Newspaper of The New York Herald, November 24, 1861, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated November 24, 1861 Page 1
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rn HE NEW YORK HERALD. WHOLE NO. 9200. NEW YORK, SUNDAY, NOVEMBER 24, 1801. PRICE THREE CENTS MESSAGE OF JQTEBSOR DAVIS. Summing Up the Case oil the Rebel Side. TIE EFFORTS TO SAVE KENTUCKY. CONDITION OF THE REBEL FINANCES, THE SEPARATION A "FINAL ONE." Indignation Over the Arrest of Slidell and Mason. APPEAL TO EUROPE, 4?,, ||t) The few weak* wfttck have elapwd slue* yowr adjourn MM have biMfkl as so near the close of Iht you* that WimM iUelonm op tta general results. Tha ra I is tneh aa should fill the hearts of our people gj-stitade to Providence tor Hia kind Intorpoaltlon In thair VftMlf. Abundant yields have rowarded the Labor ft Um agriculturist, whilst th* manufacturing Industry of th* OMfed?rat* States was never so prosperous as now Hw neccaaltlea of the times have catted into existence ?aw feraBchtia of manufactures, and given * fresh impulse to ttoe activity of Utoaa heretofore la operation. The as re ns ef the Confederate States for manufacturing the ?scaasaries sad comforts of life within themselves increase M the conflict continues, and we are gradually becoming dependent of the rest ?>f the world for the supply of aach military stores and munitions as are indispensable for war. IliS operations of the army , soon to be partially Inter raptod by the approaching winter, have afforded a pro taetion to the country, and shed a lustre upon its arms, through the trying vicissitudes of more than one arduous campaign, which entitle our brave volunteers to our pralas and our gratitude. From its commencement up to the present period the war has been enlarging Ma proportions and expanding Its boundaries It aa to Include new fields. The conflict ?aw af tends from the shores of the Chesapeake to the confines of Missouri and Arizona, yet sudden calls from the remotest points for military aid have been met with promptness enough not only to avert disaster in the faco of superior numbers, but also to roll back the tide of in vasion from the border. Whan the war commenced the ??amy ware possessed of certain strategic points and Mroog plaoos within the Confederate States. They greatly exceed id us in numbers, in availablo resources, and la the supplies necessary for war. Military estab llahmenta had been long organised, and were completed. The navy, and, for the most part, the army, once com BMa ta both, war* la their possession. To meet all this we had to create, not only an army iu the face of war it ??If, bat also military establishments necessary to equip ?ad place it in tho fetid, it ought, indeed , to be a subject ?f gratulation, that Uta spirit of th* volunteer, and the patriotism of the people, have enabled us, under Provi 4soae, to grapple successfully with these difficulties. A (accession of glorious victories, at Bethel, Bull run, s, Rpringfleld, Lexington, l<eesbnrg and Belmont, checked the wicked invasion which groed of gain the unhallowed hut of power brought upon our ?all, and has proved that numbers ceasa to avail directed against a people fighting for th* sacred right of self-governmsat and the prtvilegea of After seven months of war, the enemy have > only failed to extend their occupancy of our snil , but rStatea and Territories have been added to ouroon Vsdarscy; while, Instead of their throatoned march of aschec^d conquest, they have been driven, at mnre i one point, to assume the defensive, and uron a fair aot&partsco between the two belligerents as to mon, mlli y means and financial condition, the Confederate State* I relatively much stronger now than when the struggle Since your adjournment the people of Missouri have endue ted the war, in the face of almost un paralleled difficulties, with a spirit aud suc ?ecs alike worthy of themselves and of the great cnusi i which they aro struggling. Since that time Kentucky, too, has bconme the theatre of active hostilities. The federal forces have not only refused to acknowledge her right to be neutral, and have insisted upon making her a party to the war, but have Invaded her fur tho purpose af attacking the Confederate Stales. Outrages of the ?oat despotic character have been perpetrated upon her people. Some of her moit eminent ctiiient have been ttited, and homt away fo languish in foreign pritoni, without knowing ? oho v?.re their accuter *, or the tpecific ihmrget made against thrm, while others have been (breed to abandon their homes, their familli-s an<l proper ty, and scok a refuge in distant lands. Finding that the Confederate States were about to be ttvaded through Kentucky, and that her people, alter hetag deceived into a mistaken security, wore tin | armed and in danger of b-'iug subjugated by tho federal forces, our armies were murched into that State, to vapel tho cnomy and prevent their occupation of cortnin strategic points, which would have given them great ad vantages In the Contest ? a stop which was justified not anly by the nocossHrcs of self-defence on the part of tho Confederate States, but also by a desire to aid the people af Kentucky. It was never intended by tho Confederate government to oonquer or coerce the people of that State; hut, on the contrary, it was declared by our General? that they would withdraw their troop* if the federal govern ment woald do likewise. Proclamation was also made of the doeire to respect the neutrality of Kentucky, and the Intention to abide by th* wishes of hor people as noon as ' were fre* to express their opinions. These declara l were approvod by mo, and I should regard it as one F the best effects of the march of our troops into Ken | tacky If it should end in giving to her people liberty of ? and a free opportunity to decide their own destiny [ to their own wilL The army haab<on chiefly instrumental in prosecuting i great contest In which we aro engaged ; but the navy l been effective In full proportion to Its moans. ) naval officers, deprived to a great extent of an oppor aity to make their professional skill availablo ut sea, ave served with commendable zeal and gallantry on I and upon inland waters, further detail of which will i found in the reports of the Secretary of the Navy and etarp of War. la th* transportation of the mails many difficulties have a, which will be found fully developed in the report f the Postmaster General. The absorption of the ordi r means of trsasportatlon for the movoment of troops military supplies, the insufficiency of the rolling of railroads for the accumulation of business lag both from military operations and the obstritc* flf water communication