Newspaper of The New York Herald, December 3, 1861, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated December 3, 1861 Page 4
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NEW YORK HERALD. JAMKS OOUDOW RENNBTT, EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR. OFFICE N. W. COK-S'EB OF PULTON AND NASSAU 8T8. TfKlfSetufl in tlrfrnnct. Monru unit It/ vtail trill bfntt})* lit! <v the trmtitr. Hunt but lHuX tith rm tent in Neu York '?TK?' DAILY UKRALD.tnto emtltper ropu. $T per mnMT?. THt II "KKhtf Ht.lt 1/-A rtttry .Vtf imi'/v, at ntxcenrtt per try i/, or t'.ipn annum, the Hurotwtn JCihtirm toery tVehi'.iLii/, n I ?ix "v If pncopv; $4 itr iirnium to ant /part of (/rent Hritain. vt tf>12fon?yix>H of th* Gtmt inrnt, hath ttjnrlmh pnntng*; tlx a California fiHWow <m the 1>(. Ill/, anilMut q/' eucJi month, a l*U cf.,1 rxr ropn. "?< wr annum. Tin. FAMILY Uf.KALlt, on ffrtfn rtl.it/, at /our cent* P*r "Vdf. im 7 J 1 fOftSWPOJTSM'fft containing Impnitnn I ?rv?, MiteJ from ">V nuarter of thr uorld; if until, villi* lileraltv pai'l 'nr. r3" Oon FoKEiax CoRHKirONDKKTg arm Paktii'Vi. >R!.v UMLKfTBD 10 Sell JU Llitkjcs and 1'ack ir^> ?k.v? c? JVU ,\ OTH't. taken of nirmf/mout rorretpnnrlenet, We Jo not ft tut h reiertei I r-i.-nni intent ioiin 1 />!? KRTiSEWt MS reiietren evert/ day; aitrertieemei.tF in. $erlr.t in till WlltKlT Hkiuld. '?'amilt UttHALD, It ml in th* Colt 'TWrtjfa fir'* *'ti 'Oft JBrlitlOt J HI) PUltiTIhG execute* with ncatneu, cheap nm and it. math Volume XXVI No. 335 ANi;SEV(KNTS THIS EVENING. WINTER GARDEN, Broadway.? Skowu?Phkmii 0'DOiC uri l? Latiut ruoa N k* York. WALLACE'S THEATRE, No. RU Broad way.? MaoiC Mar lUAiiK? Tnr. 8c\rieiiOAT. LAURA KERNE'S THEATRE, Broadway? Pkvkr Roxfc NEW BOWERY THEATRE, B?w?ry.? Wisabd or tor TVavk ? .sk kTciu.A im India? AHTrUL Dodukk. BOWERY THEATRE, Bowery .? S-icknk*'* National Cisco*. B.YRNl'M'H AMERICAN Mt SElTK, Broadway.? Day and F.v. nliii'.? Eaui. s i>AUUHTKR? IfAKrn r Uowt? llirrorur A*liS, WjlALK, AND OTIIfcR COU/OHITIKS. BRYANTS' MINHTREL8, Mechanic' 11*11, 472 Broad Way. ? Chaw Roast Kkk r. HOOLEV'S MIN5ITKKL8, Hliiyv??t.t Institute, No. 619 Broadway.? rTJiopi ak Somuh, Danckh, ao. MELODEON COVCERT HALL, No. M9 Broadway.? Bo:iu.>, I>A (tn, ttViu.K*<iotm, AC.? Eshkiulpa. CANTERBURY Mtf.SlO HAM., f.S3 Kiondway.? Sorgs, I>ASt:-.i?, AC.? N>.W Yuan V Ai.Li. OAIETTES CONCERT ROOM, 618 Brocdway.? Brawiro IlouM KNTCRTaIN jjKRTS, JUU.Kt ', I'antohuhs, Fabcks, Ac. AMERICAN Ml! .SIC HALL. ?1 Br, udway.? Boxes, Bal Lr. n, l'aKTOai*r?, \C.? Mihcuikvocs Niouilu. CRYSTAL VALACE CONCERT HALL N? 4.1 Bowery.? Bu:!i.KbHBM, Son,..*, Da.vcrk, Ac.? Uuicaxd'u Oatii. PARISIAN CABINET OK WONDERS, 5C3 Broadway.? Open dully lrom Id A. M. till 9 1'. M. NATIONAL Ml'SlC HALL, ChntliR'n Mroe!.? Buhles (JI K3, Sung;, DaMKS, Au. ? M asqi'ki: adk Uai.l. ME LODE ON, Brooklvu.? Jonos, DiiiOll, Pa.nto*i*fs, Bl'Ul.Kl^l'SS, ifl. New YoiU, Turiuny, Dcctmbtr 3, lbOI. TlJic SITUATION. " now, f?,m u?; ,my of P?t ropro.,.,,tt,l,?t ^ km J rrrrvT """? ,,,e ^ . Hc.ntKclman, Snmner, McCi.ll, Smith onj ?tar are mkto(. ?lviuloo ?* ?WV? PMitioh. Tlieir ' monts have i? jl ^ e resulted in the discovery that the rebel force in (he centr? ,u ? ne centre of the.r line has been very much ? ealienei] of late. rn^TT' " it9 initial??' Pr?Ceedin^ i int., the discussion of questions relating to the war. In .the Senate Mr. Trumbull , 0f I,Un0i8 fTC n??tiCe thal Le Bl'ou!" Introduce to-day a bill to confiscate all the property of rebclH and give codora to slaves. Mr. Wilkinson, of Minnesota gavo notice of a bill to abolish the distinction be' :rcr r voiua^ ^ ? . be ,ma*' ** think, to involve a -nety or complications when it comes to be ? orated. and would seen, to point at the eatab ameut ofa large standing army. In the House U'o sentiment contained in Senator Trumbull's motmn was embodied in the resolutions offered by S "2 TJ' ?f Campbell and tt.vens, of I ennsylvania. These resolutions, how ever, have been laid over for future consideration. The cases of Colonel Corcoran, of the Jfov York B-xly-nmU, regiment, and Colonel Wood, of the Brooklyn Fourteenth, new held as common felons I u hern prisons, were referred to, resolutions bung adopted that the President be requested to MeS?r8' Ma80n and Slidell in the same manner rebels!" *? gaHaDt COlODCU 8r0 trCftted b* A rumor was prevalent in this city yesterday, ased upon information received from Washing ton in a private letter, that Colonel James E. Her W of the Fifteenth New York Volunteers, and ? Member of Congress from this city, who was some short time since tried and convicted of trea son, is to be shot, his death warrant, it is said hnmg been signed yesterday. As this intclli' genco reaches us only through the above men tionedsource.it may not be true; but JtwJU be remembered that Mr. Kerrigan's name was men tioued in this city several months ago in connec turn With a secret organization in behalf of the o n Subsequently, however, he raised a regi ment in the service of the government, but soon after h:* arrival at the seat of war he was removed from command and tried by court martial on caarges or communicating with the enemy. By the arrival of the transport McClcllau at this port yesterday AromTybco Island and Hilton Head we have received some highly interesting accounts of the occupation of these two points by the Union army and navy, which will be round iu our columns to-day. To illustrate these important movements the better, we accompany our correspondence with maps of the entrance to Savannah river and Fort Pulaski, showing the relative positions of our naval ?T-mdron, and Commodore Tstualln mosquito 'lurmg the tfi?ht off Cockspun Island. From Missouri wc have news of the seizure of a tr ..D, o? the I'iatte County Ihulroad, by the rebels "" Cjlon"1 G?rdon, on its arrival in Weston, n engagement occurred at Black Walnut Creek between a party of Missouri cavalry, under Major ongh, which formed the escort of a train from laue ' waUd ?f rebt',S- <* tie ere killed and wounded, and five taken "" '"'?"