Newspaper of The New York Herald, October 30, 1861, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated October 30, 1861 Page 4
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NEW YORK HERALD. JAMES GORDON UBIVNETT, EMTOR AND kKOriUKTOK. OFFICE N. W. 0011NE& OF PULTON ANI) NASSAU 8T8. JTf Ti MS cash in ar franet. Money. smt hymatt will hen (the litkvj the sender. Hone hut llank bill* current in New York taint 'J til i D ML Y HERALD, two cents per ropy. $7 per annum. Til /> \V i'F.KLY IlEK.iL!>, every Saturaay, at eix rente per t?VV* ?v W J>rr annirm; the European Edition every Wr hw* liy, at sir ptrcopy; $4 per annum to anu part of Great Jlritain . er $C> 12 f" nut/ jta. t of the i'ont inent, f '4h to include fHwf'U/c: the Cali/oivia Edition ov^th* 1st, lllh and Met of <acJi month , at six trnt- per rovy% or $2 75 per annum. Tin, l' A MIL V lihKAUt, on Wfdn<*dai/t at /our ernts per tc) i/% ? " $V l 't annum. VOL (> A T.i It r coRIiESPON I) AA CK, contnlning important tuus, KiJiritcd from any quarter of thr world; if turd, will l>e liberally j ntd for. 9&T (>OU FoitKIGN CORRKflroNPKNTS ARM J*ARTK'lJI.ARt.Y UKQUKHTkP TO SRAL ALL LKTn.KS AND PACR AOM s? R* 0S JS'tP A U'j'jrh taken of anna/mous ro/re*j>nndmce. We do not trrtvrv rriri-'-d am m unhid ions. ADV F. H 77 N F M A; A TS renewm rreri/ day; ndeertieetnents in? rrtrd in thrW'v kkly Hkhald, Family IIukalp, and in (Me California m. -I F umj,tan Editions. JO 11 F HINT] HQ executft with ntainee ?. rhrajmes* and de? I yutih. Volume XXVI. Ho. 301 A.MI'SEMENTB THIS EVENING. WINTEIt GARDEN, Broadway.? Tux Octohook. WALLACE'S THEATKE, No. 811 Broad way. -Tn? Kino or tub Mountains. LAURA KhENE'8 THEATKE, Broadway.? Sevks Son?. BOWERY THEATKE, Bowory.? SriCk.NKr's National Ciuco*. FARNUM'S AMERICAN MUSEUM, Broadway.-I)?v ,:nd ftvi'iiltu ? a> K, or AiniMuar? llirini orAuus, tin* Lion, AKD OTUBK COHIOMTIBS. BRYANTS' MINSTRELS, Mmhanlc*' Ilall, 473 Broad %0y.? Wllo t'TUlOU 11 ILLY I'ATTKRSiPNf HOOLEV'S MINSTRELS, Sluyreiianl Inatltuts, No. CM ?roadwny ? Etimjiian Koniss, I>a vcks, Ac. MELODEON CONCERT HALL, No. 8? Broadway. Bo:. t?, 1) ANCB4, Htlll.BSUlKS AC.? l.A M.kJA LB tlUHL A. CANTERBURY MUSIC HALL, JSS Broadway.? Son<J I I'arckc, Klk' ?<h;ks, 4c.? M.. CIO Lauiibl. GAIETIES CONCERT ROOM, f.IS Broadway.? DhawincI Soon EnikbTaINMbnts Ballbta. Panto* iub*. KaUCM, 40. AMERICAN MUSIC HALL. 414 Broadway.? SoNUJ, Bal" I klfl, PANTOBIMKS, AC. ? I'HM Uool'KK.t. CRYSTAL PALACE CONCERT HALL. No. 45 B >wery.? Buklbsui k?, fc'uhgs, Jjancbs. JkC. ? Mask. Hai.i... METROPOLITAN CONCERT HALL, COO BrondWiiy.? Soauh, Dancba. 1' AUckji. BuRLiaaCKs, .tc. PARISIAN CABITET OF WO.NDEItS, . 163 Broadway.? OlKMi daily from In A M. till 9 P. SI. New York, W<?luci>day, October 30, 1801. the situation. There is nothing new to report from the army in front of Washington. The rebels on the Lower Potomac do not seem disposed' to use their bat teries or make any hostile demonstrations. The rebel steamer George Page was seen to come to the Maryland side on Monday, with a large num ber of men on board, but taking alarm at the Bound of a bugle in the camp of Colonel Taylor, sho moved off and returned to the Virginia side, without landing any of her troops, She threw u number of shells, however, in the direction of Col. Taylor's forces', but without floing any damage. Some of our vessels fired into the batteries at Aquia creek yesterday, with what result is not known, anil the fire was returned fcy the rebels. She now lies shut up in Quaulico creek, in such a position that our batteries on the Maryland shore arc very likely to keep her there. The army of General McClellan is still receiving reinforcement. Eight regiments from Pennsylva nia and three from Massac husets have received inarching orders for the seat of war, and will at once repair thither to strenghthen the army of the Po tomac. The rebel pickets on the Virginia side of the Up per Potomac, opposite Edwards' Ferry, were lining the shore thickly on Saturday, while the brigades of General Bank's division were crossing to the Ma ryland side, and taunted the latter upon their attempt to invade Virginia, inviting them to pay Another visit. They may repeat the invitation, fcowever, when it is next accepted. Everything tcmaiucd quiet during the night, but the camp fires Of the rebel pickets were distinctly visible in the woods along shore. Wc have intelligence from Missouri that General Lane captured a transportation train of the rebels In Bates county, and took the escort prisoners, commanded by Captain Whiting and Lieutenant Vaughn. A quantity of lead belonging to the re bels also fell into the hands of General Lane, and Was sent to Camp Scott, in Kansas. The position of General Price and Ben. McCidlocli still remains a mystery. General Rosccrans despatches from Weston, Va., that lie is preparing to make another advance movement, with a view to drive the rebels from that section of country, and states that he believes them to be in retreat for several days past. The government has received intelligence from Our Ministers at London and Paris that a very fa vorable feeling exists in the governments of Europe towards the United States government and its cause. The rebel Commissioners are stil' actively engaged in purchasing and shipping goods contraband of war to Southern ports. THE NEWS. The City of Baltimore, from Liverpool and Queenstown the ICtli and 17th in t., reached this port yesterday. Our European files contain some very interesting details of the news, points of Which have been already telegraphed from St. Johns, Newfoundland, and published in the Hkiiat.p last Saturday. We gi\c to-day the letter of the Puke d'Auntale, in which he so unreservedly ap proves of the act of his nephews, the Orleans