist. Tbe religious olumcnt predominated In his character; bis piety was deep and bis zoal great. Wherever ho preached tbe people tlockel to bear Mm. No house was largo enough to contain the congregations. Flvo thousand ? a crowd as largo as was miraculously fed In olden times ? listened to him at a time, ua bo portrayed tho Joys' of lie iven, the inUsurlos of boll, and startled them with calls of repentance as tho only safety from death. By and by ho turned short about", and gave bis attention as zealously to tho profession of tho law. Perhaps ho was not, and may nnvor havo been, a groat lawyer, but ho became a groat advocate, and orery villain beforo tho courts sought safoty through bim, as sinners at tho altar had before. Colonel llakor was without doubt one" of the ablest speakers in this country. Ho dwolt with his fathor, and spout his youth in tho solitudes of our Western frontier. Whether nature originally stainjied with greatness, or his modo of life ? his communing with his own soul and with nature, whon people were d.stant, awoke great thoughts that found utterances in imjMissioned sentences and beautiful language, we knew uol, but whon ho llrst addressed public audiences ho thrillod them, as by electric shocks, and swept them by his elo quence as the storm or the fli o wiH sweep over tho prai ries. Kor many years sinco, whethor In tho pulpit or at tlio bar, in the Congress of the nation, or botoro wild woods caucus, in Bpe.-ikinj,' to citiz' ns, jurors, statesmen or soldiers, ou the slope ot the Atlantic, In the valley of th" Mississippi, at tho head of invading legions in Mexico, before the miners and adventurers of California, or ujK>n the banks of the Columbia, K. I>. Hakor has been one of tho finest orators lu the land. The statement that tho deceived colonel whs a untlvo of Illinois was a mistake, ho having been born in England and left an orphan. While still a child he taatod the bitterness of |K>verty , itnd learned tho art of hand weaving for a sub sistence. There aro many manufacturers in Phlia lelphia who knew him at that trying period of bis lif ? , and whostill rem Tuber his extraordinary fondness for hooks and learn ing. At sovont teu ho starts I with bin brother on foot for tho llreat Tlioy walked across the mountains, over tho Mate of Ohio ? still almost a wilderness ? ami dcscendod tho Wabash in a skilf to near its mouth. Here th-y stopp da while to recruit their finances. The 1 ito Senator found his way into Illinois, where he studied tho law, and was admitted to the bar at ninetoen. Sub sequently he twice represented that State ? her only whig member ? In tho lower house of Congress. Ia IS^li he resigned, in order to lead the Fourth Illinois regiment to Mexico. At Cerro Gordo, after the fall of General Shields, as the soi dor colonel, ho took command of the brittle, and foogbt it through that hard wi n light with such dis tinguished bravery and eirei t as w draw uponlilmsolf an es| o.'ial compliment from Goners! Twiggs. 1!? turning homo at tho clo.-w of tho year, with Hio rem nant of his war-worn veterans, he recoverol from tin effects of as 'vero wound received on th? Kio O-ra'ide, and was again elected to C ingress from a hitherto demo cratic district el ll'luolt. Tho.e, In 1SOO, lie pronounced that splendid eulogy on his old commanding officer, Geno ral Taylor, which, in the opinion of many, has never been surpassed in b muty , as a literary m- nom nt, either in or out of Congress. Towards tho c!os? of the same year, his tinio in Congress having expired. Colonel Baker, finding his pro fessional business in Illinois seriously in terrupted by lour years absence la Mexico and at Washington, and finding it liec^sary to take sonio active measures for flio comfort of his growing family, ctleclod a contract with the newly organ ized Panama Itailroul Company, in pursuance of which lie collected and conveyed to Panama four hundred lab ,rers, with whom lie rendered most i:n<-o: taut aid to that great enterprise. In surveying an I cutting out the track through those