Newspaper of The New York Herald, November 9, 1861, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated November 9, 1861 Page 1
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THE NEW YORK HERALD. WHOLE NO. 9191. NEW YORK, SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 9, I8GI. TRICE TWO CENTS. HPORTAITFEOI SOOTH CAROLINA. Arrival of the Great Naval and Military Expedition at Port Royal Island. THE FLEET tN THE GALE. Total Loss of the Transport Ocean Express and Steamer Union* Opening Bombardment of Beaufort Probable Capture of the Rebel Batteries. Two Union Gunboats Re ported Disabled. Commodore Tatnall In Com-* maud of tile Rebels. BUTCH OF PORT ROYAL AND BEAUFORT, A*., &c., &c. Foitmn Moinum, Not. 7,1861. ] torn that a physician of the United States Navy, who vh sent to Norfolk on Monday, with a flag of truce, by 6?n. Wool, on some business of his own, waa brought back this afternoon by a rebel flag of truce. He reports that telegraphic despatches were receive 1 to-day at Norfolk that our fleet was then? the 7th inst.? bombarding Port Royal, S. C., and the work on both sides was very sharp and hot. Two of the transports ? one supposed to be the Ocean Express, having ammunition on board, and the Union, carrying horses? wsnt ashore during the gale. The Union was wrecked on Rogue's Beach, and one eighty horses fifteen were saved. The Ocean Express went ashore at KiM Devil Shoals. Bothvessols had crews of seventy-three men, all of . whom were savod, taken prisoners, and sent to Raleigh, N. C. I also learn that the telegraph at Norfolk to Inconstant , operation, bringing from the scene of operation* de. ?patches. The wildest excitement eziBts among the rebels in N?r fblk, also among the people at this point. The Union was a new vessel, built in Now York, an 1 was intended for the use of the Quartermaster'* Depart ment here, but was transferred to Captain Saxtou, yuar termaater to General Sherman. She was a very t':mt 1 sailer, and proposed to be the return vessel to bring thu news of tbo result. During last evoning numerous rockets and other Are works were displayed from Norfolk, as seen from New. port News. It was probably owing to the election held in the Confederate States on the Oth inst. The supposition |S that Port Royal is reduced, and that our troops had effected a landing by this time. To-morrow wo expect full particulars, aa a veseel ie hourly expected. The Baltimore boat is detained, having run on the bar, and will not get off until ten o'clock. j Fortkkhh Monros, Not. 7, 1841. The 8. R. Spauldlng left for Hat (eras Inlet lut ?TuninR, with a cargo of commissary stores. It if mors thau probable that some of the troops will return in ber. It Is understood at Old Point that Hatf?ra* Inlet is a place of too much importance to be abandoned. Should tbe Twentieth Indiana regiment return to Old Point It" place will bo immediately supplied by a large force. By a flag of truce just from Norfolk we havo news of the fleet, but provokingly meagre, as the only person who came down was bound by parole to revoal no pai tteolara. Out fleet was bombarding Port Royal , which whs sail! to bo In a critical condition, and Just ready to surrender. The steamer Union, with a cargo of horses and stores, a?drauotber transport, whose name is not given, werv lost during the gale, one at Kill Devil Shoals, and the other at Rogue's Beach , on tho coast of North Carolina. The crews of both vessols ? seventy-throe In numlnsr ? ?re now prisoners at Raleigh, N. C. .It is not known whether any were lost; but tlttean horses were saved. The executive officer of the Minnesota slates, upon In. formation received by the llag , that the licet whs bom barding Port Royal, and meeting with a warm reception, the rebels having been preparing for them. The above reached Norlolk to-day by tclegr.iph. The reported resignation of General Wool is news at Old Point." The United States gunboat Monticello will leave for tho Mookade oil Wilmington In acouplo of days. General I'h.lps states that