Newspaper of The New York Herald, November 18, 1861, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated November 18, 1861 Page 4
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NEW YORK HERALD. JAMES GORDON DKNNUTT, EDITOR AND rKOPRIETOR OFFICE N. W. CORNER OP FULTON AND NARSA0 STfl. TKJlMS cash in adveMct. dltntryeetU by tn iil trill beat the i irk of the sender. If one but Hank bills current in New York take*. Volume "o. 3?0 AMUSEMENTS THIS EVENING. WINTER GARDEN, Bioadiray.?:\?!BV <.'iH(LE-lBisn I Tiuku?Mauic "lOKK, WALI.ACK'S THEATRE, No. 8H Broadway.?Ta? Kino or TUK mou.NT.llNa. LAURA KEENE'S THEATRE, Broadway.?Skvkn Sons. NI'W BOWERY THEATRE, Bowery.? a>-t Womkn or nit .Moi'UiN ilJilt?1(1: ?Vn <>#?Ulmj til it 1. or lik.NO*. BOWEKY THEATRE, Bowery.?Stjcknkt s National Own BAKNUM'S AMERICAN MUSEUM. Broadway.?Da-nnd Ewnln - k OI Mu.Mtiiii?HIU'OI UTAML.s, b*A Lion, 1 and OTUKR Cl'llIOHlriKS. BRYANTS' MINSTRELS. Mechanics' Hall, iTl Broad *uy.?chaw KoaM iilCKK. HOOLEY'S MINSTRELS. Htiivvennnt IniflHutr, No. 659 Broadway ?Etuioi'ian Sok.js, I'ancks. 4c. MKLODEON CONCERT IIALL, No. 633 Broadway.? Fonus, Oanchs, Bu?lk*uck?, Ac.?.??Turn or mu ?ika. CANTERBURY MUSIC HALL. 585 Broadway. IUncks, Bi'iii.ksqukii, Ac.?Mauio Lacrrl 0ATI''TIF.fi CONCERT ROOM, C1C Brr>Hrtwav.-niuw->i?c] j;00? kMI UTAl.NMEXTS JUl.LKTH, ) 'J KToH I ill*. I'jUithS, A'!. AMKKICAN MUSIC HALL. 414 Hr<*?dway.-8oKC?, Bxl IET.S, t'ANTOSIlMKS. AC.? ULA K STATU* CRYSTAL PALACE CONCERT HALL No. 4,'. B inery. ? BCKLKSUIKE, SONGS, I)ANCKS, &C. ? 1 . .Ni 'i. UiTJI. METROPOLITAN CONCERT !!Ar,L, Broadway fiONGS, UlMIS, F.1KCKS. JlCKLKtglf?, ,tc;. PARISIAN CABINET OK Wt)NMJRS, 603 BroaJww ? Opi ii daily from 10 A. M. till 9 J'. M. NATIONAL Ml'SIC HALL, Chatbnm strrot^-BURtAi dl'KS, SOKCS, l'ANCKS, Af.?SOUT^ICKK ilNKUl.KK. Mew York, Monday, Novi Jiit'tr 18, J8G1? TIIK 8ITUATIOX. The all absorbing topic of the day In the anns^ of the rebel Commissioner*, Messrs. Slidell and Mason, and the possible consequences to the jo. vernmont according to the interpretation of inter national law upon the question involved in their arrest. We give to-day a very full history of thn whole affair, a sketch of all the parties connected ?with it and some precedent* from history Vending to justify the act of Commander Wilkes in making the arrest. The government has hud no communi cation from Lord Lyons on tie subject up to the present time. Nothing of importance occurred in the camp# of the Potomac yesterday, except the capture of a portion of a foraging party by rebel cavalry sear Fall's Church. Thirty-live out ?f fifty of our nwm* including the two officers in command, were taiisn prisoners and carried off. We publish to-day homo very interesting ne*B from the South, including the report that the elec tion for President and Vice President of the Souths. ern confederacy has resnlted in the almost nnai-i xnous return of Jeff. Davis and Alexander H Btephens, the present incumbent*. We have received Richmond paper* of the? 14t"D>v inst., with other recent dates, extracts-from vrhichii! will be found elsewhere. In the &?w?i? cont vine.ii' tbe correspondence which parsed between tl ,e re bel Secretary of War and General Winder in rela* tion to the selection of oflloers So b? tang i n re* taliatlon for the condemnation of the privat< ;ers? Ken in this city and Philadelphia* Fo> irteerr; nfflcers have been chosen by lot whose-aan ies aie |;iven in this correspondence. Tho Cha rlestcn fapers give as one reason why tfc?ir forts; at 1'ort Royal were taken by the Union fl?et, t! tat t'? emoke from the vessels' guns w? carrU*l by tha wind directly in the face of tho bsb in tl ie forts, thus preventing them from seeug tits- s' lips. It must have been a decided UnU? viml t hat ] tr foruied such special service fura?rau.v? 1 vessels, 8-i it v.-ill be recollected that forts. Wi illcer and Beauregard are on opposite sidri of tbe cha:mel. and, therefore, if the statement U: ti? ? Charleston papers is correct, the wind iuu*S ha.** blown to. wards two points of the comgasa fct the same time. The New Orleans BvlUtiik B?y? tt ere is cot tou enough in that port to load a\L vefsuls that choose to run the blockade Hud come rrj to tho | city. This information should sent in n uodiately j to Captain Dupont. The old Congress of the Southern confederacy will meet again to-day iu Richmond,-to? ondeavo* to arrest the rapid decline ol their en ntumacious government. The achievements, pant and pros, pective, of the great military and r. i*al oxpotli, tion, the taking of the South Carol tia forts, Uie occupation of Beaufort, the rebel inverses in. the West, and the arrest of their two famous repre sentative*. James M. Mason, of Virginia, ajjd Jofeu Slidell, of Louisiana, will be unwelcome subjects that will obtrude themselves bef ue thiatBeasaa able assemblage. A convention, which boldly asserts its. de" tcrmnation to revolutionize the Stat* of Kentucky and turn it o?t to Jeff. Uavis' confederacy, in opposition to tl* wfcfcm of four-liftbs of the people, will r?