Newspaper of The New York Herald, November 27, 1861, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated November 27, 1861 Page 4
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NEW YORK HERALD. JAMBS GORDON BENNETT, EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR OPKICB N . W. OOKNKK OF PULTON AND NASSAU 8T9. Vol umo XXVI No. 319 AMUSEMENTS THIS EVENING. WINTER GARDEN, Bmadway ? Ai.i. Hallow Eve? Maqio Jokk -tUiiNsr tuk Bauon. WALLACE'S THEATRE, No. 811 Briadivay ? MaoiC Mar. KIAOK- Till; SOAiKiiOAT. I.AURA K.ISENE'8 TIIEATKE, Broadway ? Setex Sows NliW BOWEBY THEATRE, Bowery ?Bum Run? Sword Ok Hon ok ? Kajt Women or tuk Modken Iime Mauy 1'kick BOWERY THEATRE, Bowery.? SriOENET'? NaTIO.val Ct nous. HARNl'M'S AMERICAN MUSEUM. Broad way.?Da.v and Erenlnfi? IIa'hkst Hgii-llirroroiAiDt, Whale, and Otukr Curiosities. BRYANTS' MINSTRELS, Mechanics' Hall, 4T2 Broad way ? t)UAW iiOAST 1;kU/. IIOOLEY'8 MINSTRELS, Stuyreaant Institute, No. 669 Broadway ?Ethiopian Sonus, Dance*, Ac. MR LODE ON CONCERT HALL, No. BSD Broadway. - SOISOH, Da?CRS, BURLESQUES, *0.? KsJIKUALDa. CANTERBURY MUSIC HALL, 585 Broadway -Sonus Dances, Uuei.ksques, 4o.? Nkw Yeab ('.ills. OAIETIF.S CONCERT ROOM, 616 Ilrnadway.? Drawino Room Entertainments Bai.lkts. Pantomimes, Farced, Jto. AMERICAN MUSIC HALL. 444 Broadway.? Sons*, Bal irts, Pantomimes. Ac.? Mibomievuits Ni..i.ir. CRYSTAL PALACE CONCERT HALL. No. 15 Bowery.? Burlesques, Soros, Dances, Ac ? Uhh.anu s Oath. METROPOLITAN CONCERT HALL, 600 Broadway.? Bongs, Dances, Farces. BuRi.tmUkn. Ac. PARISIAN CABINET OF WONDERS, 563 Broadway ? Open dally from 10 A. M. HU 9 P. M. NATIONAL MUSIC HALT,, Chatham s'reet.? Burles ques, Bonos, Dances, Ac. ? M a^ceuame Ball. NOVELTY CONCERT HALL, 616 Broadway.? Songs Dances, Pantomimes, Burlksucki, Ac. New York, Wednesday, November 97, 18C1 THE SITUATION. The most interesting news which we have to re port to day is the bombardment of rensacola from fr'oi t Pickens, by Colonel Harvey Brown on Satur day last. The information comes to us entirely from rebel sources; tliatistosnj from intelligence brought under a flag of truce from Norfolk to For tress Monroe, and from a statemeut in a Norfolk paper. The rumor states that the steamers Niagara and Colorado and the guns at Fort Pickens had oponod a heavy Are on the rebel General Bragg's for ces and the Pensacola Navy Yard? that the town of Warrington was totally destroyed by the hot Bhot poured upon it from Fort Pickens. Gen. Bragg, how ever, ip Ilia despatches which he has widely circula ted all over the South , describes the affair as a rebel victory, and reports that the United States steamers Lad to haul off, being badly damaged by the fire of the rebel batteries. It is admitted that the destruction done by the shells from the fort and ships was very considerable, aud that the Navy Yard was set on fire three times by the hot shot from Fort Pickens. General Bragg boasts that the walls of the fort were broached in several places, a fact which, from the calibre of the guns he had to bring to bear upon it. and the immense strength of the fort itself, is highly improbable. The despatches of Bragg are evidently only in keeping with the name of the author. We all remember the despatches of Captain Hollins, describing the great "victory" of the rebel fleet of tugboats over our naval squadron at New Orleans, and it is ex ceedingly probable that General Bragg is playing the Hollin's game over again. Wc are the more disposed to view it in this light, from the fact that the tight at Pensacola had been known to the se cessionists in Washington and Baltimore, for the last two days, and if it resulted in a victory for the rebel arms, they would certainly have given it a triumphant announcement long ago. Wc are, therefore, disposed to look upon the affair as a Union victory, and we think that when the facts reach us from authentic sources wc will be borne out in this opinion. A reconnoissance made yesterday by a portion of General Fitzjohn Porter's division towards Vienna, turned out unfortunately. It appears that while going through a detlle of woods , they were attacked in the rear by a galling fire from a body of rebels concealed in a house near at hand, and upon push ing on iuto open ground they met a large force of 300 rebel cavalry, and had to receive a severe fire of carbines and pistols. Our troops, who were commanded by Captain Bell, of the Third Pennsyl vania cavalry, were immediately thrown into con t'usiou, and fought their way for the time hand to hand with the enemy. They finally withdrew, and were met by Gen. Porter in person, coming up with reiuforcements, near Fall's Church. Forty-five of Captain Bell's force were missing. The number of killed and wounded is not ascertained. It appears that the confusion was caused by the fact that msnyof the horses were unused to the discharge of musketr) , and bccame unmanageable. With reference to the state of affairs on the Uppe-r Potomac, a letter from Pamcr.town, Md., dated yesterday, says that there arc no fixed bodies or rebel picket stations from opposite the mouth of Muddy run up to half a mile south of Goose credit. Above the creek, on the sideling, they have dug rifle pits and keep up a regular system of pickets of considerable strength. They Btill occupy the fort in view of Edwards' Ferry, and on Sunday displayed a full regiment in parade {ust below the fort. General G. W. 8mith, late of New York, still commands at Leesburg and surrounding country. The reports received by General