Newspaper of The New York Herald, November 16, 1861, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated November 16, 1861 Page 1
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THE NEW YO WHOLE NO. 9198. NEW YORK, SATURDAY, NOVEMBER L.K HERALB. . 10, 1861.- TRIPLE SHEET. PRICE TWO CENTS. IMPORTANT FROM EUROPE. Arrival of the Edinburg and Hails of the Nova Sootian. Secretary Seward's Coast Defence Circnlar Enlightens England 8 to Our War Policy. The Palmerston Cabinet Enlarges Its Profession of Neutrality. Speech of the President of the Manchester Chamber of Commerce on the Cotton Crisis. ? War with the Union More Dan gerous than Unemployed Artisans. Movement of the Allies for the Gulf of Mexico. MEXICAN OUTRAGE ON AMERICANS. AFFAIRS IN CHINA AND JAPAN. OUR LONDON AND ST. PETERSBURG CORRESPONDENCE &C.| &c? &c. The screw steamer Edinburg, Captain Roskell, which left Liverpool at hair past three on (ho afternoon of tho 80th, and Queenstown on the 31st ult., arrived here early yesterday morning, bringmg Euroi>ean fllos, passengers and specie. The steamer New York, which was to have lel't South hampton on the 30th, reached thatjport from Bremen, with her machinery damaged, and had to remain thero for repairs. The mails of the Nova Scotlan reached this city from Quebec yesterday morning. The news is anticipated by the Niagara at Halifax. The Edinburg has the following:? SPECIE LIST. Williams fcGulon. Bank of Commerce William Cummingg & Sou. William rbbotson. . J. F. Freeman & Co. $66,000 i , 7,014 . 3,500 . 3,806 . 2,209 ToUl ....f70,339 The British Board of Trade returns for the rttonth end ing Sept. 30, and the nine months coding at the same period, were issued in Luidon. There was a falling off in the exports for the quarter as compared with I860, of ?T,929,014, principally in beer and ale, cotton manufac. tures, cotton yarn, earthenware, haberdashery and millinery,linen manufactures, iron, refined sugar, woollen manufactures and woollen yurn. Tlie imports for tho ?ight months, as ccmpared with I860, Increased by ?7,683,829, principally in hemp, rice, raw silk, coffee> wheat, flour, rum, sugar, tea and tobacco, bat thore was ? falling off in raw cotton, tallow, Bhoep and lambs' wool, and one or two othor articles. Tho London Tinus of the 31st of October says:? A "PariB Land Company" is proposed In London, with a capital of ?100,0u0, in Pilaris of ?10 each. The abject it to purchase, improve, owl sell <>r let, f reehold land in the moil eligible parts < f Peris nut its vicinity. Figures and Statements are cited to show that large pratlls may be realised but the announcement of such an undertaking under the present, state of atl'sirs in Francs will doubtless excite some surprise. Tho London lime' of the 30th of October says:? The .American ship Vision has arrived from Japan within the last few days, and Is now discharging her cargo in the St. Katharine s Dock. Among other articles she brings over 000 lon? weght of cotton rags, which It is ?aid can he had from tlmt country in large quantities. The freight in the present ii-tance is at tho rate of ?310s. per ton measurement, which would be oqual to al>oul ?6 Is. per ton dead weight. 1a go quantities of these rugs aro also obtainable in India, but a recent experiment to import them resulted unsatisfactorily, as their value was found to be small, owing to tho wear to which they had bean subjected. Tho FrienAof India -ays:?The ex-King of Delhi, Ha hadur Shah, is dying in his comfortable wooden house at Rangoon. Hs is not expected to survive this cold season He has received every comfort which ten rupees a month could purchase, and has hoeu allowed, in common with his family, to wander at will, on his parole, within the limits of cantonments, a privilege he has seldom been able to avail himself of. His eon Jumma Bukht, and the two brothers, are fast becoming English scholars. wonder Bahadur Sbali his survived tho events of 1857 so long. Hi* wifo is still hale and well. Our London Correspondence. Lohdoh, Oct. 30,18C1. Mr. Seward's Circularand a Wtwrpaper Canard Disposed Of?Apprehensions of English Interference Dispelled? The London Post?Peclarali'ms of Lordt Palmerston and Ruttell to an American Diplomat, <fc. From two quarters, widely a|?rt, comes simultaneously an echoof tho preposterous notion which, I regrot to sec, has gained so much currency In America, that it Is lite design and Intention of the English and French govern ments, or one of tliciu, to recognizo the Southern con federacy, make an effort to break tho blockade, and thus embroil the United states in a foreign war at the same time that they havo tholr han<l<< full In disposing of thoir domestic enemies. Why such a notion should be enter tained and promulgated at the North I cannot conceive, for certainly its existence Is < alculated to add to the d,21 sulties of the governm>*it; and just as certainly there is not, and never was, auy good reason for such an appro hension. And yet, as I pay, the echo conies just now from two opposite quarters?one from tho American j Secretary of State, who ought to know better than to lend tho weight of his official character to such an unfounded fear; and the other from the Parts correspondent of the Indepcndance Heine, who probably does know better tnan tobeliove bis own senseless canned, to the effect that the English and French lleets, ogtej?|b)y designed against Mexico, are really intended tu carry out tho idea referred to in the opening sentence of this letter. The double barreled discharge thus fired at tho Fame object, 1 am able, to meet with a double counter blast. In the first placc I refer you (?> .in editorial article in this morning's l'ost?[published elsewhere In our columns.? En. Hkrai.it>]?in which Mr. Seward's Ill-timed and tin called for circular to t he Governors of Northern Stales' recommeuding the erection o| sea and lake coast defences' is severely criticised, and the most complete denial given to the injurious suspicious therein directed against Eng land, hi the second place I can give you, on the most undoubted authority, the substance of declarationsraado by Lords Palmcrston and Russell to the same ofTcct. The Post?which is the government organ?says that oven if the Southern confederacy were to be recognized, It would not follow that any step more directly hostile to the United States would bo taken, and declares that tho step taken by Mr. Sewsrd is most uncalled for. It furthe1" says, and with reason, that there would bo no more ex port of cotton from a recognized than from an unrecog nised Southern confederacy. In conclusion, the Post em phatically gives I ho apsuratiae that Sir. Lincoln and Mr Seward are providing agaiOsi a danger which can hardly be said to exist?that there is no likelihood of such a recognition taking place; and further that they (the Washington Cabinet) might make sure that wo will not Tecognize (he South, that still lejs shall we attack the North, and therefore that the only enemies litey have to contend with aro those already before them. I know that those are tho views and scntinvnts not only or the inhabitants of the British Isles, but or the members or the government. On that last point I Jbink _ my second statement will satisfy you. It is this: ?"he t,*nited States Minister to Vienna?Mr. Motley, the his tofv140?on his way to that post, dined in London with l/i I'd A Falmerston and Russell. Both these leading and influcnlv.il statesmen gave him, on that occasion, tho DoSt assurni.'CC fUat tho English government had not the ""nat idea of recognizing the Confederate Stales; that it would not do bo before our government liaJ acknowledged Ihom, or until it U.vl become demonstrated tlvit thore was no hope or iHissibility of tho federal government suppressing tho rebellion. The idea, 111 an) ovont, of disregarding tho blockade of (ho port* of tho rebel States was disclaimed in an equally positive man nor. Von may rely confidently on the accuracy and oorroet" ness of this statement. If 1 were to namo my authority for It thero could bo no doubt entertained upon tho sub" ject; bui. for motives which yot. can appreciate, 1 refrain from doing so. I hopo that those two reliable expositions of the.views ol tho British Cabinet in reference to their policy on the subject of tho great American rebellion will bo deemed entirely satisfactory on your sido of th* Atlantic, wiil assuago-the pretended fears of your astute Secretary <>f State, will dispel all apprehension of such a character from the public mind, and will euable the government to devoto its whole energies, powers and resources to the crushing out of tho rebellion. As tho /'<?