Newspaper of The New York Herald, November 14, 1861, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated November 14, 1861 Page 4
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with the odious sentiment that self-govpmmost In Itnpos with dvlb*od man. Ikwow Citi?m:-I implore you to pauso anil reflect upon tlw tenor anil consequences of your acts, or Hie nwiul sacrifice* made by the devastation of our property; ih > shedding of fraternal blood Id battle, the mourning and waliing of widows and orpluma throughout our land are insufficient to deter you from further pursuing this unhi ly war, then ponder, 1 besec h you,ui>oii the ultl mite, hut not luss certain remit which its farther pro gro b must necessarily and nAturallv entail upon your once happy and prosporous St*U>. Indeo t, can you pursue this fratricidal wur, and continue to imbue your Ikiii is In the 'oval blood of your countrymen, your friend*, your k'os men, for no other oh cot than to unlawfully di-uupt the confodoracy of a great people?a coufed -racy oslabllSQed by yfcr ojrn Inn,Is?in order to get, wero it possible, an Independent government, under which you can nevor live l.i peaoe, j>rosjiorlty or quietness. Carolinians:? We have comu among you as loyal men, fully improved with our constitutional obligations to tho oiti/.euR of your State; thoso obligations shall be perform ed as far as in our powor, but be-no: deceived. The obli gation of suppressing armed contfdnatlons against tho constitutional authoritiee Is paramount to all others. If, In the performance of this duty, other minor but lm]>or tmnt obligations should be In any way neglected, It must be attributed to the necessities of the case, because rlgh a dependent on the laws of the State must be necerisri.y subordinate to military exigencies created by ins .rreotlon ?nd rebellion. T. XV. SUKRMAN, Brigadier General Commanding, HiiDQtuKTitSK, Pcytr Roval, S. C., Nov. 8, lsci. OFFICIAL REPORT OF COMMODORE DUPONT.' The following are tho official despatches to tho Navy Department.? On Hoard FlaosiuI' Waiiawi, \ Or? Hnton Hats, Port Royai. Harior, N'ov. f 8m?Tho government, having determinefwaer/.o and occupy one or more mportant points upon oey Southern ooaat, where our squadrons nilglt find shelter, poKg^n a "depot, and afford protection to loyal citizen* jjptanmUtud "to my discretion the selection from uwflii;: these paces which It thought available alfi'" desirable 'or thoso purposes. After mat:iro deliberation, -?idnd by the professional Icnowledge and' great lutein >gonco ot tho Assistant Secretary, Mr. Fox, and upon tak 'log into consideration the magnitude to which the Joint naval and military expedition had been extended, to which yon Uatvo ca>led ui.v attention, I came to tho con . elusion that the original intentions of the Itepartlneut, If carried out, Would fall si art of the expectations of tho country and of the capabilities of the expedition, while Tort Royal, 1 thought, would meet 'nth in a high degree. 1 therefore submitted to Brigadier General Sherman, commanding the military pa-t of tho expedition, this modification of our earliest uialiuwd plans, and had tho ? itisfactiou to receive his full confluence, though he and the commanders of the biigadsj very Justly lul l threat sties* upon the necessity, if possible, of teitui), this frigate intivl^., harbor of Port Uoyal. On TuesSjhythe 2tttb of October, tho Hoot under my command left Hampton Bonds, and, with tho army transport*, numbered fifty vessels. On tho day i> ovtous I had despatched the coal vtMoIs, t^eoty-flve in number, under convoy of tho Vandalin, Commander Haggerty, to rendezvous oil' Savannah, not wishing to give the true p.iini of t.'ie Hoot. The weather had bcu unsettled in ] lamp ton Roads, though it promise*' well when we sailed. But oil ilattevas it blew hard. Some ships got into the breakers, and two struck, but without Injury, on Friday, November 1. The rough woather soon increased into a fcule, and we liud to encoun ter one of the greatest violence from the southeast, a portion of which approached to a hurricane. The H>et was utterly dispersed, and on Saturday mom,ngone ?ail only was in sight from the deck of the Wnbatli. On the following day tho weather moderated, and (he.- t-aitic. I and ships l>c gun to reappear. The orders were opened, ?except these in case of separation. Tbeso Inst wore burnished to all the men-of-war by myself and to tho transports by Brigadier Goneral Sherman. As the "vessels rejoined reports came in of disasters. 1 expected to hear of many; but, wh:n tho severity of the t'alo and the cl a at ter of the vessols are considered, we have only cause for great thankfulness. In roferoncc to the men-of-war, the Isaac Smith, a most efficient and well armed vessel for the cla.-s pur" chased, but not intended to encounter such so* and wind, had to throw her formidable battery overboard to keep from foundering; but, thua relieved, Lieutenant commanding Nicholson was enabled to go to the assistance of the chartered steamer Governor, thou "In a very dangerous condition, and on board of which was our fine battalion of marines under M^>r Reynolds. They were finally rcscued by Captain Ringgold, in the Sabine, under diScult circum stances, soon after which tho Governor went down. I believe that seven of the marines vere drowned by their own imprudence. Lieutenant Commanding N4chol ?on's conduct, in the Isaac Smith, has met my w-i m com* uendation. The Peerless transport, la a sinking condition' ?ru met by the Mohican, Commander ftur don, and alt tbo people on board, twenty-ris da number, were saved, under very pocultar circum ?usees, In which eervlce Lieut. II. W: Mailer ?u rery /?vorably noticed by his commander. On passing Charleston Meat In the Seneca, Lieutenant Commanding Ammen, to direct Capt. Lardner to Join mo with the steamer Susquehanna, ofl Port Royal, without delay. On Monday, at eight o'clock In the morning, Banchored ?Jf the bar with some twenty-five vessels, in company with many more heaving in sight. The Department is aware that all tho aids to navigation %ad been removed, and the bar lie* ten miles seaward, wUfa no featoros on the shore line with suflloiont promt, n <nce to make any hearings reliable. But to the ?kill of Command^ Davis, the Fleet Captain, and Mr. IBiutelle, the able assistant of the Coast Survey, in j charge of the ?t?amer Vixon. the channel way imme diately found, sounded out and buoyed. By three o'ckick 1 received assurances from Captain Iiavis that 1 could send forward the lighter transport*, these under eighteen feet, with all the gunboat;, Which was immediately done, and before dark ttvy were securely anchored in the roadstead of Port Royal, S. C. The gunboat'- a'.most immediately opened their batteries upon two or three rebel steamers under Commodore Tat Ball, Instant y chafing him under the sholler of the bat teries. In the morning Com. John llodgnrs, of tho Tnitcd flutes steamer flag, temporarily on board this ship, and acting on my staff, accompanied Brigadier General Wright In the gunboat Ottawa, Lieutenant Commanding Stevens, and supported by the Seneca, Lieutenant Commanding Nicholson, made a reconnolsssnco in force, ?ad drew the fire of the batteries on Hilton Head and Biy Point sufficiently to show that the fortifications \vr? works of strength and scientifically constructed. In the evening of Monday Captain Davis and Mr. Bou telle roported water enough f' r tho Wnbii-h to ventuie in. "Tbo responsibility of ha-?rd p so noblo a frigate was B>t a light one, over a proton, d bar of over two miles' Thoro was but a foot or two ol water to spare, and the fall and rise ot' the tide is such ?hat if she bad grounded she would have sustained mo-1 ? Tlous iiyury from stranding, ?