Newspaper of The New York Herald, November 27, 1861, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated November 27, 1861 Page 1
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THE NEW YORK WHOLE NO. 9209. HERALD. 27, 1861. PRICE TWO CENTS. IMPORTANT FROM THE GULF. Reported Bombardment ofFortMcRae by the Niagara and Colorado and ?f Fort Barancas and the Navy Yard by Fort Picken** PROBABLE UNION VICTORY. The Village of Warrington Destroyed. The Walls of Fort Pickens Reported Breached. THE NAVY YARD ON FIRE. Sketch of Pensacola and Xtt Sur rounding*, a?.} kfij Foara we Mohros, Not. 28, 1801. By a flag of truce from Norfolk to- day I learn that an engagement of Mm* magnitude took place on Saturday, Nov. 33, at Fort PickeM, between the rebel forces and the United State* eteamere Niagara and Colorado. The telegraph report# that our vessels were roughly handled, and also that Fort Pickens was badly damaged The firing (torn the latter place was reported as being very wild. The first report was? "This (Saturday) morning, at half-past ten o'clock, Fort Pickcns opened Ire on us, but the firing is very wild." At two o'clock a subsequent despatch was received, which stated that two United States vessels Joined in the fight, but did no damage. At eight a further despatch stated that Fort Pickens was breached, the firing had stopped, and that the rebels did not sustain any lose, whereas the Union forces were heavy losers. Bute* then everything is reported to be quiet. General Bragg seemed to be Jubilant over the result, and is said to have sent congratulatory despatches all over the South on the result of the battle. My informant states that the wildest excitement exists at Norfolk and all the sooeaeion places at the result. This is a rebel version, and will probably turn out to he an exaggerated account of a bombardment of Pensa eola. BiiTiWOW!, Nov. 20, 1861. The Old Toint boat has arrived. Passengers say the Norfolk Day Book contains a despatch from Richmond, to the effect that an engagement was going on at Pensa cola. Parties who have read the paper Bay the N iagara and Colorado engaged Fort McRae, which briskly replied, and that the vessels were damaged and had to haul off; that Fort Pickens was firing on the Navy Yard. That is the substance of the report. The version of the aUkir at Pensacola says that on Frl ?ay, Nov. 22, Fort Pickens opened on the Navy Yard and Barrancas; that the Colorado and Niagara participated, and had to haul ofT very much damaged. Tho news all comes through secession sources, and must be re ceived with due allowance. Washington, Nov. 26, 18C1. Assistant Secretary of tho Navy Fox received a de spatch from Baltimore, stating that the Norfolk Day Book publishes advices from Richmond to the effect that an engagement was going on at Pensacola. Parlies who read tho pnper say It states that the frigates Niagara and Colorado eng. igo< I Fort McRae; that the fort briskly returned tho fire, and, further, that tho vessels, being damaged, were compelled to haul off. Tho Day Book adds that Fort l'lukens was firing on the Pensacola Navy Tard. Another despatch says that the fight commcnced on Batarday and was in progress Sunday night. Fort Pickens, l>y firing hot shot, had set the Pensacola Navy Yard on fire three times, but the rebels managed up to the latter day to extinguish the flames. They had not, however, been able to suppress those of the burning town of Warrington, which tho hotshot hnd utterly de stroyed. It waa thought at Old Point that our victory is decisive. Forth aw Mojtroi, Not. 26, 1 Via Baltimore, Nov. 26, 1861. J Colonel Brown, of Fort Pickens, opened Are on Bragg s forces on Saturday last, Not. 23. The particulars are meagre, and through rebel sources. Bragg telegraphs that he is taking the bombardment coolly, and receiving Brown's shells. The loss of life to a considerable extent is confessed. The rebels claim to have breached the walls of Fort Picker#. The Navy Yard was on Ore three times, and put out. The village of Warrington was burned by Brown's fire the first day. Biitjmors, Nov. 26, 1861. The rebel reports say that the affair at Fort Fickens took p'ace on the 19th Inst. [This is undoubtedly incor rect, as the George Peabody, which arrived here on Monday evening, left Fort Pickens on the 18th, and makes no woution of an intended attack on the next day. ? I'd. Herald.] THE SEAT OF OPERATIONS. The Sqrroanding* of Fort Pickens anil Santa ilosa Island. Prnsacola Is a port of entry and capital of Rscambia county, Florida. Ttis^it ated on the weRt shorn of Pensa ?oda Hay, ten miles from tho Gull' of Mexico, and one hundred and eighty west from Tallahassee, the capital of thetHate. Tho harbor has twenty one feet of water on ti.e har, and is one of the mif * in tho Guir, boing sccure ly landlocked. Tho town is oi -panish origin, and at pre. tent contains about four tN>usand Inhab.tants, with u muntcffal government, wbos-i lwad is the M"jorofthc city. The affiliation and intermixture of the native or Creole anl American intmbit.n '? are attended with diffi culty, a..l it is inly within a jr ar or two that the Ameri cans have been able to fecur? a preoonderanco in the city govern ma To them Is to be attributed tho few signs of improvement visiblo in e w? portions of the Ilace. Bat there still r mains amjle flekl for the oxereipe of municipal enterprise and energy; for the sidewalks an.l street C' Ossl-ig* in the vicinity of the meat opulent residen's, such as those near t.V> mansions 4>f ex t'nltel States Senanr S. R Mallory, Mayor Chase, the Jud?!