-as*cuB.ble to day in Russellville, Lftgan county, Ken tucky. The President of tlm Convention is Hon. II. C. Burnett, who was elccted to represent the First district of Kentucky in the Congress which assembles next month in Washington. Its lead ing spirits are the traitors John C. Breckinridge Humphrey Marshall, Robert Mc Kee, Blanton Dun can and William l'reston. General l)ix has ordered 4.000 of his troops from Baltimore to march into and locate themselves iu Accoinac and Northampton counties, Vs. It is paid that Accomac county i* loyal, and will receive the troops, but that Northampton coiiBty is dis posed to resist them. General Pix has iaaned ti most important proclamation, which we give i:i another column, stating that the object of the ad vance of his troops is lo maintain vim authority of the government, to protect the people and restore commcrce to its original chancel; tl.at no one held to service under the laws of the State shall be In terfered with, and that unless resistance is offered do fireside will be molested. We learn from Fortress Monroe yesterday that the rebels were assembled in large force at Big 3ethel, aud that an attack on Newport News was ttiot at all unlikely. The late fire at Norfolk con Isumefi a vast amount of the enemy's stores, in cluding nearly all their supply of oil. ' Mr. Chase, .Secretary of the Treasury, had an in ftcrriew yesterday with a number of contractors at the Fifth Avenue Hotel, at which he assured them that their pressing wants would be met as soon as the ability of the government would permit. The late action of the banks will doubtless enable the Secretary to fulfil his obligations in this respect; i and, indeed, we arc warranted in stating that at , least $1,500,000 will be disbursed this week from the' Quartermaster's Department of this city, and as much more from the Navy Agent's Department. THE NKWS. By the arrival of the steamship City of Manches ter off Cape Race we have four days later news from Europe. Tho convention between France* England and Spain for intervention in Mexico was signed on the 31st of October. The London prefs j generally condemns Secretary Seward's despatch to Lord Lyons, and intimate a drifting towards war. The American loan did not receive much favor from the financial writtrs. Switzerland had pro teste I agairnt the demonstration by French troops and demnnned evacuation. The remains of Te rence Bellew McManus l?d been honored by a public funeral. Tho total vote of Maryland for the candidates for Governor Is a* follows:? Augustus W. Bradford, Union, Benjamin C'. Howard, accession.............'20,070 Union majority 31,431 The State Senate of Maryland will contain tea bold-over members, seven of whom are secession, jncluding these, the legislature, which has been called to meet on the 27th instar.t, will stand as follows:? tenatc. House. Union 12 6H SeweMon - 10 6 The Fifth, Hrxth, ScvcnCil and Eight! regiments of New Jersey, which together form the second N.iw Jer*ey brigade, have ween ardereo' to Anna po!4s, from whence they w8l proceed to "pt*lute tlie towered soil of youth Curntina." The exports of breadstuff;} to Europe continue to increase, and last week melted the eaarmous amount of li,707,&?l bushels at g7:ain nnti 60,962 barrels of fl-tur, being about i90,M9 boshe's more tkiui have bcun shipped during any ffoccdinj Week tliis seaaon. Hutairdiy the rates of cotton eirbfaeodabout 300140? bales. TV' maiicet cloaad at 24 %e. a-iMSv1- for miilJtlinn uplands. Tlx- IImr market was tlr-rrj wKlx a t*oad, dt nianc fror* tlio trade and for cx.iort, wlailo jiricco in a>mo caBi'B at tlio (tinge were rather 'jfcttor. Wheat 'va? quitetllrra, md tin markt-t tolerably native?sales in -wt for fia uro totivery?while full pri.ipa- w?r? sustalr.od. 1 Corn Of, ened'tlrin, Sutcloaad at rather easier nates, ? 'Ji snlearf good mixed for export at 68.Hz. a Alto, atlaat, and :>mail k*ts in I4oro a)T0c. Fbrk was he.^vy.und lower; salsa of meaa -ware made at $13 40a $14, u id >prnjiu at $8 71 a' i^aga rs w ?re quint, with sales of a!:, in 'itids. Cuba at iittady pricia. Coffee wan quiet and Dales aniuip artant. freights > exhi'jUad rather more tone f?? porta, wbile ebgi geuauts wro to-a fair extenti The Ax rest: of kite Rebel Amkuawti*>ra? TUc Sl> i>rr4, Political and I itwaatlo nal Coaacq utacti. The arr est of the itobel Comrait.eiotie*? Ma son and Slidel 1, m their passage to T.ingland ? nd France, islrasght with important rcnse^uenc es. 7h? discot ei J of the pinna and' resourras of tie insurgc nt chiefs iirou^h the psptaraofl tbi ir emissaries, tb> detention of these ige?ti? from the-prosecu tic* of their mission, uid U?* fint il frustration, perhaps, <\? their desiga3,may be c >f the- greatest , iruwiiuttt to our gov eminent. Tb e moaal effect of the capture on the o\use nt tin J Union cunnt )t 'kiL to be beneficial. T.tiiB aheavj ' blow, and a gr discouragement t j lint swmy . andiit is a sc uieeof congratulation toth* loyal people of th e United States. It is?Htou)*??d to add materia ily lo the dismay and confusing of the rebels p; -in teed by the naval achioimment at Part Royi tl; aad holding the prisoner^ ia de spi&aofany m? reteohjical points .Thiuh may be raised by tba-Engliah government^ will) show the -jjreat Pc .wt r? of Ewope that w? are deter mined to 1 jattlt- to the lust do War. and the his.', man fcr> the maintenan se ? ofl the int;?jrity of tt e Uuieo. Hitherto Ml S?ward has-7nivna.ee 1 -??>? foreign relatiois wolli with the- excepti on of his reply to the I jttur of the Iiuajeror of h'ussia. There he th*?w :a*ay a spleudid o; jp urtunit.y. His letter to 31b.. Day-: toa and hr s recent reply to Lord Lyons were to the p oitil; His circular ti lha Gov ernors of t he leyal States to put the fnoaticr? between t ie n jind British torritaty in rv ^tate of com pie te defence was excellent.. 3ut.w.poa th* courw ! io, may now take, and the ability" v?tb whicl i l.e manages llio case of the ;trr?*t of M*on anc I f-'-li-lell, his character :is \ miaJsWr ?'Xtil as a h ;a tCf-maa will greatly dope ad: It is n< >t t.o. iic denietl that it is a cato 'which, may invo Iva it d^louiatic cotit nvor ty wiili the Lnj.lish j, ;o/vniment. If not mere seriaua uonse" quouces. Whatever ditBculty nay fxiie will not proceed-fraui anjf question o' a rif^tt of visit a. ton and teareto; tor even iu tina.s of peace Knglanc't 'iv'i insisted u{wn t'aat rv jtt, lias even gc>n?-to ?aK ?or it. 8b * wo ?)