Newspaper of The New York Herald, November 14, 1861, Page 6

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated November 14, 1861 Page 6
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NEW YORK HERALD. JAMK9 GORDON BKNHSTT, EDITOR AND PKOrRllfTOR OFJJC* N. W. COKNKK OK FULTON AND NASSAU STS. Volume XXVI Wo. 31? AMUSEMENTS THIS EYBNXNG. WINTER HARDEN, Bloadway.?Our Ebmaui American CoWISi?Til* OCTOROON WALLACE'S THEATRE, No. 844 Broidway.?'Til Kimi or tdm Mountain*. LAURA KEENE'S THEATRE. Broadway ?Sitim Soni. NEW BOWERY THEATRE, Bowery?Ron. Rtr*?JisirT Lud-Ko?rnT Mai-aikm, BOWEKlf THEATRE, Bowery.?Stieinr'1 National Oihm BARNUM'S AMERICAN MUSEUM. Broadway.?!*? And Kr'nloi.? ?<v e or Viuniout? llirroi otamls, Bra Lion, A?b Orsaa Cdriowtika. BUTANTS' MINSTRELS, Mechanics' Ilall, 473 Broad way.? en aw Koa>t HBKr. ROOLBY'K MINSTRELS, Bluyrraant Inntllule, No. K* Broadway.?ETinorUN SoNiiii, Dances, At'. MBLODKON CONCERT HALL. No. S? Broadway.? Sokci, OAMcaa. Iti'ai.KiiouKi. Ac.? Eimkualba. CANTERBURY MUSIC IIALL. MS nroadway soko* 1'AMk.s, lUiHLaaoviiS, Ac.?.M Jiilt Laurel. OOKCKHT KOGM, llrnadwaT.?Drawing KluM t Nti.i.lAlMII K1U BaI.LKTS. l'^MUHIMK.I, FAUCES, At. AMKI'.U'AN MUSIC llAl.L, 444 Broadway.?Sosxis, Ual Htj.fjsK'iii'iiA Ac.?Oi.n >i<tik I ah n CRYSTAL I'.VLACE CO.NC&UT HALL. No. 45 B i'*?ry.? BORkKauvi >, Softs, Dam-es, AC.?I'.UKLkiKD* t'lm it-. METROl-OLITAX CONCI BI' HALL IVOO Broadway. SOPUI*. P??lfVakci s. b!'M.K.?uOk *. Ac. PARISIAN CABINET OF WONDERS, MS Broadway.? Open dally Inim 10 A. M. till 9 P. M. TRIPLE SHEET. New York, Tliurtdoy, IVoremlier 14, 1MGI. TH1C SITUATION. The news which we give to-day from the grand naval expedition to Port Royal confirms nil the reports which have previously leached ua from the South, and establishes the fact that the result of the enterprise has been most glorious. We are now in possession of the official accounts of the expedition, which arrived l?y the steamer Bien ville from Fortress Monroe ye: tenlay; and we lay beforo our readers to-day, in the reports of the commanders and the descriptions by our special correspondents, a complete history of the entire affair. Our story occupies no le*s than twenty seven columns of the Hkkalp, and a largo portion of the news for which we cunnot find room to-day would till up several columns more. In furnishing this important news we are compelled to omit a large amount of other interesting matter. The total destruction of the rebel batteries Walker and iteauregard at Hilton Head and Kay Point, the londing of 15,(KM) of our troops, and the nbandonment by the rebels of the city of Beaufort, and all the neighborhood around it, sufficiently attest the completeness of our victory. The rebel fortifications were found to be structures of au admirable character, hardly surpassed, indeed, in the history of military science. The.y mounted no less than forty-three guns, and had large stores of ammunition on band. All these have become the property of our troops When the boats of the expedition reached Beaufort they found but one white man in the town. The inhabitants, like the garrisons at the fort at the mouth of the harbor, had Bed. Thu precipitancy with which the troops at the fort8 took to flight is manifest by the quantity of arms?officer's swords, pistols, Ac and private papers left behind. Among the latter documents was found a despatch from Jeff. Davis to General Drayton, the com mandant of the place, informing him of the sailing of our fleet, and its destination at Port Royal. It b a curious coincidence in this engagement that General Thomas W. Drayton, who commanded the land forces of the rebels at Port Royal, and Commander Percival Drayton, of the Union gun boat Pocahontas, are brothers, though found on this occasion fighting on opposite Bides. Captain Steedman also, who commands tho Bienville, and brought home the official reports of the battle, w a son of an ex-Mayor of Charleston, South Carolina' The accounts which we give in our columns to-day of this grand affair at Port Royal are ao full and detailed that it demands no elaboration here, but we call attention to the fact tbut we publish no less than five maps of our iate battle fields, which will be found eminently worthy of public attention, four of which illustrate tli? Port Boyal affair, and include a map of the coast of South Carolina, another of Beaufort and the inlets, another of the forts at Uilton Head and Bay Point with the position of tho tluctsin action on the first day, and another of Fort Walker In addition we furnish a fine map of the battle ground of C5eneral Nelson, at Piketon (or Fikes ville), Kentucky, the scene of the late brilliant achievement, terminating in the capturc of all the rebel forces at that point, including their two Generals, Williams and 11awes. With all these illustrations before them, and the full and authentic accounts which accompany them, our readers will be enabled to comprehend the magnitude of the success which has marked the course of the army of the Union for the past few days. By the arrival of the Bienville we have also interesting news of matters in the South. Among the item* will be found a full account of the de parture of the rebel Ministers Slidell and Mason for Europe from Charleston, on the Theodora, and how she ran the blockade of that harbor, to gether with accounts of the transfer of the Union prisoners from Castle Pinckney to New Orleans; of a visit to Charleston by the French man-of-war l'rony; of a fepanish vessel in distress off the South Carolina-coast, and