princes, in <aking service in the Union army. Some ?f the English papers affect much surprise at the decision of the Hon. Judge Belts, by which the bark Hiawatha has been condemned tor violation Of the blockade established by the President. Two additional war steamers had been ordered from Franco to the Guif of Mexico. r In the case of the trial of the captain and crew ?f the privateer Savannah, Mr. Jaines T. Brady Concluded his argument in behalf of the prisoners yesterday, and Mr. Evarts commenced summing tip *>n the part of the government, but had not con cluded when the Court adjourned. A report of the (troceedings may be found in another column. Captain Motley, formerly sailing master of the TJnited States steamer Dawn, who was arrested a few days ago in Washington, on suspicion of doing away with a signal book belonging to the Bavy, was yesterday afternoon honorably released flora Fort Lafayette, he being a strong Union man. I The entire number of prisoner;, at Fort loifayettc and Fort Columbus will bo removed to-day to Boston harbor. t A regiment of cavalry, numbering twelve hun dred men and horses, is read, for the seat ' *, fn Vermont, raid will be despatched in a 1 to. Fourteen of the Ma: acbusetts rt i. ;? armed with the Enfield tided muskets. <i: t Imve the Springfield smooth bore musl . t . u I tv o Hie Springfield rifled muskets. t The Twenty -filth regiment, of > '? , '.s.v ?? jj)cen three months Ht the scat ol v.-.tr, ar< m>i jfeanizing for another trial. Jwo wldiera were drunuud out ?1 tiiil liouso, near Rochester, on tlio 27Xh inst., for stealing. Ponr hundred and thirty Ashing vessels were In Bight off Host on Light on Friday last. The fishing season is now nearly o\er, atitl tho vessels will lio up for the winter, loav>ng flvo or six tl>Dusand Lardy and good Bailors out of employ. The navy will not wunt for men in the course of a few weeks. The ?alt inspected at the Onondnga salt springs reservation Bince the 1st of January last amounts to 5,742,402 bushels. Tho number of bushels in spected during tho same time lout year was 4,633, 663 ? increase 1 ,20B,ft3i> bushels. The Board of Supervisors was to have met yen terday for the purpose of electing an inspector of elections and boiuo canvassers. At tlx; r fixed no quorum was present, and the business had to stand over till some future meeting. The wills of Robt. W. Chains, Win. Wall, Samuel Young and Johanna Spaniard have been admitted to probate. The y contain no bequests of public interest. The ship P. B. Cutting, from Liverpool, arrived yesterday , brings on freight 672 bales of cotton and 336 bags of rice. The sales of cotton yesterday embraced about 600 a ('>00 bales, eliicfiy in lots to spinners or on spinners' ac count, at 21*?c. for middling uplands. Tho stock iu Ui is market is gradually diminishing, about 1,500 bales liav* llig boon taken out ->f it witbiii tho present week. Hour ci ntinuod in good demand ai d tolerably active, including sales now and for future delivery at full price*, and in hi imo cases a Might improvement was realised. Wheat waa heavy and lower, having fallen off fn m le. a Sc. per bushel, though lolerat ly active at tbo concession. Coru was in good demand for tho l!a tward and for export, and the market closed llrmor for shipping lots of Western nuxod. Pork una ijuiot and Hall's mo erate at $15 Mi a r 1 5 75 for moss, and at $!) 76 a $10 for prime. 8':gait; were quiet and sales on lined to about 800 Mi l?. , closing iaineij within ilio rrjigi of 7j?c. a for reAuing and grtitx-rjf grades. Colleo was qiiot for Rio, wbilo prices were steady ; sales of 1,200 bags and 1,600 mat! Java wore m ile on private terms. Freights ware firm, with a lair am Mint o: ?rin.{, the principal shipments b ing canfinod to flour and grain. House t'i> tli e Nortli? Call Out tlie Whole Population. Every d?y, since Iho war commenced to sup press rebellion, and reUoro the integrify of the Union, tlio determination of the popular masses lin" been becoming more ami more in flexible, that anna shall not be laid down, nor hostilities cease, until the republic shall have been restored to its pristine unity and pros perity. l ittle by little, opposition to the government lias been swept away, until it is confined to a few abolition journals and their insano and fanatical followers, whose efforts to embarrass the wire menmires of the adminis tration aro frowned upon l>y all good citizens. Rut the time has come when mightier find more strenuous efforts must be put forth by the loyal States, than any that have yet been made Heretofore, while the South has been display ing the energy and desperation of conscious weakness, exhausting its utmost resources to continue the struggle, the North, relying on its vastly preponderating strength, h. not done the quarter of what it could to crush out the treason which is desolating the land. The brave and lamented Colouel Baker, exclaimed at the monster Union meeting held in this city, on the 20th of April last: ? "Let seven hundred and fifty thousand men and three hundred mil" lions of money be given at once to annihilate these unholy traitors." It is not too late to fol low. nay, to exceed, the advice so nobly given, six months ago. A period has arrived when every Northern man must actively enlist his whole soul, his entire will, and his physical as well as moral strength, in the war. It is clear as noonday that the atrocious conspiracy to de stroy the American nation cannot succeed, but in order to limit the duration of the bloody strife into which the country has entered, the people must levy en masse, and imitate the ex ample of republics of past ages, in their great national struggles. Major General Morgan possesses full military power.in the State of New York. The propor