Newspaper of The New York Herald, November 30, 1861, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated November 30, 1861 Page 2
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THE EXPEDITION TO MEXICO. Bailing of the Expeditionary Force of England, France and Spain for Vera Cruz. The Tripartite Indictment and Treaty Against that Republic. Threatened Abrogation of the Monroe Doctrine. Dangers to Republicanism on the American Continent Reported Secret Convention Be tween France and Spain. STRENGTH OF THE ALLIED NAVY AND ARMY The Gulf Cities to Be Occnpied, and a March to the Capital Un dertaken if Xfecessary. A Bourbon or a Bonaparte Recommended is Viceroy for the Republic. TRADE Of THE PORT OF VERA CRUZ. SKETCHES OF THE ALLIED COMMANDERS. Relations of Mexico with the United States. HAP OF THE GULF SLOPE OF TOE REPUBLIC, &c.. &c.t &c. The allied fleet of England, Francc and Spain, destined to act against Mcxico lor, an alleged in Europe, a redress of the injuries and losses in. flioted on and sustained by these governments and their subjects at the hands of the people and cabinets of the republic, has already sailed from the naval ports of the three kingdoms for this side of the Atlantic. It is expected that the united force will assemble at Havana between the 15th and 20th of December, immediately after which its commanders will commence operations? naval, military, diplomatic am! fkiancial? in the Gulf and on the soil of the Gulf cities of Mexico. In view of the va9t importance which attaches to this movement? not only in its present *wpect, but its future probable results? as constituting a first and direct infringement of the Moneoe doctrine, threatening the very existence of ? sifter republican constitu tion. and likely to vitally aR?t ii? mtegrity of ,th? republican form of government, not OliTy S Ijwuco^ buj in the different States of Central and Booth AmeKca, we publish in the Herald this morning a historical compilation, exhibiting the various causes which have conduced to the incep tion and completion of the tripartite treaty under which the foreign Powers are about to act. This statement is accompanied with a map of the Golf slope of Mexico, which shows the area ol the territory of the republic, its principal harbors, its bearings and relations to the United States along our Texan frontier, as well as the course of the march of our army from Vera Cruz to Mcxico city daring the war between our government and thut of President Santa Anna in 1846 and 1847 . The written resume embraces the following points:? First The complaint or indictment of England, Fiance and Spain against Mexico. Seumi? Tim circumstances attending the dismv-sal of the Spanish Ministor, Senor Pachoco, by President Jnaret. Thira?Tbe flight of ex-President Miramon from Mexico to Havana, and thcnce to Spain, aud his reaction ary policy abroad. fourth ? The attempt made by President Juarez to strengthen Mexico by closer bonds of diplomacy with the United States. Fjigland's tactics to prevent the realisation of the design. Sixth? An official statement of the foreign debts of Mexico in 1S60 Srurn'li? Kngland's propagandism of the Idea of a foreign invasion. Eiyhth? Tier recommendation of a throne and a Bourbon or Bonaparte King for Mexico. Ninth ? Tlie speech of Queen Isabella of Spain to the Cortes on the subject. Tenth? A copy of the treaty of alliance, with a reported secret article between France and Spain. Flixnth? The naval and military allied forces intended for the Gulf, an>l now in South America ready for co operation ? in ships, guns and men. Twelfth ? A statement of the trade of the port of Vera Crns, its import* and exports of goods and precious metals for the yoar 1860. Thirteenth ? The state of relations now existing betwoen the llnitei State* and Mexico. Fburle itfi ? Biographical sketches of the European ofhoert eoiami j -iuned to conduct the mission of the Allies. THE ENGLISIT STATEMENT OF TITS CASE, The British public and press regard the r ciion of their government, m determining on au armed lut jrvrmtiou agai?*t Mexioo, with much satisfaction. They argue that it 1* bvh time for England to bestir her?clf" f'T the pur pose of putting it atop to the upoiialicm ae<: cruettio* !b flictod on British subjects by the feeble brigand! whs carry ou what is called tho pnvernment 01 Mexico, The titstory of modem times, they iay, afford: no oncli icmtauoe of fl.igi! >us breach of ' eatrs and thorough disr<^\.:il of national and othor eng.. , enicntg as have csen presented i>y the conduct pursac 1 in that wealthy b t dlaorganlted fejiubllc. Thirty yes. a Fiaoe the n'-wly fnrmcd gftrern ennnt o( Mexico entered lr to a commorciM treaty with Kuglund, under which pt nectlon of the persons and pro perty of British s.ilij.'i ts wag gappoacu to bo guaran teed. l'pon the faith of these engagements, voluntarily cntored into on thu part o[ the Mexicans, Britinh subjects invested a laige amount of capital, and lent to the government a sum of about sixty millions of dollars. During tho yearn which immediately tailored the achievement of ber Independence in 182S, It was scarcely to be expectod that the new republic would have been free from those occasional interruptions and political dis turbances to which all young governments aro liable, and many of the hindrances to the operations of commerce which wore occasionally experienced during the struggles of political parties wore patiently endured, in the reasona ble expectation that they would prove but of temporary dnration, and that eventually order apd consolidation -would take place. Theso anticipations have, unfortunate ly, nevor been reulized. The condition of Moxtue him gone on from bad to worse, and to political agitation has succecded a stai* of oompleto social disorganization V'or the last three years '.here has been nothing like a government in the country, and thuae who have assumed to exorcise supreme powers hare been among the foremost In acts of lawlessnees and fpMwr/, '0??? expended the performance of obiija t tvag ? m>n* ?" I solemnly entered into toward forolgn creditor*; they repeatedly seized tho funds specifically approprlaie > erc.iitors, and committed outrages against right and jus tice without numbor. A recent leltsr from Mexico, published In an English paper, contains the following passage in allusion to the atrocities everywhere being committed throughout t ?? ropubllc Events in their peculiar line are and becoming more notorious in this country. ThK (October) they have bien somowhat raised in oha uUer from those of the last, Instead of k dnappln and holding tor ransom, wo bavo had, as leu Ung topics, open, barefaced plunder of entire populati ?a, varied on some occasions by wholesale destruction of property and mas acre. Instead of only lice . < savage warfare iu tho murder of opp wing ohiufs, we lmve beard tho cry of "Death to foreigners" ralsod, and . jaen the mangled remains of one victim carried ^ the grave, and foreigners In consequenco drawing near U> tacn otbor and arming for self defence. Witbin a single twolvemonth as many as twenty-throe Englishmen have been murdered, and several othurs, in cluding the Captain of the Valorous, a British ship-of-war, narrowly