deep, dark mirnsses, f'icqienlly passing th ) whole day in slimy swamps, looming with venomoi-E insects and reptiles, bis h"alth gave way , and, senseless and apparently dying from a severe attack of Panama fever, he was carried 011 Imant a vessel and ro moved to New York. Ito escuiKjd with bl.i lifo, but shattered In constitution, and ten years older in an poaraixo. In 1893, having measurably recovered, Colonel Tiakor removud with his family t*? San Francisco, whore ho practised law with distinction and success; ami a* a forensic and political orator, w is without u rival in young Stite, whoso Har, culled as it is, from nil t It ? ^ States ??r tho lluion, is ho rich in ability. If Colonel had stored when h-) returne<l from Mexico w > should all haw .said lie whs a romarkab o man to distinguish himself In so many anl such dlverso pursuits ? with the sword of the spirit and the sword wielded by tha arm of llesh; in tho pulpit and in tho forum, ou tlio stamp and the halls of legislation. Hut ho did not slop; ho wont to California with hi* family in 18(2, and were ho hocamo as activo and prominent as lie had b-cn in Illinois; porhij-s moro successf 1 as a p iblic sjieaker. We have heard Califnrnians represent the efl'octs of his spooking In San Francis co, whoro t' n thousand poop'e assemblo 1 to hear liim at ouce; mid from tho days that Domos theucs harangued the Greeks no oraCir has been more successful than he in tin Golden Stile. It made no difiortmce what the occasion, the call v. as for Hiker. Wore thoy to consecrate a cmotery,hc was the orator; wero they to bury in Uiatcemotory somomirtyr to freedom, ho p.onounced tho funeral oration. In politics lie loil the vau i f the republican forces; ho stumped the State, and would have been e'octed to Congress, if $'mn hundreds of votes moro than his party commanded could liavo done it In law he w is rotamed to do tho must im liortant pleading, as L'hoate was in bis timo In Mass ichu setts. Wli 'n Mr. Unite r saw llisre was no Immediate pro? poet of rescuing Callfom'afrom tho democrats, an l gratifying his darling ambition ? the attainment of a seat In the Senate, a place where ho could vindicate tho motives, and coutinuo the 1 ibors of Broderi k, whoso firm ami warm friend ho was? ho a icopto 1 an invitation to Ore gon, as tlio chief of tho repub man parly there. Ho stumped that Stale, ho routed his enemies, ho doleatod J(.e Iaiio and all his adheronts, carrying a coalition Le gislature, which ho had fai'ed to do in California, and thereby securing his own election. When tho prirciirtos of the Southern secession party maiiilested tlieinselves in open opposition and h isi ility to tho national government, Colonel Baker wus ona of tin first m n who rallied to tho support of tho administration and th" country . and tho noblo words of patriotism which fell from him at the grand popular mass meeting at Union squaro miiFt still be remembered hy tho tons of thou sands whii were a.-s >mbled on that mcmorabio day to benr testimony to tlio devotion of tho poo p'o to the Union and tho government of tholr ancestors. No Union man was more activo in the field than tho deceased. Coming ti> this city, w hero many of hU old California friends wore known to lie, ho took an activo ja tin arousing the patriotic impulse. H" saw from theoutsot the magnitude of the contest before us ; he saw that it whs going to be no child's play , and ho warned lU'J coun try lb it il must not and could not cease from its under taking until tho national emblem had b en c.irried in triumph from tho 1'itomac to the Bio G-ande. A few of tlio thrilling words of that day's ora tion, In presence of tho tattered Uag of Sumter waving from the hands of Washington, will at once recall the whole of thoso thoughts of the noblo Senator "that spoke, and words that burned." "Our country," said h.