Newspaper of The New York Herald, October 31, 1861, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated October 31, 1861 Page 2
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NEWS FROM FORTRESS MONROE. OUR FORTRESS MONROE CORRESPONDENCE. Foitwbjs Moxkom, V?., Oct. 19, 1881 Another Flag Qf Truce ? The UeUll Grow Curiou* ? Ih'to Long It It to Continue!' ? The Steamer 8. !<? Spavl lint) for llalteras ? A eetsity <jf Gunboats on Paviluo Sound ? Arrival of A neither Styar Hont ? Departure of Colonel Dimmick to Take Command of Fbrt Warren, tCc. I think that our announcements of the suspension of flags of truce between this ami Norfolk arc a little prisma" ture. Although orders have been given to scud no moro flags of truce from 01(1 Point for Rome time to come, and to receive ne flags, end thereby cut oil all avenues of in formation, or at leant the official avenue between us and the rebels, it seems that the em my are determined to get below Sewall's Point, to nw what is gomgon In the Koadg; anil to attain tholr object they have, as usual, resorted to a flag of truce, nnd as 1 now write tho Lockwood is lyitg alongside or a little lug, with a white llag, above Cranoy lalarxl , and receiving such passengort and c dnmunica* lions as the rebois may send. The tug wm inclined, as usual, to dropdown with the tido to the Minnesota herself, but she hail not g'ot beyond Sewall's Point before a shot was llreil from the K. D. Forbes, which Implied her to turn her course, anil a second shot moved her up towards Newport News, when she came to an anchor, and was Communicated with by a tug sent ftvin the llugship. I presume that the rebels will understand, alter thi.i> that tlioy are to send no lings of truce for a given timo beyond Sewall's Point, at Ihe poi il of being ilred into. It U time that I hexe rcc nnoissaiic.es under white liags should Ooua ', if harsh measures are necessary to step tliem. If we mako a movement a little out of tho ordinary routine, or lire a salute of guns, or tost a h< avy piece of on! nonce, straightway a flag of truue passes around t-ew. ill's Point and boa s down with. In musket shot of the tleet, oomcs to an anchor iu such a manner that she may drift still further down, and when ?he has discharged one or two sin, w ocked soameu or wounded prisoners, of which they k epa good supply con stantly on hand for Ji.stsuch op|Mituueui <m. nls,sho upn anchor aud returns to Norfolk, having .u tamed her i b eet In the fullest manner. Tliuy arc j' a. n w hi a |iaiulul statu of uucertaiiity an i do bl as to the meaning of oertain at' lair* here, aud we must expect I wo or three liags u day wine a ship lies in thu harbor, union prompt aud Ann tu.'uau os are adopted to put a stop to it. Thu Bioanior 8. K. ."-padding leaves to n ght or to mor row mor.uug lor Hattonu Inlet, .-lie carries down seve ral pas. e.igers. among wh an is Major F etcher, Paymas ter, woo cart ics uough liens ieto pay ill i t.'ooj a sta tioned there up i > the 1st of 8 ptembe . Money is about as convenient there us it is in the Peso, t of Saba a, as the bsh- ruien are, or wore, ao badly frightened by the enemy that they do not dare to venture out to lish or sail down to the cam |* to sell their flah an 1 the few v gut.ihlej they raise. As there is now no sutler there, the W >> a tingle their money from one week to another, wllliui.t lessening their "pile," save by atti iti> n. It is a very good place to live in that reap, ci , and that only. If H ,t teras Inlet is to bo oocnpl -d, and aoything accmn pli.-hod this winter, light draught gunboats should bo scut there. Without tli. ni we ahull tiud ours Iv h cooped up on the lower end of the igiand, without a chance of gei ting on the mainlan I, or of holding our pot<iii n, maybe, on the joint itsolf. Ih re ii no opjiortiuiity for Ian t ojie rations in North Carolina until we roach the mainland, and to reach that we in at llrsl clear tho Sound of rebel gunboats, an t alio, wards keep It cioar, in older that o.ir aupplua may not be cut oir. Light draught gunboats are what aro Imrxratirely nodd ed, and tho sooni r they aro sent ih ; sooner a blow can be (truck. Let the Navy Depa trneiii la*e ihis tact into consideration. The Wabash, flagrhlp of Commodore Pupont, arrived jresterduy, and saluted Commodore tiol b-boroagh's b-oad pennant with thi.toon guns, which were returned by the Minnesota. She remains li it a day or two, and will then go South, when Commodore Dupont assumes comma .<1 of tho South Atlantic squadron. Acting Master Ji4iu 8. tllaichford, lutein command of the slop'ship I'heljm, h is been ordered te the l'eng in which leaves foi the o.lh on blockading service in a day or two. Naval aud army intedig nc ? is terribly scarce now-a-days in this department. Kvorything is <|iuet ? loo quiet, I ho|>e, to i.isl h ng ? and the correspondent's voca tion seems to bo aim st g< ne. Wo all hopo Tor more stirring times ..no of this data, and w.- c:ui afford to "wait a little longer" In view oi fair pioepccts. Just as I c.(*j a miniature Wluans segar steamer hns come iuto jiort, and a queer thing it is, too. What it is Tor we all rhall know oue ol these days. The Tempest tugboat tow .il it in, and it created no little amusement and excitement. Colonel Justin I'immirk, long commandant of Fortress Momoe, bus l>"en rile red to assume command oi Fort Wat run, IV st on ha. lior. Ho lenvos to-night, and as I write is marching to the bout, escoited by ihe Touth New York Volunteers, Colonel llemlix, and a host of frlonus who Will bid htm taicwell witti regret. Fort hens Moxnoa, Vs., Oct. 30, 1801. Dejwiurt of OoU Dimviick ? Seen et at Hit Departure ? Hit Su csaor ? Tlt? ""entk Regiment ? The Cnatt Guarti ? A Visit to Camp Hamilton ? Th' Third Rhoitt Island Regi meat ? Col. Sernll't Regimen' ? ProbaUe Vuil of Jejf. Davit to fforf tlk, <tc. , &c. , <tc. CW. Justin Oimmick, Third artillery , for six years put the commandant of ttiis post, loft last night, In obtdience to orders from iho War Dopartmeut, for Fort Warren, Bueton, of which bo is asiignel the command. His de parture was marked by the most enthusiastic, hearty and gratifying exhibition of the high esteem and regard in which he is hold by all the ofllcors aud soldiers In his command. The Tenth regiment, under Colonel Ikindix, the regulars and a company of the Const Guard turned out in full strength, he idod hy a band of music, hhd escorted him to the Baltimore boat. All the oltlcers of the garrison and a large number of friends In the ranks of the civilians nlso accompanied the gallant Colonel to the wharf. Having arrived at the wharf, the soldiers formed In two parallel lines, and the Colonel and his. friends pissed through, the troops j. resent ii g arms, ?mid the music of the b.jid and the chcors of tho large assemblage of spectators. Soon atter Colonel I'itnmlck wer.t on the boat lio stepped upon the upp?r dock, and bis appv iranr.e was the signal for the most enthusiastic cheers, which wore given with a will aga n and again. No greater honors could luvo been shown n gentleman than those which marked the departure of Colonel Dimmick. Ho has endeared hitns.lf to evory officer end man under hU command by his genial good nature, urbaue and gentler., jin'y tninners, bis high mili tary attainments, and tho unobtrusive manner In which he performed his arduous duties. Hit. absence wili be fell t y eio.y one who has had occasion to meet him. Major Rub 'g, of the artillery, an exporiencol officer and acc>>Mi>iihhed geutiem.ui, assumes command of the post. Tho Tout h regiment turned out In overcoats, and pre sented a most creditable appearance. I know o no regi ment which l.as exhib led a gr>-uier improvement in drill and appearance t'.an the Tenth. They are put through the evolutions of tho Hue, B-I. mt hirig drill, and the man ual of arms, daily, an I now r.mk set: nd to n <ie in these acc ompliatimeiits. The company from the Coast Uuard, under Captain Johitsi n,<ilso lonkol very well, aud evinood a marked proflcionqy in soldierly attainments. I virile l Camp Main lion to-day , aud found there every thing In tho best of order. The Third Kh xta Island, thnagh new soldiers, Is mads up of the n>. si excellent material. Tlioy are clothed In the b. Bt and most abundant manner, and present a very line appearance. They complnln loudly of the character of thn shoes furnished by the Rhode ls'and contractors. They are a most miserable article, and b-cumo worthless after wearing them a couple of w. eks. 1 h id so pp. wed that the th-i* m' Ulha' volunteers