( she w . not totally lost Too much, however, was at stake to hesitate, and the re.-ult was entirely successful. On the morning of Tuefdsy the Wabarh crotred the bar, followed closely by the frigate Sysqoehiincai the Atlantic, Vanderbilt and other transports of deep draft, running tbiough that position of the fleet already In. The safe i a-sage of this great ship over tho bar waa bailed with gratifying cheers from tho crowded Teasels. We anchored and immediately commenced pre paring the ship for action. But tho d?lay of planting the buoys?particularly on the Fishiug R:j), a dangerourshoal va had to avoid?rendered tho hour late before it w?? possible to leave with the attackiug squadron. Io our anilely to got the outline of the forts before dark we stood in too near Ibete shoal?, and tbo ship grounded. By the lime she wot. gotten off it was too lale, in my Judgment, to proceed, and 1 made signals f'r tho squadron to anchor out of gunshot from the en in). To-day the wind blows a gale from the southward and westward, and llic attack is unavoidably postponed. I have Ihe houor to be,air, res;x.cifully, your obedient ?errant, S. F. Dl'PONT, Flag Officer, Commauding South Atlantic blockading Squadron. Ft.*o Pine Wabash, oit Hu.ton Ht/n, 1 Pokt Roval Harjr, Nov. 8, lsfll. f Hon. Oipwm Wr.mtH, Secretary of the Navy, Wishing ton ? Snt?I havo the honor to inform you that ynterday 1 attacked the batteries of the cueniy on Bay Point and Hilton noad and Fort? W.ilkor and Beauregard, ar.4 kuc coeded in silencing them after an onK?nem> nt of tour hour** duration, and driving away the squi.dron of rube) ?learners under Commander Tatnall. The re?onuoiseauce of yestorday made us satihlied with flin superiority of Tort Watkor, and to that T directed my especial efforts, engaging it at a distance of eight hndrcd yards i.nd afterwards at nix hundred. But the plan of attack brought tho squadron sufficiently near Fort Beauregard to receive Its (Ire, and the thips w re fre quently lighting the hatter l"K ou both sides at tho turno time. The action whs bc^un on my part at twenty six mlnutu past nine, and at half-past two the American ensign win hoisted on the flagstafTof Fort Walker, and thin morning, at sunrise, on that of Fort Beauregard. The defeat of the enemy terminated In utter rout and coufiiRion. Their quarters and encampments, were aban doned without on attempt to carry away either public or private property. Tho ground over which lliey tied was strewn with the orinn of private soldiers, and the officers rotired in two much baste to submit to the encumbrance of their swords. Landing my marine* and a coni| any of seamen 1 took possession of the deserted ground, and held the forts on Hilton Hoiut, till the arrival of General Sh mmn, to whom I had tlie honor to transfer their command. We have raptured forty-three pieces of cannon, most of them ol the heaviest calibre aud of the most approved design. The bearer of these dospaichcs will have the honor to carry with him tho raptured flags and two small brats field piece*, Iatoi> belonging to theSlate of South Caro lina, which are sont home as suitable tropHles of ,the sue" cess of tho day. I enclose herewith a copy of the general order which it to be read in the fleet tc-morrow morning, at muster. A detailed account of this battlo will be submitted herealter. I have the honor to be, Very respectfully, your obedient s?r. <int, 8. F. I>1! PONT, Flag Ofllrcr Cominandlng South Atlantic Blockading Squadron. 1'. 8.-?Tba^Mrer or despatcites wilt also carry with him tho tlrst Atf^fiAeiisign raised upon the soil of South Carolina ?|n^^Bhsbelli<>:i broke out. S. F. H. OKDKR NO. 2. Wamahii,* Hkati, I Bay, Nov. 8, 1H0-1. j It is tlietj^^^Hwty of tho commander iu chief to make a pubflMBpfrtedguient of his entire comraenda* ti'<n of tlie ceolnei*indiscipline aud skill and gallantry displayed by tho officers and men under life < itnmand in the capture of tho bat lories at Hilton Head and Bay Point, alter an sction or rour hours duration. The Hag officer fully sympathizes wttlt the officers and men of his squadron in tlie satisfaction they must feel ut seeing tho ensign or tho United .States flying onri?more in the State of South Carolina, which has has been the chief promoter of the wicked and unprovoked re bo 11 ton they have been rilled Upon to suppress. 8, F. Bt'PoNT, ? Flag Officer commanding & ith Atlantic Rloekaditig Squadron. Flao Ship Wahami, Orv IIii-tos Hiun, > ro:tl Koyal, Nov. 8,1881. j Hon. CrnaoN Sir?I hnvo tho houor to report the following casualties in the action of yesterday in the capturu ol tho bjUterle* at Hilton Head and Ray Point:? WanAfii- Killed one-Thomas Jackson, coxswain, captain of a gun. Sllglitly wounded two?Alfred H?rusl>> , sea man, and William Wall, seaman. Stw k?a*!?ai(?Killed, two?John P. Clark, Orderly Sergeant, and Wm. I'rice, second coalhoaver. Wounded seriously, one?Samuel F. Smart, first ciuss boy. Wound ed slightly, tw<?I'atrick Dwycr and Samuel Bolbrook, second grade. Paw.vkii?Killed, two?John Kolly, Orderly Sergeant, and Wm. H. Fltthugh, first class boy. Wounded slight ly, three?Alfred Washburor, Master's Mate; Jacob House, ordinary seaman, and Patrick Quinn, ordinary seaman. M kcax?Killed, one?John A.' Vhittomore, Third Assistant Engineer. Wounded seriously, three?W. Thompson, Isaac Seybuin, Acting Master, and Sherman Pa;com, ordinary beaman. Wounded slightly four? Mayland Cuthbert, Third Assistant Engine r; John O. Pitt man,Master's Mate; John W. Townsend,ordinary sun man, and Charles Browne, ordinary seaman., two?Patrick McGulgan and Alex ander Chambers. Wounded slightly, three?Peter Mur. phy, Alexander Ferey aud Wm. ttllchrlst. few t-llghtly wounded. The number not reported. TOTAL. Killed Wounded severely Wounded slightly Killed and wouuiled 8 ? 