>s, I/O Barone, Gonzalezes, *c. , were but ? short tlmoago in a rather bad state of dilapidation. The city is tolerably well laid out, ai.d, with the neces sary improvements, may become quite a handsome, as ml! as u healthy and Attractive watering place. Its im portance as t? naval > tit ion Id aimost Incilcu'abte, the Eammis white nak and pino Umber lands and reser% ations ?hfh mark the ruraj and island flMrlcti famishing an almost end If ?i supply of the very bent material for ship* building. Pensacola is well supplied with churchcs, there being one for nearly every civilized or Christian denomination. It has, or had recently, two tri weekly newspapers? the OJwemr and the Tiilmne? which huvo met with tolerable success , considering the stale of the country. The principal commission and banking business of the place is trans acted by Messrs. Judah and Le Baron, two enterprising and hospitable geutlemen. There are also a number of other firms engaged in the shipping and commission business, a large trade being carried on In lumber with European ports. The bay is litorally alive with fish of the most delectablo description, and oysters, clams, crabs, Ac. , Ac. , abound in multitudinous quantities and varieties. THE SURRENDER OF TUB NAVY YARD, ETC. Our readers are doubtless familiar with the circum nances attending the surrender of the Navy Yard and forts to the rebels; but a brief recapitulation of the same may not be out of place. On the 12th January last the Navy Yard and Forts Barrancas and ilo Rue were sur" rendered, all the most serviceable arms and munitions of war having been previously transferred to Fort Pickens, under command of Lieut. Slemmer. This seizure of the public property was at first by no means ? unanimous movement on the part of the citizens of Pensacola. Many of them knew and fully appreciated the dangerous and treasonable character of the proceed ings, and it was only upon the application of the severest pressure that their loyalty was overcome, hi this dia bolical work the labors of a New Hampshire man, Major Chase, who hod long been nurtured by the government, were signally conspicuous, and be may now be receiving the reward of his treachery. That the public sentiment of Pensacola was not at first entirely in flavor of the se cession movement is evidenced by the fact that not until the last week in April last, over three mouths after the seizure of the public property, and when the secession forces were being thrown into the place and vicinity by the hundreds and thousands, could even one company of the local military force be induccd to offer themselves for the war. TBI HARBOR OF PENSACOLA Is one of the finest in the world. As we have already said, it is completely landlocked , and capable of affording shelter during violent weather to squadron upon squad ron of large draught vessels. The bay has two upper arm?, receiving the waters of the Blackwater, the Mid dle and the Escambia rivers. On the shores of the first Darned are some of the largest sawmills kin the world. Their owners arc Immensely wealthy, and as hospitable as they are wealthy. They live in princely style,' and when tho writer last visited the locality of one of them the mlUowner had some five million feet of deals all rettdy for shipment to the North and to Europe, and powerful steam machiney constant ly at work, with a gang of a hundred work men, engaged in getting out new stuff. It is not unlikely, however, that Rome of this lumber will rot in the yards before it reaches a foreign market. But that is one of the consequences of the rebellion. SANTA ROSA AND FORT FICKBN8. Santa l!o?a Island is a flat, sandy strip of land, about a third of a mile distant from Pensacola at the nearest point. At its narrowest spot it is lew than three-quarters of a mile wide, at which point, on the Gulf side, a covs is formed, which affords good anchorage and some shelter to our squadrons. This point of the island is termed by Uncle Sam's tars the "Waist of Santa Rosa," and they say that is the reason why the American nnval officers are so fond of "hugging"' It. The position of Fort Pickens lias been so frequently and so elaborately described thnt it may bo unnecessary to reproduce it hi re. It will suffice to state that it Is the chief defence of the harbor and the naval property. It