esc iped with their lives. To suoh lengths w&3 this conduct carried that the Bullish and French Minis ters felt themselves compelled to break off - all diplomatic Intercourse with the chaotic Mxlcan government. Thore Is no excuse whatever, argues the linglisb press, I to be offered for those flagitious acts and persistent dis honesty of the Mexican republic. They have a country rich beyond most others in all that can give wealth and prosperity to a pooplo. Fortunately placed as are many of tho South American republics, so far as tho gills of na ture are concerned, there is not oue which is so favorably circumstanced as this " wretched and misgoverned Mexico." During a few years or the last century tho country affords sn instauce of the great reverses whic may bo there realized. Its mines are more productive than those of other regions, because they arc more ac cessible. The refusal to liquidate the just debts due to foreigners does not, say tho English claimants, arise from I any lack of the means of doing so; nor m i.it the blamo j of the dishonest and nefarious conduct of successive rulers bo laid upon the Mexican people genorally. The great bulk Of the people llnd themselves i*>worless in the bauds of the brigands and rubbers, who seize ujion tho I reins of government, und who sanction, when they do not originate, deeds of violence and treachery which are a disgrace to the present century. The opinion that it has bocome the .Inly of the government or this country (England) to inter loro for the protection of life and property is one which I1". wide .pread, "*.d will meet \i itb the hearty support of tli I'riti'h iieople. In sending an armed rorco to the Gulf, tho lulling merchants of London, Liverpool, Manchester and Glasgow have i urged tho government to It ; and, as one of the leading English papers says, " tho govern ment which has at its head the same noblo lord who employed British force Tor the protection or British interests in the affair of Don l'acifico? whose boast it is that the prestige or the old Roman shall cling to the Eng lishman in every land? could hardly have refused to lu terfero in the much larger case of Moxlcan repudiation robbery and murder." HISTORICAL BtntOSPKCT OF THE CAUSES OF THB ALLIANCE. The Idea or an armed European expedition agalnat Mexi co, for tho alleged purpose of enforcing payment of the debts due to the British bondholders, and obtaining repa ration for violence said to have beon done in the plunder of money from the house of tbe British Minister In Mexi co city ? was openly broached in the London journals in the month or December, 1860, and found much Uvor in the eyes of tbe people. It was then averred that the principal of the cash loaned by Englishmen to tlicMexi cans amounted to flrty-two millions or American dollars, and that these foreign creditors had agreed to accept of a reduced rate of intcrost? three per cent, the mero product of existing investments in consols? In consideration of a guarantee that the payments ehould be conducted with regularity in future. I s>me short t ime previously , Com m inder Aldham . or tbe British war steamer Basilisk, reached tho Guir with ordota to look after the paymeut or this dobt. He found Vera Cruz, with other towns on the coast, In possession of Juarez trnd bis Cabinet, tiooeral Miramon holding power in Mexico elfy as President or tho republic. Although the English Charge, Mr. Matheir, was accredited to the Miramon government, the capUtt ot $hc Basilisk entered into financial negotiations with Juarez al Verw frus, and obtained from him drafts to the amount or aboil? million or ddlat* Tor the use and benefit of the bond holder*. Tbcae draffs could be cashcd in Mexico fliry nniv, nnd thither they were fstt, addressed to the repre ?gi;tiV? ?f <fyg?n Victoria. Tins gentleman had them converted into dollars but here ho encountered a serious difficulty. Owing to the state of tho country be could not forward so much specie to the coast for export with any dsRf,e of safety, nor coald beget it insured except at such ,,, enormous rate of premium as would render the bargain ruinous. lie therefore placcri the cash in the ??strong room' ?f the official "residence, secured it with lock and key affixing the seal of Croat Britain cn tbo door. Finding soon after that he could not maintain dlplo mat- relations with Miramon. Mr. Charge Mathow with drew from Mexico city and retired to .lalapa. This event took place towards the close of TttCO. Scarcely hid the minister withdrawn wheu a party of men, acting uuder government authority, maruhad to his late residence, forced opeo the doors, entered the -strong room' and took away the million or dollars. Siuce i hat period a general irritation against Mexic o 1ms ( prevailed among the capitalists of England, and the hostile leeliug has been gradually oommnnlcared to iho masses by means of letters, cd.tonsl articles and reported speeches published in the pr-s.-. The bondholders ?s ^erted that, this money would have paid them ono balf vearly dividend at least, and that by the action of the Mexican Executive they were deprived of this nt a mo went when tho payments for fourteen hall years remain ed due. WHAT FRANCE ALLEGES. The government of franco, in behalf of its treasury , and the pockets of some French capitalists, claimed at, this time a sum of money from the Mexicans exei>cdi"g by a little one-half of that duo to the Koglirh creditor*. This cotild not be had, or would not be fiven if In hand; go thnt we find France had the same sort of financial indict merit against tbe people of tbe^republic lis Kngland. i'mding the public mind of both countries in au ozcited tone on the matter, the English and French governments commenced to seriously discuss the proposition of A FORHIGK PROTECTORATE for Menieo. In the month or December, 1K60, Napoleon put forward the plea of this money duo . and payment refused, to Krcnch subjects, while both part ice. perhaps, agreed that the moment of the realization of civil com motion and the approach of civil war in the United State* was a most favorable one for them to make a bold at tempt for the obliteration of the "Monroe doctrine,'' as w< U us for obtaining a foothold on the continent) bulb in Mexico and the States of Central Ameru a. Tbe scheme was rapidly matured, both in 1-ondon ami ; l'aris. It was made known to the government in Wash- ! mgten early iu January of 1861 , and itb outlines revealed to the people of I nited ?tjKes through the N?w Yobs Huui.n, in tbe form of a special communication from that city, published in our columns on the 26th of that month. Juarez ir*? thon la full power in Mexico city , lie having entered the capital on the 11th of .lenuary. Whit was ten ied the ' church partjr" was dispersed, utid the " foreigners" w?re highly elated. None exhibited this feel inf. rnoro openly than the French residents, a?, evi. deuce of which we tnay uenUon that the subjects of Na poleon etil 'rtairod Juarea, General Orieja the other members of tbe Cabinet, and all tbeetfcbiities of tbe "constitutional pa^Ti" atajrraiid benqnet on tliel.'i h of January. Pr?cldetit Juarez was greatly elated at all this, while Miromun Bad from the neighborhood in