17 31 1 have the hut. or to be, respectfully, your obedient ser vant, 8. F. DCTONT, Flag OfBcer, Com'dg United Suits Atlantic P'->< koding Squadron. Vijm Ship Wahami, Orr Hilton Hiad, ) Pom Royal, Not. 9,1881. J Hon. (Juno* Wklks:?? Sm?Since writing my official despatches I hnve sent gun boo" to take possession of Beaufort and to protest the inhabitant*; bnt I regret to say they have fled and tho town is abandoned to tho negroes, who are reported to icc as in a Unless condition. The light vewel* which ] hdped to havo made use of were destroyed on the d? sertion of the farts by the rebels. The post office* were visited, and a number of documents, letters, 4c.,ob tained. J hare covered Scull creek, the mouth of Broad *iver and have cut off this communication between Charleston and Savannah. Respectfully, your obedient servant, 8. F. DUPuNT, Flag Office*, commas d:ug United States Atlantic Squadron > . ? PRIVATE LETTER FROM COM. DTJPONT. The fo Ho wing hi a portion ef a private totter fronting Officer Dupont to (he Assistant Secretary of the N^^:? Wabash, Port Ratal, Nov. ?, 1801. ICt Pkah )!n. Fox?During the dishearten^ g events of our passage my faith never gave way; but at s-?ie moments it seemed appalling. On tho other hand, I permit no elation at Air success. Yet 1 e.mnot refrain from telling you Mint It has been more complete atut brilliant th^i J ?\<r rt.t .d havo ! believed. I have bean too fatignei' ? ? o<i it dev. > t:d ofB 1 ; 'i-teount of the battle. My rcjwt e fuh up ir. the I < v?i -tc -f It, an ) 1 think will into;--t yo.i. l tlhaito i:i ntert mjhetf u lth a succinct ac"<.t.l wild: ! think vrh. c9 Dked r,s we.l as a more <! t.fci r?i w Tliis I will, however, forward hi turn for I he Secret* y"sn-port. I I kept under way and made three ru;n. , thnngM passed Ave times between the forts. 1 had a Hanking division of five ships to watch, and Old Tatnall, too, who hr. < eight I .-mall and swift steamers ready to pontic? upon any of I ours should tbey be disabled. I could get ton* of my big f. '.gates up, I thought (he Sabine would have gotten clear | np to tho St. Lawrence. I sent no word, hiwover, and the Savannah was blown off. 1 do not to giet it now, except ~u their account 1 believe my plan was clever. I fU >d against the (He, and hud tho management tbe ln-u, r in consequence. Their confidence vims extreme that they could drive us away. They forght bravely, and I'mir ride guas never missed. An eighty pour.dcr riflo ball went through our main mast in the very centre, making an awful hole. They aimed at our bridge, where they knew tbey could make a hole if they were lucky. A r hot in the centro lot water into tbe after magazim ; but T saved a hundred livos by keeping under way and bearing in close. We found their eights giadnhted at isht hundred yards. Vhen they once broke the stampede was Intense, and not a gun was spiked. In truth I never conceivcd such a fire as that of this ship on her second turn, and I am told that its effect up<>n the spectators outside of her w as intense. 1 learn that when they saw our flag flying on shore the troops were powerless to cheer, bnt wept. General Sherman was deeply affected, and the soldiers are loud and unstint ing in their expressions of adniration and grati tude. The works are most scientifically con structed, and there is nothing like Fort Walker on tbe Potcmae. ] did not allow the victory to cheek oar order, but despatched some vessels under Captain Gillls over the other side. To day 1 have an expedition to lieuufort to save the light vessels: but they were flred instantly after the surrender. IleWort is deserted. The Degrees are wild with Joy and revenge. They have been shot'iown, they say, like dogs, bees >se they would not go off with their maulers. 1 have already a boat at SewrM crr?>k, and the communication between Savannah ilt harleston is cut off. NATIONAL. SALUTE. THE GOVERNMENT ANNOUNCEMENT OP THE VICTORY. On the reception of the official despatches the following order was Issued.? O IN KRAI. ORDER. Tbe TVpartment announces to the navy and hi the c untry its high gratification at the brilliant successor the combined navy and army forces, respectively com manded by Flag Officer S. F. I hi pout a;fl llrlgadier 0 uerul T W. Sherman, in the capture of Forts Wa'.karand Boiuo gird, commanding the entrance to Port Royal harbor, South Carolina. To oonmemoratc this nignnl victory, it Is ordered that a national tnlute be flred froraonc h Navy Yard, ut moridian, on the day after the reception of this order. GIDLON WELLES. Cl'R SPECIAL EXPEDITIONARY DESPATCHES. OUR DESPATCH FRCM THE MATANZAS. I'NITKII ST*IK- TllAN-1'OltT Sl? VMKH MatanxaS, I Hash-ton KdiWJd, Oct. 23, ISOI. J Your speeclal oorres|K>n<tent embarked on board of this vessel m-iiay. Fvora tho activity in coaling up the a tea mora it saoins probable that wo iiiny Hail within th? coming twenty -four hours. Tho gale which has boon prevailing for the past few days has brokun, and a strong weateily wind is now blowing,and In the course of twelve hours the sea will be quite smi oth along sltore. At Midmujii'.?I am on deck, and cap distinctly hear the 'vessel* coaling up. Tho bay presents a beautiful scone, a tho.sand lights aro twinkling on the back grouu'l of dark sky. Some of the large steamers are lighted up brightly, and the Boot ligtu? look in the distance not unlike a largo city in the early hours of night' Thousands of hap]>y hearts are beating on board of the vessels, some of whom ere long aro destined to cease in their pulsation*, and the place that knows them now will know them no more forever. Seventeen ships ol-war and twenty-nine transports are lying, hero, having on board a small army,.with all their equipment* and proi Isions for montlia. When one thinks upon the varied scenes through which we will have to pass we cannot fail to be wonder struck. A few days Mid death and carnage will succeed this peaceful SceM arounl us now. Tiiirsiuy, Oct. '24.?A lovely day has dawned upon us, and wo are In hopes to get off to-day. We have reoeivod orders that when the Atlantic hoists-a jack at the fore we are to get ready to weigh anchor. The work on board of the vessels is progressing; but, from what I van learn, we cannot get away to-day. To morrow being Friday, I am afraid the superstitious notions of the sailors will be the tu'tauA of our keeping our anchors on tho bottom of the bay. Kiglit comes in upon us without any change. Friday, Oct. 26?To-day we got underwoigh and pre ceded alongside of the steamer Empire City, Captain Baxter, and took on board Companies U and K, Forty eighth N. Y. S. V., Colonel Perry. Tlie following iH the list of officers who accompany this detail:?Major,Oliver T. lliard; ? Humphries, Assistant Surgeon; Captain? K. K. Travis; First Lieutenant, N. A. Elfwrlg ; Seeond Lieutenant, T. C. Vldal, Company B. Captain, S. J. Fos ter; Klrst I.ioutcoant, S. U. Galo; Second Lieutenant, A. If' Miller, Company K. The following ladies were also sent on board to take charge of the sick, they being the rogi montal mirden ?Mrs. Johana P. R. Ffanly, Mrs. M. lirooka, M i.s.h Mary He ward, and Miss Mary J. Fox. There were also fourteen nick soldiers sent on board, making over two hundred souls added to our ptSMOgcr list. After tho troops wore Fafely on beard a large amount of army bsggago was put on board, and then Briga dier Genoral Viele, with his