Newspaper of The New York Herald, December 5, 1861, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated December 5, 1861 Page 2
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OUR INTERNAL AFFAIRS. Secretary Smith's Report to the President, *? , Ac., Ao. DiPABTMnrf or tb? Irrasioa, Nor. 80, 1801. 8??' The report of the operation! of this department during the fleool y*ar ending Juno 80, 1861, will exhibit ? diminished amount of business in some of the mogt tra" portent bui-Muii) connected with iho department. This ls attrlbuUblo mainly to the insurrection which haa sud denly precipitated the country into a civil war. 0*N*IUt. WITD OKHCB. the decline of business hus very sensibly affected the opera tious of the General Iaik) Ollice. Official intercourse h?. been entirely suspended with all the Southern State8 which contain any portion of the public lands, and oon' aequeotly no sales have been made tn any of those States. In all tho Northern States in which any of the publio lands aro situatod the war has almost entirely suspended sale*. The demand for voluntoers has called into tho ranks of the army a largo number of that portion of our people whose energy and enterprise In time of peace laoline them to emigrate to the West and settle upon the public lands, thus laying the foundations of future pros perous communities and Stat or Besides, the ordinary ohannols of trade and commerce have been so obstructed by the war that the sources of Income, from which the Mttlers upon the publio lands have realized the means of purchasing, have been greatly diminished. On the 30th September, 1881, there were 66,566 ,695.25 teres or the public lands which had been surveyed but not proclaimed for public s:ile. The lands surveyed and oflfered at i ub lie rale previous to that time, and then sub ject to private entry, amounted to 78, 6(22,735.64 acres, making an aggregate of public lands surveyed and ready for sale or 134 ,218, ?30.80 acres. Since the last annual report of this department no pro clamation for a public Bale of lands has been made, as the quantity already subject to private entry is more than sufficient to moot the wants of the country. During the fiscal year ending 30th June, 1861 , and the flr-t quar ter of the current year, ending 30th September, 1861, 6,389,632.31 acre? lave lioen dlsjMwed of. Of this amount 1,021 .493.77 Sv; en navo boon certified to tho States of Min nesota, 4.1U and Louisiana, under railroad grants made b) Congress; 606,004.47 acres havo been cortiflod to States as swamp lands; 2,163,940 acres havo been located With bounty land warrants, and 1 ,608 ,004 07 acres liave been sold for cash, producing $925,299 42. It will be seen from this statement that the public lands have coasud substantially for the present, at least, to be a source of revenue to the government. The liberal manner in which tho acts of Congress, granting ?wamp and ovorflowod laads to tho St&tos, have been oonstrued and executed , the grants of large quantities to aid in the construction of railroads, and the quantity re quired to locato bounty land warrants for military ser' vices, have combined to reduce tho cash suleB to an ?mount but little more than sufficient to meet tho ex. petifos of our (and system. Tho not income from sales during the last fls?U year will hardly reach the sum of |900 000 During the last fiscal year there were certified to the St a* en for railroad construction, under tho several acts of Congre.-?# miking grants for such purposes: ? To Minnesota, 808,871.90 acres- to Michigan, ?"6,061.42 acr<n, aul to Louisiana, 76,500.46 acres. Tho whole amount cu t God to all the States, under such grants, is 9,998,497.77 aCTW. The grants of swamp and overflowed lands to tho States have absorbed a large amount of valuable lands, and have caused a heavy drain upon the Treasury. lh? daunt, of the several States lover au aggregate of #7,896,677.40 xcr-s. The Untied States have also paid to to the States, in cash, under the indemnity act oi March 2, 1*65, on ac count of lands claimed as swamp lands, and which were ?old by the I'nuert States subsequent to tbe date of tho grant, ?27t>, 120 60. CertiflcAtes tnvo l>ecn t-sued for location upon any of the public lsnu?i subject to entry, to indemnify the states for Cljmu'i'J an swai.ip lauds, but which have been located by bounty laml warrants' after the date of tbu gfTrt, WT^llH h Itf ftf n acres. Additional claims are pendmp, J et undecided, for cash, $142,' 405. and for j lauds, 301,421) acres. The bounty land warrants and scrip Issued under dif ferent acta of Congresa, previous to September fln, isiil embrace ;tu ajjgre.^ate of 71, TIT, 172 acres ot land, or this amount thero have been located: tor Revolution ary, 8,200,612 nere.H; for services in the war with great Britain , 4.660,120 acres; for Canadian vohm leers, 72,i 00 acr? a; for her vices in the Mexican war and other service*, un ier the acts of 1947, 1850. 18i>2and 1866, In all 61,l.'tN,4<70 acros, leaving yet to be located on warrant* AB<! pgr ip alMAJy iniued, 7,464,720 acres. w OooKtifJ Shall authorize the issue of additionul warrants ti ls drain upon tint public lauds will soon cease. The propriety of i suing bounty land warrants to the volunteers who hav e hoeu e.uied into service to suppress the existing Insurrection is alrnarly a subject of dixcus Bion, and must be determined by Congress. A warritnt for oao hundred aud alxty acres to each volunteer eu gaged in the service would absorb over one hundred mil lions of ncre-, a much larger amount than has been issued undor ail previous laws. It s evident that the issue of such an amount of warrants would destroy all hope of deriving any revenue from the pub lio land.*, at leant for many years. And while such ? measure would deprive the government of ail in oome from this source, it would afford but little benefit to the volunteers. Tie se warrants are now sold m the mfcrke' at about itftv cent per acre. An addition of iho large amount necessary to supply tho volunteers would oeoeeearily reduio the price ol them to a merely nomi oal sum The bounty of the government . dispensed to the volun teer* In this form, would fail to rcaii/e to them the ad vaulag"s mteuded. All the best lauds would fall Into the bands of speculators, who would bo enabled to pur chase thom at a nominal price, and Bell Ui"m to settlers at full p. ico-i a- last as eniit;rut ion to llie West, would re quire thom for settlement. if additional compensation to tiie volunteers, beyond lb" amouut now authorized by law , shall be deemed i us', and proper, it will be better both for the go\ eminent and tlw volunteers to mako such j compensation by a uircct appropriation of money, or of go\.-rnme:.tsei uritios. 'Il:ls would cive them the full benefit of the appropriations made, while tlie govern ment wo .Id, b> keeping the lauds uutil they shall lie de m aided for settlement, reaii/e their full value. The <r Kurvo.slun private land claims In tbo 1 territory of Mexico , based upon urania ol Hie Mexican I government , have beretor to boon paid by the I'niled Stales. These surveys have cost tho goverum-nt lirge Bum*, th i c st of survey ing ouo claim .mooutod 10 twouty two bun ire I dollars, nnotlier cost the gove.n raant fourteen Uu".'i'o3 dollar*, Tbe aggi c^aie co>i of . durvc. U U? Uiein lias taken from the Ir a-^ry a Uiye amQi<flt of public funds. No valid reason e:;Ma, in my {ungmeut . ro t <x4ng thegove. nrnuiit with I be cost (k'lie^e suri eye. /'he <i is no obligation rotting upon tho T'uii-4 Si at 06 10 ascertain and define tho bouudarisa of grants made by Mo -.Ice to individuals previous to the cepsiou of tbo territory. Tbo cla'mant realizes nil Uio beuellt and should be i ha"t>' d with the excuses of do lining tho boi ndary of hi* claim. The survey# should be made under the authority of tho t'nlied States, but tbe cost of the survoy should be paid by mo claimants, and patents for the land should l>e vrilhold ntil tho expanses of the survoy are paid. The valuable and extensive mi leral lands owned by the gov in men t in California and New Mexico have hitherto produced no revenue. Ail who chose to do w nave been Krmltted to work them without limitation. It is be ived thai no other government owning valuable mineral lands has ever refused to avail itself of tbe opportunity of deriving a revenue from tho privilege of mining such lands. Tbey are tho property of the whole people, and it would be obviously Just and proper to require those who re-.p the advantages of mining them to pay a reasonable amount aa a consideration for tbe advantages enjoyed. Tho territorial governments of Colorado, Dacotsh and Nevada have been successfully organized since tbo ad Journm-nt of the la-it Coni{in.-s. The surreys of tho public lauds in those Territories have already been comiuoocod, and tho lands are now oi>eu for settlement. Tbo productiveness of tbe ?<nl and the mineral wealth of thoso Territories, with the udvanUgeg of legally organized governments, will doubtless mvlte a large Immigration to them as soon as tbe termination of tho war shall r"jtoro to civil employ ments that portion of our people now under arms. Congress, by an act passed May 26, 18?0, author i/.'d the apiioiutment by the President "o(^s suitable person oroers ius" who should, in conjunction with |ier#en? to be appointed ou Ixduill of tho .