<, "is greatness, glory , truth, constitutional liberty, and, above ail, freedom forever. I have said that tho hour of reconciliation is past. It may return, but not to morrow, nor uext week. It will return when that tat torod Hag (|H)lnting to tho flag of Sumter) is avenge 1; it will return when rebellions traitors nro taught obedience and submission; it will return when a rebellious confede racy are taught that tho North, thorgh forluaring, is not fearful; it w III return when again the ensign of the repub lic streams over every rebellious fort and every rebol ilot-s Stale, lh"n,as oi old, tho ensi,-n of tho power and dignity, and majesty, and the peace of tho republic. Young men of New York! No! Young men of tho United States; you are told that this is not to be a war of ag gression. In ono sense, true; In another, not. We have commenced ag<rcssi' n upon no man in all the broad laud. In their rebellious nrst ? in their traitorous camp ? no man ? no truthful man ? can say that he has been o\ er disturbed, though it be for a single mo ment, either in life, liberty or estate. Speaking for myself, as a man of honor, who has boen a soldier, and as a Senator, I say in another sense I am for a war of aggression. I propose to day, m w, its wo did Iniforo in Moxice ? to conquer .peace. I p.-oposo to go to Washington, and bcyend. I do not do sign to remain entirely supine, Inactive, fearful, till the war is brought to our midst. I will meet them on the threshold of their gathering ? th-re, In tho very sout of tlieir power, dictate to tho rebellious terms of peaco. It may take $30,i:00,00l>? it may take $300,000,000? what then? Wo have it. Loyally, nobly, gran ily, do tho in t chant princes of New York respond in the ardent appeal of tho Unite t States government. It may cost us 7,500 lives ? it may be 75.UOO lives? it may bo 730,000? what then? We have them. The blood of cvory loyal citizen of this government is dear to mo: mysms and theirs ? y ting in n grown up beneath my eye ami care are here ? they an all dear to mo; but if the organization, tho des tiny, the renown, tho glory, freedom of a constitutional government, the only hopo of a free people demand It, lot them all go. 1 am not now speaking timorous words of peace. I s|ieak to kindle a spirit of manly, determined war. I s|ioak in the midst of the Empiro Slate ? amid scenes of pa?t suffering and past glory? with the dofenccs of the Hudson above me, the scenes of tho struggla on l/>ng Is ami b 'foro mo, thestaluo of Washing ton iu my very face, the tattered, nnconijuered fla^ of Sum ter waving in the hand which 1 can now almost Imagine trembles with pxcitemen'. of battle, and where I speak I say my mission bore today is to kindle tho heart of New York for war. War, sudden, bold, determined, forward war this day. reople of New York, on the eve of battle, allow me to speak as a soldier. Few of you know of mo; my caroer has been obscure and distant, but I can say that 1 have s,ven you tried. It was my fortune to lead the gallant Now Yoik regiment in the shoek of battle. 1 was their leader on the bloody heights of Cerro Gordo, and know well what Now York ran do when her blood is up. A vain, mid once more wo will m ire.h, but not for revenge. Wo havo nothing to avenge. We have something to pun ish ? as yet little or nothing to revenge. The l'roaldent, himself a hero without knowing it, says there are wrongs to bo redressed, enough endured to march to baUle and to 1 victory, because wo don't ufio'tte to endure these wrongs any longer. Thoy arc w run/ft not merely against us; th'iy are not wrung! against ua in ,?ne sense, but against our Union, aguuut the constitution, "gamut human bop and human freedom. He wax, however, not only a spoake.