is built of New York granite, and is a first class bastion building. Its walls are forty-five feet high, twelvo in thickness. It is embrasured for two tiers of guns, which are placed under bombproof casemates, besides having one tier of guns tnlxirhtit. Theguns from tliis work radiate to every point of the horizon, with flank and enfilading fire at every angle of approach. The whole works have been much strengthened within the past three months, particularly s;nce Major Brown, tho present commander, a.' sumed charge. The force which was originally but eighty men , under Slemmer? now num bers near 2,000. besides Iiilly Wilson s corps of Zouave braves to do the outudc fighting. In caso of an attempt to carry the works by assault, a concealed bridge, or trap, is so contrived as to launch a regiment of assailants into eternity with the quickness of thought. This the oppo sing force understand, and no attempt, we feel confident, will bo made by General Bragg to storm the fort, unless he has abundant evidence the effort win be crowncd with success. The usual war armament of Fort Pickens con sists of two hundred and ten guns, sixty-three of which are iron forty-two pounders, seventeen thirty-two pounders, forty-nine twenty-four pounders, ! five elghtcens, thirteen twelve?, six brass field pieces, twenty-six brass flank howitzers, thirteen heavy eight inch howitzers, one thirteen inch mortar, four heavy ten inch mortars, four light eight-Inch mortars, four sixteen inch stone mortar?, five Coebern mortars. Sand works have lately been constructed at the weakest point of tho fort, which, unfortunately, faces Bragg's strongest bat teries. Tho fort cost the government nearly a million of dollars. REBEL SORT M'RAK, Unless recently strengthened, is not a very formidable opponent of Fort Pickens. It is within easy range of the guns of the latter, and cannot be expected to withstand a heavy bombardment. It guards the west side of the mouth of Pcnsacola Bay. It is bastionod, built of brick, with walls twelve feet in thicknoss. Like Pickens, it Is embrasured, under bombproof casemates, for two tiers of guns and one en barbette. It is calculated to mount ono hundred and fifty guns, but it is doubtful whether it is ab'o to withstand the shock of one of its own broadsides. There is below a water battery of eight guns. The fort requires a garrison of 650 men. REBEL FORT BARRANCAS. Fort St. Carlos do Ba. ranees is an old Spanish fortifica tion, froDting tho entrance to Pensacola Bay, lying on Its north side. Unless supplied with heavier guns and other materiel than it contained a few months ago, its power for mischief must be limited to a short range. It mounts, or is intended to mount, forty-nine guns, requiring a gar rison of two hundred and fifty men. When we last visited tho fort it ccrtainly presented anything but a formidable front. Tho guns were all of small calibre, twelve and eighteen pounders, and some so effectually spiked before the gallant Sleir.mer left them that the labor of drilling out the touchholes had born aban doned in more than one instance. It Is, however, a very strong nnd heavy structure, evidently not built "by contract," and capable of giving, from its admirable and almost impregnable rille galleries and pits, and othor defensible interior works, a reception to an as sailing party that would bo essentially hot. The fort might ho reduced by heavy metal, but its capture by as sault, if resisted with com age and energy , would doubt less bo attended with great loss of life. Its magazine is well protected. Thoro iB a redoubt in the rear of Rarran io? possessing considerable strength. As an auxiliary, it can be usod with oliect either for purines of assault or defence. indepi:nt>ent ufbel defences and batteries. About the poriod of tho b. ea';L:g out of tho present re bellion it was tho writer's fortune to b? in the vcinlty of Pensacola, enjoying the sp cUI pci mission of the com mon ing general to visit tho various fortifications and butteries, stretching from Warrington and tho Navy Yard clear to Fort MoKao, tben in the course of construc tion. Tho non-completion of the raiiro^ l between Mont gomery and Pensacol.i at that time contribute*! mitcrlal ly to retard tho operations of Ovnor.tl laagg, but every energy was oven tl.cn exerted and every a, piianco used to place the positi n In ondiiion to cniiitnw the harbor and defend thj town and protect tho lately seized public property. Truops had already poured in to the number or from cine to ten thousand, and no army ever evinced a s-tror, i O' slut' euggeiu a con llii t than did the?o men to Ua.k l'fckens <m i conquer or jierlsh. Tha Lo"isUnlar,9 were particularly afln.-bodj of men, well drilled, under joo t discipline, auri cot . wan el l y nmi of thi first u. in the c'tato fiom wi iJi tfcey hailed. The Oec'giiuL, came t. xt, tbintlrtg for a .bopinc for a sho. t war and a speedy return home, /ha Mttt.'i'-slppian* were bloodthirsty anil revengeful. They want'. ' slashing work, an-J p!c ty rf it. Indeed, the universal desire was for an *tu k .pern lVkors ? Ihe sooner the W?'