/?l, tiierefore. have no light {*>? complain :f we followed her 1 example ;uad ibojidoned ofr owudoctriites and practifce.. Jl'it. it, so happens tliis is not a time of posce. Tito Uiited Stntes govern ment &. war, and it hiw a. right to visit ;wl iwarch neut v.l vessels- on the high Ktas, on our coast?, to e?i-tliali sbey carry nothii^j. contraband of ''rar ti' the eueuiy. The prop* r limitations to Hie right oi: search are: lirst, tbat our ships-oi'-war cann^ search the pubVia stxr(>? of a neutral, either iu time of peao< or war; second, that they c'uuu.i setvrcli t,L'? private ships o.t' n neutral *jt a time of peace. According to this ioctri.se, recognized by the g?".a,t pablic writer? on iite national law, tie ooniimnder at' the Han Jacinto committed no ?jiittTuational offcnio by overhauling the Bri'ish packet steamer Trent. It. will hardly be pre tended that the l etter* is a pvsblie ship, notwith standing the tact of her carrying the mails, and having a British navy officer on board in c harge of them. By tlie interpretation ot written on international law, a public ship means a ship of-war, or one in the service of the army or navy. But 'J' it were to be held that the Trent is a public vhip, Commodore Wilkes would have for his action a precedent of high authority with Great Britain. It is the case of a British commander who was sustained, even to a three years' war, in bearding an American frigate in time of peace, and carrying oft four British subjects. We refer to ,he captain of the British sliip-of-war Leopard, who, in the year ISO", upon the refusal of the captain of the American frigate Chesapeake, lying off the Capes of Virginia, to permit his ship to be visited, fired into the Chesapeake, which, being unprepared for action, imme diately struck her flag. She was then boarded by the English captain, and four seamen, al. leged to be British, were carried away. Presi dent Jefferson immediately issued a proclama tion interdicting all armed British vessels from the harbors and waters of the United States, and forbidding all supplies to them and all in tercourse with them. The British government admitted the illegality of the act when satisfac tion was demanded, but refused to disavow it unless Jefferson would first withdraw tho pro clamation. The question failed to be settled by negotiation, because, though the British government adnilttod the impropriety of board ing a public vessel, it udhored to the right of boarding a private one in time of poaco to look lor it* deserters?on which point the two na tions went to war; and in the treaty of Ghent, which restored peace, the question of the right of search was still left unsettled. To this day England has never actually abandoned her doctrine, and if an American commander became a convert to it she should have no right to object. But in the present case wo are in a state of rebellion of a magnitude unknown in history ( ! and onr right to board a private British ship on our own coasts, known to have rebel agents und despatches on board, in spite of the proclamation of neutrality by the Queen, is clear and undoubted. The question of the right of search i? not therefore involved, but the right to make prisoners of Messrs. Mason and Slidell, with their two Se I creturns. No one doubts that if they were passing through New York, and even on board a Hritisl. mail steamer in the harbor, we would have a ri^ht to arrest them, being found within our own j irisdiction. According to Vattel and l'hillimore. it is competent to u belligerent to i?top, in hit own territory, the ambassador of his enemy on his passage to u neutral govern ment, but whether on the high seas, on board the neutral's vessel, is a question which we will leave to be settled by the diplomacy of our go vernment. Before that is accomplished, proba bly the knot wiU be loosed by the conclusion of the war. We t.re not a ware ?f any legal pre" cedent by which it can be determined. We will only observe that ambassadors, by the law if natkus, are under the protection of the country U which they are accredited, oi ce they reach that coucrtry; but it will require some arasunt of straining to sho'* that an arri/itl on heard of a British stearjer i? an arrival in England. The Queen issued'a proclamation enjoini.igstrict neutrality in this-war on all hei subjects The proclama* tion prohibits the "carrying of officers, soldiers, despat ches, and any article de?nnod contraband of war." Is it observing stri.it neutrality to aid the^nemy by the ronveyanee of his ambas sadors?' Practically the question amounts to nothing, ?nUr?s the British government thinks proper in> take advantage of it. If it does not want an oKcuse to go to war with u?, there will be no hostilities. It ha:> no claim 'on Messrs Mason and Slidell such en we formerly had on the sailors forcibly takea out of oar ships by British commanders. On the contrary, the English government ought to thank us for rid ding it of revolutionary nuisances, whose mission it ~*aa to embroil Great BriUinin a war with the United States. Whatever taay be tho consequensa^ we trust our government will hold tho two arch-conspirators against the Union till they reap fro due reward of their conduct Tlie t'aloa U Dead?Ijonj. Urn th? t'nlon. The English press, and in a minor'degree ?]l<' English wliticians, solemnly tell the world that the Uniou is dead?as deadr say they, as the Heptarchy. We take up the pen to pro (htim that it is not dead, but, in the language of .the Script ures, only sleepoth. AniUt is but a temporary -deep, llad it not been, however. for a conspiracy entered into thirty years ago b7?the aristoaracy and Exator Hall party of England to bring about tho disruption of this U'liou by th? agitation of abolition schemes this country would never have suffered as she is suffering now. It is to them thatl wo can tr .ee the source of all our present troubles; awl what, thertfore, is more - natural .h^n that their efforts to complete thumirk t!:-*y so de liberately planned and persistently executed <h ?uld be continued to the last, and is tho face of that dang-is they strovet-o. stren'iously to criate. They, are as declared. ent'mws of the Ihuou at thi'i <iuy ?