Dix from the counties of Accomac and Northampton, in Eastern Virgiuia, yesterday, are most encouraging. That these districts have been restored to the Union is cortaiu. General Lockwood lias issued a procla mation enjoining all the civil magistrates to ex ercise their functions as usual in accordance with the law and the constitution. We publish to-day a fine map of the city of Nash ville. Tenn ? the newly selected capital of the j rebels -to which their Congress has now repaired. Rumors were prevalent in Louisville, Kentucky, yesterday, that John C. Breckinridge, with a large force of rebels, was advancing from Green river towards Ovensburg or Henderson, but the report was not generally credited. By the Bohemian, at Portland, wc have news of the sailing of a portioa of the French expedition to Mexico. It will be seen, from an article from the Paris Dvbats, given in the Hlrald, that the most important consequences an- expected l>y th ; European Powers from this movement toward? Amen- a a:. d the first "infringement" of tl.e Mon r>o do:'.riue. THIS NEWS. The Pulton, at this port, and the Bohemian, at Portland, yesterday, furnished us with news from Europe to the 15th of November? one day later. Cotton remained firm, at unchanged rates, in Liverpool. Breadstuffit were ijiwet nnd the prices unaltered. Consols rated in London, on tho 15th inst.. at 911 7? a 94. M. Fould, having assumed the ofH?-e of Minister of Finance of Prance, had presented his programme ol the new budget to the Emperor, who approved of it. There is a deficit of about two hundred mil lions of dollars in the treasury, which the London journals sit)- lias been caused by the excess of war forco which is maintained over the estimate pre sented at the early part of the year. The number of men voted for the army and navy was 391!, 000, but the number now in arms is half u million. A very interesting trial, involving the right of Victor Emanuel to take the naval property of Na pies, has just been closed in France. The King of Italy was defeated, as will be seen by the report published in the Hkrai.d to day. By telegraph from San Francisco we learn that the steamship Uncle Sam left that port on the 21st instant, for Panama, with $970,000 for New York. She would take on board at San Pedro six hundred United States regular soldiers and their officers. On the 24th there was an active speculation going on in sugar. Advices from Honolulu to the 12th of October had been received, with news from the Arctic whaling fleet. Tho average catch this season has been three hundred and seventy-five barrels. An address on " The Great Rebellion and the Constitutional Powers of the Government for its Suppression," was delivered last evening in the Brooklyn Academy of Music, before a large and fashionable audience, by the Hon. Henry Winter Davis, of Baltimore. Tho speaker was listened to with great interest, and was frequently applauded. The Hon. Schnyler Colfax, of Indiana, delivered a lecture last night in the First Baptist church of Hoboken, on "The Duties of Life." Patriotism and the support of the government, by whatever means in our power, he urged upon his audicnce as one of the very important of these duties. The number of vessels entered at the Cus tom House on Monday last, from foreign ports, was seventy-two. This number of en tries in one day was never exceeded but once, which occurred in April last, when the num ber reached ninety-one. It will be seen by refe rence to our reports of entries und clearances since tho commencement of the rebellion, that they exceed by far that of tiny corresponding pe riod in past years. Our exports contiuue to in crease in a still greater ratio, and as may be seen by a comparative statement published in our co lumns this day, are in excess of last year, thus far, of more than thirty millions of dollars. The Port Surveyor has seized tho schooners Ot tawa nud Otolaiua, both of which are owned by parties residing in the rebel States. The examination in the case of Spencer Pettus, who was arrested on suspicion of having been im plicated in the Winsted Bank robbery, was post poned yesterday by Justice llrennan, at the, re quest of the counsel for the prosecution. Two writs of habeas corpus have been applied for and discharged in this case already. It is expected that Pettus will bo seut forward to Connecticut on a requisition from the Governor of that State. George H. Cowel, a clerk in the empkn mcnt of Messrs. Bobbins, Royce & llare, of No. 70 Reado street, was arrested yesterday on a charge of having embezzled goods at various times amount ing in the aggregate to about $5,000. The prisoner, who has been living a fast life, confesses his guilt, and seems anxious to make all reparation in his power. Justice Brennan committed the defaulter to the Tombs. The Board of Supervisors h<*ld another meeting yesterday as County Canvassers, but owing to the tables not boing completed the totals were not given. Another meeting will be b<*ld at noon to day, when it is expectcd they will be able to com plete their labors. The jury in the United States Circuit Court were discharged by Judge Shipman yesterday from fur ther attendance until the tirst Monday in January next. The Judge, however, notified the bar that in the interim the Court would be open to hear motion*. The Vermont cavalry regiment, will arrive in thin city from Burlington to-morrow, by the Ilud son River Railroad. The horses will occupy sixty live cars, the men twenty, and twenty have been appropriated for baggage, making