by the prosenro of the ay's fleet, the failure and even refusal of coniractor* icomtfiywith the terms of their agrecmcats, the difll iles Inherent in inaugurating so vast and complicated system as that which requires postal facilities for i and village In a territory so ox tend c J as ourst ave ait combined to impede the best dlroctod eirorts of > Postmaster General, whose zeal, industry and ability, kve been taxed to the utmost extent. Some of these cultiea can only be overcome by time and an im red oondHlon of tho country upon th* restoration of l, hut others may be remedied by legislation, and ar attention la Invited to the reoommendutlons eon I In the report of the bead of that department. |11m coudition of tbe treasury will, doubtless, be a " ct Of anxloua inquiry on your part. I am happy to rthat the financial system already adopted has worked I so far, and promises good results for the future. To i extant that Treasury notes may be issued the govern. Bt it anaWed to borrow money without interest, and l facMVtatea the conduct of the war. This oxtont in 1 hy the portl >n of the fluid of circulation which I note* ?an bo made to occupy. The proportion of I field th?M?'M!cnP1eJ,lep?n>'8, again, upon the amount j the debta for" jvhlcb they are receivable, and dues, not ? to the Confe<l?W*to and Stat* governments, but also |corporatlons and HhJ'vldoals, aro payablo in this me A large iuucuut of H {B-'V 1m? ??. edited at ;>ar. There la ovary reason to bellevo that tho Ooufodorate Treasury note is fast becoming aucli a murium. The pro vision, that these notes shall be convertible Into Coul'edo rate stock , bearing eight per cent intareet, at the pleasure of tho holder, ensures them against a depreciation below tho value of that stock, and no considerable fall In that value need bo feared so long as the Interest shall bo punctually paid. The punctual payment of this interest has been socurod by the act, passed by you at the last session, imposing such a rate of taxation as must provide sufficient means for that purpose. For the successful prosecution of this war It is Indis pensable that tho means of transporting troops and mill tary supplies be furnished, as far a* possible, in such manner as not to Interrupt the commercial Intercourse be tween our people , nor place a check on their productive energies. To this end the means of transportation from one section of our country to the other must be carefully guarded and improved; and this should be the otyect ?f anxious care on tho part of th? State and Confederate governments, so far as they may have power over the subject. We have already two main systems of through trans portation from the North to the South? one from Rich mond, along the seaboard; the other through Western Virginia to New Orleans. A third might be secured by completing a link of about forty miles between Danville, In Virginia, and Greensbonwgh, In North Carolina. T%* CMUtmctiM if Mt comparatively short tin 4 would gi<* ?M ? through route from north to fovtA in the Msrior of the Confederals Stales, and git* u access to a population, and to military rtuurct, from ?*?* we or* now, in a great measure, debarred. We should increase greatly the safety and capacity of our meant for tramporting men and military supplies. If the con struction of the road should, in the judgment of Congren, a* it is in mine, be Indispensable for the most successful prosecution of the war, the action of the government will not fee restrained by the constitutional objection which would attach to a work for commercial purposes; and attention is invited to the practicability of securing ita early completion, by giving the neodful aid to the company organized for it* construction and administra lion. If we husband our means, and make a Judicious use of our resources, it would be difficult to fix a limit to the peried during which we could cubduct a war against the adversary whom we now encounter. Tho very efforts which he makes to Isolate and invade us must exhaust his means, whilst they serve to complete and diversely the productions of our industrial system. The recon' structlon which he seeks to effect by arms becomes daily more and more palpably impossible. Not only do the causes which induced us to separate still exist in full force, but they have been strengthened, and whatever dqubt may have lingered lu the rnluds of any must have been completely dispelled by subsequent events. If, instead of being a dissolution of a league, it were in deed a rebellion in which we are engaged, we might find amplo v indication for the court* we have adopted in the scenes which aro now being enacted in the United States Our peoplo now look with contemptuous astonish moot on ihoee with whom the/ have been so recently fc? aociated. They shrink with aversion Trom tho bare idea of renewing such a connection. When they see a President making war without the assent of Congress? when they behold Judges threatened because they maintain tho writ of habeas corpus, to sacrcd to freemen ? when thoy see Justice and law trampled under the armed heel of military authority , and upright men and Innocent women dragged to distant dun geenn when tbey find all this tolerated and applauded by a people who had been in the full enjoyment of freedom i but a few mouths ago, they believe that there must be some radical incompatibility between such* people and themselves. With such a peoplo we may bo content to live at peace, but the separation is Una), and for tho inde pendence we have asserted we will accept no alternative. The nature of the hostilities which they have waged against us must be characUri red as barbarous whenever it is understood. They have bombarded undefended villages, without giving notice to women and children to enable them to en cape, and In one Instance selected the night as the period wheu they might surprise them moat effectually whilst asleep and unsuspicious of danger. Anon and rapine, the destruction of private houses and property, and injuries of U.e most wauuu character, even upon not. combatantt, have marked their forays along their hot dera and upon our territory. We ought to have b.