-late of California, "run and mark the boundary lines lieiweon tbe Territories ol' the United states and the State of ' lallfornLa." I ifty-flvo thousand dollars were ?p;TO|.i iated for tho porfbrmsncc ot' tbe work. Sylvester Mowry was ap)<oluted a commis sioner on tho part of the I'm ted States, and the urn of $37,661 10 was placed at his disposal for the pi o-,e<;utlon of the work. Very soon aftor taking charge of the department ! ac certalned tiiat the whole sum which bad been placed in the hand< of the Commissioner hud be"ti dtsiosod of by him, an l a large aniocnt of drafts for additional sums bid been drawn upon the department, w!i:!e no progress had been made in tho work beyond th?* fiiiox of one of throe Initial points, viz- ? The intersection of the thirty-lif !i po a lei of north latitude with the Colorado river. Hi" whole appropriation ha 1 been sq;aucrcd, whilt) tlto work had been only oomui?uced. Under these circumstance 1 deemed It to be my duty to arrest the creation of further claims against the gov ermuoi.t ivitbo t author in or law, mid accordingly directed the suspension of the work and a discontinuance of the services of the Commissioner. ]> ,8 believed that the whole work might have been complex d for the sum appropi lated by Cob gress; but a Ink' only a tmall part or the work hai beon accompi'Shed, tbo claims or-s nted amount t rear'v 120,000 beyond tb-j anproj. lotion. It remains for r. u greas to dotcrmlne whs ln-r further appropriations >-ha!i bo made I or the continuance of ihe work. The running of the boundary lines ba'ween th? Territories of the United States and th-- M.te ,,r Texas, authorized by the act or Congress o' June 1858, has been completed in the field, and the oflko details wiU In a short tlnio be finished For tli's work' $80,000 were appropriated. Of this sum $73 a,o 81 h.d been expended on the ijoth S< ptember, laei leaving an unox'.isndod balanceof $6,749 1? This balance Uesti matai to hesuOclent for thtf completion or tbe entire *or ?',r* detailed information In regard to the nn?r?. ttous of the Uoneral Land t/Sce reference is mi<;c ihe aud elaborate report of tbs Commissioner. UTDUK AVMIML Oar Indian aflkirt kre In ft very unsettled end qn?atu. \ factory condition. I T*v hpirlt of reb?tllon against the authority Of the gov ernment, which has precipitated a number of State* into I open revolt, has been Instilled Into a portion of tho Indian i tribes by emissaries from tho Insurrectionary States. The large tribes of Cherokees, Chlckasaws and Choc taws, situated In the Southern Superluteudency , have su?i>endod all Intercourse with the agents of the United State*. The superintendent and agents appointed since the 4th of March last have been unable to reach their poets or to hold any Intercourse with the tribes under their charge. The superintendent and some, If not all, of the agents of the Southern Suoer in tendency , who wore in office on the 4th of March, have assumed an attitude of revolt to the United Statos, and have Instigated the Indians to act* of hostility. Some uf these, who lately held their offices under the United States, now olttlm to exorcluo the same authority by virtue of commissions from the protended Confederate government. Although tho Indian Office ha* not beon ablo to procure definite Information of the condition of affairs, and of " e extent to which the Indians havo assumed a hosti'o . I tude, enough has been ascertained to leave no room lor doubt that the intlii' nccs which have been exerted ujon tho Indians have been sufficient to induce a portion of them to renounce the authority of the Unltod States and to acknowledge that of ihe rebel government. It has been currently rei>orted through the press that a portion of them have been orsanlwd as a military force, and are in arms with tho rebels: but the department has no official information confirming these rumors. The hostile attitude assumed by |>ortions of the trllies referred to, h:i? resulted from their fears, produced by violence and threats of emissaries gent among them, and the with drawal fir m their vicinity of the troops of tho United States, whose presence would have afforded a guarantee of protection. It is unfortunate that tho War MMfttMBt has been unable to send to that region such a body of troops as would he adequate to the protection of those tribes, and revive tlielr confidence in the ability as well as the will of tho United States to comply with their treaty stipulal Ions". Cut off from all Intercourse with loyal citizens -.surrounded by emissaries from the rebels, who re presented thu-t the government of the 1'nited States was de stroyed , and w ho promlsod that tho rebel govcrment would asstimo the obligations of the United States and pay their aunulttcs: as; ailed by threats of violence, and seeing around them no evidence of the power of the United Sta'es to protect them, It is uot surprising that their loy alty wis unable to resist such Influences. Many white inon of far greater intelligence havo joined the insurrec tionists aga nbt their own convictions of right, under much Irsa pressure. Wo have rci son to believe thif as soon as 'he United States shall re establish their authority in tho Indian country, and shall send there a sufficient force for t ho protection of the tribes, they will reuouuee all connec tion with the rebel government and resume their former relations with the United States. Hie payment of their annuities has been suspended. The Commissioner of Indian Adah's expresses the opinion, In which 1 concur, that Congi ess should make the usual appropriations to comply with the treaty stipulations of the United States, that the means may exist to pay fhom. If circumstances and the condition of the tribes shall hereafter render it proper and expedient to do so. The tribes upon the Pacific slope of th? pocky Moun tains have manifested a turbulent spirit, but have com mitted no acts of violence. With vigilance on the part of tho agents it Is hoped they inay be restrained from depredations on the white settlors, and bo gradually brought under tho control of the laws of the United Slates. Much trouble has been experienced In New Mexico from depredations commuted by the tribe9 in that Territory. The withdrawal of the troops of the United States his encouraged them to acts of violence, while the active In terference of disloyal persons from Texas has induced them to disregard the laws and authority of the govern m. ct. The presence of u military force in fliat Territory is iudi-qieusable uipteserve the |>eace and cause the In dians to respect the laws. The tribes in Kansas and Nebraska, and In tho States of the Northwest, are gradually progressing in the arts J of civilization. The plan of allotting jsirtlons of their reservations tn the Individual members of tho tribes has been found by experience to result beneficially, tinny of thsin have improved their lands and become quite pro ficient as farmers. A continuant" of ibis policy, by r?. miliarizing them Willi the babitsof agricultural lite, will gradually lead them to depend upon the cultivation of the soil for subsistence. Tho report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, which i? herewith submitted, furnishes full Informal ion In regard to the several tribes, and suggests in detail inch matters us require the attention oi'Coi gross. 'Ihe practice of licensing traders to traffic with the In disns lias been productive of mlscltl. vous results. 'Ihe money received by them in payment of (heir annuit es, generally passes immediately into the li ne's of the trad ers. The Indians purchase good* of the traders upon a credit, to be paid for ii|kui tho receipt of their next ?n nnity. When the payment is dim, t bo debts of the Indians are usually sufficient to absorb the wlmln ?mount, tint, it' anything is le! t alter (lie payment of their debia, it is i-sod fur new purchases front the traders. The result of lb:* sys!?m of trade ik (hat (bo Indians pay fur tho good* Ibey pttrchasn much more than Utejr are worth. Put th s is not the only evil n ulling from Ti. ^'baji a trcstj is made . :i largo army of debt* is presented, nnd pi*o v w*l< ?*? usually lundo in the treaty for j their payment. Wit net*** are produced who establish i the dcblst by evidence, which cannot b? coutrudirted by I any available proof, sufficient to absorb mom of the pro- j ceeda of their laud#. They are left to dtq>end m>on their annuities from the government for aiibslstence, ami these Hud their way into tike hands ot the tradara, while the Indians recaivo from them goods at a profit of from one to thieo or four hundred per rent. It in apparent to all acquainted witb Indian-', that they are incompetent to manage their ow n business, or to pro tec t their rights in their intercom se w ith the h Info race. It la the duty of the government to shield them from the arta of designing men, and to see that they realize tha full benefit of the annuities to which they are entitled. This can only be accomplished by breaking no the wholnsys'em of Indian trading. 