tions which Southern rebellion, fomented by foreign aristocrats in league with abolition in cendiaries of the North, has assumed, are so co lossal in magnitude as far to cxceed all previous revolutions, in any country in the world. Every male adult in the slaveholding States Is com pelled to bear arms, and to stake his life and property in the cause of treason. Let the Governor of ti,o State of New York, in virtue ot' the authority with which he is invested, sum mon forth every individual capable of shoulder ing a musket, and muster the whole population into companies, regiments, brigades, and divis ions. as a vast home reserve, to be used as the exigencies of the nation may require. The New England, Middle and Western States would fol low the example, and, with military camps dis tributed o\ er every section north of the Poto mac, the country would be fitted for any emer gency. It would not be requisite that indi viduals should rema'u perpetually 011 duty. In imitation of the heroes of the Grecian republics, a portion of whose citizens remained at homo to till the field.-', until ^ Loir turn should have arrived to exchange places with those who had been exposing their lives in battle, the popula tion might easily be classified that every man would do service a part of the year, and devote !he remainder to the ordinary pursuits of life. If General Morgan understands his position, and u aliv to the tremendous gravity of the crisis through which we are passing, he will lose no time in i.-uicg such orders that three hundred thousand men, of New York alone, will have been already encamped before the 1st of January next. In the days of peril and darkness of ancient Rome, the entire republic became one vast camp, and every citizen sprang entlmsius hally forward to light and die for his country. It was the pride of even the aged and infirm to share the common danger, and those who remained at home, were disciplined and drilled for con flict. The glory of Athens, and the strength of Sparta were acquired by making every man a soldier, and considering non-comba'nnts as drones in tLe national hive. When tin; French republic was endangered, at the close of the last century, by the monarchical governments of Europe, pouring their invading legions over the Rhine in countless numbers, the levy en misse of the whole people, was at once resorted to, and no page of history contains such a record of valor and immortal heroism, as marked the victorious course of those hordes of raw de fenders of their native soil. France defied the remainder of the civ ilized world, and, after the experience of a single campaign, its avenging ... iumns laid waste the whole of Europe for a 1 >d of nearly twenty years. Yet the power I v . ..Hh of France then were far iuferior to v U ' United . States possesses now, a:id, I, ;)?*. y n. l.a* been the iiifitv nee of the French 1 1 lut,. j ntl.e destinl' .?* of m.nl.ind, it was. no- (-pi-it iu i?ii ?;! me to tin - which agitates j tl ? N -. ill Amcricr.11 cr r.tiuent. | A fereat triumph is F<..?n expected on tlio 1 bunk* of Ike l'oter .~ is possible that the Waterloo of the war is about to bo fought there, and that rebellion mity be struck at a blow to tfio ground. A well prepared and numerouf fleet, bearing with it an army of gullaut sol dier?, under experienced leaden, iH also expect od to iuflict upon treason a deadly wound, on the Atlautio seaboard. Yet the chances of war may decree reverses to our urmies and fleet, and the war may bo prolonged. Croakers, cowards, and, above all, abolition traitors, will seek to make capital out of disaster, just as they will endeavor to make triumph sorve their sellish and atrocious purposes. The masses of the people, however, are prepared for any event, nor will they be diverted from the object for which the war was begun, by either undue elation or temporary calamity. The popular will has become grounded upon that imperisha ble, inextinguishable lovo of country, which will not permit the relinquishment of any of its parts, but prefers any sacrifice to its disintegra tion. It calls upon the administration to meet the exigencies of the caso, and, rejecting the restrictions of an ill calculated economy, to take in profusion, what money and men arc needed to make the war short, sudden, bold and determined. The banner of the constitution should be carried into cvory corner of the Union where it has been thrown down, and it should bo remembered that by rousing up the whole North, and calling out its entire fighting popu lation, a prolonged conflict may be avoided, peaee may be the more speedily conquered, and the nation restored the sooner to the prosperity fiom which it has fallen. Tlir lii lx l Army of the Potomac and the " Kirc In lite llc-ar" of Our Oriut Nav:il Kxpi-dit Ion. With the lulling back of Beauregard from Munson's Hill some weeks ago ho betrayed the relinquishment of bis audacious original do sign? the capture and occupation of Washing ton and Maryland. Upon Muuson's Hill his rebel l!ag floated full in sight from the western portico of our national Capitol ; but ho rc coiled from the intervening cordon of frowning fortifications thus exposed to view. lie hits been gradually falling back ever since, until Fairfax Court House, lato his headquarters, liua been abandoned even by Ilia outposts. His headquarters, us last reported, were at Centre, ville, on the eastern heights of Bull run, and the main body of his army still lingers in its stronghold of ManasBas, contracting or expand ing its wing ? according to the rumors of u fede ral advance. Now, however, with the sailing of our great naval expedition, Beauregard is called to meet the perplexing alternative of sacrificing Vir ginia 01 the cotton States. Lot him hold his great