one hundred and five in all. It is said to be the tincst and most complete cavalry regiment thai has been raised in this section of the country. There is now uo doubt?and sufficient time lws elapsed since the sailing of the fleet to render the announcement safe -that the stone blockading squidron is destined tor the h;trbor of Charleston, 8. C. The intention of the government is probably to close the entrance to that port and destroy the business and prospects of that nest ogg of rebellion, the city of Charleston, forever. One of the reasons given for the sudde n depar ture of the bogus confederacy government from Richmond is the cutting oPf of their supply of oysters by bringing the shores of Accomac and Northampton counties, Va., into tlx- Union fold. Western Virginia? or what will probably soon be known as the State of Kanawha ? has done remarka bly well in raising troops to support the government In putting down the rebellion. That portion of the Old Dominion has now in the licld the following numVcr of men:? Regiments. Men. Infantry 12 8,840 Cavalry 3 2,808 Three artillery batterie? ? 358 Total 12,006 An election for a member to the federal Congress a? Washington will take place to-day in the Second district of North Carolina, in accordance with the proclamation of M. N. Taylor, the provisional Governor of the State. The cotton market was elated yesterday, and prices were from }?o. a 1c. per lb. htpher. The principal pur chasers wet? spinnerB, with some takers on speculation. Th? sales footod up from U ,7 ">0 a 4,000 littles, closing on the basis of a 28c. per lb. fjr middling uplands. Thi." is the highest price it has brought in thia market in a periid of thirty mx years The four market was ltea<l\ m;-i ofi-.'S without quotable change, although cniii.. sh'niing grades ware ra'her firmer. Wheat was active and firm, but wiih out quotable change in priccs. A part of the sales wore made to arrive. Corn was firm at the pievioua day's Tiotntinns, while p ales were tolerably active, both tor home use and lor export. Pork was heavy . and prices oncbanged: sales of men were mada at f 12 oo a $13. and prim* at (8 60 a fp. B?cua w?s active ?i'h pales at full price*. Itecf was also firm There whs rath?r moie doing in angara. with sales of about 4M> hbds. . 72 do tne ladu, 1,400 boxes and 4,400 lags, on terms g,>en it an other column. OfTee was r.rra, but <j ,iet freights wore rather easier, but tolerably active at the o ncession. Wked am) Wood. ? Wf have reason to believe that our late general article on Thtulow We?-d and Fernando Wood will be borne out by coining events. The Albanv Jovrml in leaning towards Wood in a very amiable ftvine of mind. In fact, since the developments of the Chicago Convention, the republican party is not big enough for Weed and Greeley. It fol lows that, os Opilyke is the man for Greeley, Wood is the ticket, for Weed. And why not? j Wood supports the government policy of 1 '?Honest Abe Lincoln" out-and-out. and so does ! Wot d. while Greeley and bis abolition clique ! Kick in the traces. Accordingly . we may ox pen th" solid conservative body of the rcpnl, ^ lica'.t, of thi: oity logo with We. ?d for Wood, j while i he Utile abolition clkpte of Greo!ey will ' bs left out in the cold with Opdylce. The Satunlc Klcmont of Abolition lit the Charter E lection. Aooording to the two great prophets and poet* of religion, Moses anil Milton, the first mighty rebel and destroyer of public peace that ever appeared on earth, by name Satan, made his magnificent entrance, in the earliest age of the world, into the Garden of Eden, previously the abode of happiness, concord and love, and by the simple introduction of the destroying element of abolition, produced a scene of dis order and destruction that have fatally reacted upon the wholo human family. The arch tempter was the flint abolitionist, and with the lying tale upon his lips that they were in slavery and ignorance; that their present feli city was as nothing compared with the delights of emancipation, induced the founders of our race to eat of the tree of knowledge of good and evil, that they might rise to a higher and impos sible level, and " be as gods." There has been scarcely a nation, from that time to this, beforo which the same diabolical delusion has not been presented, at some period of its his tory, misleading it into suicidal efforts to sacri fice existing prosperity for the sake of ima ginary good, and thus enticing it on to its own ruin and overthrow. Thirty years ago its germs began to appear on this continent, and in a shape similar to that which plunged Adam and Eve into misery, sought to raise the negro to the level of the white man, at the expense of every benefit that had been bequeathed to us by statesmanlike and patriotic forefathers, pav ing the way for the fearful excitement that has at last culminated in bloodshed and caruage, and menacing to change into a desert the great native Eden that had been looked to by the op pressed of the whole world, up to a recent epoch., as the city of refuge, and a haven of repose. The two principal organs of this devilish, destroying abolition element, in the city of New York, are the Tribune and the Evening rout. They have both been employed, for over fif teen years in misrepresenting the people of the South and of the North, respectively, to each other, and in endeavoring in every way to in culcate the infernal idea that the constitutional bond which unites them together, is a "league with hell and covenant with