of preparations to re sist a further invasion of North Carolina a la Hatteras. From the Lower Potomac we learn that at an early hour on Tuesday morning a portion of the commands of Captains Morey, Chester and (Juarti man, together with the two flank companies? in all about four hun?ked men?oi the Fifth regiment. Excelsior Brigade, under the lead of Colonel C.ra ham, crossed the Potomac at Mathias Point, drove in the pickets, took their horses, marched about ' four miles into the country, and returned after a careful recouuoissance, satisfied th-ru were no batteries in the neighborhood, nor any provisiot s for them. They brought ba';U two prisoners, a 'juantity of horses and cattle, und were accom panied by some sixty or seventy contrabands, who rushed into the boats the moment the firing com menced. The principal houses, barns. Ac., on the starch were burned* The result of General Ileintzeliuan's reconnois s&nce from Alexandria on Tuesday was not t?oin significant as at first reported. It appears that he met and dielodge a foroe of r.?bel cavalry about 400 strong at Pohick church, and then proceeded as far us Occoquan river, and finding no enemy there, returned, bringing a largo quantity of forage. A scouting party sent out by General Smith the some day reports the rebels at Hunter's Mills, with a strong force at Vienna. Nothing further ofjrapor tance has oocured in the army of the Potomac or the other military departments. K is reported that eight hundred and forty-one cases of arms arrived hare three weeks since in theTeutonia, from Havre, and that six hundred and eighty-three cases, also from Havre, arrived last week in the Borussia. They were purchased for the government in France, and came consigned to order. Representations have been made to va rious persons in authority, but as vet the arms have not been claimed, and have been sent by the government to the public stores. They are unin sured. THE NEWS. The United States war steamer Hicnville arrived at thin port yesterday evening, having landed Iter conmundcr (Kfeednjan) at Fortress Monroe on Tuesday. Captain Hteedman was bearer of de spatches to Washington, detailing the particulars of the glorious vY;-vy obtained by oui nav.v at Port Koyal on i'hiih" 7th in-t. We give full accounts of the ailiUr, including the reports of Flag Officer Dupont i.?ad General Sherman; the proclamation of the latter to the'people of Month Carolina, assuring them of the protection of the federal government in return for their loyalty; the special despatches of our expeditionary corres pondents, and the official announcement by the Naval Department of the victory, ordering a na tional salute to be fired at the various navy yards at noon of the day following the receipt of the order. We have received our special correspondent's letter from Japan, per schooner Neva, via San Francisco. The rumors respecting the Neva, as a privateer, are satisfactorily disposed of. This ves sel was offered for Rale to the Japaneso govern ment, but no purchase of her no* made. The shipping business at Kauagawa, it appeurs, has been overdone, and trade is consequently dull at that port, and there are now there some dozen mer chant ships waiting for freight. The American ship Carrington had arrived, and the captain was induced by u number of pussengcrs anxious to return to California to change his purpose of visit ing a oy other Japanese port, and set pail for San Francisco. Among the passengers are unumber of missionaries and a distinguished Russian political re fugee. There- are several English, French and Dutch men-of-war in the Japanese waters, and it is re ported that American interests are on the decline. The Americans have so suffered from official hos tility that they were compelled to apply for the re moval of both the American Ministers and Consul. The residence of the HritiMh Legation has been re moved from Jdedo to Yokahama. The slave trade case?the United States vs. Min Miorn Western*)* was concluded yesterday. Evi dence was put in a.i to "the good character of the prisoner; the jury w ere addressed by his counsel* Messrs. MoKeou and O'Conor, and Mr. E. Delofleld Smith, United States District Attorney, summed up on behalf of the prosecution. The Judge then charged the jnry, who retired at a few minutes after seven o'clock, when the court adjourned to eleven o'clock this (Thmrsday) looming. Dr. Hayes, the Arctic explorer, delivered an interest!u? lectirc last evening before a large and fashionable audience in the rooms of the Hisotrical Society, corner of Eleventh street and Second avenue. The lecturer graphically described the leading incidents of the expedition, and was warm ly applauded at the close of his learned and in teresting discourse. The Commissioners of Emigration held their usual weekly meeting yesterday, bat no business of pub lic importance was transacted. From the weekly statement it appears that the number of emigrants who arrived at this port during the last week was 1,28$, making a total of $2,544 during the present year, against 1)3,392 who arrived np to the same time last year. Tho number of inmates on Wardls Island Is 791. The balance remaining in tlx: bank is 18,215 II. Governor Yates designs caHmg an extra session of the Illinois Ixvpislntnrn. Mrs. Lincoln left the Metropolitan Hut?! for Washington early yesterday morning. The receipts of beef cattle were agaia very heavy, and the market was acconlngly dull and heavy, while prices were about half a cent lower on the average, and fully %c. a le. on the most inferior grades, ranging from 5c. to R?. a Milch sows were unchanged. Veal oalvcs were steady at previous prices. Sheep and lambs steady for prime and extras and dull for all other hinds at from *2 25 to $3 50 a $4 50 a $5; extras sold at $6 up to $10. Swkie sold at 3%c. a 4>?c.; Bupply heavy. The total receipts were 5,940 beeves, 104 cows, 704 veals, 14,370 she >p and lambs, and 26,506 swine. The cotton market yesterday wa? tame, while sulfg were confined to about3oo bales, closing ilrm at 24 for middling uplands. Flour was in t?ir ?