had suUbred euotigb from the villanour con tractors' si h met- of dishonesty and clvoting to teach those In authority the abs irdity of placing trust in their representations; but llso-flis th*l the scoundrelly c ?nlruc tors are not a:', dead yet, and thai a low live anion}' tlic food, honest Klexle Islauders yet, They will be furnish ?d with oth r and boiler shoes, without oost to Uiem ?elves, that th'-y may p;-rfo-m tholr duty without pain or exposure to inclement weather. Col, SorriU's regiment la encamped at Camp Hamilu n, temporarily. It is mode up of a line body of m n. officered by accomplished offi cers in their profession of engineers. Jeff Davis probably visited Norfolk and Craney Island to-day, as we heai d Crancy Island fire the usual salute given to Presidents. He was undoubtedly in a la gu ?termor wo saw, which steamed down the Kli^ibeth river below Craney island, aud returned, after taking a lo k ai allairsdowu this way. I fancy, if it was ,'cfT. , that he saw nothing that gave blm satisfaction in this direc tion. Foktrksm Monroi, Va., Oct 24, 1S61. The Naval Erpediti n ? Speculations at to lit DetinaJion ? Thrilling Sight in the Roadtlead by Moonlight ? .Vernation Deijxiii hit at Ilenanlt the Rattle at Neiup rt >Wio? ? I're cau'i ii of Major General Wool ? The Firtt Delaware Re giment in Camp ? Efficiency of the lentlr Rsjimen' , Colo nel John K. Dcndix? Election for C?npre*rmm in Vir ginia ? The Wttilner, itc. The only objocl of Interest at this place Is the concen tralinn of the monater float In Hampton Roads, at this | point, and speculations are rife among residents aud ! others as to the probable destination or tho expedition. ' However, all the guessing is of no avail; and even should ' the right place bo mentioned , It is not very likely thru any ! one that even did know would dare say It was right. Tho number ol vessels and strong: h of tho fleet must not b? stated, but jju may roet assured that so ponderous a naval expedition has never yet snllod from any port In the world. The immonse roadstead is completely lined with crafts ranging from a schooner to the monster frigate. The most beautiful sight ever witnessed was pre sen ted last evening. The terriflc gale which has been raging in thjp latU'id? "Inco last Saturday had al. most entirely abated last evening, and the waters became calm. At about half just nine o'clock tho moon shone out ia all her brilliancy, and the thousands of lights (lashing from tho tloel a'upoarcd like so many stars in a miniature firmament. Numerous per ?cji* endeavored to go and witness the scene; but the ? ar4 would allow no one to go to tho pier cioept a few privileged ones, of which your correspondent formed part. We all e*peoted thol the ex|>editton would Mil to day; but numberless little things have detained It , and before this reaches the roadom of the (Ilium the blow will probably have born already olfectuully struck. The despatch In yesterday morning's |wp >rs relating to a battle at Now|iort News astonished all at this place, ax It was the lirst hoard of the affair. When the de a I uttch came from the News to Major General Wool of a skirmish goist OB between a nMUBf patty and mniii rebol pickets I happened to be at the General's head quarters, and a subsequent despatch announced that the tight amounted to nothing more than tho loss of one mau on eur sice, who was taken prisoner, General Mansfield, however, received orders to bo prepared to proceed at once to the Ncwb in case this skirmish should bring ou a genera* engagement. But the ribois di I not seem to relish an attack at that particular time, and w ithdrew tlieir forces. Outsi ts of the Importance attachsd to tho naval expedition everything is quiet at the lort and at Camp Hamilton. . At the latter place wo have received an addition to oar forces in the shuoe of the First Delaware Volunteers, C?l. Andrews, who arrived fiom Baltimore on Monday, and were at once assigned to tho cmiinandol General Man- Hold. This regiment is the second iumishod by Liie little State of lelaware, and a tldrd lain the courso of format inn. Col. Andrews roports 1,000 men in bis charts, and hi point of equipment ami 71 Ay ique the regiment will rivui any th'it has y.-t taken up arms m dolonce of our government and constitutional liberty. Tho First I ela ware is encamped almost opposite to the Twentieth New York Volnnteeis, Col. Max Wehor. Tin Tenth regiment, Col. John K. Hendix,ls now one of the liest, pn b ibly, that New York bos sent out. Undergoing severe ditci piino and doiug ootisidi .dde heavy duty 111 garrison, llio command h is boor 1 to s' ch a state of perfection that the Tenth is th f..v< 1 it? of tho tomraanding Gene ral. Constant exertions el r ] li ndii have accompl 11-hed this wonderful change, and he m.iy well be proud of his ' 0 election for Congressman in this Stato is being h ( day, pursuant to a proclamation of Governor l'ierpout, at Wheeling. 'Ihernse ni.s to be no excitem nt attending the election, and from pro-cut appearances tho Hon. Joseph Sngar will be nlootod from this district, as there i:< n > opposition to him. Tho weather to-day is ttiO.it lovely, thuuir clear and bracing. This morning it was so odJ that blankets ami ovoi cats were in great demand. I wonder how tho F. K. V.'s will welcome o.d Jack Frost at Ibis early season of tho year. < Fohtrkns Mo.vRr.it, Oct. 25, 1811. The Grand Fleet Waiting far the (>ficer of the C< a t Sur vey? Tampering wilh a Fotwier Magazine at the Fort? lUi ft noissane* by Central Phelj*? Strict Itrderi tn He gard to Plundering and Peitroying Houses ? En'e-pri'e, of the Ailumt Express Comyxiny ? Soldiers' Wives A'ot All need to Visit this Plate? Winter CUthivg and blank et* for Our Tioojti , dr. , cfe. The grand expedition Las not jut sailed from thin point, owing to the nonarrlval of Colonel lloutoller, of the United States Coast Survey, who liu bjen telegraphed to, as I undorstatid tho Commodore wants him especially for the fleet. Before daylight tomorrow the road a tod will, no doubt, be clear of all tho vessels at present rendezvousing here, with the exception of those detach ed to this post for duty. In tho military lino nothing of Importance is stirring. On tie 23d instant a man was (eun tampering with one of the numerous magazines at tho fort, whilo the sontry was at tho other end; but ho vanished over the ramparts or to some other point lusido of tho fort before the sentinel could bring his piece to boar ii|>on tho intrudor. The amount of ammunition stored in tho fort must he fabulous, and one spark of Qre coming in contact with the saltpetre tho entire point, wlili all contained thereon, would bo among the things that once were. Had the daring rascal been caught in his designs upon the magazine hi? doom would have boon In evitable. The offer t, hi wover, has been salutary, Inas much as the guard at these places has been strongly augmented. Yesterday afternoon Oenoral I'helps mode a roconnois sance in force from Newport News, at th ' ho. id of about two thousand live hundred troops. He procoedod two miles beyond the output pickets, but met with no ob stacles. Had Jack Ma^ruder felt disposed to bring on an engagement ho ftad a glorious i pportunity , Inasmuch as he must have been iuformod ol tho movements of our troops by his scouts. But the rebels are evidently afraid to meet our boys ;? action, and are only happy In attack Ing small foraging or wooding parties when they are aware that the Union troops are outnumbered three to one. Tliis morning a wooding party, consisting of twin ty-six wagons and about live hundred of Colonel Carr's Second New York Volunteers, left Newport News. It is hardly possible that this forco will moet with any ob structions such as the Massachusetts men were beset Wilh a fow duys ago. Plundering of overy description seems to bo confined to the rebels solely ; but In order to put an effectual stop to Mid prevent the burning and plundering of houses by our troops, Geueral Wool has lssuod the fellow ing general order: ? GKNEKAI. ORDER? NO. 31. UkaI?;I AKTSHS 1 'KI'AHTMK.NT OP V I KGIMIA , 1 For > Rms Ml IHBI Oct. 24, 18fil j The pulling down, dismantling ami plundering of house* by auy person connected with the United States forces, within Hie limits of this department, aro (tositively for bidden, except by authority from these headquarters. Any person who U guilty of so doiug, or any officer who gives an order tn that effect, shall bo arrojtod, with a view to his being brought before a court martial for trial. By command of