-ou admonlahcd by them things that they were iisposed to raiko war upon us in the most c-uel and relentlefi spirit, yet we were not prepared to see them tit out a Urge naval expedition with the con fessed purpose not only to piltage, but to Incite a servile war in our midst. It they convert their soldiers Into in cendiaries and robbers, and Involve us iu a st*cios of war which claims noo -combatants, women and children, as its victims, they must expect to be treated as outlaws and enemies of mankind. There aro certain rights of humanity which arc entitled to respect oven in war, and ho who refuses to regard them forfeits his clsima. if raptured, to be considered as a prisoner of war, and must expect to be dealt with as an offender against all law, human and lHvlne. Hut not content with violating our rights under tho law of nations st home, they have extonded these neurit ? to us within other Jurisdictions. Thi> distinguished gentlemen wl.oui , with your approval at the last session , 1 commissioned to represent the Con federacy at certain foreign courts, have been recently seized by the Captain of a United States ship of-war, on board a British steamer, on their voya-o from the neutral port of Havana to Kngiand. ..... The Unit i d Statu have thui claimed a general jura "i tv.n ox*r the high Meat, owl, e.terin0 a Hriith skip, uiUno urn ler its rovn'ry't fag, violated the r <? hU of rm'as*y, for the most part held lamd, eten among txir .anaui, by our Ministers whiht under the protection and unthxn the do. minions of a neutral nation. These gentlemen were as much under the jurisdiction of tne British government, upon that ship and beneath Its flag, as if they bad been on its soil, and a claim on tho part of' tho Unitod States to seize them In tho streets of London would have been as well founded as that to appro bend them wliero they were taken. Had they been male factors and citiaens even of tho Unitod States, tliey could not have beon arrested on a British ship or on British soil, unless under thn express provisions of a treaty, and according to the forms thorein provided for the extradi tion of criminals. But rights the most sacred seem to have lost *11 respect lu their eyes. When Mr. Faulkner,* former Mlnistor of the United States to France, commissioned before tho secession of Virginia, bis native State, retnrnod in good faith to Wash ington to settle bis accounts and fblOl all the obligations into which he had entered, he was pcrlldtously arres'.ed and Imprisoned in Xew York /where he now is. The un suspecting confidence with which ho reported to his government was abusod, and his desire to fulfil his trust to them was uBed to lil? Injury. In conducting this war we have sought no aid and proffered no alliances offensive and defensive abroad. We have asked for a recognized place in the family of nations; but in doing so wo have demanded nothing for which we did not offer a fair equivalent. Tbo advantages of inter course are mutual among nations, and in seeking toestab likh diplomatic relations we were only endeavoring to place th.vt intercourse under tho regulation of public law. perhaps wc had the right, If we had chosen to exercise it to astc to know whether the princlplo, that blockades to bo binding must be effectual, so solemnly announced by tbo great Powers of Europe at Paris, is to be goucrally enforced or applied only to particular parties. When the Confederate States, at your last session, be enme a l-arty to tho declaration reaffirming this principle of international law, which has been recognised so long by publicists and governments, wo certainly supposed that it was to be universally enforced. The custom iry law of nations Is made up of their practice rather than their declarations, and if such declarations aro only to bo enforced in particular Instances at the pleasure of those who make them, then tbo commerce of the world, so far from being placed under tho regulation of a general law. will become subject to the caprico of those who execute it or suspend it at w ill. If such Is to be the course of na tions in regard to this law, It Is plain that It will th.m become a rule for the weak and not for the strong. reeling that such views must be (aVn fy the neutral na tions of the earth, I have earned the evidence to be eotlected which pr<?es completely tXe utter <^ncy W'r?. claimed Uodcadt of our coast, ami shall direct it to Inlaid before such governments as tha 11 afford tts the means of UinQ heard. L . But although wo nbonld bo bonofUted by tbo enforce uv , t a ire, r: ecKW'y ^ ^ Powers of Kuropo, we are not dependent on I hat enforce ment for the successful prosecution of tho war. As long m hostilities continue the Oonfederate States will exhibit a steadily increasing capacity to furnish their troops with food, clothing and arias. If they should bo forced to forego many of the luxuries and some of the comforts of lifo, thoy will at least havo the consolation of kuowlng that they are thus daily becoming more and more Independent of tho rest of tho world. If, In this process, labor In the Confedorata States should be gradually diverted from those great Southern staples which have given life to so much of the oommorce of mankind into otbor channel*' so as to mako them rival producer ,s Instead of profitable customers, they will not be the only or even the chief ?oecrs by this change in the direction of their industry. Although It ia tree that tho cotton supply from the Southern States could only be totally cut off by the sub version of our social syBtem , yet it ia plain that a long continuance of this blockc.de might, by a diversion at labor and investment of capital in other employments, so diminish the supply as to bring ruin upon all Una* in terests of foreign count riss which are depeuden't on that ?tapla. For every laborer who 1s diverted from the culture of cotton in the South, perhaps four time* as many else where, who have found subsistence in lbs varioa* em ployments growing out of its use, will be forced also to change their occupation. Whllo the war which Is waged to take from ua the right of self-government ran never attain that end, it remains to be seen how far it may work a revolution In the industrial system of the world, which may carry suffering to other lands as well as to our own. In the meantime, we shall oontinue this strugglo, in humble dopondenee upon Providence, from whose search lig scrutiny we cannot conceal the secrets of our hearts, and to whose rul? we confidently submit. For the rest we shall depend upon ourselves. Liberty Is always won where there exists the uncon querable witl to be freo, and we hava reason to know (he strength that is given by a conscious sense not onty of the magnitude but of tho righteousness of our cause. JEFFERSO.V DAVIS. Richmond, Nov. 18, 1861. NEWS FROM WASHINGTON. The Case of Messrs. Slidcll and Mason. The Rebel Emissaries to be Treated as lioion Prisoners are Treated by the Rebels. Close Confinement and Prison Fare for Traitors. Decision of the Government Respecting Con demned Privateersmen, a*., a?., &?. Wasbuwton, Kov. 28, 1861. WHAT IS SAID OF JEFF. DAVIS' MESSAGE. The mewage of Jefferson Davis to the rebel Congress was published here this