'I'he power granted to n^eiils to license persons to tra<le with tiie Indians should be revoked. All uontrac.ta made with them, and all obligations lor goods or oilier properly sold to them, should bj ile.l-ued utterly ?old. All future treaties should provide for ihe payment of their annuities iu goods an I agricultural implements, ut the lowest prices at which they can he procured bribe government, 'lliu department should be authm i/ed to procure ibe consent of the tribe-- with which treaties ex ist providing for tho payment of cn^h annuities, I liat it i ?nall furnish them wilhpucli goods ami Agricultural im j pleinants as their wants require, ut the whdeaulc prices I 01 such articles m the best markets, in lieu of the cash annuities j.rov ided for in the treaties. Ky such a change the Indians would avoid tho payment j of profits wbi< It are now i aid to the traders, and would ' realize a mtti b larger aue.unt iu goods for their annuities ! than l hey now l'e< eivo. No branch of the public ? -rvica connected w>ib 'this . department has been so mucb aff-eted by the insurree. ! tion of the Southern <>f the I'ateut tttlice. ! 'I ho receipts of the offleu from January 1 to September SO, t*"l , were % 102. K08 1K-, and ti e expenditures were $lh.ri.r>!i4 Oft, allowing an etr? ot expenditure- over re ceipts of $82,7t5 ST. During Ibe c u n s-ion tin* ) or ibo la?t year the i receipts were $197 ,"48 4'l, l-eio-. ^'I.Mfl 22 ir.oiv than the i receipts for th- satue pari of this yc.<i'. H it dig tho same pei iod a,.'. 14 applies t otis f..r patents 519 cav-au have i-een ftiul, ?2:-r?Sl |.ut<-nla live be- n i-* .ed, and I., talents have been extended. To meet this deficiency in llie i.f the office IliB , Commission' with the cnncurien. o ..I the department , has reduced lh<> cVjticai end examining forrn by tha discharge of thirty of tl;e cniptuye:-. nud reduced the grade of the remainder in ?nti-r to U-sscn iltair eoinpii ation. By this reduction >! is b'.-li>-\ ed by the C'oiniu.fc loner that the expenditures w ill be brought | within the receipts. Tha expei.j)' s '.f the < flfl.-e have ln-.-ii iner. s- .l during tha present year by 'he priiiiii.g ol the drawings and jspeciUcn'inu i authinied by the < nth ?ivli n i f the act of March 2, 1861. 'Ibe O lumi-f ienrr - out acted for lite printing iu conformity wi'h r'.e .:iv nud the ?rrk was executed in a sal lory manner ?;n?it the 1st of Noven-b.'f, when, in ct>n?eqHe ? e < !' tin- >'e line ,n ' lie raceipt9eftheol)!ce.ii wa- d scontin"e :. Tho printing of the dr.- wings a t I K|tcciflcalloi.i of patents, in the manner iu wbiilt it huf h i n <ione i nner the law 1 1 Man b !a-t. would ? n-ptei tioi ably be?f griat service U< the fllo-. a* well a to all inie. t--,ted In i!u business, ai^t should, ii po.-.ib'e, b.- eon tlutted. AUhougb the i.f ibe Puieni Oftli-e hive b? a increased by this printing, a suvii.g of a Iarf> r amount ha* beau eCected t" th" ! treasury. The mei hann al reports of ilio Pslent office have heretofore been printed al the expense of the ge?. erumcut. Th -e repoits consist of extracts front the specifications of the patents issued, giving a brief and general dasoripnon or the .ninrovameiiis cr inventions for wlili h the patents were i?soed. They posts' no in terest for iho general reader, while they ate 'oo b-ief to be ol sorviee to mechanics or invnnuus. Ti.? plates tor the "Mechani al Report" <f iwu coat the government 147,308 ? a sum greater than ihe entire ro?i of p'tntin^ provided for by tha taw of lla-i h last. 'Ihe coal of paper, p. inting and binding was p.obab'y ss mu< It more, while the work was without praolkal value. The printing of the draw iufcti and spf ifleatloif. a? provided for 1 y the. law of March last, will render unnecessary the pr.uting the mechanical repo. is, and isw the expense heratofoia incurred for their publication. | Several aniendtoenK to tha law of Ma' <h last are pro. posed by the Conuni. &ioner of Patants, which wo-ild doublet s' render it m>- re effective and they are tecum mended to the favorable consideration of Congtets. 'Ibe law regulat tig eopyi igh;> -liould be amends'! to eflVi t tlieobiaet' conteinplsted byCongrets. Ihe act of l-'ebruary !t. ISM, authorigae the clerks of the I'nlted States MUtt i' i rotirts to (.'rant copyrights, and require- tlv? author to doi>o?ft a ny ?.f lis work with th? . ,'erk. The clerks are required t<, send to the Pafart tc 1 1 of the Interior all a-th ccf. . s daporited in th* ir Tins duty i? vei v imperfectly performed, pro bably not more than half thfl hookt-. , lu.i| s, ekat U and reuncal oomr-owlitoim whioh a?e c |-j r ghtcd &;? ed Iu tht> tl#i artmetil, os required nv law. Ihe object of collecting In one lib. *ry copier of a'l tlie copyrighted literary productions of the eetintry is thus dr.'e.t" d. To secure tins object a> aiuandnicnt 1 1 the law is recommended which shall give the sola power of c an' ing copy rights to ihe ('omuil- -ioncr of Intents, at:d re. quire fr< .in every appiicanl the t nytLCut of a iee <.f one dollar and a deposit in the Patent Office of a cop) of the work to be copy t iglited. pax-ion Office The report of the Commt-aioner ol Pn^ici,* fufn'.?hef, in c.etail, the operations of this bureau titmng the past vear. The nrmberof pen-ion? diminished, during the year, live hundred aud seventy 0\a. ar.d tho amount rcqtiirei; to )wy theni was $4:i,J46 87 !?uj than the pre . v,o n vear. j Ti e whole number of pensioners, of all c>a?iea. on tha i rolls ou the 30th of June, 1861, was 10,7011, requiring for j their payment an aggregate of $fi67,77'i Ox They ware classified as follows.? 4,726 invalid ptnsion ers, rp'j?,ving |425,j.>6 02. 63 revolutionary pensioners, recetviug tl.ijflo gS; 2.728 widows of > evolutionary f -Idlers, receiving 1212,546 96; 2.2M6 widows and or phans, half-pay, receiving $178,072. &?7 uavy pension ers, re-:eiviiig 5137,004 86. The casualties ot the conflict in wbltb the government is row engaged will'increaae the list of pensioners very aryely. The amount of the increase cannot be estimated, as it will depend upou ilia duration of tha war. The larga am uint of buainaac which will nacesaarily be thrown Upon the offlo* from thla mom will rend* an Increase of in* clerical for oe employed Indltpensable. The CommlMiontr of Pens loos, with the concurrence or the department, has construed the paction lawB now in foroe as authorizing tho granting of penaioua to Invalids and the widows end children of deceased soldiers who have been killed or wounded in the existing insurrection. If this construction of the laws should be deemed im proper the corrective la wttli Congress. It has been ascertained that many of thoso who hare been placed upon the pension roils lu the Insurrectionary States have attached themselves to the robel cause, und have takeu up arms Sgalust the government. I have deemed It my duty in all such caitos to direct ? suspen sion of th? payment of the pensions awarded te them. I have also directed a suspension of puyment to all pen sioners In any of tho Stutee who have ib any uimiuoi en couraged the rebels, or manifested a sympathy with their caube. It is respectfully suggested that Congress sh< uld nu tborizo this department to cause the names of all sugh persons to be stnckou from the pensiou roils. Kinirru risers. The returns of the eighth census are being condensed for publication, wiih ail the ox|>odition practicable iu a work ol such magnitude and varle<t and comprehensive details. Tho report whl<-h the fluperintcn lent of that w?rk will he prepared to make during Iho propont Cougress, will confirm the general bolin Umt no previous pet iod ul our history has been distinguished by greater | r sperity or evideuces or tnore tubntautial progress in all iho inn'.e. ial interests alloc tine tho welfare and happiness of a puopiJ. In this connection I feel constrained to recommend the establishment of a Bitouu ol Agriculture and Statistics, the neod whereof is not only realized by the heads of de partments, but is felt by every intelligent leg-islator. Tho muiuteuonce of such a bureau on a respectable footing, by a different arrangement of offices which at present exist on a basis too contracted for extensive u-o fulu'-sa, would be attended with no expenso to the govern ment additional to that incident to the present organiza tion of the de|<artini nts( while the advantages gaine I to the public servico would bo incalculable. One of the ob jects contemplated by Congress in the appropriations for the promotion of agriculture was the "collection of "ifri cultoral statistics." Correct reports from every portion of tho country , exhibiting the peculiarities of iho soils and their adaptation to the various crops, with the cha racter and extent of their annual productions, would con stitnte a fund of information oi' great practical value. The appropriations heretofore made by Congress have not been sufllcient to accomplish this object, and at the samo ilmo provido for the