death" which ought to be rent asunder at whatever cost. No effort has been left unemployed by them; there has been no fabrication too atrocious, no for gery of correspondence, perversion of facts, or calumny of individuals so barefaced or menda cious that they have shrunk from it, provided it tended to excite the passions of their readers, and foster discontent with the beneficent in stitutions under which we live. They are in a great degree responsible for the convulsed state of the country at the present time, and at their door lies a large proportion of the respon sibility of the dreadful crisis through which it is passing. As a culmination of impudence and atrocity, they are now endeavoring, however, to cause tho great and conservative city of New York to identify itself with their nefarious aboli tion schemes, aud they have chosen the coming Mayoralty election as a fitting standpoint for their abominable machinations. This metropolis has been, at all times, noted for its eminently comprehensive aud national conservatism; its impartial fairness towards all sections of the republic alike; and afarsighted commercial policy which have caused it to eschew every element tiiut could impair its position as the great depot of trade for the American continent. When the war first broke out, the first national impulse exhibited itself here, and the first troops that were sent to Washington to avert invasion from the national capital, were despatched from New York. Yet, in the midst of this conflict, which has been car ried on with such prudence and wisdom by the administration, and upon the success of which depends the restoration of the integrity of the Union, and the salvation of the United States as a nation, the Tribune and Evening rost, huve, persistently thrown every obstacle in their power in the way of the government, cavilling with the measures it has adopted, and besieging it with clamors to arm the blacks of the South against their masters, and to prevent the possibility of the re-establishment of the guarantees of the constitution, by inaugurating an epoch of massacre and servile insurrection in the rebel States. They now come forward with a candidate for the Mayoralty, Mr. George Opd\ ke, individually a man of character and integrity, but under whose leadership they hope to consecrate tho principle that Irish and German labor must be driven from the market and the handiwork of emancipated slavds sub stituted in its place. The main object of the abolition conspirators of the Tribune and Pout at th?^ present conjunc ture, is so to complicate issues in the Northern States as to make it appear to the nation that New York endorses their emancipation schemes, in opposition to the President and the true interests of the country. Mr. Op dyke is merely the instrument whom they have chosen to accomplish this design. The majority of the inhabitants of this metro polis are conservative merchants, mechan ics and laborers, who have an interest at stake in maintaining the unity of the republic, and who cordially hate and eschew everything that savors of agitation of the slavery question. The Ewninj Post, the Trill' ft and their allies wish to make it seem to the country, by elect ing Mr. Opdyke, that the seventy thousand volerB who will go to the polls on Tuesday next, are willing to elevate the bondsmen of the South to a level with themselves, and drive out the Irish and German laboring population of the city for their benetit. The result will show that they cannot attain this wicked end. fly giving an overwhelming majority for Mr. Wood, whose national position is indisputable; of whose loyalty no one entertains a doubt; and who liits proved himself to be a sagacious and accomplished executive officer, the people of New York will demonstrate their appreciation of the trap that has been set for thom by aboli tion incendiaries, and confirm our metropolis in it:j proud position of a point of reunion, around which the South can rally, after the rebellion s-hall have been crushed out, and the Union have been restored to its pristine integriiy. . Ths Last Dodok ok Oik Anoi.rrios Nkws I'apkbs. ? Our readers are w> ll awaie that if anybody has been horrified at the lottery ope rations of Ben. Wood, Greeley is the man ; aud yet lie has ut last publicly enticed into the lottery businets himself, lie offers the prize of a gold pen to any one who will send in a batch of live subscribers to the H 'telly Tribune. This is the first step towards a gift newspaper concern on the lot; -ry py.-toin. At this rate, if the war should last t'x months long"!-, the | Ti llune, Tim < 9 and M '< rkl (for they are nil i down at the heel) will have to be 1'iued into i one concern. Should this thing happen, we suggest the title of ? the World, the Flesh and the Devil," ua the most appropriate name for the Abolition Holy Alliance Tire IVOKNDIARY PltESS OF NEW YORK. ? In yesterday's numbers of the two leading In cendiary journals of this city appeared two telegraphic despatches from Washington, both tending to embroil this country with all the Powers of Europe, and both so identical in sen timent and almost in language that there can be little doubt they emanated from a common source, and that source one of the numerous secession emissaries with which Washington is now filled. The despatch in the Trilnme la as follows: ?