>Tporl and do ine-tic demand, while prices were without ehange of mo mot t. Wheat was tolerably active, with salus here and to arrive, at full prices, and (lie market closed at un advance of le. per bushel. Torn was firmer, aud In good demand, including purchases to arrive. The market closed a* an advance of le. a 2c. per bnshel. Pork was heavy, with small sales at lower price*. 8upars wore jjt?ad.v, with sales of 600 a 600 hh'ls. and fl,20o bats at rates given in another column. Coffee was steady, with a sale of a cargo of Santos on private to-ms. There was a rather better feeling in freight.-". Wheat was en' Kaged to I,iver|iool at9d. a 9>;d., in ship's ba^M. and to London at lid., do. The Recent Brilliant Victories?A Second Great tprlning In the North. It would bo impossible to overrate the im portance to tbe country of the gratifying intel ligence thai has been received within tbe last two days. The successful landing of our troops at Beaufort, together with the brilliant victory of the federal troops in Kentucky, opens a new epoch in the war for the restoration of the in tegrity of the Union, and has created a degree of enthusiasm hitherto unknown, and which will continue to increase instead of diminishing. Up to the present time, the people of the loyal States have lived upon hope. Calmly, stead fastly, with determined will, and a resolve, rendered the more fixed and settled by re verses, and those blunders which are the neces sary consequence of inexperience and a long peace, they have gone on in the groat work of preparation, until our fleets and forces ha\e at length been made effective, and the tirao has come to strike blow after blow, with prompt ness, enerpry and skill, and l^ing the rebellion in the slaveholding States to a ?pocily end. Major General McClellan lately declared that the war would be short and decisive, and Adju tant General Thomas added the assertion that our troops were about to move forward every where, and thai they would do bo with Um full certainty of sttccess. These promises rm be ginning to bo fulfilled, mid a about of triumph is ascending to tbc skies, from every portion of tbc Northern States, which will not cease until our glorious fag waves onco more over every portion of the republic. The death knell of treason has sounded, and, by the Fourth of July next, the festival of our inde pendence will be celebrated, as of yore, by a united, peaceful and prosperous uation< Congress will very shortly reassemble; but it may be assumed that the President aud bin advisors, whose course, thus far, has been marked by so much patriotism and wisdom, will take advantage of the great uprising that is taking place in the loyul States, and press for ward the war with redoubled vigor. There should be no lack of decision in calling forth the entire fighting population of the North, if requisite, in ordor that our armies may advance upon the South at every point. The troops that have so nobly secured a foothold in the heart of South Carolina, should be reinforced, uutil their numbers amount to at least sixty thousand effective, thoroughly disciplined men with an ample commissariat, who will not only be able to take possession of Savannah and Charleston, but to open those ports onco more to Uio commerce of tho world. The other naval expeditions that have been set on foot, should be sent off without delay, and the splendid victory at Pikesville, together with the Union movement in Tennessee, should be so used as to restore the latter Stale to immediate allegiance. In Missouri the public have every faith in Major General Hal leek, and the confldenco entertained, that Major General MeClellan is preparing for triumphs south of the Potomac which will drive rebel lion out of Virginia, is unbounded. We, never theless. say to the government, strain every nerve, call forth more men aud follow up with increased activity the victories that have al ready been attained. The cry of the loyal States is now on, on, on, towards the South. Patriotic feeling in the rebel States themselves, i^ beginning to be emanci pated, and we shall soon have allies in the very heart of the Southern portion of the republic, able and willing to grasp tho hands of our sol diers, as friends aud saviors, and to contribute their share towards the restoration of tranquil lity to the country. The North, with tho ex ception of the malcontents of the abolition press and party, has become a unit; the sympa thy of all the world but England is with our noble cause, and even there, enlightened second thought is reducing to silence that aristocratic jealousy of democratic institutions which hoped to aid in destroying our nationality by means of the present war. Our Complete Naval Victory In South Carolina?