- (> rs'ei HrnKij, ho ?rer, pre ferred wa'tirg u?? tii the .uii of t'19 Mont gomery K'tih .ad, jrhich I - uitilo h.iu to I THE REPORTED FIGHT AT PENSACOLA. The Relative Positions of Fort McRae, Fort Barancas, the Navy Yard and Fort Pickens? -The Range of the Guns. THE NEW REBEL CAPITAL. The City of Nashville, Tennessee, and Its Environs. ??^?paradise^ iarM CfitEir f PfllVds J m MOffTOOMEflAs c "white ma skim k ?^fc? \v ^AID \V? IN PROGRESS ^W?N NASHVILLE & CHIQ.RCT^^ OROVtE DEM0?? ?^Vv. S-RABPCXpfS gf |eo?Jpaw?a, franklin w WATERS-SON ?-4/>. 5a J Crtosi R0A Of receivo some guns of the heaviest calibre from Charleston, and, he conceived, render success more certain. General B. was naturally apprehensive that the fact of ihe weakness of his batteries would obtain premature publicity, and did not lose occasion to impress lii? apprehensions upon those with whom he caine in contact, especially strangers from the North. One of his staff observed casually at dinner one day, "General, there are a good many people on the other Bide who would ho glad to know the number and force of our guns in battery." "No doubt about that. But," he added significantly, glancing at one of his guests, "I do not mean thoy shall." There was a whole volume of caution conveycd In this simple observation. BUSY PREPARATIONS ? UKJiEI. MARKED BATTERIES? BHAIiO'S M1SANNES9. At this time Geuer il Ur.igg was busy at work behind tho small sand hills lining tho beach, coi. struct Ing masked batteries with gubs of si;cb calibre as were nt h ind. Tin country for forty miles around had boeu ran ackodfor empty casks, barrels, liogshe.ids and eve \ thing else cal culat"d to retain tho sand and present a resisting foree t | tho uiifricndly balls and shells of the enemy. Wat' . | tanks were prepared for tho reception of u.nt defeat c 1 agninst hot shot. Cedar trees were stripped of their | boughs and briu.che? for the erection of aba: lis an*. oth?i 1 defensive wo ks, and all that could bo douc by a m ?r.w' prudent gote-sl was done by General Bragg *0 m 1 ? | himself in his position nd resist an attack pott ! letisacola. "Wo must lo* k out tor that,'' he would j observe, "or those fallows may g" over to Pensacola somo t. n" :ind capture your r lilroad." But notwithstanding titOKeprfparaliona, and 1'ie number of troop* under hi* oommand, it vn? not riifli.cult t" do.' ct in ti -nei ?l Bra*g en air of unnnslo- s .> . nJ waul of finti- ] donee which he fa .1 would not havt) communica'.ed to n strtnper. Kta-i'i.n^ <"T>o day up n tho middle terrace of j the capacious and handsome b ; !d i.g ho oocupled for his 1 hi adquarters, n full aud glorious v'"W of 1 rt Pickens, iho American fleet and tho broad v. mars of (he Gulf of Hcxieo, Gen ral Bragg descried <n the uistaw 0, with his glsss, a Bail making for Peiifcoln harbor. The tlag Ue slguitiag the nationality ot Sie waft had b- onto in tertwined wHh tome of tho rlggine. and could scarcely ho d:f inguls ied. "What do y ju make of hor, ('?) laiu ? ?>" "I cannot toll precisely, General, biM I thi; k she's Britis1' ' "I'm gial to hear It? wish there were mora' "f t'lem." rh'* a >p< arai ce of 1 fleet f British s? a crigs of ivat would undi/ub'idl/ luvo b?-u 1 very grftfify ing sight to the misguided rebel chieftain at that moment. FICUNS TO BE ATTACKED FROM AN UNEXPECTED Ql'ARTER. There can bo but little doubt that the Confederate go vernment have for the Inst few montba been vigorously employed in placing gut s jf the heaviest calibre in bat tery on the beach, 01* a short distance to the rear, for the express object of assailiDg Pickens with tremendoua forco from an unexpected quarter. If tbey have not, then the rebels arc not entitled to that degree of sa gacity in similar matters which has hitherto been ac cordel vO them. WHAT PICKENS CAN DO. The N'avy Yard and tho viilago of Warrington, as well as H.>' m ire remoto and unpretending village of Woolsey, about nit miicH from Pensaeola, can easily bo destroyed from F< t Pickens. An immense amount of property can k? thus nsumed, b it without causing much distress to non-r telont'-, Tor every family of tliat class deoertod tho Tillages months ago. Within the Navy Yard are somo goo l xu 1 substantial buildings, officers' quartets, bar. rack*, &c. , all surrounded and )beautiflcd with ibo gems