<s they iaw when they first coanieiued ;Jmr labors eE destruens. and in wle the fa.'iaticB of N? w England *be instru. nnu.s of tlicit moral crime One reason why the E:;?l*'r Hall oarly hail the dismomb* muent, as thyy think, of tin* linite<i. States. forbecause th? slave con.4deratiou of 'be South wou id, in ll iw event, '"ikve a formida'Ae and j(- lout> rival thirsting fo? the emancipation of its slaves, and ci R'inually Uiduapping ti; *11 away, us its next ii'^viibor, raui'dy?tho free North; and that ' s'ttti iv stat' of tiling:- wo'kld not ivdy prevent i thiilurtheii u\teasion 01 tduvery. bei. lead to its j s .,'vdy a!*>liti?n. Thi> is abou'., aw selfish au<l lanati/aUi purpose e* the inees liarv had in ? \i' w when ho set lire to Mie church.in order to ?'ivitroy ikj-altiv ornairjRts, whvii hinintoler ?vni anti-l' ifi?yi.te r?'ligi< as views htul made the objects. u/'Jiis 'Hatred. The nxrjve of tiie aristocracy :u aiding the , olVorts tvf the abolitionists of Etot*r Hall was | noX so 'xui.4 to desluoy slave?*)'. Car slavery'. s:ilw. Ival for the rca.wti that through the agitu-, j tit.11 of that question a ruptuco might occur , which -vonitt m-nlt in the destruction of tha Union 'tselt'; 1'or we had becoma the great con merclal au*l mariti-ae rival 'd Great Brita'.n, and th ty. us the <ihief governing class, graw afrnii.of vur increasing greattuss, and aliv;vto the (lunger in whki even the Britishpossess! jqk in .Vtrth America aiight be placed by our im measa preponderance of ;(ow?r on this ji>n tii-jti'it The desired How has at length been struck, Tlja South has been aggravated to rebellion ng&inst the Ncutb, and we are in the throes of civil ^\ar. Tba aristocracy and abolitionists of England are glad, and wlebrate the iauth. us they would make the world believe* of the Union with rejoicing. Iiut let them uudeceive themselves.. Their belief, if real and not feigned, wfB prove only a delusion ?Kid. a snare. The blow ha? fallen; but, as if struck with the boomerang, it lias bc?n made to resoil upon the striker with more than ita oii gin id force. The Union has arisen in its strength aad majesty to chastise and bring back the desenters, and with law, and right and might on its -ide, its final triumph is secure. It is simply a question of a few weeks or a few months as to the Union victory. With a population of twenty millions against ei-ht millions, and inexhau: tible wealth and unbounded resources of every kind against a bankrupt exchequer and a ragged, unpaid soldiery; with a powerful navy against a mere \ dozen of privateers, and with the knowledge that justice stands arrayed on our side, it cannot be otherwise than certain that the resistance of the South will not be for long, and that the Union flag to a certainty is destined to again wave over the ramparts at present included in rebeldom. The immense and finely organized army under General McClellan only awaits the proper moment to finally accomplish the end towards which the recent naval expedition has done such effectual service, and then the South, utterly defeated and worn out, will return bleeding and repent*. | ant to the Un'on which the wickedness of her demagogues and .her own wilful folly led her to fotfiake. The captuTo of her emissaries on their way t? Europe is the forerunner of the capture of Richmond, and that will be the death blow of secession. Let the press, the politicians, the aristocracy and the Exeter Hall party of England, cach and all, careiolly ponder over these facts, and remember that the Union lives, and will con tinue to live and expand, and fructify and acquire new greatness, notwithstanding all their efforts to the contrary and all their false assertions, and cover the earth with its com merce and the sea with its lieets?a glorious republic of free States, one and indivisible E J'lanbua Unum forever. Stcmslonlim In the Kptwopul ChnMh? KtrUtluillcal State Stovert'lgnty. We copy into our columns, tbis morning, from the Richmond Ktuminer of the 14th inst., the new secession programme ctf the Episcopalians of the rebel States, in opposition to their co worshippers of the North. I t is a significant? and highly important document,, as showing jnto what ?xtretn?a of folly bodies of individ uals, professing the most select and fastidiously recherche Christianity can be Lurried by wild political influences that may happen to surround (hem. "If suoh things can be done in a green tree, what mai be looked for in a dry?" The

Loudon J'ust, uud oth-*r English journals, in an ticipation of stxh a step implored the Episco palians of the South to refrain from it', >>at the news- which comes to to-day shows that they have disregarded the wise counsels gtaen them by tb^ir friends ubroad. Had the Episcopalians of the Southr In com mon with the Methodists, Presbyterians, Bap tists and other sect?,have contented themselves with a simple resolution of adherence to the Southern cause, it would' have not ajipeamd strange. They raigltt perhaps have been even naturally expected to divide from their North ern brethren on the subject of slavery. Such> steps would have exciod no other surprise;-than might hav? grown out of tho inconsistency of any further spiritual divisions in a church pro fessing to b? visibly Catholic, than have alr.mdy taken placey within the - last quarter of a -xm tury; but thsy have tHt+eroded Herod, and not only severed all pa.it religious ties, but inn Produced clauses into thr? new "Cemstitutiori-of ibe Protestsr>i Episcopal church of the Unitt?d< States of