\ovr PunH On the War. The complete success of our great naval ex pedition in the water* of Port Royal and Beau fort, South Carolina, marks, according to our anticipations, the beginning of anew campaign against this colwwal, reckless and desperate Southern rebellion. Tbe capture of forts Beauregard and Walker, at the entrance of Broad river; the precipitate and undignified flight of the South Carolina chivalry; their abandonment of their arms, equipments, ammunition, stores and property of all descriptions; their exodus from Beau fort., leaving only one white man, and he '?jolly," in occupation of the town, and the con sternation created among the inhabitants of the surro unding country, as indicated hy the plan tations deserted, except by thu negroes, will convey some idea of the tremendous moral ef fect in the South which has already followed this "Lincoln invasion" and occupation of the ?'sacred soil" of the Palmetto aristocracy. Not one of all the numerous battles, bombardments and skirmishes of this war presents a more in glorious running away than was in this case achieved by the self-conceited and blustering chivalry of South Carolina. Their inflated no. tions ofikKuperior bravery are suddenly de stroyedftheir prestige of an invincible prow em is gone, and they can no longer turn up their dainty noses at the warlike inferiority of the rebel soldiers of poor old Virginia. In fact, Commodore Dupout has stripped off the lion's tfkia from the long ears of South Carolina, and she stands out in bold relief, a very foolish donkey. But what next? Gen. Sherman is engaged with his land forces in strengthening the admi rable naval and military strategical position which, in the occupation of these deep and commodious waters o? Port Royal and Beaufort, has been secured. Un questionably we shall thus hold this position to the end of the war. Nor is thi? all Beaufort ia to be made a military base of active operations in South Carolina and Georgia, by land and sea. To this end we may expect the immediate return of the transports of onr great squadron to Fortress Monroe, Annapolis and New York, in order to take down another col umn of ten or fifteen thousand soldiers to Gen. Sherman, and so on until he shall be suf ficiently reinforced for an overland movement upon Charleston or Savannah. Nor is there anything, except the chances of the weather, to prevent the increase of General Sherman's col umn to fifty thousand men within the next two weeks ; for we have the men wined and equip ped to spare, and the ships for their transporta tion. But, then, Jeff. I>avis may push down seventy-five thousand men from Virginia, by railway, to tbe defence of Charleston and Sa vannah. So much the better; for this will put an end to the rebellion in Virginia, without even tbe necessity for a battle. Meantime, we presume, General Sherman will push up from Beaufort to the occupation of the Charleston and Savannah Railway, at Coosnhatchie. and occupy it, so as to hold the command of that road. lie will doubtless also proceed at once to apply the Union test of confiscation to the planters of Beaufort district; and as, in all probability, they arc all dyed-in the-wool secession conspirators, it would not be a mutter of surprise if his penalties of con fiscation were to sweep away all the property | of these Beaufort rebels, cotton, rice, corn, live atock, lands, chattels, negroes and all. We I , dare say, too, that one sweeping experimental 1 Union lesson of this sort would have a pro digious effect in bringing out an overwhelming popular Union reaction throughout the cotton States. The planters of Beaufort district ure the Fifth avenue aristocracy of South Carolina; but they^ regard our Fifth avenue people with somo thing of that suprome and haughty contempt with which the Emperor NiclWlas regarded Louis Napoleon?as an outrider and a par venu. But let Geaeral Sherman try his hand upon these proud and conceited rebel aristo crats of Beaufort, and he may bring them to their senses. Lot him soizo their lands and ne groes and turn them over in liberal parcels to good Carolina Union men, and from Beaufort to the Belize the nobility of King Cotton wil* tremble, repent and knock under to "Honest Abe Lincoln.'' Thus cotton and slavery may both >10 turned against the sinking despotism of Davis without disturbing the integrity of the peculiar and indispensable institution of the cotton States, politically, economically or so I cially considered. But whatever may be the policy of General Sherman on the contraband and confiscation questions in Beaufort district, we are quite sure of one thing?to wit: that in his lodgment in the very heart of tlie aristocratic slaveholding region of South Carolina we have given this South Carolina rebellion h heavy shot between wind and water. The people of Charleston and Savuuuuh should now be able to understand the handwriting on the wall. We read it as signifying that those two citi< , if they much longer persist in this wicked rebellion, will hazard the dreadful fate of Tyre and Carthage, in being "utterly spoiled und utterly de stroyed." Baltimore, plucked like a brand from the fire, has been saved, and from her pre