( truly savs, "the only enemies which they have to contend with are thoeo already before them." Oar Ht? Petersburg Correspondence. Pt. I'anmsstimi, oct. 21, 1R81. Tin Kmperor in Iht Crim/a?Smaui Slate cj Thing*?J'o land?CtAtnl lamtfrl and General Muncarirff?JicmarUt r/ the London 7i nus on Ruttia amJ America?Jfamre, England and Die Suulhern Cunfnleranj?Iron Cated Vei jelt?Naval IntelUp'nee, <fc. Tho Emperor has not yet returned from the Crimea aud CaiK'asus, where he has extended his travels hb far as Kntars, tho capital of Mingulia, aud famous for tho un successful expedition of Omar Tucha against it in 18;">5. No doubt tho mild climate and splendid sccnery of the ancient kingdom of Mcdoa aro more attractive than th.s hyperborean metropolis of ours, but nevertheless it is hi^h time for tho Czar to como back, for things have been going on badly during his absence. 1 do not allude so much to tho disturbances amoug the students, to which more inrp<>i'taEce has been attached than they deserve and which are chiefly owing to tho imbecility of General 1'hilipson, the corater of the University, who having failed to givo satisfaction as a military mau, has probably for that very reason been fixed i.i>ou as the most suitable person for a civil ottco that, under the pre scut circumstances, requires consummate toil and discre tion. This incident, which has created so great a sensn' tion abroad, Is of no particular significant'* in itself, and the University is to be ro-opencd on the 23d, it will soon bo forgotten; but It may be regarded as a symptom of tho agitation that pervades all classes of society,and the con sequences of which may doubtless be serious enough. Tho fact Is, everybody la dissatisfied?tho nobles with the emancipation or the serfs-, tho peasants with having to pay for the land they occupy, instead of getting it for no thing; the liberals with our foreign policy; the conserva tives with our internal rofornis; tho merchants with the changes in tho tariff, and the public In general with the hard times, the scarcity of money and tho prospect of new taxes. The account# from Poland are not calculator to allay the uneasiness which this critical state of affaire mast natu rally exr.it"'. as was foretold all along by persons well acquainted with the temper of Uio Polish nation, the con ciliatory mission of Count Lambert has turned out a sig. nal failure, and has only served to make confusion worse confounded, and to place the Kussiau government in a much more difficult position than it was before. Not withstanding the evident dissatisfaction of the Catholic clergy and tho countenance they afford ed to tho revolutionary party, Prince Gort< Ink off and General Sakhozanett had managod to keep on terms of outward civility with them, and thus to prevent them at least from declaring publicly against the govern ment . Lambert, on the contrary, though a Roman Catho lic himself, has not only been"unuble to conciliate tho clergy, but has come to an open rupture with them?an egregious mistake, which may lead to the most disastrous results. Indeed, his appointment to the post of Vicuroy was as unfortunate a 111 a-lire as could p> ssibly bo taken; his character, his nationality and his religion inspired tho Polos with hopes which It wan quite out of liis power to realise, and tho disappointment of which has embit tered them against him, and completely destroyed the popularity he enjoyod at the commencement of his administration. Incensed at the ill sucoass of his well moaut endeavors, ho has now gono from one extreme to the other; excess of indulgence has been replaced bv ex cess of rigor, and by all a<count* lie is at the present mo ment the obj'.-ct of more general hatred than the sternest of his predecessors. There is no doubt that he ?ill be removed from his ofDce us soon as tho Emperor returns to Ft. Petersburg, and will probably be succeeded by Gene ral Motiraviell', supposing tho latter should accept tho proffered command, which wag refused him two mouths ago in favor of Count Lambert, a man so much his juuior in age and military rank. Mouravieffte an ab!e and cner gctic officer, but his friends .-ay he will not stake his re putation to repair the blunders of others. It is strange to scs tho Polish question, whit h has slum bered for the last thirty years, suddenly atsrmiiig such ! colossal dimensions ai.<i a iding fresh fuel to the combus tible elements that threaten the established governments of Europe. The London 7 hue* remarks with great glee that the political action of the two most aggressive and unscrupulous powers in the worM?Russia and America? is simultaneous*? paralysed by domestic troubles. Eng land being notorious for her absolute luaggi essiveness and scrupulous rectitude, it is no wonder the Timet if shocked mid disgusted at the absence of those qualities in other states: and its exultation at the ombarasa ments under which tho two offending powers are laboring does not, of course, proceed in the slightest degree from tho fact that they hap| en to bo the most formidable rivals of England, cue in the East and the other in the West. The Taris correspondent of oneofotir journals stat that the French and British governments have been tiego tinting fur some time about taking steps to raise the blockade of the Southern porta or the I'nion, which inter rupts tho supply of cotton. At flrst France appeared to agree with England as to the necessity of such a measure, aud even urged it on with greater warmth than was quite agreeable to tho British Cabinet, who were not sure whether public opinion would support them iu what would have amounted to un intervention in favor of the slave States against the free Nostli. Lat terly, however, the cotton famine had attained such proportions, and so piercing a cry of distress was rais?d from the manufacturing districts of England, as to over come tho scruples of the Hritlsh Ministers, and theEtn poror Napoleon was applied to by Lord Pulmerston to join with hint in notifying tho American government that their blockade would no longer be respected. Greatly to . the surpriso of tho English Cabinet, however, Napoleon suddenly changed his touo, begun to talk about tho llle gality of such a proceeding, and finally backed out alto gether, leaving his faithful allies highly mortified at iiis slippery behaviour, and the entente cordial? in greater danger of being broken up than it ever was since tho Crimean war. A few days ago the first Russian Iron plated vessel was launched; it is called the Opit (Experiment), and is built after tho model of the Gloiro. If this "experiment" should bo found to answer, several of our largest nion-of 1 war,as tho Russia,tho Sinope, tho Clsaverltch, theGeaeral Admiral, will bo provided with armor, for which wo havo theflnest materials in the world at the Omal. A squad ron, commanded by Admiral Po; off, is on its w ay to tho Pacific aud the mouth of the A moor, to relieve tho squad ron under Admiral LlkhatcliofT, which is to return to Cronstadt next summer, unless tho storm that seems to be lowering iu Japan should render it necessary to retain tho whole force In those waters. 