tho rebels are bolder and more numerous than ever near Newport Nows. Foktkev Monros, Nov. 7, 1861. A gentleman, by flag of truce from Norfolk, brings the fctelligence that during the gale two transports of tho ex pedition ? the Union and a sailing vessel whose name ho does not remember ? went ashore on Kill Devil Shoals and Rogue's beach, on the coast of North Carolina. The Union had horses on board, all but fifteen of which were lost. Soventy-thrce mcS on board were taken pri soners and conveyed to Raleigh. The other transport had ordnance stores. The gentleman by whom this intelligence is brought feels bound iu honor to communicate nothing further. I fee) authi^lzed In saying the above was received a* Norfolk on Tuesday, at which time the floet bad not landed, but was congregated o(T Port Royal, Beaufort, and was engaging tho batteries there; that one of our gun boats hod been disabled by tho rebel gtina, and auother was aground; that Commodore Tatnall, the rebel com' mander, was about to take her. It was first reported that the Great Republic had been lost, but It proved to be Incorrect. The rebel commander had a small steamer under hi* control, aud threatened to go out and seize one of the ves aelaof the fleet, which had been driven on a lee shore > with troops on board of her. On the whole, the news is ?ot regarded as of an unfavorable character. This Intelligence cotnes through a source supposod to Sympathize with tbe rebels, and is claimod to be dorlved from one of General H uger'B aids. lULmroRi, Nov. 8, 1801. The gentleman who rumo jnder the flag of truce from Norfolk yesterday, s*ys he brought all that is known with regard to the floet, and tho stories afloat attributed to him are false. All be knows is that a despatch had Men received at Norfolk that one of our vessels was disabled by the rebel's batteries, and another was aground near Port Royal. Two vossels had been wrecked on the North Carolina coast; one, the Union, the other unknown. Seventy-throe prisoners were taken to Raleigh, and fifteen horses saved from tbe Union. Be liegs that the press generally will not make him say anything else. THE EXPEDITION. The all absorbing topic of interest at the present mo. mentis tho groat naval and military expedition, which our telegraphic reports inform us has selected its sceno Of operations. This, it appoars, is Beaufort, S. C., a small town, or, accord.ng to Southern parlance, a city, situated on tho east sido of tlia haibor of Port Royal Below wo givo a d(Scriptlon of Tort Royal and its vicinity, includ ing tbo city uf Beaufort and tho points which render it a MAP OF BEAUFORT 8. C * Scene of' Operations of the Great Naval and Military Expedition. 7 bridgi r COOSAWH ATCH lE,.^ HjU a "5J>V ^ ^1? voV'chAHAivt VILLE EUBAW CHURCH A < S L A A" j^^cAwas" ...POCOTALICO SHELDON CHURCH. . BRIDGE ? CHURCH* COMBAHEE lANGlvIAWf POINI' BUTCHERS I S LA N P place of grant importance, both to tho rebels, vn one of defence and resistance to extendod invasion, and to the commanders of the expedition, as regards their futnro o| eratioua against the cities of Charleston and Savannah, the principal cities of South Carolina and Georgia. Ever since the departure of the expedition, the public mi;id hag felt increasing agitation as to the destination of tho fleet , a state of feeling greatly intensified by the tempest of Saturday last, which awakened general fears as to its safety. Those fears wore groatly allayed, however, by the return to Fortress Monroe of two of the vessels, which, in the storm referred to, wero separated from the main body. These wero, first, tho steamer Belvidcre, which returned to Old Point on Monday, the 4th of No vember, exactly six days from its sailing. Then the Florida, gunboat , Commander Goldsborough , carrying nine guns, which was disabled in the storm off Cape Fear at the same time that the Belviilere sufferod hor Injuries, 1 and which arrived at I'lilladolphia on the same day that tho Belvidore reached Fortress Monroe. Tho report of the Bolvidere