or Flora's dominions. The quarters of the officers in the Kavy Yard are, or wero a short timo ago, iittiO p'l.kOites of their own, and it seetoa ani' t a siu that they should be withered aud cathod by tho toichof war. Pickens can al."0 ro duce McRflo, Tvliilo paving its cotnplimeuls to tho Navy Yai 1". and ^'arrlngioB, the shell-like walls of the f rt af firding but feeble resistance to the 64 ^tinders of Ma or BrO'.vn. But, at the ,;ame tituc, the latter must be pre par i to respond <0 the heavy alio' and shell from Bar* rai "3 wiit tho share batteoec. It by these combined force- a breac' has been f (Tec ted In the wal's of Pickets, and tlic float retired more or l?-"a disabled, the fall of Pickom Bay be wi'hln Hie reasonable bounds of proba bility ; but wo i>ri !<t awaiting further tidings before cdij.r.g to ro s-td and unsatisfactory a < onci sion. WrLSON'S ZOUAVE". TO TUI3 KDITOU OF TUB 11KRA I.T>. IlRAnijriCi^M Six 1 II KiMlMKWT, N. Y. S 1 Caw B?>*n, Nkab Foht Fnsn, N"v. 13, 1W1. j WW yoti i.h i -e, for llio r\ka of nioth?r? an.l Wl?es( publish in y:w vatuablo pa|-er tl at iiit tl e rtsstncllpi of my camp Aii 1 aj.'; sani-1 rrespoi 1 ? v?r? 1 .tr -y ? 1. j 1 had a lar?e package of answers t> let' m . ?'atr.rfto fri Mih ln tlit regiment. Let be . g'i ovM tHB- ver: the ao < n'. of 'Iio kiw.-d, woui 1. '.v.! he pub'lsbed, I understand from the War Department. Many m?n have enl.sted under un assumed uaino. All can writu borne if they is ikli. All letters in reference to lueu enlisted in my regiment will b? addressed to the Adjutant of the regiment. I hive DO opportunity of keoplBg orof writing otters, as we are in a position ?ubj?. t loan at lack at any urn ? through tin* night. My mind is n mut'b ?ugaged hi watching and attending to my regiment and it* salety that 1 have n>t time to bo' answering so many letters inquiring about the health, whereabouts of tho Relief t'ommittee and pay of individual*. The Ad- i JutAiit can attend to all; write to lum. WM. W1I50N, Colonel Commanding. THE NEW CAPITAL OF THE REBEL GOVERNMENT. The rebel government Is migratory in Ita habits and In stincts. Within a year it has had no lees than three different capitals, and meditate i even a further change. First its pillars wen laid deep and broad, ab it was de clared , iu tho rural city of Montgomery, Alabama, and J great were tho rejoicings of tho citizens thereof at the lienor done to their town and at the prospective gains to themselves. They did not enjoy their triumph long. A change was determined on last summer, and Rich mond was mado glad by tho presence of the Presi dential court of the Confederate States. Her citizens, in tho exuberance of their gratitude and to socure a con tinuance of favor, resolved upon and carricd out the idea of procuring and fitting up, regardless of expenso, ? magnificent editico fur the resldouco of Mr. Jefferson Da vis. But It seems that even that piece of extravagance has been thrown away upon tho rebol government. The -ir avowed idea in putting up at Richmond originally km that it was tho most convenient stopping place on their way to Washington, which they projiosed to occupy as their permanent seat of government. Tho preparations of Gen. Scott, however, checkmated that game. Bubso quently, when they had a chance of wiuulng, they hod not tho skill or courage to avail themselves of tho Bull run disaster, aud since then they have given up the game. Now they see that the movements on the board threaten their own capital, and ?o they wisely resolve to make that move known in cheM as " castleing,'' which places tho king in a more securo position. Iu other words, lost they might find them selves checkmated in Riebmond, they fall back upon Nashville. It is possible that torn* other moti\? may have com bined to inllucuce this move. It may indicate a partial withdrawal of tbe rebel army from Virginia aud Its trans fer to tbe fluid of operations on the Mississippi. It may be partially attributable to the fact that Richmond ban been cleaned out by the swarms of rebel olllcials and soldiers, aud that they have bad to move to "fresh fluids and pastures new," or, In flne, the ultra rebellious state of feeling in Nashville, and its Importance as the great Beat of manufactures for tho rebels, may have ex erted much influence in the choice of It as the new seat of government. Nashville, the capital of Tonnessre, and now the Con federate capital, Is ouo of tho handsomest and most flourishing cities in the regions of secession. It i* situat ed on tbe Cumberland river, two hundred miles from ita mouth. Besides the numerous lines of steam packets on tho river, It hue tho advantage of a network of railroad connections with tho country north aud south, east aud west of it. A very Important line is in course of con struction (llroct to tho Mississippi rivor, at a point called Hickman, tho completion of which would bo of essential military service at this moment to tb? rebels. It will probably be pushed forward to speedy completion. The population of Nashville is about 30,000. It increases with much greater rapidity than does that of Southern cities generally , ow IngHo the great developement of manu. faclurcs sud industrial pursuits at tliin point. Tho Capitol, a magiiihcent limestone structure, which cost over a mil. lion of dollars, is ono of the boasts of the city. Another la a wire suspension bridge across tho Cumberland river which