1 heir th 1 Ministry of M irine has received orders to iustruct all the Russian officers iu the Eastern seas to afford the same protection to American citizens, if required, as they would to their own countrymen. This is but an acknowledgement of the servlcos rendered to us in former titrn s by your nary and by your commercial agents, to whom our captains always apply is such ports where there are no Russian Consuls. THE AMERICAN REBELLION. ?Secretary Seward's Const Defence Circu lar, and Its Important F.fftct in Eny> land?A British Protest Against Sum mitry Arrests of EV>i eigners? Speeches of the Dnke of Aigyle and Others on the Secession and Slavery?The C/.ur'? Let ter, and Prince Napoleon's Visit. MK. SEWARD'S CIRCTLAR ON THE COAPT NRKENCE8? ITS EXCELLENT EFFECT ON THE TONE OF 1HE ENG LISH CABINET. [From the L^don Post fgovernment orgnfi), Oct. 30 1 If the circular of Mr. Seward is to be taken as the >le liberate exponent of the intentions and apprehensions of the federal government, we must rie luce from it two sa lient facts which invest with an entirely fresh character the |H>iicy of tho Cabinet at Washington. The f.r<t >m tnUtakMy U, thai the recofinitim (J the Southern 'wj/frie racy by any of the mn itivr Povert of Su roi e vxniUt be regard#', aa 'QiiivaUat to a declaration of tear against the Northern States by the Eurojtnu Power to recognizing the rtf-amU OinfaUration of thr South; and the tecend it,(fiat it i.< from Gr^at Britain rt least, miuh at from any othn Power, thit tw.h n recognition of Soupiern independence i:. apprehended. If such a position on the pari of the Cabinet )f Washington were really practical or perti nent to the nffairs or the moment, it would be wortny of being seriously weighed in this country. To deal. In the first place, with the former point, Mr. Seward states that tho Southern states, whom he designates as "rebel*," nro striving to obtain tho reci gnitlon Of tlu lr confederal j by tho=e maritime Powers which aic interested In tleir commerce atid agriculture. Ha describes those States, probably not without truth, as endeavoring to extort such terms by starving Europe out or cotton, both for tho sake of the moral countenance which their recognition as an ludopeii'li lit confederation would afford them In tbe Mrmr gle, and in tho h"pe of diverting tho federal arms bv cm broiling the Washington government with either Englat.d 4>r France. He acknowledges, indeed, that tho dangur irk question is less Imminent than it was at former periods, i but he proceeds to dec arc that *? It is necessary to take e> ery precaution possible to avoid adding tu evils j of foreign war to civil commotion," Now, even if a Kuro" peou lower thought proper toaoknowlodje lit ^oullir n font operation, there Is nothing to imlir i Unit t would take any step mora directly hostile to tho Northern gov erftmeut; and it mint be auumetl, therefore, that the A^-r'k erug,/cer.,m,tUUse{f would Uihe to.: i?i(ia??l? the Kwropenn J'ower whuh >kould so inUrfere in an American ijUai i I lu order to arrive at the quarter from which, h tlio aeeond place, tiic United stnt' h government ajipnho: Us such an act of interference, wo have only to look to the character of the defencca which it '<< recommondtng to the Legislatures of t b>- ditlon nt Northern Stales. Mr. toward states that "the moat olivkH'.a I ecautiou (anaiiiHt this danger) 1b to put in a en liiii u of complete defence all tlio ports, harliors, araconsta and lakes.'' The porta and tho sea count*, It la well known, would be oaeaiiuble by every wlumo Power, but tho iak>'s are the boundary between the Unitod Gluten and British North America, and assailable only by Great Britain. Very ]*?8it>ly Great llritiuti may not be tiie oidy Power at whoBu hands a recognition by tho South is thought powl blc by Mr. Lincoln and Mr. Seward; but Qreot Britain u tumtrtdly Ike I'ower against whom there is a Jistimiire j i ft uu< u,"ii lure taktn. AuW. we must saatluit the American ffovetnmenl, in our judgment, never to<k a Itrj more vnenIM for unil more un wise, We deeply regret tbo lamentable content to wbich they find themselves committed; mid wo have looked throughout more in Borrow lor America Hum m anger for our own los.- ee, upon the contest for authority which is now waging. Dm with all thin sympathy, and with the utmost intetest, both pecuniary and in--ml, in tho American civil war, we liavo firmly and fliodJy refrained from pronouncing any judgment be ^tweon the belligerents. If irr thought that wectmld uirtM | bloodshal and U rrnnulc the tear, km would1m*t ykully ofler our friendly mediation. ltut from the \ or> commence ment wo wero persuaded that the aeope and fler> oneas of tho hostilities were gu> b a? European mcdluitsn would rather intensify than allay. We have therefore, at ouce bk a nation and as a government, rrjulvtd to take no jurt whatever, otol to pronounce no opinion uluiteixr, in the question; while we hope to remain fritndly with both parties. Mr. Seward therefore albyeilur tniscalculalts the intentions Uth ojthe Biitish i/ot\rnm< nt and the British teopte if he think that any design exists (unless it be among a fem forward ami uninthienMal membtrs {f Par liana nt) to recognise tk> South. Such a resolution of neu trality upon our i>art is recommended on grounds both of policy and justice. The only Incentive of either this country or France to take an oopoeito course would be to reistabliah tho supQly < t cotton. But we believe that such a hypothesia isaltogether delusive,and that, while the Northern government continued Its blockade, (tore would he no more erj^/rt of eottn from a rtcogniietl than from an mtreevgnited Southern confederacy. It would also be at present altogether premature to reci^nizo a liody of States which cannot be said to have yet demonstrated their capacity to maintain their own Independence. If Ike pre tictu ii of the North should be realized, and thei armiesshtruld. before sprinff. "man h right over" the South enters, what would become of a British or fratcli rccoyni tion f Wo think, therefore, that Mr. Lincoln and Mr. Seward are providing against a danger which can haidly be said to eiiit, and that in doing fo tliey are w agting uikiu usoIckk objects at ouce men, money and materiel, w hich It should be their aim to concentrate upon their real ai:d Immedi ate enemies. Tbo Washington Cabinet aia themselves deliberately allowing the Southern Confederation tho ad vantage of their schemes. Tho Soiithemern care for European recognition chiefly, M we havo said, in order to divert tho military power of the North. Although llit r' tsno likelihood of sueh a n c .ptntion taking place, iha North nevertheless 'dissipates its strength, ub though anxious to cvlnce its power by extending the number of its enemies. They mii/ht make sure that w* shall not re ooffu ise the South, ttiat still leu shall u>e attack the Aorth, and therefore that the only enemies they have to contend with are (host already before them. L0R1> LYONS AND MB. REWARD ON TIIE Itvjon An .RESTS OF FOREIGNERS?PUBLIC NKt^ITflLlS. TEKNATIONAL LAW. ?*-.ojrj [T)'"n,'i.h0,I/),'don |,w*' (fovf"iitifnt orpan) Oct 31 1 m,?. ,,DOe,lhe J tlieir govern m K. th. V ,."'7* {,r''rc<fe'i (0 "'"trvo with great str? " iHhSlho princiH *8 of niihlir ln? ? Jr "irici. IfSSESsnSi sts T'Sr ' "=?" firs have existed with regard to thn^xt which boundaries arid the sovereignty of the *l^d 'Sai?ifEn some notion uiav be formed of ihn hurh h < 1 Ju?u, in which the liuedS ?verSwch t? ^,,'r''"''f'' aborted its national rights. No ?"bt it ,t ,h?, w y measure the pr<*,nt American civ.lrlJncHh^^ , , well wtablisbod rut? which the.??? i f war ^ Tr i"'f' >',ri8trib?1 H?e conduct o"e?iM isisuuu declaration* of neutrality which it? hav"'K ;o led belligerent rights ,0 ti? tbeless, toe lederal Novorniiicnl itocli ha*. almost from 1.0 commencement 01 hcMdhies, act,-J ^pr^ '} <ho mine principle. t-o??? ? ? iciiUi ,; ~5JS ?wt, ?s,rtaT"L,r. ss w rsa; E&droj?? may justify on t/i -ground of ticeaUy ' It appears, howover, that the federal government for lU, own purposes, lias assumed |? eiercl*. nower? ?h ' are paramount to the ordinary law ?.f the land. Th<> writ f corpus ha, been suspended, a svst, m of e-ii.ioii Z %t\Te'm, !