was that Rho had bron bo roughly handled in the storm that a considerable portion of hor upper works hud bcoo stove in, and that twelve of the liorsea which she carried for the land forces had been killed. Compelled to return, or at all events abandoning tho fleet under theso circumstancos, she could give no other account or tho fleet but that it was o(T Capo. Fear when tho storm burst upon It. The Florida stood out the early brunt of tho storm, which was first experienced soon after leaving Hani >toa Boadr, bnt succumbed to tho severity of tho gale on Thur*l:iy night, which slightly disabled her machinery, ai;d she ako put hoim about when olf Ospe Fear, itocring for rhi'adeli>hia. The Florida had no troops nor horses on board. The b irk Honduras reported that between O.v e ! car a;i 1 Charles ton, S. C. , on tho morning of the 4th, she passed a iargo naval fleot; "the win! had then abated.'* The most satisfactory information was brought to us by the Jlnntl collo.from tho blockade of Savannah, who retried that "ho pasrod tho wh> !o fleot moving along finely on Saturday Bight, within thirty miles of Bull's bay Thlfl report of the Monticcl.'o gavo gcniral xnt sfac;i >n and restored confl lenoo to a considerable extent through out tho wliole community, extending its influence even to Wall street. Besides these vessel#, which only seporun <1 from the fleet in consequence of the gale of Friday, the O. M. Petit, a nmali chart 'red tugboat, and the tiro ferry, boats, Ethan Allen and Commodore Perry, were unable to copo with the heavy sea they encountered at th > first an I compelled to put back. They all arrived safe. These vessels were of no great importance Vo the results hope I ftr from tho floet,save that tho ferryboats, as intended, might Bo useful in landing troops. Several days, however, a^ain elapsed, bringing no further accounts beyond surh as we published from Southorn papers, the whole tenor of which confirmed tho view expressed by us in our de scription of Port Royal ? that this harbor would in all probability be selected as the point of debarkation. It is evident that our commanders then woro right Jn running tin' fleet into this safe and capacious harbor, and selecting the mainland as a permanent stronghold tor an encamp ment, and as a jvnni d'appui for future land operations, which might bo dirocto;! simultaneously against Charles ton and Savannah, whoso fortifications might alBO bo safely attacked la tho rear by land expeditions moving from Beaufort. But the very advantages lv>rt Royal presented for a hostile landing have made it also, as wo learn from o ir yesterday's despatches, a point of particu lar attention to the rebels for somo timo past, dur.ng which they must have erected strong fortifications to harass the landing of our troops. This will be seen from the Southern reports which we publish In another column, and which state that the fleet was bombarding Port Royal nnd meeting with a warm reception, the rebols having boon prepared for them. At the latebt in formation the troops had not landed. The vessels were engaging tho batteries, and one of our gunboats had been disab'od by the rebel guns, another being aground , which was likely to fall Into the hands of Commodoro Tatuall, who waf in command of the rebels. A war vessel is also reported to bo disabled, and a later account says the lorco had been landed. True.'.i g i > !>o eu.'biei within a few Lours to r?j>ort the successor tho fleet in these waters, wo return to re;ort what further Koidenlg befel it in the storm which pre vailed al ng tho lino of const It was sent forth to menace. Vi'-' have no accounts subsequent to that of tho Montic-'llo until tho receipt of those which come to us via Fortress Monroo undor a liatf of truce from Norfolk. Va. , anil which we give to full in .mother c 'luir.D. From this s< urea we learn that during the gale two transports, tho Union steamer, and the