army ut Manassas, and he will leave tl.e cotton .States an easy conquest to the land and naval forces of our great squadron: but he cannot afford lh" required relief to North or South Carolina, or Georgia, without abandoning Virginia to the army of General McClellan. The position of Beauregard is thus a very embarrassing one; for with tho loss either of Virginia or of any of the strongholds of the cotton States, this whole rebellion must speedily fall to pieces. The rebol leaders clearly comprehend their danger as thus indicated, and by wny of a desperate diversion they have been despatching a large force, including some detachments from Ma nassas, for the daring enterprise of the subjuga tion and occupation of Kentucky. At the same time they have been straining every nerve to give employment to fifty thousand federal troops in Missouri. But all these desperate expedients to keep the war in tho border slave States, for tho winter subsistence of the rebel armies, are recoiling upon them. From present appearances, one half the fifty thousand Union troops in Missouri will soon be free to go to tho deliverance of Kentucky; and Kentucky, from these and other reinforcements, will soon bo able to carry the war into Tennessee. But, abovo all those dangers to the rebel cause, will now come the cry of help from the seaboard c-itton States, and what, then, is Beauregard to do ? Ho can do nothing at Ma nassas. The retention of his army there now will bo equivalent to a quiet co-cporation with our naval expedition. Ho cannot risk an as sault upon the defences of Washington; he can not even cross over into Maryland abovo or below the city. But should he abandon Ma nassas c/i masse ho may be pursued and over whelmed by McClellan. Wo conjecture that the only alternative to Beauregard is the gradual withdrawal of liw camp from Manassas; that ho will be compelled to despatch his regiments drawn from the cotton States back to their defence; that he will thus soon reduce his force at Manassas to a rear guard, which, on the approach of McClellan, will retreat towards Richmond, breaking up the railroads and bridges behind them to re tard his pursuit; and that Beauregard, mean time, will proceed to fortify Richmond for a desperate defence. Upon this theory we can understand why General McClellan has not ac commodated Beauregard with another "Bull run affair." McClellan only hopes that the rebel chieftain will wait a litile longer. 'i'l?e Potomac Union army is amply pre 1 ared to wait for some signal from our great naval expedition. But it . will be well for the rebel army meantime to be can tioii h in sending otf reinforcements to the cotton States, or McClellan m;iv pounce down upon Manassaj with an overwhelming force, and put an end to the rebel programme in a single decisive blow. From these general views of the present desperate Pi, nation of the rebel army of the l'otomac, wo can appreciate the value of that strong right arm of the national defence, our gallant navy, with our absolute possession o1 the sea. Our rebellious States are thus be leeguered and locked up from Fortress Monroe to Galveston, like an invested city. In this connection .jve may form some idea of the value of Fortress Monroe, when the rebels have declared that its possession to them would be equal to half a million of dollars a day. Let us not forget that an honest and brave man, at the critical juncture, was in charge of that Fortress, for its possession to us has been equal to a hundred thousand men. It is from this advantageous rendezvous that our great naval expedition has sailed, thus re ducing its continuous sea voyage to less, per h-.p-'. than two days to iu destination. We have thus, in this n atter of time, secured an important guarantee of success against the chances of t< mpestuons weather. We can now discover the unm'stukcuble gU n.s of daybreak i > our Southern horizon, : 1 ul.<ng the ea-t.-in s board. Tho rebelti' : sl':..m *'?<? s- "*'1 <.f Vir ginia In the aimy ol 1'e uiv, : mv.-t !? ?v> her to ber fate, or penn't tl:< ir o><n Sta es to be reconquered to the Uuion. In cilhor event this rebellion, already undermined, will be blown up by an iuternul popular reaction against the intolerable and impossible) despotism of Davis and his confederates. It is absurd for them to say that the rebels of the South may be exterminated, but that they cannot be subdued. The history of all nations, ancient and modern, shows that even against a foreign despotism there is a point of resistance beyond which no people are willing to go. IIow much more readily, then, will the suffering people of the South be restored to the blessings of tho good government of vrhich they have been temporarily defrauded by reckless traitors ar.d demagogues. In this view it only needs a single well directed .blow to break down or blow up this rebellion; and that blow will soon be given, between wind and water, and the good work can, and wo hope will, bo done by tho 4th of March. The Social U?c? of the War. War is a purifier as well as a destroyer. It lias its uses as well as abusos. Tennyson, in his poem suggested by tbe Crimean war, enu merates the evils of a long peace, and refers to it as a corrective of all these, and us infusing a

