Newspaper of The New York Herald, November 23, 1861, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated November 23, 1861 Page 4
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NEW YORK HERALD. JAUKS GORDON BKNNBTT. EDITOR AND PROI'RIKTOR. OFFICII N. W. CORNER OP FULTON AND NASSAU ST3. Volume XXVI No. 3?5 amusements this evening. WINTER GARDEN, Bioadway.? Vaiey Cihcle? Iuiso TiMtt? Maoic JOKk. WALLACE'S THEATRE, No. 814 Broadway.? Maoic Mar BUM*? 'i UK riCJ I K .O.iT. LAURA KERNE'S THEATRE, Broadway.-SETRM Sons. NEW HOWF.RY THEATRE, Bowery Bum. Kcn? FisT Womk* or tiik Mudi;iu> Twr? Nick o> iiik Wi oh BOWERY THEATRE, Bowory.? StiCknet's National Cllicu.-. ? AlUMtli'Ull and evening. BARNUM'S AMERICAN MUSEUM. Broadway.? Day and Evculiig? An, ki. or MiiixiiiiiT? Hirioi-oiAHua, Jui \ i.\a WilAl.r, AND UrnKR CUKlOalTIKS. BRYANTS' MINSTRELS, Mechanics' Hall. 473 Broad way.? Cuaw Koa.it UKkr. HOOLBY'S MINSTRELS, Sluvvrsnnt Institute, No. 059 Btoadwuy ? Ethiopian Sohus, Dances, An. MELODEON CONCERT HALL, No. 339 R road way. - f OM-a, Uamcks, UuKi-fcaituics. Ac.? Hal* Pacha. CANTERBURY MUSIC HALL, 885 Broadway.-SWMl Dakcm, B?U.ESQUIUI. Ac.? >kw Vkak 1U1.U. OATBTIES CONCERT ROOM. 61# Broadway. -DrawiM Room Entertainments Ballets. I'antohimrs, Faeces, Ac. AMERICAN MUSIC HALL, iU Broadway.? Sunos, Bal l.KTy Pantouiukn. AC.? Hi ack Shoexaeek. CRYSTAL PALACE CONCERT HALL. No. 4.1 B m ery.? BvRLuauKa, Songs, Dances, &c.? Ukkianu s Oath. METROPOLITAN CONCERT HALL, 600 Broadway.? Song*, Dances, I arcks. Ut'ttLxsuUKs, Ac. PARISIAN CABINET OP WONDERS, MS Broadway.? OtM-ii dally fpmi ID A. M. till 9 P. M. NATIONAL MUSIC HALL. Chnthim s'r^et.? Bohum <3I'kh, Sonus, Dances, 4c. ? Southern Rrwukr. NOVELTY CONCERT HALL, 616 Broadway.? Soxoi, Dancrs, Pantomime,), Hculks jues, Ac. New York, Saturday, November 93 , 1801. TH.B: SITUATION". Rumors were prevalent in Washington yesterday, and it is said upon good authority, that the general admission araoncr the foreign diplomatic corps was that Captain Wilkes is perfectly justiQable, accord ing to international law, in having arrested Mason and Blidcli front the deck of a British vessel, and that England should be the last Power to object to H, inasmuch as no other nation has done more lo establish the principle upon which Captain Wilkes acted on that occasion. Lord I.yons has expressed no opinion upon the subjcct, either officially or informally, to any mem ber of the administration np to this time. A forcc of (lencral Smith's division made a re oonnoissance, 0:1 Thursday, in the direction of Fair fax Court ll'iu-o, to a point near Flint Hill, but did not discover the enemy. They brought home, how ever, no less than eighty wagon loads of forage, and in this respect wire successful. Their princi pal object wan to obtain supplies. Our vessels continue to run the blockade on tho I/>wcr Potomac. The Wyandank ran through on Thursday night, reaching the Navy Yard next morning. Though three shots were flrod at her the was not struck ?a fortunate circumstance, as she liad forty barrels of powder and a number of loaded shells on board. The steamer G. B. Hall also ran the blockade downward, having on board a large quantity of ammunition and ordnance stores gone rally. T wo schooners, loaded with wood, also ran the blockade successfully on Wednesday night. The naval expeditions from the Eastern Atlantic ports appear to be progressing. The splendid transport Constitution, which left Boston for the South, touched at Portland early yesterday morn ing, where she was to.take in the Twelfth Maine regiment; but finding a large quantity of ammuni tion and stores awaiting her there, she was unable to take the troops on board and was to stHrt im mediately on her mission. It is said also that Cap tain David D. Porter, of the navy, is now actively engaged in Boston in getting up an expedition for some point in the South ? destination unrevealed of course at present. There are some eighty go vernment vessels of various tonnage now lying in Boston harbor, most of which arc ready for imme diate service, and it is probable that Captain Por ter will have an opportunity very soon of employ ing them on the Southern coast. Wo learn from Baltimore that General Pix re ceived news yesterday that the disorganization of the rebel forces in the county of Northampton, Virginia, was complete. The commander of the rebel forces. Colonel Smith, was attcmpting,to escape with some of his officers from the lower ex tremity of Northampton county; but by the orders of General Dix, Flag Officer Goldsborough had put the whole coast under close watch, so that their, escape is very likely to be intercepted. The frigate San Jacinto, with Messrs. Mason and Slidell on board, which lay at Newport on Thurs day evening and left there at midnight, reached Holmes' Hole yesterday morning rn rout*' lor Port Warren, where she was expected to report herself last night and deliver up her prisoners. Intelligence reached Jefferson City, Missouri, yesterday, by a train from the West, that the rebels had burnt down the town of Warsaw on the night previous, to prevent its being made winter quarters for the Union troops. A large quantity | of government stores were destroyed in the confla gration. THE NEWB. Seventeen old whale ships have been purchased by the government at New Bedford, Mass., and loaded with what the soldiers of the Massachusetts Sixth regiment call "Baltimore rations" (stones and brick bats), and taken South to be annk at the entrance of certain harbors. The following are their names:? Arctic, American, Archer, Amazon, Cossack, Courier, Frs. Henrietta, Garland, L. C. Richmond, Rebecca Simrna, Kensington, South America, Herald, Potomac, Maria Theresa, Leoni das, Harvest. The following named whalers have also been purchased at New London for the same purpose: ? Ship Lewis, bark Fortune, ship Cores, bark Tenedos, ship Timor, ahip Meteor, ship Robin Hood, ship Phoenix. The vessels of this fleet sailed for their destination on the 20th inst. The steamship Constitution, of General Butler's expedition, arrived at Portland from Boston yes terday morning. It having been found necessary to take on board extra stores and munitions, the Twelfth Maine regiment did not embark on the ?hip, and she would sail from Portland immediately After completing her lading. The Northern Black Horse cavalry regiment at Troy left that city yesterday on the steamer Fran cis Skiddy, and will arrive in New York to-day. They have no horses, very few arms, and the men ?re not half uniformed. Perhaps Major General Morgan can tell why they are not properly equip ped. The First Vermont cavalry, one thousand strong, fully equipped and uniformed, and having ?'?no of the finest horses the State can produce, ir.ll 1-javo Burlington next week, and come by the way of Troy, thence down (ho Nurih river to this city, on their route to Washington. It is a singular fact, but nevertheless (rue, that not one New York volunteer reg.niont has yet left for the seat of war fully equipped, while nil of the New England regi ments, with the exception of four or five from Mas sachusetts, have entered Washington ready to take the flohl at an hour's uotlco. The treason declaration of John C. Breckinridge and his rebel followers, which we publish to-day, is the most open und barefaced revolutionary doc ument, we will venture to say, that has ever been concocted. It sets out by virtually denying the right of the majority to rule, and boldly asserts that tho acts of (he Legislature are not worth a button, and should be entirely disregarded. It bids defiance to the federal and State authorities, and orders the Governor to convene a new Legisla ture for the purpose of disft ancliixing the people and handing the State over to Jeff. Davis. The Kentucky rebels who are headed by John C. Drcckinridge have a portable newspaper, in which they print all their treasonable movements. It is culled the Courier, and was recently pub lished in Louisville; but, finding the Union sentiment in that city getting too strong, it changed its loca tion to Bowling Green; but, affairs not working satisfactorily at that place, it shot off to Nashville, Tenn., where it is now issued. In Tennessee there is evidently considerable mis trust of Jeff. Davis1 bogus confederacy. They do not like to trust it to too great an extent, and therefore an oath is administered to the members of the legislature, by which they are bound not to consent to any act that will abridge the rights of the people, as guaranteed to them by the State constitution. The bringing of the Eastern shore of Virginia, embracing the counties of Accomac and Northamp ton, again into tho folds of loyalty, is good news for the oyster traders and consumers. Tho shores, bays, creeks and inlets, from Cliingoteague Island to the Chesapeake Bay, are paved with millions of bushels of oysters, which accumulate faster than they can be used. The State of Virginia hereto fore has derived considerable revenue from the Bale of her oysters, the tax upon which was one of the favorite measures of ex-Governor Wise; but, like a great many other sources from which money was obtained in the South, this is now cut off. The oyster trade will soon bs reopened, and a thriving business will bo again carried on with the Eastern shore. On the Ifith inst. the Provost Marshal took pos session of all the city buildings in Alexandria, Va., including the offices of the Mayor and Auditor, and the chambers of the Board of Aldermen and Common Council. The spirit of secession had commenced to work again in Alexandria, and most of the city officers had declared their deter mination not to heed the election proclamation of Governor Pierpont. Hence the late order of General McClellan, and this timely action of the Provost Marshal. A bill was introduced last month into the Ne vada Territorial Legislature stipulating that any member of either house who should be guilty of receiving money for the passage or defeat of a bill should be punished by death. The punishment was afterwards changed to depriving a member who should be convicted of such a crime forever of the right to hold office. Ohio has twenty-threo regiments hi active ser vice in Western Virginia, sixteen in Kontucky, two in Missouri and two on the Ohio border. The Stftte has also in service twelve batteries of six guns each. Sergeant Geo. W. Nason, of the Massachusetts Twenty-third regiment, passed through this city yesterday, with five bushels of letters and parcels for the men of the regiment. A volunteer regiment is being organized at Jefferson Barracks, Sackett'a Harbor, Jefferson county, where six hundred of the men are already quartered. They expect to be in marching order within sixty days. A Naval Court of Inquiry will be held this day (Saturday) at the Brooklyn Navy Yard, of which