cost over $100,000. Among other public buildings which it contains aro a large lunatic asylum, tbe State penitentiary, a university, and medical college connected with it, several female summaries, kc. There used to bo half a dozeu daily newspapers published at Nashville, but some of them have been swamjod in tho deluge of rebellion. One of our correspondents who auppliod us recently with Interesting no lea of a tour through some of the Western Stales gives the following sketch of Nashville:? The city of Nashville U at present tho mobt important seal of manufactures in tho Confederate i-'taies. Most of the shoes, harness and cavalry equipments used In the rebel army are made here, the leather being procured principally from Cliattnuooga, whore there is a large tannery , owned by the Uuion liauk of Tennessee. I un derstood that many of those shoe factories were estab liabed by the rcbol government. They are also erectiug here a powder mill and an addilioual paper mill. The foundries, of which lliure aro several, are casting cannon balls, and two of them arc casting cannon, which are said to be much superior to those turned out at Memphis. The people here socin more determined upon a vigorous pro secution of the war than the people at Klchmoud do. The most vigilant surveillance Is kept over persons who are susp cledof having any desigu to mako their way North ward, and no person is nl.owed to leave in that direc tion wilhoout lirst having his pass ronewed. Hundreds of persona are kept here on that account, beiug unable to obtain the necessary papers. The enly way to escape f om here is by railroad to Bowling (iicou, Kentucky, and thence to the Union lines. Baggage is overhauled four or Ave times on the way. t-'pn-s are always sur rounding you, and tho slightest indiscretion exposes you to suspicion. If suspicion be directed a&ainst you your pass is 110 security, aud you ure mercilessly sunt back. But still, ono who is reasonably well acquainted in Ten nessee, and who has the necessary cooluesa, intrepidity and presence*of inind, may make his way by privute conveyance through the Stale. The charges lor such convyauces, however, are exorbitant. I knew one la.ly who had to pay (40 for being carried three stations east ward. The deluaive idea of an anti-war movement in the North is believed in here as religiously as the Turk be lieves in his destiny, and the people think that if they can only hold our army at bay long enough, tho Northern people will get tired of the struggle, refuse further sup plies to tho government, and favor a recognition of Southern independence. The military ardor and enthu siasm of the people of Tenncssco aro unbounded. The whole adult male population that can be spared from in dustrial pursuita are in the Held. These constitute at least fifty regiments. In a community animated by luch sentiments tbe rebel government will flnd for a while a congenial abiding place. NEWS FROM GENERAL BANKS' ARMY. luuKt-TowN, M'J., Nov 23, 1801. Yesterday the Third brigade, General Williams, had a drill, parade and inspection in tho large open field in tho rear of the encampment. The numbers were compara tively small, iu consequent* of many companies being on detached service; but their discipline and evolutions showed a great improvement since the last similar exhi bition. General Williams confines himseir strictly and continuously to tho duties of his position, and when his brigado shall be called upon to perform the sterner duties of tho war it will compare favorably, at least, with others In the Held. The Pennsylvania Forty-sixth, Col. Knipe, have rc ceived new suits of clothiug, excepting overcoats, which they expect in a few days. Their old overcoat* are ser viceable, but much worn. The health of this regiment is g nerally good. The Twenty-ninth Pennsylvania was paid off yester day, and several of its "fllcors are c w in route home ward, with thousama ot dollars of 1'ia hard earnings of the soldiers for tho relief of their families. Coronal Jo geph J. Merccr, of this regiment, died yosuvday of typhoid fover. lie belonged to Company 11, late tho second company of West Philadelphia Grays. The First cor(M? of the V.?n Alan cava! y , Major T.ewis i lias tieen oidered to I'oo.e-ni! e to reji/ln the rvmain '.or o. that regimi-nt, where eunlortablo quarters an l good stab.iug li .'S a.r-a y been erected. 1 his Corfu ku made a favorable impress on ?i |??n tho olllcers ami other j corps ot the a. my. 'I h ir ? ' is ipline h u vastly Improved since their c<> inection with i s livisiou. First Airgcatit William "O.lar I, t<mpany F, Thirtieth r-n:isy.vania eg mi>u>.d:ed of typioid fe.er on Iburii day night, lie was attended by a I'ovotcl wife d.. nig tlie alter art of his Illness." His body wn convoy el Ihrm ?h lli- village lisk ti ght, aocono ann.d by In.* 1 aitl ? i d wile aud many frieuds. ou it# w; y to rui:?