healthy vitality into a nation, although he is not equally faithful in giving us the other side of the picture, where the fraudulent arniy con tractor would not ho likely to shine by com parison beside the grocer with an unfortunate habit of sanding his sugar. No great war ever took place without exerting an Influence upon the society of the country in or by which it was waged, ami whero the uation has been rich and prosperous the effect has been always of a salutary character. It is the tendency of nations, and especially of young nations, at peace nad in the enjoyment of great commer cial and territorial wealth, to relapse into ex" travagance and effeminacy. Native pleasures pall so far upon the palate accustomed to the gratification of every desire that ex >tio luxuries alone sullice to satisfy that inoroid craving which at length becomes a passion. We, the people of the United States, have cultivated that foreign taste to an extent that, till re cently, threatened the extinction of every ves tige of our national character. Wo not only did this, but entered into vulgar rivalry with our neighbors in matters which were purely questions of taste and income. If we had j twenty thousand a year we took a mansion in tl.o Fifth avenue, and kept carriages and gave dinners in a stjlu whieh wo were determined should not be surpassed by anybody with double that income. Our wives and daugh ters ? the first to set and tbe last to withhold the example? would tj.ve an impetus to our o u impulse towards reckless expenditure, and convert themselves into walking monu ments of our own folly. We did not see it> however, and rather liked the dash and magni ficence which placed us beyond doubt within the envied limits of the upper ten thousand. French silks ? the more costly the better; Brazilian diamonds ? the purer the water the greater their brilliancy; Cashmere shawls ? the more heavily embroidered the more showy and Oriental; Parisian jewelry ? the more modern the mojre expensive. These were the tliiugs> with countless others of similar character and price, that our mothers and sisters, our wives and daughters, insisted upon having ad libitum, and still they complained uf having no thing to wear. We gave parties worthy, a 4 we thought, of Lord Palmerston or the Chancellor of tho Exchequer; we wero continually adding to our blood stock and wine stock, and tryingt but vainly, to attain the acme of everything first class; we thought only millionaires good enough for our daughters, and entertained some idfca ol' finding titles for them in Washington or Eu* rope; and so long as wo found the money to pay for all these vanities we never asked our selves, how long will this state of things last? If we bad only ten thousand a year we were determined not to bo outdone by our friends with twenty, and, like them, fumishod a man sion in Fifth avenue and kept our carriage. It is true we found it difficult to make both ends meet at the end of the year, and were driven pretty hard to meet our bills all the year round ; but what was that to the satisfaction of appearing twice as rich us we were? We cut a dash at the United States at Saratoga, and always made a point of appearing at Newport immediately afterwards* We hod as showy a livery as any one on the avenue, and managed to give two or three balls, every winter, which wo flattered ourselves in point of taste and elegance took the shine off our neighbors over the way. It" we had only five thousand a year we did not like to see our style of living sur passed by people that wo thought worth no more than ourselves. We condemned their vulgar extravagance a little, nnd with an osten tatious show of superior taste took a small man sion in Madison avenue, where we prided our selves rather upon being considered solid than fashionable, although we never refused an invi tation to ft fashionable ball, nor yet neglected to visit as many fashionable people as were in eluded within the range of our acquaintance We were able, small as our means were, to keep a brougham and give one or two parties during the season. We had our crest, which we discov ered at a shop in Broadway, painted on the bn ugham, and we prided ourselves upon the aristocratic neatness of the silver band round t'ie coachman's lmt. and the dark blue livery with silver button". We got into debt con siderably towards the end, like many others and had to stop payment; but, fortunately, we had been provident enough in the high tide ot our prosperity to buy the house and furniture we lived in and assign it to our better half; so we were not disturbed in our comfortable abode during this financial crisis. This is the way in which the ambitious in our American Vanity Fair used to mar their own happiness and pave the way to their own ruin by foolish social rivalry. Verily, we were all snobs. We were aiming to be something more than ourselves; and what good has it all done us? Or. rather, what harm had it not done us? Why should we have bowed our heads to the graven image? Why have we made money the summon bonum of e.\i tence, the ultima lh.de of human effort? Our standard of taste ha> been false, and we ought to feel abashed at our own worship of mammon and our own hollow pretensions. We aped the lion and still re mained the monkey. Wo almost lost sight of the manly and womanly attributes of our nature, and strove to ? artificial as p >. ible. We appfe.ired to think I 1 'gnoiv better than ourselves, foreign tr ? -1 1 iter t!i i A., erican travel, and, al hoi!c-;h d in >\i?s were a w t d admirers of title . f no' ill v. We r* -pocle ; om selves too lilt!:', r 1 the opinions of others too much. Rathei th.sn .:p; e ,x poor if v. 9 really were bo, we closed tho fvouts of our houses during the summer and took up our retddenee in the back part, and submitted to all the privations of a long Imprisonment there rather than have poople suppose we were not out of town. Who can laugh loud enough at anything so ridiculous? The war has changed the spirit of our dream of fashion, and we are now avowed economists Already the good work of regeneration has spread far and wide over tho land. Thero is little or no market here for French silks and expensive jewelry now. Tho importations have therefore all but ceased, and every article of foreign