Newspaper of The New York Herald, November 2, 1861, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated November 2, 1861 Page 4
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NEW YORK HERALD. JANES GORDON DRNNfiTT, EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR. OFFICE N. W. CORNER OK FULTON AND NASSAU STS. TEH MS rash in adranee, Money sent by mail win be at the lit&oj the Hftuler. None but Bank bills current in New York takm THE DA 1L Y If ERA LD. two cant ? per copy. $7 per annum. THE WEEKLY H F.HAL D% every &atur<uiy, at tix cents per c?yy*or <iM pwcwmum; the European Edition every Wedne*biy, at fix cents pet copy ; |4 per ann urn to any part of Great Britain . vr $C 12 to run/ yuirt of the Continent, futth t t* include postage; the CuliftyrnUi Edition on the. lfit, 11 th and+Ut <\f each month , at nix Cfti'A per C(vt*y, or $2 75 per annum. THE FAMILY Ut l< a Lb, on Wednesday, at /bur ccnt* per topy, or $2 per annum. VOL Vis Ta H r CORRESPONDED CK> containing important fietrty Molirited from any Quarter of the world; if u<ietl% will be lihtrallp rnt.l for. ?J? OlIK KflUKIGX CO?BK(II'OND?NTK A It It Particoi.a*i.t Rkqukstid to s?*al all LkTTitita and Pack AC Kg ?KNT p? Volume XXVI No. 30* AMUSEMENTS Tills EVENING. WINTER GARDEN, Bioudway.? Tu* ocroaoo*. WALLACE'S THEATRE, No. 8U Broadway.? Th? Kisq or tux Moot.* j.n a. LAURA KEENE'S THEATRE, Broadway.? Seven Sow*. NEW B >WERV THEATRE, Bowory? )Iattkb(J Inlkt? Jknw 1.1ND. BOWERY THEATRE. Bowery.? 8tioe*it'? National Circus. Afteruo m and Evenlus. BARNUM'P AMERICAN MUSEUM. Braad?-*r.-Da ' f n^l Bvrlilll-? AN> K . UK .Mlu.NlGIlT? Hll'I'orOTAMU.S, Bit A Lion, AND OrilKK C'URIOSITIKS. BRYANTS' MINSTRELS. Mechanics' Hall, 473 Broad Vliy.? WllO STituca UlLl.Y PaTTKMOM? HOOLEY'8 MINSTRELS, riluyveaant Iiislilute, No. G59 Broadway ? Etuiofian Somgs, L'ancks, Ac. MKLOOEON CONCERT J I A i . I., No. 539 Broadway. - "So?tn, 1>amcm, lti'Hi.Ksm us Ac.? La Maja uk Skmlla. CANTKRBI' HY MC8IO IIAI.L, 8 M Broadway.? SONdJ 1'a?cm, Hi'Bi.Kitaoka, Ac. ? Magic Laurki. 0A1ETIEH CONCERT ROOM. MS Broadway.? I5*AWlNa JtooH Entcrtai.nmknt* Ballkts. I'a.MOMIJIKS. KaBCJCS, Jtc. AMERICAN MUSIC HALL. 411 Broadway.? SONGI, Ual luf, I'antowkhw, Ac.? hi* Coonua. CRYSTAL PALACE CONCERT IIALL. No. 45 B "very. ? Scrlksqvks, Sonus, Dancki. Ac.? Maul hall.. METROPOLITAN CONCERT HALL, 600 Broadway.? Bom.s, I) a s en, f ahc*?. Uuklcmjcks. Ac. PARISIAN CABINET OK WONDERS, 563 Broadway.? Open daily I nun lu A. M. till 9 P. M. Nevr York, Sa?nrrt?}-, November V, 1801. THE H1TUATION. Our intelligence from Washington to-day is of 6 most important and interesting character. Gen. Feott lias resigned Lis position as Commander-in Chiof of the army, and General McClellan lias Itieen placed at the head of the entire armies of the United States. Wo give a graphic account in another column of the scene which occurred yes terday when President Lincoln announced in per *on to General Scott, at the General's residence, the acceptance of his resignation, and expressed the sorrow which he and his Cabinet experienced at the necessity which compelled the veteran soldier to withdraw from activo service in consequence ?of age aiid ill health. The scene was intensely affecting. Gen. Scott wept, and with difficulty ten dered his thanks to the President for the kind man' ner in which lie spoke of him and his services. Gen. Scott will at once proceed to New York, and upon his arrival will issue an address to the American people. Gen. McClellan was the recipient of a splendid ovation yesterday, upon his elevation to the high jpost of Commander-in-Chief of the armies of the republic. He has promulgated an address to the ?rmy, which we give to-day, characterized by all ~the modesty and terseness which belong to him. He accepts the heavy responsibility with diffidence yet with firmness, and pays a just tribute to the gallant veteran whose place he is appointed j to fill. He relies upon the courage and discipline cf the men under his command to restore the country to its integrity as a united nation, and ?rown the career of the American army, which it was the pride and glory of his predecessor to main tain with honor upon so many battle fields. Intelligence was received at Washington yester day from a fugitive that the rebels had erected etrong fortifications at Centreville, and that their camps, numbering 50,000 men, extended from Ma nassas to within two miles of Fairfax Court House, having 10,000 at Manassas. A new rebel battery, consisting of three rifled cannon, has been discovered on the Virginia shore, a little below Evansport, and a mile and a half farther down on the Potomac than any batteries which have heretofore shown themselves. With this exception there is no appearance of activity among the rebels in that region. The George Page etill remains in Quantico creek. From Fortress Monroe we have an account of the return of the United States bark Amanda from a cruise, in which she captured four prizes attempting to run the blockade? three of them being English vessels and one an.American. From the Upper Potomac we learn, by way of Parnestown, Md., that the rebels had pickets posted on Harrison's Island yesterday. At last accounts the main body of the rebels was at Goose creek, seven miles south fr >m Lcesburg, which place it is said they abandoned the day after the battle of Ball's lilutf, upon hearing that General Jianks' forces