Stewart L. Woodford, Esq., is appointed Judge Advocate. The examination of the seventeen prisoners of the alleged slaver Augusta was commenced yes terday before Commissioner Henry, and adjourned to this day. There was an important error in the ordi ntnee which appeared in our report of the proceedings of the Board of Councilmen yesterday. The amount appropriated for thi relief of the families of the volunteers was $">00,000, and not $;;>o,ooo. The Dublin Freeman of the 9th of November re ports that at a meeting of tobacco manufactnrors. held that day, it was agreed to advance the pricc of manufactured tobacco two pence per pound from that date, in consequence of the great rise in the price of the leaf. Tho cotton market was again excited yesterday, and sales wore more active, while prices wore firmer. The transactions embraced about 3,000 bales, closing on th? b.-iBls of 24>ic. a 25c. , chiefly at 24J?c. a U\c. , at which prices woro very firm. The sales mado wore nearly equally divided between spinners and speculators. The flour mirket was steady, with increased sales, closing ilrtn at about tho quotations of the previous day. Wheat was from lc. to 2c. higher, caused by tho influence of the foreign news, while sales were tolerably active. Corn wis somo less buoyant, while sales were tolorably free, within the range of yesterday's prices, closing at 65,',c. a 66c. for shipping lots of Western mixed. Pork w:is more active and Armor; prime mess sold at $14 a $14 50, part for December doli very; $12 50 a $13 for mess, and |8 60 a $9 for prime. Sugars wore quiet, and saK s limit edat unclianged prices. Coflee was more activo, with sales of 2,000 bags Rla, part in bond, at 13c. ; 1, 700 do. I,Ac;uayra at p. t. . and 2J0 do. Maracaibo at 17}{c. a 18J^c. Freights to Kngllsh ports were firm, with a fair amount offering, while to the Continent they wore unchanged. Renewal ok tiik War Uj-on the Cabinet. ? Tho abolition journals are renewing their war upon the administration through the medium of fabricated despatches from Washington giving a false color to the observations which fell from Secretaries Cameron and Smith at the recent supper to Prentice, of Louisville. It is sought to show that on that occasion the Secretary of War declared himself in favor of arming the negroes at the South against their masters, and that Secretary Smith passed a strong censure upon Lis colleague for compromising tho Cabi net by the utterance of such sentiments. There is not a word of truth in either of these state ments. There is no more conservative man in. the Cabinet than General Cameron, and he is the very last of its members who would bo likely to subject himself to such a rebuke. On the "contraband" question he favors no other policy than that laid down in the President's modification of the Fremont proclamation, and which has been carried out, both before and since, by Generals Butler, McClellan, Sherman and DLx. There can be but one object in these fabrications, and that ia to create disunion and dissension amongst the members of the Cabinet, with a view to breaking it up, and thus work ing out ?be views of the abolitionist rump. All such efforts, however, will be defeated by the firmness of the President and the patriotic feel ing of those by whom he is surrounded. And in regard to this supper which has furnished occasion for these lying statements, it is note worthy that it should have been given at the house of Forney. Th?t shallow pated Mephia tophiles seems never satisfied without breeding trouble for others, or getting involved in it him | self. If lie does not mind he will soon find him self In a similar mess to that by which he was I 89 nearly wiped out of political life under tho I Buchanan administration. Abolition mutiny In W?w AgftV1"' the aovernw?"'' . The abolition rebellion ftguiunt for his fidelity to the compact of the constitu tion on the question of slavery, and his (inn de termination to execute the laws of Congiess without regard to platforms or parties, has ral lied around General Fremont from the moment *hat lie unfurled the black flag of emancipation in Missouri. Ilis removal was tj?e signal for a concerted attack on tho President by the abo 1 tion presses in every part ol the country Symptoms of a disloyal and rebellious spirit wero oxhibited in the interost ot the displaced General in St. Louis. But the mutiny has at length culminated In New York, as the reader will find by referring to the programme o a demonstration to Fremont, which we copy, in another column, from the Tribune, under whoso nfluences, auspices and direction the movo ment was set on foot, in opposition to the government. According to the statement published by Greeley, it Is to be a very formidable affair, and the turbulent revolutionary portion or the German population, who aro very imper foctly acquainted with the institutions and laws of the country, is appealed to, because native citizens or those foreign born citizens who spoak the English language are known to be opposed to the course of Fremont, with the exception of the abolition clique, who have persuaded the most Ignorant of the Ger mans that Fremont has been removed because of his devotion to "freedom in its real essence," and because of his friendship for foreigners in I general and Germans in particular. "Our glo rious three hundred" are dragged into tho arena in order to add to the effect, because