Difii flccnt clipper sailing ship Ocoon Kxpross. wore wrecked, the former on Kill Devil shoals, near Aibern'trlo Sound, and the latter off Ilogue Inlet, on the land point of which w Fort Macon, one of the fortifications of Beaufort, N. C. The report states that tho Union had horses on b ard, all but fifteen of which wero lost. Seventy three men wero taken prisoners and conveyel to Pjtleigh. Tho report of the loss c.f the Great Republic is contradicted. Another report Bays that three transports wero lost, names and par ticulars not given. Theso accounts, however, must bo taken with considerable allowance, in view of tho quarter whenoo they como to us. THE GREAT FLEET. Tho naval expedition sailed from Hampton Roads on tho morning of Tuesday, tho 29th of Ostober, under tho chocring influence of beautiful weather; the music of the mglmcnlal bands, from that on board of tho Wabash to tlie rearmost guardian of the squadron; the elieors of tho thousands wUo were going forth to battle mingling with the stentorian responses of their assembled brothers In arra? on tho beach and on tho ramparts of Old Point > now lost, and again breaking forth between tli# thundering* of tho cannon, whoso rude throats jolnod tho general acclaim which announced that the expedition was faifly on Its way. Tho naval part of tho expedition was in command of? Flag Officer 8AMUFJ, F. DUPONT, Flag Captain CHARl.KS DAVIS. F<ug Ucuteiant SAAll'fcX 1'IUusi'ON. Naval vessels. VKSSIXS COUPRI?I.N? THE EXVKltVUOV. esaels T. ' . 20 2 SteJimhiis. Ferry boms ?1 23 n ; ft sic.' in transput* Sallinj: vessels. . . Steam bouts Tola! 84 This Is exclusive of the Fsblne, Ropquehanna, St. Law rence, Dale, Savannah, Flag, anil other vessels of tlie blockading squadron, which were to have Joined the expedition as it passed tho points off which they wore stationed. The strength of tho enumerated vessels, amounting to eighty four, was reduced at tho time of reaching Port Royal and commencing tho bombardment of tho rob' 1 batteries there erccte I, by the wltkdrawal, flrst.frurn hi. ability to k"cp up with the squadron, of tho ferryboats Kthan Alien, Commodore Porry and the tugboat 0. U Pettit: following them tho return of tho Behidere and tho Florida, disabled in th? Kale off Capo Fear. Our later accounts further reduce the fleet by tho reported loss of tho steamer Union and the O'ean Kxpress, sailing vessel We havo'also reported from l'ort Royal one gunboat dis abled and another aground. These red not tho total of the fleet tip to lat'?t accounts to aeventy-llve, as shown by tho following table: ? Original strength of the floet leaving Hampton 84 1*. Relvi tore, returned disabled. 2. Florida, returned disabled. 3. Commodore Perry, separated from the fleet. 4. Kthan Allen, separated from the lloet. 6. O. M. Pettit, separated from tlityieot. 6. Union, ashore in sale. * 7. Ocean Express, asl.ore in pale. 8. Gunboat (not named), disabled inaction. 0. Gunboat (not named), aground. In all /tors du combat. 0 Total ready for service 75 THE MILITARY FORCE. Tho military strongtli ct tho expedition s supposed to consist of about 20,000 men. It is organized aj follow*:? nxnt'cr. DIVIbtO* t'OMM AN1IKU. Acting Major Geneial.. .rrig. n. T1RM. W. HIKRMAW. COMM ANIlKRA OK BKIUAKKH. Egliert L. Vlele, Isaac Inya'.ls Stevens and Hiiatio Gati a Wright. There nre various other regiments ? as for Itistaneo the Third Rhode Inland, Colonel Brown; fho Maasnchaaelta Twenty-first, Cilonel Morse; the Engineer Volunteer bat talion, Colonel E. W. Serrell ? ? corps of Sappers and Mi ners which Joined the expedition at Fortress Monroe, and which we cannot local* In any particular brigade; and thero may bo still others embirlted at that and other (?"lulu, of which wo have us yet no definite information, jii addition to ibe regular land force accompanying the expedition, there. is also a battalion of United States ma rines under the command of Major Reynolds. Th<' entira military arm of tho expedition may t afoly be eatlmated, however, at certainly not less than 20.000 men. ? for i ho most part pkked troops detailed from (leueral Mc Cel'aii k command for this