Tin fUvoLcnomsTB at Wohk in Eimom.? Thoroughly trustworthy private letters frnm Europe contain the highly Important intelligence that the revolutionists of the Continent have madu tlio most ample preparations to seize any opportunity which a meddosouie intervention in the affairs of this country may give them. In Italy, Austria, Poland ami even France, mines are laid ready to tie sprung at a moment's notice. Should England trouble us she will be likely to cause a goneral conflagration. The despatch in the Timta runs thus: ? Tub Rivolutionists ix Ei*nop?.? letters recoived by private parlies in this country from their agents and cor respondents abroad, state thai tho European revolution i its are basing high expectations In behalf of their own plai'S on an anticipated intervention in Amorcan affairs by l'iiglaud aud France. They bellevo that such an event would be to them a favorable moment to strike a blow for European liberty, and that the active sympathy thus shown by England and Franco for slavery in the New World would swell tho ranks of the revolution by tho ad dition of large numbers of conservative men. Already socret societies had been organized In France, Italy, Aus tria, Hungary aud Poland with a view to this contin gency. It is very plain that the two foregoing an nouncements, in substance one, have proceeded flrom the same quarter. If there is any truth in the intelligence it goes to show that certain conspirators here are in league with conspira tors in every country of Europe to upset their respective governments, on account of their hostility to tho United Statos. The effect of this news, if believed by the crowned heads and statesmen of Europe, would be to unite them in a formidable coalition against this re public, like that which ultimately crushed the First Napoleon. In pursuing this course the incendiary abolition journals are only con sistent with their own antecedents and true to their own history. It was through their instru mentality thnt the emissaries of England have been so successful In sowing the seeds of na tional discord among us. They aided and abetted their propagandises in every shape and form, nnd finally played into the hands of the secessionists of the South, till the consumma tion so devoutly wished by the British aristoc racy was achieved, and seceasion became civil war. And now they are laboring to complete what they began, by inviting not only England, but France, Austria and all the Powers of Europe to go to war with us at this critical moment, by telling them that the American government and people are in league with the revolutionists of Europe to involve the Old World in one "gene, ral conflagration," and to make bonfireB of every throne. The Satanic journals say that the effect of a European war with us would be to secure to the Southern confederacy its indepen* dence. On their own showing, therefore, they are fomenting a war which will render the severance of the Union perpetual. And this was their programme from the beginning. They have never concealed from their readers that their object is to exterminate slavery; and they add that, if the war be not to accomplish this, every man who falls in the struggle is murder ed, and that, rather than see the Union restored as it was founded by Washington and the patriots of the Revolution, they would prefer a final separation, and a Northern republic, consisting wholly of States without a slave in them. Such is their programme, and they calculate that a war with all Europe would hasten its accom plishment. It is true that these journals have only a limit" ed influence. They have been reduced in their cireulation by one-half of late?cut down ip size and expenditure ? some of them resorting to gift lotteries to retain the remnant of their old subscribers, or to get new ones in place of those who arc so rapidly dropping off. Tet they may do a considerable amount of mischief, and, like other incendiaries, they ought to be arrested before the harm is done. Rtiymond' therefore, and Greeley, and all the joint stock philosophers of the Tribune ought to be sent to winter quarters at Fort Warren, to play cards with Mason, Slidell and their two secretaries. Imtortaxt Nkwspapbr Facts kor thi: Pko ri-K. ? Greeley, like the Baron Munchausen, gof's it with enthusiasm in producing his important facts for the people. But ho differs from the Baron in singing the fame song over and over, whether the people will listen to him or not Yesterday, for example, according to his own peculiar ideas of veracity, he reiterates it as the gospel truth that some time ago James G. Bennett, editor-in-chief of the Herald, received a secession fag from South Carolina, and had it bung over his private door, &c. This is awful. But we can state some facts concerning Greeley npon which we could convict him before a jury of his own choosing. Before this war broke out Greeley & Co. were in the receipt of con tributions to the extent of three or four thou sand dollars a year from the South to aid the schemes of the secessionists through the Satanic abolition element of the North; Greeley has a lot of shirts the raw stuff of which was pro cured from a Southern secessionist; he rats South Carolina rice in preference to New York Uominy; he has Carolina sece.