A'uerica," wlreh especially provi ie for wholesale-fature disintegration, and rendar it, under cert da circumstances, absolutely un avoidable. Hirst of all, the ratification ui' this constitution is required' from each sepiw rile State cc uneil, independently of the otherrv T'us, of courss, is a virtual admission of th? right of any dissenting comcil to make a "se cession" movement and set agoing % free Ep's cc?al movement ?f its own. Then, ia violation, of all precedents, the General Geuncil of the Confederate church no longer reserves to itself th'. .right of f-ar-otioning the creation of new dio ceeies, but each State may divide itself up into as many separate organizations at) it pleases^ ev >n if there were, previously, no bishop in sai.i State. A part of the seventh arlitslo of the constitution re ids as follows:? A uow diocese nay be formed w'thiu tbftlionlts of any cxi?t*ig dlncoflS, with tlio consent at' ita bie'wp and bish ops thereof, or if tSmro be uo buhou of tho eacleai^ilical mit'M.rity thereof. Pacha me as is* practically nullifliw the au thority of tho (literal Council altogether, as it would only be :\iquisite for a densely populat ed iState to div:d*' itself up into a soare of dio cesswi to swai lp the central body altogether. W<?' are curioup to. see what Episcopalians, who do Tot happen iobe carried a way l?y rebel en. th isinsin, will hive to say cn.this subject, and wh ither high ttaurch EpiscoyiLianu even at the So 'ill will st?ad such a d.^partuca from old landmarks. T ie Black "7lag in Solthi Gasoabca.?The | Rihmond (Vr4 Dispaichhta. it thai the an- j thorities of South Carolina have communicated ! w'sh the Coiil disrate rebel government upon f t!' ?? subject of hoisting the blaek flag in Caroli- ' n?. in conseqr imp of the invasion '.tjr the '-Lin- i c )1'? morcenai "jt-v"' of the snared soil of said State LHivis and his Cabinet havt.'iuatriutad the Pal i mtto chivalry accordingly, to ndh^re to tin - riles of civili ?d warfare; ->ut it i? said tha!) bi -? will be disregarded b^South-Carolina. ami. ir>.. she will ?;ursue the same oaurae "which, j ??overnor Vv adopted lit tlia time of the John.! Brown raid, vn/4 that \v!:>,, South Carolina ou, ! ?lone with If * Invaders th<HCon&darate govern. 1 ?uicnt can ha^e-tbem." This reminds us of (fae. prsaJatnations anil military de- few ot' the ( l inc.-c ia their first wa:i with I'nglanii. They ofTarcd aJargereward for, the head of wery officer of the "outside bavbtw. rians," anc'jon enormor* compensation fore-wry one of the> war ships \hich might be burned) sunk or otherwise destroyed.'?y Ibe childri u of the Empcor. Hut art all these experiments failed, th> k<Son of thvSiua acid. Brother it' the Moon" e at forward t larg^oriuy to exp?l tho "red lie-.'Jed foreign devils" who had di red to, invade the sacred sril of tie "Central Flowery Kingdoxu" To strife?,term into their heart.-:, the ;oHiers of the ;;mit Emperor came dovrji upon'hem with the most horrible effigies of fiery devils and dragons, ferocious tigers. and boa toustrictors s.u l'eetiu diameter and a Kin dred t'aet long, nude of colored paj er, pivoted oven a frame of boopsj but these feuxful instru ments of war, w ith all the numerous gongs and the dreadful hewlings. of the Celestials, only ex eitud the laugUor of their enemies, w.ljo soon muted and put, to lli;;ht the great imperial army, with its papet devils, dragons, boa constrictors, fjid all. So with the frantic, lilick lhig chival ry of South Carolina. Their si'.ly ar.d impotent threats of ns quarter are only calculated to excite derision and contempt. Gen. Suerxax'o Proclamation.?The Tribute and its a Volition colaboreis do not like and cannot fuid an; thing to admire ia the good and sensible proclamation of Ccn. Sherman to tho people of South Carolina. The idea is afloat' that "Old Abe Lincoln'' dictated Paid procla. matioa, and it is not at all unlikely thai he did su rest it. It is certainly consistent with all his official declarations of the policy of his ad miuist ration in the prosecution of this war. His object and his ultimatum aro "the integrity of the Union," including, under the constitu tion, the integrity of the peculiar institutions of the South. Ho is not making war upon South ern institutions, but upon Southern rebels and traitors; and in diffusing this great fact among the people of the South, with the march of our armies, we shall find allies where otherwise we should,meet only with enemies. Gen. Sherman is ri^ht, and he has doubtless acted by the ex press authority of the government in hia pro. clamation. His mission is to save the South. | and not to destroy it. Ont Grmt Naval Expedition?Where Will tub Next Blow Fall V?From the magnificent effects of tbe shelling administered to the rebel forts at the outlet of l'ort Royal harbor by our great naval squadron, we are confident that it is capable of shelling out all the strong places on the Southern coast from Charleston to New Orleans. The rebels of Savannah and all along the Georgia seaboard appear to have been sud denly seized with this idea, and were tlying into the interior as from a pursuing army already landed on their shores. But where, from our gr?it fleet, will the next blow fall ? Perhaps upon Charleston; perhaps at Brunswick, Georgia! perhaps upon Pensacola, or upon Mobile or Now Orleans; and, accordingly, the rebels will have their hands more thau full in attending to their defences at all these places. Thus from fifty to a hundred thousand of the Confederate troops ir. Virginia muBt soon be drawn away to look alter the seaboard cities, harbors and in" lets of the cotton Stages; and meantime Gene ral McClellan Is watching his opportunity. As things are ^oing he w gaining ground and strength by waiting, in p*?oportion to th& deple tion of the main rebel