*"" ?"ip* "f ??* Atlantic,and A^'\. I ^coT"eV? unonthcw.Uof a military dictator, and " a. he?d ' Minister at TV^hit^ton, hal "el't Vt" hta'du^m? Km Micb measures. No doutt DritUh tuhierti who vi, inu//, ? tk!Z t TTln,"^"n' * nidi?" Ht,"r t'll'ffcrnj' vt,** ttam 1hrf t,y,m(l lhe lirotecticm if Britith lit t<> Thru nr . Hut the "arbitral y confinement ' of foreigners ofc.'mle maans a very dim-rent matter. II has; reference to th< *<! measures of precaution which a RovernmMt takei for the oppression and coercion of it? own suhjeclg in i tmie of IHTil and trouble. Mr. Seward's apology 'n-^VaUn the present emergoncy all elasw of so. iei v alike mn? cheerful.y acjiuietce in the measures wh|. h the safety of the people demand, and that the British roverinmni could hardiv "ipoet the President .o accept !h?ur clp'a nation of the constitution of the United stales ? it 'L unfortunate that a question or this gravity "ho'uld hare arisen; but it is, however, clear ihat if ,"'b' jects are wrongfully detained, ami Hi, Avuricaaamrtican afford thim no rvfrw, I hey miut look to ih^o^mnhZ .forprotect,oh. In the case of Mr. Korwoo,!. ib;U Ro " e cation by perverting the words of careless and uMus.d clous conversation into ,,rw.fr of complicity niort S,,g than mere isouthern tendencies. If the'people of the mThehs" 'S 'amCJy 8UbmU 10 Buch a tLe (a"'1 THE DfKE OF ARGTLE ON TIIE POLITICOL SC1CWK OF ?>3EL8-EMJLANI,-8 NEUTRALITY ? ^ r, .. [fton ^ie London Times, Oct. j?tM 11 Friday evening lust the tenantry < n th? Arirvle M?>.oiat<.r of the General AF^cmbl;-. The D)ai/n?ar in t^ecveni^ ?.'?r,nUeiairtlC "Wh' , J ?'.? u'.e iof ' . and Prosperity to Hi" Dnkoof TheDnke^h^^ rf ??Ii(1fd with Highland honor?, tr,,, f, ..'"i''Im"|My'..-aeL?I'nfortunai. lv, |t is too ue hat there are c iuseg at present in operation w hich ag^jsss5 s?,a izzssz ? 1. on. ned between the n. >1 distant regions'Of the cloiie ?"^K Nate mannyI't^!:!^1uta1mymll\rf?oJnun,' lear^expri W ia isV/'great M?'\me. i1 izr i "iAr V-""/ vUimattly involve us in it I h iv ) that anj such pressure will be put upon the ira 'em f?XK!?casri lar.?.m.ntcj tins cun.ry to behove Am they 'HI he .i/em." U M a^!uT!)^{^/nrn4/^r7r;,>, (applause); fit eve, cm arise from offering i,ch advlwT h-V^ <*amji)e, which was lately o/Tend 1 hm ?, 1' !T wnh the b.*t Intentions, hv the | l r f ,l! a to the contending parlies m "wnerL T , .-n wer which tl.e Americans will ii.rallJbly vivo to any such itUerferoncc will, however civfllv ex | pressed, vlr'.nilly aino;?,t to this?"W? i.r? V ohlk<vl to you f.,r your kind advice. We have no Zu\!t ihat 11 is c ? colved In lhe best spit it and with h i i i j this addltiOTifll reason r?r doln^ so in 'the prc-'enlVa.eU It I ally giv-n, and which I am ? nv|rcv" Cv . i'^ toglvolo..)l such counsel. Because, after' all the truth is ; lis, g 'l.tlemi'ii, that mere general advloo ?4 cvnijK so these differences, w ithout any spe> itW suggestion aw to j the tetter. upon which time ilfbrenoee are to be K\lu?( oil, Is always he'd by the Aim ricat s to imply indirectly, ' oven though it Ik not intended, ihat the objects ] for whic.i they aie contending are either uu- | worthy i.r at least trivial and 'tnltii{K>riatil. (Hoar.) I Now, whatever we nifty think of that con test, in fairness to our American frionds wo ought to <v>- ^ mil tUn n.i uii'ii' [/' iH/'hit u. ir: it's uY' t n r tUtMiiUed to thf tilt ml art i > auitii! if u or ttum thort ivhuh arc now ? b mittrd In it upon the contin nt. | do not cure whether we look 'it it from the Northern or from tho Southern point of view, 'luko the more question of what in called th? right of * < ..Hgiou. / know if no g< vmvi ill wtiu'ti htig wr exittai in the IT' rb1 ivhich could fx Mitlv hav admitted the ri#hl of latrnnun trim its nun <iuint'<'. Thorp Is a curious animal in i.ooh Fyne will < li I have sometimes dredged up from the botti m of iho ion, and which perform*; the most extraorduaiy and unaccoiint able act* of suicide and eelf-destructlon. II is a peculiar kmd of starfish, which. when brought up from the bottom of the water, and when any attempt is made to take h dd of it, immediately throws off alt its arm*, Its very centre breaks up, and nothing remain* of one of the most beautiful forms in nati.ro but a thousand wriggling fragments. 8i:cli undoubtedly would have Ix'en the fate of the American t'nlon if its "morn incut had admitted what Is called tho right of secession, (icultcmen, 1 think wo ouglu to admit, in fairness to iho Americans, that there are .somethings worth lighting f"r, and national existence is one of th'-o. fChoors.) And then, gentlemen, If we go to iho South. It we look at the matter from the Siutherft point of view, difficult as it lii?) he for ? to lo bo, 1 must say also that I uiu not sur prised at t'. i ir cendnci. If they believe?jib they loudly pn? lain) ihat they do believe?Unit slavery is not all evil which Is to l>e tolerated only and brought to an end tissooii MpoMiblc, but a i'ivlne ii.silt lion for tho benefit of man kind to ho maintained, and, if possible, extended, and which if It s a Mill ,l,e\ 111 ill a.Bilif e outjVSt, IliU't 1>? de. tended to the lirnth, tln n, even though tlo cltndcl of sluvery be not assailed, but only mi lm|>ortant outwork, lie ii it is hut natural ihat llie South should rise in its defence. But, of couti>o, in this, as iu all other revolu tions, those who tak. part in them must ho judged finally hy the moral verdict or mankind upon the justice of the cause which they liave risen to usncri. But, whatever niny ho our private sympathies, wo as a na tion must tako no part whatever in tho cunt st. Host earnestly do wo trust and pray that it may ire brought to a speedy eud; and yet 1 c< ufess that there is auntie r wish which I think in our mind ought to st.Wl even I'pfort this: one,and that ,s the wish that the end of this war, whenever It does come, be it stain or lute, be such a? shall be worth the sacrifice and the cost? such as shall (emtio the civilization Of tiie world, and promote the cause of human freedom. (Cheers.; AN ISKAKLtTi M. P. ON Tilt AM Kit It.'AN CIIIHI8. [From the Londou l'ost, Oct. 30 ] Last evening, at eight o'clock, a crowded public meit ing of the electors ot the borough of Greenwich residing at Woolwich, lit in;tend and Chariton was lield at the Literary iHslitntion, Nelson street, W?ol?leb, to hear au address from Alderman Salomons, M. 1'., on various pub lic queeth ns . rihc day. Mr. tialomous said?Th? civil war now raging in Ame rica wus full of Importance to ihiu country, ami ought to he condemned. The Noriti was now attempting to tiominalt over the SrulA. (CYtes if ".Ye, tij. ) They