distribution of seeds and tho propagation 01 new varieties of plants to the extent which tho public expectation appeared to demand. Annual reports n.ade under the direction of such a bureau, soiling lorth Iho condition of our agriculture, manufactures and common e, with well digostud state ments relative to similar facts in foreigu countries, which the present rapid intercommuuicatiou enables us to ob tain often lu advance of their publication abroad, would provo tho most valuable repertories of interesting and important information, the absenco of which often occa sion* i ucal. ulable Iofs to tiio material interests of the country. Tho vigilance of such a bureau would supply tlni 'ly warning of the failure of crop* ubroad or at bon.e, and leallo lh? Judicious Investment of capital and em ployn.?nt of labor In agriculture and manufactures. While we expend vast soma for experiments in punnery? tlio promotion of science ? in Illustrating tho physical features of unpeopled territory at homo and regions beyond the seas, and publish costly volumes of undigested correspondence relating to fore gu trade, It is a source of pain to every statesman and politi cal economist to reflect that it is only once in ten years that the country is supplied with roliable loturrs respect ing the value of our agriculture and manufactures, while altogether ignorant of the iho extent of our internal com inerco and posse's no moans of ascertaining its im portance. All enlightened foreign governments and several or the Slates sustain statistical bureaus, while the United States, w if h a populat ion second to no other in intelligence, and with productions and resource? tho most varied, h v? yet to institute an agency which would prove an Invaluable guardian of our most mulcr I il interests. The wnut of such a but can has long been felt and has been frequently brought to the notice ol Congress, but at no period h is tho necessity I icon so tri\ ersally recognizod as at the pre sent. l|ion the Agricultural and Statistical Bureau would na turally devolve the charge of tho census, for which l rnc ly preparation would bo made, and its ndministra. ion conducted with improved accuracy and ease, in fact the execution of thai work collects a mass of valuable detail*, and reveals innumerable and reliable souices of inform* tion of deep interest, heretofore lost to the country, wiii> li u permanent bureau would bo able to develop* to advantage. The extent to which the documents of that office have reached, and the I'renuent reference made to tliem for public and private purposes, make it indispensable to nmml.i n a |*>rnmuent clerwul force to htve them in charge. Confident that such a bureau will assert its claim to public preservation , and by its utility pro\e tlie wisdom of the men-ire, I recommend its immediate lor mil ion. AKKICAN ST.AV* TKAO?. I Tbe Pre* Went , hy an order dated tbe 2d of Hnjv his* , I devolved upon this department (he execution of the act of 3d March, isio, and other lawn enacted for the sup pressiou or the African slave trad*. The Sut'i' ct was immediately taken in hand, under a deep sense of our obligation its a nation, to put ;m ead, if tnssiblo, to thi-i odious ti afflc, and with a full conviction that the t ower of the fjovermnent, 111 the hands of com petent , honest anil faithful officers, waa adequate to the purpose. Among other thlnga, I caused tho marshals of the loyi.l Atla'itir State* to assemble ut New York for cousuilat imi , i i order to fusitre greater concert of ac< l mid. They were thereby aflbtdud nu opportunity of 111 specl hif vessel* fully equlp|>cd for the At'rjpan slave trade, aud of (teeing the arm and devices employed to rtHfniif* mi'l conceal the real object* of their voyage, thus eo.'iMirts.' litem to detect ???<! liferent (ho cicuriuice of vc-sels resigned Tor this nade. it is gratifying to know that unprecedented si-ccess has crowned the efforts ui the post few montlw. Fire vessels have been seizoid, tried and condemned by the eonria. One slaver ha- been tak n on the coast of Africa with about nine hundred negroes on board, who were conveyed to the to puhii- of l,iliec ia. One person has toeu conv icted at. N'ew York ?? tho captain of a .layer, having onboard eight hundred caplives, and two othcra (mates of a dHIenlit veasel) and another on- ut Boston for fitting out ? vessel foi the slave trade. In the flrat natned the penally 1< death; in the oth-nt it is fine an?l impi isoniw ut. Hith er imi:i mictions under the hws orohib. ting the African ?la\ e trade ha?cboen ?. orv rare. 'Ibe- in probably the l.irge.-t number ever obtained, and certainly the only one* for mam years. It is bj'ieved that the that mentioned c o i? the only ?>ue Involv og capital punishment inv.biil? a convict ion has bean ft fee led. T hi full execution of the law in these instances will nu doubt have n most saint <ry Intli '.ence in iteiwi ring others from the tammissiou of like offences. A nnmb'T or other Indictments Imve beest (bund wlii b are yet to bo tried. Mii' h credit is due to the I'niieit States attorneys and V\v Yoi'?ati<l ro.-lou i<u (I*. vigilance and seal ev ii.< d bv tli in. act l avail myself >>r the lir.-t ocra ii. u to niaki th .in t'ais public, iicknowlcdrfUKul. Within a little more than a year ll? gove iinviit of t!ie Unitod ft-it' i.niler mnirat t niaiio ?vith the goro.n nu nl of 1 bails, thrriif h the agency of ihu American C | i< n tfneiety . have taken iuto that iep:>l)lic I'our ! thocsaud five liunt'i ed Africai ?, reeAflitroil <>u h" h's;h ri-S' by vessels of one navy. l'hoy are supplied ?vith frod, cloihinx and shelter, tiiid mcdiuul ai i t nd, f. r one ye i "in the date of landing, ami ,.re ' ihi:s bri iinht W'thin th - i ivillv. nj; anil chn-i wui^ing in ' flu. uce i . a KiiVi-riiiiient loui.ih il utid a.lmtni- t.'i i-d by in ' tetlib.vnt aint rt? 'it mim'.etl pet siei* of tie ir own I te e. ihey are iilidei lUc ia' ch i,c ami supevv isioii ol nn a,- en ' ol the t nited Stan , liie lir\' .leit i ' y y , who J, a ? l>eeii a devoted mi^iowy in Africa I'm- niany yuirs. His i e|ioft . when itceivi d . will no doubt alli>rd aiiundaiit ' evidence of the wisdom and pliiianthrot y < f (lie policy a lop.vd by the 1 lilted .^*.^ in iCi, i :'ii i" :he.o rnhapuy s ic:im> "I a < ;*u i end relentless rnpi lity ivho^ uiipt'or t me. hav < thn ? n t It- nt ti |-vn the sterin^ c ire tnd pro ' lection cf the '.inviiean (Koj-le. ** t; Ut 1 1 :> in and the limted ?islesliave enja^ed.hy the m aty V'lled at Wa hin:*,l0n l -e lllh of Augusi, 11142. thai mu'h shall psei'arc, etiuip and mainlaiu in service nn the ons: 1 01 Alrica i atilt,e.. nt and violate . qrad ron i .? iisi nl forceof ve>.<e M oi suitable unmb-rs and dene. iptioBS, to carry >n all nut ie?s than eighty guns, to enforie. separately and respectively, the laws, rights and obligaia.riti < i'cai h of the t wo countries for die supprei* sii n of the .- n\ e 1 1 a.te. j It seems to be the opinion of those hs\ inn most exp? , rienee on the subl et , thai two or three ;s?i (team via eels 'I wa: stationed on t ii< ouasl ol' A trie* would b? a hie I in ci nsei|' en<e of the light winds thai usi ally pre\ ail i ibere ud tlicir capacity to go in auy direction) to mo: e etin tualty tcoomtiit'sh the cb.e. i thsu a much larger num ber ol satin g v eis. Vessels are always selected for ihe *1 ?ve ti de iMih special rcieren- e to tUeii sai ing qualities, ard r would probably lie ?ri?< (o ,eek a mod. it cation ft' the treaty o.' IS^-.', in order to admit of lointi sin )i ehstige in i lie I'liaracier of the vessels employed. But. ?:ier a'l. while we nmst continue to watch the coa-t of Afri a. the most (X*cnomicj?l and eCcctuat n.ode ot pi erecting our citiwis from ecganing in the stave tra.te :* by preventing tho fitting out r>< \ ? ssels hi our own w?ter.< for that purpose, and tho plans now In ope i at ion will therefore continue to be viuorously protected, It is believe! thai tlkMinexpenocit baiaaces of appro j priaiions fer the tappre$*;on <>f the s'sve trade will he ! sutteinnt to meet the requirements of the service during | tile next |)>schI year, and no further appropriation is n?ked< but thai fs? twill render it uscessaty to remove ; 1 1 io limitation ia the appropriation ol Us'.h : 2 . 1861, i ae to t!;i compensation thai may be allowed t? mar-ha'l and othes who may he employed . ihe limitation cf ten ihomand doi|?iS wag coulineii to the operations of one yea', and altbongb the who)* anioi i ? will i."t he required lor such services during the current fin at year, it \? ill not, probably, be snffw ieut io cover the necessari expenditures of that character for ! twoyeari!. jrciiusT The e.ttienditures from the judiciary fund during the flscal year endmp June .10. ISfil, iverc $TiT,(KK) 61 This Includes Ike expenses of the courts, jurors' and witness' I fees, rent and rei airs of court nouses, and all othet ex per. attendant upon the admiuistrstion of the laws of the federal judiciary, except the aaiarien of the judges, district attorneys and margin's. i The siispcrsii n of the courts m several of tlie Southern sthtfj w.ll dimming thj ?xp?