afternoon. It Is regarded in government circle* as a melancholy effort to bolster up a desperate enterprise with bombast and falsehood. lis wholesale misrepresentations of the action of tho federal government are considered only equalled in enormity by its cruel congratulation of tho Southern people for the plenty they nowhere enjoy, and the progresa in manu factures, for want of which Uiey are everywhere sally suffering. It is regardod, in fact, as an admission of dis appointment In all the glittering promises of external aid that were origlr.ally get before the deluded South, and a humiliating confession that their " King Cotton" in unable to rule the world. Stripped of its empty bombast and glaring falsehood it is nothing more nor less than a complaint that the European Powers will not attempt to hrrak the blockade established by the federal govern ment, and undortake a war with the United States in b? half of the rebels. Indeed, nothing else tangible has been discovered in the message. Davis' comments about tho capture of the arch traitors, Mason and .Slldeil, r.re the subjcct of ridicule in all circles here. In fact, tho whole affair is considered too absurd even to humbug the abused people, to wliom it is addressed. tub ?katmknt of Messrs. slidell and mason ? RETALIATORY MEASURES OF T1IK OOVKRNMENT. It is now determined by "the powers that be" to order that Mason and Slldeil, the chief of trnito.-g, bo closely confined at Fort Warren, ui?>n fore served only to crimi n*l* guilty of tho highest ofT-nco against lnw, until tt is known, from the most reliable source, that Ool, Corcoran and other officers, taken prisoners upon different tields in ho mrablo linttle, are treated with that ro*pect duo to their position according to tho usages of wa the world over. Besides, it is the intention o the government to hang all persons tak"n upon the high rci.s in tho act of violating, the law of nations ngainst piracy , whether such persons belong to Massachusetts or South Carol, na, toKngland or the Sandwich Islnnds; and no threat of any kind comirg from tnose who are in rebel lion ugainst the iegitiir.aio government will deter the feiernl authorities from executing Ihis policy to Its fullest extent. If , in consequence of such action, the loyal citi 'xcus of the United States who are now pr isouers of war in Southern dungeons receive other treatment than that to which the practices of civilisation entitle them, the mailer of disposing of rebel prisoners now in tho custody of the United States will bo a subject of the highest con cern. AFFAIRS ALONG TH12 CNION LINES. There have been no military movemeuts In the army of the Potomac to-day, as far aa beard from, of any Im portancc to the public. AFKAIIU IN GENERAL HOOKER'S DIVISION, ON THE LOWER POTOMAC. The correspondent of tho Herald, with General Hook er's division, near lludd's Kerry, on the Lower Potomac, writln" under date of Novembor 22, says: ? The 21st of November having been set apart by the Governor of Massachusetts as a duy of public thanksgiv ing and praise, all the Massachusetts troops, by his spe cial order, wore requested to participate in that time ho nored festival. The day was observed in aa appropriate manner by Ihe First and Eleventh Massachusetts regi ments, in General Hooker's division, particu larly by the First, Lieutenant Colonel Wells commanding. The .latter regiment bore the brunt of the r kirmish at Hull run , on the 18tli of July , and was ono o' the few regiments which covered the retreat on tho me morable 21st. Many a heart on the tented field was filled with thoughts and memories of friends at home in Massa chusetta. Yesterday Colonel Wells, in his order for tho celebration or the day, appropriately obsorved that tbnea who had iookod death In the faco and hail not felt his sting might well nnite their voices with those of the loved ones at home, whllo It was eminently fitting that the To. tomac should vibrate with the same feeling which quiveroJ on the Connecticut and Merriinao and along tho Old Bay State. The morning waa mainly devoted to religious exercises. Addresses were delivered by the chaplain; Col. Cowdin, now comaudlug a brigade; Lieut. Col. Wells, the Rev. Mr. Mason, and Mr. Fay, Mayor of Chelsea, Mass., who had conn; with a sup ply of good things for the company organized in that place. There was scarcely a tearless eye in ail tho regi ment when touching allusions were made to home and friends; and as the springs of patriotism were loucliud the all pervading sentiment was, that every man would go through Ore aud suffer death, if necessary, to vindi cate tho government. In the afternoon each company partook of a sumptuous Thanksgiving dinner, and after wards engaged in various amusements. A splendid sup per was given in the eveulng by the line officers, at which Major General Hooker and Acting Brigadier General Cow din were present. After dark some of the plrkots on tho shore said thoy were confident that they saw tho rebel steamer Georgo Page come out of Quantico crock, put something heavy on , u. Lai:. ; en tli? P ? w?d jogj aVwt. i-w i river closo to the Virginia shore. About the same time the storo ship Wyandituk, of the flotilla, ran up tho river, and the steamer Ilale ran down, without drawing the Are of the robot batterlee. Our guns were manned, rnuly to meet tho 1'uge If sho should muko her appearance. She wag not seen during tho night, however, and her position this morning indicates that she hud not moved out of Quant ico crook. The rebels made considerable noise for many hours after dork, drums were hoard bcattug after midnight, and It was bolioved that they were moving more of their forces from Shipping Point. This morning three shots were fired from our ten pound Parrot guns at the upper battery to stir tliem up, but no reply was received. One shell burst In tho second em brasure, causing tho rebels to scatter. Early this afternoon a schooner wan aeen slowly sailing down the river. Tho wind had hilled', and she was almont becalmed. When she had reached tho-uiouth of Chifka waxon creek the rebels flred two guns at her. The breeze was insufficient to carry her past , so sho went Into the creek, and afterwards put hack up the river. About four o'clock a large achooner, the (loorge Frank. Jin, from Baltimore, heavily laden with wood, came up the river. All the rebel batteries at Shipping Point opened en her. Dm firing was brisk for some time, and the shot ?ad sb?<l Hew thick and fast. Several shells hit the water short of her, several burst In the sir, aud s num ber went over to the Maryland shore. Thirty Ave shots were flrod, without one hitting her. The thirty-fourth shot carried away the oarlocks of the yawlboat,and that was all the damage done. BKKKNAOR TO GKNKRAL BTONIMAN. General Stonemau, Chief of Cavalry, who so gracefully captured Miss Mary 0. llardisty, in balll more, on Friday last, and brought her to this city as hit wire, was sere naded to night. The serenado was most elegantly exe cuted by the Band of the Second infantry , aud was no1 lets highly appreciated by the willing captive, now Mrs. Btoneman, than by the General. PROCKKDING8 UK THE ARMY RETIRING BOAHD. The Army Retiring Board had under consideration to' day the oaso of Major C. 8. 1-ovell, of South Carolina, of