par'kn. jr service. One of tho mi st Important ofll roinectol with lha expedition Is Colonel Ch is. t>. r? < t 'e, of tho Cnited States (-Vast Survey. This olHoc n >e assumed to be |M rf.? tiy familiar with the gen 1 biography of tha imrt ol the Southern coast to whn ' expedition ht dl" reeled, ha having made the surv< \ i from t'a(>e Kear* t<i St. Marys riv<r in 1X52. Agau in 1854,8 rcconsola. sanco of the coast of South Carotin, w is naxlo, I roin tho Ashley river to tiie Ban l o?. Colonel Bout- l!e acting In tha cafui ity of officer of astrraRnnlral and magnetic obsnrva* tio :s. 1(0 also was engaged to subsequent surveys along the name coaat up to 1857 , and must tltoreforo have ac" quired a most thorough knowledge of it in all Its faturoaj The presence of such an officer with tba expedition is o tho greatest moment. A very efllclent signal corpa is also attached to the ox] .?edition, under tba immediate charge of I.lcutonaut Da mint. ARTILLERY. Battery of six guns Captain John Hamilton. This battery consists mostly of l'arrot rifled cannon, and forms part of tho noted Sherman buttery, winch the rebels have po often boasted of having captured. As I'ort Royal, then, Is the theatre of action selected by the naval and military commanders of the ex|>edtt'.on? and where It Is boj ed it will achieve tho great results ex pected from its valor and ita devotion to tho cause it haa gone forth to uphold, wa lay before our readers graphic descriptions of tha harbor of I'ort Royal, its Immediate stii rounding*, aud of tlie city of Beaufort, which standi at the head of the waters of ihe harbor SKETCHES OF PORT ROYAL AND BEAUFORT. PORT ROYAL. I'ort Royal is fifteen mlios northeast ffom tho entrance of Savannah river, and is perhaps tho most important (Kiint on the Atlantic coast of all the Southern Statoa which bonier u|kui that sea for the pur|Miso of a hostile visit. Die entrance Itself Is an inlet from tho Atlantic, la latltudo thirty two degrees olght minutes north, llftjr miles southwest of Charleston, and fifteen miles northealt ofTyb o Inlet, the entrance of Savannah river. 'Ihe opening I'rom the Atlantic is between hiding Island and ill I ton Head Island, nnd at that point Is about three milsa wide. Tlio prolongation Inward of I'ort Royal entrance la called llroad river ami Tort Royal river. Running up tliia for about twenty-llvo miles, bending off oast ward through the Cnoanw river, and coming out to the Atlantic again through St. Helena Sound, you have an Irregular area of about twonty-five miles by fifteen. This amphibious ra gion is cut up by numerous rivers, crocks and inlets into a.grcat many islands (Sea Islands) of various suns, tha chi 'l'of which are I'ort Royal, St. Helena, l'aris, Ijtdtoai tVosaw. Morgan, Hathaw, Eliding, Chaplin, l rentu; and limiting. A lu = i K the coast of South Carolina, an of North Carolina :-n Anorgia, stretches a low and narrow sand bar ? a hind or d tensive outwork to the land ? seldom inhabited except by lost Indiana and runaway negroes, who sub - ist by hunting and fishing. At distant intervals there are shallow broaches through which tho quiet tide steals in t wlce a day, swelling the natural lagoons and damming t) e outlet or the fresh water stream till (bo current Mi destroyed and turned back, and their llocd dispersed far ,nd wide over the debatuh.e land of the Cyf i a Swamp, [lien, when tho heavy rains in the interior luvo swollen tho rivers, their eddy ing currents deposit ail along tho edges of tho sandy islands and capes the rich freights tliey liavo brought from tho calcareous or granitic moun tains in which they riso, with the organic waste of ths great forests through which they flow. This is tho soil of the rice and cotton plantations, which are always found in such part* of the tidal swamps adjoining tho mainland or the sandy islands as aro left nearly dry a* the ebb of the ivator. 