- J Ue'pn.a. l.teit. Ruth* -ford, of the .Viiith New York, arrived at en iys ? ;. -.v 1 1 1 a c"i>i tt,aii e 5j-,dy of piek..-t in ere its. v.i r'vmept Is now In a U*url?hlng condition. 1 o w-ath' r last uiglii wa'. very unfavorable to camp 1 :? a ? * i i v ii g and ooM rain p i cd tu rough tie thinner Vi i !V: by rn.ind- ii the <k ??upams ? f tho whiter i ? ' of f-at'.'er 1 '?<!? cio.^e rooms at home. "h? mo i i >;,nti r .i ? k'lit fill of snow, the weather cleared up iv ii h a cold ?".d ? ? ina'ile \v ill1! from the c Hi ' i w e*t . Fit 'iic v.is t a it yesterday In ttie direction ot Groat t- .i;i . S-. " -a; Ilw.i f rom a i bel Held bait-jry com ir.g ? -v ? i to :).e rl i and pay iig their respects to * me ? 1 'i li) r , ? ^nt* si. tiiound there, aril then sud c!' e: I ii/. i/iu 'i in tlie day heavy cannonading . .. i 'tnti.i ? i in Hi samo direction, I it apparently r. -j tan', continuing until sunset, ibis i> unite "< 'edfor. j REBEL ACCOUNTS FROM PORT ROYAL. REPORTED FIGHT BETWEEN THE REBELS AND SOME UNION TROOPS. Fortrkss Monkoi, Nov. 20, lfiCl I learn that at Reaufort, g. C. , tlireo companies of General Sherman's command bad an engagement with the rebels, and were compound to retreat with tho loss of eight men. Beaufort was being strongly intrench ed by our forces. I do not place great reliance upon the above statement, oh tho gentleman who gave it to me la evidently ? sympathizer with the rebele, and aeema to b? very jubi 'aut over the reault. There haa been no arrival from Tort Royal at Oltl Point. The ateamor Constitution is reported off Capo Henry ut the Baltimore boat leaves. In General Wool's department everything ia quiet. THE NAVY. TRIAL TRIP OP THE NEW GUNBOAT WINONA. The Cnited States steam gunboat Winona, Commander E. D. Nichols, built by Msssra. Poiilon, left tho city yes terday morning on a trial trip. She proceeded down tho bay as fur as Sandy Hook , and returned at an early hour in the evening She worked to their entire satisfaction, making, with twenty pounda of steam, ten knots an<l seventy- live revolutions per minute; with thirty pounda of etcam twelve knota and ninety-two revolutions per minute. Thia la the fasteat time made by any of the now g-nboats that have been built. At the conclusion of the trip, which was enjoyed by all, the Winona went to the Navy Yard, where she will receivo her armament. There now remains but ono of the new gunhoata built in this vicinity, the Chippewa, and fho will be ready for her armament very Hhoitly. Tho engines of tho Winona were designed l>y llr. iHherwoud, l hief Engineer United States Nary , and were built by the Allaire Worka. NEW VESSELS PURCHASED BY THE GO VERNMENT. The government has added to its force of vesaela by the purchase of two of the Staten Island ferry (teats? the Clifton and the Westfleld? boats that are admirably suited for transporting troopa and at the same time acting as ves sels of war. To effect thia the guards will be takeu off, proper bowa built and iron bulwarka erected, and in every way they will be strengthened and fitted out for their new duty. Theso boats are 1,000 tons burthen each, and are capable of carrying between three and four thousand men. They will bo heavily armed, and,aawe said, will act in the double capacity of transports and men-of-war. Their very light draught will enable them to go where our ordinary vessels could not venture. They will be titled out at private shipyards. The government bM a.so purchased the new steamer Wm. Tibbetts. 1 MOVEMENTS OP UNITED STATES VESSELS. I Hattkkab, stoamer, Commander Ceorge Kinmons, ar rived at Key West on the 13th of November, and sailed on the 14th for Tampa and Cedar Keys. She will attempt the recapture of some of the missing smack* belonging to thl-i port and supposed to be detained by the Confederates at Tampa Bay. There are thirteen vessels? all smacks missing. They are valued at $30,000. Some of them have been absent about fifty days. Thepe veneris have been engaged in supplying tho Havana market with livo fish. Nsw I/indok, 8, gunboat, Commander Abner Read, ar rived at K?y West on the 16tb, and sailed tiio followidfc day for a cruise on the coast and Fort Pickens. W andereh , schonner, Commaudcr S|>otts, arrived at Key West on the 18th inst. from the Mississippi. CoKRErnoi T, 4, sldewheel stenmer, Commander Wood hull, arrived at Key West on the 19th, and nailed for Fort Pickens on the 20tli lust. Midniriit, ship, arrivod on the 20tb at Key West from New York. Ht'NisviLiJi, side wheel steamer, Comnmndar Price, wan at Key West on the 21*t, and was to sad to Join the blockading fleet. Pampkho. steamer, Commander Sampson was at Key West on the 21st iust. MOVEMENTS OP TRANSPORTS. Tfco United States steam transport Fanny Cadwalladtr sailed last evening for Locust Point. She has a full cargo, consisting of provisions, gun carriages, foiges and aminu* nltion. The United 8 tales steam transport Octorra also sailed last evening for I.ocust Point, carrying nluety tons of shot and