-B?es 9; the judiciary 10 that 1 extent but wlisi may be jiaincd from ih.s cause wii^ bfl more than count erbaiun< ad by axtraoiilinaty ev( <nses :n the Nortbetn States, o- ? asioned by the insurrection ; chargeable to the judiciary fund. Ihe annual rent of rooms occupied bv the 'eilerslcoitrts ! constitutes a larte item of the expense?, /sairatter of | economy , ae isell \t> of tonT<tnien? e to All connected wiih I tbe courts, it is desirable that the jo\ emmfnTshoulj own the buildings required Toi ths< purpose. The United States now own the buildings' in which the | courts are held at I'ortiand and Bangor, in Maine ul i Windsor and Rutland, in Vermont at Boat on, in Ma.-?a chusetts; at Providence, in Rhode Island, at Buffalo, i in Now Vork; at Pittabuiy. in Pennsylvania; at Wilmington, in Delaware; at He hmoud. In Virginia, at Wilmington, In North Carolina ; at Savannah, In Georgia, at Pensacola and .St. Angustine, ,d Florida; at Mobile, in Alabama; at Pontotoc, in Mississippi at St. Louis, in Missouri; at Chicago, In Illinois; at Cleveland and Cin cinnati, in Ohio; at Indianapolis, in Indiana; at Detroit, In Michigan, and at S?i? 1-e, ia New M^xi^o. BiMldlng) to bo ao ooouplod are In process of erection by the govern ment ? Key West. In Florida: at Galveston, In Taint, and at Madison, la Wiaconsln. Much Inconvenience Is dally experienced for the want of a suitable court house. owned by the government, In the oily of New York. The building formerly known as Butioh's theatre has been occupied by the courts ?inoe 1868, at a rent of $10,000 per annum.

The government has aireau? expended over 930,000 in altering tho building to adapt It to the wants of the courts and in necessary repairs. To render it conveniont and comfortable will require addi tional expenditures, which may be lout by the Bale Of the properly. The lesse contains a glause giving to the gov s' mnoi't tho option of purchasing tho property within throe year; at the price of $215,000. Tho time tiu3 elated, but it n> understood that It may yet bo purchased, withiu a reasonable time, for that prico. Mr. Burton has decoded Since tho date of the lease, and tho settlement of lus estate will probably reqtlire a salo of tliia property. If it should be sold to persons who would require Hie removal of the courts the govern ment would bu subjeoti'd to groat inconvenience and ex pense. In my judgment tho beat interests of the govern ment require that the properly should be purchased, and 1 recommend an appropriation for that purpose. ruuuo uun.visca. Tho report of the Cmumissionei of Publlo Buildings ex hibits tbo condition of tho several interest# confided to his charge. The occupation of the Capitol during the past summer by portions of the volunteor forces, necessarily caused some injury, which will require more than tho ordiuary appropriations for repair*. Ihe old portion of the building needs outside painting, as wcH togivo uniformity of ap|?tarance to tho whole as to protect it from decay. A | tor t ion of the basement of tho building is now used a* a bakery for the army. Although this may be sub mitted to lor a time as a militaiy necessity, it ought not to be permitted any longer than absolute necessity will require. Immediate provision should be made to tran.-rer this useful branch of industry to some other locality, whore it may bo conducted without Injury to tho national Capitol, Or annoyance to its occuimnts. The subject of tho extension of tho Capitol grounds has heretofore occupied the attention of Congress. The pri vate property necessary to make the proponed extension has been appraised in conformity with the directions Of oil a< t of Congress at the sum of $417,894 90. The propriety of making a purchase involving so large an expoudltmo at a time when the lemands upon the Treasury for tho suport ol tho war h ive i entered a re sort to direct taxation no es-ory , be determined by Con gross. The Commissi' ner Molorsly advocates nn early appropriation for that purpose, for reasons which will be found upon reference to ills report. The improvements and repairs which have been made u|>on the several public buildings and other works during the past jear. will be aacortuinod on reference to the Commimioner's report. ?Tiie Washington Infirmary, located upon Judiciary square, was destroyed by fire on tho morning of the 3d instant. The fire ii* supposed to have originated from ac cidental causes, and w lieu first discovered could havo been readily extinguished l>y an efll ee-nt lire dejiartment. Congress by an act approved June 15, 1844, directed the Commissioner of Public Buildings to allow the medical faculty of tho Columbian College to occupy this building, ( which had before been used as an insane hospital,) "for tho purposes of an infirmary for medical instruct, on and i for scientific purposes, on condition that thoy shall give satisfactory security to keep tho said building in repair, ! and return it, with the grounds, to the government, in as good condition us they are now in, whenever required to do so." In 1863 Congress appropriated twenty thousand dollars "to lid the directors of Washiugton Infirmary to enlarge their accommodations for the benefit of sick tiauslent {stupors." This sura was expended in enlarging and improving the building which lias since besn undor the control of the medical faculty, under the authority conferred by the law of 1M4. During tho last summer extensive hospital accommo dations having become necessary from the largo accumu lation Of troops on the Potomac, au order wns made by this department to place the building im ler the control of (he War Department, to be used as an army hospital. Ji was accordingly occupied for that purport up to the time of its destruction. I do not consider that any public n< cesMty requir. s a reconstruction of the building. Judiciary square, upon which it is situated, was de signed for other purposes, and if the erection of an in Urinary should l>e considered necessary, a diflV. ent loca tion should he sought. T recommend that provision bo made for the removal of the wails of the building yet standing. A street railroad through Penusyl ,-ania avenue' is a ne ces; ity which should no longer bo disregarded. The irreat advantages of this mode of communication upoti important city thoroughfares, have been so fully demon st rated in all the large cities of the t inted .-Hates, that no argument upon tho subject will be required. II jo repairs of Pennsylvania avenno have annually onst the government large sums, and the heavy transporta tion for army purposes which has passed over it this sea son will render necessary larger appropriations than those usually made. It is probable that those who are asking from the go vernment tho privilege of construct ing and using a railroad from tho Navy Yard, through Pennsylvania avenue, to ceorgetown, would, as a consideration for tho privi lege, agree to keep tho avenue, at ioast between the Capitol and President's square, in good repair. If such an arraiiKement can be made, tho government would avoid it large annual expense, while the citizens and thoao who visit the District, would enjoy the great advantages of this most important improvement. A new jail in the oily of Washington is great)/ needed. Tho- old j?'l is now crowded with more than double the number of iietsnn* of different colors and sexes than cau b? kept there with any regard to cloanlinos* or health. It is unfit for the purposes of a jail, and wholly inadequate to the demands made ttpou it. Au appropriation- for the erection of a tie* )aii should be made by Congress. PtlMUC MUMISO. The change is the Manner offixocntiug .'ho puhlir print ing, adoptod by the lani CongroM, has bt:cu eminently ?uc cM-sful. Under the direction of the presval oiljcieut su| erintnndent the work has been performed with mure despatch mkI at less i ?H?t to the government than At any previous time. The system of executing the public priotiog in an- office own *d and controlled by ihe government wig coruraonc on the 4tb of March last. All Ihu public printing and | binding has not, si mm tliat time, been executed in the government office, for the : n ison thai iiuoxiarait contracts have i on' rolled a pari ol it. Ike report of the Superintendent will show (hor-oxtto the government of Hie work already executed , and what Ai>ui'! hivrt l?cn ili cost undor the prices esUblir.hed by *b? law of 185:4. It will be seen tliat there was a saving ef $21.127 96 >ei so much of tho printing of th* l'hirty- .ixlh Congress as wH- irone u liia office, and M on that of the drat K>vi|M of the Hiii ly -evei ih Ongrefl*. On l ho printing for th - Kiefltltive detriments tin sav ing amounts to Go pel- ceni. 1'pott the bimliujj for I lie ojtiwntU > doparl men's 'here bun heen a paving of a bow Sl.ioo per month - but the binding Tor the i iiirtv- ixih '< "iiji 'ki\ !ng l>e?n dons unitci a contract ox -m ? at ins .";m.? the government prill ling office was oe?.ib!:-lied, "'it- ? him !x9ou nooppnr tiinity ic> winil mn'hi have ^t*o -":i\ ed on liiai work. Hie expenditure* for pupor, print iug, binding, cngrav in* nt'l iithograiihlui havn heretofore cnns'itnt?d a very lu ejli'in ill th? "Xpen* s i the government. Tip orders I of i Iim Thirl v-foiu I It t'ui!..: e< ?? L licsc rb;ects involved | au e\p<iudinuo oi r I -VsA .407 o '-. Of t h.. autumn | OTW 7- was paid tor prinMiig, {:I7 :i_'7 ')'? for engraving and ll'.hcy ;>phiiig, and $!'