had a right to cnticiz^the dreall'ul statu of affairs now prevail;,if In America, although it would ho dangerous to do bo on thu other sido of tho At lantic. It was a most diabolical quarrel,of which wo heard more fr<? the North than the South, because Iho South knew how to keep its own counsel whatever was the result of this conflict, Ametica would suffer from it; und if the North was able to subjugate the South, it would change the government of thecountty, which would then become a despotism similar to Russia. At the outset of the contest theMortb did not endeavor by every means tocoiueto a peaceable settlement. (Kxyr.ttifms of ilii tntl.) Why, lfir. Buchauan remained in oillce for three months, and did nothing to promote stich an object, but rather to stir up the strife; and now hecamo forward und sounded his penny whistle to induce a vigorous prosecu tion of the war. It was, however, the true policy of this country not to interfere in the strife, although" they all wiehod* to see it ended, and the Americans again resume their (osit.ou as a purely peaceable and commercial people. ADMIRAL WALC'OTT, K. N., M. P., ON A SOUTHERN KK rrBi.ic. [From (he Iomton font, Oct 31. lbe South Avon Agribultural Society celebrated lis an niveisary ou Turaday. at Chrntchurch, llumt'-'Uire. After dinner Mr. W. W. Farr, J. p., gave "The health or llio galhiut Admiral, tl.e member for Christohurch," and it was drank amid loud cheers. Admiral Waloott, in bin reply, paid ho had always do termlnod, whenever he wan able and wherever ho might be, to keep in the own sea, as ho did not wish to run his head against sandbanks, shoals, or breakers. Tbay would all a?'rec iu their regret at the unnatural war now waging in Arner' a.Knd1'. serious appribcntloiia that it will cautt grt'J1 rqfaring?''v '? r tra*. fact winy di'tricts In the course of the coming winter, lie sincerely hoped that tlie contest would goon terminate, and th.it u>e miijiu tec a Southern rej>ublic with yerftct md-yendence and se curity. EFFECT OF T1IK c^All'S fRlESVLY LETT KB IN PRANCE. [I'arls (Oct. 2S) correspondence of the London Post.] Reports are in ciroul&iiou in Paris alwut the President of tb>t;nited States having sounded Russia as to tbo wil lingness of that Power to mediate between the North ami the South; but nothing <6 knewn iu official circles to thin effect. The policy of France now as ever is purely neutral, and will continue, 1 have no doubt, to remain iu accord ancc with that of Ureal hr itain. PRINCE NATOLEON'S VIHIT IN A POLITICAL POINT OP VIEW. [From the ParteConstitutiono, Oct. 28.] Although the v< yage of 1,i? Imperial Highness Prince Napoleon to (ho North Amerlean Stat, s partook only of (Tie character of a private visit, it was impossible ihat the prosenco of the first Prince of the blood (j.riiaor Princ tin re up) of tht' i m peri* I family should not excite among the Americans a manilestation of their sentiments towards France and her glorlo s dynasty. Jn tins point of view the long excursion of l'tn co Napoleon has had political r< suits of high interest. '1'hls will i> ? ?< i n from a (KTiisal of the speech ot Mr. Kvorett, ut a banquet given t>> the Prince at Hoston. Mr. Everett occupies a high I'sltlon in the Northern States of America as a man of letters, as we:l as a d-plo tuiat. llo has represented hif< country as a Minister Plenipotentiaiy at London, and ho was the I nionist can didate for tin Vice Presidency "f the 1'mt d Stales. What especially sti kes us iu Mr. Kvcrctt's substantial and instructive apocch is the Infill appreciation of the part France luki s in American affairs, and especially the deep sense of gratitude it reveals towards the nation which has sealed with its blood tho independence of America. It is true, tlien, that peoples (Us jev/Uj) are not ungrateful. Hetwein North America and modern Italy, both free, thanks to France, the analogy is perfectly simple and natural, and derives a peculiar interest from tin- pre cure of the illustrious Princess, the daughter of the King of ItalyV THE COTTON QUESTION. Important Sprcch of the Preafiltnt ofthe Ulnnchriitrr Chamber of Commerce?Ho nesty ToMartli tlie t'liion I<<< 0111111< ???(? t<l to Kuglauil?Serious Louck to Her Tin<l<?IimMii to lteiue<l>- Her Difleulty for Want of tlie Staple, dir., &<?, &e, THE MAVCOEFTER CIIALBKK OP COMMERCE CF COM MEHCE ON THE COTTON KfPPLY?A UNION AND 110 NEST BI'KKC'II PROM THE 1KK.~IIII.NT. [From tho Loudon Post, October 30.1 A meeting ef the Liberal electors o Carlisle was held in tho Athenieutn lecture llall en Monday evening, to hear an address from Mr. i'dniond I'otter, of Manchester, I'rosident of llie Manchester Chamber <M (.'ominorce. Tlie large ball was densely crowded in every part. although the mooting wns enPed at a couple of hour; ' intiice. Ihe eoni)?ny comprised many o( the'leading tradoemon and citizens of tho town, and a large body of the working Cl'SS's. Mr. Komim> 1'onF.n said?I have been largely engaged In business for the lust thirty five years. 1 may .-a> 1 have been perhaps as I.ai d a working man a.- any in th> assembly. I stride ! life with little beyond n ? o >d edm.,. t ion and a careful nurture; [bad had gpod principles i!t sillied into mc, and my ambition was (o work them out. T had Utt!e to start with; 1 have worked hard during these five.and thirty years, ami 1 have pl.ee I nnsoll hi .1 certain branch of a pr- fes-em. and perbup- at the In ad of that branch of the cotton trade. I am a calico printer, end hat ing worked hard for thirty odd years, during the last year or two I have made up my mind to b are it to others hotter fpinliflcd. because younger and more en'r g?tic than myself, and I have devoted myself to pub c tnatt is. chieiiy,) el haps,as connected with the M.mch< ] t u-Chamber of Commerce. I may explain that the Man , Chester Ch.diiber of Commerce te a uumber of g> ntlo lie n seie< i' -I as represiutalives of the largeni commeri 1 il houses in .Winchester, 'i hey hold a high reputation, acl j have generally great influence w ith the government. I ' have beoii a luemher of that association for upward of.? j years,and have filled every ollicc in it, h.h treasuiw, tli- j rector, and during tho last throe yeai 1 liavo hold the of- j flee of pre-ident. I think iji/11 mil admit that there hat I U<n dmiiiylhcta*t thiity yturt an atiin-iny imreiti* of in- ' Wtliffencc. among the vie iking rtaua. lean speak to'that | j oint, l avi ig lived amoug them, having watched them, and h..\ in;' perhap: to some degree encouraged it by c<J>. cation, by leading them on in political matters, and on- I 0 uragh i them whenever the., had an opportunity to ask foi fheiriuiclLsc for themselves. HW, Oien, gei'tlt wn, 1 thiitl-" larger ?ri> 1:riov rf thr frinchhe in rtw a..d 1 if I i'trek> {,ire ion a definite point lowhi' lt I would b-' in- I clined to yet?. ceil utider thr /tr&t nt Ufp<xt, ichen reform is a i little pooh ) ooh'd, anil tujjiv.ieilto le dtirtfferouf, otcouw '_f ; f*ic <miU 't trhich ??? n-. rj' tno oil on th. nthrrtiil- 0*1 Ihr At lantie, wiyoj t'niws are not nhaken ?/ should U deposed | to function a six pound nvd ten pound franchise, \ n measure brought forward b> l.ui-d John Russell, sanctioned by a large section of the wh'g party, and supported, 1 believe, by your la:c representative ' and every shade ttf politicians down to John lirlght. I j should be glad to jpo to that extent. and more glad to ^o : to that e.xtcnt if it were accompanied by the ballot. I (Cheers.) I'nder (h<ballot I beli.w v u would 111 aft <? ! ajrrui'-v uf 'he ofinii n of the voter. I am accustomed ! j>i; -? ?!t to vole under tho ballot in tho various clubs. / 1 1 mriihr it a r/n al luxvrv. ami if I find il is a trtury In ntc I am hound in com degree to ezt'iul it to those, /???? j h rpj 11 ho triad stilt more in v>'?'<! uf it. ft beers.) I | will not weary you with any arguments in favor of liio ballot, a they are well known to you all. I am anxious it should bo earricd i believe it would very largely in crease the j*iwer of the liberal party. I believe it will lessen the 1 xpouses and will do very mnch (or the hones ) tyoftL': otcr 1 he next jxoiit, | erhaj s, is church ratis 1 t'm an mlericnte of th- t *1 al ii ion of eh i h ' ? (CVors.) I um not a < hmviiman myself, but I think tin' abolition of those church rate* would add very much to tlio vilal power of llio church, and J ? i Satisfied that tho oomparativ cly small mm which w 11 td |io apparently lose would be made up m stlibe r.l.v aid mewl ungrudgingly by members of the church themselves, and wo shoijld And, within a year or two afii r the r. p >al, tin cli.rc'i more efficient than (hoy had I seen it be"o> o. (AppUuso.) 