array of the I'otomac. The Neuko Question in Cabinet?A IIidico fcODS Rumor.?Out of ou? Sunday contempo raries publishes! a Washington despatch to the effect that the Cabinet have had before them the question: whit shall we do with the slaves of Soirthern rebels in the farther prosecution of this war? and that the disewssioa of the sub-, jeet ha? developed.a division which may result in a Cabinet dissolution. Fudje. The policy of the President iu the work of suppressing thi? rebellion has fcr jn clearly and repeatedly defined. The great body of the- loyxl people of the United States, North aad Smith, are satisfied with it, the Cabinet are a <mit upon it, and under this wise :?nd conservative policy this rebellion, which is already staggering, will soon be laid low in the *u?t. Let o?r abolition organs and incendiaries stand back* "Honest Abe Lincoln'7 and his policy have- tho confi dence and support of all gnnoine Ui'Jtow.tten. NEWS- FROM WASHINGTON. WAW. MOTOR, Nov. 17f 1991. VKNEKA1. t'PMKBB TO TAKE AN IMPORT IWT COM MAND. General Su Tioer hsn had Bever..l*intervlew.s TKhGeoo roi McClt'llau :.mce hi* arrival ht?? yesterday niornltif. En ha* not ye', bee n assigned to a cxuBmauii, but lu view of bis long exporteooe and late distinguished services in California, all of? whitn aro iluly c itpruciated by Central MnfVllan, tho latter, who was formerly a ctptain under Uencal dimmer, will detail t n to some responsible post without d< 'iy. When the two jcnerals met yestor day t?en. Sumner, who !?ad been sij years iu th i army wium Gen. McCVMnii wo* born, congratulated the latter moMi heartily upj'tin Novation. AP H VIC AT IONS :?ROM OTFICEKS TC "JOIN THE CTOTD' KKM SXI'KDITIONJ* W thin the lustfow days there .lie- been a rish of applications at tie 'War Department'from commrndere of' regiments fur pnrmiMion to lorra-part of tho rem. forewmonts or daw expeditions to be sent south -ra*d. Tbe mid climutr. 'and luxuriant F.wurnahs of i'onth L'jroHaa and Louisiana ase much mo 9 inviting for -vta ts r quarters for :>ar soldiers thau .tee bleak hills aud desolated fields oTVITginta. AKlUrr AL OK ME iBliUI OV CONOBES -?-'!rHK SUCCE: 30? or mufuKiNBuac. ? Tho-Senators anJ Representatives ir Oonfreut are irrivtng hero, at*! raataug preparat rm for* residence during tho approaching locc session. Ameeg the S-na ionwiiready arrlvi-i are-Wilson, of Mr seoiuusetls; Trim" bull, of Illinois; Ciiadler. of Miclilc: Siacdougal -Ml La t bam, of Oaliforv^at (ir'aicsaud llalaa, of Iowa; V?IV kta.??n,of Jlinneso'c.* and-Simmons, of Rtwdo Island. It ig und.wstood that imperative enga; ncats elsewhere will prevent thoatvarianoe during th: ?c<ik>n of Mes. nl: Ma.-ouvHlidell and ilv.-in. It would no to surprising If * number of Southank Senators, wh: .ore at present. "(Hi lr.i*iively in foraign parts, should, bel';re '.he close of the sv ?iai,oume in uudJ^a (lag of trice aud a** lor their se .u and their arrerragee of pay. T'lA pl?'.<v?of the trailers, Bm-klnridgo r ld.l'owell, will jo Oiled immediately after the meeting ofi tho Kentucky Tj>gi:>4 Knre, which Ji to assemble on t M 2Tth iust. D'Si Itago u?!ied Kentucfciana auw here ?pc ifc. of Mr. Thon ?ji 3art ''lay, the eldei l?on of Henry CI in, ae the proba !? of RrcckiurMge-. The loya'.j* of Mr. Clay :i ,v?t!um? stain or ropswaoiu No m m i .K ittiucky onp /K a mor* enviable loputatton among hioi fellow citizens. His elu-ttion to tlio out oice honored t r. the (Jre.it I'ac li* cator and lately Usgraacd by John C. Breckinrid ;u, woulittliavo a nwrej eifeot upon ihe cou ??n that would "3? alike hsnorablo to IfcntiiTky and bene ciul to the nati' u. HWMttl rHKSK.,'"*.TiaK TO COL. D!XOtf 8. MILES. Tlin sword ord ered by the Miirylu id. Legislature or Col. Utxon S. Miles l.i-to !k> presented jy Governor Hic'ta on Ti??lay or We ui sday next. This r.woril was ordoroI last winter, when CM. 4i.< f, on his return from the ir ?i tier, spurned tho overtures of tlie Mainland rebciti to abuadon tho llaj: of I > I'r.ion. Ho was bitterly it nonaceil by tho r.art organs of Baltimore, which del*rul j l hat- it the sword -hould be drawn in Jetooeeef the lltiiun I it vr.MiUl bo com r ly tonho wishes of '.he people of Miry laad. Col. Miles then declined toro-ic^vie it until ll.e -'.fj i:ki be roalQr re?l '?>;? anotherI-cgSrliuure,' ? tho | ? >p" ol Ire native ?ta.o : houVI by their -ulns testify thev i'.p prival of liis loy -.Uy. the recent-1 lection has furnished tiiB proof,and 'J* is now willing to Accept tlie gift of ivloya pteple to one ef be oldest, most loyal and elliciento' ,*rs lib the army. 'Sh? conclusion ef thoCourt of Inquiry- re </|k?ted by Coke^fl Miles in reference to tho char j* of j liil '.x e^ition or.the dn.y of the batKs of Hull run, u re j yarded by his ?nnipiu&K>ii8 in arm: -is outrageous aid. ai ! surd. It leaves-the imputation of e/jillupon him, v&jJo i it contains tippn its face tl.a d-ivtoiation tSat it j is impossible j.provc the fact, :.ail ungenerously danieg j to him a couvt.'martial, by whUih. fi" might prove the gross injusti jc of the charge, and eoi ur conviet his accusers. Although confirmed^ the |,i oceedin;<|. Uavo never been ij^roxtvd by tho comSMnditig gonero.l. a FOUAOtsa rvdTY suRriti.'SU) uv rebel cavalry, ANB.M03V OF THEM tSABLEN. PRISONER;!.. Yestorday.n.foraging party v.is seat out from tho New York Thirt'iith regiment .quartered near CptonVHill, by direction al the Colonel com'aandiug tho l>riy?i? lately under Gee oral Ke> es, to the farm of Mr. Duliu, ^ae of tho wealthicstiinea ui Fairfax cu.mty, about thre niilos be yond Fill's church. Tho party consisted < i, fifty-two men, u t ier the command tv' Capiam Linnir.iand Lion tenant Andrews. They arnvod at tho plnoe of des tinatiuti aad proceeded to stack aims, build a Ur? and provide lh?tnsclv<9 with duuer, leav ing a qoupie of