had crossed the river. Eight hundred rebel prisoners from Fort La fayette arrived in Boston yesterday, and were re. j ceived at Fort Warren by Colonel Dimmick, who commands at that station. The Borussia, off Cape Race, has news from Eu rope to the 23d of October, three days later. The London Times again denounces the blockade of the Southern ports as inefficient, nud asserts that foreign nations can recognise a " real blockade" only. In the opinion of the writer the Northern and the rebel States are cquully to blame in inter rupting the foreign trade in cotton; the Confede rate government hoping, by retaining the staple to force foreign nations, "especially England," to " take side in the American quarrel." The Attor ney OcncTal of England, with other members of parliament, had spoken very earnestly at public ? meetings on the industrial consequences likely to ensue all over Europe from the want of co '.ton in England. Captain Jervis, M* P., insisted that the blockade should bo broken by England ; giving the extraordinary reason that there was no blockade to break Qrite a number of the cotton mill ^operatives of gtockport had conic already on the poor relief funds for support. France and Spain are to land ?:i allied army in Mexico, while England is to en f jree naval reprisals ? evea to the length of bom bar Jii'g Vera Cruz against the republic, if repa **>1 n is not made to her government and people J >y its rult rs. Gtnerul l?ix, commanding the military district Eallitcci'.'. hi i?*ut.d a proclamation, ea'lirg upon the Marshals to nrrcst nil parties offering themselves ut tho polls who have been partici pants directly or indirectly, in tho rebellion against the government, many of whom, he un derstands, intend to use their influence at the coming electfon for tho purpose of furthering the interests of the rebels. the news. The Borussia, from Hamburg, via Southampton, on the 23d ol' October, was oil Capo Race yester day (Friday) moruing, on her way to New ^ ork. Her news is three days later than that by the -<i ropa. A telegraphic summary of it, ,r',m Johns, Newfoundland, is published iu tho mux this morning. . . Tho Liverpool cotton market was %ery aim , not to say excited. Tho sales for the two ays (21st and 22d of October) footed up 45,000 balw. Prices had again advanced from one-fourt i o half of a penny per pound. Middling r e quoted at eleven and a half pence. I lour ? as du aud had fallen six pence per barrel. Wheatand corn were also tending downward. C onsols closed in London on the 22d at <J2?/8 a 92/, for money, and at 92 Vt for account. The general news report, which is interesting, will be found in the letters of our correspondents in London, Paris and Berlin, and the latest tele graphic despatches. There is trouble brewing in Kansas, which m y j soon produce a second enactment of the border ruffian war. Jim Lane, with the assistance of the democrats, interprets the constitution of the .talc toThe effect that an election for Governor must take place next Tuesday, while the present h.xetu tive and the republican party generally are act ing upon a law passed by tho Legislature, wMch declares that the election for State officers shall not take place until November, 1802. George A. Crawford has been nominated by the constitution men for Governor, while Governor Robinson and his friends are determined that no change shall be ma.le in tho State offices except to fill tho va cancies uutil noxt year. Bloodshed is anticipated. The section of the Third Rhode Island battery which was in tho battle of Ball's Bluff numbered only fourteen men. Of these four were killed and six wounded. These were the men who were accused of cowardice. The printing office of the Kanau-ha YaUvy Star, at Charleston, Va., htfs fallen into tlie hands of the government under the Confiscation act. Tho editor, who is now one of tho ragged and bare footed followers of tho rebel John B. Floyd, pro posed to run his typo into bullets for the rebels; but before he could accomplish his purpose he was forced to run himself into tho mountains. The State of Connecticut has now in camp over three thousand infantry soldiers, three hundred and twenty-five cavalry, and one hundred and fifty-six drThergoverument has in service two regiments of lanccrs two composed entirely of lumbermen, one ! of miners, one of raiUoad men, one of engineers j and bridge makers, and one of mechanics. The United States armed transport McClcllan, . Captain Gray, leaves the foot of Canal 6treet this ] morning under sealed orders. This is one of the vessels belonging to the government which has the right man, whose ship is always in the right place j at the right time. The Port Surveyor has seized tho shjp Kate Dyer, two-sixteenths of which are owned by James Philip, of New Orleans. j The Governor of Massachusetts has appointed November 21 to be observed as a day of thanks ffivinn. It is the anniversary of the signing of the original compact of government by the Pilgrims on board the Mayflower. Yesterday the work on the new Court House in the Park, fronting on Chambers street, was sus pended, pending the legal proceedings to ascertain the right of the Supervisors to perform the work. The number of vessels entered at this port from foreign ports during the mouth of October was 427, and the number of clearances for foreign porta 442. During the same period last year there were i 435 entries and 