'Die region around Fort Royal entrance and island has a strange, eventful and romantic history. It was, la fiirt, tho lirnt srttjed s[>ot on tho coast of North America. How interesting, in view of our expedition, to read tho story of another expedition to the sa me locality jusl tin ee hundred years ago. The first colony was sent out 1-y Admiral Culigni, a z?ulo<is I'rotostant, nlid then one of the Ministers < >1 tho Crown, who, at the time of the war between U, ? French Protestants and the Catholics, ob tained permission of Charles IX. to plant a coiouy of Pro testants in Florida ? a nam- then Bppliod also to a great . art of the Southern coast. Command of two vessels was uceo dlngly given to Jean Bibault, "a man expert in en causes," and in tho spring of 1 fjfi'2 bo landed un the I lor Ida coa?t. Hailing northward, lie discovered several rivers, one of which, from l'the fairness and largeness of its harbor," he culled the I'ort Royal river. Tho old ? lirontcler, Laudoniere, who accompanied the expedition! describ ?? tho sceno in glowing colors. Splendid forests> shores festooned with rich grape clusters, birds of bril liant plumage, stavs and doer in the luxuriant sav.m n.ihs. As tho coapiander cast his eyo across tho waters of tho beautiful river before him, nays Iaudo. mere, laid measured the breadth of Its mouth and tho depth of it* soundings, ho persuaded himself that "all the argnsics of Venice could rido upon its bosom." Ac" cordingly, upon tho inland a few miles up I'ort Royal river be erected, it Is said, on tho very spot where tho town of Beaufort now stands, a pillar with the arms of France, and in a few days after built a fort, which, in honor of his King, Charles IX. , he called Charles' Fort? Arx Carotin ? ? from which c rcumstance 11^ country took tho name of Carolina. Ribautt reminded the colonists that they wore now occupant! of a " vast country , filled with every goodly promise, whore every man wok to be honored, not for hi* birth or fortune, but on account of his own personal achievements." Thus H wu on that very spot that, for tiho first limn, three hundred years ago, on the North American coast, the flag of a civilized colony might be soon by tho approaching mariner. Bui this lirst French colony aid not flourish, and alter sending out another to the same locality, tho French, in 16(57, gave up all idea of malting settlements. It was almost a century after this before the Engllah began to colonize around Port Royal. Early In tile seven teenth century I<ord C*rdrim? led a colony from fc'cotktad and settled at Port Royal; but this place, claiming, from an agreement with the Lords Proprietaries, co ordinate authority with tho Governor and Grand Council of Charles ton, It was compelled, with ciroumstAncen of outrage, to acknowledge submission. In 1870 William Sayle was sent out as Governor, and in bin letter of instructions he was told to "cause all tbtt po.iple at l'ort Royal to swear allegiance to our sovereign 'o.d 1)10 King, and subscribe Odelity to the proprietors uf. il tho form of government established by them." With regard to the capabilities of Port Royal, an Fng ||ph writer spoke of il as follows: ? "The whole royal tuvf might ride with safety in Port Royal taatb >r. Its situation rentiers it an excellent station for a squadron of ships in time of war." A g'.onco at thclmap will show that a more vulnerable spot for striking at the rebels could not be selected. On either hand lie Georgia and South Carolina, with their capitals, Charleston and Savannah, the hotbeds of seces sion. Tho communication between the cities would be the Qrat to be seized, the distance between tho two cities b 'inn' 104 miles, and a force moving np the waters from Eearfort would strike tho road at Pocolalego, fifty Ave miles from Charleston and forty-nine from Savanuah, bjr which means Charleston or Savannah could be taken on the rear. The forts and batteries of both harbors would thus be rendered useless as dclences to their respective cities. BEAUFORT. Steering for Port Royal harbor, the courso, afWr taking boarliiijs, ia duo west for St. Michael's Heail , within Iktcau [CONTINUED ON KUUtlU PAUE.]