Mnjor General WOOL. Wm. 1). Winiri s, Assistant Adjutant General. Tlie election in tlila district yesterday resulted in the choice of Hon. Josoph 3egar as member of Congress. The whole number of votes |H>lled wnn tw n?y-elght, and bad It been generally known throughout tho district that an election was pending the returns would have boon con siderably heavier. The Adams Express Company is contributing greatly to the comfort and convenience of the soldiers. The im merse quantities of freight coming to tho soldiers and those connected wilh the squadron for tho expedition were all sent here by this company. Every morning since last Monday six or seven car loads of freight have been re ceived, and Mr. John I>. Sanborn chartered the steam tug Ociorarn and delivered the freight on board of tho consigned vessels. General Wool dees not think that ladles have any busi ness at a fert, or any whero else whero an engagement la liicoiy to bo had at any liour. He has therefore issued an order prohibiting ladies in general coming to this place, either in or outside of the fort. Tho fow ladles at present on a visit to their husbands will bo compelled to take tlieir departure from here In a. fow days, and no more allowed to land. The course of tho Major General Is greatly commend' d, as ladies can do no earthly good at such a place as this; ou the contrary, they are a great em barrassment. The weather is tolerably fair; still it Is apparent that winter is approaching fast. A great portion of winter olothiug for the soldiers has arrived from tho East, and In a few days our troops will b< amply clothod for the winter, arid supplied with an abundance or good and warm blankets. This fact alono should be un inducoment to the rebols to attack our fore s.lnordorto get Uv.ir blankets, for all "Sec-ssla" does i.ot boast blankets oucugh to supply one regiment for the wintar. Fortress Moxrok, Oct. 27, 1861. Grand Review <f lirig. Gen. Mansfield's Drigadf by Major General Wool and Staff? The First Delaware Regiment ? Po]iularity of Colonel A ndrews ? Dr. Eisenlord Rein* Jilted ? Surgeon of the Seventh Regiment N.w York Volunteers by Command of the President? DeserUrs from the Rebel Army ? They are Sent to the Rip Raps? Beggarly Condi Uon (f the Rebel Troops ? Rihigimts Services, <#c. , Ac. The review of Brigadier Genoral Mansfield's brigade, at (krap Hamilton, by Major General Wool and staff, yester day afternoon, waa a brilliant affair, and reflected great sredit upon all the regiments concerned therein. A little before three o'clock the Major Oenoral , accompanied by bin full staff, rod* over te Camp Hamilton, when the brigade was drawn up In lioe, the Twentieth regiment, In com mand cf Colonel Max Weber, occupying the post of honort boing on the right, and the Union Coast Guard, Colone1 Wardrop, on the loft. The General was accompanied by the folkiwing officers: ? Brigadier General Mansfield, Col. Oram, chief staff ofllcor, Colonel John K. Bendix, Tenth regiment; Adjutant General Wm. B. Whipple, M^lor Wm. P. Jones, our cfllciout Provost Marshal; Captain Oar laud and Captain Jay. General Mansfield's staff con soled of Captain Byer, Br. Gilbort, brigade surgeon, and Captain Brake DcKay. Numerous evolutions wore gone through, and at Its close the Major General expreneil himself highly satisfactory at the proficiency of the troops, especially tl.ose of Colonol Weber's cem" mand. The first I Delaware r gimont was aot In tho pa rade, owing to soma misapprehension of the orders issued This regiment, which is tho latest arrival here, is as flno a cor|>s as have yet been mustered Into the service, bo tug composed, as a maor part, of tho First Delaware regiment, who done service as three mouths volunteers at the commencement of our present difficulties. Colone1 Andrews is a splendid officer, and succeeds Colonol Lock" wood, tho former commander of tho First Delaware, tho 'atter having been created a Brigadier General. Such ly the confidence roamed in the former, that lie hns been already appointed ['resident of tho General Court Martial, to OWIWM a the lort next week. Ijuit month 1 n-entloi is the case of Br Fisen'ord, late surgcou of tho Seventh regiment Volunteers, who was tried by a general court ma' tin! on the 20th ultimo, and sentenced to be cashiered. The charge preferred against him \y-is, " conduct unbecoming an officer auil a gentle m-n. ' The specifications were, that ou or about the Oth of June, Br. E. took i wo single dollar bills out of a b iroau drawer at a Mr. West's f.n m, which placo was at that time used as a hospital for tho Seventh regiment, wi.ho t rcturnii g said bilis. The charge and sprc.ilca te ns were proven, and by General Order No. 18, l>r. t.s. iik rd was dismissed the service. This morning's ?wil brought the following letter to General Wool:? AWITANT GCMKRAI S OFVKH, \ WAsHixunm, Oct. 26, 1881. J Ma or General Job* F. Wool, Commanding Department of Virginia, Fortress Monroe, Va. Gbvkral ? The President directs that Br. Eisenlord, late Surgeon of theScvrnih regiment New York Volunteers be reinstated in his position as such. I am vary respect fully , your obedient set vant , U THOMAS, AdJ?;t>nt General, Tills is all that tho note contained, without any direo tlon as regards the appointment of another efficient doc tor to the regiment, who has already served some five weeks, and w ho is to bu ousted st tho stv rtest possible notice. Hero a tocrt martial, composed of Intelligent officers, find a complaint made ngriinst an officer authenti cated. the court renders it? verdict, and the General com mon ting the department approves the verdict. But _U? ('resident, tkiublkw pi eased b ? some prominent - ? ? politicking, reverses tlwt verdict, and, without ny aim men t, reinstates the oomplalned of individual. However; the l'rcsldent must Icuow better than I do what la projior at all events, the army regulations confer on him the power of reatitutiou to rank. 81111, the example Is not very animating to the raon, and the position of an ollieer in the regiment from which ha wu ousted cannot be very enviable, We have also had two deserters from the rebel camp at Big Bethel, who came to the outer pickets of lieneral lhelp'g brigade at Newport News. This morning tha steamboat Kxpress, plying between here and the lust mentioned station, brought them to the fort lu charge of a guard, who delivered tliein over to the tender morcies of I'rovofit Marshal Jor.es. The statement these men give Is verj contradictory and not to be relied on. They say that the rebel force of about 7. OKI men Is Intrenched at Big Bethel; that it has plenty of artillery and ammuni tion, but that clothing Is very scarce. I should judge tha s ime thing from their seedy ap|K?? ranee. lien. I'ltelp* si lit the following letter to (ien. Wool, explanatory of the appearance of the prisoners at the plcki t station: ? CiMy Bi'Tutu, Niwpoht New h, Va., Oct. 26, 1M1. Cript. Wm. I). Vmrru, Assistant Adjutant (j.nora!, FortrcM Monroe, Va : ? Sm ? Two men have come in to our pickets to-night, aud I shall send them tomorrow morning. Their names uro Wm. Dennis and Andrew Sinnrs-t, and they say that they belonged to tlio Tenth regiment of Georgia Volunteers, nr? ouiie from Bethel this mm nin.:, where thorn arc several thousand trooi ?, Introncbuu n:*, with arlillei y , fcc. , &r. , the troops being ocupled at present In ervoklrj log hut*. I am, sir, very respectfully, your ebedleul servant, J- W. THEM'S, Briradier (ietieral Commanding. The deserters wore well treated, and, lor belter ?e>:u rlty, wore rent to that delightful residence oppmite to tho fort, and known as the Bl|) Raps. General Wool MVS lie will be compelled to clothe them to hide their naked ness. B. fore the weather g ts mm h colder It is the general Impression that more deserters from the rebel ranks will join rs, us the supply of clothing and blankets is as small itn their pretensions for a nioro Independent form of government. If Jack Mugrud r does not clothe and take cure of his mnn belter than tliey are treated at present, his l>o. st of a battle with our lr<>0|? will end In smoke, with very little powder and ball to make It. Hungry and na ked men won't light ; and tho contrast between our ro b stand well e!? I volunteers and the rebel moh railing tremselves Confederate soldi. rs Is apparent, an I, no doubt, chafe tho dl.salfS-cted robots to the core, in uot being provided equally as well. The 8 ibbalh p issed off very quiet, religious sot vices having been p u formed in tho fort ch.i|iel and by all the regimental chaplains of the division. OUR NEWPORT NEWS CORRESPONDENCE. Camp Butli:k, Nkwport Nbws, Va., Out. 20, 1MJ1. Quirt All Routu! ? A Scouting Adventure ? Nenct from Richm nd?What the Desjta'ch Saw? Climate and In artvm the Word Entmiet if the South ? "Look on Tt.it I'ii ture and on That" ? Sale by Auction Down South ? Api"tinlmenti on Ceneral 1'hdj*' Staff, <fc. , <tc. Sluco my Lib i Idler quietness has "reigned supreme" In this neighborhood. 