the Third infantry; but up to tho hour of adjournment had not finally decided his case. The Board have retired seve ral officers, which the President has not yet approved. NEW LOCATION OF Till POOVOST MARSHAL'S IIEAD QL'ARTKBS. Brigadier General Porter, Provost Marshal of this dis trict, will In a few (lays change bis headquarters from I street, to tbo building recently occupied by J)r. Gwiu, formerly United Slates Senator from California, now rebel prisoner at New York or Boston. TUK NEW (Jit ANAPA CLAIMS COMMISSION. The Commission for the adjustment of the claims of our citizens against New (,'runada have been engaged for seve ral days hearing argumonts'of counsel its to the liability o* New Granada under the treaty covering said claims. The Commissioners have asked for time to consider subjects* TUB GOVKRNMKNT I'HtNTIXO. The government printing establishment Is not equal to the demands upon it. Tito various department*) of the government are complaining daily that work is not done with despatch. It is said that the Superintendent is giving out jobs to private printing establishments in different parts of the country. This does not look well for a bureau established by Congress to do away with all uut sido jobbers. Congress is about to meet, and an add! tional demand will be necessarily mado upon this bureau. It may turu out that tbo facilities of tho establishment are equal to the demand upon It, but that the manage ment of the concern is bad. Such Is moat likely the case. TUB AKMT. Colonel Van Rensselaer baa been appointed Brevet Brigadier General of the regular army; John Glover, a Colonel of Missouri VolunCeor cavalry; Sylvanus B. Hance, Aaslstant Adjutant General of Volunteers; A. 8. Baxter, Assistant Quartermaster General of Volunteers| and R. K. iUvis, Commissary of Subsistence of Volun teers ? the threojasl named with tho rsuk of captain. THANKSOIV1NU DAT. Thursday next has been set apart by the Washington authorities as a day for thanksgiving aud prayer. MAJOR GEN. BUTLER'S EXPEDITION. galling Of the Transport Constitution front Portland? The Forest Citjr to Fol low with the Twelfth Maine Regiment. Snuvsmr Cow-Trnnon, ) Of? Cap* FuiAWmi, Nov. 23, 1861. J The Maine Twelfth, with their baggage , were landed at sundown yesterday, and quartered in the depot, awaiting a decision ns to whether they shall return to their original camp, go to Camp Chain, at Lowell, or take a Iran port, direct from Portland. The Constitution sailed at two o'clock this morning, with her two thousand Massachusetts and Connecticut troops only on board. Colonel Jones has sealed orders to o|>en when twelve boars out. The weather is fine, and there is a good pros pect of a favorable run. Po KTi.Ajrn, Nov. 23, 1M1. Tho steamer Constitution sailed at two o'clock this m irn.ng, without our Twelfth regiment .owing to the lack ol' accommodation*. The Purest City will follow early this afternoon with our regiment, having been chartered for the purpose. . NEWS FROM SEN. BANKS' ARMY. Dahnsntowk, Md., Nov. 21,1801. The Massachusetts regiments hnvo completed their ar" raiigomeuts for tho celebration of Thanksgiving in the old Puritan style. Requisitions have been made on the coun try stores and poultry yard*, aud large teuts have been erected for the festivities of the occasion. This will be a new feature lu this section of Maryland , which will pro bably be perpetuated ;'or a long time to com -. Many of tho regiments aro preparing for wintor by erecting log huts. The Twenty-eighth New York regi ment have made themselves qiilto comfortable in this respect. Others ore elevatiug their tents on a structure of logs and mud, about four feet high, with an excavation of two feet. These are generally furnished with rude but useful droplocks, which can bo used for cooking as well as heating. Tho Pifteenth Massachusetts rogiment has moved about one nil'.o from its former location near Poolesvllle, and erected log bills, with straw thatch, for their winter quar ters. One of the batteries of General Stone's division has also gone into w tutor quarters near tho same place. Heavy tiring has been beard all day in the direction of Lewinsville, or beyond, In Virginin, but no Intelligence has been received of any action. Tho Now York Ninth regiment have removed from tholr late to a more comfortable encampmcnt. This was made necessary by a great increase o:' sickness, caused by the damp naturo of the ground. Captain George Tu thill, of Company II, of this regiment, haa resigned and gone home. Saow and hail foil last night along tho road leading to the Sugar 1/aat region. Samuel Maro, of tho Twenty-eighth New York rogi ment, Captain Bowers' company, diod on the 20th Inst. He was Crom Yate s, Orleans county. INTERESTING FROM GEN. BUEIX'S COLUMN. PROCLAMATION OK CO I,. METCALP TO TUB l'KOl'LK OP BRKATHtTT COUNTY, KKNTtTCKV. I havo arrived among you with an army of truo and loyal Kentuckians, not your enemies. Wo wish to bo your friends, and will not molest you for opinion's Bake. You have been grossly deceived and lied to by tho l ing lealers of this rebellion. They have taken up arms against their country without cause, and now wish to lead you Into the trap to gave their own livos, or to rein state them In political power by force. Po net be de ceived by them. Tliey will put you Into the sure road to ruin, where you will forfeit ail claim to lawful protection, but they take care to keep out of tho way themselves. Pauso and reflect on inch a course, and usk yourselves why you must take up arms against your fellow Ken tuckians? against your kin and tho laws of your State. What law haa Ongresa or tho legislature passed Mint op presses you ? What right did you ever hnvo thnl has been taken from you ? What tyranny or what injury in any way haa tba Mate of Kentucky commuted against yo.t ? What law has curtailed or even threnteue I your right to your slaves, or all the righw you ever had in the Territories Can any of you answer these simple ques tions 1 No, you cannot. Come back to your homes while I am among you, and jou shall not be punished, for past olfiocen or for opinions' sake, if you remain loyal to the State hereafter. I did, lu good faith, and honestly, vote for Brcckenridge,but I do not therefore consider that I must turn traitor to my country because he did, and I hereby tilfcr one hundred dollars reward to any man that will tell me of any right he ever had that the United States government had taken from him. I.K0NIIU8 MKTCAI.P, Ccl.j.icl e ili !? < > ?nt..vfi. IMPORTANT FROM THE SOUTH. The Bombast in Richmond and the Fright in Savannah and Charleston. | STAMPEDE OF THE CHIVALRY, <M.