com pany with Inidro Diaz, his chief adviwer. Diaz was arretted soon afterward*. Miramon himself making a wonderful esi ? by a bold dash into I he woods. Pia< was senteaced tote shot; but his execution was p<*t .puned in censequencc of appeal* made to .luar?i by the wlfeof Miramon, who wailed on him personally w itb this intention. THE INSULT TO SPAIN. At this period the real difficulty with Spain may be said to have commenced in Mexico. j On the 12th of January President .1 usees suddtnly sent their passports to the Spanish Ambassa dor. Senor Pacbeco; tbe Pope's fcunu<<, sod tit* romteters of tbe republics of Ecuador and Gua temala. The dismissal of tbe lost three named gan lltmen circled very little excitement, but the course adopted towards the Spanish Minister produced quite a furor in the city. The Spaniards lasted themselves Into a porfeol rage, and declared that the "insult ' given by Juarez to the repre outat . ve of tbe Quean was tantamount to r. declaration of war against old 8p?n herself. Juarez no* made an eCTort to recall the passports; but Senor Pacbeco, of Spain, absolutely refused to return. U will thus he seen U>M tliq blow timed bj jaarjj at the "church party," us It wan termed, In the person of the Spanish Ambassador, as \ve!l fin a claim of debts duo unto the Spanish convention, afforded Queen Isabella a pretext for joining with England and France tn an/ fu ture operations against Mexico Thus, in Jauuary last, the influencing ca'tses urging these three Euroi>ean powers to action against that coun try may be claused thus: ? Ej.tji.ahd. ? Tho demands of her subjects for a stringent collection of the moneys due to them under government protection, 08 well aa tho vindication of lior authority, outraged by the attack on and "robbery" of the house of bur Minister in tlia oity of Mexico. Kiuirtm ? A desire to have the debts du? by Mexico, both to her subjects and the government, paid ni>?<'dily, and before England would exhaust the revenues of l"? reimbllc in satisfaction of bnr own claims. Si'ain? Iniiaued by tho dismissal of her Ambassador by Juarez, wishing to heal her wounded honor, insure tho safety of Uor Kubjt^'ls, and obtain payment of moneys; while it may bo .safely asserted that the whole of Tbs Turk* Forkkin Powrrs thought the timo tni'Mt opportune for a demonstration to l>? rau'ie, with tho ulterior objoct of preventing the turritoiial expansion of the United Stales, as well aa impugning, u not violating, our territorial Integrity. POLICY OP MEXICO WHEN ACCUSED. J BRITISH PROPOSITION TO TUB JUAREZ GOVERNMENT. England moved drat, and moved on the spot. On the 17th of January last Mr. Matliow. the English Charge, proposed to Juarez that government should ray back the EnglUli money roferrod to above within sixty Ave days, apologize for its seizure ? as he hod now ilio chief authority ? and roprlmand Gonecal Garza for haviug taken very latoly at Tatnpico another sum surrendered to the English Consul by General Degollado. Mr. Matliew was still at Jalapa, and Juarez ? moved maiuly by the ad vlco of Senor Ooainpo, his Minister of Finan< "?paid little if any attention to his plan of adjustment , and so the matter may be said to have been "laid over" tor solution at a future period. A CHANGE IN TIIE MEXICAN CABINET. Mexico in the mountline uoutinued agitated aud convulsed as usual. The advent of Juarez to supreme power brought no peaco to tho country; ho wo find that about the 1st of February, 1861, ho was nominally at the head of affairs in Mexico city, while Marquez, M ia, Cobos and other military men carried on the war in various provinces, and '/.ulouga proclaimed himsolf President somewhere in Oaxac*. Certain acts of Juarez soon rondered him un popular; so ho changed his Cabinet as a means of official safety. The NEW MTNJ 3TKB8 wero Foreign Affair? Zarco Var Goiizale* Ortega. Justice Ramirez 1'ublic Worts AU7J? Treasury I'rleto. Government Ogazou. It was thought that this selection would have formed a good working Cabinet, if not a very strong one, and tho cry of the foreign creditors for compulsory pressure on Mexico abated in consequence. CHANGE OF THE GOVERNMENT AMD A NEW PRESIDENT. The government was not stable, however, and an election for President and Deputies to Con gress was ordered. The result of the con test was tho elevation of Senor Lerdo de Tejada to tho office of chier magistrate. This gentleman bad re sided in the United titates for a considerable period, and was reputed, by the American and other foreign resi dents in Mexico, to be the most distinguished btutesnian of whom the country could boast, and the liberal iileas of government which he contracted in this country were very serviceable to him in his new station. During his resi 'once here his chief desire was to bocome intimately aoipinintcd witb our laws, institutions and language, and his career ?s Minister of Public Works and Secretary of the Treasury under the Juarez administration in Vora Cruz main pod him as a man of more than ordinary ability. His cordial desire was always to reconcile Moxic > and the United State.', and to develops those grand sources of wealth, prosperity and intelligence which, whon properly understood, would, as he was convinced, securely bind the two nations together. THE EX-PRESIDENT ALLIES HIMSELF WITH SPAIN. FLIGHT OF MIRAMON FROM MEXICO. Mil anion, at this period, was fleeing from his country, and resolvod to go into exile. After his osciipe to the woods from Mexioo city, detailed above, he turned towards Vera Cruz, and on his Journey met Senor Pacheco, the dismissed Ambassador of Spain, with a number of Mexican bishops, who were driven from their sees for alleged treason *g*T"jT Juarez and the "liberal" party. The sufferers Joint* company, and reached Vers Cruz in Safety, Miramon preserving a strict disguise. They reached Vara Cruz on Sunday, the 2Tth of January, the party including Senor Paofceco, the Pope's Nuncio, the late Ministers from Ecuador and Guatemala and the Archbishop of Mexico. They were immediately n Wiled by the populace , who pelted them with stones, and sought refuge in the Consulates of theTnited States aud Fr.mce, the bishops rushing, for the most part, to the flag of America. while the ex-Ambosaador of Spain shel tered under that of Franco. Miramon concealed himself in the French Consulate, and embarked soon afterwards, with Senor Pacheco, for another land? General Miramon going on board the vesse' clothed in the uniform of n French naval officer, which prevented his recognition by the )>eople. He was accom panied by Madame Miramon, a very accomplished lady. MIRAMON ARRIVES IN CUBA. Tbsnext news of this distinguished party reported Us arrival in Havana, the fact being announced thus in the Jhario ilr la Marina of the 5th of February: ? ''A littlo before puiu et yesterday evening her Majesty's (Spanish) steamer Valm-ro, from Vora Cruz, entered our harbor (Havana), having on board his Excellency Don .1. Fran cico Pacheco, late Minister to Bfexico, with the pmonnel of the legation; the Nuncio of his IJoline.'