luxury is equally unsaleable. This is a good sign ? a sign that the strong wine of our native character is no longer weakened into a wretched mixture more worthy of tho name of eau sucre than any other. When silks are luid aside cottons and ginghams and such like useful 'abrics will take their place. We Bhall there, fore eee ladies that were formerly masses of millinery, set off with fine gold and precious stones, dressed in becoming calico, and looking quite as graceful and much more sensible for the change. We Bhall see brown stone fronts in fashioaablo thoroughfares no longer looked upon as necessary to tho respectability of peo ple already respectable. We shall adapt our' selves to our reduced incomes with patriotic contentment, and profit by the lesson we have recoived. Wealth will be no longer tho crite rion of what a man is worth. There will be a groat social levelling of tho classes, and a far greater equality of wealth. Merit will rise to its proper position in tho social scale, and vicious ?nd perverted tastes will be swept away. All this will bo better for tho country and tho generation, and its good effects will be carried down on tho waves of an enlightened posterity. Such arc the uses of adversity and tho war. The Contemplated Military Changes In the Eastern unit Western Departments. It in announced by telegraph that Lieutenant General Scott is about to relinquish the high command he has so worthily hold in the army of the United States, and, in consequence of im paired health and advanced age, to retire from active military lifo. We also learn that the President has deoided to remove Major Goneral Fremont from the command of the Western Department, and that his place will be taken by a more competent individual. Although we have frequently stated, on the highest authori ty, that these changes were about to occur, we do not now give the intelligence as originating with ourselves, but as the final and reluctant admission of those journals which have con tinually denounced our statement as false, and reviled the IIekald, with every conceivable out" pouring of Billingsgate, for daring to tell the truth upon the subject. General Fremont was placed at the head of the military department, second in importance in the country, with the approbation of nearly every one, and with a prestige in his favor that was nearly without a parallel. Without ex pressing any opiuion of our own concerning him to-day, wo refer our readers to an article, published in another column of our paper, from the pen of Mr. Thurlow Weed, written, as he declares, after having thoroughly investigated the entire matter. The public will see that every statement that has appeared in the Her ald, from the beginning to the end of the con troversy, is fully verified, and that the facts and comments we have given have been far within the boundary of justice. It is of com paratively small importance now to inquire whether Major General Iluntcr, who is already in Missouri, will assume the position of which Fremont has been deprived, or whether Major General Halleck, who is daily expected from California, will be placed at the head of the Western Department. They are both good soldiers, competent to command, and implicit confidence will be felt that they will either of them discharge their duties worthily. The retirement of Lieutenant General Scott, raises Major* General McClellnn to the position of Commander-in-Chief of the armies of the United States, unless the President should Bee tit, which is scarcely probable, to appoint some one else to that position. After the death of Major General Macomb, General Scott was named his successor, over the head of General Gaines, his senior officer, to the great displeasure of the latter, and it is fully within the compe tency of President Lincoln to adopt such a pre cedent. General McClellan has acquired, how ever, so thoroughly the confidence of the peoplo iu the Eastern Department, that the position which General Scott is about to leave, will, be yond a question, remain in his hands. The step taken by the veteran Commander-in-Chief, in leaving the destinies of our armies with younger men, is full of patriotism and wisdom, lie ro tired, with every honor which u grateful people can bestow for faithful services that have lasted beyond the average life of man, and with a re putation which will never fade so long as the annals of heroism and military sagacity slftill continue to interest mankind, llo has attained an age when physical inability precludes the possibility of superintending operations in the field, and he doe- wisely to leave the task he has so long performed with renown to others. It is to be hoped that the country will not lose by the step ho has taken, ami that his successor will tread worthily in his footsteps. By retir ing uow, he leaves nndimmed the lustre of a long and glorious reputation, llad he remained longer in the army, he might have encountered the fate of so many who have retained political and military rule, after age and infirmity hud impaired their activity, and sullied by errors of their own or others the fame which is now so bright. Non-Arrival of the Anglo-Snxon. F.'.titkr r< ii*t, Oct. 29?10 P. M. Thoro aro 110 signs of the steamer Auglo-Suxon off this oint. Note from Dlaynr W ood. TO TI1K KDITOK OV THK IthltALP. Mayor's Omm, New York, Oct. 21, 1861. I find In the Hkrali) of , this day a reporter's account of ? meeting of the Nit tonal Democratic Committoe at Mo zart Hall, on Monday evening, in uhlch it r stated that: ? Mayor Wood spoke nt some length on ths necessity of a harmonious action at the present tim th:it there never was i time when tltv Mozart party was surer of success, if harmony w is carried nut. He dwelt considerably on tho surety ol Mr. Lynch's success, and called upon .'ill to support "him, notwithstindin:; the mi.