354 clearances. A mass meeting of the New York democracy was held last evening at the Cooper Institute. There was an immense gathering, with torchlight processions, bands of music, firing of guns &c. A brief report of the proceedings will be found in another column. The Charter Commission held another meeting yesterday, when, for the first occasion in several sessions, a quorum was present. Reports were made from various committees. A resolution was adopted declaring vacant the places of David S Jackson, James T. Brady and Robert J. Dillon. A lengthy discussion took place on a motion to adjourn till the first Wednesday in December, which was finally carried, and the Commission ended its meetings till that time. Detective officers Farley and Tremaino yesterday succeeded in arresting several parties supposed to be implicated in the murder of Mr. Sigismund Fellner, whose body was found with some twenty stabs in the breast, about a week ago, at Port Mon mouth N. J. They discovered a portion of the money' supposed to have been the property of the deceased, and the place where the diamonds were sold. The facts go strongly to implicate a young m&n ft woman. A meeting was held ai Irving Hall last evening for the ratification of the nomination of Washington Smith for Senator from the Sixth Senatorial dis- | trict. Addresses were delivered by Hons. F. A. Conkling, Charles Spencer, Messrs. H. A. Cwdin, B C Benedict, J. Dayton, A. F. Dow and others. Mr. Smith's qualities for the office were freely dis cussed and enthusiastically endorsed. There was a report in circulation in the city yes terday of the death of General Sam. Houston, of Texas, but we have received no verification of it. The United States steam gunboat New Ixmdon yesterday afternoon steamed down from the Brook lyn Navy Yard, and has anchored off the Battery. " Tho cotton market wm ilrm yesterday , with a good de. man,! from manufactures. Tha sales embraced about 1 ,400 bales , a good part to spinners, wtU soma loWon speculation. We quoto middling uplnuds at 22>?c. and 1 Gulf middlings at 22*c. The sales during the week foot I up between 8,000 and 10,000 bales, over hnir of which was sold to go out of market. Flour was Arm and tolera bly active, with purchases for future delivery at ful prices, and for some descriptions better prices wore paid Wheat was active, with sales on the spot and to arrlvo at full priccs, though without change of moment in quo. tations. Corn wts firm nr.d in guo<l request, with -ales of shipping cargoes of Western mixed at Me. a 64^c. Pork was in fair demand, with sales of mffS ut $15 a *15 50, aud s< me uninspected at $15 C2>?, with prime at $? 62>Ja$9 75. The stock embraced 32,000 bbls., against 40, COO on th" 1-t of l ist month, and 20,412 on tho 1st of November, I860. The -,toCk of beef was '.<,000 bbls. , agaln?t 14.000 on the lft of. October, and 12 000 on the 1st of November, 1SOO owing to reduced stock sugars became cxrlted jester ,!ay, and a speculative feeling prevailed: tho sales em brace 1 200 hhds., clO'ing firm and at full prices. Iho stock embraced 28/W4 hhds., against 67,097 hhds. on tho 1st of November, 1800. Coffee was firm, while sales wore limited. Freights wore heavy, and rates favored shippers. Wheat to Liverpool was taken at lltfd. a !2d in bulk and bags, and com do. at lld.allfc'd lUtee to Havre for wheat were about 20c., and flour I utacc. Blankets for the Armv.? People of the rural districts arc beginning, we are glail to perceive, to come forward with subscriptions of blankets for the u*e of our gallant troops, engaged iu the work of suppressing rebellion. There is a great want ot' this article, and those, every where, who have blankets to spare should emu late the inhabitants of our country towns iu send, ing as many as possible, by Adams' Kxpre<? to Quarter master General Meigs, at Wueliiugtou. Retirement of Genera 1 flcott? General MeClellan Commander-in-Chief of the Entire Army. General Scott lias retired from tlie command of the ar my. Having arrived at an age allot ted to few men who have passed through the same labors and vicissitude# of a soldier's life ? having served liiB country faithfully, bled and suffered for her in the hour of her darkest dan ger, and leaving a military record to the whole world almost without a parallel ? the veteran Commander-in-Chief yesterday tendered his resignation to the President. It was accepted with sorrow for the infirmities which compelled him to tender it, with deep sympathy for the wounds and failing hoalth of the valiant General, and with a dignity which well became .the occasion. Speaking In the name of the whole people over whom he presides, Mr. Lincoln personally expressed the keenest regret at the retirement from active service of a man to whom the coun try owes so rnuoh. General Scott wept upon hearing the words of the President, and the whole scene, we are told, was most affecting. Tho mutter was made the subject of a special Cabinet council, aud upon deciding to ac cept tho resignation of tho veteran General tiie 1 'resident and Cabinet proceeded to the residence of Gen. Scott, whero the order plac ing him upon the retired list, with all tho pay> subsistence and allowances of liis ofllce un reduced, was read to him by Mr. Lincoln him. self. Tho Cabinet were unanimous alike in their opinion that Gen. Scott should, uuder the cir cumstances, be relieved from active duty, aud in