?""?O-- ??' train ?me ? , ly to its destination. 6 We give some interesting news from the to day, received by way of Louisville, Ky. other thi?8, , ,be ?? rick.?, from which I, .mU ? lasted from the 2Ist to the 21th ultimo. It,, * that Port McRae was considerably damaged by the Are of our vessels, but nothing is said of anv damage being done to Fort Pickens. The atorr that the Niagara and Colorado were injured bv the rf of i ,r. r.bel batteries is pronounced unrounded While it is admitted that the rebel vessels Time' and Nelms were so much hurt that they had toget eut of reach of Col. frown's guns. THE NKWK. Tlie first regular session of the Thirty-seventh Congress commenced at noon yesterday. The gal 1 rit H of both house# were crowded with specta tors. In the Senate thirty-seven Senators answered to their names at roll call, including Messrs. Powell, of Kentucky; Bayard, of Delaware, and Bright, of Indiana. The usual committee* were appointed to wait upon and inform the President and the House of Representatives that the Senate was ready to proceed to business. Mr. Trumbull, of Illinois, gnvo notice that he would to-day intro duce a bill to confiscate the property of rebels, and give freedom to persons hi slave States. Mr. Wilkinson, of Minnesota, gave notice of a bill to abolish the distinction between the regular and volunteer soldiers. The committee appointed to wait on the President reported that he would com municate his Message to Congress at noon to-day, whereupon the Senate adjourned. In the House one hundred and fourteen mem bers answered to their names. Mr. Maynard, of Tennessee, was admitted to a seat. The question of admitting Bfr. Segar, from the Fortress Monroe district of Virginia; Mr. Beaoh, from the same State, and Mr. Foster, from North Carolina, wa? referred to the Committee on Elections. A memo rial from Mr. Lowe, to be admitted as an addition al member from California, was referred to the same committee. A joint resolution, tendering the tliauks of Congress to Captain Wilkes, for his ar rest of the rebel emissaries Mason and Slidell, was ado]rted. A resolution expelling John W. Reed, the member from the Fifth district of Missouri, and now serving in the rebel army, was adopted. Resolutions requesting the President to order that Messrs. Slidell and Mason be treated in the same manner as Col. Corcoran and Col. Wood, prisoners in the hands of the rebels, are treated, were unani mously adopted, amid cheers from the spectators. The Secretary of War was requested to communi cate whut measures have been taken to ascertain who is responsible for the disaster at Ball's Bluff. Mr. Kliot, of Massachusetts, offered a resolution declaring that in prosecuting the war the govern ment has for its object the supresaion of rebellion and the re*establishment of the constitution und laws over the entire country; disclaiming nil power t? interfere with State institutions, yet that the safety of tlie State dominates over all righti of property and civil relations: that, therefore, the President of the United States, as the Com mander-in-Chief of our army, and the officers In command under him, have the right to emancipate all persons held as slaves in any military district in a state of insurrection against the national govern ment, and that we respectfully advise that such order of emancipation be issued whenever the same will avail to weaken the power of the rebels | in arms, or to strengthen the military power of the lo.val forces. A motion to lay the resolution on the table was lost by a vote of 56 to 70. Mr. Ros coe L. Coukling, of New York, proposed an amend ment so as to make the resolution apply to the slaves of disloyal citizens. This was acccpted by Mr. Eliot, and the subject was then laid aside till Tuesday next. Mr. Stevens, of Pennsylvania, of fered a preamble and bill declariug tlmt there can be no permanent peace or Union in the republic so long as slavery exists within it; that slavery is an essential means of protracting the war; that ac cording to the law of nations it is right to li berate the slaves of an enemy to weaken his power; that the President be requested to declure free, and to direct all our generals and officers in ] command to order freedom to, all slaves who shall I leave their musters or shall aid in quelling the ' rebellion, and that the United States pledge tho faith of the nation to make full and fair compensa tion to all loyal citizens wlm arc or shall remain active in supporting the Union for all damage they may sustain by virtue of this resolution. This reso lution lies over for future consideration. Mr. Van Wyck, of