men ia, the hill adjoining as senti nels. While thus occupied tkey were surprised by a coivfliuiy of two hundred,rebels, supposed to be a portlon of Stewart's Virginia cavalry. A few of our inen suc ce?ded in obtaining their guns, but no attempt to form was made, and tho whole party Hod precipitately. The cavalry dashed in ntauug theni, taking some thirty live pruon.rs. Several shots were exchanged, and the ra?n jtitlu that one of our soldiers was soec. to fall. Hiey also I ?ta e that one of tl?a rebv4 saddles was emptied. Cnoof I Mu Orst acts of the rebels ou approaching was to place a guard over the stocked arms of our men, who flreil -.it such sis appreacliod for the purpose of reassessing their urins^ All tho olflccn. connected with tho axpedition wero taken prisoners. Captain tanning and Lieutenant Andrew^ were inarched o!T beside one of tihe teams. Tie foraging party had with them Uve four torse wagons, all of -which wero takcaby the enemy. When t\ie Information of thfr disaster readied the head, quarters ot the regiment a pwrty was immediately form ed, with Colonel 1-risbie at their head, who nsk.vl per. mission of the acting comniander of the brigado to proceed to tho rescue of ths captured men. It was, how ever, deemod best not to proceod further In tho matter at that time, and permission was w>t granted. It is stated that the Brigade ttuartcrmaster, two days beforo, engaged the forage cf Dulin, who professed to bo a Union man, informing him of the time our teams would tako it away, but it appeared, on questioning the contra bands iu that p.aco, that such was not their opinion of their masters and it is supposed ho gave due notice to the rebeliv of tho time and placo to bag their game. Dulin has been arrested nnd taken to the brigade head, i quarters, with a neighbor of his by the name (.( Beth, who was a couple of woeks ago urrotiou uu sitfpiclon of taking a load of nail to Fairfax Court Douse for rebel use, but released for want of gifflcient evidence. Whether rich notice wus given or not, the fact? that the tennis wore sent Into the enemy's country wltfciii four miles of Fairfax Court House, with the paltry guard of tlfty mou, aud that the guard, when there, lulled to exercise com mon prudence in providing against surprise,are cjnlte Butllciont to account for the result. The two rn' plieod us sentinel*, from s< me cause, gave no noticed e ap proach of the cavalry until they were within speaking distance of Mr party. The followint are the names of tho captured uwn:? Captain Lantiins, Lieutenant Andrews, Sergeant Wiilium Webster, Corporal M. B. Whlto. l'rivat** .Company B, Patrick Frasier a .id George MeWhorter; Company C, Laoi renee Hartigun, Set. and Harris Stafford; Conjpuny E, B. White, John Slate, Nelson Rowland, Oil7er Ho'ysoer, Parviil G. B. Morrison and C. Hanten; Company K, I'utrick Cocney and Ciarcceo Elms; Company Q, William Pork, Abuor Porter; Coin|>?Dy H, Walter C. Mer rick L. Marlow, aBd D. Porter; Oiitpany I, Iiohert Wheeler, Henry C. Smith, George Vandorsee, Albert W. Simmons und Willium UvCormick;Co*pany K Truman Clapper, James'Jpirriaon, Kolix Kellly, I'aniel Conner and Stephen Stickl'tt. Foot teamsters are also missing, whose names are not gives. A scouMng parly was sent out to Dnlin's farm, which brought back several of tho guns thrown away by our men In their flight, none of which had been dlsc'enrge, but no informatics of value w?b obtaimd. Colonel "ria blo. of tho New York Thirtieth, baa to -lay beeu plwod in command of the brigade. DISTINfUIBlfKD VI8ITEK? TO ANNArOLtS. A special train went to Aniiapole tbis aorulng with'* party of distinguished visiters, composed of Socretarlc* Seward,Cameren und Smi b; Assi<tant Seeretarics Thorn A. Scott and Frederick A. Seward; brigadier General Vaiv Vliet, Governor Andrews and lady, and blfr Aid, Colonel' Ritrhio and lady, of Massachusetts, and Mr. Thayer,, banker, of Boston.. They visited the Naval Sehool, where the Secretary of War was received wtlb the- customary saluJ*,and were complimented bra dress parade of the Twenty-third regiment Massachusetts Volunteers, or" dertif by Colonel Mbrfe, the commantMit of the post. After dinner at the- City Rail the party proceeded to Genera!' Burnside's carp of instruction, ibtmt a -Title from thcancient city, whert- they witnessed a splendid review oT the wnete division. Governor Andre**; whose visit was uno^peeted, was tr.nch ocmplimented for tin; apixsar. asceof the MassachusXH troops, soveral' regiiMute of wlildhare-in General Burnside's division. TITE H'ROPE-IN INTERVENTION IN J1EXJC \K APSnUHS. 1*1)011 after tho annoutteraent hail been made or tfee coi.tcmplated intervention by Ksslaad, Frame and Spate in Jlaxican affairs, our gcvsrnment dospatc.?d a F*lp>ef war commanded by an experlenoad officer to the Gulf t? look after our Interests tiers. Another vestei was also dosp itched as far up the .x??t as Tamplco, vrith a view toprjvent the transit of pnecnge-s from the Tebel gov ernment across that count.-y; anl also to pit*nont' ttk shipment of cotton and other articles from th? robe^ States. Thte wise precautio: l/it IV said, has resulted fa'' vorably,and suddenly put a r.top ?