they aro Hungarians and Germans, while the heroic deeds of men born in the country, and of citi zen soldiers of Irish birth, aro ignored and passed over in silence. This is a rebel lious, mutinous and disorganizing movement f calculated to sow the seeds of discord and strife, and to bring the government into con tompt at a moment when it noeds the unani mous support of tho people to save tho re public from shipwreck. It is not true, as alleged, that Fremont was removed because of his proclamation, though that would have been a very good reason for his removal, and the dismissal of one of the Secretaries of Departments would be justified on similar grounds. Fremont had no right to inaugurate a political policy for the govern ment ; least of all had he a right to do so in opposition to the expressed will of the Pre. I sident and Cabinet in the instructions to Gene ral Butlor, and in contravention of an express act of Congress passed with special reference to | the slaves of rebels. The act of Congress only went the length of declaring free such slaves as were found in arms, or employed in the fortifi cations and trenches of the enemy, or otherwise actively engaged in the service of the rebel generals. TBis, it is known, was signed with re luctance by the President. But Fremont goes a ?tep further than the law, and proclaims the slaves of rebels free, whether engaged in the service of their army or not, and that, too, by a mere military edict, anS without trial in a court of civil law. This, however, was not the ground on which Fremont was removed. His error was publicly rectified by the President, after great injury to the Union cause bad been done in Missouri, and Kentucky had been nearly lost But he was not removed ifbtil his incom petence as a general had boon completely demonstrated by tho most glaring and indispu. table facts, and his political blunders had been cast into the shado by his military incapacity. The President acted upon a detailed report of the Adjutant General of tho army, which had left Fremont not a leg to stand upon; and ho was not influenced by the foolish proclamation whose evil effocts had boen removed, nor oven by the silly imperial airs which the General had put on. But the satanic agenta of abo litionism, in order to manufacture public odi um against the President, announced that the removal originated in the fact that Fre mont was too strongly attached to the princi ples of freedom for the stomach of the Chief Magistrate, who, Bince his accession to office, has disappointed the hopes' of the abolitionists by his refusal to violate the solemn oath ho took to maintain the constitution and the laws. Because he did not play the part of a usurper by overthrow ing both, and substituting an electioneering platform in their stead, ho is denounced in an editorial article in yesterday's Tribune, by im plication, as " a liar and a fool, who professes one thing to-day to get offlco, and another to morrow to keep it." The Tribune argues that because the President, before his election, stood upon the Chicago platform, he is bound now. as the Chief Magistrate, to carry out its doctrines, whether they contlict or not with the constitution and the laws and with his own oath of office. But to strengthen the reason it assigns why the President should perjure himself, the Tri bune asserts that a majority of the people voted for the Chicago platform. If that were true it would be no valid ground for the President's violation of the constitution, that instrument having been expressly drawn up to prevent the tyranny of majorities and to guarantee funda mental rights in perpetuity. But it is utterly untrue that the Chicago platform was voted for by a majority of the people. Mr. Lincoln was elected only .by a plurality vote, and nearly two-thixds of the voters voted directly against him and the platform, while man; of those who voted for him did not intend to endorse the platform. Finding that he was elected by a minority of the people, Mr. Lincoln was too sensible, practical and honest a man to attempt in any form, or by the most indirect means, to inaugurate a political policy in opposition to the will of the majority of the people, and at the same time in conflict with the constitution and tbc laws. Accordingly we find him and his subordinates, in a series of documents which we republish to-day, faithfully discharging the trust reposed in him by all classes of loyal citi zens. These are Secretary Cameron's instruc tions to General Butler (very different from his after dinner speech); the letter of the President to Fremont; Mr. Cameron's instructions to General Sherman; General Sherman's procla mation (denounced by the Tribune ); the pro clamation of General Dix; the letter of Attor ney General Bates, and the speech of Secretary Smith, in which he declares he expresses the sentiments of the President as well as his own. These State papers are in porfect harmony with the resolution of the House of Representatives and the act pxssod in the extraordinary session of Congress last summer, as well as with the octiyn of Ui a Ivt Cuugre33 in o.gankiug a Tor r? lory so as to permit plauter?lo settle In it mtli their slaves ? an act in accordance with | tfio decision of the Supremo Court in tho ease [ of DreJ Scott, which is tho law of tin? Wind till reversed by another decision of tiio sanrt" iriLu. nal, or Ijy a ibungo in tho constitution, efl?Cto;i in the manner pointed oat in the constitution itswlf. What, thin, is tho suggestion of the TSi' bunr* It is that fftw President ought to use hifiJ position to revolutieni/x) tho government of tho country. Finding that Mr. Lincoln will not play Into their hands, the abolitionists and their satanic organ, who instigated the secessionists of tho South to revolt, are now laboring t? render tho separation perpetual, and to have two govern ments, ono consisting of slave States