ataT, were taken on board, and wo steamed alongside of the steamer Oriental, and transferred tho General to her docks. This being over and the day being far spent, wo steamed to our anchorage, and came to anchor to await sailing orders. Humors of all kinds had been afloat on board here beforo the arrival of our detachment, but now, with new heads and tongues, tho topic of our destination was renewed with vigor, and beforo the evening was ended every port from Ilatteras to Galveston had boen mentioned as th0 place to which we were bound. But I must confess that my own opinion had not been altorod. All give the go. vernmeut great crodit for keeping tho destination uf this grand expedition a socret. A few days moro and we will know somewhat more than we do to-day. Saturn ay, Oct 20.?The weather to-day does not jook by any means propitious, but I think wc shall get off to day. We took in thirty barrels of water and a day's rations of fresh beef and some small stores. At ten minutes before twelve o'clock, noon, the Jark was hoisted at the fore of the Atlantic, the signal for sailing. In a few minutes all the vessels had a full hood of steam an, and were ready for sea. One o'clock came; no gun from the Wabash, the signal for weighing anchor. Hour after hour passed, but no signs of moving; at about four o'clock the flags were hauled down, and then we felt euro that there was no sailing to-day. Late in the evening tho sailing ships were towed down into tho lower roads, all ready to start to-morrow. The weather looks bad, aud at eev?n o'claek the wind was southeast, with brisk rain. Wo are in hope* the weather will be clear by morning. Should everything prove favorable, we will aail on the first of the flood tide, which makes about ten o'olock. Thousands of eyee are turned towards us, tn expecta tion of our accomplishing great things. If the prayers of millions have anythitg to do with our succcss, then on that score we Khali be riotorious. And if delays add any thing to the surety of success, we must be victorious The sailing of this tremendous fleet will be a scene well worthy of place In the world's history. May the God Of battles go with us to victory. Wears in hopes that this is our last night in Hampton Roads for some time to come; and when it sball huppen that one of our fleet returns it will bo to bring the gla^ tidings of a great and glorious victory to the combine^ forces of our army and navy. BFKUjtV KTKHCiraf. Stxday. Oct. 27 ?Ttu* day wu unheard fan wltk a small gale of wtod, ucompui?<1 by rain and a heavy tu Yrom what we had learned last evening we Mi acre that the 0??t would rot leave daring tbe coming twsntyftmr hoar* At half-past tea o'oloclc the aoldlera were mut tered into the cabin to listen to a sermon fngn Lieutenant ttala, who ia a regular minister of the Gocpei. The Lieu tenant took for his text tbe fourteenth wie of the fifth chapter of Kphoaiana:?."Wherefore ho aailh, Awake thou that aloepeit, and oris* Iroaa tbe dead, and Christ, KbtJ\ give thee light." I? diacuseing the words be likened bis bearers to the sleepers, and be bade them arise from their sleep of slu and iniquity. Tbe rermon was full of whoieeomo advice, and it was listened to wHh marked attention. It is worthy of remark here that the Forty-eighth regl munt ia composed mostly of charch members. Tbe Oakxvel is a minister, and several of tho officers are eter gymen. Tbo conduot of tbe men of this regiment, as far ?s I have beeo able to see, is trnly exemplary. I never saw bolter discipline or ntori quiet and orderly men In my lift. Profane language in ui heard on board, and the most gentlemanly behavior is everywhere to be met with. If they behave as we'.l under Ore they will make a mark In the military annnls of this rebellion After midday tho storm cleared up, and tbe wind hauled into thu northward. No signs of moving, with the exception of towing seme of the sailing vessels into the lower roatts preparatory to sailing to-morrow. An Knglish brig, in attempting to go to sea, went on the S|dt nearly abreast of us, and in a lew minutes after sho xlruck tho soa m-vle a clean breach over her. The rebels saw the disaster and came down to tho beach in large numbers, but as they bad no boats to go out to her it was worse than useless to think of making anything by doing so. Her colors were eel Union down, and tho Commodore despatched two tug boats to assist bor off from Ui? back. They worked at ber for several houra> but they* were unable to move her. At dark sho was still lying hard and Iwi in the same position as when first she went on. During the day 1 havo visited'be Pick soldiers oil b<-.>rd; all but one are recovering ra pidly. And] am constrairod to boar aa abundant tcetr mony to tho watchful car* and kind nursing of the ladiea who perfirm ibis arduous duty for the regimotil' Tbe tender hania of these devoted ladiea soothe their fevered heads, and minister to their every want. They fill up the void which distance and circumstances have placed thorn in. No kind mother or gentle sister is here to keep watch over tbe tedious hours of a tender son; but these ladiea are the mothers of the regiment, anil the greatest deference and respect la paid to them. Tlie day cloaea with a fresh breeae and a clear tky, and fair proepects of a good day to-morrow. Our evening ia spent here in quiet enjoyment. Nearly all the officers and the ladiea 'are seated around tbe long cabin table, reading or writing letters and their private journals. Occasionally some one breaks tbe alienee by wkIngtsome question in relatiou to "Bow we are to land?" or "When are we to meet the enemy?" This opens a gene ral conversation, In which all participate. Tbe time peases away pleasantly until ten o'clock, when all the lights are put out and all are 10 their berths. All are In hopes thla Is the last night we are to remain quietly at anchor here. Some of the transport fleet hav* been here sixteen days, and are no further on their Jour ney than when they arrivod. l'atience has almost ceased to be a virtue with us. We aro tired 6f waiting; but w# truet that for all this <3ulay wo shall tie amply compen sated. Monday, Oct. 2tl.?A b?u iliful day, but from noon till uight we wat'ihrd to,- the sailing in \ain. Why wo diu not go steins a mvalory. Ouc cf our sick soldiers was given up to die by tho brlfeado and regimental sur geons, but Dr. Hitcrtas, tho puisci'if tho ship, tock tho n an In his rare at about. Ight o'c'o* k in tho o\ tning, and by mldclfciit luid surci'oiled lu b.itigtng on very favora ble symptoms. I think that If l.ho man's life ia saved tho C: edit will beWtn; to o'ir > eiit!< mitiily purler. TUB HTAltT. Tuksuat, Oct. 29?This morning, at a few minutes past Ave o'clock, I was awakened by tho firing of th" signal gun from the Wul>a<*h. I immediately went on deck, and found that the flagship hail Just weighed hor anchor and was Bteatnlng slowly paHt us. She was aoon followed by the gunboats, each llyine their thoforo. The C.reateHt activity prevailed among the fleet. Jacks weie set, and tho sailniB outlined the windlass brake*, and tholr cheery gong tang out upon tho rooming air im they