New York, gave notice of a bill to estab lish and construct a military and postal railroad , 'rom Washington city, in the District of Columbia, to the city of New York, in the State of New York. The committee appointed to wait on the President reported that the Message would be sent in at noon to-day, and the House adjourned. A letter from Barbadoes, dated November 9, re ports that the British brig Falcon was boarded November 4, eighty miles northeast of Barbadoes, by a bark propeller, which refused to give her name, and stated she had not been in an American port for four months. It is supposed that the propeller referred to was tho privateer Fumfer. Onr correspondent at Puerto Cabcllo, writing on the 29th of October, says:? This country is rather quiet at present, which is mainly attributed more to fear than love, caused by the impending fate of Mexico and the war in the United States. It is generally believed here that either a Spanish or French prince will be appointed King of Mexico; and should Prince Napoleon's desigm bo frustrated by the wiles of ltritish diplomacy, the republic of Venezuela will be converted into a kingdom, and the Kmpcror of the French will place the diadem on the head of his cousin. The culture of cotton is now quite general among the planters. Nearly two thousand bales have been shipped to Philadel phia in three weeks from here, and five thousand bales are ready for shipment at Laguayra for New York and Boston. From Cabutra to the mouths of the Orinoco river 50,000 acres have been planted with cotton, where never a pound of cotton was raised before. The stock of coffee at this place a ttd 1. age ay 1 a is very large, owing to the fear of shipping to the States. The men-of-war on the coast, are very numerous, and principally consist of American, Spanish, French and English. The Eighty -seventh regiment of New York Volun teers, Colonel Dodge, numbering seven hundred and fifty men, left Brooklyn yesterday for the seat of war. Previous to their departure the Mayor of J Brooklyn, on behalf of the city, presented to the | regiment two magnificent silk flags. The Mayor made the presentation speech, which was respond ed to by Colonel Dodge in appropriate terms. Twelve secession prisoners were placed in the Newport (Ky.) Barracks on the 28th ult., all charged with treason. Ten of the same class of individuals were taken to Wheeling (Mi the 29th ami imprisoned. John McConneU has been nominated on the Mo zart ticket for Councilman in the Fifth district, in place of John Murphy, declined. The newly elected members of the Legislature of Maryland will meet to-day at Annapolis, the capital of the State. The December term of the Court of General Ses sions commenced yes<crday, Recorder Hoffman presiding. The panel of Grand Jurors was called, and those answering to their names were discharg ed till Wednesday morning at ten o'clock. The Board of Conncilmen did not meet last even ing, there not being a quorum present at the call ing of tlio roll. Thoy will meet on Thursday. The New York Board of Canal Commissioners have resolved to close the navigation of the canals of the State on the 10th inst. The number of entries of vessels from foreign ports at the Custom House during the month of November is 501, and the number of clearances for foreign ports during the same period is 440? an ex cess over the same month last year of 159 entries and 104 clearances. According to the City Inspector's report, there were 3'.l'2 deaths in the city during the past week? j a decrease of <>5 as compared with the mortality i of the week previous, and 77 less than occurred { ?luting the corresponding week last year. Tlic ! recapitulation table gives 1 death of alconoi- , istn, 'I of diseases of the bones, joints, Ac.: 5G | of the brain and nerves, \ of the generative or- 1 gins, 0 of the heart und blood vessels, 1 i of ttic I lunfcs, throat, Ac.; 4 or old agv, of diseases j , in th bi-.u aud crui tive fevers, (' premature ; hifilis, of diaeu oi the htoiuitcu, bowels and ' other digestive organs; 14 of uncertain seat anil general fevers, 7 of diseases of the urinary organs, 19 from violent causes, and I unknown. There were 213 natives of the United States, 6 of Eng land, 3 of France, 27 of (iermany, 74 of Ireland, 1 of Scotland, and the balance of various foreign countries. Cotton was agalr In good demand and higher yester day, the market closing at a further advance of >jc. par lb. The stilts embraced itb >ut 1,500 bales, clos lt?K at 28c. per lb. fo? middling u;>!..nd?. Of the naloa about 1,000 bales were mads to splnncrH, and the ro miiinder to speculators. Flour was la steady demand, while prices closed Arm for most grades of shipping brands at Saturday's prices. The reoelpta of wlieni were the largest of the season, having reached about 481,000 bushes. Bales wero active, while prices wero unchanged. Corn was rather Armor. The receipts wero large, having amounted to about aw," 000 bushels. Sales were tolerably active, including ship ping lots of Western mixed at 83>?c. ? 