>>an extensive traffic* winch was about being Inai iwatml. It will alsofce re membered that' at about tbe sumo time I'ytreUry Seward' sent a respectful ooawnuaication to 1-iiKlandi France and Spuin respecting'the alleged intervention., of these-government* in the attsit* of Mexico, but that up to the l.wt advlcos from Eurcp#-n0' satisfactory answer has been received by our govo^nmont. They appear te be quibbling upen- tbis matter, Bid ueem rather disin clined t? state their real otjtcts and designs. Our" governn int is, however, keep|-(r a most vigilant -watch,, and will not permit this form;Jablo European combttea tion to make any advances or agression on this cont'noaW A FOKACllW VASZV 8UBPHI.SKD BY ISCUKL CAVALXUT^ AKD TAKEN PBi30ffBM. A forago#part^went out frcm^eanral Wads worth brigade yesterday.. Having prjoored a largo supply VT corn, the/started bask in the ifleruotm. Five of the wagons were detached from the naln body and halted in Mie road, tw?miles-aud a half to the leftef Full's Churoh,. the men ttaoking tJielr guns and -novinj toward a farm house to gH something to eat Hparty of rebel cavalry; who had been seeutiug In the aotghberhood, availing' themselves ? of tbe opportunity thus pret-rat. ed, suddenly rushed bet Teen our sold less aud their jucs, thus-rendering tli -rn-powwrli.tH for resl?tj. ance. Tho conseoeenee was, thi caposre of tho 3?*e y mded wagons, acifc, ibis supposed,'thirty-one prison era. About ten ? of the same Union parly oerUinly escaped.. and It mayibirthat some of the ot^ess may yot return,.a?< it is not improbable that they sought refuge in tho wojde They all beleog te-the Thirtieth New York regiment. Tho place where ittrj were tak> i- io- beyond our emmj |iues, and this unfortunate event is- tbe result of tbefar ewn carelessness. SOLDIEW PRNUHfG MONET TC TIIEIX FAMILIES.' . The armgement for enabling Loidlera to remit a por !iou of th er pay tofieir t'amllles ver'ae well. Whenever a regiment - Is paid eff, from a ' ilrd to a haif of the amount p*id is seat- home. Paymaster A. L. King ha?> lust paid tb? Twentieth Massachusetts Volunteers, vho ^"haved t?- galiaatly in the affair at Bull BlulT. The total amoiiaC paid wot over (oO,OU},iot which moro lam.. half was xmiued by the men 13 .i'm'i families. Th? Colonel, VAr?.>Kaynr.oid Lee, and ill o? his stuff cscopW three, aro-prl?oncr? at Richmonc and the regiment fc* about 280 -Jiort of tile number it broughb into tbe service. HEATH or LlEiraSKANT SNYIBH, UNITED S TA.TW& BNOtNEKKS, . I.ieutomBt<?oo*ir*'1Rr. Snyder, United'Slatos Enc?ne?rii> died in t! u city tho-raorning of typHoici fever, ajjad 28. He was a ;;ullant nml talented o tjer. The fortification known avl'oM Kllawirlh was rcistrutieed under h'.? su perintend eaae. He-was a nathi of Schoharlo caonty,. New Yor J, and graduated at Woe . I'olri first in his class jti 185B. lie was with Major ADtlaa&oiii at Fort Stiniter Ho was s Jo hero of the incident rioted at the turn- la th? Hrhai.?, thai w'i>n Wtgfall p-rjwnted himself at ..Fort Suroter'arith a white flng attached to ltis sword, i.urinj the bon i:ai'dmcu4, and attenvi od u? enter through*, port hole, lie was net by Lieut. Snpdar and required t? unnuuncahirasol it the main f.ittt. >BCISM)?3 UNDER Tt^E iTAJUFF ACT. The Su.iroiary uf iho Treasur r Oi:is made tho fiiowtoj; tleeisioi t under tie Tariff act cf Marcik last:? I ith<>,! pir- ? 'juni'.bills or p': wr]>ill3 are liable entry; ' duty at t?rata of fifteen pea oeot as printed natter. Woolirt; Jackets sot made on frames,.but hand W n^t, open in I ron'. \vi111 bullous and sewed buttonholes and ponkets,. were ptoperly tikargud a duty "i tho rate of tw( ive coat* per pou ui, and' a\ addition tswuty-li/ve per cent. The dacisioD of the Collet lor of Dostou, a jasseing a duty 11< forty eents per | or.itl in addition to I'jo ten pop cent wi valorem on segars, posting $8 per tl ousacd, ia afllrn td \ry tie Secretary o-.' the Treasury. I)E?ARHJBB OF GENIKAJ* DSKVKR FOR T'??. WD8T.. (i? jeraJ Denver, of California,. left to-dnj\ for Fori l ea- oiiwortl., Kansas, wham) h? will report to Gonwa^ Hunter. WXKKB QUARTERS KO.'i OCR TnOr.FS. Cttiaral Van Vliet is actively. engaged in preparing aooa for.:U)lo winter quartersfer sueh of our troops as avo ex peeved to. ja.ss tho wintur iu tlie-neighborhocd of Waihinj tun. NEWS FROM KENTUCKY. THE IIATI tiE AX FIKETON, T.TC. iooibtilui, iiov. ur,iMi. The Mount Ptor1h:g Whiff haa a repost frota Thomaa Turn?, one of Geuoral Nelson's aids, reluivo to tho lata Piketoo engagement He says that at I'restonburg the linicn army divided into two columns, oao under Colonel Sill, via John's creek, and the other met the eueuiy by another route. At Iry creek the latter had a sharp engngomcnt for one hour and twenty minutes, renting tho rebels, kill.ng six and wounding twenty-foor. The rebels reported to the Unionists that tiey lost from 200 to 300, of whom forty were kliied and about sixty wounded. Another account says the federal loss was six killed and seventeen wounded. The previous account from Cincinnati appears to hav? greatly exaggerated. A slight snow, the first of th? season, occurred her? this morning. COM jiODORE TATNALL'S PROPERTY TO BB CONFISCATED. , At :ho next term of the United States Conrtln this city,' an important confiscation salt will occupy the attention of tho Court. It appears that at the outbreak of tia rebellion Commodore Tatnail was living at Sackett's Harbor, in this State, where he had accumulated a considerable !? amount of property. lie left immediately on the alarm of war being sounded for his native State, aad was lately ut tho borui of the rebel ma-qulto fieot, which was ao gloriously faltered by our naval expedition at Beaufort lust week. Tho furniture of his house at SacketfB Harbor, consisting of property worth about 515.COO, has been con? ??cated by the government. A libol and information, woro filod by the District Attorney, aad last week a mo* tion for condemnation was made in tho United States Court at Bufialo. Hon Kli Gx>k appeared for Commodore Tutnall as claimant of the proiwty, and propoie^ to answer and defend. The District Attorney then anted leuvo to amend tho libel, which was granted, and Ihea throe weeks were allowed Mrs Cook to answer the uaend ed libel after It should be served. In thi3 form it, will b? brought before the Court.wheu tho District Att'jraey will urge its indication.

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