1 have omitted to Dion lion that a scouting party of tho Seventh Now York Volunteers on Sunday last , about Ave miles from enmp, met with a pa i ty of rebel cavalry and fired upon them. Ono of them was soen to throw up his arms and then fall forward upon his hor:-e,as If severely wounded; but the exact statn of the case could not be ascertained, aa the whole party rapidly wlthdrow, without showing tho least in clination to givo battlo, although the number or their force was not much out of proportion to ours. On tho following day Captain Silvio, of Company A, First Now York VolunLoors, in command of a scouting party, found near the same spot a bovvie knife and a Sharp's riflo> which he brought with him into camp as an evidence of tho sudden flight of these "gentlemen of tho road," us they very properly Htylod thomsolves. An officer of the First New York Volunteers found yesterday, several miles from camp, a copy of tho Rich mood Detpahh of Friday, Oct. 11. I copy from it the following editorial, which corroborates tho statemonls made by all tho contrabands who have (led from the rebel battorios in this neighborhood as to the amount of suffering from disease:? Oi r Worst Kxbmibs. ? The meet dangerous enemies whom thoSoulh liave to four are disease, climate and inac tion. The public eye is flxed upon tho armed host of in voders a* tho princi|>al object of concern, when, in fact, tho grand army Is one of the smallest d:utgors wo have to appn li nd. I. very military roan understands the vast importance of an efficient system of supplying proper food and clothing to soldiers, and of taking the most effec tual measures to prevent disease. All the great com mander* of the world havo looked to these departments with ax much solicitude and energy as to the battle field, nevor failing to rocgnlso and act u; on the principle that the most destructive enemies of the soldier are to bo found in liis own camp. The Ooufederato army has now nearly finished a summer campaign, in which tho battlo of Manassas was merely an episode, not to bo compared in its tragic features to tho silent ami deadly struggles with sickness and privation which constitute tho roul battles of every war. We cannot ox pec t our gallant sol. diers to triumph over disease and elimato, and we confess we look forward to the coming winter with the most pro found solicitude that measures should be Immediately taken for tho |*csorvation of tho health and comfort of the army. We learn that there Is already great sufloring among our noble volunteers in Western Virginia, a bleak and variable climate, where tho winter sots in early, and whore the difficulties of transportation would soein to require the must prompt and systematic preparation for the supply, shelter and clothing of our troops. Iho subject is oue of vital and pressing Importance. With what sincere satisfaction do we look from this picture to the beauty and hoalthiness of our own camp. During the five months that this poet has been occupied by Union soldiers there has not occurred more than half a dozen deaths from disease. This is owing, not only to our close proximity to the rivor and the oxcollent drink ing water which wo have In abundance, but to the clean liness of tho enmp, and to tho fact that the soldiers are kept in constant employment. Nothing breeds disease sooner in this moist and variable climate than that "gen tlemanly" laziness which distinguishes a Southern sold lor. While I havo tho loan of the abeve mentioned Rich mond paper I cannot forbear to copy tho following auc tion notice: ? Sikgsant's Half ? Iu pursuance of an order of tho Hust ings Court, of the city of Richmond, made on tlie 18th of August, 1861, 1 will sell to the highest blddor, for cash, la front of the City Hall, on Monday, the 14th day of October, 1S81 (that being court day), a very likely free man named Washington Drown, ordered by said court to be sold into absolute slavery for remaining in the Com monwealth contrary to law. THOMAS If. DUDLEY, Sergeant of Richmond. This is an exact copy of the advert isomont. It Is very likely that this "very likely freeman, named Washing ton" lias his peculiar Mens of the words "common wealth" and "Southern independence." lly gonernl orders No. 27, datoit headquarters, Depart ment of Virginia, Octobor 18, Major Wm. P. Jones, Aid do-Camp, has been appoint. <1 Chief Provost Marshal of the department. No passes will iu future be granted to perrons visiting tbeso camps merely for pleasure or to gratify- curiosity. The following are tho appointments which havo so far been madoon Ocneral Phelps' staff:? Aide do Camp ? Christian T. Christons.-n, of Newport, Lieutenant of Volunteers and Acting Provost Marshal of Camp, Dutler. Assistant Adjudant General? Captain Hiram Stevens, of Vermont. Commissary of Subsistence? Captain Bowdlsh,of Ver mont. Brigade Sargaon? Dr. JosUh Curtis, of Massachusetts. OUR NAVAL CORRESPONDENCE. 05 Hoard United Statu Transport Alraht, ) Amcuohxd Or* Fortkssb Monror, Oct. 20, 1861. j Pasting the Rebel Ilatieriet? Activity of the Rebels? Large Numler of Vettelt Waiting to Go Up, <tc. , <?c. We passed the battcrlos on the Potomac river in a fbg? without serious injury jand Captain Chadsey Is constrain ed to think that every available point between Indian Bead and Aquia Creok Is fortified? well or othorwlae. Without knowing It (being in a dense fog and the moon behind a cloud), we run rather closo to the Virginia shore and all along botweon the two points montlonod above, wo heard distinctly an occasional discharge of musketry tho boating of drums and, apparently, Incessant bugle sounds. A largo number of sail vessels wore at anchor off Indian Head, waiting to go down, and near Smith Point we counted thirty vessols, waiting to go up, besides two or throe gunboats. During tho night the rebels fired on several vessels In our sight. THE RIIODE ISLAND DEFENCES. The Providence Journal, discussing the question of har bor defences, says: ? In case of a war, there is no i?int which an enemy would be so desirous to secure as a large and safe harbor, as a rendezvous for their fleets and armi"S. Rhode Island was one of the first points to alack at (lie breaking out of tho revolution. Our waters are always accessible. They aie, besides, more coavonient for an enemy thau any other harbor on our const. Ships j ?of tho largest burthen can onler them at all seasons of : the year. Moreover, they are very c nvenient to Hall fax, the West Indies, Ilermuda and tho European coast. We are not certain, therefore, wIv iIkt a loreign enemy : might not first ponnco upon us, instead of encountering j the formidable batteries guarding New York. Fort Adams I alone guards tho entrance to Newjort harbor. Nothing I ; prot cts the cast or west pas-sages. A llect might sail up ; | the wr- t passage and quietly anchor near Prudence Island 1 without receiving a single shot, or meeting with any ob j struelk'ii. They could not so easily come up thooast pas I sago, although a llect might entor thero a nbort distunes , j and land a large force. Th? Santa Rosa Affair. THR BR8CUK OK TUB HKOIMBNTAL OOl.OftS? l.RTTEtt I FKOM COLONEL WM. WILSON. TO THE SIlllOR OP TI1B IIKRAI.D. Sixth Rboimbnt N. Y. S. VoLPJcrRBRS, \ Cakp Browh, Oct 16,1861. j The beautlfut colors which our regiment received from the hands of our friends in Now York were saved by Adjutant James J. Heary. The rebels had already sur rounded my quarters, when tho Adjutant rushed in and rescued them from falling Into the han le of the rebels, who were already settii g the tents en Are. It was a narrow escape for him; tho rebels fired al ter and followed him for some half or throe quarters of a mile, until be took to a swamp and vanished out oi their sight. That we shall always ondeavor to save those dear tokens de li vered over to us by our Isdy friends, and which are the insignia of our belov d coentry. at the risk of anything, nsod hardly be mentioned. 1 am yours, truly,