and the other of free. They are well aware that unanimity at tho North is necessary to the restoration of the Union undor the ex treme difficulties of tho case. But they are fo" men ting division and doing all they can to make the war unpopular. This is the object of the forthcoming demonstration, and tbe Presi dent ought to put down his foot firmly and or dor the arrest of every mutineer concerned in getting up this disloyal and seditious move ment against the government Symptoms of Faltering Among t%? Rebels and Fright Among tke Aboli tion lata. The abolition journals of the city have been thrown into considerable forment, within tbe last few days by a declaration, attributa ble, on the authority of a correspond ent of the Journal of Commerce, to Bishop General Polk, that *'if President Lincoln would come out and Bay that the Dred Scott decision is right, and that tho South shall have equal rights in tbe Territories, the rebels would lay down their arms and return to their homes; that tho great question of difference would thus be removed, and we all become brothers as of old." Such incendiary newspapers as the Tribune and tbe Evening Post have no idea of settling matters in a manner so conformable to tbe constitution and the laws, and betray their anxiety lest such a result should be effected by frantic ebullitions of passion, and indiscrimi nate misrepresentation, which it is not to be supposed can deceive the public. It is impossible to say whether the other leaders of tbe Southern insurrection coincide with the view of General Polk; bat if Jefferson Davis, General Beauregard and their associates are prepared to lay down their arms and return to the allegiance they have forsaken, on no other conditions than such as are already pro vided for by the constitution and tho laws, and should make a proposition* to that effect, it ought by all means to be enter tained. In fact, what General Polk de clares to be requisite for the restoration of peace bos boon already provided for, even by the present Congress. It adopted a resolution at the last summer's extra session, in which it was distinctly set forth that tbe sole and only object of the war was to restore the supremacy of tho constitution and' the laws. The decision of the Supreme Court,, in the Dred Scott ease, is one of those judicial landmarks from which the President, whatever may have been his private and individual tendencies in times that are past, can have no disposition or will to depart. It iB virtually incorporated as an authentic exposition of the constitution which he has solemnly sworn to cause to be obeyed, and which will be the guide of his acts, just so soon as tbe integrity of the Union shall have been re-established. Tbe laws, moreover, for the organization of the three or four last Terri tories that have been organized, have all been framed in accordance with the popular sove reignty programme of the late Senator Dcuglas, and fully protect the rights of slaveholders over their property in the domain which belongH to the States in common. General Polk aBks, there fore, for no more than the constitution and the laws fully guarantee to every citizcn and section, and, if the desires of all those who are engaged in the unholy rebellion have become restrained within equally reasonable limits, thero is no reason why there may not be a speedy return to peace. The Confiscation act, passed by the last session of Congress, is nothing more nor less than a necessary supplement, adapted to exist ing circumstances, of tho laws that always have prevailed, against treason. It provides for the extraordinary necessities that have been created by the wholesale insurrection that has con vulsed the Southern States. We have no doubt, however, that if General Jefferson Davis and bis fellows will send, under a flag of truce, such a proposition to President Lincoln as is Incor porated in the language of General Polk, and if the rebels will consent to lay down their arms, it will be promptly considered by the adminis tration, and the period of calamity that has re cently visited the oountry will be brought to an end. Our armies may then be united, and the government of the United States will have leisure to turn its attention to the aggressive attitude assumed by foreign Powers, and properly to punish those who have insulted us. From his inauguration, up to the present hour, President Lincoln has pursued precisely the policy that General Polk has advocated in his proposition. It is on this account that he haa been compelled! to encounter the con tinually increasing hostility of the newspaper organs of the abolition party, and that they now appear ready to attack him in advance, for any co-operation he may undertake, tending to re store peace, on the basis of the constitution and the laws. The Post cannot conceive of " an ignominy so base" as laying down arms on any other than abolition conditions. It would "stultify," it says, the decision of the last Presidential election. The Tribune, with characteristic ferocity, denounces the President as " a liar and a fool," if he dares to continue true to bis inaugural oath. These journals, and the mischievous faction they represent, are filled with terror and trepidation lest the rebels should show signs of reason, and return to the allegiance they have so rashly and wickedly forsaken. The howl they have begun over General Polk's declaration, will, however, deceive no one, and it may yet form the ground work of peace, if it shall be adopted by the masses of the Southern people as a proper basis of negotiation. Far better would it be to bring back the South, and to avoid further effusion of the blood of our citizens in internecine strife, if it can be done with honor, than to perpetuate the war unnecessarily. The aspect of our foreign relations is sufficiently menacing to call forth the patriotism and military enthusiasm of every good citizen. The intervention of the Powers ' of Europe in the affairs of Mexico, in direct contravention of tho settled non-interference | policy of the United states respecting the qou corns of America* continent, ia of itself an outrage which cafls for ^he deepest resentment on tliif part of oni1 government. With tho united arniiea ?f (lie >?' jrth and of the South, wliut a stupend<Aw array of force woa'd bev presented to tlie wortd! Over ouo million of br.iv* jmd well disciplined soldiers would J>e routfy to sweep away every verfti^e of foreign rule te j tweon the North Polo and the Istbmitf of tana* I | mar, and the whole of North Ainrtki* be united if on? vaat arid invincible empire. CA?? Army In Araomac? Oovcr?w WIm ami HU l^iicr FhiuIuih. CtyStisrs ! Header, wt down with tts to a Aish of V itfqinia oyaters. 0<ir army ?1' Maryland in in occ'ipation of Accomac amf Nortluuuptov counties of the Old Dominion, lying between Chesapei-Ji* Bay and iL% numerous creek* on the west, and on the inleteand estuaries of ttw? Atlantic Ocaan on the east', all swarming with, fish, fowl, crake and oysters. Chesapeake Bay and its tributaries are indis pensable to New York, in view of this single item of oysters. With the loyhlty of Maryland, i this glorious bay, on both sides for a hundred miles and more, with *11 its affluents, and! Its delicious shad, canvass back ducks and oys ters, has been secured to the glorious cause' of I the Union. With the good footing- thus esta blished in the oyster fundum of the Chesapeake, New York could feoi easy on tho saoro of oys ters. But from the mouth of tho Potomac, for sixty or seventy mile* down to the sea . this glo rious bay aforesaid, on both sides, was occu pied by the rebels, entepting that snug- little corner of Old Point Ccsafort and Fortress Mon roe. Now, with old Accomac and Northampton* conuties iu our possession, the entire eastern side of tho bay is ours down to the ocean, and all the estuaries of tho ocean on the other side of the peninsula, with all their water fowl;, ilsh and oysters. All hail, Old Accomac ! a name which has be come familiar from its connections with Henry A. Wise. In Accomac is tho home of tho re doubtable ex-Governor, and to his' long resi dence tliere wo are indebted for his learned messages and speeches on crabs, hard shells, soft sheila and shedders, and on soa fish, water fowl and oysters. Our readers will remem ber that some two years ago ho submitted to hfe State Legislature a scheme whereby tho oyster fundum of Virginia would relieve tho peo- , pie of the Commonwealth of all their State taxes, ' including the interest of the State debt. His ' scheme was a tax upon oysters exported to otlier States ? a levy upon all "outside bar barians" and their schooners, sloops- and punr giesr gathering oysters in the sacred waters- of the Old! Dominion. His statistics of the Yin- ' ginia oyster crop exported would furnish annually a pyramid of oyster shells as high as ; Cheops. But his scheme of an export duty fell like a wot blanket upon the oyster dealers and < oystw eaters of Gotham. Happily the Virginia Legislature gave the cold shoulder to this erne scheme' of taxing the Yankees for their Virginia oysters, and so they escaped an oyster extor tion of a million and a half or two millions of dollars. Secession has temporarily robbed us of an immense arca of the oyster mines or fundum of Virginia, embraced in the tributaries and creeks of the Chesapeake, on its western side, from the mouth of the Potomac down to- Old Point Comfort? a point so named from its de licious- hogfish,. sheepshead, sea trout, soft shell crabs and comforting oysters. Still we htwe the lion's share of the good things of the Chesapeake^ including, with the new sup plies of Accomac and Northampton, an abun dance' of oysters,, te the end of the war. Gen. Dix invites ns to the haters of Pocomoke, Chin cotcague, Puncoteague, Chestcnedtey, Broad water, Waswadox und Ocohamock, of the Vir ginia peninsula. Let us rejoice that the Union ) for the purposes of this war, has not only the heaviest artillery, but the heaviest oysters, and three-fourths of the fundum of the Chesapeake, and oidl Point Comfort, too. We believe that Southern Maryland and Southeastern Virginia, tributary to Chesa peake Bay and embraced in its oyster fundum, will experience a great work of regeneration at the end of this war. With the kindly soil, the genial climate, the good