their regret that his health should render such a loss a necessity. Gen. McClellan has been appointed, by tho common consent of the Cabinet, Commamler-in-Chief of tho entire army of the United States; and it i? due to the sagacity of Gen. Scott to say that he selected Gen. McClellan from tho list of young officers for the important post which he has occupied at tho head of the army of the Potomac. With a patriotism which has marked his en tire career, from the day on which he won his first laurels in the field to the present hour, General Scott has magnanimously resigned a position the moment he felt tho least doubt of his physical capacity to conduct the military affairs of the country in an emorgency in which the destinies of the republic were bo perilously involved. How few public men have exhibited liko patriotism, wisdom, sagacity or self-sac rifice ! In retiring, covcred with honor is he is, and bearing with him the respect and gratitude of the entire people, he leaves tho command of tho army to the control of a younger and fresher man, on whom the admini^' ration has full re liance, and whoso acts up to this time have en titled him to the confidence of tho army he com mands, and the public he is now to serve in so high a capacity. It remains now with General McClellan to show himself worthy to wear the mantle which has fallen upon his shoulders. The American War and EnglUh and Front: Ji Political Partlea. It is evident, from the present aspect of tbe political horizon in England, that the conservative or lory party aro working to get the Palmerston administration into a tight place on tbo subject of the cotton supply and the recognition of the Southern confederacy. It is evident, from the speeches of members of both parties ? and of these we have lately had no small number ? that this is the design of the opposition. The London Daily Xetes may be accepted aa tho leading organ of the tories, and it is ftill of fine promises and overflowing with sympathy for the people of tho North. But will this continue if the liberals arc defeated, and will the tone of the new government be equal to what it would now make believe ? We think not The tories would pursue just the same policy towards tho United Statos that the Pal merston government is pursuing, and tho end would be equally uncertain. Mr. Lindsay, a member of tho British Parlia ment, urged upon England and France, in a re cent speech, the expediency of endeavoring to effect a peaceful separation between tbe North ern and Southern States. Mr. Lindsay evi dently wishes to make himself popular at home; for there is nothing that either the British or French government would like better than such a separation. They would, in such an event, witness the overthrow of democracy, and at the same time preserve their own trade ? the two great objects dear to them both. As it is, if they recognise the Southern confederacy, they will lose their trade, while, if wo are allowed to fight our quarrel out, they will preserve their trade, but democracy, by force of the federal arm?, will triumph. In our relations with foreign countries, therefore, this war gives rise to a struggle between democracy and the prin- J ciples of trade. A peaceful separation would be all that England and France could desire. They would in that ease not only get rid of a hated maritime and commercial rival, under the broad banner of republicanism, but restore immediately their own falling fortunes produced by this war. Already the exports to tbe United States from Eng. land and Franco have fallen off several millions of dollars in money value since the outbreak of the war, in comparison with the same period last year, and so long as the rebellion remains unextinguished not only will its disastrous effects upon European trade with America con tinue, but increase. As yet only the beginning of tho troubled resulting from this war is being felt abroad. Thousands of operatives both in England and France, have been dis banded and manufactories closcd, solely on ac count of the diminished oxports to the United States. In France the producers arc just now uttering a prolonged wail against the operation of the Anglo-French treaty, and crying out for protection; but this is only an artificial cause, invented to hide the real one. Ilad it not been for events on this continent tho treaty would have gone into operation without any material objection being advanced against it, even by those who are now the loudest in their protest, ations. That tho partial introduction of free trude principles, according to the terms of the treaty, will be ultimately advantageous to botli England and France there is every reason to believe; but meanwhile it has to lace tho fury of these rabid protec tionists, made doubly hostile by the almost totally impaired demand for their ma nufactures in America. And not only do the French producers complain, but tho English producers are in as much fear of being over run with French goods as tho French are of a similar influx from their dreaded rivals acro.-s the Channel. When the dogs outnumber the bones there is sure to be quarrelling; and so, if money wu abundant, and trade flourishing, the ?<> protectionists would find something more profitable to engage their attention than snarl ing about domestic grievances. As it is, the American demand, upon which both countries depended to sustain the buoyancy of trade, is suspended, and they are out ol" both pocket and