-h potatoes some times privately cooked in bis kitchen; he eats his boiled pork seasoned with secession mo lasses, and he consumes early secession straw berries and tomatoes with the gusto of a rebel vegetarian. He esteems the flour from the mills of Richmond as better than that from Roches ter, and Virginia secession hams as far supe rior to the swill-fed bacon of our Northern dis tilleries. Is not Fort Lafayette the proper place for such a gormandizing traitor? Who can explain the clemency of Hoiest Abe Lin coln in reference to this dyed-in-tbe-wool seces sionist, Greeley? Tei-F-grath Blcndbks.? The telegraph has enough to answer for in manufacturing ground less excitements for others without going into that business on its own account. Yesterday it threw the bears in Wall street into ecstaciee by making our Washington correspondent say that the estimates of the appropriations called for by the requirements of government for the next llscal year amounted to "one thousand and sixty millions of dollars.'' Let there be deducted from this startling total the sum of nine hundred millions, and there will remain what our corresponded stated to be the amount of next year s estimates, just one hundred and ? 'xty milllona? neither more nnr less. For a na t'i-u engaged in crushing out the most gigantic rebellion on record, this sum is a more bagatelle. New Yokk Financier w Leaqcb with Secbb. 8ION? - MoYKJlfc.NTS IN FOKLIOK ExClUNOK. ? Wall street was a little astonished tbo other day at witnessing the financial phenomenon of a rise in the rate of foreign exchange, in face of a commercial movement which, according to all recognized rules iu such matters, should have caused the rates to fall. But tbore is an easy explanation of the matter. It so happens that, with scarcoly an exception, tho dozen firms in this city which control the business of foreign exchange arc, to a greater or less degree, deeply 'mbued with secession sentiments. British, French, German, American, they are all open to that same charge. Their aggregate capital is probably some ten millions of dollars, and tho business which they transact upon it is very large and profitable. Of course, the higher they can put up the rates of exchange, the greater are their profits. Tho more the difficulties of the government are magnified, tho belter thoir chances of profits. They aro, therefore, from the very nature of their business, as well as from their commercial, public and social relations, sympathizers with the South in this rebellion. They generally entertain sentiments on the subject similar to those which prevail in Fngland, and would not be at all averse to seeing the Union permanently dis solved. In that event the currency and trade of the country would be injuriously affected, and the rates of foreign exchange would conse. quently be enhanced. They therefore lose no opportunity that promises any chance of weaken ing confidence in the government, and thus cre ating a financial panic. For, although they work for a rise, and the bears on the Stock Ex change operate for a fall, the objects of both are identical. The last movement of these dealers in foreign exchange was, by concert among themselves, to run up, on Monday last, the rate of exchange on London to 109%. Owing to the balauco of trade being so much in our favor, the rato has fluctuated for some time between 107 and 108. The point at which we can make a profit by im porting gold from Europe is 107%; that at which it will pay to export it from here is 109%. The regular rpar value is 109%. It will be thus seen that these foreign exchange dealers managed to get up the rate, last Mon. day, to within one-half of one per cent of the point at which the export of gold from here would set iu. The object of that movement was to embarrass the government, by withdrawing specie from the banks, thus interfering with the lo an, and promoting, in a proportionate extent, the prospects of the rebels. In this they are backed by the cotton men and rebel sympa thizers in England and France. The move ment, however, could not possibly, in the pre sent relations of our import and export trade, succeed, and the rate fell back yesterday. Where our exports for the last two weeks amounted to $7,000,000. and our imports to but half that sum, all such puny efforts to create financial trouble must be doomed to failure. Nevertheless, it might be well to look after this thing. Congress meets next Monday, and as Mr. Chase has had liis attention called to this matter he will undoubtedly suggest some pre ventive measures. Among them might be such a still further increase of tariff duties as would prohibit the importation of foreign goods, and thereby keep, under all circumstances, tho bal ance of trade in our favor. These financiers on the Stock Exchange and in foreign exchange will bear looking after. Tub Tribune's Defence ok Fremont ? Indi rect Attack on the Government. ? The Tribune of yesterday contained a very long and elabo rate defence of General Fremont, in the shape of an editorial article, which is an indirect at tack on the administration, and particularly on the President, who assumed the responsi bility of removing him. Now that Mr. Lincoln has set his foot down, what can be the object of discussing the mat ler day after day, backing up the discarded General and reflecting upon the government? The only object is to in flame the public mind and to excite mutiny and rebellion against the President and his Cabinet, by holding up Mr. Fremont to the world as a political martyr. But in his lengthy article of two columns and a half Greeley not only fails to make a good case for Fremont, but fully confirms the charge made against him of want of military capacity. It is clearly demonstrated that his plan was only playing the game Price, McCul loch and the other Confederate generals de I sired. Had not his army been quickly recalled it would have been all lost. But to abolition journalists, who are very brave at a long dis tance from the enemy, this seems a matter of small account. Indeed, the sacrifice of an army may be according to their theory, a very good thing. They managed t-i have one routed and demolished at Bull run; and if one or two more disasters like that could be brought about they calculate the result might be that we would then have a government with only one ey^cm of labor, and that all free. That is their dream, and they care little whether the government be great or small Hence they denounce all the generals who will not chime in with them ? for inManee, Minefield, Sherman, Hunter and Il.illeok ? and they are continually creating di.