| fcti, lit Richmond i?pers of Wednesday last, the 30th Instant, have boon received. The Richmond Whig, in commenting on Uk* Umm|* of President Davis, says:? Wo are two pooplo from this ttmo forward. Wo ara aware the Yaukooa arc determined not to quit u?, hapi?n what may. If they oannol conquer us, their calculation la that they will b? oonquerod by us, and they have mad* up their mind* to submit tamely to their fate. Wall, If we must, wo must, though weahall have a great aversion to the taak. Our ckeiee it, after drubbing them vnmdly, OM<t making them pay the expentel if the ? ear, to turn them looee upon themselves, a pray to I hair awn vlls pamiooa. A dee patch from Char lee ton, dated Noveaabe* If, say*:? Tbo unexpected failure of our shore batteries at Bay Point aud Hilton Head to demolish at least one o( tba attacking vessel*, hat uuUy thaken the popular ctmjl dencr in the efficiency of our guns against tba monster frigate* and iron-clad gunboats which tbey may bav* again to encounter, aud now so alarmed are many of ths fordid noulM that ihfett art the Southern citiet, that the rffetit may already be teen in the lengthening iff freight train* which leave alm-itt hourly for the interior. In Savannah the panic is even mors general and de cided, whole neighborhood* having teen suddenly left deserted by the exodus of the wives and children of those who are in arms at Fort Pulaski and the batteries on the Savannah river. Tbo itiebmond payors of Wednesday contain despatches from the Confederate army, the substance of which is aa follow*:? The smallpox, a violent type of the typhoid fever , and the black measles, were prevailing with frightful mortali ty among the Confederate troops near Howling tireen, Kentucky. l*rge numbers were dying dally. <;?u .'ral Floyd's army has fallen back four miles south of llalelgh Court House, and the Uuion troops had boen largely reinforced. fieneral I<ec'? command lias rotlred to Meadow Bluff. The rebels report two killed and ."evoral captured in a a skirmish during the past wook in WcBtorn Virginia. The r<<ads aro in bod condition, making it difficult to ob* tain supplies. A despatch from Mantssas in rotation to the skirmish noiur Falls' Church, within tbo past woek, acknowledges two killoil and three wounded. They claim to have taken ten prisoners and killed Ave IJuionint*. The Richmond Whig mmouuees the death of John N. Hughes, a dalegute to the .State Convention from Kan dolph, who was killed in the battle of Rich Mountain. Tbo Richmond Keaminer of Wednesday confirms the report that the rebel Colonel Ooghan was killed in the recent engagement between Floyd and Ruecrans. THE EXPEDITION DOWN THE MISSISSIPPI? THE KEBELS ALARMED. [Krom Wie Memphis Appeal, Nov. 15.] The descent of th- Mississippi will be made by a proba - ble force of from soventy-flve to <me hundred thousand tioopa. To inert this force vriH require all the resources that ran bo brought to lioar ajyilnst it, and what is more, there Is uo tima to bo lout. The federals at St. I?uia nro building, and have well nigh vouipletcd, nix or oighl gun boats, to bo accompanied by one hundred and fifty barges at transports. These demonstrations, together with the fact that tnx)|? mo pouring into Cairo by regiments daily, aro pregnant with significance, ?tn| should nerve lo arouse our whole |>eople to a ?eure of their danger. Wo admonish them that tlmy have work In store for thorn If tbey would d-fend tlii-tr home?, their right* and their sacred honor. 1\> arms I must be tlio watchword from thin ''.ay honeoforth. Every man In tho country should be prepared for tbo emergency. THE BATTLE AT BELMONT. OKU. POLK'S MWFATCH TO I'HKMiUKNT DAVIS? THE 1 FMCHIUKNT'R KKI'LV. niUDqCJHTRRfl KlK'T OlVISfOX W?TKHN PSPjlllTMSNT, ) CoiX'MBC*, Ky., Nov. 7, 1801. J To f.'eueral Headquarters, through Gen. A. 8. JotumTO.*! ? Th ? enemy came down on the opposite side of the rlvor Belmont to-day, about 7 ,?00 st, wp, landed undercover of gunboats, and attacked Col. Tappan's camp. I rnt over three regiments, under Gen. I'lilow, to his relief, then at interval" three others, then Qen.flicatlmni. Ith?n took over two others in person, to support a flank move ment which I hail directed. It wa? a hard fought b. tile, lasting from half part ten A. M. to live 1?. M. They took RflUithoover'S battory .four pieces Of which wu recaptured. The onemy were thoroughly routed. We pursued them to their boats, seven miles, then drove their boats before us. Ilic read was strewn with their dead and wounded, guns, ammunition and equipments. Oar Iocs is consider able ? thoirs heavy. I,. POLK , Major General Commanding. Riciiatoxn, Nov. 8, 1861. To Major Oen. Pout: ? Your telegraph received. Accept for yourself and the officers ami men under your command my sinrero thanks for the glorious contribution yon have just made to our ci mm. n ea se. Our countrymen inc.st loi'g rennmber gratefully to riad tlte activity and skill, <>'u. i<ge an I de votion of tho army at Belmont. .1 KKK. D.WI8. THE HIGH PIUCE OP PROVISIONS. Ht'BCULATIOH AND KXTOHTION. pfrum tho o: th r.. (I!a ) Confederacy . Nov. 9 ] Some time'ago we published an extract from the Men sa<o of th ' Governor of Tonneasee upon the extortions which have of late been Introduced by those who have at h'tart their own interests more than the good of their tellow ni'U tif's and of the country. A few days ago .Mr. Jones presented to tho Tennesaee Legislature the proceedings uf n meeting of a portion of j the citlzeus of Nushville in regard to Hie extortions now practice', at which tho following resolutions wero 1 adopted : ? Resolved, That the I/>gis!ature of tho State of Ten nessee bo requested to |?ips some law tint will prevent tho ruinous prices now sought to ho placed upon tho j staples of life, even if It slHtll be necessary to place tho name In the hands of tho military authorities. Resolved , That we recommend tint by law a tax ba levied upon orery gallon cf spirituous liquors distilled from wheat, C >rn, rye or potatoes, that shall be sutHciont to prc-tiiblt the same during the prevent war and b ock arte? the prooeds thereof to be applied to tho mpj o. t of fumil es with us of our soldiers on the tented Held. Wo approve these resolutions, a id hope our legislature, at Its present session, will devise some wise and equita ble plan to put a stop to the evil. There is a wrong doing upon this * ibjoct that ought to bo reached In some way and regulated by law. tin the same day, in the Tonnossoe Legislature, Mr. Ca rutliors, from the Committee on Judiciary, to whom was referred that |x>rtion of the Governor's message, reported two bills on the subject of frauds, speculations and mo nopolies. One w*s "a bill to suppress buying and selling on f tlso pretence*," aud the other was "a bill to suppress monu|xilirs." These bills have lines .