hove the li?avy anchors up from their muddy beds. A few boats were pulling with hurried strokes from ship to ship. Every soldier ?<u on the decks of the ve.-uels, watching with interest the departing evolutions of th? large fleot. The morning waA one uf tho fairest of the aoason. Not a cloud was to be Been in tho faght blue sky. A gontle breeze scarcely rulHed the surface of the water. The thoro at the fortress was lined with spectators, while tho ramparts were dotted here and there with groupn of soldiers, who waved us a hearty adieu. Vessel after vessul welghod tbuir anchors and slowly steamed seaward. Even the rebels on the beach, between Wll" ioughby's and Sowall's points, name down to see us oil As tho troop laden transport* parsed each other I ho men rheored, and the various bands enlivened the scene by stirring strains of music. The whole soene was one of grandeur, and during the entire morning the fleet lay promiscuously scattered ovor an aroa of ovor twenty nuloe. According to the or dor of sailing wo are to form in three parallel lines, preceded by the naval squadron in ? face line, whilo several gunboats guard etthetr side and tlia rear. The Atlantic wsa the last ship to leave tho anchorage, our vessel being nearly abreast of Cape Henry light houao before she started. Up to noon the fleet had uot formed tin their proper order, and I am unable to learn why they have boon so dilatory in doing it. At noon forty rounds of ball oartridge were served out to tho troops on board, so that In event of any trouble we may bo enabled to show our enemy that we are prepared to treat with them on very favorable te.%ms. All tho vos ?oJb are running at throe-quarter spoed, and aomo havo loosened their sails. At three o'clock the fleet formed In the following order Illinois, towing Great Republic. Philadelphia. o >3 c Battle, towing Ocean Express. Poeahuntas. Atbiiitio. Vanderblll, towing Empire City. Er.csson. Florida Uolden Eagle. Ocean Queen, Keanoke. towing I.oeust Point. Star of tlie South. Parke riburg. Belvidere. W Infield Scott. Union. Zenaa Collin. Potomac. Matanzas. Befi-Deford. Two ferryboats. Danl. Webster. Alabama. CoaUaooaK'oa. Marlon. Oovernor. Oriental. Cahawba. K. B. Porbes. Ariel. Peorless. Mayflower. Augusta Mohican. O. M. PettlL Mercury. Vlieu. Od-iola. Although tho above was the official order of sailing, several changes wero made through tbe afternoon. Tho Oriental Inking th? place of the Ericsson, the former hav" ?n;.' Genoral Veile on board, he having shifted Ms quarters from the Empire City. Tho R. B. Forbes shifted her posi tion to tow ono of the now gunboats, whose machlnory had become deranged. The fleet nailed in three parallel linos, tho Wabash taking tho lead, she betng the flagship of the men-of-war. Tbe first division, headed by the IU1 tic,baring General Wright on board, occupied tlu- eastern line. The ceutro line, headed by the Atlantic, with Gen eral Sherman's staff on board, occupicd a position aboat three fourths of a mile to the westward. The Em. piro City headed tho third or westernmost division. T1IKIK PHOOKESS. After the line was formod the two eastern divisions did not sotin to fall int"> their plucrs and keop their distance,, as well as could be desired. Tho ^lird division main tained its place with fair precision. Some of the vessels made qulto a show of canvass. The Wabash was under three whole topsails, jib spanker and trysails, ami did not uce bcr steam. Some of the sailing vessels had their fore and aft sails set. Ibe distauce from the eastern to the western limits of the Beet was About twelve miles i and from its northern to southern lines about the same distance. Thcro are several old seamen on board, and all agreed that they never witnessed such a magnificent spectacle. As the day drew to a close the leading ships Slackened their speed and the limits of the lift were shortened by about two miles. The flag ship threw out a number of signals, which were replied to by aU of tbe war vessels. The army signal officers also used their telegraphic sigaals, and tlis day closed with everything going on finely?tbe vessels making about five and a half knots per hour. Tbe course wo have been steering southeast by south?Is takluf us well outside of Batteras and from present appearances we are going on the other side of the Golf stream. I learn that our destination is Fort Royal, Beaufort, S. C. Now if ws are to cress tbe stream it will take us at least twenty-fours longer to make oar paw age. After dark I came up on deck to take a look at th? fleet by night, and a more splendid sight it never was my lot to witass*. The sky was as clear as a bell, and myriads of bright, twkikUiii: stars bedecked tbe deep blue canopy which bung high ever our beads. A gontle swell roUcdt over tbe' surface of eld ocean, rocking oar staunch craft. A moderate westerly wind lent a bracing fee!tog to the othor beauties of native. On every hand was beard the rumblfcg paddles of the host of steamer*, and a thousand lights loomed up against the darkened background of tbe bvrizeo. To our left tho green lights on tbe steamers' paddle boxes looked like bright emeralds sot in Jet, while to our right tbe red lights or tbesteamors K-re the resemblance of rubies in a darkened setting. The large passenger summers, with their cabins brilliantly lighted, looked like a city in the distance, and one could almost imagine himself passing up New York bay, and tbe Illusion was almost complete when a ferry boat came steaming past us. Every one was on de< k to enjoy tbe scene, but as ws sha'l have two or three nights more at sea, I^will defer further descriptions. The (lag ship was engaged this evening in telegraphing by means of colorod lights. We were about four niries from ber, and, so brilliai/t were tho lights, wo could plainly Bee tho rigging around the masts. The slguals wre plain, easily distinguished* and made with a celerity quite commendable. Til Km 8TEBD. Our vessel ts carrying about fifteen pounds of steam and averaging about thirty revolutions of the screw. Her speed Is increased and diminished according to our prox imity to the vessel which leads us. At eight o'clock tbo speed of the head ships was slackcnod, with a view of drawing tbe fleet-closer together. 