.i, Mon.signor Clement i, Archbishop of Damascus; General Miguol Mlra mon,and other |iersi?nages of distinction." REACTIONARY POLICY OF THE GENERAL? WHAT HE TOLD THE SPANIARDS. One in Havana, Miramon lost no time In exciting the Spaniards against the new government of hts native land, and, whether justly or not, began to lay the foundation of the preseut position of Spain in tha tripartite alliance, as a means of avengement on his opponents or persecutors. As a preliminary, we find the folio wing publication, iu pplreii, no doubt, by the ex-ruler, in the Dairio de la Ma rina of Havana, of the 7th of February: ? F-normous^quantities of silver and valuable ornaments, gold, precious stonec and sacred vessel* have been taken from the churches in the capital (Mexico city). From the Cathedral alma ihe quantity is estimated at more thun a million of dollars: lor from that beautiful tempi." six enormous wagon loads ol' rich jewels and ornaments had been taken, wonders cf ai t; while from the sanctuary of Guadalupe they had takou even the pold frame of ibe pic lure of the Virgin and the valuable balustrade of thecbau cel of the Colegiats, which v. as of solid silver. JUAREZ TURH6 TOWARDS THE UNITED STATES. MEXICO DRAWS CLOSER TO THE UNITED STATES ? A i NEW AMERICAN MINISTER RECEIVED BY THE PRESI DENT, WHO DESIGN ATEH AMERICANS AS THE "CIVI I.I/.ERS" OF THE CONTINENT. While Kxglaud, France and Spam were either indulging in spleen or fomenting a bad reeling agsttrt Mexico, the hood of the republic was seeking to draw closer to the Unite* States ifi the bouds or diplomatic and democratic^ friendship. TUe Hon. John B. Wcllcr presented to the j roTcrunHTt, In the end of .tanuary, his credentials as Minister Plenipotentiary and Envoy Extraordinary of tbe United Slates near the governnu ut of Mexico to President Juare*. The reception given to Mr. Wctler was of the most cordial character, and after tbe conclusion of tbe usual formalities he presented to President Juarez his credentials and delivered the fallowing speech: MR Wtl.JtK * SPKBOS. Mr. Prxsidrxt ? ! ta^ve tire honor of presenting to your Excellency a letter from .lie President of tbe Suited States of America, appointing me Knvoy Extraordinary and MiniOer Plenipotentiary to represent that govern meat near the republic of Mexico, in presenting these credentials, your Excellency %ill permit me to observe thM wbil?t n is my partlciilar prot nee to watch over '.he interests of my countrymen nnd Ob tain from intermed dling wiih Ike lira) affair l if Of republic of Mexico , I will, nevertheless, take great pleasure in doing sll in my power tasceurc the permanency efyour constitutional govern ment as It now exists. The erurts of your kxcclleocy to preserve law and order, to protcct persons and property, and to carry out thore pr,# prindpttz q/'Hbtrtg which cos the fomtkUion of ei *ry republican gotrmmrnt, have kiven you an exalted position emr.ng tho" lovers of free institutions in every part of tho civilized world. May I net al?o congratulate ymir Fxcellercj upon the termina tion of the wnr which he* been usged against tbe const i tut ;on and the laws ?t' the republic? Pnder the benign tafl'icaces ot peace i trust that the vast and inexhaustible rtjovrcea of th.s jurX ration may he lully deve oped I fei ver.Uc P^ay that the friendly relation* now so happily I subsisting bit ween our re.-pe etivo govern meets may never bo t'.isl irbed, find that ullcnr future contests nay ' be at to wlltcll tkall. tto thi. T.itnlfi promrte tike hammer rffht tftftlr and eii/nd lb c Wv -.inp of ? yulitcan inttftui.'tm. tub vswunsi i'tt Bitten. lis. Mi.vrstsR? ft <? ?ery p3^?iu^ to me P e;eive fcara the har'ls of your Excellenct the tetter In whteb hts Sn prome Kxcellencv tbe Presidcrt o? ibo United States of America accredits you as Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary of that nation near the govern ment of the republic of Mexico. I see, also, with much sr.tisfaotion, that your Excellency, as representative of a republic with which such Arm bonds of friendship unite mr owaoOttB'rc, |? dispose I to co op?r?to tow?r'J? the | i>trengthoning Unconstitutional regime, late)/ restored l>y the Mexican people at so much cost. Thts c.n cprra'irm I wiU yrrvly atru l my government in Its great desire to sus tain order, law and the developement of the groat princi ples of liberty belonging to our institutions. I receive with pleasure the congratulations which your Excellency bas been pleated to address to mo upon the termination of I ho civil war; and peace once secured, ray constant ef forts will be directed towards maintaining the moat cor dial relation* betwnen Mexico and the United States, and from which will result, not only the prosperity of our countries, but alio it will causo the extension of liberty throughout the civilised world. Your Excellency will mnet in my government the best disposition to maintain and strengthen the relations which so happily exist be tween Mexico and the American Union; and I can assure his Excellency tho President of the United Slates that I will make the greatest offorts for the preservation of the i '.uce ami prosperity of thai great people wh?, upon our con tiXtit, Aaw marked out to humanity (A? Inn path of civiii tation. EFFECT OF THE MOVEMBNL, ENGLAND COOLH DOWN IN II IK ANOBR ? QtTEIN VIC* TORIA HKCOON1ZKS Jl'AHKZ, AND A88RKTH HKR IN TEREST IN THE " INDEPENDENCE," " NATIONALI TY" AND " PROSPERITY" OF MEXICO. In a short time after the presentation of Mr. Weller England fully recognized tbo Juarez government, and proclalmod liorsolf satisflod concerning tbo " money robbery" JU>4 other international matters. Mr. Mathew, her Majesty's Charge d'Affiiirfii, relurneJ Id Mf*ico city from Jalapa on the 16th of February. He was accompa nind by Captain Aldbam, R. N. , senior officer of the Bri tish naval forces in the Gulf, with two of bis officers. From this dato the difficulties botwoon the English and Mexican governments, growing out of the Infringement of the rights of British subjects resident in Mexico by offi cers of the constitutional army, were looked on as satis factorily settled. On the 26th of February Mr. Mathew had an audience of Juarez, at which be delivered the following OFFICIAL RtimBII 8PRX0B. Sm ? It is with sincere gratification that, in fulfilment of the commands recently conveyed to me, I have the honor to tender the recognition of h r Majesty's government to your Kxcollency, as the legal head of tbo Mexican repub lic, together with the assurance of Ike mural support of Great Britain , which is due no less to the honorable and Just views entertained by your Excellency and your Cabinet of the occurrence* which have marked with indellible in famy the late arbitrary rulo iu this capital, than to tLe wise basis of religious and civil liberty on winch your Exceiloncy's govornmont is declared to be founded. Great Britain has taken a coustant and warm interest in the in dependence, the nationality ami theprotv- -ity of Urri-n, and it would betray gross ignorance of the heniiments and of tho policy by which the councils of tho Que?n, my gra cious sovereign, are animatou were its porfect disinterest edness questioned. The natural advantages of commerce,