temper. French silks and British hardware will fiud but a poor and limited market 011 this side ol the Atlantic, and the manufacturing in dustry of Lancashire, and also of France, will bo greatly checked by the scarcity of cotton All this, added to the extensive failure of the French crops, and the consequent necessity for making large purchases of corn in this country, is certain to exercise a very depressing effect upon European trado; but with the termination of this war, and the return of the seceded States to the Union, commercial prospects will again brighten, and we shall experience the effects of the present period of comparative stagnation in a sudden increase above the ave rage of foreign trade. Meanwhile the true policy of England and France is to bring this result about ns quickly as possible, by with holding all moral and material aid from the rebels, and strengthening the arms of the fede ral government by allowing us to fight our own battles and preserve our blockade without in terference. A peaceful separation is simply absurd and impossible. The Union is a sacred compact from which there is no divorce, andf whatever may be the machinations of political parties either in England or France, it will be preserved, oh a shining example before the world of the triumph of the free institutions of a great and free people. Fremont's Cask ? Its Miscihkvoi s Comi-lica tions. ? The publication of Adjutant General Thomas' secret memoranda on the affairs of the Western Department, and of General Stone's report on the battle of Ball's Bluff, before they were even read by the President or the Cabinet, has excited a good deal of sur prise und indignation. The first of these docu- . mcnts showed on tho face of it that it was never intended to meet tho public eye. It is true that, to cover the broach of trust involved in its publication, it was entitled a report; but, neither in its form nor in its mode of treating facts, had it anything of that character. No military man of experience aud discretion would dream of giving place in a report, which must ultimately find its way into the public prints, to the statement of what subor dinate officers thought of their general, or to their convictions as to the necessity for his removal. Still less would he be likely to quote such an opinion as that of General Sherman ns to the military necessities of Kentucky and the number of troops required to secure the State from the grasp of the Confederates, see ing the account to which the information would be turned by the latter. The report of General Stone made its appearance in a con dition which showed that it was incomplete, and that its publication was unauthorized. Had" it been given to the press by Gen. McCleHan to whom it was addressed, care would have been taken to have several points cleared up that were left in doubt by this imperfect narra tive. The fact that it was read for the first time by the Fresident and Secretary of State in the newspaper, is of course not a very agree able reflection on the present condition of our j affairs. Tbe question arises as to the mot ires for the abuse of confidence Involved in the premature disclosure of the contents of theso two docu ments. They have evidently been surreptitious ly obtained by some Mephistophiles in the War Department who is intent on throwing Fre mont's command into confusion in tbe face of the enemy, and in creating suspicion and dis trust amongst the leaders of tho Army of the Potomac. It is easy to judge of the effect which such statements are calculatcd to pro duce amongst Fremont's officers, already suf" flciently excited by tbe prospect of his removal* We shall not be surprised to find them followed by fierce bickerings and duels at a time when" harmony of feeling and action are moro than ever required. All these complications would have been avoided if, when Fremont's removal had been decided upon several weeks ago, as first an nounced by the Heiut.d, that measure had been promptly carried out, and some able and ex. pcrieuced officer like General Wool appointed in his place. The President, however, hesitat ed and delayed its execution, influenced, it is to be presumed, by the politicians, who had their objects to promote by keeping their pet general in command. The fruits of this mis taken leniency are now evident, in the further embarrassments and difficulties into which the affairs of tho Western Department aro likely to be thrown by the premature publication of General Thomas' statements. The only remedy for these evils is decisive action on the part of tho President. Let General Fremont be at once superseded, and with him will be removed the chief motive for all these intrigues, and the only obstacle to the successful prosecution of the campaign in Missouri. Mayor Wood Looking Up in the World. ? Everybody knows what the lYibune and the republican journals have been saying of Mayor Wood, for the last ten years. They have vied with each other in reviling him. No politician has been so scurvily abused as he has been, and there is scarcely an offence with which these journals have not charged him. Tho Tribune, however, has at last come out rnd changed its tune. It says now, in relation to his veto of the printing ordinance of the Com mon Council:? F.very word of that veto message is tho solemn truth. * * Our city pays a great deal