WM WHJjON,Oolooel Oommsndln^. THE LOWER POTOMAC. oun LOWER l*OTOMAO OOItimUH)NPENOB, Umtu Statss Htsmsu V awkmk, i?v? Uuun Huu, ) Puroiuo Hit k.H, October 24, t?#l. f The Tinker VMtl MitUauvmun Vretk ?Ait JiUvwrtti* on Shore ? A Long March mi I a Ihtlu /fiiJj? Br ftnaJiynwl Infantry Kyimmti ? .Wi/i.Miy ? Put il? Attack of l> t he I SUaincr Pa^-e on Our Tr?op??An tftuNCMN /u/ ^ ..mpt at Landing ? 4 Tartar JVnuily Ouur/Ai ? fb?lith Act of a Soldier ? //it Shock Hty J'tath, and the ll autuhn./ af Hit Cvmrattm, itc. , Ui . , rfc. this morning, artor breakfast, Captain Eastman recolv oil orders from I be Commodore to proceed tu Mattawo man creek, taking tho Reliance and Rcsoluta with him, to visit the enrampmont of the Union troop* la the neighborhood, and communicate something to tho commanding ofllcer, which must remain asocret for tho pritant. Accordingly, we wore soon s< andii g down tho river, and in a short tlm# Ciu>t anchor In MW.jwoman creek. Captain Em (man ordered the gig lobe manned and the crew to be armed, and, thus oqulp pod, we wcut on shore, running the boat up on tho beach. She was nftorwards eocured, however, to a walcrfenc* that riui about a hundred yards Into thecrcek. W e tin n pro ceded to examine the lay or the laud, in order todlscuvor gome road loading to Budd's Ferry, further down tho rivor. Wo soon found scvorul negroes driving an ox wagon along a road skirting a cornlleld. I boy readily gave us the desired Information; but whether Uioy de signedly misled us, or we misunderstood their not very luminous direction, we described a considerable circuit, instead of going direct. Passing through a wood of young pint's, Interspersed with scrubby oak, with bore and there a troo of larger growth, whose glowing tints, from bright gold through all the gradations or pink, scarlet and crimson, counseled boautifully with the dark greou of tl?e pinft*, wo emerged Into Eome open fields, where we found the persimmon laden with lis golden fruit, and only waiting for tho first frost to ripen. A group of nepro cabins attractod our at ntion, and Captain Eastman sent one of our forco to bring any of the Inmates to bo found to him. The man soon returned with au old nogro man and two boys, one a mulatto. Tho old follow readi. ly consented to pilot us to the cavalry encampmont near Budd's Kerry; but as the boys were equally acquainted with the locality, wo employed them. Passing through some cornfields, ready for the harvest, our guides brought us to the residence of an oldei ly white man, who informed us that the camp was only a hundred and flrty yards off, at the same time telling us we wero on tho right track, which we afterwards found to b? correct. A little beyond tho old man's house, on a gentle acclivity, was a group of houses of groater pretensions Captain Eastman here called a halt, as he deemed It prudent to bo cautloua In our approach to tho camp, lest wo might be mistaken Tor enemies, and bo fired at by our own friends. To a request from Captain Eastman, the master of the house? a somewhat stout, farmer-looking man? accompanied by a visitor, leading bis horse by tho bridle, came down tho hill and accompanied us to tho cimp. While wo wero waiting for these gentlemen, we caught a glimpse of some soldiers through the Intervening trees? a musket having been previously discharged in that direction. We learned afterwards that the com manding ofltcer of the cavalry had b"on Informed by a picket of the approach ot a small party of rebels, for which he took us? the naval uniform not being fami liar to tho Western lad. We round the cavalry oucampm nt In an open field, close to another of ripe corn, and a few rods from Mr. l'osey's house, at Budd's Ferry. Tli' s.ildiors wero bivou acking in tho open air, for the.tents were lying ou the ground, not having yet beon erected. Near by wore several packages, containing the soldiers* rations and their camp necessaries. It was tho dinner hour, and Captain , or tho First Indiana cavalry, by whom we wore courteously received, invited us to partako < Tsol dier's tare, and as a march of live or six miles had sharp ened our appetites, wo readily compiled. Nor were tho seamen forgotten. They had b-eu haltod outside ti e camp, but on receiving tho Invitation thoy were lurch ed insido the enclosure, under tho command of Master's Mate lAwrcnco, and for a few minutes wo were all doep'y omraged in the discussion of a good dinner. Previous to Bitting down to tho meal, wo had a full view or tho batteries at Shipping l"oint and beyond, with tho robol steamer Ceoigo lying at anchor undor the guns ftt^ita'i'"^? ? ?lnrormed us where the Sickles Brlgado wore onoamped, and kindly offered Captain Eastman and your correspondent horsoB to take us there, and to ac company us himself, and as we no louger required the seamen being fully assured that no onoiny was In tho neighbo'i hood , they were seut back to tho boat , under the command of Mr. Lawrence. M unting our horses, and attended bjr an orderly, we were soon rn route for the encampment of the Third New York Volunteers, under the command of Colonel Taylor. A rl !e of four mUes through pines, oaks and other trees, evergroen and deciduous, brought us to the camp, situ ated on a slightly rising ground, at the foot ot which ripple 1 a purling brook. The sceno was oxtremely plc turesoufl, the white tents or the soldiers affording an agreeable reller to the autumnal hues of tho foliage of the surrounding forest. Captain East man's business wss soon transacted with Colonel Taylor when we again mounted and set out on our return to the point whence we started. But it was no easy mattor, in such a labyrinth of bridle tracks, to find ihe locality, for wo brought up on tho beach a lone way above tho place where we landed, and alter crossing a small arm of tho creek, up to- the horses' knees we wore prevented from proceeding rurther in this direction by the muddy nature or tho ground, and were compcllod to strike inland for another road. At length, after numerous mistakes and briugings up on high procipitous banks, overlooking the creok, we found our landing place, but the boat was gone. Concluding thai Mr. Ijawrence was In search ot us along the shore, Captain Eiisiman signalled the Yaukeo ror another boat, which camootrtn a heavy sea. when, taking leave or our military friends, whose number bad boon augmented by several of the cavalry plckot, we returned on board, where wo were soon joined by the crow of the other boat, and a short tini" aftor we weighed, and onco more stood up the river towards our anchoring ground, closely followed by the Reliance and tho Resolute, and arrived at about hali-4>ast four o'clock without any rurtlier Incident. We learned, during our visit to the cavalry encamp ment that the nine shots we hoard rrom the rivor yester day wore not rrom th? batteries but rrom tho Pago. Pho was full or rebel troops, and was audacious enough to lower a boat off Rudd's Ferry, for the purpose of landing them. Our troops wore, howevor, prepared for them, and anxiously awaited their landing. One man, however, Incautiously showed himself, upon which the rebels took the alarm, and the boat very prudently put back. Tho Page, took up a position and threw in nine shells, but ror I tunately hit none or our troops. One shell, however, I wcut through the corner or Mr. Posey's house. But though the shells in their flight did no injury to our men ono of them, belonging to tho New YorkThfrd Volunteers, caused his own ileath and the serious wound ing of several or his comrades? soma or whom are likely to dio? through his own stupendous roily in playing with one ot these dangerous missiles. A shell or largo calihre had beon round, when, tho cap being taken olf, about a pint and a hair or powder was taken from the cavity. The unfortunate man, opposing the ?hell was empty, actually put a live coal Into it, upon which It exploded with a loud noise in the midst or a group who wore examining it with much interest and curiosity. The rragmen is scattered all round, wounding no fewer than twelvo? five or them sm etrterely that the man who did tho mischief died shortly artsr ; one more is probably dead by this time, and three more are not ex pected to survivo. An occurrence like this can scwcely bo placed among tho catonory of accidents. It is bad 1 enough to be blown to pieces by the enomy in tbo ordl anry way or business, but there is something inexpressi bly "hocking in such a death as that I have described. Traitors are abroad on the Maryland shertv Last night three signal lights wore seen flashing up in succession from a certain house, and they wore answered rrom the Vir ginia shoro. . ... I