and convenient mar kets, the navigable waters, aud the cheap lands of this region made manifest, a vast Northern emigration will pour into it and occupy it. And the oysters! Where the waters swarm with the finest fish and water fowl, and where the bot toms of creek and river are literally encrusted with oysters, can such a country be any longer j permitted to run to seed? Our soldiers have ! opened the way; they will return to us at the close of the war, only to report their dis coveries, and thousands of followers will go back with them as a permanent army of occu pation Then, and not till then, will the great oyster fundum of Chesapeake Bay be fully worked and cultivated ? then, fried, roasted and stewed, and raw upon the half-shell, and in smoking pies, we shall all luxuriate upon cheap oysters. Then, we shall remember, with something of forgive ness for his treason, the learned messages and speeches of Gov. Wise on crabs and oysters; and from his late residence at "Only, Near Onancock," renovated by some Long Islander or Jerseyman, Gov. Wise will be proclaimed as the Christopher Columbus of the Chesapeake oyster fundum, and he will have a monument of oyster shells reared there to his memory. Ben, bring us in a dish en the half-shell of the best Pocomoke or Nanticoke oysters. English Nkutiulity ? Startling Develop ments. ? We publish this morning an important letter from Mr. George Francis Train, dated from London, giving some valuable information regarding the extent to which "aid and com fort" Is being afforded to the rebels in England. The fa^ta stated by the writer are to be relied upon, as he and other loyal Americans residing there have employed detectives to watch these proceedings. After describing the contraband cargoes of the Bermuda, the Fingall and the Thomas Watson, Mr. Train proceeds to Btate that several other vessels similarly loaded nre now due at the pirate rendezvous. The night before his letter was written, the Gladiator, one of tho old Lisbon screw steamers, took onboard at Eritb, a few miles below London, a full cargo of arms and munitions of war, and was to clear next day for Teneriffe and Nassau. Th? esti mated value of the cargo is $300, 00ft. and it comprises everything necessary for tb# equip ment, so far as arms are concerned, of an anny of 25,000 men. The" names of all the parties concerned in this enterprise are given, ns 1 wt<u as those of tho captain and officers of tho vessel. Mr. Train communicated the*o parti culars to Captain Karchand, commander of the United SjtMcs war etewnor Jiunoe Adgcr,wh^ had just arrived at Soufbampton, ai is now on the watch for the Gladiator, also recommends our craters to be lookout for !wr on this side, as it is she may elude hr-3 vigilance. Ho states, in addition, that the EngliVjf mffiit have recently sold nine condeinnei oi-war, including the Carysfort. to i who im disposed of tia?? again t<> the deiate Navy I>epartmenf. Besides tii ^uisitiorw-tlw >>ec;?aiom.-U at fa treaty ffUnjaub mad Aeauye, two Edl # India ws* of 1, 80# tons imd 800 hi/*S* powt \V'( JVave hererun evplanation of IShe tit of sii a larger number of rebel ftaval on ho wd the Nrwhville. It is A bo hop*4that greater viltflafl heratofo.*? will brexerciwd by the of our blockading >l*fce to intercept ti*?s which are being set* in simSi immense ties, to the Confederates (nun English Throe or foi t'Amerier'in war'msehi sh sent at once tv truise of? tbe EwgliBb coas with the aid of Mr. Train- ai>d'0?t)i?r loya' ricans at tho otf w side, t*firove?t these ? being broken in bulk and trma&pped sua and other poi&of rebel rendwswoua. Tm Boaud or 1bokick?? &aihkmm> vEBSMitvr Stocks.- Early in *e>co?MMn of tbc war the BoariVbf Brokers paawd lotion prohibiting its menrt>er?>from>tam tine bargains in government fctocKfl.- 1 prudent regulation hn&bteen owTrrg;tliw nes? which has raarkc-ll the prhes* of j rnont securities, as distinguished Sroiw tt fancy stocks, which havclfeen fluothatfrt ly with every alternation of ' good or bin Lb has also, we arc satisfied, been one main eaases of the success of Mr. Chano1 cial measures. Wo undo ratted thrtf r< some members of the Board' have vi sib' rule by selling government stocks on- t the street. An investigation should be a instituted into the facts, and the offence with expulsion. The interests of a few individuals must not be allowed to o those1 of the' government and tho. country THE MAYOEALW. Fera?iMlo Wood Ampti tUe Nomi^ of Mox?rfr? Tl?o Mayor'* Speocli, Tho oommittee-appelnted at the Mozart IUU tion, which mot on last Thursday, to nailt Wood of his renomination.as omblod yesterday, to agreement', for tbo parpose of fulfilling their n The comm i Mee , wh ieh w as com pose 1 of twenty-t bers, waited on Hr. Wood at the Mayor's office ah and; after the ?formalities of introduction wore o ex-Alderman Francis, as chairman of the body\< tho object of tlio-Wsit.. He said, "I have been i chairman of the-oommittee to apprise yourffonoi nonination for re-electianias Mayor, and beg yoi anceof tho nomination." The speakor then1] to say, that notwithstanding the fact that 10-. V not sought the nomination ? for throe month, (tho speaker) hadbeen told by the Mayor that t desire a renominatloo ? yot bo begged hit Hugo. He bad net' found a man of<p the nomination, which bad bo i\ made tnous by the Convention, with the oxceptio: dissentient vote, and the person who had cast' afterwards h.