* ? be wa a a doer as wail ? and in a utile while ho had gatLVred about him ax effective a regiment as ever onga>;ed vu a campaign. Meu from all th> States flocked to his ranks, the regi ment became a brittle, and the government would havs made him a Major General it he bad not desirod to retain bin position in tbe United Stnto* Senate. Hirf tin* com mand was Urst In service al Fortress Monroe, whence it wuu ro iimvud to the Upper I'otomnc. (Lionel I taker was killed in the very front of battle, at the head of the brigade be had raised, arid with his life's blood h-j sealed the vow lie bad made to see America a free aud united people or to give bis life In the struggle. In the recouuoifsanoe on Monday morning lost, at Harrison's Island, be le 1 tbe right of General Stone's forces against an overw\ie nilng supe riority of numbers. While he was cheering his men to the attack he was struck by a b ill, and fell at the head of his columns. It was there that so noble and fervid* raluro as that of Colonel linker would most like to die. lie wo* gloriously sorvirig his country in the hour of need; bo bad experienced in his own person and oareer the benignity of her instil it ions; ho loved her aa a true son; he knew tho seriousness of ibe crisis, and he waa willing to yield Ids lifo in her defence. Hut that country oould ill allurd the loss. Courageous, upright, earnest , Indomi table spirits like bis are what she meet wants, aud all who feel hor sorrows will drop a tear to the inomory of tliis eloquent statesman, Ibis gallant aud dia interested soldier. THE WAR NOT FOIl ABOLITION'. A CH AI.LKNUK TO OA UK I SON, I'UILI.IPS, liRKKLBT, BKKOHKK AND OTIIKK*. [From Hie Missouri Republican, (Jet. 12.] QOVKKMM Of UTAH TKltKITOiiV ? A SIGNIFICANT SI OH. .lohn W. Dawson, Fsq., late editor ol the Fort Wayne (Indiana) T.ims and Uniun\ has hoeu appointed Governor of Utah Territory. Tliere is a slgmltcance iu this appoint ment , owing to tho views which Mr. Dawson Inw fre (juently expressed through tho columns of his paper. In bis valedictory add chs to his rennets, a few Weeks ago, Mr. Dawson, among other Uiii gs, said: ? William I.loyd Garrison, ol' the Iteaton Lit*>ator, are you willing, lor (he sake of the Union, to take from the head of your columns your treasonable ensign ? ' * Tho Constitution or tho United Slates ? a covenant with death and an agreement with hell" ? and to run up In Its place, as the motio ujH>n which you will light tbe battle for tbo Union ? " Tne Union, the Constitution aud the ouforoe mvnt of tli ? laws?" Are you, Garrison, Wendell rhilli|? and Gorrit Smith, and tho thousands of in n who follow your 1 al, and glorify us a martyr John Brown, of (*sawutomle, ready to declare with sincerity of heart, that this war n not a God sent war for tho abolition of negro sl avery, hot to mail t ii-i the su pj ctnai y of tho Unioa and tho constitution . and that you wlH henceforth bo silent on the \vr. nzR o:' th ? slnv > and th ? atrocities at slaveholders, uniil throughout all th* land tho federal laws are freely oh. yedT Will yo 1, Henry Ward lieoeher, for tho sake of tn ) Union, make your church aud your pulpit no I mgor the theatre of polithail gatlierings and political harangues, by which the people iu e inllamed to take tip arms in this war, ;ui a holy cru sade against the slaveholders of tho South? Arc you pre pared to say, and to verily by your acts, that tho pre servation of the Union and the constitution in their iu tegi ity is more important to tbepoop'.oof th" United Stales and to the true interests of humanity than tho abolition of negro slavery in the United Siatos? ami will yoj consuut that tho Irultp< iHteM shall become a sincere coadjutor of your pulpit iu furthering the fame gnat on I of Union, irro*|*ctlv* of its relations to tho w routs and the emancipation of the slave? Will you, II race Grocley, aud your editorial brethren everywhere, erase to use your widely circu lated columns for (he sumo purpose for which 11 *nry Ward Itcvirhor now uses bis pulpit and the Ini i*iiderU, and make your paper* no longer tho source whenco tho ultra mon of the South derive their most potent argu ments to j stityth-ir parricidal blows against the go vernniont that has nursed and proti clod th m? Further, are you, Abraham Lincoln, President of tho Uuited States, and the men of tho rop' bli : in party , of every shade of opinion, who elected you to your high ofllce, content, for the sake of tho Union, to forgot and bury in oblivion tho disputed dogmas of the Chicago p atform, and join heart and hand with tho Douglas