64 >,c. Pork wns heavy and rather oaslor, while salts were ma<le at $12 50 a $13 76 for mess, and at $8 60 a $9 for prime, and of prime mess at $13 75 a $14 76. Sugars were firm, while sales were confined to about 300 lihds. at full prices. CoC fee was active aad >fc. a J^o. higher; sales embraced 14,000 bags or Rio, 500 mats Ceylon and some lots La guayra, Maracuibo and St. Domingo, at rates given In an other column. Freights opened dull , but Improved after wards on the report that underwriters had reduced their war risks from 6 to 2 per cont. Engagements were made ; to a fair extent at rates given in another column. TH? Opening of Congress? The Pre?l<lent and Ills Cabinet? The Army and the Slavery (Question. The President's annual Message and the ac companying reports from the several executive departments not having been submitted to Congress yesterday, we are disappointed in our expectation of laying these important State pa pers before our readers this morning. The President, however, in this matter, governed by considerations of the very highest importance in reference to some startling propositions on the momentous question of slavery embodied in the report of the Secretary of War, acted wisely in withholding the submission of his Message, in r.rder to consult his Cabinet on the radical and perilous recommendations of Mr Secretary Cameron. It appears that Mr. Cameron, in his report, as submitted to the Frcsidont to be laid before Congress, recommended, to its fullest extent, the war policy of Col. Cochrane'# late extra ordinary speech at Washington in regard to the slaves of Southern rebels. Col. Cochrane, it Is thus manifest, did speak like one having authority; for we are iuformefl from a source which cannot be questioned that Mr. Cameron's propositions, intended for Congress, a-i from President Lincoln's Secretary of War, compre hended, under certain contingencies, the arm ing of Southern slaves aguinst their rebel mas. ters, and embraced this other revolutionary idea, to wit: that in whatever manner the slaves of rebels tnay be used by the government., as contraband of war, they are in fact liberated by the acts of their rebellious masters, and should never be restored to bondage. It is no wonder that President Lincoln was brought to a stand by these novel and extreme propositions. No wonder that he does not like them. The very interesting despatch, in this connection, which we publish from our Wash ington correspondent, throws a flood of light upon thin whole Cabinet controversy. We are thus advised that General McClellan, upon this vital issue, is so earnestly in favor of the war policy indicated in the late conservative procla mation of General Dix to the people of the East ern shore counties of Virginia an to hint of re signing should u different line of action be de clared by the government. This is a powerful voice from the array, and it has doubtless had no little inlluence over the mind of Mr. Lincoln in his exceptions to theso peculiar slavery pro positions of Mr. Cameron. What are we lighting for t Is it the abolition of slavery ? No. The President has officially declared this war to be a war for "the integrity of the Union" ? nothing less and nothing more. What is the "integrity of the Union ?" The restoration of our revolted States, including their institution of slavery, as guaranteed and recoguized by the constitution of the United States. Of course, in a struggle of life or death, the government cannot be bound by all the nice restrictions of the constitution intended for a state of domestic peace. These Ihings, under such a domestic rebellion as this, arc subordi nate to the stern necessities of war. Granted, then, that, for the great objects of this war, it is necessary that the slaves of Southern rebels coming within reach of our armies should be employed in tho public service, does it follow that It is necessary or expedient to employ them oa soldiers? We contend that not only is there no nocessi. ty for this experiment, but that its adoption would result in the most serious disasters to the cause of tho government and the whole country First, we say thero is and can be no necessity on our part for a resort to negro soldiers, bond or free. We have now over six hundred and sixty thousand white men in arms for the suppression of this Southern re. bellion; and if demanded we cau readily obtain six hundred thousand more. Co-operating with our army we have a naval and revenue establishment embracing, all told, not less, perhaps, than five hundred vessels and twenty thousand men. From tho Potomac, J westward to the Mississippi, the pressuro of our armies upon the enemy," though apparently slow, is steady and sure as fate, while along our Southern seaboard the successful naval expedi tions of Stringham and Dupont have removed all doubta as to our warlike capacities in that direction. By simply holding the rebel armies at bay in the border slave States, we can ex tinguish this rebellion by our naval expedi tions to tho cotton States. In a word, we have tt this moment the rebel government of Jeff. Davis completely within our grasp; and this is due to the conservative and humane war policy of President Lincoln, which ataas to save the South, and not to destroy it. We hold to the opinion, too, that, excepting South Carolina, there is a large body of Union men in every Southern State, whose pas sive submlbsion now to Jeff. Davis, if we can hav? nothing better, is Infinitely preferable to a desperately active spirit of hostility to our cause. They are await ing their opportunity, anil, as in Maryland, we shall, when the occasion offers, find the majori ty of the people of Virginia, North Carolina, Georgia, Ac., loyal to our government, by still pursuing the Fame vine couive of action which has so-ved Maryland. On the other band, if we begin the work of arming Southern slaves >