- representation* linjved ii|>on l.lm through the public prints. The)/ were nil false, and h' wot willing to bet from otv hundred to ten (kmuaad doVars that he vi Mild be lh-. next Sheriff. Tho latter sentonco of thin report Is without foundation. I did not o;ier to bot on the election of Mr. Lynch ? I never b t on elect U" r or anything else. I did pay that In my opt i don Mr. i j in li would bo oloctod Sheriff nt the ensuin ; election. I think so now. Kaisuhojd and cilumny never p . i man down in tliii comm mity, und they never shall m I onn prevail t it. Very respectfully. FERNANDO WOOD. Ciei-imin 1. a^ur Nomination* for Mcna tors. Tiie German Union League have nominated Christian ft' W.ci :ruff fur tlie Four tit Senatorial district, and Richard H. Co noliy for tho Seventh Senatorial district. iJoth cfi nil - is voro lirst uscoi taincd to bo sound ou tho lugor blur queitioa. NEWS FROM THE PACIFIC. EflTect or the News of Colonel Baker's Drat lk? Movements of Ex-tesstor flwiw Ac., Ac. SUM Franviboo, Oct. 27, 18C1. The announcement of the completion of iho t< I graph Hi seven o'clock lost evening scut a thrill of Joy through tho community. l're|>arations tor firing s Mlute and nthnr demonstrations In honor of the eveut were In rsadtaeaa, when tho second through despatch from the Ksat sst nounced tho death of Oolouel 1 taker, whom alaoat every cltizon hero regarded as a personal friend. Universal joy was thus changed to sorrow and the celebration post poned. Politicians in well informed Oregon matters express tfes opinion that BenJ. Starko, of Portland, will bo appointed! to succeed General Baker in the Senate. His sympathies are Moession. General Lane Is advertised to run wltboat much hope of success. Tho fan Francisco woollen factory, wbichjwas valued at $60,000, was burned yesterday ; insured for *W,000 la Mm following companies: ? Hamburg, (10,000; lonona wA Liverpool, (10,000; Etna ,$f , 000, sod Connecticut, (13, The United States steamer Saranao leaves this port ts^ day for a cruise in the neighboring waters. Tho frionds of ex-Sonator Owm say he departed Is the Urltixh steamer for Aspinwsll. He expects to meet Mi family at Havana, who accompany him thence. Oregon dates have been received to the 10th Inst. Most glowing accounts of the richness of tho Nes Pscesa mines, of new gold discoveries over a wido expanse ef country, are published in the Portland papers. Gold in increasing quantities continues to arrive firsat the mines. Tho no wb published In the Victoria papers from Ik* British Columbia mines states that the news from thiM sources was never more exciting, and probably will Mm auother stampede next spring equal to the Frazer river excitcmeut of ISM. The ship Sarah Chaso arrived yesterday from GalctrtUi via Hakododi, September 10. She brings intelllgeooe that the Hussions have taken possession of the island tt V.as Slnta, after a sli'Tt engagement with the Japanese. This island is about thirty miles long and fifteen mil* wide, lying midway in tho Straits of Cores, and forming the key to the Sea of Japan. Tlie whale ship John Howlnnd arrived yesterday frOM the Arctic Ocean, August 25, and Plover's 1 (ay September 7. She reports whales scarce and wild this season. failed the 23d, Ship Santa Clara, Callao ; 24th , StarKfcg, Alboml. rKnn&eoR MirrcALK's Lxcturk. ? In a brief notice of tht introductory lecture in tno Medical Department of tt* Now York University in our issuo of Tuesday , 22d insU. Professor Mctcalf is reported to have sai>l, "ObscrvatiM of dlgeaso by tho bedsido was tho worst course that oouM be adopted by tho student." For ''worst" road "best." Coroner*' Inquests. Fatal Rsscltof tub Wuitsimll Strbbt Stahwxo If,. fray. ? Tlio Whitehall street stsnblng affrny , anacoout of which was published In our edition of Monday , result ed yesterday lu the death of one of the parties, warned John Cunningham. An inquest was held at the New Y?k Hospital by Coroner Jackmnn, when the follow lug facta Ik rotation to tlio occurrence ware elicited: ? Deceased and ? man named Daniel Sullivan entered the drinking saloon cf Frederick Albrecht, ill,1; Whitehall street, and an alteram tion occurred there between them. It was Boon adjusted, however, and they left the place apparently on goo* terms. When they reached tho sidewalk, liowover, the dilliculty was renewed, and noon after wards deceased ran Into the store and ox.Uimed that ho was stabbed. Sullivan was observed to rm away, but being, pursued by jiolicoman Jacobs, of the First ward, was promptly secured and taken to the sta tion house. On taking deceased to the hospital, it was ascertained that he had been cut In the groin and abde men, and that tliere wan little lio|ie of his recovery. Hi* patient commenced to sluk rapidly under his wounds, and died yestardny, ss already staled. The jury rendered* verdict of "D>.th from stab wounds. at the hands of Daniel Sullivan," ami tho, accused was thereupon oosfe mitted to await tho action of the Grand Jury. Sullivan acknowledges having stablie I decoasod, but Fays Ikt wounds were inflicted in solf-dofonce. Focnd Dkap. ? Prosper M. Hurel, employed in tho stor* No. 709 Broadway, was found doad in tho rear of the an* tablishment yesterday morning, under clrcumsteMMf which lead to tho belief that he died of disease of tfci hoart. Deceased lived at No. 21 East Houston street where ho leaves a wifo and family. Henry Lemmee, J c'.erk in tho grocery store of John I.ohse, No. 108 EM Seventeenth street, was also found dead under simihN circumstances, a post mortem examination of tho bodj showed that death wad caused by apoplexy. Decease? was a native of Germany, and was twonty-four years at