too much for ailvorlUicg, and tB badly served after all, because there is no preteuco of employing those journals which have ni"St circulation. On dm contrary, the most needy, or greedy, or (servile, are preferred, and the result is a eliametul waste. Wo have no suspicion that any reform will ho etlected; but the Mayor's message li no lees sound and cogent for that. Mr. Wood is, nevertheless, the same person now that he was ten years ago. lie was no less efficient and energetic then than ho is at the present hour. There has been no change what ever, or if there baa been, it has been in the intellects of bis enemies. In fact the altera tions that huve taken place in Greeley have been prodigious. After preaching abolitionism until lit* pot tho country into a war, he howled it into the disastrous Bull run conflict, and then turned round and prostrated himself before the public, begging for mercy at the top of his lungs. Now ho lias come out v. ith an acknow ledgement of the merits that Mayor Wood has always possessed, but which he has never before been able to see. lit- is one of the very boat Mayors New York city has ever hail. Whether Greoloy and the other republican journals wi 1 J go for him for Mayor in December, we arc not ! yet informed, but they ought to do so, in con* j sid- ration of the more correct light in which I they ure beginuin^ to view his character. ' The Election Wt Tur??^-? We are within three days of lb? 0 ect ??' an(* l']0 pros pects are that it will prort w 10 trl'?e5k "'a' 'l:is been known for many yeari. to u?Kr?ga(e vote will be greatly diminished, au.'* Per haps not come within thirty thoasana 'n "ie city, and nearly one hundred and fifty v. '?'1 Band in the State, of the number usually pollea. There is, in fact, outside of thin cily and conu ty, no contest. There are two tickets, on al moRt Identical platforms, and it may be said that tho candidates of the democratic party havo put themselves upon even higher ground in their support of the war and of the policy of President Lincoln, than those who were nomi nated by tho People's Convention. The issue is, therefore, an entirely personal matter be tween individuals, and involves no essential principle. In the eity the aspect of things is different. All of the political organizations of tho metropolis agree respecting the general na tional question, but a contest is to be carried on between the united democracy, under new influences, and vigorous auspices, which, but for tho unfortunate differences about the olllee of Sheriff, would result in its sweeping every thing before it. Under the direction of Fernando Wood, Henry W. Genet, Street Commissioner Knapp, A. Oakey Hall, Oliver Charlick, and others, the Mozart and Tammany Hall democrats preserve a united front in opposition to th'3 other fac tions, the leading one of which is the shoddy republican ticket, brought forward by the so called Marshall organization, which labored so hard, in connection with the Union Defence Committee, to disorganize the administration and break up the Cabinet. There is no doubt that it will be swept out of existence, on Tuesday next. In all this it ia now manifest that there is an entire reconstruction of parties, and that the old republican party is about to disappear from the surface forever. Mr. Seward's Reply to the Letter of the Km peror of Rcrsia.? At the time when Mr Sow ar, Is reply to the letter of the Emperor Alexan. dor was raudc public we remarked that ho hardly seemed to appreciate the importance of such an unusual act of imperial good will. The broad, generous and enlightened views of the Empe ror, and the sympathy he plainly manifested for the cause of the Union, were not, wo thougut, sufficiently responded to in the very I brief and coldly polite note of the Secretary of otato; and it now appears that the Russian go- , vernment and press regard it in the same light. ?iom an article in the Sever nay a Pchela, of St. ' Petersburg, we have an opportunity of ascer taming the effect which the reply has produced 1 in official cirtlea there, and it certainly seems to 1 have been one of disappointment. It was ex ! pected that a document which set all political" Luropo in n flutter, and excited the ire of the British press, would, under the circumstances of tnnc au<l both nations, have been treated as something moro than an ordinary act of in ternational courtesy. The journal referred to remarks that it was a striking deviation from the usual forms of di plomacy, full of cardial sympathy, and intend ed to pave the way for a mediation between the North and South. It speaks of the uninter rupted friendship Russia has always enjoyed with the United States, and alludes to the offer of mediation in the war of 1812, which was ac cepted at Washington, but declined by Great Britain, as a historical precedent in favor of an offer of intervention now; and it concludes by saying:? '-We cannot but think that if the govern ment had received this proposal in the same spirit In which it was made it would have greatly facilitated the pacific termination of this unfortunate struggle, and we we sorry to j find that Messrs. Liucoln and Seward have taken a different view of the case." All that it is now necessary to say to t his is, that whatever opin- I ion may be formed of Mr. Seward's note, the people and government of the Unitod States : heartily appreciated the delicate consideration 1 