1 tafcvom>other wl h than : that ih" cluircli should bo presoi vod in its utility in toKiiiy I believe tt la a great .safeguard to the ponplu, and I have great respect fur it as the tu"St toiennl cliuri li th< world hns ever yet seen, (Cheers ) There in one nii.or political fwiint. Of course I have been a-ked what my opiulons arc on the question of nun Intervention. / am f/i ngly<ijtvsed to any interveirtion. It .? a very difficult thing when our sympathies are ex cite I?win u wo seo a nation like Hungary or Italy Strug giii p. for frooiiom?,t is liiu'il to hold back the hand from helping (hem. I Mime ice have ? riyhl lo help Oum 1 Mi i* mtry nation thouht uark oul its ei'rt | fit dim. I believe Hungry will <(o to; and If we I were to be continually roeiUilnp where our sympathise j wore cxcitod, we might be doing nothinK else, and lu u j short time should have meddling with oursolvos. I i itin opposed to intervention, but allow me to say that a I gr< at d< al may yet bo ilono by tlioexpression Of llio r<ym patby of a nation like otir owu,and 1 believe tmicli luu j boon done by our own present foreign mluister.Iiarl Kus i sell, who has had tho management of llio foreign office, and who has kept i s clear, (hough sympathising with liberty whore he round 't in difficulties; and 1 hopo that If be kopt In office we shall storr clear of a much more dangerous course. (Cheers.) I am quite aware,and you I wi'I agree with me. that these opinions will be sorely in. .1 lu rofeience to thel'iiliod Mutes of America. You me vi ry well aware of the very decreet ullejieo which (ho Hot o of Commons, and. 1 uin glad to say, which our own people have kept on this subject. No wlHh bos beet) ex pressed to meddle with American aflkirs, but wo are be ginning to feel a very severe pressure, and the severity of thai pressure / <im of raid wi'tt cat/ nut wry strong feeling* ?n favor nf ititervmti'm, for the sake of getting co/bn. Hut I il" hoj<e that whatever nrtshure may be frit tie shall not hind otindti* In anything vhiih to my mi'rul u>onId I*' Wilt lrn t/i'in r< Uf ry. if we altcmp( to lake that cottm by force frem the Americans or tno Southerns, and make tliem deal with iif sgainet Iheir will, we have no right to do m>, and 1 hope it will not find favor with a commercial community like the one which 1 see before me. It ii* a trite saying that Imnssty is the b est policy, and wo must w ait till we can hoixytly bosuppliel wilh that cotton fey those who are the present owners of It. (Applause,) 1 am anxious (o express my opinion, because come of our restless neighbors. Franco especially, have been urging a different course. The chamber of Commerce in Franco have been urging en the government a different course. They are not elective, but representatives or llio govern meut. Government appoint the members, and you may be pretty certain that when tho Chamber of Commerce til es a i ertaiu step it is In consonance with the expressed wifh of the government, and J think It is rather a daa gerous slf n when we see this expression given, and I hope we shall bo prepared in this couutry to refuse our acwut | to it. COMiamCIAL EFFECTS OF THE WAR IN ENQIAND? THE STOPPAGE OF TflE COTTON MII.Lfl AND ITS KKMKl'Y. I From tho Loudon Timet, Oct. 30.) Tho population retui lit of 1851 show thai nearly a mi lion of nun, women and children in this land are dircctly doj oodent ujiori the cotton inauufaoturos. When tho returns of 1861 luvn been equally well silted, wu Khull probably llnd thnt thin number ha* boon very great ly increased aur>ng the iutorvoning ten years; and if we add some estimate of tho profiorllon of our population iadirccily d< pendent it)* n the profits of these manufac tures, we obtain wiine insight into tho reasons of that Intel interest with which public men of all parties and ci nwiieri U1 mun of o\cry grade arc now watching the statistic al tables of impoi U uud exports which arc month ly issued from the Hoard of Trade. The last of these now lies before lis, and Its first asiKict iH somewhat startling. Eight millions sterling, or, to H|>enk precisely. ?7,Q20,014, make up a mass of money not to be overlooked even among the tremendous gold heaps that are accumulated and swept away In tho transitions of British ommerce. Eight lutllii us arc the deficit In our imports during tho last nitie mouth*. But, as tho computation goes on, tho figures bee mo even more formidable. Eight millions upon (ho nine months' return of ?101,734,li-id show only a decrease of 7Jf percent. But when we compare Sop t< mbor with September we find that the falling off In the lust month had increasid from 7V toneorlj 18 pcrcont up ci tnpnred with the September ol ISfiO. Wo are, there fore, continuing to incrorsu our distance from the favorable returns of formur years. In September, for the first time, gre.at id.esc figures appear us enwek'-me novelitcs iu our returns, fn one moiith thcrr u a <Ucreare oj a milium and a kalf in our cj-j <rti rf cotton \ our woollens have fallen off to tho extent oi a (piitrtcr of a million , linens have deebnodto an equal extent: wud metals have sunk rattier more than a quarter of n mftirm Delow tne amount of the exportations of tho September of 1800. A succession of years continually showing great incronse of prosperity Ik thus suddenly In ken Instead of going on increas big our manufactures m a ratio which made timid men tremble, and finding markets for them at prices which made even sanguine men rub their hands with Joy, we find the flood tide of prosperity first slacken, then stand still, and now ebb. Already we can mark in millions thedlstanee between the high water u ark and tho level of tho (alien tide. When, however, wo compare our public returns with tho*a of tho Atlantic ports, the itintrast is stupendous. The consequent s ot war have been to tin ports of Ameri ca aim' st the annihilation of commerce; to us they have been a startling check to a continually progri sslvc in crease which we had almost come totonsider as a natural law. Two year? ago wo were stunned w ith storing of tho enormous wealth which the engines ot Manchester wore hourly creatirg. Then we saw tho elf >rts which w-ro made to meet the eager requirements of the world?how new factories were arising in every valley in the neigh borhood of the great cotton metropolis, and how every existing Inctmy was doubled in power of production. It was- a great spring upwards after a long expe rience of meiely ordinaay prosperity?a flood lido coming in, like the great wave of tho Severn. China hail l?g n to absorb in her newly opened provinces* small ta-deof the barbarian products; India was s ibsld ii g Into peace and the consumption of printed calicoes; Ai'ieric.i wi s luiying lavishly from Sheffield, Manchester a: d 111Ms. Few ol us ever realized to ours< Ives the cer tainty that this eonl 'not lust. old business men often mm ii it hardy believed, tliat something In some part of tin world must go wrong according to all the doctrine of probabilities. It has liaj pened that disturbance has iiret occurred in America, where least of all it was dreaded. Tbi part of o n custom h'i? suddenly stopped. Tho North have bi ( i me loo poor to buy, and the Knith have been physically prevented from either buying or selling, The pi op!o ate i ceupicd with a great fight, and ihcy have no money to spend upon any other purpc>sca than those whieii w ill conduce to their present singlo object of saugtiier Tho Korthern States have shut up their own coast by a prohibitive tariff, and they have shut up tho Southern coast by n blockade whit h, so long as it 1s effec tive. we arc bound to rospect. This mast, it there bo any virtue in figures, make u dlflereiice to us < t' some twenty or thirty millions in im port.