-.nd Imprisonment In oounty jails ami iienitoutiaricx ah the penalties for va rlous grades or offences under theseacts. The Governor of Alabama recently Issued a procla mation condemning the practice which Is doing so much mischief, in which he Instructed the iigeuts or the Statu to purrlinso nothing from men so engaged; and in his re cent message to the legislature, he says : ? "Oom-ilalnts have Imjoii made to mo from many portions of the State, that there wore persons engaged in purchasing article! indispensable to tho support of the army and of our poor poop'e, for the purpose and with tho intent of extorting extravagant from these who might be compelled to purchase these articles. Upon this Information 1 issued a proclamation denouncing s.ich conduct as unpatriotic and wicked, and instructed the quartermasters and other agents ol the tjtalo to purchase nothing from such per Rons. Merchants and tradesmen, in ominon with per sons engaged in every legitimate pursuit, are entitled to a fostering oare of the government; but when so forgotful of social duty and regardless of the interest of their coun try as to monopolize the trade in those commodity s most necessary for the comfort and subsistence of our soldiers and citizens, it liecomee the duty of the legisla ture, as the public guardians, to adopt such measures as will prevent, as far is jiosviblo, tho State and people from becoming the prey ol' such liai ples." Tho Mayor of Augusta, Ga. , has lately issued a procla mation on this *ub|ect, and public meetings have been held Id Macon, Savannah, and elsewhere, to inaugurate some movement to suppress the unjust and unpatriotic speculations in the prima necessaries of llf<>? tbo greatest wants of a soldier who is now lighting for the liberty w bich tlieso mon so abuse, and tho wants of their poor families, who have alrcudy suffered much, and will suffer more unlets a stop is put to it by the strong arm of tho law. Governor Brown, of Georgia, In his late mcrsage, has also recommended tho I>egielaturo to take this matter in hand, to regulate so as to cure the evil and do Justice to all. Tho Governors of Mississippi and Louisiana have also. These are somo of the indications of public > pi nt* n. W>t will now clearly define our own position on this subject. In ordinary times every nun should be allowed to buy a id sell any article or merchandise, or any farm product ions, tor just such prices as he can or will. But tho t<mos no v upon us are extiaordinary, and imposo tt|ion all hi. cli obligations "I patriotism and duty to their fellow ciiiacnK as do not exi.it in turns of peace and prosperity, and there should be somo way of enforcing a <om;>IUmce with these obligations and duties to the ox l >rt' ? f i. ' ..y-ux, aad ao ftu lUcA i For ItiHtaiice, our follow citl/ens havo left their h' mes and families to Uglit our bailies for u*. They iniiBl l>e clothed, an<l they have lo buy their own clothing. II in notorious that a few inou have bought up all the ma terial that could bo hart, out of which their clothing could bo made, and havo asked the most exorbitant prioea tor it. The government must foci Ibom, and (heir (ami lira at homo must ho fed ; but mon with a specu lative turn of mind havo b ught up largely tho bacon and ?alt of the country ? articles of prime necessity ? which tho aoldier who llglitn, Meeds and die* for bin oountry, and tho |>oor wife and children he leaves behind him, must havo or perish ? and havo demanded exorbitant prices for them. It Is wrong and un|>atrlotlc, and men should not do It; and our legislature ihould not allow It to be done. Before this war commenced bacon oould be bought for 10 cents and 12% cents per pound. It Is now selling at 30 cents. Nothing has transpired to increaae the coat e< making it, and its transportation costs no inore. Andour government should have It to fi-ed tho soldiers, and tbetr poor families at home should have It at a more reasonable rate; ami those engaged in tho sale of It should have lha? much Patriotism in them. If they have It not, the law should furniah them with it. Country jeans could be had for fifty cents per yard be fore the war; now It Is from $1 2ft t? |1 60. Tho labor of making It, and the material out of which it is made, cunts no more now than then , and the soldier Bhould have It to clothe him, while ho lights for us, at more reason able rate*. Patriotism demands this much at the hands of those who deal la such articles. It may be difficult to frame a law to moet the exigencies of this case; hat the necessity is great, and we art in fttvor of the Legislature making the attempt. Coffee la selling at dfly to sixty seats per pound; feat we say let It sell for whatever people are willing lo givO for It. It Is not an article or prime necessity. It la a luxury, and let those who indulge in it get It as cheap as they can. Fins dress goods are luxuries, not necessities; let those who wear them pay what dealers see At to ask. Wo would make no restriction* on any such articles a ? these. But during the war, when our natlooal existence, our greatest Interests and persona) honor aro at stake, wo wonld put a check upon the disposition to speculate upon such articles aa the government and the aoldier must have or perish. And now, in oonctnslnn, wo deprocata the spirit mani fested by some in relation to this matter. Our neighbor, the Intelligencer, a few days ago , ludulged In what wo consider intemperate strictures, which, If heeded, would excite the people to deeds worse than those complained of Surh subjects should not bo dealt raahly with, and the rights and equity of dealers should not be ran oyer rough shod by a mob, or an onraged populace, so long aa anything elan will avail. We are In favor of abiding by law, an<l recognizing every man's legal rights so long an they exist. These times, however, have Imposed upon us obligations towards oach other, and towards the Con federate government, which our present laws do not en act. We are In favor of having tho authoritica