-uftVction and throwing embarra^ments iu the way of the President, lest i he should succeed in restoring the Union and j the constitution, with all their covenants and I compromises. What Greeley & Co. want is a j war of emancipation, involving servile insnrrec [ tion and such horrors as have never been wit nessed on earth before or since the scenes of Pi. Domingo. These mutineers ought to be put in straight jackets and sent to a lunatic asylum, or board and lodging ought to be procured for them in some of Uncle Yarn's strongholds. It is dangerous to leave them at large. Tiie Phodhy Candidate. ? What is shoddy? It is a counterfeit cloth made of pulverized old rags. How does shoddy wear? It dissolves under a soaking rain, like a coat made of old newspapers. For further particulars inquire of our New York Volunteers, or of George Op dyke, shoddy inspector. "Wood and Opdvke on the War.? What has Wood done for the war? He has sent off a regi. ment of Union soldiers. What haa Opdyke doner He was one of the committee concerncd in the shoddy inspection business. Vote for Wood. Tbf Tasi tro Recitations.? Thin even, eg Mr. Tasistro will pire one of hi* most popular entertainment* at Deri worth's Hull, which cannot fail, under the peculiar cir cumslaui't-s iu wlilch he now appears before the public, to uttraet general attention. Mr. Tanistroj-eeitea on this occuiwi the whole p!ay of "Hamlet,'' which performance was the subject of so much cojnir.i nt oni eulogy on tho partoith) pi ?-* last winter. Theso eutuitainments, rs I wo remark' .hi' r<<, v, air. ng tlio most intellectuul and j tti? mcrt oxtruortli .ry wer ofl >o l to tlio Now fork I publfc r?iaark?b!.> n'oov. nil for the dramatic effect mid ' powci sol' wmi j y e>.iubi',.d by the swomplisUoila. list I 0*** POLXTXCS. ountheRta?kan^ratipicat10n meet. A ISlVr RL7n?^a*rJo7^ r?" BYTa" ??? Si th> ' "ESSiK: r.V!Ut0r?a>r 0V9nl,,* * ratification meeting of c n, ?Z'1T' "?"* ?" however, reprint I ?a"y' N0M ?f ,h? wield tl/o U rrt the ClM* "f used f the ?id ***??? utu# there wore numerous bands m , "rucee'"u?*. expended In diaohanrln - ' flU ity of powder often awakened tho erhooa" r"gT B"n Wl"Ch h<la "? tho glassy ln th0 r f Tamman. and shook ued by the .ppolnSof Mr Du T"?' ^ made a short gpoech. judge tU* ct)alr. who cuse for absence from James T nrn?i , e1*'1 * lc,ter ?f ex tleman stated that Mr Wood1. ^12 y? '" wljleh this gen Mozart nomination |?r Mayor romm w TC' opt'"lcc of ">? i'or in which Richard III L3 he , li hlJu "r ttl0 ">?n crown, after paving h.? way t9 r,HU;'e'1 l" ?PCeP? <?? no ^other alternative. (Choirs Hudr^ri! .'Vlu* lh# peoplu Mr. Tomlumui was tW ,if '?* uf " ? >'r>g" ") He regretted to say that the neooia n?? "" Ino,,tln? learn experience from tho past Th i ?""'J??'1 "? X ^zzxdr0* v,,: s?* ?>& a s,Xt: ;ie;arm zz ,2r dK should be ? ^vlLll, rftnfmrt ,w"lch tU*y ?nighty continent? a govern men t^for"^* * W,ht'ltf alul raised a temple to libert* ?nH ? P??P'?- Tkey that sacred tempi# waa Carroll ?!?"?% T * 'm ralrtB<' man. Thut temple of libert^ hfi ??rrolltou, an Iriah The constitution Haell was founfu!i compromwud. compromises. Amo aThoieen l ou. tha Principle of gave equality to . he lSw .n^ t ^ t'Cr wht0h botween Justice and me rev a Jl? : a con>Prorui?? the rainbow in -varied aa the univerao. Our fathers formed ? 9?mPrfthen?ive aa Other parties raised themselves Into d''no0ral'0 Party . were partios of concession. Andrew llZu"''' !.' t'"r were th* leaders of the rn L; k""" allrt n?T they wore for compromises but m.t nB'1 Slavery was not th. ca,u,7of thiwa Z reisned at this time at one rod ?.f7ifc speaker was compelled to take l,r?nh r , u ll1* moment ho was alino t exhausted)-!" ui?, ?*? b '!>? cause, but it wu the nrele*t i.r ?i.? uo' second Krten they wero assailed by atollt^'atom11 "i* took possession ol tho pulpit and the Drew. ? .!* a power in the country, and rn . a m^i. JL to U party rose up under rt/e title of fr?. L !rV u! T?1'0 the happiness up to that time enioyrd bv I e Lmla" ?n.? sought to raise themselves inh wwnr / abolitionism a handle to aid them in thV^r rr, ,? 1 .* psiilSES!# mrngMm washere made for volunteer speak^atogo lh3 8lreo,> whera a large sr. rr > *assi 'ts, or? ?ii:~ r,u ? file' l a'"' 8!?pf>B| 8hJuld "ul,e iu'c'oct ing t henomlm' g^5 the demooratic party. Who were lhademoorat. 2 d IhJ. their organist, on/ When Mozart Hall nominated oneof most designing republicans for District Attorner u .leo* parly (Cheert 7V? H'?"* ,? a!'-V party, itueera.) ^o democrat c part y had a rl?hi >.? nominate to oUlce any opponent of their /arty f( wg J If they stood together in this contott and ? uccoeded the'? ordirng?nrf?"h thb ('"n(!cral Part>' r* establish peace and lit} go_ down, ba ore ho would s>e nil tliu t wis w >r?h walkBwXi rh0'?iDg i f?r, SU"k in,? 11,8 <';,rth. would walk with the feet ot desolation over the .