.t>4,'i!W 84 tor binding, ro thin nl'.Oiild bo added the v >1 nf tic O'tily an 1 l?oii>nv?.<i li<_il J 'M fcr : he snnm ftonguv*, which ?>:4_'ii7 <04 -in, and ? tlm printing: for ibe '.wntive dt>i>urtjiH>n..-i f?,r I he mu> j limn $1 j? "s:i 04. the who xp-'udii lor the two ye.ii s$lW:*tf,l" I He. TlKicOM in Ml;: living and litho : graphing, from A'ijmiM. ii.i2,t" DcMOtb-M', ts.VJ, ?asSS93, ! l.;? 5P. I hi# woik can be d. no inficb move economically ini : dec the direction <i( ilir Supei iiilemleiit nf PubiicVrinling ' than by the pr. ^ni conn . ? r>ynt' ni. fue s^ut-o. intend j pnlcana- vv?-ll conlml unit di eel ih a part of the wnik us Hie printing, and witbo'.t additional I'ljiense. At i leaMjttHy p'r cent *>t" ihu present enstof eogruving ! and lithogi?|<hlDg ? ati he :sa> vd by hiving it si?t ited iu , tli' ifucmiii ?;( pi iiiling offii ??. 11'WIT.II. I Of*, i UK !.V.??VK. T'n- ?' ? ompaity ing is o: it>? Him ? <1 of V niters ami ' Superintendent if lite tioverniuotit Hospital for the In sane, (%:r titirii l ull iuiormat ion of I hi- pro*r?cU nail condi l it*ii ' l* i):,- vihmMe and heuvth'^nt Inst'l'M ion. Too j mr.< b p !??!>? cannot lie awwccil 10 I r. C. H. Nichols, tlio j Hopcrintcntient , for tlin anility ?u>l ttdelity with .vblonb*' ' l a" excc>;ted the iiup >rtatii aud delicate trust- conlirted to Wscburiie. 1 be nppr?i nations made by Cougres* for t lie erection ; of the buildings nail the improvement* of the grounds, } have ij??u >:M ? nued widi jin'gment and economy. i Ibe buildings lire -pacimis, well ventilated and warm ' ed; admirably arranged wi b every convenience ne-essa- I i ry if f the health and comtort of patients, and in every j ; respect are w?II adapted to i.tie purposes for which they : J wei ? ili;.' ij;B?d. Die grounds ur ? in* fine /lata "f im- ; I provenieut . snd with bin ? small additional appropriation : t the whole may be completed and rendered ?n object of ; i just pride 10 tlieoonntiy. ' Since the itistit'itlon was opened, in 1866. persona ' I bav? ticea treated. I he uuniber of patient* In the house ! . on tb- Oth of Jure. 1W1 . w*? Declassified ax follow*: ? i Krom lb army, 25; ii?"in Lb navy, 11; from Hie revenue cutter service . 1 : 1 rem civil life, males 71 and females 7 ui the inmate* during tUela i fiscal year, 19 died', W were discharged, of whom 16 bad (o far improved that tbry could !><? y:? ??!> removed, and 48 ware i omptctuly recovered. Ibe la' . ? properiion of patients who were discharged *s recovered, (which was fifty per of , the admfy>lons i. furnishes ample evidence' of the skill and ' i are of I be 1 i eat men ' ol>*> r ve? . The evistn.g insurrection has thrown upon tbis institn I lion largely increased burdens and re?p>in*lbilltks. Du ring the first quarter of il<?? current ft? .il your the annus j ??'!)? from t h?> armj and navy have be> u ?<iual to four- < fifths of ibe whole number ot all classes admitted during , 1 the previous year. lint in addition to the duties imposed ' up<'n biin by law. Pr. Xiliols has gcn?recsty , with the I appi ion of tin* department , appioprtated* portion of the building, wilh the service* of himself aud bis aastst sni.for the accommodation of the sicW and wounded of , ibe Potomac and Ch-sap aUe ileets. | As many as fifty per- on* of this <*).?** have been under treatment at one time. Tbvso eMraoniinary domanOs uj/on the resources of the institution will furnish ample I reason f"r the rcuuost for s'ijh'r increased appropria i Uv/if byl'oogrsw. , eoLnrsti* isirncfidx r> >k t?s put a.vb nrmi n?B M.WD. This Institution *?g organised in 18?T- Ibe nuinber of piipila at the el' se of the tlrjt year w*? lint eevemeen. At the close of tbi Ja*t tbw'al yewtheniiwibei was thlriv - i Ave. The whol? resources oi the institution smount to i T iul |8,1S9 If, of which ?4 w?f appt o(iriatsd by j t ongregp. WiUlMtth lim '*'1 menns but small ri sulis ! could bo expected, but ?r^>m the grea' liberality of ibe Hon. Ann a Kendall, President ?f tlie Hoard of Plroctoi*. | and his watchful csro of the iuier-ats of the institution, i much gijod has liecu accomplished The means of the institution hive not been sufficient i for the instruction of tliepuptii in horticulture, agricul ture and the mechanic at t?. Instruct i, u in these biatiches of industry is important, to prepa: a tliem to earn tbeir own subetslenee. Additional appropriaiimis to furnish the institution with the means to supply i bis iletk iency in the inntruc.' tiou of the pupil! are aissd f* by Um Uo?.id of Hirsolois, and are recommended to tha favorable consideration of Congress. TUe building! now occupied do not aflbrd the ueowiv/ ?pace and accommodations for the number of pupils who now ocoupy them. An appropriation Is talced for by the Board of Directors to make some addition* which are greatly needed, and which I hope will be favorably con sidered. The roports of the Provident of the Board of Directors and of tne Superintendent are referred to for detailed in formation. umoroutAti rout*. The metropolitan police, authorized by an act or Con grow of August 6, 1861 , has boen organized in accordance with tha provisions of the law The report of the board is horewith pre.-euted. Thoy recommend sevoral amendments to tho law , and an in crense of compensation, with an additional number of olUcers. The organization hud boen so recently elli oted that time has not beon given to fairly tost tho a(llul''Qcy of the force omployed, or the wisdom of tho several pro visions of the law. The views of tho board are fully ex plained in their report, and tho whole subject Fhould bo referred to Congress for such action as thoy may doom proper. FINITtNTUItT or Till DwrniC*. Hie number of convicts conflti.d in the penitentiary on the SOth .September, 1881 , was l68,clas.sltlod as follows: ? White males, 00; colored males, 54; whlto ietuales, 3; oolored female*, 6. One hundred and nine wero natives of tho United States, and forty -nine wero of foreign birth. Seventy three convicts ware reeolved during tin past year, and seventy-four discharged? sixty-one by tho ox piratlon of the term of sentence, thirtoen by pardon of tho President. Ninety-sin of tho convicts are employod in tho manu facture of shoos, and twenty-live in that of brooms. The others are employed in various branches of labor neces sary to provide for the wan Is of the convicts and to koep the buildings in a proper condition of ropair and clean liness. The expenses of the penitentiary during tho fiscal year onaing June 30, 1MJ1', were $32,741 20. Of this sum $#.U87 4fl wore received from sales of the products of the labor of the convict:!, showing an excess of uxpjudltures over receipts ol $22,753 77. It In evident that a considerable |>ortion of this oxponso has been occasioned by improper management of the Institution This is shown by the great difference In the amount of the expenditures made by the present warden and those made by his predecessor during a correspond ing period. The present warden entered upon hn duties ou the 12th of April, 18C1. from October 1, I860, to that time ? ? period of six and a half months ? there was expended for clothhig, provisions, fuel and lights, a'>l hospital stores, $13,118 50, for the same article* there was expended , from April 12 to October 1, 1861? a period ol live and a half months ? $-1,500 70. Under the administration of the present warden the labor of the convicts has boen mide productive. In tho shoe manufactory, from April 12 to September 30, the receipts wore $1,903 01 uioru ibuii the cost or material end oil other expenses, except the labor of tho convicts. In tho broom manufactory, for the saino period, ttereooipts exceeded the expenditures $710 78. Tho income from the labor of the oonviols can, doubt less, under prudent management, bo largely Incr.asod: hut whether tho institution can bo made Helf-guatalning is a matter of much doubt. 