age. * l'olltc Intelligence. Pkobabi.y Fatal Row on a Firry Boat. ? As the Hobe ken ferry boat John Fitch was on its way from the New Jersey shoro on Monday afternoon a disputo arose be tween two carmcn, named Alexander Cochrane and Frede rick Zeving, on one side, and the dock hands of tho best on tho other. Tho carmen, it appenrs, were requested to drive forward, so as to make room for some vehlclss which were behind, and refusing to comply with tho ds mand a fight ensued, in which cart rungs and data wero freely used on both sides. During tho progress of the melee the pilot of the boat, Samuel tamon, de scended from tho wlieolhouse, and grasping up a club struck Cocbranc a heavy blow on the head, fracturing his skull. Zeving was also severe ly handled, but no hones were broken. On the arrival of the John Fitch at her slip in this city Cochrane was brought ashore and conveye I to his residence, No. 414 Soveuth avenue, in an insensible condition, fir. Ranny was caliod in and the injured man's head was examined, which resulted in the physician pronouncing tho case a hopeless ono. Tho pollen of the Ninth precinct on being notified of tho affair arr?stod I.?mon and brought him be fore Justice Qmickenbush, at the Jefferson Market Polios Court , where ho was committed to await the result of tta wounded man's Injuries. The prisoner is a very reada ble looking man, and has hitherto borne un excellent cha racter. Burglary asd Larcmiy ok Watches. ? Samuel Woothea and Charles Grlndoll wore arrested on chaigo of having broken into the jewelry store of Francis Hess, No. 244 West Thirty-ninth stroet, and stoaling therefrom $400 worth of gold and silver watches. The prisoners, it is alloged, obtained access to the promisos by forcing opM the front door. When taken into custody by oillcers Irv ing and Clow, of tho Eighteenth precinct, a number of tlie stolen watches were found in their iiossesslon. Justice Kelly committed tho accused for examination. Thc MoaRBanr Arson Cask. ? It will be recollected that . in lHscember last, Charles D. Morris-ett was found guilty of manslaughter in tho first degree, for causing the doath of Je.m Baptist o La Bc cltolle, while in tho act of feloniously setting Tire to his crockery store, No. 333 (troenwicli street. The prisoner was sentenced by the Court to fifteen years and six months in tho State prisou. Tho case wa-i subsequently taken to tho Supreme Court by tho accus'd's counsel, and a new trial awarded. I District Attorney Watcrbury moved the case to the Court of Appeals, and that Court has now reversed tha decision of the Supremo Court, and atllrra.'d the judg 1 ment of the Court of Oyer and Terminer. Morrissett lias been conveyed by the sheriff to the State Prison, th? las t decision being final. PcKimal Intrlligcnrei There is at present a \\ olo galaxy of naval celebrltice at t lie l'ierrenont Hou.-e, Brooklyn. Annrng tho number uro Commodores Brooe, Holland Stnrvr, tried veterans and m-nlels of u, swerving I'-yalty to our country, lite Naval Retiring I'oard c nlinii' s to hold Its dally s.-ssions at the riorrepont, aiul u: til recently has I presided over by Oini. ???ioro I auiding. Philip Hninl t jn , l^q., of Rochester, la !l.e J udg" A.tvoeat\ assisted by Dr. Hun ter and othor prominent otllcers in the Navy. Thomas Svnnn nnd family, of Laltimo e; Dr. T. H. Bishop and wife, of New ii.ivn, and Mr. Van Ren- -eluer, of Duchces county, N'. Y. ,nre stopping at tho Now York Hotel. Captain James Diddle, of the Ui|t"d States Army; Mr* Walcott, r.ol c' i C. Wiiitluop and T. IV. ( rayan l ..ife,o? Boston: Edmund Cn-ld'on, of 1'hiladclphia, and Ben* ] Klttrldgo, of Cincinnati, Ohio, aro stopping at the Bre" voort House. Greene Kendriek. of Connoctirut; E. Baron, of Paris; O. D. Munson , of t nlu- niia; <i. E. Ricliardson , of Hoston; f. Daniels aud A. Walker a :d wlie,ol' Philadelphia; U. Jameson, of Ohio, and B. Bnllymo: e, of Bullalo, arc step ping at tho Lafargn House. Judge Colt and G. F. Tannatt, of St. Louis; Colonel A. J* Butler, of California; Mrs J. C. Ayor, of Lowell, \lass<; J* II. Parnett.of Syracug-; Samuel Harris arid S. W. Dexter, of Rhode Island, E. C. Paters. >n and party, of Troy, and D. Blackburn, oi Madison, are stopping at Ihe Metropolitan Hotel. Major Allison, of New Jersey; Madam Hulseman, of Washington; J. H. Jenks and wife, of St. Paul; S. A. Wheelwright, L. D. Draper and wife, E. Baldwin and R. G. lien man and wife, of lfeston; J. V. Robury, of Mali son; Mrs. Shipman, of Hartford. and II. N. Bigelow, of Clinton, are stopping at the Fifth Avenue Hotel. Hon. Josiah R indell, of | hiladelphia; General Granger* of Canaudaigua; A. J. Stevens, United States Consul to leghorn; Major Haisey. of the Untied States Army; Lieutenant Wilson, of the Dotted States Navy; <:. H. McOormack, of Chicago; W A. Sheppard, of Troy; C. J. Ilaydcn.of Rochester, A.C.Taylor, "f Buffalo, tini Ste phen Salisbury, of Worcester, are stopping at the St. Nicholas Hotel. M. Chulane and wife, of South America, Capt. Thatcher, of the tnlted Stat1 s Army; M - Mr.toyand family, or New Brunswick; C. E. He!, i family, of M.Jd! i wn; Henry Sherman. (.1 H.*.;.f ; i, H wlaad, oi New York; J. E. C run a;, wr ?.f R.. H. F. Rudrt, of Pittsburg; J. H. Si.'t. r, i , !'.v.l-u,;. .anr. P. Jamas, of Cold Spring, arc stop; ; il.. ? ?: ;t \ Adjutant ( rend h i l - m ' \ \ ? t n, of Albany; II. ? < i> A ^ M. Jerome a?:d wlW of New Ha: . B. Ma haflloT and wile, r..' A. u. V . ? . I. 1 ertng, Z. Oushi^, M. a Gates and w!f< and II. K. Hortni, cf Has ton; G. T. St"dliu.n mi', li r ' i ' n I n.ill; W. GrlS- I woM, of Hartford; S . elpbla; C. B. l'rttt and wife, of V oreeei.r, ai 11. It. liasi lugs, of Now York, 1 are blowing at the At tor House.

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