unrestricted tm trammels and liy high duties, which invari ably Injure the very objects they are intended to carry out, and the mutual onjoymo.it uf constitutional liberties, form a better international bond than that of power or dominion. I trust I may be porinittod, in congratulating your Kxcollency upon tlio termination of the Umentablo civil war by which Muxico has been so doeplv injur od, to express a fervent hope that the public ponce nuiy rot be again disturbed; for upon its cndurancc, on the ;i ib'ic principles now established, I believe the nationality of the republic to dep nd The following is a copy of the RRFLT O* PKK.-mB.NT JOARXZ TO MR. MATUBVr. M* Charor d'Affairfs ? 1 have pleasure in receiv ing through you the recognition which Ureal Britain makes of the legal government of tho republic, as woll as the ogn- of mural supt-ort made by your f/inerwm mt to Mexico, on account of the just repro bation which this government, iu tho name of the Mexi can poople, has expressed against tho acta commuted by those who, without the slightest claims to legitimacy, usurped power in t!ii capital, and on account of civil and religious liberty b"tng amongst the fundamont.il principles of our institutions. I am sincerely gratillcd at tlio interoot you have mmiii'o.vte'1, In the name of your government, for <*<? indep. ndence , nistionality and prosper' tyof Mexico, whose government Is loo well awaie ot tbo intelligence that directs the council* of the t,ueon to doubt hor interest for a people who have made so ma w sacrifices to Thieve the great '.reforms vhich are demanded by civilization, and tho.-e principle* of liberty which have been sustained by Great Britain with m much vigor. Com merce, liborty and mutual confldeuco are, in iny con ception, the strongest bonds that ran unite two peoples, and it shall bo the constant anxiety of this government to extend more and more those tios. and mako tliem looting. I am gratified for the felicitations which you havo ad drwied me for the re-<. tablishmetit of public |tcace and the legitimate institutions, as well as for the hopes ex pressed that in order to reform her laws and Institutions Mexico will not deju t from tho path of locality . Jut in the recognition by Great Britain of the legal rule, of there public an omen of peaie and prosperity, and an example of the rectitude aud justice winch preside over tho cnuncls of your august sovereign. You may uS3nre your govern ment that I shall seek to maintain and extend the cordial relations which exist between tho two countries, and I fervently pray for the ?ood fortune and aggrandizement of Great Britain. FINANCIAL STATEMENT. Immediately after this the Mexican Minister of Financo published the annexed statement of the items end grow amount of tbe FOREIGN DEBT OF THE REPUBLIC and Mexico's liabilities thus:? British bondholders' debts $60,621,843 00 Spanish Convontion 7,270,600 76 English S|<anish Convention 6,000,000 00 French Convontion 263,490 00 American claims 3,000,000 00 Total of foreign debt $76, li6,133 73 INVASION AND A THRONE RECOMMENDED. THK FIRST Ol'KN CALL FOR FOREIGN INTERVENTION. The London Times of the 31st of July sounded tho first trumpet, which roused the othor two Powers ? France and Spain? to tho idea of an armed intervention in Mexico. The Times set out its argument as follows: ? When I/ird Aberdeen und M. Guizot, somo sixtoon years siuce, were for uniting to preserve the balance of power on the American continent, and to savo Texns aud Mexico from falling into the hands of the ambitious Anglo Saxon republic, they liula thought that a time was to come when numbers oi the.r own countrymen would ba willing, for the cake of morality and humanity that the Incorporation 8l;OUld take plai e, wliilo the 1'uitoJ PUUs would be incapable or tbo long meditated a^grc s Slou. Whatever may be the issue cf the civil unr in that country, the state of Mexico must engage its early attmti'w mi the return of peace. Thehopos <>i' conquest to the south ward, which Mr. JefTorton 1'avis and bis friends have cherished for so long, seom like'y to be ruallred should tbo seceders succeed in "establish ing tbeir independence. If, en the othor hand, the Union bo focemeuted by forco, tho North will be able to give a rich bribe t<> the slaveow ners, by allow, ing them to add to the federal territory tho beautiful land which is now lapsir ?? into barbarism. Mexico ? cursea by the occupation cf n mongrel and constantly degenerating race, superstitious, bloodthirsty and cowardly, i.jnorant to a degree scarcely to be believed, and yet too vain to loam from its neighbors ? "annot long remain without somo in terference from without. Even in the streets of Mexico passengers are knocked down and robbed almost with im punity. The governmoat bangs and shoots promptly where it tan catch the ollendors, who are very often priests; but da efforts do not seem perceptibly to dimin ish the number. Indeed, it is plain that the whole country is thoroughly demoralized and brought to the brink of ruin, md unless friendly Powers xnter/ert to support the government it it impossible that civilita'iun con survive the trials to which it is exposed. MI'RDKIt OF AN ENGLISH RESIDENT IN MEXICO? ENG LAND AND FRANCS BREAK OFF DIPLOMATIC RELA TIONS WITH THE REPUBLIC. The murder of H. M. 1'eale . one of tbc very oldest British residents of Mexico, at hie residence at the village of Naples, in tbc month of Jnly, caused an intense sensation all over the country, and on tho 25th or that month the representatives of England and France sus| ended all diplomatic relation* with the Mexican government. A SEMI-OFFICIAL WARNING FROM EUROPE TO MEXICO. After tliis grave event wss consummated, tbo Mexican Kthacrdinary?*- paper devoted to the interests of Eng land in a great degree ? of the 2?>th of July, speaking of the future of Mcaico, said:? I1> would gladly c tingjna single ray of hope, if tee could see it, for tk'futiire. otfmiir tvuntry ; but ihe lemon rf the past is too instrvctive: thPutalilit? </ Mericoto much longer ,;ur vice independent by herself is demor.jtrated a.,- clear as any probl'merer has been. A country that has been so muni ficent in days of affluence, that b?s contributed so much to lb'' support of oih<*r countries, now comparatively rich : that at one time w*? the greatest object of the com menial adventurers and privateers of Kng.'and. and which has scattered through the world upw ards of tbiee thousand millions of hard dollars, and is still po?si>si>ed of untold mineral and agricultorsl wealth, cannot be ul lowed forever to pui^ue a course to anarchy and ruin. liiaf it hat reached the point it has, nnquertionaUy has been attributable to the reluctance of European Powers to risk a collision i '1th the colossus of Ihe North at the question cf the Monroe doctrine. The recent change in the position if the jVorthern coloifim, ?* regard* other portions cf America . vnll , no douU give Ji'.'J life to long Si umbering desire.' Spain faa.? already taken adviuitage of the American troubles to seize < neof her lost coloniep, and if we reflect upon the manner in which Uominics has been restored, and con sider the number of laniards in the clergy service in Mcxiio. the reception given to Miramon, although a brsnded leloo. by tbe Kmperor Napoleen, through the mat ag^ment ol (Jeneial Almonte, it ti not difficult to ft thai the yaiiK Dominic* may bt cry toon re-tn9?