1 h? Board of Inspectors, who ?ro g- ntlemen of ability And experience, think there are geueral raises for the inability of the institution to sustain itse t , which are not likely to be obviated. Their report In dot lil their views. The penitentiary buildings ?r? badly adapted to the pur loses for which they were constructed. Circum scri'wd in extent, inconvoniently arranged and iliy vo: ulated, they are much inferior to tho prison* of most of tho States. It can hardly be expectud, however, that Congress, in the present condition of tlio country, will author. zo tho erection of new buildings; but whilu ttu> old ones may be used for soveral yearn, and until tlie con dition of tho treasury will hotter Justify the expenditure necessary to erect uew ones, the heiith and comfort of the prisoners, and the convenience of all connected with tho institution, roquire that an expenditure for Improve monts should be made, at least sufficient to Intro luce gas and the Potomac water This can be doue at a {compara tive small cost, and an appropriation by Cobgrcss tor that purpose Is earnestly recommended. I desire, m conclusion, to commend to yonr favorable notice tho fidelity and zeal with which the various ojji cers of the department have discharged tho public trusts oommittod to them. Their se rural reports herewith show the extent of thoir labors and exhibit a highiv satis factory condition of the business of lh? different branch's of the department. I bare the honor to be, very respeotfully , your obedient servant, CAIEH B. SMITH, Secretary or the interior. To the Prkbidbnt. Personal Intelligence. Mr. J. Edward Wilkius , British Consul at Chicm?o, has established, during the war, a branch consulate at tho old Finney Mansion, corner of Fifth street and Washing too avenue, St. Louis. Governor Andrew, of Massachusetts, arrived In town last evening, and is stopping at the residence of Frank Howe, In Twonty-flrst street. General C. W Jones, United States Minister to Bogota, arrived in the city yesterday Be leaves tor Washtngvou thrie evening. Captain Joseph Rush, Thirteenth infantry, United SUtes Army ; Jos. G. Borland, of New York, f>i o John sou, of England; Judge Mouck and ion, of Montreal, J. W. French, ol' Point Aux Trembles, l.ower Canada, and Ho?. J. Young, of Montreal, wore stopping at the Bard well House, Rutland, on the 3d inst. Captain Crowin, of tho United Slates Army, T. F. N'its, of the United States Coast Survey ; T. Klrsliaw, of Mon trcal; A. F. Walcott and J, M. Whiting, ol Massachusetts ; A. M. Sherman, of NewburgjS. Waldridg?, of Baltimore, and J. R. Watson and family, of Amboy , arc atoppuig at tb* Fifth Avenuo Hotel. Lieut. Bellows, Lieut. Ahbolt P. V. Ibwaart and J. R. Field, of the United stains Army ; TT L McSperry, of the United Stales Navy, Captain Gray*>n, of r'hiladel phia; T. D. Gilbert, of Michigan; Vf. A. Willumi and E. Ivnmead,of Baltimor i, ate stopping at tho St. Nicholas Hotel. Anthony Trollop?, of l.ondon; W. F. Russell, H?ng Kong; .lames S. Young, W II. Merrill, and B. Field and wife, of Philadelphia; Mr. Goley, ol' Canada; 0. II. Cra mer, of Albany: It. Manley.of 1/indou, Mr. and Mrs H. H. Sanford, of Boston, and Miss Pete, of Ro. heater, are <topi>in< at tlio Clarendon Hotel. Captain Ha lter, of the United Stain* \rmy; f'aptaln Massey, of the British Army ; Hon. James H. <<iuham, of Delhi; A. E. Batcheldcr ami wife, of Boston; H. J. Mc Grath. of Kngland; G. W. Sanford, of N'ew York; It. tverdl and wife, of Dun bury ; K. It. Pucker utvi M Stevenson, of Canada; James Curl is and W. J. Kerr, of Philadelphia , and .'. C. Canileld, of Baltimore, aro stop ping at the Albemarle Holul. Jno. C. Rives and Sons, of Washington; Geo. Carlisle, of Cincinnati; 8. B. SDtt and .1. ;?<. Onkford, of 1'hiladolpliia; Jas.S. Vay. of Brsloii; K. W. Nh'dtoa, of 1 A. Wing, Hon. Ira KhaO'er and .Imiks Wjl.'en.of Albany; Col"i\ol ,lewett,fit Poehestcr; .luo, l? Honto.ol '.lartl'ord; Hon. i". W. < lia e. ol ( U liieviilC; il. K. Morton, of Koston; I.iente.ianl Qneen and l i ly, of the United Ftrrte? Navy; C.C. Angur and M. I . Martin, oC the United States Army ; It. A. Forsyth anil lady, of Now burg; .!. W. Williams, of Ithaca; K. ?. Mather and family, oi Bri('i;r?irt; A. V n I Vechten, of Albany; James Kiy , of Via rvliot, a' d | Bayard Taylor, of Pennsylvania . are sto|i;iiug at the Astoi House. Firai. Emntiov TtWH ok i tt thu Sixtkk vth Ward. ? l.afe on Tr- diy ofternoou a row occurred at oue of tho polling districts iu the Sixteenth ward, between two brother* named ihomjvon and James Martlne on one Bide, and a pariyoi Tenth avenue Ixiys on tho oth'jr. Tlio Utter broke up an Opdyke election box which th> brother. M i. ? tine were defending, and then cjiiiutenccd an iudiscri.-ni n* I e assault upon the men, beating thom severo!y. In the midst of the fray Thompson Marline drew a pistol aud shot on* of the a?rtal!ants in the eye, killing him almost instantly. Tho dcrea-ed, whose name is Fat ick Mi ll gh, resided at No. 309 West'Twenty-fourth street, and wai about seventeen y. ars of age Tbero are macy conflicting rumors in regard to the affair, tmt the gonoral impres sion seem < to be I lilt the shooting wats <loao iu S'll' defeuc*. Marline, who is a machinist by occupation, was arrested ?>y policeman Atkinson and committed lo await the result of the Coroner's Inquest. Coroner Schirmer was notilie'l in regard to the affair, and will hold au in quest upou the body of Mi'.Hugh to day. Boston Bank Statement. Bosro*, Dec. 3, 1881. Tt>e follow Itig is the w?ei>ly baukstRteuient; ? Capital fitncU '. $38,231 .200 I.o .ns and di?'<mnt8 C(? ,94M.6sXl Specie... 7,741,000 Due from other banks 7,tU."i.OOO D :e to other banks tt,&>4,00t) Deposit* 27. 846,000 Circulation 8,002,000 RESTAURANTS. HOME'S t NAIH r.TEKATBP MUSTY AI.E -THOSE I nlio think that thf above 1? 1101 eiiual O'- Mip>riorto | Buy 1 n^ll^h nr Aineriran Alt'? *hoiil<l call ui tki* BiOxIwaj, oue Uu"i b"l?w Blwrk'i' street, au4 he convilx ed 10 the i contrary. No liqttora W?p?. OYSTERS.? RECEIVED AT I.IBBV'S, 1:9 FUI.TON airrft. a <iue lQtoi H.i' kiittvi, Smf webur) a auil Blue Point* tvllcU are bcujf U'lfnm lor n.y ri)?!?;ji?rr 'J'l.r flcal roaita, atfwatnd frl?? hi town. N. H.? Oyi-n npru' il trlibout iTarkiug. fjimroBsfijBMAS who uskt'a sii.k t mhreu.a J in llumfi'a Musty Alo KaiabHahi u;1 i''V> llroatlv. i?v, on* >!oor from Ble*ck?r an have it reMor-i hy j,iiA irg pfp'ity. SPORTIJf U. t NY ON K IIAVINO A THOKOi (.ffBRI-.D Kl h AM) J\ ?*? T>'ii!nr, >*mnr-, in'.* N'?.. I rat il i rjwlr a a r^?p nnl> * ft *-o. may adai^M^ 0. K IfcraM ?>ii F'Oti SAIJ8? TWO BBAUTtKCL GREYHOUNDS, MALE mil m?>. ih?' lin?*t mi the i lly; t ? : i? wbl'f i,.i fciiLfc U)?> >>!; Ibv feii:a]? la n ? nVi.j..f /-ml ?hlt?*. bruit iTf iTTy tnHi-kcd. C?u b> *W?hj?}rl)i j *1 01 Wett Tneu ' ty-fecind im:H, ' ^/A^St JfOR SAI.B-VOR THAN HALF ITS I va!n* A cS''ia tV'" of i?>> " 'y r!: CiMi.s (all, ami Hitnlahro vf*nij7?"'c1 Wi:l * r* ^ for ^weianrj' ' " e'.iy ui W. KYLli, luoi of 1-4' li ? vti, TTM"i???.< or of IS. t'O.NAl.l.N, R!7th ftrt . ii**h i Tfi EXPBES?liS. 4 BUNNItAM S FUHNITIHE EXI'R1>S AND PA? K A in# ?aial'llalim?nt. llSWi-gi Klovtntii tin e', betwfii Ki; tli ana Sitth axntiw. liini'uro ?"'? r '"' alilppcd to all )j.ii n of tlm world. cowed tor re* moving furniture to anil from tlrt eountry. FufwtUW #ti>i*d / 1 H RlV'i MAS PRBSKKTS.? THB MOHBIS EXPRESS. V.' putioui/Mi by th* moM influential torrWin hou*i?n of una city, will ilHIver in any town in Great Bt it* So hu ;?at kag< * containing rbriiiroa* rr^a^nta, In time lor the Hoildaya, if bronchi to the office by Friday, Det^ mUrr 6. peltviry in Print*, fJ^rwany ami S\vi(rerlan<l tw'r?r<; I*! Jao'iary. akiui^ i to IUv*n* by au-araer. H L W. MyBlUH, itieel. HIIOflUAiaovi, w>d occuuiea ?ut-b a small space that it oaa by the (oldler without any trouble. The quality of tii l? unsurpassed; also, the well known klick, put up In five pound i? k&uee and In rases of 100 pounds. And the general favorite "Our Choice;" this brand U packed in quarter pound packa^ea, and labelled. Our To r o'h by thfi army and navy an the rH while our pricea are no higher than thoae charged for lnr? rjor branclti l?y oth?*r maimluctur^rfl. For Mil prtoee, u fcfS&Sf ij0bagp?? ?ddreaa L. APPLEBY 4 80N8, 1M manufacturer* of the One cut On vetidlsh Tobucoo, In folL papers and ran Intern, and nil kind* ol baufT, dealers In Leaf Manufactured Tobacco, choke Ha vana and domoatlc SeKara, *c? *o., Ac. All order* by mull carefully put up and promptly forwarded. AW IMMENSE DISCOUNT. White French China Dinner Plates, the doi tl 00 White French China Tea Plates, tho doi ' on White French Chin i Tea S ?'* 41 piece*,.. , 5 9ft Gold Band French China Tea Sets, 44 piece.] ft no Gold aud Colored French China Tea Hots. 44 nieoeu. ' 7 uu BEVENTY-FIVB Fancy French China Dinner Seta, At (50 and upwards. Out Qlaa* Oobleta, the dox $) r?? Cut Olass Decanters, the pair 1 ISA Colored Bo hernial) Ulaaa ringer Bowls, the do? 1 (U Silver Plated Tea Spoons, the do*. 1 25 Silver Plated Tabic Spoons, the dog S 7# Sliver Plated Table Fork*, tb? doi S T5 Silver Plated Tea Seta, 6 piece*, handaumely engraved .. 18 0$ Silver 1'lited Cake Baskets, en< h 4 00 Sliver Plated Casters, 6 cut boillos 4 M SILVER PLATED ICE PITCHERS, $i Largest (lie, handsomely cugrasod, tl Beat quality or plate, (S (treat variety of patterns. If U )9 |t |{ |$ Ivory Handled Dinner Knives, the doi MM Ivor y Handled Tea Knives, the dox 4 (M A complete assortment or I BON HToNB CHINA, Maddouk's make, at very lair prices. Also the largest assortment of OAS FIXTURES in New York, embracing every article necessary to tho ooa plele outfit or Public Buildings, Store*, Dwellings, Ac., AO.. and all at WAB PBICESI WAR PBIOBfll I The buying public are respectfully requested to TEST OUR PRICES by a comparison with other houses. W. J. V. DAILKY A CO., 631 Broadway A HANDSOME PRESENT? ONE OF OIMBREDE'8 Monograms and package of note paper, 6ri8 Broadway. At the new PRINTING OFFICE-CHEAPEST m the city. Cards, tfOc. per l.dOO; Billheads, first class, all sizes, 16 per ream; Handbills. 