against their masters, we shall be invited to a ' war of extermination, and the subjugation of our revolted States will depopulate them, and ; perhaps utterly exhaust Mir military and finan cial resources, and enf'M ij revolutionize our political instl'.uilon- > i'.Ii as well us South. We apprehend. <v fioiu our iuiorrnation '?f I the position on this subject occupied by General McClellan, that he understands tbe pulse of our army. A large majority of our Union soldiers nre conservatives of tl-.e old democratic and whig parties. They have not volunteered to servo in an abolition crusade; they are not pre pared to recognise the equality of the negro even as a Boldior. Consequently, if wo make him a soldier, and enter upon an abolition cru sade, we may anticipate the most serious de moralizations among our troops. Let the government keep its faith with them, and hold fast to its programme of tbe salvation of the South, and, with tLo reins of tl;e army in tho skilful bands of McClellnn, wo shall soon have tho full blaze of day breaking through the clouds of this rebellion. We advance those opinions in anticipation of a concurrent decision from President Lincoln's Cabinet consultation on this groat question of tiie disposition of the Blaves of Southern rebels The issue involved is the most important, deli cate and momentous one which has ever been presented to the government, and we earnestly hope that President Lincoln will not be shaken from his platform ? "the integrity of the Union.' The Mexican Treaty? Important from IV Wellington. It will be seen, by reference to our Washing ton despatches, that the treaty just concluded by Mr. Corwin with Mexico offers the prospect of a satisfactory solution of her difficulties with her European creditors. In return for the com mercial adv antages and the right of transit for our troops through her territory which it gives us, it is said to contain a clause which provides for a loan of $10,000,000 by our government, to bo furnished in five annual sums of $2,000,000 each. Tiie total foreign debt of Mexico, includ ing $'.,,000,000 of American claims, is, as we showed the other day, about $7<i,000,000. Wo do not, tlerefore, very clearly see how, in the present bankrupt s<a!e of her treasury, so small a loan as is stipulated for would relieve her from her embarrassments, the more especially as the treaty makes special provision for the settlement of all outstanding American claims. Obviously it is not sufficient to give the Mexican government the present pecuniary help which it needs and t? guarantee the interest on tho sums due European claimants. But admitting that it were so, there is still this difficulty in tbe way of tho arrangement. Our government is not just now in a position to undertake engage ments making any large present additions to its liabilities. For three or four years to come it will have as mtich as it can do to provide for its own wants, as well as for tho interest of the debt which it is accumulating. We are there fore of opinion that, in its present shape, the clause In question will not be ratified by Con gress. But are we to let Mexico, for the want of a little pecuniary help, fall into the hands of the AUieB, to be carved out and divided as they may think proper, or to be placed under a guaranteed despotism, tbe establishment o' which would seal forever the fate of the Mon roe doctrine ? By no means. This very treaty clause, though impracticable in itself, suggests the means by which she may be at once reliev ed from the dangers that threaten her, and be insured greater stability in bor affairs than any that tbe Kuropean governments can afford her; for, be it observed, though tbe three Powers may compol the contending parties in the re public to accept, the sway of a foreign prince, that settlement can never prove other than a compromise, to be terminated as soon as the opportunity presents itself. And that it would soon do so there is littlo reason to doubt; for, the rebellion in this country once put down, we would never brook the continuance of such vio lence to the political inclinations of a republi can community who naturally look to us for protection. In tbe interest, therefore, of the future, and to avoid complications that may involve us again in war, we have to look about for some immediate means of extricating Mexico from her difficulties. Mr. Corwin's idea is a grand one; but it neither goes far enough, as to the amount required, nor does it take into account the obstacles that ttand in the way ol'its obtnin mout in the manner proposed. We believe that the money can be got in a way much more satisfactory to the feelings of tho Mexican peo ple, and in an amount sufficient to accomplish all that is aimed at. The three Powers, it is pretty clear, will not be put off by any half measures of arrangement, such [as the small loan proposed would involve. If the relief is I to be effective it must not be exposed to tho chance of a failure from an insufficient pvovi- ] eion of means. The plan that occur* to ua Is one that wo do not apprehend there will be any