1 cant.ot tmagiuo why tbey dully along so now that we havo a fine spell of weather. Fine weather is worth something at this sea son of tbe year, and especially under such circumstances as brings us out upon this expedition. If they do not hurry up wo will have a galo of wind on 11s, and then this cfTort to put do*? tbe rebellion will be lost for a time at least. Vhere are many vessels In the fleet which wilt not be able to stand a blow, and It seems strange that they havo been chartered to go on such a voyage; bnt, with good Kick and management, we may hope to make good our trip In tbe course or three days. TUB COMMSNCKMKNT OF TUB OALB. WBCintEDAv, October 30.?This day begins with a single roefed topsail gale from the southward and westward, with a nasty sea on. At about two o'clock in tbe morn' tng we entered the western limits of the Gulf stream and continued In it until about six o'clock, whea our course was altered and wo ran mors westerly. Tho fleet was somewhat disordered, and not one of tbe divisions was In its proper place. Our line was abont fifteen miles to the eastward of its place. How this could bave occurred I am at a loss to find out. The wind increased after sun rise and the lighter vcessls were sent further In shore to find smoother water We pitched aud rolled about badly, owing to tbe fact that ws were progressing at a rata of only about two miles an hour. During the morning wa havo fallen In with several sailing vessels, southward bound; one was the bark Jane A. Bishop and another one was the Bslle of the Bay. Sea sickness has manifested itself among us and more than oho person bus lost his ponce of mind. At o wn our position, by observation, is latitude 35 dug. Cfl mln. north longitude ami 75 dog. west, and we have run ono hundred and twenty-three miles since yes terday. The wind is southwest, and quito fresh. Tho harotnotcr is at 30 Inches and the thermometer ft aud* a* 04 dcg. As tho day advances tho lleot becomes more din oracied, and at times our engine is stop|>od, to allow the rear vessels to conic up. I supiwse the reason tor our going so slow Is to put the rebels off their guard. To morrow tbey expect us at Beaufort, and If wo are not there, tliey will keop a bright lookout for us at Charles ton tbe following day; aud as tho time passes for us to arrive, they will prepare for us at more southern porta; ami I think by the time wo oould havo reached iliu mouth of the Mississippi we shall bo landing somewhere iu South Carolina. Tl)in soenw to me to bu tho best solution of our dilatory movements thai 1 can offer at present. The weather hiui the appearance at sundown of changing for th? better hood. At dark we have got Into some order, but I will venture largely that before morning we shall be in a worm condition than we were this morning. At midnight the wind la moderating, and hauling Into the western board. The sea it going down. THt RsniT, Oct. 31.?The wind died out before sunrls^ and the sea was aa smooth a* a mill pood,ouly a gentle ?well disturbing Ita U*?m. I was on deck early, and found that ,,as 1 had prophesied, the fleet was sliaiuofully scattered, and quite a number of them entirely out of sight. The Baltic , wKh the Ocoan Kxpreaa in low. and the Illinois, with the Golden Kagte, the Oriental and sove' ral other transport*, wore nowhere to bo se-n, and whe ther they bo ahead or aatern we are unable to tell. A gunboat haa been sent back to look for thorn, whil* another has been sent ahead on the name mission. At about ten o'clock the fleet hove to, and the AtlantiO turned back at full speed for the purpose of ascertaining what had befallen the aslsalng vessels. Ifco Vunderbill, with the Great Republic In tow, also turned around, but shortly roturned to her position. Alter an hour's delay we again headed southward, and went along. At noon our position, by obaorration, was as fallows)?latitude M degrees 37 inininutea uorth. longitude T> degree* 60 minutea weet. Distance made sixty-eight miles, making a southweqf three-quarter south course; soj that w? are now "about Etfclrty miles off shore, and not yet in the latitude of Cape Lookout. The barometer la 80 degree* 3 minutes, and the thermometer at 70 degrees. Not a cloud has been seen to-day, and w0 have been enjoy ing tho scene very much. Tho siek are much hotter, and those who lost their peaoe of mind yesterday have found It to day, and not one vacant place was to bo seen at the dlnnor table. Tho soldiers have been excorclsed in rifle tiring this afternoon, aud have acquitted themselves finely. Most of the vessels had oan* to8 sot this morning, but as it fell away dead calm this afternoon all sails were furled, and the yards braced "harp up. I notice this morning for tho first time the presence of the gunboat Vixen. She la evidently "one of us," but her name was not put upon tho official list given to us ttie day we railed. 1 will now insert in the list and station her in tho rear. I am of opinion the sailing vessels we aaw yesterday are a portion of the expedition, and my opinion is strengthened when I remember aeeing tlnm at Hampton Roads, and also remember that they sailed two days before we did. At four o'clock we are steaming along at about Ave knots per hour, but not In rogular order. It seem* a pity that, with the full and oxplictt in" sttuctions all the captains havo had given to thorn, they cannut sail in line. It would be a grand sight, but would be more creditable to them na shipmasters. It will take a day for us to form Into line again. As evening ap proaches the-wind Increases in strength, and there is fair prospects for a gale. Tho clouds are forming rapidly and are assuming a dark and threatening look. Frioat, Nov. 1.?Wind north. At four o'clock A. M. the wind hauled into the northward ami eastward, with rain. At daylight but ftw of the fleet are to he seen; the Baltic 13 in sight this morning, having come up in tho night. Wo havo been steering southwest by south half-south a.'l night, which has taken us into tho Gulf stream. At ton 6'clock the gunboat Blenvlllo hove in sight, she having been sent from Fortress Monroe to Join the floct after leaving the Brandy wine, which she towed down from New York. ? AN At.AKlf OF FIRE. This morning there was an alarm of flro In tho soldiers' quarter*, which for a time caused quite an excitement. After tho excitement subsided it was found that one of the soldiers had inserted a woolen rag into hit rifle for tho purpose of cleaning it, and fo drive It out he fired a cap, which not only drove it out but set It on lire. Tho fact was reported to Major Beard, who ordered the man in Irons. At uoon the position of the ship, by observa tion, was lat. 33 dog. 8 min., long 78 deg. 10 min. Dis tance rnn during tho last twenty-four hours one hundred and forty-live miles. Course ma<" , 8. W. K W.; so that wo are now abreast of Cape Roman and about fifty miles off shore. Tho wind is now THE GALE INCREASES. southeast, and Is rapidly increasing to a strong gale. At three o'clock tho Atlantic turned back, as we suppose, to assist in bringing up the fleet, who have fallen into thc rear, for at this time there are only twenty-six vessels ill sight. A few minutes afterwards thc gunboat Florida turned baclr and ran for the Isaac Smith, who seems to be in dig tress; at least sho does not keep up to the course wo are steering. The gale is increasing very rapidly and thc sea is rising vory fast. We have seen quite a num ber of flying flsh to-day, and quite a brood of Mother Gary's chickens are now flying