expressed by the Czar, and that it will long be remembered in this country, and tend to cement still closer the friendship that has always sub sisted between the two nations. The "Little Villain" a Gridiron- Patriot - Wo notice that Ilenry J. Raymond-or, as his former associates of the Tribune call him, the '?little villain ' of the limes ? remains in the field and insists upon running for the Legisla ture. He has had considerable experience in the running line, and may do well in this race He made excellent time at his famous flight from Solferino. The only thing that prevented his distancing all of his competitors was his en" tangloment in the elbows of the Mincio. He how ever so far recovered from the mishaps of that adventure as to make good time running from Bull run, not even stopping to save or pay for his broken carriage. With this training and practice he may possibly come out ahead in this race. He has been nominated and is supported by the shoddy politicians?the organization whose leaders were foremost in the "Onward to Rich mond'' cry, and who, when they had forced the army into a Bull run rout, turned around and denounced in public speeches the present admin istration, more particularly Cameron and Welles of the Cabinet. His record just suits this class of politicians; for he has been constantly attacking the administration in the columns of his paper, laboring to get up a mutiny in the army, urging the adoption of the war cry of emancipation, and otherwise working to pre vent the restoration of that Union which he so zealously, since 1850, has labored in season and out of season to break up. He is now the nominee of the so-called peo ple's party, un organization in which the lead ing jobbers arc interested, where members of the Forty Thieves Common Council-, Broad way Railroad patriots, contractors and shoddy operators have united together, claiming to have all the respectability and virtue of the city, but in reality a machine to bring to the surface and elect to office men who have dis graced the city as members of the Forty Thieves Common Council, in Japanese and other jobs, both at the City llall and at VI bany. Since he has failed in his scheme to su persede Lincoln with Georgo Law, he has doubtless made up his mind to serve his friend Law in another way, and has now turned a grid iron patriot, and is anxious to go to the Lt - gislature to secure, the passage of a monster gridiron bill to cover the whole city, for George Law's special benefit. Corporation Advertising.? The Mayor of the city has very wisely vetoed the resolution of the Common Council, giving the Corporation print ing to a newspaper of very limited circulation lie very properly recommends that the Boards of Aid? men and GutuioiUneu it,oulJ revise Ihoit proceedings and consider careftilly the wK>I* system of public advertising. We underhand that the ridiculous vote, bestowing th? c Wj printing upon tho World, was produced by a union of the rotten influence in Tamrotuy Hall? with the broken down piety of the Vorld itself* and some remains of the shoddy extractors of the clique of Thurlow Weed. TL^e three ele ments combined engineered the thing through; but ft ."U!W era has now opened and wo iave no doubt that the present Common Council, or th* next, will adopt a wi?e and efllcient method' of laying the wants of the metropolis, and tkeir own proceedings, before the people, and wiH change the old plan for one more In conformity with common sense, and sound business prin" ciples. For many years journals like the Post, Day Hook, i Sun, Express and Commercial Advertiser, of the lowest busines* reputation and with the smallest circulation have been engaged in do ing the advertising of the^Gorporation. Tliia has been a great abuse, which wo inako no question is about to bo swept away, and, if the members of the present Common Couucil have wisdom and sagacity, they will at ouce make a selection from the more extensively diffused daily papers, such as tho Herald, Times, Tribune, and there is no objection to the World being classed with these, and give the printing to those journals which can show the largest number of subscrib ers. Perhaps as few as two newspapers, would be enough for Corporation wants, and then the choice should be from among those that aro circulated the most widely. The circulation of tho World is very inconsiderable. Whether tho Tribune or the Times has the larger, wo are unable to decide. According to recent accounts* they both of them distribute somewhere be tween twenty-flve' and thirty tbou^nd daily Of this we are not certain; but concerning the IIbkald there can be no doubt. Its daily sale of papers varies from 105,000 to 135,000. Tho facts respecting it can be ascertained by an examination of our books, and we would re commend that tho Corporation committees, hav ing the printing question in charge, should themselves visit each one of the newspaper establishments and investigate not only the books of the Herald, but of all the other jour nals which pretend to offer inducements for receiving their patronage. Every honest new? papcr concern will be glad to exhibit frankly the account of its circulation, and the adver tising of the city should be given, on strictly commercial principles, to those journals that have tho most. Tue Fifteenth Assembly District.? Some ten days or two weeks since the Mozart Hall democracy of the Fifteenth Assembly