difficulty in carrying out. Let Mexico come in to our market as a borrower to the extent of twenty or thirty millions, the government of the United States guaranteeing both principal and interest. The payment should be extended over such a reasonable number of years as to i give the borrower a fair chance of consolidating her government, and providing for the liquida tion of the debt out of her own resources* 11' the loan were put in this slmpe we are satisfied that there are one or two housed here that would at ones take it on foreign account. In order that no time may be lost, the Secretary of State should im mediately place himself in communication with these houses, so that their views may be laid before Congress. Should they prove favorar ble? as we fully anticipate they will ? the clause relating to the loan can be eoeily amend ed and the treaty promptly sent biick to the Moxiean government for ratification. We repeat, that the dangers that threaten our neighbor are imminent, and that the remedy admita of no unnecessary delay. We must not forget the firmness with which she rejected every advance made her by the rebels, nor the proofs of good will which sho has given ua in thia treaty, u well as in prolonging until the close of the rebellion the period for the execu tion of the contract which she had granted one of our Northern citizens for a line of mail steamers to a Southern port. By lending her our aid at a time when we are ourselves in trouble, we prove to her that we arc not only her aincere friends, but her real protectors. Tns Tsiwxe and a War with England.? The Tribuvf says: ? "We have already intimated our hope that Great Britain will claim Mn?on, Sli ilell and their aecretnrles, on the ground of the Illegality of their r.i] .; ure/' Now, the Hekai.d hopes that Kngln. ,1 will do no such thing, but will take a common sen.<e view of the subject, and acknowledge that the capturo of the rebel ambassadors was perfectly legal. Vet the Tri Ivn c accuses the Ukuai.d of desiring a war with i , l.uul. forgetting, apparently, the u! ! adage 11 peoj !?' v. ; .0 'live in gla li^us'!! slioul 1 not throw sio.ics. Geobok OrvrKK IN toe Havds or Satan? Sorry and sad must be those who desire that the conservative character of New York city should bo maintained inviolate, that Mr. Op dyke has beoome so completely wrapped up in the folds of abolition. In yesterday's paper, he publishes* the card which we give below, to the effect that ho was not present, and did not authorize the use of bis namo as Vice President of (he meeting at the Cooper Institute, when the Massachusetts Senator poured forth a rehash of his Satanic sentiments, In favor of the wor ship of the almighty nigger. This card, the or gans of Mr.Opdyke say that the Hkilu.d refund to publish. This is simply a falsehood. It was ne^ or ?flured to the editor of this paper nor in any other way so that it could be pr Inted. It reads as follows:? a.? v ? n!K EI),T0B or TnE nrnAi.n. rh? vTT, ur;',ml,talt' n 111 stating thut I acted u or.# of whi, h Mr ? ' ,thJ mouUnK ifBt W Unesdny, hi Mr. Sumner mude hl? a- ti'.n sa upon the rebellion. L,|1^?nPf<V''Dt' not Cl isont to he Vice President, ami was not requested to act an su. h or to allow my umno to tx- itMd. It wan undoubtedly usod by mi enemy ror tho |>ur|N*? of doing mo l ijury. I ua not, and n?ver * I"'?", an ^Mitionlat. I havo no conrogimnnis in ro spflct lo my opiuiooR. TVy aro correctly net forth la toe opening tddrngft of Judgo C'ow.'ch at tiio meoliiiu of liwt eron.ng, (.n oxtraet from which I oncloso, and which I t>?c yon to |>ul>liHli with this note, us au act of ji ^tice Very 'ruly your*, titO. Ol'UlnK. ' buxDAr Evkkihu, Pec. 1,1F81. Now, what doe# this show? Nothing more than that the anti-slavery fanatics, who con vened the Cooper Institute meeting, thoroughly understanding the nature of Mr. Opdyke's po* i litical sentiments, put his name down, together with those of Goodell, Johnson, Cheover, as one of its Vice Presidents. They would never havo ventured or thought of using it, if his views had not perfectly co incided with theirs, and if they had not felt sure of his sympathizing with their proceed ings and resolutions, in stating the facts, as they were said to have occurred, the IIkram> did nothing more than follow the statements of the abolition organs of Mr. Opdyko himself It seems they lied. It is one of their unfortunate habits, by which they have this time injured their own candidate, and betrayed his compli. city with their schemes more than it was pru dent should have been revealed. Now, in try ing to explain away their falsehoods, they plunge themselves deepor in the mire and only I,rove that what they are trying to cover up is but too true. Glorious Joe IIoxhs. ? What good Knicker bocker does not remember old Iloxie, thirtv years ago, when he was in full communion wilh Tammany Hall ? Well do we recollect his red, rosy face, shining like the sun in a summer sky, os he used to amuse tho democratic worthies of the day, in cheerful, enthusiastic parlance. We asked some one, 111 those days, who lie was ''Don't you know?" replied our friend, "why that is glorious Joe Iloxie !" Since then he has been a sort of practical Franklin, with most of his wisdom and more than his wit. Glorious Joe got m^.d, however, with Old Hickory, and entered upon a sort