around oar stern, attract" lug the attention of oar passengers. At ftve o'clock the wind hauled south by west, and our course has been altered to southwest; the fleet is rapidly falling in the rear, and, one by one, are lost to si^ht. The rain falls in torrents, and occasionally wo ship a large sea. At mid night tho gale was raging furiously, ?nd the vessel wa* tossed about like a feather. A sea struck tho pilot house and stove in the window*. THE FLEET 8XPERATED. Pathway, Nov. 1?At two o'clock this morning 1 was on deck, and found that the gale bad materially increased and that every few minutes we were visited by a terrific squall. The sea was lashed into a white foam, and it was as dark as well oould bo imagined. Not a light from ano ther vessel could be seen, and I feared that wBen morning dawned wo should not be able to see a single vessel. At daylight tho Wabash, Ariel,Oriental,Pocahontas and two otnor vessels, which, owing to thc distance and heavy sea, we were not able to distinguish, were the only vessels in sight. The wind is in tho western quarter and blowing quite heavy, without squaH* The sky bas a very wfld look, but the barometer gives us hop's of better weather | before night. At noon ov.r position latitude 32 de. | grees 1) minutes, longitude 79 degrees 08 minutes; dis tance sailed seventy-two miles. The barometer stood at 29 00, and tho thermometer at 70. We ar? now to the southward of Port Royal entrance. Up to tfcrce o'clock there was no sign of a change, but after that hour the sea began to subside. At this time there are only two vessels insight. At nighl'all tho wind and so* began to go down, end by midnight ti e gale had broke, and tho weather began rajiidly to cithngu for the better. Svuday, Nov. 8.?At daylight I crime on dcck,and found the sky overhung with cloud*, but tho sea was quito smooth, and the weather clearing up quite fast The course wo have been making since seven o'clock la<t night to seven o'clock this morning has been southwest by west; at seven o'clock our courso was altered t? west northwest, the wind being west. Only three ves sels are in sight, and only their masts are to be sech above tho horizon, consequently wo arc unable to distin guish what vessels tliey are. Tho g;ilc has dispersed tho lieet largely, but I suppose that l>y night they will assemble, as all of tliem ar.o provided- wltb sealed orders, which are to b? opened if dispersed. There can bo but little doubt that all are safe, with the exception of the little tugboats and tho ferry boats, which proba bly have gone in shore. If they have not, I fear for thoir safety, for tho sea has been very heavy, and being small vessels, with heavy armaments, tboy would make bad weatber. Under tho most favorable circumstances H will take twenty-four hours for tho fleet to again get jn lino to be prepared to enter port. Should everything go on favorably we will probably have a reconaoiseance made by a gunboat to morrow, and Tuesday morning the troops will begin to land. THE POINTS TO BE ATTACEEP. Oartoldlers are becoming quite anxious to put their fret on robot soli and establish themselves t hereon. They all fool assured that they will have to fight, as there wil' ho no place to which they can retreat. We have an idea 1 on board h?ro that tho troops will land at or near Beau fort, then march across tho land to attack Charles ton in the rear, whilo tho naval forces will go around to Charleston, and keep them busy on tin seaboard while the troops take possession, or threaten tbo city Itself. This plan looks very feasible, and 1 would not be surprised if it was the very plan ujion which 1 we are to carry on operations. A few hours moro and either victory or de.'oat will crown our efforts. We are ready. TAB OPBNISO OF THE SEALED ORDERS. As wo were without a file leader, and did not know what eourso to pursue, tho sealed orders were opened this morning, at nine o'clock. They read as follows:? IIlADOCiirntna ExMrnnanuRr Corps,) Stkamkh Atlaniii-, Oct. 26, 1861. J Sir?In tho event of your transport being separated from Iho fleet you will proceed to rORT HOY Ah, SOUTII CAROLINA, and report to the ilrlgadier Oeueral to whore c transport belongs, or othcer the, e iu command. Very ro siH Cirul1yyourob?d.ehtservant^g r m WfiE Captain Fifteenth infantry, acung Ass. Adj. tiencral. Tho commanding otilcor's battaliou voluutoora, steamer MataoKax. Now ws know sural/ where we are going, and a* only the officers know, the rejoicing is confined to the cftbit for the present. I have never soun men more el.aod w itb tho knowledge of m destination tluui aru thecal laui uilloer of the forty eighth. Everything seems propitious for us" the day ha* oi^ned bright and beautiful, and at this time?nine o'olock?we are making towards tho shore. We ore not more than sixty miles from th 1 entrance, | should judge, and by two or three o'clock wo shall ba obliged to heave to for tho day. We are steaming along at about three miles an hour. ONK OK T11K BOATrf MSAHI.XD. At half poBt nine o'clock we caiue up with a steamer, supposed to be tho Winfleld Scott, and saw that she had lost her mul# in the late gale. She also soomod to ba much damaged a'jout her upi?r works. The gunboat Bienville came up and hove too alongside of her, and sent a boat on board to ascertain the damage, and also to see if they noeded any assistance. The boat soon returned, and we are In hopes no lives have been lost by the disaster. At oloven oVlork the KmpireCity, with the Korty-oighth New York Volunteers on board, cams alongside of us, their baud |?I ? v uij a soul stirring air, while the troops cheerod eael r lustily. At half-paat eleven o'clock we headed arieim o the southward; Ju* as we oamo around the government pilot, Mr. Rodger** discovered the land in the north wee torn horizon; a clump of trees wore scon at the samo time ; this must be theli at of Port Royal. We are now In eleven fathoms of water, which places us about thirteen miles off shore. Thirteen vessels are in sight from the masthead. Tbt Vanderbll* and the IliinoU arc both ooming up without their vessel* in tow. At noon our observations put us in lat. S3 d*f 01 mln., long. 80 deg. 33 rain. We have run slxty-alx mites since yesterday noon, and are now about seven miles from the position formerly occupied by the light* ?hip. roirr ROYAL. Port Royal, the entrance to Heaufort, Is situated fifteen miles N.K. K. from the Tybeo lighthouse, at the entrance of the Savannah river. A lightship WN formerly moored In about seven fathoms of water between the soiHheast point of Martin's Industry, a dan gerous sand banU, and tho north bank of fort Royal ea" trance. Tybee light bears from the lightship touthweal by west throe-quarters west, twelve miles distant. Bar roint north northwest, ten miles distant. Hilton's Head northwest by north, eight and a half milos distant. Th* outer buoy on Savannah bar bears west by north, twelve and a halftniles. The land is quite low, but the trsea are genera.)