men and lieu me:> and Brorkintilge men in one cm mon effort " to preserve, protect and defend tin constitution of the United St *. tos ?' ' and, to this end, are you willing to cease to inquire, In your apt ointments to public patronage, whether men are for you or against you in your elec tion, but to a-k , "Are tliiy honest!1 ure they capable f uro they faithful to the Union, the constitution and Uio laws?" Followers of Jolia C. Breckinridge, are yo?, as you enter the ranks of the nv n of tho Union, ready to con! o asserting your construction of the law of tho I)rod Scott decision, aud the discussion of tbe rights of the slaveholders In the national Territories, until these Terri tories are once more subject to the undisputed authority of the federal government under tho constitution? Con set vative remnant of tbe whig party, who, with Joha Holl and Edward Everett at your head, boro tho banner of "tho Union, tho constitution, and llio enforcement of the laws" through the great conflict of I860, do your hearts, notwithstanding tho defection of your chief, still respond to the motto you boro in tho battle fleld, and are you willing bv that sign, and by that ulono, to conquer a poaco for the Union? Democrats of thj North, whom the dauntless and Hon hearted Douglas led through his last groat but disastrous campaign, under tho batinor or "popil*r sovereignty," are you willing, wblla your lioartB yot bleed over tho defeat and death of your heroic and patriotic leader, tu ray as you m lifter in hundreds of thousands of staiworth m >n in the army of tho Union, that you will rise above iNirty an ho rose ab:>vo it, aud under tho command of AUtalum Lincoln, his Cabinot and his g .11 rule, strike m infill blows to maintain the sovereignty of th > natioa midor the fe lcral constitution, until the dying InjuncUoa of Douglas shall bo rcallzol, and all the poople of the United states -h ill " oboy thu laws au 1 support the con stitution of tho United Statos?' Finally, ye loyal moo, enrolled fbr tho Union, am you realy to ceaso to crimi nate and recriminate f Aro you ready to cease denouncing as traitors loyal mon who, imrchancn, do not go about the streets breathing out threatenlngs and slaughter f Will you frown upon a'ld put down, by your precept and ex ample, mobs and mob law and mob loaders, and main tain the freedom of sp iceli and the press, so that overr man faithful to the government may freely speak and wrilo the truth as he undo stands it? Aro you roadjr to ail.-nit, by bo doing, that our groat ctren.<th a: a govern ment lies in keeping the issue between freedom and des;x>Untn pure and pimple- and that pcace nnd unanimity of sentiment brought about by despotism, where the bulwarks of civil liberty are broken, aro simply tho quiet of death before corruption begins its work.' Anctarc you do orminod to carry on this war in the spirit of Justice, humanity and marcy ..not as a war of sec: ions, nor a war to abolish slavery, nor to blot out or subvert the sove reignly of States, nor in the spirit of conquest to s.ibju gate their people, but to compel them, by the stern power they have rashly invoked, to lar down the wea |Kinn of their rebellion, nnd return io their alleg.ance nnd to the exnrciso and enjoyment 'of their pn.itical ri .h's nnd powoi's, as coequal States ia tho federal Uniont" Those are patriotic snntlm ?lits. and we havo a right to conclude, from tho administration's appointment or tholr utteror, that it sanctions th m. They would alford but small comfort to the uboltthn fanatics. MORE ABOLITIONTST ATTACKS UPON THE WHITE HOUSE. [From the Correspondence of the hpringileld Republican]. I notice tliat your Washington correspondent describes President Lincoln's wife us "ambitious of having a linger in tho government pie; being uiuch in conversation with Cabinet members, and holding corros|>ondence with them on |K)litii al matters; making and unmaking political for tunes of men; suggesting to the President some of hia ideas and projects," Ac. In tlieso days, it is uncommon for anything to be not only "tho town's talk," but tho talk of tho country, be fore it gets ttito the nowB|.u|>erB; but so ills in tho pre sent case. Mrs. Lincoln's |x>litical inlluonce is the theme of all who return from Washington; and all toll tho same story concerning the direction of that influence. The sum nnd substance of many remarks I havo hoard wat brietly expressed to me a fow weeks ago by a Virginia gentleman rosiding in Washington. When 1 asked him what people paid of Mrs. Lincoln, he ro pllej; ? 