of pilgrimage through a political slough of despond, l'roin which but few would have safely emerged. In 1810, he came out, with as much ferocity as is compatible with his genial nature, against Martin Van Buren, and was the troubadour of that Presidential campaign. With song, speech and money, he contributed lo the success of the hero of Tip pecinoe, and to the banishment of poor Matty to Kinderhook. Thereafter, he acted in concert with tiie whigs, until the Satanic spirit of aboli tion took possession of the whig and democra tic parties, and poisoned them both. Glorious Joe was too much of u patriot to stand such a deification of the nigger, and became sore and sad at heart to witness the rapid downfall and destruction ot time honored landmarks which the anti-slavery element brought about. So at last, better late than never, at a distance of over three times ten years from his first appearance before the people, he has introduced his plea sant face once more to the people, and, shaking back the silver hairs from his good old head, calls upon his fellow citizens to vote lor a con servative candidate for Mayor, and to rescue this metropolis from the taint of nigger wor shipping treason. He has come out for Gun ther. This is a first step. If the election, how ever, were to take place a week later, we have little doubt that ho would have raised his voice in favor of a union of upright, conservative voters on one candidate, who could certainly be elected, and whose triumph over the mis chievous heresy of abolition would signalize to the world that New York remains, as it ever has been, sound, national, and devoted to the con stitution, prepared to maintain, at any cost, the integrity of the Union and of the laws. Sober second thought would have induced glorious old Joe Iloxie to cast his suffrage for Mr. Wood, and not to throw it away 011 a candidate who has such small chances of being electcd as Mr Uunther. ! The G'hkva mkk Foknby's PoLrricAT, Sitpers. ? The Chevalier Forney, taking his cue from the immortal George Sanders (seccab), has adopted tbe practice of giving political dinners and sup pers. If Sanders wished to overthrow Louis Napoleon, or to nominate a President or elect one, his grand coup d'eUd was a luxurious sup per to a mixed company of hungry and admir" ing politicians. When the wine was in the wit came out, and Sanders ruled the roast, as a ve ritable Warwick, the King Maker. Forney, an old apprentice of Sanders, has set up in this business for himself. His last experiment waa a petit sowptr, at which he made a Damon of Secretary Cameron and a Pythias of Prentice* the bon vivant of the Louisville Journal. It was a great success. General Cameron pronounced Freniiee the saviour of Kentucky, and Prentice pronounced Cameron the identical man to carry us throngh this war in a blaze of glory. But while each of these well pleased men was yet walking in the lavonder of this love feast, lo ! and behold 1 the Louisville Jmrnal pounces upon Cameron as a heretic, and demands that he be carted off to tbe guillotine. Prentice, like Greeley after the battle of Bull run, has to come out and declare that he does not control his own paper; and so the good work of For ney's oysters and wine is spoiled. Forney will have to try it again, and let Greeley be present next time, so that Prentice may keep his wits about him. Twki.i th Aldebmaxio DrsTRirr. ? The contest in this district is somewhat racy. Let the voters bear in mind, when they deposit their ballots, the fact that the defeat of Boole will do more to break up the Aldcrmanic Ring than any other deed that can be performed to-day, and vote accordingly. Vote early. The Au>KnMAXtc King. ? There is now a good opportunity to stuash up Ihe Aldermanic King. tiled such men as Miicliell, Jeremiah. Kelly . ml Uncles, who are candidate* in the different dish't ;it!<l the btuinc-s of flwt corrupt 'oni* binatton at tlie Ci'.y Hall i? Hi in end. Fmcmont and Commodore Warn xm tih Itr tbopolis. ? Our readers cannot fail to hare n>* tlced tho marked difloronce in the treatmen'of General Fremont and Commodore Wilkes ipoa their arrival in New York. The former, at the commander of the Western Department jf tha military, attempted to adopt a policy cotnter t* that of the administration, and got himielf into trouble, and nearly defeated the plans of' the gov* eminent by disobeying orders and conducting tho campaign after his own anti-slavery fuss and feather notions, until ho was finally not onl'' su perseded, but has rendered a trial and Uvesti gution almost certain. With all of tSis load upon him he comes to New York, and the ?boIl tionists immediately commenced making them selves merry over him, serenading am1 doing ull within their power to make him a 'ion, all fur th? simple reason that he oppospl the ad ministration and lubored to defeat th? restora tion of the Union. Commodore Wilkes, on tho other land, having performed one of the most darfig and noble feats that has transpired since tie commenoe ! ment of the war?a deed that wil' be applauded all over the continent of Ei^ope whorever there is a hatred of the domineering that has for years been carried on nnder the British flag ? comes here, and no attention whatever is paid to him. This shows a great lack of sense in our people, and is a disgrace to the Corporation The