-keith fC'beera l W hr:, r"1' a,n mil |? within , or to enewtia without, he would burn down the habitations of thn i..nj and level the homes of the people to the ear", H w^ld' or rt.'i!iT" "orth wind to visit them with ?he lev hand j, ,1?, nifi l,'tss',:t9 01 >'*?" * ???y emerge; that on tha iof! 'f PWeMo'wHh KKJJr r^m^ab^'^brow'iXj KT,vr "jar,1 m "? "? js ? Frequent calls were made for (ienoral WAiniuroii, who on oreseiiHi.fi. ?_ . of the platform, w as .Wi, oTw^ th "o % ?S! lwsition prevented Oen. Walbrldge from Snt hS??l f'enora? aS^Vamo^ (the.'rsTnd laughter!) n",sl """ ?? Preserved**' .r"dcoSandAabgS.rb^akur*d "" Three cheers for fluntlicr were then given followed h. S Fernando Wood, after whidf the moctTug dl. THB TAXPAYERS' ASSOCIATION. RATIFICATION MECT1KO OP QKOKtiE OPDYKK FOB MAYOR. A large, respectable and highly influential meeting of citizens in favor of Opdyke for Mayor was held last even ing in the Cooper Institute. Mr. James Gallatin was ap pointed Chairman, and, in accepting the position, he made a speech in favor of Mr. Opdylcc for Mayor, crltt I cising the official acts of Mr. Wood, f,nd reading tho cor respondence between him and the t.'aitor Senator Toombff. of Georgia, on tho subject of tho Seizure of arms last win ter in this city on their way to tli ? rebellious State?. lie Lad no doubt that the Mayor would, if ho had had the power, have forced the city to join the traitors. Ho ap I e il 'd to the citizens of New York to rescue their city from the hands of worse than trait^s, r. *tor<> capacity and honesty in the admiutetiati inof tie municipal ^ov ernnient. am! shov. themselves worthy <.f republican in stitutions. T<> do this they must select th>> l- at men for public office. No man, he said, had more artfully de ceived the jxople than Mayor Wood. Ho l; ol appealed to the worst passion? of the poor, encouraged traitor? and squandered the publii mon> > . willing the city taxo*. So long as his influence prevailed there could be no im provement iu the state of afi'a I j ?? . 'their only hope of relief lay in. filling Wood's n'ace wl'h a a grodmiin. That nun wa* Mr. Opdyke. (Loud and continuous cheers.) He had commenced life a poor bor, and owed his present high position to his hon'sty, indt.i-.try and treat capacity. Ho had already served tho public at Albany. In hint they should h.ive a Ma. or who would administer the go vernment without rear or favor. (Applause.) In honor ing and ele^ tiling him the;, honoi . ?' e\ ? :y ; nor boy. and stimulated him to like efforts. George Opdvke v as, iu line, a man wIiofo character was free from r-'proach. (Applause.) An address or statement. of the Nominating Com mittec was read to the audience by Mr. John Living ston. A report tf the convention of or.e hundred and twenty delegates 10 nominate a candidate for the Mayor alty was presented, naming Hon George Opdyke for that otllct,and asking that the nomination tie unanimously ral lied. The report was adopted and the nomination ratilied unanimously. Mr. CBiri?Ni>fN was introduced to sud addressed the ineMing. l'he great quest Ion before tho meeting, and to be settled ncil week by the ballot, was not one of party. It waa whether the people would S' cnr# the honest ad ministration of th'ir municipal aflkirif. For several yearn this city has be- n governed s ibstantially by one man and his clique; and it was rccogntod all over the world a? the most abominably governed and pe/sistently robbed city in the world, ilie speaker had h v< r lis i but ?uo official interview with Mr. WooO. With the estremest politeness he reforred bim to his Street (omm'ssioner. aud on ap proaching that magnate. he informed by a third party that the Street Commit-. . nor'* signature, whi< h bo wanted, could be had for $2,500. He demurred to that, and sub.-equently procure I ih? sigruttiroof the official, by taking him in a mellow roii'titlon after dinner, aiid adding a b*skci of good wine. (Laughter.) H? would not say that any of the wine ever' reached Mayor Wood# table. There was one wav of p itting o stop to municipa abuse, and that was "by defeating i'ernando Wood auit putting ill his placo George Opdxke. (Applause.) 'ih'? cleansing of the city from the corruptions of ita munici pal government waa but secondary m 'mportance to tho crushing out of the rebellion in the ifuul. This infa mous go\ ernmeut of i he cltj. of New York must he put down. If not put down by votes.it will ultimately bo ) ut down bv bullets. (Cheers.) 'there it no alternative, jree men will not liv'ch longer put up with the robber j , the corruption, tt\e infamy which have (iistrraced the city government for tho last live year*. Ha believed that tho time was coming when the property holders of the city would find themselves completely impoverished, if it speedy change did cot lake place. In conclusion, ho strongly supported the election of George Opdyke. Ill* remarks were frequently applauded. Mr. IIiram Kmnimwas the ne?.t speaker. The besl means, he declared, of defeating Fernando Wood was by supporting George Opdyke. The meeting broke up about ten o'olock. MR. J011N KERR DKCLINI^S THE NOMINA TION' FOR MAYOR. At a meeting of the People's I nion snl Kent favors' Organization, held last evening. ?? IctU r was re. ivedfrom Mr. John Kerr, declit eg the uomlnalion for Mayor which had been tender" I i m bv that body. Mr. Ron alette. will ho fotind under th - roiliica'." hta.l oi tur tdv*; iia ing col tun , on tb? flf'h i a^e.

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