sent allegiance to the Union she is promised a new career of prosperity and happiness. We commend her seasonable repentance and abso lution to Charleston and Savannah. They may be saved or they may be destroyed, utterly de* stroyed, und the choice is in their hands. We are now practically commencing the work of putting down this rebellion. It is giv ing way, und soon the whole fabric will full to pieces. It is a giant of brass upon legs of clay. It must come down. It cannot nurvive the pres sure of a winter campaign against it by land und sea. Submission to the Union is the only wuy of safety U the South, and the sooner the belter for our suffering Southern States, cities ami people, and the sooner the better for South ern cotton and Southern slavery. The K/TY. t in England of the Naval Vic tory In South Carolina. The effeot in the free States of our great na val success in South Carolina will be like elec | tricity?it will fire the whole North, us if with a llu^li of lightning, and another great uprising will take place. But the effect in England will j be equally decisive, and be probably attended i with far more important consequences. The news of this event, and of the other simulta neous victories, tak?*u out by the steamer which left Boston yesterday, will fall like a bombshell in the midst of the British aristocracy and gov eminent, who have beou secretly intriguing for the last thirty years for the disruption of the republic and the destruction of democratic government. The echoes of the guns which silenced Forts Walker and Beauregard, wafted across the ocean, will sound as the death knell of their hopes, and not without good reason; for if the blow struck on Fort Koyal Island be followed up vigorously by the War Department, and that be made the basis of operations against Charleston and Savannah, taking the fortifications of those cities in the rear, the heart of the rebellion will very soon be brokon, and deep will be the disappointment of the British oligarchy, who, in their blind zeal against popular government, and their narrow minded jealousy of the maritime power of the American republic, have looked with longing eyes for the success of the insurrection, whose continuancc is calculated to inlliet great injury upon the comuieraial and industrial interests of Englaud. The masses of the people in that country under stand this wry well, notwithstanding the fab-e teachings of the presses in the interest of the aristocracy; and the effect upon them of tha success of our aims will be of a highly revolu tionary tendency. Their sympathies are with the American Union and in favor of democratic institutions; and unless by the vigorous prose cution of the w*u' the question h settled by the 1st of May or the 4th of July, which would have the effect of restoring her lost commerce to England, and giving her idle manufacturing population employment once more, we would not be surprised to aec as great a revolution in the Britkh islands, .arising from the pro-ent American war, as was produced in France three-quarters of a century ago by the Revolu tionary war in this country. This is now the third revolutionary war upon which we have entered with the English aris tocracy , and the hearts and hopes of the Eng li.-h democracy are all embarked in the unity and success of the American republic. Let its arms be triumphant over rebellion, and a heavy blow is struck at the ruling class in England, who would take advantage of the failure of re publican government on this continent to throw new obstacles in the way of the progress of de mocracy at home and to secure a new lea?e to the power and privileges of their order. Let the insurrection in America prosper, and demo cratic government be destroyed, then is a fatal blow struck against democracy in Europe. The struggle here is therefore watched with deep interest by the popular masses of Euro pean society. It is warmly discussed every where, and the present news, together with the presence of the official and amateur diplomats? those of the federal government on one side, and those of the rebels on the other?who are now agitating England in opposite directions, will fan the excitement into a flame, and probably result in political disturbances upon which the rulers have little calculated. If Mason, Slidell, Yancey and the other rebel Commissioners are not speedily driven wit of Great Britain, they will be sure to sow tho seeds of revolution and rebellion by arraying one portion of the pojm lation against another; and thus the American question will become a wedge to split the na tion, just as the anti slavery wedge constructed bv the British aristocracy has severed the hearts and hands of the American people; and thus would "even-handed justice commend the poisoned chalice to their own lips." The Southern secessionists are destined to play the same part, in England that the British abolition ' Incendiaries, aided by native traitors, have so ! successfully played in the United States, The effect of tho present war, unless it is speedily brought to a close, may be to revola- j tionize the British empire, and with it half of . 1 Europe. IMPORTANT FBOK VA8HIBGT0H. Success of General Ueintzelman's Reconnoissance. Speeches to the Troops by Secretary Cameron and CoL Cochrane, Ao., ? Ao., 4c. W*twwoT05, Not. 13,1M1. WASHINGTON JUBILANT OTKM TBI M'C'CBHM OK Till NAVAL EXftCMrtOM AND TUMNkWH MOM KKNTt/UKr. Wo?liii gtuo has been m a state of gloi loua excitement to day, resultiug from tho receipt of the official news from tlio lleet and the auccaaa attending the uuh upoa tha aoll of South Carolina. Also tha splendid victory achieved in Kentucky by U?a. Nelson. Tha tide of reverse* has turnad, and now wa may took out for some brilliant operations, and a spoudy tannine ion to the great rebel 'Ion. Nothing baa transpired of importance to-day, either In he army of tho Potomac nor In either of the great de partments of the American army, so far aa the reports by olograph are concerned. ADUKKNSIIS TO THM XBW fOU FIRUT CH ASHBtnU BV COLON It. COCHHAMI ANI> SKCKMfAKr OAUKKON. On the occasion of the distribution of new uniforma to ho Now Vork t'irat CLxsa 'urn to-day, their commander, Colonel .lohn Cochrane, eatertainod them with a speech aome three quarters ix an hoar in length. Tbe SecreUry of War wan present, with many citizen* of WaMbiugton. The delivery of the upeoch waa preceded by the reroniony of tlio presentation i.