district nomiuated as their candidate for Assembly Mr. Thomas B. Conncry, a worthy and upright young man, for some time past connected with our paper as city editor. The nomination was conferred upon Mr. Connery without his seek ing it, or even mistrusting that any such honor would be conferred upon him, until he saw tho announcement of his nomination in tho morning papers. It is against the principles of this office to employ any politician, aspirant for or nomi nee for a political office, and, as soon as we in formed Mr. Connery of that fact, he, preferring to remain in the Herald office to launching out into the perplexing and uncertain field of polU tics, immediately declined, and his card will be found elsewhere. Certain malicious and unscrupulous shoddy politicians of the district are, however, busy circulating the story that Mr. Connery was bought olf by one of the competing candidates. If these busybodies have no other busiuess than to travel around among the porter houses and grogshops of the district maligning the charac ter of an upright man, they must be in a pitia ble condition indeed. Wc have only to say in reply to all such statements that Mr. Connery is not that style of man. His character is far above their touch, and all the candidates and politicians of the district combined have not money enough to buy him. He is above and beyond the reach of all such corrupt influcncea. Lloyd's Military Map. ? We have received a flno copy of Lloyd's great military map of tbe "Seat of War in Vir ginia." This Is tUo best and official map in exist ence, taken from actual surveys by order of the Execu tive. It is boautifully printed from steel plates and colored with groat perfection of art, anil is the only map used In tho planning of campaigns in Virginia by our Commander-in-Chief. The publisher is J. T. Lloyd, 164 Broadway. IMPORTANT FROM BALTIMORE. PROCLAMATION OP GEN. 1HX, ORDERING THE ARREST OP REBELS. Baltimore, Nor. 1, 1861. The following proclamation has just boon issued: ? IlBAnyvARnats, Bai.timotie, Nov 1, 1861. To rim U.Tmtn Static Marshal or Maryland a.vd tub 1'ro vost Marshal of tiik City of Haiti m< hi: ? Information has amo to my knowledge that certain In dividuals, who forme ly resido.l in tiiis Slate, anl are known to have been recently in Virginia, bearing arms against the authority and the forces of iho United states, have returned to their foi iner homes, with tbe irtO'..ti"n or taking part in the diction of the 6th of November inst., thus carrying ojtat the polls tho treason they havo com mitted in tho flcld. There is reason also to be lieve that other individuals, lately residents of Maryland , who have beenongagod In similar a te of hostility to tho United States, or in actively aiding and abetting tiir-ss In arms against tho United States, are about to participate in the election for the same treachorocs purpose, with the hope of carrying over the State, by disloyal votes, to tho cause of roliellion and treason; I, therefore, by virtue of the authority vested in mo to arr st all persons in re bellion against the United States, retire you to lake into custody all such pers >ns in nuy of Iho ? lection districts or precincts in which they may appoar at tho polls, to elf. ct their criminal intent to con vert tho electivo franchlso into an engine for the sub version or tho government and for tbe encouragement and support of its enemies. In furtherance of Ih * object I request the Judges cf elec tion of tho several precincts of tho State, in casu iuiy such person shall present himself and off t his vote, to commit him until he can be taken into custody by the authority of the United Stat 'S, and I call < n all good and loyal citizens to support the judges of election, the United States Marshal and his deputies, and iho Provost Mar shal of Baltimore and police, In their efforts to secure a free and fair expression of tho voice of the people of Maryland, and at the same time to prevent tlio ballot box "from being iiolluted by treasonable voters. JOHN A. riX, Major (ieneial Ccmmanding. NEWS FROM FORTRESS MONROE. Forth*** JfoMtor, Oct. 31, 1 Via Baltimore, Nov. 1,1861. J Tho tug F.tlun Allen or the great oti edition, returned to Hampton Roals this m >rning, in consequence of rough weather on tho coast below. She brings jio particulars of importance respecting tho oxi*'dUi'>n. A Dag of truce went up to Norfolk to-day , with twenty prisoners released some time since at Fort Lafayette. The barks Gemabok and Amanda havo just returned from a cruise. Tho latter took four , including three English veesels and one American, tho names of which have already been rural: bed. The Rescue is at Old Point, and ? ill go to r. a at once. Tho frigate Roanoke is hourly expected fr. m the South. General Wool held a grand review yesterday at ( amp Hamilton. THE FORT LAFAYETTE PRISONERS IN BOS TON HARBOR. Doaiox, Nov. 1, 1861. Tho State of Maine brought eight hundred prisoners, in eluding those captured at llatteras. About sixty aro Invalids, mostly typhoid cases. Ool. Dlmmlck, in commaud of Fort Warren, did not expect so large a number, and quarters were only in readiness for two hundred. A large proportion remained on board during the n glit, but will b ? landed and provided with quarters this fore n?ou. Ai t'clei of delicacy far the tick ar# being hba.ul , ly provided by our cltUeu*.

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