1 "That (die is two-thirds pro-slavery and the other third secesb." Whotbor these pro clivitirg characterize her political influence, thu country is not informed. Perhai* she assumes a neutral position on the contraband subject. Hor "noble native State," as i-iio calls Kentucky, has been noutial, you know, and mailo olTectlvo ure of hor neutrality to c invey thousands upon thousands of car loads of ammu nition and provisions to aid and ( Oin'ortthe rebels. It Is well known that President Lincoln signed tho t'onlls at ion bill with an agony of reluctance. "It will lose us Ken tucky," ho said? a point on which his minister of tha homo department was probably peculiarly tenacious. Mrs. I,, is reported to havo two brothers In the rebel army, one of whom is peculiarly distinguished for bru tality to Yankee prisoners. This, if true, indicates edu cational very likely to ha\e made their sifter "two-thirds pro-slavery and tho othor third sccesh." Just before tho taking or Fort Sumter tho Southern pa pers amounted that there wore only three Northern newspapers ou which th y placed implicit relianco for faithfulness to tlie interests or slavery. Those were tha N"?v York Pa y /?<"</.?, Nkw Yokk Hkrm.i>, and Willis' II mr Journal. I cannot Answer for tho first named I taper, but in the two last thero Is pro ''use adulation of Mrs. Lincoln. "Instinct it a great mattor, Hal." Wor shipers or the patriarchal iustitutiois readily recognise their aftlnlf I *. 1 ul if i ho liuly President lias such a ' u n for |o!it|cil manai otne: t u-< is generally supposed, it cannot. l>o denied that she some decidedly female tastes. When our volui.toers woro hastening to protect the capital from rebel invaders, nnd spilling their blood in tue streets of Baltimore, tho Now York papers announced that Mrs. Lincoln war. in that city making "extensive purcha-es" at Stewart's, of 'yroeu and gold furniture for the White House," Ac. Willis is fond of describing her dress and her gayctirs. The following arc samples from tho Home Jirurnul: ? "The thorough good nature and covert lovo of fun which arc tho leading qualltl'S in the charm tor of our lady ('resident will ensure a most ngrooablo visit for herself in the summ r ng at Lorg Branch. It would Jie a most ungrateful and inappreciative gathering of guests at a watering place who wero not mado happy by the lead ership or Mrs. Lincoln." Some weeks later we havo tho following;? "Tho Presidentuss has returned tothoWhito House a very sure sign that Abe thinks it will not other wise bo 'tnken.' On the contrary, it will be still, and 'till further orders,' a most agreeable place. The joyous R ine rl'IMnoit will again dross splendidly , and receive splendid ly and do her best to make overy body happy? besides hor moro spoclal admirers. Next sea?ou will be a gay one, the South notwithstanding." Hecectly the J/imt Jnurmil copies the following from tho World.- ? "The l>onnrt which is tho choice of tho present representative lady in tiie American world of fashion Is called ' tho princess.' The material is roso colored volvot, ornamented with a rich black open worked barb ' of small medallions, sur rounded by fine black thread lace, frirged with minut* black marabout and ostrich feat liet s. K egant garnitures for evening dress were sell cted at tho same establish mont ? Pompadour set, of wreath, chatelaine and bouqet of mlsed flowers," Ac. Contrasts aro piquant, and perhaps you will like to placo si le by eido two very different, phases of Amur icaji

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