| a ( oil's revolver fcy the chHplaiu of the regiment, on behalf of Company H, to Lieutenant Mo*, on, of that company. lleri man's band, of Biruey's New York Zouave*, were present. Colonel Cochran* commenced lus speech by referring to the arduous strugglo m which his men wore engaged, anil to the labor* aud aaurilleea tlicy iud already undergone The country pointed to their past laborc, and received *hom to tts bosom. ItH cotnmuidors, standing at tho head of the column with them, were ready for th? forthcoming "forward march" towards tho enemy and his stronghol d. His soldiers wero no marauders, uo ^plunderers of property not thuir own, but tho avengers of the law, tlie righl arm of tho constitution. I nd-r their ling would march patriotism, order anil republican iusti. tutlong, aud iu their train would follow peace, prosperity and liberty. They wero led forward by a commander who enjoys tho ci^ullUenuc of tho people, and whoso repu tation already liovcrvd over their enemies, brooding dis content and clamor. Tlio whole country, now dissevered and disintegrated, might again be reunited by force of tbese armies, of which they were a i?rt, aud the United States ohco more signify to the world tho fact expressed by tlio glorious motto, "K I'luribus Unum." Then would no louger bo heard tho foul doctrine of secession, which would tear asun der, part from part, this glorious Union. There w.m now an ariuy assembled upon the banks of the Potomac, tlic equal of which tho world had never seen. The motive which had gathered that army had never bofore been presented to tlio eyo of history. Gathered not by coi.ioripUon, but by tho volunteer offering <,f every individual of the hundreds upin hundreds of thousands of men now rushing forward with one pur pose, and that to save the Hag of the Union, and to save republican Institutions. Ihis was a war of secession against Union?-a war of disturbance and anarchy againts1 Union and good government?au effort upon the 'part of those ar the f'outh to revolutionize the government estab lished by themselves and their brethren < f (he North, in th.s contest wo were remitted to our rights of self-preservation. They contend for the ; right of revolution, but appeal to the -tribunal of force, the vliima ratio, that Inst reason to which men can ' resort when they differ upon matters of principle alfcct | itig their very exist nee. They have reported to arms, i and have thereby remitted us to a resort to arms. If it be self-preservation on their is no low self.pre servation on our*. Rut his friend the Doubter exclaimed' '?Oh, would you disrupt nud tear asuuder the constitn | tiou?" Whit was tie constitution, when traitors trample upon it and declare that it is not obligatory upon them f l The constitution, by the necessity of the controversy, waa cast beyuud the arena of the strife, and there let it r<?t, sacred and hallowed, until, at the end of the controversy, it can ><e restored to its pristine vigor and anclont brilliancy. To what mcar.s then should wo resort in this war for very existence??a war not prosecuted merely for victory and its ampty honors, not alono for tho triumphs which move in glorious procession along our crowded streets, but a war Tor the protect on of their homes, their families and for the maintenance of their domestic affairs? In such a war wo aro bound to resort to every force within our power. Sup|>ose, siid tbc speaker, our array encounters myriads of cottun bales, and we are able to export thorn; cotton bales to Kurope and receive from them millions >p..n millions of the. sinews of war, do yeu say wo should do! seise the etf.on? No. You are clear upon that point. Supposo that munitions or war, that subsistence for their army are within our resell, would we not be guilty .of shameful neglect were we not to approprirte thom to our own us?? Certainly wo would. Suppose the enemy advances against you, would you, from any rninoamishness, from ?ny faljo dolicaoy, refrain tVom levelling the hostilogun and prostrating them In death? No. It is your object it is your purpose. Then if you seize their property if yo? epen their porta, if you destroy their lives, I a*k you whether you will not seize their slaves? I ask you whether y)u will not arm their slaves ;md whether you will not carry them by battalions into war against their masters? ('lieers.) What! You have no sympathy for white rebels, and yet yon will spare tho black slave whi.m theyusol Why, if K be accessary to su\e thla govern ment, 1 wonld phmge their whole p ?ple, black and white 'nto one indiscriminate sea of carnage aud slaughter, an,) build upon it a government which i.hall be the Tieo^e ront. of God. Isit us have no more of this dall\ big with people's dilitant conservatism, this doubting ;n Cabinet when your soldiers are perishing In the field. Soldiers, you know no such reasoning as this. Yon huve arms in your hands, and ibose arms aro for the purpose of exterminating the enemy until ho submits to Ic.v, order and the constitution. Then explode whatever mngazino of combustibles is in your way; set tipu to and consume the cotton; export the cotton; tako property whenever you find it. confiscate property wherever you find it; tako the slave aud bestow him upon the nou -slaveholder if you please; do