was amused at a romark by tho orderly who accom panied us to-day. He was the man who gave notice in the cavalry encampment of our approach. He said he did not like our looks at all. I wss not awars that our appearance was so ferocious. Unotto Statis Stkamkr Ya*kf.s, orr India* Hbah, \ I'otomac Rivbh, Oct. 2#, 1881. J The Battery at Mathiat Point a Myth ? Running the. Iilcc^ ode ? Pari of the Flotilla Return to Aipiia Creek ? Widh qf the. River at Shipping Point ? Easy Chair Critics? A Sttggetlicn ? Vilit nf Auistant Serretcry Fax to thr Com modore ? Commodore Craven Find the Sickle t Encamp ment, tfe. , dc. , -tc. After all it seems that th? eighteen Run buttery raid to havo been erected by tho rebels at Matliiiw Point is a myth. I hardly believed it, and tnerefore did not tele graph Information of It* existence, though I seemed to tnfce It for granted in a subsequent communication. Your Washington corroK|<ondr nt actod with Judgment, In ac cordance with tl.o Information ho rocelvod, in apprising jo* of the oxlstonce of such a battery. It (teems that what wan taken ft* a battery by which the Freeborn was attacked wwe some pieces of flying artillery, which wcro removed ss soon as the Freeborn got out of range. The nature of tho ground scarcely admits of tho erection of a battory, and if ono should bo erected thero it would ba oaslly carriod by an enfilading lire from bnb ?idol of tho point, l o this us it may, every now and then a sclioonor passes by, and oven runs the gnuntlet of tho batteries that do exist at Ship ping Point without being molested. More than this, yes terday the Union, Freeborn, Icoboat and oth< r vessels that had run down from Aijuia creck and Wade's Ray, and anchored off Lower Cedar Point, passed the imaginary battery at Mathlas Point, and are now snugly lying ul thtir old anchoring ground. By this munceuvro the rebel steamer Ceorgo Page is caught like a rat in a trap. Slit lies at tho ontranco. to Quantlco creck, a far worse position than Aquiaoreok. She can nci hor move up nor down, and theroforo amud-s hersolf by throwing nn occasional shell over towards Build's Ferry, all of which fall harmlessly enoi gh. She sert, over her compliments this evenii g in tho form o. oij;ht shells, with what oiled I am unablo to state. Wo aic in no h'irry, but are willing to await our lotsure to either destroy or capture bar, as may be most exjxtdlojit. Id the name of a'l that in stupid, cannot certain news |M|n<! guutli m?n ki uji quiet about aubiecta of which Ihuy a> ? Iguorantr Una ? f th >? geuliu -a ridioules tho idea of thu river being only out' mile und throe quarters wide at Shipping I "unit. lie authoritatively lay* it down as being ffiir mdes wtili*, Hint deduces from this errone ous p<>?uilal<i thul the enemy's shot from Shipping IVint can do ve.y li.ltle' dntuage over on the 11 try land chore. 1 ma. It* it one mile und three quart. r?. It a ems, however, that 1 wa* wrong, hut on ih? oiiirr lai k. < apiaiu Williams, of tho Topographical bjigliiotis. made a trig otiotm H ii .U survey of tho spot yes Utiduy , wbeu me river w oe tiioro found to b'. not one aud Hutu qua tern, hut one and onequa 'tor nille. l'osey's hoi k o , Rome what iitlnixl , Is one mile and three-quarters from l lie neureat buttery. No wonder then that a tdiell went through hi? house. If projectiles can hardly roach, how oomeS It Hint they are cot hi mtly !>? ing dug up in M>ti y lauur l et me make a suggestion to these parlor aud e.ftay chair ci l? i<-? ? tt m to r* n belweon the two shores dtirn g n cannonade and Judge for themselves. It i* the easiest tbiug In the world to sit down, nfter a good diuner and your pint o f claret, ami dogmatlca ly de cide whut wus an i what was not ? what th >uld have Ixjen and should not ha\o been done by a naval commander exposed to a heavy lire; tn.t It is a dllleretit thing to know how to act. and to aeo whalotctirs when you are under lire youiself. It haa been roundly a vei led thul no chaiu was strotchod aciot-s tho channel (1 never sai l thu river, mark you) when the Honolulu ran the ga mtlel the other day, with two schoonei a in tow ; aud I lie prool id. Homo person or other did m>t see tt. It Ik an If half ft dozen witnesses sbou'd swear that they saw Hrown strike Smith, and the Judge should dis miss tin c tnplniul because Jones, wle *e back happened to bo nmrd on tho parties, testifies that bo did not see the blow given. Of course, n -body saw the chum, nol even the commander of the Resolute, una he never r aid he did. Rut let us reject the vhain story alto gether, is it not ungenerous, not to say spiteful, to snev at ( apt. Foster for "sandwiching" bis steamer b. tw'en two hay vessels? Capt. Foster was ordered by hla Supe rior to tow up the two n pi is, anu I wouki like tb kucw how he was to perform that duty in a narrow ciianr,<j) und right undei si* miles of formidable batteries. taking one in each side? Sulllce It to say , lie beuutlfil lltt'e steamer to the United State* and' one of the senders and suffice it, too that ^ autbo. rity In the flotilla say*, if tapl. _ osl ,r ,1J(1 ?lld,..lvorud lo Bave the buy schooner be h \ebnen sunk with the otlu-i avhooner by llio^ebel batteries. This is no random a*- & rtiun, obtained ut second Lam I, but I sj;oak by the card. In a word, Caiit. Fostar acted precisely as his highest superior would have none. Tills matter settled, what docs it mutter whether tho schooner separated from the ste.unor through the obstruction o: a chain or tho Cutting of the hnWPer tiy a nhotf 1 bore is un. tber fact for consideration. It is settled that the ri\6r at Shipping l'oint is on y one and a quarter milo tciosH. Well, as the wute.' thou s i.bo't cue-third from the Maryland shore, It follows tnnt th>- Itesoluto was, at fu'th'sl.thieu-uuai tcrs ol a tu He front the bat ter i s. This was the position of the 1 uw eo wli jn she ran the gauntlet. '1 he Yankee was not m ? h ia> * Ii. r otf, and it had bean arranged that tho I'awnee slio ild not rett>iu thu lire Miloss she wasdisabled, upon ulduli the Ymikeo wus to open Hro so as to draw the lire of the battel it sl'rom tho l'awnee. Assistuut Secretary K'<x, arc"mi>nnlad by two cavalry officers, rotle to the beach yesterday opposite where we ar e lying. A boat was rent from the Harriet tano and Uok them on board, where they had an interview with Commodore Ci aven. Thcofllueis left on horseback, but Mr Kox went up lo Wuslimglon on tho Reliance. This nit rning Commodore GYaveu came on board the Yu kee, when she proceeded to Mutawoman creek, wfiiTO tho fVinimodoie went on shore, aeconi|>auied by Captain Kastman, and visited tho eucumi'ment of the Sickles brigade. IMPROVEMENTS IN OUR ARMY HOSPITALS. OUll WASHINGTON CORKESl'ONDKNCK. Washington, Oct. 22, 1861. The Army HotpitaU in and Around IKo Mngton-Condi linn nf Regimental Iluijiilals in the Encam,mnU-Lack of Malt Attendant*? Sylendid Hew HoijHal Buddings to U Immediately Erected- Form* of Burial in Cate of De ceatcd Soldiers-Each Fallen Soldier'* Grave to be Harked Wllh a Ileadstone and a Suitable Inscription, dc. Ani'irg the commondable movomenU connected with this war which donor vo especial mention aro tho arrange ments contemplated, and, indeed, already being actively carried out by our government, to tenderly caro for the sick and wounded soldiers of our army, and to suitably mark iho hist resting place of those noble volunteers who dlo by di.soa.se, or who, whilo engaged in suppressing the rebellion, shall hereafter fall on the field of honor. in an I around Washington there aro eight genoral ho? nitals for our sick and wounded soldier., besides the hos i.ital in iho Patent Office building, usod by tho Nineteenth Indiana regiment, and the general one at Annapolis. In the nine there aro now about one thousand ,atient?. That at Annaiolis constitutes a sort of a safety valve for the oihers and contalus about five hundred more. Its ?lu briouH situation renders It a more deelrable place partlcu larly for convalescents. Hence patient. are s. nt thero a. ?oon as their condition will safely permit their removal. Besides ttosc which I have mentioned, there are some eases in each or the regimontal or tent hospitals in the various encampments. The number of beds pre patients in the hospital. In Washington and vicinity is less than two thousand; but our goternment i. fully awakened to the importance of providing a suffl. cient number to accommodate all the sick soldiers In the regimontal hospitals, as soon as tho Inclemency of the approaching winter season rendo: s It expedient