shell, also provisions. THE WAY THE BLOCKADING VESSELS RE CEIVE NEWS? A LETTER OF THANKS. Uritkd Stattcs Stkam Fricatb VtAfiARA, \ Off Socthwrct Pahh or tiik Mississippi, Nov. IS, 1861 / The officers and crows of the blockading squadron wish to thank their friends in New Orleans, ami on the Mississippi, Tor the news sent to them in bottles, sealed and floated down the river, and can brst do so through the Naw York Hkhami, which is so much road everywhere. Now that we know that the hottes are coming we aro constantly on the look out for them. They bring us late and welcomo news. Light bottle* are the best, Mich at claret, hock or cham pagne, whiih may be filled with slips from newspapers and letters, und if pro|terly sealed, th'-y reach us safe ami dry. Wo would ask all our Union frien is in Now Orleans, Cairo and in Commodore Footu'a squadr-n: to soud iik news In bottles, floated down the river, and we may, at times co-operate with them In giving "tiro to the lire cater*, ' those unfortunates of the South, "who sulferod so much from our oppressive government." BLOCK ADKRy THE CASE OP CAPTAIN POOR, OF THE NAVY. TO THE EDITOR OF TJIK HERALD. Having noticed in the Hkrald that the Naval Court Martial In the case of Captain Poor was making but little progress, and thut no new facta were brought for ward, we, with your I. ind permission, beg leave to lay before the readers of the Herald, and the public gene rally, a few facta in relation to the escape of the privateer Sumter. 1. That Captain Poor was informed, at least three weeks previous to the escape of the Sumter, that an armed vessel ? as fining out in New Orleans, and waa going to run the blockade the first opportunity. 2. That the yacht fiipsy, of New Orleans, was going to run the blockade, all of which proved true, tm wo after wards captured tiio Gipsy and sent her back. 3. That the Sainter could ho seen from the deck of the Brooklyn for ten or twelve days previous to her escape, waiting for a rhance to get out. 4. That on the morning the Sumter escaped we were going out to ovi ha d a hark about eight miles from our anchorage, and when uboat half way between tho bark and the i'as^ the icout aloft reported a steamer "com ing down river,' b it Captain I'oor still kept on hia way to tho hark. 6. That Captain Poor stopped the ship to take sound inga when wo were slwvt three milea off shore, and by that means lost about twenty minutes of hia most valua ble time. 0. That our la. go bow anchor was drapging in the wa ter for two hours out of the five that we chased the pri vateer. 7. That the ship's company had to request him to make more i-aii. At the time Captain Poor gave up the chiiso we had a fine broe/.o, a id our ? lianceti of capturing tho Sumter were more favorable han at any t in e previous. These at efa.t* and wliei the N.tval Court Martial make up their minds t ? ook in li r *bt direction for their wit n esses thc.i should bring up some of tho ship's crow , and i hen, no i' ubt, they wiii get s true statement of ettuira j from eye witness* ?. JUSTICE. VESSEL45 FITTING OUT IN BOSTON. , m ch i>itU?ti H- * alJ, Nov. 20-} The ship l'l-g.' i-.or i now r.t tho toot of L'uig Wharf, eng-tgi-i* in tm iinr < it fv t: ? 1 it hern c< *? t. She ia l< art ing w .tii ii. i'm-J ?tore* !'? la *" quantities, lumber fui bir acks, wo< . , ?" " ? ' 8 XXB> &c> and between dec' s nrn rat n- ore t .?:*? in utu for accoirm *'at ug lit rsw. I >? ?' iimV> to carry troopa. Sheisdta tlncd r r t. ?? S ? .h.r ? v t, and will accompany General H ,tkrV e ti. 'h- fitted for this voyage with great ? :i'l v . ' rrmust is as yet destitute of yar j.t t! ? 'he iria.'i and mizen were rigged yjAieidav. Ah yaug <>' move'lorea uio engaged in lii iiiK'. r ? arlv and working lale. Sh i is a ii e v -so: i, 1 a y* t sailer. From tho prepa. at i< nt? beli..- ma l? it is ju'lfi'l sb< will tali before many days. T nhej hi ? ! fms remitter. She 13 a two ?I ? ><??? Hti*' !?;>? * draught of twuity -one feet. She la bi::lt or n.anii or, ja.jl i;on .lutonel. she was built At M- or<l i IS" ? W? vl \?as I'.st uietallo I in Ooiob-.-r, j ,>s. form ly bi'l' ttged u> this port, and waa "WBe>l bv K. !? h. y ,v Co. " rHi" .-i of ibu clippei build, has a half i.u"(> Uec?, at 'J was urveyed Uore at the time when hI?? wife ,wt iv. 'ta Klie went lt to commission on the 3<t o Oct v)fr. She airies four hiavy guns. Theolficera arc an fello>?9:? ? ,???k o A. ittji Voiuti ) ivvt mnt O-mmamUng ? Jofpn r. ?I tint*? Joseph Kvib' m Hallott, of yarmoutb; Wui. Cl: ' on. Tolin M. M?rrt!, of Chel*ea. Attina Pa/maMfr" A. >. TOnkoman. 4, -'in'': Atsittai ' Rfi ?? i ?'i"' A i. 7 Miitter'.' M-j j? -Jainea W hltaakJo, Charlca E. ..loan, J. S AnolbeTv- t'i has ttetn chartered for the wme pur ?, r ' wailing ,U w ? -r wlmrves, taking on ft?.r Vcm.* rt > ? h. A* t on a 8 Vb6 King IVVsUrt?d i ..Vsvenel "U probably lake her place at Long Wlwrf.

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