unto them as they would do unto you. raise up in their midst a party interest ajjaii st the pre' sent slaveholder; distract their counsels. Do all this,aud if that bo not sufllciont take tho sla\e by tho hand, place a mupketj in It, and bid him in God g nrme strike for tlio lilierty of tho humau raco. (Great cheering.) I'lliis, said Colonel Cochrane, wrts not abolitionism or emancipation. .Abolitionism was to place tho slaves above their musters in the social scale. Eroanciiwition was tv free them. This war waa prosceuted for lio such purpote. The South commenced tho war, and tha North was not rcsiwtuible lor Its con seipiences. Tho sjKaker thon staled the ptoceedings of the Charlotfton Convention to show Ilia deliberate pur pose on tho part of the leaders of the .South to precipi tatea levolutiou. h'o portrayed the direful effects of tho admission of the doctrinc of secession, and closed by appeal,ng to tho sacrod principles of religion on which our cause rests for its support, aud to that Deity without wJioso favor wo cannot succeed. General Cameron having been call.-d for came forward and said:? ^ot.n;BRM?It is too late for me to make /on a speech to. night, but I will say that I heartily approvo every gcntl inent uttered by your noble commander. The doctrine which he has laid down I approve as Tully as ir his worde had bean my own. It is idle to talk about treating with these people upon their own terms. We must meet them as coiniie?, and punKh thom ?s our enemies, unlII they 'corn to behave hotter. Gonernl Cameron's endorsement of the radical views of Colonel Cochrane produc. d marked sensation rmong the troops, and have excited considerable discussion in high civil and military circles to night. FtTl'ESS or CENKtlAt. heintzklman's HKCOyNOIS SANCR. The reconnnlssance made yesterday from Ueneral H unt zelman's division was a more completo" than waa at first reported. A'""it four hundred rebel cavalry was drhen from l'ohirk ( hurch, below Mount Vernon, where they had boen encamped for a long while. Thair flight was evidently pri-cipitate, as their camp fires were burn ing. and much of their cooking material and anmp equip age was left. Our fores proceodod as far as the banks of the Occoquan river, and finding no onemy to dispute t'10 ground with, returned with a large amount of forage. Tt is feared that some three or four of our men straggled oil from the men body, and either got shot by some rcbej cavalry pickets or wero token prisoners, as they were missing last uighl. They tnay turn up to day. ADVA NCI OY TUB REBEL LIMBS. A scouting parly sent out by General Smith yesterday report that tbo enemy have advanced their line* to Hn>~ tor'? Hills, two mile* buyoud Vienna, which placs the/ now hold in force. The rebel* on the night before burned two bridge* over Difficult crock, on the Alexandria sa4 Loasburg turnpike, three utiles th.a Hide of DrainesvlUo. It i* believed that their movement* la this direction are made to cover an Intended retreat on their part in oase tf an advance by General McClellan. tub akmy. Tho fallowing offlcer* of the United State* Army war* to day appointed Assistant Inspector General* with Ui rank of H^)or:?^Captain S. H. Davis, Second infantry* Captain Jacioa Tot ton, Second artillery, CapUln J ohm BMford, Second dragoon*; Captain R. Jones, Quartermaster; Captain Absalom Balrd* Aaaiataut Adju unt (i?asr*L With the consent of the Secretary of War Captain llavls has been acting aa Colonel of the Seventh regiment Massachusetts Volunteers. HI* promotion la the regular army will deprive the regiment of an ennl> toot -ronunaoder. (Jeneral Denver has boon ordered to report to M^sv General Huntor, at Fort Leavenworth, (inneral W, T. Shermau has beon ordered, whoa re lieved by General Buell, to report for d uty to lff)or Gen* ral llalleck, at St. Louis. The following appointment* were made to-day by lb* War Deparcmout:? George H. Burns, of Philadelphia, formerly oounM with the Amorlcan Telegraph Company at Washington; Edward D. Watte, William B. Barney and John E. Yard. Seconl Lieutenant* in the regular Army. Alexander B, Dyer was appointed Brevet Major, and Colonel Hanry Van Rensselaer Inspector general. MKW8 from OKNKHAL BANES' DIVISION. A letter from liarnesiown h tM been received to day. Nothing now is contalued in It. Home of the staff wars at Kockvillo yesterday, looking at the adaptability of tha location and buildings for winter quarters. General Banks has fully recovered from indisposition. Holland, and an alleged accomplice in the murdor of a battery man at Poolerlllo, wore arrested last night, near Sugar I/iaf Mountain. Holland's wife wu the prlnolpsl witness against them. AFFAIRS ON THE I.OWBR POTOMAC. The Hkrald's special Potomac river correspondent says 'hat at Indian Ilead at a quarter to nine o'clock this morning, heavy ttring was heard down the river beyond Ship Point. It was supposed to be at Aquia creek. The late Acting Muster of the Yankee arrived at Indlsa Head from Washington last night to take leave of his lata shipmates on board that steamer. He has been do 'ached from vessel und ordered to report to Commo dore Pondcrgast at New York for duty with the Golf squadron. Professor I/iwe ma<lean ascension in one of h:s obser vatory balloons, at Mattawomun Creek at si* o'clock this morning. At the time of writing it was too hazy for suo" epsfnl observation. At eleven o'clock ho made another asconsiou, going very high. The result of his expedition wu not known when our correspondent closed hU d?a~ patch. Profesror I/iwe made