to remove tnern Tho number of .Ick in all the regimental hospital. considerably exceed, that In tho general one. in ton Though most of the regiment, are remarkably free from dlFcr.se, yet thero are a few-like the Indiana Nine. tecnth for instance, which has about one hundred and fifty on tho sick list-that are suffering somewhat soverely from malarious fever.. Typhoid fevor Is the most fatal ... ???? i? ,rmv ho,jltalB. The rarlou. formn or mala disoaso In army i ^ indigenous to thom. The ? of our encampment* are found to be in a? is the case In a fow isolated ln ItlncM caireieM commanders and negligent soldiers allow S ? augment the evil, the result, you will n!!rre^ve nvust prove decidedly disastrous. Sit cause for complaint is tho exception not the r,,Vo I have seen more reason to commend tl.an U> condemn. Con Uuttcrficld'. brigade is pleasantly located tdTcW. aro well ananged and .aye. intended. The Iw ho rhi <f othor brigade a ?mmanaerg. Camps KTa, . that of Colonel Wilson's Massachusetts Twenty" second reginaentrwhich went out a week ago ye. terdav to it. encampment, aro almost entirely safe fro? I ik > tail 4 of malaria. l<argo ventilators, with slidiug Bhat^B a^rcTirfre? circulation of fro-h air, while th, Wnt. thomsclve. occupy m ich more si ace than is re ^"lt^a ? plea.i* g'fwst that^for 'gome time punt the condl .1 hi. nutate has boeti constantly improving. More SsSSJiSfSS ewsssa I" all the ho.prt.il., so far ^ a-<iuois' disinterested labors of tho women are as the arduous, dismieres pause to pratoe them. X ; sy mpa tb ize w !th the aring will apprecl . ^r^VHCF But th.re la a delicncy In the uum k r S i'! '?. of the?o it ia necessary to have bor of ma . itau X)io deficiency occurs from tho ^ t tTt s' lS er^ the army to fight are re , , ..f 8 .. t as nurses and the army regulation, provide KSStha. soldiers detailed for such be observed that, with tho oxooptk?oft h. ??. in.r<rt?it of thews is the Columbia Coliego Hospital, on i "S."? JSM? " SwwM-i ft* rr?r n6W St taSrt five thousand patient*. Tho JlrofiillY main rod by the mombers of tho Sani- | plauH,Mcaro y ^ide ihjU oach pal tout shall have , wry 6>mmiMi I*f Air soaoe and every convenience for 1-760rC^1.Cnrtf .aretv^ thatch? best medical sk.ll caa cemfort and s y ^ v. groulw 0r build ?eV F?^h .roup will accommodate '20o patients, and ings. ?ch ?r up ^ building, connected by a eachward wil be P ho ^ Sites are now b sing con-.dw wrth'h^.th vlclnityof Washington, .pec ial .elected for them in ??lubritj of their situa srsfaSlSSjwSi ksa a. wounded idlers. ? kindred subject, and I will , A the government closp. 1 nrewraiionstoproperly m irk iho grave. was also making prepara^ > ^ler. who shall die of dis of our regular and wtantw ewaie"^ p)aQ ^ thls _Tb? ?"e ?r ^ '^toneral, In ac.x?rdance wi h s .ggostlon. of Quartermaster ? has had prepared forms of re the Sanitary Oommiss ? xi,ese arc bound in book., cord of death Rn<l '?^ , f ,hP deceased soldier, sha". bo In order that ^'e"d'^%,?r,lSare important enabled Ileal ion. To facilitate that end the Tor purposes of indcn j ( g muFt prc.Mrveoneoopy of hoepltal in which the . unmcdiateiy transmitted the record. A dupllUaw ? ^ Wfl>h|nKl us tlie to tho office woui<| be more permanent thanthoso records of thai-oinc C,,meturic. Whenever a military <>f the hospitals or ate ccmewrie^wj (Utf r#co.(l!l are hoguiUl ^"['^^ ^rgoon General's ofllce in Washing all to be sent t? ? th-s . K chlirthPS or of miliUry or other ton. b'extors. whether or Murcnrav^ w{,,cll) hk? public comoterus, accessible to the friei ds of the th ' others, I. always to ,locoas,-d soMier. dee?ased. ^ a . c. netencB m ^ tUrvt the burials are interred , iho rog regular Rerlo.,occupyUig should, if poMlb le. w prmuigcuou.ly burled, mSSZ! ki. w ? nr"nr?!Smr;???r'ib.?,.? " inmander of the K " duties of the soxt'-ii Arrai ij, baUi,. field, wh?re such proper and separate b irla s h board of cedar Is practicable. A durab le tabl .o sol w.id,wiiha.ulUb.elD?*l|?o?. w.l J ^ ^ (.em0 di. ?? ? "err,V0:^ Sffi. an excellent id,*, and tery ... "" - to furvlving relative. I wHlbe B'iw ' fu?Uod to mourn the Iom of tho and friends "h- ?. nalieu w - loved and the lamei ? Albjiitt, Oct. 2T, 1881. The National Union Cen.mlt'efc, the old Ame icanor gai.i7ati(?, met here Saturday ev ening and sdoptcjl the whole democratic Stato ticket, ox. t pt Wright, for whom they s >1 .litiite<l Tallmadge. Thf aWo endorsed the nom, nation of Theo. Miller for >luat' ? jf tho Supreme Court. OUR 8EACOAST ANT) IIArBOIt DEFENCES. TO Til* KDITOK OP THK HKKAL0. The Secretary of Bute having recommended the for tlfieatlon of our seaports, In anticipation of trouble with foreign Powers, it will be Interesting to inform ourselves of tho strength of scacoast defences, of their power to re.siat the attacks of Heels, and of the protection which they require against assaults by land. We can refer tha reudor to no more accurate source of information oo these subjects than tho report i f Colonel B. Delafletd, at the I'niied States Army, on the "Art of War In Europe," published by order of the Senate in 1800, and now issued. Colonel Delafield was the senior officer of a commission, consisting of himself, Major Mordecal and Captain (now General) ilcl'lollun, sent by goveriment toF-urope, la 18e5, to examine the practical working of the improve" mi nts In the art of war in the Crimea. Thoy entet od at once u]?n Uielr task, and, after meeting with many ob stacles, renclird the Crimea, wl ere thoy examined the camps, dejwits, parks, &c.,of the English, Sardinian and Turkish aimlcs, hiving first visited the pcinetpal for tresses of J urope. Their reports are now bcfi-ro us. It appears that the change in the art of war congl^s in the increased magni tude and infection of lli- engines of war, rather than Is tho introduction of ??.w priticip.i-i-. and In thesp cia'schools or instruction Established for every branch of the servioe* Wo quo^e tho following pasKaj;i> Irom Colunol Ilelafleid's P"1'*. ice ? "We should not bo indillereut to this perfection of tho military art and its concoutiation In command of tho few; Tho moneyed interest , as a general rule, is In ho hands of tho nobles and srlst crauy. Tho r wolfort tal happiness is that of the uoi?- * .. , , V, ... . , ..otiy. Every principle hpon which thai or government exists is ant .go nistlc to out4 vwn. Their self-preservation miist always causo them to look with auxiely and apprehension to oar growth, and ere it becomes ail powerful to combine in som? way to protect themselves." of our deficient pre paration for the difficulties which hn lias foreshadowed he says:? "Our seaccatt d i fences aro not conducted with aP much energy as an individual bestows in building a resi dence for his family ? ihelatto.', in many Instances, ex peuding mo e in a year on ins dwelling than our poopio will authorize to bo expended in the s.iine time lor the deleuco of a city. In this unp ep.iel state on our part, cei e al of tho l'uwe s of Europe have steam transports and mi.niiii us reu y ut any mo ment to throw on our coast, in no longer time than Is ne cessary to steum across the Atlantic, disciplined armies tli.it coulil land <n six hours aft t in horii g, do us injury and crijiple our resources to an extent that would require a long lime to restore." Warnings such us these from military men have long fallen unheeded on the puluic oar, and now that events have proved their im eorUDco. it is to he h <pod that lbs poople will ropalr thill iie.1 ct while there is yet time. Turning from the proluco mat portion of the work which treats of the itupoi tance of s acoast deti.ices, we find the proiiosltion bri a' i.\ stated Mutt tho boasted su premacy of ships over forts can no longe. be maintained. To s.istuin this position the a t >r gives a bilof but ex ceedingly interesting account of the invus mcnl of Sebas topol by tho allied armies, and of the coinbiuod attack by land and sea upon is fortresses. It ap;oitis that iftor the Allies had discovei od tho in gnitude of the undei taking, and had boeu checked by tiio lierce res.stanoe oiierea them at tho ball!' of Almt, they laid r< gular sioge to tho place. The Russi. u to till at Ions were built of a soft stone, very iuei inr to anything in tho harbor of New York, 'iheir walls won- noi so id, but only sholls of maswiry flllod in with tubb'.e. T'licy were neiihor fully armed nor manned when the A.iio.