(ed m Jfczico. AN ELECTIVE MONABCBT RSfOMMENDBP AS A CURE. The London Times of the 4th oi September argued tbe esse of Mexico snd Its cure thus Some announcement regarding Mexico is awsited with general anxiety by ihe meicantilo world. It i* no longer a bondholders' question, tbe additional interests that '.all for red ens bung of I'ar greater magnitude. European capital is i*r tely lovolvod in the mmhig industry of We\t co; tb? tra-V' in Engllvh and French manutactured goo.la i.? eveniMi'* iuij>ortant. and should be very extensive, and the i/icfrrrphtca' position cf ths republic tn the highway frem ea t to utett is so peculiar ri s to ham a political hear ing on the future of aU lomtnerrial nation*, isolated a< lion on Ihe part of Enldaiid would, in the present stage of af fairs, merely lend to counter schemes by France, or Spain, or the United StutcR, oacli against each, and a condition would thus, evoti at tho bust, be produced analogous to that which hs< parmyzod every good step in Turkey. 71) ali. lha' u necessary a >ombinatwn tvill be essi ijial. Tbls will take i-ome little time; but il is scarcely i?ssiblo to doubt that It may be accomplished to the satisfaction of all parties. Ati'erios will do'ibtless bo guided by tbe policy of pre i venting the Intrusion < i a European monarchy, but will bo willing, perhaps, to aid any settlement that shoo id (tire sufficient stability to Mexico to promt her from fall ing to the Southern cimfnteracy , or from being a ruttfect of dit pule Ubueentl two tectiunt of Ike Uniim in case the federal government sfumid yH be preserved. In her case, too hlgbor and better considerations would not be without influence. Among the deposed princet and other teekers for authority now out of heart in Eurujie, there might , perhaps, be found the necessary pertain. Don Juan de Bourbon, with his consti tutional professions, might bs cliaugod, lor Instance, Id this sphere, from a mischievous intriguer to a most useful potentate. It would probably , howi.ver, be hard to sa tisfy America by such ? selection, and If thero is to bs a permanont settlement America must be satisfied. 0?* suggestion under that view of the case hat been thai ty> hyUrr um Bonaparte might be selected, as an eyw\ gmtificalvm J1!! ?*'.<ir"l? so rooment..us W a r JuU that wHI rat0/^ - diplomacy to carry u to a result that nUl r??fjov# lhe dtegraC? 0f the past. D0N. JTfAN I)B BOURBON BKPUMATES A THRONE. The idea set afloat by the London Time* was dissipated to some extent by a letter from one of the candidates thus "informally" nominated for tho throne of Mexico. Don Juan de Bourbon, writing to the editor on the 10th of September, says:? Allow mc, since the channels which spread the report are closed to me, to publicly disclaim in your column' any thought or desirr "f the honor assigned me. Heir of the Spanish throne by my birthright, I hope yet to be Kin* by the election of the people. But for me the throne of MTV0 hHi fUfrV/wnr. I do not look upon mmelf as a party to the Plan de Yavala, whereby it was proviiled that a Sjxinish prince should succeed to the power then lost to the mother country. I am unknown In Mexico, and have no adherents, and but few personal friends, among any of the parties who divide this distracted country; so that I c?uld only hope to occupy lt? throne by the support of foreign bayonets. Such a course would bo utterly repug nant to my Ideas. TEE INTERNAL DIVISIONS OF MEXICO FAVOR AN INVA SION? HOISTING OF TUK SPANISH FLAO BT THE CHURCH PA RTF. On those matters we were informed by a special letter, dated on the Mth of September, to the Herald, from Mexico city: ? The French and Spanish Ministers stand aloof from all contending parties here, and, although a strong faction of political intriguers favor British influence, the majority of all classes hit of a different opinion. The Spanish flng has been unfurled by some of the clergy Cor cms in the Sierra: the Vice Consul, when inter rogated on the subject, declares be is entirely ignorant of the motive of this net, which is significant when placed by the side of tho fact that a largn number of Spanish officers have procured positions in tho army of tho clergy, and overy day increaros tho number of applicants. These movements certainly look as if their object was no other than to obtain a supremacy over the Mexicans, and to re peat in Mexico the same game which has born enacted In ?t. iNnningo. The fact that some of these chiefs have raiFid iti > Spanish flag is evidence sufficient to direct the attention of other Powors to the movements of Spain in this quarter. THE TREATY DEBATED AND EXPLAINED. AfJJTATION FOB AM ARMKT* INTERVENTION. During the month of Octobor the question of on allied treaty t.galust Mexico waa warmly and simultaneously agitated In London, Paris and Madrid, and the London Post? sorernmont organ? of the 19th of that month, an nounced the near accomplishment of the convention to lli is effect to the people In the following terms: Wo believe we may state that .subject to the terms or a convention between England, France and Spain, which i.< lik' ly to bo concluded in tho course of a few dnys, the expedition which is about to ba despatched to Moxico will consist of three tjuadjvm, respectively furnished hj th-cov tracting parties. It is understood that, for the purpose of nflbrding Immediate and efficient protection to the live* a.id properly of foreigners resident in Mexico, her Catholic Majesty am! the Emperor of the French have iletermined cUo to dcsrntrh a military force, consisting of si* thousand, men, of which five thousand will be contributed by Spain and one thousand bu France. About the same moment the Paris organ of the church jiarty? the Patrie, the ConatUutiimnel, and other French journals, as well as the Cirrespondencia and Auto grafa of Madrid, canvassed the matter in a similar strain, the writers bojng unanimous in opinion that the move ment would result in the most Importaut consequences to the political relations existing between Europe and Ame rica. Indeed, the Pari? Drbatx of the early part of No vember, in an article ou the subject, asserted: It Is like retaking possession, at least moraVy to, of Ame rica by Europe. It constitute* a real infrinaem,-nt on the fttmnus drclrine of Jfonroe, which pretended to interdict Euroj e forever from exercising any influence otter the des tinies a f Amr ica. No one can, in fact, doubt thai the Tate of Mexico now depend?, more or less, on the three Interfering I'owers; their presence alone may lead to revolu tion' wh ich their sword ? rr.uld support, in case of need. Thus Mexico enturs on a crisis the issue of which iB in the hands of Europe. THE SPEKCH OF TUB QUEEN OF SPAIN, Delivered at tho opening or tho Cortes, in Madrid, ex plains tho project in the following words: (jKNTt.EMitN Smkatokh axd Utrimss? Disorder and tr ee?