- of cotton, to be paid for by exjiorts of manufac tures. It iu ght. according to ad common rcasonihg from cause to eflei t, to shut up our cotton factories for want Of raw material and close our ban ware fu< torles for lack of orders. We have already met tlio first brunt of this sud den defection of our great customer and the abrupt stop page if our sources of raw produce. We can now mea sure it by the figures given in the official returns, an I wo can see it in the Increased quotations of the prices of tho cotton stocks on hand. The first sensation upon exam ining these figures is ono almost of relief. Of course we foel this enormous loss, of course Janca sliiro b straitened, nn I the streams ol her valleys are no longer bringing down golden sands. But our agreeablu surprito is thai we are only straitened, and not actually crushed. l"p to this t unci he troubles iu America have only just checked our inoronse. Wc arc even now manu facturing and exporting within tlirce and a quarter per cent 11 what we manufactured nnd exported In Septem ber. 1SW, and and how far ahead that was of what wo ' manufactured and exported in yeais a short timo pre vious we may trust t-> the recollection of the reader. 1 l^ist year we were huildiug mills and refusing orders: | this jear we can doour woik in the nnils already built, ' and w< can execute all the orders that are o(I"ta:d to us | at the higher prices we are obliged to demand. N t I doubt things may yet be worse, it may happen that j our Blocks oi cotton may lie all cstfiendid botoic wt huve ' been able to reinforce il. in. It inaj be?a;tho gli wo I think 't II'"Ft ill.i : I-able?thnt C tt< Ii :! continue 1 to accumulate in America,, nnd wl'l lie tlv-rc i He, I in", er foil ing iinel: into the only iiiaik' t. where it * an have a value. ilVii* i? ? >ns U> U.1, awnUvy to <tll rspci i ii ? of human vuiit.n^as ini/dtil" that- n ri"'>? XonUl ? it' ovm accord, "I iiitkrfw', o/aUllht otuUh lr, "awl/till ' .'in' ?c<1 muluti to a lalf i ll ? \en if this great iinpn ba bibty sh 'uld come to pass, wi can hardly lertpn.miFe i.f compensation for mo t ot'th ? lcs? t!..it Ame e i can cause us. As the clouds thicken in tlm W< st daylight dawns in ?lie I.an That we can 0'? n markets in the Klflt when* evei the iiiuikets of ilieWi-d may fall wd have already shown: bm it now se ins e [ually ? lear thai we an tit-1 ilso in the East a substitute for the product!' n mi which we have b??'n lu'cust'wcl to l""k almost exclusively to the West. India, which, pr perly stimuland, e.m piu. duceall things, is bestirring herself to supply oui ncci.-? sities in the arm le of rott' n What hash ?? n ? i ? c?riain In theory is now ulmut to be shown inpract c? that with American sc?'d and European supervision we r c \ obta n any ipianttty of cott> n from India that Mai.ch^-ter will pay for. COTTON FKOM INDIA. T..o rnlcutta p.ii" i v "f the 23dof Septenii r 'rent fully of the question of the CI tton supply. Tile f'mjli" hi 1 n observes ? Onr rejsuts from all port1 of the country c ail uue to predict favorably of the expected cotton i p "I tins year. Indeed we gather from all sides thai an :.rca eon siilciably in excess of previous years is .iiready under cotton cultiraUou: great efforts aro being mndo iu the cotton growing distrii ts of tho Madras and Itombas resi de: ci. s part icularlj . to enable them to meet any call tlrnt ma> 1 "? ii,'i'le poll them fbr their s;.\pte. Tinn"vsrj ha.-i in-'! ,ip> done more In this re t>ect than any other district w 'h eptiouof iMmrwar Tin.1 cotton growing dis t ? b rdcring on the (.odavery river are ais i \ e;. rted 10 have i on- iderablc increased the area usually d" voted to the cultivation, and the facliWe? o;i>rod by iho river for transporting it to the roast, will ren der nny increase from this quarter Wlily desirable. T" sin i srtnily carry on a trade in cotton notni onsld rable I oi tiny is requisite, (tins and screw house? tnu^i be e^tatj. | lislied, and large advauccg made. Ami when before this ; .in be accomplished, ttie jiri'sent fratricidal war now wsgiDgln A met ica may be terminated, and Am-rican s! ve gro'.v?cotton again find it way to English markets, to ill exclusion, us before, Of ad Indian grown staple, it I in comes a grave question as to whether the pos.-ible rc ! tttrn it likely to CMii 'erbaiauce the possible |, B? A I.IVKI1IO0L COMPANY TOWN T1IK BLOCKADE. I from tho Liverpool Albion, Oci 2'l.j Tho screw ateimship Bormii'la,from Uurlujiool, which ro outiy run thu blockade at Charleston. is now due at lln 11 ort With u return cargo of cotton. We am exporting t" In .?r nf iliU arrival out at Southern porta ol three olhei ftivuncri--, which sallod from British port!- i"10 writer will l>. (p*o>itly disappointed when ho l.'iiriliof tlio capture nf ono of ill.-; ten mora from the ]1emau>, of the Jfith or Novemb r.?lin. Hkk/.ui.j THE EXPEDITION AGAINST MEXICO. A Cicitcml Movcuiviitof tho Fnri vuof the Alllc*?l'otterful Hclnforcement of Ihr KnpriKh Phst for the (Jiilf?'I !??? Dlplo inuty iil llii Invaalnii?The Flu% of Hpall* Alinitly Uiilattl liy Mnlcu li i?Ontragen on Aim i h I'm at (Imiyuiuy. TUE Kill NCH FI.KKT HEADY TO SA1I.. frarls (Oct. Correspondence of London Post.) The Frondi expedition for Mexico Is ready to Join that "f Finland ami Spain. Ii genoially uuderxijod that 11United States fri.Mte will ac>?< iinluiy the nuval force of thi> 1' iwem, I behove, have by thin time slf.ned (ho con vcnltonfoi a Joint action. 'Ill* LAND FORCE OF FRANCE ? HER 01MECT IN ?01N'<? TO MEXICO. fI'rom the Brussels Nord, Oct. .11. Tlio i xp?!?F|t n lu'un.ft Mexico in not Only decided njvn, but what ia moro, tho Kruiicli government is very buay in preparing lor it. Our expedition will bo composed of sixteen companies of marines taken from the tioriB of Kiuuce niul of tl Amenesn ?.<?!? ulrn: they will he com man'led by the ehift <fe tnilaHU/n IPArbaud and Ouupion It will thlU bo M"tl that tlio expedition t,?ki u larger proportions than at (Irsl wnx uuppoeed, In fact wo uro not alone going to claim, with th > strength of our guns, im luilemmty which the Mo.vi .in government always ro fused to pay, but wo are informed that our fcoldiera aro going, if l?"> 1; 1''. to put an end,once for ull,toamon strou: Ht.ile of things, which renders Mexico uninhablla bio to any one w h ) In ii it a robber or a leader of robbora. To ruatoro thai cojutiy, which is no very tortile and mi admirably situated, to a normal condition, would be to lender to nil the world, and ftrgt of all to tho Mrxlouua themaihe-i. The g/uim unlveraal sympathy which linn followed the combined lleota ol' f'r.iuio and England when g-lng to China, will follow the expedition against Moxlco. The three powei s will h ive each in Mexico an o\trnordlnury com inifsaiy |iii vide I with lull powers, aud who will have to net in concert \ ill th ? cominaudera of tlio squadrons. France will, it Is suld, be represented by Couiit Dubois do Sa'.igi .French minister in Mexico,andSpainby Mr. Joae y ituute, u poltu Uu weli known for ht? liberul opiuionf. THK HI'ANISlt FI.KKT I'HKl'AHKI) FOR THE UULF. A deapatcli from M idrld of tho llltb of October saya ? The fpanlsh expedition analnst Mexico will leave ahortip RVANIMH PtPLOMACY IN THK KXPF.IHTION. The M.ulrid A>k co, of October 29, havinif stated that 1(. Ouclly y lieuto in to acconipony the Spanish expedi tion to Mexico in tho quality of plenipotentiary, tho acini ofTclal <Vr. ?j tmfnncta stales that the journal ia in error, and that M. lx>]? z dereballoa, fieorctary of the Hpanitdi Legatlou at Venezuela, whom well versed In all jjnorica&qtuatloua,haa been ajipoiated piouijHitentiary In the Mexican afTrir. THE SfANlSIt M AO RAISED IN MEXICO BY TDE CI1UBCII