-artily approved of tho cboico of vention. Th > spoaker alsasaid ?' that Mozart obliged to advertise for-a candidate, like Tamm Mozart looked for herself, and til" Convention s fled that no other man but Mayer Wood would s | ' Mr. Francis concluded his remarks by hoping 1 Mayor would accept the nomination, bocauso if did not benefit him, lie could benotlt tho city. Hon. Fbrxahdo Wood, in response, remarked felt Uo had hold the office of Mayor l?n? While ho recognized It as, and knew it was,! of great prominence, highly honorable, ant to excite the ambition or any man, satisfied that It could give him no further not that he meant selr praise ? but beoausi attained to tho office three times, and he had n h )ld it now without power to reform many of t of the city government. which were known to of which he was fully aware, llndor the presci it made no difl'ereitce who was Mayor; one m good as anothor. The MJyor was a mere clerk, bly the lioad, he was de f<vin the tall of tho-cit ment. If tho office had the power and di/nii j I ' have, ho wonld desire to retain it. Th. nan build up no bettor monument for himself tiaiy chief magistrate of tho great city of Now Yoi# sition afforded a belter opportunity for tho displa> 5 tivo ability than the Mayoralty of tho city > had other roasons why he ought to> re . had children to educate, and he o-igllt. ' ? the comforts of private life rather than utten' charge the duties of Mayor, when he wasoona he was rondoring no good to tho public, ami ' nono to his friends. Tho present coalition of t! had much to do with the position of Mayor of > ? The attention of the people of thin continent , rope, at this time, was directed to New York.t she would bear herself in the pending struggle ' that if peaco was to be restored, the movoinui restoration must be commencod liore. Mi thought that by his continuing' In the p Mayor of New York heconld, at I he proper tir bu'.e advantageous to that end. If he ootr ? thing to quiot the conflicting interests of tliif and restore harmony, he ought to do it. Ttj of New Y' >rk made him what he wos, ami K right to claim his services In any mode In \v wore needed. Tho city was materially afleo crisis of the country. Her position was sue could not escape. Ha did uot despair of tho 1. olungtothe Union, and b<?lievod that New V again be tho centre of the North anl Soutb West. It would bo unfortunate at this time t(|| the oflle.e of Mayor a nuin whose opinions or of I would interfeie with a reconstruction of t' ! Now Yoik should still contiti?e to hold a nation a | giving no aid to either South or North by el J. other than a national and conservative ram ready to labor Jo prevent tho calamity of a a;;1 party again having possession of Now York, for public rea-oas, and against the wishes of h j family, he had llnally concluded to accept th i i 1 just tonderxl him," and again be a cattdi b suffrages of the people, hoping that tho Lagivhlf give to the "dice the p >wer it ri?iulrod ton mice ? . and that it might be the mourn of inaugural r.gj ration of haruwny. People** Democratic V liion and R> ?ri' Convent ion. NOMINATION OK Mil. JOUN KF.1IB FOR M /* A new democratic organization, colled tit. Union and Rentpiyors' Association , and cumpa- ' tbrco hundrod membors, assembled at tlio Co - tute on Thursday aftornoon, for tlio purpose uf indopondont nomination i or 5I?y< r. Mr. Jolin Dully, of tho Seventh wurd, was <v cliair, and a long list of honorary pocretarlos whirh s|>ee?ihofl were made by JlMnrs. .1. II. 1*' Dnil'y and other*, explaining tlio ohJecU of tho I One of the doiegatert spoke of tha necessity an independent nomination for .Mayor, and |>r . nun of Mr. .John Kerr, tho woll known breu j oiso Commission vr. Tho nomination was carried unanimously, a? the Convention adjourned, subject to the Chair. Republican Police Justice Crfnvc This Convention, oom posed of delotratos Eighth and Ninth wards, met last evening in tl Building? E. R. Phelpi in the chair, and Joh Secretary ? for tlio purposo of nominating a Pol for the district. The Convention, bmravor, a:l Wodnoaday ovening, without makl:.g a nominal Relief for Worth Carolina Broadway, ?conxs* Cuaxbhhs svhkct, Kovv To J. M. Mowuww, Esq.:? It gives me groat pleasure to send yoe, $500 forth* " Belief Fund foor I.oyal Ci Carolina," for which State I have ev*r ' J#.i n tion , and Ichnrtoh tho hope that sh.i wil)jSJ(lm to bo restored to thit Uni >n of which v.l>? ?? friend, and from which shj has hoi' j n()nij, aaainiit tlio r ?l Interests and tho w ishea of h ?tial people. Yours, very truly, 1 Af.EX a\dkr v. The Government an a tlx Nt Vilot rjoat?. We understand thit the o /com or tho govorl purchased the New York f t?:h1 5-'o:uly lloolfjf No. 11, nn ! are exainlnlr _g W|th ih-Jsmmo vj others. For despatch *,r mail boats there h vessels In the world, e j ' h o r for sfieod or ' ari" u number obti most i . business dem.i- Dm tiiey should be, ai ?j tlio most c 'iv jtirtnl>V , r.n I, in s>m*lnstau" manner. S'jr, .j,i ti,.. ^overnmor.t establish i ^ and from ,? ?? . I U -Is and ? 3 on our r?Jls! with UtesJ boat-., a degree J| woul insu ed nol to bo obli to ?? ?> ? .> I a ''.at ? , comparatively ?triM.* TJ? r pilotb -a; B^oatne^foi - cirncr i or snecu or way ?eanumber oft roioniy tui t, ?''??# it imed for ihl* , ^mrpoira, t b it have KMmB ;0it rubsuntial ^,mni,or iM iudood thonaB

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