* bavo reached their Height In the unfortunate country of Mexioo. Treaties having been violated aud rights for gotten, my subjocts having beon exposed to serious at tacks and continual dangers. It became indispensable at length to make an example or salutary rigor. With thi* objeet my government hud made tho nocessary prepara tions, when two great nations found that thijy had to complain or acts or violence on tho part of the Mexican authorities. Our wrongs were ommon; our action should be joint. My govornmont desired as much. Proper steps ror this purpose were at tirst favorable; but the result did not. correspond with the desires of the other two nations. Subsequently Franco, England and Spain arranged together to obtain that satisfaction which was duet* them, and to prevont. the repetition of offences which scandalized the world and outraged humanity. Tims th* designs will be accomplished the execution or which has been the constant object of my government. At the proper time an account will be rendered to you of the convention which, with this object, has been signed by the representatives or the three Powers. TEXT FOR THE INVADING FORCES. TUB TitrPAKTlTK TKEATT. The public mind being thus prepared, the paper was signed in I<ondon on the 3l3t of Octobor. We read in tho Paris Monileur of November 13, that the convention by which France, England und Spain have agreed to combine their forces, in view of a common ac tion toobtain from M^.tIco tho satisfaction due to them, w.is signed in London on tho 31st of October. We aro assured, although we cannot absolutely guaran tee the fact, that the conditions of the convention are very nearly as rollows: ? The convent ion consists or five or six article* at most. Tho tin t stipulates the common action or tho tbreo Powers. TIij otti rs regulate the modo or intervention. The throe Powers wiH each tend an equal naval force. Two thirds or th? land forces will be rurnishod by tho Spanish army of tho Antilles. The allied forces will occupy Vera Cruz and all such points on the coast us to them may seem necessary. This done, they will address lhemselVcs to tho constituted authorities of Mexico. If that government concedes right, the commanders or the expeditionary corps will submit the agreement for the ratittcatlon of ther government, holding the places occupied until there be a complete set tlement. Tho occupation will bo made in the name or the three Power?, whnlovor may be the number or the occupying forces. At tho beginning an effort will be made to im pose a suspension of hostilities on the belligerent parties in Mexico. Tho three Powers agree not to occupy permanently any point of the territory , and not to obtain any exclusivead vantagc in Mexico. They also eniiago to leave Mexico entirely freetochoos* hor own form of government. England gavo up tho con ditions which sho wished inserted in the treaty ? viz: ? that tho threo Powers should pledge themselves not to acccpt tho throne of Mexico for any princo of tholr reign ing families: if the monarchical form provails the Powers pledge themselves not to use intervention to the profit of any prince in particular. The London Ga:etlee, of November 16, publishes the treaty in regard to tho combined expedition of England France and Spain. I It is signed by l.ord John Russell, Signor Tfiluritz and M. Flahault. H has five articles. The fourth article says, that after the signatur** to the treaty was made, a copy of it was^communicated to the government or the United States, and that the Ministers or the contracting Powers at Washington aro authorized to conclude it separately or ?ollectiveljr with {'resident Lincoln. As delay, however, would jeoparadiae the suc cess of the expedition, the Commissioners operations are not to be deferred for obtaining the accession or the Uni ted States to the traity niter the forces have assembled in the neighborhood o t Vera Cruz DESIGNS OF THE CATHOLIC POWERS. A PRORKT CONVENTION BETWEEN SPA*' AND Fit A NOB. Wt have f.lready been informed from London nnd Paris that, its is usual in European diplomacy, a secret article Id extension of this treaty ),as been sign ed between the Queen of Spam and the Em peror ofl ranee. As tlilefaet Is of the high><it importance in (oncction with the demonstration, foreshadowing as It dees ulterior deigns on the part of the** sovereigns, wc may stal* here that we have assurance*, derived from trustworthy sources in Madrid, that such a paper has been already drafted atid ratified, i'hie article provides: ? That Spain ebail march troops? as we know sbeisal. { ready determined to do ? into Mexico, and take possession of the territory of the republic to at great an ezU.nl as possible; that Napoleon ihall guarantee, her this possesion against Jin{,land ami the United Slates should either or both of these Powers object to it; and that for this aid Spain shaHcedeto France her proiincial pactions of the Balearic 1 (lands, in the Meditterronean. THE SPANISH PROVINCES OF THE BALEARIC ISLANDS. The Baleares form a group of five islands in the Medi terranean, between latitude 38 degrees 40 minutes and 40 degrees 6 minutes N., and longitude 1 degree aid 5 de gree* E. , consisting of Majorca, Minorca, Iviza, Formen tera and Cabrera. The united area is 1,753 square miles. The population In the year 1840 was 263,000. The climato !* temperate and healthy and tho soil fortile. Majorca (or, aa the Spaniards call it, Ma yore* ) is tha central and largest of theao is lauds, and is [ram , ' Spain 110 miles southeast. The area la l,4ao square miles. The population Is 181,806. The aitrface of U? country is vary irregular, the BUla da TorllVaa rising is 6,114 foot above the love! of th? sea, with a rniW and ta lubrious climate. Ita prMuota consist of olivoa, wine, brandy , fruits, sj^fr0D> jjsx and hemp, which, with mulaa, aasea, rush <wd wood on wares, hata,4o., form the prln ?'P*1 exports. The Imports oomprlw corn, from 9 pa la; beef, iron, hardwarea, io., chiefly from Spain, Eng land, France and Northorn Europe. The principal towna are I 'alma, the capital; Llumayor, Mnnaror and follenca. Minorca Is the second largest of the Baloares. Ita length from west to east la thirty-two mile", and Ha average breadth eight mllea. Ita area is about 260 square miles, and it has a population of 44 ,000 souls. Tha coaat la very rocky and Indented, but the aurface of the country 'a undulating. Mount Toro, the highest land, Is 4,TM feet in height. The soil is poor and sandy, with hara and there some arable tracts. The corn raised ia Insufficient for home consumption, but wine ta ralaed for exportation. The other product? are flax, hemp, saffron, capera and cheese, which, with wool, honey, wax, iron, lead, copper and (Inn marble, com poaa the principal export*. Th<- impot ts consist of wheat , all, woven fabrica and other manufactured goods, tobacco and colonial prod' ce; but the Inland has none of that commer cial activity displayed during Its possettsou by the Eng lish in the last eentury. The island ia aub-dlvidad into four districts, and the principal towna are Port Maho* and Cindadela. It was taken by tha English in 1708, aal ceded to tha French in 1760. It waa restored to Great ' Britain in 1763, and eventually annexed to Spain by tha treaty of Ami mih, in 180S. Iviza is the smallest and moat westerly of these tetania, and is twenty-two mllea long b. about twelve wide. II has a population of 11,000. The principal baya are thoaa of San Antonio and Iviza. Tha temperature ia mihl. !