two ascensions from Ibe Mary* land shore of the l'otomac river on Monday night, and 'he atmosphere being vury clear, tin discovered camp fires extendi! gall along th'i roar of the rebel batteries* and for t><n or twelve miles in the direction or Manas&os, indicating that tho enemy is yet in considerable force la that virtuity. Tho rumor of the erection of rebel butteries at tha White House appears to have no foundation In fact. Nine voxels i>a<ised up the river last night, nnd oaa down. IMPORTANT NEWS FROM BOSTON. Movements or General Butler's BlvU slon?Tlirce Tliontand Rebel Mold 1 era Reported to have Mutinied at Norfolk and Resolved to Fight for the IFnloaw The Stars and Stripes Flying at Plf Point, die. BosTOji, Nov. 13,1861. Three thousand of General Butler's New England divW sion arc tinder orders to leave camp, uear Lowell, oa Wednesday nest. Th >y will ombark at Boston, in tha now steamer Constitution and somo transport vessels, taking full (leld equipage and supplies. Cotonol Jonas II. French, of llostoc, has been appointed Colouel in Geueial Butler'* division. The Kle.vonth Maine regiment arrived her* thi* sisa ing, sod wore collated in Faneull Hall, and loft about tea o'clock via Fall River. The Transcript Is furnl.'hod with an extract of a letter written by an intelligent soldier in the Naval Brigade, at Fortress Monroe, under dateuf tho 11th, as^ollows>? This morning news reached here that three thousand soldiers of tho rebel army had mutinied at Norfolk, and, with most of the citizens, had determined only to light for ih't Union under tho old gridiron. In confirmation of this intelligence Captain Ix>ckwoodi or th- United States, a tugboat, reports that the Stars sad Stripes were llying gloriously from Pig Point, opposits Newport News, where the rebels have for a long time had a formidable battery. RELEASE OF REBEL PRISONERS FROM FOBT McHEXRY. Baitwohb, Nor. 13,1861. The ateamor for Fortress Monroe stopped st Fort McHenry this evening, njd took on board thlrty-sevoa released rebel prisoners who were captured at Bull rna. Ihey will be sent home by a flag of truce. FROM FORTRESS MONROE, ? Forth** Monroe, Nor. 13,1 Via Bai.tivorb, Nov. 13,1861. J A flag of trace was sent to Norfolk yesterday. It Is understood to havo brought buck no additional tidings la regard to tho great fleet. THE REMAINS OF COLONEL WM. A. JACK SON. Albany, Nov. 13,1861. l hi- rn.mitis of Cokrnol Wm.A. Jackson urnvod hare at noon, mid were received by the Zouave company, Captain Cuyler Van \ eebten, and convoyed to the Capitol, where they ley In state. Formal fnner?l ceremonies win take place rit three o'clock. The funeral ceremonies of the lamontcd Colonel Jack, eon to-day were grand itnU Impressive. Tho Twonty tlfth regiment of Statu Militia, Colonel Briou, and the Zonaves, of which tho decoasad was formerly Captain, were iu the procetsion. The remains were followed by Governor Morgan and Stall", and all the State oillocrs. THE El J3VENTH MAINE REGIMENT. CcaroN, Nov. 1.1,1801. Th$ Eleventh Maine regiment, Colonel Caldwell, wlil roach Boaton early thl? evening, and proceed South, via New York. * ARRIVAL OK CONTRABANDS IN PHILA DELPHIA. rUll^DELPltlA, NOV. 13, 1H61. Thirty-seven contraband negroes came to this city dur ing Tuesday night, having walked northward from Acco mac county, on the Peninsula, Virginia. Ihey wcro sup plied with money by the Wisconsin troops, a nunibar of these people are continually arriving, which has stimu lated a public meeting, to bo held next week, to assist them. THE IRISH BRIGADE. GKNKKAL ORPKK. lllADljlAHTKRS SlXTY NINTH RkGIMVNT, V. Y.S. \ Nrw Yohk, Nov. 13,1801. J The officers and mombors of this regiment aro hereby notified that the regiment will proceed to Washington on Monday, the 18th Inst. ^1 members on leave, and thoa* without lenve, will report themselves at I'ort Schnyleron or liefer? Saturday, the 10th inst. All failing to do so wul be considered as deserters, aud their hames and re?i. denoe^Uwted to Superintendent Kennedy, of the Police Department, who will have all'-found iu the city" ar rested and Mot on to the headquarter* of the re^imont, and v ill bo punished acoordingly. All oflicers who have not yet procured the regimental or brigade hat will im m<'dUtely provide themselves with the same. Command ants of conipanle* will have C-mpletn muster In rolia of lb''ir respective command.- made and left with the adju tant on Sunday, the 17th mst. Quartermaster Sulli van will make the ueoeasary requisitions for arms, equipments, and camp equipage, aud two days cooked prov.sions lor the troops on the route to Washington, and w;li also make requisition for the transportation of th? troops from Fort Sclwylor to the city, and thonoeto Washington. This raglment will be present#.! with a magniiicont stand of color* on its arrival in New York, tb? gift of the 'ad.1- of this ??:tv. The preset.ta*ion will take place at tho residence >i Archbishop H she*, in Madison avenue, llyor.ier or Col. KOHT NL'UEXT. Jamxs.1. Smith,-Vdjuta i City Intelligence. M.i.i Miseivi.?(ieorge Schneidi-r, who isa butcher In trade, left his famiiy on Thurs 'av m- rning I: t. to go to his work in Brooklyn, and ha" not since been liesrd of. The missing man is about thirty seven yerr:: of Kg?, Bvo f. et six inclics in height and a thin beard. H ? had on a black cost, gray p u.ts, l<la< k oap,ied I'cC'i ?!.? n?T and heavy h? ?>;?. Any information resnertii" k-. will be ihaukfuily recked by hte Wife. at No. :,W2 9ocon<l glroot.

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