take thla matter In hand , and deal with it so as to rosnect the rights of dealers, while justico Is secured to tnoso who aro noidy. There Is a line of demarcation ? a golden mean that should be carefully observed in this matter. ARRIVAL OF. THE FRIGATE BAN JACINTO BELOW BOSTON. Bamut, Not. 29, 1M1. Tho Bau Jacinto passed Highland Light at fivo o'clock Oils ovenlng, bound in. EN ROUTE TO FORT LAFAYETTE. Charles Green, a native of England, aged fifty yoars, arrived in this city yesterday , en rout* to Fort Lafayette) In ctiarfiO of tbo United State* Marshal of Michigan. Tha prisoner, It appears, was a man of considerable import ance in rebcldort. Ho hailed from Savannah, (la. , whore bo haB been residing for tho lust thirty yearn. A tvw months ago he managed to rcach England, by eluding the vigilance of the detectives along tba Canadian border; and, after transacting some ira|>ortaut businirs with the rebel Commissioner at Loudon, he started for home again via Quebec. HU movements were known to th* authoritioa hero, however, and as soon as the rebel touched American soil at Detroit be was taken Into cuatody. In tbe possession of tho prisoner were found a number of Important despatches from Messrs. Yanoey and Rust, tbo nature of wblcb, however, has beon kept secret. Green was flrst conveyed to tbo police headquarters in Broom* stroet, and then transferred to Fort Ijifayotte In a carriage. Tbo prisoner has a son in tho Black Dors* Cavalry of Virginia, and Is himself a moat thoroughgoing secessionist. Via. F. Converse, merchant of 168 Pearl street, waa yesterday afternoon arrested by Mr. Joseph Thompson, Deputy United Stales Marshal, and convoyed to Kort i?. fayette, by orders received from the Secretary of State. RELEASE OF PRISONERS FROM FORT LA FAYETTE. UNITED 8TATIW MARSHAL'* OFKICI. Nov. 23.? The following prisoners conQueil in Fort La. fayette were released l>y order of tbe government: ? John 1'ennirgton, master. L. H. Hudson, . Meadow Lewis, army officer. Wm. Ayiuar . ? . ('has. Krown , mate F. C. Monscel, steward. John lions, . C. B Stratton, FranclsCook, . John Price, Anthony l'enally, ? . . A REBEL 81'Y ARRESTED. Tlio Cincinnati GaM rot Tuesday reports tbe arrest of one Christopher Hipp, supjiosed to 1ms a spy for tho rebut government. M. Hipp was formerly n resident of Cin cinnati, and was at one time Cashier of tho People's Rank. Information was received at Washington Hwnie time Ago, from letters opened ui the dead letter office, that lie had a^reo l to \ init several uf our camps in Ohio, "Kentucky and Missouri, and rciwt progress to the ConftHlcrute Hiithortti -fc. Immediately un receipt of Mr. Sown d's despatch, tlatvhtl :H>ohIs >ei men <>0 Lit ? trail of the "Rkiider. 11" wili a r.v-j in this city to day in clmrgo ol i.is e.-crt, and will pK bably leave lor out oi il>e forts bVfnro ni>;lit. THE VERMONT PERSONAL LIBERTY BILL. An act for the prevention of kidnapping has p&iwed the Vermont Senate, and Is row before the House, which ie |x-als In part tho Personal Liberty lawn of that rotate. Tho hills reads a* follows: ? It is hereby onaclc.1 by tho General Assembly of tbo State of Vermont, a* follow*: ? Section 1. IT any pe"B-n tball kidnap or unlawfully carry oil or attempt to kidiiaii or uulawluily carry oir niiy I otlnir person, or shall i!ocoy,or attempt to decoy, any j other person from, or shall without duo procrss "flaw remove, or aid, or assist in removing 'any other person from this State, or shall without duo process of law de prive atiy Mthor person of lib liberty, with intent to re move, or aid, or agrlst In removing such other person from tills Sta'o, he (shall bo put.ifb< d by a line of i ol less than ono hundrod and net exceeding tlireo thousand dol lars^ ? bo Imprisoned In th > State prison for a term not exce . ding three years, or both said punishments, in tha discretion of the court. Sec. 2. Section!- ten and eleven of chapter one hundred and one of tho compiled statutes, and sections two, throe, four, six, soven and clpht of an act entitled "an act to se cure freodom to nil persons within this State," approved Nov. 25, A. II. 1858, are hereby repealed. See. 3. This act shall take effect from its passage. News from Liberia. OUR M ONItOVIA COKIlESrONJIKNCK. Monrovia, Liberia, Sept. a, 1861. The Viet President' t Son Shot Away by the Accidental Di thargeof a Cannon ? DUatlrout Effect* of the American War on the Miuiont ? The fiaptitt Imlitutum Drjtnctin the Itcjmbtic ? Decreate in the Slave Trade? The Import R<vnw Fatting tie. A melancholy accident occurred at Fort Norrls on tba 23J lust. Vice President Warner's second eon was land ing In front of the camion with which ho was connected > with his back to Its mouth, when a spark from a pipe be was smoking Aral the cannon, carrying awar young Warner abmit twico the distance of Broad way, down tho ruggod cap.', dislocating his hip, broking many of his bones, and tearing up his flesh in a frightful manner. The ball had been previously extracted. Ha lived some four hours, having his perfect senses to tha 'ast moment, and died in a paroxysm of agony. He wa? buried tho next day, amid great grief, and tho martial airs lo whh h tie himself had often stepped in paying tha jnst rospoct to a brother soldier. The different missionary oporattons in this country have been seriously affected by the civil war in tba States. The Baptist Society, wbose headquarters are In Rich mond, Is a defunct institution In tills country. No one will cash their drafts at any discount. "Hie Episcopalians have retrenched the salaries of their teachers in this country, and unless tho war soon cease# they may be nlillgod to suspend their operations. Tho Methodist and l'resbyterlan missions remain aft they were, though the ministers and teachers are expect ing by every mail a change in their programme; at tha laast they are preparing for It. Tbo slave trade, through the activity of an efficient American squadron, has considerably decreased. 1*ia capture of the slavo ship Nightingale stnasbod up tha honso that owned her at Ismnilo. She ie considered tba tinest price ever taken upon this coast. Tho withdrawal of the squadron may be an inducement to revive tha traffic In c ^sequence of the difficulties In the States our com merce with America seoms to bo suspended, and, as a matter of ourse, our revenue, which Is derived mainly from our lni|>orts, has fallen oil to a very great, extent. It is not tho :ght h>>re thiit tbo war will be a protracted one, and after it trade will bo resumed as bilskly as ever. 11 iwjver, It hss been u l, sson to I.iberiang? it bas learned ku tlu .V. "t 0? . ii . C > V ? *

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