%? surface of the country ia hilly and well wooded. Soaaa valleys are fertile and produce olives, corn, flax, hemp, flg8 and almonds. Tha fisheries are important. Timber and salt from large salt works along the coaata are al moat the M>le exports, and the Inhabitants are greatly Impoverished. The principal town is Ivi/a. th? capital, on the southeast coast, with a population of 6.G70. Formkktkra is six mllee south of Iviza. Its length freae wcbt to oast is thirteen miles, and ita breadth from twa to ten miles. It has a population of two thousand per aons, whose principal occupation is agriculture. Caiikrra is nlno milet. & th of Majorca. It lias a fort and a a mall harbor, and is Ub<*l by the Spaniah govern ment as a place of exila. If the rumor of the transfer of these Wands to Franoa be true, it will ba a most significant movement at tba present tima, indicating the persistent determination of the reigning Emperor to carry out the fond idea of tha flrst Napoleon, of converting the Mediterranean into a French lake. CHARACTER OP THE MISSION. THE ALLIED EXPEDITION AS ORGANIZED. This mission partakes of a naval, military and diplo matic cbaractor, each of the three contracting Power* furnishing war vessel*, marines, soldiers and a Commia iionor, all being organized and instructed with* View to unity of action and uniformity of policy should the repub lic of Mexico seek to resist them by force, or consent 10 treat with them with a view to a settlement. The naval and military forces will bo poworftil, and provided wlU? all the material necessary for a blockade of the coast, the bombardment of cities, or an invasion of the soil and hos tile occupation ou land. Judging from the tone of the British press, as well M the spirit which Uree the Spanish mind towards an at tempt at modern transatlantic conquests, we can hardly doubt that the three Powers now eutertaln ulterior designs, involving the very indepondemo of the constitu tion, as well as a change in the form of the government ^The'l^ndon Shipping Gazette? an organ of the mercan tile community of England? remarked in a recent num ber on this part of the subject:? If the Mtoxfran government should continue te adhere to the old tariB, and levy old rates upon goods as they pass up the country? and this Is by no moans improba ble? we Cney bo absolutely compelled toseiro the capital itself, and drive from power those who have hitherto de Oed reasonable and Just demands. Whether America will take part in the expedition is very doubtful; but on* thine is certain? namely, that a mere recognition of our claims, and a partial payment of sums due to thoso whj have beau defrauded by successive governments, will not answer the end in view. 8pain, whose interests are, Ills aaid far greater than those of either England or France, seems determined to push matters to an extremity. Ski IJtf "not, 1" apprfkmd, 1* uiHxflei W1*?" qf Vera Cnu or Ihvtpicc. The result will be that she will punti on te it?? Thelxmdoo KmaWi:? The British government will, In the first instance, de mand redress, and, U this * "Aired, erantwprlsals acainat "the ships, vesecls and goods" of tho republic ief Mexico. The right of granting reprisals is nsurt yeKerclss* as a preliminary to war. In the year I860 ? Brltiah squad ron was despatched ta Greece for the purpose of obtaining satisfaction of the claims or a British subject, and no war ensued. But when redress fa refused, not only may the ?'ships, vessels and gooda" of the refuting State be con demned, but towns andatrong places may be attacked, seized and occupied until full and complete sattefaotio. haa been afforded. Other English papers tall us that France and England will have dMBculty in restraining Spain from making ? general war on Mexico on hor own account, while the Madrid journals declare that Queen Isabella la able to, and will, effectually avengo herself oa the Mexicans sin gle banded, even if Franco and Eugland refuse to join ^Another hint at a change in the form of the govern ment of Mexico is contained in a letter from Paris, ad dressed to the London Chronicle, which reads thus:? It is said that some influential i>ersonages in Mexico h ' ?r0?y<ed to Mr. Patterson, who is well known from WiTfaw smts to establish the legitimacy of his mother's niarriane with Prince Jerome Bonaparte-wme person am.., I sav are stated to liavc proposed to this gentleman, on account'of his connection w ith the Bonaparte tamllv, to bring about hi! election for UJe to the Prauieticy of tto M in can republic. tiie movement and means op the ALLIES. the reason for allied operations. The power of the Allies to carry out a portion or the whole of this novel and rather alarming programme can be more correctly estimated after a perusal of an enrnne ralion of the fleets and troops which are intended to operate in the Gulf of Mexico immediately. We give the ex hibit underneath, remarking that some of the vessels are already near tho spot, others have just sailed from the ports of England , France and Spain, and that it is expect ed that a general rendezvous or the entire expeditionary corps will take plaoo at Havana between the 15th and 20th of Uccember. THE BRITISH FLEET AND ARMY FOR THE GULF. RRAR ADMIRAL SIR ALEXANDER MILNE, R. N., K. C. B., COMMANDER? LIEUTENANT COLONEL 8. N. LOWDBR, COMMANDING MARINE IORCK, ETC. The English contingent to the expedition destined for immediate action against Mexico sailed from Plymouth Sound at noon on Wednesday, tho 13th of November. The vessels passed through the Sound In the annexed or der, the wind blowing half a gale rrom the northward ot east at the moment:? Name of VtUtL r n?' ^ Conoueror Edward S. fcolbeby C. B w Donegal Sherard Osborne, C. B. . . . W SaMMrfeC Arth,ir r E" Wllmol> C B 70 Totel guns This squadron is orderod to touch at Barbadoes and Ja. maica, and then stand for Vern Cruz. THE BRtTtFH MILITART PORC* Embarked on boaM the* FbM|? consists entirely <*J Royal Marines, light Infantry, and numbers eight hundred men chosen from the depots nt Chatham, Plymouth and Woolwich. They constitute the Starfish redltio?, Battalion of Marine-," end arc commanded by the follow iQ* r.oTAt MAWN* omCERS, taken as follows. - chalham _ . Kame. Remnrk*. t (fit Colonel.. 8. N. lfiVder. TJeutent Colonel Lrw.ter Lieut, loio rnnks as "second in c.>m. mand'' of the whole force when complete, but his su perior officer? who, it it thought, will nave power aa British Commissioner ? ha* cot been named 3. Hi.ikiison. h. Moot. I tou tenant H. Price. U^Dt. XM Hamilton. Lieutenant w Me-nsles. Captain Hoskinson is appointed Paymaster, and Llenta cant Hamilton Adjutant te the Battalion. Prom Plymouth. T.ieutenent Colonel George lamdbrlck. Captain William C. P. Elliot (Brevet Lieutenant Colonel). Captain .....Charles Slaughter. fininin William Taylor. SpSn H"ZnZ First I.ieutenant fharlee Hope t First Lieutenant Andrew Wm. D. SmUh. First Ueutenent Mackey A. Herbert James Horiott. First 1 ie'itensnt Edward Owen Brown Gray. First Lieutenant John ^'T"" (,U J Second Lieutenant Michael Allen 8. Kree. Second Lieutenant Henry Keeonrt Lieutenant JaspM NlcholU Sucond Lieutenant Charles Morton Barham. The continent of marines from Plymouth

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