abolitionists make a lion of their man, and start out to build up a party to overthrow the administration, while fhe conservative people remain quiet, and peruit a man who has done lhe country noble service to remain here un noticed. A generous public in the future will, however, take care ?f Commodore Wilkes, and the position that he will occupy on the page of history will bo far beyond the reach of the abo litionists' lion, Ftemont. Satanic Cuuckuno of the TiuurNR. ? The Tribune of yesterday intimates that the Nash ville is fitting out at Southampton, and may, very possibly, waylay aud capture the Arag? making captives of General Scott, Archbishop Ilughes and Thurlow Weed. This appears mightily to tickle the philosophers of the Tri bntir. and they chuckle heartily at the idea of getting some of their old enemies out of the way, and safely stored between four stone walls, in some remote corner of Dixie's land. They don't care about Scott much, but Weed's prospective incarceration fills them with the kind of satisfaction their friend Satan experi enced, when ho had successfully emancipated froiu celestial allegiance the inhabitants of the Gardon of Eden. They grin a little, too, at the chance of evil happening to the venerable Archbishop, whom they hate on account of hie supposed affiliation with Secretary of State Seward. Now our opinion is that government ought to lose no time in despatching steamers in search of the Nashville, and not rest until that vessel is safely docked in some Northern harbor, and incapable of such acts of piracy as the Tribune pants after. Let no room be loft for after regrets that proper precautions were not taken to prevent the imprisonment of the late Commander-in-Chief of the American armies, now seekiug Europe for the benefit of his health, of the revered Archbishop of the commercial metropolis of the Union, and of Mr. Weed, whose presence in Europe is so much needed to enlighten the understandings of British statesmen respecting American affairs. Greeley in the Pillory. ? In reply to a query of Mr. Ledger Bonaer, Greeley is report ed to Lave stated that he wrote the "leader" for the Tribune and a few squibs every day, and two leading articles for every Monday's paper. Now, some of the articles which brought about the Bull run massacre were "leaders;'' and yet Greeley said, in his piteous "Just Once," that he never wrote an article upon the subject, nor even one of the "Forward to Richmond" squibs. Trnly, liars should have good memories, or at least keep their contradictions out of print. Look Orr for Frauds. ? Some desperate cha racters in several portions of the city have en gaged to throw upon the tables of the canvass ers a quantity of ballots when they are count ing the vote, and thus confuse the canvassers and defeat the honest vote of the city. The police should be on their guard, and allow no person to approach near enough to the can vassers to carry out this diabolical project. Refudlicamh of the Tenth Aldermaxic Dis trict.? Remember that Mr. Sinally, the candi date for Alderman, is the person that sold out your candidate for Senator, Mr. Little, and turned over to Cornell enough republican votes to elcct him. Scratch him. and vote early Jeremiah, the Mozart and Tammany candidate, left an unblemished record when iu the Legis lature. School Officers. ? We trn^t that our better class of citizens will remember the school officers when they go to the polls to-day, and select from the nominees the very be3t men nominated, regardless of party. There are no officers to be chosen to-day that are of more importance than the school officers of the several wards. Look to your school tickets. Look Orr for Cheating. ? Extensive ar rangements have been made by several of the candidates for Aldermen to cheat the voters by using false election boxes, with the labels of the opposing party upon them, thus securing the votes of some of their opponents. Let every voter examine his ticket before he votes. Tenth Aldkumanic District. ? We notice that Greeley is working zealously for Mr. Smally, the republican candidate for Alderman in tne Tenth district, a man who has been engaged in tho exchange and lottery policy business. We wonder if this has any connection with the gold pen and lottery enterprise of the Tribune ? The Nominees for Alobrmen. ? If the voter8 and taxpayers in the even numbered Alder manic districts desire to bring about a reform in our municipal matters, let them look well to the nominees for Aldermen. Select from the nominees the very best men, regardless of poli tics, and there will be some hope of demolish ing the Ring. Eighth Aldermaxic District.? Let the hoa est Mozarters of the Eighth district remember that McKnight, the Mozart candidate, is one of the persons that arranged the Mozart boxes in the Seventeenth ward from which the numa of Cornell, the Tammany nominee for Senator, was run. to the exclusion of Cozans. the rogular nominee of the party. Closing of the New York Cnnsli. Ai iusr, l>eo. 1861. Tho Board of Canal Commissioners to-d.iy sdot>toU the folU<w)"({ resolution. ? 1. >v , T ut t!io c.taala of this State be cotisldorc4 Clo-oil mi I j lOlh iii-it. All i!x' Ix ais are oow on lit" first section of tlio canal a&U viii !>o la Hiu river to ai< rrow. Wcatla i cool.

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