PARTY. [Krom tho 1/mdon l'ost, Oct. 31.) Advices from Mexico of the 2l>tU ult. state that when Marqeez entered San I.ula a fiortion of the garrison Joiued him, and the wlnde fiarty wont to t'atorce, where they succeeded in exacting $75,000 from tho inhabitants, and carrying oft'several foreigners who r?fused to contribute. Ccneral Dnhlndo went to San I.uis, but he returned agnln to Guanajuato. It Is expected that ha will ?ooo march for Sierra, where the rUrgy furut have raittd the Spanith flag in of the. royalifti <>/ HI. Domingo- A correa pondeticc <>n tliis subject has taken jdace between the Spanish Vice Consul at (jueretaro and fioneral Arteaga, who stated that he was una>-quaintcd with tho motive for this unfurling of the Spanish llag. * A LAKCiE ADDITION TO THE BRITISH FLKKT. [I'rom the London Times, Oct. 30.] Orders wore received yesterday at Deyonport to pre pare the Ahoukir, ninety, and Oenturion, eighty, for foreign service forthwith. It ia c jtijocturcd at Plymouth thut these ships will bo sent to Mexico. MEXICAN OfTRAOE ON AMERICANS AT Ol'AYMAS. Uy the i'acillc Mail Steamship Comp.it.y'? steamer Uncle Ham, wo have Important news fnim Mexico. The Uncle Sam spoke the l'anama on the 29<li uh.,..nd wae Informed that a Oght had occurred at C inytuas bctwoon the foreigners and natives. The American Consul waa imprlsoiiod, and tlirco Americana shot. It is said that thirty-live Americana put live hundred Mcxicana to flight. The Emperor Napoleon as a Dutiful Son of the Chureh. [From th- l'aris Moniteur, Oot. 29.] At tlin ceremony of delivering the Cardinal's bat to the Archbishop ofChatnbery, tho Apostolic delegate addressed a speech to the Emperor, In which lis said:?" Tho Sov ereign Pontiff, notwithstanding tbo grief hy which ho I* overwhelmed on account of vicissitudes too well known, wan happy lo rrtpi.ntl uith tagerntu lo lh< wish of th<< Emperor that the Archbishop of Chambnry ^)ioiiI<1 bo raised to thorark of Cardinal." Tho Apostolic delegate concluded his speech by oppressing a wish, that by morn and more protecting religion and ibu Sovereign Katiff, tho Kmpe ? r might obtain tho Ilivin ? ai l. The V'.mjieror said in reply that In- should always OOil gram late himself on tho good understanding which moat exist between tho Holy Set- and the French government. " This good understanding," <ontinuod tho Emperor, which Is so necessary,, eoufd not be b'iter manifested than by th? kind adoption of tho proposition of the French government. His Malesty coflpludtd by recall ing the sincerity of his wltd.es and sentimente for tho venerated chief of the church. 'I bo newly appointed cardit al enumerut ?! and thanked the Emperor for the services lto had rendered to rcli ? gIon, an I especially for preserving to tho Holy See tho city of Rome and that port! n of us States which yet re mains to It, whereby (he Kmporor had, he said, strongly exuitod the gratitude or all Catholics. The Kinperor replied:?I wns anxioes to testify my c l1 em and sympathy to tlio clergy of Savoy, who have proved thoir devotion toFffince and their attachment to myself. 1 have lizard with emotion your simple and touching words. You appreciate my efforts for the good of re igion mid the prosperity <.f the new pro\ luces. Interesting from China. J5FKKCT OF TXIK DEATH OK T1IK KMt'KKOK ON T1IE roLiov or the khi'jiie?how uein-fckci lived AND IIIKD. The death of the Emperor of < hina is tn- chief subject of comment in (lie Hong Kong Journals of tho latest date (September 12;. The Journals were unaware of tho tenor of (lie will of the deceased Jlien Fung, so tlmt the name of his successor was unknown. It was thought probablo thai ho has ma le choico among Ills throe nearest rela tions, viz: his infant son, the brother who was with him in his lust illt.ess, and his brother Prince Hung, now in I'ekin. "In tho event of his infant son being nomi nated," (-ays the China Mn>l, ''there w ill bo a regency, and the foreign policy of the pation will most probably continue pac,lic; in the event of I'rinco Kung's acces *i' u to tho supreme rule, the same result may bo expO' U d: but regards the brother, who accompanied his late Majesty to tlie Yehol, it Is not so certain that his inclination- are likely to be peaceful. As a political event, the death of Hfen Fung cannot bo greatly regretted by any parly. The advices received from I'okiu a fortnight ago via St. Petersburg, according to which the late Emperor had ap [ pointed a Council of re/cmy, from which Prince Kuug - excluded, and which would be so far adverse to a policy of ]eace and commercial intercourse with Euro peans, are thus neither contradicted nor confirmed, as hud boon expected, by tills mail. The Xoiih china Hrrald makes a praiseworthy attempt to skoteli the loading events in tin' late Emperor's careor, but seom t" suffer lor want of material;? The late Emperor I lien Fung was tho son of Tau Kwnng, who died in February, 1h60, after a reign of thirty years. According to the Chinese laws of succes sion," the sovereign lias th" power of nominating any mull menilx -r <?! the royal family as his successor. It is net ucces-ary that be should be the eldest son, and ho tnny ereii appoint a brother or uncle to succeed him, pro vided 1 e h.-. exhibited capacity and talents for govern lug more conspicuously thou < iiy other possessor of the hl< ?d royal. It. this Instance Tau Kwang nominated as h..' -ncces '.r Hi<-u Pung. his fourth son, stepping over th" bead* of t/irfj others. On his accession to tho th otve iii l ebruary, liiiO,great lio|*s Were entertained of him i it was evident that he possessed adminis trative ei] ucity ui a high degree. But ho was a young m m of a la. rivio-is disposition, Sod ab'in donedltiu severe dis<:u?si"l.? of his council for tbe nmti (<?ia(alilo society "f his harem, where lie revelled ii, : hit luxury ! a Sai ?.'anapains, and like hisAssjriau prototype, clasped in tie' arms of Myrrha, while Nib' veh was surrouuded by tbo Scythian hordes, so he at in tho s unmcr palace of Yuen Min-Yuou, amongst his w i < and cmcubhics, while the guns of the allied ,n. y resounded in his enr- md he bad barely time to escape t?' the Tartarian Alps when It was sacked, b rue,i and leniolisJi d. The place ol his retreat was the palaco Ol Zi'hol, on the frontiers of the empire, where it i- I mined in by tie precij Uoc.s mountains of Turtary. 1 II I" wilid away In time in ignorance, while his j brother. Prince Rung, assumed all the cares and respon sibilities "t governmental I'ekin. From the duto of his u i eat' f > in <x iober, lM'.ii, ho evidently trngulshod, rejioris oi his illness fi'm titn" to time wcrespread abn*d, until, from inont.il and boJ?y ailliction, which reduced him I" a tato of iinbeoility?l.ke his cotom|Ki rar; suzerain, tho Sultan of Turkey?lio died inglorious in h-s thirtieth year, amidst effeminate luxury, at nino o'clock P. M. Oil the 23d of A'gust, 18fll, a victim to his appetites and a slavo to his passions, which made him an imbecile despot, and the first emperur of China who has succumbed to European power. The Engllih Turf. Nkwmaukkt, O't. <il).?Hatch. 100soa^ each, h. ft. D.I. Xlr. It. Ten Br-s'ck's Ainy, by K..iig.-t"u, 3 yrs., 8st. (l?. V'ordham) I Mr faviio's lady Blanche,3>rs ,Sst.7ib. (T. Aldcroft) 2 Itetiing?6 to 4 on I*dy Biancbo. who lay two lengths In the rear of Amy ustil Bearing tho new Stand, where they dos 'd. Amy having the bett of it all the way up tho hill, and winning by a neck. Fatai. Aoidbnt Bko etj vv,?On Wednesday after noon, while a niece of Dr. Hy lc' . tes, i:ngat N'o 07 Henry street, was playing in the lo'f ot the stable, she suddenly fell throerh an ojiening used a.- ft ventilator, alighting.on her head.' Congestion set in imme<liately and in a few m iiuies alter the young sutferer breathed her la?k

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