1U.U00 or upward*, 38c. pes 1,000; Newspapers and Periodicals at equally low rates. T. It DAWLBY, o ornerot Meade aud Centre streets, ocas City Hall, N. Y. Housekeepers, look herb.? tub pbice lot and location of the depots of the People's Provision Cnmpauy will appear on the eighth page ul ueit Sunday** llerald. See It and save money. JOB PRINT/NO. ? REMOVAL ? JOHN F. BALDWIN will be happy to see his friends at 114 Fulton street (Mr. Walker's building), where he will be ready to execute order* with promptness. MAILLARD'S CELEBRATED UNION CHOCOLATE. Union Chocolate for the Army; put up In small cakes, eaok sufficient for one ration. WHOLESALE AND RETAIL. Ci'J and 621 BROADWAY. Also MAILLARD'S Family Chocolate, lrom 25c. to (I per pound. Warranted pure and equal to any imported and costing only half the prioe. Natural flowers all the year round.? Bouquets, Baskets of Flower*, Cut Flowers, Wreath* Crosses and Plants lu flower furnished to parties, wiMiiiugt and funerals, at short notice and oil reasonable terms. AIM Rustic Baskets, Stands, Ac., Ac. DAVID CLARKB, Ml Broadway, coruer of Bieecker street. Nurseries and Ooa servatorles? Broad way and Seventy-seventh street. Bloom lngdale. c KATES.? LAWKS' AND OENTLEMKN'rf FINE UNO 0 lisli Skates for sale to the trade by WILLIAM IK VINO. 20 Clitf street and 245 Pearl street, N. T. 11UF, PARTIES" WHO WAWT THEIR LK1TERS WRIT ten and forwarded Immediately to their husbands, bro thers, or friends engaged in the war, can be accommodated ?t Mrs. Eveline Morris', confidential letter writer, copyist *n4 amanuensis, 685 Broadway, second floor. N. B. ? Legal docu ments copied. Office hours 10 A. M. till 4 P. M. T~oi>d a baffbrty, manufactures* or OTA tionary aud Portable Engines and Boilers; also Flax, Hemp and Rone Machinery; Milwrlght Work sad Castings and general Machinery merchants. Depot and store No. ij Dey street, New York. Works at Pater?un, N. J. LEGAL NOTICE 8 . IK TUB SUPREME COURT OK NEW ZBALAWD, MID die district.? Laird v?. Hunter.? Pursuant to an order mt tb?? Supreme Court inado la the above caime, wherein the Iilaiutltt ?ue.n on behalf of her?lf and all others the next of Lin or Robert Fyfe, who shall como In and contribute to the expenses of thn said suit, the next of kin of Robert Fyfe, late of K'll Kora*, in the provinoe of Nelson, deceased, who died on or about the 8th day of May, 1854, are personally, or tif their aolicltors or agent*, to com* and establish their claim* m kucU next of kin, at the Chambers of Robert Badger Strang, Esq., Ibe Registrar of the Supreme Court at WcHlng t'jn. or iu default thereof, they will be peremptorily excluded from the benefit of such order. The 19th day of July, IBM, at eleven o'clock in the forenoon, at thr snid Chambers, te apitolnled lor hearing ami adjudicating on the aaJd claims. ROBERT R. STRAW!, KegUtrar. Dated ?t Wellington this 19th day of July, ttfrft SUPREME COnRT-CITT AND COUNTY OK NRJ? York ? Abel T. Anderson and Stephen Canabreleogi Trustees, Ac., against The Liverpool Borough Rank and jota Gordon Forbes ? Summons, for relief (com. not s?r.)? To tbe above defendants:? You are hereby summoned and required to answer the complaint in this action, which will be filed Mi the olllce of the clerk of the city and county of New York, ai the City Hall in said city, and to serve a copy of your i to tin- said complaint on the subscribers, at their oBloc. No. U Wall street, iu the city of New York, with la twenty day* alter the service of this summons on you, exclusive of the day of such service; and if you fail to answer the aaid cons plaint withiu the time aforesaid, the plaintiffs In this adioa will h; ply to the Court for the relief demanded Iu the com plait.t. CAMBREI.ENO A PYNB, Plain* UTs' Attorney*. L)a ikii NkW York, Nor. IX, 1861. A LARUE STOCK OF NEW AMU SBCOND HAN0 Billiard Tallies, with Phclan's Combination Cushioa^ tor tale at prices to suit the times. I-lfELAN A COLLEN DEB, 03 to G9 Crosby street, N. *. BIOR SALE? A SPLENDID STOCK OK NEW AND SB conil hund Tsbles, from *76, JUKI, SIM, JHuO and $2.0 and superior to all the patent humbug cushions of the dar Tabli i to It I, and Bagatelle Tables for sale, by W. H. GRIF FITH, MO Fulton street A ASTROLOGY. A BONA F1DK ASTROLOOIST.? MADAME WIUSOK tella the object of yovtr visit, Riven tnairic charm.* and pood luck for life, lrre oi cliuiv; teiln ail events of life, past, present and future; continuation* nn business, sliknesa, luaninge, courtship, travelling, Ac. She is the moM won derfulastrninglstM' the age. Give her a call; you will not ref;i' I M. 18U Allen street, rlx doors from Stanton; nam" on the door. Charge lor ladies aud gen'lemen 50 cents. Be ware nt imposition. STKOLOGY.? PROFESSOR W If. .SON, THE CHL8 bi al"d and only astrologer in thi? < ity, may lie counted on all tueeveulftof life at SSEMildge street, one dooi a'Hive Grand. Tune of birtb required, Fee 50 cent*. ASTONISHING.? MADAME MORROW, SEVENTH d.inghter, bas a giit of foresight; tells bow toon and olten you will marry, and all you wish to knew, even yotw very thoughts, or no pay; lucky charms free; her equal la not 'ii be found; her magic image is now in full operation. 18< Ludlow street, below Houston. Price 'J5 cents. Oentla mcn nut ndmllted. A CLAIRVOYANT WHO HAS NO EQUAL.? LADIES who am sick, in trouble or unfortunate, can cmvuilt her with tbe strictest couiid"nc~. She warrants to cure the moat aggravated oases of rheumatism in a t'etv days. Ifyotiwbth to obtain oortecl information of all even;*, call and see Mr*. MILTON", No. 181 Waverlcy place, corner West Tenth street, from 9 o'clock A. M. until # P. M. /1I.AIRVOYANCE.? MRS. SEYMOURS MEDfCAL \J Rooms ate located at 101 We?t Fine-nth n' eel. earner of Sixih avenue (entrance on Fliteenth street). Con lulUniona onslcfcnoen, business, absent I'll-nds, Ac., Ac., aud aatist'ao tlon guaranteed hs usual or r.o pay. Mrs. seoor is the only true clairvoyant is tbiac.tiy; victims ol misplaced confidence in large ad J vertleemenu should call at once. All events of life, lucky numbcra, speedy malt iai<c * canaed. fail ll 363 Canal slreei. Nb.-wiio has not heard of thbcelebra. ? ted Mme. PREWSTER, who bas been consulted br thousands in this and other cities with entire salis'actionf She tee)* confident that she hue no equal. Sh i tolls the name of future wile or hueband, and that of her visiter. K you wuli truth give her a cad, at Mb East Thirteenth street, Between Hrlt snu Second avenues. Madame bay, m seventh avenue, nrartwen ty-seventh Miwt, surprises all who visit her. Thesiuk troubled and unlucky idiouM test her powers, she tells your very IhoujlitS, lucky hi. tnlei", luete.i-. L dies, 25 ceut?; gen j tb men, M) cents, 1 fpilE otieatest wonder in the would is the J yo'.ug and acrutiip!lKh?ii Madame BYRON, irom Parle, ! who can be cons-iKtcd with the strictest conudeuce on all ? Hairs of I1f?; restote? dr tiken mil unfaithful husbsnds; i has a t" rel to make you belovej by your heart's Ideal, and liinji* loseiher thofe lonts?'p?iaie<f. " Lodles Jjc-nts. Beil i denceSO Third ?v tice. above Twelfth street. , Mi;i>U'M. MRS. ALEXIS, OF NO. 170 VARIi^K JL tie' t, ? bile iu -lie 'rati' e state desc-illc* end prcserlhet i :nr?H-???e?. Mr*. *. I* very suc:o?aful in eneciingnvtifa i wt.< u the (, ,tlen i- cu cable. a? a Olaircoyant the cann'd '??? <?<cil?'. for i?rrei mesa of deseriptiont-. Xl"" HO WOl'LD NOTOOWUTiHE FORTUNE ISt-OO 11 vc. >;> M WELLINGTON, the. rreat KngllsA Pto piie'e-V. the b#?' of a'l, aud eenrot > ? e? ' lied, t 'a a no coo lird, |>eii"iii?.;y or by letter, on all all'aii tol llle, eoiicern r.g la? suit- tourneys, aharut lii', tov, ?oun liV. mat brallli, wealth and wfcocan e U m drulicti tml uit t^rri I huslifciid-. Mi?- W. !? ll.-- 1 .. p?rsou inthlaeliy w t'O ha* tia ? i nine H"n ?? c .>n<! A . ... i. (nlisnutn foe love, t?'od iitck auti ail bunnewi aO't its, and ae** rati tee* fi-r T e. iNtlwy ii* ' locoue'.Utlii* i :? H. i 1 ii (i an* beuutifuJ y? mi ' d'. 1." Hv ti mbei - u t Irighlt t. t.iblrc ty , j e e * ' . ' c C?n be *e?n at k> r i' jideti 101 Sljth aveum , opposite Eighth Mreet. _ _ j i \ Lf IVAN SinBET, \r. m; hkuOMK ami: LJt') iU'.'cJ'. ? >!m. If. giv/s t r ? e in | matior Ta V noxv il\r? HiiunOf ffcte, f- ! ,n 'O Id ! b sir:-* ?.l .v- <? , , 'J he nmhcj p<*t n a'H \ ny ?rcu*t Iuwp, Ii# e \ mine loratiir. : caiu s. T'?. !;?? jo the h? ??? ? i4*. hi?? f w" r** to Irarji, 'll'e . pfstmHi rutin- u# j; . ern. v -. M li'X'fict ; t-i> !!?.<? .'iul m.rmct hirnnnaiion -f bffllil., \v> Ml h r.Bfl jonrnryn, lnw^tiUP. diOitMuiy in ?' n-nt At. T1?o>i <?(' v ? ? ti the truth <? hM coirect r ft f t'.oi.n K^Uurt* oi Import tton. Mr*, lloi iicrlsthf to inrtHy toi- mmy year.i In \Vu?ih'it street, ti^*r , Ant ;n?d t'hr. -topij. r *?irf!. Ke member hrr Mi * dene* . 46 8'ilHvnn mrct, Broome. : ,\ r. 8TIt J.IVAN STREET. -MRS. BOFDFJl OfVB? '1 ?) in nii'l wt?iic?ert'?Hi tor>"!i!?(?u on aH aflntr^ thrtvigh life. #?f id jri'. en Incky nnmhri^ f#?? <h* lou^if ?. She iff #H? on v irneKfei tu<l i>nlniitl in i j. HcvcinUev Ucv roti* ^ tlcncr. 45 SulUr^a ?Ucci, UC4V Broouiv,

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