- n Ft invited them. To complete their armume.it they we. e obliged to t. ansfer the guus of the fl el in thohaibor to the forts, which were of courso ininilor to ih? u til ery required. After tho Allies had approsohed nvt enough to open Ore effectively, the b>>mba dm ? nt cimmencd on th morn ing of tho 17th October, 1854. At the same time the whole allied II ret, consisting ol twenty-four v o-sels of-war and carrying 2,150 guns, with mime oi s other vessels, approached to from 000 to 1.600 yards of the foit>? the French leading, thoTu; Its following and the English bi lug Ing up the rear. The French iinciaiied first and opened tire, tho Turks passed on and continued the assault, and the English occupied the nearo3t p<*it:on to ihe enemy? the order of battle reversing the o.'der of approach. The bombardment, thus comtnem ed , under the m st favorable circumstances, by the combiued fleets of the two most powerful nations of Europe, and seconded by u bomb.ird inent I roin the heaviest siege gi ns and an assault by land, was continued lor flvo hours and a half with the following results: ? ''The face stones of ih ? ma-om y were in maay places broken, and the space h twecn two embrasuree in Fort Conslantiue was broken through, but u t so as te injure tho batteries. The lleets suffered considerably; two of tho large English ships were so damaged that re pair was impracttcab e with, ut going to the d< ckyards at Constantinople. One of these sustained serio s damage from plunging shot, seven or which penotrated the ship's side under wator, and several ot them w ire set on fire by hot shot, and had to be towed out or action by the steamers. One oT tho Fronch line ol battle shl.rs was w damaged by the bursting of a shoil In the engine room aa to make It necessary to send her to Franc - to repair the machinery; and another received a plunging shot through her side, two feet below the water line. "After twenty days of unceasing abor by an army of fifty thousand men (flfty-etghi thousanu landed and marched to the Alma), with siege batteries mounting 120 guns, and a tloet of shi)? or the line mounting 2,168 guns, did this combined attack by IsAtf and wator, from morning till night, tail e ntirely in tliss great object for which it was undertaken ? the destruction of the Russian fleol and depots in the Ritft^ Sea." These results were so discouraging that the fleet nevsr ventured to uttack the forts again, mteveu when tha Russians abandoned one-half of th sir works and tho re mainder were much weakened by the si go The Allien confined themselves to the tedious process of reducing the foils by regular land approaches? a tacit admission that their fleets were unablo to cope with even the soft stone walls of Ssbastopol. At a later period of the war the author tells us that the forts of Sweaborg and Cronstadt overawed an Anglo French fleet which was sent against th m; that Cronstadt saved St. Petersburg from rapture, and ailoded so per* recta protection to the cast that thu imi>ui ia. family passed tho summer at their usual villa, within an hour's steaming of the enemy's flotilla. The forts at Cronstadt were as ha-tily fitted upas those at S baa topol, and wero in many instaur 'S battories thrown up to guard the dockyards, without the necessary protection in the rear. 'Ibn Russians, however, hid an advantage both at Sebaslopol an : C i nstalt which wo do not possess. They were able to obtain a strong arma mont from their blockaded fleets. We have no s ch re sort in time or need, and should at once procure sufficient artillery to arm our forts and s ibstitutu th ? new eight and ti n inch guns for the old fashioned thirty two pound ers which now Hown from o.ir battlements. ' Tho author adds: ? "The permanent dercnues enstr cted In time of peace were equal to their object against ovory c unbined permanent preparation or th ' Alll s Uud. r like ci cum stances, with the immense resource* of our own country, our ability to provide auxiliary sen* oast do nr s would be as readily accomplished as those of Russia, provided we are prepared against ai raam< nts existing at ih" c <m menci m nt of hostilities, it is in our power to inspire our citizens with like confidence ai.d "iir < nemy with like respect ror our strength and power or r s.smuce. It is only for the people and Congress to will it i.i i.mo. The example of Russia is a lesson every way entitled to our study and imitation." In summing up the comparative strength of forts and floets Colonel Delul.e.d uses the foil- wing Uuig :age: ? "I can but draw tho important coi c.csi n fntn th.se facta that permanent seacoast batteries are to be relied upon for tho dofence of our harbors, that they aresii'>erlor to evory known floating battery, and that < lie present expe rionco of the bist na\ nl as weii as military auih rities 0 1 Europe now confirms tho supremacy ol land batteries over those In the fleets of the ?-? sent dav." In the author's opinion ws should pay more attention to the land approaches i>f Our forts. Ha soys: ? "We have seou that the seacoast defences could ho relied on tor security against tho most powerful fleet th it could attack them. More ships could not find room to anchor before thorn in a hostile attitude. At the same time we find these harbor defences woro of no value without being pro perly protected in the rearpsnd to do so temporarily and at the spur of the moment req .irei! a vei v large army, and the dismantling of a fleet, to adbrd Ih > necessary armament and munitions. Now.w two no such floets, nor havo wo depots of munitions ? f war at our sever* seacoast defences, from which, if we had the men, to arm temporarily constructed land del'enc- s." We regret that we have not the space to make public tho valuablo information collected by Colonel itelalleld on many othor branches of ths art of war. For lmprovs trcnls inarms and proloctlles, for IngeniO'.s h spital and army wagons, for camp equipage, ror conveyances for wounded soldiers, for tho wond rlul appdc ations ol steam to war; for the urrungement of hospital )>uildl"g% wards and shljie; for the transpo; tatlnn or horses. i or Um making or bread, and for the dltffiient schools of fortifica tion, wo must'refer the curious reivler to'the woik llselt Under our systom of government no ree. inmendntion of the Executive re<}ulring tho expenditure oi money will be attended to unless it is approved of by the peoplo. II Is therefore proper that those who go . em popular opinion, whether in or out of authority, us wel them 'neysd clashes, who must eventually pay for thes i lortiflcation# should Inforlrn thems rives of their necessity, that th? people may either cheerfully comply with the recomtnen<> atlons of the Secretary, or understanding^ deUino te d We presume that this work can bo obtained from mem bers of Congress, as eight th?' sand c-ples we-e ordered for distribution, aud wo oat nostty commeud toe subject to ihe attention of our citizens. TI1E FORTIFICATIONS OF CINCINNATI. [From tbe Cincinnati (Jazette. (V. j The various earthworks designed for the defence ol lb* city in case of an attempted invasion by the rebels ar? now in a very forward state, and several if th m art entirely completed. Of the twenty b:g guns recently lying at the barracks on Elm street, fourteen have bees mounted, as follows: ? Three on l"rice's llltl, ono on M niil Adams, two at what is called the Shalle ? llatte y, iinme diately back of Newport Cemetery, one at, Three- Mile Crouk, three at the tuunel on the Kentucky C'titral K-iil road, one at Beach Woods, and three ali o. i Vitchell.oa the Ixsxington turnpike. An efTirt is n >w b-.itng m i." i by Colonel Whittlesey, under whose dire, tl- n the lo.tillca tlons liavs been constructed, to secure for l orn a lot of twelve pound howitzers, slid Witil this fails lio mor? or tbe big guns will be put in pillion. These twenty, rours snd thirty twos, ir mounteil at brenehing ills tuice, would uo doubt be very cilect al ngainsl tho walls of a fort, but they are not what Is most needed to defend a city from an assault. W? want smaller guns designed to throw canister, g aps and shell, and these Colonel Whittlesey isdeis mined te hsve, if possible. It is said, with what truth wo are un able to learn, that twenty or twenty-live howitzers have already been ordered for this purpose There are eight or ten fortifications on the Kentucky side of the river, the chief of which is Fort Mitchell, quite a fovmldabli work. To give our readers an idea of their location, wt | may say that they are from three hundred yards to hall i a mile apart, and extend In almost a direct Line from a

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