^ high. The entrance to Port Royal is readily distinguished from sea by a small grovo of trees whioh stand on tho west side and towor above the surrounding ?ncs like a high crowns.) hat; hence the grove beans the name of the '-Hat of Port Royal" among the seamen. This harbor has a bar, but there is four and three-quar ters fathoms on it at high water, which will bo sufficient to carry over any ship In the fleet. Once inside of th* breakers wo will have from four to nino fathoms of water, and at Phillip Point there is an excellent auchorikge for a large squadron. The channel Is moderately wide for somo distance, but after passing the Broad river mouth tho river narrows, so that from shore to shore it is not ovor a mile, gradually lessoning to loss than ono-half mile. The navigation is quite intrl cato after passing Bay Point, and it is not probable that the ships will go nearer than Ave milos of the town. Tha chart from which we draw our information was published in ISfjft, and possibly things have changed somewhat sine* that tlmo. THB FIRST APPEARANCE OF LAND. At five O'clock till* morning there were only ninetee* vessels in sight-the Florida and BienvHIe bolng the only war vessels to bo seen. At half post five we were stand* mg In shore, when the OrionuI signalized, "Do not stand so close inshore " We immediately answered it, and headed to the southward and eastward. At sundown w? saw the land, the fbip beii^ in twelve fathoms of water. The Illinois has just hifvo in sight, without her tow an.l minue the greater portion of her after smoke stack. The Roanoke seoma to be dam aged about the paddle boxes, and I cannot M m much camp equipage on her deck a* there was when wo loft Hampton Roads. I think she has mad* bad weather during the gale. Nothing of any note occurred during the night. We '*7 QHiot, heading off shore. Monday, Not. 4?1 was on deck this morning before daylight. A light westerly air waa stirring, and tbft ocean was as smooth as a mlllpond. But few r'T could he seen on tho horizon. As the day advanced the transports and war vessels loomed up in every quarter ot tho compass. At sunrise we counted seventeon veeaela Inshore of us. Our head waa turned landward, and we started In to gain the fleet. As we drew near we Saw that the Wabash and several of the gunboats had come in aloqg shore during the night, *?d were quietly rldln* at their anchors about two miles from (he bank known m Martin's Industry. Onr troops were in high glee and cheered their companions in arms as they passed them la other ships. At ten o'clock Major Beard assembled battalion ou the qnarter deck and nn them an address, fa which he gave to then the vory beet of advice in relation to their behaviour In landing, snd when called upoa , to face the enemy. A more sensible and patrkAl? ?perch c^ild not have been mtA under the circumstances; and I do not know but that at this timet* would be proper to state that Major Beard has provided for and taken care of the treops under his command in ft ?uperior manner. Their rations have been well cocked, served punctually ^and have been of the best kind. Tto meet perfect order has prevailed on board. He thinks ? great deal of his men, and I am happy to state that the feeling is reciprocated on their part. The ofllcers of Com panies B and K are gentlemen and soldiers, snd bid fair to distinguish themselves on the battle field. Success to the Fortjr-eighth. As we run in I notice the Susquehanoft lylug near the flagship, and also see seVferal ships' cutter* pulling from ship to ship. SOTNDINQ POR AN ^TRANCE. At about eleven o'clock tha I nitod States Coast Survey ? steamer Vixen, with four bonfe In tow, tho Curlew and one of tho new gunboats, were Per t in to sound the chan nel. some difficulty whs experienced in finding the entrance, and it was not until Ac.iw; Matte ? S. G. Martin, commanding the gunboat Mereury, oim? to the assistance of the sounding party, that they were enabled to procced with their operation.", in about .in hair after the vessel. ps?cd ever the bar they had sounded ?p to a point near tho old southeast channel. As the ressels proceeded upon I their dangerous and highly important mission, thousands ef anxious eyes watched their every move. Each man. of-war had men stationed at the mastheads, and most or the transports' yards and lops were filled with officers watching the progress of the little vessels. As we stood. close la to tbo bar, I went aloft to catch n glimpse of the shore, with a viow of ascertaining If there were any batteries to be seen. REBEL BATTKRJES IX flIOHT. On a point, on tho p.irt hsn,| sMeur fho entrance, known as Hilton Head, I saw what I took to be a battery, but I oould sot bo sure. On turning my glass towards iM op. p.-?:te side of the river, 1 mm a battery which wat> lo cked a little to tho northward of the extreme point of land known as Bay Point. Tbo distance, however, wa? ?'> ^leat that I was unable !o discover the number of g< a mounted. Whilo looking |? th* direction I saw a robe* st, am?r coino down tho river and go into one of the many creeks with which tho land in this vicinity is cut up with. As- the surveying vessels passed up the river towards Phillips' Point the anxiety bocame more intense, for wo expected ovcry moment that tho rebel* would fire upon our vessel. On an iving off Phillips' poin the vessels stopped, snd the Curlew was <'es]?aiched to the Wabash with the Intelligence that the channel way wae all clear. As soon as this was made known to th.i com manding officer, orders wore issued for tho fleet to pre pare to go in over the bar. At a few minutes p.iat three o'clock the signal was made, and all vessels, with the J exception of those which drew over seventeen feet of ' water, stood in, preceded-by a gunboat as a file leader or pilot. By this move the Atlantic, Pal tic, Oriental. Van dorbilt, Illinois and tho flagship Wor trf?, outside of the bar. Up to this time we had no prospects of somo of our \ fleet arriving to-slay. The <Jr-ai Rep,,bile, Ocean Fagle f Ocean Express, Zcnas Coffin and sivornl of th ? gunboate* 1 are not yet to be soon. A gunboat will be despatched to > hunt them up. While the were getting under weigh I! 1 went on board of the flagship, snd after visiting the ship I was jierniitted to go on board of tho Mercury, and she was ordered to put me on board of the Matanzas, where I desired to go Accordingly, at half-past Iti-r o'clock I embarked on this trim little craft, whlohs - miraculously weathered the torrible gale through which wo hive had to pass to get here. Tbo Mercury wn- obliged to throw her . bow gun, a rifled twenty.pounder, and also to cut away hor guard flooring, and bad it not been that her eom mander was, one of the most skilful and Intrepid of eoamen she would havo bee., lost, rtut to return to my narrative: Tho Mercury lay alongside the Wabash and wh.n 1 w*nt on board she was taking in buoy., which I

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